Newspaper of The Washington Standard, May 13, 1876, Page 1

Newspaper of The Washington Standard dated May 13, 1876 Page 1
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Washington StaitMrft VOL. XYI.--NO. 25. Sffasltiniflcm^l'.uukml IS ISSUED EVERY SATURDAY lIOUXINO BY JOHN MILLER MURPHY, EOITOS AND PROPRIETOR. Sulitrripl ion Hutu*: it iiiiiijA in s.", 00 six in oaths i 00 AUvfrlklun ItuifM : i inn square, one insertion S2 tin Knob additional insertion 100 Business cants, per quarter 5 00 " " annum .15 00 liberal deduction will be made in fa vor of those who advertise four squares, or upwards, b\ the year. LXy Legal notices ill be charged to the at torney or otlicor authorizing their insertion. Advertisements sent from a distance anil transient nonces, must be accompanied by the cash, Li-7" Announcements of births, ma-riages and deaths, inserted free of charge. {,~y 'thi'iiury notices, or ."poetry" append ed to marriages or urafh'fc. 'w ill Me efialv"5 < one-half our regular advertising rates. We will not hereafter deviate from this rule. \il~ Blanks, Billheads, Cards. Catalogues, Circulars, Bills of Fare. Posters. Pamphlets Programmes, <Vc., printed at reasonable rates Office —Coiner of .Second and Washington Streets. HOLD VOllt HEAD IP LIKE A MAX. If tin- Muriny winds should ni-tle. While voil tread the world's highway. Still against theiu hrarely tussle, Hope and labor day l»v day; Falter lint, no matter whether There is sunshine, storm or culm, And iu eveiv kind of weather. Hold your head up like a man. If a lirother should deceive you. And diould act a traitor's par;. Never let liis treason grieve you. Jog along with lightsome heart; Fortune seldom favors fawning. Boldness is within the Hoping for a better dawning. Hold your head up like a man. Earth though e'er so rich and mellow Yields not fur the worthless drone. But the bold and hone t fellow. He can shift and stand alone; Spurn the knave of every nation, Always do tkc best you can. And no matter what your station. Hold your lu-ad up like a mail. Cheap Living. —American citizens ; with small fortunes have found it chaper to live in Europe than in their own country. But prices are fast rising iu France, and Gen lany, and Italy, and travel is every . >ar moie costlv.j Japan, however, is still a cheap country, a paradise for economical people. The j Newark Adrrrliscr says: A Japanese student, who for some ! time past has been educating himself iu ; this city in conversation, yesterday ex- j pressed great surprise that so many Americans no marry." He desired to j learn the cause of the army of j bachelors, and wished to know if it was " too much expense to get married j here." When -told that probably was j one reason why many of our young j men remain in the state of single - blessedness, he seemed greatly as- j tonished, and said, " So diff'reut in my ! country." When asked how much it cost to get ; married there, he replied,— " Not one cent; no minister to pay. Her parents my parents talk, than we j talk, make ceremony —married." A lady present then asked him how much it cost a young couple to live in i Japan, and all were considerably : amused by the answer. " Five dollar a mouth." " Could they live well on that?" she asked. "O, yes, fish, lice, tea —much better than in America; all time, plenty. Cost j three dollar half a month for eat —rest ! clothes." It was suggested that if married life j was so cheap, every one there was or ' ought to be married.' " Almost all married—rich, high, poor, little, line, all married." Taking the Japanese statement as a j basis, dividing the amount left for j clothes, the and wife have each just seventy-five cents every month j to purchase clothing. SILKXT Mi:\\—W ashington never made i a speech In the zenith of his fame he i once attempted it, failed, and gave it: up confused aud abashed. In framing the Constitution of the United States i the labor was almost wholly performed in committee of the whole, of which j George Washington was the chairman; j yet he made but two speeches during the convention, which were a very few j words each. The convention, how-1 ever, acknowledged the master spirit, j and historians affirm that, bad it not j been for his personal popularity, and the thirty words of his first speech, pro- j tiounciug it the best that could be 1 united upon, the Constitution would 1 have been rejected by the people, j Thomas Jefferson never made a speech, j He couldn't do it. Napoleon, whose j executive ability was almost without a parallel, said that his greatest trouble ; was in finding men of deeds rather j than words. When asked how he main- j tained his influence over his superiors j in ago and experience, when command-j er-iu-chief of the army in Italy, he said, "by reserve." The greatness of man J is'not measured by the length of his speeches aud their number. HEALTH AXD TALENT. —It is no exag geration to say that health is a large in gredient in what the world calls talent. • A man without it may i>e a giant in in tellect, but his deeds will be the deeds of a dwarf. On the contrary, let him have a quick circulation, a good diges tion, the bulk, thews and sinews of