Newspaper of The Washington Standard, May 7, 1864, Page 1

Newspaper of The Washington Standard dated May 7, 1864 Page 1
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VOL IV. Jhc Washington £tandar l d. IS ISSVED EVERY SATURDAY MORNINO BT J OH* MILLER MURPHY, Editor and Proprietor. Subscription Rates: Fniinum—u $3 50 " tii months 2 00 Sifijlt copiei ».• 25c INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. Advertising Rates: :0n« square, on# insertion 83 00 Etch additional insertion 100 Business eard*, per quarter * 6 00 07 A liberal deduction will be made in favor of tlose who advertise four squares, or upwards, by the year. J7 Legal notices will be charged to the attorney or ficer, authorizing their insertion. fIT Advertisements sent from a distance, anA tran ent notices, must be accompanied by the cash. 27 Notices of births, marriages and deaths inserted free of charge. BTAM communications, whether on business or for publication, must be addressed to the editor of the WASHINGTON STANDARD. (p* Blanks, bill-head*, cards, bills of fare, posters, programme*, circulars, catalogues, pamphlets, etc., ex ecuted at reasonable rates. OFFICE—In Barnts's building, corner of Main and First streets, hear the steamboat landing. TIM SITUATION SOUTH.—A Uuion spy gives a detailed account of the misery pre vailing in tho South, from which we copy the following extract: Wherever hi went he found this most in tense suffering prevailing among the soldier's families. Thousands drag out a miserable existance upon the pfcltry pittance derived from the government for the manufacture of army clothing, at which but one dollar per day"in Confederate money is realized. Bread riots are frequent, yet the newspapers do Dot mention them lesc the intelligence reach the soldiery. They are not confined to one or two places, but are universal in every town tnd city throughout the South, Where the poor starving families can be gathered together. The spy witnessed many of these riots-, which he describes as extremely harrowing to the feelings of the humane. To such an extreme are the unfortunate families driven that the women in towns and cities, as a last resort, take to a life of prostitution. So general is this that the mine of a " war widow" has become synonymous with a life of debauchery. All speculators are represented as in favor of repudiation. Although fearing the con fiscation of their cotton on the advance of the Federals, planters prefer to trust to chan ces than to dispose of it for rebel currency. The soldiers, whe asked what their pay ia per month, reply, "55 cents per month, at pres ent rates. " The isiiue of notes are $85,000,- 000 per month. There is between 120,000,- 000 and 140,000,000 of rebel counterfeit money in circulation, he was informed. A WAHM.VU TO HA.M-EATEKS. —The New York papers record the follow extraordinary case: A family named Flag, residing At No. 45 Eiizibdth street, lias recently been poisoned by eating uncocked ham. One tehild having died, Coroner Nauman held an inquest thereon, when the testimony of Mrs. Werkmerater, grandmother of the child, nnd of several physicians was taken. Three doc tors who had examined the ham, testified that it was alive with microscopic insect known as trichina spiralis. This i&aect is a borer, and when introduced into the human stomach pierces the coat of that organ in order to make it way into the muscles of the body, where it makes itself a nest arid lives. Sev eral instances of death from this cause are already recorded in the medical books, It it always unsafe to «at bam uncooked, fur the trichina haunts that kind of flesh. Says another account: The symptons were grip ing in the bowels, causing intense pain-, Accompanied with a violent diarrhea. Med ical aid was called in, ind all the family stat ed that they were taken with the syinptons immediately after partaking of some raw ham: The suspected meat was subject to a micro scopic test, and found to be full d( poisonous snimalcalie. To the naked eye the bam looked perfectly good, and there was nothing in the taste to distinguish it from perfectly good fresh meat. SOUTHBRN CHIVALKY. —'During the fight at Paducah, the rebels took Mrs. Hammond from the hospital and murdered her. Four other ladies were also taken and sent to the front, and kept there between the fires for an hour. Their dresses were perforated in several iriaces by bullets. A very appropriate way or " our Southern brethren" to exhibit manli ness and bravery. Perfectly in time and tune. tIT In " Sancbo Panza," a comedy in three ■eta, by Dunfreni, the Duke says, at the be ginning of the third act, " I begin to get tired of Sancho." "So do I," said a wsg in the frit. taking his hat and walking out. Thia »ealed the fate of the piece. ty It is estimated that not less than six thousand families, thirty thousand persons, worn Southern