3 Nisan 1840 Tarihli Burlington Free Press Gazetesi Sayfa 3

3 Nisan 1840 tarihli Burlington Free Press Gazetesi Sayfa 3
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Ikt bynsolein compact, that the Statu of Maine lia done thoo lifts winch have given rise to oom phiuits for which no udoipiatu earno is perceived. The undersigned fools conlidout that when them; nrU shall have heen considered hy Her Majesty's Government at home, as explained in his liotu to Mr. Fox, of the 21th of Doicmder hut. nnd in connexion with the foiotroimr remarks, they will no longer ho viewed as calculated to oxeitu the apprehensions of her Majesty's Government, that the faith of nrraniremonts is lo lu broken on the part of the United 'States. With regard to the second position assumed bv Mr. l'ox, that the advance of the Mnineposse nfoni? the Hc.stook to the month of Fish River, nnd into the valley of the Upper St. John, isnt va riance with the terms nnd spirit of the agreements the undersigned musiobsorvo that if at variance with nnv of their provisions, it could only he with those which secure her Majesty's province ofNew Brunswick ntrnliM any attempt to disturb the possession of the Madawuska settlement, and to interrupt the ii-unl communications between New Hrnnswiek and the Upper Provinces. The agree ment could only have referred to the Madawnska settlements as confined within their actual limits nt the time it was subscribed. The undersigned, in his note of the Slth of December last, stated the reasons why the mouth of FMi River and the portion of the valley of the St. John through which it passes, could in no proper sense bo cou riered as embraced in the Ma-'awnskn settlements Were the United States to admit the pretension set up on the pnrt of Great Hritain, to give to the Madawaska settlements n degrco of constructive extension that mi?hl, nt this time, suit the pur poses of her Majesty's colonial authorities, those settlements might soon be made, with like jiMice to embrace any portions of the disputed territory J and the right given to the province of New Brim's wiek to occupy them temporarily and for a special purpose might, by inference quite as plausi!le,give the jurisdiction exercised by her Majesty's au thorities nn extent which would render the present Mate of the question, so long as it could be main tained equivalent to n decision on the merits of the whole controversy in favor of Great Britain. if the small settlement ofMadawaskn, on the north side of the St. Johns, means the whole val ley of that river if a boom ncros the Fish river, and the station of a small posse on the south side of theSt. Johns nt the mouth of Fish river is adis turbance of that settlement, which is twenty-five miles below, within the meaning of the agreement it N difficult to conceive that there are any limita tions to the pretensions of Her Majesty's covern ment under it, or how the state of Maine could exercise the preventive power with regard to trespassers, winch was, on her part, the great ob ject of the temporary arrangement. The move ments of British troops lately witnessed in the disputed territory, and the erection of military works for their protection and accommodation, of which authentic in'nrmation recently received at the Department ofStatc, has been eommunicatc.l to Mr. Fox, impart a still graver aspect to the matter immediately under consideration. The fact oftluisc military operations established beyond a doubt, left unexplained, or unsatisfactorily ue eounted for, by Mr. Fox's note of the 7lh instant continues nn abiding caueof complaint on the part of tliu United Slates nyaint Her Majesty's colonial agents, as inconsistent with arrangements whose main obiect was to divest a question, al ready sufficiently perplexed and complicated from Mich embarrassments as those with which the proceedings of the British authorities cannot fail to surround it. If, as Mr. Fox must admit, the objects of the late agreements were the removal of all military force and the preservation of the property from farther spoliations, leaving the possession and ju risdiction as they stood before the State of Maine found itself compelled to act against, the tress passers, the President cannot but consider that the conduct ofthe American local authorities strongly nnd most favorably contrasts with that ofthe co lonial authorities of her Majesty,' Government. While the one, promptly withdrawing its military force, has confined itself to the use of the small possee, armed ns agreed upon, and. and lias done no act not necessary to the accomplishment of mc conventional oiyects, every measure tnl.en or indicated by the other party, is essentially mili tary in its character, and can be justified only by a well founde.1 apprehension that hostilities "must cusne. With such feelings and convictions the President could not see, without painful stirpri-c, the attempt of Mr. Fox, under instructions from his Govern ment, to give to the existing state of things a char acter not warranted by the friendly disposition of the United fetales or tlio conduct ol the authorities nnd people of Maine much more is he surprised to find it alleged