22 Ocak 1841 Tarihli Burlington Free Press Gazetesi Sayfa 2

22 Ocak 1841 tarihli Burlington Free Press Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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Washington, Jan. 11. Among tlio evils which this dynasty has in flicted upon country, may bo enumerated the extravagant expenditures of the departments and the now modes of drawing money from the Treasury for services merely nominal As a specimen of these discoveries in this enlight ened ago, I invito public attention to one abuse, and there arc many others that might bo cnu merited. I believe I am warranted in saying, that during the first forty years of the Federal Government no Cabinet Minister, performing the duties of another, received the salary of both officers. It has frequently occurred, that a gentleman, has been called upon to discharge the duties of another officer, ad interim, but such a thing as receiving both salaries, it is believed, was never thought of, certainly never allowed, until General Jackson commenced Ids reign of econo my and reform. During the Presidency of General Jackson (in 1831) Roger Ii. Tuwy, then Attorney Gen eral, was called upon to act as Secretary of ar ; ho charged and received the salary at taclioil to both offices. In 1830 C. A. Harris while Commissioner of Indians Affairs, performed the duty of Secretary of War. lie, in like manner, charged and re ceived the salary of both offices. In regard to Mr. Harris, I have much to say hereafter. Ilis acconi.ts are in an unsettled state; and if the books of ilie e" "ttrtmcnt arc to be believed he is a defn ,,ieir . an immense amount. I would respe?!iully f uggeft to Mr. Poinsett to take a peep at the account before the -lilt of .March. in lu.17 Jiinjumin I. Duller, while Attorney General, acted as (secretary of War andrcceiv cd the salary of both offices. When he present. ed the demand the Auditor reported against it, but the Attorney made a written argument in defence of the claim, and finally proposed to the President that it should bo paid, and then if the President wanted the money back into the I reasury he might sip- for it. Upon this liberal proposition the President ordered the payment to be made. It is sucli abuses as these that have contribu ted to bankrupt the Treasury. They have crept into every department ; and almost every bureau of every department. Their diversified form is astounding. Every claim that ingenuity could invent, has been presented, and vv hen once ad mitted, has been practised upon as "right and lawful." To detect and root out these abuse', will roq ure the unceasing attention of the new administration; and yet great as will be the la bor, hopes arc entertained that it wilj be effected. Having referred to one of the ingenious modes which this administration has discovered of emptying the Treasury, I ask your attention to an equally ingenious mode of "raising the wind." While certain public works were suspended, during the summer, it was deemed good policy to carry on certain others. But there was no money in the Treasury. What was to be done! Due bills, to a largo amount had been given, to mechanics and laborers. What next! Whvtho plan was adopted for the agent paying the inonev to deduct from the bill three per cent, say six months interest, and then the agent would bor. row from a bank or banks the amount of the bill and pay it. Be it remembered that the United States pay no interest. These loans, thus ob taincd without authority of law, it is said, amount to a large sum, and become due and payable in April and .May. It is whispered, that they will not bo paid when at maturity. Tlio transaction is illegal, and will be thoroughly stit :i. But suppose thev are ultinntely paid, it will be without anv inte rests accruing after thev are at maturity The subject is now referred to for the purpose of wiewing me rccKJos manner in wli C 'iovern mont debts are contracted, and the inq ..-nubility of imagining, much less stating the real amount of debt, for which the new administration will find itself compelled to provide Ways and Means u may tc jijteen ; it may bo fifty millions of dollars. Turning from these grave topics, I take leave to refer to a specimen of Mr. Van Burcn's wag gory. Ion will recollect Mr. Slaughter, the Secretary ut Wisconsin, who cut such n fin-urn in the transportation of specie, for the bemfit of the United States, and the accommodation of Wisconsin ; and to whom I had occasion to refer in my letters of last winter. His commission has expired, or is about to expire. lie arrived hero a few days ago, in the expectation ot being reappointed. 7'his mor. nmghe called upon the President, and after stating Ins case and views, Mr. Van Huron gra vely replied, "You informed the People of wvsconsm mat you intended to resign. They -expcci it. i cannot disappoint the People, air. niu si'v j.n WASHINGTON, Washington, Jan. 9, 1811. After all tho vaunting and boasting of the Pre- anient and the (secretary of the Treasury, as to the finances of tho country, what do we hear What does the Committee of Wavs and Means tr 1 the American people 1 What do they ask of uunjrross this specie paying Congress .' Only nnai'h'- y to issue file millions of dollars of J reasury notes in addition to the live millions already in circulation; say ton millions of do! Jars. Will these ten millions enable tho Gov ernment to meet its engagements 1 They will not. Another five millions will bo required, Thus, we shall have a Government paper of not less than liltcon millions of dollars, while the same men who authorize its issue are pratin about a hard money, specie paying Government, A bill was this miming reported by tho Com. mitteo of Ways a- I .Means to raise five millions of dollars by the it sue of Treasury notes. Near ly four years have elapsed since this system of raising the wind" commenced. Wo were then told, that it was to bo temporary. That there was money enough, only the payables became due a little before the recchables, and thcreforo the I reasury department required temporary relief. The same story has been repeated at every rsession of Congress since tho year 1637, Tho same attempt to mystify and deceive the country as to its real situation. The same un blushing misrepresentation as to tho stale of Hio Treasury, until it has now become so alarmin; that we know not whether wo aro in debt fiflce. or fifty millions of dollars. Not tho least de- pendanco can bo placed in the stn'om" r.'-, made to Congress on this subject. All is doccntion and fraud ; for tho official representations merit no milder term. Can any man beliovo that Mr. Woodbury mch a numskull that he did not know, when ho bent his annual report to Congress, that these Treasury notes would bo wanting .' And if ho did know it, why suppress the fact i Why at tempt to deceive tho Representatives of tho Pc"Vr-, w'en(m fr-. ' r.t . L., exrwod Jr a ff 'v jays But this is not all. About twenty thousand extra copies of this report wero printed and cir culated by Congress. It is perused by every thinking man in the country. What is tho impression that it is intended and calculated to mako 1 Is it not that the Treasury is in a con dition to meet the demands upon itl Is this true! On tins subject, what Bays tho Secretary? Docs he not say, after stating all tho items of ircei;is, Which make tho total means in 1810, as ascertained and esti mated, 829,031,512 00 And then, as to the expenditures, no anus, Making the affurecatc of c.xpcn- uiitircs, or payments, ?$'..'U,ti4t,l.