Newspaper of The Washington Standard, August 20, 1864, Page 1

Newspaper of The Washington Standard dated August 20, 1864 Page 1
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Hashing!im SB VOL. IV. flit Silnshinnton Standard. ;« !««• r.i> f vrur Minmt nnsKtva »r JOSH FILLER lIRPHY, j-Mitor and Proprietor. MutarrlptlAß Rafru: Kf * • tii month* M to,>ic« — x " IS'VARIABLY /.V ADI'AXCB. Advert l«lag Rates: h a e vjtmre, one insertion W K«h i.<lditi»nal insertion J JJjJ jtu.ino» cards, per quarter •> 0,1 •J J* A lilj' deduction will be made in favor of those advertise four i.|U«rc «, or upward*, by »Uc year, rri.ejril notice* will be chirked to the attorney or fficer, authoriainn tlwir insertion. yp Advertisement* sent from a distance, and tran e:it notices, ninat be accompanied by the cash. 3J*\.itice.s of births, marriages and deaths inserted roc of charge. ryr» citirii'tiiiritHnw, whether on business or for publication, must lie addressed to the editor of the WASUISOTON STANDAHD. IT Blanks, bill-heads, cards, bill* of fare, posters, programme*, circulars, catalogues, pamphlets, etc., ex ecuted at reasonable rates. OFFICE In llarnes's building, corner of Main and Fir>t streets,near the st.*amboat landing. Oll'Kltl'. LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES, Passed at the First Session of the Thirty- Eighth Congress. [PIUIJC— No. 83.] Ax ACT to nuiend an act entitled "An act making a grant of land to tho State of lowa, in alternate sections, to aid in the construction of certain railroads in said State," approved May 15, 1850. JJ,, JF ENACTED I>'J THE Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, Tliat the Mississippi and Missouri Itailroad Com pany, a corporation established by the laws of tlie State of lowa, and to which the said State granted a portion of the land grant mentioned in the title of this act, to aid in the construction of n railroad from Davenport to Council Bluffs in said State, may modify or ctuftp*e the location of the uncompleted portion of its line, as shown by !he map there of now on filn in tho General Land Office of the United States, so as to secure a bctt r and more expeditious line tor connection with the lowa branch of the Union Pacific rail road : Provided, nevertheless, That said new line, if located, shall in every case pass through the corporate limits of the cities of Pes Moines and C tuncil Bluffs; and the right of way over the public lands of the United States is hereby granted to said railroad company for that purpose: Provided, That said line shall pass through the town ot Newton, iu Jasper county, or as near said town a3 may bo found practicable, and not fHtlher north of said town than the forth line of section twenty-two, township eighty north, of range uineteen, according to the United States surveys, if tho citizens of the county of Jasper shall first pay to said company the difference in cost, if any, between tho line proposed by the company and the ono con templated by this proviso, including extra cost of right of way, if any, said difference in cost to be estimated by competent engi neers to be selected by the parties. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That whenever such new location shall have been established, the said railroad company shall file in tho General Land Office at Washing ton a map, definitely showing such new loca tion j and the Secretary of the Interior shall cause to bo certified and conveyed to said company from time to time, ns the road pro gresses, out of any public lands now belong ing to the United States not sold, reserved, or otherwise disposed of, or to which a pre emption claim or right of homestead settle ment has not attached, and on which a bona fide settlement and improvement has not been made under color of title derived from the Uuited States or from the State of lowa within six miles of such newly located line, an amount of Land per mile equal to that originally authorized to be granted to aid in the construction of said road by the act to which this is an amendment; and if tho amount of land granted by tho original act to aid in tlio construction of said railroad shall not be found within the limits of six miles from such line, then such selections may be made along such line within twenty miles thereof; Provided, That tho said company shall not be entitled to, and shall not receive, auy land under this grant which is situated within fifteen miles of the line of the Burlington and Missoi ri Uiver Railroad, as indicated by the man of said road now on file in tli<* General Land Office. SKI .3. An'l be it further enacted , That the Burlington and Missouri llivcr Railroad Ctiinp.injr, a corporation organised under the Uvk of tin* Statu of lowa, and to whicb said State graniid a portion of the land grant mention*-d in the title of tliia act to aid in the coastincUon of a railroad from Burlington in ui«i State lo the Miasonri Wri-r, aball be en titled to receive, and the Secretary of th« InUrior »h-ill cause to be ccrtifi-d and con veyed to»aid company from *imc to time, ax the rovl progresses, out of any public lands now belonging to tbc I*sited State* not sold, roan-red, or otbtrwiae di»pof(9 of, or to pre-emption claim or right ot homestead Wilratoat has not attached, and OK which a boat fide settlement and improvement has not Wn mad- under color of title diuvc! from the I'nited State* or from the State of loira, *itiun si* mil'-s of said road, as now located, an amount of lanl per mile equal to t'.jat nw-nti'in-rd in the act to which thia act is an aacudui ut, aa intended to ail in th« con- i-truction of said rand; and if tin- amount of land panted by the original act to aid in the construction of aaid road ahall not be found within the limit of six miles from the lint* of said road, then auch selections may lie made along such line within twenty mil.