351 h of April. 'he 1 0 1 ti ond nn (he 251 In of May, Tlic first miwii was virtually do. etrnyed by tlio Worm i the second partially ho : while I lint Htivvti nn tin; 25th May en tirrly csenped, nni! was n full crop. Tlie committee Will close their report oy queuing from n letter to one of them, from no intelligent Scotch Inrnicr, Mr. flohert Forsyth, rcsiiliuir at Chomplaiti, tlio nor thern town in nor state, who seems to be un accurately olnrvinr man. "1833. Sowed my wheat tho 7th of April t ho first season thu worm wad discovered in thin port. 1034, Sowed on tho 15th Aoril. The worm destroyed more than t hoy did last year. 11135. Sowed the 7ih May. Wheat all destroyed by the worm. Some farmers in Hie hcighborhond burnt their straw on the ground. Reserved an acre and a half, which I did nut cow till the S-llli of May ; which gavo a good crop no worms'. 1 03(5 and '37. Sowed both years on the 24th Mny no warms. 1831). Sowed on tho 1-llh May. A few worms discovered. All wheat that I ex amined this season, had worms, moro or less, in it, some half destroyed. Since 1834 I have examined every patch of wheat in the neighborhood, ami some in tho adjoin ing towns, and every patch sown before the 18th May had morn or lees worms all sown about the 1st of May, very much de stroyed. I have found tho eamo worm in barley, onts nnd rye, ond in herdsgrass .timotbyjolso. In June, 103 1, ns tho car began to form in th blodo, I opened a number every day. I began to do so on a Monday, but I did nntnntotho day of the month, which 1 think is of no consequence. For tho first seven days, I could observe nothing in the heads prognoscaling the worm. Monday the 0th day of observation. The cars nearly all out of tho blade ob" served nothing. Tuesday and Wednesday nothing. Thursday. I thought I observed some thing like a small speck of fluid matter on aome of the grains in tho car. Friday. Tho matter was moro visible. Saturday. It was very plain to bo seen. Srbbatbdoy. Appeared yellow, but still a fluid matter. Monday. Appearance much as yesterday Tuesday. The matter appeared moro thicc color yellow. Wednesday. It appeared like- worms, but not very plain. Thursday. Perfect worms as I have ever ecn since. I counted nine in one grain, nnd severity in one ear." Mr. Forsyth concludes his letter by Eay. ing, that tho worm falls from the car to the ground, and cornes forth next season a fly. as he never could find any worms in the car after tho wheat was rips. J. EUEL, Chairman. THE 'PATRIOT' PRISONERS. On Monday Inst the Governor transmit ted to the Assembly a message relating to the condition of our northern and north western frontier, accompanied by a num ber of documents having roferenco to the same subject. From among them wo hove scloctcd the annexed correspondence be tween tho Provincial Secretary, It. D. Tucker, and the Secretary of State, con cerning the disposition of the prisoners, now under sentence of death and in con finement at Kingston and London. It will be seen that Sir Gcorgo Arthur, is disposed to grant an unconditional pardon to fifty, two of the convict "patriots." This clem, ency to men who, no maltor what their motives, had forfeited their lives by every rule of modern warfare, cannot tail to bo attended with the best effects; and as their liberation is made contingent upon the condition of affairs along the frontier, it is to bo hoped that not a single one of their fellow citizens will bo found, so callous to every feeling of humanity as to peril their 'lives by any act of rashness or imprudence, or to prevent the renewal of thoto bonds of peace and amity, which are so essential to tho welfsro and prosperity of Great Britain ond the United States. -Albany Daily Advertiser. Government House, ) Toronto, 20th March, 1839. S Sir. In a former communication to your predecessor I hod tho satisfaction of assuring him, mat wnui me J..I. uover nor of tins Province was most strongly im pressed with a sense of tho sacred obliga tion imposed on him of endeavoring to protect the deeply injured inhabitants of Upper Canada from n repetition of those lawless and cruel uttacke, lo which they novo co repeatedly been exposed, by the infliotinm of capital punishment on the prin. cipal author of tho injuries they have suf fered i Hie Excellency Sir Georgo Arthur, was equally anxious to confino such punish ment within the narrowest limits consistent with tho discharge of this necessary, though painful duty: ud to discover