a man, and be will set failure at defiance. A man has good reason to think himself well off in the lottery of life if lie draws the piize of a healthy stomach without a mind, rather than the prize of a tine intellect with a crazy stomach. But, of the two, a week mind in a herculean frame is better than a giant rniud with a crazy constitution. A pound of en ergy with an ounce of talent will achieve greater results than a pound of talent with an ounce of energy. —♦ S3T Divers are at work at the Seilly Isles attempting to recover the specie in the wreck of the steamship Schiller, which went down there in May last. The earn of #285,000 was recovered last tuad there remains #115,000 to be reoowwd, >• .T§\- .... ■ . . . ilcvoteil to -JUu'S. sCoHtios. the Dissemination of ilsrfii! Jnfovmation and the i'vomotion of the Dest dlntevcot.s of -VVaslnnaton otvvifovu. THE INSIDE WORLD; STORY OF THE FUTURE. BY JULIA S. FERN. <"II.M'lEli -V. Tliey finally descended upon the public square of a great city. Crowds of people thronged to see the -'rangers, some Hying a little way to meet them, but tligg great ma jority standing waiting with upturned faces ' for their descent as we of the outside world wait for the descent of heavenly messengers. I Looked down upon from above, it was in '■ deed a motley crowd. Old men were there, 1 with bald heads and wrinkled faces, and I j mothers with their little children; young j ' girls in their teens and their bashful lovers, i the rich and the poor, some with wings j ' fohVil. the many without, their flying j costumes, and till with eager questioning I i eyes. And then what a buzz and hum of voices. It seemed that a thousand voices I wanted to ask "Who and what arc these j ' creatures V" When our heroes were safely, landed, Pue'avis stood beside the two young ' men upon the square of silken cloth, and ' : seemed to rehearse the story of her discov- j cry to the eager multitude. As she did so, j she was answered and questioned by many | ; voices from the crowd. Kvideutly she was unused to such publicity and w;is much em- j ; barrassed, and something 1 hut was said made j ; matters much worse, for the poor girl blushed and then paled as in great anger, j and finally broke down in tears. Inmati could bear it no longer. Though lie could not guess at what was said, he knew that it was something insulting and all iiis chivalry was aroused for her defence, auu would have been, let us say in justice to him, if he had not been in love. But the moment he advanced in the altitude of protector a 1 deafening shout arose from the rabble of the crowd and the young girls hissed and j pointed their lingers at I'uelavis, and Arthur I saw in an instant the false position. in ! which she was placed. " Evil to him who thinks evil," he cried, stepping forward and making a gesture as begging them to be silent, and being curious ; to hear his voice, they all kept silence. M hat ■ he said is immaterial us only the tones were understood but as they were clear, l'liging, and manly, they seemed to convey iiis mean- i iug almost as well words. .Meanwhile, several of the outsiders had j made their way out among the multitude, and each one was soon surrounded by a cur- . ious company, who felt of their clothes, j their hands and hair, and jabbering their comments to each other iu a way that was highly amusing to our way-worn travelers. ! They were, however, equally curious them selves, and in particular the matter of w ings. | The young man hitherto described as of a po- ; etieal turn of mind, soon had induced j inside youth to lend him a pair of wings, and though his first attempts at > flight were not graceful, they were very | amusing to the many spectators. Thus : passed halt an hour piutside time), at the j end of which certain hospitable insiders iu- j vited each a man, and by persuasive ges- | tures induced our travelers to separate, and j quarter themselves thus upon the inhabitants j of this inside city. And In man and Arthur 1 went with I'uelavis and her sister; the beard less young man following, close behind. And hero let us pause in this strange, I I even!fill history and take up the thread of j the narrative long since dropped in Cam-! bridge and Boston. (To be eontinu d. l I AX AITI.AUIHNG MACHINE. —An ingen- J ious writer, who had evidently been a j good deal bored bv public dinners, j proposes an applauding, machine. He i says: " Who is there who litis not wit- ; nessed the grim satisfaction- with which ! a next door neighbor at a dinner table, or a ui.s-rt-tv.