3 Kasım 1843 Tarihli Burlington Free Press Gazetesi Sayfa 1

3 Kasım 1843 tarihli Burlington Free Press Gazetesi Sayfa 1
Metin içeriği (otomatik olarak oluşturulmuştur)

NOT THE OX.ORT OF O Jl 8 A B BUT THU WBX.FABB Or BOMB BY H. B. STACY. BURLINGTON, VERMONT, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1843. VOL. XVII No. 22. DARK HOURS, ay Mas. Aa B. ST. JOHW. Oh, there are some dark hours in life, When the heart seems charged to breaking) The quick'nine pulse, with lever rife, Marks ihe slumbering passions waking) When the rapt soul in burning chainB, Seems withering in its sadness I , Yet, scorns the show of mortal pains, Andsmiftsin reckless madness. So lightning mocks the storm cloud's power, To dim its vivid flashing) And reveals most when tempests lower, With its echoing thunder crashing) Or the wild laugh of maniac fears, That rings from Passion's struggle ; Thus fills the soul with grief and tears, Its vaunted strength a bubble 1 Yes, there are times we love to feel A loneliness in sorrow) When from the world's bright charms we steal) And shades from memory borrow. 'Tis then we feel that keen remorse The bliss we've madly hliahted j For time, while on his ceaseless course, Gives back no moments slighted. Hope strews our path with sunny flowers, And lures us with bright seeming; Yet thorns will spring in fairest bowers, And wake the soul's sweet dreaming. Life gives no joy without a pain, Twin-born wilh every pleasure ; Once lost, we ne'er may nope again To clasp the yanish'd treasure. The more we love themoro our fears Are mingled with its sweetness; Its evanescing bliss appears To mock us wiih its ficctness. Yes, there arc hours, when haggard thought Will crowd our troubled soul ; When joys of life seem dearly bought, Beneath its dark control. July 3, 1843. (ntovn of eijn'sUam'tjt. THE SUCCESSORS OF JULIAN. The immediate expression of pagan regret was a bitter and reproachful complaint against the ingratitude of the gods, who made so bad a return for the zealous services of Ju lian. ' Was this the reward for sqjjany victims, so many prayers, so muchAse, so much blood, shed nn the altra byKs well as by day. Julian in his prolfflWtnd indiscriminate piety, had neglected no dei ty; lie had worshipped all who lived in the tradition of the popfs frthnrs nnd chil dren, gods and goddpsscs, superior and subordinate deities ; and they, instead of hurling their thunderbolts and lightnings, and all the armory of heaven, agstinstthe hos tile Persians, had thus basely abandoned their sacred charge.' The shnrl reien of Jovian sufficpd to re establish Christianity ; and, as yet, it exact ed no revenue for its sufTerines and degrada tion under JuVun. The character of the two bruther who succeeded to the empire, Valentitiian and Vulpns, and their religious policy, were widely at variance. Valentin- ian ascended the throne with the famo of having rejected the favor of Julian and the prospects of military distinction for the sake of Ins religion. The Emperor of the West maintained a calm and uninterrupted toleration, which in curred the reproch of indifference from the Christian party, but has received the respect ful homage of the pagan historian. Valens in the East, as Valentinian in the West, al lowed perfect freedom to the public ritual of paganism. But both in the Last and in the West, the persecution against magic and un lawful divination told with tremendous force against the pagan cause. It was the more fatal because it was not openly directed against the religion, but against practices de nounced as criminal and believed to be real by the general sentiment of mankind, and prosecuted by that fierce animosity which is engendered by tear. Arianism, under the influence of Valens, maintained its ascendancy in the East. Throughout the whole of that division of tho empire the two forms of Christianity still sub sisted in irreconcilable hostility. Almost every city had two prelates, each at the head of his separate communion ; the one, accor ding to the powers or the numbers of his par ty, assuming the rank and title of the legiti mate bishop, and looking down, though with lealous animosity, on his fractious rival During the life of Athanasius the sec of Al exandre remained faithful tu the Trinitari an doctrines. For a short period, indeed the prelate was obliged to retire, during what is called his fifth exile, to the tomb of lii father; but he was speedily welcomed back by the acclamation of his followers and the baffled imperial authority acquiesced in his peaceful rule till his decease. Dut at his death, five years afterward, were renewed the old scenes of discord and bloodshed Palladius, the prefect of Egypt, receive the imperial commission to install the Anan pre late, Lucius, on the throne of Alexandrca. Palladius was a pagan, and the Catholic written bitterly reproach their rivals with this monstrous alliance. It was rumored that the pagan population welcomed the Arian prelate with hymns of gratulatiou us tho friend ot .the .god Jjerapis, as the restorer ot his wor .ship. In Constantinople Valens had received Baptism from budoxus, the aged Arian pre late of that see. Sacerdotal influence once obtained over the feeble mind of Valens, wae likely to carry him to any extreme ; yet, on the other hand, he might be restrain ed and overawed by calm and dignified re istance. In general, therefore, ho might yield himself up as an instrument to tho pas sions, jealousies, and persecuting violence of his orn party ; while he might have recourse to violence to placo Hemophilus on the eon copal throne of Constantinople, ho might he atiet into a more tolerant and equitable tone by tho eloquence and commanding charac ter of Basil. It is unjust to load (ho memo ry of Valens with the most atrocious crime which has been charged upon him by tho vindictive exaggeration of Ins triumphant re ligious adversaries. As a deputation of eighty Catholic ecclesiastics or Constantino ple were returning from Nicomedia, tho ves sel was burned, the crew look to tho boat, the ecclesiastic perished to a man. As no one escaped to tell the tale, and tho crew, if accomplices, were not likely to accuse them selves, we may fairly doubt the assertion Ilia, orders had I eon secretly issued by Volens to perpetrate this wanton barba'tty. The memorable interview wilh Saint Ba sil, ns is related by tho Catholic party, dis plays, il the wrakttes, certainly "e patience and tnlerntinn of the sovereign ; if the un compromising firmness of the prelate, snme of that leaven pride with which he is taunted by Jerome. Dunne his circuit throunh tho Asiatic prov inces, the emperor anproached the city of Cresarea in Gappmlucias. Modestus, the vio lent and" unscrupulous favorite of Valens, was sent liefiire. tn persuade the hithop lo submit to the relicion of tho emperor. Ba sil was inflexible. "Know vnu not," said tho offended officer, 'that I have power to strip you of all your possessions, to banish you, to deprive you of life V 'He,' answer ed Aasil, 'who possesses nothing can loose nomine; an you can taKn trom me is tho wretchpd garments I wear, nnd the few books which are mv onlv wealth. As to exile, the earth is the Lord's ; everywhere it will be my country, or rather, my placo of pilgrim ace. Death will ho n mercy ; it will hut admit mo into life ; long have I been dead to ibis world.' Modestus expressed his stir prise at this unusual tono'of intrepid addrpss. 