12 Mart 1841 Tarihli Burlington Free Press Gazetesi Sayfa 2

12 Mart 1841 tarihli Burlington Free Press Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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0 FrcshUnl HAItmsO.VS ImiUKiit al ADDRESS. Call-id from n retirement which 1 had supposed was tocoiitinuofor the rrsidiicof my lift.-, lo fid tlm Chief Executive oflieeiof llusgrrat and free nation, 1'nppear before you, fcllow-citicnx, to lako the oaths which the Constitution describe") as n necessary qualfiica tionfor tliojiutf ji nimii'C cif its duties. .And in obedi ence ton I'tislom coeval with ourtjovernnient, and what 1 believe lo lie your expectations, 1 proceed to present tnyoun sttininiiry of the principle s which will govern nic ui the discharge of the duties w Inch I shall tie called upon to perforin. It was the remark of a Roman Consul in llie early period uf that celebrated ltcpublii, that n most strik ing contrast was disenable in candidates fur offices of powcrand trust before and after obtaining ihem they seldom cdrryinjfditt In the latter case the pledges made m tlm forim-r. However much the world may have improved in many respects, in the lapse, of lip wards oftwo thousand yeats since the remark Was male by thu virtuous and indignant Roman, 1 fear that a strict examination of the annals of some of the modern elective (lovctninetiH would doielopc similar instances of violated confidence. Although the fiat f the people has gone forth, pro claiming mo thu Chief Maj;islialei of this glorious Union, nothing upon their part remainingto be done, it may lie thought thai a motive may c.ixt to keep up the detun in under which they may be supposed to luvj acted in rchliou lo my principles and opinions, nil J perhaps th.-rc may be some in this assembly who have come here cither prepared lo condemn those. I shall new d-liver, orapproting them, to doubt tne unienty with which they areullered. Hut the lapse of a fjw months will confirm or dispel their fears. Thoonthnaof principles to pin cm, and measures to tea lopti-d by an Administration not yet begun, will noon lis exchanged for immutable history, nnd 1 shall and either exonerated by my countrymen, or clas sed with the nnss of those who promised Ihat they might deceive, and thttercJ with the intention to be tray. However strong may be my present purpose lo re alize tin expectations ofa magnanimous nnd confiding people, 1 loo well understand thcinfirimtics of human nature, and the dangerous teniptalious to which I nhall be exposed, fiom the Magnitude of llie power which it has been the pleasure of the people to com mit tj my hands, not to place my chief confidence upon the aid ot that Almighty Power which has hith erto proVctH me, and cnibled me to hiing to favor able ismiis other important but still greatly infeiior trusts heretofore confided t" me by my country. The broad foundation upon which oiir Consiiiuiion tt "ts being th people a (ncath of theirs having made as a breath cm unmake, chatigeor m i lify it it can be nss.gned lo none of thu great d'nisions'of govern ment but t that of Democracy. If such is its theory, those who arc called upon to administer it must ic rngniso, as its leading principle, the duty of shaping their measures s as to produce the gicatest good to the greatest number. Hut, with these broad ndinis nons, if we would compare the sovereignty acknowl edged to ex'st m the mass of ur IVople with the power claiiinil by other sneteigntic?, even by those which have been coiifidi'trd must urtly dcii'ocr.n ic, we shall find a must essential difference. All others lav claim to power limit's! only by their ow n will The majority of our citizens, on the contrary, possess n sovereignty with an tt'jiouul of power" precisely sijual to that 'which has Ke-n granted totliein by the parties to the national compact, and nothing beyond. We admit of no (.'ovcrnnicnt by divine, rich! : he-live ing that, so far as power is concerned, the beneficent -vreato. lias in-ric no iiisiincu-in iiinrifjs, men, uni nrc'iipjn equality, and that theonly legitimate right togovcrnisan express gram of power fr m the gov erned. The Constitution of the united Slates is in Mruinent containing this grant of power to the sever al departments composing the Government. On i examination of lint instrument!! will be found lo contain certain dech-alions of power granted, and of power withheld. The latter w nlm susceptible nf divis'.m into power which the majority had the tichl to grant, nut wniLii inev elm nit iiiiuie proper lo en trust to their agents, and that which they could no! have granted, not being possessed by themselves, In other word, thorcarecertain rLdits possessed by e-ach individual American cilizen, xvhiih, in his com pact with ihe others, he has nver rurrendered. Same of them, in leel, ha is un ible to surrender, being in the Ivigiiu'c of our system, uiiiil.enalile. ThaboasteJ privil"gu ofa Ho'nan citi.en was to tiiiu a shield only against a petty prownqal rul"r( wlnlsi the prou I democrat of Athens could console himself unJer a sentence nf death, for a supposyl violation of the national faith, which no one understood, nnd wh'ch at times was the subject of the mockery of all, or of banis'intent from hishoni., his family, and hi country, with or without an alleged can" i lliat it was the act not ofa single tyrant, or hated aristocracy, bat of In assembled countrymen. r.iriliUcrentis the pawjrof our sovereignly. It can inlerfere with no min's faith, prescribe forms of worship for no one's observance, inflict no punishment but aficr well-aseei-tainedguilt, the result of investigation under forms prescribed by the Constitution itself. These precious privileges, and those scarcelyiessimporunt, of uiv ing cxpress'oii to his thoughts and eipii.i-jns, either by writing or speaking, unrestrained but by the liability for injury to others, and lint ofa full participation in till thu advantages, which How from the Government, the acknowledged properly of all, the American eiiizru derives fiom no charter granted by his fclhiw-inan. He claims them because lie is himself a man, fash ioned by the sain' Almighty h and as the rest nf his species, and entitled to a full share of the blessings with winch he has endowed him. Notwithstanding llie limited sovereignly posses sed by the people of the United .nates, and the lestric ted grant of powtr to the G iwriinicnl which they luve adopted, enough Iris been given to accomplish all the objects for winch it was created. Il has Wen found powerful in war, and hitherto, justice has been administered, anintuuato union elUdcd, domestic trail. polity preserved, and personal liberty secured to the cili '..;ii. As was to be expected, how ever, from the d feci of language, and the necessarily -...lltciilious manner in which the Constitution is writn-it, dispute have arisen as lo the amount of power which it has actually granted, or was intended to grant. 'This is more particular)' theeaseiu Marion to that part of llie instrument which treats of the le gislative branch. And not only as regards the exercise of powers el inn ej under a general clause, giving that body the au thority to pass all lawii neccssry to carry into riluct the specified poweis, but in re ation to tho' latter also. It is, however, consolatory to reflect thai most nf the instances of alleged d parturc fioni the letter or sp'rit of llio (Juiuliliili.nl have u innately received the sanc tion of a in ijority of thu people. An J the fact, that many uf our statesman, most distinguished for taleui tind patriotism, have been, at one time or other of their political career, on bulh sides of e ach of the most warmly disputed questions, forces upon us the infer ence tint th." errors, if errors they wero, are attribu table ta ill intrinsic difficulty, in many instances, of asjei I lining the intentions of lliefr.nnors ot the Con uiutiun, raiher than the influence uf any s nister or unpatriotic motive. iJ.it the groat dinger to our institutions does not appear to mo to be in a usurp ition, by llio Govern ment, ofp iwcr not granted by llio People, but by llie accumulation, in one of the depart ineiiis, of that which was assigned to others, l.iuuleel as are the powers which have been granted, still enough have been granted lo constitute a despotism, if concentra te! m oneof thedepartmeiils. Thiselanger is grcnlly heightened asit h is always been observable-ihat men rite lest jcalojs of euero climents.of one department noon anoilur than upon their own reseivtd rights. When the Constitution of the Unites! .States first came from the. hands of Ihe t-unveiitiini which form ed it. many ot the sternest republicans of the day wore alarmed at theextuit of ihe novvcr whi'h had been granted to ihe Federal Oovcrniuenl, fuJ mine parliculirly of that portion which had been assigned to the lixeculivu branch. There were in it f aitirc! which apticareil not to be in harmony with their ideas ofa siinplu representative democracy, or republic Anil knowing inc tendency oi lower to increao it self, narlicularly when executed by a single Individ ual, pre-ilictions were made that, al no very remote nt-iiod. iho Government would terminate in vuiual monarchy. Jt would not become me to say that the liars of thesopiilriots have been already realized. Hut. as I sinceielv believe that the tendency of meas ure., and of men's opinion!, for some years past, has been in thatd'uection, it is, I conceive, ttrictly prop?r ih-it I should take the oecnrion to rneat Ihe nsiir- nnces I have hcretofoio given, nf my delcrinuntion to iirreat lha progress of that tendency, if it really ex ists, and testorc'the Government to its pristine health ami vigor, as laras tins can uecin ien uy any icgilt niateexeriNcof th'powcrplaccd in my hands. I proi eed to stale, in as summary a manner as 1 can, my opinion ui uic ruuu-e-B in inn evils wnicii have been ko cxteiisivcly complainenl of, nnd the cor rectives which may be apnll'd. Soum of the former are unquestionably to he found in the defects of Ihe eoniitiiiion. wioein, in inj juuijiiii.