24 Mart 1843 Tarihli Burlington Free Press Gazetesi Sayfa 2

24 Mart 1843 tarihli Burlington Free Press Gazetesi Sayfa 2
Metin içeriği (otomatik olarak oluşturulmuştur)

4. (UtlttlMIM mtlltn J-iiiuT,' ii ig inipnttiMii I say How great a iintitt of sugar limy bcproJuced un on acre. The exptriunutj havy bon directed mora to ascer tain tha saccharine quality of cornstalk than the mount a given quantity of ground will produce! but tha calculations tnadu from trials on a snullacale isayo no rootmto tWubt that tlio miaiv uo ii win cw u i,ujy pouuus. the cane, which, after thejiiicoii expressed, is utuslly burned. Tho mill should bo madoon lho samo general prin ciple employed in constructing those intended for Crindlllff caiia. An llmtnrlnMt itli;-ri.ni... linu'finr. ..ii ., i ...hi i , :. .V ...... ...... iii uu munu uotu in 1110 original cost ami in tlio ex lityuf sugar v, ( lynso ofwortinir ihem. Judging from the compare inn amount win run live hardness of tho ratio and curnslallt. ii is believed aBerunreiiouau e. w hen it 9 consulted hat tlio il.-i .r. i. ' i. ... .1. 1" .1.. V w J? UM fmM' SnJ ,hC can. mill will bo a?nnly ' umcicnt fir ElKrfi ! " efni'?1, 1 ! . ... . fjt .cum nni1 uno-fourlh part of the power ll, rn It i?rtI: mi0nc "1 w,,cs"on, JC,, ' it with the same velocity It may be tnado corn i ? Il7i,.7e's-h! 1". Tl '"T 1 I'PilKht wooden rollers, from twenty to for- square foot tins 19 at ll.eiato ofl031 tons tciiu,n frnmown,,ti con,!,,!..,, 0r ,'w0 ,ori- lu ii. n nnrr. .. .,,,!.,, ..... . v . j . . '"niui pieces, susin neu uy tipr u lis. 1 11 to pieces My attention was firs directed 0 maize ns a ma to-, ,., . ',:,! ',0 .,1,,,:. ... J..,' -.. ;,, nf ,1' ..;. rial for sugar by observim? thai, in soma stalks, tlio juice was extremely sweet, while in oihcrs it was weak and watery. On examination, it appeared that the latter had borne largo and pci feet ears nnd grain, whilsyon tho former, these aro cither small in size or entirely wanting. The natural conclusion from this observation wss.'that, if the cars wero taken off in their eiuoryo sta'e, tho wholo quantity of ajcehurino tntttsr produced by llie pmcsa nf vcgi.nalion would ho prcicivcn in 1110 staix, irom which it 11113111 bo extract ed when iho plant was matured. Itiittho idea occur red foo late in the season to teat it by experiment. A few atoll,, however, wero found, which, from some eause, had bomo no grain) these were bruised with a mallet, and thajmceexlractcdby a leverprrss. Joino lime was then added, and the dcsircnion, evaporation, cVc.. began and fVnishtd in a singlo vessel. Hy these sunn's means, sugar of fair quality waa produced, which was sent to tlio liorlieultural'cxhibiiioii of our tociety in 1810. I have sinro been informed, through Mr. Kllsworth, thit. M, Pallas, of France, has discovered, in 139, that the snccliarino prnperttianf iiiH'rae wore increas ed hy merely taking off tho car in its embryo state. An experiment, howeror, wbicli I instituted, to deter line the yilno of this plan, resulted in disappoint ments tho qTiintity of su'jar produced was not large enough 1.) render it an object. Tha reasons of this failuro will bo sufficiently o'omous on Haling tho cir cumstances. It was found that taking the car off a Urge stalk, sncUna is produced hy the common mode of cultivation, indicted a ccnsiderublo wound on the plant, which injured its heahh, nnd of ci ursu Icssenel Hi productive power. It waa nlsu found that the nat ural disposition to form gram was so Btrong, that sev eral ucceiaivr cars wero thrown out, by which labor waa increased, and the injuries of tho plant mullipli i. .Lastly, it appeared that tho juice yielding Irom those plants contained a considerable portion of f.ir Ign substance, not favorable to the object in view. Vet, under nil these (Imdvaiitiges, from one hundred to two hundred pounds of sujar per acre may La ob tained. Toe manifi-st nhifciima detailed above siiZ2cslcd eaoiher insde ol cultivation, to bo employed m com bination with the one fir.! proposed ; it consists sim ply in raising a greitcr number of plants on the sur.s pseo oreround. Hy this plan, ill the unfavorable rasuhs above mentioned wero ohvutad. a much lar ger quantity of sugar was produced, and of heUer qjsuty. inojuiceproJiicc.l by this moileot cuitiva' t sn ii remarkalilv nuro and agreeable to tho taste, fj'iinnlja of tho sujar vi;ld?J hv it arc now in lliu Pa- te'if OfTice, with a small hand-mill bv liicli 1I10 e'alks wero crushed. Some of the same kind wastx luhited to our nsricultura! societv in October. IS 11, ac eornpanied with an answer to an invitation from it president, Dr. J. W.Thompson, to explain tho mode ofculturo and prosess of manufacturing tho tugar. Tho molasses, after Blinding, as beforo mentioned, from fttin tn tivo mnnlViQ. l,en,nn filli'i! with funall crvs- tals, which, on being drained exhibited a picutiar kind ofsumr 1 the irrain is small, and somewhat infe rior in appearance, but still is as sweet and agreeabla to tho taste as can be desired. A small sample of this upar 1 nave brought lor your inspection. 1 ins pro dust, from what was thought to be molasses, Is a now and unexpected discovery, an 1 disclose p.u important fact in tho investialion of this si.bjc.Jt. It shows the uperior degree of perfection attained by tliocorn plant compared with the cone, in any part of tho Union. It it generally understood that tho litter connut ho fully matured in any except a tropical climate, and the pro portion of malasses obtained from any plant is greater ot less accord iog to tho immaturity or perfection of its growth. Tho sweetness of tho cornstalk is a mat ter of universal observation. Our forefathers, in tho revolutionary struggle, reported to it as a means to furnish a substitute for West India sugar. Thoy ex pressed tho juice, and exerted their ingenuity in efforts to bring it to a crystallized state, but wc havo no ac count of any successful operation of the kind. In fact the bitter and nause9 properties contained in the t'oints of largo stalks render tho whole amount of juico rom them fit only to produce an inferior kind of ino laises. I found, on experiment, that, l y cutting out tha joints, and crushing.tlie remaining part of tho stalk, ugsr might be made, but still of un inferior quality. Tha molasses, of winch therawas a largo proportion, wis bkler-and disagreeable. BFrom ono to two feet of tho lower part of theso talks waa full of juice j but the balance, as it ap proiu'ii I tlx.. lop, become, dryer, and afforded but lit tiT. I r 11. 1 tlio foregoing experiments we see that, in or ler to obtain tho purest juice, and in tho eretnest qua', lit, v 2 iimt adopt a modo of cultivation which i'l prevsnt thi largo and luxuriant growth of tho tllk. As we ra upon tho threshold of this inquiry, many ther improvement? ma be expected in the modo of operation 1 igj example, tt may uo that cutting 011 1110 tass.'I as soon as it appears on the plant will prevent tha formation of grain, and prove a preferable means for effecting that object. On the whole, there appears ample encouragement far perseverance. Hverv stetiin the investigation has increas-d tho orohabilities of success: no evidence having been discovered why it should not succeed as well, if not better, on a large scale, than it hasdor.oon k email one. .1. In the first place, it has boon satisfactorily prov ed, that sugar ofan excellent quality, suitahlo for com mon us; without refining, may 'be mad: from tho (talks of mai7.?. S. That the juice ef this plant, when cultivated in a eertain manner, contains saccharine matter remarka bly frco from foreign suh-tanrrs. . '3. Tho quantity of this juice (even supposing wo had no other evidence about it) is sufficiently deinyu trared bv tho irrcat amount of nutritive urain whU-h it produces in ihe natural courso of vegetation. It is ota of the two outsiderollers. by which their distances from the middle ono inny bo rcgulilcd. The power is amdicd In the middle roller, and thu others aro mov ed from it by means of cogs. In grinding, tho stalks pass through on the right sido of tho cylinder, and come in i-untact with a pieco of framework called the dumb returner, which directs them backwards, so thai tliey pass Iniough tho rollers again, on tlio op liosito sidcof tho miildloono. (See nlate. The mod' cm improved niachiuo is inada entirely of iron, threo Horizontal rollers, arranged in a triangular form, ono nuovonnd two below ! the rancor stalk passes direct. ly through, receiving two piessurcs befuto it escapes. taee plate.) the lower cylinders ore contained in a small cistern which receives the juice. The latter machine is too most complete) tho former tho least expensive. Iliesemill3 may ue moved liycatllC) out. lor largo operations, steam or water power is prclera ble. When the vertical cvlendcrsare turned bt cattle. the axis nf tho middle one has long levers fixed across it, extending from ten to fifteen feet from tho centre, lu render the aims film, the axis of this rower is car ried up to considerable height) nndobhquo braces of wood, by which the oxen or horses draw, aro extend ed from the lop of the vertical axis to tlio extremities ofeachof thoarins. When hurizontal cylinders ate Ernpcllcd by animal power, tho upper roller is turned y tho cogs at one end, which nro caught by cogs on a vertical shaft. It is said that, in the West Indies, tho purest caneiuico will ferment in twenty minutes after it enters the receiver. Corn juico has been kept for one hour before boiling, without any apparent in jury resulting) but so much delay is not desirable, as It may be attended with bad effects. 