Newspaper of The Washington Standard, March 26, 1864, Page 1

Newspaper of The Washington Standard dated March 26, 1864 Page 1
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VOL. IV. •the ®fehington Standard. ts tSSI'BD EVKRY SATCRnA* MORNIMO BY JOHN MILLER MURPHY, Editor and. Proprietor. Subdcrlptlom Rates: tor annum... s;> J™ " six months 1 Single copies IS VARIABLY IS ADVASCE. Advertising Rates: T)ne square, one insertion 00 Kach additional insertion > « Business cards, per quarter jou HT \ liberal deduction will be made in favor of those Who advertise four squares, or upwards, by the year. U l.cgal notices will be churned to the attorney or fficcr, authoruini? tlieir insertion. IP* Advertisements sent from a distance, and tran ent notices, must be accompanied by the cash. 53* Notices of births, marriages and deaths inserted free of charge. Ail communications, whether on business or for publication, must be addressed to the editor of the WASHINGTON" S rANKAUI). XJ* Blanks, bill-heads, cards, bills of fare, posters, programmes, circulars, catalogues, pamphlets, etc., ex ecuted at reasonable rates. OFFICE—In Barnes's building, comer of Main and First streets, near the steamboat lauding. KEEP YOUR EYE ON YOUR NEIGHBORS. — Take earn of them. Do not let them stir without watching. They may do something wrong, if you uo. To be sure, you never knew them to do anything very bad, but it may be on your account they have not. Per haps, if it had not been for your kind care, they might have disgraced themselves and families a long time ago, Therefore, do not relax any effort to keep them where they ought to be ; never inind your own business, that will take care of itself. There is a man passing along—he is looking over the fence— he suspicious of him ; perhaps he contem plates stealing something some of these dark nights; there is no knowing what h« may have got into bis bead. If you find any symptoms of any one pass ing out of the path of duty, tell every o ic else that you can see, and be particular to see a great many. It is a good way to circulate such things, though it may not benefit your self or any one else particularly. Do keep so.nething g»ing —silence is a dreadful thing: though it is sai I there was silence in Heaven for the spaue of half an hoar, do not let any such thing occur on earth ; it would be too much like Heaven for this mundane sphere. If, nf.er all your watchful care, you cannot see anything out of the way in any one, you liti) hi sure it is not because they have not done anything bad ; perhaps, in an unguarded moment, yo'i lose sig'it of them —throw out hints that they nre n i b rtt -r than they should he—that yon" should not wonder if people found out what they were after a while, then they may not carry their heads so high. Keep it going, and sonii on- wi'l take the hint aud begin to help you alter a while— then there will be music, and everything will work to a charm. CAPABILITIES OF UTAH. —Mr. Kenney, Delegate from Utah, in bearing testimony to the succsss of the Department of Agriculture in aiding to develop the resources of the plains and mountaiu valleys of tho Great West, says: " Occupying a country which is naturalhj a desert, but which, by industry, experiment and skill, has been converted into a fruitful garden, I cannot do anything which would contribute more to its general prosperity than by a wise distribution of choice seeds from your Department. "The settlements of Utah extend for five hundred miles north nnd south ; and while in ths more northern latitude all the cereals are raised with great success by an original meth od of irrigation, the southern settlements pro duce cotton, madder, indigo nnd figs in con siderable abundance. It is believed that tea and coffee plants can be grown to advantage in Washington county, the extreme southern county of the Territmy, recently settled, but where the experiment in growing cotton lias proved eminently successful. This county contains a population of about four thousand souls, depending mainly upon the cotton crop for their support. A small kind of corn is also raised here, and in visiting tho settle ments on the 23d of July last, 1 found the people planting in their gardens the seed of the corn raised and ripened that season, with the confident expectation of raising another crop before frost." EJ* The population of the city of New York bv the census of 1850 was 515,547, In IB6o* it was 805,651. and increase of 250,- 104, or 56.27 percent. Philadelphia, in 1850 numbered 340,045 inhabitants, and in 1860 had increased to 572,529 —a gain of 222,484, or 65.43 per cent. Baltimore, in kBSO, con tained 179,054 residents, and in 1860 num bered 212,418, an increase of 43,304, or 2-5.