-', had resumed his seat al ter being called upon to thump the ta ble, stamp his feet, clap his hands, or shout over something or some one ho knows exceedingly little about, and i cares less ? What a relief it would be j to such unfortunate persons, when they j are called upon to perform manual labor ; of this kind, if an applauding machine ; could be used instead-one, say, that i could give a few set phrases, such as : ' Hip! hip! hurrah!' ' Three cheers j for so and so!" and imitate the ens- \ tomarv clapping and rapping. What a j number of people would, by the aid of I such a piece of mechanism, be able to ! avoid aching arms and bands, flushed | faces and hypocrisy." Gills, lot us tell you a stubborn ' truth. No young woman ever looked so ■ well to a sensible man as when dressed in neat, plain, modest attire, without a single ornament about her person. She looks then as though she possessed worth in herself, and needed no artifi-| cial rigging to enhance her value. If a j young woman would spend as much i time in cultivating her temper, and | cherishing kindness, meekness, genth ness, mercy aud other qualities, as j most of them do in extra dress and or- j naments to increase their personal j charms, she would, at a glance, be. known among a thousand. Her char acter would be read in her countenance. JSC" At Munich all who die, no mat-1 ter what their rank, are soon taken to j the cemetery, dressed in their best, some ; even in bridal attire, and placed in a | reception room. There are wires at- j tached to the hands or breast, so that the least motion will communicate with an alarm bell, and at this strange sum mons the watchmen are prepared to rush to the assistance of the poor soul, j Tradition says that once or twice this; | belUhas rung, and the watchers arrived ; in season to bear away the half-conscious ! i body ere it bad knowledge of its sur- , ; roundings. The experiment has been tried in London of establishing penny banks . in connection with public schools and | with eminent success. In a few months j 5,256 children had deposited no less j tlran £1,124. A similar experiment has keen tried, with like success, at Norwich and Carmarthen. OLYMPIA, WASHINGTON TERRITORY, SATURDAY MORNING, .MAY 13, 1876. JOE'S HEAVY CATCH The stream that Daniel Webster so well loved was famous for trout, and he was famous for catching them. Of ten he would sit for hours on a moss covered stone in a retired nook —his line dangling in and above the water, but never a bite; and if there had been, the fish was safe, for he was entirely unconscious of all around and about him. One warm and sultrv morning in July, while thus absorbed, he was aroused by hearing over the stream: " Hulio, there! hullo, I say! How are ye'? Nice morning this! got any fish ? have any bites? How d'ye get lover there? I've been fishing two 1 hours; nary bite. I seo you have long ! boots on; what il you take to carry me ' over ? Don't want to get my feet wet. 1 I'll pay you well; what'll you take? I Here he paused long enough for Mr. i Webster who had all this time been | surveying die speaker \a* slight-built, dandified youth), to ask: " What will you give ?" " Well, a quarter; that's nougli, ain't it ?" ! " Well, yes; I suppose it is. So, quietly laying down his rod, he ! took his way to our Boston boy, Joe D , who, by the way, was as good a I fellow as ever sold tape, he was now on a three days' furlough, and hound ito crowd all the tishing, sea-bathing I and sight-seeing seasons into the al lotted three days' time, and one was rapidly passing away. Mr. Webster ; seated himself on the bank; Joe : mounted iiis shoulders, and, like ('msar, whom Cassias from the raging Tiber bore, so Joe upon the god-like should , ers safely crossed the stream. The quarter quieklj changed hands. Mr. Webster quietly .settled into his accus tomed seat, while Joe, on, further pleasure bent, hastened up the stream. Tired and hungry, he returned rather late for dinner, and passed into the dining-hall. where the guests were eu- I gaged in the last act of the drama. Our Bostouioii, however fell to with | an appetite sharpened by his morning exercise, and with a full determination to make up with speed what he had ; lost in time. So intent upon his own affairs was he that he took no notice of these around the table until some : one requested Mr. Webster to relate his morning adventures. I Joe looked up, and following with his own the direction of all other eyes, he beheld his morning -Tineas. Turn- I iug to his nearest, neighbor he asked: " Who is that ?" " That! why that's Daniel W< lister. ' ! He found no further use for his knife and fork, and was silently leaving the table. Mr. Webster now recog j nized him; with a look or a nod (Joe could never tell which, (he detained 1 him and requested him to take wine. Joe took the wine with a trembling | hand, and, with a look of earnest en ; treaty, begged Mr. Webster not to rc j late the circumstance which occurred I in the morning. ! Mr. Webster replied: I " You should not be ashamed of the | adventure, since there is no young man |in the country, however lofty his as pirations, that will be likely to attain | the position you this morning oc j cupied." ! Joe left the table and the house, and 'on the first train left town, satistied ! that he had done enough for one sea !son. In the evening Mr. Webster re lated the whole affair to the assembled ! guests, and to this day Joe enjoys the f sobriquet of " Dan." CHINESC. PROVERBS ABOUT WOMEN. ' Tiie Chinese are a people of many pro j verbs, some of which are extremely acute and neatly turned. "He who finds pleasure in vice and pain in vir tue is a novice in both," would be ac cepted by the wise of most advanced countries as warranted by experience. But mark the providential