Newspaper of The Washington Standard, January 19, 1867, Page 2

Newspaper of The Washington Standard dated January 19, 1867 Page 2
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* AXIHL i: *' -* X«» X • » n. **■»«■» * 4 • • •. ii an • ■'— «<*. »«■■• jk, a r, i *-»4-* A ■"» - ** '_ »!■■« €.i X •a aar *m*. «*Tl*l»*l MMVi iIVB h*7. OCT hub*. W» ttuM :>k" Br a radical or I* *br of 'k« »«ifcr- Mti «#f that jurtj. but that read or hear charge* of •• »» urging round th- c r cle." or " vavtl ation,** a* th« r »ay, tor tlk rtkn nf place and power. Now •» wish calmly and honestly to inquire into the political issues of the day. and in that enquiry elicit an answer lo the qucsti >i>, Is our position t)i<* same as it was In-fore and duriig the war r Before tlio war, we contended that the right of peaceable secession was an absurdity, bet-awe, we Argued, when a State entered the Union —or, if its preferred, became a partner in tlw great copartnership of States—it del egated ccitaln rights and powers in exchange for certain other privileges, powers and rights ; and having entered voluntarily, and enjoyed certain benefits, she was incompetent to draw out of the partnership without ihe full consent of the other partners.. Such consent not being obtained, and there being no provision for reliel' in the artid s of copartnership—the Constitution—and no higher authoiity to which a Slate could appeal, it of neces sity could but remain as it was, unless re lieved through the aid of a successful rev olution. Thif, we believcJ at the time, to < be the true position, and events have proven the correctness of our opinion. Neither did we see cause at any time dur ing the war to change it, but on the con trary, as events transpired, the more we became convinced of its correctness. At this time, it appears to us, that thore is blit one issue before the people ; several points maybe involved, but the main and great question is briefly stated : Is the Constitution, or Cougr. ?s supreme ? Dur ing the war, we may have thought it nec eftary and right for the Government to assume extraordinary legislative and exec utive powers, but this right, it has been invariably held, was founded on the prin ciple that self-preservation was the fir-t law of nature, and of right should cease wkh the necessity. Now, however much Radical politicians may flinch, squirm, or tfjr to dodge the matter, the issue as stated Is Correct. Let us see r Sec. 3d of tho Constitution provides that " the Senate of AeUnited States shall be composed of Senators from each State, chosen by i legislature the reof for six years." ftiieve ,- we see, is the instrument which cre 'fltea; Congsess, how it creates it, and sf 'wfiom it is composed. Now, it is main tained, <tli at while Congress is competent to judge of the elections, thn returns and the qualifications of its owu members —as if provided in Sec s— it is not competent Hf«H admission to qualified members. -aad-MBii bssn most judge of their qaali- HtStioas sadtr the toartif ti—, tbe ia stmnent which creates aa-l givrs vitality to tW bad v itarif and Ms ads. No* it has • • Wan aatd toy recall % Umnlt tkai •Re vl <nyWi As taC TW Wm% I «sn. arrt v a.»» . mm am 4to Vl 4P4SMS Aa ato» • mmsm m mm* i ft ■«•»»•,. • 9ft -mm t ••" * «» *M» «# **». «Mft pP» "* -—«*fc % ilft 4MB» ** ** • 4i «•* —9 « kaw «MMflMq| Mr ft |i mi—•» «r--« -« «<kn« <»«» *»"» • • *■» ♦ * m *» a* m* Tmm »- »iii ■■ *» « at » « i •>« <«t (■>«' i M svrxu—tl ijyigi rW» ~!a«* »-4 V>ri»T« k r+r a cUmu; 13 • W »«•*.»