-iii, uie neiriouin lo a misconstruction of miiw of its provioions. One of the former is the eligibility of the name individual to a second term of the Presidency. The aagacims rnind of Mr. JelTereon tarly saw and lamented this error, and attempts have been made, hitherto without success, to apply the amendatory power of the slates to its correction. As however one mode of correction is in the power of every I'resi I'M, an I consequently m nine, u would bo useless, and perhaps invidious lo e'uuinerato the evils nf which, in the opinion of many of our fellow c.tizana, this errr of the sages who finmcd the rorp etitulton may have beon the fourc, and the hitler, fruits which are still to gather from u, if u continues to ilitfigire oar fystsm. It may bi observed how ever as a general remark, that republics can commit no groater error than ta adopt or continue any feature in t'lcrsyste-nsof government wjich may be calcu "litei to create or increase the love of power in the bosoms of those to whom necessity obliges them In eo-iimit tho management of i!iir aff jrs. And aurely nothingis moro likely lo produce fuch q atale of mind than tha Ion? continuance of an offi of high trust. jVolhing ran bo more corrupting, nothing more du r tractive nf all lhase noble fcelints which bplong to the cliaracter of a devoted republican patriot. When this earripiin," pusbn o.nco takes possession of the human mind, lie thv lovt of t fold it becomiij insatVi, ble. n'U'tho ncvrr'dylng worm In fiisfjosoin, glows wilh his growth, and strengthens wilh the declining years of (ts victim. If this ia true, it is the part of wisdom for n republic to limit the service of that offi cer nl least to whoutsho has entrusted the manage ment of her foreign relations, the execution of her laws, nnd the command of her armies ntidnaviea, to a period so short nt to precht his forgctlnlg thai hois the accountable agent,, not the principal the until nnamenamciii oi ene servant, not the master. constilulioncnnbcefiectcd, public opinion may secure the desired object,, 1 giVc,"iiiy aid lo it by renewing the ph'dgo heretofore given, that under no circum stances will 1 consent to1 serVc a second term. Hut if therois danger to Iht public liberty from tho acknowledged dcfcclsof the efonstitution, in the wont of limit to the continuance nf executive power in the same hands, there is, I apprehend, not much less, from a misconstruction of thin instrument, as it records the power actually given. I cannot concicve, thai, by n fair construction, any or either of its provisions would be bound to constitute 'He President n'fiart'of'thc legislative power. Il cannot be claimed from the power to recommend, since, although enjoined as a ditty upon mm, ins a privilege which beholds in com mon wiiu every oilier citizen maybe somcthfnff tntiretSf "ec-fl lyofthe measures rccomnienlloil In one easelban ir) i ,o ii,- in ,i, i.k... ,i. .i.v.J ill. uiiivi, in inu wuiiai leiui ui mi Minnie eie'eirnin iiiuiu can be no difference. In the language Of the consii iuiion, "nil Ihe legislative powers" which it grafts "arc vested in the Congress bf'tlic Vnitcil Siate." ,lt would ben solecism in language to say that any portion of these is not included in the whole. It may be said, indeed, that the constitution has L'iicn to tlm Executive the pnever to annul the acts of the legislalivc body, by refusing lo ihem his assent. Sua similar power das necessarily resulted from Ihat instinment to the judiciary and Vet that judiciary forms no pari of the legislature?. There is, it il trim, nelillerenco between these grams of powers I Ihe Ex ecutive can put his negative upon the acts of the legis-latorc-for other cause than ihal'of want of conformity to the constitution, while the judiciary can only de clare veiid those which violoie that instrument. Hut the decision of the judiciary is final in such a cae, whereas, in every instance whcie the veto of llie Hx- cxutive is applied, It may be overcome by a vote of two thirds nf both hotif-csnf Congress. Thenngnlivn upon the acts of the legislature' by ihe P.xeculive nil thoriry, nnd that in the hands of one indiviilu 1, would surm to l an incongruity in our System. Like sonic others of a similar character, howcVcr, it appears to be highly expedient) and if used only wilh the for bearance and wilh Iho spirit which' was intended by Us authors, it may be productive of great good, and be found one of ihe best safeguards to Ihe Utiien. ' ' Al Ihe period of the formation of the constitution,' the principle docs no appear to have enjoyed much favor in thcsiate governments. It existed but intwo, and in one of these, there was a plural Executive. If we would search for the motives which opera ted upon the purely patriotic and enlightened as asscmblv which framed Ihe coiisliliiliuii.fiir'llicn.lnn. lion of a provision so apparently repugnant to ihe icnuing democratic principle' mat llio majority snoulil govern, weniusl reject Ihrjilen thai they anticipated from il any bcnelil lo Ihe ordinary course of legisla pi,.,.. e ii .i... i.r.i. .i ..nr-.ii. nni luu wen inu iiiiiu ui'gi e'e' UI lllieill- ofes t and their own independence secured by an as' surance oi pericci inunuiuiy, iiiGxercisuig em- mivieu privi'ege of freemen under, lire dictates uf their own unbiassed judgments. Never wilh my consent, shall an officer of the People, compensated for his services-out of their pockets, become, tho 'pliant instru ment of Executive will. I Thoteis no part Of tho means placed In the hands of the Executive, which (might be used With greater ef fect, fur.unhallowcd purpose, than the control of the public press. The maxim which our dncestors deri ved from" the. molhr'"couniry, that "the freedom of tho press is the great bulwark of oivil-ajid religious liberty," is one of the most precious -legacies, ihcy have left us. We have learned too, from our own as well as the experience of olhci countries that golden shackles by whomsoever or whatever pretence impo sed, are as latal to it as the iron bonds of Despotism. The presses in the ncccssaiy employment of Govern mertl ulinnld nnver'bc used " to clear tho uudtv.'or to varnish crimes." A decent, and manly, examination. 01 inc acta OI UiC uovcrnmuin aiiuum uo nui uuiy iui crntedbut cncouroauil. ... It in,,. Upon anoihcr.ocetision Jiilvc gtvcnjmyl olm)n, at nnnin Inn tr lit linnn (llR iinuronritt V nf KjtCCUllVC ltllCr hen, nd nlllintmh thcrcLfcrcnccin'ri ifttffidcnWihlricTiOiTi maKiugii ineauty oi uio rrcs- lsntloM In'orfe aettban in ident to communicate information, and authorizing lllnl lo recomnicnei measures,, was noi inieuucu eo inakehim the source of legislation, anil, in particular, that he should never bo loolieel lo lor schemes oi n nance. It would be very strange, indeed, that tho constitution should have strictly forbidden onchranch of the Legislature from interfering in tho origination of such lulls, and that it should bo considered proper lhat 'an altogether difl'ercnt ilepartmenl of the Gov ernment should be permitted to do so Some of our bestjiolitical maxims and opinions have been drawn from our parent Isle. There are others; 'however, which cannot be introduced in our system without singular incongruity, and the production of much mischief. Andlhisl conceive to be one. No matter in which of Ihe Houses of Parliament a bill may ori ginate, nor by whom Introduced, n minister, or n mem ber of the opposition i by the fiction of law, or rather of Constitutional principle, the Sovereign is supposed to have prepared it agreeably to his vv.lli and then submitted it to Parliament for tlcir advice and con sent.. ... i Now, the very reverse is the case here, not only with regard to the principle, but the forms prescribed by the Constitution. The principle ccrtainly.assigns lo theonly body constituted by tho Constitution, (the Legislative body,) the power to make laws, and the form rven'dlrect that the enactment should be nscri- bed (o them. The Senate, in relation to Revenue Rills, nave the right to propose amendments : and so has the Executive, by the power given bun to return them to the House of Representatives, with his oh iMilnn. It is in bi iiovveT. also, to uronose amend ments in the existing revenue laws, suggested by his nhs'mniinns unon I he'Jr defective or injurious opera- lion. Hut. the delicate duty of devising schemes of revenue should bolclt where uio Vyonsiiiuiion nas pia red it wilh the immediate renresciilalivesof the Peo ple. For