1 lie process winch Ins been emnloved in tho manu- hcturo of maizo sugar is as follows: Tho juice, after coming from lho mill, stood for a short time, todepos ite some of it coarser lmnuriiies. It was then noured off, and passed through 0 flannel strainer, in order to get ru 01 such miners as coma uo separated in 11113 way, I, imo water, called milk of lime, was then ad ded, in the proportion of one or two table spoon full to the gallon. Itissaidby sugar manufacturers that knowledge on this point can only be acquired by ex perience; but 1 havo never failed in making sugar from employing too iuueh or too little of lho lime. A certain portion of this substance, howevert is undoubt edly necessary, and more or less lhan this will bo in jurious j hut no precise directions can be given about ii. 1 nu juicu whs men jMncru uver ino lire, aim brought ncirlv to the boding p' iut, when it was care fully skimucj taking care to cumplcte this opera tion Dficre tnullition commenced. It was then boil ed down rapidly, removing lho scum as it ruse. The juice was ex-imined, from limo to time) and if thcro was any appearance of feculent particles, which would not rise to tho surface, it was ngnin passed through a I'.annel strainor. In judging when the sirup is suffi cientlybji!iJ, a portion was taken between tho thumb and finger) .mil if, when moderately cool, a thread half an inch long could be draw n, it was considered to ho done, and poured into broad shallow vessels, to crystallise.' In some cas;, crystallization commenc ed in l.velve hours ; in others, not till after several days) and in no case was ibis process so far complet ed as to allow the siiL'ar to ho drained in less than threo weik from the times of boiling. The reason why sogreit a length of timo was required I have not yet been able to discover. There is no doubt but that an improved process nf manufacture will cauife it to granulate as quickly as any oilier. Knough Ins been said to enable any ono so dispos ed to manufacture sugar from maize. As to the profits of tho biiines, I shall make no positive assertions j experience on the subject is yet too limited to warrant iheui) and, ns all tho facts in relation to it aro now befoio the public, every ono in teusted call draw his own conclusion". It H sud, by thosi acouaintcd with the cultivation nf tho cane that business cannot be carried on profitably on less than ono hundred ncrcs incron: and that ntlcmnts on a 11 , . -t, 1 . Innn r-,F Rtnan scaiy will ue ccrinill 10 inn, wnn :i Kiv.u " tunc ana labor. How far this may be appucaDie 10 corn remains lo be seen. ooine comparison between tho cultivation of cane thrltnomcter in tlio kcttlo, and continue to evaporato until it stands at I'arcnhcit. If, when placed lo run ofTaftcr cooling, it should bo found too frroly bull ed, tho next titno boil to 210. or. if too lichl lo run oil', to '2.W, and so on. Gili. Tlio Kcttlo ur boiler should bs so arranged that the momont it Is dune its charge should be thrown in to a cooler, capable of holding a number of charges. 1 11 c msi ciiarga biiuhiu uo icu 111 111c vuuicr, wuu stirring, until tha second chnrgo is thrown in 1 then with ill oar icrrtne thocrvstals found on the side nnd bottom of tlio cooler loose, and gently stir tho wliolo mass together, (ino less stirred tne nctter;) so con tinue, nt tho letting in of each charge, to stir gently and when nil is in tho cooler, let thu whole stand un til it roots down to I7ftu then nil out into sigar moulds of n capacity not less than 11 gallons. When cooled iii the mould sufficient, (say fourteen hours,) null the plug out of the bottom of tlio mould, and in sert n shaip point, nearly as largo as tho hole, somo six inches withdraw lho point, and stand tho mould on a not to di in. 7th. If tho sugar is intended to bo brown, leaving it standing on tho nor lor n siinicient length ol tunc, in a tcmnoratitrouf SO', will run oil' its molasses, nnd leave it 111 tha merchantable shaDc: it will nrobablv require twenty days. It can then bo thrown out of the moulds, and will bo fit for use. When moulds cannot ho obtained, conical vessels of wood or metal with a holo at tho apex, will answer criually well. Tho nbovo description will ho sufficient for any operator, if strictly followed 1 hut should any of your Iticniu wish to tnako tlio experiment on a largo scald or to produce white instead of brown sugar'nt a sin' nle nneration. Ihev had better seo ine personally be. fore romniencinir. at the kind of kettle, nnd many other minor particulars, will boitnportant. Thoabovc 1 : . 1. i...il.. l. .... r ucscnpiion, imwevcr, 19 luuy ouiih-ilhi iui uiu usu ui the farmer. If the juice of cornstalks be manufac tured with the rapidity named id lho former part of this letter, no clarification will be necessary, and scum which may riso during tho boiling can bo taken off with a skimmers but in tho lame iraw both clari fication and filtration would bo rcoulsite. as in large operations every part of tho kettle cannot ho got at lo stum, oincu 1 nisi saw von, 1 navo mane somo ex periments on tho cornstalk 1 nnd if vour statements are correct as to tho quantity of iuico which can be obtained from tho acre, lhcn thcro can be no doubt of its entire superiority to tho sugar cane. I fear, how ever, that the enthusiasm of thoso who mndo tho ex periments you spoke of has led them into errors. It is true that tho juice of lho cornstalk, grown with a view to sugar making, will yield a juice at 10 Ileaumc. I havo made arrangements to try the experiments fully in the coming summer, und when done will com municato tho results. I remain, sir, yours, respectfully, J. J. MAPES. Hon. II. L. Ktt.swor.Tii. and lhfllnfeorn nnv nerlmns h interesting. Tho cane lands in t.ouimna are redeemed to ogri culturo bvslrnntemh.inkinents oloncrtho river, and by numerous ditches, which extend back into the sivamp to a considerable distaneo beyond the line of cultivation. J he ground is still lurllier divided, uy smaller ditches, into lo's of from one to two acres in extent. It iscxlrcmcly rich and productive, hut the expense of drainim and keeping up the embankments mn&l be considerable) this forms the first difference to bo noted in lho culture or tho two plants under con' sideration. Tho best season for planting enno is in tho fall w hich is also the lime of harvest, w hen labor is the most valuable, and tho greatest exertions are required to cpeuro Ihn eron hi fore it is itestroved bv fiost But tho most striking difference "will bo found in the coat of seed, and in the labor of plaining. The cano is propagated by layers) these are partly fur- luslied irom uie wps 111 ine plants, wnen cui lor grind ing, hut ore principally raloons. Of tho latter, it re quires tho produce of one aero to plant three. Tho graiiifroni ono aerooflcorn will besiiflkient for plant ing forty acres) then-fore, the difference in lho ex pense for seed will bo as one to thirteen. In plaining cane, furiows aro made with the plough from two and a half to three feet apart) in these lay ers are placid, in a double row, and tho earth drawn over them, with hoes, to tho depth of three or four in ches. In the spring, bofo.o the plants nrn up, this cover ing is partly scraped off, so as to leave them buried from one tn two inches. From lliisnccount.it is ev ident that no moro manual labor will bo required to drill fifty acres in rorti, than to plant one acre in cane. nee Iloss to expatiate on tho vast advantages which ' rmv,i, i, ni!0 rea!er. but this mav bo ba anced bv would result from the introduction of this manufac- I ,,c nm or; rc.nu;reJ 10 tal.o offthe embryo ears Ctira intO Olir COUntrV. r...... ,l.rt .rtr.. lVl.n r-Mlnunrivl it, .he mnrl,. rei-nm. Gram is produced m tha West in such overflowing ibiindinco that the markets become glutted, and in ducements nro offered to employ the suiphis produce in distillation. This business is now becoming disre putable. The happy conviction is spreading rapidly, that tho use of alcohol as a beverage, instead of con riucinr. 