23 Ekim 1840 Tarihli Burlington Free Press Gazetesi Sayfa 2

23 Ekim 1840 tarihli Burlington Free Press Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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ygaMiii " One presidential (crm an economical admlnls tratlon n sound currency n protecting tariff low notaries and full prices ibr labor, ami the products ol'labor. WILLI AMNRY HARRISON. ron vice rnr. bident. JOHN TYLER, Of Virginia. " In all nges and nil countries, it litis been observed, that the cultivators of the soil are those who arc lenst willing to part with their rights, and submit themselves H the will of a master. Wm. II. IIarmsox. " The people of the United States Nay they ever remember, that, to preserve their liberties, they must do Iheirown voting and their own fightius. IlAnnisoN. TllE BtXSSINOS OK TIIOUIANns 0" WOMEN AND nannEN, nii'cuED rnoji the scali'ino knite or the RCTIILE.SJ SAVAOE 01' THE WILPEnNESH, AND MOM TUB TILL MOnE SAVAOF. I'nOCTOtl, REST OH HARRISON yo tin ciAt.LANT AnMT." Simon Snyder's Afessage 'ic Ptnnnjltania Legislature, December 10M, 1813. ron ELECTOns, HON. SAMUEL C. CRAFTS, ) ,,.,. HON. H'RA MEF.CIL ' lstdist. WILLIAM HF.NRV, 2d dist. JOHN CON ANT, 3d dist. AHNKR B. W. TK.NNKV, 4th dist. WILLIAM i BRIGGS, 5ih dist. joski'h ui:i:i), Prom the National Intelligencer, of Oct. 14. The following letter, from one of our follow citizens, who was, oarly and late, conspicuous among the supporters of the administration of General Jackson, and a friend to the election of Mr. Van Buren, having attracted a good deal of attention, wa have supposed that many of our distant readers, to whom the name of the writer is familiar, would take an interest in the perusal of it. We, therefore, transfer it to our columnii from the Madisonian, in which it originally ap peared. LETTER OF J. P. VAN NESS, Jnrephj loan invitation lo a Iliiy M eling in Hiua ing ton, September, 1810. Washington, Sept. 21, 1910. To , Hst. Dear Sin: l.hopo you hive, been so kind as to ex cuse me for declining your invitation to attend a recent Whig meeling in this eily. I woo it is usual at meetings of this kind indiseriiu'matcly, though I think unneces sarily, to denounce both General Jackson and Mr Van Buren, and their elections and administrations, in the gross. Now, sir, I supported and approved the elec tions and considerable part of the administration of both. I have still am mj their advocates and distin guished supporters, although their number is daily de creasing, many valuable friends. It would, therefore, be unjust, inconsistent, and unbecoming in mu to par ticipate in those violent and geneial proceedings, al though I cordially unite in the opinion of the necessity of a prcsont change. As I have been known, both here and in the stateof New York before I left it, to take an active interest upon political occasions similar to the present ; and as I hive been repeatedly applied to by my friends and fellow citizens, botli here and at a distance, for my opinion and determination in this case, it is due to those who have any ouiiosity on the subject, as well s to myself, that, in addition to my unrescrvedness for sometime past, I should explain myself more fully; this, with your permission, I shall embrace tho pres ent occasion to do, without entering into a tedious, de tailed discussion, and without any vam idea of its con sequence, hoping to be pardoned for any unavoidable appearance of egotism or self-importance in what I shall concisely say. It was, perhaps, a wise regulation that, in the agita tion and decision of questions of great public impor tance, no individual citizen was permitted to remain neutral. I, however, do not do-iirc to rest my avowal upon the principle of that regulation, as I hive no hes itation on this subject, neither any wish for conceal ment. Tor my opinion of the necessity of a change I may, by the zealous parli.ans of "the powers that be," if. indeed, they bestow any notice upon it, be denounced as an apostate; but such denunciation has no terrors for inn. My political maxim is, "prinupa et homines;" yet, although men with mo arulrcipicutly groat, prin ciples are supremo. I confess that when a Washing ton, a Fianklin, or a Jefferson, challenges my confi dence, I am slow to withhold it. When certain men have been tried and found steiling, I am not for pre ferring others upon ciiical enieigencies until the maintenance of principles rcouircs it. I am not afraid of being called or considered a party man; but tho party I belong to is that which I think pursues and promotes the public good, Whilst, therefore, I rtj.'et the doctrine of a blind adhesion to party leaders, in defiance of principle, I am still not insensible to the pain of even an indispensable political separation from old and confidential associates. It was chiefly under the inlliienco of such feelings anil sentiments that I hesitated about my course in relation to the approach ing Presidential eleetiun. Dissatisfied and disgusted as I have for some lime been, I Mill hoped that some redeeming change of system or measures would dispel the gloom that darkens our political horizon, and awa ken my slumbering confidence in our rulers; but of that I despaired when the spirit and action of our Gov ernment were more fully developed during the hie session of Congress j and I then considered a change of men the only alternative lo.arriventa change of measures. In addition, I might rest my defence against the probable charge of apostacy, or even ver satility, or levity, the anticipation of which is justified by thu daily Kvidencc of party acerbity, upon tho well known fact that I supported 'Jefferson, Madison, Mon roe, Crawford, nnd Jackson, and it is too late now to plead guilty, or to bo found so, because I disapprove a system and measures in Mr Van Huron which no other President from Washington down, would have proposed or sanctioned. After this explanation, I trust there will not, at this late day, bo any exception taken, to my light to complain of grievances, cither from the fact of former political attachment, or from the want of a geniunc, meritorious, involved interest, according to tho true spirit and construction of the Constitution nnd law, although the community of which I an immediate member has no aesess to the ballot box. A parental Government may, or it may not, do its duty toward its children; hut, at nil events, tho American people will not turn a deaf cor unto us of the District, and we will no' be silent. The disastrous condition of all the business concerns of our country, arising from the derangement nnd wantof a sound currency, is not speculative or imng inary it is real s we have, as the Father of his Conn try says, "tho melancholy and imupiivocal proof of it: every man's experience lolls him it exists being a general fall in the price of properly ; nnd it proves to demonstration that something is amiss in the ruling political power." It is falsely pretended, indeed, by some, that this state, of things it partial: nnd all the morbid and low prejudices of one pnrt of community are, stimulated nnd invoked by tliennthors of thu mis chief, in order to protect themselves by false testimony gainst the general odium and reprobation. It is a matter of painful reflection that one part of the com munity can so easily bo prnctiscd upon and arrnyed against ihoothcr to favor the designs of thoso who are the covert enemies of both. From tho nature of man nnd nil human institutinus, among every peoploin civ ilized life aro necessarily to be found many professions, trndes, nnd occupations: nnd in every well regulated society nil are made to harmonize for the public good the interest ofeaeh is indrntificd, or intimately as sociated, with that of all tho others: thus the propri etor, the producer, the capitalist, the mechanic, the Inhnrer. ibu drnlrr. thu manufacturer, the man of sei. enco nnd learning, nil co-oncrato for the good of the wholo : nnd every attempt to e.xcilo tho jealously of one class against the others, thus producing dihoord, s to bo ascribed to motives of selfish ambition, which, availing itself of tho weakness of division, accomplish es its unholy puinoscs nt tho expensn of tho public in terest. It is the duty of rulers to cherish nnd promote this harmony, as tending to all the benefits both moral and pecuniary, of the social compact : nnd when they nre unwilling or unnbhi to pursue thoso patriotic, pur poses, tho governed owo it to themselves nnil their posterity constitutionally to remove them nnd to sub. stiiutn thoso in wiiosa competence nnd virtue they can confide. All this is trito matter, but cannot bo too often re peated nnd inculcated. I repent, it is painful to wit noss the studied effort now mnkingforflinperpnliialinu of power by appeals to passions nnd feoliin's hostile to that whnlcsomocomposiiro of society which consti tutes nnd produces tho greatest blessings among n free people. Wo know thnt "mankind tiro disposed to