philosophy ! of the Chinese with regard to women: j •' Listen to your wife, but don't believe j her." "To cultivate \irtue is the | science of men; to renounce science is I the virtue of women." "The happiest ' mouther of daughters is she who has | sons" only. "If one is not deaf or [ stupid, what a position is that of a father-in-law!" "If with a wife and j daughter-in-law, one has also sister and sisters-in-law, daughters and nieces, one ought to be a tiger in order to hold out." The minds of women are of wax." "The most curious woman will ingly cast down their eyes to he looked at." "The tongues of women increase by all they take from their feet." "When men are together they listen to one another, but women and girls look at one another." "The most timid girl has courage enough to talk scandal." — Il'ir ! ■ ''/■... .1 Iwjtizini'. ♦ ♦ i £-gr The great Atlantic cable was laid ,in August, 18">8. Two or more dis • patches were sent over it, but there is ' no proof that they ever passed through, j Soon after, this cable was abandoned ! and the next one was laid in 181 M, but i was also given up as imperfect. A third was put down in 180(1, which was i the first successful one. The laying | was completed and the news received 'on Sunday, July 'do, at .1.20 A. M. I The latter one continuing in successful j oueration, Cyrus t\ . Field proceeded ! in the work of picking up and repair- I ing the one laid in ISOo, and having | completed the work, both cables were then in good working order. farmer once hired a Vennonter jto assist in draw in glogs. The Yankee, when there was along to lift, generally contrived to secure the small end, for | which the farmer rebuked him, and ' told him always to take the butt-end. i Dinner came, aud with it a sugar-loaf Indian pudding. Jonathan sliced off a j generous portion of the largest part j giving the farmer a wink, and ex i claimed, ' always take the butt-end!" The worthiest people are most injured by slanderers; as we usually find that to be the best fruit which the 1 birds have been picking at. PAYING OUT THE SIEVE!!, The NT-w York Sun of April 21st gives the following in relation to exchange of fractional currency for silver at the Sub- Treasury: From 10 o'clock yesterday morning until 3 in the afternoon, between 200 and 3iK) persons stood in line at the Sub- Treasuiy exchanging fractional currency for silver, and it required all that time for persons to get hard money for their paper. Payments were made up stairs in the currency room, and the line ex tended to the foot of stairs at half-past 2. One clerk reeeivd the currency and entered the amount in a book, Avith the name of the applicant, and a number | corresponding with tli'e number of a check that was handed hack to the ap plicant, thus: : !>5 !?!.-> : B< Kit IS. Boggs who had bi-en w.uu.7g fruit lu o'clock, got li's check about 2:30. Fif teen minutes later the same clerk hal loed, "91,05, 96, ready!" and Boggs passed iu his check and got his 815 after nearly five hours waiting. The silver had been sent up from the coin room in packages of 85 and upwards. Number 105 wanted 8100 in silvei. When the clerk presented it, ho said " Give me si 50." That meant the amount of nnt tilated or counterfeit currency that had been found in the package. The clerk say they rarely got a package of 850 in which they do not find some counter feit 25 or 50 cent notes. Mutilated cur rency is not received for silver. At 3 o'clock, when the business of the day is closed, not less than 200 persons were in line, many of whom had been wait ing for four hours. 'Tito amount paid out yesterdav was within a trifle of 810,- 000.* ♦ ♦ VEGETABLES. —All green vegetables should be as fresh as possible. Put them into cold water with some salt in it, for about ten minutes, to clear from soil or insects. If not quite fresh let them remain in the water some time long er; drain in a colander and put them into a pan with plenty of boiling water, adding salt, a small piece of soda: cover the pan till boiling, but not afterward, then boil quickly, and carefully remove any scum which may rffe. Do not al low them to remain in the Water after they are done, but immediately drain them in a colander and finish each kind as directed iu receipts. Peas and spinach do not require so much water as most other green vegetables, but only just sufficient to cover them. Cauliflowers and brocoli require especial care in boil ing, as flowers is easily broken and their appearance spoiled; boii them quickly for a few minutes, and then moderately till tender, which may be easily ascertained by trying the stem with a fork. All vessels used in cook ing vegetables should be particularly •■'ean. Soft is preferable to hard water in cooking all kinds of vege tables. Potatoes are in universal] use, and yet how few know how to cook them well! " A well boiled potato is a thing purely ideal —it has never come out of the pot iu the experience of liv ing man." This is too strong; but I there is very much room for, and need of. improvement in the science of cook ing a potato. To do it well, the mat ter must be studied, and not performed by routine. They differ very