similar reasons, the mode of keeping the public treasure should be prescribed by thcins and the farther, remqved it may lie from the control of the Kvccutive, the more wholesome the arrangement, ana llto lump in nrenrnnnrn wilh llrntlhlicall tirincinlc. Connected with this subject is the character of the currency. The idea of making it exclusively metallic, however well intended, appears to me lo bo fraught wilh more fatal ennsenuences than am other scheme: having no relation to the personal rights of Ihe citizen that has ever been ilevised. If any single scheme could produce the effect of arresting, at once, lhat imitation of condition by which thousands of our most indigent fellow-citizens, by their industry and enterprise aieraised to the possession of wealth, that is the one. If there is one measure better calculated than another to produce that stale of things so much deprecated bv all true reniiblicans, by which ihe rich are daily adding lo their hoards, and thepuor sinking deeper into penury, il Is an exclusive metallic curren cy. Or if there is a' process by which the character of the country for generosity and nobleness of fe eling may be de-itroyi'd by tha great increase and necessary gctice W llich c.visled nmon'f ihe itennle. ri ml lite pn lightened character of ihe slate legislature, not to have iiieiunevi couriuence mat llie two boelics electeel by them would be worthy representatives of such con stituents, and uf course that they would require no aid in conniving and nnliiriuc the measures which the circumstances ed thecoiinlry inightreniiire. And itis preposterous to suppose thiil a thought could for a moment have been entertained that Ihe Pri'Sideni, siliiateel at the eaniial. in tho centre of the rrunitri'. could belter understand the-wauts and wihes of llie people that their own immediate repiesenlatives, who spend a part of every year amorg ihem, living with ihe-m, otten tub ring w ilh ihem, and h nnd lo them by the nipple lie of interest, iliitv nnd affection. I n assist ur control Congress, then, in iln oriliuaay legislation, could not, I ciinei'nc, have been the motive for conferring tho vetopower.on ilia President. This argument acquires additional force fioni the fact of its ., i.-..:.... i .i i i... .i - i . never having been thus used by the first six Presi. I toleration of usury,' il is an exclusive metallic currcn ey. , , Amongst the other duties .of a delicate character which the President is called upon to perform, is the slipcrvUiun of the government of the Territories of the United States, Those bf them which are des tined to become members nf our great political family, are compensated by'their rapid progress from infan cy to nianhood,-for the partial and temporary depri vation of their political rights. It is in this bistrict onlv, when American citizens nretn be found, who, unifcrn selllcd systeinof policy, are dcpriveel of many important polnii-al privileges, without any inspiring hope as tothe future. Their only consolation, un der cirriunslniiecs ol such deprivation, istlinl of Ihe devoted exterior guards of a camp lhat their suffer ings senile tranquillity and safety within. Arc thore any of their rnntrynten who would sub ject them to greater sacriiiccs, to any other humilia tions than those essentially necessary to the security of the object for which they were thus separated from their fellow citizens 7 Are ihelr rights alone not lo 1ms guarantied by the application of those great principles upon which all our constitutions aro founded 7 We are told by thegreatesi.of Itiiiish orators nnd states men,, lhat, ut the commencement of the war of the Revolution, the most stupid men in England spoke of "their American subjects.'! Areihcrc, indeed, ri-i lizens of any of our Slates who have dreamed "of their subjects" in the District of Columbia 7 Such dreiiiins can never be realized by any agency of nnne. The people of the District of Columbia are not the subjects of the people of the States, but free Amcri- eau eitrens, Jtiangin the latter condition when llie Constitution, wos lormcei, no words useu in mat in stiumcnt could have been intendedito deprive them of that character, if there is anything in the great principles of inalienable rights, so emphatically in- sisieu uil 111 uui J'Ctiiiiyiiun ui iiiueieuue'iiui leiuy could in ilher make, nor the United Slates accept, a surrende r of their liberties, and become the "subjects" in oilier words, the slaves, of iheir former fellow. citizen's, if this be true, anil it will.scarccly be denied by any one who' hash collect idea of his own rights as an' American cilizen. the errant to Congress of ex- c nsiveiurisihetion in t lio District ot Columbia, can be interpreted, so far as respe cts the aggregate people of the t. nueii Miates, as meaning nothing more man lo allow lo Congress the contiotlinc power 'necessary to ninirei .t irre unu naiu exercisi'Ul llie liliicuuiis ussigllt 11 to tha General Government li'v the Constitution. In all oilier respects ihe leirislatiin'of Congress should boadapted to their "peculiar positionsnnd wains and be conformable with' their deliberate opinion of their own interests: I have snokonof Ihe necessity of keeping' 'the re spcclivc departments of the government, as vvoll as all thootlier' authorities of our country, within their appropriate orbits. This is rt mailer of ditncully in some cases, a- llie powers winch llicv ; respectively cninn arc linen mil uenneii ay very msunci line-. Mischievous,- however, in their tendencies, as colli sions uf this kind may be. those which ariso between the respective f'liiutiiimitit'S, which fur certain purposes compose oae.nation. 'are mueh.innrci'Oj fornosjieli na tion can long exist vvilbout llio careful cullureof those leeiingsiljcouheieuccanantlerlton which are uic elec tive bonds, of union between free and confederated stales. Strone as is the tic of interest, it has been of ten found inell'vetual. Mcn,.blinelrdly their passions, have been known to adopt measures for, their country dents nud ttt ,,f ,u,m W(,ri. .n(.,ni.rs (,f ifie Coli veuliou, one presiding over its ilehberaiiotis, and the other having a larger shale in consummating flic labors of that august body linn any other person. Rut il bills were in-ver relumed to Congress by cither of iho Presidents above referred lo, upon the ground of their being inexpedie nt, or lint as well adap ted as they might bo to the wants of the people, the ve in was applied upon the ground of want of confor mity lo the constitution, or because errors had been committed from a too hasty enactment. There is another ground for thcndopl:onof the veto principle, sw Inch had probably mure influence in re commending it to the convention than any other. I refer to the-security which ilgivcs lothejuitand rqui. table action of the legislature upon nil parts uf jlc Union. 1 1 could not but have occurred to the conven tion, that in a country so extensive, enilirnchig so .great a vnrlotv nf soil and c'imate, and consequently of products, and which from the same causes must ever exhibit a great difference in the amount of the population of its various sections, calling for a great diversity in the, employments of the people, that 'the legislation of Ihetmjurity might not alvvaysjuslly re-, gai d the rights and interests of the majority j'nnif that acts of this character might be passed under nn'cx'uss grant by the words of ihe constitution, and therefore not vi bin the coirinctcnev of llie imlirin'rv t.nlAr.1r.. void. That however enlightened and patriotic they might suppose, fioni past experience, 'the members of congress might be, nm however largely partaking of me liberal fei pugs or 1 1 in people, il w us impossible lo expect thai lodies so 'constituted should not some times be controlled by tueal' interests and s.-ctional lecungs. it was proper, thcreforeto provide some uui-. ptro from whose situation and mod,e of appointment more independence and fieedomfiom such influences might becxpi cled. Such,p one was afioidcd by the". Executive De'paitmcn! constituted by theconsli ution. I consider the veto pdwc there fore, given to the Ex eeiiiive, solely a conservativ e power, to bo used only, 1st, to protect the constitution from violation; 2d, the people fioni the ellects of hasty legislation, where heir wil'lias be.-n probably disregarded .or not well undeVstiiml aiid3illv, io prevent tfn'eflWts' o'ficom binations, violative oi" the rights of minorities. Upwards of half n century has elapsed tinea the adoption of tour present form of, gefvermucu't. The general government has seized upon none of .the re served rights uf the slates. To a caFiuil observer, our system tiresentu no appearance of discord be tween the elillerenl members w hich compose il. J.'vcn the addition of many new ones has ptodiiced no jarring. Tiey move fn their respective orbits In perfect hirmotiv with their e'cnlral hrml nmt uiil. each oihcr. Hut their is still an imder cu'rr"c-n( a)' work, by which, if not seasonal! )' ehVckeiV, tire w urst apprehensions of our'arili-Iederal patriots will'he re alize,!. .nn not only will the slate authorities be overshadowed by the preal increase of povicr in the. cxerntived'-partmeiitof the general rov:ernniMit. bi'it l,n ..l..n.,.,- rtf il... . Ir-v... .... w. i....l. i.ii, .,, i-i willful. 