fMingioti sj| f>lamlaid VOL. 11. Til VIUIIfTIf tTHIIII —« t**tf nrruAi »«•»%*%«. it JNI lILLEB IIBPII, Editor nml l'roprw tf■!•. trr Ammmm $ ' 1 - Iks s «tii IX r AMI A Mil iX AifYAXCE Atftrrtunic Rafr«: i*ar <mr w«en.-i«i *1 • •> tUrk «il4.;ii«Mi It'irt-lA - 1 '"i nr-» «|u*r;rr \ I.fierai de.ii. trom a ill l«r ti. . I*- i:. !.. • «r •■f *»o iJ»rrti!-T four r|uan «*u|.u .. til lb» >f*f \ ilitri of tiirtli* • and dratu- .3- »rfUj ftrt. fra** ISI-.nks R.tl Ural-. Card-. I". of F.irr. tin alar*. I'aial.iyqr-, I'lmphln- 4< r\r .ir t at reasonable r<l«. \ll runimiiiiication*. whether 011 Im-ine or fur putdii ation >houlil lie aititrf-M-J t» thr «■ Si it«r ot thr ViimMriK St**i»*bu. OKKK'K—In Itarne# !" ImiMine. cnrtipr of Main nml Kirst ftrt'ots. iicarlhr stramljoat landing. GEO. L. KKXNV ..J. 1). ALKXANUKU (Late of 11. 11. liiiucroft .V Co.) BOOKS A.\» STATIONERY. VOLS. LAW noi»K.S. / 10,000 Vols. Miacclliincous Books. 100,000 Vols. .School Hooks. 1,000 " Medical Hooka. 2,000 Reams Letter I'aper. fiOO Reams Cap Taper. r.OO Reams Legal Cap, nnd 000 Reams Note Paper. 500,000 Envelopes, assorted. For sale at the lowest rntcs l>v KENNY k ALEXANDER, COO and COS Montgomery Street. San Francisco, June 3, 18C1. 33: mC HENRY M. M'GILL, [LATE SECRETARY OF TIIE TERRITORY.] Attorney-at-Law, Committioncr of the Cuurt "/ Claims of IS. —AND— Conimissiocr of Deeds for Oregon and Wellington. WII.I, tlevote special attention to the prepara tion of the necessary papers to accompany claims under the act of March 2d, IKOI, for the payment of the war debt, and to business before the I'. S. Land Offices. OKFICK —On Main St., Olympla, AY. T. [ll] OLYI-IPIA WAGON MANUFACTOEY. Stuart & I3lacksliear, WOULD inform the citizens of Oly 111- c'A pin anil the tsui-rounding country ■»"" ■*"* that tlicy arc now manufacturing WAGONS, L'AR RIAGKH and BUdGIEH of nil descriptions, from the bent of imported material, by experienced work men, for which WHEAT will lie taken in exchange, delivered at the Tumwater uiills. .Shop corner 3d and Chinook Street.*. Olympia, December 8, 18G0. * 4:tf CLOTHING EMPORIUM, 178 Clay St., and 107 Montgomery St., San Francisco, And I*B Broadway, New York. on hand the best selected and most c*tensive assortment of Uents'and Boys' Clothing on the Pacific coast, which we can und will sell lower than any other Hoase. Boy'* and Cents' Clothing made to Order. LOCKWOOD, EWEL.L & CO. January, 19 18C1, 10:ly CHARLES F. ROIIBIKS, Importer and Dealer in TYPE, PRESSES,PRINTING MATERIAL INKS, CARD STOCK, Ac. Mas. 11l and 113 Clay Ktreet. San Francisco, January sth, 1801.10:ly CEO. L. KENNY, HAVING withdran from the firm of H. H.Han croft k Co., hut this <Uv awn iatcd himself With Mr. J. D. ALEXANDER, aud will continue the WL WB STATIONARY In All Its* BrnnehPf, At CM aad NN Naatwnrr) Mrrrt. SIIER3IAXS BUILD IS (I, opposite the old ttaad. under the name of KENNY A ALEXANDER. Saa Francisco, NIT 20. IMI. !»:■! WASHINGTON HOTEL, HLU Ci ALU HER. Pr«. CORNER or KCt'uND AND MAIN STREETS, Olyinpia. W. T. Soart par wc*k..._ f ; 00 Otnapia. Mcr. S3, law « )? AMD (•AL «IL LIIPk, 'poi'CTHKR with all kiad< cif ftumiajc and | M-icbiaer* Oila, for tale at prritly n-4-jred r»te». AIM FOR HEATING ROOM.*, /W mmijtr Umtmj Flat irom - rca NU tin LOW IT STANFORD BROTHERS, lUKt aear Frost Sn Fr«uri-« • J. W. IMSMI, I TTORVEV AT LAW. Solicitor u> Ckutr;, aad Proctor ia Admiralty ?tanl«. March 1 Ml. J| lf OLYMPIA. WASHINGTON TERRITORY, MARCH 22, 1802. Ike TxiuLc Railroad. N the intlJ-J t4 tl»f- c..u:r.r». -ur r» pci-»»iiti:iVr» in I ''«p»•#. «, are Um.v t«» |»rrriu,jri' M iivitH-.-kiiif lit. iitrrnt. •/ il«i» r»««t in ll*r tiJltif ««f tlw tn;r « l*- ri»h-d I'aritir R*tln«.nl j Thr ■ali rt »*s tirnSiHit n|« u»l it* to ti tf w.-ilanr ««l the nun irt 4- "U in t >rn t.ar. tl4»- a«Mkr. S> li as the raii »• wi<innl nnn-ly a _/«"«•' < aiif*liia. II l» d<«Ulul » iwlLrr w«" .