some reasons -which might justify liirn, both la his o wn conscience and to tho public, in extending pnrdon to tho least criminal among a body of men who had oil incurred the guilt of engaging in on enterprise repugnant to very rulo of morality, anil forbidden alike by the general principles of tho law of Nations, and the municipal institutions of J heir own country. Still animated by theeo sentiments; and fiinceroly desirous of testifying to the peo ple of tho United Statos of America, that io provocation, however great, no injuries, however severe, can induce on the part of this Government tho smallest doparlure from ils long est obl'uhed prac'ico of (em poring .Justico with Mercy, the Lieutenant Governor has very lately directed tho re Irase of twenty-soven of the convicted Brigands: two of whom were sentenced by tho Court Martial to confinement for a long term of yeors in the Penitentiary nt Kingston, and tho remaining twenty.fivn, having been sentenced to capital punit-h- went, were yet recommended by tho Court lor n mitigation who penally of death. There is another and numerous class of the Prisoners conserved in tho late Invo sions of Upper Canada, to whom the Lt. Governor is also disposed lo grant a free pardon i on tho ground that being young men ! hey worn less capable of estimating the criminality of tho proceeding in which they rashly embarked, and moro liablo to ho misled by tho false rcprc'cntattons of wicked and designing person- ; nnd I mn instructed to add fur the information ol 111b Excellency Governor Seward, tliat it is the particular desire of tho Lieutenant Gover. nor, that tho stale of lecling on the frontier and tho consequent prospect of tranquility, may bo such as to render tho early restora. lion of these individuals to their families, compatible with tho welfare nnd security oflhis Province. An intimation of the contemplated liber ntion of these Ungands has already been made to her Majosty's Minister nt Wash ington ; but as tho greatest utimbpr of them belong to tho Stato of New York, and ns tha whole of them will probably, in the first instance return thither, the Lieut. Governor has thought it desirable that His Excellency Governor Seward should alto bo apprised of his intentions respecting, them. I have the honor to be, With much respect, Sir. Your most obedient nnd very Humble servant, lt. D. TUCKER, Prov'l Sec'y. Tho Secretary of State for the Stale of New York, Albany. List of fifty-two convict Brigands now in confinement at Fort Henry ond London, U. C, to whom tho Government is dispo sed to grant a free pardon, if circumstances shall render such a measure consistent with tho wclfaro of the Provinco. AT FORT HENRY JVamer. Timo. P. Rosin, Dennis Swotc, Oliver Tucker, William Dcnio, Charles Woodruff, Abner Tounsend, Rouso Bennett. Culver S- Clark, Wm. Stehbins, Peter Cronker, Former Residence. United States. Alexandria, N. Y. Rutland, do. Lerayvillo, do. Salina, du. Jefferson cri. do. Herkimer co do. Jefferson co do. do, do. do, do. Poschall Cervantes, Vermont. Charles S. Brown, 0-wego, N. Y. John Elsnmre, Jefferson co. do. Ho?ca C. Wilkic, Miller's Bay, do. Sampson Wiley, Waterlnwn, do. Hiram W. Barlow, St Law'co codo. Ethel Penny, Jefferson co do. Edmnnd Holmes. Syracuse, do. Jos. Drummnnd, Salina, do. do. do. do. do. do. Geo. Van Amber, Jacob Putnam. Jacob Paddock, Levi Putnam. Samuel Tibbitt, Phares Miller, Charles Crossman, Snmuol Austin, Charles Wilson, Gen. Blondcau, Wm. Wolcolt, James S. Snow, Geo. II. Kimball, Simeon Webster. Clinrles Smith, Andrew Smith, Alexandria, Oswego, do. Mont'y co. Salina, Watertown, do. Jefferson co. do. Alexandria, do. Jefferson co do. United States. Mont'y co. N. Y. Oswego co. do. Vermont. Green Point, N. Y. United States. Orleans, N. Y. Joseph Leo. Oiwegn co. do. Chas. Van VVormor, United States. Nelson Truox. do. AT LONDON. Joseph Grason, Michigan: Stephen Meadon, Ohio. Daniel Kennedy, United States. Joseph Horton, do. Ezra Horton, do. Charles Reed, do. David Hay, do. Wm. Jones, do, Israel Gibbs Atwood, do. Cornelius Higeins, do. Truman Woodbury, do. Orrin J. S. Mabee, Michigan. Oliver Crandell, United States. Robert Whitney, do. Secretary's Office, Albany. April 12, 1839. s Robert Tucker, Esq, Provincial Secretary of Upper Canada. Sin, Your communication of tho 28th of March last, was received within a few days, ond has been laid before Gov. Seward. Ho fully appreciates tho generous senli. mcnts which actuatn the Lieut. Governor