(j VI Leaving an available balance in the t reasury on .fist Decern- ber, 1810, computed at 1.590.850 89 lie next proceeds to give the re ceipts and expenditures for the year 1811 and, says there will be an estimated balance in tho Treasury at the close of the next year (1841.) after all payments whatever, 8321,273 The Secretary then adds : Dins, it will be seen, that if the whole of these charges both ordinary and extraordinary hould bo requited to bo extinguished in 1811, the estimated nitons will bo stifficcnt for that purpose, but may not besides leave so largo a balance in tho Treasury as is convenient and useful." Now m the face of these statements Mr. Woodbury asks Congress for Jive millions of dollars in 1 reasury notes in addition to those in circulation. I disregard all his cantimr. whin ing explanations or reasons why ho wants this additional sum in paper money. They should have been given in his report. They are do cupuvc aim unworthy oi commence. As my solo object is to call immediate attention to this subject, I will only add a few words. In my opinion, tho Whig members ought to refuse an increase of this paper money. Thev ought to insist upon funding those rags and create a stock equal to the debts of tho Govern mcr.t, to bo designated to Jachson-Van Iiurcn- Stock. The President in his message talks about a "permanent debt." What does he mean ! This piper money e'obt has been accumulating since 1S37, and it is now proposed to increase it live millions of dollars. Fortunately for tho country this dynasty is at an end. If it was not, no mortal can tell what a few vears would have pruuticuu. TUN SI'V IX WASHINGTON. Tl'EsnAV. Dec. 12. Till- nrnrenrlino.a nfTimJv ii the two Houses do iut present any thin;; worthy of On W odncsday the bill for a prospective and nor nmientpie-uiiqition system vvasngam considered in IIU. -bll,IIU. John Leeds kecr. Senator elect fmm Mnrvt.mrl look Ins scat. In tho Hnusa llio Navlor and Inccrsill election case was again up. Some Kxeciihvu communications were I iid hr.fnn tho House, all nf which were of no importance, except one from thu Post Master General, staling that the revenues oi hiilvp;irtmcnt arc fallmu oil, and tint for le year commencing on iiic isi oi July next lie esti mates i n the recein'"i m.iv urn n hi- ninomii in 51,H1 ,UUU, evry c.-ui nr which lie asks may be np pioprntcd at the jiusc.i, session fur the service- of the i'cpariiucnt. Mr. Adams then asked M hive the lull rrn.irin hi- him attholat session, tor lavint' duties on hnnorieil silk good", mailp tho special order of iheeiav, for the '.!7thoflh'nmonih. Mr. Jones, the Chairman of tlio eotniniltco ol Wavs and Means, opposed it, est t ,1,,-vmI.i ;irr..r ..",,1, -i- .... , n -v.. Adams thought a hill which went to nroiiiln nio.in to iay on ueuts ami loins, iioserved much more favor than a hill to create more debt. .Mr. Jones pave a woeiiu account ol I ho immediate arm nrissinr w-mt oi iiu- i reasury; aim now- lie proposed lo meet tliem All his reimrks were confined to immediate u-.mis! want- which must he provider! before the lth nf March next. for which Mr. Clisllinrr rniined Mr Tnnrs over tlie knuckles, and reminded him I hat tin- mv eminent would exist and have wants too after the- -Itli ol March, which he honed would urn he overlooked lie loin .nr. Jones lie hoped that ni-ulii r this govern- me-iii or me worm vvoiim come to an end on Hie -Ith ol March. 1 he nucsimn was nut on .Mr. Adams nm lion, on which no nuornm vote I. and the Huns.- ml. jjurueu. Prom the X. Y. Courier and F.uniiircr. I I VK DAYS LATiHt FROM UNO LAND. The Liverpool packet ship Patrick Ilcnrv Capt. Delano, arrived yesterday, in a remark ably short passage, for she sailed on the 25th ultimo, and brings us Liverpool papers of that date, and London of the preceding day. 1 he news brought us by Ibis vessel is entirely unexpected. It is, that Spain and Portugal, which have scarcely emerged from the horrors of civil war, arc about to engage in hostilities against each other, the pretext bein? on tiie part of Spain, the navigation of thoDuoro, which I'ortugal had conceded to her by treaty, has not virtually boon given to her. We copy from a London paper some remarks on the subject It is probable that tho intervention of Kngland will prevent matters coming to extremities. Tlio F rench Chamber and tho French press, asinatterofcour.se, is now busily engaged in discussing tho question of the foitilications of Paris. Those it appears hive not been discon tinued, as was reported. I he accounts of tho state of tho Liverpool cotton market aro rather of a more favorable character than they have been for some time past. A robbery to a considerable extent had been committed on tho Manchester Hank, tome un known person having applied to and obtained from tho post office, the letters directed to the institution. Many of the Hills of Kxchango thus purloined are drawn in this country. RUSSIA AND KHIVA. The last number of the (lazrtte of St. Peters burg contains an official account of the settle mentor the differences between Russia and tho Khan of Khiva. This settlement will secure the peace of Con tral Asia from tho disturbance to which it has been exposed : and by means of it a nuosii,,,, Hot rid of which misht have become a sniiren r,f jcaiousy neiween misaiaanu England. According to this account, tho settlement in tho result of tho consent of tho Khan to giv e full satisfaction to the lhnperorof Russia for the in. juries of which ho complained. Separated as the Khan is from Russia by deserts presenting formidable obstacles to the passage of troops', that Prince may have presumed rather too much on that circumstance ; but ho will find it to be his interest not unnecessarily to provoke his powerful neighbor to undertake a fresh attempt against him. On the other hand, wo may as. sumo that the Russians unless they have some very serious injuriCd.to complain of, will find little disposition to make a future attenipt,which whatever tho result, must bo attended by a great sacrifice of men and money. From tho N. Y. Journal of Comtnorce. CIIIXURi: AFIVUKS. Wo hivo Canton papers to the 1st of August, and ISonibny to tho 3lM of October. Thu dales arc no later that Ihoso received throuch tho Foolish papers by thi late arrivals, hut wo hnd n few jiaragraphs which npicar to ho worth copying. Doubts are expressed as to the vnlueof the ncquisi. lion obtained in the caplureof Chiisan, the inhabitant, of which, in general, nro staled to be miserably mor, and "every ihim; on tho smallest possible scale." I he only town of any importance on the island, is ling-hae. and the pojmlation of the whulo Kroiui is estimated not to exceed 00,000. Tim excesses of tho soldiery had a ,1 uostuf tho inhabitants to leave thocilv-, and many of them had quit the island, llrhj. adicr llurrcll ia appointed Governor of the ivuvv poj. session. The eapturcef Chusdn being accomplished, Capt. I n t u u.i r i a - nm" a'i i f ir.va d to 'vl.r - er-i.'-rra f.ijp.tut, it w as respectfully returned. Ho then determined to Bian in uiu vvcucsiuy lor i ckiu river, w uenco ms com munication would be sent to Pckiii, . e. it ho could pet it forward. Nuig-po, by (be last accounts was block aded, and another squadron had gono to blockade the i anE-tse-uiang, icauniff 10 uanion. Calcutta jiapcrs say tho Kmperor will be required to Jilcad innoranco of tho sayings and doings of Un, to deliver hint unto tlio Canton merchants, lo open the iraucanu pay tne pipar. moiisanus oi cnpies oi a llritish proclamation or manifesto bad been lithonranh- e-d, and would be distributed among tho people on the coasi. A writer in the Canton Press of Auirnst 1st. after giving an outline of various letters which lie had re. ceived from Chusan. adds. " we nave commenced the war with China, nut whero and when w ill it cndl IS'ooncllmt Ihovoscen letters from, seems to expect a settlement of affairs this season, the in nsoon will turn against us counloof months mole, nnd then whernaro wn7" Tho following article, w hich wefind in the Overland Courier Oct. 3lst, but which appears to have been copied from a Calcutta nr China paper, alludes to some of