NOT THE GLORY OF CiESAIt BUT THE WELFARE OF ROME. BY II. B. STACY. THE CAUSE. We learn from gentlemen who attended ' the contention at Cambridge, that consid ering the bad state of the weather, it was well attended and that the best feeling prevailed. All were animated with the de. eiro to sustain the republican doctrine of the party. Thcro can be no doubt of the fact assumed in the address that wo have ten thousand voters in the district. Wo hove more than three hundred thousand souls in the state, and this will give us moro than sixty thousand in this district, and if one of six am voters, it will give ten thousand votes. The V. Burcn parly have called out their strength, for they never stay away, and if so. we have more than twelve hun dred majority. Messrs. Allen and Briggs attended, and both addressed the conven tion urging that all should go for the great -cuse of the country, and joined cordially in the nomination of Judge Rovcb. Mr. .Allen's speech is said to have been or a 'high order, and we expect to bs able to give ft to our 'readers on Friday next. Sume anxiety is felt lest Judge Royce should decline, but why should there be nny solicitude on i hat point. We know he wishes not to be a candidate but what of that. As a republican he will admit his obligation to serve his country, and no cit izen ha a right to dictate in what capacity he will serve. It is lot the country to ap point their stewards and direct in what part of the vineyard they shall serve, and the first duty of the steward is submission. 'The time has not arrived when any can refuse to serve in an honorable capacity. If it is the good pleasure of the district to elevate Judge Royce from the bench to the national legislaluturc.it will be his duty to submit, and Judge R. never yet refused to do his duty, llts life has been one of ser vice, of duty well performed, and though the pistols and bowie knives at Washington are not to his taste, his quiet dignified manner may aid in bringing about a bet. ter state of things. Gathering of the People AT CAMBRIDGE. At a whig meeting of the delegetes from the 4th Congressional district, at Cam bridge, on the 1st November, Hon. Augustus You.ng, Chairman, Joseph Marsh. ) E B. Whiting, S Secretaries. After considerable time spent in ascer taining the whig strength in the district and a determination not to be put down by a minority, and learning that the best feeling prevailed throughout the district, and that the great desire was to select a candidate whocould command the whole vote of the parly. On motion of Orlando Stevens E-q. the Convention, as in committee of the whole, balloted for a candidate, und on counting the ballon it opprarod tha: HON. STEPHEN ROYCE food the majority, whereupon the Hon. Stephen Royce was nominated as the can didate, and on the question being taken it was decided in the affirmative unanimously. On motion voted that Hon. Wm. P Briggs, Augustus Burt, C. Adams, O. Stevens and J. Davis, Esqra., be a com mittee to draft an address and resolutions, Adjourned to six o'clock P. M. On the reassembling of the convention, the committee reported an address, which was read and adopted, and also the follow, ing resolutions, which were read and adopted. Resolved That while correct principles of government are held sacred, the Whigs will show their determination to maintain Vhcm by the election of men lo offieo who will sustain thoso principles. Resolved That district No. 4, has long been, and is now, a whig, district and that if .the whigs come out, it will to appear. Jtaofe"Thot in union thore is strength. tHenceall individual preferences should be surrendered and the whole party concen trated on the candidate who can be6t sub srve the public good by a union of princi ,ple, patriotism and popularity. Resolved That the subtreosnry scheme U a novel and dangerous innovation upon the principles of our government, and if adopted will unite the purse and the sword. Jteioiierl--That the danger that now threaten? us, i the tendency to consolida. tion and il not checked, then truly are the JavB of the Republic numbered. Resolved That wo call on tho Slate of New York to prove herself in truth as well as in name tho Empire State, to arise in her strength and drive from the temple of her honor the corrupt dynasty of money changes and extortioners who are gorging themselves with the spoils of the people. Resolved Thtt in the increased whig a) vole in Pennsylvania, and the increased whit? majority in both houses of its Legis lature, we hail the welcome assurance that tbo key stone has not slipped from its por tion, but dtaodi firm and immoveable in spile of executive hostility and executive usurpation. Resolved, That the following gentlemen be appointed committees for their several counties with power lo name town commit tee and take measurcH to forward i ho clcc tion. f Geo. A. Allen, Chittenden Co, Jos. Marsh, ( Wm. Weston. C Samuel