- per cent. PP The doctors are recommending whis k«y both as a cure and a preventive of dip theria. The remedy is popular and the im mense stridea that medical science is making in the art of preserving life, are very gener ally admired. If a few civil words will render A man liappy, he must be wretch indeed who will not give them to him. Let another man light his candle by your own, and yours loses KOIIH of its brilliancy by what be gains. (7* Report says Gen. Grant is ambitious only for the highest military honors. His sets show that his ambition is not simply tj oecure, but to merit them. Aid and Comfort. The Constitution defines treason against United States to consist in levying war against tlicm. or in adhering to their enemies, giving tliem aid and comfort. This is open and un disguised treason, and is punishable under the laws. But treason can he committed against the Government without implicating and , bringing to punishment the traitor. All laws cati be violated in spirit, and the criminal es cape under the letter. There are lav* against robbery, theft and swindling, but robberies, theft and swindles ate often perpetrated with out implicating the thief and swindler, be cause the letter of the law is not violated. This is true of all crimes known to the crim inal calendar. But of all crimes, the covert | and hidden is the most heinous in the sight of God anil man. There is some nd niratior. for the hold and daylight robber, the man who ! walks up and says surrender your purse or your life. Courage is an admirable quality of itself. Hut the sly and foxy thief, who robs von when asleep, or the cowardly assassin who stabs you in the bick, is the liwcst and most dispisablc (if all beings. All admit the despicable wickedness of the traitor—the b traver of his country. Hot I this crime, like all other*, has its double grade. There are open traitors, in which the slaveholder's rebellion gives us many exam pi,. a —the Jeff Davises, I'loyds, Masons, Ben jamins, Breckinriilgcs, Stcpbeiisos, rt homo srenus. The boldness ; nnd audacity of these men is adaiirable, when disconnected with the great crimes sought to be perpetrated. Tliev stand as patriots and jjotls when com pared with ih-' tri a-on of trait >rs of the seeond grade—the Buchanans, Pierces, Vnllandig hams, Sevmonrs, and the whole troupe of Copperhead lenders in the North. Black is not more distinctly marked from white, than the degree af treason as committed by the for mer and the latter. It punishment were meted in degree of severity to the blackness of the crime, the punishment of the Northern traitor would be terrible. If justice lie done the trait >is at the end of the war, what ought to he administered to the Northern traitor? If the leaders of the rebellion, who are expiate (heir crimes on a gibbet, what infernal invention of toiturc ought to be applied to the Northern trait ns ? I The Copperheads continue in their persist ent opposition to the Government, and are daily giving aid and comfort to the rebellion. They keep up n steady and constant tire in the rear. Wherever the Federal a mies ad vance to crush the rebellion, they are followed by Northern traitors with di~c mrageaient. They tell the Northern rebels they nie right, and that they will surely suave 1 in dividing the Union and establishing a Southern Con federacy, if they persevere. No matter what measures the Government adopts in aid of the war a'ld to bring it to a speedy close, it is attacked by tho Copperheads and combatted with the greatest vehemence. If it be confis cation, it is wrong and unconstitutional; if it bo the employment of negro troops it is un constitutional and wrong. If it bo recon i struction under the tuns* practical form, and | devised by the wisdom and judgment of the '■ Governmoal, the Copperheads denounce it as 1 dishonorable and degrading. On the I'rcsi | dent's plan of reconstruction, tho Copperhead press chime in with the lenders of the rebel lion, and denounce it in common language. | The following from the Chicago Times is a ' sample of this treasonable spawn. This trea sonable rebel paper says : " Perhaps the Sontli will consent to these I terms. If she does, the degradation they "offer ! will not behalf as severe as should he inflicted upon a people who could accept that degra dation. If she does, she is not fit to lie in the ; Union upon terms of equality with other States, or to exercise any political privilege of I any name or nature. If she does, her people I should bo compelled to change situations with their slaves, and governed only by the ovcr- I seer's lnsli. No true American could propose such degradation to fellow citizens, and the fact that they have been made is proof that ! their author is either insane with fanat icism or a