tho difficulties which tho expedition is liable to en counter, til account is unrr its n iieels three noints seem lo us worthy of remark. The first in um nasi proceedings oi mo equina cxneuinoii is that the only loss hitherto received has arisen to the llritisli from tho rocks at the entrance of n harbor t the second is that tho natives dread the foreigners anil hesitate to approacli tnem ; and tin; third is unwilling nessof tho Mandarins to enter into nnv negotiations. The K.xpedilion has proceeded to tho Northward for tho purpose of making a demonstration at the entrance of tho river of the Northern Cntiital. that is in order to frighten the inmates of t lie Palace. It is certain that if any external acts could create alarm in that un-w-ieldv Imnire nr nrnilnen nnv rlTr-et nf Tsnoslnnf. it must be those of an expedition which in tho short space of tw o months has attacked four w idely separate parts nf the coast, viz i Canton river, Anioy, Chusan and Pel ho. Thcage nnd infirmities nf tho present Fmpcrorgivc no ground lor apprehension ol anyencrgelin measures from him. AVc know nolhinsr of tho 1'iince, whom ho may choose to succeed him, since by the laws of that itovcrnnicnlthe Kmperor is authorized lo appoint his own successor. II w ould bo fortunate for us, if an appeal was made by onv of the nrme, for aid to as- cend tho throne ! then would tho Kmpiru be placed at the disposal of Grcit Hritain. lint it is manifest that to ensure success, wo must work more m ihe Palace, tf wo can reach it, than m the rivers, er the sea coast; or even in the battle field. Thoaccidcn w hich occurred on tho sunken rock neir Tmgliae, is sufficient In excite occasional appro hensionsfor that part nf the Frpcditioni which isgoin: into seas comparatively little known, and where the typhoons are also to be feared. Yet relying on tho intelligence- and activity of the llritish sailors, wo trust inai iiu suaueii rucus, nor uinous squalls w in uu u lie iurv. The more one reflects on the two last points, tlio murudillicult becomes the solution of Ihe problem, to vv Inch wo in this journal alluded on former occasions, viz.- Ihe formation of a permanent treily or of any airangemcnt likely to ln-t with that extraordinary people. If the Fm'peror, like his Mandarins and his subjects, w ithdraw from our reach, if the w hole people decline to come near us, the llritish ships may revel in destroying or iliindenng the cilioson the coast, but it dos not tlicrcloro liecomo evident, how wc can form treaties. What will be tho character of the demonstration of tho Admiral at Pciho we do not nretend to discover, but if the inhabitants always retire before him, and if the nnlitary pirl ol me expedition have to proceed lo IVkin, and even if they gain possession of it, nothing fixed seems gained, e.xce 1 great plunder perhaps for the-actual soiuierss out i 10 tormation ot treaties may be as distant as before. It is besides, not to he vpposrrt that tho Chinese will not oiler nnv resistance t and if they onco gam an advantage, tho millions miv refuse to mako any arrangement whatever with the invaders, who arc not sufficient to follow tlieiu and to conquer them in miuv ulaces. Our hope is, that the two llritish I'lliots, who hive ihe performance nf this extraordinary ta'k, will be atlc to tiiini it. iluni iieing a country, the leading principles nf whoso polity are so unlike "those of other parts of the world, has ;long afforded a wide field for various speculations ; it is not for mere speculations' Fake, we propound Ibis question, it is hecaiiso we wish to see the llritish Kxpedition producing tho expected results, the Chinese led into the acceptance of proper terms, and elleclive arrangements made. The conflict is begun; we wait for its results. REMAINS oFnaPOLFON. The Paris Messager has alongdclail of pro coolings connected with tho exhumation of the remains of Napoleon, furnished by a corrcspon dent, from which the following is an extract : The works commenced at midnight, and continued without relaxation upwards of nino hours. At half pastnmem tho morning, tho earth removed from the vault, all tho hori7nntal strata of masonry demolish cd, and tho large slab which covered the interml sar. cuphagus detached, and raised by means of a crane. The sarcophagus in llag-stuncs was perfect, and could scarcely he siid to ho damp. As soon as the Abbe Coqiiereau had recited the first prayers, tlio coffin was removed with the gratest care, and carried by tlio en gineer soldiers bareheaded into a tent, which had been ii cparcd lor us reception near thotointi. It is difficult to describe with what anxiety, with w hat emotions, those who were present w aited for the moment lh.it was to expose to them all that death had left Napoleon. Notwithstanding the singular stale of preservation of the tomb and coffins, wo could scarce. ly hope to find anything but some misshipen remains nf the least perishable parts of the costume lo evidence the identity. Hut when, bv lliehand of Dr. Gmllard. Ihe satin sheet was raised, an indescribable feeling of surprise and all-clion was express! d hy the spectators, most of whnui burst into tears. Tho Kmperor him- s"lf, w as lit fore llieir eves. The features of his face, though changed, were perfectly recognized thehatuls perfectly beautiful his well known costume had suf fered but little, and the colors wereeasily distinguished the epaulets, tho decorations, and the hat. seemed to hoeniircly perserved fiom decay the atliludc itself wis lull nt eise, ami nut lor tiiu fragments M the satin lining, which covered as wilb a tine gauze, several pirts nf theuniforni, we might have believed wc saw Petorc us .vipoli op pun exiLniled on a ned ol slate, General liertri.i ' ,ind M. Marchand. who were nres cut .-it the inlerni"Ul, quickly pointed out tho dilbrint articles winch cacti had deposited in tho conin, and in tho proem position which they had previously desciiled. It was even remarked that the lift hand. which General IScrlrand had taken lo kiss lor the last ti-no, before the coffin w as closed up, still rcmainid slightly raised. Ihtvveen the legs, near the hit, were the two vases which c jutaincj tho heart and ciilrail 1 ho two inn -r colons were carefully elosed ugnii the old lea len coffin was strongly blocked up with wedges of w ood, and I olh were once more soldered up with me most minute pn caution, under the direction M. Guilhtil. These ilill'i-icnt operations being termi nated, llteebony surenphagus was closed as well as the oak cw, un dtlivenng tho key or the thony siircoplngiis to Count de ("Inbot. the king's con.mis- ioner, Captain Alexander declared to him, in the mine nf the Governor, that ibis coffin, containing the mortal remains of ihe l.mperor Napoleon, was con sidered at tho disposal of the French Government, from that davandfiom the moment it should arrive at tho place of embarkation, to which it was about to bo sent, under tho orderof General Middlemorc. The kings commissioner rcp icd that he was charged bv his government, and in it name, to nceept the coffin from the hands of the I'ritiMi Ti'horitios, and that he and the other persons composing the French mission, were ready lo follow it to James Tnvn, where the Prince do Joinville, superior commandant of tbee.xpc dilion, would be ready 10 receive It and conduct it on board his frigate. FO RFIG N MISCFLLAN V. It will bo seen by the following extract from the London Times how much importance is at tached to tho treaty lately concluded between the llritish government and that of Texas. The concluding sentenco of tho Times article "speaks wollumes," as Sam Weller says. In lBIKi, with a comparatively small popula tion, anil at no time with more than '-'.