12 Mart 1858 Tarihli Bedford Gazette Gazetesi Sayfa 1

12 Mart 1858 tarihli Bedford Gazette Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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TOLiETHi 53. NEW SERIES. TB!" EEBrCF.D GASETTJ] IS Pb'BLI.MIF.D KVFfiV I'RIDAV MORNING BY MEYKUS& BEN FORD, At the following Terrrm, to xvit: $1.50 per a:.num. CASH, in . Nance. $2.00 " " ii j l.i :! w: i• ti the year. $2..>0 r£ 11 ij not w tth 'i the year. E5-No ..ibserip- on taken for less It an six a onths. BJrifo pap' r ' ?f, oi' hew,! niit J all arrt ara^-< are paid, unless at ' e r-■ of the pu'hMieis. It fceen de'cFW I y the I'mtrfd States Court.", that the stoppage of a r.ev. p.; f with, it t!.o payment of ar rearages, is prima fir/r evidence of fraud a;.it is a criminal offence. C!P"*l he courts hare decided that perons are ac countable for T',e S'/fsor p'ioti price of fiew-ns|ters, If They take thein from t po>t cilice, whether they •übacribe for tiicrn, or i.ot. ■' !nMi iy>^~ ]^'*■?l ■I [ IR/E Tff\T ii j ! * If I R < USB. J ] I,V - ' ibinuM,] ■ . ' • "" ML F. I REtMER T>ESPE{TFI IJ.Y : 1,. s.= t. r V Profes final Services to the Ch;/.- ns of Bedford and vicini'y. Oliice in Juliamxa S'.reet, at th? Dr& and liookStore. Feb. 17, l^'.'t. I>r. B W 1 ai*rv RESHNTFt'i.r.v tenders his prvfw ional ser vices to the citizens of Bedford and vicinity. Oiiice and residence on Pitt-Street, in tlfc building formerly occupied hv Dr. John Ilafius. June 21, 1553. LAW PARTNBfiSHIP JOB MANN. G. H. SPANO. Titi undersigned l.ave associated themselves in the Prßctier of the Law, ar d v. ill attend promptly to ai! business entrusted to their care in Bedford i.nd ad- i joining count us. ft? 1 * Office cr. .'nl'anr t Street, three door" south of "Merges House,"©pp.-- ?e the re .i - rce o Mai.Tate. JOB MANX. ! June 2, JSS4. C. H. SLANG. ~~m. p. uCI'ELL ATTORNEY AT LA % i Y\7 11-L attend faithfully to ail ]ec 1 i;u i;i •. f f entrusted to his care in the Covnii. >• < Bedford and ['niton. Bedford, X iv. l 5 18 j7. •Fciiiu P. Heed, ALoir.d) hi LUV„ Bansra, Rapedfidht tenders fits services to, the P BaP*Olßce second door North ol tr.e 2.1 n t - 1 House. Bedford, Fib. CO, 1852. Cessna & % rf AVE formed a Eavt>- r?' ip la ?- • Pr '.tie j£ of the I .v. /""Uiiice riy op -it, the Gasetle ( v. here . fie or the oil r mat at all times i . . !. Bedford, Oct. 2d, IS 19. Law x&l'U W. J. BASE, Attorney at Law: WILL j .actice re. ' rly to t! •• C a:- '■ Bedford C ;n!y Let. '• lie i ; Court Weeks, e c.coult: . at Lis ! ,u ... l.> Washing' iII I. Nov. 23, 1855. JOSEPH w! TATS, AIKEFIIIV AT I,■ i VT, AND %<6M HA3 for S ' ■ " 1•: and ur..n provi a i.n .!, iißnlfenl m i Btdiofl row), ties. Also Lots in the U>"1 i . | told in quantities to suit patrkwn. proposals for timber are n v ' ' !: ;r;i Li: .1. 'j ia;s ea v. Aug. 7. I-*>7.—Cm. tr.J.BAKa. c.. v . r . •—• ~¥aTEi=?, BtNFCFiD fk, MEYERS, A i IV)rails AT SAW, BEDFORD, PENN 'A . WILL punctualiv at?<m to ah r". e 're'e,: h their care. C2?"Mr. Ib: r - • 1 * n rec'irattei - anrr I Co ;t. <' on J . i •, . .• f nicily occupied ly Wns. M. II !, K V " to BEHJ9EB& The fltltf ■ -r !• luri ; me; I any quat tby r qvcluy •* l n-.g J/m. and P.'a--!fri! l.ati s. Oldt-rs itir-'cU i to h ! . Ciairsville, IL-df 1 Cmmty, w ill be promptly attended to, I v givir.it a re- 'i' b , F. D. BEEGLE. NOTICE. The partners I .:p 1 eretofore .x - tine between Jam?; Bams aadJ. H. Tharp = t:-.i> day d':.-;o!v. I 1-. r. - tual corse: t. Ail roo! y k'v.e the firm i- payable to James Eurrs. at.' all de'.V; owed or co:,lraiitd Ly the firm, will be paid by Jati ■- J AMES BURINS. J. IE THARP. Feb. 19, 1858. J VST received at Shoemaker's C ' pad* J Store, a b;e;e assortment of !>■"> Shoes, \ Hat, See. [dec. i,' 57.] TO BE iUD jf DR. It. IJRR i",V. Essence of Jamaica Ginger, which should have a place in every family, for sale at Dr. Harrv's. CORN. —One Thousand 1 sh Ufi - sale—also J Family flour—Prime new Bacon ' v A. 13. CRAMER A Co. Feb. 19,1858. ; WAGONS.