Newspaper of The Washington Standard, 27 Ağustos 1864, Page 1

Newspaper of The Washington Standard dated 27 Ağustos 1864 Page 1
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Washington mm §lai»danl. VOL. IV. <Thc SHashington Standard. If lllt tD ETCBT »»TI BMT IDISHO IT JOII MILLER IIRPHY, Kditor and Proprietor. ■ Sabaerlptlea Bate*: Per annum W 5° " «ii months. 2 00 Sinctf MflM ISVARIABLT IS ADVASCB. Adverllalß* Rates: One square, on* insertion ®3 00 E»c\ additional insertion % I 00 Ujiinru card*, per quarter i 500 XT A liberal deduction will be made in favor of thoae who adverti** four squares, or upward*, by the year. IT Let*l notices vfll be charged to the attorney or officer, authorising their insertion. ID* Advertisement* *ent from a distance, and tran sient notice*, mu*t be accompanied by the cash. (Jjf Notice* of birth*, marriages and deaths inscrtc free of charge. |fj» All communications, whether on business or fr.r amplication, must be addressed to the editor of the WAIHIKOTOX STANDARD. O- Blank*, bill-heads, cards, bills of fare, poster*, programmes, circulars, catalogues, pamphlets, etc., ex ecuted at reasonable rates. OFFICE—In Barnes's building, corner of Main and First streets, near the steamboat landing. OFFICIAL. LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES. Passed at the First Session of the Thirty- Eighth Congress. [PUBLIC —No. 104.] AN ACT to prohibit certain stilts of gold and foreign exchange. Beit enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled , That it shall be unlawful to make any contract for the purchase or sale and delivery of any gold coin or bullion to be delivered on any day subsequent to the day of making such contract, or for the payment of any sum, ei ther fixed or contingent, in default of the de livery ot any gold coin or bullion, or to make such contract upon any other terms than the actual delivery of such gold coin or bullion, and the payment in full of the agreed price thereof, on the day on which 6uch contract is made, in United St&tes notes or nuiional currency, and not otherwise ; or to make any contract for the purchase or salo and delivery ot any foreign exchange to bo delivered at any time beyond ten days subsequent to the m iking of such contract; or for the payment of any sum, either fixed or contingent, in default of the delivery of any foreign ex change within ten days from the making of such contract, and the immediate payment in full of the agreed price thereof on the day of delivery in the United States notes or nation al currency ; or to make any contract what ever for the sale and delivery of any gold coin or bullion of which the person making such contract shall not, at the time of mikiu<r the same, be in actual possession. And it shall be unlawful to make any loan of money or currency not being in coin to be repaid in coin or bullion, or to make any loan of coin or bullion to be repaid in money or currency other than coin. Sec. 2. And he it further enacted, That it shall be further unlawful for any banker, broker, or other person, to make any purchase or sale of any gold coin or bullion, or of any foreign exchange, or any contract for nny such purchase or sale, at nny other place than the ordinary place of business of cither the seller or purchaser, owned or hired and occu pied by him individually, or by a partner ship of which he is a member. SEC. 3. And he it further enacted. That all contracts made in violation of this act shall be absolutely void. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That any person who shall violate any provisions of this act shall be held guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction thereof, be fined in any sum not less than one thousand dollars, nor more than ten thousand dollars, or be imprisoned for a period not less than three months nor longer than one year, or both, at the discretion of the court, and shall likewise be subject to a penalty of one thousand dol ars for each offence. Sec. 5. And. be it further enacted, That the penalties imposed by the fourth section of this act may be recovered in an action at law in any couit of record of the United States, or any court of competentjuriadiction, which action may brought in the nam* of the United Statea by any person who will sue tor raid penalty, one half for the use of the United Statea, and the other half for the use of tht person bringing such action. And the recovery and satisfaction of a judgment in any snch action shall be a bar to the im position of any fine for the same offence in aay prosecution instituted subsequent to the nco**ery of such judgment, but suall no tbe a bar te the infliction of punishment by im prisonment, aa provided by aaid fourth sec tion. See. 6. And be it further enacted. That all acts and paita of acts inconsistent with the provisions of this eat ate hereby repealed. Arraovso, June 17, 1564. [PCBLIC— No. 1051 Ax ACT te amend an act entitled "An act to extend the time far the withdrawal of Reads freea public atom and bonded wan»- fcini, and for otbrr purposes," approved tMk Frbraanr. 