as a ground for strengthening a military force and preparing for a hostile collision with the unarmed inhabitants of a friendly state, pursuing within their own borders, their peaceful occupations or exerting themselves in compliance with tneir agreements to protect the property m dispute from unauthorised spoliation. The President wishes that ho could dispel the icar tnai inc-e iiarn loroijodings can ho realized. Unless her Mnielv's Government shall forthwith arrest all military interference in the question unless ti snail apply 10 the subject more deterium cd ellbrt.s than have hitherto been made lo brim the dispute to a certain and pacific adjustment, the misfortunes predicted by Mr. Fox in the name in nisviovcrnineiii, may most tinlorlunately Imp pen. Hut no apprehension of the consequence: Fox can be i.crmitied to' divert 1 in.1 people- ot the United States I ance oi'thcir duty to the Slate of j the Government Irom the performance Maine. The duly is as simple as it is imperative, J fie construction which is given by her to the treaty of 1783 has been, again and again, and in the most solemn manner, asserted also by the Fed eral Government, and must be maintained, unless Maine freely consents to a new boundary, or un less that c&nstruetiou of the treaty is found to be erroneous by the decision of a disinterested and independent tribunal, selected by the parties for its linal adjustment. The President, on assuming the duties i flu's, station, avowed his determination, nil other means ofne-rotialion f.iiliiiL'. lo submit n proposition to the Government of Great JSritaiu to i refer the decision of the question once more to a mini pariy. In all the subsequent steps which have been ta ken upon the subject by his direction, h has been actuated by the same spirit. Neither his disposi tion in the matter, nor his opinion ns to the pro priety of that course has undergone any change. Should the fulfilment of his wishes be defeated, either by an unwillingness on the part of her Ma jesty's Government to meet the oiler of the United States m the spirit in which it is made, or from adverse circumstances of any description, tho President u'H I in i,,,. .....,. .l.t.:.... ... "... faction fiom the consciousness thai no"enbrt on his part has been spared to bring the question to nn amicn I- fnnr.ii.nn nml I ml l. 1 nothing in the conduct either of the Government and people of the United States, or ofthe stnto of Maine, tojustify the employment of her Maiesty's forces as indirvitn,! l. Hi- i,,., m'i... President cannot, under such circumstances, nn - jirehend that the responsibility for any conscniien - ce.1 which inav unliuni) vrnsiw. .!ll l. ,i.r, judgment of an impartial world, be imputed to the United Slates. 1 The undersigned avails himclf. &e. &e. To,heHo.H.S.Fox,JOf,1'0,lSVT,I Mr. Fox to Mn. FonsrTii. nsu i Washington, March 20, 1810 1 he undersigned, her llritannio Majesty's envoy extraordinary and minister plcnipeteutiary.has had the honor to receive the official note of yesterday's date, addressed to him by Mr. Forsyth, Secretary ofState of the United States, j rl.,,iy 10 a ,' dated the 13th instant, wherein the undersHied, in conformity with instructions received from his government, had anew formally piotestcd ti"aint the acts of encroachment which are stilF pr-r-MMed in by armed bands in tho employment ofthe Mate ot Maine within certain portions of the dis puted territory. It will be tho duly of thu undersigned immediate ly to transmit Mr. Forsyth's note to her Majesty's Government, in EnBland, and until the statements nnd propositions which it contains shall have re ceived tho duo consideration of her Majesty's Gov ernment, the undersigned will not deem it right to add any farlhrr reply thereto, excepting to refer to and to repeat, rs he now formally nnd distinctly does, tho several declarations which it has from lime to time been his duty to make to the Got rnment of the United States with reference to tho istin? posture ot affair in the disputed territory nnd to record his opinion, that tin inflexible nd heieneo to the resolutions that havo been nil homing by her Miiety' Government, for the de fence of her Majesty's rights pending the ncgotia. lion of the boundary question, oilers to her Mtiios ty's Government the only means of protecting those rights from being fu a continually aggravated manner encroached upon and violated. The undersigned nvails himself of this occasion to renew to the Secretary of Stnto of the United Stales the assurance of fits distinguished consider ation. II. S. FOX. The Honorable John FoiisTTtt, &c. iVc. &c. Extract from Mr. ISiiclmiinu's printed Speech. " Sir, I solemnly believe that if wo could but reduce this inflated paper bubble to nnythiiig like reasonable dimensions. New England would be come the most prosperous manufacturing country tha t the sun ever shone upon. Why cannot we ma nufacture good, nnd o'peeiallvcottoti goods, which will go into siiecoisfnl competition with British manufactures in foreign markets? Have we not the industry 1 Have we not the machinery V And, above all, nre not our. skill, energy, and enterprise, pro verbal throughout the