17 Kasım 1843 Tarihli Burlington Free Press Gazetesi Sayfa 1

17 Kasım 1843 tarihli Burlington Free Press Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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'1 NOT THE GX.OBY OT C S A R BUT THB WBLTARB OF'BOMB BY H. B. STACY. BURLINGTON, VERM O.N T, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER n, 1843. VOL. XVII No. 24. THU II()Mi:S Ol' KNGIjAXD. nx JOHN Howard dcbgis. "The merry homes nf England ! Around their hearths by night, What glndsom looks of household lovo Meet in the ruddy light I There woman's voice Hows forth in song, Or childhood's tale is told. Or lips move tunefully along Somo glorious page of old." Mrs IIemans. The cheerless homes of England I Around their hearths at night, What hapless looks nf want and wo Meet in the embers' light I There mothers wail and fathers sigh, And heart-wrung tears are sheii. And fjinish'd children join their cry. The plaintive cry lor bread! "The merry homes of England I" Av, sing them ns her fame That's past and dead, her wretched homes Arrtnnv hot irinn clmnnf Thepamper'd hound and petted steed. With choicest food are fed, While thousands nf her children need, And weep for lack of bread ! The mirthless homes of England ! Where Want and Mis'ry reign: If such the children's heritage, The fathers fought in vain ! Oh, righteous God! how long, how long, Shall earth her riches spread Kor all and yet the few and stbono, Rob millions of their bread? "The merry homes of England I" Ay, Hue, some such are there -Whose very dogs would spurn tho food Which make's the poor man's fare : There Rank abides! right "merry homes Where Wealth and Power are wed, But see! behold yon living tombs, Where Hunger begs for bread! Oh, mighty name of England ! The synonyme of power 1 What boots thy "glorious page of old, While icant's thy children's dower 1 That " glorious page" 1 oh, boast ii not, Kor name thy noble dead, But boast of this if boast of aught Thy rhildren CrV.fnr hrradl Ah! "merry, merry England" ! Thy millions hapless homes, Will give to thee a sadder name In History's future tomes: They're nursing now alios! of men Who'll break oppress! -mi's rod For never will they strike in rain. Whoso motto's " 13 read or Mood'. ' Boston-, Sept. 1813. From the New World. Strictures on Stone's Itortler Wars IN RELATION TO THE V E R M ONTESE. -Notu, pago 203 4, volume sue- Col. Stone, in his life of Brant, wlnlo de tailing the border wars connected with his subject, seems to havo conceived it his piiv ilege to travel into Vermont, for the purpose of discussing and deciding upon tliu conduct und motives of our leaders during tin latter part of the revolution. This he had A right to d', or introduce a disnuiiilon uu animal ii ni il nil if lie choose -. but so long as ho nrnfi to nlav the historian, however far l, mnir irn out of the wav for subjects of rnnimnill. il is OUT ntiviloL'O tO hold HI 111 rCS ponsiblo for truth and impartiality, and to repel tho aspersion he has attempted to cast on the memories ot tltal uanu oi uisiiuguiau rl old tint riots bv charce of reasonable mo lives, which, after the lapse of moro than balf n i-entiirv. his clairvoyant mind has been the first to discover. Is is well known that Vermont, whose mrritnrv bad been claimed through a Ion and embitered controversy, both by New Hampshire and New York, declared herself to tho great ollence o! tno miter, an inue rtnnrlnnt atnln Hear the middle of tllO War. From that lime to its close, after appealing in vain to Consress for a recognition of her rights, or even for assistaaco to enable her to sustain herself in her frontier posiiion,she liari to contend. sinL'le-handed, for her exis tence against tho doublo forces of the Brit isli and the New Yorkers. And it was du ring this period of her trouble that the lead ers of Vermont, with Ihc solo intention, a far its reffardetl the common enemy of keep inir hi b'av a force she was unablo to meet fntnrffl into Defoliation with the Briml officers in Canada for an armistice, which in ilmir siiiiuiinii ihev believed they were justified in concluding, ciation, prolracted as thoso leaders, and by with tho promise omy, 011(1. The leader nhnvo named, or " Vermont Conspirators" lis Col. Stone, in tine place is pleased to call them, were Thomas Cliit tondon, Ethan Allen, Ira Allen, Saniuo1 Saflord, Rinses Kobinson, Timothy Brm-n-son, John Fassott, Joseph Fay, bcinc l'or n long time tho only persons in the secret of the temporizing negotiation in question. And so, Tho's Chittenden, elcen years suc ceeding its organization, Governor ol or tnont, Ethan Allen, the hero of Ticondoro ga,a Colonel in the continental service, and long the command! r of the Vermont militia, with tho other patriotic and distinguished men thus implicated, were traitors, were they f Why, had this been said by.iny one who was not more than hall British himself, the bones of old Ethan Allen would have rattled in his grave at the charge ! Let us glance at the evidence in support of this grave and singular accusation. At the outset of this conspiracy, according to Col. Slone, Col. Bevei ly Robinson, acting on the known hatred of the people of Ver mont to the government of New York, " sought to open a correspondence with Ethiin Allen, as early as March. 1780. The first letter was handed to Allen in Arlington, but was not answered. The second letter from Robinson was received by Allen in February, 1781, which, with the first, he inclosed to Concrcss in March, accompanied by a letter." What ! sent those British let tors to Congress? Why, we thought it was a secret conspi racy I a singular course, il strikes us, for one to pursue who was secretly plotting to sell his State to the enemy .' It is, however, Olio or tllO lumllllg I.IUS from l,lul Colo,..