Newspaper of The Washington Standard, 29 Mart 1873, Page 1

Newspaper of The Washington Standard dated 29 Mart 1873 Page 1
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IMiitQtoii VOL. XIII-NO. 21. j? tan toil 13 ISSUED EVEIt* SATURDAY MORNING BT JOHN MILLER MURPHY, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. tidbieriptlon Rate* ■ For annum S3 •• six months - •••■» * 00 Ad«*rtl*lnff Rate» i One square, one insortion ?2 00 K»cli additional insertion 1 00 Dullness cards, per quarter 5 00 •• " annum 15 00 C7~ A liberal doduction will be made in fa vor of those who advertise four squares.Jor upwards, by the year. Lrtgal notices will bo charged to the at torney or otlloer authorizing their insertion. 0."7~ Advertisements sent from a distance and transient notices, must be accompanied 4iv the cash. Qr7" Announcements of births, marriages Mud deaths, inserted free of charge. (17" Obit liar v notices, or "poetry" amend ed to marriages or deaths, will he churned one-half our regular advertising rates. We will not hereafter deviate from this rule. IT7- Blanks. Billheads, Cards, Catalogues, Circulars. Hills of Fare, Posters, Pamphlets lVogrammcs, Ac., printed at reasonable rates Opfick— Corner of Second and Washington Streets. HT/.NI>IMI WALKINO ANI> LYING. —Some interesting facts regarding standing, walking and lying down are grouped in u lecture by Professor Burt (r. Wilder. In inn n the great toe is the essential part of the foot in standing and walk ing. In the ape this is a thumb stand ing out from the side of the foot, and has no power of supporting or propel ling. Tho ape cannot carry himself erect. But put man on all fours like an ape, and tho enormous disadvantage appears at once. head hangs as a great weight, with no adequate muscle to support it. The curve of the back is such that the knees touch the mound and we have to raise the thighs in order to make the feet touch the ground. Man'f foot is called a plantigrade foot —that is, it has the whole sole dat upon the ground. One other animal, the bear, has a plantigrade foot, but he uses it in a different fashion; he lilts the whole foot together and puts it down tlit, while man strikes with the heal tirst and rolls forward upon each toe alternately. The erect attitude is maintained only l»v a constant though unconscious con trol of the muscles of the leg by the brain. The length of a man is greater when he is lying flat than his height when he is standing. In the former c.tso the body stretches itself. A man is shorter when standing on one foot alone. He is shorter again when walk in,'. For this reason, ladfes' skirts wliich just clear the ground when they are standing, drag on the pavement as soon as they begin to walk. DRINKING WATER. —Wine drinking is a linbit; HO is drinking spirits, file, cider, coffee and water. The latter is a nec essity, but to drink much is n habit. Some people drink little, not because their constitutions require less than others—it is their habit. These people never perspire HO much ns those who drink more. The more that is drank, the more water passes away, or the system would suffer. As it is, the strain affects it. The skin, the kidneys, bowels, lungs, are all drawn upon. The result is, as may naturally lie ex pected, exhaustion. For this reason, the man who drinks much water, par ticularly during the summer and in the hotest weather, is less able to endure fatigue. The water is of no benefit to him—that is, the excess. It must pass away, and this requires an eftoit of the system, which is the sweating process. Had he not the excess of water, he would not have perspired so; it would not have been there for the system to expel. It is a habit to drink so much; a false thirst is created. The habit of drinking more will soon be overcome, and the person will feel much stronger, and more capable of bearing fatigue. In winter, little fluid is needed, beyond what our food furnishes; in summer, some more, but not much.— County Gentleman. AN ANCIENT Fnoo.—While the work men were engaged in sinking a vertical shaft at the Black Diamond Coal Com pany's mine in Mount Diablo, recently, they came upon a frog at the depth of 172 feet. It was imbedded in a solid sandstone, so that the impression of its form was perfect upon the rock around it, but nevertheless, was alive and lived for twelve hours after its extraction. The President of the Company now has it, and will present it to the Academy of Sciences. #Qr A Japanese ten-cent note is thus described: the note is made of heavy yellow silk paper, about two and one half by one and one-half inches, and is printed in black with " tea-chest let ters" in a very tasteful manner. Upon one end is stuck a peculiarly shaped adhesive stamp, printed in purple, with a curious arabesque design in which the words " Imperial Treasury of Japan" (in English) are frequently repeated. Three seals are imprinted