of the Provinco of Upper Canoda, and in. duco tho disposition which you have com municated to me of granting a free pardon to the class of persons mentioned in your letter, when the state of feeling on the frontier and thu consequent prospect of tranquility mny be such as to render the restoration of these individuals to their families compatible with the welfare ond security of tho Province. And ho acknowledges also the propriety and courtesy of tho communication lo him of the intentions o( tho Lieut. Governor. It is hoped and believed that such an act of clemency as is contemplated by the Lieut. Governor, will havo a strong tendency to revive tho stato of good feeling formerly existing on the frontier. Governor Seward will soon lay before tho Legislature of this State, now in session, your communication lo me. I havo the honor to be, Vory respectfully, Your obedient snrv't JOHN C. SPENCER. Secretary of Stato. STATE OF PARTIES IN THE CANADAS. Acffoi'din" lo Lord Durham's report, t lie contro versies nnd disputes in Upper Canada, have been rnilier conl?ict9 of caste between tho French and English iiilia bilmilB llinn merely political disputes.: I lie oelcneiuio inpCB ui tuiurovcrsy nave not ueen ilic renl ones. It has been n struggle been ilia in (itltutionn of ilio 'rencli popul.tiian, l lit; piesena tton of which was guaranteed by the ireiuy of ccs. sion, nnd the new laws nnd customs which the DriiUh settler have nought to introduce. Tills strife, continued, nourished nnd uggruvaled by Hie inucrniiie policy tvmui hup "ecu iuirurii in lha nilniliiimrniion of llio affairs or tho province, has terminated in a deadly nnd fierce hostility between tho citizens of llio iwo races, which places the most tcriotis obstacJfs in tho way ol liny satisfactory urrangenicnt of nlT.iirs. The French Canadians Are irprcsentcil, us nhiiost ton mnn, hostile in ihc highest degrcn to the supremacy of llio mother country, because that supremacy has been maile tho means of crushing ihein, and de stroying all their hopes; whilo the loyally of the British part of the population is sinied to bo by no melius steady, they being nltarhert to the mother country only i proportion to her willingness lo carry out iheir wishes.and being greatly dissatisfied nt the prospect iliul their adversaries will be per mitted to enjoy nny political weight or Influence whatever. In Ihe Upper Province, there me stated to be three panics ; first, thnt known ns the ". Family Compact, wlticli seems to ucnr strong rrscm blunce to the late Alb.my itegcncy of Now York being composed of it certain number of the old (Ci llers who have contrived lo engross nil tlio power into their own hands, nnd to fill every ofiico with persons of llicir own stamp, so that every new Governor falls soon tinder their influence, nnd if obliged to submit io Iheir dictation ; second, lhat portion of the old settlers who nro not included in the "family compact," nnd who nro impatient nt such it close monopoly of political influenco J nnd thirdly, tho recent British emigrants, who, by llio jealousy ol Ilio old settlers composing llio oilier two parlies, find themselves (rented like aliens, nnd excluded not only from political influence, but fiom mnnv of tho social advantage of citizenship. When lonll iheso sources of troublo nro added I he deficiencies of the colonial Hdminislrntion. which Lord Durham places in n very striking point of view, llio disorganization ot llio Panadas Is not to be wondered nt. JSosl. Alias. TonoNTO, April 9th. Tho pecuniary affairs of this provinco boing very low, tho Committco on Financo of tho Houso havo reported various bills to supply a largo deficiency in their receipt!, to meet tho cxpondituro of tho year; and for which, they expect tho Homo Government will givo up to thorn tho surplus rovenuo arising from public lands and tho Post Office. Tlcy also pur poso soiling the Slock held by llio Govern ment in tho Hank of Upper Canala, and a bill to this effect has been reported, but with a clause, that tho Government stall not havo tho privilege, after such sale, of nominating, as heretofore, four Directors of tin institution. Thorois ruin and desolation now over tho wholo provinco. Tho Banks, you aro awaro, had suspended specio payments; and a bill to prolong (hat suspension for a year more, has been introduced, All theco bills will doubt, less pass. It is generally supposed thai, cro this, a bill lo unito tho upper and lower provincoB has