'You have never, then,' replied the prelate, conversed before wilh a bishop V Modestus returned to his master. 'Violence will he tho only course with this man. who is neith er to be appalled hv menaces nor won by blandishments.' But the emperor shrunk from violent measurps. His humbler sup plication confined itself to tho addmission of Arums into the communion of Basil ; hut he implored in vain. Tho omperor minglpd with the crowd of undistinguished worship pers ; but he was so impressed by the solem nity of the Catholic service, the deep and full chanting of tho psalms, the silent adora tion of tho people, tho order and the majes ty, by the calm dignity of the. bishop and of his attendant clergy, which appeared more liku tho serenity ofangels than the busy scene of mortal men, that awe-struck and over powered, lie scarcely ventured to approach to make his ottering. The clergy stood ir resolute whether they were lo receive it from the inftctioiis hand of nn Arian : Basil at length, while the trembling emperor leaned for support on an attendant priest, conde scended to advance and accept tho oblation. tint neither stiphcation, nor bribes, nor threats could induce the, bishop lo admit the soveieimi to the communion. In a personal interview, instead of convincing the bishop, Valens was so overpowered bv the eloquence of R isil as to bestow an endowment on thu Church for the use of the poor. A scene of mingled intriuuu and asserted miracle ensu ed. The exile of Bistl was determined hut the mind of Valens was alarmed by the dan cernus illness of his son. The prayers of Basil were said to have restored the youth to life : but a short time after, liavinr been baptized by Arian hands, ho relapsed nnd died. B isil, however, maintained his place and dignity to the end. But tho fate of Valens drew on ; it was followed by the first permanent establishment of barbarians within the frontiers of the Ro man empire. Christianity now began to as sume a new and important function, that as similation and union between thu conquerors and the conquered which prevented the to tal extinction of tho Roman civilization, and the oppression of Europe by complete and almost hopeless barbarism. However Chris tianity might have disturbed the peace, and therefore, in some degree, the stability of the empire, by the religious factions which dis tracted tho piincipal cities; however that foreign principle of celibacy, which had now become completely identified with it, by with drawing so many activo.und powerful minds into the cloister or tho hermitage, may have diminished the civil energies, and even have impaired tho military forces of the empire, yet the enterprising and victorious religion amply repaid those injuries by its influence in reiiinddolinr the new slate of society. If treacherous lo the inteiests of the Roman empire, it was true to those of mankind. Tliriiuojniut thu whole process of tiie re-set-fling of Europe and tho other provinces of the empire by thu niir.itoi-y tribes from the north and east, and the vast sjslein of colo nization and conquest which introduced one or more new races into every province, Christianity was the mm common bond, the harmonizing principle, which subdued to something like unity the adverse, and conflict ing elements of society. Milman. The Saddatu in Scotland. Mr. Weed editor of tho Albany Journal, who is on a visit to Gieat Britain, thus writes, in one of his letters. " Scotland, you know, is distinguished for its observance of the Sabbath. There are no modes of conveyance here on Sunday, uaiiways, steamers, and coaclies rest on tho Sabbath. This morning (Sunday) the streets and marts, that weio so ihronged last night, and in which there was all the noise and con fusion of Babel, aro now totally deserted. lo sound irom voico or footstep is heard. Even upon the Quay, whore loafers most do congregate, there is .silence and solitude." Do Bar gives tho following description of dodging' in a new farce called the Artful Dodger : ' Now, sir, I'll provo how useful, philoso phical and beneficial my speculations aro : I order a suit of clothes of a tailor, which ( never intended lo pay for benefits tailor. As howl Ho orders a pieco of cloth of wool len draper. Cloth being ordered, ho bene fits woolen draper, on strength of which ho orders new dresses for family benofils dry goods store. Dry good store, on now dres ses being ordered invites large parly to din ner. Butcher, upon meat beinir ordered. treats a friend to tho theatre benefits thea tre. Butcher comes out usks a friend m drink benofils hotel. Friend frets drunk. kicks up a row, is put in the watch house, fined for gelling drunk ; fmo noes lo enrnn. ration benofils corporation. So by order ing a suit ol clothes, which I never intended lo pay ftr, I benefit a whole community.' VERMONT LEGISLATURE. Tuesday, Oct. 24, 2 o'clock, r. M. SENATE Reports of Committees. Mr Dutton, from tho committee on Education, to which was referred that part of the Governor's message which relates to education, reported a hill establishing a Board of Education, to con sist nf five, of which the Governor shall be the President, and the remaining- four to he elected by the Legislature ; it shall he the duty of this boaid to collect information from all parts of the state concerning education; concerning: the manner of building, warming and ventilating school hnin.es ; concerning the condition ot school houses ; cnncerniiiir the condition of sch o and all other information that may touch this subject ; read twice and ordered to be en grossed and read a third time. MrBriggs, from the Judiciary committee, rop'Ttcd the House bill relating to the sale of property on exec.u. tion ; laid on the table. By Mr Briggs, from the same committee, the bill relating