-) Stone drew his notable inferences, that Allen and his collcaaucs were traitors. Next we take the statement of two prisoners escaped from Montreal, "that Ethan Allen and his associates were forming an alliance with the King's officers in Canada that it was un derstood that Vermont was to furnish the King with 1500 men, under tho command ot Allen. When Allen was a prisoner, in England, sick and comparatively weak of nerve, poor and destitute, with a halter about his neck, and the doom of death hang ing over ins heau, lie was ollered halt tile fee of Vermont and ii lordship, if he would enter tho British service. And what was his reply 1 " Your Maieslv here, srentle- nien, reminds me of a certain other Majesty anted in Scripture, who ofiered our saviour I the lands in tho world if he would fill down and worship him : when the fact was, the poor devil didn t own a singlo foot ol tunc! on oarlli to - j- " iim... Allen except such a superb offer then 1 And what would he have naturally said to tno comnarativelv trillinc offer the Canadian officers, mado him, as above stated, after ho had escaped from his captivity, recovered his vigor, and become n general, in rewaru for his services nnd sullunngs I Here, we sunnose. Uu onol stone uraus anoiner oi ins inferences. But to llie evidence unuer con sideration. All that these escaped prisoners could have known, and Colonel stone does not pretend otherwise, was from the rumors they had heard among their keepers, or at best, the talk of British officers, who, no doubt, boasted enough about their imagined prospects of bringing Vermont into an alli ance. It is uiioliv inconclusive: anu uiu fact that the Governor of New- ork tliouahl it of consequence enough to be rnuiniunicn- ted to his legislature, e.innot alter its charac ter. Such testimony would not have endan gered a man under the rule of Robespierio, in the mind of every unprejudiced person, whatever dentils and perplexities lie may have hit'iei'to entertained on the subject. VM said, that if Governor Chittenden was ii ir.iltor then was Washington. We repeat it boldly: for wo here make the assertion, thai General Washington was confidentially ind fully matlu acquainted, by these very men themselves, from first to last, with I he whole of this alleged treasonable negotiation; that keeping their secret ho acquiesced, by his silence, till the object was answered, in their proceedings, and even made his mili tary dispositions, as we believe it will be found, accordingly, Ihe proof ol this is to ho found under Washington's own hand, con firmed by his own signature, in the secret correspondence between him and Chittenden on the very subject, which, hitherto unpub lished and unnoticed on the catalogue, has recently been discovered in tho archives at Washington. This fact the several confi dential letters froai Chittenden to Washing ton, while tho negotiation was going on, fully make known. And this fact tho long, in teresting and confiding reply of Washington toward the close of the war, as fully ac knowledges. And in this very familiar and friendly letter, though ho raises doubts about the policy of such movements, as tending to raise false hopes in the enemy, and thereby induce them to prolong tho contest, yet lie repeatedly expresses his entire confidence in the steadfastness of the Vermont leaders in the cause of freedom, and wholly exonerates them from any but the purest and most pat riotic motives. It Colonel stone will read this correspondence, a copy of which is in the collection ol the Vermont Historical So ciety, he will bo convinced of his error, un " convinced against his will, Is of the same opinion slill." Montpelior, Vt., Oct., 1843. D. P. T. TOM TOWNS: And, by this nego long as possible by receiving in silence of consideration, the proposals which aiiusn were eager to niako - Vlirni01" tu an alliance .... litem, tlioy succeeded, as is geni""''y known, in keeping, for years, the move ments of a powerful force of tho enemy suspended on their frontier, thereby saving, not only their own state, but New-York from the calamity of an invasion which tliu Artier Scan forces were then but illy prepared to encounter. This, us has always been well known and understood among uu who tmu the means of knowing, is the whole length and breadth of the affair. And yet Col. Stone pretends to see in it a secret plot of tho Vermont leaders to compromise the cause of liberty, and sell their State to the .British. With all duo deference to Col. Stone's logic, we must be permitted to say that his conclusions are but poorly warranted by his - premises. Indeed hud Ins inferences, Iikc those of the countryman in tho story, been drawn by a dray-horse, they could not, some of them, liavo been more far-fetchud and singular. And nad ho been content with a simple narration of the facts, even thoso given by him, mid left his readers to form their own conclusion, we should havo been willing, as one-sided and defectivo us vould then havo been tho ovidence, tu trust Uiq public with a decision of the case tit is sue. But us he has volunteered a decision, which ho feared his readers might fail to make, we will ondearor briefly to meet it, nrsi on lus own grounds, and then bv addu cing Other evidence, which, either through igiiuiauku ur uesigu, no nus wnony omit ted; After fully exonerating tho whole mass of the people ot Vermont " from any intention of ever