Newspaper of The Washington Standard, May 3, 1873, Page 2

Newspaper of The Washington Standard dated May 3, 1873 Page 2
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Our Ajr*nf* K IV As<iU. K<«»m* J1 Mrrvhnnts' I'vliiitii:*** 4'iilif «rnm Siivot Sin Kr.un*i»«r*». Air.Kirr MKNI-TT I I'«rv I: •«. N,W York, .s. M. I'KlTl ,\<> I 1.1. A i'u.. .17 l'.uk Il'iw. Sow York. OLVIPII. SATIRDVV lIiEMVG. MM 3. IS7S. THE MODOO WAR. It oppears that tlio savage conflict in Lava IV,Is is not yet ended. The har rowing details of slaughter will be found in our news columns. The insignificant tril>e engaged, numbering less than 2.10 persons, frgin the peculiar strength of their stronghold, have created a greater sensation throughout the country than has ever before attended savage warfare. What will make it nioro memorable than other conflicts of like nature, will be the futile efforts of the Peace Com- mission, and the lamented death of (Jen. Canby and Rev. Dr. Thomas, while engaged iwpromoting the inter-, ests of peace and the welfare of the ■ treacherous savages. i In tracing the progress of events, as We gather it from the published ac counts, we have founded our own con clusions as to where the responsibility rests for this sacrifice of life in the in forests of peace and humanity, and the | effort of a great and magnanimous. nation to avoid a war of extermination j upon a weak people, however degraded and uncivilized they may have been. The appointment of the Peace Com mission, while necessary to satisfy the j demands of those who lielieve the In- 1 dians are mistreated by the border peo-1 pie. was an ill-advised policy, composed as it was of men against whom the In dians had, or fancied they had, cause of grave complaint. Mr. Meacham had been Superintendent at the time the Modocs left the reservation, and know ing him to l>e superior in authority to the ageutf against whom they had made specific complaints, lie was very naturally a recipient of a share of their distrust. Mr. Applegate was a relative of the agent of the same name who was on the reservation at the time, against whom they held the most bitter animosity, and until Mr. Steele made his first visit to the Lava Beds, they supposed him to be the identical per son. This appears to have been the reason why thev refused to communi cate with any body but Judge Rose borough and Mr. Steele, men tlicy had known for many years, and in whom they reposed the most implicit con fidence. Judge Roseborongh was fin ally added to the Commission and Mr. Steele invited to assist them and to bear the peace proposition to the Indi ans. This mission the latter gentleman willingly accepted, believing there was but little risk in dealing with the Indi ans when he could bear to them a promise of protection and removal be yond the influence of those who they regarded as their foes. The proposition carried to the Lava Beds appeared to meet with the hearty approbation of all the Indians, and but for the illness of Capt. Jack, might have resulted in a permanent peace. As it was, a delegation was sent to the Commissioners, at army headquar ters, and although the Commissioners reiterated the promises of Mr. Steele, all friendly feeling was dissipated by the Indians becoming pware of the ac tion of the Jacksonville Grand Jury and the protest of the Governor of Or egon. These circumstances excited their suspicions and ifiduced the belief that treachery —their own peculiar char acteristic, when dealing with enemies —was intended. This is shown by their change of manner towards Mr. Steele, on his visit to the Lava Beds a second time, with " Bill Dad," the correspond ent of the S. F. Chronicle, when they threatened his life, and would probably have carried their threat into execution but for the interference of Scarfaced Charley. Up to that that time, even Capt. Jack seems to have been inclined to peace, while those who had been to the camp of the whites were sullen, threatening and extravagant in their demands. Capt. Jack appears to have been only forced to adopt their views after having had a squawks hat placed upon his head, a means of reproach that cannot be endured by any Indian who expects to remain chief among his people. The next morning he made a strong war speech, and although per mitting the messengers to return, he was evidently determined to injure the whites in every possible way. His first act was in keeping with the savage instinct, to destroy those he regarded as the lead ers of the force against them. In doing BO they were doubtless influenced by their peculiar idea that the death of the principal chiefs destroys unity action and deals the most fatal blow to their enemies. In view of these facts, it would ap pear that the hasty action of the Jack sonville Grand Jury, the protest of the Governor to the Peace