22 Kasım 1861 Tarihli Bedford Gazette Gazetesi Sayfa 1

22 Kasım 1861 tarihli Bedford Gazette Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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* ' ; VOLt TIE ffS. NEW SERIES. THE BEDFORD GAZETTE IS rUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MORNING I!Y BY 15. B<\ ; 7IKYS, At the tollowin" term-, to wtt : $) .50 per annum, CASH, in advance. $2.00 " " i; pau! within 'he year. $2.50 " " if not paid within the year. subscription taken lor les? than sis months. paper discontinued until <;fi arrearages are paid, unless at the option of the publisher, it has been decided by the United States Courts that the stoppage of a newspaper without ti-.e payment ol arrearages, : prima J'wit ev :d<*nce r.| Iraud and is a eriminal offence. CtF"The courts have decided that per-ot ari-ac countable for the subscription price of newspa pers, if thej fat e them fiom the po ; oid •, -wheth er they subscribe tor them. or n-.t. RATtS OF CHARGES fOR ADVER TISING. Transient advertiscmc '- will be - sorted or the rate of SI.OO per -p;■t'of I- n I 'or I e inser tions or less, but lor every sn';> quei.t i' sert i. 25 cents per square will b c: m audition.— Table and figure work double price. Auditor's notices ten lines and titfder, $ I .c.o ; opwat Is of 'hi linos and under lift- Sl.f . -la! r<-i!ucti >..- made to persons edveiti ug by the year. JEM ASDA BY J t!N S. C. ABB 'TT. In the year 180fS E •• id, Ru?- a •.! Pin fia formed a new tun!, ion ag-.i:- t Prance Prussia commenced I'■ <■ >■■'•n, hi invade: • Saxony with an armv < . ) n ■,on h i the command of Frederick vVtlln-n, <h Pi #- sian Kin?- Alexander Russia, with an < <■ u:! army, was pressing •!u- it lb: . i ti ■ wl - Poland, to unite in t,V march t/t m Pari.?.— England co-cpera'ed v ith fmr mvir.ci'-> iiet ancl with profuse ex: <-r i !; r from her in tiaustible treasnrv. Ihe Emperor was greatly annoyed by this unprovoked attack, which thwarted nil ' ; -> for developing t lie industrial i e.-ource -of Ft ante. He shut himself up f forty-eight hour# t > ar range the details of the < : " hi, nr. l imw ri ately dictated two hundred I ••<*.-■5 nil of wl ich still reiiisin the monument •! hi? energy and sagacity. J n six day - (lie w! !■• -opri. . oard was transported from Paris to !h- l> .in \ I bev traveled by. post sixty mi! sa . av. Ott th -I-'h ot September N :pob , at rm intgh', en tered his carriage at tti • Tu:llei> s, to jun the army. His parting words to the Senate were : ' In so just a war, which we have not pro voked by any aci, by anv pretence, the 11 -- cause of wliich it would he imp ssible to assign, and where we < . > ;ak 1 : _ r selves, we depend en tin h n{">n tin* suj-j irt of tfie laws, and upon that <-l the people, whom ciicuinstauces call upon ■ give Irish proof# of their devotion and courage ' Placing himself At the ' nd of his anny, v J a series of skill 1! ma: con■ r-s he threw hi- u hole force into the rear ol the Prussian?, cutting ''heir, off from their supplies, and from .;!! p -- nihility of retreat. Being tints sure f victory, fie wrote as follows to the King of Prus.-ia : •SIRE, MY HR'thcr —lam in the heart of Saxony. My strength i -vch that -r res cannot balance t!;. victory. But'• : v dv* i s> much blood? why make r-d, 1' . .-'av each other? Ido not prize victory pure! ised by the lives ot si many ol my children. If i were jus! commencing my n.i btary career, and i! I t.ad anv rearm to !>-ar f! - chances ot v. jr. this , language would he wholly misplaced. Sire, vii r majesty will i ■ vnnqnis' •<!. At p - . '-nt von arr uninjured, and <s ay tr at with Hi• m a manner, contours !•• *A i'h y or rank. B- ! re a month is pussed, you will treat in a different position. lam aware that in ti.n wi mg [ may irritate that s.