fuller whilst evils aro sufferable," as we nru taught by in apostle of liberty ; but beyond that they will not go, except to forcible . resistance, Every (n action! man khovvsthiit credit is the poor man's capital i the . handmaid of enterprise and industry in mode, ate cir "nxmstawet. And as to the currency, It is n vital to t4ie political nnd social tody as blood is to lliv body natural. It must circulatufreety fiom the heat t to tho extremities from head to foot t partial disorder ends in general disease. There never were n people at tho same time all rich or all poor) such is not the nnturo of things) and if the working men will but reflect thnt their employment, inctr comiori aim muepenuenco result from the octieral prosperity, so essentially de pendent on credit and currency, they will not becomo ttio iltipcsoi crony masters, tor ins purposo oi sinning resoonsibilitv anil odium from their own shoulders to others. Craft is a weapon in the order .of Providence usually assigned to the weak nnd this is the weapon now employed by the dominant though sinking faction. But tho craft of man isshort sighted, nnd very, differ cnt from wisdom. Tho one is nrofound. forc-sinhtful. and etitensivo inscopo) the other limited to narrow, selfish purposes, wanting tho liberality, expansion, and disinterestedness Indispensable to greatness. lixverientia docet. I am addressing myself to you sir, but with reference to alt practical common sense men. "Facts aro stubborn things. I pray you to contrast, for a moment the progrcssin every depart ment and branch of business nnd prosperity, during the term of undisturbed credit and currency for many vears. with what it has become since both those sov ereign agents have been put under the ban of the Government. On tho one hand genius and enterprise and spirit, inventing nnd consumating thet noblest wonis oi man nuunuancc oi employment, m uu us variety, for all classes of society t comfort and profit every wiicroiiowing into tno input industry) property of every kind gecnllv enhanced i publicum! private virtue presiding ocr a contented people, and tno true glory of a happy land thus blazing forth us a guiding light loan admiring world! But, alas, in this rapid tide of prosperity, every now and then a band was shipwrecked exocsses, failures and frauds, occurred) some people suffered from tho villany of others) somo banks, or somo of their officers, were found to be rogues i corporations of every kind, ministers of op pression, cnroachnientsupou universal liberty, &e. aii must, incroiorc, tie swept tiy tne Doaru, aim a new system be organized j tho factious clamor rings throughout tho land. But let us calmly nsk, when was this imperfect world without the evil imon which all this clamor is founded I Tliev nre a part of, or thu necessary consequence from humanity itself. It has been always, nnd is now, the legitimate province of law to cnecK nnu restrain mom ) oi Human wisuoiii tu realize the good, and prevent tho evil, ofthe works of the Almighty, without reproaching hint for not having made them both physically and morally more pcrieei. mu numnn nature continues iiicsiinc; Hu man institutions gradually and safely improving until a set of political characters have siezed on them, and nre exercising a certain magic in their metamorphosis; and behold I we nave already the reverse ol tno henu tiful picture iust presented: the most offjnsivc daub ina to reduce it to a level of their own taste. If I were to say many of them were innocent as well as ignorant, i might err. . I am well aware that, besides the imputed presump tion of meddling with a subject above a private, re tired individual, and especially, too, one of an insignif icant disfranchised people, it will be snerringly re marked that I am picsidcut of a bank, nnd therefore selfishly sensitive and vindictive. F.very candid and sensible man not under the influence of party disei- K line and subserviency, must admit that their fierce ostility waging against tho credit system in every snape, nnd especially against nanus, lurnisiics a log mate reason for opposition. The sneer just alluded summons no blushes to my checks. I have, been president of a bank moie than thirty years) 1 have been so of the Bank ofthe Metropolis from its birth to this thy ; and fearlessly say that notwithstanding tho great extent and mullifnrioiisnessof its transactions, neither it nor its president has ever been sullied with a single stain on account of them. 1 nm proud of nil those facts. And hero let me observe, that my con nection with the bank was never before objected to aiTderogatingfrom what little weight I had, if any in the political scale; and, in the election of General Jackson particularly, his friends and party generally complimented me as an efficient co-operator in their .truggle and success. "Sid tempora mntantttr," and my opinions and reasons must now, forsooth, be worthless, because I am pie'ident ol a bank I lint, sir, it is not as a stockholder in a bank that I stiller mainl y by tli destructive public measures complained oi. i am a landholder, and my interest as such, is vastly greater than my bank concern. It is in the depression and decline o'freal rstate that I, in common with all other classes, professions, trades snd working men sullcr. An I let m 1 ask. in lonjiidcntlv of t'.'c palpable nnd notorious evils we nil expel iclice, what respect is due lo the measures and characters ol those who at one period, arc advocates and champions of banks nnd at another, without a change of relative circumstances, their enemies anil persecutors, as either the one or tin other character is most expedient for the darkinttigu and purposes of nn ambitious and reigning faction, madly regardless of all consideration for iho public weal I It would be vain nnd assuming in me to at tempt, formally, to discuss nil the various matters, the mismanagement or unfortunate condition of which concurs with that briefly referred to, to produce con- vieuyii in my muni uu mis question oi mo election. Nor does the case require it, or tho occasion justify it. ii. i snau, tnereiore, transiently omy niiuue to a lew other topics, premising that thelndillercnceor neglect of nn industrious nnd confiding people townrd their political concerns and agents so long as their con dition is tolerable, not unfreiucntlv enables the artful and designing demagogue and intriguer, by gradual nnu suent advances, to consummate dangerous usur pations and self-aggrandizement. It is, therefore, inuy taught, that "eternal vigilance is the price ol lib erty." And, according lo this salutary nrmpt, with out iriing into minute discussion. I shall sumnnrilv. only, remind vou and others of several tli'iurrs that may have escaped you, or not received so much of your and their notice as they aro entitled to, in refer ence to our picsent and permanent mtorists. The Florida war isa subject of painful consideration to every friend of bumanitv and our eouiititiv : anil the sentiment of its management is too strong to be overcome by the inadequate attempts at its success fill conduct and termination. Hesiih s the manv mil lions of dollars already sncnt in this terrible contest with a few hundred straggling savages, the blond of our provincial population, as well as that of our army is profusely streaming throughout the territory the ""in surviving icw inuaniinuis iieemg m terror nun despair. And. according lo nresent prospects, tbat physically favored soil, irrigated and enriched ns it is hy Iheprecioui blood of our people barbarously slangh torcd, will long remain a desert, abandoned and avoid ed by all civilized occupation. It is emphatically an inglorious war. The merciless Indian savages nre ccn invading the neighboring stales. It is, in short, a subject, the contemplation of which is haunted by the obtrusive recollecti jus of the pr aus of dying pa rents, the screams of mangled perishing children, and the horrid dioonnant yells of the murderous savages. The vexed qip'tion ofthe Northeastern boundary, of the keenest and inot exciting interest in lint quar ter, is still "shiggishlydraggingitsslow 1 nglhidong;" the patience and confidence of our people wcnrinf put; nnxiity deepening; irritation fast succeeding; in truth the combustible materials on thu cpal in eon slant danger of an explosion, kindling a dreadful con flagration, only to be extinguished bv rivers of hunnm blood. And what would we who have on hand one bloody war, to winch wo nroin elleet daily admitting our incompetence, do with another infinitely more ex tensive and more foiiuidnbln in ils character? The New Jersey case, which without reference to its intrinsic merits, be they what they may, has been conducted, besides the violation of a great principle nt the threshold of tho case, with such indecent irregu larity nnd violence of manner as defy all former pre cedent : the calm, lofty dignity of legislative proceed ing being totally discarded. Tho contemptuous neglect, nay, rtjeetion, of nil territorial business by n sweeping interdict, is ns dis graceful as it is unjust nnd unkind loour (mark I speak asasaoituon of the United Slates,) political offspring who have been, during a long session, imploring n slight parental attention lo their urgent concerns; filial entreaty recti ved only stern repulse. The vast mass of private business, consisting gen erally of crying rntcs of poverty nnd distress, begginj' for relieving justiee from n debtor-government, almost vvhol y disregarded nd thrown nsido; their feeble voice lo it in iho noise of factious turmoil, Tho cold, phelgmatic neglect ofthe .Smithsoninn project, nno of tho noblest nnd most interesting that .maiineii uiueuiigiiicd statesman or piiilanihrop. 