1864. Be it tmmrttd by the Senate ami Houie o/ ftijn BMhfiin of the l r »iteJ Statet *4 America M Comfrtu anemMed, That all gooda, wares, lad mrirhandiae in pnblc •toree mad bonded warebooaea. on which the d«i >e* are aupaid, and which ahall nave been ■ hood for OM MR than one year and leae than tlijve year#, may beenterrd for cmnanip tinn and the Imndt cancel I]. -d at any time before th«» firat day of Sepit-mbiT nest, «n payment oi dutira and cliaryu according to tin* law* ia forcf at the time the good* thrill be withdrawn. APKROVKU, June 17, 1864. [PrBLic —No. 10fi] Ax apt la amend nn net entitle:) •' An art to authorize tli«> Corporation of Georgetown, in the District of Columbia, to Wy and collect a water tax, and for other purposes," approved May 21, 1862. tie it marled by the Senate and Haute of llrprcscntatirrs of the United State* of America in Congress assembled, Tlmt in all ca«es in which an original town lot in Georgetown,"in the District of Columbia, en tirely owned b_v the sunt- person or persons, or any subdivision of an original lot separate ly owiii-d, as aforesaid, shall be situated at the intersection of two streets, so as to bind or foot on both, niul in which both fronts would be liable to the front-foot tax authori zed by the act entitled "An act to author ize the Corporation of Georgetown, in the District of Columbia, to lay and collect a water tax, and for other purposes," approved May twenty-one, eighteen hundred and sixty two. the said front-foot tax shall not he levied upon more thin seventy-five feet of the two fronts of said lot or part of lot; and all be yond said number of feet shall be exempt therefrom: Pro tided, That, for the purpose of avoiding inequality and hard ship in laying said tax. it shall lie lawful for the said Corporation of Georgetown, in such cases, to make such further exemptions from said front-font tax, either by general laws or in individual cases, as to them may seem just and proper. Sec. 2. And he it farther enacted, That it shall be lawful for said Corporation of Georgetown, in their {discretion, instead of the front-foot tax aforesaid, to lay and collect annually a general special tax not to exceed one-fifth of one per cent, per annum on nil the assessable property in said town, for the purpose of defraj'ing the cost of distributing water through said town from the mains or pipes of the Washington aqueduct, which tax shall be exclusively appropriated to said object, shall lie collected in the same man ner as the general tax of said town, and shall cease whenever the cost of said distribu tion Bhnll have been fully paid : Provided, That all persons liable to pay said tax shall be credited on account ofihe same with all sums herefofore paid by them on account of said front-foot tax, levied in pursuance of the act to which this is an amendment. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted. That tlic third. si'Ction of tho net aforesaid be nnd the same is hereby repealed. APPROVED, Juno 10, 1804. [PUBLIC —No. 107.| AN ACT to regulate the foreign coasting on tho northern, northc* .stern, nnd north western frontiers of tho United States, and for other purposes. Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress Axxemb/ed, That, nny boat, sloop, or other vessel of the United States, navigating the waters on our northern northeastern, and northwestern frontiers, oth erwise than by sea, shall be enrolled and li censed in such form as other vessels; which enrolment nnd license shall authorize any such boat, sloop, or other vessel to bo em ployed cither in the coasting or foreign trade on "said frontiers; and no certificate of regis ter shall bo required for vessels so employed on said frontiers : Provided, That such boat, sloop, or vessel shall be, in every other re spect, liable to the rules, regulations, nnd penalties now in force relating to registered nnd licensed vessels. Sec. 9. And he it further enacted , That in lieu of the compensation provided by the fourth section of the net of March second, eighteen hundred nnd thirty-one, entitled •' An act to regulate the foreign