passed tho British Parliament. MR. PAPINEAU. Tho Paris correspondent of tho New York American, writes thus: Papineau has been favorably received in Paris by all the political parties: it is not true that ho experienced at Havre any obstacle to his coming hither. After the feasting of Louis Nnpolenn in England, even the Court party in France may be excused for investing a Papineau with some consequence. As the emancipation of the Canadas is deemed certain, sooner or later, the general French policy would seem lo dictate that tho refugees who can bo con. sidercd as tho representative of tho French Canadian population, should bo respectfully and kindly distinguished. He is under 6lood lo be already engaged in writing for the press, a critical reply to Lord Durham's Report on Canadian anatrs. buch inlor tnatinn and viows as ho must bo able to present, if skilfully exhibited, in a volume of moderate size, would probably circulate and make an impression, not merely in France, but over a largo part of the Euro pcan continent. From the Ogdcnsburgh Times, April 17. GREAT FIRE AND LOSS OF LIFE. Between eleven and twelve o'clock last night, our villogers were aroused by the cry of fire, and sad and gloomy are the results. About one hall of tho business shops of the village are now a heap of ruins. The reward of many years' toil and skill havo disappeared in a night, and left behind onlv the sad memorials of desolation, in place of tho comforts nnd enjoyments of yesterday. The fire originated in the barn and sheds attached to the building formerly known as the Ogdensburgh Hotel, and burst out with such fearful rapidity that I he buildings on both corners of Ford and Isabella sis. were in flames in a few minutes. It ex tended itself from thence through the whole block on both sides of Ford st. and into S'.atc-st. lo, nnd including, (ho Og dcnsburgh Bank, and up and down Isabella st. from the place of its origin, so as to include several buildings. Tho loss is entirely unknown. It must be large in amount, though tho stock of goods in the buildings was comparatively small, os the merchants had reduced their gouds very low and had not received their spring slock. This morning, the remains of a human being was discovered on the ground where the barn of Hamilton Stewart stood, sup posed to be Peter Lansing. It is presumed that ho must have gone into tho bam and laid down in a state of intoxication, as the firo did not communicate to tho building in which ho must have been, till an hour or moro after ihe alarm. Mr. Buck, who kept the stable where the firo broko out, lost six horses and Aaron Lyon one. As to iho origin oflhis fire, nothing is known to justify any conclusion. An in. vesication will undoubtedly bo instituted to throw all the light upon the subject which can bo obtained, until then, it is prudent to suspend opinions. From the Albany Argus, DESTRUCTIVE FIRE AT ALBANY. Saturday evening was signalized by nno of the most extensive conflagrations that has ever occurred in this city, and tho most extensivo since tho great fire in Beaver slrcet in 1820. Tho numbor of buildings destroyed, besides out-houses, &c. is not less than forty-threo ; including the Wcs Icyan Chapel, many valuable residences, and a large quantity of furniture The loss cannot be properly estimated at this time: it will probably exceed $00,000. In the course of Iho day uiid evening, there were three alarms of fire tho first at or in the vicinity of tho Alms-houec, tho second in Quackenboss-slreet, in which little damage was done, and (ho third, nt half-past seven in the stables attached to the Pearl-st. House. The last spread with amazing rapidity, under tho effect of a very high wind, and before it was subdued, at about 1 1 o'clock had burnt over nearly (he entire tquarc from south Pearl to Roso-st. nnd from Lydius to Hamilton. st-, including Roso alley. Several buildings on tho cast side of Rose street were slightly injured, nnd wore saved from destruction, by tho persevering and well directed efforts of John Taylor, Esq. with tho cngino attached to his browery, worked by 6tcam power. Whilo tho firo was raging in this direc tion, tho burning cinders wero carried by tho high wind acrots two streets to tho south tide of Herkimer street, whore they I caught the roof of a stable, which was soon 1 in a blaze, nnd tho ndjoinitig Methodist church, (tho Wcsluyan chapel) n spacious and handsomo edifice, built in 1037, and ecvernl other