10 health and strentith. is the surest means of destroying both. Homo other production, therefore, t acri. will uo nvurea, m wnicn inc powcr3 ui our suu ni.iy bt proulRiiiy employed. Jtiw, found in the business now prop tillerie3. convertinnfood into poison, wo mav have su ar-houscs, manufacturing at our doors nnarticlo in universal demand, not merely useful, but necessnry, lurmsmng as it noes ono 01 uie most simple, natural, end nutritions varieties of human sustenance found in the wholo Miia cf vcgatablo production. It is said lint the general tiao of sug.ir in Kuropo has hid the effect to extinguish the tcurvy and many oth er diseases formerly epidemical. It maybe doubted whether a tropical country can ever furnish a great amount of exports, except through tho means of com pulsory labor. It appears, thcnj'hisldy probable, that if the inhabitants of temperate ''ountri-s wish tu con tinue the use of sugar, the v must find somo means to produce it themselves. Tlio beet appears to succeed well in Europe, and the manufacture from il is exten ding rapidly, but there is no hazard in making the morsion tint Indian corn is far better adapted lo our purpose. Tho fo'lowingmodeof cultivating tho plant, an t making ike sugar, is tho best that can now 00 of fered. The kind of soil best adapted to com is so well understood, that no directions on this point are nec-1 es'ssry, except that it should bo rich tha richer ihe oeucr) 11 not naturally leriiic.inanuroniuaiucun'uco ilbsr p'a lghed in or spread upon tho surface, or usad heth .ways, according jo Ilia ability of tlio owner. Natmnifcan form a belter preparation for. the crop than a clover sod well turned under and harrowed tne immediately 1 efore planting, Salcct for seed lho largest and best ears of any va riety of corn not disposed tn throw up suckers or cprtad out in branches) that kind most productive in thi neighborhood will bo generally the ono best ndop Iu,ih9 purpose. The planting should be dono with a drilling machine. Ono man, with a pair of horsea l)u an instrument oi tins i;mu, win piani nnu cuver, from lho corn. When culiivntcd ill tho mode recom mended, the stalk of corn is soft, remarkably heavy, andfull of iuicefrom bottom lo top. The nmoiinlof pow.r required for grinding thciiimust be much Jess than is neressaiyforcane.or, whatis the tamo lliing, nn equal power ill do it with greater rapidity. The overage yieui 01 cam, in i.uuisiiiuu, jit-unu iiiuusuuu pounds of sugar and l'oriy-fivo gallons of molasses per acre. From the nbovo coninarativo Hiiteuient. it powers orour soil may 1 wolll nr tha, onc.,alf this amount of crop from ,w, it is hoped, will , bo , CI)rn womil u(mi,n!ly, if not more profitable, oposed. Instead of dis- 1 wi only add, in conclusion, that whether or not tlio sugar irom lho cornstans may soon necomo nu nniele. nf nrofiiahln extiort. its manufacture in lheiin- pleii form will enable every family to supply them selves with an article for common use, now become so much a necessary of life, anil thus save a consul cranio phi 01 expcnsc'ciriy paiu lor ioreii;ii suguia. Extract from Annnlts de tii fixiite I'olylcchniqu i'ractiaut, .Vo. 22, fur (hlobcr, 1839. ScoAn or Cons. There is noplant of greatcrgen eral interest or utility than Indian corn, ltcan scrvi undir n great variety of different forms, for the nour - , H t- 11 1 .: :.i. 1 i ... isunieni ui mm aim ino numc-ui1- uiiiiuais, uuu, aum nit. the nnnlieniion ofindu&trious science. In reference to its sai-charino nualilics. maize has not been sufficiently appreciated. Travellers report that under the tropics the stalk of this plant is so vo ry saccharine dial the Indians suck it ns in other pla ces thov do tho sUL'ar cane. 51. l'allace. who hai mado a great many researches on Ihis application of in.aue, has anvedat a rrmarKaoie result) neuasiounu by miny experiments, both in Franco and inororc- Ceilliy in AiriCil, llliu Ills .I'yimuic, uy a oin'Jio iiiuu lUCailOU UPIMICU 111 119 .UIlill, la UUIU lu lUllliail . much more considerable quantity of sugar than by fh nritinnrv method. 'Phis ineihod consists in detachim from tho paint, immedi.it ly after lho fecundation of tlie nvrirlea. fnflcr llm nlant has tasselledA tho vouni! car, and to leave il to develop itself, thus deprived of us irun. nrrneu ni inuiuinj, 111c oiuii u, iiiuiau ui ,, c-iniaini crvs'allizahle snunr in nuanlitv very often double that obtained when the plant is left lo mature with the grain. In fact, by the ordinary mode of cul ture, lho grain is nourished at lho expense of the su gar in the etalk, as it absords a great quintiiy of this immediate principle, wtiien, uy 1110 process 01 nuiri; FOREIGN. New Yontcf March 13. Tlio sto.nttsliip Gnr.AT Western, Cnpt. Iloskcti, arrived at this port at 1 o'clock, P. M., from Bristol, Eng., via. Mudcria, having heen 29 days on her devious way. She brings European ad vices six days later, with tho news by an overland mail from China Tho European news is not important. England is tranquil and her poor less miser able than a few months ago, though the ac tivity 111 her manufacturing districts conse quent 011 the news of Peace witli China has somewhat tibatcd. The Cotton market has been so glutted that buyers have their own way, and a farther decline of l-8d is nearly or quito established. For Provisions, tho market is moro favorable. Parliament is actively in session, and dis cussions of tho Ashbuiton treaty and of Ca nadian affairs arc frequent and earnest. Tho warmest feelings of good will to the United States is expressed by all parties. The Ministry havo avowed in debate their ex press approval of Sir Charles Uagot's courso in Canada in taking the French into his con fidence. Then why supersede him? Sir Samuel Spry (Cons.) has been elected to the IIouso of Commons from Bodmin, beating Mr.Sawlu (Liberal,) by 1G5 to 1C1. In France, tho Ministry have had a severe struggle in the Chambers of Deputies, being ing assailed upon their Foreign policy, with reference to England, Spain, fyc. Marshal Soult ably and feailessly sustained M. Gui- zot Minister for the Marine and Colonies, und been succeeded by Baron Rousin In Spain, the fermentation of Barcelona ins uy no means sutsnieu, out lias liccn ex cited to a smothered fury by tho severities and exactions of Gen. Seaone. Another in surrection is anticipated, though the Govern ment and Gun. S. havo taken the most vigo ous measures to prevent it. Abd-el-Kader has made another inroad in to the French possession in Algiers, The English arc complaining of the high duties on their Manufactures exacted by Rus sia, which virtually shut them out of that country. I.ioiit or Sr.ABCH. Haute ol" Lords. Prh 7. Lord Urougham cmcrcd imo some explanations, with ension entertained hy was suddenly turned into pallid foar, and shtieka of horror inusi irom inouosoms 01 thousand, who mil now had been convulsed with mirth. Grasping what was dearest them, all rushed toward the outlets. These were too few for tho magnitude of tho thea tre, und it was very flowly that the foremost modo ,v;iy tor those uciiimi iliein. Ho much 1110 mote ra udlvdid tho flames communicate to tho resinous fir platiks, apd quickly advancing from scene to scene, they soon penetrated into the body of lho theatre, still swarming with people. As ill luck wquld havu it, one nf the large folding doors nt the entrance, which opened inward, hod in lho confusion been occidenily pushed 100, 11 11 11 resisted nil c oris to lorco it cillicr from without or from within. Thus only half of thu main entrance was availablo for escape 111 this critical moment, nnd the retreat of tho audienco was of courso proportionality delayed. Tho police would not at first sutler privato individu als to render ussistancc that thoviuhrht keen the con duct of tho business lo themselves. A tradesman nevertheless, contrived with a spado lo break down nboard on una sidcof tho theatro) and to drag sixty half suffocated persons