Newspaper of The Washington Standard, May 3, 1862, Page 2

Newspaper of The Washington Standard dated May 3, 1862 Page 2
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miJBIIKTHITUim f. >. OFFII iu. nwit FOR THI: Ttr.nii- k i The i uiun-- II »ball be Prr%rrirJ. Agents for the Standard. Tiic ftulovinf i.anr t prntlrr.ca in authorized «i rcctiit and rortipl lor tuuuv iiue uu »üb*crii>- i n lo lilt . L. I*. San Frcnri-. ral T«*>». B 'T *. t r*tici G. W JoM*. Vancouver. W T. ; Alt*. ?. Atliimt. R.l' lljtkni»ci >s. M ■•iti' «11* , J..11% WI...»TEH. I'"" M , Hi MT \V Tceku'rt. Jl . H'li u: Til**. Se.ibr- k Mi'i.i v ' .10 V# :;EI through t'n- ius:!i Our ri^k. The Unicn Resolutions Rejected by the Legislative Assembly of Washington Territory. 11/- it rrtnlrtj l,y thr r _v >•/ t'" Trrritnn/ nf . That th'■ I ninn i- in corporated wiili tin- institutions of our country. tU.it it* dissolution wonUl endunper tli' ir |>cniia nrnce. airl seriou-ly threaten our rtislfiifo as a lutiou. /. Tint a!! Sfrtion.il divisions ir.n be better healed within tin 1 I'nion than without t!i<• I'nion, and th at all pretexts tor a dissolution of tli- I'iion. are unwarrantable. Unwind, That tin- alacrity with wli'n h the peo ple rush to the rescue ol' the I'liion hows them worthy of their linenpe, an! their birthright, nnd makes in, the most distant limli of the I'nion, forever their debtor. Rrrolertl. That Washington Territory, true to herself, and true to the Government, will not be found wanting iu devotion to the I'nion, in fidel ity to the Laws and Constitution, or in due res pect for, nnd support of Mr. f.incolu's iidministra tlon. which the popular voice has called to main tain the one and enforce the other. Ketolvtil, Tii.it a copy id' these resolutions be sent to our Delegate iu Congress, lion. W. 11. AVullttce. VOTE OS THE nnson'Tioss. Vent —Denny, Oriswld, Lombard, MeCnil, Piuilli of Clark, Taylor. Urquhnrt, Cock—S. Xaya —Air.l, Roznrth, Rates. Really, Chapman. Gardner, Gilliam, Hinckley, Ilolbrook, l'age, tie. Smith of Walla Walla, Ruth, Thornton, Wil son, Warbnss—Hl. Xnt Voting —Williamson. Ferguson, MeLean and Yantis. SATURDAY, MAY 3, 1802 The Extension of the Surveys of the Pub- lie Lands. We have been shown a letter from our Dele gate Col. Wallace, to the Surveyor-General, from which we infer that little or nothing will he appropriated this year for extending the surveys, and unless something is done that will enable the Treasu/y- to realize money from (lie lauds, nothing of consequence will he appropriated lor years to come. It has now become the settled policy of the Government not to look to the sales of the public lands as a source of revenue, beyond what is necessary to defray the expenses of the land system ; and it seems to be equally well settled tlint nothing w ill be appropriated for prosecuting the public surveys except what is derived from the sale of the lands. It its not our purpose- to find fault with this policy, for we aro disposed to regard it as both equitable and just to the new (States and Ter ritories, where the funds lie. The policy of the government towards Oregon and Wash ington, has been extremely liberal, and although our citizens may suffer great inconvenience in not having the surveys extended over their O » donation and pre-cintion claims, they have no right to complain of the Government for not appropriating money derived from other sources of revenue for this purpose, more ex pecially in the embarrassed condition of the Treasury. On the contrary, they will no doubt be willing to submit to temporary in convenience, until such times as we shall be able to raise money out of the lands for de fraying at least the expenses of the surveys. It is well known that the laud otliccs in Oregon and Washington do not receive money enough from the sale of lands under the pre emption laws to more than pay the salary of the Receivers; thus leaving the four Registers and the two Surveyor-Generals offices, a direct charge upon the Treasury, amounting to some sixty thousand dollars a year. The question is, liow cau this be remedied? What plan cau be adopted for making the lands iu Oregon aud Washington defray this expenditure, aud furnish a fund for extending the surveys as fast as they may be needed tor settlement.' It is geuerally conceded that Congress has passed the Homestead Kill, which will occupy a large portion of our choicest lands before they arc surveyed, or subject to entry at the minimum price per acre; still very many ot those settlers would