buildings, including most of tho block except the buildings fronting on South Pearl street, worn consumed. The firemen were promptly on tho ground and octivo nsthcy always nro, But tho previous fatigues, the brooking of two of their machines, tho high wind, literally a gale, the rapid spread uf tho flames, and tho confusion occasioned by the two fires at different points, combined to counteract their best exertions. The remains of (hrco horses were found nmong tho ruins. Two or (hrco persons confined by sickness were removed from (he burning buildings. The burning cin dcrs and shingles were carried across tho river, and in largo and dangerous masses below Ferry street. RHODE ISLAND ELECTION. Tho annual election for Governor and Slate Officers took place on tho 17lh. Tho regular candidates for Governor were William Spraguo iWhig) thn present in cumbent, nnd Nolhaniol Bullock (Loco Foco.) Bcsidos these, a liberal ticket wns got up headed by Tristnm Burgcs for Governor, who published n letter declining to stand as a candidate, but whose name nevertheless was freely mado use of by tho partisans of tho "liberal prox." Tho object of this ticket was to produce divis ions among the Whigs upon the licence law question, and its effect has been to de feat o choico of Governor by tho people. The Senate nnd House of Representatives however nre decidedly Whig. The Loco Focos expected confidently to carry both tho branches of the Legislature, ns their pnrty wero fnr too well trained to be effect ed by the third ticket, and it was well known that all tho votes obtained by this ticket, would be drawn from thu regular Whig party. We aro happy lo state, however, that they have been disappointed, and that the General Assembly of our sister and neighboring state is yet sound. THE RESULT OF THE ELECTION. The entire Whig Senate is unqucstior. ably elect, and probably the Whig Lieut. Governor, nnd we shnll bave an overwhelm ing majority in tho Ilouso of Representa tives. Swing to unfortunate disunion amongst tha Whigs upon purely local nucstions. there has been no election of Governor -but tho result shows that Rhode Island is still true to her principles, and that Loco Focoism finds no quarter in the land of Greene and ol Perry. Rhode Island stands pledged (o return two Whig Representatives lo the next Congress, and that pledge she will redeem. The united Whig vole of the towns to bo heard from, if Ihcy go as they did last year, will exceed the Loco Foco voto by 800, and thus a mojority bo given next August for Ihe Whig candidates for Congress. Provi dence Journal. The united votes of Spraguo aud Burges, which is the true- Whig strength, amounts to 275G; loco-foco vote 1918 j Whig ma jority in Iho Stnte, 838. The voto of Burges and Bulock amounts so far to 2443. Sprague's voto 2331. In all but threo towns, therefore, Sprogue falls short of aro election 112 votes. I10U9K OF REPRESENTATIVES. Whig. Loco Foco- Providence 4 O North Providence 2 O Smithfield, 2 O Cumberland, 2 O Johnston, 2 O Cranston O 2 Scituate, O 2 Foster, 0 2 Gloucester O 2 Burrillvillo O 2 Warwick 4 O East Greenwich, 2 O North Kingstown, O 2 South Kingstown, t 1 Richmond, O 2 Charle6town, 0 2 Exeter, 0 2 Westerly, 1 I West Greenwich, 0 2 Coventry, 2 0 Newport, 6 O Middlctown, 2 O Portsmouth, 4 O Little Cnmplon 2 O Trivcrton, 0 2 Warren, 2 0 Barrington, 2 O Bristol, 1 1 41 25 Of tho other threo towns, Jamestown will elect 2 Whigs Hopkinton and New Shorehnm four locos giving the Whigs a majority ot 14 in tho House or Representa tives. AuausTA, April 14, 1839. I owo you an apology for not sooner giving you Ihe facts in relation to a statomont mado in your paper somo timo since in regard to rccomendalions that were forwarded from this Slato in favor of tho appointment of Mr. Wobstcr as Special Minister to England, as that statement was probably mado on infor mation which I gavo you-. I noticed tho con tradiction of tho Argus, but such is tho credit of (hat papor that its assertions or doniali aro considered of littla imporlanco whero it is known. As I find (hat several papors have been decolvcd by tho confident manner in which tho Argus mado tho donial, I will givo you tho fads, Boforo leaving Washing ton thu delegation from Maine in tho last Congross, with tho exception of V. D. Parrii, cither personally or In writing, recommended tho appointment of Mr. Webster. Governor Fairfield, on numerous occasions, has express- od himself docidodly in favor of tint appoint