14 Şubat 1840 Tarihli Burlington Free Press Gazetesi Sayfa 2

14 Şubat 1840 tarihli Burlington Free Press Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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Toil lMC-flDNT, AVM. HENRY IIAKRISON VICIJ riUIStllUNT, JOHN TYLER. OjWo copy tho following remarks ofthe venerable Judge I'aini:, relative to tlio character ami publiu services of Gen. HARRISON, from the last Mont pelicr Watchman and Slate Journal. Judge Paint, is the l S. District J tulgo for the State of Vermont, has filled that Minion for forty years, and formerly re- presented the state in the Senate of the j United States during the last two years ' of Washington's administration, and the! four vrvirs lit' tlio nMnr A flume. Ifn it:! J ' " ,, .sini,i r?ni.. I now over eighty years of age, and his ; opinions are, therefore, entitled to thojlra,t, ,,f General II AniusoN. larger than greatest respect. His remarks were cal led out by retnicst of his fellow citizens, assembled at Northfield in the Stale of Vermont. During the progress of the meeting, Mr. Uphatn remarked, that he observed a gentleman present who had formerly been personally acquaintdd with the nomineeof the Ilarrisburg Con vention ; presuming that it would bo gratifying to the meeting, lie would invito the Hon. Elijah Paint, to give his views of the character of General II.nr.tso. Judge Paine, after some hesitation, arose and said, that he had met his neigh bors and friends on this occasion as a spectator and a hearer. I lolding the sta tion he did, he thought it improper to take part in political meetings of any kind; it was wrong for an officer of the lT. S. Government to undertake in any manner to dictate to the people, or to give the lead to public opinion. However, as he had merely been requested to state what ho personally knew of a distinguished man, at a period when the present party divisions and questions did not exist, per haps the most fastidious could find no reasonable ground of complaint should ho comply with the iequest. His had been personally acquainted with Harrison at two periods the one a 111 tie more, and tlio other a little less, thantorly years age. I hat acquaintance began when Harrison first entered Congress, at about twenty five years of age, and was continued while lie remained a member of that body. Al- ltnmj;ti yuniicr, liir. ici!i;-: i-r ms.-o t!i'i. ordinary : he was u safe, rather than a brilliant statesman ; and for his prudence, the purity of his motives and character, and above ail for the soundness and cor rectness of his judgment, he stood remar kably high, in the estimation of Ins col leagues in Congress. Judge P. said he remembered when there were those who ridiculed WASH INGTON for the want of brilliant tal ents ; but these men were, mistaken in what constituted a great and good chara ter. The prudence, the good 'sense, and the sound judgment of WASHINGTON, were among me principal elements ot Ins I phaiicallv a gaihcrir.g ()f the (h.mocraey m greatness; and of thesn, the soundness J he cmuiiry: the " log eabuw " poured out of his judgment was probably tlio first. their tens and their hundred to help to These elements of oharacter HAIiUI- (,,f,r 0,1 "'" f"-'i'ds oliiic " log cabin cnu SON exhibited in a ereatdoTreo ; indeed, ,il,1"lfi- " Wf l,avc llPard 1)1,1 l,fcrn"" said the Judge, at the ti.no of his person- j !"'n" ,,c '" at less Uion iwo th..... i ., , , ' .. 7,71., sand. Our Cliardon friend?-, who had the al acq.m.i be 1 1)(Vt nppnrMll)IIV , j(ll, siv Mint NOT marc ilea WASHING FON Ihan ajijJlHSS THAN THREE THOUSAND man lit: ever knew. (Jt the subsequent were m aiteudancj on ihe occa-non. career and character of II MilHSON, he The day t.nsted away wtthoni any acci had no knowledge save that ofthe history j dent to dampen ihe general joy ; no execs of the times ; in view of that, In most!" wire uululged, heeauiJe liie sober cm henrlilv accorded vh ibr. iiwdn.mH-,!, ! 