listening to British proposals," this writer says: But with great deference, after a full nammaiian o ine case, the same cannot be said of the leaders of the Vermnntesc. They had determined that New York should be dismembered ; and if they could not' fore themselves into the Confederation ax a oiate, tneu were willing to fall back to the arms of Great Untain as a Col- when suspicion, decently grounded, was all! that was required to linns a ' Guillotine. Indeed Capt. Symam's theory of a hole in the earth, or even Lock's Moon Story, was supported by evidence which was proof positive compared to this piece of re tailed rumor and braggadocio. And we therefore dismiss il for what it is worth nothing at all. Tho only other testimony introduced by Col. S., woi lhv of notice, consists of quota tions from Ira Alle's History of Vermont v;y . ii 'J'rca'-i'g "f an armistic, and to concert tin,s"rca 1 establish Vermont as a fnlr,tu under O. Britain &c." which the Colonel lias so brought in bv a wording of his own, as to givo them, apparently, some fleet. Wo cannot, at present, procure n copy of thisraro book, ami shall not, therefore undertake to say how fairly Ira Allen has there been quoted, But, if done fairly, of which we havo doubts, wo know that Allen published tho work, soon after tho var, in L.u,.Jw.., ..I.-., i.. ....... . ,.u. with the English government ; and, being a a man ol expediency, it would be not all unlikely that ho should deem it best not to tell the British to their teeth, when ho had interests depending, that he had made dupes of them in the alTair in which he was the principal uegociator, but rather to let it rest is lio had contrived to make them under stand it. But however all this may he, we know that Ira Allen, after his return, re published the substance of his history in Philadelphia, in numbers, under tho titlo of the Olive Branch, in which ho explains (ho secret intention ol tho Vermont leaders, to be, as far as regarded tho British, only to procrastinate and keep off an invasion, wlulo lie gives not tno least intimation that they over had the loasl idea of ever forming tho alliance which Colonel Stono has charg ed them wiih wishing to form. Now if Al len's testimony, uttered in London under his iiidiicemunts lo withhold explanations, is au thority on ill is point, it is certainly as good authority when uttered in America, when ho had no inducements to keep back any part of tho truth. To say tho least, it complete ly neutralizes Colonel Sione's best evidence which, therefore, liko his oilier testimony, leaves wholly unsupported uiu charge ol to- ryism, conspiracy and treason, with which, in tho taco ot the opinion ol every oilier wn ter, ho has attempted to brand tho iintariiisli ed names of tho venerable Governor Chit tendon und his patriotic associates. If Gov. Chittenden was a traitor, then was General Washington u traitor; and this leads us to tho only other ovidence we propose to intro duco, which, though abundanro tnuro could bo adduced, will, wo believe, be of itself amply sufficient to placo this matter u(rest WHO DON T LIKE COITCE, ' Don't ! don't !' said Tom Towns last night, as the watchman applied his pole to the neighborhood of his fifth rib; 'don't in terfere with a fuller wot's engagad in a fair fight v till tniskiters and aim got no friends.' What brings you hero this time ol night?' said tho watchman. It was 12 o'clock. ' Why, the fact of it is, old feller,' said ram, 'it's all the fault of the Government : it's a cussed bad government, this, und don't attend to the interests of the people, no how. Vy doesn't Congress pass a stop-law, that 'ud enable a feller lo stop in his boadin' housu all the time, without bavin' to fork . ,i. ij. . .. , goes in for the Biddlo policy ; and ven Nicholas tells the defaulting States to pony up, I says ' Go it, Nick ! Go it, old feller !' But then I think, like him, that individual repudiation is a right slap-up kind of busi ness, and no mistake. 1 think you're an idle feller, that don't work, and oughter,' said the watchman. Wni kin' unit ginteel nor hindependent,' says loin, "no now you can lix it. lie- sides, what s the use ol bavin a I'rcsident, and 4th of July celebrations, if a feller can't live without doin' nothinV Vy can't the Legislature pass a bill for my relief? Atnt 1 a human belli' r Aint a human bein as good as a canal or a railroad any day ? and they passes acts in favor of them ; now I calls them downright log-rollin'. But I'll fix 'em all next 'lection ; I'll woto blank, and weto the whole on 'cm. ' Before doing so,' says tho watchman, you had belter comu to tun calaboose you Canada. We published, some days since1 tho resolutions presented to both houses of the provincial Parliament, on the subject of tne location to bo adopted lor tho seat o! government in substance recommending the selection of Montreal; and we announ ced also that in the Legislative Ccuncil the Government desiring the removal to Mon treal had been placed in a minoriy. in the meantime a meeting has )cen hold at Montreal, at which resolutions h favor of the removal to that city were adipted, and the members for tho city were nquested to support the Government on thii question ; and this movement, very unexprctedly, has led to tho resignation of tho ton. George IMollalt, one of the members br the city the hoad of a highly respectaole mercantile house and long a resident. We subjoin his letter of resignation: TO THE ELECTORS OF THE C.TV SF MONTREAL. Gentlemen, I have rcceiied from tho Mayor of tho city, a certified copy of the resolutions adopted at a meetiig held in St. Ann s iiarket, on Thursday, tie liotli inst., on tho subject of the seat of overnment; and tho meeting having been cilled by pub lic requisition, I am bound toiconsidcr the resolutions as expressing the tense of tho constituency. By these resolutions the numbers of the city aro called upon to suppot tho recom mendation of tho provincial Administration to establish the seat of govemmint in the city oi Montreal; and 1 gather fron the discus sion that my opinion was known to be ad verse to the proposition. 