and coasting trade on the northern, northenstem. and nothwestern frontiers of the United States, and for other purposes." each of tho several collectors of customs in the following districts on the said frontiers, to wit: Petnbin, Chi cago, Milwaukie, Smilt Sainte Marie, Detroit, Miami, Sandusky, Cuyahoga, Pr.squo Isle, (hereafter to he called Eric,) Dunkirk. Huf f,ilo, Niagara Genesee, ()swego, Cape Vin cent, Oswegatchie, Champlain, and Vermont, shall receive an annual compensation of one thousand dollars, nnd, in addition theieto. the fees now collected under the general regu lations of the Treasury Department of Febru ary. eighteen hundred and fifty-seven, and a commission of three per centum oil rll moneys coll-eted nnd accounted for by thim respec tively: Provided. Thit the aggregate com pensation detived from salary, te« s, and com missions. sh ill not in any case exceed the snm of twenty-five hundr. d dollars per an num, subject to the provisions of the act en titled " An act rehtive to collectors and other officers of the customs" approved February eleventh, eighteen hundred and forty-six. And whenever th" aggregate of saltry, fee*, and commissions shall in any rate exceed the raid sum of twenty -five hundred dollars, after deducting the n -eeawary expenses inci dent to the raid office, for and during the same period for which said compensation is allowed, the excess shall, in every such ease, he paid into the Treasury of the United States. The fees and emoluments of all kinds to be accounted for as provided by the twelfth section of the act of the seventh of May, eighteen hundred and twenty-two. Sec. t. Ami be it farther marW, That OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, SATURDAY MORNING, AUGUST 27, 1864. the collec tors and other officers of customs on the tmid frontier* shall be authorized to charge and collect the Mime fees as art- no* allowed l.y law lobe thirged and collected by the collectori and other «>tfic>-i» i,f custom*. See. 3. Aud h< it further cnnctrd , That all the territory, harbors, and waters on the eastern shores of the State of Wiscnusiu, boardering o:. 1-ake Michigan, heretofore cinbrar. il iu the district of Michdimarkinac, and lying within the limits of the State of of Wisconsin, shall be. and the sane are here by, attached to and made part of the collec- I tion district ol Milwaukie, in the State of ; Wisconsin. Sec. 4. And be it Jurther enacted. That all bonds given by collector of customs, na val officers, surveyors, aud by all ollicers of the custom? throughout the United States, shall be approved by the Commissioner of Customs, in whose oflice they are now re quired to be filed. APPROVED, June 17, ISGI. [' —Nn. 114.] AN ACT granting lands to the State of Mich igan for tlie construction of certain wagon roads for military and postal purposes'. Be it enacted hi/ the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That tht-rc he and hereby is granted to the State of Michigan, for the construction of n wagon road for military and postal purposes, from Saginaw City, in said State, by the shortest and mo*t feasible route to the Straits of Mackinaw, cvevy alternate or oild section of public land not mineral, for three miles in width on each side of said road to tin; extent of three sections to the mile. Also for a road from Grand Hapids, in said State, through Newngo, Traverse City, and Little Traverse, to the Straits of Mackinaw, every alternate or odd section of public land not mineral for three sections in width on each side of said road to the extent of three sections to the mile. And it is berth) provided that if in case shall app-ar that the United States shall have (when the lines or routes of said roads aro definitely established) sold or reserved any sections or patts of sections, granted as aforesaid, or that the rights of pre-emption or homestead have attached to the same, so as to leave n deficiency in the amount to be se lected within the limits designated, thrn it shall bo the duty of the Secretary of tho In ferior to Bidet such lands from the odd sections, or pnrls of sections, nearest to the three-mile limits aforesaid, such quantity as shall be necessary to make up tho deficiency thus created : Provided, further, That the lands hereby granted shall be exclusively reserved, held, mid applied in the construc tion of said roads, and shall bit appropriated and disposed of only as the work progresses, in quantities and under such regulations and restrictions as the State shall provide; and in no event shall they be npporpriated or dis posed of for any other purpose