-ii.ri.i!ity v rich n,d ually belongs to everv s->v.r* ign. But circuinstall - ces demand that I should u#e no concealment. ' ■I implore your maj-ori to v, . , this I. :r, nothing hut the desire Iha e b sj ri th el fusion of human blood. Sit . v •th :. i pray Clod that II" mav have u-i. in 1; •-vortl v and holv keeping."' To this letter no r- ilv wa? r< lair. J. In two days from this tim.:' Hie adva: ce gt. ;id of the French net the P: :-- !h, strongiy ::lrencti'-d upon the plains of Jer a and Auerstadt. It wa- Chp evening of the 13:h ol October. The son was just sinking with unui-iil brilliancy b-.hind the western hill-", when the proud array of the Prussians, rmre than nn- hundred thousand strong, appeared in sight, Three hundred pie- j ces of artillery were concentrated in 1 at'- ri. s, j and a squadron of eighteen thousand cavalry, j splendidly caparisoned ami wit.'i bun - or- 1 mor were drawn up upon trie plain. Napoleon immediately took p-< •#■•> •'?' '■ p Landgrafenberg, a steep, craggy lull, which the j Prussians had suppo i inacci .- tb! :o artill- ry, and from whose summit the long lines of the \ Prussian? extending mai-y leagues, coui i !>•• clearly discerned. As the gloom of night - si tied down, the blaze of the Piusuan camp lire?, extending over a space of eighteen miles, illu minated the scene with almost an unearthly glow. Couriers were despatched to hasten on tit* oattalions of the French army. To encourage the men, Napoleon, with i. - own hand*, labor ed through the night in blasting the rock-- and clearing the way that h-* might plant a battery upon '.he brow of the Landgrafenberg. As h ig ade alter brigade arrived, thev look the po?iti ins assigned them by their experienced chief'ain. Soult and \ev were ordered to march a!! nig fit to a distant point, to cut off tie* retreat of t i* j foe. Towards morning .Napoleon threw him self upon Hip ground upon the bleak hillstd -, t ; share for an hour the frigid bivouac of the sol diers. At four o'clock lie was again on horser nr;.-. j A dense fog covered the plain, shrouding tin* sleeping host. Under cover of this darkm .Napoleon ranged his troops in battle arrav.— Enthusiastic shouts greeted htm as he role along the lines. At 6 o'clock, the fog still unbroken, the order was given to pierce the Prussian !in -s iti every direction. For eight hours the battle ' raged with fury never before or since surpassed. • The ground was c-o: ,1 with the dead ; th- I shrieks of th. wounded, trampled '■ .. 1 !'" ''f charging cquadrons, rose a!> <ve th<> t linn "rr of the L rji-. Abo n J o'cl >ck, P. M., the Prosoao (. n - j ; a I sen: the following frantic dispatch to hi* reserve : ' L ise not a mom. r.t. in advancing vmr vet unhrol.-n Iroup-. Arrange your columns so 'hof, illr..u- i their openings there n.iv pa s the fti!! unbrok.-n ar of the hat tie. 13- ready to leC.-He the <h.lig ■ . <■; t: i• • ■ "iViy raajrV. which, in the* most fm i .u? in mu r, ii (I |. overwhelms ami . ibr ■-> the fugitive*, ami has driven into one c ::iu .•<: n.as.> the infant; v, ar tillery a-d < av.ijrv.' ih- Piess.an res -rve,twenty Arm- -ml str oig, i with O 'lie f „ ... V ~O< j. . j|_ , (1i j ; f>r a moment .secnr*,-d to an • the tide of vic tory. A'apolee-n it •>d at the had I th Imp-- 1 rial Gliar.!, which In* had h< Id in .-> > rve as j hour alter hour t.e had iv itch*-,, and guided the I terrible fight. A teung sohlr-r, ri.jMti- ' of: this delay, at last, in tiie exc-s of ,i< , ■•<■>, ■ irwiil, * For ward I Forward'' Napo- j I i" m tumeil strenls to him and said : How- no w ! \\ h,t h'-ariiless boy is this, who ' •• nture to couns-l to- E.p. v .. L-l hen u ti!! he has commanded in tidily j, ci <.i oat ties ; before ne pi offers his ed^ice.' It was now fo t, .ci;, ihe decisive . -.i.-ut ; ta< ariiveu. Mm at, at the head of twelve; thousand bar- -men. hvsh, and in pet Get array, sw- pt down upon the plain, as with <-a ihquake r or, charging the bewiiJered exhausted, bleed •ng ho>-:, and, in a lew mommi's the work was ■ ■fie; the Prussian arim w jJ - .j ye.l. L'i-e ;>n inundation the fugitives : u-!ii .1 fmm the field, ploiigiiVd by the ! A ,i ;! -n. and trampled beneath (lie tread ci p.? resistiess ; cavalry. H i lie this scene was transpiring on ihe plai . <>t J-na, another division of th j Prussian armv was encountering a similar disaster on the* tieln ol Auerstudt, twelve mires distant. As the fu gitives of both arniie® were driven together in th :r flight, ;n conhi*ion an-; dismay i •• .-arall , ''d, horsemen, footmen, wagons and artii.'-rv in densest and wildest entanglement, there was pruned down upon them the most terrible storm of balls, bullets and sh-IE. sight ran,e at length. Rut it brought no teliel to the vanquished. Tfte pitij. •.