Commissioners, together with tin 1 ti.rcit" published by main of the Oregon ja;>cr*. all of whic-U wi re reported t«» tin Indians.h*d lunch to do in (.Imping the erenti led tr> the struggle «>f desp« ration. While everybody "° w expect* th'- < i overturn nt to maintain the most severe retaliatory measures, and to extermi nate if necessary the savages who have delilnTutely invited their own destruc tion, what terms of censure will fitly apply to those wlioby their intemperate acts have precipitated the conflict and contributed directly to the great loss the country has sustained! It upponrs as if some of the Oregon press—the IhtUeliii, for instance—fairly rejoiced over the massacre of the Peace Com missioners. as a circumstance that would shaj>e affairs Recording to their preconceived ideas of proppriety. Such a course could not possibly effect a change in any other way. Whether the " peace policy" is proper or not, it has been demanded by the humanitarian ideas that control popular sentiment w here Indian habits are but imperfectly understood. The Government could not resist the clamor for mercy, unless ' it was shown that a peace could not be secured in that manner. That delusion is dispelled, although at a fearful sac rifice, and the end is not yet. DKATH OF LI: WIS p. BEACH.— The news of the sudden death of Mr. Beach will cause a thrill of pain wherever he is known. A few days ago, he returned from Washington in apparently good health, and in the full vigor of manly strength. An attack of pluro-pneurno ni i, however, prostrated him on a bed of sickness from which he never recov ered. He was born at Seneca Falls, N. Y., July 15th, 1833, and came to this coast in 1819, and to this Territory in 1861. His pursuits since he Came to the Territory have been various—log ging, ranching, farming, printing and surveying—in all of which he manifested much industry, zeal and ability. At the time of his death he was Surveyor- General of this Territory, a position seldom attained except through special merit. The remains of Mr. Beach were interred in the Masonic Cemetery, on Thursday last, under tho auspices of the temperance lodges, of which he was an honored member, a large can course of citizens, in carriages and on foot, joining in the procession to the grave. ♦ THK WORLD'S "NEW DEPARTUM/V- The New York World of April 22d, in a long article on the Democratic pary says: " We court the fellowship of all genuine free traders. We scorn politi cal association with any protectionist. Every citizen who is unequivocally for free trade is a good enough associate for us. No protectionist can be a Dem ocrat. We stake all our hope on mak ing the Democratic an out-and-out, thick and thin aggressive, if you please intolerent, free trade party, subordinat ing all issues to this, and thereby draw ing to itself all citizens who have a true appreciation of this great principle." We haven't much fuith in this one plank platform. LYNCHING AT TACOMA.—A half-breed named Louis Moroe was killed by an Indian named Shell, at McKay's bouse, Tacoma, on the 17th inst., by cutting a fearful gash in his head with an axe, and a few hours afterward was hung by the infuriated citizens. We can but regret this summary action, however appalling the deed that prompted it. The laws, administered through the proper officers, should l>e the reliance of our people. The reputation of a community suffers in proportion tq the frequency of such lawless however much circumstances may seem to justify them. OtYMriA SCHOOL. —The Olympia Dis trict School will not be resumed, at present, the remainder of the school funds not being sufficient to defray the expenses of another quarter. Miss Patterson will, however, open a private school, in the district school house, and receive pupils at a moderate charge for tuition. She is thoroughly competent, and will doubtless retain most of the scholars that have attended the district school. MAY-DAY. The picnic excursions into the country, contemplated by the Sabbath School scholars, and their pa rents and friends, werfc postponed, in consequence of the death of one of our citizens. We understand that Thurs day next is the day generally selected for the excursion. t&" A new steamer named the Dais v Ainm-orih was launched at The Dalles, on 22d ult. She is designed for service on the Upper Columbia, and is onfe of the neatest and most powerful boats on the river. Her length over all is 203 feet and she has 28 feet beam. Grant is " swinging around the circle" in Colorado. He is tired of loaf ing at Long Branch, and intends to vary his recreations by a Summer's frolic in the interior. • AN ERRONEOUS IDEA. it is an error of judgment for any- IM.IV to SIIPPOM- t)mt the publisher of id oewspa|>crs are more intei-ested in inducing immigration than anybody else. In nine cages out of t«ut