11,11111 us uesigin lion, be rssentially and radically changed. This stale of things hasiiecn in fnrl eflbrthl by cause-sin-herent in the conslitulie n, nnd in iart by the never failing tendency nf political power toTnereasc' itself. ny making trie I'resiitf-nt Ihe Bole ilistributor or nil tho puronage of llio innernment. theframers nf ihi Constitution do not appear lo have anticipated al how short a perienl it would becour wforrnitlable inslru. ment to control ihe frimiperiuiotis of iheSnto Gov- ermnents. Of trifling Importance at first, il had. ear. lytn Mr. Jeflvrson's administration, liecoijat'so. pow erful ns In eix'ale. alarm iirthc mind ,r4rV from Ihe potent influence il Might exert inaontrollinp mi in uuiu m inu eii'i in l- iranciiiae. ii such coulu have then been iheefl'ecls of her influence, hiu. inurl, greater must be the danger al ihisiiiiierepisdruplnl in .iiiitiiii, i, ns ii e-i-nmmy is, nun moreooinpieteiyunuer the command of the cxeculivo wilL.than ihHiienn. slruciion, of ihcir Dowers allowed, uf the rmtu-nrini. clnraetcra of all the early, Prdtudiiils Dejniiiied it,.,.,. eo innKu i, iiu ii is noi uy iiieexient of us patronge alone, that the Executive Ucfarttneut has .become dangerous, but by.the.ua uhiebit nnnnra m.. i. jiiadcqr the appointing pawi,ri,io (iiing under iisconr inn me wiion revenue oi inc country. 1 he tiiinsiilution has jjeclared it tobo thoduly, of lll.l 11 flrtl ft..nl lit c.a I'm! ,1... la...- . I ... maltfs .him Commander-in-chief uf.ihe Atmieslond -Navy of ,the Uiiited Stales. If tho opiuionfof llhe inost approved writers upon ihat species 'of mixed Government, which in model n Europe, is termed iuiiarenyiu couiia-MstiHui(tpJirfpt'irii,isrorr reci, there was wanting uo othpraddilioii.lo tliq pov ers of our Chief Mneistrnte in sinxnt n Mnnpi.!.;-.) jW'" ?n esir Governineri't.bui the control of the public finance.). And (o me, it appears sirange,mdce-d that any one should eloiiln that lhentitc eontrol which the President possesses over the ofliccrs who have thacusiiii y of he public money, by the power of reinoval with or wuliom cause, docs, lor all 'mis- I'hif'vnus nnrnosrs m Innkl . i irir.nft. , .i..1. pro also to Ins. disposal. The first Roman Enineror, in ins attempt to seize the sacrrtl treasure,' silenced Ihe opposition of tho officer to' wlipse, clia'rge it had been comrriittixl, by n significant aflusiori to' his sword. Ry a selcctiu'n of political i;i(tfpiiciitafe)r llie I""""! iiiunsrjr, iiie-iencc io ineir commis sions by n President, would be quite as eflectual an uiuiiwiii uo iiini ui iviuoiir u me eomall Knight i' i a. i- y?i i' ; . . j uui neie. nese iisuiiu ui iiiuieieni a ltiriiitv. hi n ists in devising a proper plan for the sale-keeping and disbursement of ihe public revenues. and I know ih importance which has lieni ttachd by incq of'grcul' abilities and patriotism Jo llie.diyorcc, as il is called of Ihft T.'pnenri.. fm,n tl.i l.n .. 1 1 I .. .!. .. ' i.f. L.. ,1 i7 i V ' """"",.ip,,i,"5V'llf nitiuoi ...c ...mil is i-.uinpi.iiji n OI, ,11111 UIC uniial l.-vw-O ttntn nf iUn n-n-... -..'.-.l. .I.J :' ' ury wilh jlio Exfcutivji'Jlc edsucji fx'fcnsuei aaiui. iblican instil ill ions, nti'd' tlm t lowetd union of the Trcnsnr parlinent whHi has created si 1 o tins rlaum.r to Our republican insiitulions.Vti'd'thnt created by the inHuen'ceV.lvcfl lo tho Executive 'ihre"' inoinsiruiiiemainy or llio Federal offlews, I prfinrtse to apply all (In lemmlies- whlfK may bo (if my com-"i-1 l ','1 w"1 ''",,,,lnly " lirent crror'in the frsmcre of the Contitution not lo have made the officer at tho head ofi tho Treasury Department ertlirelv inde. pendent of lha Executive.- Ho should-at lenet have ,necn rcmnvaDie, only upon the demand of the popu-i lar branch nt thoi f.egislature. I have determ nd never to remove a Secretary of theTrosurv uiihont eommur.icaiiut! all Iho circumstances aih'nning so'di removal 10 win I louses ol Uongrrss. The infmenre 01 the l.cciu,rnirl Conlinllirtg Ihe Lreriloni of thselec live franchise through, live medium of the oubllo ofTl the pros teir in direct opposition lo all llici suggeslions ef po icy, The alternative, then, is, lo elcstroy or kefp,uovvn a bad passion by crcnijiigand.fpsieriiigagood one; and mis SL-riiui lu ui luu !-urnt:r siuiiu uuuu wiui-ii uui American political arcliiiects have reared the fabric of our covernpieiu i ust ccincne wuii-ii was to uinu n, an ni tnetualc Ha existence, was Ihe allvctionatc at tachment between all ots , members. To insure the Continuancrof this f-lui!, produced at first by h com- e..:... ..p.l -rr. I: : i r . .i. liliiiuiy ui uaiii-is, uj siijie-lliilis, nun ui imi-re-sis, un availing! S 01 eacn were mane accessible to nil. lo pnit(cipation jn any good, pdsscrsed by any meinoei'oi nn extensive comeuerscy. exce-nt in uo- mesne govcruineill. was withhild fr.oin'lhe citizen of . . ... , t, ....ii . ..i. anv uiner meiuocr., 'ij' u.inojre b ntienueei wnn no euiuceiiiy, iiu epeusi' iiaurji e eyfiOvai, pie citizen of'nnbmiitht becomo the cilize'n of anv'olher. 'and ,iic- i .1.- ...r.l 7 nl.;. yssiveiv ui uqo iiuiu inu lines, siuu, pepitiituug low era lo lie exercised bv the, citizens eif the one Sfalc irutu loose ui uiiuiiie-r, se-iju iu ue su uiseiiiLMi y urn w u as tonave no ri nm lor misunaerstaniung. I lie citi zens ofeAch State unite'in their ncrson all the nrivl- leces'W lien mat character eonters. am an that they may claim ns citizens of ihe U. Stales but in' no case can the samo person! at'the'nimetlinV', aci hs'the citrze-nor two separate riate, anil he is therefore po- stiveiynree- ueicn irom any tntcricrencc wi t there- served powers of anv Slate but that' of wliichhciS.'forl the limn being, a eirizcu. He may indeed olTer to the. citizens of other Slates his aelyit-e As 10 their nUnapo meht, nnd the form in which il is tendered is left to his own discretion and sense ot propriety, It niav be observed, However, lhat otganizeel asso ciatiotmof citizens, renuinnff compliance with Iheir wishes, too much rcsembl trie rreemmrninfi'onf of or Athens lo her allies rttppnrtee ny an ntmeel and powerful fleets Jtwas, indeed, to the ambition of the eadiii" stales of "Greece to control the domestic con cerns of tho others, ihat the destruction of that cele brated ci nfedcroey, and subsequently of all its mem I ers, is mainly tube attributed. And it is owing lo tho absence of -that spirit that the 'Helvetia confederacy has for so riiany years hren preserved. Never has there been seenin thoinstitutinnsof thp separate mcrri brs of any confederacy more e'cmrnls of discord, In the principles and fo'ims.of government and religion,-ns well as in the circumstance i nf ihe several cantons, to maikedn discrenanev was observable, as .ippiAiuisq any ihing but hnrmouy in then Course, or M.eiusiie'iiey ir invir, oiuaiiie. tiiu, yt-i,iui upas, uuiihr has been. inlevriuntcdj Content wilh the io- 'silitelienr&lp which , their union produced,, wi h llio iliurpcnncricp aim saiciy jrqm, loreign iggrcvsion Joie-Ii it fcureel, these iaga,cious pcppifi jespccteil iho jviiiuj'ioiuof each oilier, however rrpugntnt to iKeir 'ovvn principles nnd prejiieljcps. , I Our Cnnfedfraey, ftHow citizens,, canfvy be pre sery'cel'Jiy" tne snnieJobcpiavr. ,pur ejuiens must be content wilh the'exercise'of tlieraw-rrs.vv'l') wlpph the Constitution clothes them. Theattcinjit'of those "of one Stat" to control tho doniestl' Insliluljons of another, canonly remit In feelings nf distrust itndj'ea. lousy, the certain harbingers of disunion, vinlfhee, civi") war, And the ultimate deslfticiionpf Our freejin. Mituilohs," Our Confcelpracy is perfectly illustrated By the' terriis" atfd brincipleA govefnit); a'commoft eo-parlAr-hW, jTnere1 a'nthd of ptfvver is to to' tje exe'r, rfsc4rndrVth iSettiohbf the' joint coori'Ma 'cf tia allied members, but that which has been reserved by the individual members is intangible by the, common government or the individual members composing it. To attempt it finds no support in the principle-of our Constitution. It should be our constant and earnest endeavor mutually to cultivate Ur spirit of 'concord nnd harmony among the various "parts Of our Confederacy, Kxpcricnce nas abundantly laugiit us mat mo agiia lion by citizensof one part of the. Union of n subject not confided tit tho General Government, but exclusi vely upder thcguardiansh'poClhtlocal authorities, ia productive of no other consequences thanbitterncss,y nhena'tio'n, discord and injury to the very cause which is intended to be advanced. Of all the great intercsle which appertain to our country, that of union, cor dial, confiding union, is by far the most important, since it is the only trucand sure guaranty of all others. incon-ei icneeoi nieeiniiarrnsci stale in business nml Ibe.eiirreiiev. etuetirilii. Stmlees tiinl-nipel e-iih liilflcnlty in ineir lininclal concerns. Ilotvever eleepl weiflaj Jiprvi.uiiy iiiiiijt Mjiroiieni vi exmssive in llie I'lieageinents into which Sia'es have entered for purpn-C" of ihuir own, il docs not jeoomeis id ihspa rage (he Btale tloverjiirient)'i1oi" tn dl.