traitor who glories in his country's shame. If tho Confederates ate not dogs, 1 they -will free, arm and marshal their slaves ! for conflict by offering still greater bribes than ; are offered them by abolitionists, before they will think of submission to the President's terms." Such sentiments are treasonable. The publica'ion of such articles is treason—but it is that kind of treason we have described— not covered and punishable under the letter of the law. But is it the less treasonable ? Is it not the more treasonable ? It is such treason as should be squelched by the un written law—bv public opinion. Its punish i ment is justifiable on the principle of self presc'vation. I We do not know how far this Northern trait orism will be allowed to go. There is a limit to everything, and wrong i.nd wickedness sooner or Inter reaches a crisis and receives its reward. We do not know why justice ' does not demand the summary punishment of the Copperhead equally with the Secession, ists—as particeps criminis —l he nccessory as well as the principal. Why not ? The op-. .position of the Copperheads to the Adminis tration increases the number of troops ncces ■ary to be sent into the field. Their sympa thy and aid cause the rebels to continue the stiuggle and fight the more desperately. The war is thus prolonged, and thousands in con sequence thereof die in prisons or on the field. The vain struggle is not only continued, but millions of national debt is being piled up for future payment. While all this resistance and opposition to the Government is so palpa ble, it seems singular that the Government OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, SATURDAY MORNING, MARCH 26,1864. has no power to protect itself. The policy of the Government towards these home traitors looks like evidence of cowardice or the weak ness of a Republican Government. We look for a change in this respect as the people be come convinced of the necessities of the ease, and wo pray that the change may coine soon. PRINTERS AND PARADOXES.—A Printer says Oiiver, is the most , curious being living. He may have coin *, and not be worth a cent; have small caps and have nei ther wife nor children. Others may run fast, but he gets along swifter by setting fast. He may be making impressions without elo quence ; may use the ley without offending, and he te'ling the truth; while others cannot stand whil> they net, lie can set standing, and do both at the same time; have to use furni ture anil yet have no dwelling; may make and put away pi and never see a pie, much less eat it, during liis whole life ; be a human be ing mid a rat at the same time ; may prc.is a go »il deal and not ask a favor; may handle a ihooting iron, and know nothing about a can non, gun or pistol; lie may move the lercr that moves the world, and yet be as far from moving the globe as a hog under a molehill; spread sheets without being a housewife; he may lay his form on a hed, and yet be obliged to sleep oil the floor; he may use the dagger without shedding blood, and from the earth he mav handle stars ,- he may be of a rolling dis position, anil yet never desire to travel; he may have a sheep's-foot, and not be deformed; never without a case, and yet know nothing of law or physic ; be always correcting his er rors, and growing worse every day ; have ra- Itraces , wit limit ever having the arms of a la-s thrown around him; have hisy itrni linked up. and at the same time tree from jail, watch house or any other confinement; have unlim ited control of a hank, and not cr.ntrol of a dollar; the chase is indi-pensihle to him, and not given to spirting; may not be President but still have his cabinet; his office may have a hell in it, and not bo a bad place after all; he may be plagued by the ami, and he n Christian of the best kind; and « hat is stran ger, be honest or dish- n rich or poor, drunk or sober, industrious or lazy, he always stands up to his business. Moreover he always jus tifies his conduct by rule, so as to register with rectitude and justice. "ROUGH GAMBLING." —Says the Territo rial Enterprise of Virginia City. N. T.: * "What is your business, sir ?" asked a Judge in one of our Courts of a witness. " it<uigh gambling, yer honor," was the ;ea lv reply. We lo iked sharply at the man who cl liin -d so singular a trade A pair o| small I>! i• • k eves, scarcely larger than peas, twinkled under a pair of heavy, black eye-brows, each hair of which appeared to project straight in the di rection ti> which the eyes underneath wero di rected. A heavy, ld>ck, sailor-like heard en circled his chill and covered his cheeks. The mouth was the only ledeeiuing feature. There rested a sort of rude, defiant frankness. He swunsr back and firth against his legs a di lapidated Peruvian li.at. " What business did I nnd -rstanil you to say, sir ?" asked the Judge, his eye express ing some surprise. " Hough gambling, yer honor," answered the witness, turning a quid of tobacco iu his left cheek and gently swinging his hat. " Hough gambling V repeated the Judge— " I would ask you, sir, what you mean by 4 rough gambling .'' " '• I means, yer honor, that my style is, where tlifv run o' cards doesn't fetch me a fel ler's money, I knocks liiin down and takes it anyhow !' THB WICKKW WRKTCIIKS !