world 1 Land is nNo cheaper here than m any other country on the face of the earth. Wo possess every advanlngo which Providence can bestow upon us for the ma nufacture of cotton; but they tire nil counterba lanced by the folly of man. The raw material vans us less than it doe the Knglih, because this is an article the. price of which depends upon foreign markets, and is not legiilaled by our own inflated turrency. We, therefore, save the freight ofthe cotton across the Atlantic, nnd that of the mami- lactured article nn its return licie. tv hat is llic reason that, with all these advantages, nnd with the protective duties, which our laws ull'ord to the domestic manufacturer of cotton, we cannot obtain exclusive noscsion ofthe home market, and suc cessfully contend for the markets ofthe world ? " it is simply hccatise we maiinlactnro at the nominal prices of our own inflated currency, nnn are compelled io sen at me real prices of other nations. Reduce our nominal to the real standard of prices throughout the teortf, and you cover our country with blessings and benefits. 1 wish to Heaven I could speak in a voice loud enough to be heard throughout New England ; be cause, if the nltcnti'Jii ofthe manufacturers could once Its directed lo the subject, their own intelli gence nnd native sagacity would teach them how in juriously they arc affected by our bloated bank ing and credit system, and toould enable them to apply the proper corrective. " What is the reason that our manufactures have been able to sustain any sort of competition, even in the homo market, with those of British origin 1 It is I reaiiu England herself', to a great extent, a paper money country, though, in this re-poet, not to beconipared Willi our own. From this very cause, price in England arc much higher than they nie upon the continent. The expense of liv ing is there double what it costs in France. Hence, all the English who desire to nur-e their fortunes by living cheaply, emigrate from ther own country to France, or so'me other portion of the continent. The comparative low prices of France and Ger many have ailbrded such a stimulus to their manu factures that they ate now rapidly extending them selves, and would obtain possession, in no small degree, even of the English home market, if it were not for their protecting duties. Whilst Uritish manufactures nre now languishing, those of the continent are springing into a healthy and vigorous existence. It was but the other day that I saw an extract from an English paper, which stated that whilst the cutlery manufactured in Germany was erina! in duality with the Uritish, it was so reduced in price that the latter would have to abandon the manufacture altogether." Mr. Davis's Comment. What do we gather from this t What is the obstacle to the success ofthe manufacturer, in the opinion ofthe Senator 1 What prevents him from obtaining exclusive possession of our market, and sharing those of the world in the sale of his pro ductions? It is the inflated paper bubble : it is "because we manufacture nt the nominal prices of uhi uim imiuicn currency, ana are compelled to sell at the real prices of other nations." S ich, in his view, is the cau-e of our embarrassments anil failure in success. Now, sir, what is the remedy proposed by the Senator 1 "Kodnco (.ays be) our iiuminai hi me real Bianuarit oj j-rtcei inroiti out the world, nnd yon cover our country with " ,s S!,1(- the jury thought seriously of I'C blessings and benefits.." We are to take cxclusiie . turning the verdict its soon as the evam- iussusmu ji uur own marKci, anu enter hosu ol . the world stiecessfutly-and by what process ? IK- redueiug the cOst of our goods "to the standard of prices throughout the world;" by bringing wage? downas low as those who manufacture cheapest ; for by no other process can we enter the markets ofthe world in successful competition. The Sena tor shows us that England is carrying on nn tin ssttccessinl competition, in the manufacture of cut lery, with Germany, beeatisii of the paper money of England. Germany, he alleges, is a art money country, and the cost' of production or wages is lower, and she therefore manufactures cheaper. Now, sir, what is the standard of prices through out the world 1 it must 1 e a standard which will enable us to sell as low as others to produce as low as the nation that produces lowest, or wc can not get the exclusive possession of our own market, and enter the markets of the world in successful """I""'"?... must go down to the wages of ra",,e'. rinany, and other countries that pr.Hluce owtr ,,l;,u 'J,ir !Jl'0'l-,''- l,r ol Eng and. It- 1 can understand language, the paper bubble is to be reduced till this result is reached. The Senator says lie is lor u mixed currency, but goes for the reduction of it till it brings prices to this standard. Of what couscqnencc is it, Mr President, whether it shall be mixed or unmixed, hard money, or hard money and paper, if the reduction is to go on till tin's elTc.'t ofconiing down to the standard of prices throughout the world is produced 1 None what ever; and yet so confident is the Senator in the soundno-s of his policy that