and Southwestern States, have '•ken refuge in New York city tin the war is over. There are two ways of getting rich; S? e k? "dding to our possessionem the other by (umuiahing our deaires. The latter is raucn "• easier and readier. If there is a man whose weak side has never been discovered, his fellow men have not accurately searched for it. . Q** Pure gold is never used as a circulat •og medium. The same msy bo said of un- Multerated truth J Victor's "Influence" at an End—letter from Lieut. Merryman. WASHINGTON, D. C. March 6th, 18G4. MY DEAR SIR : At last I am enabled to explain to you the singular dispatch sent in my name to Lieut. Seldon on sth January last. I came here about last Christmas, in answer to a summons from the Treasury De partment, to account for a certain deficit in my cash account, during my administration of the Custom-liouse, amounting to sl7lO 70 as ailedged by Victor Smith, who is now here. After an examination of the Cash-Book, which he produces here, 1 found that the book really showed such deficit. But I discovered also that the book was posted for the month of July, 'o2> in the handwriting ot Mr. P. D. Moore. Suspecting foul play, I asked for a rigid investigation. Pending that investigation, on the 4th January, I received a note from Mr. Handy, clerk in charge of Revenue Ma rine Bureau requesting me to call at the Treasury on the morning of the sth, at 9 A. M., "on business connected wi& your self" (me.) Accordingly at the appointed hdur I called upon him. After some conversation he went on to say, that he, in common with many others, had every confidence in my in tegrity, and could not believe that 7 had felo niously appropriated the amount, but that he had reason to believe that you were the guil ty party. I begged leave to differ with him regarding you, and expressed myself satisfied with your iiinocence and integrity. He ear nestly repeated his first assertion, and closed with this: " That man Chalmers must be ar rested, and you must order Seldon to do it." I indignantly and emphatically refused to be a party to any such outrage upon you. He urged me again and again. I called his atten tion to the fact that I had no authority what ever over Lieut. Seldon. He said that the Department would authorize Scldon to obey the order, and pay for the dispatch t •• that it must go to-day, for the Oregon steamer leaves San Francisco to-morrowthat by doing it I would benefit myself and please "a high official." I now saw in the proposed scheme the inevitable hand of Victor Smith. I believed there was villainy in it, and for the purpose of developing that villainy, I gave the dispatch, writing it to his dictation. The sequel proves the correctness of my judgment. From that day up to tho Ist inst. neither my self nor many powerful fritnds could obtain a clue to the rascality, or whatever it was. I Two days after the dispatch, Victor told Mr. McQilvra that I had sent such a dispatch. From that time until tho Ist inst. he endeav ored to ferret the thing out, for bis own satis faction I presume, for I have no connection with him whatever. On the Ist he penetra ted within the sacred precincts of the Secreta- office, and asked him about it. )lr. Chase expressed the prof oundest astonishment, professing utter ignorance of the transaction. He sent for the dispatches, and they weie brought to him with their accompanying pa pers. It then appeared that Victor Smith had filed with my dispatch a letter commenc ing aa follows: " The enclosed dispatch has been handed to me with the request that I will ask to haVe it forwarded at the public charge, I cheerfully comply." He theik goea on to charge me, and you, with great defal cations—me for (1,700, you for S6OO and upwards; abuses us somewhat roundly as his enetniefe, and concludes his letter with the fol lowing : " I suggest that the Collector at Fort Angelca be authorized to assist Lieut. Seldon, as agent of Lieut. Merryman, by leave of ab aencs or otherwise." He then wrote a dis patch to Dr. Gunn, of same date as mine, the contents of which were as follows: "If Llent. Seldon desires to act as the agent of Lieut. Merryman in procuring the arrest of Wm. L. Chalmers, you are authorized to asuUt him by leave of absence or otherwise. This he car ried to the Assistant Secretary, Mr. B. Field, and asked him to sign it. Tlie Secretary himself was then confined to his house by iU ness, and Mr. Field was acting. He hesitated about signing the dispatch, stating thct he preferred the Secretary should Attend to it himself, blit Smith assured him that it waa all right, that the Secretary knew of and would approve it. Mr. Field therefore signed it, and it was sent. On the 18th ult., Smith added a postscript to his letter of January sth stating that recent intelligence led him to be lieve that defalcations to a still greater extent had been committed