-ocairnpi! limn from making proper efforts for Iheir own lelicfi nn the contrary, it is our duly ;u encourage them, lo the.. extent ot our consiitunonai nullioriiy, 10 apply ineir 1 ic-t means, and t'hecrfully lo make nil nece-sary sa crifices and fiibinit to all'neie'-snry burilens lo fulfil Iheir engagements and maintain Iheir creelit fer the character and credit of Ihe cveral Slates form part ui the character ami crcJii nf the whole country. The re..oure'e of the country are ahumlant, llieciiterpri-e and activity ofoor people proverbial: and wc may well btipvtlial wi-e legi'slaiiem and pruetenl ndininis Iration, I y tho respeeliv'e Uoyerninenls, each aeiiug within Its own sphere, will re-tore former pru?pcrily. Unpleasant nnJ even dangerous as collisions may sonieiiinurbe, lelvvecn the constituted nulliorilics ur the citizens ot our country, in relation lo the lines which separate Iheir re-pecthc juris ielioiK, the re sults can be of no vital injur)- lo mir institutions, if that anient patriotism, that devotee! ntfachment In li leny, thai spirit of moderation nnd fori uarance for whii'h our countrymen were onieilistiugiiiihe-il, cou llnueto I e flicn'sfie.l. If Ibis ciinliniic.sio le the ril ing passion of our souls, the vvcaker feelings of the mi-laken e-nthu-iast will 1 o corrected, iho Utopian dream of the scheming politician dissipated, and the eotnjilicao I intrigues of the demagogue rendere-d harmless. The spirit of lilcrly is the Mivcrcign balm for every injury which o ir In-'tiliitions may reecive. On ihe contrary, nneare ihal can lo u-evl in the e'onstriielion nf o ir Governments, niidivi-lun of pow er, no eh' tribiilion of ehecl.s in its several depart ment", will prove e.lectual lo keep us a free people, if this spirit is mileri'd 10 iVcay j and elee-ny it will without con-taut nurture. To llie neglect nf I his eluy, the 1 c.-l hi-torians agree In attributing the ruin of all llie Ilepnl lies wilh wlioie exi'stenie and fall their writing have made us acquainted. The same cati-es will ever produce llie me cf ecs( nn I aslunir as the love of power is a eloininant pa ioi of the humanlo-om, and ns h'ng a-the under-tan lings of men can lewarpeel andihciraf Iccione changed ly operations upon their passions an I prejudices, so long wdl thclilerly ol a people depend on their own con-tatil attention lo its pre-er-vanon. The danger lo all we-ll e-lal li-bc.l free gov eTnmenls aries from tlieitmvillingne-snf Ihe peo ple to I ebeve in lis existence, eir from the infli.-e'iiie uf de-iirning men, diverting their attention from llie qiarlcr w heni-c il nppn ache's to a -oirce fiom which it can never come. This is the old trick of those who woolel n-nrn the government of iheir enintrv. In the name of Dcinoe-racy Ibey spe-aV-, warning Hie peop'earainst the influence of wealth and theilangiTeifun'stocracy. HiMory, ancient and mcslern, is run or sne-h examples. Ca? ar I ee-ame Ihe ma-ler eif ihe Roman neoulp nn,l ihe Senate, nnetor the pretence of supporting the de- uiuc-riuie: i-iiiiins en ineiormer again-itnc aristoe-racy eiflhc latter: Cromwell, in llie character nf iirotector ut llie III crlics of ihe people, lecame the dictalor of r.ngiatioj annnonvar po-.es.cilbim..elleil an unlim ited novver, with the title ol bis connirv'. Iil.i r.nor. There Is, on I he contrary no single Instance on recorel ol an extensive nml vvcll e-iablished republic being iieiiirL-ii nun an nri-ux-raey. ine icnoencies oi all sue governments m their decline- is to monarchv i and the 'antagonist principle to lilerly there is the spirit offae-lion a spirit which n.Mimr. the charai- te-r, and in times of great I'xcilenieait iinpo-es !e-lf unon ine- pe-eipic as uic genuine spirit ot lrce,loni,.iteii(l like llie fal-c Chri-ts whose coining was foretold by the Saviour, "Ceks to, anil were it po.siblc would im pj'e upon ihe true and mo-t faithful disciples of liberty. ft ts in peri'sls like this that ill etinm-n, ihe neouli to 1 e most w.itehf il u ibose lo whom they have in trusted power. And although ihere is at trues much iilliciilty if-ili-tingnisiiingihe fal-efroin tbeirue snir- it, a calmSnd nispussmnale inve-lizalion will detect llieeomiterfeit as well I y tharactcr of its oneration. ns Ihe results lhat are proelncnl. The trie spirit of lilerly, although devoted, persevering, and iincoin promising in principle, that see urevl, is mild, and tol eren, nml scrupulous as to the means it employs; whilst the spiril of parly, assuming to I elhai of liler ly, is harsh, rindicn've, and intolerant, anl totally ivkiess as to ine cliaracter ol Ihe allie- which ll rinsrs to the aid of its eau-e. When Ihe lrennine spirit of lii erly nnimaies the buely of a people lo a uui u-iii r.s.iuiiii.iiii'11 ui uie-ir a-iairs, it leans io ine vefiuu oft'Very excre-e-rni-i wlneti mav lini-riwif.n e1 itself nnnn aiiy oflhe eleparimeiits of llie Govern-I men', ann re.-iores tnc system lo its pristine lieallli nnd leauty. Hut ihe reijn of an inlolant spirit of par ly ainongt a free people, sednin fails to result in a .l.iniri ro-:s luvpssjun to ihe r.xeciuive power itiirn hiHl and e-tul Ii-hed amidst unusual prole-sions ef levolions to deniocrae-v. The foregoing remarks relate almost MClurively to matters ceainivieil with eur domestic lonee-rn.. It may I e proper, however, that I should give some indi cations to my fellow citizens of my propo.-e'd coiir;e of conduct in the management f'fonr foreign relations. I nssure ihem, llierefore, that il is my intculion tome every means in my power to preserve I he friend y in trrco ir-e which now so happily subsist, with t'verv foreign nation , and that, allhc.ugh,ef eo ir-c, not w ell informed as tn llie sta'e of any pending neguoiaiioiis Willi any of ihem, I see in ll.e wr tuial i-haracier. of the Sovereign-, a-well as in Ihe mutual interest of our own an l untie Governments with which our relation-aro ino-rintiinaie, a plea.ing guaranty lhat ihe harmony o important to the interest bf their subjects, n wc'l as our cilizen-. will not I c intcrrunt- ed by llio advnue-cinent of any claim, or preieiiMou upoiiiiiieir pari to wnii ii our honor wo.ihl not permit in yii io. i.ong uic ue-iynocr oi my i-ounlrj-sniihts the liedil, 1 iru-t lhat my lellovv-cilizcuswill not fee in my e.irne-t elc'iro lo pie erve pe.ice vv ith foreign Peiwerji any indication that iheir rights will ever le sae'riliefel, or flic honor of llie nation tarnished, 1 yauy admission en ihe pari cftliuir Chief Magistrate tin -worthy iifl'ieir furmer glory. In our intire-our.'C with our Aboriginal neighbor-. Ihe. same IdiT-ility and jusiiev, whii-h marked the ii ir e pre.-ern en io ine oy two oi my illn-iriuiis pre- I'eve or-, when acting miller their direction in the ih-i-hargei f llicdnliesofSiperinti'nJenl aiulCuniioi-. sioner, snail lesirictty oiiserved. I e-ari eoneeive no more sublime fpeiitatde none more likely lo nro puiaii-an unpariial and common Creator, than a rigid adhervmt lio .lhe principles vC justice oij Ihe part i f a powerful nation "in its Iran-actiuni with a v raker and uncivilized people, whom circumstances have plaee'd al its eh'sno.sal. lie-lore coni-nitliilg, lenou-citizen, I niis( say fpnie thing to ynu'on Ihe s il je-ct of ihe parties at this time t'Xi-ting in our e-ointrt. a ii me it appear- pyrfex-lly (lear. thai Ihe mtercsf cf that country' requires thai the violence; uf Ihe spirit by w Inch lho-iparies ure ut lid's lime gov eriieel, mo-t 'e greatly iip'ngaleil, if iio; enureiv iximgiiisiicu, ur, iuu e-que-neys win en-uc wipcn are appalling in De tuieigni oi. If names in a Iicuuhlic are iicec-tarv le, teen re ; ilcirie-c of viciiaiii-c siulicwut lo keen the nnblie f ine nonaries wilbui the leninviroi law ami duty, at lhat iiojut their utrhilness ends. Ilevund dial Ihe'v leaiome ile-irueiive- of pul lie, virpie, the parents of a pirj,as- iagoqi-1 lo.inai oi in riy, ami, cyeiiiiuaiy, its inevi a ble ceinuueiruri We have ex.imnle of Rmul lii- w here ihe love of e-ewntry and of I iter-y,, at, one'-jiuie, were ibe-i flriniinaDbnasticinMirihe wholi mass eif cit izens. And jet, Willi the e-uminoifnce vf llie name nnd lorms oi irea'sjovernmeni, notn vesiiie ol ihe u noa llie reinaimns in Ibe htt-om-. of am- or.e- e.f its out ze-n., It vvn thei, e-auidul remark nl a di-lingniijicil l'npli-li wriler lhat "in llie Human Sena'e, Ocinyi is li.io n pariv, autl Aiunojiy,n,iafy, biitUie woiuuyiu vv cahh had netne." Yet llie Ncnnle'e-Aintiiiue'd to itie-l-i in llie Temple ofLil erly. to in.!!.' of ihciacredncss a ml I t-aoiy e fthe Ce)mnie;inwt-al, ji, ami ipoze' ni thtt,ta,tiics ot me euier.nrunis anu en he uuriii ana inrj), And the people asscml lcel, in the forum, not as in the days of Cnulhis and ihoS. ii)io-.iio cl I he ir free votes fur ahnuul Slagiiraic or piss upiui iieaei of inert-naie, but toreviciielrom Ibe bands of Ihe leaders of ihe re-neclive parlies iheir share of ihe sprits, and 'lei shonl fur tine; or the other, a those collce led in liaul, r.r 1 gyp', nmuiio I,i-.ht A-iu, wesifil tnnil-ti ihclnrscreliviilenil. The truril ofbleny had lied, and, avoiding lh al isles eifi-jvilizeil man, had sought pro lection in the wilds of Scyihiatir Scandinavia 1 audio, under ihe oner-ttion of ihe same causes and iotlue'ni'e, it will fly from our Capued and our feirnms, A calam- itv'soawfu', not only to our country but to iho world. must le depreca'cd ry every patriot r and every ten dency tn.a stale rf ihtngn hkelv to nrndui-e it iuimodi- aK-ly 'olieleked. '"Such a leiielcncy has eaisied does exit. .ie Always the. friend of my countrymen, never their iimit-ei-i, n tm-oines my duiy-ionay io mem irom nn llixll nlae-e 10 wllle-h Iheir nnreialuv-has rlrahcd JIM' lhat there cxisls io lhi land a spirit hostile to iheir I ellillerrst, hOelile lo hlsriv n-clf. ll ia a snirit cnnirao en in iv vievrs, Miri.li-.in It blitH II luol.1 10 nic agiraniuzeineni l a lew. even tu Ihe dctrue nonofiht interest ol the whole. The. enure remedy is with iheil'erinle. ioriieiliiiic, luiwever, may le eifts'teil by the- means which thev have nlm-cd in my hand.. Ii iiiinidn ihat we. want, DM of a parly for incsoKc ri line pariy, 1.111 a iiiiiun Ol the whole coiin Irv for Ihos'akc Ot ihuwdiole i-onntrv fur ihe.li-l'.