—Sev.ral new two horse vijoct, work warranted, for sale on a liter:.; c. - lor country produce by A. D. CRAMER it Co. Teh. 19* ISSS. LCMBER. —Twenty Thousand feet of Spruce \ Pine Boards, also a large supply of Poplar Scantling—fir sale by A. B. CRAMER A. Co Feb 19, 1858. THE LECOMFFON QUESTION. Our readers are aware that the S mate Com mittee on Ferrilorjes, to whom was referred the Message of the President accompanying the cop)' ' * toe Lec Jtnp'un Const dot ion communi cated by him to t at body, presented on Titu: ; - f ay week, thiee i • jm rts ic. ri Fc * ion to the sub ject, representing as many (Filer-:;! class-s of \ ieivs between which the Committee was di\ i dd. ihe report made by Senator Green, of ivli.-' ot:. j, presents the views of the majority of the (Committee, of the Administration, arid f the Democratic party generally; that sub nutted bv Senators C dtauii r a:. 1 VVade reflects the sentiment of the Republicans ; while a third prepared by Senator Dauglas represents iiis own individuality, and the anomalous ground which the Senator occupies, as a Democrat of suspected orthodox)', excommunicated bv the leading organs of his party, yet stout Iv, nifirm ing in the teeth of (lie President and the part v. i a, I ts, no* toeirs. is tit: true dernoctacy of Lie Kansas-.\V! raska act and Cincinnati pl.tt i ;TI. \\ e sir join the more i:np rdar.t n ;r!i .ns of the majority report, which, after an ex! n de.i ..• ..;:'al review -.j the whole matter, com mencing with the first acquisition of Kansas from Fiance by the treaty of April 30th 1803, and ijs su sequent erection into a Territory of n; ; it's by act of Congress, May 3 ):!t, I s I, and c! sing with tile adoption of the Lecomption Constitution on the CD! D. cemb. r, 1557, proceeds as I dknvs r Having thus given an historical acc ur.t cf the matter referred for their cons: fT ratii n, vour committee will briefly reviw the whole r uh>ct, ut'em ;arras s -.! r-v details. Tiwv will In n! j '' il> su J' 4 -' as ■ originated, n< it I,as been for j if";7 years, and as it now U. Ihe population of our country f ;tir vars n - ' uas principally confined l jy 11>a*v and bv buy to the comparatively so. ,11 r. gl in lying to I! e east < fth r.ver M A ! *an.-r., an.l part of Louisiana were found on the u•s em bank. Also, on tie? extreme southern bank, Texas; and Minnesota or. the northern, California and the s-dt einents o} Oregon were upon th- Pacific r a-' ■ in the c<...rej At .v Mexico and I sab. Ti;e in :anse country ■;> in_r betw. en our scanty settlements upon the Pacific an l western I undaries of lowa, Missouri and Arkansas, may he sail, in een-'io: ternjS, and with the above exception-*, to have been unoccupied. Guarded i, v the Indian non-ir.tercourse act and by Indian" trej ti'-s, an ! without territorial organization, tV country was rendered, , >• ' ••• ••* V I'i.iCC SO'lfti.! , , W.. it b "inT sett -1 >rs might not legally disturb. Fmsi.- r -.-n ---.a ol s- ;l!emci;t' t'vo \v -Award v. -re t'mr arr • y li".v. The wester;: border of i - er ior tatf s was '. • wester:: ! t-J rcf f : ' ' ''d Stales until v reach', i the t no! the : a and tj.vvn ti:• >n t : i * . • • • S tiiti! n the CeSc f tl. Pacific. The border Stats !.-. 1 t-c me dissat isi: a*. clamored for w, stern e>: :.*.t,-io; 4 - over !■ ■■' beautiful ar ] f op, wild r: -- 4 w:-:v!-, " !•:'* f>r a coo:; 44 to ;f= i Hi 'K.>n ' m's' s, -: .. ' : ' t' in !' •:* • "J ' ' /• d and vagrant 1 > f i.• *. '• ; ■' •• • • ->-i <<> l? .!': : ■v. ; ' i upoi'ifn and < an.! V.' ' ' n j-'- r'. ! • ! as to !;• c.• a •'•••! " r ' ' • 1 ■. 1 if. , 4 " ' ■: • and policy of organising it into T-rri i. r :■ -\ P:( fwo tli-'Hculfl s were in the war • fan ■n : one was 1 ■ ri. >ton <1 T•. an occupancy—th other that of African sla rtvj. Ihe 4 '.v is i|y 3 ; i-t I:Ms*s. 4 nd t! •' Subject ,4 d ! -■- ' an-d ■ rf \ "ij.-- Jul, Mow than en- 1 bun Ir ! h whes were deliver er r< C es at ('• t >t> r; on the slavery que.-:ion. At hr -th the •'; >1 • r nnlrv !vn 4 •' •' : ~ iri, I i • 1 M 4 ■ - Pi,. Ast • ' Oregand Washington TWriforie?, nr i '■ < ft: ."7:' a 4 l i i nth f U' ; .h j 44 d ! '* r( 1 was irT 4 iz- f tw.-> Tt-rrt iori*ar. f named K 4 -as and %"■ ' ta.-'sa. i": - law (•• • 4 :ii-: 4 _r these T r: i: i s = ; ' 41 vt rr c• 4 - iv- :•v, 5 vr 4 i: ir fit 4 . • ',■> nf !' -:n n "."hi f 4 :r: ' '■* ir •' 4 ; • in s?;*ut in {• -ir on n n*av. i ct nn'v t > the C tsfituti n • I the Cffcited States; and to ena :<• {' p- ;i■ to (i ,4 > so wi 4 ! Nt !i: <!;nrce of :iny >c a; ins rt ! t!.. act a f r* 1 r.lin nil laws v'rA< 'd-.g, or pr '■ itirs iTc|;olt?in. T Is sett] 4, ment owatly pleased one partv, and <M-plnased l!;e ot' nr. Tite <3-f. t ! anti-slavery party professed to ! ■': •*.