(MKI men in tho field, they defeated and made prisoner General Santa Anna, tho President of .Mexico, and since that period they have remained in un disturbed possession of tho country. Tho form of government they have established is modelled afler that of the United States, avoiding the federative system. They have decreed tolera tiou in religion, and by an article in their consli tution, have declared tho slavo trade piracy. Thev havo adopted, it is said, a code of laws as Imitated to the common law of Fngland. Du ring tlio late btrui' ;io in Mexico, thu Texans, wo aro assured, bad the moderation to decline taking part with citimr side, th nigh they had the tempting oiler from Federalists of an immediate declaration of independence as the prico of their adhebiou. Thoy succeeded in IS:)7iu obtaiuiii" such recognition from the United States, from France in 1 W, and from tlio government of I lolland and llclgiiim during the present autumn. Tho moral blot upon Texas, in tho opinion of tlio people of thii country will bo tho existence in it of domestic slavury ; but it seems to bo under more control and betlor management in that respect than many much older states. If the statements which havo been mado to us on tliis subject aro correct, it is of liuiiteu ox tent, and confined, by law, to emigrant from the United States, who uro alono permitted to mm. grato with their slaves. This could not, how evor, havo formed any just bar to tho re j"nition of its independence. ' All that can bo I' litod for is the exertionol the m Tal inlluenro of Knglaud in tint; m iini r r 'ii n i" Tiint,'. Ill MICH II Ctt f . ... 'hoe r, ,s.a r, f,"l0 now government In tho suppression of the slave trade, which she has already declared to bo pira cy. js allowing now openings tor our com- mcrco there must spring many advantages from this treaty. Texas should be, from position, tho greatest cotton growing country in the world, which pursuit, joined with her great agricultur al resources, must preclude lor centuries any rivalry with our manufactures. It will be, of course, the policy of tho now btato to improve that intercourse hy low and moderate duties. as j exas increases in population and power, it is not anticipating too much to hope that she mail form that counterpoise in the south u-hich. the Uanadas are in the north to the power of the Uni ted states. Among the now discoveries, methods, &c. wo find tho most interesting to be the follow ing Of a Prinlina Press. A Mr. Lenormand. a French mechanic, has discovered tho means of printint: on one cylinder both sides of the same shoot, which enabled his mechanical press to act with a quickness double any hitherto known, and can produce 4,000 copies in an hour. Of a Aim Method to Clean Glass Powder finely indigo, and dip into it a moistened rag, with which smear the glass, and wipe it oil with a dry cloth. Very finely sifted ashes, ap plied by a rag dipped in spirit, will also answer well ; but bpamsii while is apt to roughen the lass, To PncsnnvE Tntnr.K. It has ticcn ascor- taincd that timber soaked for foiiio days in lime water, will resist dry rot much longer than lim ber not similarly treated. After it is taken out of lime water, , it should bo allowed to dry and season. I.N LtTitonnAriiT The London Aienttm says : A report has reached us of an cxtraordi- nary discovery by Mr. Hullmandol, who had at ready done much to improve lithography, of a now mode of producing-pictorial ellbcts on Iitho. graphic stone by tints washed with a brush, like sepia drawing, winch yield impressions so per fectly resembling original sketches, that the difference is not disccrnable. Tlio painters, wc arc told will now have at their command a moans of multiplying their own works-, which their ha bitual practice renders available without altering their style of handling ; for this now mode of iiiiu.0iapiiy, or rauicr painting on stone, is just as if the sketch were made on stone, instead of on paper. Tho variety and dolicacyof the tints, tho freedom and facility with which they are produced, and modified as well, and their dura bility under the printing process, aro among the advantages attributed to this discovery, of which some trial specimens, by Mr. Harding, have neon handed about privately, but not vet pub lished ; the patents by which Mr. Hullmanded has secured to himself tho benefit of tho invon. tion not being yet completed. Interesting to Fir.nMEN and othehs A Mr. Wallace lias invented an apparatus for ena bling persons to enter places on firo without danger from smoke, by means of roathiii" through water. A box of tin con' oiing the water is placed on the man's back with tubes connected, forming a ring round the body ai.d straps for the shoulders. A hood of M'lntoah cloth glazed in front is put on tho head, and being attached to tho side tubes, four gallons of water will enable a person to bear tlio densest smoke for twenty minutes. Several members expressed their high opinion of the protector, and explained its analogy to some other plans in present use n London and elsewhere. To prevent tlio puckering caused bv nastc or glue, substitute a thick solution of catoutchouc, which nemg applied to the edges of the paper, is allowed a little time to got dry and sticky before the sheets are joined together. Tun Law or Dcodands, a wise provision, which it would be well to introduce into this country, is exciting some attention in England, and it is proposed so to alter it that the penalties or deodands shall go to tho party injured or to his or her relatives : At present, if from any negligence of the dri ver or the proprietors of a'stage coach or railway, train the foss of lifo ensues, and a penalty is imposed upon tho delinquent party, that penal ty is given by the law to the King or Queen or to tho of the Manor, instead of the parties more immediately affected by the death of the sufferer, namely, his wife or children, or near relations, although the consequence of the bereavement may be to reduce his family to beggary. It is true, indeed, that the State has an interest in the life of everyone of its subjects, hut it is not a pecuniary interest, it is a political interest. The enforcement of demands, so far as they induce catitiou over persons instructed with the lives of the people is highly salutary in produc ing caution ; and, therefore, wc would not re peal but amend the law, by making it conducive, as far as it is possible, to repair or alleviate those sufferings which neglect frequently oc casions, but which no amount of penalty can, in some cases, adequately compensate. Some workmen digging a now pit near Amlwch, Cheshire, discovered within three feet of the surface, a stone urn. on ononimr which thoy found a tinman skeleton, in a high state of preservation, nioasuruigtho extraordinary length of sov en feet six inches. The skeleton through out was quite proportional to its length, and in a very perfect condition. Tho urn appears to have been made from the Abordovoy limestone,