on the note in red ink. dkvotmd to new* Munci. th DiMUiNATioN or sum information AKB rmm raoMoraoM ot<«H am intkrbsts or wunmmii nnrtotr. OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, SATURDAY MORNING, MARCH 29, 1873. RAISING AN IRRELEVANT ISSUE. The Credit Mobilier scamps cunning ly endeavored to divert public attention from the true issue, by contriving to get themselves abused by the newspa pers for having puchased stock in a company for or against whose interests they might be called upon to legislate, which gave them an opportunity to show, as they easily could, that it would be absurd uiid unjust to place a legisla tor under any such restrictions; and while the fight on that irrelevant issue went on, in which they, of course, got the best of it, the pubiic forgot the es sence of their crime, which was not the buying of stock in a legitimate company, but the being connected with a compa ny conceived in sin, born in inquity and conducted for fradulent purposes. Not one of these men was the unsuspecting innocent he would have the public be lieve. Thev all knew, without being told, that an honestly conducted com pany, organized for honest purposes, would not have let them had stock far below the market rate, and handed them over, shortly after, immense divi dends—in some cases, actually before the stock was paid for. We would not be understood, on any consideration, to l>e attacking these men because they are Republicans. No one who has watched the evidence in the investigations can have failed to see that Brooks is as deep in the mud as the others are in the mire, and that he deserved to be punished just as much as they did. Certainly it is not our fault that, with a single exception, these fellows arc all Administration men, and that many of them have been re-elected to Congress by their beef he.uled constituents. That's what's the matter —the re-election of so many of them. If we could look forward to being able to say t >them on to-morrow, giving each of them a parting kick as a reminder, " Go; your term of office lias expired, and thank Heaven the country will no longer l>c cursed by your malign influence," it might not be worth while to devote so much time and space to their misdeeds. But, unfortu nately, the contrary is the case; for is not Garfield, theci-drrant, "Reverend" Garfield, if we mistake not —the Gar field who wept bitter tears when his conn:ction with the huge swindle was first discovered —not tears of repent ance ut his misdeeds, but of fear for the consequences of their discovery—is not this Garfield, who abjectly and piteous ly begged Ames to "letup on him," pleading with desperate eloquence his poverty, the strong temptation, his ex treme youth and inexperience—is not this Garfield— the Garfield now Chair man of the House Committee, which decides how and to what extent the people's money shall be expended—is not this Garfield, we ask, a member elect of the Forty-third Congress, and likely, by the grace of Blaine, which passeth nil understanding, to be con tinued two years more in the important chairmanship he now holds ? Is not the insincere, and fourth-rate man, and mouthing demagogue Dawes, whom Massachusetts lias already in flicted upon the country for sixteen years, and who, also, by the grace of Blaine, is now Chairman of the Com mittee of Ways and Means—is he not also saddled upon us for two years more. Has not that perfection of mediocrity, Kelley, of Pennsylvania, also by the grace aforesaid, Chairman of the Com mittee on the reorganization of the Civil Service—has not he also been re-elect ed by the pig-iron men of Pennsylvania their attorney on the floor of the House ? Has not Hooper, of Massachusetts, another of Blaiue's chairman of com mittee, and Blaine, himself, both mixed up in this Credit Mobilier business, and both intimates of the Massachusetts philanthopist, Ames—have not both of these been re-elected to legislate for us? Is not that professor of all the Chris tian • irtucs, the eminently pious and template Henry Wilson, our Vice- President and possible President, one of the most favored protege H of the bountiful Ames ? Are there not a doz en other sweet-scented patriots of the Credit Mobilier persuasion, in both Houses, most of them connected with leading committees, whose lease of power extends during another session. Hence proceed these tears. The carpet-baggers in Congress stand each three inches higher in his stocking feet since this expose. They had been regarded and treated as no account men, and snubbed officially and socially, especially by the New England Republicans. But mutatix mutandis. The moßt obscure carpet-bagger now nods patronizingly at Dawes, curls his lip at Garfield, ana looks disdainfully at Kelley.