out nf this horleouins hell through lho aperture, with imminent peril of his own life. The Uinpcror Nicholas rewarded the worthy man with nn order, and, as ho was poor, wun a pen sion of 2000 rubles. Mcanwhilo lho people in tho street, as mav bo sun posed, became awnro that the matter was Po joke. Thofearfiil lidingssoou spread through tho city that t.abarnnn's theatre was on lire, nnd that thousands of persons in it wero likely to perish. It is impossibo lo conceivotke consternation ond despair thatscued all Petersburg. Thero.was not a family ono or more who fo members might not bo among the wretched sufferers. When Ihe Emperor on the first news of lho lire, hastened irom the winter raiaco 10 1110 spor, women ran up In him ond cried, "Sir, save. savel Mv son is ninolirr them I And inv husband is there! My brother is not out yell" "Children," replied tho F.mperor, " I will save all I can." When lho firo was over, when tho flames nnd life wcrocxunci, nnu an wno wero wiinin iny in n.uurii' ett and charred heap, lho melancholy business of re. moving tho dead was commenced. The sight is said to have been beyond all idea harrowingand appalling, when, on clearing away tho timbers which had fallen in. Ihft mass of bodies was rroduallv discovered. They were pulled out one by one with hooks 1 some were completely carDomzeo, oincrs roasicu iiks cnes nuts) many had only tho hair of tho head singed) many with glazed eye, burned hair, nnd charred fa ces, had nn their holiday clothes and decorations which tho flames had not reached, on account of the closo pressuro of the throng. These presented a far moro repulsive spcctaclo than those which wero entirely burned. In one Part of tho building, which lho flimes had spared, were found dense masses of bodies still standing upright, hkea hostofahades from the nether world. A female was found with her head hanging over the gallery, nnd holding her hand and her handkerchief before her face. A gentleman who witnessed tho operation of clearing away 1110 uouies, toia mo mat 110 could not touch food for ihrce days, so frightful were tho ima ges that had incessantly haunted him afterwards, and a lady, who had looked in from a distance was so skocked that she became delirious, ond raved for sev eral days both sleeping and waking. The number of the victims was subsequently sta ted officially to ho 300 ) but a person told mo that he counted with his own eyes 30 carts, each of which contained from 10 to 15 bodies. I'eople who pretended to know irom good authority, represented the num ber ns so largo that I daro not repeat it, lest others might tninii 111c amount too improuaoic. 1 uc laic Avtmi limes The sacrifice of life and property at sea during the last six weeks has been, we re'gret to sav, without parallel in the history ot our mercantile otiairs. un the coast of England 154 vessels were wrecked and mo lives lost) on lho coast orircland live vessels wero lost, with 131 lives 1 on tho coast of Scotland 17 vessels wero wrecked, and 39 lives lost, and on tho coast of France, four vessels and 100 lives lost. Tho value ot tho vessels and cargoes have been roughly es timated nt JC393.000. viz: tho vessels at XJ05.000. and tho cargoes at 160,000. On the three following days after the ttlli numerous other wrecks occurred, to tho extent of nearly GO, the losses of which were upwards of 2-10,000, this wilh the others, making a total of 823,000. To this is to bo added lho great loss of vessels that occurred hi lho courso of the storm of Friday and Saturday last. ninori.-i 11 irom i. Domineo. Tho lull! Woodstock. Copt. Baker, from Aux Cnyes, arrived at Savannah, brings inlclligento confirmatory of the reported insurrection in St. Ilomingo. A loiter from tho American Consul, dated Feb. 8. states that all the south part of the island is in n stato of civil war. and the arondissemcntol Jcremie is in complete po.-scssion of tho revolutionists. Tho insurgents are commanded by Col. Riviere, who is represented ns a man cl much resolution and energy, iney aeciare tueir oDjcci 10 uo iiiccsianiisumem 01 a roiisiiiuuuu modelled after thatof the United States. Tho Wood stock brought despatches from tho American Consul to the Secretary of Slate, wliich wero immediately forwarded to Washington. 1. Ilcrata. Appalling Particulars of the latcawful Earth' IJU.1KC 111 mc Wliniwniu isiauus. St. Tiioms, Feb. 29, 1813. This lnorninir a French schooner came in consign cd tn us. Tho news she brings is that tho city of 'Tointen I'ciro uiiaunionpoj is entirely uevnsinieu, - .I ..... n ainirl,, Inllilimr left cl nni 1 In i in if. ltiu M. Duperre had resigned his station of supposed that C000 people havo disappeared, somo how or oiner no one can ten, mm uiu uuuic. oi .iuuo, which began to decompose and smell offensive, were dugout of tho ruins by tho Bailors in tho lnrbor and taken oui to sea in boats as last as they could, and -thus tret rid of them lo prevent a pestilence. Out of BOO line soldiers composing tho regiment at Pointo a retro, only 11) remained to tell lho talo ot woe ! 'l ho massy fortifications, the guns, the barracks and all therein being crumbled into dust, while the mouth of the harbor which before the event was capable of ad mitting ships of the heaviest burthen, becamo com pletely choked up and foruvcr rendered impassable by rocks being forced up from the bottom of the sea. Tho csels which were at tho time in port will, it is feared, never bo got out) among them largo ships from France, and other vessels from America, if-c. The survivotH were reduced to such an awful extrem ity for food that wliolo cart loadsof canes wereorder ed in from the the country for them, and in lho way to the town they rushe l out and by main force inter cepted the carts, and seized the canes as if mad from hunger. The scene was tcrrifiic. It was breakfast hour with tlio inhabitants, Capt. Fisher of tho Am. vessel, when the shock commenced, was sitting in tho low er story of a store fronting the water, and sprang for his boa't at lho end of a short wharf. In nn instant he was nt the end of tho wharf, but tho wharf and tho boat both rocked so fearfully that ha hesi'atcd. just then the ground opened beneath his feet, and with a leap ho reached tlie boat and was saved. Vessels were so much shaken as to bo tn great dan- the middle of August. The latter kinds will be ripe la September, and continue) l.i season until cnt off by frost. The stalks should Im topped and bladed whdo Undine-in tho field. They are then cut, tied in bun. ' dlci. end tokei 'a tlie mill. The top and blades, when . eroftrlyuredrinakc art cieellent fodder, rather bet- lariit i Mievcd,. than any hitherto used I and the res atiu.sritiMaintlh rolUra, may eatily be drUd r wad ta taias way cnoAsr euiRt era intended to nourish them remains in them, w hero it accumulates, and tho maize plant is thus convened into a true sugar cane, while the fibrous part can be manufactured into paper. The nuanlitv of sutjar is si vcrv trrrat in the stalk of the miiize, deprived of Ihe ear, that lho pith of this vegetable retains a sensiuie uavor oi sugar, even oner fn the most perfect nnnncr, from ten to twelve acres Hon, is converted into starch. On the other hand, if la a day. The rows (ifprocticable, let them run norlh (ho young cars are .immediately destroyed, the sugar and south) two and a Half fMl apart, anil uie seeu drop psd aufflciontly thick in therdw to ensure a plant eye ry two or three inches. A Urge .harrow, made with teeth arranged so as not ta injure tho corn, may l.e used to odvantago soon after it (s pp. '1B '. ' cul ture ie performed with a cultivator, tne! hero will bo ptreeited one ol the great advantages of dtjUmg! the planta all growing in linos, perfectly reguior and elraight with each other, tho horse-hoe stirs tho ci.rth and cuta up tho weuds close by every one, so that no hind-hoeine be required in any pari of the culti vation. "Ills part of the system of cane planting in Lauisiana, to raise as full a stand of cane upon the ground as possible, experience havingnroved that the most sugar is obtained from the land in this way." As far as my experience has gone, the same thin" is trueofeorn. This point must thoreforo be attended te, and the deficiencies, if any occur,madeupby timely replanting. The next operation is taking off the ears. Many (talks wili not produce any) but, whenever they ap pear, thoy must bo removed. It is not beat to under take this work too early, as, when the ears first op paar, thijr are tender, and cannot bo taken off