-li-ill it A« w«<n ■** th<- omntfT r»*nr« tli"T- t*» lli.it llk \itj] u«t»-r.>»» nf iL. uili ' ■ ...<;*<! ;L.v. the nail it b'lill ». tl l!—. ~ ,di!\ ,me ti-«\ !| 'J*' t'> f>» tin- *"•»!» oMi.ni- nrnl. Till ill.) rtiilrr ««f ibe g»-Vl ITIITJ nf t'.i* fw»! |i> tl,. • i 1 Hit % <4° the I ni"tt « -ii n«> |.«n» pr !»• a >|iii ■'l' 11. \\ ilium! thi* r«—*itirrr. in mLa! i iiiiii'inQ mnul.l sin- «i-uu!rv Ii i\e ii In iirii»i nil *lii |iii -«lit war ! \\ hence «-.»ul<l have l« .-ii drawn tin- iiiiiiieiute amount <■! available w. ilili rn|iiifi <l to carry it on, thus tar ? Within tin- past twelve years, the stimulus piveii to induslry throughout the «hull' I itiiui hy 'he pr.idtn tof our mines lias created a vast |ipi|*ortinti of the wealth on whit-h the rr-dit of the (iuveililiielit is now based, nml which now enables it to trust to the people for liiiancinl supjiort. Anil shall tho continued jiossessioii ot territorial domain so valuable lie hazarded hy longer delaying a closer conneetion with the rest ot the I nion f In the event of n foreign war, hy what uncer tain tenure would California. Oregon nnd Washington ho held, in the absence of nil iron highway connecting the Atlantic with the I'acilic! The sooner the count rv is. taught that self interest dictates the speed v const ruction <>f the road, the better. We ot this coast should cease to ask it as a favor, hut demand it as a right, not only in our own behalf, hut in that of the Union, of which we form so important a part. AVe are apt to talk of the great benefits we derive from the common (iovernment and our connection with the other States, but we are too opt to overlook the fact that benefits from the connect ion are at least mutual. We might perhaps go farther, and s.iy with truth, that the balance of such benefits is on the other side of the ledger, and that we have all along paid, and continue to pay, more to the rest of the country for its favors than we receive in the way of favors conferred on us. (If course this view of the (piestion is from a financial stand-point, which, just now at least, is one of some importance. Ju money alone we have contributed to the exchequer of the world somesix or seven hun dred millions of dollars in the last dozen years. The Atlantic portion of our own country has absorbed much of this, and its presence has been the life-spring of the rapid progress the seaboard and middle States have made within the period named. And what have we re ceived in return A few millions froiu the public treasury for harbor and coast defences, and a vast amount of merchandise purchased at prices enhanced by the presence of our gold. In the latter respect, we have afforded the means of our wrong. Our gold bus built up banks, banks have expanded credit, credit has inflated prices, mid we have paid those prices in cash, (not in credit money,) thus con tinually ministering to the increase of the evil. Besides this, California has contributed vastly to the East in the way of private bouuty, as every banker and dealer ill exchange could vouch, did they permit themselves to make record of the sums which they know to be constantly passing through their hands for such purposes. Millions annually thus go Eastward, and perhaps other millions, of which there is 110 record whatever, go in private hands, for which there is no return, even in the form of merchandise. But that there is a cash balance constantly accruing in our favor may require some fur ther elucidation, and thin can he arrived at best by striking a baluuce of approximate deb it and credit. The aggregate value of merchandise brought to this port annually has been a matter of much conjecture, in consequence of the fact that so large a proportion of it, count)? from domestic Atlantic ports, is subject to no duty, and is but imperfectly entered at tie (.'ualoiu House. It is a common method to measure this value by that of our combined e\j»iris of merchandise and the precious metals ; but we have long felt satistied that this was n falla cious staud.'ird iu attempting to approximate to tke iniih ia ike imuinu To ikw klw w ill carefully inv. >.igal«* the t. we ihink it will ap|x-ar that the account rinuot l*e Mju:;r<d bj euch pmci-w. and that the autiual l>alance is wiil lv in our favor. In other w«irds. that we an- stnuiinp out of th" country ■ ach yea* a far prater amount of hard in..my than Ihe uvrrhai: ■!