1st, is truly disreputable. Not the least solicitude in relation to it has ever been evinced by tho Adminis tration since the arrival of tho legacy of $300,000 in specie, with considerable interest afterward accrued) anil even tho sacred fund appropriated to it by private virtue and liberality, if not saerilrmninK-iMiA,l,.r..,t n so misapplied, or invested nt a material loss, ns to have been rendered inipacticnble at least for a time: mm inus nnve been suspended nil preliminary arrnn-o ments for even a tardy dispensation of its blessings to our nnxioutdy expecting people. Tho gross neglect nnd positively unjust treatment of ourselves, (th'j pooplo of this district,' fir exceeds thosevenly towardnny other portion of lliecomtnu- IlllV. By a inrentnl nrnvisou it. it... ,.UK aro placed under thu peculiar and exclusive care of mu ii woveruiuctii; lo u alone can we Ioo!( for law, for justice, for protection, for favor nnd encourage- meni, in the honest pursuits of industry. But instead ot such counsel wo havo lately experienced nothing but injustice, want of protection, discouragement. The institutions vilnl to nil nur m n.wl.l...' ncssj and important to large neighboring sccliilris of ... umiiuimnnii, nnd sueli nsnroso considered nndeiiin ovod iv ilm ..mi,... nr down, nnd without n substitute, on nny terms, our business, nt one full uu.nnn ; rlnii.. i.'...i . and in fact, it was wnh the utmost difficulty tint impending, rum was prevented by tho passage- of n law saving property actually nn.l fnjry ncquired uy mu iiiiinn, iiimu.i mu eoiimcnanco, encourage incut, and. protection of thnt very Government when administered under ditlercnt nnspieCHi have been repelled with indignity and insult iii every instance. Not n single obj 'ct, iininng manv tlmt humbly crnved nlfnntion, tins been conceded lo ns. vvnen wo -navo asKed lor bread, wo received a stone,' Uvcry sialc qr territory has some oilier source to re sort for partial aid or redress) we, uiifnrtniitely, have noijni wo must succumb to contumelious tyranny, and kiss us rod, without redress. And by way of pac ifyingtliscontent, nnd allaying disgust, thoroiintry is told by a party organ how much improvement is goiti" onhcretliisBeason.ijiidihenngain.forihosamnpurposc through the snmo channel, three is n psrnded a pom. pous and viaegcratod list of appropriations and an pneatwns of money, within the disiticf, my few of which aro chargeable to tho city, but lo the govern- , incut of tho United States generally, without tho slightest notice of, or allusion to, tho real and rccog iiiaeu eiaiiiis ui uiu euy, wiiii uio nuuiuonai contribu tions of Alexandria and Georgetown, leaving a large balance in our favor on eniiitnble tirineinleq. ns elab orately digested and reported by a committee of Con gress, i nnt report mauo alter great research, o ighl to have frowned down this little attempt to do injus tice to tho district for the purpose of excusing Its op pressors. Thank God, wo possess advantages, intrinsic and identical, of which the spoilers ennnot deprive us) nicy can ciicck and cripple, bul they cannot destroy us. We are, it is true, stilt advancing in ourimproev mcnts, but if our usual facilities and our institutions had not been cruelly wrested from us, without an ellurl to reform them, or to substitute some other less liablu to objection, our improvements would havo been quadrupled. It is unnecessary to add to tho catalogue of specifi cations manv other cases of similar character, nnd similarly fated by rulers more anxious for the perpe tuation of their own functions than for their exercise fur the public good. All appropriate official purposes were merged in electioneering concerts and intrigues. And is not the Administration responsible for nil those measures and proceedings, both of commission and omission I Itlnd majorities in both houses of iongrcss, wno proved, their devotion by a prompt execution of any favorite project presented by tho Lxuculivc. It is a pitiful attempt at exoneration or cva siou : therefore let it not bu niram said, ns I hnvi heard it siuisterously intimated, that "thu fault lies wuii congress the president can do nothing." I presume he can still at least "recommend strongly tor consideration." Is it possible that the people can bo amused and tricked with such idle mockery? Why, if the President had urged Congress on those topics with only ii lithe of tho' zeal nnd importunity employed in the case ofthe sub-Treasury, or his war on the credit system, all would have been well ) it would not havo been necessary logo into a one-sided, iterated and reiterated argument of a hired advocate in one bieath recommending the specie currency ofF.uropcau nations, tmdin the next conirnsting our business prosperity with their adversity 1 A dignified call bearing the eharacterbtics of sincerity, anxiety and paternal regard would have been enough. Nay, what Congress would havo disregarded such an ap peal ? In tact, vvhnt Administration have wo ever n d that was unsuccessful m pressing on the Legis lature a subject of particular interest and favor, unless. indeed, by possibility, now and then, one seemed lo savor too much of a rank party character ? Or is it to bo contended that there were no means for iheabcfvc purposes, or many others equally un. provided I jf, which would havo required an expendi turu of money I Strange pretence, indeed! The Ad ministration, by their improvident and impolitic sys tan of measures, first dry up the fountains of reve line, and then would plead their own wrong in via UI03UOI1. Tho approaching crisis required that many other objects ol popular, as well as national importance, de bt inded by the public exigencies nnd importunity, should be appropriated for, funds or no funds in the Treasury : lue appropriations were accordingly no minally made: but then follows, at the winding up of the session's work, u gross violation of every sound principle of law ami national policy. The President is armed with the arbitrary power of dispensing, at his discretion, with the application of any of those appropriations to their destined objects, in case of de ficit of revenue! He, in others words, may apply tho means in hand as he pleases, to any purposes within the whole raiigo of appropriation, and with hold them from others. This is the first instance I recollect, and I hope it willjbe the last, of such disso lute and licentious legislation. Here is indeed an aw ful contingent fund. Upon thu whole, the ruinous condition of our pub 1 c atl'urs, such as we never before witnessed, and pro duced, as 1 verily consider, by deleterious measures pertinaciously and importunately pressed upon the Legislature by a scarcely plausible sophistry, as well as the systematic warfare against the general credit system of the country, attempted to he sustained by doctrines, arguments, nnd dicta, hostile in their ten dency to many of tho important interests and purpo ses of tho nation, abundantly prove that a (jhango of polite 1 rulers is necessary. They convince one, in short, that wc nre authorized to expect more from Harrison than from Van Buren. Wc might, indeed, well justify a preference of the former upon the con verse of lit j ina.i u not to give up a certainty for an uncertainty. We have the incubus of a cruel and dis-tres-ing cc'itamty actually upon u, and can hazard nothing by the change. But what could wc, at any time, reasonably np. prdt nd fiom committing our' destinies to one who has already immortalized himself by a series of labo rious, successful, and important public services, both military and civil j whose experience is great: whose public ar.d piivate character challenges respect nnd ndmunton, n Jtwithstanding a scimdalou", though feeble dibit of calumny Call this eulogy, if you please; but the magnanimity of every honorabc and disinterested bosom will respond to its truth and jus tice. Moreover, fiom no political acts or tenets of General Harrison, candid and unreserved as he tins been, both in practice nnd theory, in relation to the prominent exciting questions of'national policy that divide public bcntimrut and feeling, have we reason to expect Irom lii.it unjust partialities or sectional prefer ences or prejudices; or such a prevcrse