10 Mayıs 1844 Tarihli Burlington Free Press Gazetesi Sayfa 2

10 Mayıs 1844 tarihli Burlington Free Press Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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protporty imy bo endangered 1y lier policy, to adopt nidi ineasuruj as they may deem necessary for lluir protection. It is with sli t decpir concern the President resardt tho iivtiwal.uf'l.orl Aberdeen, of thn defile nf Orint Hriiam toV' slavery nliolmhcil In Tt xas; ami, as he infers, is endcaVorm::, through her diplomat1)', to ac-i-oniiiisrt-it,-hy making the abolition of -Uvcry one of thu cotnhtionS hit which Mexico linti!l nrsjnnwh duo her iiiuVpeudcncc. If his cnofiriiud Ins previous im pMsiotUns tif tho niticviif (treat Ihitnttin reference to Texas, and niadcit Ins ilntv tnciiiinino with much care ntt't s ilu i ndo what wuu'd he its i llVrrs on llie im-pcritv ninl safety of the United Stales, should she succeed in her endeavors. Tiie mves Ration has re sulted in the settled conviction lint II would lie ilifli cult for Texas in lur nctuil condiiion, in ri'ist what she de-ires, without suppo-hiii the iiinueiiec and exer tions nf Ore.it itrilaiu would Im i.Vi tided beyond the limits assigned hv liird Ali-rdi eu, nnd tint if Tens fonldnot r-i-t the t oisiiiiiinaiinnnf the i lucl or h'or deire wo Id eirl.i'igcr hoth the silcty and prosperity of the Union. Under this coiitiliio'ti, it is fell lu l thci imperious duty i f the federal iiovernuienl, the c minion represent itivc nnd protector of llio Mates of of lite Union, Pf'a loot, li self-defence, tlie most t flec tint measures to defeat it, Tliis is not the proper occasion t.i stale at tarcc the grounds of this conviction. It is sufficient to siy, flint the coiiMiiinnalion'cf the ntnuol ohji cl of her wishes ill rif'reneo to Texas would h followed liy hostile f.'.-lio'.s and rilaiious between thai countiy and the United Ma'cs, w!ii,di could not fail to place her under the influence nnd control of Or, nl Britain That, from the ccocrntihical position of Texas, would expose die weakest n id innt vulneriildu portion of our Iroutier to tiirimi', anil place in Hie power ol ureal .Itrilaiu the mist efficient means of elt'ectinjr in I lit neighboring Stales oflliis t'nion, what she avows to heller de ire to do in nil counlriis where shivery exists. To haxard consequences which would bo so diiimcrous to the prosperity nnd sifcty oT litis Union, without resorting lo the most (fl'echve measures to prevent Iheni, would be, on the part of llio Federal Government, tin ubandouiueut of ihc most solemn ibli.'aliou imposed by the rnarantee which tho Slates ill ndnpiue Ihc Constitution, entered ill lo to protect each oth'ir n.it:ist whatever iniuht etulanitcr . ihiir rifely, whether from without or within Actincin obedience to this obligation, on whHi our federal sys tem of L'ovcrnnieiit rests the 'resident directs inn lo inform you Ihat n treaty has been cnncluilcil between ths Uiiui'd Stales nnd Texas, for tho annexation of tlin latter to the foinier as a pari of its li iriloi v, which will hi.' submitted wiilimil delay to lliu Senat for lis npnroval. This step has hecu tnken as the ntosl eil'jcliial, if notihconl means of cu mlmi; nsninst iVe threatened d inner, mi l securing tin ir permanent peice an I welfare. It is well known that T- xas lias long desired to be nnuexed to this 1111011: that her people, nt the time of the adoption of her Cousiiiitiion, expressed, by nn almost unanimous vote, hi r ib sire I j that ell'-cl i and that she has never ceased to desire it, ns the, most cer Inin means of promoting her safety nnd nrosperilv, Tne United Stales have I cretonne declined lo nieel her wishe-, hut llio time lias now nrrived wdien llicv can n 1 longer refuse, consislcnllv Willi then own se cuiitv and peace, and the sicrel o!di.alion imposed by their cousiiluiional compact for mutual defence, and protection. Nor are thev any way responsihlc for the ciicitoisnnecs which h ivc imposed lilts ohhsa tiou on them. Tnovha.l nongency 111 bringing about the state ol tilings which li is teriiiinated in the scpa ration of Texas limn Mexico, ll was the Spanish Government and Mexico liersrlf which invited nud offered high in loco tie lis to our ci'izo is to colonize Texas. That, from ihc 1 i '1 r-ity nf character, hab its, religion, and political opinion-, necessarily led In me separatum, wiinoiit 1110 tnierierenceot tlie uni'eil Stales in auv niauner whatever. It is irue. the United Slates, fit nn early period, rcco micd the indepenilencc of Texas, but, in doing so. it is -veil ' no-vn thev hut acted in conformity with an fstihlis'ied principle to recognize the Government de facto. Thev b id pre viously acted on the rain prtncip'o in refertnee lo Mexico herself, an I the other Governments which have risen on tlie former dominions of Spain on ibis continent. Thev nro ennallv without responsibility for that state of things, already adverted to ns tho immediate causa nf imposing on Ineni, in sHf defence, the oMiga tton of adoplmg the measures thev nave. Tlirv re mained passive, so long as the policy on llio part of Great llritam, wlncli Iris to I to 119 a (option, hut no immediate hearing on their peace nnd snfetv. While