much, even those grown in the same field and from the same seed. A good potato, well cooked and served up, is a luxury, which, unfortunately, few people know how to accomplish, or will not give themselves trouble to do. This chap was from Derby Ind. He bought a 82 accordion, and was sit ting on the .levee pumping " .Mollie Darling" out of it when the goat came along The music stepped, the man fell, and the accordion looked like an elephant had tramped on it. Goats as a general thing, don't like to hear music that has to be squeezed out of a snuff box. 3'gt" lii Chicago they tell of :i fur nished room that, although let at *he rate of only $4 a week, earns £4 a day. The lodger pays that sum in advance, and at night toe landlord gets his cor net and is accompanied by his daughter, jon the piano. The lodger moves away in the morning, is at once replaced by another,•and so they come and go. lie was a timid fellow, but fond of borrowing John Pluenix's jokes; so when she asked him how he felt, he averaged himself according to the Pho nix plan of being very definite, and lie said he felt " about eighty-eight per I cent." " Indeed,'' she said, with a de ! inure look, " von are never going to par." 1... fog* "When a Boston girl breaks her engagement with a man and her friends I expostulate with her, she has only to say that his views «n the theoscophic ' doctrine of cosmogony are loose, and they realize at once ho" impossible it is for any true women to risk her happi ness with such a person. S'gr* Mr. Vick says in his Plural Guide | that ten drops of carbolic acid, to be | obtained from any of our druggists, put ; in a pint of water, and poured on the earth in flower pots, will destroy all earth worms, that do so much damage to the plants. A trial will satisfy all of its beneficial efifects. JSC A country gentleman who had been reading about the 11 Emma Mine says that if "Mister Schenek had stuck to his Pulmonary Syrup and Sea-Weed Tonic, instead of drawing poker and running after that woman Emma, lie would have come out all right." When railroads were first built in the United States, the iron used weighed about 45 lbs to the yard. There has been a constant increase in weight, until now 70 lbs. is not uncom mon. The narrow gauge iron used is from 28 to 35 lbs. per yard. INTERESTING HISTORICAL FACTS The tardiness with which mankind adopt improvements may be, in some degree, illustrated by the following facts, hastily thrown together: Canal locks were invented in 1581, by engineers of Titerbo, in Italy. They were nearly a hundred roars getting fairly into use in France, and about one hundred and fifty years |in crossing the British channel. Ac this | time it was made felony iu several I European • states to ride in wheel curn i ages. The steam engine was invented, or, rather, the principles of it discovered, by the Marquis of Worcester, as early as 1660 Few understood and none en couraged it. He died in great mortifi cation. •The honor was afterwards en grossed by Savary. Iu 1765 the Earl of Stanhope applied | the steam engine to propelling a vessel. ! A steamboat was run twenty miles on ! hq , Sunky Canal, Liverpool, 1707, and i another on the T orth and Clyde Canal |in 1801. A steamboat trip was made :on the Delaware as early as 1701. In ! 1807, when Robert Fulton was fitting 'up his first steamboat tit New York, i respectable and gray headed men pro i nouueed him a " fool for his pains." I Oliver Evans went before committees of ! legislatures, first in Pennsylvania and i then iti Maryland, with a project of a steam carriage, as early as I*ol. He ! aske l a little aid to defray the expense. ! They could hardly be prevented | from reporting in favor, not of steam ' engines for carriages, but of a straight jacket for himself. Now, almost till i nations have had the sagacity and in i genuity to seize and utilize the precious j idea. When Peter the (Heat, in 1760, I commenced a canal between the Yolga • and the Don, the Governor and Bayards of the country oppose it earnestly, thinking it impiety to turn rivers out of i channels which heaven had assigned them. When some Dutchmen proposed to 1 make the river Munzauaris navigable to the Tagus and that to Lisbon, the Council said that if it had been the will of God that the river should be naviga ble, He would have made it so. When Biinley the great engineer told a committee of parliament, to whom Bridgcwater's petition was re ferred, that canals were better than rivers and would supersede them for the pur pose of navigation, the committee were 1 shocked, and asked' him, " And prav. sir. what wore tlie rivers made for?" •' To feed the canals." was the answer. Dr. Franklin surveyed the route of the Delaware and Chesapeko Canal at his own expense in 1757. Baron Napier surveyed the route of the Forth and Clyde Canal at his own expense, in 17G1. Both these works were subsequently accomplished, hut after threat delay. Dr. Zabdiel Bovalson introduced ino culation for the small pox in Boston, 1721, and tried it first on his sou Thom as, and other members of the family, but such was the force of perjudice and unbelief that the gave an unanimous opinion