>.-*- We derive lf>m ai>o-ad can I* lutile to represent. If thi- »iew lie a correct one. the rot of the world is custanlly liecouiinj; us*• deeply our debtor. We baw nuking, in the calculation we |M«- |nr to *ubu it. oa tin fart k>ti tiA«r advert ed to, that merrltauiiiM' in|mtttil by us, or urat hither for a market, bear* a fictitious price far ynnltf than it* absolute value IKWJ ••n the Maudard of p4d. We waive the fart that we iwv abnMul at price* lanni •« a cur rency not <<iua! iu value to pdd. or that pood* f..r this tuaiket uc often luv-Hcrd much above what they could be [wrtbawd fur, at otlter marked* l<«r cash. especially hard rank. We w ill aMunw that thev ar<- invoiced at wwey'i worth, and that the exchange between our |! id and p -wis for what hat bevU lightly c*I!« J "credit tuouey," is a fair one. .Mill, with thee** cuncnwM, we ahall find, taking L=>t year a- a sample. that a balance has 1-T, ac-rui-'p in «ur favor And w« can c- i.t>«!i n*l_v take thr T««r ref«*nt! to, .nr mi|»irl» an »«il kls•*M l«» Lave I, «n Luge. ai«l nw gi4d rx|n-rt> smaller t jan i.- .al. Thr aaunnt of arrivir:g a- :»».» i» • • fn« Ir rn- Ailaatir pi "-i« rm (*aj»- llnra. ' ; \«-ar. wa». wmnlini t"n-gi-ter. I II'.TO t ii. T« thi» mav Ir added, by c«ni'in«>n <n— . .. !•* • \tra i arr* iu/ rap'., it*. p - : «- iiijr lite aue'uut lounage arriving I Iton*. ItejM.-iteil ralrahtinitf a> avi rap- *aliv •>! Atlantic juirt ~. l a .d t •«i e-fiiiuitt-s f..r piwral average in ens - of lianwip' l« car.- «. -i:n* thai »>-ri *< lo a l"p' *! in \»T t"ii as tor v.ilim of all c.iru""'- • i il»' kiiwl n-f-rrnl t'.. n «'» iv«d h. n- daring a yiar. we idwx 11 iti tt* e! •-ly approsinmie tn the II ut li. "11. *..»!:• I»f rar; <s nc« ived by i-'ea'in r- fr>' n I'aoMe. «• p'lt il"*n •'•! •• u 'v* • rave i.t ?l'Hi l«iO eaeh. nt;er r:»ri : ill iiHjtliry oil the subject, and eluiiiiig and ci n.ji.ui: tin vi«'»s olf parties who i.nght to be •.d judges : otlwr figures are lint su-' • lie enlij, eliiie. We thill [inwivd with the lol luw ing statement : Merchandise rreeivod from Allnntir pnri; i i Clff lloru. 1M.91 ; t.m-}I7O Vt08«850,50.*>,310 • ri i_lll nil « 111 I'lirriirn lie r- !i n-1»-v. <liri ct importal ion..s.s iTi..;i;:• oa l.i;'U,"ti»} Mi i ell audi-e i f lsthliiu-. Ii v IJiistcaiuei a! Sloo.ooo "u vifa me 3,000,000 1 Kreiglil on .-aiue Uuti.mu Total value, mercliandise !? To this should he added,for the purpose of a strict cotiipnrison between our imports nnd exports the value of the treasure received from abroad. Willi Vancouver Island no correct account lnm been kept, bnt assuming the figures of the Jiritinh Colonist, we put our imports down from that quarter, for last yeiir, at!? 1,300,000. From oilier sources we itn- i ported in treasure, $1,853,G36, making a total of 53,153,030. We then have— Imports n? iibovo §43,830,1178 j Imports of treasure Total imports $4(5,984,014 Let us now glance at our exports, for the same period, INGI. These were— Treasure $40,039,089 Merchandise l»,88l,H;4l Government truust'er drafts 1,750,000 Total export:) S."i2,'J7o,t>lo i Deduct imports 4»>,984,014 Itulancc to I'C accounted for s.">,2Ho,stn> Though this is for one year only, we regard it as the minimum year of a dozen, and one ' showing the account in the least favorable light to ourselves. The items of interest, partially of exchange and of money paid for passage hence, tire waived ill the above calculation, for