- {?••: r ojj'fss had power and to ex-rcise it, to exclude slave property from territory which had t ,-en acquired hy th joint and at - onm on ( \ 4 i ns •ct ! jvehc! !<\-s ar; i n-n-s'avc h.,'d •?. The victorions democratic partv believed that Con'ress had no such t r. -r on !-r ! l •• Coc.-ti tn'i- n, and f'na' it n. 4 onid h j innquitahle to cx • rc.is" it, if it hid : alo, (hit in this par ticular ca=n, such an exercise of power would be a flagrant violation of I lie third article of the treaty w *h France, I y whit Uo.k* country was acquired. Immediately after the pa.ng of the act, people living in Missouri. upf>n the bordrs of Kanm, being well acquainted with t T > coon (ry, poured into that territory in Jorge nurr > • rs, and approprint d many of the ir.ot fi rtile, ' -t wat'fed and best timbered tracts. Many 'I tl'.' Se carried their slaves with tlmm. On the other hard, rii -r to the final po-.sage of the K msss-N* ! raAa : i!'. his! #fi. r it* p-- bi ce ;r e evident, <* : M sin mem'-ej ?os Con/r- form ed a secret association, which Bmmately he came p#! lie. to incite and al i the migration in to Kansas of persons oppatwd to the exigence of j'sv rv, fior the express purpose of so r a Ty ing out its provisitjns as to cause an exclusion of the slavery property of the Southern States from the Territory. This secret combination of politician? to perpetrate sectional injastic was promptly fillowed by public ones: an monies were collected in numerous places fj tli" e\-pr parn -- of ai ling an effort to ex elude South, rn property from Kauras. Tf,i sectional and fanatical purpose was, in practice generally coupled with some one or mor schemes of money making ofa highly specula five character. This effort very naturally pro vok 1. counter efforts, and violent c >ntrover si s bt tiveen the assalants and the assailed fo! lowed. i .a 1 creators of strife, as often is the case w re worsted. Of th v iters on that occasior this may he siid ; Mmy were bad mn. The sr. r.e was, it possible, as.disrra a f 1 a? thos< vvnicli have been such n scandalous reproach te the large cities of the Atlantic and Pactic States in vi d ntly contested elections. In nu dint. Iv after 'he very first -!• ction many oft! " voters belonging to each of th" contend ing parties ar..! amor: r them the defeated can diibte f>r del gate to (kjngress, I- ft the Terri tory, n Tor to r.turo. Few of the emigrant? ft om the various S:.P s elisor than th from the ame :,t t rate f \?:<s>uii, who a? me '. ,d easy and early facilities for m.'.i-,r them .-Ives comfortable, passed the first winter in Kan as. : and many of the settlers in Kansas ffoin f:i - souri passed th- winter on! of the Territory. Cut wifn the spring, emigrants and disturbances returned to Kariws. During th - w!:; .• of th - second year (18.55); it is !., !i, v j the majority of t..e ac<■ ":l s 'tiers in Kan is were emigrants from t!:e adjoining State. Bet as the mass of th- e;, gra. !s sent out to Kan .as und.-r the i -pira'i >;i I the ah di'i ri-ts were p-'toily fii t-1 fir h'or in or.brok.-n fields, and lad to draw l.i Iv upon the aid of ahr r.t an i fanaii c:d tricu's fur support, and as both the sopp.irt-d and Wpporttri new accustomed to wrai.glu-gMtddi<- putotion, the Territory w rt < q-i,cklv 6!) -1 with str e. And ac !c.cal cißtention and violence increased, so . d th- heat and the contributions of |he remote supp :te-s, tir ti! the turn il in Kansas on one side matured into open defiance ■*!' t;'a l i so* the i -rr.' irv. Tlie rn>Te lian.dul of en igranls were cstentatiouslv fur nisl.ed, even by religions men, amid prayers and hi ams, with destructive weapons, and en c ]r tj\ to f pf up an indep*n it-nl This was only nut put into actual operation, probably, lit f r the firmness of the govern ment officers, hacked by the troops of the Uni ted Btiles. For nearly three years these tur bid nt >pa:u!s, thus encouraged by the rest! -.- r:.! f.Lii'- -0- , I--—, f v tory nt -get.' 01 .yiiarcnv a.n-t oisorcier. ;u y 3v Hi.lf v tiicregsrd-'d the laws, . i dr 3 it ho- - ! en j 's<i'.le f>r ih-m to do so. When "<• t•'is w ere !;♦' in t dof ■ ac< fully j ar ts-. ; i'l gin th-'ip, th- y d i:>'.! and ann y- t ! • \ iters in k-tv cc- i !e way, arj.f s riv.'rii in ! !.