with out breaking, which increases the trouble. Anytime aafure the formation of grain upon them will be soon enough. Nothing further is necessary to be done until the eron ia ready to cut for grinding. In our latitude, the caltine mav commence with the earlier varKtit abou a view to remove a nn: lho Attorney General of Frnnce (M. Dupin) ns to what had Mien from him (Lord Hroil''hm:iii1 on a former occasion in relation to the objections on tho pan of America toany treaty conlnining a clause re cognizing the right of search. In 1824. the Americans had scuta treaty to this country agreeing to tho right oi scarcn, uui oi jecung to us extension to the Amer ican ports? a reasonable otuection. heenosn it was unlikely Ihat slave vessels should be in the waters of t uii ua ill muac ui u,u i names, n 3 one point had been waved, tlio right of search might now hac beuniu existence for the last nineteen years. The WisiusGTON TnEATV. otueo- Lords. I'tb 9. Uird Campbell wished lo put a question to the government, wnicn iney wouiu navo no dithculty III answering: wn en was. wnct ucr inev lntencieii in in troduce a bill into parliament for tho purpose of car- '"8 '? enihraco lua in rjing out the lOiharticleof the treaty of Washington, toeetlicr Mr. "'"Kflv an article which he highly approved. It was respect- wns nt rhe, c0""cnc ing the delivery up of persons who had committed crimes in England or America. Unless n bill were introduced, that article would bo useless in this coun try. as by lho common law of tho land, no person could be given up. Lord Ashburton said, that although ho was not so well acquainted with tho law as the noble Lord, yet ho knew very well that unless an act of parliament was passed tho 10th section of that treaty would be

useless, lie had written to the American Secretary staling this, therefore, thero was nn dnnbi but her Majesty's government intended to introduco an act lor ino purposeot carrying out that article. Although it required an act in this country, in America it did not. Hnt-sc or Commons. February D. Amedicav Houndabv. Loan Palmkbstos gave notice that ho snouiu postpone ins motion on ihe subject or the American lioundary from Tuesday tho 21st instant ro iiiursuay uie -iju. Prom the Kast. The Overland Mail reached I.nmlnn nn KnnHnv night, with intelligence from Bombay to the 2d of January, nnu irom .uacao in me linn 01 Anvemuer. been nLletu ascertain, the severest portion of this most lent nil calamity has nelalleii this tonn; Irom 4 to 10,000 persons aro said to have perished and have been crushed midor th ir dwellings) the whole town being involved lu n mass of rum. The shock wns sudden, no warning sound precidcd lho blow, the wretched inhabitants surprised in their houses pelisli cd there, tho terrific violence of tho shock spreading ruin nnd desolation every where) the rconu biilll -s desctiptioni my informant who witnessed the shock. relates thai thu people were shaken to tho frrounil amidst tho frantic shrieks and screams of the wound-' cd, nnd cries or despair of the survivors and to ren der tho sceno more appalling, tho wrecks of buildings loon lire, caused either hy somo volcanic agency, or what is moro probable from tho fire from lho many kitchens, nnd it is honid to relate, that m-iny who wouiu pcrnaps nave uccn extricated irom tlio teg menta of ruins alive and uninjured, wero cither con sumed or shrunk into n shapeless mass by lho action or the tire, or 500 men belonging to the garrison, only E0 escaped lho structure appropriated as n bar- racn giving away ana nurnng into eternity tlio un forlunato victims, ' Tho authorities had hastened to the spot all the seamen belonging to tho vessels of war nn the station were employed in clearing the ruins, with a mow of removing tho wounded, ns well as the remains of the dead ) theso were carried on board of barges appoint ed for the purpose, and carried out of lho harbor to bo cast in tho ocean j this step was rendered necessary ns a preservation against tho infection which would otherwise follow. A detail of tho semes witnessed during tins nttucting event bullies description, the re cital of which chills the blood with a feeling of hor ror, nor could I dcsciibo with sufficient force the im pression of those who have I cen the melancholy spec tators. Tho wounded were taken chaigeofon board of ihe men of war nnd carried to Ilasscterre. HAssETERnr.. The shock was severe, but of short duration the injury sustained consists of somo walls, a few building nnd sugar works. St. Vincent. Tho report received from this island states that the shock wns experienced in a slight de gree, consequently no injury of any importance. An American vessel on hir voyage to this, nt a dis tance of 500 mites, experienced the shock in a severe manner, ns if tho vessel had struck on somo shoals. or run ngiinst a wreck theso statements prove the wide nnu extensive rango ot country embraced with in this fcirful event. The latest intelligence received from Pointe Petrc states that up to Friday tho fire, was raging, that it originated from the kitchens, ovens nnd smith shops in different quarters of tho town) tho number of vie .! .. -.i t i.. mils IUKLI1 li' lliu riilim nnu uin icu inii-iiuy amounted ro 1500 ) the laborers showing n reluctance to continue in this melancholy work, u was appre hended, thatjto preserve the place from infection the remainder would he destroyed by fire. The French sleamer Oomer had arrived there from Martinique, the officers of which, assisted by all tho surgeons at tached to the squadron, wero actively employed in assisting the unfortunates, cither amputating their limbs or dressing their horrid wounds. omcc mc aoovo was in lype, wnicn ivu cuue-u iiuhi West India papers, wo have been favored with the following interesting letter from a friend at Point reirei . . Point au PETnc, Guadaloupc, ? February 17, 1843. $ Ynu will nrobablv hear of lho dreadful calamity which has befallen our citv. before this reaches youi neveithcless I will givo you a brief account of ono of the most destructive earthquakes wnicn wo navo on record. It commenced on the morning of tho 9th, ten min utes before eleven, with a tremendous rattling noise) in a few seconds tho earth betran to rock to nnd Iro, having at tho samo lime an upward and downward motion ) then followed the tumbling of the buildings, all over the city, coming down wilh a mighty crash, resembling no noise I ever heard j in about thirty sec onds lho city wns in ruins. A tew hours niter, tiro i roieo out m various parts oi the citv. and before tho mominc of another day, had swept entirely over it, desttoying what remained af ter tho earthquake. So that nothing is to be seen but the broken walls and a few old wooden buildings in the outskirts ol tho town. It was called ny many tho handsomest city in tho West India Islands. It contained n population of 18,000 nnd tho buildings were ol stone, tiirccnnu lour stunes uign. Hut the most awful thinir to bo described is the loss of human lives, and tho poor human creatures who wero laKcn irom me rums, muiuaieu in every mjsm ble shape, which I will not attempt. About 2 000 were killed and 1,300 wounded, 3P0 of the latter suf fering amputation of ono or more of their limbs. Tho public square was literally filled with tho, dying) ev ery vc-sel in the harbor has moro or less of them on board. The contents of tho apothecaries' shops wero do slroyed; and the physicians lost most of their instru ments m their houses, so that it was many days be foro somo could be reached for amputation. The Oovernor-General from Ilasscterre arrived hero next day, took una French ship, put as many of tlie wound ed on board as could be moved, and sent them to the hospital nt Ilasscterre. He ordered at once that no vessel should leave port without his permission, and tho next day put a price upon all the necessaries of life, that ho who attempt ed to sell above that price should be imprisoned, lie despatched at once messengers to Iiasseterre and Martinique, and before three ehys a supply of provis ions came. Every vessel in lho harbor wns contin unlly 6Urrounded with persona begging for bread. Tim nnrl is now onen. I cannot learn how loner this order is to last, but no charges on cargo or vessel are now made) since which but too ves-els have arrived, tho brig Eclipse, of Hath, and a bnifrom .Sandwich, which wilh the lumber in the vards is sufficient for immediate sup plies. On tho 13th two French frigates, two brigs of war, two schooners and a steamboat rrom -Martinique, arrived