-* pursuit j "'-as uninterrupted. Jn whateve- direction the i shatter, f columns fled, they were met by the j troop- which Map'd. on had sent anticipating j I the mjvi fre-nt. The hing hiinself narrowly I escap-d capture djring the rout ol that terrible j : Ufghli U V -■ i-V - ' - -v : horseback, he feipe i Imdg s an i fenc- , and 'plunged through fin :s aru! fields, until he j : resetted a place of safety. The Prussians lost in this one disastrous figi-t twenty thou-aiui in j killed and wourtded. while twvn'v thousand ■ •:•••- w re taken pr;< :;r;". \o irilitary cl i-f: -in has ever manifested so m t!i skill in following up a victory as- Mapo Jo i> -s ft ,1.1 lull; teen days ev-i y rein- | i nant of the Prussian army was taken, ar,d ail the | fiitressisol Prussia were in the hands of the j Trench. The king, a woe-stricken fugitive,! driv n Irnm his r> aim--, fie.l for refuge to the ar mv of Alexander. N• vr before in the history j of the woi Id was so formidaide a power so speed- j ily and utterly annihilated. But one m ; 'i had now e|,p-e t j since M. o '■ l- !t Pi;;-. An aimr -b two hnndred j thousand men, in thorough discipline and drill, t had, in that time, been either killed, taken pris- 1 oners, '<r ii;p r• -ci. No? a ho-'ile rcgim-nf re- •; : mainerf. A large number of fortress •<, siren?- j thened by the labor of ages, and which h-j !. • deemed impregnable, had fallen into the hands! of the victor, and he was reposing in security j in Berlin, in the palace of Frederick he Gi at. t The story of tins wondei f;:l acldevemeut passed ! lover Eurcpe like the woud'-rs of an Ara!>ian i ' ii--, r) citing universal an-.a/er... = nf. 'ln ;i :,ii j tui- man, sai i tin- 1. ; ,-ror Alex ;ni!er, 4 we I : fir-- but cbildf a attacking a "iant ' GKNEHAIi PATIEKSOA'. The firmness r -f purj.-ose which -n bled Gen. i Patterson to re.-ist ibe popular pressure which I would have driven him with ail means to attack | an en-inv of superior force w ill ,since the mas- j sacre of flail's Bluff, be p- A-ably bett-r appie- | ctated. 1! - might ! - e obtained the credit of j ! being "■ da-, i, g co .marider'' l-y at'c-r-.g a j i largt lorce in an entrenched position with bis j j thr-e siege guns, but the loss of Ilia army would j j i;av. been poorly compt n.-.U'-d t -y • notoriety j j which the gallantry of the artin wi-ul.i have! given his nam-. He lid v. ' ' !e- u , in ' j saving our own Cumberland '-"alley from inva- , ; jjo.-i—in freeing M iry'if n - - g -r— in d-i- J ; ving the en u.v from liarp r\ Ferry—in whip- f ping him a: Falling Waters—i; I rcing him I retire to the only position which h • c uld hold, ; ; a . l( j—great negative' virtue —in n >t attempting j j what he c mid m-' perfinc. U'lutever the j im< rd of his actions may have been, they | j should not be underrated by Peiinsyivanians j : whos 1 soldiers, of less experience than any now | in the field, were not subjected to the useless ; .slaughter winch lias att-n.]- .1 the or.l v muve in,.ut which lias been made since he relinquish- j ed the command of the upper P >ton w. We cut ilm above vindication of Gen. Ps'ter- ■ son from the Philadelplya .Yor\.'i Jhr. erica J, and commend it to the oansiderati >n oi those jaurnals, which have traduced Gen. Patterson because oi his failure to attack the rebel army st Winchester, and prevent its juncture with Beauregard at Manassas. Gen. Patterson has submitted in silence to atlacks upon his chatac- j fer as ati officer, and his loyalty as a citizen,; I while carrying jn his pocket, documents stiffs- I cint for his ample vindication, rather than j obtrude himself upon the public, trusting to; time and experier.ee to demonstrate the wisdom of his movements even to his personal enemies. lGr"An ounce of inirth, with the same de gree of grace, will serve God further than a pound of sadness. it _ - BEDFORD, PA., FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 22, iSbi. A STARTLING EXPOSITION. . . The Chicago Tribune, heretofore the sltHd f.i>t an.! twnest 0 iend of Gen. Fremont, de votes five columns loan exposition of military affairs in Missouri, making •:r*s far ir.r.fe damaging to the "Path Finder ' than anything divulged through the agency of Adjutant G*\r erai Thomas, or the Congressional Corn wit tie lately sitting at St. Louis. We n Ue jthe f4- 1 owing rx'racts: Eaily in the campaign, Mr. Dross, of lit .;il ( p , went to St. Louis. Imn' *, Cap - Girardeau, Cairo stivJ Paducah. He *| j tin ned v ith ar••p■ ■/! of :h> •- tings on 11. 