2'uis of i lio county " ruled the hour. " The which had been presented to the meeting. THE IIARRISHURd NOMINATION. We copy the following from one of our Western papers, from winch our readers will i-eo "how u works." The greatest political meeting over known on the Wesiem Reserve, if tn t m the State of Ohio, was held ai Chardon, in tins county, on Wednesday lisi.Janiinry 2'Jd. It was' a gathering of THE PEO PLE of (Jeanoa coiiiuy. to respond to the nomination of HARRISON ami TVLER. We cannot cunvey io our readers who had the iinsfortiinn lo be nbront, an adequate idi n of the numbers that assembled, ol the iinn it wit il y that pn vailed in behalf of the common object of llm great inovi iiient, or the euihiisiiiciu which liiletl ihe Ixhoiii of every one, fron Ihe y-uing mini who had ju-l hlepped, for Ihe first lune, upon Dm arena of political aciion, to Ihe aged teve liilionary veteran, who iad, perehance, come tin lor the lutl lime to testily Ins love of liberty, and devotion to the cause for which he sacrificed t m.ich m limes pone by. We will, however, ailempt a brief dt'scripiion ol what fell under our own oh. eeivalinu. regretting I hut it isoiii of power to do justice to other portion-, of the enmity. The proccssinn from tins village to Char, don was probably unprecedented in the Stale of Ohio. Tlio vehicle from Union ville, drawn by six horses, and containing nnd excellent hand of music, and a large number of I lie citizen; of Ihat place, led tlio procession. A very respectable dele golion from Asditabulu conniy wery on board : and waving over I heir heads (oa. led a banner, bearing tlio following in scriptions : " Don't r.ivE up tiii: simp " HARRISON AND TVLER. ' The Union ok tub Wmos rou -run sakr or tiiu Union. " THE HERO OP TIPPECANOE. " Is ii k honkst! Is nr. capaiiu:. " ; f- lien followed Ihe car from Centreville, flrwn by lourtcen horses, wlntli out lider. It wo fulfil up tor Ihu oeea-ion by the citizens u' thai plncn ; was 30 foot Inuir, ' mure, md contained on,c 30 or .10 ell I."HH cit" l?ittrcvill mil Hie viemoy. i tic ht ding x U'H'iifiiMniinry veterans, mid mauv of Miooldc-t inhabilatiis of Madison I own. ship. A 'plcndul banner waved gracefully over llii-ir heads, with the following in ocnpliiiin: ' Tun or.D Wiiio lUtsNr.n nr 7G. " Tl AUR1SON AiN'I) IIHI-'OIIM. v W I LU AM 1 1 UN It Y HARRISON. " I tib hiim:'i' ? I-" iik ti p.uim:.!- li tit; r.MTiirut. to tiii: Constitution ? " On I In1 inverse HARRISON AND TYLKU- " Tun Oiiii Faiimbu. and tub consti ! " 'itUKtlTV AM) I'MI'N, NOW AND FiMtUVCtl " I CRKDIT AND COMMKUCK Plus was, in 1 r tit li . n splendid banner g'"t " by otiz-iH of Conirovillo lor the U(H j,,',,,,, crlllru of nt,facllou To many eves during die day J" l""?inn was n ; largo doinh. manned by tin; cui'.ens ol I'mtwviuc. ,1. I,,, ... ,,, Iw.ri.o nnd 1ii:i rltiir mi life; on the m lirr sidi , Hie Ainertean hi. trie, holding a scroll, conta mug i lie loMow. ing memoranda : WILLIAM IIRNIIY HARRISON." Appoinied nu Kni'ti bv WASHING TON, 1707. " Secretary N. W. Territory by ADAMS. 1797. " Indian Commissioner bv JEFFKIl- SON, liiOI. I " Governor of Indiann by MADI SON, 11109. " C'ltninnmler-iu Chief N. W. Ar. inv. Ifll'2 ' Mim. i o Colombia bv ADAMS.M27. Rattle oi AH A Ml. AntruM 2 1. 194. " TUl'HC.M'Otf.Nnvi.uibur7, mil. " FORT MEIGS. Mav I --C, 17K5 " THAMES. Oeiob-r IS. I!II3. " HARRISON AND REFORM. " At Concord, tlio pr. c 'rs-ion wai joined bv cms: n ol .Menhir, bearing a flic jjwitli thin ii'-c ptioo : FARMER OF NORTH BEND. HERO OF TIP I' EC A NO E." And In' cinx-m of Cunrnrd. with this: ' THE FARMER'S PRESIDENT. THE PEOPLE'S CANDIDATE " The procession extt titled tr.un one lo two miles, and loll u mile in elope order. The rear wa-i brought up by ihe citizen:) ol Fnirpurt in a boat, filled tip lor ihe ocen ston. iiunnctl by hardy lata, in costume, and bearing fcvcral stand.-! of American co lot.-j, and hearts ns ini'rrv nnd us true as jCver sailed on lander water. At Cliardon, lite processum was reviv ed by an iinin'.'iisu concourse ol penpl from other parts -f the county, who h.id pnraili'il ler I lie pnrpo-e. anil wno-'n pro. piHiholi of ibri"- ehi'ot.s lor HARRISON AND REFORM " tnet n Ifarty repoiiKC Irmu rrore ihan n thousand vo res. i he meeting wa- onjamz1 d in Ihe spa j nin..w oIlmoI. ofilic M. tl..dtwi Snetety in ! '"lu 111 .ou years iiutiee wuiiiu uu uuu Chunl.iti. who generously opened ll for j ''alt of one iiiiporlR. It was now pro loo (piirpnee. A-i a finall pnriion only ol posed to distribute !?o,()00,0U0,;j)V) rata, the innliitnde eoiiid nam admittance, it was I among the States, and for what purpose ? adjourned lo the public i-qn.iro. wheru ihe To help the States to facilitate to help spirited ri-oltiin.nt ol ihe ooiimiueo were j (.XCGssivo importations. Then it would read nr.u adopted, and speech.'