ment, and slatud that ho had laid tho subjoct boforo his Council, and that they wcio unani-, mously In favor of It also. Ho promised that 1 his viows and thoso of his Council, should bo forwarded to tho l'rosldont. During tho ses sion of our Legislature a papor was drawn up recommending tho appointment of Mr. Web ster, which was signed by many of tha load, ing rnombors. Whether lhat recommenda tion has over been forwarded to tho Prcsidonl or not, it Is not in ray power now to ascor tain. No person who was hero during tho list part of tho session of our Legislature, whon that matter was a subject of very gen eral conversation, will deny, lhat thcro was almost a unanimous wish expressed that this appointment should bo given to Mr. Webster. Mr. Holdcn, ono of tho editors of tho Argus, who was at Augusta at tho timo, will not, I prcsumo, dony that such was tho fact. Tnal Governor Fairfiold, tho Hon. Ruol Williams, II. J. Andorson, Albert Smith, and many others of tho loading frionds of Mr. Van Hu ron, took an acllvo interest in getting up recommendations in favor of Mr. Wobster's appointment, Is a matter of general notoriety. Your information was probably not correct in relation to an offer on tho part of tbo Whigs in Maino Legislature to nominato General Scott for tho Presidency. No such proposi tion was mado. A few individuals may havo talked with General Scott on tho subject, but I hoy had no authority to speak for tho Whigs of tbo Legislature at that subjoct was never acted on or introduced at any mooting held by tho Whigs during tho session. Tho disgracclul manner in which, our Madawaska war lias been conducted by our Loco Foco rulers, docs not seem to meet tho approbation of tho people. Our municipal elections this Spring havo resulted highly favoiablo to tho Whigs. Calais, Watervillo, Bolfast, Windham, Minot, Albion, Greene, and Wilton, alt of which towns wero ropre sontcd in tho Legislature by Locos, havo olec ted Whig town officers. In tho most, if not in all of these towns, tlio election was put on party grounds. Cor. Boston Atlas, EXECUTIVE PATRONAGE. In IC26, a committee of the U. S. Sen ate, consisting of Col. Benton. Chairman, Mr. Von Buren, Mr. White, Major Eaton, and others, made n report on the subject of executive patronage, accompanied by six bills, the object of which was to restrain and prevent the exercise of power in the hands of the President, Tho extracts which wo give our readers from that re port, will 6how the holy horror which (hose persons (hen had of "sullying the purity of our institutions ;" but we fear they are no longer operated upon by Iheir own argu ments. At nil events, the evils which they deprecated have arrived upon Ihe country, and it remains to be seen whether tho dan. ger is not such as to rouse every Ameri can to immediate action. "The commiitno believe that Ihcy will be acting in tbo spirit of the constitution in laboring to multiply the guards ond to strengthen the barriers against the possible abuse of power. If a comity could bo ima gined in which tho laws should execute themselves in which the power of gov ernment should consist in tho enactment of laws in such a state the machinery of government would carry on its operations without jar or friction. Parties would be unknown, and the movements of iho politi cal mochino would but little more disturb Ihe passions of men than Ihey ore disturb ed by the great laws of iho material world. But ibis is not the case. Tho scene shilts from this imaginary region, where laws execute themselves, to iho theatre ol real life, wherein they aro executed by civil and military officers, by armies nnd navies, by courts of justice, by the collection and disbursement of revenue, with all its train of salaries, jobs and contracts: ond in this aspect of the reality, wo behold the working of patronage, and discover the reason why so many stand ready, in any country, and in all aires, to flock to the standard of power, wherever and by whom soever it may be raised The patronageof the federal government at tho beginning, was founded upon a rev enue of two millions of dollars. It is now operating upon twenty two millions, and within tho lifetime of many now living, must operate upon fifty millions. The wholo revenuo must, in n few years, be wholly applicable lo subjects of patronage. At present about ono half, say ten millions of it, is appropriated to tho principal and interest ot tne public debt, which, from the nature of