the lea son not only that it would be impossible to approximate to them with any degree of ac curacy, but for the other reason that we re- j gartl them as fully offset in our credits of j freight money account, the whole of which we have set down ns being sent out of the conn- i try, while the truth is that much of it is re-1 tained at home, or is returned to tis through ! the medium of our coast trade and thus enters into none of the foregoing estimates. But i apart from this, the large amounts constantly ! going out of the country in the hands of pas-! sengers, must form an annual totid far exceed ing the items referred to. Kitlicr, then, in view of the just indebted ness of the Atlantic to the Pacific States, or from the duty which the former owe to the whole Union, no time should be lost in the construction of the great national work so im portant to the interests of all.—S. F. Alfa. —— ■ ■»#•■■■■ ■ » ■ ■ ■ ■ How GEN. MCCI.KM.AN CAMK TO nr. SIV CKSSOU OF (i K\. SCOTT.—We have heard many inquiries made, says the Cincinnati En quirer, how it was that (Jen. McClellnu be came the Commauder-iu-Cliief upon the re signation of Gen. Scott from active service. It occurred in this wise*: At the outset of the rebellion we had hut two Mnj.-Gen*. Win field Scott and David Twiggs, the former of whom, by virtue of wuiority, was the Com niaiider-iiethief. The title of Lieutenant - Geueral. coufcrred upon Scott by Congress, gave him no additional command, but increase of dignity and higher par and rations were attached toil, lie was the oldest Major-lien- I era I ami a» such wait the t 'ouimiuider-iii-t tiicl |of our forces. Twiggs, on accouut of his dc ! lection to the South, was di*uiissed I'roin the I arinv. A new batch of Major-tiencral* was : creatid shortly after the war broke out, con siating of Mcl fellau. Kicutout, Dix and 1 ltaiik». <N the-*. Met l.lLiiiV rouuuL-sion was first i--u«il. which made him the oldest M.'ijor-IJeticnd. m\t t<> Scott, and Command er-in-Chief npm hi* rrtiracy, llad McClel- L-tn never (ewtgned. but continued in the r< g ular M'LI ice, IM could baldly lia\ e l«oen higher : tban Major, aud probably nut higher than Captain. Hi* resignation wa* lucky forhiin. • for it gr.te him a chance to ci»me in ahead of Wool. Harney, Hunt) r and all the Itrigaii'oT (tnieraia who hare been in the service for thirty or t'urty yean. ry*We once knew a (Ranker who wa.« foft-rd into a fight with a qoarri Iwonw neigh bor. After a little acuiiiag. the uuae came into a \ iulent contact with the other mail's fist, causing our friend'* IMMM* to ble«d profiiM-lr. Qnaker become enraged, and itu- UM-diaielv took hi* opj«m<-nt down, and, get - ting aatridc him. addwaaed him thua: " Friend. I won't hart thee, neither will 1 strike thee, bat I will l<t my mm; bleed in thy face;" which he did entirely to his owu satisfaction and to the great disgust of hi* adversary. The Quaker's victory waa complete. I Virtue and bappinaaa are mother and daughter. »*« Witt it wirald C«*t An » < n this 'n|.i<-. tlcliieriti .-v R, v. TJ t :«-r King, iu JSaa r nutcwcu.*! a <!• ta <•< rit : .iii in a" I »«f the M 4; -*ruas<Hl« ind *' 1 "r* Vn! .;it.vri, is full ol th<> Hpht
■ it*.. r<i «p « nol<i !•> pa'tii'li al v . ra!ijiplieriioti, but liiist U- coti w;:h v j.. ? j. V;«l : n i..'tiier t U us that 1» uim-1 to ue ;r«' .i ii"d kt : -i-!y '.iy r'.eitp fr.-n the di'iiL ■' . igli'. 'IV iii-i il m ukii u.. in tauutiug i:tm .i.h U-iii; s »i»—r. an<* in li.iiigiiijf t«i hi- ri a.', rar.ee ln '.n.Jraiio gi -.•!:« tliit hi' had ion.tiiittii]. !.ill lter ftl M I hi:.i nf a* way M rU bindl • . tile?- 1: I • Oue til" devil I'.'.iile i:i a vei\ -it us mood, !•> break do rn there :• rie rV <-• hi i;.li me iu (•«■•!, Mid -»ei: ~ I.n tln r. v.iu have in :irly B.Micd avin. . .• r tim— «»!' gr.iii-." •• I know it," excla' , i..-J t;ie rv- I in ; r: "IbJy satn». pray J'nr rit 'i".e i!