against it, the municipal government prohibited its practice-, and the p< pulace would have torn him to pieces if he had not re tired from the city. COMPANIONSHIP. —All well formed hu man beings are adapted* to society. When we find a recluse, a hermit, or one who seeks and prefers seclusion, it is safe to infer that there is something lacking, or that the person is warped and in an abnormal condition. He is the creature of misfoitune, or of per virsion, and more to be pitied than blamed. No one lives alone from choice, with the exception of these morbid speci mens. F.ven horses have friendships and pine for the absent ones. So do domesticated cats and dogs. Carry puss away to a strange place, and she loses her appetite, and becomes ill from home-sickness and leally suffers from a disturbance or breaking up of her social or friendly relations. The horse worries, frets and lefuses to cat till his mate returns. But tiiese are nothing compared to the stronger, deeper, and almost inseparable ties which unite human hearts in the bonds of frindship. A goo.l in sn once said: "The great est gift (Jod gave the world, after he gave his beloved son, was the marriage covenant." ♦■r- - A grand chess match by corres pondence, to last two years, is about to be played between England and France for a stake of 10,000 francs. The headquarters to he the Cafe de la Uegence, where the principal players, under the direction of Rosenthal, will form themselves into a committee. Three days will he allowed for each move, which will be made by tele graph. A O llyr" A shipment of one hundred pairs of prairie chickens, .ten pairs of wild turkeys, and ten pairs of wild geese is soon to bo sent from San Fran cisco to Aukland, Now Zealand, for the purpose of introducing there hith erto unknown birds. The prairie chick ens were caught in lowa. XX" The army of employees, the enormous choir of paid singers, adver tising expenses and all attending the Moody and Sankey meetings at New A'ork, makes the Hippodrome music the most expensive in the world. ViX Tlioma H. Briggs, the oldest school teacher in New Jersey, died re cently at Trenton. He was seventy five years old, and had been engaged in Ins work eontinuonsly since 18B). Where the mind has no real dif ficulty with which to grapple, the imag ination is wont to grow with the rank luxuriance of tropical vegitation. Death comes equally to us all, and inakc-3 us all equal when it come 3. THE CAUSE OK HARD TIMES Different theories of the cause of ! the hard times have been advanced by - different persons. 111 the Unitarian Review for January and February, John (,'. Kimball offers the following, which ! is interesting rending, at least. It is due simply to the introduction, ' during the hist 25 years, of such an ! enormous amount of machinery. 1 here is nothing in our modern civilization which is more wonderful, more signifi cant, more a new thing under the sun, ; and destined to be more wide reaching in its relations, than this use of ma i chinery. A single pegging machine I will turn out more boots and shoes now ; than a whole village of cobblers at work !iu their little cubical shops fifty years ! ago. The cloth woven in any of our i large mill towns is probably equal to half of what all Indies used to produce by the slow hand methods of the mid | die ages. Steam engines alone are do ing a work which without them would i give employment to every one of the j multitudes of men and women who are now lying i lle in our country. Califor | nia a few years ago was groaning over the introduction of so much 'Chinese cheap labor,' and yet, at that very time, most inconsistently, was giving a wel : come to mowers and reapers and mining i apparatus which for cheapness an facil ; ity of use made even a Chinaman j dear. And then when it is to he seen ' how these muscles and nerves of iron | and steel are employed in every depart ment of industry, from carrying into | shape a shaft of iron weighing 20 tons, down to the finishing of a cambric needle, and from the sewing of a but tonhole to the sowing and reaping of whole States, who can wonder that the j market is overstocked ? Of course this increase of facilities I for doing work increased for a while ; the amount of work to be done. But i such a process could not last forever. There was a limit even to the number of stitches in a lady's dress, and to the amount of wheat which even an Amer ican family could get away with. And this point has at last been reached. The occurrence of our civil war, with its withdrawal of energies into the battle field, put off the day; but the end of the war, and their return again into the pursuits of peace, soon filled up the | gap, and brought to us the point where it was impossible to consume a half of what was being produced —the point, therefore, where business was obliged to stop. How THE PRESIDENTS HAVE LIVED— One hundred years ago the heads of government were unable to live on their salaries. Thi fact has been patent from the earliest hours of the Government to now. The company and .