prefer paying for their 1(»0 acres, to tieing ob liged to reside upon it for five consecutive years, and besides a large portion of then would require more than ICO acres tor a home stead for themselves aud family. A large number of the pre-emption claimants are now occupying the public land, that have not yet paid the minimum price of SI -5 per acre, aud who will uot do it, until the lands are offered foi sale. Large portious of Oregon aud Washington have been surveyed for eight and ten years. The best of the land has been takeu under the douation and pre-emtiou laws, but a large amount is still vacant, that is only valuable tor its timlter, or for grazing purposes. Most of this would be entered at the miuiumui price of SI 25 per acre, if brought into market, and we can see no good reason why this should not be done without farther delay. Indeed we think lr v. oidd be soattd policy to at once 1 thrnw into market all land* • In n ittrv'vnl l ; .r!«n » r-. V., :!niik our will ti-rv 'i- rcliv rj>; tovi it l ap-Mug ntir lard* ii :■» iitaiki I. > w.-ln] ijtiiti- »ur<* that tlo * -ii ' would nt" tb« , Tfis-'Urv a suf: it nt ►sun to ii I oidv <• il*} the »x| " ti. * «>ftiw land m iii iii tin* 1 • rri lorv, I'Ut lurnisb a fund am|!y Bofbci.nt for j PiMdinp tbe run ep, v I'MI need 11 r t**t tleon nt. liuild ruai'.o. inijTovi • tu rims. for tify onr <■•■«*!, and deirsy < \rry expense ot '■ur Trrr'i! iral p'-vi-nirn id. wnl t!i"- gr. i'h r« li« vi i.ur •v. .I>t;:,l.i'in.il Tr> .iMiry.nt.d at tlit -.-.me tiiui-n.orc rajii'.lv devt lojie th-- t isn.d n ? mroi! e| tlie rmii. rv. tli.m raw r. • - :utl Iv !»»• boji.-d f«r il" tln* jir.T. Nt stste of thing* nr. jM-ntiitl'-il to < "io itiui-. We hate ctM ritti'Mioti t" the M-j •t hi tie linjii't!*ti | i'tiii"T- ♦h' iM-nt ti|> ti> tin ! l'n-sidciit w-kinpliim to < IT. r fcrK.li- nil latul tli it .-hall have Ihi-ii utrvev, J two v. i-. !Wi have j;.»od iva.-oii to i«l.. . cthat I!»«» • ITOFEU.'h pi'tiiioii? uottlil IT ri-.nlily rottijdi'il with. 'l'lli TO an- llii ti-atuls ot 110 .I i <>v. in our iiiiiit* that wutihl |iiiriliaM' lioim Mr ..'ls in our Ti rritorj', ami iiltiuntrK- in;j>ro\r thnn. that w ill not think of taking up a |>ir-« tr.|itinii. ' nor of lit ing five vrais on tlir laud ill orilrr to s. ctirr thr Imic tiits of the lloini r.:« , ad I-iw. Tlirro nr»-d to hr no njij r ■hrnlioti tint all thr |r<*o«l land will In- takrli liv sjn culat' i«, mid thus retard tin- m-ttlrinriit of thr country. Thr «>X|irririi»v id' lllitini • and other v.rstrrn Stateii >liow that thr fnjiitalis.s who in\. -ti d larjrr ill thr jitiMir 1 i:i!•; ::1 tli< luiiiinittiu price at the land sales, lir.vr i ■ ntiilittlrd tivrr towards the hrtllrinrllt and drvrhi|iruirnt ol tlioM- iSlatr.-Iliaii all other ittlltiritees eotnl iiii d. Thr litoniriit a man outside of thr 'I rrrilorv or Statr, invrsts a few hundreds or thousands in laud, lie naturally does everything i" his imwer to settle tip the eouutry, in onier that he may enhance the value c.l' his laud. '1 liry are often induced for this jnupopr, lo build mills, and make other valuable improvements', which but for them, would not have been made for vears. ON: FAVORITE STI.A.MUH.—THE Steamer Eiiza Anderson arrived lit our wharf on Mon day last. Never was an arrival more cordially welcomed l>y our citizens, more especially those who were hound lor the Cariboo mines. A salute was fired from Commodore Horn beck's Navy-yard, in honor of the arrival. The Anderson has heeu thoroughly over hauled, has a new boiler of double the power of her old one, and is now the fastest and best boat for the Hound trade that has over been oil cur waters, or that is to he found on the Pacific coast. She has one ofthemost worthy and popular commanders wo ever knew, and we believe this is the universal opinion of even body that knows him. .She left on Tuesday evening with a full freight, and a large num ber of our citizens bound for Cariboo; and is expected to return tm Thursday for another load. We most earnestly hope she may be induced to remain in our trade. The I'ost otlice Department ought, and we have no doubt will, give her the mail at ti fair rate of com pel::-:!! ion. The Etilerjirisc has demonstrated to her cost, that it can't be carried for SIO,OOO even once n week, without a much larger in crease of freighting business than we have any right to anticipate, for the present at least, J.V We have been permitted to read a let ter from Washington City, written by Charles M. C arter, Ksq., of Portland, Oregon, who has