Sumner, Orleans Co. Geo. Wortlnngton, jr ( Gen. II. Cook, t Cyrus Keith, Franklin Co. 3. Q. Carlisle, ( O. F. Robinson, l W. P. Sawyer, La Muillo Co. Cornelius Lynde. I B. 11. Herrick. C Hector Adams, Grand Isle Co. 1 Frederick Hnzcn, ( Docl. G. Whitney. AUGUSTUS YOUNG. Chuirman. fir ::.. ADDRESS. The delegates from the several towns in the fourth congressional district, in convention assembled, beg leave before separating to offer a few remarks, indicating the prin ciples by which they have been guided in the selection of a candi date. From a knowledge of the character of our constituents, we are persuaded they would not have us actuated by any selfish views, but would have us go for our country, its prosperity and republican insti tutions. In this view our aim has been to select a man whose life is the best guarantee of his political creed, and whose powers command the confidence of the country. We have taken for our guide the old re publican standard, is he honesty is he capable, is he faithful to the consii' tution, and in a spirit of mutual concession have unanimously agreed to propose the Hon. Stephen Royce. It is unnecessary to dwell on the merits and qualifications of our can didate. He has been lone known to the district, and most are intim ately acquainted with him. We have not selected him on account of any desire on his part for the place, for we know his great reluctance, but we have put him in nomination in the confidence that we have a right to select from the whole num ber of talented men, and that no true son of liberty, no genuine patriot, has a right to decline an honorable employment. In commg to the conclusion to of fer a new candidate, wc have not been influenced by any want of con fidence in the present incumbent, but on the contrary we wish to bear unequivocal testimony to his worth, talents, and high public services. We consider the Hon. Heman Allen a public servant of eminent useful ness, and have withdrawn him on grounds of expediency, and hope the time is not distant when we may be availed of his services in other pub lic employments. Whatever the fate of the election may be, it cannot arise from any doubt as to the polical character of our candidate. We have no occa sion to certify that he is a whig, no new conversion to the principles of our party requiring any such procee ding. He is not a new convert, whoso eagerness for office has wrung from him a disclosure of lug creed in such doubtful terras that opposing parties claim him. His creed is of the olden time, and he has acted through life on the princi ples he professes, a plain republican and practical man. We might here rest the matter, having done our duty, in the confi dence that our brethren will do theirs, but having taken great pains by conversing with each other to ascertain the probable strength of the party in the district, we give the i result at which we have arrived, as FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 9, 1838. an incitement to increased exertion and certain victory if we are true to ourselves. The votes cast in Sep tember amounted to 8S13 only. There is in all probability more than ten thousand voters in the district, and we hazard nothing in the asser ting that we have a clear majority of more than one thousand legal voters. The result of the last trial was ow ing in some measure to the Canada question, which can have no influ ence now. The whigs have now an open field, and if the fight is fair, the spirit of misrule will be signally rebuked. Our friends should remember that the race is not always to the swift, nor the battle to the strong. We have had abundant evidence of the superior organization of the Van Bu ren party ,the force of party drill, of presidential patronage and profuse expendinture of money. The elec tions of the last sixty days have de monstrated that there is a combined effort to rob the honest voter of his legal franchise by the introduction of foreigners and hired voters. In oth er states these efforts have been great, and the consequences arc ap paling. The people are robbed, conquered at the polls by the votes of mendicants and paupers who fat ten on our bounty. This state of things is not to be endured. Politi cal liberty is but a name if rulers can be foisted into power by the aid of venal votes and foreign vagabonds. We ask not that our friends should imitate those who in the scramble for power, forget right, and find con solation for the sacrifice of principle, in the success ot their measures, but we urge them to take a lesson from their zeal, and to show a like ener gy and perseverance in the defence of their rights and pressrvation of their liberties. If the institutions of our country are worth preserving, if American liberty is any thing more than a name, if we are in ear nest in promoting the common pros perity, we have something to do, something that requires firmness, energy, and public spirit. They