with men, who at once set themselves at worie uigging out ine tieau, anu jiiiiiuigiiowii uiu oiu ken walls which remained standing. Thero nte no banks here, nnd no particular place for the deposit of money, each merchant having his iron safe. The circulation hero is doubloons, dollars and francs. A large amount uf specio lies buried under the rubbish, and lho first night, while the firo wns raging, no order was taken to protect it, consequently largo amounts were stolen. One lady lost from her safoono thousand doubloons and a number lost less amounts j but the next morn ing a strong military guard surrouivJcd the city, nncc which no theft has occurred. Tho store-houses and shops were well filled with merchandise, no part of which was saved, so that the loss of properly, inde pendent of buildings, is very great. It is said there is not a single iiitancn where insurance was effected, and this has continued as a practice for many years. The Moule, a small place fifteen miles from this, was laid in ruins and many lues were lost, iiasscierro suffered somewhat, hut lost no lives. The probability is that Antigua, Montscrat, St. Kills and Nevis have suffered, as the earthquake took a X. W. direction. Nuw Wohk. Tho following is an extract from n lato communication uf Mr. Walsh, tho iiitrlligont I'aris Correspondent of tho National Intelligencer. Hit letter bears d.ttc January 30. "Tho work of Major Poussin on the United Stales, I to you some lime ego, has s fuss in quantity of matter which I have aniiounc. been issued tu two octavos than was intended, but, therefore, moro likely lo bo current. A skilful and correct outline of our history, Irom tho settlements and general extension, fills tho first volume. Of tho contents of the second, you may obtain nn idea from this, his brief prcfaco tu them. i navo ireaicu mo origin ol the Americans, their tn stitullons, tho toils and struggles by which llicv havo acquired an immense empire a continent which they alone overshadow by their name and power. I will now traco their system of notional defence, their mili tary resources, and tho influence of their drigin, their geographical position, and their political institutions, on themselves as agriculturists, traders, manufac turers, and artisans.1 Tho wholo breathes a spirit of the warmest esteem and friendship) and ia recom mended hy tho circumstance that tho author passed many years in the United Stales, in tho immediate study of tho system and the statistics which ha devel ops with clear intelliecnco of the past, present, and future. Most of the principal journals of I'aris have noticed tho appcaranco of the work, and promised a particular account of it) so that wo shall bo again brought under penegyric or deduction, according to the prepossessions nnd nurnoses of tho craftsmen. "Dr. Chcrvau well known in lho United States hy his professional travels in search of testimony on the great question of contagion undertook tho report, nnd has produced a comprehensive, and. hv the iunV. ment of tho academy, a conclusive, disquisition res pecting tho identity of nil fevers of marshy origin, of whatever type, and the extravagances and blunders of tho quarantine system. His performance makes a pamphletof 11G pages. A more cxpciienccd and con tentious reporter could not have been selected. Those topics possess so much practical importance on your siuo oi mc Atiannc, mat you musi oiiow ine 10 mention a uroau auu aoic cxnos no n. in mc ue- cember number of the Geneva lUbtiothtqut Unites telle, of the mosierely memoir on lho reform of nuar- amines wnien ur. uosso addressed to the King ol -Jtiiuini'i A ti-j o niss a.iviini iiiLiimuius mm, u J..U rope, for three hundred years, quarantine laws have been exaggerated, ill-directed, incomplete, founded on popular prejudices and medical errors. He exhibits inesc, ana men, in ocean, ms own scheme ol amend' ment, throughout what is called sanitary regulation Ho would reduce to fourteen or fifteen days the com tnon excessive period of the plague to six for yellow lever; ana to a tew nours tne puirmcation of goods uy dry neai or sea waier. : FRIDAY MORNIotjIARCH 21, 1913. i it hml been line,!, os is eisilv proved by examining tlie specimens delimited hy M. Pallas in the bureau of the Academy of Sciences. These results are so im portant ns to merit experiments on a grander scale, which may obtain thus for Franco a source of mw in dustry in the manufacture nf sugar. No. 4. nrn Sin- Vnnr favor is duly received. Yon re quest to know tho best method of er)'slnlli.ing corn irun. nnd I know of no moro ready method lo afbird the information required than to detail tho entire mode which should De pursued lor us manuiacuire i 1st. To cut the cane ns ripe as possible, but before any acetic acid is formed i litmus paper, touched to the fresh-cut cane, will turn if acid. 2d. Express the juico without loss of time, as every moment after cutting will deteriorate its quality. 3d. A small quantity of clear limo water (say one quart to a hundred gallons of juice) should I e added the moment it is expressed, unless the juice shows acidity with litmus paper i in that case, no lime shoudl be used, but a solution of sal soda, or soda ash, should bo added, until il is precisely neutral, 4th. When the juice is neutral (frco from oxcess of acid or alkalh it should be evaporated in such an ap paratus as would finish its ehargo in 30 minutes; if rue uouuig I'uwcr is iki anion, duou vryiiunuanuii ennnut nossiblv be obtained. Trio whole tune, occupied from the cutting of the rana'to finishing its toiling should not exceed one hour. tlh. T Aiicra wtai Mi Ming itJlnliW, pVaae As regards China, events were progressing favorably. TheO.ueen'8 ship Herald had nrrivod at Hong-Kong, on her woy home, with 1,500,000 more in dollars, ian ui mc nrsi instalment, mat piaco is ceiled lu perpetuity to Kngland, and the Hong merchants ore Virtually defunct. A frienillv feelinn- lad a,ieeeeHH tho behgerent one, wilh which the English and the winiicsc mvoraoiy regard cacn oiner. Ucforo leaving Nankin, the Imnerial ("Vimmisslnn era gave a grand entertainment to Ihe officcis of ihe army nnd navy, at which professions of amity were indulged on both sides. The British f.,rre uern In be stationed in aboutequal divisions nt Amoy, Hong Kong, and Chilian. F.nglish merchants and their lamiiies are permuted, uy the decree nf the Kmpcror, in nMueni nomon, ui Amoy, ai f owenowroo, at Nmgpoo, and at Shanghae. At lho last mentioned place, Captain Ddlfour is to be stationed aa flrilish Consul-General. Sir Hough Gough, the military commander of I lie expedition, was about returning home, ond Sir Henry Potiingerwas expected in the beginning of December at Hong-Kong, to arrange about a commercial tariff. India. Tho Indi-t mail has arrived, and wo have received iholndia Journals and letters to the2dof January. Tho intelligence which they bring, though not of the exciting interests of somo mails of last year, is satis factory, as proving that tho peace and tranquility so much desired in our Kaitcrn possessions have been thoroughly established. Iliiriiliic; of a Itiisslan Theatre. Recent Knglish papers givean account of tho burn ing of a theatre at St. Petcrt-burg, which occasioned a terriblo destruction of human life. Tho fire broke out behind the scenes, and the director of tho thealro ordered the curtain at the back of the ataire to be drawn up, that every one might be aware of the im minence nf the danger. Thick smoke and flaniss penratl oil toward tha body of the house, I.aufchur ger. Mr. Ridgcly, a comedian from Philadelphia, was on the lower floor of a hotel, and sprang into the street. On all sides ho saw men throwing themselves upon their faces on the ground. In another instant the stone walls fell and buried all beneath them, except a few who wero so fortunate as to find themselves above tho ruins. When Mr. R. recovered himself, ho was unharmed, thouoh all the persons ha had iust seen were hopelessly buried. His littlo son, a lad of seven years of age, was lho first object he saw, spring ing to embrace his father. How they came so near r. llidgely could not understand, os tho lad commencement of the shock, in the third stnrv nf n bouse four souares off. The boy savs that all ho remembers, is, mat when no heard the cry Karthouake! he lumped outol the window. 