• it fir t«r <4 4»-<-*rt«r*. It » b»r& >t ■» {km p a<J »• Mkr rr •r* b-«it Lt'ki rr- t» «* Imm dm to tria«»e*. m .ti tur W»at. ei brr Irr*i Uk or !'•»• • tit night* -1* p each «rtl HVbatc kubiuittrd • i bout mur m- r to i.ltrery isdigiiity Irons the gciiih-n.cn who cualrol ihii matter, ani now we demand to know whether, in givii g u.H >» mail .«crvic>*,k tlie Government intended to benefit ths contiact<>rs *■ lely, or the people of this part of the Teritory If the former, we have nothing inore to say. If the latter, we protest against the present schedule of tin dep.rtjre. Let it be fixt d at reasonable hours, so as to accoiumod ite the people, not the contract ors a'oi e J and when it is fixed, let it be adhered to, and, when the steamer is days behin 1 time in her arrival here, as she oftentimes is, let the facts and the case be reported to the Department. DEATH OF MB. WATEBMAN.—It is our sad duty to anuouuee the death of ML. W. II. i, Waterman, Superintendent of Indian Affairs, at 1 oMock yesterday afternoon. Deceased had be> n to Poit Towuscnd to consult Dr. O'lirien, and had barely re turned to attend to important duties that required his presence, when the giimmes si nger summoned him away. Our com munity has lost a respected citizen. To the bereaved family is extended the sym pathy of the large circle of warm 1 e so.ial frie.ids of th<- deceased. ty Our Kfidical neighbor don't like the munner in which Gov. Coin assumed the dutisH of his office ; talks about" Cop perlicud hnstc." etc. We are not in the li'itit surprised nt the Tribune * tribulation. Pickering WHS god-fmlier, nurje, nnd Mrs. Win slow'a Soothing Syrup, all in one. to that fei ble Couc< re. Poor Tr'.lunr, who'll spank it nnd put it to bed uow ! COLUMBIA FIRE COMPANY. —The fol lowing officers were elected at the annu al election lie d on Uouday evening List: C. E. Williams, Foreman; J. Summers. Ist Afsict.'iiit; C. Burmeiater, 2d Asa't.; Itobert Frost, Steward ;T. M. Reed, President; L. D. Durgin, Secretary; B. Brttinan, Treasurer. MASONIC. —The following officers of Olympia, Lodge, No. 1, A. F. & A. M., were lately installed: T. M. Reed, W. M.; Jessce, J. Chapman, 8. W.j J. L. My ers, J. W.; C. E. William*, Treasurer: P. G. Hylaud, Secretary; Elwood Evans, S. D.j Samuel Coulter, J, D.; A. Far qnar, Tyler. BT Th«* following passengers arrived by the Anderson yesterday morning: Rev. 11. R lliae*. llr« P. P. Moore aad Mia* I'reblr*. Mr* B. F. brnmioa. Mr*. C.rabaai. Mr*. Mjer* aad babj, Me*»r* Lane. Pratbrr Wood. MrHrarr. H. Pltlt. KrlUrr Raed. Alriaader. II Maarbe*tvr. Jacob Rice 1. (>*fcrT. Rev. Mr N«u. Mewe*. iy" Wkhe Jk Bur. New»- m a bWtl i iiyplj af hu Eaa'm piy n dbr aruct. mm t fc, fan f^Ti^irrhi-t« fk k**" «• Sfc» | iII i/*r PwUM If-TW f | ■ . .a. * •mt l >MaMaM» -r ■» «a> j ~"' *""""ilZL 4 J ft * •* M|||l«l *» «M%Ht ft# A S V ** «• am » (P a, ■■ h mm k I V mm m Ul (MUMMM* * ** ft ft & am wr • •» m>w *m» Mf »• iBKn ft ♦ ly im—■ ii * 4 ft %* C ft V» 2". ■» ar fca ►*■««< £.•*■■? aassiar* *a» pu»»* C J ft V. a in*i 'I»«- «» trnrnolmm a* VIMIW.I, 1« l«" H ft V* t>. M m iW I i • ■«i i nnr» -4 i —*i to kcrr-v »*ri to »«kirrrUta U.l|rr» a* ■ na4i • u pi>«ni M> I'rrjrifeoe is rojiwni ( li \« 31, •'i art t • «u*rn-i an art r- lan.i/ to a'tuc- A-l« »ul OIUI.M 1 i>lt la*. I 'h»<rti, ui.- rfpr a un • f the ml-• Mr F>rgii»<>ii miiwlurril C*. It X«». 32 an act l<>r tbe r«-li*-f ui 1' K. *uu K. \V. Cbnp'iia •. l'a»»cd, M above. 