are mistaken who think that revolu tions and convulsions only demand great exertion. The preservation of liberty demands as brave a spirit as its achievement, and it is well to remind men of the fact because there is less of glory in it. Men will haz ard their lives to obtain their liber tics, and then through supincness leave poachers to filch them away by little and little. The times demand exertion. A crisis is forming in the affairs of our country, and owing to peculiar circumstances, the whigs of this district arc called on for a signal display of that love of country and devotion to principle which has shed such a lustre on the American name. Our opponents having push ed their candidate in advance, will redouble their exertions, and the Whigs with the power in their hands will be defeated, unless their course is marked by unanimity and perse verance. Are tney equal to tno conflict ? Let each make the case his own and give his answer at tho polls. It is feared that some Whigs will vote for Mr. Smith. Such was the questionable attitude of that gentle man at the last ballot, that some may have been deceived and given their votes on the supposition that he was a whig, but that delusion is over, and Mr. Smith now stands before the world as the advocate of Van Buren policy. To suppose that any whig will now give him a vote, involves an inconsistency and is an aspersion ujion the character of the Whigs. We shall not stop to discuss the correctness of whig principles. It is sufficient for us that we regard them as true, as the great principles of the constitution, the principles on which the prosperity of the country is founded. In our eyes they arc sacred and whether weal
or woe betide us they shall not be deserted. Better, far better, to die in the defence of free principles than to join tho despot's throng in their shout over outraged liberty. Professions of zeal without cor responding effort are of little value. True republicanism stands not in profession, but in tho effort to carry out in practice the principles of the constitution. Who then are the republicans good and true ? With whom rests the ark of American liberty ? On the one side we be hold men struggling to preserve power in the hands of the people, to carry back the exercise of it as near the source as is consistent with safety, warring against execu tive patronage, and endeavoring to limit the mass of power that is con centrating in the hands of the Presi dent, exerting themselves for the internal improvement of the coun try, contending that the powers of government should be used for its advancement, that the credit and the currency are a deposit in the hands of the people's representatives to be used for the common prosperity, advocating freedom and equality in itabtoadest sense, the right of uni versal suffrage, the liberty of speech and of the press, the subjection of all to the restraints of law, but denying those restraints of liberty which no law can sanction, contend ing that man in the image of his Maker should never be subjected to the control of his fellow man, stri ving to elevate the standard of moral excellence by the uprooting of vice in all its forms, and yet such men, without even the stain of selfishness upon them are branded as aristo crats. On the other hand we see men claiming to be the exclusive democracy laboring to concentrate all power in the hands of their chief. For this they encrease executive patronage beyond former precedent, add thousands to the countless ar mies of dependents, and point the power of both to restrain the free exercise of the elective franchise, for this all internal improvement is denied, for this an uncontrolled power is claimed over the heads of departments, and faithful public ser vants dismissed, because they will not sacrifice their own opinions, for this the appointing power is em ployed in little else than the corrup tion of members of Congress, for this the free exercise of the powers of Congress are denied, bills passed by both houses treated with con tempt, laws of the most sacred character vetoed in advance, the claim of man to his natural birth right slighted, and the petition in behalf of suffering humanity reject ed and despised. Thus in the cant phrase of the day, democracy strives to commend itself by the accumula tion of power in irresponsible hands, and that Lthe claim of confidence may he without limit, they aro en deavoring to lay the credit and the money ol the country at the feet of him who now wields the sword and effectually controls the national leg islature, thus conferring the last remnaat of power, and making the PresMent a practical despot. Such is the infatuation, that this accumu lation of power is demanded as a democratic measure. It is an insult to the common understanding, an outrage upon the principles of the Constitution. We call on men, as practical republicans, to resist, to preserve their liberties ere