> vil .v. the juke, nnd left Luther fr v 'from di-Mi:hnnce fur a inotilh. A cry fur p aee from tilibusters and theho 'iii fiii'iitlr* nf William Walker! A cry for thi saeleilin ss of human life from tllell wiio have plotted to overrun Mi •■ieo and (Antral America. in order to lay the black foundations • >t" a slave empire on soil died crimson! A cry for light taxes from men who would have been ton happy a year ago to pay two hun dred millions tor a war with Spain or Cuba! Aery of sympathy with laboring classes from men who believe bondage is the tr.te basis of a State, and who applaud in their hearts the call of their allies in the South to restrict the right of suffrage and found a government of gentlemen ! A cry of economy from men of a party who once administered the finance* of Sau Francisco! The hounds on the track of LSroderick turned /ware men, and affected with hysterics at the suit)'of powder! Wonderful transformation! What a pleasant sight—a hawk looking so innocent and preaching peace to doves with his talons loosely wound with cotton! A clump of wolves trying for this occasion only, and composing their fangs to the work of eating grass! "Holy Satan, pray for it?!" Who ever heard of a war before, in which the guilty insurgents could command a peace lull of blessings, on equal terms with the in jured party in all respects but one, and that insuring a superior benefit! Let gentlemen who live in the North, under the protection of the Constitution and the Flag, and who have sympathies for the South, and influence with tii > rebel leaders, if they burn with a desire lor peace, and are afflicted with horror at in vasion, suhjugal ion and bloodshed, turn their energies towards the authors of war, and has ten the return of a pence the most honorable, lienefieent, economical that can be realized. It is a field inviting their noblest ambition. Hut the peace ciuniorersart; careful to make the. recognition of the rebel morement the foundation of the peace they would seduce the people to urge upon the Government. Acknowledge the rebellion in so few months after it compacts itself-—.acknowledge it without gathering all possible power to put it down, and we acknowledge the principle that upheaved it—the idea of State suprema cy, the legitimacy of secession. And then the nation has acknowledged it for Illinois, for Pennsylvania, for liiigham Young, for Minnesota, for California. It has acknowl edged that Michigan owns Lake Superior and Lake Huron; that Connecticut holds n clean title at pleasure to Long Island Sound ; that New Jersey may close Deleware ltay by Armstrong guns on Cape May; that New York may steal the Hudson and seal its mouth with a tariff; that Nevada has a sovereign ti tle to its silver ledges. It has taken one long step towards its grave. It has not otdy lost provinces, but it has lost a principle that gave them, and the States that remain, the most of their value. It has not only lost n stream, but has consented to see the fountain choked out of which all its streams have flowed. As a matter of public economy, the nation could better afford to pay hundreds of millions tliun to hurry into a jieace that would acknowledge the principle of State aovcreijyti tv, and thus introduce the disease ef civil scur\ v into the tissues of the body politic. The pence would c.»l too much. • •••••••• What if we make peace now f We have spent probably two or three hundred million* alrcadv, w hit h would 1* a dead k's.s. We sho'ihf have a hostile rival, flu»h«d with arriv ganre, arming a frontier « hich we should l>e obliged to watch and gui.rd with fort* and a vast military power. 1 hir Southern enemy would attempt leagues with Kuropcan natal State* that »..uhl force us to increase our fight ing ships on an inimi arc waif. Mexico wutihl claim our protectorate againa! daveholding cu pidity. and our simple peace e*tabfi*haaaft would cost /« co Kuntirtd tmtljiO/i mtHf** «f dollars, l><*:<!