1 have not failed to give to the call thus mado the weight to which it isustly entitled ; but tho farther consideration of the subject 1.-- ....I .v..Aa,..J ,.,l,Ua i.u,i . ... ." that the removal of tho seat of government from Upper Canada would operate against the well working of the act of tnion ; and re tard, if not defeat, its p.ilicy, which, in ac cepting tho invitation to represent you in Parliament, I pledge myself to endeavor to carry out. For theso reasons I regret that I cannot give my support to the Ministerial recommendation. I feel that I should violate no principle or pledge by recording my vote on this question in accordance with theso opinions, but in matter of so much importance I am unwil ling to do so in opposition to the wishes whirh you have deliberately expressed and siriiiIk.'cI lo ino, and I tliori'foro resign into your nanus tne trust with which 1 have been honored. I remain, gentlemen, your obedient servant, G. MOFFATT. v:-;. October 30. , , The Kingsiuu w.-oiiuudcnt of the Mon trcal Herald thus describes the effect pro duced upon the House of Assembly by Mr. Moffali's action : Kingston, Monday, 30th Oct. 1843. Just prior to the orders of the day being called for to-night, the Mouse was complete ly taken by surprise, by the resignation ol the Hon. Mr. Muflatt. He arose, addressed a few words to the Speaker, which were quite inaudible in the reporter's box, made ins obeisanco to him and the members, and was gone bclorc tho House well know what was taking place. The whole affair seemed generally to be so unexpected bv the mem bcrs, and was so soon over, that they had not time to givo utterance to the regret which all seemed to feel at his departure. There was a call of llie Hoiso for Tues day of last week, when the sisit of govern ment resolutions were to be aioptcd. THE POOR. The cold weather is annronchimr. nnd whnt shall bo done for tho sick fathers, poor widows and destituto children in our midst? Must they suffer for fire-wood, for cloth ing and for food ? Who will not throw in his mito to assist the needy ? Almost every man in business can do a littlo and that little will bo quite acceptable to tho cold and fam ishing. Visit your neighbors and see what their condition is. There is many a family that will suffer the coming winter, that you littlo suspect. Business has been dull and nothing is put aside for winter's use. In quire into the circumstances of all your neighbors and permit nono of them to suffer. If you cannot spare a little money, perhaps you have old clothing in the house, of which you mako no manner of use, and whMi per haps is fast decaying. This will bo of essen tial service in a family of childien. With a trilling expense, a pair of pantaloons, or a jacket, or vest, may bo made from the old clothing that will keep a poor child comfort able all winter. Thero is much you waste in your families, that might bo of much service to your neighbors. Look up every thing you can spare. Have vour children out grown their shoes or boots? Don't let them mould and rot, but hand thnm to tho poor widow, for one of her children. Gladly will she accent them and give you a thousand thanks. Thero are many rich men, besides weal thy old bachelors, who have no children of their own, who can support a dozen boys und not feel it. It is your duly to do it. We have often thought that old bachelors were created to become fathers to those children who are left orphans in the world, nnd we ject into consideration and do all in their power lor the destitute. It you lane unuer your care a dozen children, we are certain you will leel belter contented and a thousand times more happy. You would feel that you had something to live lor something to care for and sludviug their pleasuic, would en iov more, we will be bound to sav, than vou ever vet havo enjoyed. To one and all we sav, remember tno poor. Add to llieir conuoris uy unstringing your purses or unlocking your clothes press and if vou or your wives and children be come distressed God will sec they arc well provided for. LAWS OF VERM0NT.-1843. will have an opportunity of introducing your coif lo the loi'iuder ill till) nicirninp.' ' Well, ( aint no objection as I knows on, watchery,' said Tom,' bin pr'apsyou could give a poor Teller a dime. 1 am I got uu change, and I'm afraid his honor won't sland bitters for all hands in the murnin'. ' No, he's a teetotaller,' said tho watch man, 'but he'll order your coffee without milk, I've no doubt.' ' Ah, Watchey !' said Tom, 'coffee is ve ry good coffee, as Mrs. Towns used to say is a worry good beverage for a Turk, but it