it is too late. We call on freemen to exert their giant energies at the ballot box to roll back the waves of this torrent that is sweeping away their power, paralyzing the industry of the nation, and thrusting us down from the high places of freemen to the condition of bondmen and serfs, the passive instruments of executive bidding. THE WHIG CAUSE. What is there in any of the recent elec tions calculated to discourage the Whigs? What ground for supposing that the people have chuuged their opinion upon the great project of the administration, which has been five times rejected by their Represen tatives ? In truth the Whigs have, of late, been so accustomed to victory that they looked upon n triumph as almost the neces sary consequence of an election, nnd many of them are therefore dishartencd, because the administration has succeeded in retain ing, by a diminished majority, and with ma terial loss, a Statu which has always been theirs, and which only the most sanguine of our friennssaw any hope of carrying. This should not he so; the elections, so far from affording any thing to discourage ihu opponents uf the administration, are full of hope and promise. In Maine wt stand, 60 tar as Congress is concerned, precisely where we did two years ago We have lost only what we had gained at the occasional elections which have been held to supply accidental vacancies occurring since the general election. In Ohio wo havo lost four Representatives; in Georgia we havo gained eight ; in South Carolina, where the most sanguine of the Whigs had no hope of electing a sing man, wo have c.irried two, both by larn-e majorities. In Maryland, the administra tion has elected the Governor by a meagre majority, ond by adopting the most bare faced and unjustifiable means j the recent municipal election in Baltimore has shown conclusively that the Whig voters who were driven from the polls in that city, and pre.. vented from voting, by the violence of the Loco Foco, were alone sufficient lo have elected Steele. In spite of all this, we have obtained a majority in both branches of the Legislature, and secured the elec Hon of a Whig Senator. In Pennsylvania vv? have reduced the Van Buren majority, maintained our force in tho lower House ol Congress, and becurud both branches ol the Legislature, which gives us a Whig Senator lo Congress in Hie piacu of Mr M'lvenn. In Illinois, we have reduced the Van Buren majority from 12,000 lo leri- llian 1000; have elected u Whig Legisln lure, and '.u the place of three Van Buren men to Congress, elected two years ogo. there tire now one Vim Buren man, one Whig, and one Conservative. In New Jjrsey we have carried both branches of tho Legislature, and it is confidently be lieved I he entire Congressional Ticket. In North Carolina, Kentucky, Indiana, Lou isiana, and Mississippi, we have carried every thing before us. In Alabama, there has been a gain to the opponents of the Sub-Treasury. This ha-i been done in the teeth of all that the government could bring against us. The Administration has openly entered the field, not only with its whole immense patronage, backed by the treasury, that wo have contended against for ten years but with a system of fraud and violence Mieli as never before was stooped to by the magistrates of a free government, or buf fered by citizens who had the choicu of their rulers. Aliens havo been permitted lo vote ; the ballot boxes have boen robbed; votes have baen taken out and others sub stituted ; letters havo been forged; oaths broken, und the polls havo been surrounded by mobs, determined that none but t lie i r own friends should cxercioo the privilege of freemen. In spite of all this wo have accomplished tho abovo result. Doer this look like cause for desponding ? Hoes this hmk like ulti mate defeat ? Let but the Wings continue their efforts, with undiminished persevere- VOL. XIlJVo. 594 mice, and we shall yet see the country free from the ruler who have endeavored lo make it, under the name of a republic, au absolute monarchy. The National Gazetls of Friday last. contains a statement of the official results of the late election in Pennsylvania, lor members of the Senate and House of Rep. nscniHiives. it is nt a nature lo bo highly atlsTnelnrV til tho Whirrs. Hiiirn it i.ciimj ii) that parly the presiding officers in both nouses oi win legislature, ami the nnwer to select their own man as SKNATOH in Congress, in the place of Gen. McKean, wnoau lerin expires on the 41 Ii of Morch next. Wilis majority on ioint ballot 21. The election in this District, takes place on Tuksdat, the 13lh inst. instead of tho iecond Thursday in November, as announ ccd last wcr-k. 0 no! The Sentinel has called a meet ing for Saturday cvcninn'Mo adopt measures to ensure tho election of tho democratic candidate from this district." Tho SentU nel informed us some days since that Mr. Smith's eh-ction was "perfectly sure;" but, anon, a change comes o'er the spirit of his drearn. Organize, nrrani. ! nrf.m'v. I I Tk. J. niocr.iiii of i lie fminli district innsl heonilio alert. it uoiiiu ob wen it Hie town committee were to Like some steps in the mailer. Let ihein, if po.. stble, hold hi least ona Hireling o I i lie demouiaisi in their rspeciie Iowih previous to the election, mid agree upon some VLAN. Sentinel. 