«■» ike interest o« what the war lias air. adv c«*t. And then we sh<»uld have milv Iw o-third* <>f the nation to pay the hur dens. (I was glad to See this view, which I had written two day* ago, ably stated in the Hmtirfim last evetiiag.) It » economy to light it out and put dow u relielliou. Our duty is nlways the im«st economical. And a two years war. successful, will save us a hundred mil lion* a year in the fiitnre. hwddi-a saving the Constitution, which is a fountain of benefit in calculate and undraiuable. We do tinil a peace party here; a serried, serious, triumphant olio, that shall save the I State against the evil gophers that an* now undermining its prosperity. and place a man true to the Union in its higbeat seat. Civil I war is our danger. Let the candidate of the ' Joab party triumph, and set hiuawlf aeaiust ! the requisitions of the Government, and seek in the at'iniiiiatratloo f<f hia office, to »xtend <i)irii aid to Mr. Ji ffetaoa Davis, add *r altall ba - e civil war. whicb »Ha!i wipe ots* the vcuir.- on of >BC)I trifle* as tax bill* from W.-shiug ton. j Ami to have p. »ce in tl»3 nai'«»o—j e-vce llir.X W'i| cnd.iiv; jxaccthat wiii 1)» noble; t!.a' will lie cheap; w- m-*rt Mmd nj> .»cc chorjs. auiid nrvr** and disanpoiiu wat*. tIK-ri rh tix> Sine of lW" Pohuuc bit faro ken aid Waidiizigt.in arizrd ami aa-k.-l br Vaielali-—ro terms with Irarturs; ih • Con stitution again, along the »h«!e Ciidft Km of :b< naiion, end over all the old acres that haw unce ackno» 'l the American rul«'! T-.KIV. A I'iti/T: AT H'.TTEKAS.—Captain I,y(!c. uf tlit* 'J'! I:.'liana npiw-nl. writing ; Iran llaltcras, gives the following account of I taking .1 prize: I A sail was KPIII appm.-u hing IHo Inlet showi: -g 110 colors. ('apt. Goniou, "smelling a mt,' rati up tin* 3ecesh colors ill the fort, ami the schooner immediately did the same. She iai:i ' b<ldly up to the f'.ir, the tugboat j (V/r.t ran out to tow her in. The Captain of j the tti;; immediately boarded lirr, shook hands , with the Seccshcs and said, "1 thought when I saw you coming down thai 1 had u prize." " No, indeed," said he, pointing to the doomed rag, "under that flap 1 will die." "Well," said our brave hero, "you hare had good luck in gelling in." " Yes," said the Secesh, "but I suppose it the Yankees want to cotnu down here you can shell the very d—l out of them." "Yes," said our Yankee, "we can shell the very d—l out of them." "Well, that's good, I hope we may he able to take every Yankee on the coast." "Yes," was the reply, "we are taking about one sail a day, and some are pretty fat ones too." By this time they had passed through the Inlet into the Sound. Turning to Mr. Seccsh he said, "Do you see that big gunboat to lee ward J well she belongs to us, it is the Stars and Stripes, the pride of the Southern Yan kee fleet, and we took her." "Did you?" said the latter, interrupting our Yankee hero, "Well, that's too good." "Yes, ive fetched her IX you see," said our Yankee, turning to -Mr. Seeesh, "about the 26th of August, the Yankees came down here and shelled out of these forts, and all these gunboats, since that time, have been here to tow in boats. lam one of your Yankees! I command that gunboat,and you are, I am happy to say, my prize." DODOF. THE liuj ONES.—A gentleman re lates an anecdote of the Mexican war, which has never been published: When the American army was forming line lor the battle of lluena Vista, General Lane was riding up and down the line of his Indiana regiment. The Mexicans had sta tioned some small guns on a neighboring height, which were blazing away most furi ously oil General Lane's regiment, liut as their guns were badly nritned, tho balls in every case passed over their heads, but sufli ciontly near to cause the men, as they heard the peculiar whiz of tho balls, to involuntarily " duck " their heads. General Lane happened to notice this, and in his rough, stentorian voice, he bawled out: " Indiana regiment! No dodging!" Tn nbout five minutes after, the tremendous whiz of a twenty-four pound shot passed close by the head of the gallant brigadier, and in an instant involuntarily he bobbed his head. Tho men saw this, and commenced a tittering along the line, which the old General saw. Turning around with a sort of quizzical ex pression, he thundered out: "Indiana regiment! Dodgo the big ones!" CURE FOB TUB EABACIIE.