— S. P. Eramincr. It is the opinion of the Cincin nati Gazette that the Senate Committee swallowed a camel and strained at a gnat when it recommended the expul sion of Senator Patterson and white washed Senator Harlan, who " had taken SIO,OOO from the Pacific Railroad Company to use to promote his eletion to the Senate, while he was Secretary of the Interior." THE INAUGURAL FEED. A Washington correspondent gives the following account of the prepara tions for the supper at the Inauguration Ball: The cooking was done by Professor Torhillon, who for many years acted as chef de cumne at Delmonico's, and who, because of his great capacity and benevolent face, is regarded as the Father of Society of Cooks in this city. His establishment on Sixth Avenue, where the supper Was prepared, has during the past week presented a most curious appearance. Counters, tables, shelves, books and every available place on which anything could be laid or nung was occupied by viands of all kinds. Here was a mountain of boned turkeys, there another of pate* of all kinds. Barrels, boxes and packaffes covered the floor, while the mighty maUre de cuitniie struted about giving directions and occasionally indulging in a laugh which made the jellies and ornaments shake in emulation of his own cheeks. But look on this FORMIDABLE ARRAX. Which has been forwarded to Wash ington : 10,000 fresh oysters. S.OOO senllo|H'd oysters. 8,000 pickled oysters. 65 lstned turkeys of twelve pounds each. 75 roast turkeys, about twelve pounds each. 15'J roast capons, stuflfed with truffles. 15 saddles of mutton, about one hundred pounds each. 40 pieces spiced beef, forty pounds each. 200 dozen quails, larded anil roasted, 100 game pates, fifty pounds each. 300 tongues, ornamented with jelly. 200 hams ornamented with icllv. 30 salmon, baked Montpeller butter, 100 chickens chatiil et froid. 400 iKirtridges (Washington style.) 25 hoar's heads. stalled and ornamented. 40 |>ates de foie gras, ten pounds each. 2,000 head-chess sandwiches. 3,000 ham sandwiches. 3,000 beef-tongue sandwiches. 1,500 bundles celery. So barrels salad. 2 barrels lettuce. 350 chickens boiled for salad. 2,000 |M>unds lobsters boiled for salad. 1 barrel of beets. 2,500 loaves of bread. 8,000 rolls. 24 eases l'rlnco Albert crackers. 1,000 pounds of butter. 600 Charlotte russes. l'« ]>ounds each. 200 molds wine jelly. 200 molds blane mange. 300 gallons ice cream, assorted. 200 gallons ices assorted. 100 pounds mixed cakes. 150 large cakes, ornamented. 60 large pyramids, assorted. 25 barrels' Malaga grapes. 15 cases oranges. 5 barrels apples. 400 pounds mixed candies. 10 boxes raisins. 200 |totinds shelled almonds. 800 gallons tea. 100 gallons chocolate. THE COST. Besides these there were oil, vinegar, lemons, and trimmings of all sorts. It may seem superfluous to send beets and boar's heads to Washington, but they have been so trimmed up that those of the human species, that might come under the genus " beat" or " bore," could scarcely recognize those which have passed under Torliillon's manipu lation. The cost of all this it is as yet diffi cult to determine. For the baking and preparing alone SI,OOO, and for the hire of ti ic dishes, $5,200 (with breakage and duinage to be made good) have been paid. Thirty men will be engaged in arranging the tables from this time un til Wednesday night, and it is supposd that some 15,000 or '20,000 men and women will bo occupied a few hours in demolishing all the tables may contain. EMPHASIS.— Some years ago there was a student at the Theological Seminary at Andover who had an excellent opin ion of his talents. On one occasion he asked the professor who taught elocu tion at the time, " What do I specially need to learn in this department?" " You ought first to learn to read," said the professor. " Oh! I can read now," replied the student. The professor handed the young man a Testament, and pointing to the 25th verse of the 24th chapter of Luke's gospel asked him to read that. The student: "Then he said unto them, O fools and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken." " Ah," said the professor, " they were fools for believing tlie proph ets, were they ?" Of course that was not right, and so the young man tried agaiu. " O fools, and slow of heart to believe nil that the prophets have spoken." "The prophets then were sometimes liars ?" asked the professor. " No. ' O fools and slow of heart to believe all that the proj)het« have spokeu'." " According to this read ing," the professor suggested, "the prophets were notorious liars." This was not a satisfactory conclusion, so another trial was made. "O, fools, and slow of heart, to believe all that the prophets ham «poken." " I see now," said the professor, " the prophets wrote the truth, but they njtoke lies." This last criticism discouraged the stu