-* thereof. Sec. 4. And he it further enarted, That the Cedar Itapida and Missouri River Rail road Company, a corporation established un d-r the lawa of the State of lown, and to which the said State granted a portion of the land mentioned in the title to this net, may modify or change the location of the uncom pleted portion of ita line, as shown by the map thereof now on file in the General Land ( Mice of the United States, so as to secure a better and more expeditious line to the Mis souri river, and to a connection with the lowa branch of the Union l'acific Itailrond; and for the purpose of facilitating the more immediate construction of a line of railroads across the State of lowa, to connect with the lowa branch of the Union Pacific llail road Company aforesaid, the said Cedar ltn]>ids and Missouri [lliver] Railroad Com pany is hereby authorized to connect its line by a branch with the line of the Mississippi and Missouri Railroad Company; and the said Cedar Rapids and Missouri River Rail road Company shall be entitle for such tnod ilicd line to the same lands anil to the Fame amount of lands per mile, and for such con necting branch the same amount of laud per mile, as originally granted to aid in the con struction of its main line, subject to the con ditions and forfeitures mentioned in the origi nal grant, and, for the' said purpose, right of way through the public lands of the United States is hereby granted to said company. Ami it is further prodded, That whenever said modification main linn shall have been established or such connecting line located, the said-Cedar Rapids and Missouri River ltailioad Company shall file in tlio General Land Office of the United States a map de finitely showing such modified line and such connecting branch aforesaid; and the Secre tary of the Interior shall reserve anil cause to bo certified and conveyed to said company, from time to time, J>B tho work progresses on the main line, out of any public lands now b.'longing to thu United States, not sold, re served, or otherwise disposed of, or to which a pre-emption right or right of homestead set tlement has not attached, and on which a bona fide settlement and improvement has not been made under color of title derived from the United States or from the State of lowa, within fifteen miles of the original main line, nn amount of land equal to that originally authorized to be granted to aid in the construction of the said road by the act to which this ia an amendment. And if the amount of lands per mile granted, or intended to be granted, by the original act to aid in thf> construction of said railroad shall not be found within the limits of the fifteen miles th rein prescribed, then such selections may be made along said modified line and connect ing branch within twenty miles thereof: Provided, however, That such new located or modified lino shall pass through or near Boonsboro', in Boon county, and intersect the Boyer river not further south than n point at or near Dennison, in Crawford county: And provided, further , That in case the main line shall be so changed or modified as not to reach the Missouri river at or near the forty-second pnralled north latitude, il shall bo the duty of said company, within a reason able time after the completion of its road to the river, to construct a branch road to some point in Monona county, in or at Onawa City ; and to aid in the construction of such branch the tnme amount of lands per mile aro hereby granted as for the main line, and tlie same shall be reserved and certified in the same manner; said lands to be select ed from any of the unappropriated lands as hereinbefore described withiu twenty miles of said main lino and branch; and said company shall file with the Secretary of the Interior a map of the location of the said branch: And provided, further. That the lands hereby granted to aid in the construction of the con necting branch aforesaid shall not vest in said company nor be encumbered or disposed of except in the following manner: When the Governor of the State of lowa shall cer tify to the Secretary of the Interior that said company has completed in good running order a section of twenty consecutive miles of the main line of aaid road west of Nevada, then the Secretary shall convey to aaid com pany one-third, and no more, of the lands granted for said connecting branch. And when said company shall complete an addi tional section of "twenty consecutive miles, and furnish the Secretaiy of the Interior with proof as aforesaid, then the said Secretary may convey to the said company another third of the lands granted for said connecting branch; and when ssid company shall complete an additional section of twenty mi!