spent the last eight months in Washington, us agent for the holders of War Scrip. He had succeeded on tlio7tli of March, in getting Ins own scrip and the large amount intrusted to his care audited, and he anticipated that his bonds would be issued ill two weeks. He says the bonds now sell for D 1 ami 02 cents on the dollar. A few weeks before they were selling for 85 cents. The late Federal victo ries have raised them to 92 cents, and he thinks they w ill soon coinu up to par. Mr. Carter has formed n business connection with Hon. 11. L. Stevens, ex-Member of Congress from Michigan, who will reside in Washing ton while Mr. Carter will reside in rortland, (h'ego'i. Any one having claims on the Gov ernment, or other business to transact at Washington, could not do (tetter than put it into their hands. We learn from Mr. ('arter's letter that our new (soveruor( Pickering) would leave New York, April llith for Washington Territory. We also learn from tin; saiue s »nrco that a very large immigration to< >reg»n and Washington will cross the plain.-, this searon and next. Kvery thing seems to in dicate that our rich bottom lauds on the Sound, on the Chehalis river, Cray's Harbor and Shonlwatcr liay will bo rapidly tilled upl>v an industrious, enterprising population from the States. I V Our reputation true prophet re quires Mr lii xtnte tlint John of the Standard entered upon the ilutii-s of his elerk»hip in the Survey or-ti euerul's office on the tii>t of April as pre«liete<]. An* then-any other offiee-set k et> or politician*) who would likx to have their fortuurs told ? We tiud the above in the Orrrhmd Prtt* of this week. 80 far from vour a trmr • r pbophet, you state what is entirely and abso lutely false. The editor of the STANDARD hap no Clerkship in the Hun eyor-iieiieralV office, and there is no certainty that he ever will have. Should wo he so fortunate, how ever, as to get a place, the public shall know officially, when we enter upon the dim-barge of our duty. After being provided for our selves, we w ill use our influence for our neigh bour of the Prru, if be behaves himself right well. We c- py Ihl-.w an editorial from ihr ,Y« ,r:> 41 r, in Isftwrrt. He i»- i !• r " • r.- i.n Dr. D. Wolff, but from v l ;t \ < 1, .\ <• ]i< anl and f" < u of kin here. *r Al* incliiitd to the t.pii.i ti tliat be i Tirh that tL. \orlh-trr*t n irm of him; more . 'jN-cirJlv in nrbukx! to tb« promulgation of ins infidel notion-: Itinerant Lcctuw. For the joat vo-l. iAininj; lecture* hare l-.it iMiven-d at tin* t '••nrt House liv a •• pro i,—r" of i in}**•! -g\ . I'.iutheolngy. ami all ki>»lr.d «dog!ii>. >| Krw-Lwiinn. end .•ii! tli.- I indrt il i>i -. «li<> s. t\.-d up in twb i,it ..i and tob-rabh fluent ti rnts. I!OM« to suit ;L- Uh-»t depraved taste. pto|H*itinur. the lin .-t ill- il nntcn.il.l«- ainl contradictory, and rli.oiia -1! • n."-! nn til-tanti.-d and dan r-.n ui-. ii i onlv to tin- weli-laing ami p<wi oidif < t -m i.-t\. I'Ut to the pieselit bappilli - - ail,! l.i'iir. - it. ly of human souls lm>ught un der rom iction by tin* a-sinned plausibility of lii- dogini;s. This prole aor stvle* himself "Doctor 11. I Woltc, ot I'iiil.idflpliia." and pn>vide> [••il ii -tlg;T« iol" to u 'l til tiiKlii .-lie, |.|i \ ir. l. .MM! putthcistic ■ ccciit licit i<-s who M-.k tin ••ititiio-t extent of tin* nrt a of liec dotu in ii attributes accoided to Divinity, -spire to lie g.«ls tlii msches. To a well-read inlidrl or atheist. it must In- refreshing to listen to tin ••Doctor," who will bring to his iniud—* itb ■mt credit.-—tin- most extatic exaggerations and vagaries of all his liivoriti - ant hois of any nge. We lmvi* alwavs pnrticipatid in a sort of national, j<itrioti< - gratitude to tin t*.ii-iiioi'\ of Tom I '.-line, mi ill-count ol lii-» zeal in mit tii-: national and imtld not, on WcdlK'-ilav e\i liitljr, I'lll feel that hi 1 was slisrbted in f;;inr nf some of ilie more vipirotis iind sliil tii'-re d.'ininalily sediliotiH writers of inert'uri.il France. Wo shall not in tills article quaiid with 1)c Wolfe on nccoiuit t.f his opinions. lie In ■< a right to Ilii'in as we have to ours. Siiftice it tint wo differ in Into on almost cvc i v topic touching the relations of man to soei etv, the conjugal responsibilities mid bonds, I lie llihlc, (!oi», His SON, and His l'rophets. "Without ili'iilii tlie lloctor's speculations on pluvnolngv and tlie best course for a man to jiursitc to promote health are tolerably inter esting and instructive, although from what wo have heard we could find objections to innuv sentiments, which, ingeniously thrown in, nre imperceptibly impressed upon the mind of the hearer, to his detriment. Wo are told that several of his phrenological vic tims have compared charts, and find a pre dominance'of good traits, and a similarity in general disposition before undiscovered, and trnlv marvellous. The lecturer has read a great deal of argument on his favorite hobby, and has mad? himself familiar with enough ol the Useful in nature's law.