-' listened w j lu. stated that there was no remedy but Iireg.nion. I he names (.1 the t-peDl;em. &C- may he tsueii by rclcrenee lo i he jofii ctal proceeding-i. Wo have not Ihe itieani of forming a very correM est imato "f t he noinber of per sons .who a-setnhiad on llus occti-Nii to manifest their devoiionio the cause of free- .(linn, nun I heir conlnJunce in the nooiitiees i of Ihe Harritburi' Convention. It was cm whole afforded a grai dying carin b-i of Ihe unanimity and z",i I wii ii which Ihe Peonle will gather nriinud too hallot-hnx in Mo. vember, to 8iislain Ihe great cause of" Ihe People ituints the Ofkc-hohlers, '' , U'ashinctox, Fell. .1. After the passage ol'soinu private bills, the report of ihe eolcct committee wus called up relaiivo to Slato Dehid. Mr. Phelps, of Vermont wa.s entitled to Ihe fl'ioc Ho said that he should not have spnlieo upon this question, had not (he chairman oftlm comniiiieo said ihat the report of his oomtnitleu was n pnn cca amiied by ihe resolutions he had preseined from tlio Leginturu of Verinout, ru-lcing (congress io difiribiito Iho ptibhu doinaur, as it was public properly. Mr. Phelps sun) ihat liio resolutions were passed by the legislature of Vermont in October last. Tne object ofiho resolu. I hum was rallior ler the pinpore of defeat I u 'el " Z , ""?." , wvv. ,.., ti.(p .iiau ll. nun: .jiaieH ono propo-ed thai Cnugre-s should nsk a dis- intuition ol the proceeds of tho tnva ol public lands for Iho purpose of meeting their engagements, was ihero nny greaT enormity in llus? None, Mr. p. conten ded, if Ihe Stales thought proper, Mr. P. cnnliiiiied, and wassuprised a'. Mioatiompl made by some nf iho admiiusiralion seua tors to identify tho projects of distribution and assumption. .Mr. Phelps also opposed tho report from Ihe nMer eoiifn.-inn of its coulents from a firced union nf mailers wimpy irrelevant. Thero was no occasion for iho objects wore loiolly distinct. Thu report wa disposed io over esliiuato tho debtu of the .States, utid he complained nf thai. It sia 'oil on ihe authority of Mr, Flagg of New York that tho debts wore c?l 90,000,000 Mr. P. proceeded to correct miny osuer turns contained in Mr. F'agg'd Matouiont. No good could come nf iho report, Mr. Plielps contended. Supposing Iho com muieo had die power lo bcIj'bikI power tn rxpr'n ihu opinion they have, dill wlintjnnd this ho illustrated by saying that a (rood could nunc of ll c comments made ? 1 poltl iind silver currency would not affect None. Whit good could come of making i.i.,, nlm. ..f.i.., !,,,-, rin1K. Mo liolinvml war op'in Mi" credit system ? For Ihlriy years e Iind hem iuterwnv with lit government, wn tlio boiiI nlninsi. of our nyit ihu. This report wch designed (till further In einbar ras tho Slates already cm1 barrnsed. Mr. 1'. said lies should not detain Ibn Senate any length of tune, us lie designed lo express some oilier opinions by and by. Mr. Calhoun followed, and moved llial Hie subject be postponed informally. lit did not wifti to tpcak lo day, but will ad lire" lliu Senate In-morrow. The Senate then passed to I bo cn us i il oration of eomo tui'-eoilniicniis business. Wi:t)NT.si)AV, Fob. 5, The orders of the day were called at a late hour, and Sir. Calhoun commenced a discussion of the Report of the Select Committee. JUr Calhoun began by meeting the al legations of the Whig members, that the Resolutions were but mcio abstractions. The onlv solution ho could give was, that I he onlv solution ho could give was, that tl.o - was a deep agitation t the bottom "fit. Assumption, Mr Calhoun said, was no liction. I here was no immediate proposition for direct assumption. That would he too absurd, and therefore, point les.. The States were deeply in debt and greatlv embarrassed. 