and had the appearance of being very much cor roded by time. It boars no inscription to throw on its history any rays jf information to gratify the inquiries of tlio curious respecting this gi gantic "remnant of departed years." 'From the rude nature of this urn or coffin, it seems pro liable that the body had been first laid in tho grave, and limestones placed round its side, and on the top only, which, from tho length of time thoy had laid under ground, had become con nected together. Largest Volcano in the World. From commu nications just made to the Geographical Sociely, u iqiju'iiB uiiii iu ucti, a uunilli llioiiiiiaiu in Owyhee, one of tho Sandwich Islands, has a cra'cr of more than nino miles in circumference. and lately threw forth a lake of liquid lava one nine long by nan a milo broad, emitting intense licit, and glowing with extreme brilliancy. inundations in i kance. Tho late news furnishes some dismal details concerning the people along tho shores of tho Rhone and the Soane. From authentic accounts vv liolo villages havo disappeared, bridges havo been swept, many lives have boon lost, and in tlio suburbs and tlio lower parts of tho city of Lyons, hun dreds of houses have been demolished bv tho ' "nidation, which lasted upward of one month. i tie waters were several feet higher than was evor known before higher than in tho vear 1711, when awful disasters occurred : the nccu niary loss is estimated at three hundred millions of Irancs nearly sixty millions of dollars ; the sufferings of tho poor, particularly in the popu lous city of Lyons, are represented as beyond description. Gi:.. GAINHS. TVMni. Gen. G vises, of the II. S. Armi- i.S CT hibitinghis vvifensa l.ccturcss in the several Cities of the Union. We had supposed that the vanity of an old nnn to show n pretty young Wife, was at llio bottom of his foolery ; but the correspondent of the Hoston Atlas says that they make a regular hm-mess of tho thing, leaving "Tie' "ts nt 5C jnts" nt tho usual deposilories ! This is really iscrrddilablo to tho Army ana tho Country. As an officer, Gen. Gain'es has no right to engage in other pursuits vvilh oul resizninnr his commission, llm nhnvenll he should not bo allowed to tarnish a profession in which ho iioius uisnnguisiieu ranK, uv liecoining an itinerant Lecturer for money. .14 Jour. Tor. Mi-nnnnEa or ICllen Jewett, Robinson, the miiritererori.lhn Jrvvclt, whoso trial and acquittal Iifl an indr'iblo stain upon the tribunal before which he was ar jucd, went to Texas, where ho tins since lot us rig ' arm that arm wilb which ho planted a halchet .to tho forehead of a fraikbut to him an nnof fending girl, and with which ho then applied an in cendiary loicb to the bed where she lay weltering in her blood, thus attempting to conceal the murder by coalmining arson that twin arm has been cleft from his shoulder, in a fight with tho Mexicins I ISor is Ibis tho only retribution (hit has visited the guilty. It will ho reccollccted that I i utnso, the in fruited groe-r who went into court and committed i . ' . vui i uui i-itii mi ivu itT77iU maniac and Journal. drowned himself. Albany Urtning IMPORTANT AKREST. TtAiTiMnnc. Jan. 10. I-'or a few weeks Past we bavo refrained from publishing accounts of certain robber ies of the mail from tho west to Now York, and points beyond it, of which vvoliadinforniition, lest thu extent oi our circulation siiouiu inane usuisuumciiiu m em barrassing tho proceedings and plans of tho 1 ost Offico Department, for the detection t.f tho robbers, Hut there is now no longer any couso for silence) that necessity hcingobvialcd by alcller received yes terday by Mr. Vansant, postmaster of this city, from Howard Kennedy, F.sq., special ogent of tho Post Office Department, dated at Union Town, Pennsyl vania, on Ihe 8th inst. From this wo learn that, on tlietirnimnailfiv. nt Wnsbinrrton. in that State. Mr. Kennedy and Mr. George Plitt, also a special agent of me ueparinicni, arrcstca a man -mi mail driver, whoso volunteered confession implicated n anmnu'lint rrt lirntf-fl ilnetnr named Pamcll. who nfhehted as his clerk, and another by tlio name of Straycr, who acted the part of Ins tool, on mo samo ,ml il,i.n nnrsnns uwn nrrnsteil. and Messrs. Ken nedy and Plilt look possession of tho doctor's estab lishment. During tho night they found several mid pouches in the puvy, besides trunks, carpet bags, &c, which circumstance shews that tho robbers extended their operations among the baggage of travellers, ns well as among tho mail bags. On the next day Ihcy found upwards of 810,000 in tho hay mow: and a number of the notes of which that sum is mado up, can be identified as having been mailed at Louisville, Kentucky, in November Inst, by a Mr Tyler. Cor- man, the driver of tho mail stage, has been commuted nml rtrnillet.. Sir.iv, r nml Pornell. have been ordered in find hml. the first in 8V1.000. the second in 815, 000, and tho third in S10.000, nnd time given them until this dav to find it. Atlhod.ilo of Mr. Kcnnc du'a let ipr. MY. Plitt was ennneed in further search. and the citizens were active in their endeavors to make additional discoveries of properly. This arrest is im portant on nccount of the developments that it has made and w ill doubtles bring about, and which w ill have the effect to root out a villainous gang of coun terfeiters and rogues, or whom this nr. liraaice, mm Ii eo arrested as his accomplices, aro believed to form a part. F It I D A Y M O It N I NG, JAN U ARY 22, 1911. DEATH OF JUDGE 1IAIGHT. We nro pained to learn that the Hon. Sin riiEN Haigiit of this place, Sargcant-at-Arms to the U. S. Senate, died at Washington, on tho 12th inst. lie left homo in very feeble health, early in November, not fully determined wheth cr ho should proceed to Washington ornot. His physician at Philadelphia, however, advisd him to spend tlio winter south, and lie accordingly proceeded to tho Capitol buoyed up with ti.o hope that ho should find himself able to attend to tlio duties of liis offico during tho session and again return to his family in tho spring. But it was otherwise ordered. His iron constitution could no longer maintain the unequal contest, and early m January it became apparent that ho was fast sinking under his complicated disease. His family were notified, and -Mrs. H. immediate ly started for Washington, though not in lime, wo fear, to receive his parting blessing. Judge Haigiit had spent most of his days in this Etate filled many important offices, and ex ertcd a largo political influence. lie was a man of more than ordinary talents, gifted with keen perception, and, uniting an unaffected easy ad dress to a largo share of practical common foiisc, lie was esteemed and respected by all, however widely thoy might differ with him, politically or otherwise. As a townsman, a neighbor, a friend his loss will bo sincerely deplored : and as witli one heart, this community mingle their sympa tliics with those of his atllictcd family in their bereavement. Nor was lio less respected anroad. row men, under similar circumstances ever shared more largely in the esteem of lead ing men at Washington. During his last sick ncfs, wc aro credibly informed, he was visited a'most daily by tho members of tho Senate, and every attention bestowed that friendship could suggest; and when it became known that he had made a dying request that his bones tuHit rest among the green hills of his native state, the Senate unanimously voted an appropriation of S-jOL) for that object, and directed that his full salary for the sosssion bo paid to his family. Air. FitcM-s submitted the following resolu- lion : Jlcsolrcil. That Ihe secretary nf die !.im i. .!, reeled to pay. ns a part ol" the contingent expenses of .jvii.iiv, -3)vu iu me oruer oi tne widow of Sie-riiE.N- Haigiit, late sergeant-nl-anns of the .Senate, to uurny ine expense ol placing Ins body 111 a proper niaiincrand nn secure coffin, carefully protected, in the Pllb'ic vaults in the Onnnreslnn ! l,nr,il nrn...l a' Washington, and tlio expense of Ironsporlauon of i iu uuiij iu ma menus in Vermont, and Us Uurinl there: and that the secretin- li,.,lir. i. siid widow tho salary of the deceased for the residue of me leini lor w'liicu no was elected. After some few remarks from Messrs u r.iGiiT, iiitc, Kinij and White, (e.xplan atory of tlic object, audits bein!r in conformity with thewishc3 of the deceased,) the resolution wasauopteil. This liberality is well bestowed ; and white it confers substantial benefit upon its worthy object, it also affords a pleasing evidence that amid tlu turmoil and strife of tlio political forum the better qualities of our nature still assert their realm, and command a ready homage to those finer feelings winch adorn humanity. ttjMr. Woodbury has at last been compellei to como out and ask for more Treasuru Xnlcs On Saturday