—as laid down by medical writ ere—to commend Lis lecture*, if he could only separate and deal in natural 4',icts, without interlarding them with foreign matters, for the purpose of deriding what Christian nations deem sacred. We would not deprive him of any light. Freedom of thought and speech are sacred ; but these are sacred to all a 1 ik<—audience us well as lectur er. A man has no right to induce the atten tion of an audience, composed of all creeds and opinions, irrespective of age, sex or con dition, assembled expectant of a scientific ex planation of Itihlc miracles, in ordei that he may insult their every sense of sacred justice, lie has no right to wilfully and maliciously pervert and mangle texts of Scripture to im press upon the unintelligent or uudiscriminn tiug mind a 1.1 1:, without first giving the com munity a chance to avoid the temptation. If it lie announced that an iutidcl will speak, people who desire will attend prepared to hear what an infidel has to say J many, con scious of their inability to answer his soph isms, would keep aloof; children would be kept at home, and not be allowed to listen to blasphemy, and imbibe ideas which stultify the teachings of their parents. We look upon such means to procure audiences as covert work of the devil, and the instruments em ployed as anything but advantageous to hu manity in any of its phases. This game of clamor for free speech, that licentiousness, blasphemy and calumny may desecrate the sacred feelings of an audience who would not wittingly hear it, is the greatest curse ever attendant on the right, and its pursuit will make that "right" a wrong. TIIR NEWS. — Fort Wright, reported to liave been captured cm the l!)lh, was not taken on tint -".'nil, but it was being bombarded, and wo presume will soon fall. Fort Wright in about ~i'> milo above Memphis, and wait for merly called Fort I'illow. We publish news up to the Wild from Washington aud Cairo. We have no great battle to chronicle, but we feel very confident that (Jen. McClellan will soon reduce Yorktown and lie in jios.scssioii of the rebel Capital, Itichinoud. Our troops are now iu posM'mion of more than half of Virginia. The last dispatches show that everything in progniwing linely, and the indications are that the reiM-liioii will lie put down in a few week* more. A I.KTIKR PNUM IHK I'HKMTLL'VT. We had tin- pleasure a few day* ago, of reading a letter from I *re*>i<l«*nt Lincoln to nil old friend in < flympia. Tlx' sentiments of the letter blmw tli.it place and power ha* not caused liiui to loose sight of a friend, although three iliou.-.nid utiles away- We were <rlad to find that Washington and Oregon reccivesso large n share of lis attention; and that our Dele gate Col. Wallace enjoys hi* fullest confidence. In {illusion to the routing election in Oregon he expresses "the rarnrtt ho/>r that it ma y rr »uU in tyrfi a manner at to thotc thr clearest jMutiUe erulcnrt of' thr attachment of thr /teo/tlr to the print iftlrt of Conttitmtiimal liberty;" and w liilc he rcfraius from making any direct suggestion* as to the bent mode of securing this desiraLle result, it is inauifest that he will most cordially approve the union that lias IM-. II »fli*led betwc«'n Republicans and the I'nion 1 lemocrat* iu < hregop, on the single plank of devotion to the Government and the I'nion. The confidence reposed ill our Delegate by the Presideut and his Cabinet, is not only highly couipliuieutary to the Territory, but furnishe« a guarantee that our material 'inter est will uvt be neglected. LATEX FKOI THE ATI OTIC SIDE. lew« •€ April ISIk. Ilv I!«• unital of ill.- Ehza AmJtrtom ou Friday naming, we arc placi-d in |*»*«-s*inn of ilalm froin the Atlantic Statm to April _'Sd, and from Sail FrntK-iaro to A|iril itiih : HALTIMOKF.. April 16. —SomiKrm *ympa thiser* mv «liat th.-n-U-bhavr another ttna- IT il)iul to the .!/< / rrimar. roai|<lrtnl It llii h moud. nml readv to siil «!••« 11 tin- James riv rr in a f> * ilays. Itrig.-t M M. Mitch. !L wns nominated y« ster dav n M»j lit u., on nfanuiiK iKlation of the Krtt'Uit of War. for gallant servici—. He i;i|ilßr<il lluutsv ille, IVcatur and Sit'Vrli m>n Junction. The sti-anM-r PAilailflj'iia li-is arrived at New York from Fort I'ickens with date« to tin Hi Ii April. Only KK) rrW fildin> were at I'i-iiKirohi. Fort MrlUe bad lieen al.an ilouetl. Ihe l'ort» al (be eastern eutl of Santa Jto.-a I.ki.d bad livii takeu l>y the I uion tri»'p*. Wmil»liH k. Ya„ Apiil 10.—'"•! of Asbl.\'s CM \ alr>, including .'j otiiceis, W ere capiuied