ftiey have lets interest in the local prosperity tin ir efforts arc calculated to promote, than almost any other member of it. Printing offices are movable property; and can be transferred to a different field of oppcrations if starved out in the one where they have cast theft lot. This train of thought is suggested by the request made a few days ago, in bo half of a gentleman drawing one of the fatteftt of Mtliuieu, for a .donation of half a dozen copies of each of our town newspapers to send abroad. Tom, Dick and Harry have friends too; they would like to send papers to them, and from their meagre day's wages can and do afford to pay for many copies, not sup posing for an instant that it would be proper to beg a newspaper any more than a spool of thread, a paper of need les, a drink of whisky or any other commodity held at an equal value. It is generally the "high-toned'* gentry who practice wtyit is vulgarly known as " bumming," and being men of com mon-sense, we must attribute it more to thouglitfulness than any other cause. It is the duty of the press to preach a sermon sometimes, when occasion re quires and a reform is demanded, as in this cape, and we do not shirk the duty, liecause it may be an unpalatable dose we are compelled to prescribe. The jwtient's health is a paramount object, and must lie preserved even though his most sensitive feelings are wounded. Let it be borne in mind, that the news paper man is not .111 emigrant agent, with a sincure salary; that every copy of this paper has a specific value to him, and generally more labor and money has been bestowed upon it than he asks in return; that if his journal is worth asking for at all, or the cost of postage as a missionary abroad, it is worth the price asked for it. Equality is our text; exact justice the doctrine we desire to inculcate. Wealth or station are, in themselves, entitled to no special privileges, and the hardy sons of toil ask none for which they are not ready and willing to return an equivalent. k INDIAN HOSTILITIES. —It appears that the Indians on the Yakima, are becom ing more insolent every day, and ft let ter of Mr. Lockwood, published in the Portland Herald, states that the Indi ans had driven oil' cattle belonging to AVm. Miller, who lives near Cock's Fer ry, and the settlers are moving into Walla "Walla for safety. Dispatches re received after the publication of this let ter corroberate these statements and indicate that the savages have fully made up their minds for war. It is reported that one of the citizens had been killed, but the report needs con firmation. The Government should at once send a sufficient military force to this coast to make " good Indians" of all hostile bands, or authorize a boun ty for scalps, and allow individual en terprise to conquer a lasting peace. DEATH OF EX-GOV. PICKERING..— -The Seattle Intelligencer says " Hon. A. A. Denny received a telegram a few da3*s since, dated Grayville, Illinois, April 22d, announcing the death of ex-Gov. Pickering. Mr. Fickering was appoint ed Governor of this Territory by Pres ident Lincoln, but, after a short term, resigned. On the appointment of his successor he moved out to his farm at Squak, in this county, and, after stop ping there a short time, returned to Illinois. The deceased, who was a kind hearted, energetic man, universally respected, was over seventy years of age at the time of his death, f. His son, Dr. William Pickering, i» still a resi dent of this Coirutv." SETTLED. —The contested election ease between John O'Kane and the Repub lican nominee for Auditor, in Clarke county, has, we are pleased to learn, been decided in favor of Mr. O'Kane. His opponent was counted in through the instrumentality of Indian votes, and has been counted out by the dis covery of gross frauds on the ballot box, that even a Republican Judge could not sustain. Judge McFadden leaves in a few days for Walla Walla, where he will re main during the first week of <2ourt, and be pleased to. meet such of his con stituents in that vicinity as may wish to see him before bis departure for Wash ington. 0 . GOOD PRICE. —The Intelligencer Bays that the Central Pacific Railroad Com pany recently made an offer of $500,- UOU for the Port Madi&OQ Mills, ship ping, real estate, etc., but it was declined. 19* It is said that the proposition for Congressmen to devote the $5,000 of extra back pay to the completion of the Washington Monument does not meet with general approval. THK Erizt<on< .—This dread disease IIUK readied Oregon, nud many horses have died under tlie inllectiiMi. TJiose of tlrt» 4 «ivalrv cngagßl tike Modocs, at last aecouifcs, were all in fected, and the troops Amfelledjio (It erate HM infantry hei vitgy Aptlie c%sgjtle wfll doubtless extend to this Territory, in A shod time, the mode of treatment sujygf'stcd by the California Academy : of Sciences, may be of interest to many of our readers owning stock. It is as elf | * »»> t /it* *A follows: The sheet anchor of treatment is