last, the Committee of Ways and .Means brought in a bill for fixe millions more ! Mr Woodbury, in his last report, pretends that the revenue of tho country is adequate to its ox ji-iiuiiiircs; anu, six weens allerwards, comes out with " a beggar's petition" for live millions of Treasury Notes. He knew as well six weeks ago, as he does at this moment, that a new issue of Treasury Notes would haue to bo called for before the -ltli of March or that tlio wheels of government would havo to stop. c are glad to perceive that the subject ot our North Western lioundarv, and the en croachmentsoftlie llritish in that quarter, as welt .1 !. A ... . , ... u uiu.mj un uiu noriii-i.asi, lias neon called tip in Congress. Wc trust that it will not bo permit ted, as it has been too often already, to be thrown aside for other and far less important topics. not put in a train for adjustment now, wc arc con fident that it will early receive tlio attention of President Harrison, and wo sincerely hope that tins most important of all tho vexed questions that divide and harass tlio country, most impor. tant, certainly, so far as the future welfare of the Union is concerned, may bo among tho many acts, icit unuone ny Jus unworthy predecessors, completed and set at rest hy him. Uesi-mi-tion. Tho Philadelphia Hanks resumed specie payments on Friday. There was no particular throng about any but the Girard nnd U. S. Hanks. At a meeting of tlio several banks in llio city of Haiti more on Monday last, a resolution was adopted by a ucciueu vote, that it was incxiedieiit for llio hanks of that city to resume, unless there was a simultaneous act nf resumption on tho jiart of tho banks of Virginia This vote, wo lake it for granted, settles tho question that there will ho no resumption south of I'cnnsylva ma at the present lime. Massachusetts. Hon, Isaac C. Hates, of North Hampton, has been elected lo tho l.'niled States Sen otc, in place of John Davis. The vote stood, for Hates 230, Morton III, e-i'ering fi. Ho is also elected tor tho full tain, as well as the vacancy. Mvins. Fdvv.ird Kent is Governor of litis Slate. There was no choice, however b ho people. The vote stood ns follows i Kent 15,571 j Fairfield 15,507 1 scattering 93. No person having received a majority of tho whole niimbei of voles cast, the house 6elcoc. -.' mi f"' "P '' "vhcs ef F 'ward Kfnt on-l J hn Fairfield to tho Senate, as tlio two cadidatc for Gov ernor. The Sonata having balloted for a choice, it appeared thatlMvvard Kent had received 16 votes and John Fairfield 8. Geoboia. The Journal of Commerce says; "Hincs Holt, (whig,) is elected to tho present Congress in tho aiato or Georgia, to supply tho vacancy occasioned by the resignation of Mr. Colq-iiti, V, H." Delawabe. Tho Delaware X. miture bavoclcct- cd tho Hon. Thomas Clayton, and the Hon. Richard II. Ilayard, both fricn-1s .,f Gen. Harrison, to repre sent that stale in tho Senate of llio Union. Washington- Jan. 12 In the suit nf sini-kirm nn.l Stokes, mail contractors, vs. Amos Kendall, tried ill the Circuit COUrt at Wnshirwtnn. llm tnrv nn Tues day rendered a verdict for tho plaintiffs damages SW,Ud W. I ho damages wero claimed nn account of Ihe long delay in tho payment of plnintiliV demand against t tho department, w hich delay wos alleged to bo malicious. F.xccplions wero taken, and tho case will go to tho Supremo Court for argument. WASHINGTON GOSSIP. Mr. Webster has formillv necentnd the nl.ire nf ihe State Department i Mr. r.vvinL'.lho Post Ollico De. imrtmentsandMr Crittenden, tho post of Attorney i.cneral. General Harrison thinks cf leaving home, it is stated, on the 13th, and having accepted nn in vitation to visit Pittsburg, cannot well bo m Washing ton before Fehuarv 1st, whence he goes on n visit to Virginia., W. II. H. Taylor, Hq. Ins son-in-law. will be his Private Secretary. In ihcabscnceof Mrs Har rison, (who has bccnscriouslv thrnitl nml will, n Inlc jaw from a splinter run into her thumb,) Mrs. Taylor, ' iik""-', hio iiiouicr oi me iicncrni s son-in-law, will oicn the While House, and havotho ehargeof its domestic affairs till Mrs. H.c.in leivn ihe l.'nri), It,! Alexandria Oaz. A Washington letter says "Individuals arc writing on here to engage rooms or places during tho maiig uraiion. Iho Hotels will mako no cnrracremeiila. uiclsuy is lining up in Ins court yard a sort of oblong Log Cabin dining room, intending to turn his present dining room into bed rooms. Provident pcojile would not do ill, if they come here with no previous prepar ations, to bring tents and cots along with them, for they will need hath, according to present appearanc es." In-avocbation IUll. Preparations aro making at ashmgton for n grand inaugeiation ball on the 1th of March. The following managers have been selec ted from the two I louses of Congress j Sen-vtobs. Mr Webster. t,f Mass. : Mr Talmadne. ofN.Y. i .Mr Crittenden, ofKy.-, MrMernck. of Mil. Mr Preston, of S. C.s Mr Man "m, of . C; Mr I'hclps,of erniont. Membf.bs oFTiir. Hot-sE. Mr Hvans. of Mc. i Cost Johnson, ofMd.; Mr Hill, Va. : Mr Hell, of Teim Air Granger, nt A. 1 . ; Mr Chinn, of f.ou'a'i Mr Hoardm m. nf Conn, s Mr Tillinglnt, of 11. 1. 1 Mr Dawso, ; Geo. ; Mr Stewart, nf 111. ; Mr Cooper, of i-cnii, t .vir u ngeway, ol uiuo j .vtr Uoty, ol wis. ; .Mr Downing, of I'lorila. THF FUONTIFH. A totter from a correspondent at Derby Line, Vt. stales that a part) of young men from that vicinity belonging this side of "the Line," wore engaged a few days ago in fishing thre ugh the ice in Lake Mcinphrcmagog, when they wore met by a parly from Stanstead in Canada, some six miles distant, engaged in a similar business, A dispute arose between two of them, one from each parly, on the old " Patriot" question, and tho others were finally drawn in and they had a regular tight of it. Tho party from Derby finally succeeded in driving away their opponents ; but not until there were somo "black eyes and bloody noses," on both sides. The people in tlio vicinity had bocotno aroused by this quarrel, and long smothered prejudices was struggling for a vent. Further outrages wero threatened on botli sides and it was rumored at the date of tlio letter that a parly from Canada were already on the march to attack and burn the premises of one of llio most obnoxiou-, "patriots'' on this side of the Lino. A large number of his neigh bors, well armed, had assembled to defend him, determined, if John Hull's men did invade them, to give them as much as thev wanted. Iloslon Mail. More TnovcLE pown east. The Herald of this morning states, on the authority of a gentleman who arrived m this city last evening fiom Maine, thai three gentlemen, whoso names are given as Thomas F. Tcmplcton, Georpo Cady and John II. Kenvvick while irocicdmgoii their way from llangor to Cana da, were stopped near Madawi'kn, by a parly of lint-i-h armed soldiers, who insulted them and without provocation as.