tlii» looming. April IKh. Kin**" t'ITV. April 17.—Additional intel lijfrnce from A|«aclie I'ass says that we cap tured .13 prisoners, 12 of tbeui officers. 'lTiere wen - MIMI rapt tin d and buiticd I'd wagons, loaded with provisions and • ammu nition. ytMi nitili-s In longing too the train, w liicli were to poor to l»e driven, were killed. The Texnns nttacked our battery four times, the 1.-.-t time coming within -Itt feet of the pins, but they were n-puWd with loss. Our forces, at ln<t advices, were encamped nt Dia mond Springs, 4<( miles south of Kort Ftiioti. The Texalis fell hack to Santa Fe. Colonel Canity with 1,0(10 ngulars, and Kit Carson's regiment operated mar AlliUf|iieiijue, within three days' march of Col. Slough. Ifeintoi-ce tneiits wen* reported to he on the march lo support the Tcxans. WASIIIXHTOX, April 17. —The War De partment advertises for a proposition for the construction of one or more guuhoats similar in plan to the Krrieson battery, for service oil the .Mississip]ii and the (iult of Mexico. After burning about 150 log houses at Low ery's l'oint the crews returned to the ships, loaded with blankets and muskets left by thy rebels in their flight. The fleet proceeded to Kappahanuock, two miles above, thi arriving at the place, the Commodore landed and was met by a large concourse of citizens of all col ors and ages. A l : nion flag was hoisted and the people were told that if it was torn down the town would be huTeu. Contrabands brought informations that 4 large schooners and other obstruction had been sunk in a nar row channel, it miles from Fredericksburg, to prevent our approach. As far as could be learned, no rebel soldiers were on the neck of land between the Potomac ami Rappahan nock, except a few pickets of cavalry, com posed of Marylauders. to prevent the escape ol negroes. On the lfltli, our fleet captured a vessel, on hoard of which were found letters, from which it was ascertained that the rebels were evacu ating Fredericksburg, and talked of burning the town. KewN of April IMIi. The New Orleans correspondent of the Itichinond Dispatch, describing the defences of that city, says that Fort Jackson and St. l'hilip are armwil with ?0 guns, mostly 2S pounders, rifled. The navigation of the river is slopped In a dam across the river half a mile above tlie forts. No flotilla on earth could force this drill in less than two hours, ill which time the guns from the fort would des troy tIICIII between the forts and New Orleans. Thor • is a constant succession of earth works. At the plain of Chulmcitz are redoubts armed with rifled cannon, which have been found ef fective at a range of five miles. Iu forts Jack son :'iid St. l'hilip are 3,000 men. A great portioi: of !belli are experienced artillerymen and gunners who liftve served in the navy. In New Orleans, ho says, ;!'erc are 30,000 infantry, and as iiiuny more 'piartere;! iu the neighborhood. NEW YOIIK, April 18.—A loiter from Nas sau states that the steamer Economist arrived tin ■re last night from Charleston, with 1,000 ball's of cotton. The steamer Wright, late the Nashville, arrived at that port on March 13th. She had been purchased by a private couipanv. She cleared on sth April, with an assorted cargo, for St. John, N.H., under lier new name. Kchel account* of the Merrimac and her late success at Hampton Hoads conclude by stating that the Merrimac cannot be boarded as she throws a large stream of boiling water; also, that she is protiably now at sea, running down the Southern coast. FOKTHKNW MOXBOR, April IS.—There were no indications yesterday of the appearance of the Men iiiuir. The Fniich ■teamer titumdi is still at Norfolk, waiting the return of the French Min ister frouiltichiuoiid. An order lias beeu issued from the Depart ment at Washington against persons not im mediately connected with troop in a military cnpncilv from visiting the anuv at Yorktown. At Yorktown firing took place during last night aud this morning without producing much effect on either side. Some aix or eight of our men were killed. WANMI.