by you, and that the con viction was growing upon him thst I was in nocent. Ia bis postscript he ssys that I ap pointed yon because you were his enemy, and while seeking to ruin him was myself the vic tim of your dishonesty. Handy was called in and made his statement. Victor could not be found. He had a glimpse of the impend ing storm, and disappeared to gain time to OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, SATURDAY HORNING, HAY 7, 1864. collect his thoughts nfid frame his excuse. Mr. Chase then gave McGilvra copies of the papers and requested him to moke a statement of the affair, which he has done in a very clear and lucid manner. Yesterday we had a conference, all parties concerned being pres ent—Field, Smith, Handy, McGilvra and inysclf. Each made his statement, Haudy's corroborating mine, and McGilvra's corrobor ating Handy's, (or he had got his statement two or three days after the dispatch wai sent. Smith had reduced his to writing, and it was —Smith all over; beaming with cunning and casuistry, lies of the most brazen description and his usual quantity of parenthesis. It was more ot a defence than a statement of occur rences, as was desired from him. One page was devoted to Capt. Pease's case, and al though I listened attentively, I was unable to gather anything from it bearing directly upon the case in question. Mr. Field requested him to remember two or three remarks he (Smith) had made to him when he brought him the dispatches, but Smith did not romem ber. I do not know what conclusion Mr. Field arrived at, but I do know that no high toned man 01 gentlemau could have witnessed the rascal's (Smith's) manner, without con demning him at once as the veriest scoundrel unhung. One thing is certain, Smith is dam aged with Mr. Chase at last. This transac tion is so plain a piece of deceit and false hood, evil designing and rascality, that it seems impossible to me that he can longer be blind to the fact that Smith is a d——d vil lain. It is not yet known what conclusion the Secretary has arrived at, with all the evi dence before bitn. It was submitted to him yesterday. Seuator Fomeroy of Kansas, in forms me, however, that Mr. Chase lias lost confidence in Mr. Smith. Thank God for it, if he has I Now a few words more in excuse for my self in apparently charging you with fraud and embezzlement. Had I persisted in my refusal to give the dispatch, and afterwards accused Smith of attempting to make me the instrument of perpetrating an outrage upon you, h* would have denied any.such charge, and being without any proofs, I should have been helpless to establish the facta. By giv ing him the dispatch—for I believed all the time that it was at hit instance that Handy approached me—l clincbod him in his vil lainy. In giving it, I disavowed to Handy, who reiterates my disavowal, making any charge against you. I knew that it was ille gal, and could never be carried into execution. That the dispatch was of itself so much waste paper in securing your arrest; or that even if Seldon should see fit to attempt to execute it, that you would be shielded by the of the laws of the U. 8. and the Territory. I knew also that if it should be the meana of tripping Smith, or unmasking him with Mr. Chase, through whom he has wielded immense power here this winter, that none would re joice more than yourself. P. S.—McGilvra leaves on the 13th inst. and carries with him full copies of bis state ment to the Secretary, and Smith's letters, dispatcher, etc. 19" Victor Smith, late Collector df Cus toms has filed with the Attorney General an application for the removal of Chief Justice Hewitt of this Territory. Victor alleges that Judge H. decided a suit against him in the Port Angelos town-site case, in favor of one Stanton, whom lie charges with disloyalty. This is about a fair specimen of Victor's fair ness—self alway»being the predominant rule of action with him. He is one of the " little great men" who would force the world to endbrte his opinions, and will one day awake td the knowledge that for his pains he bas only caused those whom he would govern to despise him.— Walla Walla Statesman, PLANT SUN FLOWERS. —One of the most scientific officer* of the United States Burvey has recorded bis testimony that the common sunflower, plauted upon the low bottoms of the Mississippi river absorbs the miasm of these uuhealthy localities, and ride the neigh borhood .of miasmatic fevers. As the seed eta be bad at any of our <«ed stores, costs a mere trifle, it is easily planted, mnkes a some what ornamental plant, and produces a crop valuable for fowls, we say, let every one plant a row of sun flowers ou the lower aide ot their garden. George Elliott, of London, is entitled to the honors—he gave fifteen thousand dol lars worth of coal to the Sanitary Fair. iy Our hopea are bubbles, born with a breath and broken with a sigb. 17 It is easier far to see see amall faults than large virtues. • • • * • • • Believe me, as ever your friend, Wm. L. Chalmers, Esq., Port Townsend, W. T. J. H. Mkrrvma.N. Atlantic Hetri. Cairo, April 21 .