-tate that officials have been obliged to maintain has forbidden any one retiring from his position with a competency. Our fathers would not run in debt, therefore they practised the most rigid economy. If the Government officers,, at Washington should learn this lesson, the Centennial would he worth more than it will cost. Mrs. Adams was the lirst mistress of the White House. The building was unfinished and unfurnished. An Irish shanty possessed more comfort. The house could not he warmed and was barely lighted. The most graphic letters, written bv Mrs. Adams, de scribed her sufferings in the White House. Her week's washing was hung up in the east room. Her style of living, adopted not from parsimony, but front necessity, would dis gust mi ordinary Treasury clerk, Washing ton exacted the strictest economy at home, that he might serve his country and not im pair ids private fortune. Jefferson was well off when lie went into public life, lie in herited I,MOO hundred acres, which he in creu.-ed to 000. His income, independent of his farm revenue, was SOOOO a year. His wife's dowry $-10,000 in cash. Had he let public life alone and attended to his estate he would have been a rich man. His public career < losed in lsOt). For nineteen years he was ab.-ent from Montiecllo, and seven of these years were passed abroad. He returned to lind his estate ruined, his property squandered, his fortune scattered. All at tempt, to retrieve his fortune were in vain. He was adjudged a bankrupt. New York city sent him a donation of $8,500, and other cities were alike generous. Jackson had a style of his own. Like a good soldier lie lived within hi- income. At thcKipliaps in the summer, in a low farm house, coat off, feet in slippers, chair tipped back, a cob pipe in his mouth, lie gave, audience, to ambassa dors. Van Buren bad a private fortune of Ids own. Pierce by rigid economy, carried SSO, ODD out of the White House. No clerk in the Custom House lives in as economical a style as did the bachelor President James Buchanan. President Lincoln saved half of his salary during his term of office. GIRLS. —Girls are the most uuaccuntahle tilings in the world —except women. Like (lie wicked flea, when you have them, they ain't there. I can cipher clean over to im proper fractions, and the teacher says I do it lirst-rate; but I can't cipher out a girl, proper or improper, and you can't either. The only rule in arithmetic that hits their case is the double rule of two. They are as full of Old Nick as their skins can hold, and they would die if they couldn't torment somebody. When they try to he mean, they arc as mean as pusley, though they ain't, as mean as they let on, except sometimes, when they are a good deal meaner. The only way to get along with a girl when she conies at you with her nonsense, is to give her til for tax, and that will tlummux licr; and when you get a girl fltimniuxcd, she is as nice trs a new pin. A girl can sow more wild oats in a day than a bov can in r. year, but girls get their wild oats sowed after a while, which boys never do, and then they settle down as placid as a mud-pu die. But 1 like cirls first-rate, and I guess the boys all do. I don't care how many tricks they play on ine—and they don't either. The hoity toitiest girls can't always boil over like a glass of soda. By and by they will get into the traces with somebody they like, and pull as steady as any old stage horse. That is the beauty of them. So let them wave, I say, they will pay for it some day, sewing on but tons ami trying to make a decent man of a feller they have spliced on to, and ten chances to one if they don't get the worst of it. Jss~Tlic othei day a Detroit mother poured some ink on the pantry shelf near the sugar box, and went r.p stairs, leaving her small son playing with the cat. When she came down, the boy sat by the window, wearing a placid innocent look, hut there were ink stains on his fingers. "There!" you have heen at the sugar!" she exclaimed, as she seized him by the collar. " Motuer, do you think I'd >teal sugar?" he asked in a tone of surprise. "Look on those stains on your fingers! What made 'em ?" " Those stains, mother?" " Yes, those stains." "Well, I cannot tell you a hold lie, mother—l think I've commenced to mortify!" She wasn't quite sure, aud lie was allowed to out and play circus. WHOLE NO. 814. CARRYING THE SEA TO INLAND CITIES. Among the numerous engineering pro jects of the age, that of carrying the sea to inland cities, is perhaps one of tlm most important. The first project of this kind was that by which Glasgow has been made the chief port of entry for Scotland. Situated about midway between the opposite coasts of that country, and on the banks of a river where formerly in some places only from two to three feet of water could be found, it was determined to so deepen said river as to enable deep-water Bhips to come up to the city. Up to 1851 nearly 810,000,000 had been spent in bringing about that result and in pre paring the three miles of wharves and docks to accommodate the shipping. The enterprise has proven a most sue cessful one and the outlay most profi table. The net incoino from these im provements is now abou£sßoo,ooo an nually, to say nothing of the immense increase of population