—Away down East lived a couple of maiden spinsters of most industrious liubits and devoted pictv. They devoted themselves unremittingly to toil six nays in the week and religouslv consecra ted the seventh to rest and offices of religion. On Saturday evening Nancy and Polly were plying their knitting net dies with more than usual speed, in order to finish an alottcd stint before the clock should mark the commence ment of holy time. Absorbed iu their labor, the minutes passed swiftly by, when Aunt Polly, h -ving completed her stocking, raised her eyes to the clock and perceived she had been working on the Sabbath. Lif ing up her hands and eyes heavenward, she exclaimed ; " Lord delivei us sister Nancy— l declare we hare committed 'dultri/ /" • ■ - tyA Georgia paper speaking of the scarcity of l ather iu the Confed ricy, says it has become so scarce as to render it exceed ingly doubtful whether the army can be shod comfortably the present winter. The cost of leather now is almost fabulous. For instance, 8175 to $250 for a pair of boots that cost, before the war, $lO. Common brogins sell for 534 and S4O. The Copperheads said Lincoln's am nesty proclamation was "unconstitutional," according lo which decision it must be un constitutional for rebels to de«crt, and we think the Copperheads should attend to the matter immediately, before the entire rebel armies de sert. RP Artificial marble has been obtained both by Sir James Hall of England and Pro fessor Rose of-Prussia, by subjecting clinlk to a high heat in a close vessel. rr A National co netery nnd monument will be founded at Ch ittanooga by General Thomas, in commeinor ition of tho Novem ber battles. The Government and the People. In times like the present when the Gov ernment is at war with traitors, and the Ad ministration is exerting itself to preserve in tact the States, what is the duty of the peo ple ? What is the true position of the Union man, and how shall he act to subserve the Government and assist in such & trying time ? It it. his duty to submit without cavil or ar gument to tho policy of the Administration and the means used to put down the rebellion ? Is the individual member of the State, with the slightest Knowledge at hand in comparison with the head of the Government, perfum ing the duty of the g>od and faithful citizen, when lie sets up his own opinions as to the conduct of affairs against the judgment and policy of the President and his Cabinet? Wo are all interested in the present disastrous war, and must each suffer the consequences of its results. Republicans, Democrats, and Abo litionists arc .'<ll American citizens, and the war of the rebels is waged against one as much as the other. It is a struggle in which the country is engaged, and good and bad re sults are involved. There are citizens who cannot forbear partizati feelings, and either from selfish purposes, or from a lack of pa triotic principle, refuse fo yield an implicit and abiding faith in tiic Administration. They set-in to fortify themselves in their po sition by assuming the right to govern, or dictate the policy of tiie governors. They forget to lvalue that their opinions are partial and one-sided, when from the eminence of the President, iiis is broad and commanding, and governed by all the facts and iiifhij-iices whs h control his judgment. The President has the right to conduct the policy of the war, and it is the duty of the people, to cheerfully acquie. ee in whatever he may order, lie has ill.- Constitutional right to command, and it is the Constitutional duty of the people to obey. The pnriizan press affect to abhor this doctrine and say it smacks)if Kings, Em perors and despots. That " loyalty" im plies; the "subject." The sequeuce of this argument is that a free people cannot be true and faithful to their constitutionally elected government. The same class argue that the citizen, in time of war, and when the country is in its greatest danger, has the identical rights as in time of peace. This infamous doctiinei* the twin brother of Secession itself. It is sedition, and the step stone to rebellion. The doctrine cannot be maintained that the e at:'.c rights maintain under all circumstances. It is subversive. It converts the governed into governors. The individual, as a citizen, delegates lights to the Government, and he truly becomes a subject, atiu thereVij* fib'ain ing community privileges and projection im possible under his individual status. The citizen still holds personal rights, but none independent of the whole State or Govern ment. In times of peace tln-re is a laxity i a the Government. The utmo.