—The dispatch boat Gen. Lyon, from Bed River, brings the following regarding affairs in Gen. Banks' department. The fight on the Bth was at Sabine. The reb els were 35,000 strong. On the morning of the Bth Banks sent forward the cavalry with sap ply trains, and 100 wagons irora Natchito ches. They sooA began skirmishing with the enemy, ana found them in force at Pleasant Hill. The commander of cavalry, thinking the rebel force snwft sent a message to Gen. Banks to that effect and asked fo? reinforce ments. Ransem's division waa sent forward together with seven gone which the enemy captured. The enemy took the supply trains, kilki*and wounded a large number of our men, and took many prisoners. As they ap proached, Gen. Smith'i forces, which were.in line of battle, opened Fine and let the fleeing troops pass. Before the enemy came up Gen. Smith cldscd his liuc and drove the enemy back. Next morning Gen. Smith attacked ?he enemy under Kirby Smith, Taylor, Ma gruder and Holmes driving them back. The Union forces took * number of prisoners, and killed and woundtd more than the ifbels did the day before. Banks fell bark to Grand Encore, on account of scarcity of rations, and sent a message to Admiral Porter, 150 miles above, to retnrn with transports containing supplies. As the boats came down, the ene* my appeared on 'he banks of the river, and the stream being larrow, they tri*d to get on board the gunboat Cricket. The flag-ship Chillicothe and lbs Orange, Heinman, Ga zelle, Lexington, and the armed transport Brown opened on ihem, killing and wounding during two days, the 11th and 12th, 500. But few on thA boi's were killed or wounded. The rebels have sank the steamer New Fal.lt City, formerly a St Louis and New Orleans packet, directly across the river, 80 miles below Shrevesport. The fleet had reached it and had tnade preparations to blow it up when orders were given to return to Garnd Ecore. Geu. Bank's whole loss is at least 3,000. The fightiug on both sides was des perate. The enemy exhibited the utmost recklessness on the second day. A large number of field officers were slain; Our loss in the first day's fight was 250 men, 22 cannon and 10 wtgons. Gen Grant has, in a letter to the Senate Military Committee, expressed a wish for the confirmation of Gen. Scofield's nomination to Major-Generalship. The Timet special says t Blair has been ordered by the President to resume contmand of his corps, which will depart to-morrow. New York, April 25.—Authentic intelli gence states the rebels are busily engaged in strengthening the fortifications at Richmond, and the opiuion prevails that, Lee will fall buck there when Grant advances, and no con siderable resistance will b« made on the Rap 1 - idan. Fortress Monroe, April 24.—An officer who has just arrived from Roanoke Island makes the following report: Gen. Weasels surrendered Plymouth on the 20th, after four days' fighting. Our loss was 1.50 killed and 2,rt00 prisoners. The rebel loss was 1,500 killed: ; The Richmond Sentinel of the 22d lost, says the following dispatch was received by Gen. Brannon: Plymouth, April 21.—1 have stormed and carried this place, capturing one brigade of 1,600 meu, with stores And 16 piece* ni artil fery: f. R.HOKE, ! Brig.' General. ■ 1 The latest advices from Gen. Steel ware that he was within 6p miles., or two d\va* march of Shreveport with 10,000 men. Admiral Porter, with two monitors nrtd his flag-ship, went up the river from Grand En core a iwßeh since, presumed tooperate agajoat the rebel seat of government in Lpyisiaqa. Cairo, Apr# 23.—Intelligence received from Little Rock, Ark.,»«f«: An expedition under Col. Clayton; eoAMUng of 1,000 in farttry, five regiments of cavalry and, six pieces of artillery, had reached. Pine Bluff, af ter a raid to Saline river, where, where they encountered a force of rebels 3,000 strong, The first encounter took place near Branch ville, where the rebels were defeated after three hours' fighting. They retreated—our forces follow them up to Ne* Mount Elba, oh the Saline river. Next day we occupied the place without resistance. ''Hasty preparations for their reception were made by extemporis ing fortifications of logs,- rails and cotton bales. The enemy charged (hree times, and were repulsed eacli tune. Finally they re tired, after aix hours spent in Tain attempts t> dislodge us. Our forces then charged on the rebels, scattering them in all directions. We killed 84, wounded 350 and captured 50. We captured a trail) of 50 wagons, 300 pris oners, and ovet 1,000 horses fell into our hands. These movements took place about the 30th of March. Newbent, April 20.