<!:•'* election u} n days and in a mo vr •• . iby law, ami express! v • c: :vene t! - law, W!i Til I'M. to PH,'. jf pns .'(] p. t!; -'SC -,rs?r -- rs an-J sTril s th • L*2 Mature mi !e f r mdon t"T a v..♦•> <fth ■j • I;, 'i q-: .-dion whr'h- !• a Stat- g v- mm • t -h -u! i ho f •v the r. at.":i .m!.-; *i -x ■-!' a Cl"' ' ■ _>r era rr ■! disturbers run "lined to prevent at- ! Bfid !.!;r vote. &>, likewise, Jflwi the ' ' **n!, ■ a ' ■. n o:t 'bv a r t>. 'a- vi to oft'.- ;'r tn ' e calh ti a'Tf :1 mischief ' th w vvcrv ob.tac! in the wav of a full Titration of the settler?, leea Hy entitled • !>' i :r.rs.-', he <.• aver,'.; n jnml then '■ r. !!; ■vi ! i icr <1 and ; !i iv ef-Vts had { n r'.iallv inc. ; -fs!, ♦' , v f j C 'V U ;< h t; -ir rr -!-r 'lint; 'MI t r. ■ ■■- "S v • >' t' ey r ' ' ; v. i'h a r , !i : ' •f"'! a" i fair : and as tin- r> .• <-'"> •> ■-■ r - ■' ! .'! and rn:r•-!•(.•. th, v wished the '■ •' • ( the lit ] ''T'e; to i'fif-r I n? 1 !.,> ■ ! ■! I 1 < " ' -r- •'!i " ( r:v was m i'.lf r legal nor fair. The people having, by ' f C ;' v "te, on 1 red the caiiinr of a c->oventi ,n and fii ' -i, •• fu ■ I to vote at the elect inn ? t tr- :r. rs .f - f O'over.li n, end th- <1 n/n rnn bstinate r. fusal raised an outcry that the Coo ven'i . was • y CV a • - n r.' .• f {' v ,:i I •Cm \ it ion, up nth gr ••and J. th vI; : ;;■ ! ' e,: n allowed to vov fir its la'.ifi it; *'• igh they knew* before the c!- ction of thi ' anv 'nil •, t! at !': C i!'-;.'i a bad !.e >n clo!!:•'.! ■;!!> fell ari:. -m'v to' r- i?:e i (' ■ t :■ • *"f*i liatl; th v wr-ll knew 'at t! •' i I p:,.vi :p --f r the election i ( n. r.- ! • r = r I th- C 't- ' !, r. ' ; i '•••en vetoed hv the Gov r;r; v.: e ; t!-' i s- C~r.- tind that ft en.v ! d t: • V invent: n to r ' a for.-.tit' 'i n. ass 1 the! it ! a.! ! *?j a law alter k full consideration of sue!: reto. i ' y kr- >w I :,jt '!;?> Gnvr". ;r nr. I the f 'ilceis of ! r. r;' ory, in vari >uß ways, had n a<'■■ :r- at • \ ■st >in 'uce !' -m to'go to •?.- polls like i.on-st law-a'.i.-licg citizers, and veto for ■ f'l ho u. ! respect their u! ' . an r tJ.ai thev bad refused to heed these solicitations. I • v r.lsn knew that the C -,v - tian had not nly d an op;.f rtur.ity for the gc >d citi zens who lad registered themselves as voters accordingly to law, to decide win tivr slavery it!!:! or -n! ! not i e established in Ksnjas a. 4 a!. e ! ; s-t n, hut fa! also a!!o-.\. •! even those I n ' r • n v, ho had **i <rb> red the laws, an.! '.vho had con him dt > prevent a full regulation, to vote w i'h the registered v -tor. 4 up u this vita! q : . tiort, aroi th'v also knew that they refused to vc'->, even under such circumstances, upon this propositi n. Tl: • Ccnvi ntion was called by a direct vole of the people in direct pursuance of law; 'he p. o p!' . in |ur itance of law, sulcqnently tl cted a C nv. n'ion to rr.n'<* a Constitution ; and, in ft. lit pursuance of all the fotrr.s observed by such Convention, that Convention, thus legally elect".!, <ii.i rase a Constitution. ' That Con elituti thus legally creat* !. is, if recogniz I by Congress, the supreme law of Kansas, and can enly he changed bv the people of Kansas, who through their legal representatives, have thus formally created it. No Legislature of Freedom cf and Gpiaion. BEDFORD, PA., FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 12, 1853. Kansas, after the people had, in pusuamce o all the forms vi law, called and e!-cte I a Con t'ittiUanal Convention to make a Constitution, cuui j legahy interfere with it, either to increase

0. its powers, The Convention, being ihec .ect I l;i JJI representative of tiie sover eignty of the people, could no more he restric > * i!i its legitimate action bv a Legislature, t ;an cook! toe people themselves be restricted i) id t.Vy b-en assembled, in person, in one ftr■ - :t mi-s meeting, to make a Constitution for their n M i governm nt. Hence the work of tiiat Con vest ion was iinal and complete, and must so remain, in ail its parts, until clanged by toe people that called and elected the Con vention that made it. The vote on the single c ,ause submitted on the 21st of December, 1857, was a final vote : the Convention itself, il re assembled, could neither change the Constitu tion no. order a second vote* I lie power with which it was entrusted by the people