he exhorts the man ufacturers 10 take liiu corrective into tlieir own hands, and to bring this icsiilt about; and yet lie complains of me as representing him as too much of a hard money man. I suppo-ed in all this the Scnatorlooked really to hard money; but whether he did or not is of little consequence, as the eilect on labor and bitsine-s would be the same. 1 was led to this conclusion, for I thought he would not wish to l e understood as viewing one currency as most useful to the manufacturers and another to the country. Jl there be confusion m the matter, 1 am not answerable for that, lor I replied to such onin- ions as were advanced. It appeared to mo the evil complained of was the expansion of the currency, iiuu uiu rcmeuy proposed a reduction to tips stau twi ol"l'l icc throughout the world. I know the f5C"iU.or ll!s "rl10''.1-' '""ch of his friendship for labor- I si .s , inn H js Ills I'laeiltai VICWS Ol MO lev. Ills ' m,L'11,ls to be employed to secure prosperity, that I i t'Jtla,"l.neJ . , , ,l .''j'1 "ol, eo-idcr the part i which he has read, and consn t of his speech from idcrs the foundation 1 J- , rc,11i,rl! elsewhere, ns an important or 1 1."alL'rJal portion of his reasoning. Such is the doctrine contained in tlm tirinwd sncivcli. Ii is. I fore the world, nnd let tin Mil si.n udiclhitr I hif, brought the member nearer to being a riend of nam money umn he brings luniscll. NEW ORGANIZATION OF THE MILITIA. The New York Gazotlo gives tho fol lowing epitome of Mr Poinsett's plan for organizing tho militia of tho United States: "An enrolment is to bo mado of all white male citizens of tho United States between the ages of twenty and forty-five all of whom aro required to be fully armed and equipped, inspected, nnd re viewed in thoir respective states, when ever required by tho stato laws. From tho Mass ofthe militia thus enrolled, and numbering a million and a half, there is to bo taken in each state and territory such number, by draft or voluntary enlistment, between the ages of 21 and 37. as will make up it force not exceeding 100,000 men, in tho following proportions for each stato tititl territory : Maine, 4,400 inou ; New Hampshire 2,400; Vermont 2,400; Massachusetts G',000; Connecticut 2,800; Khorfc Island 800; New York 18,000 ; Now Jersey 2,800; Pennsylvania 10,400; Delaware 800; Maryland !J,200; Vir ginia G',000 ; District of Columbia 400; North Carolina 4,400 ; South Carolina, 2,400 ; tJoorciti 2,800 ; Florida 400 ; Mississippi 800 ; Louisiana l,f)00; Ten nessee 4,400 ; Arkansas 400; Missouri 1,200; Iowa 400; Kentucky 4,400 ; Illi nois 1,200; Indiana 2,800; Ohio 8,000; Michigan 800 ; and Wisconsin 400 men. This force is to ho denominated the acvivi: or Movn.utt.r, force. Another class is to he organized under the name of the reserve or sedentary force; and the order of precedence between the the army of the United States and the militia, and hetween the several classes ofthe militia with one another, is its fol lows: 1. Troops ofthe United States. 2. Militia of the United States, in this order, to wit : 1. Tho activi: force. 2. The .st:nr,NTAnv force, ti. The mass. An adjutant trcnoral ofthe militia is to be appointed by the President, whose office will he at Washington, ami salary S!i,000. Ho is to he allowed two clerks, it necessary. 1 bo President designates till depots of arms and munitions of war. and appoints the place of rendezvous for the troops when called into active service. When called out, the militia are subject to the same rules and articles of war as the regular troops of the United States; but no detachment can be required to serve more than six months in any one year. While in actual service their pay and ra tions are those of the troops ofthe regular army and in case of death or wounds, they or their widows arc placed on the same footing its to pensions, with soldiers killed or wounded in the regular service. The whole country for the convenience of instruction and discipline, is to be di vided into ten districts, and proper regu lations are to be made as to the instruction of officers and men. The details of the whole plan are given by the Secretary of War, at great length ; but the above are tho main features of this plan, and all that are necessary to enable our readers to understand its general scope." From theXntehesf Courier. TRIAL OF T. C. TUPPFR. Having published some severe and un just remarks against Mr. Tiippor shortly after his fatal diflictihy with Cook, wo take pleasure in making known the re sult of his trial through our columns. The trial commenced on Wednsdav, the 19th of February, and terminated on Saturday evening in a verdict of acquital. The prosecution was conducted with un common rigor; there being three lawyers employed besides tho District Attorney. The defence was conducted by Messrs. Reid, Rollins, Foote and Prentiss. The jury were out about half a minute. It was so clearly u caso of self-ilelbneo, that ;,,!,, f(l, ;, , , , 11 inp ol tllu witnesses was closed; but con- .l.l..,l .1 ;.. . -,. ... v......... nui iu uusu, in uslico to Mr. 1 im- per, whose reputation they wished to see properly vindicated. It was argued by the defence, its a question of reputation alone ; and most triumphantly was Mr. T's conduct sustained. The Court House was crowded during the whole trial ; ami when the verdict of acquittal was read, the crowd, so far as could be discovered. responded to it unanimously by loud cheering and clapping of hands. STATIC OF VEI.MONT. A IKOXAIttATIOI. nv Tim ooviins-on. Tin; season has' again relurnrd, in which, by a long Csiabli.hel usage, the people of this State have been noeiistomej to assemble mr the pur pose of engaging in the exercises of public Fast ing and I'itAYi:n. The propriety of this custom has 1 ecu recommended by its 'icgular ob.