11 M X.i 7, asking tor an uppmpiiation to bu lu a tni itary r.»;id f>o:n f'oit Anje les to Giny'« llail OI WAN D (hi motion, Council adjourned. Tuubsday Jan. 17, 1867. Council met pursuant to adjournment. The fd'owiug Bills were introduced : C B No 26. an act in relation to the verification of pl« i.dings in civil a< tion. C B No 36, an act to amend Section 82 of the at:! en i 1.-d an act to regulate the practicu anil proceedings in civil act otis. CB No 27, an net in relation to thu exemption of certain property from exe cution and attachment. C B No 28, an act in relation to taking dispositions in this Territory (3 B No 29, an acl in relation to cliango of venue. C B No 40, nn net in relation to imituc tioi'S of courts tojiiiirß. C B No 34, an net to amend an act entitled nn act in relation to prosecuting nttorn-ys. C B No 33, an net to provide for tho payment of a certain sum of money to W. R. Downey for labor on the military Koad over Nnche* pass. On mot on, Council adjourned. [A number of bills were pissed of which we hut c been um ble to obtain a record. They will be noticed, however, upon their being reported to the House.—Kef.] Fbiday, Jun. 18, 2867. Comcil met pursuant to adjournment. The following Bills were passed : H B No 25. an act to locate the county seat and appoint officer* fn- K ikitat C<>. H B No 42. Un act to establish a Stan dard for the measurement of clap boards and Shakes Substitute for II B No 20, an act re lating to the registration of county oid>'rj. The following bill was passed: U B No 41, nn act to legalize the marri age of Andrews U.-nis and Mary Hart. Ou motion, Council adjourned. HOUSE, TUESDAY, J«n. 15. 1867." HOUSK mi't pursuant to adjournment and opened in due form. Mr. Vmi Bokkel' ii introduced II B No 8, di-fining county limit*. Mr. Page iniioduced H B No 81, an act to legalist* cei tain arts of County Com tniesioners of Walla Walla county. Mr. Harmon introduc d H B No 83, an act to repeal an act entitled an act in re lation to dogs in Island county. Mr. Morgan introduced II B No 83, an act supplementary to an act to amend an act incoiporting the town cf Port town send. , Mf- Van llokkclt-n, from Militaty Com mittee reported as to condition of tbe Ter ritorial arms and lerommrnded • distribu tion io tbe several counties. H J R No 17, relaiiou to new buintM was laid upon tbe uUe to tbr 25th int. Be**ral bids raas>- up on tbeir aieead reading. ai>d wrre referred to appropriate II B Xo M. u ict ii relet i— t>> taxiag saarfc wat p« ■ id 'P -**e» tk* bie-aiock wWt »k«a *»T ewwMy mmmr i kut< dart H | V* II s* sri a* mm*mA aa rt ta »-»•- ewas. m II n i «rf FwUk « fce M ft V« 14 ■* mm sal Aa *•«. U W. U. X'ZaL-. mi %. ««t 7SZZL asaw » 4a* wm »awss •» k. mm •» • y«t awjf Mff wasa. 9mm Wi 'hm«m m «* <* «■■«£* imt t» * <£mp*- INK <* ffe mmmmm <#' ttt —"Wwm «* «■» +**nm» m m «. %». A 4A MM 4pMt *%■*■* * pteai |HO w «%r» •- «| tfe* Mt |M» •»4 -4 r mr- •>» I •» uarf • «c «♦» pWtaam afc» T—— <t» > *••*■> tW ■'■' * t«« V - I*m iW (■C IM • I•m «iai t MM> >«l • a <*-