1 lie pov was sittincr at breakfast with the family, and all the family perished except a small girl, who, after tho shoclt, was standing uy mc sue ot young Kiugciy. MV. iviugt ly luiiim ilia iiuim eiiuiieieu lu uietvs, inn' tv vards from the hotel. Hiscloihcs were very bad ly torn, and his hat gone, but he was not injured. The earth rocked so that a man could not keen his feet. Il openen in several mutes anu ciuseu again swanuwnig up people and buildings, and in sonic instances, the water spouieu up sixty auu seventy icci. ..inuy largu openings remained. About two-thirds ot lho inhab- Iianis pcrisiicu. ui iue garrison oi eigne uuiiurcu men, only seventy surviveu. A furious fire broke out immediately after the earth quake, which raged for some days, adding greatly to me horrors oi tne scene, come persons, auer uaviu; been almost extricated from the rubbish, wero neccs sirilv abandoned to their fate, on account of tho nn proach of the fire. The cries of people buried under tho ruins wero heard for several davs. and a large number were dug out in a mutilated and suffering condition. Some it was hoped would survive, but oihcrs died nfler their deliverance. The stench from sulphur at first, and from the decaying bodies after two days, was intolerable. Among the killed is the American Consul. He was taken from under the ruins wun uom legs nroKcn, and put on board an American vessel in tho harbor. but died the next day. In St. Bans the Church and several inassv build ings were thrown down, and the earth opened in the centre ot the street, tor a space oi uuu yarus ono iooi wide) At Antinua the shock was very severe, though on ly ten lives were lost. Almost every windmill, steam engine, sutrar works. Ac. wero destroved. the church- ts, chapels, custom-houses, jails and other public buildings wero inmost ruinca, ana tne iossoi propeny is supposed to amount to several millions of pounds. The canes in ihe fields must be sacrificed for want of nulls to ennd them, and there is said to bo scarcely a building on the island uninjured. The catastrophe waa preceded by a rise of lho tido to a height of four feet above its usual now. At St. Dart's tha church and several other build ings wero thrown down, and ihe earth opened in the middle nf a street to tho width of a foot, the fissuro extending COO yards in length. At St. Kustntia the damage was confined mainly to buildings, some being very badly injured. At St. Christopher's several of the public buildings were utterly iWtrnyrd. Only ono person lost her life, but some others wero badly hurt. At Nevis and St. Bartholomew's tho earth opened and water with a sulphurous smell issued fiom the crevices. Nothing farther had been heard frnm Montscrat. When last seen the Island was en veloped in a dense cloud of smoke or dusl. The sea around was violently sgllalod. At St. Vincent the thoek was felt but slightly. OyiDAioirs, (Point a Pair.) Aa fir as w hive CyLoco Fcco Rowdvism. Of tho late election in Concord, Hill's Patriot speaks as follows. By Radicals the Patriot means tho Huhhard party. Radicalism. Hum and Ruin. Tho Radical party owes from fifty to ono hundred votes in this town to the influence of rum, administered in direct violation of what was tho law of the Stato and what, was supposed to be the law of the Stato under the Rovit-cd Statutes. Ruin lias heen administered, as we aro informed, gra- tuitously in several places, somo under ground ami 60ine aoove grmuiu. m no previous e-'iuu- tion have we seen so meat a disposition tor nut, noiso and confusion. Tho momentthe Modera tor took his position on Tuesday the disorder nnd tumult commenced : the town ban presentcu a sceno that bcri:ars description lho creator part of Tuesday and IVednesday. Tirno and arrant the ballotting was arrested oy tne rmveties uin. The wliolo of the day on Wednesday was ex pended by one thousand men, mixed up with boys, in two ballottings for representatives to the ucncrni court : none were eiecteu alter two days' trial. At one time, when tho noiso and cries were loudest, the President of tlio Now Hampshire Temperance Society and leader of tho rum party in the town, addressed what he is pleased to call at times in the u-ay of derision " tho peeps," by calling out" My good fellows, there is plenty of room up stairs 1 have been there I will go again : will you follow mo ! " The " good fellows " seemed to retire for a short timo ; but it was only a little moment before they returned to tho charge with as much zeal as ever. There was no rum, to appearance, about the house or near it ; but the effects of it were i.s palpable as they havo sometimes been on a night session of Congress from the "hells" in the lowest basement of the capitol. Tho Patriot has tho following remarks on tho result of tlio election in Manchester at tho samo time : MortE Effects of Radicalism and Rum, Accordiii!! to all accounts tho men of tho rum cellars behaved worse if possible at Manchester than at Concord, ouch conduct and such men cannot fail in tho end to make any town whig ; and Manchester haschoson four whij? represen tative?. The choice of Moderator wan not of- fectcd until half past ono o'clock, 1'. M., Wednes day : and no votes wero cast forSlalo ollicers this was a train to Hubbard probably of 130 votes in the final count. The Radicals, foiled in tho attempt to adjourn and prevent any choice of Koprcsenla'.ivcF, commenced an open not hy at tempting to seizo on tho ballot box and chock list; tlmy wero not ciueneei until iney nroko the windows, tore up tho benches, and destroyed tho elecanl chandelier suspended hi thu handsome tuwn-houso which was last year erected at tho expense oi about '-;o,ik, THE LOCO FOCOS & PRESIDENT TYLER. Noth nig can exceed tho hypocrisy whicl the radical Locofocos havo exhibited in thei conduct towards President Tyler. Ono would have supposed, from perusing their leading journals about tho umo of tho Bank Vetoes that no man not ovun Old Hickorv himself was ever held in greater favor with that party than the present Chief Magistrate of the Union. No encomium was too extrava gant to express their admiration of his con duct. Their leading editors lauded him to tho skies for his firmnessindependence, hon esty, and Roman heroism. Tlie party held public meetings, in all sections of the coun try, and passed resolutions expressive of implicit confidence in his integrity and the most enthusiastic admiration of his conduct. Tho glad tidings of lho two Bank vetoes were greeted everywhere by tho Locofocos with every demonstration of gratitude and joy. Anil wo supposed for a time that this exhibition of Locofoco favor was destined to endure to tho end. In this, however, wo wero mistaken. Tho Radicals and lea ders of tho party have changed their tone most marvellously. Perceiving that Presi dent Tyler was rapidly gaining favor with honest portion of the democracy, and that ho promised to prove a formidable competi tor for a rcnomination against the combined efforts of Van Buren and Croswcll, Benton nnd Blair, " tl id genus omne," the ultra Locos havo come out against him wilh the most ferocious fury. Seeing that tho " Kin- derhook Dandy " will stand no chance at all against him, or at least a very small one, with tho r.tnk and file of tho parly, Benton and Blair arc pouncing upon him with fiend like bitterness and malignity. Nor is this ultra cbulition of petty spleen directed against tho President alone. But oven tho friends of tho executive, all who havo dared to raise their voices in his favor, are met by the radi cals with tho samo violent denunciation. So far has this spirit of proscription been carried that even the Editor of the Sentinel in this place though ho is now knocking at the door of the President and begging for an office so far forgot himself in his zeal for Van Buren as to come out in a most scurrilous and abusive article against Ex GovEn.vou Hill tho very wheel horse of tho democracy in tho Granite Slate and denounce him as nn " old Hartford Conven tion Federalist," because ho had tho inde pendence to defend the President against the viitilcnt attacks of the Hubbard Radicals. By tho way, we wonder it the result of the late election in New Hampshire has induced Winslow to change his opinion of Gov. Hill's irofluenco with tho people. But wc have not tho disposition to dwell longer at present upon tho hollow hearted hypocrisy of the Radical Locofocos. The Mudisonian is showing thorn up in most admirable style and Blair and Benton aro wincing under its well applied lash in such a manner as proves pretty clearly that it makes their backs smart sweetly. REBUKE. Tlio Olobe, tho JJurliimtvn Smtir:tl,hid oilier radical turners, uru florco in their at tacks upon