is exhaus ted. Its members are now only private citi zens, a:, j, like other private citizens, must (b y each an.l every requirement of the Constitution which tbey severally helped to cr, ate. Far Lis; can a thereto- unauthorized Executive, limitary and Legislature, change, alter modify ; or nullify the Constitution made by the people through their selected representatives—rep.e --! sentativej elected by the people themsei >-t s, anu clothed with special, direct and positive a . nority for (rat. and no other pur- ose. Good citizens and representatives of good ' citize. , cannot c ntistentlv do any thin" ex pressly te up .old violat ,rs of law' and known iii>!u:" -rs of the public peace. It is alike! mpolitic and unjust t >grant the tuibulent <Jt an :> t the disorderly, be they few or many; j it is wron - to aid them to overturn a Constitu tion made by the law-abiding support ew of the; gov- in and laws of Kim s ; the m re es pecial!) when the habitual dis- :rL -rs w-..-.iid not have any caus- of complaint of any kind, as they them ei . is loudly assert, if tlev had Ji-ten e i to the ar.i ?st co niseis of the President of their c unity, and the Governor of their Terri tory, and exercised their right and honestly J-e 'lrf . j : :eir outy, by voting upon either o! ..je> - Oct.; ins ; I, when the vote was taken upt :i catifr.g a Convention 2, when the Con- : vent.on was elected ;3, when the question was si; n. tie I w ueth- r the slavery clause .. • -iUid . -uh! not be retained in the Con- Ntitiiti-a. ! i the Abolitionists were in a mi joritv, as th. y so loudly boast, and wool i not j | v e>taulishmefit of ..slavery in j ' f a.- .... - v nave i. -jus-, ia s'e rr, ftrrrpaai;.. 1 If they were in a n.ir rity, as there is reason | to believe, t .• y have no just cause of complaint, j f*r lis- r ritv of ihc {-. ; '. ting, in acc c- j 1. c w ti, the th- or. s oiAJ, ougr t to rule, 1 Not wiifistanuing im r- v ar. I inctssant claims |of iin* a vliii >... r to he c n*i :r i an .jaritv ' the i ; aof i;.- !ri.' h <-■[iiiese c!s : r-fi.ains :o >..*'• si; >-.vn. Haying Lc n abundant ; ly supplied wi h superisr ar ms, such as Sharped ft I >• I oil's nffohrji and Bowie knives, and ull a:: t J for t'> or three v ats to their us \ and to it. in concert a- lin ma-s s, the idi A :ti•• i i--. if; re ! - nt into Kansas by th. fanatic:; of Ne# England !,c.r become daogrr- I ous and formidable. But .tbeir—number* hate ";; ,it is Ih-Ji r* :r-.;'ly < xagierattd ; the if |> j v.vr con.-i-Js in th.-ir i r organizatin.i rand ar:, and in theii being support" ! id idle* t •. \V!-. n call .1 o; nto vote jl.r or against t <•''.• ;a G Mi nto form a (' astitu tion, these mercenaries i f political priesta did •tic r measure sre: gth at the jobs \.h the DeiiMCta'i- party of K-m.-as, but . So, a; in, wl. n the n. r.-.be-s of the Convcr fion '.v •re t-jei!• i ; In i h'i >n:.!s >!:runk f: os i - :-o, ~ v. he the c , ?:. -n r rne up w hm:.; r fi. , • ?!:. ni.i or si;o d-1 not be a ca ; e : duined :n tie Constuctiou a: .v.vi.:g - av. r. : I. > !n o-h J i'. Ka.nsa . tir y again - r . h lo.n I:.- en. nt-, e . -.-ft ir wrski >, or f- T: :i r ! !iiic.d design. It is iv ; , ■ , re ;: .v a*.' a uiijori'v of toe ci'iz ns ii ; as In .i* the i.osi--. -v. h i Js.. - . tj: s, Sot ail are not ah diii.-r.ists cr fanatics -;n the slave question. Why this continued absence frot •h" ;-1 In. ili'V fad the real strength with *h to ta! <• -.'.-ii in J th-' L-.:Ulature, cr,d : as prac- t'j y <: a'' ?,:"• dtivs by having rvi i' it s in t! .v n v. d\ Al 11 * bite el. j) of Stale cfli:crs, they .x< ; their sir. „t.i' in usoan with c • r{ a .. fing.l'l- i;t-, and so c! ,e wa the cor. • -t v iw .. ti.:.; a;., d, that the result is as yet T' Iv <-l cti :i th p y ever carried was that vv!; n aMn id last fail', and their success is rea-hlv 3 ' ir.led :.r without resorting to the sup; t : : at ti:.> Abols'.iotiiits c0.1.j -e Oiajoritftor even a fourth, ol the voters s i\-i As to their v '• rp m the Constitution, given u; n th,.- i urth <>! .'a nary U t.t'.vo week? after the dav appnint- .1 v t!u only corrpetent autho rity to app'hnt a day, little mod be sa:', Ir it wa? tilt, rlv inegu.ar, and was thiown up : a day other than the legal one, for the purp. o of casting contempt dpon the government. V >s cast wit! "U lawful authority upon a question d ci-h ai d with ap- rp -setu unf-vora bli affect what is law t..'