—Dispatches by the steamer Perry which has just arrived from Plymouth, brings confirmation of the sinking of the gnnboat Btwthfield, and injury of the Miami and WAitetiaei by the rebel ram, which now commands the approachca to Ply mouth, and prevents our reinforcements. The ram now baa all the inland waters of the North and thete is ntt knowing where she may strike the first blow. Firing has been heard all the morning in the direction of Washington and it is supposed an attack on that point has commenced. Reinforcements will be sent from here by Oen. Peck. So soon as he heard of the attack ou Plymouth be commenced sending reinforcements, but they doubtless failed to reach that place, owing to the presence of the rebtl ram. This vessel draws 9 feet of water, has 4 guns, Snd is built like the jferrimac. There is quite a rebel force it Kingston, Which it is believed. intends in attack on tikis place fin connection With tlieir ram No. 2, now *t Kingston. , , Neio Y&rb, April ,26. -A special io the World snv» : Gerieral Grant has takM meas ures to .add numbers enough to the' regular armies in the field to make them invincible. Concentration is the order of the day. Troops are now being massed upon such niles as the Lieutenant General believes will land to vital stategic points of the rebellion. Instead of being disbouraged at the apparent weakness of our forces in Tennessee, Kentucky, North Carolina and the B<Vuth-weatern country, we should bo encouraged by the fact that our forces aie massed against points where armies are of much greater importance. When the next great battle cOmes it will find the Union armies in stronger force thac they have ever been before. It is the rebels who are now pursuing the scttering policy, hence their re cent success in unimportant matters. Chicago, April 26.—The proposition by the Governors of the different States to furnish 85,000 troops for 100 days, is in substance as follows: whole number. to be furnished within 20 days fVom the date of the notice of the acceptance of the proj^aition: the troops nre to be mnstored into service and equipped the s&me as other infantry volunteers: troops to serve in fortifications or wherever their ser vices may be required, without respect to Stats lines; no bounty to be paid the troops, nor their services to be credited on iany draft for three years ; draft to go On in any district short of its quota; this special draft shall bs for any service proposed. The President ac cepted the proposition on the 23d. Chicago, April 25.—The House last night passed the Senate bill reported from the com mittee of Public Lands, with reference to do nation of land claima in Oregon and Wash ington Territory. It donates lands to Ore gon for the construction of Wagon Road and Military Postal purposes. New York, April 27.—A1l quiet in front to-day. A heavy reconnoissance into the valley developed the fact, that there is no considerable body of rebels this side of the Rapidan. It is believed that Leo would not venture upon an offensive, movement. Reports prevails tljat ho was removing his heavy ar tillery to Richmond, but there is no founda tion for the rumor. Longstreet's force ia at Thoroughfare Gap. Fitznugh Lee's djpision was reviewed to day by Gun. Stuart at Hampton's Crossing, below Fredcricksbng. Deserters are Again cbming into our litis*. At one poiut the average number has been eight per day for the last week. The Tribune't special says the ninth army corps—Bnrnaide's— is now 40,000 strong. New York, April 27^—The Herald?» spe cial dispatch say a: It is said in. high quar ters that the President thinks of sending Gen. Sickels tq take tkn place of Gen. Banks. Harper's Ferry dispatchea reports spirited engagement between a detachment of the first New York cavalry and 300 or 400 rebels at Newton, near Strmsburg. No particulars. Burners are afloat; that the rebel government is leaving. Richmond and Leo is falling back behind its defences. Newf>ern, April 23.—Reports from Plym outh say that our flag still flies over the for tifications there, though the enemy has pos session of thf town and river. It is said that Gen. Wemels fetiesd with his forces to the fortifioatibus with 15 days' provisions. This report is believed. Washington andHqwbern are much stronger fortified than Plymouth, and with n few more troops and gunboats which are said .to be on their wsj, can be held againat rebela. , , Chicago, April 27.