aint a decent drink for a Christian, no how. A 1 pig and whistle' is the only regular eye opener if you can't get the genuine article, you may fall back on a gin cocktail ; but if you get a quarrelin' with the old 'oinan and wants to commit sAocA-isidc, take the tem perance pledge ; it kills off faster thau tho yellow fever.' Tho watchman told him he had been a teetotaller fur 12 months, nnd had no great ulUK "I IJIt'SUIIIIIIIt-lll uf J,!c till.,. , an, bidding Tom a good night, ho turned the key of tho watch-house door upon him. 1 ho recorder made a teetotaller of him for 30 days yesterday. iV. O. Pic. Tun I) OTTER Choice. A quaker, resi ding at Paris, was waited on by four workmen, in order to mako the compli menu, and ask for their usual new year's gilts. Well, my friends,' said the quaker, hero are your gilts ; chouso la trances, or the Bible.' ' I don't know how to read,' said the first, 'so 1 take tho 15 I nines.' ' I can read,' said a second, ' but I have pressing wants.' no took the lo trancs. The third also mado tho same choice. Ho now camo to a fourth, a lad about 13 or 14 years old. 1 he quaker looked at linn with in air o goodness. 1 Will vuu lako these three pieces, which you may attain at any timo by your labor and industry 1 1 As you say tho bonk is good, I will take it and read it to my mother,' replied tho boy, Ho took ihti Bible, opened it, and found be tween the leaves a gold piece of forty francs. Tho others hung down their heads, and tho quaker told them !iu was sorry they had not made a better choice. American Prints. Welvtd the pleasure yesterday of examining somo patterns of American prints, from the works of Mr, Benjamin Cozzens, Proridence, R. I. nnd now in the hands of Messrs. Lippincolt, Way & Wolcolt, commission merchants, No. 18, South Front street. Theso patterns were of the block chintz style, in clcsc imitation, or rather resemblance, of Greciin velvet pat terns, now much in vogue, tho chintz, how ever, being otherwise ornamlnted by hiving the plaid? interspersed, at proper intervals, with small patterns of tlowersprigs. We have had more than tne opportunity to notice the success which attends tho ef forts of our enterprising and ingenious man ufacturers, to supply tho maikut with goods, which, wlulo they are equal,ul least to those of Franco and England in botuty, excel them in durability ; and we consilor the prints to which we now re I or, as honcrablu evidences of tho ability of tho Ameruans to compete with foreign manufactures! and placo tho country In a state of true indjpondence of ull that ministers to the convenances of life. And wo trust that tho successful exertions which we, from timo to limn, notice among those connected with mantifaltures, will be so liberally rewarded, as to invite others in to the field of enterprise, and stimulate all to healthful and patriotic onulation. U. S. fJazette. To make Good CoFfEE. First, procure the best codec in the market; wash it very clean, and roast it to the color of a golden brown, but not a deepcrshanc by any means Then lake tho whites of three eggs to each pound of coffee while warm, nnd iinmcdiate I, iu e.irniLTii vessels, iving mem over with bladders to render them air-tight. T ako from the vessels suflicicnt codec for one making only at a timo ; grind it, place it in a lino muslin bag, (it a " btggen ' is not used,) suspend it about mid-way in the pot turn on the boiling water, nnd put on the cover, lo prevent the cscapo of steam. By this mode, the cofl'eu will be very strong, but it is best to reduce it by the addition of boil ing hot milk, when it will form a most deli cious beverage very different indeed from that which is produced by boiling tho ground collee in water. And lo bo convinced o the fact, that by the above method, whicl is simply infusion, all the virtues of tho col fee may be obtained, ii is only necessary to lake the dregs left in the bag, and boil them in water for a considerable lime; the result will be, a black, bitter, nauseous, feverish woody extract, without a trace of the fine fl vor ol coffee, and answering well to the name by which it was known on iis first in traduction into use, according to the eighth volume of tho " Harlem Miscellany," " tho devil's black broth "! Tho making of tea is by infusion, not decotion : who ever thinks of boiling tea 1 Far. Cabinet. SccncTART of State's Orncri, Montpcher, November 3, 1813. Tho following Public Acts of the General Assembly, passed at the last session thereof, from number one to number thirty-four, inclusive, aro hereby designa ted for publication in Iho newspapers publidied in this state, agreeably to tho eleventh section of the fifth chapter of the Itevised Statutes. J. Mo M. SIIAKTElt, Sec. of State. No. 1. AN ACT. a.x!nir the times farhaldinn the County Court in Wa-shin'TtonVnnnhi.li it hrrlv enacted by the General Assemblyof the State of Ver mont, as ioiiqws : SEC. 1. lliecountv court for llmeonntvnf Wash. ini;ion, shall be held ol Monlpelier, in said county of tvosmneion, on me intra Tuesdays ot April and No vember in each year. Sec. 2. Such of tho provisions of the act to which this is an amendment, as aro inconsistent with the pro- visiuiis oi mis act, are uereuy repeaica. Approved .ov. i, iau No. 2. AN' ACT. relating to the sale of vronertu Sec. 1. When an officer, holding nn execution, snail levy llie same on nay, qram in the straw, pota Iocs, limber, lumhor, brick, lime, coal, charcoal, ash cs, machinery used in any shop, mill, or f ictory, hides in ine process oi tanning, cora-woau, sione, ore, uniii, smngies, uiyes oi uces, or nav scales, tie sliall lorth- Willi advertise tne same tor sa e. bv setlimr un an ad- verli-ement at some public tdncc in the lown where such property was tal.cn, in which he shall enumerate property, and stale the time when the same wi bo sold, ejher at the place where llicsmtcis Kept by such officer, or at such public place, v Inch time shall not be less man lourtccn days Irom tho lime of selling up such advertisement. bec. i. so mucn oi section lour ot chanter forty two of the Revised