to trustee procJss, with an amendment authorizing the county courts to appoint a commissioner to take the disclosouro of a trustee out of court ; amendment adopted; read a third time and pas sed. By Mr Dutton, from the committee on Education, to which was referred the petition of tne young men ot l roy Conleronco Academy, reported that no legislation was necessary; pe titioners had leave to withdraw their petition. Mr Scott, from the same committee, to which was referred tho petition of tho Trustees of the Vroy Conferonco Academy, asking an amend ment that 7 members of their board may con. stitute a quorum, reported a bill granting the prayer ot the petitioners; read twice. Mr Butler, from the Judiciary committee, reported the House bill cxtendini the jurisdiction of jus tices of the peace on trustee Process ; laid on the table. Mr Field, from the committee on Roads, reported tho House bill amending chap. revised statutes ; with an opinion that the dim ought not to pass ; a third reading was re fused. Mr Scott, from the committee on Edu cation, to which was referred a resolution in. structing that committee to enquire into the ex- pediency of authorizing the treasurer to take ucjoks trom the library, reported that no legisla tion was necessary. Mr Bricks from the Judi ciary committee reported the bill relating; to assign licnt of property, with amendments, which were adopted) and the bill laid on the table. Mr A. Allen called up the petition of the in- tiaijitanls ot the town ot iienson, and moved that the petition be referred to the Senators trom I'rauslin county, air aarjreaiu moved that the petition be referred to a select committee of three ; it was so referred. Hills from the House. Relating to licences lo retailers ol spirituous liquors ; referred to committee raised on oetition of the inhabitants of llrnttloboro.' Rotating tu the incorporating r ire insurance companies; reierreu to commit tee on Manufactures. Relating to the fees of Inspector of beef and pork ; referred to com inillee on Agriculture. Altering tho name of William Gibson Ctii ; referred to committee on the petition of S. H. Cathan. Incorporating tho inuvv lorl; &, Cliainplain steamboat dun p.tiiy ; referred to committee on Roads and Ca nals. Incorporating the Vt. Central Rail Road Company; referred to committee on Roads and l,.inals. Uclating tn the collection of arreara ges of highway taxes ; referred to committee on land taves. Resolution from tlu House. Directing the Librarian to deliver to the Representatives of each town, one copy of tho 14th vol. of Vt. Reports, and one copy of each subsequent volume received tor tucli purpose ; concur red in. On motion of Mr Briggs, the Senate Ad. journcd. HOUSE. Rills Introduced. By Mr Stacy, relative to engine No. 3 in Burlington, which Mr S. explained and advocated, and it was re- lerred to ihe judiciary committee. By Mr Hen ry, to pay Simeon Herrick for repairs of a field. piece, which was referred to the committee on military aliairs. Special order. The Passumpsic and Con- nccucui river Kail lloau bill was taken up, and the bill, with Mr Davis' amendment, was made me oraer tor to-morrow morninjr. kngrossed Bill. Regulating imprisonment ui trustees ; passcu. Reports of committees. By judiciary com mittee, against the bill rcgulatinir trials before justices of the peace, and it was rejected on the and reading. By the committee on agriculture, against um in alteration ot chapter 110 revised statutes (relative to silk) and it was dismissed; also, on the two bills on that subject, that it is inexpedient to grant a bounty on wheat at ibis tnne, anil tho lul h wero dismissed. 01 in fifi By committee of Ways and Means, the bill to creun mo town ot lliptnn, with the opinion that there was no law in force, when tho tax was granted, to except towns from the State lax, and the hill was dismissed. By committee on mili. tiry atlliir?, asking to bo ilisclnrged from the peiion of Jidin Slafter and othew, which was granted, .tir uavis ol w. movPil to refer the petition to the judiciary committee. Opposed by Mr Hibbard, and on motion of Mr Harring ton, the petition was dismissed on the g ound of contempt to members of tho House. Mr Henry moved to reconsider tho vote of yesterday ordering the Brattleboro' and Fitch burgh rail road bill to a 'M reading, in order to propose an amendment similar to that made yes. terday to tho Centre rail road bill. Mr Whit, temoro moved to lay the motion on the table and make it the order for to-morrow afternoon. He wished time to consider Ihe matter. Mr Henry opposed tho motion, for the reason that it would defeat the object of Ihe reconsideration that is, by this delay, the time for moving a reconsider ation of the veto on Mr Davis' amendment would have elapsed. Air Rice, of Somerset, supported the motion.asserting that new amend ments could bo proposed to the bill, and there, fore it would be unnecessary to reconsider the oto rejecting that of Mr Davis. Aves.105. nnpa oi bu um minion was laiu on tne table, liy committee on manufactures, hill incorporating the Lincoln Iron Co. with an amendment, which was concurred in and the bill ordered to a ild reading. THE JUDICIARY BILL. Mr Harrington called ud the bill relating to tho Judiciary, and moved to fix the salary of Judges of the Supremo Court at 81200: re. jected. JMr idee, of bomersot moved to fix the sala. ry at 1100. Mr Harrington moved to amend 117.r. Supported by Messrs Harrington, Rice, of Strat- ion anu wrigm, and agreed to. Mr Harrington to fix tho salarv of each Cir. cuit Judge (3) at Ibis sum. Supported by Mr Harrington, who urged that the duties uf thn Circuit Judges would be eauallv as arduous u wie uuues oi uio supreme court. Under Ihe present system, with five Judges, it is found im. possible to complete tho business, and bv the proposed addition of a single Judire. there will bo amply enough to reuuiro all the attention nf tne Judges. Air Wliittemorc also supported tho motion, remarking the difference bo. tween this and tho old system was but 8175. Carried. Mr Wright moved to btrikc out the 10th ier. lion (relative to the fees to be paid over bv County Clerks to the Judgcs,)which was agreed to. The question then came up on the 3d read, ing of the bill, when Mr Harrington advocated the bill. The evils of the present system set forth were 1st that tho Judges of the Supreme Court decide upon their own opinions in the Court below a course against which the same objections exist as to a juryman who has formed an opinion upon a cause, or a judge who had ic ted upon it as counsel ; and Mr Harrington bus. tained