—The Navy Depart rtiertt has the following in regard to the at tack on Plymouth: : n, , On the afternoon of the, 17tb, Fort Gray, above Plymouth,, was attacked by the rebels, witti a battery of *l* field plecra on a sand ban! about a thousand yards up the riwer. At eaHjr dawn on 18tb, the enjimV charged on the Fori and were repulsed. Later in'the day the enemy appeared ia force in! the roar of the towir, and at sundown they com menced a vigorous attack on Forts Williams and Wesscls and were repnlsed in these as saults. The gunboat Southjirld was knelling the rebels OoiWthntly, and at' 8 o'clock on the 20th, the rebel ram dropped down the river, and when neat the Sout/ffield, ran across her starboard bow, the ptoW of thfc /am running into the Southfield, causing her to aink in IS minutes. The Miama was pursued for « short distance by the ram, but in consequence of her superior speed the gunboat escaped. Some of the officers and tnen of the iSouthfield are prisoners, but ititist of them escaped. The gunboat MUchel waa sunk on Monday night the 18th. An immense slaughter of the rebels was effected by the garrison at Fort Gray. Thegunboata assisted and the big guus of the tort poured broadtidea into the rebel col umn, repeatedly making huge winrows in their - ranks. This engagement waa only equalled in execution and slaughter by the batth of Malven Hill, where the navy ponred such raking volleys of grape and shell into enemy. Geu. Wessel, on the 17th, ordered all non-combatants to leave town. OT We love ourselves notwithstanding our faults, and we ought to love out friends in like manner. |*y More sense bas been whipped ont of school boys than into them. QT Streets often need improvement; those who walk tb«m oftener. OFFICIAL'. LAWS 0# THS TOTED STATES . Patted mt the Third Settion ef the TMrty-Sttatii Concrete. ■ '!' fPvauo—No. j . ■ < Ax Act wendatarjr oC «tip#emenUrjr to "Ah Mt to ppmdi Circuit Courts for the districts of CSai tenia and Oregon, iu for other purposes, VpptM March 3d, eighteen hundred and sixty-three. Beitenactedby the Senate tmd Houeeaf S*irnmtshw of the L'nited Statetof America in Ksl Ait It* tetfc oftheClroult Courtoftfie UnitSfsSff I for flw districts in California shall be held in the city of Ban?rancisco, in said Btate, on the firsf Mondavi Fein— ty, and On the second Monday of June,' ana bn the first Monday Of October) of each year; and in Hm. city of Monterey, in said State, on the first Monday, pf i AprS, and on the second Monday of Augurit, and eft the first Monday of. December, of each year: and that • term of said Circuit Court for the State of Oregon shall be held at the citv of Portland, in said State, on the first Monday of January, and on the first Monday of May, and on the first Monday of September', of each year. . . • . ... •• . Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That whenever the Circuit Judge is absent, or, from any cause, is una ble to hold a term of the Circuit Court as abote Jprovi ded, it shall be the duty,, of the District Judge of the District to hold such semi., No term of the Circuit Court in one district of the lenth circuit shall be deem ed to be ended from the commencement of a term in annother district. A Clrcujt Cmirt may be held in the different districts at the same time. Sec. S. And be it further enacted. That the Circuit Judge of said Tenth Circuit maK at his discretion, ap point special sessions of th6Circuit Court, to be held at the places where the stated sessions thereof are to fee holden, as provided in this act; by an order, undek-his hand and seal, addressed to the Marshal and Clerk of said Court, at least fifteen days previous to the day fixed for the commencement of sunt special which order snail be published by the Marshal in an* or more of the gssxetts or newspapers within the dis trict where such sessions are to be holden. At such specisl sessions it shall be eompetent for the said Court to entertain jurisdiction of and hear and decide sit cases in equity, cases in error, or on appeal, issues of law, motions in arreat of judgment, motions for. trial, and all other motions, and to award executions arid other final process, and to do and transact all othefc business, and direct all other proceedings in «li case* pending in the Circuit Court, except trying any ea£*a by jury, in the same way and with the same foresaid effect as the same could or might be at the sttted sessions of such Court. At said special sessions said Court may also try and determine all issues of fsct in eaaos which, by the stipulation in writing of the parties; or their attorneys, and filed with the Clerk, a jury shall be waived. t, •• •< > J ~ Bec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the Clerks of the Circuit Courts for the Districts of California shall be appointed by the Circuit Judge of the tefiA circuit. The appointment shall be In writing under the hand and seal or the circuit judge, and sluul' the clerk's office and enterted at large upon the records of ths court. The circuit judge may revoke the aprvint ment at any time, by filing in the office of the clerk a notice in writing under his hand and seal, stating tUft the appointment is revoked. The revocation shalLbe entered on the records of the eourt. The clerli, teftto entering upon the discharge of his duties, shall take- tl» oath