Is.tAo- Hill. Thu former call Inm an " unprincipled ingrate," whifo tha lut'.or denounces hint ns an "apostate ind traitor," who " merits thu contempt of eterj truo dcmocr.it." Tho Governor Iruw'orer seems to nppreciutr- tho authors and motives of theso attacks, und in his Inst paper prefa ces an article from tho Madtsontun, on lliia subject, with thu following dignified, but sig nificant remark : " If somo gentlemen editors living beyond " tho limits of this State if,somo who liara grown up to bo most robust and valiant 11 democrats within the last seven or eight years if somo who never camo out demo crats until others had fought and prostra ted tho enemy had attended to their own "concerns instead of dictating to and con demning their elders if not betters wa " should havo no occasion for copying arli " cles like tho following " From tho Madisonian. "UnpMNCIPLEP in-ghate" is one nf lho hsrsh ferma of reproach applied by Mr. Illair, of tho Globe, to Hon. isanc ino,oi.cw Hampshire. Tho same term. and many others of hko import, nro applied lo Mr. Hrll by a class of mushroom nnd danely politicians, Ihs least among n host of littlo lawyer politicians of New llambshirc most of them Federalists lately com orr, and I'eople'a-men to tho nine of S3 per day, and S40 per hundred miles' travel to and from Congreti. That such men should use such opprobrious and un merited epithets towards Mr. Hill is not surpri-inf. Hut that the editor of the Globe should listen loth promptings of such men ond adopt their abusive epi- inets upon ms oia intna upon ihe man who has de voted moro lhan thirty years nf his active hfo to lho Republican cause wholes done more to sustain that cmso than any man without patronage, in New Eng landwho has done more to build up the Olobe it self, thrice-told, than its editor a man whose integ rity to his party and to his country, till this Uie day, was never, never questioned i this is not surprising. Hut it is not in tho power of the Globe nor its promot ers to put .Mr. Hill down. Before the Globe txialtd tn tne dreams ot the most dreamy, Mr. Hill waa known all over the country for talents talents that influence men, which the editor of the Globe may en vy, but never can rench. But, what is probablol Is it probable that such a man as Mr. Hill, whose first love was the Republican cause, and whose whole life has been devoted to it with a constancy, energy, and al, that has nevar tired or flinched, is an "unprincipled ingrate 1" or is it not more probable that a band of renegades from the Federal parly, whoso " vaulting ambition is over leaping" it.'clf, and who owe all the honors andiflolit ical consequence they ever enjoyed, to him, are tho "unprincipled iiigratcsl" There is a schism in the Republican party in Neir Hampshire, at this time; and it originated in this wise a dozen years ago Gov. Hul bord left his firar lotc, the Federal party, and came over to the Repub lican; many other unscrupulous nnd amlitious ad venturers followed, from tunc to time: III. e all new lights they professed great things, and Mr. Hill, inr his honest, confiding, good nature, believed them; they begged oflicc, and got it i by indulgence and fa vor they waxed strong nnd confident: haying no tarlij attachment to-the Itcpul lican name or its prin ciples, nicy couiu cusi hiciii un us easily us iwy ns sumed them; tlio old name oi iiepuoucan growing stale with them, they took the new namo of " Radical Democrats," and at onco fixed upon a parti tut which was opposition, tooth ond( naif, to railroadtt &c. If vou were yea ro this test, il made you a good, dyed in tho wool, "Jiadical democrat." If you werej nay, why, then you wero an "uniriitcipltd ingrate," according to their vocabulary. Not slow in discerning the signs of the times, or in foreseeing thetHectsof new political movements, Mr. Hill saw in the innovations of this heterogeneous party, n rovert nttemrt to break down the parly he had so lunrr cherished, and ho comes forward tu ar- I rest tho work f the innovators. What then? Why, ! they read him "'it of their new formed lladical par tu. Hue the rcidini' out was mere form without sub stance a mere orureni.iuuicn tor jur. jiui nsver belonged lo their new party his is an old party a old as this nation. Some have been deceived but lh veteran, unwavering Ilcpublicans are with Mr. Hill, with whom theyhnve grown to manhood some into the valeof years. Who, then, aro the "inrratet?" Regular nominations is harped upon. Hut be it re membered that regular nominations, by such men aa compose this rtndical party, arc not regular nomina tions for Republicans. (E?"Tlio second luttcr of " I'Ar:iricv" w have been obliged to postpono till next reekh on account of the press of other matter. L.vrn most England. Tho Steamship Columbia arrived at Boston on Monday of this week. She brought Liverpool papers to the 4th instant, and London evening pa pers of the 3d. The Boston Daily Adver tiser of Tuesday says the news from Eng land and the continent presents no striking events since our last advices. A proposition is before the Louisiana Le gislature to repeal all laws in relation to du elling. The Governor is to appoint a " Board of Honor," to whom all disputes aro to bo submitted, and if a settlement cannot be effected in any manner, then the parties disputing aro to engage in mortal combat, under the rules prescribed by, and in the pre sence of the Board of Honor. Tho Washington correspondent of tho New York Courier and Enquirer says Dan iel Fletcher Webster, son of the Secretary of State, is to go to China as Secretary o Legation wilh Mr. Everett. A SLIGHT CHANGE. Tho town of Portsmouth, Now Hamp shire, shows a great falling off in tho ranks of Radical Loco Focoism sinco tho election a year ago. Tho voto ia that old, and truly republican town at the election which has just taken place is as follows : Againtl Hubbard, 715 For Hubbard, 217 Majority against Hubbard, Ono year ago lho voto was as follows : For Hubbard, Against Hubbard, Majority for Hubbard, 01 Hubbard's ncttloss sinco last year, 53-333 Tho New Hampshiro Radicals wilt find that Isaac Hill can not bo put down quite so easily ns thoy supposed ho could. Tho ontiro Whig ticket for Representatives was cloctodJn Portsmouth this year. Last year the'entiro Loco Foco ticket prevailed. Our neighbor of tho Sontinel " will ploaso copy." Mr. Woomiimv has recently been lectu ring in iSew lork Uity m lavor ol rrea Trade. He took decided ground against tha existing Tariff on account of its protective features. Wo have no doubt, from the in dications in different quarters, that the friends of Mr. Calhoun aro determined to bring for ward a project to repeal tho Tariff at tha next session. And, if tho followers of.Van Buren oppose the movement, it will give tha bold Carolinian a decided advantage over the " Dandy Candidate," who according to Mr. C, combines in himself the " qualities of the fox and tho weasel." BOG 439 f?Mrt. Weuster. We infer, from tha following paragraph, which we cut from a lato number of tho Madisonian, that Mr. Webster is about to rctiro from tho Cabinet. He will probably be sent to England. " Mr. Webster has expressed a wish, because of certain considerations, well understood be tween the President and himself, and which did nnt, in tho least, atTect their public or private rs Ir.tipns, to retire from tho Cabinet. The Presi dent has been pleased to grant him ivrmission lo retire. This fact was publicly stated in tho Sen ate ; and it was declared by a Senator, author ised to do so, that Mr. Webster icovld retire in th.rty days after Mr. Cushing's confirmation." Mn. Cushi.no Tho Newburyport fMti sachusctts) Herald of last Monday has the fol lowing paragraph: Wo had in type for this morning's paper, a call for a Convention of tlio electors friendly to tho nomination of Mr. Cushing, signed by a large number of the citizens in various parta of the District. At tho request of Mr. Cuehing, who arrived in town on Saturday evening, wo have suspended the publication of this call. Mr. C. will probably make a communication to tho public to-morrow. Woodstock Medical School. Wa aro happy to learn by tho following notice in the Mercury, that this Institution meets with that success to which it is so eminently entitled: "Tho Medical School in this village, never opened under moro favorable auspices than at present. It is now tho thinl week of the term only, and thoro aro over 80 Students in atten dance. Tho number of Students tho present, term will doubtless exceed a hundred."