dent, and he acknowledge]) that he did not know how to read. The difficulty lies in the fact that the words " slow of heart to believe" apply to the whole of the sentence, and emphasis on any particular word entirely destroys the meaning.— Nevcberyport Herald. ty One may live as a conqueror, a king, or a magistrate; but he must die as a man. 5 A HEW HOMESTEAD LAV Washihgtoh, March 4th. Senator Pyerov'a bill to secure homesteads to awal settlers oil the public domain, wfich passed the Senate last year, pdbsed the House yesterday. It is one of the most important measures con cluded by the present Congress. It practically annuls the pre-emption law, With provisions for a commutation of the time required for the settlement and occupation of public lands. Sections 10 to 15 inclusive of the pre-emption Act of 1861 and the Acts amendatory thereof were repealed; aho the home stead Act of 1862, the Acts amendatory thereof, and the Act for the disposition of lands in Alabama, Mississippi, Lou isiana, Arkansas and Florida, of 1866. Section 2 preserves the provisions of the pre-emption Act as to personal qual ifications and the amount of land to be acquired, and authorizes settlers on unappropriated public lands not miner al, coal or saline, to enter lands covered by settlement not exceeding one quarter section held at the minimum price of $1 25, or eighty acres of lands neld at 250 per acre. Section 3 provides that application shall be made within two months after settlement, or from the receipt of the township plat at the dis trict land office; affidavit to be made similar to that of the old pre-emption land law; the certificate or patent not to be issued until after the expiration of five years from the date of five years from the date of settlement. Section 5 provides that parties owning and re siding upon public lands at the date of this Act, may enter adjoining unappro priated lands which in the aggregate, with the land already owned and occu pied, shall not exceed one hundred and sixty acres of the minimum land, or proportionately less of the double min imum lands—a residence upon the ad joining farm not being required, but its use and improvement in good faith. Section 7 provides that lands so ac quired shall not be liable for debts con tracted prior to the issue of the certifi cates. Section 9 provides for the continuance of homestead rights in the wife after abandonment of the hus band. Section 10 provides that only one entry under this Act shall be made; Erovided, that no person shall be de nrred on account of benefits received from the old pre-emption law, except ing in case where such pre-emption has been consumated under the homestead laws. Section 14 allows a commutation of the five years settlement by payment after eighteen months instead of six, as did the old law. Section 16 recognizes the right of joint entry in accordance with tlie late ruling of the department of the Interior. Section 17 allows the entry of tracts not exceeding forty acres for mechanical, commercial or manu facturing purpose, upon proof of the fact of occupancy for one year's time, for which application shall be made the same as in other cases. Section 18 pre serves the old provision as to double minimum prices. The Act takes effect January Ist 1873. STOP AND WEIGH. —One morning an enraged countryman, came into Mr. M 's store with very angry looks, He left a team in the street, and had a stick in his hand. " Mr. M——says the angry coun tryman, " I bought a paper of nutmegs here in your store, and when I got home they were more than half wal nuts; and that's the young vijlian that I bought 'em of," pointing to John. " John," said Mr. M , "did you sell this man walnuts for nutmegs?" " No sir," was the reply. " You lie, you little viliian!" said the countryman/still more enraged by his assurance. "Now, look here," said John; "if you had taken the trouble to weigh your nutmegs, you would have found that I put in the walnuts gratis." '' Oh! you gave them to me, did you?" "Yes, sir. I threw in a handful for the children to crack," said John, laugh ing at the same time. " Well, now, if that ain't a young scamp!" said the countryman, bis fea tures relaxing into a grin as be saw through the matter. Much hard talk and bad blood would be saved if people would nlop to weigh thing* before they blame others. " Think twice before you speak once," is an ex cellent motto. How TO ASCERTAIN THE HEIOIIT or A TREE. —When a tree stands so that the length of its shadow can be measured, the height of the tree may be readily ascertained as follows: Seta stick up right near the termination of the shad ow of the tree. Mark the extremity of the shadow of the stick and also of the tree. Then as the length of the stick's shadow is to the stick, so is the length of the tree's shadow to the height of the tree. _ssy A merchant's daughter at Co lumbus, Ohio, kicked off a young man's hat the other day becanse h<S sat down in her parlor with that article of wear ing gear upon hia head. She used her foot instead of her hand because she happened to be carrying an armful of wood. A SUCCESSFUL