«-s, making in all sixty miles west of Nevada, the Secretary, tipou proof furnished as aforesaid, may con vey to the said company the remainder of said lands to aid ta the construction of said connecting branch: Proridrd.] hotrerrr. That no lands shall be conveyed to said com pany on arcouat of said connecting branch road until the Governor of the State of lowa shall certify to the Secretary of the Interior that the same shall have been completed as a firM-clas* railroad. And no land shall be conveyed to aaid company situate and lying within fifteen miles of the original line of th- Mississppi and Missouri railroad, aa laid d >wn on a map on file in the General Lard I ►fiice : Prmdrd,further. That •: shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Interior, and )>» i« hereby required, to reserve a quantity of land embraced in the grant described in OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, SATURDAY MORNING, AUGUST 20, 1864. this section sufficient, in the opinion of the Governor of lowa, to s<-ciirc the construction of a branch railroad from the towu of Lyons, in the State of lowa, so as to connect with the main line in or west of the town of Clin ton in said State, until the Governor of said State sl.nll certify that said branch railroad is completed according to the requirement* of the laws of said State : Provided, farther. That nothing herein contained shall be so construed as to release said company from its obligation to complete the said main line within the time mentioned in the original grant: ProriJetl, further , That nothing in this act shall be construed to interfere with, or in any manner impair any rights \ acquired by any railroad company named in the act to which this is an amendment, ! or thu rights of any corporation, person or ! persons, acquired through any such com -1 pany; nor shall it be construed to impair any : vested right of property, but such rights are ' hereby reserved and confirmed : Prorided, That no lands shall be conveyed to any company or party whatsoever, under the provisions of this act and tin* act amended by this act, which has been settled upon and improved in good faith by a bona fido inhab itant, under color of title derived from the United States or from the State of lowa ad verse to the grant made by this act or the act to which this act is an amendment, llut each of said companies may select an equal quantity of public lands as described in this act within flic distance of twenty miles of tho line of each of said roads in lieu of lands thus set tied upon and improved by 1 o;ia fide in habitants in good faith under color of title as as aforesaid. Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the Mississippi and Missouri R'lilrond Com pany shall have the l ight to transfer and as sign all or any part of the grant hereby made to said company to any other company, or person or persons, if, in tlio opinion nf said company, the construction of the said railroad across t..0 State of lowa will be thereby sooner and more satisfactorily completed; but such assignee shall not in any case be released from the liabilities and conditions ac compayiug this grant, nor acquire perfect ti tle in any other manner than the same would have been acquired by the grantee herein named; Pmrided, That said transfer and assignment shall first be authorized by the Governor of the State of lowa. Sec. G. And be it further enacted , That tlic Dubuque anil Sioux City Railroad Com pany miy so far change their line between Fort Dodge and Sioux City as to secure tin* tlio best route between those points; said change shall not impair the right to, nor change tho location of, their present land grant. A map of tho change shall be tiled with the Commissioner of the General Land Office within one year alter the passage of this act. Sec. 7. And be. it further enacted. That all of the conditions and limitations contained in the act to whichthisact is an amendment, and not expressly changed by this act, shall attach to and run with the grants made by this act, except as the said conditions and limitiitious have been modified, and may here after bo modified, by the General Assembly of the State of lowa. Sec. 8. And be it further enacted. That no lands hereby granted shall bo certified to cither of said companies until the Governor of the State of lown shall certify to the Secreta ry of the Interior that the said company has completed, ready for the rolling stock, within one year from the first day of July next, a section of not less than twenty miles from the present terminus of tho completed por tion of said railroad, and in each year there after an additional section of twenty miles; but the number of tectums per mile originally authorized shall be certified to each company upou proof, as aforesaid, of the completion of the additional sections of the road as aforesaid. And upon the failure of cither company to complete either section ns aforesaid, to be an nually built, tho portion of the laud remain ing uncertified shall become subject to the control and disposition of the Legislature of the State of lowa, to aid iutho completion of said road. Sec. 9. And he it further enacted, Tliat nil lands hereafter certified to either of the land grant railroads in said State, nud lying opposite any completed section of such road, shall be offered for sain by the company to which they shall be certified within three years from thu completion of such section, if then certified; and if not, then within three years from the date of such certificate at reasonable prices ; and if not all sold within that period then during the fourth year all such lands remaining unsold shall be exposed to public sal", after previous notice posted at the county seat of the county in which such lands shall be situated, to the higlieM bidder, and in tracts not exceeding one hundred and sixty acres each. ARRROVKU June 2, 1864. [Pi—Xo. 84 ] Ax ACT to incorporate a ncwslioy*' home. He 11 cmartcd Ay the Sematr am J //«*# of Rrpretentatirr* of the United Statn of America in Cong re** a—rmUed, That Joseph Henry, J. \Y. Forney, Henry !l<-ard. SavlesJ. Burn, and A. M. Ciangewer. their associate and sneceshnrs, being nienib-.