nnd wealth which they have brought to the city. And now, profiting by the example of Glasgow, the inhabitants of Manchester have also determined to bring the sea directly up to the looms of the great Cotonopolis of England. The promo ters of the Manchester scheme propose to strengthen, deepen, and widen the little river Irwill, by which that city stands, down to its junction with the Mersey, and to apply the same process to the latter river down to Liverpool, so that tho grain-laden ships of Cali fornia and tiie cotton ships of the Southern States can land their cargoes just where they are wanted for consump tion and use. This improvement, which coat from $17,000,000 to $18,000,000, will provide a tide canal for soa-going ships from Manchester to the sea, 33 miles in length, 200 feet in width and 22 to 25 feet in depth. The ships will be takon through the canal by tugs, as they are now moved through the Suez canal. AN ALLOWANCE FOR Gums. —To pre pare girls to become managers, and tit them for being good housekeers, they should earl) - be taught the va'ue of money, and made responsible for its use. The majority of American girls are wholly depeudent on father and mother to supply their wants, "Pa," pays the big bills with a great deal of grumbling; " ma," squeezes as much as she can out of her housekeeping funds for extra gloves, ribbons, shoes, and the like, and is always in difficul ties when she wants a new dress or bon net for herself. The girls dress showily, b»t they never have any money. A dollar ob tained from brother, cousin or aunt, is expended at once for bon-bons, creams, or riding down tow n, and the pressure begins again, only to be relieved by a lucky marriage. A moderate allowance made to daugh ters would obviate all these difficulties —an allowance upon which they should he taught to depend to supply al! their wants. A wardrobe, first supplied with every necessary, should he put in their own care, and the making, mending and replenishing left to themselves. This would teach them care, economy and forethought. An hour or so spent every day at the needle or sewing-ma chine would keep her stock of under clothing in perfect order, and supply her, if she possessed any taste or in genuity, with pretty jackets, cuffs, col lars, scarfs, braided morning dresses, white waists, and a thousand things, simple in themselves, hut which add much to the effect of dress, and which are very expensive to buy. REMOVE THE FLOWERS. —Lovers of (lowers should know that one blossom allowed to ma ture or "go to seed," injures the plant mora than a dozen new buds. Cut your flowers; all of them, before they fade. Adorn your room with them, put them on your tables, send bouquets to your friends who have no (lowers, or exchange favors with those who have. All roses, after they have ccasud blooming, should be cut back, that the strength of the root may go to fqrmiug new roots for next year, and on these hushes, not a seed should he allowed to matnrc. Menageries where sleuth hounds caracole. Where jaguar phalanx am! phlegmatic gra Fright and keatral* cheek by Jowl Withppec Wit and preclyus cockatoo. (Jaunt seaetfchal*. in chrotcbcty cockades. With auiac net trawl for porpoise in lagoons; While scullions guago erratic escapades Of madrepores in water logged galleon*. Flamboyant triptych* groined with gherkin* green. In reckless fracas with couquettish beam, Ketatic gargoyle*, with grotesque chagrin, Garnish the gruesome nightm re of my dream! the 18th of June, 1776, the town of Sheffield, Mass., voted that if the Centennial Congress would declare the colonies independent, its inhabi tants would solemnly engage with their lives and fortune to support them in their measures. This event will be celebrated on the 18th, 19th and 20th of June, this year, Bishop Janes preach ing the cent'nnial sermon on the first day. SCOTCH BROTH. —Take four poundsof mut ton —part of the leg is best—add oue gallon of wuter, one teacupful of pearl barley, two carrots, sliced, two turnips, sliced, two onions, cut small, the white part of a large cabbage, chopped very small, and a small quantity of parsley. Benson with pepper and salt. Let this boil very gently for three hours and a half, and at the dinner-table it will most likely, by all who arc fond of soups, be pronounced excellent. V-ti There is comfort for authors in these words from Old Cabinet in Scribner for all who arc smarting under criticism: "There are few or no perfect works of art; and the grander the work in physical and spiritual dimensions, and in its impression upon man* kind, the more apt are defects to shew them selves. " ££*~Miss Addic V. Cooke, daughter of Hev. Dr. Cooke, former jiastor of the Meth odist Church at Smyrna, Del., has been ap pointed to a S!XK) clerkship in the Philadel phia Custom House. £??~The earings of the Central Pacific fof 1870 were $17,000,000. After paying expen ses, interest on bonds, etc., seven per cent, on the capital stock remained. J3T There is nothing so fatal to com fort as well as to decorum as Fuss. " Speak as you mean, do as yeu profess and perform what you promise.

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