the object, involves but little patronago. In the coutse of a few years this debt, without great mismanagement, must bo paid off. A short poriod of peace and a faithful application of (ho sinking fund, must speedily accomplish that most desirable object. Unless the revenuo be then reduced, n woik ns difficult in rcpub lies as In monarchies, tho patronage of the federal government, great 03 it afrcady is, must in Iho courso of a few years, receive a vast accession of strength. Tho revenue itself will bo doubled, nnd instead of one half being applicable to objects of patron age, the wholo will take lhat direction. Thus tho reduction of tho public debt, and Ihe increase of revenue, will multiply in a fourfold degree tho number of persons in service of tho federal government, Ihe quantity of public money in their hands, and the number of objects lo which it is applicable ; but as each person employed will have a circle of greater or less diame ter, of which he is iho centro and (ho soul, a circle composed of friends and relations, and of individuals employed by himsolf, on public or on privato nccount, tho aclunl increase of federal power and patronage by the duplication of the revenue, will bo, not in thu arithmetical ratio, but in gco metrical progression an increase nlmntt beyond tho powor of tho mind to calculate or comprehend." The report then proceeds to givo a list nf tho names and compensation of tho offi cers of Iho customs in New York, uponjy-0,-Aamj)on Courier. which the committco make Iho followioff comments : "A formidablo list, indeed ! Formidnbla in numbers, and still more so from Iho vast amount of money in their hands. The ac tion or such a body of mcn,euppoing tbctn to be animated by ono spirit, must be tro mendnus in an election; and that they will be so animated, is a proposition too plain to need demonstration. Power over a man's support has always been held and admitted to be power over his will. Tho President has power over Ihe snppoit of all these officers, and t hoy again have power over tho support of debtor merchants, to Ihe amount of ten millions of dollars per annum, and over the daily support, of an immense number of individuals, profes sional, mechanical, and doy laboring, to whom they con nnd will extend a valuable; private as woll as public patronago, accord ing to tho part which Ihey shall net in state as well ai in federal elections. Still, this is only a branch, a moro prong of fed eral patronage, in the city of New York, The same government has in tho samo city a branch of the United Stales Bank, the government has no longer a branch, but a number of pet banks, far more dan gerous wielding n capital of many ntil I ioe a largo military, naval, and post office o tnblishment: n judiciary, with its appro priate officers: presses, which print thor laws and public advertisements; and n lonp; list of contractors and jobbers." After declaring that " tho power and in fluenco of federal patronago is nn over match for the power ond influenco of stato patronage, that its workings will contami. natc the purity of all elections, ond enable; the genernl government eventually to gov ern throughout the states os effectually a if they were so many provinces of one vast empire," tho report adds : "The whole or this Rreat power will centre fir the President. The bin; of England is the fouri tain of honor :' lire President of the United Slnlet is the source of executive patronage. He preshlea over the entire sys lem of federal appointments, jobs and contracts. He has power over llicfupport of the individuals who ndininislcr the )slem.- Ho makes nnd unmakes them. He chooses from llio circle of his friendj und supporter, nnd may lii. miss them, nnd upon all llio principles of human action, will dismiss ihem, tis often as they disap point his expectations. His F,,jrit wj nnimatb their actions in all the elections lo stale nnd fede ral offices. They may he exceptions, hut ilic truth of n cene.nl rule is proved by exception. The in. tended check nnd control of the Senate, iviihouc new constitutional or slalulary provisions wilt, cease lo operate. Putronago v. ill penetrate this, hody, subdue its capacity of resistance, chain it lo the car of power, and enable (lie President to lule as easily, and much more secuiely, wills ihan tviih out the nominal check of the Senate Kihe Pre, ident was himself the officer of the people, eleclcdt by them and responsible lu ihem, (here would bo ess danger