-rs of said society. by paying into its treasury the sum of tiro dollars annually, or lite tnemlx-r*. by paying fitly doliais at on«i time, are here by incorporated aud mad.- a body politic, by the nam>- of '• The Xrws-boys' Horn.* <4 Wash ington city," f-r the purpose of |Tovjding lodg ings, meals, and iu»tiuctiun to such hunchss and indigrut boys as inay pruneily erne uu dcr the charge of auch association, to provide for them a suitable home, board, clothing, and instructions, and to bring thrm under Chris tian influence; and by that name ahall have per|*-tual succession, with power to use a common seal, to sue and be sued, to plead and IK- impleaded in any court of competent juris tic ion within the District of Columbia, to collect • subscriptions, make by-laws, rule*, and regulation* needful far the government of said corporation not inconsiataot with the lawa of the United States; to have, hold, and receive real estate by purchase, gift, or de vise; to use, sell, or convey the same for the purpose and benefit of said corporation, and to choose such officers and teachers as may be neccsary, prescribe their duties, and fix the rate of their compensation. Sec. 2. And he it further enacted. That the officers of said association shall consist of a president, two vice-presidents, secretary, treasurer, nod a board of managers, to be com posed of fifteen members, ths whole to coti» stitutc an executive committee, whose duty it shall be to curry into effect the plans nnd pur poses for which said association was formed, all of which officers shall be selected on the first Tuesday in Februry in each year at tho an nual meeting of said association, which sball be held on said day ; their successors shall bo di eted and hold their offices for tho term of oiie year, until their successors shall be duly elected. And in case of a vacancy it shall be filled by the other members of tho executive committee. AM'ROVED, June 2, 1864. Ax ACT to amend an net entitled*' An act to establish and cqalizo the grade of line officers in the United States navy," ap proved July 10th, 18G2. lie it marled hy the Senate and House of Itcpresentatives of Ihe United Statei of America in Congress Assembled, That, no line officer of the navy, upon the active list, below the grade of commodore, nor any other naval officer, shall bu promoted to a higher grade, until his mental, moral, and professional fitness to perform all his duties at sen shall bo established to tlio satisfaction of a board of examining officers to be appoint ed by the President of the United States. And such board shall have power to take testimony, tlio witnesses when present to be sworn by *ho president of the board, and to examine all matters on the files and recurds of the department in relation to any officer whose case shall be considered hy them. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That such examining board shall consist of not less than three officers, senior in rank to the officer t'» be examined. Sec. And be. it further enacted , That any officer to be acted upon by said board shall have the right to be present, if lie de sire it; and nU statement of hi* case, on natli, and tho testimony of witnesses, and his examination, shall be recorded. And any matter on the files and records of the department touching each case, as may in the opinion of the board be necessary to as sist them in making up their opinion, shall, together with the whole record and finding, be presented to the President for hi* approval or disapproval of the finding. And no of ficer shall be rejected until after such pnblie examination of himself and the records of the department in his case, unless he fail* to appear btfore said board after having been duly notified. Sec. 4. And be it Jurther cnacteu, That no officer in the naval service shall be pro moted to n higher grade therein, upon the active list, until he has been examined by a hoard of naval surgeons, and pronounced physically qualified to perforin all his duties at sea. And all officers whose cases shall have b.'cn acted upon by the aforesaid boards, and who shall not have Wen recommended for promotion by both of them, shall be plftticd upon the retired list. Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That all officers not recommended for promotion under the fourth section of an act entitled " An act to establish and equalize the grades of line officers of the United States navy,*' approved July sixteen, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, shall have the right to present themselves for examination, according to the provisions of this act, and if found duly qual ified, and such finding be Approved by the President of tho United States, they shall be promoted to the same grade and place aa if they had been recommended by the board, and shall receive the corresponding pay ac cording to the service which they have per formed from the date of their rank to that of their promotion. And no further promotions shall be made upon the active list until the number in each grade is reduced to that pro vided by law. Sec. C. And I* it further enacted. That any officer in the naval service, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, may be advanced not exceeding thirty numbers, in hi< own grade, for distinguished conduct ia battle, or for extraordinary heroiaas. S. C. 7. Aid he it further emmrtiJ, That the l*rrsident of the United States shall ap point paymaMf rs of the fleet and engineer* of the fleet in tbe same manner and with the sam<- rank attd pnV •• •«* ~g—a;Md the retired pay ot surgeons, paymasters, en gineer*. and other staff oAcers in the navy sball be the same as that of the mired officers of the line of the navy with whom tbev have relative rank. See. 9. And he it farther enaeted, That all ac's or parts of arts which, ere inconsis tent with the provisions of this act are hereby repealed. APMOVEP, April 21, 1864. [PUBLIC —No. 50.| At ftopU'i lailraad. ED. Stuntn: It apfisn that both branch* of Congress have passed a bill a*, tborising tho conetreetMa eta railroad under the above designation. I rwntl and ap preciate the foresight of the gentleman, who ever he Is, who chrieteaed the bill by the above title, and I opine that tine and circom stances will prove the title well applied. The special corresponded of the Sacramen to Vnim writes from Washington, nader data Jose 27th, that the " House bill to incorpo rate the Pacific Railroad Company, from Lake Superior U Pvget SmmJ, has passed tho Senate and has without doubt ere this become a law." The initial and terminal point*—to wit* Lake Superior and Puget Sound—are doubt less the best selected points on the continent for a transmontane railroad. The intermedi ate distance between those points is 750 miles, less than corresponding points on the Central route, which, at £40,000 per mile, the aver age cost of railroads throughout the Union, makes $30,000,000 less capital required for the completion of the People's road than will be necessary for the construction of the road on the Central route; and in tlio raoe for competition, allowing the roads to be built at an average rate of 150 miles per year, the People's railroad would have an advantage of five years over the Central road. It is there fore evident that in distance, time and capital, the People's road, from Lake Superior to Pu get Sound, has an advantage of at least forty over cent, over the Central road. The dis tance from San Francisco to St. Louis is 2,500 miles, while from Puget Sound to St. Paul is but 1,750 miles. Another considera tion, in view of the natural advantages which the Northern road possesses in the fccility foi construction, the Columbia river runs contigu ous to where the road must necessarily be located—its Northern bank—'for five or six hundred miles, and with the exception of two or three short portages, is free from interrupt tion to steamboat navigation the whole of that distance, so that material for its construction, rolling-stock, etc., may be brought by water conveyance almost to the vefy spot where it is to be used, for the whole of that distance, thereby avoiding the vast expanse and delay attendant on team transportation of heavy j materials over long distances, such as is to be uniformly encountered on the Central road. The advantages of water communication to the Northern railroad, may be seen in the fact that its construction may be commenced at several points at once. The section from Pu get Sound to the Columbia may be commenced at both ends, then eastward along North bank of the Columbia to where the railroad would cross it on the western slope of the Rocky Mountains, may be worked at as many points, for five or six hundred miles aa the directors may choose to do. Then from where the line crosses the Columbia to the head of naviga tion at Fort Benton, from Fort Benton to Fbrt Union, and from the latter place to St. Paul, or some other point on the western end of Lake Superior. Thus the Northern railroad may and should ba divided into five different sections, on each Of fchicti operations might commence at both ends, so that ten different poiuta are accessible to navigable water com munication and the construction of the road might go on advaUtagebusly at thdse ten dif ferent points at once. From Fort Benton on the Missouri, to tbe mouth of the Palouse, a tributary of the Ctt* lumbiat the distance is 450 miles. Steamboats have navigated to both of tboee points on the Northern routei The surveys, and especially tbe lino of spirit levels tun by Lwut. Mullan (on the last turned distance) oyer the Crnur d'Alene or StoVans' Pass, has verified tbe previous report of Gov. Stevens* confirming thr entire practicability of of that section for railroad purposes. All previous explorations seen to concur in tbe report thst there is no place on tbe route that need be considered even dificnlt, while most of the route is over a country comparatively level, abounding in ex cellent timber and abundance of good water. QfALITT or SOIL OX THE norTX. AD prtrioM reports hitherto obtained, de-, ecribe the suitlwi interior as a country veil adapted far aettlrnmtf. for grating and agri cakml f nipeoia. Oor.Strwsaaaya: "The till hrtiiMißiliUMlij til in tli till IICI rfMi—it — D the grant plain af the except nhoat forty siloa m the higheat port dtfolsdy Mmaftsi TW railrtnd lifco «OT)dW kid eoor the great plain of the Colom bia, an na :• pnaa ttft n toatianw nhirnblr finally ta the Cdanh, »-xeept for a tern ■ilea; bat to ewe north of the Math o Snake river, which in denirable to avoid de toor, it viO paas orer a bent ftfty *il.