\UTO\, April 18.— (•ill. Shield's di vision occupied Mount Jackson yesterday morning, at 7. The eneinv appeared to be iu force in front of Kudc* Hill. Tbev resisted our advance greatly, iu order to obtaiu time to burn bridges, locomotives, cars, etc., which would accumulate at the terminus of the rail road. (Kir movements were so sudden that we were able to save the bridges, two locomo tive* aud several cars. Many prisoners have been taken. Several horses were captured. A column ot the army was expected to occu py New Market last night. lieu, ltauks telegraphs the War Department ftutn New Market, Ya., that that place was oc cupied by our forces last uight. There had been some artillery skirtnishiug, but no loss on our side. BT. Lotts, April 18.—Officers from Pitts burg l anding report that all was quiet there. Active prc|>eratioua an- going on for another battle. It was supposed that the enemy in tended to make a dashing attack upon the Federal forces. The two hostile armies were so close that skirmishing and picket fighting was continually going on. (•en. Hunter's official report of the capture of Fort Pulaski, says that tliey have captured 49 guns. 40.0(H) pounds of powder and a good supply of provisions. t iWpatcL from MeCWlaad'a head-qaartero un that nw midnight ike enemy attacked (Jin. .**uiith in position,andattempted to carry LU pnu* Ib. TP. 'IVj wiw kaadsooM-ly w poised, MM! w«at> prisoners takea. Yorkiown ha* lirrnaMMbj our gunboats, I Kit without effect. IVf* MWw a good deal of tiring from Yorkiown M btUrri* in an ff I on Wednafar, April 14th, MWMI Ibe 3d Vmaoat aad tho HMBV ; 3* of oar B*ii win* killed and 90 VMBM. Oar men behaved gallantly. driving a auperior forrr of tlx- enemy fran lh<-ir fi*tif»ed paaitioa, Imt the rrlo'l* U iiifr reinforced. thi v *<*• ob liged to Miif. I Kir artillery did gnat cx« ra tion. About 1 o'clock this morning tlx* enemy, in forrr, attempted to rn«w down in front of oar linn, with the view of captaring one of oar tat 1.-He*. A n«mr« forrr of our infantry opened tir<- upoti litem, forcing them to (Hire at daylight. Iloth parties o|»ned tire with artillery, which coutiuuca. N inr of oar troops have lieen killed. Krn««f April IMb. WASRINOTOV April 19. —A spi-cial dis patcli to the New York paper* ur that it is said. on the authority of interrepted Irttn* from Richmond, that several editors of rebel new *pa|iers ha\ e lieeii hanged for publishing intelligence whirh is rontraband of war. The prospect of a passage of the l'acific Railmadfbill during the present session is not pntmiaing. NRW YOBK. April 19. —The Ifrral<Tt For tress Monroe correspondent says that a Colo ' nel mid Lieutenent-< 'olonel from the r*U'l jinny rame over to surrender themselves pri soners of war. These two officers report that an entire Irish brigade had mutinied. By or ders of Jeff Davis they were deprived of their arms and sent to the rear. CHICAUO, April IK—(ion. Milroy lias oc , cttpied Monterey, Highland county, Va.— , distant fnmi Stanton, 45 miles. Sntnr ; day, the Confederates, 2,000 in nnniber, with { cavalry companies and two pieces of artilery, ' attacked and drove in his pickets. The Gen. immediately reinforced his advance, when n t-nmit skirmish insncd, resulting in the route 'of the rebels. < >nr lo«s was three wounded, these merely scratched. Sr. lions, April 19.—Gen. Curt id's army 1 has returned to Missouri, and is now encamped j at Forsyth, Tuney county, 45 miles south of ' Springfield. WASIIINUTON, April 19. —Gen. McDowell's division inarched from Warrenton Junction, up to Fredericksburg. The inarch waa dis puted by one regiment of infantry and one of cavalry and a battery of artillery. They made distinct stands, but were driven across the ltapp'diaunock. Our loss was 5 killed & Hi wounded. The rebels burned the bridges ever the river at Fredericksburg. Our troops liavo not yet occupied the town. Small parties have crossed and recrossed the river to the outskirts, hut have warned by the loyal cit izens not toveuture too far except in force. A large body of the rebels, which occupied the place until recently, have gone I© York town. FORTRESS MONROE, April 10.—55 wound ed soldiers from Yoiktowu arrived to-day, making 90 wounded in the light on the left lhtiik on Wednesday. The whole number killed was 32. Norfolk papers contain Mag rudcr's account of the fight. He says that that the rebel loss was 25 killed and 75 wounded. The steamer Page, from Newbern, has arrived. Fort Macon is completely invested, j It has been ascertained that the rebel supply |of provisions is short. No attack will be umde on the fort, but we will starve theui out. i Slight expectations still prevail that an at | tack will he made on New hem. Fortifica tions are being built for protection. I MONTREAL, April 19.