-aultcd ihein. Mr. Cady was Knock ed down with a blow from a musket ; Mr. Temileton received a bayonet wound in the shoulder, and .Mr. Kenvvick, trying to escape, received a bullet in his thigh. All officer then came up and checked iurlher hostilities. M'.rcantile Jvur. The Patiuot. The Detroit Advertiser no tices a paragrapli stating tho patriots of Michigan have thirteen big guns secreted, witli which it is tiicir intention to cannonade Maiden, and gives it a flat denial, so far as the number and proposed use of the guns are concerned. There are, tho Advertiser believes, in the city three or four old cannon said to bo the property of the "patriots ;" but there appears to be no disposition to use them. NORTH FASTFItN 150 UN DA ft V. Wo in ike the following extract from Gov. Kent's .Message to the Legislature of .Maine, communicated on the loth inst. "I regret lint it is not in my povvcr to congratulate vou and the Sta c, ujion the final settlement of the long vexed que-tiun, relating to our North Kastvrn lioundarv. On a furuur occasion 1 e.iresscd mv views fully upon the-justice of our claim, and the obli gations ol the fcdrinl government to all'ord us md and protection m enforcing it. I hive seen no reason to nltar the views then expressed. Our claim to the whole territory is perfect and unanswerable, and no sophistry or evasion can avoid or nnnul il. Hut it is needless to waste words upon this jioint, as it is iini. versallv conceded by every American, that the treaty of 17SJ, fairly interpreted nnd honestly executed, would sustain all our claim. This unanimity of sen timent isvvell calculated to insjiiro us with confidence, that although diplomacy may interpose its del.ivs, there is an aoiding conviction pervading our vvhoUi country wmcn may no relied upon lor linn! supiori in tho assertion of our just rights. It was indeed ci i fidently believed that after llio solemn expression ' Congress in 1S13, and Ihe cv ills which occurred on thefruuticr in IS ill, the r.uglish government would he satisfied that del ly m the tettbinent nf tins ipn s linn was dangerous to the peace nf the two countries. Tho promptness nnd encrirv with which the i.mm. incut and people ol. Maine, w ith one heart and voice met tne mrent loexjicl us Horn the Aroostook, the ready obedience with which our chosen soldiery res jionded to the call of their commander, and the un shaken zeal with which thev inarched from their comfortable homes in the depth of winter into the in terior fortsls, and the firm determination which nns manifested by every man to sustain the assertion of nm iignis, inusi navu s,iiineii all, that although Maine for tho sake of the pe-acoaud quiet of the coun try, nnd in her nnxiotis desire avoid e-ollisiou with a foreign power, might forbe." to enforce her extreme ri-.-hls pending negotiations, mere was vet o jomt beyond which sho would not submit to encroach ments, and there was a spirit in her peojile which would not .brink before threats of military pul-ion. Alt'' whatever nrronircments have been as-umil lo, in r ird to the jurisdiction of different porpons of the territory, pending negotiations, must bo regarded merely as temporary in their nature, and tinder n pro-te-t alvvvs that wo relinquish no claim and no ri-dil to tho nhsoliite and undisputed ow ncrship nnd jurisdic tion of every inch of our State. Mmm- has certainly deserved iho sympathy and sunnnn of l,r State-, by her long continued forbearance and patience . ,i,ni .nun, i-uiirasu win ciucuinieii to awaken in dignation nnd incite to hostilities. A mere request for n grant lias riicned into an absolute cla: n, and veir lifter year, our Slate has witnessed her hopes bin'- , and her reasonable expectations unfulfilled, ond this question of vital importance undetermined nn.l nr.1,1. juslej. The arrangement assented loon tho part cf Maine i in 1339, by winch, on condition that .Maine solium remain in iinuisiutneei possession of part of the territory, il was stipulated, that wo should not "at tempt tn disturb by arms tho Province of New- Hums,, wick m the possession of the Madnwaska settlements was acquisesccd in by the pco!e only on the ground and ' belief, that immediate and determined i ll'orls wero l.. bo in good faith adoiued by Loth General (avcrnmentsln bring the mailer toaspeoly.justnnd final determination. Indulging such hopes, .Maine has certainly yielded much in tho matter of lemjio rnry arrangements, influenced hy tho wish to pre. serve the peace of the country ond lo remove nil ob stacles to the progress of necotiation Hut sho has a right loask, when tho yields so m... h, that her mo lives should be niprccn'(d, and her cause become llio cause of tho wbolo covuiiryandpresscd with vigor andenergyton final settlement In the meantime it is ur duly to keep our eyes nnd our thoughts upon tho starting point of lha treaty the North Angle or Nova Scotia and the Highlanns from theiK v plain- ly specified in tho treily: and not suffer oursclw to bo drawn away into ihscmv.or. whether the monn inentatthe soureoof the St, Croix which wns located bv beth fr. tar-ifirf T-"ro i-j j1 -earn sji e xni" fully established, is nt tlio truo point, or whether it . ' , ... l.n..n l.,nnme 1 , mm iviii uuwii, uim u,w.." ..in, ,nv utu, Inrrrn nvers Tho fncoof I ho "enr'',i." as it existed '., ... .1 .l U.n nnw 1,pcn?.f. ti.n I.a.I. tho year olour Lord one lhne,sand seven hundred nnd eighty-three is to dcler.m.io tho locatioi or the High lands of tho treaty, and tho mere speculations of self styled ffar.Wists concerning imaginaryor theoretical I Highlands, which probnl); never had existence except in llio lancics oi spccui.Tivc wieunsis, c;ninui miii and legitimately havo the siigntcsi inuuenco upon ine pending question, more especially when if It could bo demonstrated that the assumed lino noic exists, it would not answer any of tho rcquiremciitsof the treaty. To mystify whit is plain, and draw attention from tho main suujcci to collateral issues, is souu-nmes u ui jiloinalic modo of procrastinating a final decision, and of making up a plausible case from tho mere duration of tho controversy. i lie statement oi tne progress anu present siaio ui llio negotiations between tho two government!, communicated by the President f tho United States in Ills late annual message, would lead us to indulge tho hopo or "a prompt ami satisfactory termination oi tho negotiation," and a "certain nnd final adjustment of tho hunts in dispute." Tho delays nnd obstacles wnicli hive hcretulorc Lccn interposed and wmcn have appeared to us unreasonable and unnecessary, cannot but still influence our feelings and lend us to moderalo our hopes by our c.xienencc. If however the President has eauso to say that there is an un doubted disposition of both parties to bring llio matter to nn early conclusion, we may. without the charge of being too sanguine in our anticipations, confidently trust that a fur, and honorable jiroposilion for a com mission with final powers to end tho di'iiulc. will be readily and fully ns nled to by tho Fnghsh Govern ment, unless mere is a ii.xeu determination on us part to bring the matter lo tho last resort of nations. Tho lime cannot be far distant, when tho question must assume a iiiorodelinitoshape, cither peaceable or war like, and much as wo may deprecate the awful evils nnd miseries of war, we ought to be prepared to meet he issue, ifsu'h after all, is the determination of our ,." n's, wit' Ihe firmness of men, who feel that have 1,.J r,-'hl...iid who will not vtcld to threats er force the inhrr lance of our fathers "and tho rmjitful Icrritoiy ofoiirSlatc. The unanimity which as cha racterised our State on this question, in the midt of nil our political excitements, is a suro guarantee that the people arc ready to sustain their rulers mall judi ciottSj temperate, v ct firm and decided measures j and that it is regarded by them as too sacred and too so lemn a subject to be made the instrument of any mero pirty schemes or movements. Lot us, in the siint of lofly patriotism, continue to regard this controversy as one eminent! v national in its character involving both our immediate interest as a State nnd our duty lo tlio whole Union, placed as we are in the front lino of tho disputed ground. Cherishing such senliments, Maine, in this her great question, will stand on high nnd honorable ground and command tho respect and attention to w hn-h she is entitled and secure tho aid and protection gu-irntitcd by the constitution. Tho survey and scientific examination of tho lint, claimed by us, which was commenced by the Stnto in 153S, hut which has since been suspended, has, at last, been undei taken by the Cicncral Government, and from the high character of the gentlemen engaged weareful'y justified in indulging the confident L'hef that wc shall soon have tho evidence of competent witnesses, baseel upon actual examination, and em bodied in a formal rcjiort, to tho existence of tlioso facts, which a ki.r.v ledge nf the laws of nature nnd the ph.'