DODGE. We had a visit from a book-peddling female last week. She wished to dis pose of a book. She was alone in the world, mud had no one whom she could turn for sympathy or assistance, hence we should buy her book. She was un married, and had no manly heart in which she could pour her sufferings; therefore we ought to invest in her book. She had received a liberal edu cation and could talk Fench like a na tive; we could not in consequence re fuse to pay her two dollars for a book. She wanted to take lessons in music from a learned German professor, con sequently we must not decline buying a book, We had listened attentively, and here broke in with, " What do you say? We're deaf." She started in a loud voice and went through her rig marole. When she had finished we went and got a roll of paper and made it into a speaking trumpet, placed one end in our ear and told her to proceed, She nearly burst a blood vessel in her frantic efforts to make herself heard. She commenced: "lam alone in the world." "It doesn't make the slight est difference to us. We are not alone; in fact, we are a husband and father. Although this is leap year, bigamy is not allowed in this State. We are not eligible to proposals." "Ohl what a fool this man is, she said in a low tone; then at the top of her voice, " I don't want to many you. I want —to —sell —a —b-o-o-k!" This last sentence was howled. "We don't want a cook," we blandly remarked; our wife doeß the cooking, and she wouldn't allow as good-looking a woman as you are to stay in the house five minutes. She's very jealous." She looked at us in de spair. Gathering her rol>es her, and giving us a glance of contempt, she ex claimed, "I do believe if a three-hun dred pounder were let off alongside that blamed old deaf fool's head he'd think somebody was knocking at the door," and slung herself out and slammed the door with a vehemence awakened our office boy, who can sleep sound enough for a whole family. When she was gone we indulged in a demoniac laugh. She isn't likely to try to sell us a book any more.— Figaro. AIR GCNS. —Probably the most per fect air guns in the world are those made in London for the use of British poachers. As they make no smoke, and consequently no smell, they nre not so easily detected as firearms when used in game preserues. It is a mis take, however, to suppose that they make no noise. When charged, so as to produce the effects above described, the report is quite sharp—fully as sharp as that produced by gunpowder. When lightly charged, the report is of course diminished; but the force with which the bullet is projecled is nlso propor tionately lessened, and so is the recoil. As a weapon for secret assassination, therefore, the air gun does not possess much advantage over a good rifle-cane. Few persons are aware, however, of the slight charge of power or air that is necessary to produce a fatal wound at short distances. Experience teaches us that a bullet that will go through a half-inch board will kill a man if it strikes him in a vital and not well pro tected part. Now a bullet can be pro jected from a rifle with a force sufficient to pierce such a board at twelve paces, by means of a charge of powder not greater than that which will lie on a silver three-cent; and provided the charge be ignited quietly, as by a pill lock, the noise of the explosion will not attract the attention of persons who are sixty yards distant. The small pis tols in common use p make very little noise, except when discharged in con fined places; and yet, if the ball should strike a vital part, death may be caused instantaneously by a wound from them. The only advantages poassessed by the air gun are its perfect cleanliness and the fact that the parts are not liable to be corroded and rusted. It never re quires cleaning; but the labor of charg ing the condenser may be fairly offset against the labor of clearing ordinary fire-arms after they have been used. A FAILURE. —It is said that "cumula tive" voting has proved a failure in Ill inois, and an amendment to the State Constitution has been offered in the Legislature abolishing the new system ana providing for a return to the old plan. It is urged against cumulative voting that it increases the expense of elections, facilities cheating in count ing, gives greater power to the caucus by enabling combinations to be formed for securing the control of elections, and that under certain conditions it might be so managed as to leave ma jorities unrepresented giving the entire representation to minorities. ry Thfl monument in Greenwood Cemetery to the memory of Alice and Phoebe Cary has been completed. It is a simple base, and with die, and cap and polished shields of Quincy granite. ty The Rhode Island Legislature has repealed the law forbidding the marriage of whites with negroes, Indi ans or mulnttoes. WHOLE NO. 640. UNHAPPY EXPE&IEIOE OP AI ATM- CAN