-t freedom is properly allowed. But in times of war, when the country is attacked by a wicked horde of rebels—when the life of the Government is in i's greatest danger—then should the same l ixitv be expected f Should there be found one citizen so I>w and degraded, in such a ciisis, as to bestiglinj'fiir personal privileges ? What puerility ! What insignificant mean ness ! What outrageous depravity! Can patriotism inspire such a demand, or is it the want of it f Is the tnan who quibbles and squirms aUont constitutional iufringments, the abridgement of personal rights, the suppres sion of free speech, moved by high motives of love and fealty to his Government ? The true patriot is not of such. The good and true citizen forgets all selfishness in SIIJI times, lie forgets party and thinks of his country. lie looks to the President as the head of the Government and not as the lead er of politicians. He does not #sk whether this General is opposed to slavery, the tariff, banks, a hard currency, internal improvements, etc., but is he loyal to the Government and untainted with sympathy for rebels, lledoes not ask how much the war is to cost, but con templates the value and worth of a groat and united country. The war has progressed nearly three years. The rebellion is not yet crushed, and the ene mies of the country are still powerful. Its duration may be rtrte, two, or three years longer, but the lime is to be measured by the conduct of that portion of the people of the Northern Stales, who, not openly aided and abetted the rebellion, have rendered the Gov ernment no assistance. With a unanimous North, the war could be ended in s : xty days. Under a division, it will require years. Every innn admits this fact. If then wo remain divided, upon whom does the responsibility of a continuance of the war full ? Certainly not upon the Administration, or upon those who yield it a cheerful obedience. It must rest upon a class of people who oppose the Ad ministration— upon those who call themselves Democrats, and who are subtracting strength from the Union party to reconstruct the so called Democratic party. The lives sacrificed, the treasure squandered, the property des troyed from now to the close of the war will be chargablc to the leaders of that fictions and semi-secession party. The case is a plain one, uud there is no cunning deep enough or strategy shrewd enough to cover up and shift the responsibility. A GOOD DODGK. —A young man in Cali fornia whose fiiends had ceased to correspond with him, woke up their interests by sending letters to business men in his native place, in quiring the price of a tolerably sized farm. Seven affectionate letters came from the friends by return of post, and two or three a day have come ever since, including one from nn old ( and cold ) swectheut. Plain Words. It is refreshing to read the speeches of Mr. Conness, of Califomlan, in the United States Senate. Noble words of truth, spoken with that pointedness which characterize* the re marks of the California Senator, fall upon our ears like the rippling of a living stream gamboling in its mountain freshness, in the midst Af a desert. Here -is an extract from his remarks in reply to Salsbnty, 'Af Delaware, in Opposition to the claue in the enrollment act exempting persons from the draft whoso religious convictons are against war: Mr. President, I knew that the Senator from Delaware would bo brought into this debate by the line of remarks that I was about to make. The Senator from Delaware will find, before he sits very long in this chamber with me, what my opinions upon that subject arc. As I believe t hat the Sena tor from Delaware is pro-slavery, I desire him now to understand, although it is not perti nent to the question before the Senate, that I am anti-slavery, and upon a more proper oc casion we will discuss that question in its relations to the war itself, but it is not perti nent here. I asseverate, sir, again that this is a Quaker's war. I mean that it is a war of moral forces against the institution of slave ry. The South have said it. The gentle men occupying the position of the Senator from Delaware have said it. They have Un dertaken to rear up a negro empire in the South upon the proposition that slavery was a great right, that you could not have morals and society without, it, that it was essential to the existacce of Society ; and in addition to that, necessarily a part of their proposition was to tear down our Government; otherwise they could not bnild np theirs. They have promulgated that doctrine. We accept it, sir. The loyal men of the country accept it in its complex form by saying : " You shall neith er build up your negro empire for fostering and perpetuating this accursed institution " —does the Senator from Delaware hear the empasis?