-niv of its inieni-lsandiis honor against lureignaRxrresion iur me iivienir in ino-u prinoipiesleT u-nieb uur ane'Cs- eeif suinriuosiy conicnoco. As fiir'asit elenends untn ine It shall lHCeoiniilil. rd. All ibc infliienei; lhat I po-ses-, shall Ircxrricd lo nrevent the fttciatinn at l-sct of an Kxetouiive t'tar ty in the huls ol ihe Legf-laiivej' IJddy. ;'l vi.h for the c.Tee-t to the legal administration of their 0'alr" I eleein the present oex-asion sulpcicnlly important and solemn lo justify me fn expressing tu my fellow citizen a profound ruverene-c for the Christian religion, an I u lliuro'ighcnnyiclion lhat sound niirall religious liberty, nnd ftjust-enc orfeliglousrciponiwlily,r f.s"cul1ally connected with'nll triictrfiJ lastijr happi ness panel 10 that good Being whOJia, hlc-lAl us bv the gifii of civi and rcligtiiils fre cjqni whdtvMc htsl over nud jirospered the lapors of euf FaherBahd has hitherto preserved (n us'jta'tilulitw fnr ujr"roling In exeellcne-e Ihewe of any nlliCTpcopleylct us uuile in fer vently commending every interest orour lelovcJ coun try, In.'all f dure tune;. rdleiw-cilizenst Heine fully invested wilh that high o'tii eto which Ihe pariialily of my countrymen has calle.l me, I now take an 'nll'eclionato leave of you. Vem will I ear wilh von In vnnr homes the remem brance of.tho pledge ! have this day given tp.ilisehargc all Iho high diitlo of mv exillleit slalioh. according lo tho le.-t,ef uiy.al.diiyl'and. I shalLenter. nposfclhcir. pcnormanccwitti cntirccontldcnec in inc support 01 a il anu gcr.t-rou -opipl The Btcam ship President arrived at' Novjr York on tho 3d. The most interesting items' of intelligence which she brings aro thoso relating to the debates in both houses of" Parliament on the case of McLeod. In tlrb 1 Hehise o 1orefs it was introduced on llie 8II1 i)t. by the Earl of Mountcashol, who inquired of Lord Melbourne what steps bad been taken to procure bis libera tion. The Viscount roplied briefly, saying that the Houso coult' .note.Npcct him, to give, any jttr swer at that time. " ' In the House of Commons tho samo matter was brought up by Lord Stanley, who proceeded to state tho facts relating to the destruction of the Caroline, to sketch -tho negotiations whidh had been had upon the subject, and to set forth the proceedings which had attondod the arrest of McLeod, and the correspondence which had passed between Messrs. Fox and Forsyth upon the fiubject. -The question, then," said Lord Stanley. which 110 wisneu to put was 11ns: that, inasmuch as negotiations had coiiimencoil upon the sub ject ol the burning oftlio Caroline sinro Januaty, IB'iS, between ller Majesty's Government nml the Government of thu Uniloil Slates, ho wished to ask, in the lirst place, whether ller Majesty's Government would have any objection to lay on the table the cut ire correspondence which "had taken place upon the subject ul the Caroline! and, also, whether the despatrlies had all been received which had been referred to by Mr. Fox in the rocents accoftnts, aiid particularly that which had been transmitted em the 29ih of Do comber last, announcing the npprehnns.on of McLeod ! Ilcbeggudto as);, farther, whether Her Majesty's Government had taken any steps toward procuring the release of Mr. McLeod from his present confinement, and, if so, whether they would lay upon the table the nature of those steps-, and the correspondence with hail passed upon this subject bctw een the Government of the Un suppuri aji qu iiriui"r in lliat lasiy iu miy iist-asine m mioe xrtti'i doe nlinatistyhls juilgnienl and lu's 1 sense if dniyllo'those'frofii wliean be holds ni appoifitine.il: hnrVnV cbntMnWin iHatkntr.'tMnictht i'conUvllut iv cbntMnWin ilrntr.'tMni"tht i'conUvlli ttwt atVe-l fi.T by Mr. Jt-!fersf'rr4'6rititn.d nited States and Her Majesty's! -Ministers!" Lord Palmcrston in reply said that "he thought it would not be expedient iu llie present state of the question to lay upon the table tho corresnott denco relating to the capture and destruction of the Caroline, until that correspondence was brought to a final close hear, Hear." In corroboration of a remark made by Lord Stanley, the Viscount said he belioved that .McLeod was not ,1 member of'tho party that was concerned 111 the destruction of the Caroline. He went on to say that thn American Govern ment had chosen to treat this matter as one to be decided between tlio two Governments, in stead of by tho local anlhoiities ; and that this was the ground on which Ihcy were entitled to demand redress from the Ttriti-.li Government for tho acts of its subjects, as had been done bv tlieir Minister in, the case of the Caroline Lord Stanluy repeated a rittestion wlich he considered to bo of the deepest Interest. 'That tpjestioii was whether tho noble lord l'almerston had taken any Btep, and if so, what those steps were, lor the protection and liberation of Mr. McLeoel hear, hear.!' The Secretary said, in reply, that "he trusted tho House would nupposo that hor Majesty's Government had already, sent certain instruc tions, but until the correspondence upon this subject had concluded, it was impossible to send any instructions that could he final, lie hoped the House would believe that the Government would send Mr. Fox such farther instructions they might think it their duly todo ; at the same time lie was not prepared to state what the na ture of those instructions was fhear.l" Mr. lIc.Mi: then made some remarks, stating in the first place the fact that in January, 1&38, letter from Mr. Stevenson had been Iaidupo.t tho table iu the House of Representatives "in which the burning of tho Caroline was charac terized in very strong language" and iu which "Mr. Stevenson detp'ed, he had c, ver been inform ed that tho expedition against-, the Caroline was authorized or sanctioned by the British Govern- inenL" "Now." said Mr. Hume, "from May, 1619, the time when that letter had been writ ten, up to this hour, no answer had been given to that letter, nor had any satisfaction been given by'thc Ilrttisli Government upon this subject." He then alluded to a letter from Mr. .Stevenson datetl July t!, 1&38, stating that "he did not wish to press the subject farther i but if the Government of the United States wished him to llo so, he prayed to be informed of it." "ft ap peared," he said, "lhat the Government of the United States had been ignorant of any infor- niaiibu that could load them to suppose thai the enterprise against tho1 Caroline, had been tin- der'aken by 'the orders of tjlie British Govern ment or by Britisii authunty.v Mr.,JJ time therefore hoped lhat no discussion would take place uut-,1, all, ,tlie papers cptii)ccteil with the matter wero lai'd before the .House, Jle wished In know what' lite nature of those coin- iiliinications was avIth'Mr. 'Stevenson and her, Majesty's Gotrrhnicnt .winch had induced hun iio act as he had done. Viscount l'uhncrston said that ho rather thought his honorable friend would liud iu that correspondence that Jn-ttructions had been iriven by the American Government to Mr. StcYenon li ausiain iruii( pru.ving iuu Minjuce lariuur - liicar.l Willi regard tonic loiter. 