-icnl nece'ssines of the case have long since sa tisfied every reasoning man, niut exist upon the facev of llio cp"ii. It is, in my apprehension, a source of r"grct ti,.et this examination has hem so long delayed, peeially since the singular iio-ilions and remarkable, assertions and assumptions in the report of Mcssri. Feallicrstonhaugh and Mudgc to the Hritish Govern ment. That report ought not to have hnd two years priority of public attention over a counter examination an-' teport on our j-art. The correspondence which has recently been com municated to you, by my predecessor discloses anoth er movement on the part of the ' tish authorities, well calcul tied to arrest attention and .,11 forth in, ig tnnt remonstrance on the part of Maine and tha Union. If I nm correctly informed, in a very short time after Ihe conclu-ion of the agreement, by which it was in effect stipulated that llio lirilish nuthoritiis should not uttcmpt to take military possession of what is termed by them "the disputed territory," during iho existence of that arrangement, a detachment of Hir Majesty's troops was stationed nt Tamiscouata Lake, within tint territory, and liro been contimii ' i ever since nnd wc are now informed that nm -eletacbnient Ins been moved to nnd stationed nt t a Madavyaska settlement, for the purpose of si s r g tho jurisdiction and supporting the exercise of n-.i rite on thopirt of the lirilish Magistrates. Tl i ni vcmrnt has hecn made hy the Governor Cei , al if the Hriti-h Provinces withoiitanv prior notifirat mcr eorrcsnondnie e seeking informal on or exphnat -i from the aulhontii s nf this State or the Unit-d Slates and assuming, as the ground of action, the reports ofact-and I'nenls of luilividinls, without inqurin. whether thn'c assumed facts, if in anv part true wero in pursuance of orders or justified by the government of Maine. I cannot but Mew-ibis proceeding, as my predecessor does in Ins rvplv to Sir John Harvey us "a direct nnd palpable infringenrnt cf the subMstmg arrangement," and as ta'.ing military possession f tint p'lrlum nf the conle-ied territory. At d if th suggestion of I.t, Gov ernor Harvey, who seems " to have been consulted in relation I. ibis new act , Jurisdiction, nnd who cvieli nllv regards.it with regi't if not asaninfiingementof subsisting arr.sngemen i, is di-rcgirded, and ihe llritish troops are p, : i nanent'v located nf Mndawa-kn. I -hill ft cl it my duty tu rets rale llio req lest already mule to the General G' vei nienl, and to uige upon that Government the lustier and expediency of taking military possess c,n on tha jnrl nf the t'nited Slates of tho ternlorv in wsputr. The Gercral Government ovvesit lo Mut e to ir. va forward in this muter, with proinptnr-s. an 1 energy, with a. sincere, and even anxious desire tn i -esi rvo peice, but with ancijiially firm determination ma.n tain suhistingengigemciifs on our part, an-1 t nSlS( upon a full performance from the other puts P t I will not iiermit tnv-se If lodouhl, that pruili nt an,' wiso counciN will prevail, nndihat the promised irr- na tion of cnd ug negotiations will not be re-unb-j or prevented by hasty and unjustifiable mov-rmcs, m relation to mi'unrj occupation, during the jir ign ss if tho surveys and negotiation, intended for a final dj termination of tho long vexed question. Washington-, Jan. 13, 1RI1. I invite ynivr attention to Ihe recent correspondence between Mr Fox and Mr 1'otsyth, m relation to the destruction of the Steamboat Caroline, at Schlossar hen analyzed in connection with ihe facts as 'uey areiindcrsiiiod to be?, it contains anextraordinaiy and as novel ns e xtraordinary ftatuie. Thrrc icina.iu something behind ihe curtain, not yet developed Mr Fox tn. Mr Forsyth, under due of the 13h ult, s ivs -"His ire hwpn, Hiat the destructnn f ths " St'amlioat Ciiro'ine teas a public act of pi r i in "tier Mtj,ily's service, obeyini' the vrifcr cf I' ,ir tu "peri, raiithurilic. That act, lliertfeire, ae'ci ing to ""the usages nf nations, can only be the sul , i ,,f U:s "ciissiou between the two national Govcrn'meius , it ' cannot ju-ily be mau'e thegrouiid of legal prvccedu rs "in Iho United Slates, against the individuals concern "ed. vvlio were bound lo obey the authorities appoint "edhy their own Government." To which .Mr Fnr.-vlh, limit r dateof ihe Iilih De-ceml-cr, replies, "If the destruction of the C'arohno " was a public aet of persons in Her Mnjcsiv s servico, "obeying the erder of their stijicrior authorities, thii "fact liatnotb.in bcfi.nn.mmunicattdtothe f.'ortrn ' mf?i( n the I 'nitid flairs, by a person authorized to " H-uAc the admission." Nov fi i i tl-" nor of Mr Forsyth's reply, it would si-cm tint the Hriiish Ui.v. innfcnt had observed a pollen s.li nee on the subject nf the f'aioline Is thi Ihe fact ' 1 nm wnrranleel in tying it is notj ai . m this consists the "extiaordinary ns wtll as novel fea ture," to which I have referred. A portion of the cor-rcspondeni-e has been suppressed ! Why has it been suiprcs.-eel ! And why are erroneous' impressions made upon the mind of ihe Anuuean people, m rila lion ton subject cf so del.catt a nature as that of the destruction of the Candine! 1 proceed 1 1 tito briefly, what I understand to be the tacts. During the last ytar, .Ur. Stcrenson and Lord J'atmerstun have bad a tart correspondence re sisting the Caroline. Ills lordship jus ifics and de fends the attack, upon the ground Ihnt Mr. Adams assumed nn n vvdl known occasion. Mr. Fo.x, in his leiur of the 29th of December, u-cs the argument of Lord Palmersloii, but ma blind way; clearly indi cating, however, thai he was not unacquainted with thecorresponelcticc that hid taken place on the other side of ihe Atlan-ic. To this letter of Lord Palmer ston, Mr. Stevenson replied, and I have rtnson to believe, in a tolerably able manner. At all events, no sicrificcof our national honor was made in the sligh test degree. I believe I am justified in saving lliat the Hon. Mr. Lyn, a Senator from Missouri, possesses some infor mation on tin' subject. He wos in London at or about the time of the correspondence brturuiMr. Steven sou and I.onl Paltncrston. Holding the cxalvd sta tion which Mr. Lyn does, it may be fairly presumed lliat'lr. Stevenson, bis ors,na! and poliucnl friend, would nat withhold from him a correspondence so deeply affecting the honor of tho Umied Stales. It is to be hoped thnta cull will bo made by Congress for this i-orresponelenco, if it has an existence. That it once ItatI, I well know. THU SPV IN WASHINGTON. SrECftxTios-. It is well known that the Chines Government have offered revvar for the destruction of Hriiish vessels the production f the stern-board, with tho name of the vessel upon 11. being the only rottchcr reijuireel for the payment. The Hoston Atlsi mentions that a cute Vnnkee "down Fast" u busy painting up n lot, which be intends lo send out to the Celeslials on speculation. .llbany Unity .dt. Uesniv vtios- or Kry. D: Oils-. We art rieverl to learn that llio heallh of the Itev. Dr. Olm is anil fi elile, and the project ofiii, improvement so doubtful that be has b. en eonu-ellod to rcsinn iho I'rMiJm.- of the Weslcyan University. The friends of tint tnsti tution nail pliccd great reliance upon th, piety snj tab-Ufa of I)r Ohn, and had looked to him as most em inentlynunlilVd Infill ihe place inada vacant i... .v.- , dca U of Ihe eloquent nrd lamented Fisk IIi ttnz. , nation vv in tne reiore nr a cause oi general regret hi,, not so great as the state of Ins he.v'h should if.s.ke it r.eecsf s r lie prrpises giing Soi-th, w,ih lb, hep,, fpc -"l-eneP lefby am'"-' cbma'e v y ty,.