— Take a small piece of cotton batting, or cotton wool, mak ing a depression in tl»e cvntru with the end of n finger, and fill it with OH much ground pepper as will rest on a five cent piece, gather it into a hall and tie it up, dip th* l<nll into oil, nnd insert it into the ear, covering the latter with cotton wool, nnd use a bandage or cap to retain it in place. Almost instant re lief will be experienced, and the application is so gentle that a child will not be injured bv it. but will experience relief as well as adults. ... account of the high price for cot ton. and the great T durability of hemp, the I'ukt Oflice is aubstituiing mail bag* made of hcu:p lor tlnwofri tlo.t, which have been beretofiire wholly uacd. Parties in Xew York citv are now New York "ffiee. IV manufacture of p««l» tr»in hemp has been I rmtfht to n high state lit* perfect Ma. and tin- malarial is perfectly serviceable for arUrle* of ilwag awl MUM trxiu^. ■ ' - • ■■■ 1 ■ ITA letter was re->ei\ed at Olympia, a few da>s »iiMT, fnwi (\>L Wallace, at \t *»h ingti n." stating that It. F. Kendall, Supt. Ind. Affair* ft* Wa-bington Territory, has Ixfti reumved. and that Mr. C. H. Hale, of Witk ington Territory baa been appointed bis sac re*.-- ir. 'l"be appointment liad not been rati fied by the K iiate, bat it was supposed It would be. We hopt iW the sake of humanity the change will bv ratified by the Senate.— P. C. Adrmrmtt. VMJtONT I*B«)Dt <TM .vs.—Saxe, llwpnet, say* that Vermont is ti uoou* for four staple*, 14 uu-u wonii'u, maple sngar and beesre," and thai "the first art- strong. ll»e last are fc*t. the second and third an exceedingly sweet, and all are uncommonly ltard to bat." I OI R ABHY —The Uuion foreos, regtilai* and volunteers, now m the field and in the course of organization, amount in round num bers to 650.000. i Freedom of Speeek nl Liberty ef Jpfe \V.- rr.t lif ft llowirg fins ibr PLiUdriplia WrrUg I'mitm. We recomnwrd iti Hear MM! awwenbl* argnm.-nls to tb«* mwidm lion of tbow who air ever pmttrp a boat the j liberty of tbe piv*c. l5om«- affect to belieTe ; ;bat tbe prt-s* is free to stir cp inmrectiooa and tvb* Uiouk. and that ao cmt ia tbe sancti ty !<f ha awful fm dnm, that even tbe[Gnr iTunwnt haeV is prohibited frm «p the fearfnl fountaina of muerr aad MM : - It is tror, tbe < 'oti.-titotion 'pnaraateea ibe I freedom .4* spi ■ cb and she liberty of tbe Men, , hot nre I here Do lii.iit* to this liberty and tbia ! fm-domf I tin* it uu-aa tbat every man thall I lie free to slander r.nd libel hi* neighbor. lo I incite riots and diatnrb tbr peace f 3lrrst every m.<n be al!< dto pollute tbe err of liU aud tbe pul.'it with Hub *-«uti ' ments r.s he may cherish, however profane ! and obscene tin y may be, sin ply I « (M y be j chooses to. or thinks he in ripbt, end tht> Con | stitntion grants him the freedom of speech? Hut fortunately, the law has bridled a mau't | tongue apninst his neighbor, by i: proeceuiion for slander, n criminal process for riot or dis llulling tbe peace; this, then, is freedom of ppeech limited, so ft:r as individuals are con cerned, ami against it we bear n») complaint, llut tbe Government lnis no such remedies. It must tamely submit to the grossest misrep resentations and falsehoods, or curtail tlio freedom of speech of its enemies. kTbenjn stnntly the cry is raised—'The freedom of speech suppressed, tyranny