1 rvi> il and • i-fac'nrv. Later and ab.rat SS •:' V!: : V- •, after I :.e li ■<• ! less sa.u ifio> of i\l illigan and command, Mh jM ( ill iv. t firm Si Luuis to J •flers-m Cd.v, j and along 'lie road to Scdalis and Georgetown, fl- kit i -lie an ardent admirer of G"- ty, Pre •.',and a i r.-ii-er in die repoits pr in ';- rial hi fur lis place, uis letters, I u 1 •' h • AMted no li'tle commotion an: mg <sr r • . testily !!•• smcerv. v of ! - rrin versa'-;"tn 1 > f e , |i|io: i e f>| ion. When the G'.irfgrV-.- sioiial ft a mittee e! nrged with the duty of ■ x ;• •tjlnif./ into t : :n y and Da >y eohtr;;'S\ wettl !. J Dr.. Rav went r> nto - ri '• -or ' > get at > en- of the fact-- v. lop ->, His private letters contained matters of *i. v h mom'fit and o preilju.-'ical t. the manager;".':-,! of the depar' ne.nt, thaPMr. Scripp , f> ai ing j hat he had been '< !• .! by inter d parties, de- ru ed it his dirt y 'i; ree himself what fotinff.itn there wa for (!■ • r! - • and he went d v Thus t!> ■ edi'oti.i! p' piiet. rs el, the Tr'ut r, who are ij suffer 'y a ntisnke in this grave matter, have : •■> after anolh-r. been on the gr'muj, pet> na! observers of the state of th f)- pn:r •..{ '. All had he a the fast frierd.se/ the General—all harl support-.1 " him fur Ur* Pi ' ~rv in JSfidi —all were in lav or of uis appointment to th- Army of the West—<iii are willing to live and die by the d "clrtr.es of tu* ! 'oclama'ion that has gone so straight to the heart of the people. C-.'iiecfively at at! e: ii-r slag-- in the r: m paign they had beer, compline nled by ti:-- G eiaJ lor their earnest support of his policy and ; n;vi warmly th.a Iced for their "generous de>o tion t ' him." Tin? result 1 u hat would here 1 1 .pp.*n to any four earnest men who d "ft* a qui'k termination of the war and an act; r. owl '•dg-ti triumph of the holy cause; Profound conviction of the incompetency of the General, | ds g iit with the character of the men fc . wi. 4t hi- s .-ui rounded and in vylfunt.be nui# .its i-Jvfn n ffwrrance not to oe sTJsioli tnat unless i the Coiiimander is removed and the affairs of l hp Dep-. rtmi rit are put into new hands, Mis souri an ! finally K-n'.ucky and Tenne-see are hopelessly losl. In relation fo the sacrifice of Gen. Lyon, the ! editor Vfn'ures upon statements which can scarcely be credited as truth. He s-vys: "We have the word of a have and trnthiui man, who was with (!>n. Lvon en Friday, be fore the fight (th- battle was un Saturday j that, with high indiguaii)n. in presence of nios! of the members of hiv staii, he declared hisbt-b f . that there was a delihrate purpose to cist him ; oiT and destroy his fore*! We urge no charge ' igai' t Gen. Fremont that he had such 3 pur ' ; se; ! ; there were th • about him t and now controlling him, who are nt ex onpt from | great suspicion of this crime," And cf the mrreti-j.r ol ( oi. Mulligan: f • IV'* add,on the authority of Hon. John A. i Gurley, ummb.-r of Corgi >$ from Cincinnati, ' it that tiiny a m'rrberof Gen. Fremont's ".iff, | that a nr,ess ng-r from Col. Mulligan, with his : L-. L two days among the thu- ves in Fremont's ; an f e-room, una!>!e to put down the court eti j quelle th' re enforC'd bv the sharp sabres of I th" 1 body guar!. and at i.ist by the a, iof LIPU t.-nant Gen. flail, got in only t > heai that Hie i G. al "would see about it." Ti"' "i folkv.'s more about the ."ant"-room thl v. of whom it is remarked: '•To see th ■ Commander of tlie Department, save in cas s which make the exception to the i rule, has at any time in the last two months— open a matter of greater difficulty than logetan i audience oi the Emperor of Fiance, the head ;of an empire and an army of 400,000 men. If j ttas for the infer Lof Cnliforni.ns and fiteir ronftilf'ifrs tlwt this should br so, because \ white all the t.lhers were excluded, they had j free access by the. buck stairs.'' Among other specifications in regard to the j character of these retainers, i' is charged that ' -'on - r.i j: G "v. rnment Insp ctors of horses ;t : t.LLou r -, '■ a 'waduaie of the Kentucky State. Prison.'' Th* above will do as specimens of :lsis shocking expose. The editor says in con ■ elusion: "We an 1 informed upon sufficient authority, i ;h.3t when the Investiga'ingCommittee conclu-j d'd their labors at St. Louis, they sent a dis— . tcli to Washington,(6y mail to Springfield, to tt.nl it rnigjd not be slopped.) telling the Presi dent the condition of affairs in Missouri, and urging upon him the instant removal of Fre mont, upon the ground that in his fiends the