or consequen tial obstinacy, such nn arrogating self-sufficiency, ns defy the admonitions oftho wisdom and policy of sur rounding councils. And, besides, we cannot doubt that with his know ledge of human nature and human all'urs, of the concerns of our own country particu larly, and of the great men who illustrate it, and, fi nally, with his derision of character, ho will surroud himself with able anil profound ministers sturdy pil lais to the solitl and lofty fabric of his Administration. He will not, from a littleness of soul or meanness of spirit, keep such men at a distancj that he may him self strut about as tho master cock of his own barn yard, crowing down the chickens around him ; or, to rise in thu figure, that he may the more certainly bo tho unrivalled, splendid, central hnniuary, whoso brilliancy must never .suffer by a comparison with thu relbcttd glimmering 'of revolving satellites, His ti ste.l patriotism, his well-earned fame, and con scious self-dignity, will bo ample guaranties on this point. As to Governor Tjler, proposed for tho second office in the Government, his established reputation in lli5 gubernatorial chair of a neighboring nnd re nowned State, nnd in the councils of the nation; his talents; his lofty ami honorable bearing, both as a public nnd private man; his acknowledged patrio tism and independence ; and, to the people of this Di-tricl, more particularly, let me s.iy, Ins uniform ly friendly legislative action whilst m Congress in relation to their interests, entitls him to our highest consideration, and to whatever moral support wc can contribute by adding our mile of public mnimcnt and feeling. I will not address myself to the habitual national jealousy, or invoke the public resentment against the President for tint gigantic project of a standing ar my which hu.-. given him so much trouble to defend, disavow, or apologize for, as the case may be. At thu time when the Roman Republic was about at its maximum of power, Pompey the (treat then at the pinniclo of his glory, probably intoxicated by . some grand vision of dormant ambition, being inquired of with what force h'J ue.-aul to ex :cute all ho proposed, in reference to an apprehended pregnant emergency, Indiscreetly answered, that if lie "but stampid his foot upon the earth, nn army of (I think) a million of men would rise up !" If the President's recommenda tion had been adopted, he or his successor might, with equal vain glory, exonerating him from all sus picion of design against public hlurty, havo boasted of an equally prompt army of two li tudred thousand men ) which, for our young Kepublio, might bo con sidcrc 1 as a fair proportion. But whether, even vvith such a ho.t, he would ever be able lo distinguish him self for his generalship and courage in the field, as much u-i lo: has dou , s far, in his bnllle against llicorodit systun, julguig by tho result, is very pro bleuia'ienl. But the following view deserves consideration. We are recently told by n cabinet minister that "the shadows of thu tioubb s in store for us, nt homo and abroad, nre darkening and stealing upon us;" and that "the gravot thought and most anxious delibe ration are d inanJed to in xl tho dangers which will sooner or latere, line," iVc. Under this solemn nnd awful admoniion whil , on the one hand, wc have an eye toward Florida and Maine, not to sneak of other threatening agitations, and, on tho oilier, wc know the total incompetency anil unfitness of Mr. Van Buren for nny tiling of a military character, docs not an additional reason occur to us for tho election of one who, while he is a practical civilian, is, at tho same timc,an experienced and s'tcccssfid ),eneral ) Another consideration is worthy of nttcntion. The people propose to supersede Mr. v'nn Buren, I may isny, for gross errors : and, as others say, thu cor ruptions of his Administration. Wo know that if Gen. Harrison bo elected ho will, nnd necessarily must, immediately set himself to work to correct ilmso ci rors, nnd purify thoso co hi t ons thus pcrforinin faithfully thn conditio. is of his election ) nnd nume rous ns aro ilm evils upon us, it will lake him several years to do ibis. But ho has solemnly pledged him self to the American people, that under no eircuni stances wdl ho servo a second term. His whole, time, then, will probably bo well employed. But if hn should not redeem (lis implied pledge to correct tho existing errors anil impurities, nnd satisfy thu just ex pectation of an Hhusoil constituency ) nnd even if ho should, under nny pretences, di-uogarding his pledge t ) retire, attempt to impose himself upon us for anoth er term, ho will bo tumbled headlong from his place, with an accumulated load of indignation upon his bond. This is all matter of rational speculation onl y i but as to Mr. Van Huron, wnalrfidy know that liu 'has done those things ho ought not to havo done, nnd left undone those things which ho ought lo have donn." I repent, our affairs nro reduced to n lanicntnble posture by nuvv-fangled doctrines nnd nostrums s and thu same means nru promised to us for our relief I The political chamistry of the modern school is not even content with a simple nnnlysis, but must proceed lo nn actual decomposition, .in tin; common hciiso of lliti term, of society nnd all its valunblo institutions, matured and improved by tho wisdom and experience ofngoS, for tho benefit of mankind; nil nro to bo re duced to original elements, that they iifny tin rccum posed by Iho regnnnl quackery. New principles nnd proportions of combination, and even new ingredient more I'sibl lo fumentation, trewn belter adapiid lo the prevailing taste. In the mean time, the peoplo are not only advised to look on with indillcrence, the rich being insiduously pointed at ns the only sufferers, wniio nt tno samu timo they are absurdly accused as tho authors ofthe evils ; but whenever it is found that they tho rich nro actual participators in them, that inoy nre noi deemed to bo entitled lo tho public sym pathy I Against them tho poor aro tempted to bo stimulated nnd inflamed, exposing them of course, to resentments from tho rich; discord and confusion aro tuus encouraged where harmony and concord ought to prevail j and the usual consequences ensue) tho prowling demagoguo enlisting his numerical forces. But an injured and oppressed people will bear this no longer. They will relieve themselves by a mighty cxerciso of constitutional right. A salutary lesson will bu tntteht to fnithloai or incompetent rulers, for the instruction of prosperity as well as tho present generation. I must not be understood as proposing one indis criminate scntenco of condemnation on nil the mem bors of the National Legislature who ranked under ino Auminisiratton nag. Micro are Honorable excep tions among th.t.n: high-minded men, who, influenced iiy muir mrn views oi correctness iii principle, colli' bincd with irresistible nurroundinrr circumstunces. nc ted. generally with the patty, bul frequently proved their independence by not doing so. Their names aro ot course, ru:oruen in tho proceedings 01 their reapec tivo houses, in the cases alluded to; and thoso ro cords will cnduringly testify to their patriotism, inde petitionee nnd high-mindedncss. I feel that I have detained vou too lonrr. I hone. howeve", that the interest of tho subject to you as a citizen and a patriot, has prevented tho tedium with which my manner of treating it would otherwise havo afflicted you. You seel.havo spoken freely, without fear, favor or nffectijn, without tlisrcgarding,iiowever. official respect, or personal civility or decorum. And if I ever wcic conscious of a selfish or interested mo tive h nny case of this character, in tho present in stance I am certainly free from any such unhallowed influence. I havo no private expectations from ei ther of the candidates) and on General Harrison I have no claims. With great respect, I remain sir, your obedient hum bio servant, JOHN P. VAN NESS. LEGISLATURE OF VERMONT. Tcesdav, Oct. 13, P. M. Resolutions. By Mr Woostcr, an act to prevent vagrancy,, read and passed. By Mr Butler, directing the committee on elections to inquiro whether any members of the senate nre holding offices under any law of congress passed. By the same, instructing the committee on roads and canals to inquire into tho expediency of reducing the tolls on the Winooski turnpike passed. Mr. Woostcr, for committee on the petition of 7.. Bnss nnd others,. reported a bill to preserve fish in Otter Creek nnd ils tributaries, which was read twice, when Mr. Duller opposed tho farther progress of the bill, on the ground that the time of the legislature should not be taken up in passing special acts ofthe kind, but a general law, if such were necessary, should be provided. The bill on motion of Mr. Eaton, of Franklin, was then laid on the table. Mr. Dunn offered a resolution referring the public documents from other states in relation to the public lands to a select committee