1 ho proposi tion to assume the debts of the Slates was seen in the proposition for the distri bution of Public Lands. This was equi valent to assumption. Mr Calhoun said that the Committee had shown that the Treasury held the money arising from the sales of public, lands as a fund for the States in their Federal capacity. Distribution would withdraw the public, money from the Treasury,aud thus byd-istribution i.,000 000 would be drawn from the Treasury annually. The Treasury of the country required the most rigid economy, and all the money belonging to the Treasury was necessary to meet the expenses of the Government. Distribution was then equivalent to taxing the people SOOO.OIA). Were Senators, Mr Calhoun asked, prepared for this ; Were I hey prepare 1 to tax the Government !),000,OUO for revenue. The next consequence of distribution would be that the staple and exporting stales would feel the effects of this. The Southern States were now rising from their embarrassments under the decline of the tarilf. They now paid four fifths ofthe productions of the country in duties. F.xport and impart, Mr. C. said were the same. The South might as well pay the one as the other. The effect of this was to make the States agrarian. Five mil- li ons was now one third of our imports, ....l :.. .1 i. i.i i. high duties, and a new tariff would hi proposed the protective system restsci tated on the termination ofthe comprom ise. Mr Calhoun then went into an exam ination ofthe tariff question the laws of IIG of JS19, of lSU and S24. In tlio hst year it was trreatly increased, and it was then supposed that that would be the end of it. Hut such was not the fact as time proved. An increase was still asked. Thero is, said Mr Calhoun, a fixed principle in this country which will make all tariffs inefficient. It was a disposition to expand the currency in all the maim facturing States. The tariff did not pre vent importations. The history of the iiuiiui iiniuii?. j-in; jii.-Hifi y ui country would show this, and show tlmt tbo currency expanded in proportion as protection was encouraged. Mr. Calhoun then quoted at great lengih from a report made by Campbell I'. White, member of Congress from New York, in IS" '2, in proof of his position that th.) currency was expanded by a protective system. Tho effect of this was to lead to explosion or to ruin the .South the impoverishment ofthe coun try. Tho great and mighty West, loo would sud'er if the Tariff was pushed to extremity. Let our exports go free, said Mr. Calhoun, and the South will spring up under it. They will have new life, and supply you with all you want. Mr. Calhoun then read from the report of the Secretary of the Treasury, in proof of the fact, that tho Tarilfof 1S.'58 proved as he had said. Free trade, said Mr. Calhoun, is the true policy of the North, East, South and West. The Tariff of! S-JS caused the expansion of the currency, and this expansion led to over trading. Hy the Tariff wo had the suvplus revenue, and this again expanded tho business of tho country. Tlio Hanks of Iho country opened their mouths after the removal of the doposiles, to roceive what tho United States Hank had lost. It had been said the removal of tho doposites caused the calamity of tho country. It this was so, the Tariff of 1S28 caused tho removal of the deposites. All oftlio embarrassments of tho coun try said Mr Calhoun were mainly uttri niimino io mo uiriii oi inrt. near mo said Mr C. you oftlio North hear me I say to New England that the greatest calamity which can befal you is tho tariff. You must havo a sound, a uniform and stable currency. Such it currency you cannot have from hank circulation It must come from gold and silver. This said Mr Calhoun, is ns plain as two and two niiiKo tour. Mr. C. said ho wa.s for natural wagcst that new ingenuity would he called into action new lilo given the labor now hopes called eut. The industrious man would prosper as much with a gold cur rency as under a mixed currency. Mr Calhoun said that he know that the states were greatly indebted, and they were in debt from their folly and ex travagance nothing more. Ho hoped they would not come upon tlio common fund of the country for relief. In regard lo S. Carolina, he would say upon this (loor, that she had spent thousands and thousands upon as wild and as visionarv a project as ever entered into the mind of moral man. mit bis state ho spoke lor her would sustain her