whatsoever. See. 9. And be it further enacted , That any and ull lands heretofore reserved to the United States by any act of Congress, or in any other manner by competent authority, for any public work, or for any other pur pose whatsoever, be and the same are hereby reserved to the United States from the opera tion of this act, except so far as it may lie necessary to locate the routes of said roads through such reserved lands j in which case the rights of way shall be and are hereby granted, subject to the approval of the Presi dent of the United States. Sec. 3. And be v further enacted , That said roads shall bo located, surveyed, nwl constructed, under tho direction of such agents or commissioners as the (governor may appoint, and shall be chopped out a uniform width of at least six rods. The roid bod proper to be not less than thirty !wo feet wide, and constructed with ample ditches on both sides, so as to aford sufficient drains, with good and substantial bridges and proper culverts and sluices where necessary. All htumps and roots to bo thoroughly grubbed out between the ditches the entire length of said r >ad; the central portion of which to be sufficiently raised to afford n dry rond-bed by means of drainage from the centre to the side ditches; the hills to be levelled and val leys raised so as to make as easy a giade as practicable. Sec. 4. And be it further enacfrtl, Tlint when <lie Governor of the St.itn of Michigan shall furniwli tlie Secretary of the Inferior with map* ami charts showing the definite locationof the line of each of snid roads. it shall he his duty t* hive the land prariti'd to each of said rovl* withheld from market, and reserved exclusively for thf purpose* aforesaid. And when the said Govetnor thill eri 'i(Y (A tlie SHHWT of thn Interior that any ten conaerntiea miles of either of said ro-ids hire hern «nd>*r the provision* at this act, and in accordance wi'h the third win# theiwrf, statin; definitely when- said Mrnplftfd wriioii of road cntn m»nrHi and »W it terminates, it shall !* th»* duty ot the siid Secretary to ean«e pat- • ent* to i«»oe to said Stat* ft* thrre sections of land fir each mih* of road thn* eomr>l-ted. as aforesaid. and «i on netil the whole ot said ruids is completed : PrnnJeJ. That an patent* shall l<e pwa for any of the afore said land*, before the enmplertion of tti eon aeentivf miles of road, or fir anv part of any > toad made before (HP passage of this art. or for any GREATER quantity than thirty SEN ISM (r each ten miles complied according to the provisions ot this act. Xothin* ia this proviso, howev. r. shall br eor»t'*<-tl an as to prevent the application of so mach of th« ( •aid three sections par mSk as may be MM- ! airy to finish «nv part of Mill road* parity ' ma le l-cforc the pasupr of this act. ***o. 5. A*ri /« it furthrr rnactcd. That this print in in upon the npmi condi tion* that the roid* be and remain pub lic highway*, frr* from all toll and other chirp**; and that if any portion of said road* ►hall r< tropin unc • nij■!> t»-ii for a period of more than five years front the approval of thi*act by the President, the lands panted fur such portion shall revert to the United States. APPROVED, June 20,18C4. [PI'DLIC —No. 115.] AN ATT to amend an act entitled " An act to provide for the payment of the claims of Peruvian citizens, under the convention between the I'nitcd States and Peril, of the 12th of January, 1563," approved Juue 1, 1804. He it enacted by the Senate and House of lirjiresch tat ices of the United States of America in Congress astt mfded. That the act entitled "An act to provide for the payment of claims of Peruvian titizens," under the convention between the United Stati s and Peru of the twelfth of January, eighteen hundred and sixty-three, approved June first, eighteen hundred and sixty-four, be amended as follows : after the word "Jan uary "strike out the word 4 ' last," and insert iu lieu thereof the words " eighteen hundred and sixty-three," and said law be and is hereby further amended so as to authorize the Secretary of Stale to pay to each of the persons mentioned in said act the interest that may be found due in accordance with tin' terms of the settlement of said clains, and the sum neenssary for such payment is here by appropriated out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated. Approved, June 20, 1864. [PUBMC —No. 110.] AN ACT to grant the right of pre-emption to certain settlers on the Itauclio Boisa de Tomales,in the Slate of California. lie it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of Am erica in