this view by adverting to decisions of the Supreme Court under the law of 1839, prohib- iting the judges from siting in bank on cases de cided by them in the Co. Court, and comparing them with decisions after the repeal of that act ; 2d, that in nearly one half of the counties, it is impossible under the present system to com plctn the business on the dockets. These evils, this bill is intended to remove. Mr Hibbard opposed the bill, alluding to the different systems heretofore tried, and arguing that the proposed remedy was nuito as bad as the disease. Ho objected also to the details f the bill the largo circuits, and conse quent difficulty of doing business with the chancellor. Mr Kellogg moved an amendment, postponing the time for the act to take effect until the 1st November, IS 14. He was inclined to favor the bill, but hardly dared make so great a change hastily. There should be time to re. consider it. Mr Harrington opposed the amendment : the people could better decide upon the wisdom of this measure by trying it. On motion of Mr Whittcmore the bill and amendment was laid on the table Petitions. Of Peleg Redficld and others, to members of Orleans County. Of Rutland Light Infantry Co. aud others, to committee on Military Affairs. Whdnesday, Oct. 25. SENATE. Prayer by the chaplain. Reports of Committees. Mr Dutton, from the committee on Education, to which was referred a resolution relating to school districts drawing money, in which schools are not held more than two months, reported that no legislation was necessary. Mr Sargeant, from the Judiciary cominittee.re ported that the bill relating to notaries public ought not to piss ; report concurred in. From the same, bill extending jurisdiction of justices of the peace; laid on t lie table. By Mr Thomp son, a bill altering ihe name of S. 11. Cathan ; laid on the table. Mr Thompson reported a bill altering the names of Newel Sargeant and Hel en At. Aldriuge ; read twice and ordered to lie. Hills. Mr Hubbard introduced a bill relating to the militia; read twice aud referred to com mittec on military affairs. By Mr Butler, tela- ting to Ihe sale of properly at public auction ; referred lo Judiciary committee. Uy Mr bass, repealing sec. 18, revised statutes; referred to committee on Education. Uy Mr Gnswuld, re lating to guardians and wards ; referred lo Ju diciarv committee. Mr Farr called up the resolution instructing the committee on military affairs to bring in a bill repealing the militia act of last year ; amen ded by instructing the committee lo enquire into the expediency of repealing or modifying the said law ; passed. Resolutions. Mr Read introduced the following resolutions which were referred to the committee raised on that part of the Gov. message which relates to slavery. 1. That we protest against any attempt for the annexation ol Texas to this union asuncon. stitutional, and dangerous to the stability of the Union itself. 2. That we can in no wa v assent to an v mir pose or measures, the object uf which shall be tu enlarge the slave holding t erritory of the coun try, and thus to insure the political power of the slave holding states. 3. That we regard the abolition of slavery in tne District ot Columbia as within the prov ince and constitutional powers of Congress, and that we urge upon that body the propriety of its speedy abolition in that territory. 4. That we regard the right of petition as sacred ; and hold, that the doctrines under it, are known and wanton violations of the constitution and laws of the country ; and if adhered to by any portion of the union, places that portion in the attitude of hostility to the constitution itself, which lorms the only and proper band of union among the several states. Phat we desire the speedy abolition of slavery throughout the whole land : and that we will use all just and lawful means within our power, to accomplish that end. 0. That the rights of Habeas Corpus, and trial ot Juru are sacred aud invm ab e. ami cannot lawfully be denied, even bv Stale Le. gislatures, to any human doing in the land ; ir respective ot color or condition ; and that we re gard all laws passed by our sister states, deny, ing these rights, as unconstitutional and void. By Mr E. Allen, directing that the Secretary of state, and Secretary of the Senate, and Clerk ot the Mouse be requested to furnish the Scnato with a copy of tach contract made for printing uie journals ana laws ot the present Ucncral Assembly, ic. ; passed. Mr Read called up the bill relating to ths pun- ?iiui:iii ui tupnai crimes, ine question being upon the adoption of the amendments nrnnnHpn by Mr. Butler ; they were supported by Messrs n.,lla. -A 1.'.... 1... ..- . """" "u i mm uppuseu oy Messrs ueao, A. Allen aud Dutton. The President appointed as committee on the petition of the inhabitants of Benson. Green, Molt and Harris. On motion of Mr Sprague, the Senate adjourn ed. HOUSE. Prayer by tho Bev. Mr Tillotson. I Mr nice ol somerset, not stratum. mmn,.ri,l I. i i... ... - ., . ' --rr mo iiu(iuoai yi-sieruay in nx inn salary ol Judg fl-n. : t .1 i r , .. ui uju ouorciiiu iuun ai oiia. remarifinir Mini i, ,b um Miniti salary lormeny allowed. J Reports nf Committees. By Judiciary com mittee, bill for the relief of the town of riln!.n. bury (authorising a new appraisal of lands, and extension of time to nav tax of 1842) which . ordered to a 3d reading i against bill regulating naui iceo ir surviru oi wrus, oic. anu it was dismissed. By General Commitlep, bill to alter uie names ol Alonzo 1'ersoth, ordered to 3d read,

ing ; against the petition of Joseph L. Atherton and others, and the petioners had leave to with draw. Special Orders. The House resumed con. sideration of tho bill reviving tho act incorpora ting the Connecticut and Passumpsic River Rail Road Co. tho question being upon Mr Davis' amendment, empowering fuluro legislation to r.lter, amend or repeal tho act. Mr Henry moved to striko out the word rr. peal: ayes 70, noes 05; so tho amendment was rejected. The question then recurred upon the adoption of (he amciidmont of Mr Davis of NnriuiM, The amendment was sustained by Mr Davis of N. who regarded this as a question whether so unlimited corporation should be created, ut terly unbridled without rcslrict ou or control. Tho right of the stato to lake the road at the ex. piraiion of 50 years, and lo reduce the toll tn a profit of 12 per cent, on the capital, he regarded as utterly useless the 1st, because the state never could purchase the road, and Ihe last be. cause the amount of profit was large, even at the lowest limit. It had