of three, which passed; the other public documents communicated by the governor were tnken up, nnd severally referred to the appropriate standing committees. A bill from the house in addition act incorporating the Goshen Turnpiko company, was tnken up, rend twice, mm reierrcu 10 committee on roads and canals. Bills. By Mr. Morse, to prevent damage to owners of land on Connecticut river from lumber, referred to select com. of three. A joint resolution wns received from the house, ap pointing Thursday, 10 o'clock A. M. to choose an auditor m tho treasury department, which was taken up nnd on motion of Mr. Miner so amended as to embrace the election of bank commissioner and in spectorconcurred in. Messrs. Dana, Harvey and Whcclock were appoin ted by the chair as a committee on the subject of the public lands of the U. States, in accordance with a resolution introduced by the first named of said com mittee. Hocsr.. The resolution referring that part of the inessigo relating to the New Jersey case, to a select committee of five, with instructions to report the facts to the house, was called up and passed ; and Messrs. Swift, Hodges, Beard and 'Warner of Bristol, were appomicu me committee. Resolutions. Bv Mr. Downer, instructing the in. diciary committee. to inquire whether any legislation is necessary, relative to the election of state senators herealter) passed. Hy JVlr. Page, instructing com mittee of ways and means to inquire into the expedi eucy of furnishing each town with a copy ofthe rev statutes; passed. By Mr Porter, for a joint assembly at 10 o'clock, A. M. Thursday next, to elect auditor of accounts against the state, and Serjeant at arms ; pas sed. Hills referred. By Mr. Bailies, in addition to chap. '23 of revised statutes, to judiciary committee; by Mr. Hcbard, explanatory of the CJd section of chapter 28, rev. statutes, to judiciary committee) by Mr. Chand ler of W. to pay A. D. Arms, to committee ot claims, by .Air. Walker of Whiting, relative to infected sheep, to com. on floriculture j Hy Mr Chandler of W. rela tive to evidence, to judiciary committee j by Mr. Ha zen in addition to chap. 97, title 23 of rev. statutes, to judiciary com. Mr. Hodges called up the bill providing for settling the account of I.cbbeus Egerton, and it was referred to committee of claims. Reports of Committees. Mr. Swift, from tho com. reported joint rules, which were adopted. Mr Swift, from the select committee, reported the bill altering the lino between Salisbury and Leicester, and it was ordered to a 2d reading. By com. ol elections on the remonstrance of Wm. Martin against Horace Hollis ter. tho returned member fromMnrsIifield, that the siting number is entitled to a seat, and concluding with a resolution accordingly, which was laid on tho table. The senate came in, and tho joint assembly made thu following appointments : Leonard Sargennt of Manchester, John Colby of Washington, Henry Stowcl of Cambridge, commis sioners of deaf, dumb and blind. Milton Brown superintendent of state prison. Tho seintc retired and tho house proceeded to busi ness. The resolution for a joint assembly, Thursday next was returned from the sannte, with a proposition to elect at lint time a bank inspoctor and bank commit tee : concurred in. Wednesday, Oct. 1 1. Sskatk. Hills. By Mr. Marsh relating to grand list, referred to com. on finance. By Mr. Howe, alter ing tho name of Kmily A. Phelps lo KmilyA. Perry, referred to Messrs. Howe, Dean ami Foster. Mr. Woostcr, for the judiciary committee, in accor dance with previous resolutions, reported a bill to amend the GJd section ofthe 2fith chap, of the revised statutes, on process ; also a bill to pay constables for returning votes for electors and senators, the former of which was laid on the table the latter rccommited. .Mr. Miner for the same committee, reported in favor of the bill to prevent fraudulent attachments and the aamc passed to be engrossed. Mr. Townsley oflcrcd a resolution requesting the committee on military affairs to report a substitute for our militia laws ; adopted. Mr. Wooster called up tho bill to preserve fish in Otter Creek, which was advocated by Messrs. Chap man and Woostcr and opposed by Messrs. Eaton of Franklin, Katou of Washington, Miner, nnd others, when, after somo playful sparring between Mr Woos tir and Mr Kalon of Washington, the bill was rejec ted. Hovhe. Player by Rev. Mr Kellogg, The chair appointed the following committee on the Vt. Assylum for the insane; Messrs. Swift, Colby, Kinsman, Vilns, Cook. Petitions. Of Klisba Fisk, referred to committee on claims ; of F.lisha H Allen to committee on claims; of selectmen of Guildhall, and of Moses Chamberlain, to committee of ways and means. The bill establishing boundary line between Salis bury and Leicester, was ordered to a third reading. Report. By committee of roads and canals, bill to discontinue the north mountain road in Chittenden, ordered lo a third reading) by general committee, bill providing compensation for returning voles for county senators inada the order of tho day for to-inorrow morning : bill amending act incorporating Windsor co. mutual firo insurance company, oodcred ton third reading. By committee of military affairs, against account of Solomon Bentley) against bill to pay John llurlbtirt, and it wns dismissed; against petitions of Win. Hawkins and others, nnd tho house concurred. By minority of committee of elections, in favor of Sir. Allen iho sitting member from Waterbttry, which wns rend. By select committee bill annexing Acton toTownsend, ordered to 2d rending. The house took up tho order of tho dny, being the resolution reported by tho majority of tho committee of elections declaring W. W. Wells entitled to a seat from Iho town of Waterhury. The senate came in, and the joint assembly mode the following appointments : Jlenninfiton Co. human Norton, Gtirdcn B. Southworth, Assistant Justices. Harman Cnnfield, Slate's Attorney. Gtirdcn H. Smith, Slier in". Josiah Houghton, High Bailiff. Lering Dean, Judge of probnte for the district of Manchester. , Artcuias Matlison, Judgo of probnte for tho district of Bennington. John C Robinson, A F Moriam, Davviu Andrews, commissioners for jail tit Manchester. Aaron Robinson, John Hicks, .Stephen Pratt, com missioners for jail nt Bennington. Atltlhon Co. Asi Chnpnnn, High Bailiff". The joint nssciulily adjourned to Tuesday next, A M and the senalo retired. Tho Iioiijo resumed tho Wntcrbury contested elec tion, when Mr Vilns moved lo lay Iho matter on the table, to bo mado tho order for this afternoon : nficr some remarks by Messrs Fullam, Vilns Chandler of W, Mellaril nnd Swift, this motion wns ngrccd to. Engrossed bills, Granting David II. Sunnier tho right ofa toll bridge, laid on the table ; reviving tax on flranby, passed. Sundry documents from other states wero trans, milled by tho president of the senate) nmong them a scries of resolutions relative lo tho national admin ivtration from the Stale of North Carolina which wore read and laid on lli tablet from JVsw Jtrsey, read and referred to the select committee on the Now Jersey case) remonstrance and resolutions of citizens ot district uoiumbiii, relntivo to legislation ot Uongrcss in their district ; from Maine and Now York on the north eastern boundary from Kentucky, and other states, relative to the public lands severally laid on tne tauic. Bills referred. By Mr. Swift, in addition to the militia act, and by Mr. Carpenter, relating to North field artillery company, to com. on military afl'airs t by Mr. Thompson, relative to bills of divorce, to judiciary com. Resolution By Mr. Warner of N. Haven, instruct ing judiciary to inquire into tho expediency of abolish ing capital punishment adopted. Mr Pope, of Lincoln, asked leave of absenco after tomorrow morning) granted. AFTERNOON. Senate. Mr. Woostcr offered a resolution in structing tho judiciary commiticc to inuuirc into tho expediency of a law requiring tho supcrintendant of Vt. State Prison to make his annual report by tho 1st day of October, which was passed. The committee on roads and canals reported in fa vor of tho passage ofa hill from tho Houso in addition to the act establishing Goshen turnpike coin, and the same was read and passed. A bill was sent from tho Hono reviving nn net lay ing a tax on Granby, read twice and referred to land tax committee. Mr. Miner called up n joint resolution from the House fixing on Wednesday lOoclockA. M. tochooso a Secretary of State, widen after being amended by substituting Snlurday next 10 o'clock A. M. for that election, was adopted. House. Petitions referred. Ot Messrs. J. N. Smith, and other to committee on manufactures) of uuvcr Ulcason, to general committee. Reports of Committees. y committeo of roads and canals, against the petition of Phineas White nnd others (for want of legal notice,) and the House con curred. Bv indicinrv enmmiltoe. ns'tinrr to be dis charged from the resolution relative to tho system of taxation