credit. If not, much as he loved her, and his affection was greater than any thing on God's earth, he would abandon her. Mr Cal houn spoke for an hour or more, and was followed by Mr. Preston, of South Carolina. He submitted to the Administration Senators whether m view of all that had been said and done i t was proper to press ihe re port upon the Senate. All had expressed the opinion that no assumption was pro posed here. Why then press the He- port t Une Senator has said that i cir cular was issued bv a mercantile house in London. Another that a New York paper had broached the subject and his colleague had spoken of the tariff and the Public Lands. It was time enough to discuss these subjects when they came properly and directly before the Senate. Mr Preston therefore moved that the Re port be laid upon the table. The motion wat lost, 2b to 10, by ytas and nays, Mr Grundy then moved that ihe report be made the special order of lliu day for Monday next. The motion was carried. Mr Denton moved the printing ol'SIO- 000 copies of it, (the ordinary number having already been ordered.) Mr Preston and Mr Prentiss ot Vt., opposed ilupon the ground that the De port would have a bail tendency, and was a good job for nobody but the printer to the body. Mr Lumpkin of Ga. said, ihat in con sequence ofthe commentaries which had been made upon the report, he would move the printing of (30,000 copies. The yeas and nays were then ordered upon the extra number, and the motion to print was carried, 27 to IS. In the Jluusc, memorials and petitions were presented. On the State of Now Jersey being called in its geographical order, Mr. Ran dolph, the only Representative from that State who as yet has been admitted to a scat in the House, rose and inquired of the Chair whether the Speaker had received certain joint n solutions from the Legislature ol the State ol .cv Jersey, and, if so, whether it was his intention to present them ' And, if not, whether the Speaker desired to state his reasons for declining so to do I To this interrogato rs', the bi'CAKr.r. responded that the Chair had received certain resolutions of the Council and General Assembly of the State of New Jersey, addressed to him as Robert JI. T. Jfunlw, a Representative from the State of Virginia, which he had declined to present for reasons set forth in a letter to Governor .Pennington. Mr Randolph then made a motion to spread tiiion the Journal and to print certain joint resolutions, (transcripts of those above referred to.) This motion gave rise to a debate, sudden and desultory, but of a very interesting character, involving i demand upon the Speaker to state the . i , Tor 'ro,ll,,', U, rorrel,0,"l' iumued io ; lor v. men pui pose it motion io suspend the rule was submitted by Mr Wish. On this motion no question bad been taken when the House consented to an adjournment. The Reporter regrets that ho is compelled, tor want of space, to postpone the publication of tho full report he had prepared until Friday morning. Rat. Int. Tho following letter from Speaker Hunter, to Gov. Pennington, we copy from tho iNewark Daily Advertiser. Washington, Jan. 80, 1840. To His Excellency, Gov. Pennington. Sin I havo received through you, the resolutions of the Council and Gener al Assembly of Now Jersey, a copy of which was ordered to be ltransmitted to " the lion. II. M. T. Hunter, a represen tative from the state of Virginia, with a request that he will lay tho same before tho other representatives ironi the several states now assembled at Washington." As an individual, or as a member from the state of Virginia, 1 should always es teem it a distinguished honor to ho selec ted as the organ through whom the sover eign state of New Jersey might bo pleas ed to express its wishes and opinions. Hut as I have no right to suppose that tho Council and General Assembly of New Jersey havo designed. fhus to distinguish mo individvally, and to tho exclusion of tho honorable member from that slate, who, with others, constitute the present House of Representatives, I feel bound to conclude upon this consideration, and from the general tenor oftlio resolutions themselves, that thoy were sent to mo on account ofthe station which I at present occupy. Under these