Statutes, as is inconsistent with the provisions of Ihisact. is reDca ed. bEc. J. 1 lus act shall taltcelltct from ana after Us passage. Approved iov. l, iau. No. 3. AN ACT. relating to costs in civil actions. It is hereby enacted. &c. : tiEc. 1. In all civil actions now nendins in anv court in this stale, in which the banltrumcv of the de fendant shall be pleaded, and the defendant shall pre- Wl.soici.y.ny-i:en,in.n).VfU',n1rtn,.ti:- ' r r.p.r. z. in uii aciiuns wn c i I isiv uc ucrcni ei to tered, in which the bankruptcy of the defendant shall honleaded. and llie defendant shall prevail solely by reason of such plea, the eourt may allow or disallow COSIS agaiusi uic juaiiiiiii, in llieir uisuii-iiuu. Sec. J. This act shall laue ellcct Irom us passage Approved .Nov. 1, lsTJ. No. 4. AN ACT, relating to the duties of Cian edlnrs. It!shorehv cnaelel. &c. : Sec. 1. E-ich Chancellor in this stalo shall have power to do any act, or make any order or decree, short of a final order or decree, in any cause, that tiny by law be done by the Chancellor vwlhin the judicial crcuit for which he may be designated. Sec i. Tins act shall tai.cciieciirom us passage. Approved .'Nov. 1, 1913. No. 5. AN ACT. rclatin" to new trials. Il is hnrehv enacipd. Arc. : Sec. 1. fso petition shall bo sustained unaer tno nrovistnn3 of ehnnier thirtv-lhree. entitled "Of New Trials," section cighlli and mnin, unussuiougni wmi in two years next alter tne justice s judgment. Sec. 2. io much of section nine of said chanter, as requires such petition lo be preferred at the first or second stated term (! ine county court, alter ine ren dition of the justice's judgment, is hereby repealed. Approved lov. i, mi. Mds.meiusm, Tlio utility of Mesmerism had been proved at Alton, 111. where a large wen was cut from the face of a young lady, while in mesmeric sleep not only without inflicting uny pain, but without her being conscious of the operation until alio awoke, after its completion, Cheese is becoming a very considerable item of export to China. The first experi ment in the exportation of this articlo to Canton, wo aro informed, was undertaken by Mr. C. E. Hopkins, commission merchant of this city, and it proved so profitable that is rapiuiy increasing in amount and prom ises to becomo a verj considerable item in uur exports lo that country. It is packed whole in cases tilled with saw dust and sol dercd so as to oxcludo air. In this way it keeps well nnd we trust may continue to pay well. Wo aro always gratified at the suc cess of every effort loadd li the number and variety of the articles of ciport of our own production, and particularly in thoso articles which, liko this, enlarge tin makct for our agricultural products, und at Iho saino time gives additional employment to our median ical industry. In this case the farmer is benefitted by this now demand tho manufac Hirer of tin finds increased employment, and tho freights of tho navigator aro increased by tho carrying ot both theso commodities. N. Jr. Uourant. Sec. 2. Tho constable who may sell lands by vir sue of said acts, shall make out a true list of the land tosuld, therein designating the time when, the person lo whom, and tho sum for which e.ich piece of land was soldi and leave the same for record inlhoofiiio of the lown clerk in llie town where said lands lie, within thirty daysfrom tlieday of sale, and said town clerk shall record the same within ten days thereaf ter. Sec. 3. Section two of the act above named, np proved November 12, 1842, shall be construed to ex tend, to the owners of all lands sold bv virtue nf snid act, the provisions of section twelve of said chapter aevuiiiy-seveii, lor ui&rcuempiion oi the ame. Sec. 4. When any constable shall have commenc ed proceedings under this act and shall die, his suc cessor in said office shall have power to perform tit uig uuiiL-3 ruquireu uy mis act, wmcn snail nave ozeu unfinished at the time of his death. Sec 5. Constables shall be allowed for preparing and sending advertisements to the press, one dollar each, for each receipt for tax, or for redemption of land sold, n tor one lo', six cents, for each additional lot two cents, and for each deed acknowledged of ons lot thirty four cents, for each additional lot in tho C.I llie Und uiu.-, auj ol llie lal.uhno doltaiacr day for the lime spent in making the lists and attend ing ine saies required by this act, in lieu of the fee now provided by law. Approved rov. t, IS43. io. o. a: ACT. relating to assignments. It is hereby enacted, &u. : Sec. 1 All general assignments, hereafter made bv debtors for the benefit of credi'ors. shall be null and void as against the creditors of said debtors. Sec. 2. '1 his act shall take cllect from unit after Its passage. Approved iNov, I, itili. No. 7. AN ACT. relating to the sale of vrovertu on attachment on mesne process, in addition tochapler lucniy-ci'ita oj i,ie lierisea statutes, It is hereby en acted, etc.: When any attaching officer shall sell any properly in pursuance of sections forty-six, furty-seven, forty eight, forty-nine, and fiflv ol chapur twenty-eight of the Itevised Statutes, he shall, within thirty days tlici cafier, make a return of his sale and doings on the writ upon whicli llie otn.'hnicnl was madeand re turn the writ with his doings, to the justice who sign oil such vvril,or to t lie clerk of the court to which such writ is imde returnable: Provided, in case the de fendant in such writ should confess a judgment to tho plaimifF, before he makes such return, then such offi cer shall male his return to tliu magistrate before whom such judgment is confe.