quinine, To it all <rther/rpineditfs> only aflxiliarieß. Tain /sAduld bo at once administered, without waiting for ! other preliiiTtMfy trMtinehT" TTieTTesr moment to give the sulph. quinine, if the presctilier is capable to judge, is in f the cold stage of the feyer, or when it is at its lowest temperature, as indicated Jby the coldness of the legs and ears. Fifteen to thirty grains at the dose, l every three hours—continued for twen i ty-four or forty-eight hours—according to the severity of the attack. During I this lime a mild purgative of galap, guaiac and glaumber salt may be of ser- I vice. Let the animal be weli blanketed ,to promote perspiration, and fed witli i warm mash. Thcoatarrh will be relieved by a local application of infusion of golden seal (hydratus) in which a few drops of car bolic acid, dissolved in a teaspoonfdl of spirits of wine or whisky, have been mixed. This rcine4y should be injocted into the nostrils with a syringe hav ing a long beak. In this way it will not only bathe the nasal membrane, bnt will reach the throat. Some of it will be swallowed, which trill serve i> good purpose in cleansing the stomach. 111 this mixture the quinine may bo dis solved and be poured from a bottle down the horse's throat, serving there by, at the same time? the purpose of a throatwash, A wine-glass full of the infusion of goldon seal will suffice for each nostril. If the fever is high the shoes should be taken off, and warm poultices of flax-seed meal be applied to the feet and fetlocks. ! JIIISPIACED CONFIDENCE.—A victim of the contractors on the Canadian rail road in British Columbia, called upon us a few days ago, and detailed his grievances, which he requested us to make public that others may not be deceived by the specious promises of those heartless operators. In response to an advertisement for laborers, set ting forth that ample wages would be paid, this individual with a number of others, proceeded to Burrard's Inlet and applied for work. What was their surprise on being told that sls per month Was the "liberal compensation" that would be paid for the hard work ex pected of them! Some of these de luded victims were at the mercy of the conpanj', having spent their money on the passage up, and were compelled to accept the terms, but all who could re turn to Victoria, did so, and sought more remunerative labor. If this state ment is true, and wo have no reason to doubt it, future efforts to obtain labor ers on this side the Straits will prove futile. Oi)i> FELLOWSHIP IN CALIFORNIA.-— The Grand Lodgewill convene iu San Fran cisco on the 13tli instant, and will con sist of three hundred and forty-seven Representatives, and seven Grand Offi cers 354 in all. Of these 338 are from the State of California, 7 from British Columbia, 1 frcj»i,the Sandwich Islands and 1 from Arizona. There are in this jurisdiction 2,517 Fast Grands, and a membership of 16,500. There are now, two hundred and eleven Lodges iu the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge; viz: in the State of California, 205; in Brit ish Columbia, 4; in the Sandwich Is lands, 1; and in Arizona, 1. Eleven Lodges in the State of California have, from time to time in years past, sur rendered their Charters. They were situated in mining settlements which >vere dispersed when the mines were exhauqted r and the Lodges thus became extinct. * DEHOATKS. —OIympia Lodge No. 1 I. O. O. F. has elected Past Grands Francis Henry ant! " Samuel Percival, and Western Lodgo No 6, C. C. Hewitt and H. G. Struve, delegates to the R. W. Grand Lodge, which convenes at the Dalles, on the 19th inst. StSsT Dr. Willard is now Masonic editor of the Echo, in the place of Mr. Reed who iB compelled to withdraw in consequence of a contemplated visit to the East. Mr. Venen met with a serious accident last Tuesday, in falling from a wagon, the wheels of which passed over his left leg, breaking it in two places. ' S&C The Department has at last ac cepted the bid of Sfr: Ellis for building the Penitentiary, ami the work of clear ing the site has already commenced. nr The County Commissioners of Thurston County, meet at the Auditors Office next Monday, "in regular session. f&r Snow fell to the depth of two inches at the seat of war in the Modoc country, on the 21st ult. > A bill to abolish the Grand Jury system has passed the Illinois Senate. DOWN-SOUND ITEMS. JVoin the Seattle Intelligencer of A|»ril M. 1 Forxiw-On the lltbof January wfcile Denaßo|rvas O II VViSS • ! pis FUM WHS Jmteifl by * oiue j h|}glajj, iAI a \flis<fl)eloiving fl| hift carried- off. wliitft (flntaijfcd va&alft 'ildjliparaa ()j| Tujfiav jjt, jB tnc bale wm orßr." wT Hu«i aiM the daflqbjAf of Capt. S. P. Randolph ! were playing near the fence of the j Catholic Church, they pulled out from \ under a wood pile an old flour sack, ! tilled with papers, wiiicli, on exatiiina tirin, Jfroved to be lost t>v 2Tu<T£d Den uison. . SEVERE OH Wednesday laat, a mau named l&Fiiev Quiun met with severe injuries at the Lake Wash ington Coal Mines* TTTiTledriffing" a heavy substance Veil* bfi hit hick, and crushed bjuu to the earth. Dr. Weed, who went out to the locality and ren dered all possible assistance, informs us that although his ihjnries arc very setere, he is likely to recover. INSANE.