'Shadows, to-night," said Richard, on the fii'ld ol'Bosworth, "have brought mora terror lo the soul of Richard, than could the substance of ten thousand armed men." So with our noighbor over the Post-Office. He has assured the public, we know not how many limes, that Mr Smith's election was certain, beyond all possible cor.tingen. cy, by several hundred voles; but now, ha wakes, as from a feverish dream, and cries "ho! help! rally! organzizo! call meet ings ! or w're lost." Strango fantasy, for such unmeasured strength ! Cut however it may be wit h our neighbor, we can assure him all is calm with us, and wo can soy with oil-conquering Richmond on that eventful morn-- The sweetest sleep, mid fairest boding drum. I li.it ever enler'd in ; diowv head, Ilaxe I since our dep. none lid, my fordi. Aleihoughi. their souls, whose bodies diehard, inmder'd, Came to my tcni, und cried On ! victory t I pioini.e jou, my lie.ti i is very jocund In i lie remembiance of so f.iir a drem. The Sentinel is doubtless familiar with the history, ond can follow out the parallel at his leisure. Knaery will sometimes overre.iclt itself. At the election in New.Jeiey, the presiding officer of one lown peimilled alioul -10 unnaturalized Irish, men to vote. They dim m.ide mil reiuin so !. lecmeniid illejal lliat it c.iiimit bo teceived. Thus hey lost, the whole ote of their loco foco town, by which means the whig ticket lor member of Coiisresi is chosen. Aa.iiu, Charles J. Ingersoll and hislriend in Philadelphia, in order to ritual .ulorotit ol his election, hid the poll hooks of two of the wauls in the Northern Liberties, and then eoniendsd that ihe oie of all the oilier ward in ihu northern Lihei lies should be reiccied.br which means he (lngf r,.nll) would have n m-iorilv and all die loco foco judges (10 out of 17) nctuailf oled to una iheielurn lo Ingersoll, tin, whi" I'ml. Ses proiesiln-iind k.cpin? their ,lu t,ol. lickei was cauva-sed. when, the locos havii.i; ,ei. led, they counted all the teiuins which hail heeri iii itle on ihe assembly ticket and declared 8 whigs fleeted, and made out iheir cenifieaies. Had ihu votes of the two lory wants heen hone.ily brought "ii. Ihey would lime elected eight lory members of the legisl.iiuie. J lif v will probably claim their eats hui the whigs haie the certificates, uud a. areualoris rcui.edhyl4Wio be chosen on Ilia In.-'! week ol I ik ,1'ssim, u.i il i.: .. i joriiy in joint halhil. ihey will tiow ,oie ,wv. " s,1,v oi incir opponents, if ihev do not rliooe ihu M-imlor in Con-ress beluie bellling die coiilesied election. (CIRCl'LAK) I'a master General's Office, W athiii"ion. Oct. 8. 1S3R. Sir AiranL'cmenis havln.r l...v 338. S Uuiied :j tales Hank lo piy t!ie Tiearuirr's draft lo a ceriain amount at different places, nod it beini; ;jro6u6eihai die Holes of ili.it bank will bo u acceptable lo cl.iini.inis, anil in sume cii.es mart convenient thun upecie, ton will, should yon ie. cenu drafts on ili.it bank or ils iigenis, make im m , ) oi .Mini p.ijineois uy cnti K lis ion can, which will cue iho irreiwr I lie option uf inking paper or pecii! ; ami llm depariiurm has no objei'tiun id jour lining ihe paper of that It.tnk in KhL joul payments, o fir as it can be ilmm legally. N.TOWiSON, I'. M.G. Here is a precious confession indeed. Here is a direct palpable admission that all they have said and written against Bank liilU in general, and the Bills of t lie Bank of tho United Slates in particular, was but a tisbiie of Lies Irani tho beginning to end, and intended to deceive and mislead tho People. Here is evidence from tho Ad ministration itself, that Dank Dills are quito "J acceptable" and in many case far "more convenient than specie." Austin Squints, who thothis wife nt Rocltei. ter in .Miiv lal, has been found guihy, und tauten, red lo he hung on the 2Uih inst, T,s was cold, blooded murder, mailu doubly horrible, if pots i liln hu iIih fin il,. ,t iliu .... r. ..a i: -V .."I'll iiiiini. .m.iiiii , tncr. ed in ihctnnst fxcniciaiiiig agony, from llm 6thof amy mini me mmine ol August. Hit) wouml wa given by n pistol hall, .hoi while Alls. M, was in ihe act of inking ihu cloihrs fiom tin) line In tlm evening. The ball entered ihe back and lodged lit the spinal ni.irtow, and completely p. trained iho enure bodv ami tiiidu liel.iw it.-...... a.. .... - successful utirmpt was mailu in iiiako good u phm "", "in " r.iucncii uiuwceo on una points. was rmiittly iii.tifliuinii, and the, proof of (he guilt of ihe wteirhed man so clear lh.it ihe juy tovt but about fifietn luiuuiti.