circumstances, 1 beg leavo most respectfully to doclino to lay these resolution before tho House over which I have tho honor to preside ; as, virtually, they seem to deny my title to the office of Speaker, and tho right of those who havo invested mo with that trust. The House of Representatives of tlio United States of America, having elected I n Snenkor. bns ji rioli! in i.vnnct that all ' communications made to it, through its organ, should bo addressed to him in his ,,. . ', .. ... , ., . i .1... i oii.eiiu capacity, nuer u.is mow ... n o . case, it wotiltl seum that 1. cannot comply with the request ofthe Council and Gen- oral Assembly ol iNe.w Jersey, with a duo regard to the dignity of the House, or without admitting, by inference, that it had conferred upon me the authority which it had no right to give, and that I n sseu am ...se.iarg.ug uie inn c.i.o.is oi an , oiiu-o mi ttiiu.il l iiuvo no une. j iiom- i are admissions wiucn t am not prepared i to inaUe. In thus slating my view in reference to the request made of me, 1 raise no ques tion us to the propriety of tbo resolutions themselves, or as to tbo right ofthe coun cil and General Assembly of New-Jersey to adopt them. I only refer to them as they relate to my official station, to show that I am inlluenced by no want of respect j for the constituted authorities ofthe state of New Jersey, but governed entirely by a sense of duty to the House of which I ' am the organ, and which mav expect that I shall not lav before them communications ' which refuse to accredit mo as such. I j i . .i i . am not disposed t,,; cavil about more mat- , tersol form.nordo I imagine tbata personal disrespect was intended to be oIlereiMo j me, by those whose station and dignity i alike forbid such a supposition. Hut when ! an omission of form seems designed as ;i mode of denvm-r the rights ar.d privileges i oftlio II. of Representatives, of which 1 am the organ, it becomes my duty to do nothing which may recognize the proprie ty of such an omission. I have retained the copy of the resolu tions, transmitted to me, until I shall bo farther advised by your Excellency ofany other disposition which it may be proposed to make of them. In conclusion, 1 beg leave to express my regret, that I should be nimble to comply with any request made of me by the Council and General Assembly of ?'ew Jersey. I have the honor to be, With great respect, Your ob't servant, r. m. t. hunter. pInsylvanTa. To the Senate nnd Flnuse nf Ilcprccnlnlivci nf the Cummnnwciilth nf Pennsylvania. (Jenti.umbn By Mm provisions of Ihe act approved on ihe 23d ultimo, entitled " an act. to authorise a loan," the Governor is aiiilinre.od lo negotialo a permanent loan for j;"l!70. 000. lie i nl--o nnlhoried to negotiate a temporary loan for the same sum in anticipation of the said permanent l.ian. As gOOO OHO nf Ihe sum nuthnrized In be borrowed, h required to Mipply a d'ficit in the internal improvement fond, lor Hie pay m"iii of mtore-t this dav doe. I directed the Secretary of the Ooi'imonwotilth, mime, d'a'e'v oo Ihe npprovnl ol Ihe said net (on the 03d nliimol lo write to tbo banks of Pii laih Iphia, and the Ilarrisburg Bank, inquiring of eacii ol ibein whether they would agree to make a permanent or loin pnra'V loan lo the Coiiunonwi alth ot six hundred ihniiaud dollars, or any pari thereof, upon the terms specified in ihe said ac'. the same In be placed to her credit in the Bark nf Pennsylvania on tin-day. . Answers have been received (mm all ihe bank-'. The bank oi Peoo-ylvarna proposes to lend on temporary loan 100 000 Some of the rubers offer io lake proportion, al parts on certain cont togeneies, and sev eral ot hers appear lo manifest a ile-ire lo mrctihc contingencies, but have not ihe anility. Vyopie- oi inu torrefpniiiieuuu on the subject are herewith transmuted. It will be perceived that, nnl having ihe meanssn to do. the interest this day due Ihe Cnn.inonwealih to her creditors ,s . . . . ,, paid, a circunMauoo winch Iho Executive, anxious ns he has been lor maintaining on- milled the cn.l'l of Ihe Commonwealth. has been linn'i'- Ui avert. I cannot mo often or too in.nre.sivelv nrgo upon the Legi,,nture,l,e n-aniooiit tlu.y , mam lallltllg nt all linZirns Ihe public