-cr-vance from our carlicl history, and! is every where sanctioned by the precepts of religion. Man needs to bo reminded of bis dcpcnd.iui'c upon his Creator, lest he become forgetful of the arm that sustain? and the hand that feeds him. In conformity with this laudable practice, 1 do hereby appoint Friday, the tenth day of April next, to bo observed by the people of this State, as a day of Fasting, Humiliation nnd Prayer, and lccoiniueud that they abstain from all labor and recreation inconsistent with its due observance. May the people-on that day, assemble at thoir several places ofpuMic- worship, be ledlo a faith ful review of thu past, and to serious meditation apoil their re?l)cclivi! duties and rcsnnnciliilii;,... Conscious of their oilonce.-, may they lepcnt of ' h'mi-ki-l-ssioiih, ami inrougu uie iiilluence ol the pure principles ofthe Gospel of Jens Christ, be animatedand inspired with ros-olutions of future amendment and obedience lo God's holy hay. I.ct it also le a day of sincere humiliation for theins ofthe laud ; and while we grieve for the crimes and vices which reproach our country, let us fervently pray that all acts of public wrong, injustice nnd oppicssion, may 0 speedily redressed, that the spun of insubordination, disregard of law and right and the hitherto uncontrolled ambition of men may be restrained ; and, that respect for the laws, love ol order, of civil and religious liberty, virtue and patriotism, may universal v prevail. lu view of our dependence upon the goodness; and mercy of GOD, and our faith in his preserving and .sustaining care, it is peculiarly appropriate that we invoke his blessing upon the concerns of the passing year : That HE would order the sea sons m kindness, and bless with a rich return the labors onito husbandman That all our citizens, m their various lawful pursuits, may be prospered! X M J m health of our people maybe preserved : , 1 hat HE would regard with favor our many usso ciations and institutions-, designed for thu desso initiation mid promotion of truth and science, and for ihe amelioration ofthe condition of Man. And may we earnestly implore, the Sovereign Huler oftho Universe to protect our beloved coun try in all its various interests and relations, pray nig that our Rulers, in the Natnnal and Siau Gov ernments, may ,e guided by wisdom nud patriot, ism, and that the blessings of civil and religious liberty, now enjoyed by u-, may I o transmitted, in all their frcslincss, as nn invaluable inheritance, to future generations. Given undermyhandnndllteSonI of the State, at Shoreham, this Fourteenth day of March, m the year of our Loud, one thousand eight hun dred and forty, and oftho Independence of the United bintes, the s-ixiy fourth. Hy tho Governor, MMS H. JEN1SON. Geo. II. Makseh, Secretary. MISSING. fXfSonio one hits taken from tho read ing room a bound volume of thu Turling ton Free Press, and ti large volume of the old "Turlington Gazette," which have several times been wanted for reference. Will the person who has them, please to inform us how soon it will bo convenient to return them Or can some one in dicate to us, in what direction we aro to look? Tho Ferry boat is out, and made her first trip toPlattsburgh on Tuesday. The lino boats, aro nearly ready, and will be out, it is thought, in good season, FltO.M CHINA. There were two arrivals nt New Vork on Sunday from China the Navigator, from Whatnpon, No vemler'21, nnd the Trenton, November 20. Allairs I elwccti the Chinese and English were daily growing more critical, nnd Oim nits s'Jiit-r l.inii hadis'Ucd nn edict, forbidding ilritisli goods! to I c landed under the Hags of other nations, us had pu'vioiisly been tho.casc, and urging de-patch ' in Ion ing the' vessels taken for freight to Wham-; poa,'n it was feared an edict might I e issnod, shutting thorn out ofthe lloguc. The Americans ucre still in favor, anil doing a profitable, business though it was feaicd undent ire stoppage of the foicign trade would soon take place. The papers contain u full account of the battle lelwecn the Chhieo junks nnd the llritih frigates. It was supiio-ed that nboiit 500 of the Chine-e, who nre said to have shown grc.it courage, were murdered in this ulliiir, while the llriu'sh received no injury. Tho ('anion Press contain? nlso an account of tlie firing opened by the Clunc'e batteries' on the ship ping at Hong-Kong, which lasted for some hours, without doing any damage, not n single ball hav ing hit nuy of the'slup.. No attempt was madeto return the'lire by the slips j nnd the next day the whole licet set sail for Toug.K'oo Hay. Hongkong is described by the Captains of the merchant licet as a much letter anchorage, and a representation to allow fie licet to icinaiu there, sinned by :?,; masters of ships, was addicted to Captain'Smith, and nlo, we believe to Captain Elliott, but without elli.