war could not be continued n year for reason of want of funds to supply the waste and prof if icy in his Department." This accumulated testimony of the last few days, it must be confessed, bears hard on the late head ol the Department of Missouri; but it is due to Gen. Fremont, that till proven by thorough investigation, and by competent au thority, those grave reflections on his private character and official capacity should be taken with many grains of allowance. The N. Y. Tribune has made the singular discovery that in the new Pennsylvania Houre of Representatives the republican or "PeopleV partv have a small majority. It would pur.- 7,1e the Tribune to prove this assertion, as bat forty-seven Republicans are elected to the , House, including ali of that party elected en ITnion tickets. Freecrir, cf Thought and Opinion. I ADJUTANT GENERAL THOMAS ON GENERAL FREMONT- Tiie i-lliria! r.-port of Adjutant Geneial Thomas, who accompanied the Secretary of War m his recent visit ti, Missouri to examine into the condition of the department under the ; command of Gen. Fremont, fully bears out all the reports concerning th- extravaganeeaorf in competence of that officers. The letter of Fhurlovv Weed to the Albany Journal winch we published a short lime rince, contains in a condensed firm the material ficts disclosed by the report of the Adjutant General. After thi* exhibit of utter rh. qnalification, it is not surprising that the Administration did not he - :tate a moment to remove G -n. Fremont from ; the command to wfii h he is so inadequate— ■ and we apprehend that it his case was deter- : rnmed solely upon evidence of lus ti ■ • ■■■ as j a General, h-would not remain in charge of j the Western Department another day. Hut J Gen. Fremont happens to have many warm' por-'ona! and political fri-nds—the former h.i"£ t-o-n the recipients of I,is bounty, and the iat- ! ir regard him as tlm representative of the e-• mancipation policy against'that jo far pursued j by in- A-'ministration. Threats are freely us- | ? ! by tins combtnation of plunderers and fanat ic.', • hat tlie removal of Fremont will he fid-; lowed by seri us disturbances in the Western 1 armv anil these threats, which should have constitnted an additional r-ason for the imme-} dii'e sup'-TCedure of an incompetent General, ; i ave, urd. ppity, not been without their effect. ' G' n. Thomas shows that Gen. Lvon's dea'h nod del-a! might have -been avoided bv oidina- j ry fori-igb-t and energy on tlie part c>f Fre-, moi!t,and that Mulligan might liaebeen rein- | •J m t and L> xingtion saved from the enemy, j Gen. Hunter. Fremont's r-c • d in command, i ' urged him to remfuice Mulligan, but the ad-j vice was not l.eedivi or acted i y:i —in conse quence of which Mulligan, after a b:ave rests-j lance, was compelled to capitulate to vastly j s:;p"i for nu:nl -rs. The at 1 jut ant Gem rai's report says : "Gen. Hunter express-d to the Sect alary of War ins decided opinion that Gen. Fremont was incompetent, and unfit lor his extensive and important command. "The opinion entertained bv gentlem n of ; position and intelligence, who have approached : and obs rved liim is, thai lie is more fond of the pomp than of the realities r,f war—that his . mind is incpableof fixed attention or strong kconcentration—that by his mismanagement ol ' M-s inc.