01 -Mr. J-or-- syth, lie (ViscountU'almerston) begged leave to eminent was bound to give hjinjeyery protection possible (cheers from all'parlTof the house.) Tho debate iu the Commons was iptsfcd by Lord Stanley, whojpivo ituho bousoa recapitulation of Iho caler bs state! By the,, Canadian, aulhoritiss nnd this gaycfnitier)t. analyimg nt the tsiino tinfoitlic corres pondence which took plaoon tho iul&fi between MiSsirs l M nnd ForsytrtTj; Lord H. ejbicrvcd that MdLcod wii shorlIilo'iina,eiB,hif triaL iWact which yttta cnlcumtfcd to place two gTeHi'nniionsTrf-a. most se riotls and critical position, as al this moment tho life ofa llritiili subject may be placed in the greatest jeo pardy, in consequence of his having acted by the au thority of her Majesty's government, and by orders 01 1110 miitiary auiiioriuesi, iu uuey wmia. was 1113 nc ccs try and bounden duty. The question, then, which he (Lord Stanley) wish ed to pot, was this that inasmuch as negotitalions had commenced upon tho subject of tho I uming of tho Clrir -sines -tmuaTy !33, between rrtrMajety's Government and tho (lovcrnincnt of the United .States, he wished to nsk, in tho first place, whether her Majesty's Government would have any objections to lay on the tabic the entire of the correspondence which hail takcnTHaw;tipon trie-fmMt' erf the Bes miction of thal,'arolino?nnd, also, whether Ihcfdejsv patchei'had all been received, which had been referred to by Mr. Ifox in the recent accounts, and pnrtipnlarly that which has been transmitted nn the 29th of I,ii cembcr last, , announcing tip) apprehension of Mr, McLeod, ' He (Lord Stanley) begged to nsk farther, whether her Maje-ity's Gdvelnmcnt had tnken nny steps to ward procuring the telense of Mr. McLeod from hi) ri resent confinement' and, if so, whether they wqiild ay upon the table the nature of those steps, andUie correspondence which had passed upon this uubit-cl between the Government of the United States and her Majesty's Ministers 1 Viscount I'alrncrstnn roso and said, the nohtdlotd had adverted al ninth leiirth lo A subject of extreme interest, and which fioni the great delicacy of, its na ture, involved considerations o( a grave, and serious character lo two great countries (hear.) He (Vis. I'alinerston) was sure that this house -would think wilh him that litis subject should bo touched very lightly and with great delicacy (hear, hear.) With tcfcrcnce to iho st.ilti'ncnt which jind just been hinbc by the noble lord, the member, for North Lancashire, ns to the proceedings which had taken place relating lo the subject bcToro them, and the pailicular circiun lances which prccecded llio apprehension of Mr. McLeod, fhey were strictly con cel. lie (Viscount I'.ilincislonj would fust answer Iho iucslinu whieh 1110 home lora (.Stanley hail luu to mm, ociorc 11c would stale one word m explanation. Ho thought it would not be cxpril ent iu ihe present sinteof 1 lie question to lay upon the tabbi the corrcspondinn re ining to tha c iplino and destruction of llie Caroline, until that corrcsp' ndencc was brought to a final cl se (near, near.) lie beggod to inform tho noble lord llint despatches had been received, enclosing copies of iho correspon dence winch had linen plae'e lu lvvetii .iir. l ot anu Mr. I'orsvth. the I'orciin Minister of the L'nite'd Sta tes Government. Thise notes had been already nub! lished in the American papers, and he, (Viscount I'-ilmcrstnn.'i would, of course, have no nbitction lo lay Ihosedocumenls which had been already puhl.sh cdon the table (lauehthcr.i Hut this was a denar- lure from what he considered an important rule in re gard to international nfliiirs (hear, lif-nr,) nnd one wind mi'jht operate injuriously to national interests, to lav before 1'arlnment document relating to pend ine discussion. He thought 11 important to maiee with reference 10 the notice tn Mr. l'iirvth. one nh "rvalion. The noble lord (Stanley) had -iid, thntlie helievclMr. McLeod was not line of the party by whom tht'C'irolinphTl been altavked. His (Lord l'almerstnns's) inforiuation wenl preci sely to the same conclusion that he, McLind, was noin member nfihu party that vva' concerned in the destruction of ihe Caro'ino t but with reenrd 10 the ground taken by Mr. Korsyth in replyinetoMr. I'nx, he (tinl P.ilm'rston) ihoiight il right to say that the American Government undoubtedly might nave cbn-side-red tin transaction 10 be diaU ,v itli between the two Governments, by ilcmniids'fur l'cJicss, on" the one hand to (jc g'rautcil, or refused oiulu; other, and tohcdpalt with accordingly f or it plight have been considered, as Ihe nrili-li"niilIiorities consider pro ceedings between Aincriion eiii.ens on the Urilish side oXthe border, as matter to be dealt with by the local authorities. Hut the American Government lias chosen Ihe form cr course bv treating this mailer as one in ho decided between the two Governments, and tin' was the cro ndon whieh 1 hey were entitled tode nand redress from the ISriluih Government for thencts of it sub jects, lie was sure the house would think wilh him that inn nnjtcrofs ichcxtrcnmdifliculiy, it would be improper for him to enter into any fuither roainiKs or ohsirv.nlons, nnd hu vvoul I thcrcfcire content himself with answering iho noble lord's questions by stating thoseimportant fa ts which he hnd then menlionc l. Loid Stanlci a lid that tho noble lord who Inn just nt down had oijiitted to answer one question whiuh he, Lord Stanley, cousiib red to Le of the dicpesl in terest. That question was whether the nnble'lord Palniersion, had lnl.cn nny step,-and if so, what those ste ps wete, for the protection and liberation of Air. .McLe-od hear, hear.J Viscount l'alineis'on said lhat a case Eomewliat similar in principle lo the present was expected about a year and a half ago, and instructions were senta that lime to Mr. I'ox, on whichlie founded the com munication hemadutn the American authorities. Of course the house would suppose, he trusted, thai her M.iie-stv's Government had idieadv sent certain in structions, but until thu correspondence upon this suhiect had concluded, it was liunossible lo scud any instructions that could be fina'. He hoped the house would bei eve thai the Government would send to Mr, Kfix such farther instructions nn ihcy might think it their duly 10 do: nt the amc limo ho was not nrcnair cd to state what the nature of those instructions was (hear.) . Mr. II cm 1: in a speech in which ho referred to Mr. St.'v nsou's letter of .Mav. 13 13, concluded by depre cating discussion until all the papers connected with the mailer were nid before tnc House. 11c wisneu to know what the nature of the communications was with Mr. Stevenson and, her Majest)'s Government which had induced him to act as fie Ind done. Viscount I'.ilmerston said that ho rather thought that his honorable friend would find in that corrcspon dencc that instructions had been given bv ihe Ameri can Government to Mr. Stevenson lo abstain from pressing tho subject further (hear.) Wilh legard lo iho letter of .Mr. Forsyth, he (Viscount I'alinerston begged leavoto say that the case stoeid lini. In llie cao of the American citizens cuengcd in invading Ca nada, the Amcriean Government eiisavuwed thcaels of those citirens and seated lhat the llnlish Govern ment might deal with ihem us they pleaseel (hear heur,) and there were persons engaged iu this under taking who were not in any degree entitled 10 llio pro tection of the United Slates (hear.) Hut in the other ease ihcy treateel the nffiiir of the Caroline asone to he considered as thai nf the gov ernment, and in fact assumed it to be nl ogether a Government transaction, and not to be lefl.upon the respnnsibililyof individuals. Until t'lertfare the llri Utli (larernmtnt tlhoitntd those personteonetrnid ill the destruction nf tlie Carvtine, fn Ihe tame manner off the American Government lunl dUnrotrid their e' tiicnt in the other raf, he conctired that tin Ameri can Oorernmmt hndadnnlal nn inlcrnvtianal respo tihility in Vic late dttent'um of Mr. MtL'otl, and ,couldnot therefore change their around upon Mi's curW 'ofis-'hcjtr, hear.) Sif Kobert I'ecl wished toask th' noble lord 0 fines lion relating 10 nimtternf fact. Helielieveilihai.inthe expedition which had been formed for the destruction m England ns to the result. It sJwuhUcacli that i;rivcrnmcnt a cnfenlii leSpM.if regard it) its intercourse with otheW tiaiot)s----!nJver.lu fijet Ji'sljco in viowjif puwcl- never to fainkle,)n "JjPtHof-'iiino'iit because fheJrihirVe riot fWrn stith 6r protect thdmclvcAlt coilWJlpol bca.xp0Ct';"i iiato nflriglTef kn expcdltfojri asjlifliio Chilia w Vild lil to rfcyl-iVe tXisfOf-W't if&n 'overriliMBgqT-'t-ne" v' r " DnATit or iNriftu..Ntci, GAiirtovv. Wc re pret to learn by 11 letter from Auburn, dated JMnrch 4, Hint' fSalhiiniel Giirrow, IVlnrslinl of tho Northern District, uiotl in tliat villago on tlio 3d inst. Iio was, apparently, in good health, nnd nliout his usual business in tho I mDrnlnfrrbul ffiivard nielli was itltirckctTTfol- inu mini time, tyyiiropiyxy ijiu ijicu mv 11 iew : ..- s FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 12, 1841. T11K INAUGURAL Wc lay before our readers to-day the Inaugu ral Address of J'rosident Harrison, delivered in presence of fifty theoMahd of his fellow-citizens on the dth inst. It is a frank anS manly avow, alof the' great piiniiplcs by "Hindi ho 'w'ill b guidod in his administration, nnd a full and free discussion of the great truths that lie at th foundation of a republican government. Few, indeed, we apprehend will bo disporcd lo cavil at tho doctrines setl'or.tli, whilp all must admire the liberal and patriotic spirit that pervades the whole document. ' "l'vcry word and every thought which this Address contains proceeds from nn honest heart It confirms, in every bcntiment, tho assuranco which animated the IJcnplc thrpughotit the con ilict, that the Government has been committed to tho hands of a Htjilcsunti and Patriot. In this AdJie-s tho Velornn Picsidcnt has frankly and fcnctitly given utterance to the feeling and principles which"are lo govern and guido hun 111 tlio discliarco of his high duties. Let the People, discardin";"tlie evil suggestions of bad men, give to the President such support and confidence as his measures merit, at.d his ad ministration will bring-back prosperity-' to the People and give strength and stability ttfthe Re public. Gen. IIaiikispn evinces feelings and sympathies in this Addrc'F, fe,r and with the people. It is unlit. c the, cold, artificial, repul sive documents written for Gen. Jackson and -Mr Van llcr.nx., We are not treated as aliens and enemies to the Government. The Pies ident does not tell us that we "expect too much from tho Government," ur that it is ".lot the province of the Giivcrtiir.clit to relievo the people from embarrassments created by-icvuls.oii in business or c.tjniincrcc." On the contrary, Gen. IIahi'.ImO.n' fully recognizes the principle that all power is delegated to the few for the benefit of llie many; and that, the whole duty of the Government is to protect the rights and pronioto thu interests of tho govnrnod. The courtc of Kxecutivo action wI.k'Ji the Prusideul has marked out for hitnsellV will protect the Pcoplo and the Country from tie. injustice and oppres sion which Gen. JacksoS and Mr. Van lleiirM inflicted upan us. Thcreare to be no more Ex ecutive "D.xpcrimentt.''