-ct ; scleral merchants did the same wi'h a like result. T. obcc'ion to the anchorage at hnnglfoo hay nri-o, we hear, from the strong tides which prevail there, which render all communication 1 ctwccn tho shipping cxlicmcly dillicult, uni) from its open ifiation, which may render an attempt on the part ofthe Chinese of firing the licet more Micros fill lliati nt Hongkong, where there l-' but a slight c incut. We know not fjr what ic.ison Captain Smith would not listen to him, except it bo Hint ho has, as wo are told orders from Admiral Maitland to protect the licet at Tongkoo. A Ct.nnnv.MA.v Frozkm to Dkatii. Wo arcin- lornie.1 by the Louisville Journal that the Kevcrcnd Samuel Leonard left liiiilinglon, Iowa, on horse back in very feeble health, the weather I eing ex eoodinglycold. After going some distance hesion pod to warm him-clf at the house, and while he was uieic, ins nurse nroKe loose ami e-capeil, Mr. 11. followed his horse on toot till 1 ramn in another house, when; he rciuosted to le nllou-.il lo stay all night, but was refused. He passed lo the next house, where the lady told him that she had s cvcral children, only one mom and no spare bedding, but, that she was willing to make him us comfortable as possible under the circumstance.. Unwilling to put her family to inconvenience, he passed on. but, before reaching a house, perished ofthe cold. He was a 1'icachcr ofthe Cum) crland Presbyterian order and about 50 years of ago. Ho has lecn engaged as u missionary nmong the Western Indians, and was once a teacher in Col. It. Johnson's Indian Academy at the Great Cros sings. Cincinnati Daily iVfU's. NEW GOODS, March. 1840. JS. LOVELY & CO, HAVE just rctiirnoil from New York with a choico selection of Fancy l)'y Goodd, making their nsHortinent very desirable, for all who wont at prices niton ishtnglv cheap, en that I ho Pooh a well ns the Rich can obtain a share at tins well Juiowu establishment. A very few articles are cniimprnloil IbucbazinQS, superior to any rver before ofiVred by us. Silks, Pongee.", (jinohnrns, Silk Scurfs, nn elegant article. Alpines, Zephyr Worsted, or Cruel. A benutiful nssnrtiiieiit English, French and American Prints. Moruio nnd lirncho 'shawls, pome of superior quality. .1.voLenhorn nnd Si raw Hounds, Misses Tuscnii and Rolio do Cheiucl Cards, Ribbons in almost endless variety. Will you eall and see in, lu Chinch ft. only one etcp fiom the side walk. THIS full blooded BULL, of tho im proved Durham or short horned breed, may be found nt tho Stanton (or Mayo) Farm, the coming sensnn. lie is not surpassed prrhnps by tiny thing in the country, so for ns the chance of siibstunt ml improvement in our stock, is nfiWcd. He was imported with Ins dam from England, whore he wu9 sired by the fninotis Hull Dnnqnn, of the improved sliort-hortiod Durlinn.s bred iu that country with so much interest, and so justly "celebrated there, ns superior to nil other kinds. The blood oftho nnitnal will at once bo rccog nizd on examination, by the cyo of a crit ical observer. In addition to this, satis factory ceriifictitos will be produced, on request, of Ins pedigree, nnd also of the goodness of his stock. lie h.is been, the greater part of the time since he was brought tnjihis country, kept in Concord, in this stnto ; in winch, nnii the neighboring towns, his dtouk is much ndmired nnd sought after. 1 1 is half-bloods, produced by a cross with our native cows, cuinmnnd in price, from three lo four lime more than our common breeds of Ihe samo ago; nnd his introduction there, h held of great benefit and advantage, lo the agricultural interests of that section of Iho country. This country, no doubt, is well adopted to the rearing of the heavier and moBt ap proved anniols, and in this respect, should not bo placed behind any other, for the pur poso of giving currency lo a Entailer and more unprofitable race. TERMS- For one Cow, g3, lien owned by the eamo person $3, three and over g2, each. Application may be innde to mo, residing on thu nbove nnined promises. SAMUEL WHEELOCK. Colchester, April 3. HMO. ItYM&N & COSES HAVE received u few pieces of rich Mmisclninu do laiues, French and American prints, Scotch and English (Jmg. hams, suitable for spring am summer drcs. sos. AKSO, A full Assortment of Burlington mill co. Broad cloths, cheaper than irer, Burlington, March 27, Ill lO. iii a u ji i j: i) In Hanover N. H. on Ihe evening of the 2G'!i Mnreh, by ltov.Mr Wood, Mr P. P. Markham of this town, lo Mis Adaliiiu W. 'I Male, ofthe for mer place i) i i: i) In Hichinohd, Mnrch 1i", Miss Curranco ilriin sou, daughter of Hon. Eli !Jnmoii, in thoillth year of her age. This ainiialle nnd interesting young lady wus painfully nfllicted with a drop.foal complaint of longstanding, which sliuenduied with Iru'y cliris linn patience, especially lor some months' befuio hn- decease. Though cut oil' iu the morning of her prospects, still she bid udieu to nil that was earthly in hope of a letter inhcriliince beyond the grave. In Clinrtntli. nn llii.OCit, nil .'l;.,.,l..,,l, C .,,,1,. daughter of Win. 1?. Pease, (mod two years. in .