lilltll and credit. WhiLi i.igingupon I hem the ndnp. lion of such WI'O and jildieious cnaelinents as may prevent in- recnirence incvuable from liio revulsion growing out of the niiuni oral and exhausted system of credit with winch our buiness commuoiiy has been m. tilled, Ibcg leave to recommend as the best alternative wb ch enn present itself, the pas sage forthwith of a joint resi.liition million. sing tho issuing o biaio stoel; lor iho m tercst falhn-r ,U?0 this dav. to be delivered tho issuing ol blalo stock lor ihe in to the holders ol Iho stock for the n,m,,,t duo il.em respcc.ivelv. as an earnest of our deteriniualiuii to inako prov sinn ns soon tn the necessary Legislation can be had, in meet the exigency and redeem Ike credit of Iho commonwealth. I trust I may bo excluded in this com muoicalioii for saying to the Ilepresentii lives of the people in tlio legislature, that whilst Ihey owe a duly lo ihe wauls and wihes of llieir imniediato cnusl iluonls, Micro is n paramount duty m thu common wealth nt large, in maintain its credit, to meet its engagements, nnd lo prevent its character in good faith, from being sulliod. No man, wero ho concerned nlone ns an individual, would go furl her to fix an early day for Die resumption of specie payments by'lhe Hanks ihan I would, il by so dning ihe desirable results would be produced. Hut, placed ar I am, u the Eecculivc of the Commonwealth, to preside over her in terests, I feel bound lo smj regnrdlci of amj denunciation, xohich may be poured forth from any quarter. Ihat I believe if too viga rous a system of manures be adopted la co erce Ihe payment of the liabilities of the banks i.M.MKiiiATi'.i.r the credit of the State must and will be seriously and disiutrously affected lil mi assurance be given to lliu public that nt a certain mid fixed day, with, in a reaeonablo lime, such resumption will laku place, and that it will Mien bo permanent. Let them understand that tho indul gence tn their debtors by tho Hanks, is rendered absolutely necessary by tho ex istiug pressure and tho cumbrous public debt with which tho Stato is loaded, nndvcfturo," 'i.iuw iuj, i .mil, ji no nno can doubt., but Mint, in n spirit 0f pa' 'lot ic bboraltiy, ihey will waivo tbo immediate exorclfo of a positive riuhl. for "'c more cerlmn and ultimate accompli,,,. '"'I1 w '" w" nl1 " m e I teler lo i,o message communicated to von nI , hn v.n,mnnecincnt of ihe present ecu, (.ion Tor iny views in detail: and, awnro of the responsibility I have assumed, I Icavo the subject to the calm and reflectinr? eon. siileraiion of Iho Legislature. . When 1 tool; upon me Ihe duties nf tlio station as'igned me, I assumed nil its responsibihl tes also, nnd, having never iirtitiK ironi iho performance ol nnv dutv. , ,mVlJ r,;U tiyf(,,f noPrnllvoy cn,-,(, ; io mnn i h,s communication In you in Iho fullest confidence and belief, ihat the pa Irioiism and good scno of our common constituents will bear us out. in our honest and iiuxtoiis endeavors to extricate Iho Stnlo from Iho financial difficulties and embarrassments eiicoiinlered on entering unon ihe discharge ol nor pnblie duiirn. DAVID It. PORTER. February Dt, UM0. LATE AND IMPORTANT FROM CvVNTON. The sbin RoM-rt Pulton. Cant. Mac Michaels, from Hong Kong, September Iho 25Mi. arrived la-t night. "i"- Michaels reports that Iho '")"h' u'r f".",,l,e9 ''j1'1 'e, by Ihe C rinese lo leave Macao, and are f)W () ,1Iinri, , lCa K,wt 35 ml,riJ ,,,, , lMncnf) Q Hiimi, chief stinerintendnnt of. ihe English trade, had hoisted bis flig on beanlUm linii-h Century hip Fort" William. Tlio Pfiti.-h trade with Chum is totally snspen- ll'-Ml- nn." " pm-'pect ol an adinsimeni of Hie ilimcnllles, without aid from Etutlnnd. The Opium Tradb. however was carried on very brikly, and at a very high price, on the eastern enasl of Cleni. imder iho British fhg. This alone will prevent Iho pnsibilily of a renewal nf ihe English trade with Canton, and may eventually lead io a (suspension of all hireign trade. There is much irritation between tho English nnd Chinese, tho former having lired into several jonks nod having rnado nu aitack under ihe command of Capt. E'liot, on the forts and junks at Kow Loom a few miles in Ihe eastward of Hong Konn- it was