been said tho stock might be above par, and therefore profitably sold by the staie ; but of this there was not the slightest as.1 surancc. The result would be, that the state would be covered with corporations, of immense capital, which could control Ihe whole state ; and if this amcndmdnt was defeated, these cor porations would provo a burden upon alt future generations, which might cripple them to the dust. He denied tho right of tho House, under the oath of the constitution, thus to abridge the rights of the people. Mr yvnittemore opposed the amendment. By tho rejection of Mr enry's motion, the question was fairly presented shall we retain tho power to repeal or destroy this corporation To retain this nower. he arfrued. u-.m Id rWMn that thprn should be no rail road, as it would be utterly im possible lo induce capitalists to take the stock ; on this ground he opposed it, and urged the iYousc to seize upon this opportunity the best Vermont ever had when capital is abundant in an mo cities, to secure lor Vermont the great ad vantages of rail-roads. Jo ulso objected that the adoption of this amendment subjected those corporations to the control of the political party which might at any time be in power, and thus through them the political destiny of the state might bo controlled. JIo would rather seo mill stone upon tho necks of the people, than sum a power in ihe hands of any political party, Mr DaV'sof N. replied, questioning the advan tages of rail roads, nnd instancing the fact that through the Western roads the produce of Ohio anu Kentucky was brought to the valicy ot the Connecticut, and there sold in cornpetinn with prouucis or mat valley. Tins amendment he insisted would not injure the corporation, as by the constitution, they were protected from abu sos by the legislature ; and tho objection that stock could not be taken, had before been urged, when t his principle was applied to banking cor porations, but it proved to lie a humbug Mr Everett thanked the gentleman from Nor wich for at last confessing that all these amend ments were merely a cover for hostility to rail roads ; and then went on to show the benefits of improvements of this kind, and to answer tho ar guments in favor of the amendment. The very reason that the West could undersell us in our own market was, that they have rail roads, while we have none, and lose.'in freight, 810on eve ry ton we send to market. Wo have neither time nor room to state even substantially the other points of his speech, save one : that is, that Ihe sole object of this corporation is to trans port persons and property, and tho only abuse which could possibly arise would be cxhorbitant tolls. Of such an abuse he thought there was little danger, as facts Droved that moderate toll; were beginning to bo adopted by rail road corpo rations as the wisest policy. Mr Sherwood supported the amendment in a humorous speech, likening this application for a rail road, without restrictions, to an application to turn in a high spirited, and perhaps vicious nag, into a stable with other horses, without a halter. 7e wanted the halter put on, so that the nag might be tied if safety required it. The amendment was further sustained by Messrs enry, 7arrington and Folsom. and on. posed by Messrs Whittemore. Stacy, Rice of uncicci, .um omim oi Auuison, ayes oi, noes 117, so the amendment was rejected and the bill w oraereu to a ad readme. Engrossed Bills. Abolishing imprisonment for military fines in certain cases ; in addition to and explanative of the act of 1840 in relation to nanus ; passed. Petition referred. Of Austin Hi rrhard nnd others for a rail road from Brattleboro' through ttutland to Lake Champlain, referred to commit tee on roads. Resolution. By Mr Grandy, ordering 50 cop. ICS of the journals of the last constitutional run. vention lo bo deposited in the slate Library ; Bills introduced. By Mr Morrill of Danville in relation to tho act for the relief of Salma Da vis ano ouiers, which was referred to the udici ary committee. By Mr Griswold, in addition to cnapier 4 i revised statutes, referred lo the gen ...I . t i o iu, t-vfuuiiuut;. .lujourneu. 2 o'clock, P. M. okNA I E. Reports of Committees. By Mr U..111LM1, irom the committee on Agriculture, House bill exempting three swarms of bees from attachment, with an opinion that the same ought not lo pass ; laid on the table. By Mr Butler, from the Judiciary committee wiu um ruiuung in ine sale oi property at public auction; on motion of Mr Briggs the bill was amended by striking out ' public auction,' and in serting 'sheriff's sale. Mr Dutton moved to amend the hill so that it be prospective only :-- au.T,tu, me question was men taken, shall the bill be engrossed and read a third time ; carried, yeas 17, nays 13, after debate. A message was received from the Governor covering the report of the Adjutant and Inspec- mi viniii-rai, won accompanying documents. Mr Briggs introduced a resolution that thn Sen ate herealtcr, in addition to the usual meetings, uieci ai , r. hi. ; passed. On motion of Mr Briggs. the Senate adiourned HOUSE. The Senate returned Ihe bill relative to uuaico iruct;s wiui amemiiiienis, which were con curnil in, Onuiulioiiof Mr Wlmtmiaro. Mr lt.i-rm I.-..1 !.,,.. ui auiciice no eunesiuy morning next. - - . J .... ..v. III MIIICIIU. ment of 3d clause sec. 51 of chnn. W revi.tpii ami,,,.. JIllIS IHirOailCrtl. HV Mr Nh.r.'nnJ in n.J ,c)icais iii i-t'iimii un-vs wueru uieaama gis are not over 820,) which was referred to ihe Jiidi narvconiaiittee. 11 v Mr Vilas, rrlalini' thn zanco of Sheriffs, (may he given before either judje of iiicci'umy cuuri,) nincii was reierreu 10 uio Judicia ry committee. fititions rtfcmtl. Of citizens of Avery's Gore vr iuiiriiii uiMiiiiy, ) icir n snare in ine stirpuia reentie, lo die committee, of Wnvs and Means. Of I K. Wa. terinan nnd others, of Oreensboro', for nnnexalion to tne laleilonia co nuy, referred to select commute e of inree. ui iniiauiioiusiiMVeston, for a rail road from Uratileboio'. llirmiL'h Rutland. In ilia rnintnittpp nn ruau: oi ismaii lanoison.iu inerntnmiifp.inn nhima . of Charles Wilbur, to the J'tdiciary committee. I. J l. .'II. 1 r r r i- n. iuciiuif(j, rurrruei oi iowii oi uiastennii ry j to incorporate the Lincoln Iron coiypanyj pas Mr Wrtcht of Shorcham called lln fhn rpHnlnlmn for adjournment without day at 9, A. M. on the 31st insl. Mr Rice of Somerset moved 'o strike out 9 and unerl 7 1 ngreed to, and the resolution was passed. Resolutions, lly Mr Stscy, protesting airainst sla very and ihe annexation of Texas I j the Union, which were referred