. orderly and r: r.re er.titl ■.! ! • r.o c • .ieiaii r. at th.- 5 har.di of t w;.c> do act claim to favor iawh.-i.mfs and anarch*. That tf-n wlm habitoaTly set all law at de fiance, and who c .i.sider asl restraitit up in 'h-ir wishes tyranny, sh uld report that they f-ave cast ten tfeou-and \ tes aguii .-t a Con-'itufi R, . when, upon the same day. and at the same p* ice?', they were able to rally in favor of their candidates ior cilice r. ' so many voters by three ar four 'thousand, will surprise no one and influence r o ore. As good citizen?, it wa? their tiutv to have v t. don the lawful election day ;as tnri i lent persons, th. V chose to vote two weeks afltr ; 11- uce, ha-i they nu/nbered million?, their numbers would not conceal or palliate, far less justify, their open disregard f and contempt of law. Same consider the submission of a Constitu ' ! 'on to a vote of the people for ratification a; necessary to its validity. J n this opinion tin committee do not concur. The pop| „ia\ assemble, as in ancient days, in ma-s meet in/, and make a Constitution, they may elect rep resentatives to make one for them; or tlty may elect representatives to draft one to be sub mitted to theni lor approval or rejection. Tin last method is most approved of during the pas) lew years, though formerly the second method was very generally r soil.-J to. I lie calling of the Constitutional Conven tion <>( Kansas is generally conceded to have been briefly legal, ine election oi its members is also admitted to have been legal. I>- it not logical to infer that a Convention legally called, legally elected, and clothed with authority to make a Constitution, can no mote be inter!' r ed with by Governor, Judge or L _idator, either to increase or dimuii.-h i:s pr.v, -r, oi to niter, modify or nullify its acts,than the p- -pie could oe interfered with h.l to y a??;;! le/i uittsst instead of by representatives? The i tore at a State may n A alter or annul the C : dilution thereof unless thereto especially au | iliorized bv the people. -V i election of bilkers under a Constitution : ■ no vote on the adoption ot a Cinstitution, h- Id ; 011 3 •prior, or on a day subsequent, to the i day fix, d by the lawfully constituted author ises, is considered valid in any State, or in any lerritory. or in any city, county, or town, in the United States no matter how few cr how many persons may engage in the lawless pr*,- c-eding. %o man can be chosen President, or Governor, or Mayor, or Justice of the Peace, hut on the day appointed by law, and except by ia'.vi i and sn&m-Jess desperadoes m Kansas, no *i, re in the L'nited States has this doctrine been practically controverted, li the moarfr ous practice ot the bold bad men of Kansas, now au exception, are to be erected in'oa rui ■*, how long will • oe ere some audacious sectional factiou will find a pretence tor hoi dog a Pres idential elect ;n oil a day other than that ap pointed by law? And when elections are held without any la v by factionisU, and on a day ap; inted by law, tlieir candidates will alway s have most votes; the legal candidates whi "by tnem be pron ur.ced the "minority candidates," and the irregular ar.d illegal ones will be cail- Ed (he "majority candidates." Then will follow strife, Lload.-h J, and war. R ,ts, it must ey : -r Le b>rr:e n mind can he best and n. .( y-f leeted in (he mics* of qivil comm'ian. There > real er. I tr sa!--ty to our liberties and i tif.:iio:;s but in a strict adherence t lhespi.it and tiie i-sier of our Constitutions an J laws • and .there is no dan *- r to our [.-ace and our Uni :j '.'.at we cannot pa.i'v escape if we will c :ienti usly adhere to there* \Vho ever . ri: ,ota L- _ atuiv* oi r ti.an ti.at ot iva . -n> wi.it ; had . - prejrti .0 t.i a pp.nut a dav, ojvn {lie | ■ -is and requ - the }••' .yl • to vote for or aj .d %t a Constitution w kit 1 been i::.a!!y s.J.-j.o-d by the people two wvefcs liafare. and which ,uv : could change but t. e people .aad tii *v on! - y a finr.al act; .n to that dir ct end ? The acti on the Cur.stit.it;on 0:1 the *2lst Decern: r, IS")7, was fial action, ami mat instrument was on that day a completed one; .{ can be changed, a< ail StatejCoasritu tior .anbe ; but. until tore ally •# !