of office prescribed by the act entitled "An Act to prescribe an oath of office, and for other purpose*, "Ap proved July two, eighteen hundred and sixtf-two, and such oath shall he endorsed upoq his appointment. The cl«rk shall also execute a bond to the Hpited States with two or more sufficient sureties, in sdeh spm as the circuit iudge may designate, conditioned fur the faith ful performance of his duties. In a vacancy'in the office of clerk, the, district judge shall have power fo fin such vacancy by appointment which shall continue until as appointment is made by the circuit judge, f, Sec. 5. And bi it further .enacted. That the clerics of the cir cult courts or the tenth circuit shsll have power to appoint one or more deputies, who shsll have the same authority, in all respects, as their principal. The au thority shsll be in writing, and be signed by the clerh, and shall be filed in his office, and M entered at large upon the records of the court. The clerk. mar revoke the appointment of any deputy at will bv writing' flid in the office, and entered upon the reeonls. • Batfi dep uty ,''before entering upon his duties, shall take the oath of office prescribed by the act entitled " Alt act £cf pre scribe an oath of office, and for other pu^popef," approv ed July two, eighteen hundred andj>itty-two.; Andsuch oath shall be indorsed upon his appointment. The Clerk may take from each or deputies a bond, with sureties, for the faithful perform an oe of his duties: hut the clerk, and the suredeston hi* official'bonds, shall he .liable for all the official acts of eaeh deputy.,, •, , Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the clerks of the circuit courts and. district; courts of, the IMttd States for the, District of. California and Oregon shall severally, bo entitled todiarge and reoeivefor jfhe J*r fees and costs to be allowed clerks, marshals, and at torneys of the circuit and district courts pf the United Sec. 7. And be it further enacted. Thai issues fd fact in civil cases may be tried and driegtaihed bV lhe •aid eireuit oourt 'without the, interVsnti** rf>Jinr whenever the parties or their attornstsM rsbardßle a itittuUticm ill vritiu with iIM. clerk nMnc imtto. Upon the trisl of anlssue of fact by the court JTts ions shsll be given In writing s*d filed wfth the «M ; w^r-ffsr4S.£s , JK}. M^3«K ths Judgement or decree entered upon such findings far the supreme court of the United Sates upoU appZaM* jrrit oferrer shaU b».United to a Moraine** «ft|p sufficiency of the facts to support the ju&pnfn} oc decree entered and to the mlittn of Ikm court u» tingor rejecting evidence offered, and In the eonstnMU ion of written nopmndftts prodnaod and ndsUtto&lV supreme court may affirm or modify or reverse the judg ment or decree enttrefi; er may, ia Us discretion, order ' * s; X'sts terey, insaid State, on the first Monday of Mnufl sad on the first Monday of June, and on the first Mat day of October, of eaeh year: and a term of the district court of th# United State* for the Northern District m .CsUfaa.Ua shall be held in thf city of Ban Francisco, it said State, on the first Mondsy of April, and on the sec ond Monday of August, and on theflrst Monday of De cember, of each year; andatermofthe district court ef the United Statee for the District of Oregon, shall he held at the city of Portland, in the State of Oregon, on the first Mondsyof March, and on the first Monday Of July, and on the first Monday of November of oath year. , v Sec. fi. And be U further enacted, That section four of the act entitled " An act to provide circuit court* foe the districts of California ana Oregon, and for other nurpoees, " approved Maroh 3d, 1863; and section ot Ae act entitled "An act to provide for ex tending the laws andjudicial system of the United State* {" the State of California." approved September 38tE 1830, and all provisions of law feoonsfctent with ibis act! be, and the same are hereby rapealed. Bec. 10. And be it Arther enacted. That this act Shall taks effect on the feet Monday off May; 1804. Approved February, 19th, 1884. TUB DATE. —There it no fruit (hat can be eaten ao constantly, or with BO much impu nity, at thfc date. It ia like bmad, and ja bread to whole nation* of orientals. And what a delicious bread, baked by the ton, and ahowersd in profusion upon the earth, to be gathered and Mid up for the future, either dry or in huge corbels, or pressed into a conserve, which, when cut iuto slices, looks and ,00(8 like .plum pudding. Immense' quantities of this oonaerve are exported fmtf Egypt and Arabia into all the neighboring countries, where His much prised, especially in the harems, where the women and children may almost be aaid to eat it incesMutly. BT A coal vein has been Jiacovefcd hfc#r Irinbo city. NO. 26. •It': tU ltX'J f

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