Congress assembled , That it inay and shall be lawful for the Commissioner of the General Land Office to cause the lines of the public surveys to be extended over the tract of country known as the llancho Hois a do Tomalcs, in Marion county, California, the claim to which, by James 1). Galbraith, has been adjudged invalid by the Supreme Court of the United States, and to have approved plats thereof duly returned to the proper dis trict land offices: Provided, That the actual cos! of such survey and platting shall first be paid into the surveying fund by settlers, ac cording to the requirements of the tenth sec tion of the act of Congress approved thirtieth of May, eighteen hundred and sixty-two," to reduce the expenses of the survey and sale of the public lands in the Uuited States." Sec. 'I. And be it further enacted , That after the return of such approved plats to the district office, it may and shall be lawful for individuals, settlers upon tho said llancho Hoisa de Tomales, to enter according to the lines of tho public surveys, at one dcllor and tweniy-five cents per acre, the land selted upon by them to the extent to which the same lmd been reduced to possession at the time of said adjudication of said Supreme Court,joint entries being admissible by co terminous proprietors, in order that their re spective boundaries may be adjusted in accor dance with their several possessions. See. 3. And be it fubther enacted, That all claims within the pcrview of this act shall be presented to the register and receiver within twelve months after the return of such surveys to the district land office, accompa nied by proof of settlement, and the extent to which the tracts claimed had been reduced into possession at the time of said adjudication, and thereupon each case shall be adjudged by the register and receiver, undfir such instruc tions as shall be given by the Commissioner of tho General Land Office, to whom the proof and adjudication shall be returned by the local land offices, and no adjucation shall be final until confirmed by the said Commis sioner : Provided, That the confirmation by s iid Commissioners shall be conclusive and final between coterminous proprietors, and the correctness thereof shall not lie open to contestation in any action at law or suit in equity between them or between parties claiming under them by the title subsequent: And provided.further, That any claim not brought before the register and receiver within twelve months, as aforesaid, shall bo barred, aud the lands covered thereby, with auy other tracts within the limits of said rancho, the titb-sto which are not established ur.drthis art, shall be dealt with as other public lands, but subject to the adjudicated bouiidarit a of the claims which are presented within the limit of the time prescribed as afi>re-,ii l: Provided, That no person under the provisions of thlj act shall (M allowed to nit»T s greater quantito of land than throe hundred and twenty acres. Approved. June 17, 1564. (7* John Bright, the Knglish Quaker and orator, has tno Minad that when Parliament be i»t< nd» to pay this country a visit. Hi» advocacy of tfc - I'nioti cause will insure I.i n a brilliant reception. He ia to* popnlar in England. t?" A Waahington letter writer describes a brauti/nl % oan» l«dy as having a face a point er mi'fct dwell iip-m. It woold be a delight ful place of residence. Mr We generally p.tlri ne» Ltxirt t: old —aee-nide! to c4d nuds- AMEBIC** XATIOXAXITT. —The present ' revolution lias exploded the dugeroui error of ii.dcpendent State's right*, and extirpated the hidden death of the dure power. The American doctrine it that oar Constitution i* not a transitory compact between aeveial States, or a mere partnership. to be dissolved at will; bat thai it is the organic law of na tionality, adopted by thn people of all the States, united in body as a nation. Our Con stitution was created and ratified, not by the i Slate* in their corporate capacity, but by the ! people of the several commonwealths, in pop*, ular convention, in their capacities of citizens of one country. Each person owes immedi ate allegiance to the Federal Government as much as though there were no political subdi visions known as States; and for all the pur poses of nutional life, each citizen surrender every right, obligation and individuality, and consents co be merged with the One People: " We, the people, do ordain"—not We, the States. To know that this is the doctrine of the country, listen to the proclamations of can non reverberating through the wastes of years ; follow the desolate track of armies and count the multitude of graves; measure the wondrous arc described by the hissing shell that carrys unquenchable fire into the citadel of State's Rights. Overlook the devastated territory of secession with its soulless ruins, deep trodden fields and throngs of widowhood and orphanage; then turn to the still United States and count the swarming millions and hear the undiminished hum of manufactures, the war of commerce aud the sweep of the scythe among the yellow corn. The declar ation is everywhere, from the mountain top to the ocean strand, " We, the People, do or dain."