lo Ihe Judiciary committee, lly .Mr Smith of Addison, for evening sessions, commencing to-morrow evening) rejected. Reports. Bv committee on mlllmrv firr;,a cumentalivc report, declarins Ihe militia act' of last year lo be burdensomo, to give an unnecessary in crease of officers anil in tw, AFr.uv ;.. ;.. n.A..:.:n, for the collection or fecsj prefening the acts of 1837 and 1639 as a basis on which to Irame n new system, and recommending the passage of ihe bill repealing no niw iaii ycai j mm una um was ordered to a third reading. Hv the same conimitinn hill in o.ul lion to Ihe act in relation to the militia, (restoring (he acts of '37 and '39, wilh amendments,) which was ex plained by Mr Uavis of N. when ihe amendments were adopted, and Ihe bill read a second time, laid on the laMe and 300 conies ordered in ln nrinml liu committee on bank s, against the bill in addition to the oih ui lo iuui reunion to imiiKS, and it was dismissed. By committee on Koads, against ihe petition of Mnr vy Hill and Nelson S. Hill, for a ferrv. the.. I,., I not given legal notice,) and the petilioners had leave iu wiiiiumw. The Governor informed the Ilnnsa ilmt lm. v Piatt, of Burlington, declines inniinih. nfF,.r Jail commissioner. Mr Whittemore called up the bill to incorporate Ihe Brxllleboro . and Fitchburff Rail rami ,h tion being, on motion ol Mr Henry lo reconsider Ihe vole ordering ihe 3d reading. Mr Henry suf he considered it so well settled by r.imc fc&ssi Aswite w" " ,h,srTro,tt J Mr l.veretl italfdlhat bill, rfn-rrr.l in il,. Wednesday, Oct. 25, 7 p. m. SENATE mil. sw,m il.. rr,,.... n.Uiin.. m the imprisonment of trustees i read twice and referred to committee on Judiciary. In addition to an explan ation of an act relative to banks, read twice and re ferred to committee on banks. Incorporating Lin coln Iron Company i read twice ond referred to com mittee on Manufactures. For tho relief of the town of Glastcnbnryj read twice and referred to committ ee on Claims. Abolishing imprisonment for military fines in certain cases referred to committee on Mili tary niiairs. Resolutions. From the ITnusn. rfannsitlnrr rprtnin copies of the journal of ihe convention to consider amendments to Ihe constitution ; passed in concur- reiive. r rom ine Mouse, lor the adjournment or the General Assembly without day on Tuesday! Mr But ler moved to strike out Tuesday and insert .Monday; laid on the table. For a joint assembly on Tuesday next 10 A. M. for the election of superintendent, chaplain and directors of the Slate Prison; omended by striking out "Tuesday" and inserting Friday; passed. A message was received from the Governor, an nouncing the resignation of James K. Piatt of the office of jail commissioner for the county of Chit tenden. The bill relating to the maintainance of illegitimote uuuuieii was reau a tniru lime and passed. The bill amending the acl incorporating the Trnv Conference Academy, was rend a third time and commuted to nmend the title; the title was amended and then nasscd. The bill constituting a board of education was read n third time, and on motion of Mr Briggs, commit ted in a member lo nmend so that the board shnlt consistory besides the Governor; passed, yeas 14, navs S. The bill extending the jurisdiction of justice of the p.ace in trustee actions, was ordered to lie on the lame. The bill relating to tho settlement of estates was, on motion of Mr Munsill, amended and then passed. The commit'eeon Banks reported the House bill in addition lo mid alteration of on act relating to banks, with an amendment ; the rule directing bills to ho 24 hours nfier the second reading was dispe ed with, and the bill was read a third lime and laid nn ine table. the lint rules were relumed from the House, the Hi use non-concurring in the amendment of the Sen an; ;.io Senate resolved to insist upon iheir amend ment, Mr Camp moved a committee of conference on the disagreement of the two houses on the above rules; ndopted. Mr Briggs called up the bill relating to the punish ment of capital crimes; ihe amendments proposed by Mr Buller wen- supported by Mr Plumb, and op posed by Messrs Sfirr, Cutt and Field. On motion of Mr Briggs, the Senate adjourned. TiicnsoAV, Oct. 2G. Prayer I y the ( hnplain. SENATE. Tho President appointed as committee of conference on the part of the Senate, Messrs uhk?. ionium iiuu r iirr. Petitions. Mr Munsill presented the petition of .-.i.csit-i iii..ij,a, icii-iifu iu eojnmiucc on ijiaims. Mr Thompson presented the petition of V. K. Kanney and 82 others; referred to committee on Bonds. Ileiolutions. By Mr E. Allen.directing thenuditor ofaccuuntsto furnish the Senate with n statement of the number ot" copies of ihe laws, of the journal of ihe Senate ana Journal of the House charged to the stale by the contractor for printing the ame, the number ot copies of each and tho amount allowed therefor, respectively, tor each of the years 1843, '41, '42; passed. By Mr Griswo'd, instructing ihe Judi ciary com mittee In enquire into the expediency of uiiitiiuma sec. j v oi nn nci relating lo ihe Grand Lisl approved Nov. 10, 1S41; passed. Reports of Committees. Sir Plumb, from the committee on pennon of inhabitants of Brattleboro' reported House bill relating to gmnting licenses to inn-keepers.; laid on the table. Mr Dutton. from ommiiiceon r.aucanon, bill amending sec. 18, chap IB, K. S. ; laid on the table. By Mr Thompson billaltenng .the name of Jos. T. Coni'dons recoup milled lo amend. Mr Briggs, from committceon the juoiciary, reported ine Dili relating to the imprison ment ot trustees ; read a third lime and passed. Mr rorier irom committee on Jlanutaclures, reported rruu-e urn rcianng 10 incorporating fire insurance companies ; read a third lime and laid on the tab e. M . r?..A...nt.t . ..... it l-ii : .