•: wjuiiv ebat: d,k is valid . and its turbulent oppb n. it's will find t; .t the validity of that fun.ta rt.- nut law cm not be affected by a town meet in- -ije, or ;• v an irregular vote or.; ret! l y a r-sh L. :v of beaten pirtizaus. Many generous prisons who ar- quite ind.s --p s-.{to countenance the violence an i contuma cy of the abolitionist* s-mt into Kansas ! r the p I;se -f exciudi;.; therefrom aii properly not pleasing to them and th> n abettors, urge that >ni. U tug u. giit be done to 1- •- -n the bald s' |s ti at will ij'.l up n them in t e vent of the a mi;?! n of Kansas itvto the Unir.ri with t eC ::st i' ut i nn d- at L-.-c.;: jit: at, a'- t: .ugh jt is true thai the abolitionists \i dentlv .-•j ? T-,! r- y ,-ati s ; Wot; id 1. 1 Vide £t ej.-c --t rsj h- '* ham t Sections on days subsequent to t! :o art. i:.h;! by Lw, ami even refused to 1 aguiirst e t >'.ahli?i..i:c!it 1 i slavery at a Stß.e wi.e.. vpr lV*s dto !. lieve their d-- it® so would have excluded it, and thus have p> acefuily settled the q • sti< .1 to their own sat isfaction, yet they cosid-r it would be ton s •- v. re to compel such cordon. .. ; its citiz r s vv tl. ugh it is their own fai.l?, to live under a Constitution which, however g;i ic-us,d.- j.ro \ i : r.s may j ro\ ■* to he, tbev cannot ch -'age, vi' at;- suiting to revolu'.; n tir.trl th year IS 64. To such, will,out resorting to the ready an swer".!. a'. Cen.gr- s has no power to moody tr a State Constitution, and has i-xpr- -ov stipulated that the people ot Kansas shall • permitted to k-rtn their own ios'.ituti as, sul i ct only to the Constitutions ct the United Statv f , two replies mav be given. Ihe first or. ; s ibis; — The clause complained,of in the L— comptcn Constitution, in this connection, is in l>> o/r. words * bT tt e*iCnSte&*J*™ one thousand eight 1.0 ; .5 an-Lr>f.i, whenever the L-gi? a ture s! all think it necessary to amend, alter or c aoge this Cor.ititnti -n, they >! ail .*• - u mend to the electors at the next gen- ral election, tw.:- tbirds of the members of each 11 use concurring to vote I ;r or against calling a Conver.ti in. and if it shall appear that a ma; ri;y cf all citizens f the rjtite have voted lor a Convent! a, t consist of as many members as there may be fti the House cf Representatives at the time, to be chosen in th-same manner, at the sair.-.* places, ar.d bythesarnie el-ct -rs that cl c?e the r. ;> - sentativesj said delegates so elected shall meet wi'bin three months after said election, for the purpose of revising, amending, or changing the Constitution, but ooalteration shall be m.ad * to effect the rights of property in ti.e ownership# cf slaves. That this provision is not objectionable to the IYUOK.E iIHBER 2757. | a'olitionists, in fact, and is now urged by them and their f; i -rids only for popular effect, is pro vt 1 by the overwhelming tact that the aboli tioni>:a of Kansas inserted in their "Topefca Constitution" the following more objectionable provision : AMU.MDME.VT3 TO THE CONSTITUTION.—ARTI CLE: XIV. Sue. 1. All propositions for amendments to Constitution shall be made by the Cieceral #ssemb!y. Sxc. '2. A concurrence of two-thirds of the members elected to each house shall be neces sary, after which such proposed amendments shall ue entered upon the journals with the | y.-as and nays; and the Secretary of State shall cause the same to be published in at least one : newspaper in each c tinty in the Slate where a n- , v -; p.-r :s pub'i bed, for at least six months prec-'diitg the next election for Senators and . -iepres. ntative>, w hen such proposed amend j:n 1 shall 1 e again referred to .the Legislature • j- tf, next succeeding said publication. If pass ed by the seen 1 , i Legislature by a majority of tw -thirds of the n.-ir.bers elected to each Hon ■, such amendment shall b- re-published, as aforesaid, f.r at Las! six months prior to the next general election, at which election such p; i<l am. nho nt 3 shall be submitted to the {jeopie for their approval or rejection, and if tb>- majority of the elect -s voting at such elec tt u si ill ad pt such atr.e J meats, the same shall become a parf of the Constitution. S;; \ .J V, hen more f ! an one amendment is ; submitted at the sum* time, they shall be so ! subn t' ! as to er. . .If i • • i -cfors to vote up. |on ♦ eft anvndment separately. Sv . X,> convention for the formation of :a • "* < : ; o:: s: ail be called, and no a ir.enilmer.t to the Constitution shall b", by the p :.