— S. F L Flag._ SUSPENDED LIFE. —A scientific German publication states that among other curiosities. Dr. Grusselback, professor of chemistry at the University of Upsala, has a little Serpent which, although rigid and frozen as maible, can, by the aid'of a stimulating aspersion, dis covered by the Doctor, be brought to life in a few minutes, becoming as lively as the day it was captured, now some ten years ago. Dr. Grussclback has discovered the means of be numbing and reviving it at his pleasure. If this principal can only be carried out on man as well ns for reptiles, death would lose its em pire over mankind, and we should preserve life ns muminieß were preserved by the Dr. Grusselback's process is nothing more, apparently, than simply lower ing the temperature just to that point where the cold produces a torpor without injuring any of the tissues. In this state the body is neither dead nor alive—it is torpid. The professor has laid his scheme before the Swe dish Government, and proposes'that a con demned criinnal shall be handed to him for the purpose of experiment! The Doctor pur poses, if he can only get his man, to benumb him as he benumbs his little scrpeut, for one or two years, and then to resuscitate him from apparent death by his aspersion stimulate. DESERT OF SAllAßA. —Perhaps no more hopeless enterprise could be undertaken than to reclaim the great African) desert of Sahara, where no rain over falls, and there are but oc c isional cases to give relief to the Weary and fainting caravans that traverse it; Modern science, however, laughs at seeming impossi bilities. Skillful cng'neersin the Frenvh army in Algiers propose to sink Artesian Wells at different points, with strong confidence that thus water could be reached and forced to the surface. In 1860, five Artesian wells had been opened, around which, as vegetation thrives luxuriantly, thirty thousand palm trees and one thousand fruit trees were planted, and two thriving villages established. At the depth of a little over five hundred feet, an underground river or lake was Btruck, and from two of them live fish have been thrown up, showing that there was R large body of water uudcrneath. The French government by this means hope to make the route across the desert to Timbucto fertile and fit for trav elers, and thus bring the whole overland trav el and commerce through Algeria, which will be one of the greatest feats of modern scien tific enterprise. The Mondocino Herald gives the fal lowing as a dialogue between a peace " Dem ocratic" teacher aud one of his pupils: Teaeher —Spell rebel. Pupil —R-e-b e-1, rebel. Teacher— Define it. Pupil —lt means Democrat, sir. Exit teacher in disgust. iy Capt. Winslow had examined the Ala bama before shs came out to fight the Ktar txrge, for which purpose he visited her in dis guise of a Frenchman. After his victory, he summoned all hands on the quarter deck, to oiler solemn prayer and thanksgiving to God, for giving them so signal a victory. fy Every man has in his own life follies enough, in the performance of bis daties defi ciencies enough, in his own mind trouble* enough, without being aaxioos about the af fairs of others. |y There are not half as many great son* of small fathers as s.naQ s ns of great fathers. M'mn'ains often bring forth mice, mice at Id am bring forth mountain*. yy A etjemn'» greatest possession* ate the gnat words that have ho*n aaid in h. and the great deeds that hate been done in it CW Yon may know a real Irish potato from its eyes bring black and bice QT N a tare alwavs has har packets fall of sseds and ho!aa ia ill her fnakets SEC*XTA>T FEMUPI* . —William Pitt Fttwodeo, the newly appointed Stottwj of the Trreasurr, h I 808 of Orti. BMMH Fessenden, one of tbe ablest Uwyth ia the State of Maine. Several of Ui lon km al ready attained considerable reputation it pab lic men. William Pitt VM bora ia 1806, ea tered college at tbe age of 13, mad gradaated when he «u 17 years of age. He tM commenced the study of law with