granted. On bill, repealing act abolishing imprisonment for ;dcbt, and it was dismised ) that no legislation is required as to the disposition of mon ey received for licenses for exhibitions: bill to alter judicial circuits of this State and it was ordered to a 3d reading. The Houso considered the order of the day, being tho reports from the committee of elections on the Waterhury case, when Mr. Kinsman oflercd a resolu tion declaring that the certificate required to bo undo by the Justice by the 26th sec. nnd chap. 1st. of the revised Statutes ought to specify that thopcrson whoso election is contested, had been duly notified of the limu and place of taking testimony at lenst six days before the time set for taking the same) nnd a certifi cate by the Justice, that the person was duly notified is not a compliance with the requirement of the law. This resolution was supported hy Messrs. Kinsman Vilas, and Buckmnstcr. principally on tho ground that it was strictly in accordance with the law, nnd would operate as instructions to the committeo of elections lo reject the depositions in the case before the House. All of the despositions, of both parties, and in both cases, set forth merely that the person whose scat was conte-ted had been "duly notified,' Messrs. Chandler of W. Fullam Hcbard, opposed the resolu tion, maintaining that the evidence in the caso was le gally, taken and that if any slight informality was re quired by tho House, the only proper course was lo recommit the case to tho committee, that the caption to the depositions might be amended. Tho resolution was dismissed, 159 to SI. Mr. George introduced a resolution for tho reading of the testimony in tho Watcrbury case dismissed, 159 to 51. The report of the minority was rend nt the call of ur. unyucs, ana niter some statements ot lactsby the chairman of the committee, the report ofthe majority was read at the call of Mr. Hodges, and the question resumedon the question of the passage of the resolu tion, declaring Wm. W. Wells entitled to a seal in place of Eliakim Allen. Mr. Bucktnar opposed the resolution, nnu it was adopted ayes 153, nays 5o. Mr. Wells appeared, nnd wns qualified. TncnspAV. Oct. 13. Sevite. Resolutions. By Mr. Woostcr. to the exrcoiency ot putting wood and timber lands for tax ation ; by Mr. Norton, as to She expediency of extend the jurisdiction of Justices of the peace in certain ca sos ; both adopted. The engrossed bill to prevent fraudulent attach mcnts was supported by Mcasrs Short, Miner and Wooster, oppose 1 by Mr. Clark,and laid on the table. Reports. -By Mr Morse, for select committee, the bill to prevent damage by lumber on Connecticut river; by Mr. Crawford, for select comm., the bill es- luuiisiiuig me uounuary line between vvmonam nnd Bennington counties; both ordered to be engrossed. By Mr. Short, for Judiciary com., against making town grand Jurors informing officers for counties ; by Mr Eaton of F. for com. on Education, against peti tion of Phineas White for an academy, as a general law provided for this case. By Mr Miner, for .ludici iary com., against the bill extending the jurisdiction ui con.siauics, aim miu on me tabic. Hoi-se. Prayer by Rev. Mr Clark. Resolutions. By Mr Wnshburn, ns to constitution ahty of the Irws for the assessment and collection of military. tmes passed. From the Senate, resolution for election of Secretary of State, amended by fixing "'""'"; '-" 'or mis purpose concurred in. Hy Sir. Wells, allowing debentures to Eliakim Allen, the returned member from Watcrbury adopted ; by .Mr. Graves, for adjournment of both Houses on the 22d laid on tho tabic. By Mr. Carpenter of Orange for ajoint nssembly Saturday next 10 A. M. to elect agent to settle concerns of Vt. State Banks; laid on the tabic. Petitions Referred. Of Joseph Motl and others to Com. on Roads nnd Canals. Riports. By coin, on .Military Affairs, ngainst pe tition of Eli'lia Fish, 2d. By com. on Educatbn, a a bill establishing Philips academy, ordered to a 3d reading. By committee of ways nnd means, that it is inexpedient to appropriate the'incomeof tho schools fund for the instruction of teachers of common school alsothat it is inexpedient to abolish the salary of the treasurer, as commissioner of the school fund. IZinrossed Rills. To rescind act incorporating Windsor Co. Firclnsurance Company; altering boun dary lino between Salisbury and Leicester passed; to discontinue north mountain road in Chittenden laid on the table. Granting to David H. Sumner the right to a toll bridge, passed. The bill providing compensation for returning votes for Senators, &c. was ordered to a 3d reading. The Senatecamoin and the joint assembly made the following appointments: Joseph Berry, Esq. of Newbury, Auditor in the Treasury department. Hon. Robert Pierpoint, Bank Commissioner and Bank Committee. Erastus S. Camp, Sergeant-at-Arms. The election of fourth Assistant Justice of the Sit porcine Court was postponed to Tuesday next 10 o'clock The bills nltcringjudicinl circuits of this Stnte, nnd to nnnex Acton to Townscnd, were ordered to a third reading. Mr. Baylies called up the report of tho committee of elections in the Mnrshficld case, the question being upon the adoption of the rcsolution,dcclaring Mr Hol lister, the sitting members, entitled lo a scat : Mr Ful lam addressed lha House, urging that two votes were erroneously admitted for .Mr Hollisler, ono of these was said to be case of colonizing alias, a temporary residence, merely for the purposo of voting, and which, if rejected, would destroy the election con cluding with a motion to amend, declaring that Hor ace Hollister was not legally elected, and is not enti tled to a scat in this House. This motion wss sup ported hy Mr. Billings, and opposed by Messrs. Buck master and Rico of Somerset, when the resolution was laid on the table and made the order of tho day for this afternoon. The several documents from other states, yester day presented, were referred to a select committee of three. The remonstrance of tho citizens of tho District of Columbia on tho legislation of Congress particularly concerning the banks) for that district, was read in part and laid on the table. AFTERNOON. Sen ati Tho following bills having passed the Houso nnd been sent lo ihe Senate for concurrence, were taken up and disposed of as follows, viz : a bill altering the boundary lino between Lcceistcrand Sal isbury, read twice and referred to a select committee of two, consistingof Messrs. Woostcrand Bottom. A bill in amendment of an act mcporating tho Windsor county fire insurance company read twice and re ferred to tho judiciary commiticc. A bill granting n toll bridge to David II. Sumner, read twice and re ferred to tho judiciary committee. A bill granting a loll bridge to David A, Sumner, rend twice and refer red to committee on roads and canals, House. RcporU. tty committee of ways and means, against supplying towns with the revised stat utes. By committee of claims ngainst bills to pay Harry Richardson and Ira Carpenter, laid on the ta ble; asking to be discharged from accounts of Enoch Pomcry and Simeon Herriek, agreed to, nnd the ac counts referred to committee on military affairs, The House proceeded to iho order of the day, viz. the Marshficld election case, when the amendment of Mr Fullam was rejected, and the resolution unani mously adopted, declaring Horace Hollister entitled lo his seat. lJetitions.0( Edmund Phelps to select com. of three i of Aaron Lovclaud nnd others to indicinrv committee) of Moses Strong and others, to com, on roaos nnu enuais. Hilts referred. By Mr Swift, relating to tho state prison accounts, to com. of Wuvsnnd Menus: bv Mr Corse, to estnblish nunendemy nt Bakerfield, to com. on Education. Resolution. By Mr Paul of Pomfret. iho iudioiarv committee to inquire into the expediency of further compensation to jurors; adopted. 