f<& i 4 14 t~ • I -mttn ■ t*/i (« *<■« <»»>• <c • ■*' • 1*» l « <i«t s» •Cafr t xn 14.MUM Wkj to Ik* * Cn ».»N • * W «t~- »tk u iii' « f <Lb it' »4 »S»B.*n? H««rr-» Our |4»W »>l a>l >;'k"«iti ll U>«l* wr ii' ill.* i«U U- nnic » *d mr«l:k. *u 1 tl.e olt Mto'i ih } nmim l"-da; r irpt I'iiriv BDilrVrlojuil, i> In - a »«• »• a e is >!a ><i and comjil' li ly ili»l ■•■ it fro u ih fl ■«> lof eo.ig'ati' ii ihat aun'iabv wiidt it* wav from the Atlantic to th>- I'.ic tir slope by die ovi rlami route. 11 <i:i nJ< <mim.il y cross the plains with ti c intention of coming into the valley of l*ng t Hound, but arc prevented becau.-e there is no « g oil road over tli - Cascade mount tins, nnd th»y haye not tin* m ens »o ilt fra- the ex pense of tr iiisjiorrmti .n down tln- Colum bia river to Borland, fmni thence t" Mon ticello, and to nee oveiland to I'ugct Sound. But snmc one says, There is the Natcliess road—you have forgot ten that. By no mamiH. Tim lii»t<-ry of that so called road is this: In 1853, a train of emigrant* came up the Mississippi river nnd over ill- Natchess pa>», by the use of ropes and pnllies to get the wagon* and teams up and down iho steep declivities. Sflbsi quently «n appsopiiation was made of some 818.000 by Congress nnd expended on this roa I, under the direction of some West Point cadet, but I believe it i< no: contended by the most ar dent friend* of this carton route t'uit the road wa< much imp oved by 'his expendi ture. This road, i t coining up the eastern slope of the mountains, crosses the N'.it> chess river forty timi-s in n distance of thirty tniles, and in coming down the western A -pe eros-cs the Green river twenty-one tiim s in a distance of less than ten miles. Tin-re arc mountain streams in a narrow canon, or gorge, uf the mountain, wending their serpentine courses from bat k 10 bank, thus rendering the num berless crossing* unavoidable. No reason able amount of money, expended upon such a route, will even make a passable road. The altitude of the Notches pass is nt least 5.0 )0, and probibly 5,500, feet, wlii 0 that of Ihe Snnqunlmie piss U not more than 3.000 li-et above the level of the sea. Again, it is A linittd by all that Snoqualinie | ass is a broad val ey, from three to six niilet wide, with no 1 ecessity to rro -s and r> cioss streams. But the enemies of ihc bill, while they admit that Snoqnalinie pass is bv far the best known, me t us wiili iheo jectio'i thai the sum to raised nnd expi-ndrd is not suffici nt to accomplish the obj ct. Now I will say to those gi-nilcmen that their nlaim is qu te unnec> siary. I have the best of reasons to urge that the sum of o 94,000 will complete Ihe opening of this iotd. We have already opened twenty five mile*, at nn expense n»t exceeding one hundred dollars per mile. The diotmcH vet to be opened is about tliirty miles, which.at Ihe same cost would make $3,000 —leaving a margin of 91,000 lor contin gencies. Now we do n >t piopose, with this sum. fo make a well graded road, but we do propose and expect to make • road that emigrants can use to come into thir por tion of the conntry Tlie gentleman from Lewis thinks that the friend* of this measure have "Snoqual mi; on the brain." 1 will not qiiea ion the fact, but if be means to say that it pioilurti an unhealthy action u|mn that org<n lie is much at fault. Anv mis liv ing npon I'nget Sound who has not Bno qta »>ie as ike tniu. mar justly be MM pMtii cfb-mf w.U« a very sawll mpf ly oftha nitrtul. putting übai br kw i« »-n Me. PUce n wf sf 1 m'«y krl M« iniiMi pi! in tTrss mdt Mmmt,*.'**' Z* f re itr if 'kr Tcf .U j Ir « uartS t* M«lk —ti kau f*-t la *r» . kr l kaa tka* W*y <*■ 9+m r* » « !•§**•■ aw >■ iii ii •» '» •» «4| «a 4fc» 4t* <M» • <0 KMVK • • • «m*. lBR» 4P •*•"*■ MM «•- «■■»» •*■* «w» mmm mmo l aalM <*» «M» MMMMBft « OMB* •mt W» <» HMP IPM W- haa a araapfcaqf -A* a - ao* - • ar •rt »in ■ I *»•» |•• tmt m ".mr* *r mrnrrnm X nmt m •» mmm w mmmA m ■ wM kr ■* *» I h«'t ImM. ■ hr Ar mm •rlkt m**-4 r r t >■ «■*» *a Him A« • rr «4r*t «# U« r*f. * • «f » c »« i t«4 tkat i ■ t nJt >■ yi■ i tu *<* l «itmi> kM ut i4kr pnlir ■ l If»*u«* a •(* ia »ki- k <4* ; mi h I iur ■ ike ~-*>d to. tuttc i« W >« lk« tmm j mil- mlt. tkc iu* 4»i bo« its •Idteatc ie-|io:i-iliiliti-» lam MM itk«rn »ib!