-scd. Approved Nov. 1, 1813. No. 8. AN ACT. relating to e-iemntions fromut- tachment.U is hereby enacted, if-c. : That there be added lo section thirteen of chapter forty-two of the Itevised Statutes, as clause ixth, live bushels ot grain, in addition to tnu grain now ex empt i and three swarms ol bees land Iiiycs, together with their produce in honey, Approved uct. Jl. lb I J. No. 15. AN ACT,for the protection of personal Hi erly. It is hereby enacted &c. : SEC. 1. .Vo court of record in ibis slate, nor int judge thereof, no justice of the pcoce nor other magis- ir.ue, acting imui-r the authority ot this state, shall hcreafiir take cognizance of, or grant any certificate, warrant or other process, in any case ni rising under section three of an act of Congress, passed February inenui, seventeen nunorcd and ntneiy-inree, entitled "an act rcbnecline fucitives from iusticc. and persona escaping from the service of their masters," to any person claiming any other person as a fugitive slave. m tin:- siate. Sec. 2. No sheriff, deputv sheriff, tiiffh bailiff! con stable, jailer, or other officer or citizen of this atat shall, hereafter, seize, arrest, or detain, or aid in th seizure, nrrestordetention. or imprisonment in anr jail or oilier building, belonging to this slate, or to any couniy, town, city, or person therein, ot any per son for the reason that he is or may be claimed at a tuGiiive siave. Sec. 3. No sheriff, deputy sheriff, high bailiff, con stible, or other officer or ciuzen of this stale, shall tation or removal ol any iugitivc slave, or ony person claimed as such, from any place in this stale lo any other pl-'ce within or without the same. Sec. 4. If any such judge, justice of the peace, magistrate, officer or citizen, shall offend against the two preceding sections, such judge, justice of tha peace, magistrate, officer or citizen, shall be subject t the penalties provided in section five of this act. Sec. 5. Any judge of any court of record in Una state, any justice of the peace or other magistrate, anf shrrilf drnniv sheriff. Iiish bailiff, con'lahle, ot jailer. or any ciiuen of this state, who sha I offend ngainat llie piovisions ot nus aci, uy acung uiictuy u, recily under the provisions of seciicti three of the oct of Congre-s aforesaid, shall forfeit a sum not exceed ing one thousand dollais, to the use of the state, ta be recovered upon informalion or indictment, or ba imprisoned in the state pri'on not exceeding frte year. Provided, that this act shall not be construed to ex tend lo any citizen of this state acting or n judge of the circuit or district court of the United States, or ai marshal or deputy marshal of the district of Vermont, orionny person acting under the command or au thority of said courtsor marshal. Sec. b. An aclentuien' an aci to cxn.nu mo nx" of trial by jury," approved October 2flth, 1S40, is te-pealed. sec. . 1 nis act snau ;atie cueci irum i puK Approved Nov. 1, 1843. It is hereby enacted, if-c. : Sec. 1. It shall be the duty of the clerk of each school district, in making his leturns to the town clerk, as required in section ten of siid chapter, to an nex to the names of the heads of families the names of the children, and also lo certify the number of week" a school shall have been laugnt by a male and by a female teacher, and the amount of wages to each, together with the number of scholars that have atten ded school, and the aniuunl of public monev received the preceding year, in the manner and lorm louowing, as nearly as may be : An awtijl iMtost'r.cT ! A writer in Millerite paper of this cil has civen a cal culation to disprove the idea of a millcnium before tho resurrection, and ho discoveis by figures that cannot lie," that if the pop illation ot tne earth noes on incrcasin through that period, as fast as ho thinks it will if tho earth stands so lon;r, then, dread ful to contemplate, there will bo 18,037,SSG inhabitants on each square yard of the earths surface ; and the mode of liviii" ho expres ses in iho following classic language. " I'ackud down liko pork, reckonino eve ry threo individuals to occupy nino cubic tout, or one foot high on every square vard. and wo should havo the ontiro surfaco of every continent and island covered with living inhabitants ten hundred and twenty fivo miles deep, and tho graves of the pre vious generations only, upward of five buns dred miles deep on the entire surfaco of tho land. It would also amount to 4.G79.295 individuals to every square yard on tho en tiro surface of the globe, or about three hun dred and fifty miles deep of living inhabi tants on land and ocean," Spanish Benkvolencc To iho honor of Spain ho It spoken, it is ono of the few countries in Lurope where poverty is never insulted nor looked upon with contempt. bven at un inn, the poor man is never spurn ed from tho door; and if not harbored, is at least dismissed with fair words and consign ed lo the mercies of God. This is as it should be. I laugh at tho bigutry and pre judice of Spain; I abbor the cruelly and terociiy winch have cast a stain ol eternal infamy on her history ; but I will say for the Spaniards, thai in their social intercourse, no people in tho world exhibit a justei souse of what is duo to the dignity of human na ture, or butter understood the behavior whicli it behoves man to adopt towards his fellow being. Jiorrow s liible in Spain. Let it ho recollected by American Me chanics, Laborers, und Manufacturers that in tho debate in the Senate of iho United States, in 1839, Mr. Buchanan, who is now ocofoco candidato for the Presidency, con tented that American labor was lo high; that h must bo reduced, nnd that 10 cents a Whero are you going 1' asked Jack of day was enough for a laborer. Nor was he an acquaintance. ' To tea a Iriond. atone m mis buuiimiumi, ouiers oi too ioco- Well, I'll go with you, for I nevor saw ono Toco benators contented that the price of la yet,' I bor must be reduced. No. 9. AN ACT, relating to process, It is here by tnaetcd, &c. That the term ''writ" in the proviso to section sixty-three of chapter twentj-tightof the Itevised Stat utes, shall 1c construed to include writ of execution as well as original writ. Approved Nov. 1, 1S43. No. 10. AN ACT, rcMing to trustee process.