'tne report oi tno committee to inspect the banks, not suhicct In the safety fund act. wns presented nn.l 300 copies ordered to.hu printed. The bill to discontinue; the north mountnin road in Chittenden wns passed. Tho Chair appointed Messrs. Chandler of W. He bard nnd Cleveland com, on documents from other states. FntPAV, Oct. lb. Senate. Mr. Gilson introduced the following res olution t Resolved, by the senate and bouse or representa tives, That tho senators in congress from this Btato l.r. nnl il.eu Imroiiv nre. renuestcd to use their best endeavors lo procure such an amendment to tho con- IllUIIOnOI IU UnilUI siwwp ihiv. u.v lion of president of tho United .States to a single term I of six vears. . Resolved nlso that tho Governor be, nnd ho hereby is, requested to forward tho foregoing resolution to u.iuii ui mo senators and representatives irom itus state in the congress of tho U. States) bIbo to tho executive of ench stnto in tho Union, that the same may bo luid before their several legislatures for their co opornl.!0" m procuring snid amendment. Wlucli wns rend and mado tho order of the day for to-morrow morning. Hills. By Mr. Palmer, to raise juror's fees to SI per day in courly courts, and 50 cents per day in jus tieo courts) read twieo and referred to judiciary com mittee. By Mr. Butler to repeal 1 2ih section of chap. Oi) rev. statutes ) read and referred to tho Judiciary committee. A bill from tho houso to discontinue the north mountain road in Chittenden, was rend twice and re ferred to tho com. on roads nnd canals. Mr. Swift presented a petition from Nmlmn p. rirno nnd others to extend tho charter of tho bank of Ben nington ) referred to com. on banks. hngrossid Hills. To settle a lino between Ben nington nnd Windham counties j passed. To prevent dnmngc by lumber, on the Connecticut River; laid on the table. Mr. Woostcr called un tho bill to prevent fraudulent attachments, and moved nn indefinite postponement of tho same. Opposed by Mr. Butler and supported by Mr. Woostcr ) carried, vcas 19, nays 11. Reports of committees. By Mr. Woostcr, for select committee, the bill relative lo Iho lino between Salis bury nnd Leicester: passed. Bv Mr. Howe, for select committee in favor oftho bill to niter the name of Emily A.. Phelps, laid on. the table. By tho Judiciary com. ngainst tho resolution to tnko away the prefer- ueu ui uiu iii si imiieiiuiL; i;ieunoi ui aiuena oi in.ui- ufacttiring companies) laid on the table. By Mr. Marsh, for land tax com. in favor of bill reviving act taxing Granby ) passed. Mr. Miner, for the judiciary com. reported agninst tho resolution for enlarging tho jurisdiction of justices in trustee suits to 8100 : when Mr. Norton moved to recommit tho samcj with in - structions to report a bill embracing the object of tho resolution. The motion wns opposed by .Messrs. Miner, Swift. Eaton of Fr. and Townsley. and sup ported by Mr. Norton, nnd rejected, yeas 5, nays 21. Hocse. Prnycr by Rev. Mr. Hnrding. The chnir appointed Messrs Fisk, of V., Bracket!, and Jones of W. on the potitition of Edward Phelps. Petitions referred. Of Ebcnezer Brown and others, to gen. com.) account of Jeremiah Buslmel to com. of claims. Reports. By gen. com. against petition of Asa Lockcj by com. on military affairs; bill to pay for certain military services on tne northern frontier ; laid on the table, and mado the order for this afternoon ; by judiciary com. bill relating to bills of divorce, or dered to 2d reading ; to pay Robert Pierpoint and oth ers 811 1, ordered to a third rending. Engrossed bills Altering judicial circuits of the state, opposed by Messrs Fisk, of W. and Stone, sup ported by Mr Adams of South Hero, and after con siderable further discussion by Messrs Cutis, Swift, Vilas, Warner of N. and Hebard, the bill was recom mitted) to incorporate Phillips academy, to annex Ac ton to Townshend, providing compensation for return ing votes for senators, etc. severally passed. Bills referred.- By Mr. Hall of G. relative to mili tary fines, to com. on military afl'airs; from tho senate, relative to the boundary line between Bennington and Windham counties, to 'members of those counties. Resolutions By Mr. Vilas, as to the expediency of abolishing office of agent of Vt. state bank, and trans ferring the duties of that officer to the commissioner of the school fund, adopted ; by Mr. Lovcland, ns to the expediency of providing that no recovery shall be had for the sale of distilled spirits ; adopted. Mr Sprnguc called for the bill to pay Ira Carpenter nnd Henry Richardson, they were opposed by Messrs Hebard, Warner of N. and Chandler of P. and dis missed. Al'TEnNOON. Senate. Reports of Committees. By Mr. Bot tom, for committee of roads nnd canals, in favor of the ! j i I to discontinue tho north mountain road laid on the table. Mr. Crawford called up the bill to prevent damages by lumber on Connecticut river, when the same was pasfed. Mr. Butler called up the bill relating to capital pun ishments, and addressed the senate in favor of doing away the punishment of death for crime grounding his position on two points first, that government have no right to take life second that it is inexpedient to do so; both of which he sustained in an argument of considerable length. Mr. Wooster replied to the argument of Mr. Butler, nnd decidedly opposed the bill. The bill was further opposed bv Messrs. Dana Batos, Minor, Short, both because they wero against htdiS,t?.uS K I of.i-0 West has shaken off the hicubu, leaves it discretionary with the governor to order ex- "f loco focoism, and stands before the nation cc,-lt . f ,v i . . i "redeemed, regenerated, disenthralled." Gen. Mr. Eaton, of Washington countv, spoltc some ,r . . , . lime in favor of the bill, replied to re'nni l;s of oppo- 1 Harrison is gloriously .sustained at home, by scrsof the measure, nnd earnestly urged the principle those who have known him longest and who that man should not take the life he cannot give. The , . , . Ir. bill on motion of Mr. Butler was then laid on the ta- lovo 111111 hGst Ills ow township, his own blc hy the casting vote of the president oftho senate, county and his own state have "iven a verdict, The bill from thohouso to pay constables for return-1 ii l,,- ,,.,. . . , " ,, . ing votes of senators and electors, was read twice and all.but unanimous, in his favor. Ihe Union referred lo committee on elections. waits but the opportunity to confirm this verdict A bill from the house to incorporate Philips acado- with a vet more emphatic voice, inv, was read twice and referred to committee on ed- lr . ' , , , , ue'ation. A bill from the house annexing Acton to 1 Hamilton county, the home of tho patriot Townend was read twice and referred to committee ' soldier, has given the whig ticket a majority ; jllACcopy of preamble and resolutions by the Baptist ! thouSh Ioco osm has been hitherto prcdotni Association of Middkbiiry against traffic in ardent ' nnnt there, and though the office holders had spirits, was received and ordered to a select com. Hocsb. Petitions referred. Of A. Hoyden, to gen. com.; of inhabitants of Worcester, to land tax com.: of Addison county Baptist association to com. nn licences. Of Samuel G. Richardson to com. of claims. Bills referred. By Mr. Ferguson, relating to mon eys received for licences to exhibit living animals, &c. to judiciary com.; by Mr. Weeks to repeal fi:td section 23th chap. rev. statutes, to general com. ; from Sen nte, to prevent damage from lumber on Connecticut river, to general committee. By Mr. Smilie, in addi tion to chap. SO of Rev. statutes, to committee on banks. Reports. By committee of claims, ngainst petition of John Spalding, nnd the houso concurred ; by com, on roads and canals, bill reviving act chartering Rut land and Whitehall rail road, laid on the table. By committeo on military nlliiirs, bill to pay Simeon Her riek S32 75; ordered to a third reading." By commit teo of ways and moans, bill to pay Simeon Herriek 520, ordered ton third rending. Air. Hebard called up the resolution lixing I hiusday 22d for the adjournment ; Mr. Sanborn moved to add '' Rcsoilt!'' BMrTo'vlnd, referring that part of the governor's message relating to thn condition of the country, to a select committeo of two members from each county, by Mr. Rice of Somerset, for the appointment of committees of debentures both adop ted. S'ATt'nnAV, Oct. 17, A. M. Senate. Mr. Dana offered a resolution fixing on Friday next for the adjournment of the Legislature, lnid on the table, on motion of Mr. Ilottum. Reports of Committees. By Mr. Adams for Com. of Finance in favor of the bill regulating the listing of steam boat stock, &c. rend and ordered to bo engross ed. By .Mr. Miner for Judiciary committeo, ngnnist tho bill repealing 12th section 99th chapter of tho Re vised statutes, making it penal to defame courts of justice tho repeal of this section was advocated by .Mr. Butler, who deemed that section a gag-law blot oftho statute book, opposed by Messrs. Wooster and Short, bill rejected 12 to 7. By Mr, .Miner for Judiary Committee ngainst the bill to raise Jnror'sfecs,lnid on the table by the same in favor of the bill to amend the WN...I...... r. . - 1-.1. and passed. By Mr. Bottom for committee on Roads i and Canals, in favor of the bill granting n toll-bridge to D. II. Sumner, laid on the table. Bv Mr. Towns- Icy for Com. on Banks, ngainst the bill authnrmnr free banking: lnid on the table. Bv Judiciary Com. ngainst tho resolution for inking away the preference of first attachingcreditois in certain cases : a motion to recommit made anil lost Messrs Short, Chipmnn nnd Bates were appointed a i-oiuiniucu on tne resolutions oi tne auuison wo. Baptist Association. Mr. Dam called up the bill to discontinue the North Mountain road in Chittenden, when Ihe same niter some discussion was recommitted. Mr. Butler introduced a bill relating to courts, nu thorizing them to tax costs for respondents when nr. rnigncd for crimo nnd not found guilty, rend twico nnu reiorrcd to Judiciary vom. The bill to extend lunsdiclion of nil Constables ov er counties was taken up, ndvocnted by Mr. Butler on the ground ofcnual rights.and cxpediencv.and opposed py aicssis uinrK, wnoster, Townsley, nana and .Alt- ncron the ground of impolicy, and indefinitely post' poncd. HocsE.