-luuanuiuiii'unru nuuse mil incorporating .New York and Champlain Steam Boat Company; read a third time nnd passed. Mr Field, from committee on Hoads, reported a bill incorporating the Champlain and Connecticut River Kail Road Company, wilh amendments, as follows: in sec. 4 strikeout 15 and insert 5; in sec. 10 strike out 12 and insert 10; also nuuinga sisi section, gmug the Legislature the pow. er 'to charter a road passing across this. Mr Farr moved to amend by adding a 22d section, providing that this corporation shall be under the control of all future legislatures; supported bv Messrs Cahoon and Farr. opposed bv Messrs Sarsenni nml Si,r..,i re jected yeas a navs 19; the bill wns ordered to be engrossed anu read a nurd tuna. Mr e.u r.. committee on Roads, reported against the passage of j l j uie uuuuing nno repairing orbri Iges; laid on the table. Sir Hubbard, from committee on Uonds. reported bill incorporating the Vermont Cen tral Rail Road Compiny, wilh an amendment, strik ing out that section which places the charters under Ihe control of future Legislatures. Mr Pnhnnn mnu. ed to adjourn ; lost. The report of the committee was men concurred in yeas 19, nays 7. Sir I'ahooh called nn thn hill swarms of liec from attachment I laid on the table. Prayer by Rev. Sir Young. HOUSE. The chair nnnmmrr.l ihn , make up the debentures, viz. Messrs Harwond, Smead, Green. Slanin of llneheaii-r. Smiih r a.mi. son, Baldwin, Andrews, Griggs, Darling, Learned, Town, R-binson, Weeks, Martin of North Hero. iteporisoj committees. By judiciary commiltee, that it is inexpedient to limit the mimlior nf In.tla of the Peace by law. By same committee, bill rela ting lo imprisonment of debtors dim mnriai r,r sec. 06, cnap. .'3 to be extended to executions as well as writs,) explained bv .Messrs Whiiin,nrnnn,l'n.. and ordered to 3d reading; bill for disposal of un chinned prepcrty stored with wharfingers and public storc-keepersono year after it was stored, which was, ordered to a 3J reading. That legislation is unne cessary on the siilneel of iniliniino mno I... .... ..i jurors. Hill in addition to ihe acl for tho relief of ouiuiu uavis anu omers, and it was ordered to a 3d reading. lly coinmitice of ways and means, on tho Report of Gov. Paine, that his duties as commissioner of urn, uuuiu, mum unu insane poort have been faithfully and judiciously performed, and that no further appro pnation or legislation is necessary. Against petition from Victory, nnd other towns, relative lo obstnic lions in Passumpsic river, and ihey had leate lo wiih draw. Bill providing for collection of tuxes assessed on real estate, and it va laid on the table; and against a bill for the likeobjeet, which wns dismissed Bv comuntteo on Education, lhat it is inexpedient to repeal sec. 18of chapter ISof revised sialuics. By general committee, billi'iomnilnn r, , from n'tachment, and il wns dismissed. Against bill repealing the bounty on bears, nnd it was dismissed Against annexing Essex county to Orleans nnd Cale donia couniics, and it wns dismissed. By commilteeon military afHiirs, that the subs'nnee had becrtembrneed in a former report relative to equip ping poor persons for military duly, nnd iherefoie no legislation is necessary. Against bill altering section 131) and repealing section ISO of miHnr, ntt nf tic ffnr tli a ma r.,tnt nnJ . 1- i 'Wl "" '" v .vwi inu MUjr MCIUUISIIllSSPU, e reason) , nnd they were dismissed. illee.of claims, bil to pay Edward G, Bab. ir injuries received while employed on the' in 1S30: opposed by Sir Whitiemore, on , IJV ('11111111111 cock S3UU for tnte prison he ground that this was one of thi hnrU nf'ir Hibcock's business, for which im fnnil n,l, lint, I nn employer liable; supported by .Messrs Rico of Strut- inn, r.vereii unu mas, on ine ground that the injury was occasioned by the neglect of ihcngent ofihe stale, which in iuslicennd humaniiv ih a mo ol,r,,,l,l neinale, and that precisely similar cliims had been herelororoal owed. .Mr Whi.iemore further opposed the bill, arguing lhat ..here was no proof thit .Lis oc curred under Ihespecfic direction of the stag's agent, ud therefore the he first put it-lhat il was not a legal claim,"nml it s unsafe to yield to it on the ground of sympathy, Messrs Hibbard nnd Sherwood also opposed it, nnd Messrs Kverelt. Rico nf Soinen nn.i i.,i...... ...... ported the bill, an lit was ordered tn a 3d reading The Senate returned the resolution relative to joint rules, asking a rnmmitieo of conference on the disa greeing voles of the two Houses. Uitu tntrotluctO. lly Sir Baldwin, altering the name of NancvTav or Johnunn u.h,h ..t i to the general committee. Tho Governor transmitted Ihe report of Hcnrv .fie yens, commissioner to prosecute the claims of Ver mont against ihe General Government. liy seieci committee ngainst pennons of ciu'zens of Somerset, Dover and Wardsboro and the petitioners Hv committceon bankf, mraiiitt peiitinn of hank of ry committee, had been mislaid, nnd at his suggestion by consent of tho House, a transcript of the bdl was substituted. Engrossed bills. Altering tho name of Alonio Perseihi passed. To incorporate Ihe Brattleboro', and Fitchburg rail road company. Mr Henry said he must vote against ine bill, because ol the I ejection ol the nmendmentsgiving future legislatures control over the corporation, and asked the veas and navs. Mr Vilas moved tu commit the bill for amendment, pro viding that future legislatures may alter or amend this act. Mr Rice, of Somerset moved an amendment to the amendment, providing that no alteration shall bs made which shall jeopardise the rights of the corpora lion. Sir Whittemore onnosed the amendment to the amendment. There would ho differences of opinkm as to what are the rights of the corporation, ns well a to what would or would not jeopirdise those right. aucn latitude oi construction would be ruinou lo me project, and he deemed it even more insidious and dangerous than the originnl amendment. Sir Rice, of Someiset, believed lhat the state had no right, lc-tal or moral, to invite capital into tho state nnd then destroy it. To prevent this, he mado his motion, and made it in good faith, as a triend to the bill. Sir Harrington explained the ground he assumed yesterday. The constitution could be amended by the people, hut this bill was put beyond the power of amendment. He was ngaiusl making a corporation more pci mamen than the constitution. Sir Henry said the amendment to the amendment was mere, moonshine. He wished the question fairly put legislative control or no legislative conliol. Sir Vilas deemed ihe amendment unneeessnry. It is to bo presumed that fuluro legislatures will not en croach upon ihe rights of tho corporal inn, nnd he csj. red little, therefore, whether tho nniondrrier,. was re jected or hot. I ho nmen'iment to the amendment was then reieC. ted, nnd the qucslion then recurred on the motion of Mr Vila, tn commit for amendment. Sir Vilas sua tained his motion on grounds like ihose taken yester dnv on Ihe Pnssumpsic hill. Nn vole taken. Sir Bradley of Whcelocknnd Sir Ingnllsof Sheffield" obtained leive of absence from and after to-iivurow morning. Adjourned. 