- arrts?! in Missniiri. the ijjtate bar almost ' —.T.V ' <v tamnr ned in command, t/.e worst results may bean ticipatr J. This is the concurrent tesiimrfhy of a larg ' number of the most intelligent men in ' Missouri." Gen. Fremont's friends point to his rcccn*. successes against a enemy as evi dence rf his energy and capacity—and partic t;tally to ttie hiiliiant charge of his famous both gnaid equip; e<i at great expense. This! piovts nothing. Ji is easy to advance when j there is no enemy to r ntest his progress— and j as to exploits of the body guard, ■! will hardly j be contended that the large sum of money lav- i ished upon them was the cause of tin ir victory. ; An equal number ol ordinary dragoons, led by j an exp-ei tenct'd < flicer, wciild have been e- i quaily successful at one tenth of tlie cost. After the'repor' of Adjutant General Th >mas, ' U? do not see hou the Administration can re- j fuse to retnov•* (Jpn. Fremont 'vitliout assum-1 ing the responsibility of every misstep and tlis- j aster that may hereafter overtake our arms in 1 Missouri. A GOOD I'M ON SPEECH Hon. Nathaniel Wolff addressed a mass' mi . tinjx i" New York on Monday night. Mr. j Wolff is a Ketituckian, at.d was received by , the audience with shouts of applause. indtca-1 ting the i! -light v. ith which .New York wel- 1 c '(lva a man from Kentucky, on the Union j platform. Mr Wolfe addressed the immense assemble as a representative of the Union men of that gallant State, now engaged in the bit terest portion of the conflict, around their own homes. The remarks of such a man on such an occa sion are worthy of profound regard. He is no j -idle political harangue. The meeting which fie addressed v.as call-d to ratify local nomina tions for cilice, and he had no personal interest to serve, no political claptrap to exert. His} • ech is national in its character and addressed i to the mind of the nation. Stating the origin j of the war, he says: I will not exhaust your patience by tracing minutely the causes which have the peo ple ol this country to tit* 1 very verge of seif d-struction. Fanaticism lias contributed her share. The graceless zealot, urged on by falsa philanthropy, sought the abolition of Slavery, at the expense of the very existence of the j white man. The advocates of abolition should j lav their faces in the very dust, it is to them (hat we owe, in a great me asure, the misfor-j tunes of our country. It is incomprehensible | to a rational and reflecting mind, that a class j | of nun should exist in this enlightened age, j whose vocation seems to be to pull down every- j thing which wisdom established. They may | j rest assured that their doctrines, and their labots j j can r*sult in no good to out country. Sooner i or later their mad career will drive the men of j i the s!avehold*ng State, into one united effort j ' to overthrow the Government—a Government s which should encircle in its maternal arms all ( the citizens of the great Republic. But if the Abolitionist is the dire enemy of our institu tions, so is the secessionist. His is a heresy, 1 which the combined wisdom of the nation has 1 united in condemning. Secession ts a princi ple which is at war with all good government; , it is a prolific source of every evil with which ( society could be possibly afflicted. War, mur der, rapine, robbery, arson, in short, every crime known in civil society, are the legitmate 1 fruit of that horrible heresy. w it i) c S c?) ci oima st c v Tl br o a ■ 7s> . 1 EDITED BY SIBION SYNTAX, ESQ. 1 EXF"Friends of education who wish to enlighten i th^public• oh the subject of teaching the "young | | idea how to shoot," are respectfully requester! to j send communications to the above, care of "Bed j ! ford Gazette. , 1 i : SCHOOL tIHICS FOB PARENT AMD CHiLi^ I No. 31. I Pupils should endeavor to preserve their health. It is manifestly immoral for any one ■ so to exert his mental powers, that his physical | organs be impaired and an early grave the re- I suit : vet, we find many of the pupil- of schools, ■ and particularly in the higher departments, I who have give", their w hole attention to mental 1 work, and who have become physically irtcorn ! potent to do anything; and thus not only de stroy their physical powers, but weaken the 1 mental to such a degree, that ei'.het insanity or death is the result in store. Too much brain ! work and not enough of physical exertion will ; be quite as injurious in its effects and even more jso than the reverse. The old maxim, "All j work and no play makes Jack a dull boy," is a j very true one. Our school sessions are too long, the number of hours should be reduced i and then couf! much more work be agcnmpJish i'd. Curved spines, consumptions, and a score lof other disea-es, are con!iactd ir: the school- I room by both pupils and teacher through oare- i l<s.