—•• nor shall you tear down thi• great empire established for freemen by the great father, to be preserved and perpetuated by us." I say, sir, that no citizen be be Jew or Gentile, belie Quaker orCatholic.be he what he may, to whatever religious persua sion lie may belong, can perform a higher duty, nor, in my opinion, a more ennobling one, than to go to the field nnd to fight this great battle of civilization for the preserva tion of human liberty ; and I aiu opposed to eveiy amendment of this kind. There is a means proposed by which persons may bo come exempted, since the State have decided and passed ur>o:i that propesition; but I am opposed to this exemption for coticience sake. 1 believe, as I live and exist, that the shortest and truest way to heaven is to strike a rebel wherever you can reach bim. [Applause in the galleries.] EKKKCTS OF THE UNION Rt LB IN NEW OKI.BA.XS. —The Crescent City is looking up at last. She had been crushed into the dust under the rule of the rebels, her prosperity vanished, and the place seemed doomed to utter decay. Fortunately we captured the city, and now it resumes its wonted appear ance. The journals published in New Or leans have been the barometers indicating the state of this city. But a shdrt tinhe since they were published on quarter sheets of brown paper ; they contained uo advertise ment, and were meager, poor and devoid of spirit. Now these journals come to us with supplements, are printed on fine white paper, contain many columns of advertisements, aud letters thence contain long accounts of the magnificent sorie of Mrs. General Banks and the Him tailing state of public amusements in the city. All this but proves that the whole South might speedily recover from its present state of poverty and confusion, if, like Ntw Orleans, it might have the good fortune to come back at once under the fos tering caro of Uncle Sain .—A*. Y. Iribune. ETA handsome young gal in our town was sot-up with one night by a noble young specimen of the true American, with scissor in his vest pocket—l mean dry goods clerk— and the young gal's mother hcarin' suthin' pop arose from her couch, under an impres sion that her oldest boy, who was given to friskyness, was lioldin' a wild revelry on the root beer in the west-room.. But on openiu* the door she diskivcred it was huggin' and kissin' which had awoke her from her peace ful repose. "My daughter, Oh! my daugh ter ? " this fond parent did cry, "Oh ! that I should live to seo this doin's in my own house!" " I know, dear mother," this sweet village maiden unto her mamma quickly replied, " that it is quite unpropar, but it is orful sooth in' I" COMMITTEE ON TIIE CONDUCT OF THE WAR. —In pursuance of a joint resolution of the Senate and House of Representatives, the committee on the conduct of tho War, '• ex amine into contracts, etc., consists of Senators Wade, of Ohio, Chandler of Michigan* and Harding, of Oregon ; and Representatives Gooch, of Massachusetts, Julian, of Indiana, Odell, of New York, and Loan, of Missouri. This committee is nearly the same as ihe one of the last Congress, Messrs. Harding and Loan being in place of Messrs. Andrew John son and Covodc. |y The wine drank in Loudon, and called the Elbe sherry, is made nut of potatoes. There are no grapes on that river. (y la it right lo make an example of meo whom it wonld be wrong to take as an exam ple? THB IRISH EXODUS.— Site, 'perhaps, the Jewish, no nation in ttie world has sO large a number of its children HI exile as Ireland. The exiles of Erin—they ate counted by .the million in America, and by the thousands it Australia-; there is scarcely a contatry be neath the sun upon whose soil their footprints may not be traced. They have left their native lapd. not btoauae they did not love it, but because they Cpuld have no "happy homes nor altars free," because of its bounty it was forbidden to furnish 4jicm with bread. Had the Irish labor which daring the last twenty years has beett expended upon the canals, the railroacU, the wharves, the prai ries of the United States, iu leveling the Ca nadian forests and clearing the Australian bush, been devoted, under proper direction and on fair conditions, to the development of the material resources of Ireland, this island to-day, from the center to the sea, would bloom like a garden. Throughout its whole extent, from the Giant's Causeway to Cape Clear, and from ConnemaTa to the Hill of Howth, not one acre of toncultivatcd ground would be seen *, every iparsh would be drained, every unprofitable bog reclaimed, every mine explored—lreland would be fairer, brighter, and more prosperous Belgium! While in distant lands, beneath strange stars, Irish arms reclaim the wilderness, and by the banks of noble rivers lay deep and strong the foundations of great cities, here At home the fruitful soil is without cultivators, and over field and town desolation ftnd rum hover aw fully.