> of wastry mot artaptudtii laatiaaw uliimy Then are a boat ffty miles of ndllinbh c ova try (Cascade Range) hUiai Ik amia Columbia aad Paget Saaad. FVea Brssh larilp [oa ik U river af the aatth] to the divide af the Baehy Maaataiae, the Mia peseta through strictly a eakivable eaaatry* capable of csatiaaaaa aettl—aat except hf aboat 150 milee, ia three several eecfioas at aboat equal length. Thaa ia the whole dis tance from Breekearidge to Seattle, a die taaee of 1,544 miles, the root* paaeco through only about 320 milee of uacultivable countryi Eaat af Brack rbridg*. to St. Paal on Lake Superior, the country b eteoediagly rich aad inviting to the settler. 1 ' The foregoing extract gives 520 miles ot uncultivable country from Lake Superior to Seattle on Puget Sound, by way of Bnoqnal moo Pass, atotal distance of 1,750 miles • but taking the railroad down the Columbia river, the fifty miles crossing the 'Caacade Moun* tains will be dispensed with, reducing the un cultivable area to 270 miles, and at the same time adopting a more popular, profitable, easy and serviceable route. Dr. Evans, in his recent geological exami nation of the interior country, (along the Northern railroad route,) has demonstrated* by repealed analysis of the soil, that it has alt the elements required for crops. He say* that "in the parallels of the region whose waters flow into Clarke's Fork there is limestone on both sides of the Rocky Mountains, and west* ward, nearly to the great bend of the Colum bia." But in his examination further south* along the bead waters of Snake river, he de scribes the formation of countiy as composed of trap and basalt, the soil being sterile and unfit for cultivation. The reports of Or. Evans are substantially corroborated by the following extracts front Lieut. Mullan's report. In speaking of the Flathead country ho says i " The Valley and mountain slopes are well timbered with an ex* cellent growth of pine, which is equal in every respect to the well known and noted pine of Oregon. The advantages* therefore, pos sessed by this section* are of great importance* and offer great indncementa to the Settlor. Its valley is not only capable of gracing im mense bauds of etock of every kind, but is also capable of supporting* dense population The mouhtain slopes on either side of the valley and the land along the base of the mountains afford at all seasons* even during the most severe winters, gracing ground in abundance, while the mountains are covered with a beautiful growth of pine. The proviso ions of nature here are* therefore, on no small scale, and of no small importance. Can it be that we should have 80 near our Pacific coast* felrtile sections of country of hundreds of thousands of acres that will remain forever unfilled, uncultivated, totally neglected f It cannot be. But let a connection* and thattlid most direct-, be made between the main chain of this Robky Mountains and the and it can be done—and soon will theft ad vantages necessarily thrust themselves upon public attention* and open to the industrious and persevering, avenues to wealth and pow er. Again* this section cohHects with ahothef of equal* if not Supurloh importance* that of the Coeur d'Alene country, which connect* directly, by a beautiful section, with thi country at and near Walla Walla; thus show ing that frOm the main chain of the Rocky Mountains to the mouth of the Columbia, w# polsefet a rich, fertile, And productive area, that needs but the proper meahs and measure# to be pnt forth and manfully employed, to W turned to pnMie And private benefit. Look ing back upon our route* we aaw we had fol lowed Bitter Root river to its head, which we found from ita mouth to be ttihety-five miles long, flowing throagh a wide and Ifesiitifkl valley Whose toil is productive* well timbered with the pine and fcottonwobd, but whose chief characteristic And capability is that of (rasing large herds of cattle, and affording excellent mill-sites along the numerous streams from the mountains. The whole eons try k farmed of • series of BMantninons rSngre of ridges, with their intervening Valleys, ad ef which are well drflned and marked, thede compoeition and washings of the rocks af tW mountain* giving Character to the aoil ft the valleys which may he turned as a general thing fertile. ThegeeUgical hrasllis tlsS| the Jeftvw* Fork (a trihtary of the tfisasi and timglsieio rack. Fraas the raafb aM the Snake river divide, sovlhwssd. the whets character ef the eaaatoy is ramplalsly changed Ben An g.slsgirsl htmatkn is i basaltic and velsaMC asassf the i 1 > ' * - • • . _ BIMIWI MrMM MM ntIHS MVM| HNBI the moanfaias nlrag the resti we traveled emptied into the Sanke river hat either sank h.t » the ftsal sr fcoard amel lakes la As NO. 41. t

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