from this concentration orll power in. his hands ; hut it is the business ofoiaiesmert to act upon tilings as ihey nre, nnd nor s they would wil them lo be. We must then look forward to ilia lime when the public revenue will be doubled ; when the civil nnd military officers of' (lie govern meiit will be quadrupled ; when its influence oven individuals will he mulliplleil lo nn indefinite ex tent ; when the nomination by ihe President carry nny man through the .Senate, and, hi recommenda tion can carry any measure through (he two lions es or Congress; when I lie principles nf public ac(ioi) will be open mid avowed, ihe President wants Mr vote, and I want his patronage : I will vott at he wishes, and he will eiie hi A nfR. r .-.-.i. for. What will this be but si government of one man T nnd what is the government of one man but 0 monarchy 1 Names nre nothing, The n.ilure or a lliing is in lis substance, mi im numo tooo accommodates itself lo die subi ance.' ' The report concludes wiih ihe- following re marks : I'The committee must then take tilings as (hey are. Not being able to lay die axe lo the roolofiho tree, (hey mint go lo priming among the branches. Not being able to leforni die consiiiminn ;n ,t,. election or President, they mou go lo work upon r""v " " "" "xe uy at.ituturr en- ncimenis, wherever il can be dime by law nnd wi, a Just regard in die pioper eftioiency ordie govern mem. For diis purpose ihey have reported lha six bills whirh have been enumerated. They do no( pretend lo hate exhausted die subject, bu( only (o have seized a Teworits prominent points. They do not pretend lo have only touched, in four places Ihe vast nnd pervading svsiem oT fedcrsit executive" paironaee: the mess, the vast nffif ihm force, and the appointing power. They nio few compaieuio uie wiiole cumber or points which the s)siem presents, but ihey are points vital lo tho liberlies or the country. Tho press is put fore most, because il is (he moving power of luiinun ac (ion; die post office is the handmaid of the press Ihe armed force its exernlor ;. nnd the appoiniins ' power the directress or die whole. If the appoint ing power was itself tin emmiaiion of die popular will if ihe President was himself (he officer and die organ of die people there would be less dan ger in leaving lo his will d,e sole direction of alii lliesu arbiters of human fate. But things must ba taken as (hey aiu ; statesmen must act for the country they live in, nnd not for the island of Utopia; they must act upon the slate or facts in that country, and not upon the visions or fincy. In the country for which die committee nct.jiha press, wiih some exceptions, the post office, tho armed force, nnd the appointing power, are in ilia hands or die President, and die President himselfj is not in the hands or die people. The President may, and in die current of human affairs will, ba against the people; mid in his hands die mbiiera of liumun falu must be agninst them ;il-o. This will' not do. The nossihiliiv or it mint i, n.M,l,i 1 lie safely or die pcopli is die supreme law ; andi lo ensure that safety, ihese arbiters oT human falo must change iheir position nnJ take poet on iho side oT the people." Such were the principles of the Jackion pareji in 1826 I RUTLAND COUNTY COURT. The present term of this Court is likely to bo a lengthy one. Threo or four Jury cases only, were tried last week. The, first case was ono alluded to in our rase viz; Laura Ann Munson vs. Hastings.-- This was an action for damages brought by Iho plaintiff against the defendant for a breach of promise of marriage, a cascsomo what noted as there has been two trials at this court before. At this term it occu pied tho court about three days and it is said (hot thcro wore near one hundred witnesses called, the most of which were examined. Tho verdict, for the plaintiff" was $1,316 C6, not varying much from tha first verdict, threo yean ago and about jjJIOO less than the second. The cose was argued with great ability nn both sides. For (ho plaintiff Messrs, Clark and Lins ley, for defendant Messrs. Smith (one of tho members of Congress elect of the into of Connecticut) and Judge Phelps.--.Rut. land Herald. CuniosiTif. There- is a multicaulis treo nn Mr. Samuel Whitmarsh's grounds, of Southern growth, measuring 12 inches in circumference mid 20 feet high, Fifly Alpino Irees wero sold in (his town last week for $8 each in a lot. Tho business is on the incrnaco InMcad of receding.