«- either to II if fu t that I Am nm of (lie lliiet representatives. who are ei p. ci-illv in ranted with tli*> du jr of l>ok ini after ihe concur .m.-nt* of 'IIInr ton county. ha ii 'J.-cpl v impressed with I hi* we'glit of r-apoiiMlnlity imposed. up-m me by ih'-se relations. mid unit vet I liny hive not net >o heavily u|hiii my mind as to cnuxc mc entirely t> forget the fact that I urn » »-» - - ul.su oii«» of (he thirty rprcsenta 1 iwt of Washington Territory, entrusted with the iionunitil*' iiud responsible, though not very lucrative, duty, of legislating for the K°"d >nd \v«lf iic of the whole IVrritory. And I will jiot for a moment allow tnysrlf to xuppjsc • hit* I express n sentsnnnt which is niit entert lined by every gentle man in this House, when I say that I owe my first duty tu tliu people nt large. Perhaps it may be thought that there ia no ouc laiau, or necessity, f.ir this declara tion of a motive which should permeate the thought.nnd poveri. the action, ofewry man who occupies a public position, let its responsibilities be what they may; yet I am confident that in view of the qutstiona tha> will in nil probability yet come up for our consideration, it can do no harm. T'lere is danger that even, with tho most lion iruble intentions, our judgm"nt may be warped, and our action really con trolled by our immediate local interests, and the threatening pressure of other ques tions t lint may come upon us having no con lection with the nutter in hand. I have endeavored to meet sing'y every proposition for l»gis at ion thnt bus bc<-u laid before ibis House, let it come from what quarter it would. In my estimation, it is not only common fairness, but it is the plaia duty to afford the triends of ev ery measure ili.it is not palp.biy wrong on i s face, every t'icility to make it as perfect as they can, before it is finally dis pos d of. Though my opinion of the Snoqiii'lmie pass project was the same four w-eks iigo that i» is to-day, I had no objection to let its friends have a fair oppoitunity to convince me that I was in error, it ouch wa« the fact. 1 will even go s<» tnr as to any, that 1 regret very much that I cannot see the project through Gov ertior Pickering's spectacles, for there is not n geutlem in in this House more deep ly impressed than myself with the fact that tlitfie is an absolute necessity for a wagon rond or a rail<o d over or through the Cascade Mountains. This proposition ia not worth dwelling on for there ia not a man, worn in, or child on thin side of the moun tains, but that believra it, and did believe it before the startling announcement in bis Excellency's Message, "that the perma nent population of the western half or Washington Territory, from the aummit of the C<isca<le Mountains to the Pacific Ocean, is about aa sparse as it waa ten ' years ago." But there are othet proposi-1 tion connected with this matter upou which ] honest men »n 'bis side of the mountains i may differ. It ia our duty first to aacer- tain which is the heat route, ud when we, I have aaaert iin«*l that tact, there is still otber enqairjr in be iade which, is wlwthrr we tis *ff <>l the eifais. that wsM be ■ nuirv MI WDRT ta 4* ANY GAWD. The , iNpMfeiMitsrtaiMri*. It ho l»w f« nar ywrs. The 8a»- |«lßMpaw ie ssi * aieaiir. Oe—ti I I *• •< 4 h.