and the Bastile next!' but if the individual is protected against slander and falsehood, it is but right that the Government, in perilous times, should protect itself. " Freedom of speech was wisely protected by the Constitution, but was not intended tbat it should extend to the corruption of morals, or by misrepresent ion and falsehood to embarrass the Government. But it was intended for n more noble and glorious pur pose, that of fairly, truthfully and honestly discussing and expressing such principles and sentiments, with a due regrad to your neigh bor, your country and your God, and without fear and restraint, as you may think ju6t and l ight. The discussion of politics nnd religion, in fact every subject, when confined within the bounds of truth and fairness, should bo protected. "The liberty of the press must also be taken in a restrict sense. It is a notorious fact that obscene publications will find an abundance of supporters, but tlio law very wisely prohib its the publication of such sheets, and here is the liberty of the press infringed, because the proprietors are not permitted to cast upon tbo public an immoral p< stilence. The law pre vents n newspaper from publishing a false hood against an individual, l»y snbjecting it to a prosecutiou for libel. But the Govern ment has no remedy against the fabrications and misstatements of hostile papers. Its only protection lays in its own power, and when it exercises that power, the cry of tyranny is at once raised. If a journal confined its state ments to absolute tiuth aud facts, and to tbo exposition of a bad policy founded on thoso facts, then its suppression would be an act of tyranny and an overreach of Government power. But such was not the character of the papers that have been suppressed. Their only object seemed to be to irritate the public mind, to cut etill deeper the wounds of dis cord and dissention, make thorn bleed anew every day, inculcate dissatisfaction with the Government and create riot and bloodshed in our very midst. Tbe reading public will not regret the loss of these journals. TUB IRREPRRESIBLR REPORTER. —CoIoneI Baker's funeral ceremonies took place at Webb's. The friends, (lie honorables and the military, filled the house, and reporter* were shut out. Now ciune the tog of war. One reporter's efforts olone I will give as a wimple, selecting the victor in the case. Hav ing fuiled in all other efforts to get in, be brwcil it up to Geueral McClellan and asked a pat>.«. This was ridiculous, of coarse, as it was neither JlcClellan'a house nor Atneral, and reporter WAS snubbed. be goes to lien. Marrv, Chief of McClellan's staft and was as cavalierly treated aa he diwrwJ. Hound the house he goea, and. finding the omnipresent contraliand, gives hiui a dollar to shoot biui dowu the scuttle hole. * hen round through the lobby and Ln!« he creeps U> the fide ot the painon. Hot he d»rr not nae hh pencil lea: It bring on a gentle leading f »«t bv the ear. Ifc.wn he sits, with one « \<. Uatf ( iwtil in full fuuerrl tiow, a: «i the other am the par-wsuuwtip) The addled over, don n knelt r.-jKirur. wnk and tu< u>.i and «hen ail heaits wrrr ikelting and ail even lwr closed save reporter's w, W stole the manuscript and -alid tana* on'.." bsx ike wec.rv patron looked for his trnant adore*, | but alien tn«raii-g dawned he waa able to read it entire in the paptrSj • ChiwienrfPlmm dmUr. PY Am ETCBAXM-p paper WIT aathr ami trnthfnHv miy»: tWfcw ymm ga ill |IIM, rvad itMcSMVt of a mwiyiy, Hi usn »1M adfcuiM liUnßjr M a Jiatial M «r: l»«- M-U» DM in* pwh than old fcgM* *W hide tbt'ir light undrr • haahcJ. and « lW fore enabled ta srll ckctptr. Dar —Mia. PWfca H. bm, *a •i<«l awhile 'uTikloth «T OA. at HcwTl 18. aged 78. Fhr ha> left aa a»- during BMaaarial in that hj*a- tyOue little race aa a hash, though hat • little onr, and tboagkast y«t him fiMi that which b<wi* it t« NO. 19.