. Gen. IIai.i;jok will aim to bring back In the kml-marks established by WASHINGTON, JlfFEllSON and Mauiso.v. There will bei no further abuse of the Veto power. Nor xvill the Executive encroach fur ther upon tho LnGLATiV.d, departments of the Government. And what ia.besl and most impor tant of all, the whole potar'auJ patrcnagc of Iht (iinwnmcnl will n longeijt prostituted in a j.ro fligntc. antVcnmtpl struhgle fur a, rc-cliz'.ion kf the l'resuknt. Gen. Harrison, true to. lim pledge, Ins availed himself of the first opportu nity s'o'einuly to reiterate'his adherence to tho one Ttit.M raixcirLE. Had Gcn. Jackson, in his first Inaugural, proved'true to his profession'-, in this respect, how much of dislrcmor and t-uf-fjring would have been Averted! Hut Hunks to tho truth and patrotismn,f William Henrt IlAi:i;tiON,.the Country is not rgain to be rent and convulsed by a struggle between the Ofiicu holders and .the People, ''he President, in stead of squandering his t'inioad consuming, tho niean3 of the (lovernmcnt iu huckstcrings for a re-election, will now devcto himself to tho duties of his station." ' " rouRTH or :i.li'cii, mi. Tho Whigs of Utirlington-and vicinity cele Iratcd this day with a pint"of unanimity and cheerfulness becoming I'refemcu who have efl'ect. ,ed a. change of aihuinijrallpn or tjic Republic, by the' constitutionai'means,' the billot' box-. Tho day was ushered in by a national salute of 20 guns, fired at Winoo'ski village, by tha Tippecanoe Club of Colchester, under the direc tion' of Capt. Gay. The broad banner the Tippecanoe Club of .Burl'ugton, bqaring tho names of Harrison &i Ti-LERi-was displ.iyea fipofi Howard's log cabin, aifd by J'vejvc o'clock at tjoon, about five hun. dred Whigs assembled untlcrjt in lienor of the day. At two 6Veck a salute 0f 19 CUns Wis 01 toe immune-cerium oniecru wuiiiiciui'uuiiiiih.iii-i nreo on llie court liouse square, in hniinr nf 1 , in her Majesty's Army nnd navy were Concerned in 1( 4 ... ,' ",'wo1 ")e that nffiir, nnd that some of these officers had in the t'c, Inch cast lhtL5!oP'.0,'Al Vtfs,fcr exiculion or theordurs .wlii'-ti were issucu, lecciveei ' J inuecanoe and :i vleir too 'bo 1 savthat the rase stood thus: liithe casoof the' American citizens 'engaged jn invading Canada j the American Government disavowed the acts of thoso. citizens, and stated tint tho .Uritii-k au thorities might deal with them as they pleased hear, liear.J ami mat tnere wero' persons coif corned in'thts undcrtakimr'who we're not in anv degree entitled to the protection of tlio Vlliiwr Mates hear. llul in the other case Ihcy treated tho afllilr of the Caroline as .one to bo considered as, that of the Government, and in fact osMiincd-it to be' altogether a Government transaction, and not to be left upon the responsibilities of individuals. I7ni, therefore, the Ilrithh Goieniment dii. ovned thane jiersons.concefjitt mjhe dcslmction of' the Caroline in the sami naijpcr'eiJl'.e 4'wier'evin; Government had JUaiowJ Mr(r ciVfjcns vi-ilAe' cthercase, htconceixetl that the AmfriViri.ft)ierri. ifn had iMo)'ieJ on international rtivtimbilitij in the latcdctcnliooffr. McIsodK anil toul not Wf nji'fe' "itytngv, ilierjound, ujon th'isqu(stion (hear,. hear.) Mi ' Conuell was worry that hia honored friend (Mr. Hume) had taken such a course, be. cause ho (Mr. O Conuell) thought1 that up6n thjiV subject, at, all events, "there- ought to be. a unanmiily of fecliui: (hear, hcar.1 Hn il,i,i lhat every CNertiof fhould bej made to liave-.Mr'. Mclwl saved, asho had adPil under tho cnm'.' maud of the ofl'iecru of her' 'Maieste-v r:ni--... mcnt, 'and it wai jho strict. jicrforiiwurp'of hit. mav ie iiiiei, mcurreu tno uangor.witli whicl fir.. - .n,, . . - ,,, , ,. .. - " i e-wiiw ,The question he wished to asWas, .whether or not ' tmninglem ami the neighboring clnbs her Mnjesty's (inverninrnt hnd thought proper io, who wore invited, formed a processfon 111 front nvvnrd iicn9;oii9 to those, officers corrrffondmirin nr Hnu-nrd'-i nnit'or il,'n l, ..!- , , nmount with 'those-xvhieh were 11-uallv srsnttd fur P' " 'ho diref-,tiOii .,.f Puj, .p p. wounds reeeivedin the rerularicriVenf her M.iii-ny , Peck,--Marsliall of the dav, anil, led bv the 'Jin IinrtlJ. 'IliiMcll said thithonsnot ott-.fe of nny tlcrono'r Tland iri-iTclf.,r,i ,.ii ' . ' K pin-ions Invin? lKen arnntedto those otlicers who l"'"90 J,al"h marched up, College .sjrept to were .wounded in ihe ex-r.liftnn neninst lle'"ernl;ne. Chure'li street, llioni'o lo Il.mJx ttroet, thence to 1 Mr. O'Connell was s'irrv thai Ins hfih. frisiHUMr St. Pnul'litrer'' tlirni-''rrnii.-M -ji,ti, . . r niuu.-i had tnleen f.irh a rrnirsh bemuse be (Mr O'i . hfCe:'iX"L? "'v" sfc!btlrn Street fo C)nn.'ll)iVnii 'hi thai nnn ihi-i iih.ct, nt nl-evcnts. ' Alain street, lliencrujp .M;tiiu.trcet to Ihe Court .there ieichttn ibo-i unanimity of f.-elinir-lhear. bear.) House. The ttto''be..Utif'lirftT"s1'nrc'eii'ted hi, He lliTtph' lhat everv eseriion isltnnld le made to ! ,. t v rn v " " 1 wnicii ny InvoMrllMrl.end av.sl, ns be bud, nttell under the lllc laji cs ol "-"rJlUgtoii, at thotate Conientiiin conunandiif thcnlTiccrsof he-Mnieslv'sf-hvernnvnl, j inf iIIo'IIo'ImiV June lajf,1 one to the Whnr- eviik the sigiiifica.it motte',rTlnis dtj our, mountain scrrl respond to their country'-, call,s' ,il:u ti10 other to the Tippc'raYioc club jif-jJurhnglon, with tliopphetic mono, The d'n of arTght II" . h . I . 1 mmm iiU- ll A l.n I.. . t.. C ll " ll as:--. i' y John reck. And it was in Ihe strict performance nf hishiv thai tie had incnrul ttieelan''er witli whicn lie vvns tlirret-i eneei.' hear;.hf.ar i Whether thosa orders had been ; .ri'iht or vvrnni, lhli Goiiernmrnt was houn-tlO pi' e him cvnrv proioctwn rsiiblo (chce-ra Trom all pans ofnho houie-) ProbAhle FAauiicoi Titc'.Ilr.iTisii Exr'r.tii- TW.NT6 China. The news from China, and the tone. of tho English presn levo hardly a doubt tint tlm'evpedition lo China will end in a fotn. picte failure. i itM'i?ms,a.s ) .tna vengeance or 1 Iluavcu had pursued it to jiunisjllbe unrighteous undertakinu'. No sooner had the thins arrived on the coast of India than several lit'thcm were lost, and a ercat number of the trnotis were drowned. Whrn they rpached their des(ina. -ii 1.11. 1 ,, ., , iitui, anu.iiipi luunu ins wav to r.cnin, up was evidently butwittod .by tho Emperor, sent buck to Canton, nnd a ilelay. mont ruinous in its roii- Fonuonr.o wni prodti,ccil. ' I ht; Isiamlorciiiisan ht.d been taken possession of with nil thcjifimp iniu cirpiiiiiiinfci,ynr----pui. pr wiiai ptirptx-o 1 Oulytu.bccopiq a,vju(V'Goiitha,acomiinnci?ao. for the troops, who wpriv dying by v lilindreds. Laxity nf ilfrtilo,.fridulgi'nrn m rlisnipatKn'anil the cfl'ects'bf clinnto tn whifli ihcy' Ve,re nnnC customcd, wero Jiteeplng (hum awaVat'encliTt rate that out (( StoO laiided ujah-,ljmt Island, only -.OSO, but little jiiore than oua'hair, tin miincel fit for rlnty. niid iln-ease nnd dw ded much to tho hilarity-Csf the 1 ho Club wit callea,te"oA!ei 1 1 . rr - . ; vr 1 rXiliei(.n,lu Vyra-x'VittpmiiigsWaJjapnnlnicd SlV' )'ru W?lctfTe. Ciirevfd.nmf, Heru.aiiitAllen auililctorsAdams vJoro appoint. imned mnkinj frrilf havoif amrmir tncin "'; ShoiUJilJiott fail, of accgi'npisliifjiss,'ecl hi. ..n-,,??.!!,.,. -i .'i.,.l,,?.Jfet,V(-7a ivcrv reason to bel'xive thiteM"!. bis forces .will bo by Hint iw., iiiresu-ircei-iiaar, iieajx) . WJictbor iim k.-.K.iifr.foe notrvo foiwrations tboto orelcM'il'l?eh rti.'htw.'x.TOirf.' thl Gov. J Th( n,. apprehcftlfbnf Iti.-'nt-'Hslned cd a committee to draft apd present,to the club suitable resolutions for their coriVfdcration. 1 The commitloo on resolutu'--i reported the following, which vvere severally reael, and discu6ioel by Mcfisrs) II Allen, Cj Mami,' Jidjn VanSicklen and Geo. A. AIlefner ia'fsc-d Uliaiiinioui-ij, t, ,rMfrfii,,l'lwi In ne-seniUm this' jjoy'lo tilhcr'n the tiHvVndnilnlstraiion, ll is not our vfifh to ki-i'l'tltf IheVfimtofopiirvMngtiieiions; por ye-tttb t-xtih r, n tbexletMt ef sit ndvetxiry ,' bin rniWro'reioiceVvilh exeee-dmg thanktulniss in this new dumonstro'tron'rjf llic.rapiicilyor ibe-pcfiplo fjfMlfpovffhitif-nt -'''''iTIiarwhilovvf-;? foreinrselvesor l ie e.rvaciljs flnd firnf., 0V Vffi rfttwechrvrfiillvfoncrrfethefameKrhilooih recollect,,,,. IhM fJifierencc or5pXfcS nlv onnofttion of nrinciiJe. i .L ""'"scra- ofa(mdJd

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