-ll is hereby aided, i.c: Sec. 1. When any person thai! bo mmmoncd to appear before any county court ns trustee, in any cause thero nenduiL'. such court mav appoint a commission er to laJhtiilhe disclosure of siuh trustee, and the same proceedings shall be had beforu such commissioner, relating the disclosure of such trustee, a aro prescrib ed in chapter twenty-nine of theKovistd St mites. 3EC. i. Ally commissioner, so .tmiuuiu-u, may au- minister all necessary oiths or affirmations to any trustee appealing before him ; and when such rourt is not in session, may summon any trustee, whosodis closure he has been nppointe I to take, to nppear be fore Inm, ana m-ike disclosure in the sune manner as required by said chap er Iwentv-niiio, nnd such uis closure saiJ commissioner shall return to said court and ihe sa'ne proc clings shall be had thereon, us if the same had been made Uclore a ud court. Sec. 3. If anv trustee, aflcr nasouablo notice from such commissioner, shall refuse or neglect to nppear betoro Inm, or appearing shall rcluso or neglect to mane uis disclosure, oi iu iiuswer sucu iniutuiMiu ricsas shall he proposed to htm m writing, agreeably to the nrovisions of said chanter twenty-nine, the county court, unless good innso be shown lo the con trary, slinll render juugcinsnt against saia trustee as in case of default. Sec. 4, This art shall ta'-cellcct from us passage. Approved, Oct. S7, IS. No. 11. AN ACT. regulating proceedings against trustees. Il is hereby enacnu ivc.s Spr. 1. ?vo execution sha herealter issue ncainsi the body of any trustee, exept when such pen o i shall hen 'judged a trustee under section thirt) -four of chap. lo.- t.vcnty-nine of the Itemed Sictites. Sec. .2 This act shall tako elite! Irom lis passage. Approved Oct. 23, 1813. No. 12. AN ACT, relating to process. It is here by enacted &c. ; ... Turn miniiiissioners of highways mav, either loint nr nevernllv. sue any one or more of the petitioners WHO MgHVU IHO '. Uliuil ",l o'liu UNiiinijewiiuj were appointed, and may lecovertor their services, ihe same ns thougn all the petitioners were joined as defendants Approved Nov. 1, 1843, No. 13. AN ACT, relating to tht settlements rf estates, uis uero"y enacieu etc. : That whenever any male person dies leaving issue and shall leave no widow j or whenever any female person dies leaving issue and shall leave no survivinc husband, Iho prohaio court of the Ui-tricl, where by law such perron's csialois settled, may. in its discre tion, on the return of the inventory, if tho same shall not exceed one nunareu nnn mty aouars, an'i ine rs inie ha intestate, bv a decree lor thai nurnnse. assien the whole of such estate to the children of the decease ed, for their own use. Approved Nov. 1, 1813. No. H.-AN ACT, prodding for tht collection fasaf union real estate. ItJJ ncreuy enacted j;-c. Sec. 1. Thia net (hall bein amendment of chapter aeventyseven of Ihe Kevised Statutes, and of an act in addition thereto, approved Nor. 12, 1S15. Heads of fam. A. H. a. u. Names of Children. C. D.. B K I. J., K, L., M. N., No. of scholars who have at tended school, No. oT weeks taught by male nt 3 per month t No. of weeks taught by female at S per month Received and appropriated ot public money 4 I certify the above to be the true returns of District No. , is required by law. Attest, A. C, Clerk. "'Sec 2. 1 1 shall be the duty of the lown clerk of each town in this slate to transmit lo the Governor, bv some representative to the Legislature, the amount of information thus obtained, (except the name of the heads of families and the names of the children,), on or before Ihe second Thurala of October, annually, a nearly as may be in the following form. a o S ' 5 . , 9 3 -2 o: o - -S JLnl? c 2, a W S 3 I i i si 1 -' I s c - . I " s g a ci 2 ; c .H t S is 3 Z. -3 - a t-5 . 3 S E Zl " - S 5 So S " -5 1 -5 2 - 1 5 jj I S 2 S sMis I s - S f; j: 5 ; o -VJ I i J gill I i C 41 I M J O c-5 g h -o , "I v H Z 2m g-H-r.-! j Z 2 2 I ? - - -l-SJ - 5" S & ... 8 o c S .2 do B P W 4" a 'g E Adnicui.Tutii: in Enui.and and Ambr ica. Somo interesting and important facti were developed at the l-He Agricultural Fair nt Rochester, New Vnik. For Instance, Dr. Iteckinan staled in his addrrs that 10, 000 cntiln and 44,000,000 of sheep am kopt in England advantageously on a terri tnry hut little larger than iho .State of New York. This is not far from twice tho mint her of sheep now in (he whole United Stales. Tho English cultivators of tho harvest, annually, uccotding, to Dr. B., 202,000,000 hushels of grain. The for mers of New York about 51.000.000. War. It has lieeu t'stnn.ited by Dr. Thomas Dick, that since the creation of the world, fourteen thousand millions of being had fallen in the battles which man had wag ed against his fellow-creature man. If tho forefingers only of these beings were l bo laid in a straight lino they would reach, inoro than 600000 milt s bi-jont tlrfi jninro 1