—The ice in the Kichelieu river broke pesterday, doing great | damage. The steamers lost are estimated to have been worth 8200,000. CAIRO, April 19.—A gentleman from Pitts < burg landing reports that General Sherman ■ moved his division on Wednesday, two miles j further into the interior. After a sharp skir- I inish, in which the enemy were defeated with i he loss of 50 or (50 killed and as many wound ed, he sncn.H.'de:! in maintaining his position. Information from Corinth of the 15th, Bays that the rebels consider the battle of Sunday morning, Gth April, one unequiiled in brillian cy . It is producing a wonderful effect on the people, lteinforceuients are pouring in upon llcaurcgard at an unexampled rate. He has now 100,000 men in his command, and is for tifying Corinth, building entrenchments and digging rifle-pits. The rebels entertain no doubt of success the next time, if an encounter is provoked. Deserters from Beauregard's army came into Savannah on Wednesday, and report the arrival of Gen. Price on the Saturday before, with 30,000. liuslirod Johnson died on Sunday night, from wounds received in the battle. There is no foundation for the report [of Gen. Prentiss's escape. The greater part of the Bth, 12th and Nth lowa, the 50th Illinois and the 23d Missouri Regiments were taken priiutuers with him. ST. IJOI is, April 19th.— A Cairo dispatch | says that a skirmish took ptace at Savannah on Wednesday, between a detatehment of our ; cavalry and a strong rebel picket. The latter I was routed, with a loss of 5 killed and 05 wounded. CAIRO, April 19. —The river at this point iis rising very rapidly. It is now forty feet above low water mark, and is as high as when ! the levee was swept away some years sinre. The rebels claim that Fort Macon, whirh j < Sen. Buniside is now Itesieging is provisioned for six months, and has 3,000 effective men. ST. liOt'ts, April 19.— C01. Jennison of the Kansas Jayhnwkers arrived here this morning as a prisoner from Leaveusworth. The cause of his airest is not stated. | WASHIOTON, April 19. —Official dispatches ! say that Gen. Banks's advance column arrived at* Sparta, Rockingham county, V., at noon : yesterday, driving the enemy from a hill in the vicinity, with artillery and cavalry eliar ; gee. 0,000 of Jackson's troops passed through 1 the town and encamped a short distance be yond. The night before, it was currently re ported that Jackson would be largely rein -1 forced between here aud Stanton, (in the March between New Market and Sparta, a body of our advance cavalry came upon two squads of Ashhy's Cavalry, drawn in line of battle. The latter suddenly broke theirranks and his artillery opened upon as. Our caval ry in Hue of battle, waited for the artillery which soon arrived, and scattered tha rebels On the night of the 7th, forces ha* reached near Now Market, aad at 7 o'clock next aMtuiag, ha bring attacked by Banks, who had occupied the town daring the night, set Si* to his ramp and retreated in prest hast* leaving 30 batch Mod bervea w the ground— doing what hemrrar dims hrfnn .burning every bridge, ta delay peioaif. WASHINGTON, April 19^—Com. Dansut. a official iiipmih la tha Mavy Department, speak, of the Ml of Part Pulaski a. salt of laborious and arieatific preparation*. cutiag them Cel. Morrow, of Geo. Hunter'* staff. hs« ar rived with dispatches, bat, ap to this after noon, had aat delivered I hem. He states that amoag the priaoatn takea at Pulaski, is Cspt. Simms, editor st tha Savaaaah The IWeffiae Appsrti.am.ai $1,000,000 tor the service of the California Central note; and repeals the Act iMmra« the Paetmarter4jeaefnl ta giv* the to American ahips ia carry iag fomin maik The Postmaster-General ia authorised to m \ tablish a coast nail, net leas tha sean-anatL ly, between San Francisco and CtesremCitv, inrlading sen ice at int«naediate points, vidad thesam to ha paid for sarh service (l h-eriaad mail, Isthmos msil and Crescent City route ?] does not exceed #2,000,000 pa annum. CAIRO, April 19.—A dispatch from the fleet near Fort Wright, of 17th, aays that the mortar bom bard meats were renewed this afternoon, vigorously at first, and continued more slowlv. The rebels replied with round shot from different batteries, whirh fell close to the inortsrs and gunboats. The report published that the Fort had surrendered waa not correct. Deserters state the number of men at Fort Wright at 5,000. Rem of April Mth. NKW YORK, April 20.