-snciiiurn, .nureii asm, .Mrs, iNancv II. wile of Mr. IhaA. CoM.AMiat, and daughter oftho lute .loan lanor, 01 ftiieiniirii. in tho :n I your of her ago, afler.i protracted illne.s of seven years mid iiKn icriiimaieu in consumption, rspehas iclt u lltlsbflM.1 ni.,1 r,,,-.,,,., II ,.l.,M.. i She wus u member ol the Methoilit Episcopal" Church, and continued iu prayer fur the salvation ' iiv-i sum 10 iiiv; i.isi, i,oni. HATS, on bund of the very best qunliiy nnd oftho latest Now York fashion, for sale nt wholesale or re (nil. The subscriber would invito merchants who are donling in the ar- tide of to call nnd examine his slock before going south or purchasing nT those who carry about the article to peddle, ns he feels con fident that hoenn cive lliom Tints ihnt tlicv can recommend to ihnse vhn may ngnin purcunsc oi iiicm, tJi.s stncU is entirely new, manufactured inwlnr bis nu n m n,i accouling to the latest rasliions. It will give satisfaction to those who nurehneo. U. A. StiVMOUK. Pearl-st. Burlington, ) Gw April '2, HMO s I.st. of April I8-J0 Howard' inntta prnmulgnhtl April 1H22, what will it ? 'Twnsup eind thing, go ulund quid; and rhcop for ci.ih nnd nu Imprisonment for debt. HOW cnti-tstent it has l,r-,n is known by customers. The onure for n tune was novel, bin is now in complete nc cordnncc with the times. . Up nud doing t still necessary ; Quick nnd ch"ap for Cash rqunlly so; nnn iippri-otiinniit has become thu nlmost univr-rsnl law ofthe land, nud Howard, ns u.-ufil is yet progressive in go ing on I Milking a head for n further im provement of tho condition 'f mailers and things in general ; while lor the prosPnt ns iitual, lie is punctual on the first of April in having his stuck of Good? replenished in iilltlini is charming, beautiful, fashiona ble and necessary lur ilnj spring trade, which have nrnved since Ins recent return from Now York. The t?ruat commercial emporium of the Now World, which litis been so luxuriously supplied by arrivals of ships nod Simmers from the entire cir cumference of (he Globe, and enabled him lo mnko a solrclion worthy oftho best set of buying customers known, who hove al ways paid today, and saved their credit for to-morrow, by which means lliey have al ways had their goods chrap. because ihry enabled their Meiciiant to hoy nt the low" ret miction prices and hn m turn bringing them good hnrgoins. The n-sorlmpnt ol goods in this Store is generally very Inrge and an incrensed number of cash buyers may be aucmnuiodaied, together with" all former customers and i heir friends and nc. qnninlnnces. nt tho Grand Bazaar, Cheap for caeh, Store of S- EARL HOWARD. John Lawrence's Est n to. STATE of rnnjioxT, I Dls'TlUCT Of ClIITTUNIlKN, The Honorable Ihe Probate C'ouW within and for Ihe Diitricl of Chittenden. To the creditors and others concerned in Ihe estate of John Lawrence late of West ford in said District, dtiruiid, WHEREAS Thomas Hnynes. ndmin islrntor of the estate of said deceas ed, hath made application lo this Court, lo extenil the lime limited for making pay ment ofthe debts ot'said deceased, Twelio moulds from laid ihy of April next, nnd the loih day of April next, being assigned for a hearing in iho promises.nuho Olh'ee of the Register ol this Court, nnd it hav ing been ordered tlm' mil icq thereof he given, by publishing ibis decree i wo weeks successively in iho Free I're-s a news pa per printed nt Burlington, before tho tunc fixed fur hearing. Therefore, you nro hnreby notified, to appear before said Court, at the tune nud place nfore-nid. then nnd tdere, lo make objection ifnuy yon have, to the said time of payment being further extended as afore said. Given under my nt Burlington this 23th day of Mnreh A. I). l!MO. WM WESTON Register. John Lawrence's Estate. STATE OF VERMOXT, IMsTMCT 01' CINTEMIKN. The Hon. Ihe Probate Court for the Dii. tricl of Chittenden : To all person concerned in the estate of John f.nwrcncc late oj tvestjord xn said District, de ceased. GREETLYG. IIEREAS, Thoiuns Hnyuos. ndmin istrutor of the estnte of suid deceased proposes to render an account of his ad ministration, and present Ins account against said estate for examination nnd al lowance at n session of i hn Court of Pro bate, to be lioldcn at tho Register's office in Burlington on iho I At It day of April next. TiiKRKFnnR, You arc hereby notified to appear before said court at Iho lime nnd place aforesaid, and show cinsu, if any you have, why the account nforesnid should not be iillnwoil. Given under my hand ot Burlington ilus twenty eig'h duy of March A. 1). mo. WM. WESTON Register. HAVE n lew bushule of Herds Grass Seed very superior quality grown in Frnnklin county N. Y. which they oiler lor sale nt a low price. Burlington, March 27, 1010. Potash and Cauldron Kettles, of nil Eizes, for solo by STRONGS & Co. John JL Eldrodgc's Estate. WE tio (jtib.