—A man named Ovid Mav hcw was brought to town from Rqnak Lake yesterday, by Deputy Sheriff Webster. For some time, the unfortu nate fellow has been out of his mind, but lately has shown dangerous symp toms. He is now confined, awaiting the Governor's certificate to bo taken to Steilacoom. From the census reports of man ufactures we learn that, there are in Or egon f>4 Boot and Shoe establishments that manufactured between $!>()0 and $5,000 worth each of Boots aiid Shoes last year, and two others manufactured over $5,000 worth. The grand total manufactured was $115,312. In the United States there are 23,418 eKtab* lishments that manufacture over SSOO worth each, and 3,151 over $5,000. The first class total production last year was valued at $181,041,000, and the last $14(5,704,000. Total, $338,348,- ono. Aaur ORDEKS. —Orders have been is sued from the War Department under which (Jenoral llufus lugulls, division and Depot Quartermaster at New York, goes to Vicuna, to observe and report upon all appliances there exposed which have relation to the supplying and moving of modern armies by Innd and water. Colonel llufus Sax ton is transfered from the Department of the Columbia to that of the Lakos, re- I moving him front Portland, Oregon, to Detroit. Colonel It. N. But oh elder is transferred from New York city to Port laud, Oregon. NEW HORSE DISEASK.—A new horse disease has made its appearance at Buf falo, N. Y'. Veterinary surgeons pro nounce it a result of the epizootic last fall. It attacks animals' hoofs and causes the flesh to burst, leaving large holes. In extreme cases the animal loses its hoofs entirely, and has to be killed. A number of the street rail road and express company's horses are suffering from the new malady. SMASH-UP. —A team belonging to Mr. llabie ran clown Main Street last Thurs day, breaking a top-bujjgy to pieces be fore their headlong speed was arrested. Mr. John 11. Harned, the occupant of the carriage, was thrown out and sus tained injuries that have confined him to his bed since the misfortune oc curred. PERSONAL.— Vic Trivett, the pioneer editor, legislator and politician, of Ore gon, is stopping at the Tacoma. U. W. Barter, lately connected with the Los Angeles Star, special corres pondent of the Commercial liulleiin, is here on a visit to the Sound, and will proceed to Seattle by the next steamer. S3T The price per ton foi; drayagc in San Francisco has risen to $1 50 and $3 00, in consequence of the epi zootic. Chinamen are now employed in the shafts. S3S" Prof. Leibig, one of the most eminent of the Gorman scientists, is dead. Ho was a native of Harmstudt, Germany, and was born in May, 1803. APPOINTMENT. —The Tribune says that a recent letter from Washington'states that Josiah T. Brown has been appoint ed Register at Olympia. SZ&"Dr. Thomas, the victim of Mo doc treachery, had his life insured for SIO,OOO. His family will consequently have the benefit of that sum. K3T A balloon ascension is adver tised to take place in this eity next Saturday, by Professor Byton Brown, who will lecture on balloons. SZf? St. Louis recently elected a Democratic Mayor, and the whole Dem ocratic municipal ticket and a majority of the Alderman. ty The Swantown School will begin on Monday, the 10th inst., with Mrs. Corts and Miss Tirzah Bigelow as teachers. SSE" The National Woman's Suffrage Association will hold their twenty-fifth anniversary in New York next Tues day. The many friends of Tom Mer ry will be pleased to learn that he will be with us in a few daj's. TELEGRAPjHIC. L.ITKH FROM TIJpnMTIC WAtn. V<*hl, Itirp 20.-aGen&l Sher «an has ft rifle A lojß lett A dated t%ul7lli. ft hA SwKington, in wmcli lie Rireilily presents his well known views regarding the treatment of Indians. He believes that the negotia tions should be entrusted to army offi cers, having no policy, but having the power to compel the observance of en gagements which the Indians know and fear. AH Modocs are involved. Ido not think that the murder qf Gen. Can by was tfcfc'flKliVfcUml Hf j <ff yCftpU Jfljcf; therefore the' attack is against the 1 whole, tf Hii.v all \m swep> fiuiu lh» earth, tljoy themselves invited it;*— The .wholes matter lauet bb left ta offi cers on the spot. Tliey Hiust bo shel tered ftgainst )* howl stieh as followed Majof Bakcw after his Piegtfn *ttaok r or Gen. Custer after his attack on Black Kettle's camp. There is not much danger of too JMWh Harm l?ei#g done. To Ineffective and exemplary, the blow must be terrible enough to impress the kindred tribes of Klamaths and Piutes that all Indium* triusb-he mad* to know that when the Government commands, they must obey. Apd until th,at state of mind is reached through persuasion or fear we cannot hope for peace., > NEW YoitK, April 2fi.