CHIEF. Max Adeler says: We referred some time ago to the case of the African ebief who had made for him in London an umbrella with ribs forty feet long, and a handle like a telegraph pole. The chieftain estimated that when he got tliat-umbrella out among hi* native wilds, and spread it all of a sudden whenever a shower came up, he would make rival monaichs turn blue with envy and strike awe to tbe souls of his subjects. Well, he has been practis ing with it it in the of his na tive jungle for the past six months, and he is now thoroughly convinced that human happiness is likely to be an un substantial mockery when it is founded upon umbrellas, or upon anything else this side of tne silent grave. The first time it began to rain, after the parasol arrived, the chief gave orders for the machine to be opened, so that he could go out and enjoy himself. The task of raising the umbrella occupied two days, and by that time the weather cleared up. Then the chief commanded the umbrella to be closed. Two days more were spent in this effort: and, just as the catch snapped on the handle, a thunder shower came up; and it rained all day. Then the chieftain was mad. He called upon the medicine man, and was informed by that official that it would certainly rain day after to-mor row. So the umbrella was ordered up again. There was about thirty-six or thirty-seven showers while the myrmi dons were struggling with the monster, and just as it was fairly open the sun came out with terrific force. And then it stayed out. There was not a drop of rain, nor as much as a cloud in the sky, for one hundred and seventy-seven days, aud the African potentate snorting around mad as fury all the time. At the end of that period the chieftain went out, and killed his medicine man with a boomerang, and ordered the um brella down. The very next morning it began to rain, and it has been raining ever since. The friends of the Lord of the umbrella have advised him to com mit suicide, and he thinks he will. THE FIRST CAKPET.— An old preacher tells the following anecdote of himself. It occurred some sixty or seventy years ago. He had been raised in the back woods, and knew but little of the ways of the world. Having been admitted into Conference, he was sent to a cir cuit and upon a certain occasion was in* vited to dine with a wealthy man. Carpets were not near so common then as thev are now. Most people had their doors scoured very clean, and nice white sand sprinkled over them. Sometimes an extra touch was given the floor by sprinkling black sand about in streaks and figures over the white. This wealthy man, with whom the young preacher was to dine, however, had a carpet, but it was not large enough to cover the floor, so there was a strip all round the room, about the width of a chair. It was the first carpet the preach er had ever seen, and he thought it would not do to step on it, so he took a seat near the wall, and drew his feet around on each side of his chair so &A not to touch it. After awhile a servant came in, and, spreading down a piece of linen, in the middle of the room* placed the dining table on it. The preacher was greatly troubled; he did not know how he was to get from the naked place he sat to the piece of linen where the table stood. He knew that he could jump it if he had a fair chance} but how he was to manage with the chair between his feet he did not know. Bat then the thing must be done some way. So when dinner was announced he rose from his chair, and summoning all his energies made a desperate leap, and to his great joy made the trip in safety. SSC Imperious fashion has instituted a new change in the manner of leaving calling cards. Turn down the left end of your calling card and you intimate that your call is intended "for all in the house." The lower left corner turned down means " farewell." The lower right means "congratulations." The upper right means " two in the house," and the upper left means " oon dolence." By this means an almost new language is created and the various sentiments of the human heart are ex* pressed easily and uniquely. The BaKk of Exolaxd. —The Bank of England covers five acres of ground, and employs nine hundred clerks. There are no windows on the street. Light is admitted through open courts. No mob could take the bank, therefore, without cannon to batter the immense walls. The clock in the center of the bank has fifty dials attached to it. Large cisterns Ore sunk in the oourt, and engines in perfect order are always in readiness in case of fire. This bank was incorporated in 1494. Capital $90,- 000,000. S3T A native of New Jersey who wrote to the editor of a Nebraska paper inquiring what kind of houses people live in in that State, was informed tout the houses were built out of doors, and so low between the joints that the chimney stuck through the roof.

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