-Praver bv Rev. Mr. Kellogg. Tho chair appointed the committee to make un the debentures nt tho Houso : .llessrs. v heeler of Mn- hall, Riccof Somerset, llnvs, Pnulnf Pomfrct.Knapi Foster of Tunbridgo Allen of Westford, Leonard of Worcester, Mice, bears, Downer, llinman .Udrtcn, Wordsworth. Reports -Hy committee on military affairs, nn the amount oi money pain out lor tno miiiiin uiu past year, ns follows: For drills 17fi7 Adj. Generals department, 121 00 " " salary, 230 G,HS57 A similar report was received from thn treasurer nnd read. By committee on military alliirs, bill lo pay I'.noch romcroy .',fci', oruereu io .m reading, By committee on education, lull to establish a high school at Biikersfiold, ordcrul, lo a 3d rending, By coinmitleo on land taxes, continuing in force n-t lav nm Trov. bill taxing Itrownington. ordered to :M reading. By General Coinmitleo, ngnnist petition of A. no vi en. nnu mo iiouso concurred, liv committee on maniiiactures nsKiug to no uiscnargon irom the pe tition of Mrs. J. N. .Smith, granted. Bill incorpora ting Rendsboro' manufacturing company, ordered lo a third rending, Against thn petition of Win. Billings nnd. the Honso concurred. By Judiciary Committee ngainst increasing pay of Jurors ; in fnvor of tillering term, of Chittenden co, courts s ngainst reviving nets relative to surveyor ecnornl i relntivo lo coinnellina debtors to discloso nnd pay over properly (not liable to attachment,) that they know of no means lo nc comphsh this object) against hill in. addition to chap. 20 of revised statutes, and it wns. dismissed. By se lect committee. Senate bill establishing boundary line between Bennington nnd Windham counties, amend ed amendment agreed too and sent to the Senate for concurrence. By committee of ways and meons. bill discharging jail bond of Francis Fuller, ordered to a third rending. JJanl;s.Mt. Swift from thn committee on banks reported n general banking act, stating that it met the unanimous concurrence oftho committee i laid on the table, and 1)00 copies ordered to be printed. Uncrossed Hill. To pay Chatinccv Goodrich. S!)jG, Simeon Herriek 332,75, Robert Pierpoint and others Sill Moses N. Chamberlain $20, severally passed, Tho bill relating to bills of divorce providing that bills may bo granted between parties married in this slate, w hen tho cause for divorce occurred without tho slate, after one year's residence of tho party asking a divorce, was supported by Messrs. Sprnguc, Fullam ...l CI...., .11.,- r W ...:.,...l I... Vt'.. nlncomi Swift nnd Hazen) a motion to dismiss was negatived, nnd the bill nmetided, extending tho trial of residence to 3 years : laid on the table and made tho order for Monday morning. Thu Senate came in and the joint assembly (for electing Secretnry of State) adjourned to Tuesday morning lOo'clock. Petitions. Of temperance society of Weathers field, to committee on licenses. Hills referred. By Mr. Hazen, to furnish each town and probate district with the revised statutes to general com.) by Mr. Buckmnstcr, relating to road in j Mr. Rico of Somerset, in addition to chap. 42 oftho oiircwsoury, in couimiuoo on roads and canals) ny rcviacu statutes 10 eoiiiuiiiiee oi insolvency, Resolution. By Mr. Bascom, no bill or petition to bo presented except by committee, from and after . Monday next, without flic unanimous consent of thu j Houso laid on the table, i ArrEnsooN (.enate. j Compensation bills to pay Chnuncey Goodrich and Robert Pierpoint, were sent up from the House, read and rclerred to the committeo nt claims. The bill to enlarge the jurisdiction of Constables was called up, debated and rejected, yeas 24, nays 1. Hoc?!:. The speaker appointed the following com mittee on so much of tlio Governor's message as re' j'es to the financial difficulties of the country r Messrs. Lovcland, Barnes of Rochester. Wagar, Stone, Wnshburn, Warren, Shaw of Tinmouth, Buffiim, Fer ris, Slow, Gdniore, George, Beach, Lyon of Colches ter, Wright, Klngslov, Howell, Aiken, Sabin, Thorp, Robinson of Stow, Fisk of Eden, Chandler of Derbv, Leonard of Glover, Hubbard of Guildhall, Burbank, Adams, Reynolds. Petitions, i-c. referred. Of inhabitants of Shrews bury to General Assembly ; memorial of a committeo of the University of Vermont, for a loan of$20,000of tho school fund," read nnd rcferrtd to tho committee on education. Reports. By committee of elections, thnt Hornco Wadsworth has been noting postmaster of North He ro, since his election to a scat in this House ; that a resignation had been forwnrded to the Post Office De partment, but no notice hd been received whether or not that resignation was accepted : when Mr Adams of South Hero ollered a resolution, declaring that Horace Wadsworth is not entitled to a sent in this House, according to the Constitution of this Slate. Resolution made the order for Monday forenoon. By same com. a similar report in tho C3c of Lester Kings ley of Mcrotown. By Com. of Wavs nnd Means, ngainst petition of selectmen of Guildhall, nnd tho House concurred. Resolution. By. Mr Warner of Bristol, requesting Governor to appoint Thursday Dec. 3d, as a day of thanksgiving, laid on the table. Mr Sanborn called up the bill reviving act charter ing the Rutland and Whitehall Railroad, nnd moved an nmcndincnt, placing the charter at the control of future legislatures, which was adopted, and the bill ordered to a 3d rending. FRIDAY MORNING, OCT O B ER 23, IS 10. lfl,97 WHIG MAJORITY IX OHIO! Tho western breeze brings on its wings the tidings of a triumph brilliant and decisive be- Vond all example and expectation. The votitif there concentrated all their strength all their means of corruption and intrigue in the hope that they might at least point their finger thither and say, "we have beaten Gen. Harrison in bin own district," but not only has that district, in .spite of all their efforts, gallantly supported the veteran, hut it has gone further and wiped off the disgrace of being hereafter represented in the national council, by such a creature as Dun can. The election in this state was for governor. State Legislature and Congress. We have re turns from 7'2 of the 79 counties in the state, which give a whig majority of 19,'t97. Loco foco majority in the same counties in 1S.SS, 1,190 showing a whig gain, since 15:13, of I TWKXTV-TIIUEI! T I10US D EIGHT i 1I"?I,??D AND WGIITY.VRN, ' I 1 he following is tho rosttlt in tho several congressional districts, from which it will bo observed that tho colobrated Dr, Duncan has been defeated in tho Cincinnati district ; 1. N. G. Pendleton, Whig gain. J. It. Weller,' V. B. P. G. Goodc,' Whig. Morrow, Whig. Donne, V B, Calvary Mortis, Whirr. W. Russell, Whig. Joseph Ridgwny, Whig. Wm. Medill, V. 11. Samson Mason, Whig. B. S. Cowan, Whiejjain. Joshua Malhiol, Whig gam. James .Matthews, V. 11. George Swcnev, V. B. S. .1, Andrews', Whig. J. R. Guiding, Whig. John Hastings,' V. B. lvra Dean, V. B. Samuel Stokclcv. Whir? pain. .Mcinucrsoi ine present Longress. 12 Whigs and 7 Locos. In the present Congress tho State is reptcscntcd by 8 Whigs and 11 Locos' Whig gain 1, The Journal of Commerce says C. D. Collin is reported to be elected in the 17th district, by seventeen majority ; if so a Whig gain of another niembtr. The Legislature will beovervvhclmingly Whig Inst year Ihe other way. OUR TlUUMl'H IN NEW JE11SEY. The election in this stato for members of the legislature and sheriffs only commenced on Tuesday and closed on Wednesday of last week. The Whigs appear to have elected their tickets in l.'l oftho IS counties-, giving them the as. cendancy in the state, and enabling them to elect their Governor and other state officers, as also a senator for six years in place of Hon. Ger rit I). Wall, V. H. Tho reports which have reached us give them Salem and Monmouth counties in addition to thoso they havo carried for tho last two years, as well as the new county of Hudson, giving them 13 to fi in the council, and -II to 1'J in tho assembly. Allowing tho counties not contested to stand as they did in IS'lr", tho sinto shows a whig majority on the popular vole of 1(10(1 to l'-IOO. Glorious and overwhelming as have been tlio triumphs ef tho friends of true republicanism, in rapid succession, from Maine to Georgia, from none of thorn have wo derived such deep and sincoro satisfaction as thnt wo experience in contemplating tho utter routo and prostration of tho Janissaries of government by tho gallant Jersey Blues. The story of their wrongs is fa. miliar to every true patriot, who lias watched with mingled feelings of indignation and shame. tho disgraceful records of the past Tlio un. justifiable and audacious outrage, which wae porpotratcd by the hand of lawless and rccklee

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