- fk inab <d TLZLTlmT'm?**Jim «n AMRM> ptfM» <fc» «aa* » «•» • 4k» mmm * - «*» <*«■» a»— <aa— —w"eT - - *» * • r *- iT^Mulw *•* «^| <» ft MM aw i »TV « *.. I fava* *r- *Mi M pmm mi »« li W ;w ew* a p^M. •ireMe a*M W -KoM apaa ik !yia at* hare m+4y tm M •vet tWm Tbet* ataaM W i tbataagk riaawMf It fur Ibr ripnx par, mm by !iW qitliird by rdacau-* ud espari eacc t<> jntf, aad wbra tb»y bare -4t »l»e examination. and d- ter mined tba rda ; lative merit* «>f the wwil |*<m«, »«• will eiprct lo hiTi' mme reason why onr paaa ia batter than another, before we < xpend our money upon it more definite than bit fXctU ncyV acertion that "it baa Iwe.i i reliable that very near th« topographical centre of Washington Ter ritory titer** is a dt ep and bro id valley : clenr through the whole width of theCaa- ' cade Mountains." If I am correctly in formed the Summit of ;hia valley,if vnlleya havo summits, is at least five thousand feet above the sea—a considerable eleva tion in some c itintries. Our informatinn upon this matter ia very meagre, yet we have aonie authority which is directly in point. I refer to the report of Commission ers Farm sworth, who was nppointed by •ho Legislature to cxnmine Snoqual mie and Natches, for the express pic poso of ascertaining which ot them could be madH the most useful, by the expendi ture of four thousand dollars. It is well known that he decided in favor of the Natches route. Mr. Fames worth is a surveyor, and ho mi.de the examination. I do not wish to as* bis testimony for tlm purpose of proving a single point more than he intended to prove, or th..n he had authority to decide, which was, '-which of the two j.asscs could be made the mo*t practical fur wagons with four tlious*n;l dollars." With such observation as I was enabled to make in passing over the Natchess pass once, lam inclinei to be- lieve that if the commissioners had been instructed to examine mid report, which of the two passe* cou'd I e m de prassable for wagons with four or five thousand dol lars th it, man ot few words na be is upon the subject, his report wuuld have been still more laconic, and the tingle worn neither, would have answered h a pur pose. I hold that the commissioner de cision is the best and safest anthority we have upon the subject, and thnt we can not without reflecting upon him, or upon the wisdom of the last Legislature, repu diate the commissioners and hia deci-i m. by doing without further inquiry, tho very act thst he co umends us not to do. Mr. Heckert aaid : Mr. Speaker: Divesting thia question of all sectional feeling or views, and it commends itself to all just-minded men, who have the interest of the Territory at heart. We have in the weatern and north western parti of thia Territory large tracts of frtile lands which should be settled, and consequently we moat hold out «f* flcient inducements to emigraata from the Eastern States. What constitute* an in ducement ? A great Territorial highway from the Eastern to the western border of our Territory. lam aatiafied that thia road will traverse a rich and fertile region, which in a few ye >rs will amply repay as for the outlay. It ie n lamentable feet, that we, by oar ho itation In making aat laya for Mads, enconraga emigrants la leave oar fair Territory, and compel the* to take'he Colombia rim at Walla WaNa if they wiab to aetd* in ike wiafcwi p* tiaa of tkia T ii»tai|. feohy fWjH !uTfoteiL «e