—The s'eamer Pkil adtlphia, from Fort Pickens, has arrived. Negroes are constantly arriving Trom Pensn cola. The rebels had not evacnated, but were moving their guns away. The (own is under martial law. Large fires were seen nightly, indicating that the rebels were des troying their property. The steamer Troy, from Newbern, on tho 17th, and Hatteras on the 18th, has arrived. A sortie waa made on the 12th from Fort Ma con, by a detachment of 150 rebels. Qtr pickets were driven in. After a short engage ment the rebels were driven back to the fort. Two of our men were wounded. It is Btated fire will be opened on Fort Macon on the 21st with mortars and siege guns. HARTFORD, Conn., April 21. —The river at this point has risen 28 feet above low water mark. It is rising an inch per hour. CONCORD, N. IL, April 21. —The freshet is the highest known since 1851. At Brattle boro, Vermont, the river is 3} feet higher than was ever known before. WASHINGTON, April 21.—Gen. Shields has been nominated a Major-General. Gen. McDowell's headquarters will be im mediately removed to Fredericksburg. A special dispatch to the New York papers says our forces under Gen. Angier still eecft pv the right at Falmouth, opposite and com manding Fredericksburg. A vast maoniit of graiu and other forage was stored in the vicinity of Fredericksburg, much of which belonged to the rebel army. The enemy, besides destroying the bridges, burned three steamers and 20 schoouert, loaded with corn. Gen. McDowell's design to advance on Fredericksburg has been kept secret, and was not pnblicly known here until the sub urbs of tlio town were occupied by him. Our army is now in full occupation. Newa of April Slit, A dispatch, purporting to come from Beau regard, and intercepted by Gen. Mitchell, is probably intended for no other purpose than to deceive tlie Federal General. Latest advices from the Tennessee river represent our army in excellent fighting condi tion. The regiineuts that were so frightened and decimated are being reorganized. Our scouts who have penetrated the euemy's lines say that Beauregard is actively engaged hi throwing up entrenchments along the whole line, planting batteries and preparing a sys tematic defense. Intelligence has been received, deemed re liable, as corroborated by deserters, from which it is thought that the rebels will act on the defensive, the aggressive to be mad* by G en. llalleck at an early day. It is known that Beauregard haa been greatly reinforced. His ranks have been coutinually swelling by forced levies. The roads are ia a wretched condition. BALTIMORE, April 21. —Since Fredericks burg was taken by the Federals, Virginia banknotes are selling hero at 50 cents on the dollar. Specie in Virginia ia now held at 80 per cent, premium. fty The Vancowrer Telegrmpk in com- menting upon the report and decision of the Surveyor-General on tho Catholic Mission Claim, says: M We were not before aware that the Bw veyor-General of thia Territory had a right to decide upon the merits of the ease, supposing that he cook! only expires an opinion; how ever, from the published document it appear* that he has assumed the privilege at all events, and has decided in favor of the mission, as wiß appear, lierhaps, in the second volume of the report, which may be expected in the next issue of the Stamimrd There am maay things we pnmme that the Editor of the TVUgrmpA ia aot mmmrt of. bat we would suggest that it would be better for him to inform himailf of tha facts, before ex pressing opinioaa. If tha Tdrgrmpk had psid proper attention to the wading of the Report and Decision, be would have seen that it was in strict accordance with the instructions fr«a the Drpartmeat at Washington. The Com missioner of the General Land office after di recting the Surveyor General to investigsi* the clsims of the difenat contestants. * f « savs—"When the Record ia complete, yoa will make your Report, showing your DRCI SION upon the merits and extent of each of said claims." Whatever opinions msy be formed of tha conclusions of the Surveyor- General, on tha saerits of the aaee, (and which are legitimate subjecta for criticism,) no send* ble man will queation, tha Report and Decision having been made ia strict eoafarmity to is struct ions from Washington.

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