-ne.- c . Our nation stmt to be one that is particularly consumptive ; perhaps, too,in mare j than one sense ; but as regards bodily consump tion as a disease, we think it is in the majority of cas* contracted in the schoolroom. When we look at (lie German and Prussian systems of education,. we cannot but admire the manner in which (hey preserve the health of their pu pils. They 1 ave their gardens in which during a part of the day the pupils are congregated and pursue their studies, thus granting them the privilege of breathing pure air and invigorating bodies; while at the same time their minds are busy at work. This is undoubtedly of a vast ' - ic-- •Viiivcd fpnen their being cramped in a crowded schoolroom six hours a day. Recess should always be taken as a time lor exprcise. By being thus carelu! to exercise all the faculties, physical, mental, and moral, many of the diseases at present af flicting the human family might be avoided, : and we be a more healthy and robust people j than we are. A careless observer of school operations may i think that there is nothing connected with them worthy of examination, or worthy the attention !of the community. Such is not the rase. The I great failure is, that school duties are not striet ily and promptly performed by those upon whom they devolve. When a full and hearty cooperation of all connected with tiie school ; system shall have been secured, then may we : expi ct a result magnanimous 111 its character. So long as parents look with a skeptical eye up on the work, and decline to give ns their assist ance, and so long as pupils, urged by parents, fail to perform their duties, so long may we ex pect education to remain stationary. There is, however, a brighter era about fo dawn. The clouds which hang so heavily in the darkness are now beginning to vanish, and a twilight, clear and promising, announces the approach of open dav. KAPPA. THEORY AMD PRACTICE. Some time since we ventured through your columns, to ask some questions concerning the "Theory" of teaching. We did so partly for information, and partly to direr? attention toa subject of some importance to teachers. A wri ter in the Inquirer writes a long article in an swer to our questions. As he seems incapable of comprehending the point at issue, and espe. cially as some of his positions in respect ofThe ory and Practice are simply absurd, we shall not attempt a serious discussion of thia subject with him. We confess we should like to dis cuss it, but to discuss it with one who has evi dently neither read nor thought on the subject, would be simply a waste of time. As to the tone of the article in question, we have a single word. The writer assumes a su periority, and a dictatorial air that is, to say the least of it, quite refreshing, and that we shall not al all .presume to question. We would, however, suggest that the entire article, if re lieved of ail unnecessary twaddle, may be ex pressed in three brief propositions. We submit that the piece would be much improved both in style and s.rrangement by erasing and inserting until it shall stand thus : Ist. Novice (myself) is very crazy and very ignorant, and ought to be very much ashamed of himself. 2nd. " I," (the writer in the Inquirer,) " am sir Oracle. When I ope my mouth let no other dog bark." 3rd. " Theory is the knowing how a thing is done, and Practice is the doing it." The grammar of these definitions which we WEi Ml ?, 5. • .t! il K 2?, 99 S <-9. copy verbatim, might be n.uch improved by ap plying some very simple rulec, but the sense is past remedy. We would simply sav that The ory is not knowing in any* possible sense; and , 'ha! We will not' pretend to discuss the subject a u i'h one who 'eemS unable to distinguish be tween knowing a tiling and the Iking itself. r li" writer says if we had read the very clear jMjP x ' explicit d' fiuitions of 1 i.eory and Practice t>* e inductions ol the State Superintendent we would not thus place ourself m an unenvia- ble po-ition. We beg to remind him that the State Superintendent neither gives nor attempts I 'f> gi'e a definition either of Thoorv or Piac n, and 1 f. a' the 35= rtion above quoted simplv pr>'he writer in the Inquirer to be ignorant or dishonest. 