—lrishman. THE PLBIAIIBS. —among at! tht constella tions in the sky, there it no otlu4r which bar, in all age*, attracted so much bainan inter est as the little cluster called the Pleiades. One of the finest passages in Scripture, is thd question to Job? "Canst thou bind the swe>'t influence rf f the Pleiades, or loose thA bands of Orion ?" And, for many centuries, a succession of pontic feeling lias gathered around " the long lost sister of the severt stars." But a fresh interest has now been given to this s'oried gronpe. for the computa tions of Mffidler lend to the conclusion that Alcoyne, the brightest star of the cluster, oc cupies tliu very center around <feliicfi the linett of heaven roll their majestic couises. Ifbe distance of our sun IrOrn the center of gravity of this steller system, as well as the velocity of its motion, is yet undetermined, though some of Mcedl.-r's observations indicate that the distance is such that it would take light six hundred and forty years to pass through the space, that the sun's velocitv in his orbit is about one thousand miles per tAinute, ami that it will take him about twenty million of yoars to make ono revolution. The lateat conclusion ii; regard to the sixe of our stellar system-, is that a vay of light, moving at the rate of And hundred and ninety-two thou sand mil s per second would require about four thous ind years to pass through its di ameter. WATER.—Of All inorganic Substinccs, tac ing in their own proper nature, and without assistance or combination, water is I lie moat wonderful. If we think of it aa the source m all the ch&ngeftilness and totality which we have seen in the clouds ; th<:n as the instru ment by which the earth we have contempla ted was modeled into symmetry, and its crags cliifeeled into grace ; tliert as, in the form of snow, it tabes the mountains it has made with that transcendent light which we could not have conceived if we YiaA not seen; then as it exists in 'he foam of the torrent, in the iris which spans, in the morning mist which rises from it, in the deep crystaline podia which mirror its hanging shore, in the broad lake and glancing river: finally, in that which to all human mmds is the best emblem of un wearied, uiiconqueiable power, the wild; various, fantastic, tameless unity of the sea— what shall we comptre to this universsl meat for glory and for benuty ? or how. shall we follow its eternal cbsngefulness of feel ing 1 It la like trying to paiht a fcoul.-ito*/*. BIRDS AS DESTROYERS or INSECTS.—A distinguished naturalist, M. Florent P revolt, conceived the idea tliat it would be • matter of great interest to collect, at different period* of the year, the stomach of every description of bird he was able to procurei to examine and preserve its contends. This lollectinnt commenced thirty-five years since, has now reached a considerable s's**. The stomachs opened And dried, together with their con tents, are fixed 0:1 cardboard, upon which am inscribed, besides the narrie of the Specie* at the bird, the indication of the locality and date of its death, together with the uames of the animals or plants which have been recog nized as forming part of thd contents of lis stomach. It resnlta from these researches that birds are in general far more useful than hurtful to the agriculturist, and that the mis chief done at Certain periods by the granivor oiM birds is largely compensated by the con sumption of insects I hey effect at other pte riods.— London Medical Tim* sr. So MOTR IT BE. —The rebel Secretary of tbe Trenaury say* that unlets bit proposed lean of a thousand million shall be taken up by April next, the dilapidated southern con federacy will tumble to pieces; the reiki Secietary of War says that nuless the far mers are made to disgorge their provisions, the confederacy will die of starvation t tbe rebel Senator Wigfall says that unles* 'bey enforce the conscription of every white man they can lar hold of, capable of bearing artna, their confederacy will surely go to tha doga> Let it tnmble, di<\ and go to the devil. NO. 20 .

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