- rai a-'-nd.ly. r..u:l- before the year ISGS, nor more than once in fire years thereafter. fhe second reply is tins :—Suppore the cjriev nnce real, an : tuat it ot to be redressed, it is utin.-c. ■ urv for ( oner ... t) unlaw fully inter lore ! n that J -.::; se, i: as r uch as the Lr-cump lon f on vent i n i.as piov;!-J a'full, lawful and perfect remedy tof every conceivable, griev ance, and placed that remedy in the unr*strict eo hanus of a majority ot the people, by insert ing in the Confutation of KansM the follow ing distinct and ur. quivocal recognition of iww er, viz:— All p epical power is inherent in the p-o ph , aai all free governments are founded' on tMr authority, and instituted f ;r their ben-fitj or a' 1 ■•!; t' eir f rm f government, "Tn Vrfch ; manner a - tey think proper, j lies / : • >*s ot Kansas have thus far ;ht ; iv. r by methods unknown to the law ■ an : ! v viol nee, ami not through the peaceful o.: .icy of the ballot-: ox. Chat: J par to bare a i :>rity of the voters of the' T-;:ito. y, an.l ' . {r a •!•> to electLegislaturesand (\ovea ■=, t. -i *;•; CWJN>- t-> wr ;!n ,'r GO fir • ' " v, • i- .} tivs and Uqa! p'oi.-s, ]y j j> u; : civ s: trial is, ar-q-.-cr a! .. • ;r Con-dilution. And in - ■ • ' t) C■ . ! wit'-. i:*.- l c • t tut- .'a! (• •-•usi tor n to afflict 'he con: *ty w i han attempt at hinoti.-hed and i re.. 'utiiin. 1. nl. s Oa;r will do /ir thrm ; what tii-- y a.->-tt they a e numerous enough to !:! ; (or t' ■ ji:< "lve .Cut w! .> h they wilfully refuse '<> d i, they tlir* a-en to , long* the count v into ■i civil war. This cor duct is so exceedingly 'imn-as nable as ■ three the conviction upon the mind that tbejr are conscious oI bring in a hope ! s f.-iii.o hy.nd only exp. ct to contj a - their anwari tctable ends by ejrtojting tliera from the era! love of j-ace and quiet. If your com mittee are not erectly a >taken, these reckless men mi-lodge the American people, and will ■ rerjwir d to seek ; acefal methdds for tfse re ■ Tess of ali hesy grievances, whel-h;r they be r- a! or imaginary. i 1 ■ c r; ;iitt: GO not approve the Ordinance co m; aryiug the Constitution, and report a q . it a;! >wmiV, but they do not regard it any par t of tire Constit'.Jtion, nor will its ap • . ..! c- -pp. >v:i by C mqi> atb et the va :y of that C-?nst it tit in, if the State be ad mitted ir.! . tie Union as recommended. In < r.clu-ion, this conrrr.ittee is of opinion thatwh'.n a Constitution of a newly firmed :• •?, ij- i . ! out four own t- rrllory, is pre sent' dto C i;rr> s.- f r admission into the Union, it is n : rrt f thedr'}' or j ivi i-jc of Congress • irher to op; rove or (unapprove the Constitution :'_e.an .' its various provisions, or any of them, hut sir:., y so s>.e whether it be the legal Con !h" new State, whether it be repub r.v.r-r in 1 , whether the boundaries proposed 1 a I-Tii. ■; and whether the number of in h ■ s dcii Dt to justify independent -'• atee;-panizati n. Be!) -vinq that the paper presented is the legal Constitution of Kansas that it :s rcptibii r.n in its lorrn, that trie boundaries prop, s-.-d bv it are arfmissr ie, and conceding tire sufheien cy of the | ipula'-on, the committee recommend the a-.'-r is.- i m of Kansas into the Union upon the C rs'ituti n prrsi-nlet!, ard r-; :t a bill accord ingly. • t: SA"II VELr BEWARII OF THE V3DDERS." The Sci-.em-cf.. Rijhe'ar is r-s: orr.-i.-le for the tollowirg : Q r!e c mis'a':" lately cccur r- in a love i:air at Duam s'r-urg. A c up!e f vvung o: s iirn-d to e| pe tog-ether, and by -"e■. : • in tb- preliminary arrang-m; nts, c- rrte man put bis ladder up to the window of the next if* th-one in which his sweetheart slept, arr-i which proved to be that in which her anxious mamma, a handsorr.e widow, repor t-d. ' '■ turned the mistake to her own ad vanfoqe; got into hK arsr.s; r.-turned his afiec tion-.te R.r races; was br-rne by him to the carriage, an ! by pre .ervitin becoming silence until dav'ight, U pt birn blind of his error, and by the [ lent power cf her blandishments, ac tually ti. armed Lim into matrimony with her self. We give these facts on the authority of a responsible correspondent. VOL 1, NO. 32.