Mr. Charles DavieS, of Portland, and entered into peae tice with brilliant prospects f«w the ffctufe. He was elected member of the Maine Heaaa of Representatives in 1832, and waa repeat edly re-elected until 1840, wbea be wiitaadd' a representative in Congress from the Cum berland district of Maine. He ttar+ed bis fcll term, bnt declined a re-election, and subee quently returned to the Legislature. Ia 1854 he was made United States Benator, and waa placed upon tho Finsnce Committee, a posi tion for which be exhibited remarkable fitness. He was re-elected in 1859. and slntt (bat pe riod has been at the head of the Finance Com mittee. Mr. Fessenden had four sons, three of whom entered the army. The youngest- Samuel—was killed at tho battle of Centre villc,in August, 1862. Another—Brig.-Gen r Fessenden—has ochieved an enviable reputa ' tiou on tbe field of battle; a third is a Colonel on Gen. Hookpr's staff. Politically, Mr; Fessenden is a Conserva tive Republican. He is gentlemanly •iu hia manner, affable in his demeanor, possesses talents of tlie highest order, and is undoubt edly well-fitted for the position to which he has been called. Bio WORDS AND SMALL IDEAS. —Big words are great favorite* with people of smalt ideas and weak conceptions. They are often employed by men of mind vrhen they wish to' use language that may best conceal their thoughts. With few exceptions, however, illiterate and lialf-edncated persons use more "big words" than people of thorough educa* tion. It is a very common but egregious mistake to suppose that long words are more genteel than short ones, just as the bame sort of people imagine high colors and flashy fig* nres improve the style of dress. They ate" the kind of folks who don't begin, but always " commence." They don't live, but" reside." They don't go to bed, but mysteriously "re tire." They don't eat and drink, but " par tako of refreshments." They are never sick, but " extremely indisposed." And instead of dying at last, they " decease." The strength of the English language is in the short words—chiefly monosyllables of Saxon derivation—and people who are in ear nest seldom use other. Love, hatred, anger, grief, jov, express themselves in short words' and direct sentences, while cunning, false hood and affectation delight in what Horace calls verba scsquipedelia —words a " foot and n half long."— Home Journal. MRS. GRANT. SARCASTIC.—The correspon dents ore bringing Sirs. Giant hto the ring. According to one of them, a gent eirian in con versation with Mrs. G. said to her: V If Gen. Grant succeeds, he may want to be President." "But he ii a Lieutenant Gen eral." " Yfcs, but when a man can be fleeted President, it must be a strong temptation." "I don't know. There nevetnave been but two Lieutenant Gebefals of the United Statea, Gen. Washington and Gen. Scott. There have been a number of Presidents; . for stance, such men as Frank Pierce fcnd James Buchanan/' UNCLE SAM'S FARM.—TiIe Government lands in the United States now ataounta to fourteen hundred thousand millions of acrea.- Two millions and a half of acfe* have already been sold for thirty-foiir millions of dollars. At one-third of a cent per acre, the remaining lands would pay off the whole National debt, though it might be four thousand fivfe hundred millions of dollars. At ten cenja per aere, it would pay off that debt thirty times over. FAI.SE QUOTATION*;—AS ah illustration of the false quotations in the price of gold in the New York market, a genileoiah writes to * friend in Sin Francisco: " A holder of §100,• 000 in gold c< uld not have been sold at 2.Sd when it was quoted 2.95. The brokers re fused to buy, they would only Sell; FOR LIXCOL* AND JOHNSOK. —The Ger mans are deserting the Fremont enterprise and rallying around the ttne standard. The lowa Tribune , the leading paper Of Boath*m lowa, has put np the Lincoln and Johnson flag, and hauled down that of Fremont ana Cochrane. LOTS or THK ButmhrL— lll lore of th«- beautiful and true, like ibfe dew dm id the heait of the crystal, remains forerer cliar and liquid in the inmost shrine of the tsaL 17* If all tk ib is grass, one should think that the best war-weapon most bo I eejrtbe. A'. Y. LeJger. Cr a tkrtthlmg mnekine. CP" Esrept ie cases of neceesky, wkiek OM rare. Ware jour friend to Imt MfkMMl truths from'hie wieiie; tkejr an nody enough to teH them. ty TW charms tkat f*skieu loado to w. man esoM he eewsidased pooMmly Mm gkr. wkoMeketo hook yeer geedo, wS Vs mb« to get abito. than as arteoerntk hrrrtr of aaeetta#. NO. 42.

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