2 o'clock, P. St. SENATE, ricpart of Committees. Sir K. Allen, from committee on Agriculture, reported House bill relating to lees of inspector of beef and pork ; rend it third lime nnd passed. Sir A. Allen, from committee on military allT.irs, reported a bill abolishing impris onment for military tims in certain cases; read a third lime nnd passed. Kiom sai.in committee, bill repealing militia act of Inst year, wilh an opinion that the same ought not to piss; postponed indefinite!). Sir Briggs, from the Judiciary comminee, reported a 1 ill relaling to guardians nnd wards, with an opinion that no legislation is neceiry ; rejected. .Mr Giren, from committee of Land T.ixes, reported a bill rela ting to land tax advertisements; ordered to be en grossed and read a third time. Sir Green, from commute: on Land Taxes, report ed a bill relating to the lollecting of arrearages of highway taxes; rendn third tiniennd Inid on the table. Mr Briggs presented thepeiiiion of the Forest Dale volunteer corps; read and referred to committceon military affairs. The committee of Claims nsUd leave to he dis charged from the further consideration of the petition of Sylvester Phelps; leave granted. Thobill chirtering ihe Vermont Central Rail Roid, wns read n lliird tinie and passed yeas 19, navs 5. The bdl relating to the sale of property at sheriff's 63le. was rend n third time nnd laid on the table. The Governor communicated to the Senate the re port of Hcnrv Stevens, relating to the claims of Ver mont upon the United Slates, for ervices rendered during the Revolutionary war, which was read, and on motion of Sir Camp, referred to a select commit tee of three. , The bill extendingjurisdictionof justiresof the peace in trustee actions, wns taken up, opposed bv Mr Starr, and unanimously rejected. The bill relaling to banks, wns taken up, and on L",!l m l A"cn' amended so lhat no note over 8100 shall bediscountcd unless sanciioned by ihe di rectors ; passed. The bill extended jurisdiction of justices of peace (reported against by committee) was rejected. The report of the Commissioners of the Deaf and Dumb, Ulind and insane poor, was referred lo com mittee on cduca'ion. , The bill relating to the sale of property, on execu tion (reported against by committee) was laid on the table. The House bill oltering the name of the town of -Monroe to V oodbury, referred to committee on roads. A communication wns receivul from the Secretary of stale relating- to the printing of the laws of the smte; referred to commiltee on Finance. A communication was receive ! from the Clerk or the Houo reining to the same subject; referred la committee on Finance. The bill relating to association', inaddillon lochap. SI revised statutes, wns read a third lime nnd passed. Resolution. ! rom the House, that the Governor be requested to receive Col. Riciiaod SI. Johnson to morrow at 12 M., in the Hall of the House of Renre sentalivesin the presence of both Houses, and that Hie Governor be requested to appoint a commiltee la invite him lo visit the General Assembly as above spei ified ; paused. Sir S. oti from the commiltee on Bills reported that the committee, had presented lo the Governor bills of the following titles : House hill, relnlinrr In lritl..nrn.... it u:u lating la fees of Inspector of Beef and Pork; H. bill, incorporating New York and Champlain Steamboat Company ; . hill, abolishing imprisonment for mili tary fines. Ai lourneil. ? U 1.ne 'J"se, resumed consideration of tho lirattlelioro , and Fuchburgh rnil road co. bill the question being on .Mr Vilns' motion. The discussion wasconiinueu oy nr Uails ot IV. for, and Messrs hlacy and Hibbard ngainst tho omendment, when Mr holsom moved an adjournment; negatived. Sir Guild moved a cull nf tin. Hnn.. u,h;.i ,i. "mv n wiser A quorum was found to he present ; when Sir Vilas exposed a desire that the question an his amend ment might be postponed, wilh cenernl consent to. morrow morning, to bo decided in n full house re marking that he had something to say upon it Sir Inttemore suggested that the House was pretty full and desired the gentleman from Chelsea lo proeeed ai this time. Sir lias regretted that the question wa pressed now, nnd went on in support of his motion, and in reply particularly to Mr Stacy. Sir Whitte more briefly responded, when the ques'ion was taken -ayes i0, noes lit; so tho motion lo .recommit was rejected, 'ihe bill was Ihcn passed, 112 lo 61 Petitions referred. Of citizens of Sirntton to committee on roads. Of Daniel Adams and 50 ith. ers, and i;f Samuel Culver and 82 other-, to members from Rutland county. Special order. 'I he bill incorporating the Ascutnev bank was made the order for to-morrow mornm l.nsn-scd bills. Repealing ihe militia net of 'last years laid on ihe tab e. To revive net incorporating the Connecticut nnd Passumpsic rivers rail road com". if.ni- passel, 107 .o C9. In' nddi.im to neTPor relief ofiilma Davis and oihers; lo pay Edward G. Bab cock S300; both passed. Mr Cummings called up the hill for the cc lleciion or taxes on real estaici when Sir Rice of Somerset moved nn nmendmeni, (sale- lo be in Shy, and lands tiny ba sold a i auction within three years after Hie taxes were laid,) which was adoplcd and the bill rr. dered lo n 3d reading. fesoiiiiion. Hv Mr Davis of N. thai ih. n.... nrtnvuc Col. R.SI. Johnson to meet the Senri.. n,l House of Repieseniotives nt 2. M. lo-morroiv ,."j PHI' introduced lv .Mr Wright if ShMrX' from thecommitteo of Wnvs and Means tax of ten cents on the dolf.ir on Ihe g'and isriv" ilw Rimitnrl iir,,nvprr,mA l.li. fr , m . 1181 r ,m r..n, in,,. ViV,.. . . ' " nr'lere,l io a third ranlmirsnnnn u,i,!,t, i . v." """ noi e- . .......uiiiiTt-u io a lh.nl ren lit nmiMii inpninfni, n., ..r lii :.. - , .!',l",i rr" rd rending ; n .. .. - - "-""iuii io ine sinio. ..I.;rtk..n. r...,. .i '" llieaiaift stnte prison. By Sir Ciandy rculiii . .nn!. r W justices of the peace, whir Va f referrr7,M eiary committee. By Sir Vh " more l li change of venue in caiues i, , eoun.i .. ",lcu. 10 lb conimiilienii th was referred to the judiciary cmimtL MuZl nillv-e. Adjourm FxWAir, Ocl. 87, Prnvcrhv Ihe Chaplain. SENATE Sir Slunsill nrtffci ih . Sylvester Phelp., which wns resierdoy with nnd presented tn the auditor of account' i rtfci committceon Claims. it. ...k:i i;i iKitiii ui vithdravnn, rtfcmdto .... v.. nn. in neu inai ine eoiruiMtlco of Fliuncr be disrhanieil rom the cmsidrraiion of Ihe rommunU canons of the Screiiry of Slate. Srcreiar J rVr ih. Senate, and Clerk of ,l,e Hoi.se 'granted "nd t wero referred lo a select committee Mr Briggs nioved ihai the committee o Kitiiratf.,n bo discharged from the consideration f ,(, commu n,cat,on of the uV,f, dumb, blind and insane ,'nTreB ' w"remltoa .elect com! Report of Committees. Mi Pnn.r I t... l. commiiieo on Grand List, lo which was leferred Mr