reported several Chinese had been killed, among which uns a Mandarin of rank. Captain Elboi narrowly escaped having n baU iltrough Ins hat. " The cln neiij claimed the victory. A very Severn edict agamM the English, had been issued by iho High Commissioner, in consequence ofthe above attack, and (he blockade bv Mic British of Iho Port of Canton, China. The latter, however, hav since been revoked. The American trade continued without molestation on iho part of the Chinese. Several vessels under tho American, Spaoi-h nnd Danish flags were employed in bringing Indh Cotiori and British Manufactures to ('anion, from Hong Kong at high rates of freight. The British slim Mermaid, had been purchased at Hong Kong, and was employed in Ihe freighting bn-iness under Ihe American fhg; between there nnd Canton. An additional expr.rl doty on Teas am S Iks wa ab'Uit being la d by ihe Chinese, to meet the exlrnordioarv e.peii-es occa- -iniicd by Ihe unsettled MMe. of nffnrs be. i ween them and ihe English, new Ions have been l ll 1 1 1 nl Ihe entrance ofthe river, anil rafls and eliauis l hiowo across it. An ar rival at St. Helena from Singapore, re ports thai several ves-els fully a"rmed. wero about sailing for I he east c'oa-l ol China, wiih a tleieiminntioo of carrying un the opium trade. --.A". Y. Krjircsi. I'lom the ieiv (Me.iiN Cemineiri.il nnllelin. I. I'lWI' rilOAl' TKXASj. The ii 1 1 i I Ihiiii Tix.i- M'.-nenl.n ednfiuii' ihe lepeuol ihe f.ill of U.iiiinmr.n him" i lie hiiiiN nf llit; l''eilciiili.i-t. Thpie ktiih id je m, jusi lounil in diiiilnilii' ninli nf ihe iiuniir. ll U expected ill. il the iroii will he heieRed In ihr,r oirn hv n sii eiinr fuice, m.oclihi'' iigahm llieni fioin . ,iicini. A In ilicir nliiliiy In nfTer a niece.!. fill : iri-'iinco, ninfliciini epiiiions piewiil, Tim I I'exi m Onveimneiu npi.e.us icsriu., u in.ihmiln ' '"'!" v. hi ihe rnnioi. Tl, ill , ,m.. ! 'J"" '' 11 "'"!"'.' '""'"-"c,s C on, fl,.rk. oi m il il.iimiiiw in on Ilieir ifHiiiliMiien io tlio 1 mu.,.le -,i,Hi Mrx.i-o. U idi a Hillinrni num. hn nfAim-neaii tumps loiiiip.iu Hi iiiness to tlio IVileuili-t an i-oii. it is ilmintil die place might j 111,1 'S'nn.i the nuny die Ciiori nineiu is "ie s,c.oe.. d.ig-r io he app.eliende.l ihcn'i in ihe riii2-lR to ilnnw olTilic .Xp.iiii.h nke. Ii would am I,. f,iiii niej; il ihu rn.ilhimi between Keilt r.ilNis ami Texiun-i umler Itn-u slintil-.l ' icpeiiiinn oi me oio niiur, uiien ov ihe pnifidv nf ilic Mexicow, feieral hundred liiiao Amei ic i ns wpic s.ici illccd. UIIBIl CANADA. It appears from returns made to tho prn viucial Parliament, that Ihe'expenses di teuding lite trial and tmprisomout of ilm I " . . ... '.. ' ' l,r,IMlclrs at 'revolt were 9-00 cs all .li s there were various oms of !"t:rcl SCTC? T",?'' &c VV00""" ""1bln amount3. And Ihe Uoii-eot Assembly has passed n bill appropriating JC-IO 000 100,000 lor Ihe indemnification ofparlicrt who sustained losses in Iho rebellion and invasions. On iho night of January 22d three sold, icrs deserted from Kingston, nnd after wandering for fouio 1 1 mo m die woods, supposing ihey had reached die Slates, entered a tarvern where a piquet was sta tioned, and wore of course UMaiilly mado prisoners. The tavern is in fact but a few j arils from the line, mi the Canada side. A letter from Port Sarnia, River St. Clair, dated January 21st. and pub'uhed in die Toronto Pal. stales that on the night before, a parly of four privates and sergeant of the Uniied States army, from Fort Gratiot, crossed over lo Point Hdward in pursuit of n deierler. Finding bun in a fishing shanty, they seined him and wero about taking him back to die fort when ihey were arrested by die guard stationed al tbo point, who look (hem to Port Sarnia, whence they wero sent oll'as prisoners lo head quarters. Tho officer commanding at Fort Gratiot sent lo demand them, but before Ins messenger nrnved ihey wero already on their march. If this siory ia iruo we shall probably here more of it. Tho Sandwich Herald of the 25lh makes, no mention of dm circtituslaiicc, A. Y. Com .'We. Henry VI being asked why ho went so meanly altired, answered, "It beseemed) a king to excel Ins subjects in virtue, not in

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