111 i nelusion we repeat one of our questions* II eio h qo- stions as ' How do you tf-ach the vei ' ' ; e noon? nota'ion? 5 &c. ; constitute an ex am,nation in !i>e theory of teaching, (the wri ■l r in 'he Inquirer says they do) what would an examination in the prac'ice be like, suppo ' sing one to be made ? NOVICE. We | ;bVh. to-day, the last of "Kappa's" articles on l -Sc\nol Ethics for Parent and Chi'il." We :jre sorry that they are at at? end. We know the writer to be one of the bst c . -.on school teachers of the State; a Stadia •• I tne State Norma! School, and a regular contributor to the l 'Prnn. School Jour nal ." Those teachers who have preserved the papers containing his articles, or "scrap ped" the series, will have a dissertation 00 schon! ethics to which they can refer, instruc tively, at ail times. We hope that "Kappa" will soon again appear in our column with his instructive and interesting communications. S. S. State Elections Elections were held on Tuesday last, in the States'of New York, New Jrrsev, Massachu >ett.=, Wisconsin, and Maryland, and from re turns received, the result may be briefly sum med up as follows.— JYew York. —The Union ticket is elected by a majority of perhaps 50,000. The candi dates a**e HORATIO nAu..mu, oceiciai v or cnirvr. Lucius ROBINSON, Controller. DANIEL S. DICKINSON, Attorney General. WILLIAM B. LEWIS, Treasurer. FRANKLIN A. ALBERGER, Canal Com'r. WILLIAM B. TAYLOR, State Engineer. WILLIAM B. WRIGHT. Judge ot Appeals. ABRAHAM B. TATPEN, Prison Inspector. Of these, Messrs. Ballard, Dickinson, and Tappen, are Democrats, while the others sup ported President Lincoln's election. Mr. Lew is was formerly an American. Jt is probable that William W. Wright, (Democrat) is elected Canal Commissioner for 2 years, (to fill a vacancy) bv a plurality over the Union and Republican candidates. JViete Jersey. —The State has gone Demo ocmtic. The returns are not yet all in, but sufficient 10 make it certain that the Demo crats will have a majority in both branches of the Legislature. The House is composed of 60 members and t he Smate 21. The footings at this time are: Senate, II Democrats, 10 R publicans. House, 36 Democrats, 23 Re publican? and one Union. Governor Andrewsfßepub.) is re-elected, and the whole Republican State ticket is elected by 32,000 majority. Both branches ot the Legislature are largely Repub ' lican. Wisconsin. —The latest returns show large Democratic gains. Racine county, which usually gives 1000 Republican majority, is re ported to have gone Democratic. The result 1* vf rv close and doubtful, with the chances in favor of the Democrats. .Maryland. —The Union ticket has triumph ed bv a large majority. Agustus W. Bradlord, the Union candidate for Governor, has a ma jority ot 14-,4T5 in Baltimore city, and it will reach nearly 30,000 in the Slate. A PATRIOTIC NAP- Day before yesteroay, as the story goes, a de voted member of the Church, and a most devout Uniou man, attended divine worship, 1 according to his invariable custom; but the wea ther being warm and oppressive, the worthy citizen fell asleep in his pew during the early part of the service. He slumbered pleasantly, and just before the service began, the choir and congregation sang a patriotic hymn that filled the sleeper's mind with a love of country that could not be resisted. The text was, "And what think ye of Christ*" repeated emphatically several times by the min ister. This appeal to the slumberer was too direct and his thoughts becoming confused in his half wakeful, dreaming state, he lorgot where he was, and the exact nature ot the question, and responded so loudly and distinctly that he could be heard through half of the church: "Think 7 I think and I know he's all right; he's for the Union all the time!" The etlect ot this unexpected and altogether secular utterance upon the pious brothers and sis ters may be better fancied than related. "SAY, Bete, is swords 'bolistied in de army V* "Ob course dey isn't Snowball, what makes you ax setch a stupid question, you igi.ant?" "Oh,, nufiin, only I heerd dat five thousand soldiers was a goin to take de field wid Sickle? "' V.)L 5 NO. 10.