—A secret meet ing of from the. various Trades j Unions) last night, formally resolved to j postpone Hie eight-honr strike till next year, on the gron'nd that the trade or- I ganizations would then be stronger and better able to compel employers to com ply with their demands. PHILADELPHIA, April 2(J. —Three tliou san<l people witnessed a base lmll game to-day between the Athletic and Bajti more Clubs. The former Were victors —II to 4. W\sHTrr.TO,v, April 2fi.—lt is Raid TLRNT 4h« TVMUMU'V ITfrpurtiiiaut has or dered several clerks to go to, liycrpool ns cabin passengers, niul return dis guised ns emigrants in fl\o steerage of the trans-Atlantic lines, with a view of reporting on the treatlncut of flic em igrant J assengers. l.Of'lNl ANA. More Trouble It liUullElMß. NEW YOBK, April 2!>.—A New Orleans dispatch says the detachment of tlio Metropolitan Brigade which was sent to Livingstone Parish met with strong resistance all along Uieliue. A courier states that lighting commenced on Suuday morning, and he heard the booming of canuon during the dav. The force of nrnicd citizen* in the field in said to l>e four hundred. TUB LAVA MENS. IMmtlrnna 11attlr—IVrrtblr liMt of I.lfr, LAVA BED, April 23. McKay has discovered that tb« In dians were in their last retreat. He emwled up 011 them and discovered 40, including the woman, but did not deem it prudent to attack. Expect to hear them attacked to-n»glit. The proba- Irilitv is that the Modoc* are b.idlr de moralised and u large number of their lightin.' wnrriors slain. A squaw WITH, that Sconchin nnd six warriors wore slain in the first day's Imttlo. Hooka Jim was shot through the Ride and Bo gus f harley through the calf of the leg. Meacham crossed the lake yesterday for Peters' ranch, where Mrs. Meacham is awaiting him. ; It is now believed that the M< docs, have fled to a new plaeo as none ap peared to-day to get water. It is con jectured they may lie in ambush in their caves, if so we will kno\V to night. LAVA BET>, April 28.—"N0 Indians having been Rcen during the post two days, (ion, Gillem sent out ft reconnoi tering party On the 2(!th, consisting of company Is, Twelfth Infantry, under comninnd of Colonel Wright; batteries K nnd A, Fourth Artillery under Lieu tenants Howe, Harris nnd Cranston, the whple party under command of Ma jor Thorrtas. About 11 A. to. they reached Gravel Mound, about three miles south of the stronghold, where thev received a volley from a lodge of rocks. The lire was returned by tlio men, and they retreated and rallied by the troops. The Indians ran around tho bluiT and came in front and opened a fire upon A nnd K butteries, Itn Artil leries. The infuutry.copipaiiy was then ordered to fall back and take position behind a ledge They fell baok but failed to halt, and left tlio position demoralized. The company commander and his non-conimiwjioued staff, kept their position, but the men kept up a retreat. After tho troop* fell back, the Modflwcame nnd took up the position that was to have beeifSeld by our troops, thus surrounding those left. At this time' the' Warm Springs Indians, ten in number, caineup in the rear of the Jind held tbem down to the rotfks for awhile, tintil they shifted about and gained a position that made the small cover' of • Major Thomas find otheraworthlcsa —and l»ere they did the fatal work of the day. From this point they succeeded in till' ing Major ThomasyLieutenmt Howe, Sergeant Rower, and two pritates, and wounding Assistant-Surgeon Kerning. During thirnwrroTbW- w right and the men who stayed with him were slaughtered as fust aB they showed their headu above the rocks. Wright was shot in the right breast; five of his men shot dead, and two wounded. Troops in camp were under arms by this time, and orders were given to the Warm Springs Indians to move immediately to the scene of aotion. Colonel Mason ordered all liia troups that could leave, to start immediately.' Troops K, H, and F had already started. From this side the ground is so rough that the troops did not reach the battle grounds till night, and they could do nothing but lay upon their arms. About midnight three wounded men came in, reporting all clear in front, and all the killed and wounded except three or

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