-oriborn. having been ap pointed by .''io llnmirnlil.) ifjrj pro bate Court fur Hie District of (,'liittonden, coinuiissintiers to rec-ive, examine nnd ml just the damn and doinainls of nil porsuth) ugiiinst Ihe ostiilo of J ihn M. Eldrodgnjata of Burlington, hi said District, deceased, represented insolvent, and also all claims and demands exhibited in offset Iherotoj nnd six months Iroiu the day of iho dato hereof, being allowed by said Court for Mini purpose, we tlo therefore hereby givu notice Unit wo will ait cml lo llie business of our oppoinlipent, nt. iho dwelling of Mrs. Mary Ann Enlredgc, in Burlington, in snid District, on the third Mondays of July and August next, at 10 o'clock, A. M.. nu cicli of said d.U's. DiUod, lhis2"Mi day Feb. A. D. 1040. ASAIIEIi PECK, ) commit. NATHANIEL MILES, sionen- LUMBER. 90 POO 'pp' seasoned common bonr,da -u'uw 1000 pieces No. I. cull do. or sale by HICKOK &. CATLIN. April :j, IfMO. BP 2a U4) siM A PRICES adapted to modern timen, i wo nrst mtu iiil'cv WAGONS. with eliptic springs. A larger n3sortman!, SADDLES. HAR.iYi:sSES, TRUjYKS, RAGS, rALfSSES, WHIPS ic LASHES. Than ever before offered for salo in Bur ngloti. Russet Bridles & Jlartinnlg Twiggs, Rolls. Brushes, Combs, J"eti, Cards, Trappings. Yokes, nnd other articles usual iu my business. S. S. SKINNER. ,otirt House Square. h Cw Burlington. Vermont. Mnreh 20 l!M0. ) Administrator's Sale. THE heirs, creditors, and nil pcrsono interested in tho ostote of Alfred l)nt are hereby notified Ihattho ndinini-u mtnr of said p-late, will scll.on the 1st Monday of April iiuu at one o'cloeK r. SSI. nt John Howard's Hotel, nt public vendue to thu best bidder, Ihe messuage nnd lot nnnnr. tenant, for -evera) years past occupied by i ue into widow Day, situate near tho bridge nt Onion River lower falls in Bur lington. The nrenu-es will bo sold in crrosn or in separate parcels as will bust suit purchasers. ALSO, said Administrator will ot Ihe same time -ell nil the interest of said cstato in a certain lease of water and privilege at hnid rails. Wm U. JIUjYSOA", Adm'r. Burlington, March 15, 1 010. PUBLIC A'OTICE. COPY OF CERTIFICATE. This Certificate is intended a guarantee lo ihe people of the United Slates that Lem uel Curtis. Burlington, Vermont, is my Agent for Iho sale of Benj. Brand reth't Vegetable Universal Pills, for the term of dm: ybak from the engraved date hereol. Anil to secure the public more effectually from Counterfeit Medicines, purporting lo be manufactured by mo this certificate will be renewed annually; Therefore no one is my Agent utiles'- he con produo ibis qualification subscribed in my own band writing sealed with my family arms and dated within the twelve months preceding. Given at my priuripnl Ofrico, 251 Broad, way. in the city of New York, this first duy of January, one thousand eight bun dred and forty.- Signed, B. BBANDRETH, M. D. LEMUEL CURTIS. Acnt, (sign of the gold Watch,) Strongs' Building, No. 1. lirch Isha ill's Estate. STATE OF FERMOjYT, distuict or chittumiun- The Hon. the Probate Court for the Dis Ir'ul of Chittenden : To all persons con. rented in the estate of Jireh I sham lite of Shclburnc in said District, dcrect'cd, GREETLYG. WHEREAS, Samuel K. Lhotn, Adnim. it'ralor ofthe estate of soul deceased, proposes lo render an account r i hi admin-, isirntion. ii ml present his account tigtunH -"i ul estate lor examination nud nllowuuco at a session of iho Court of Probate, to bo holdon nt the Reg iter's Ollice in Burling. Ion on the second Wednesday oT April next. Tiir.iir.roitt:, You nre hereby notified to appear before said court at tho time and place aforesaid, nnd shew cause, if any you have, why the account aforesaid should not be allowed. (Jiveti under my hand nt Burlington this 20th day of March A- D. KM!!. W.m. WESTON, Register. Alvnh Lyon's Estate. E tho subscubers having been ap pointed by the lion, tiio probuto court for the district of Chittenden, com. misHoucrs to receive, examine, and adjust Ihe claims and demands of nil persons against the ostale of Alvah Lyon, late of Shcllmrn, in suid district, deceased, represented insnlvern. ul-o nil claims nnd demands exhibited in ofi'-et thereto; anil six mouths from the day of the dale hereof being allowed by f-uid court fur that pur poae, wo no therefore hereby give notico that wo will attend to thu business of our appointment, at the dwelling of Ae L. Lyon, In Shclbiiroe, in said district, on tho last Saturdays of April nud Septcmbor next at 10 o'clock A. M. on each of said days. Dated this 21st day of March, A. D. 1830. HEM AN BARSTOW, ) Commit. ALPHEUS BACON, t sioners. Liht Infantry, Attend! INFORMATION having been received from the Commander in Chief of tho militm of ibis State, that tho arms belong ing to tho Male, intended for Iho nso of Indupeudcnticnmpaiiios, will not bo deliv ered to them until they havo met in full uniform ; therefore Ihe members of Iho Burlington Light lofan'ry.urc hereby noti fied that they will ho warned to meet ut Ihe hnnseof .1. II. Wbiloomb, in Burling Ion, on Saturday ihe AMi ol May next, ot 2 o'clock P. M, in uniform, coinptctc, bj the law directs,

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