they conceded lo Great I'nlain the right of a lopting whatever policy sin; might (teem net, in relerence to tho African race, within her own possessions, thev on their nart claim the same right for themselves. The policy she has adopted in reference In the portion of that race in her dominions, may he humane mm wise but it does not follow, if it prow so with her, tint it would bo so in reference lothc Uiiitcd Slateaand nth er countries, whose situaiion diHrs from hers. Hut, whether it would he or not, 11 helougs to each lo judge nnd determine for-ilsi-lf. With us it is a nucs-ti in to be decide,!, not by tho Federal IJnvcrnincnl, bill by each niinber of this Union for itself, according to its own views of its dnuipsiii; policy, nnd without nny light on the part oflho Federal Government 10 inter fcrein an)' iianner vvhatevcr. lis lights and duties are limitc I to protecting, under the guarantees of the Uonstiiulion, cacti inemiicr 01 tun union, 111 whatev er policy it may adopt in reference loihe portion itb in lis respective limits. A large number of the Slates has decided that it is rioithcr wise nor humane 10 change the relation which has existed, from their first settlement, between llie two races; wdiile others, where the African is less numerous, liavo adopted llio opnos'ito policy. It belongs not 'o the Government to question whether the former have decided wisely or not ; and if it did, the undersigned would not regard ihi- as the proper occasion to discuss the subiccl, lie does not, however, deem it irrelevant to state that, if the experi ence of more llian half a century is lo decide, it would be neither hiruane nor wise in tlicni to change their policy. The pens is and other nu'hentic documents show Ihat, in all intincc in which the Stales have changed the former relation hi twee 1 the two races, tho condition of the friean. instead of being improv ed, Ins heconio worse. Thev have been invatiibly sunk in to vice and paiiperi-tn, accompanied by the bodily and menial inll'rtioiis incident thereto deaf ness, blind less, insanity, nnd idiiey, toa degree with o.it ex miplej wdiile, in nil other States wdiich have retained the ancient rclaiion bttweeu llient, they have improve I greatly in every respect in number, com fort, intelligence, and morals ns 1 he followin.' facts, taken from such sources, will -crve to illustrate: Tho number ol deaf and dumb, blind, idiots, and in the -incietit relation heivveen the races, is one oufnf every ninetv-six; while in the States ndhering In it, ' . . it i-one mil ofeierv six bun 'red nnd seventy two I Nte inappreciable importance ofa wise and right that is, seven lo one in favor of the latter, ns compared 'election of Candida les for these high Irusls is so olni with llie former. I 'bat I need hot say a word to viich nice in your The number of whiles, ileafand dumb, li'ind. Minis, ' minds the great duty imposed upon us. 1 may, how and insane, in the Stiles ihat have changed tin) n la- 1 ever, lemark, that p .bbc opinion, which is oinnipo- tion, is one in ever v five hundred and sixty one; beiog nearly t,ix to one against the fice blacks' in the same OlillCS. The number of negroes who are deaf and dumb, blind, idiots, and iiisine, paupers, nnd in prison, in the Htntes thai have changed, is nne. out of every .six; nnd in the .S'lales that have not, nne out of every one hundred nnd fifty-four; nr twentv.twn lo one agnintt Ihc former, ascotnpnrcd with the latter. Tnkiug the two extremes of Nonh nnd Somh in c-., the Stsio of Maine, llio number of negroes relumed ns dead nnd lunihf blind, insane, nnd idiots, bv the census nf 1810, is oneout of every twelve; nud Tori da, by the sime returns, is one out of every ulevcn h.indrednnd five; or ninety-two loonnin favor oflho slaves in Florida, us compared with the free blacks of Maine. In addition, il deserves to be remarked, that in Massachusetts, where the change in the ancient rela tion of the two rareri was first made, (now mom llian sixty years since.) whero the greatest zeal has been exhibited m their behalf, nnd where their number is coiniiarnlively few. (but little inoro linn SClOOinn pnpul ni in nf 730 000,) the condition nf iho African is nnnngsi lite most wretched, lly ihelntcauiiithcntic nccouuts. theru was one out of every twenty-one of Iho black populati' n 111 iiils ur houses of correction! and nno oil of everv thirteen was either dcafund I duml., blind, idi 1', i ianc, or in piUon. On tho nth-I ( r baud, the (cnsi.s and olhir nuthentiu sources of in- ; formalion establish llie fact, tli.it llie condiiion of ihod African race throughout all ihoSlatis, w here llie an- 1 cieni relation between the two has been relainid. en- 1 joys a degree of health and comlorl which may will compare wiih that of the laboring population of nny country jn Christendom; undil may bo added, thai in no other condition, or in nny other nge nr country, has the negro race cvir atlaimd so high an ilevulion in morals, in elligence, 01 ciiiliz iii.m. ITsuch be tho wre'i h.-d cunditionnf the racein their cliangisl condiiion, where, their number i.s coinpara- lively" few, and where hi much inlcre.l is manifested for their improvement, what would ll bo in ihose States wheie llie two r.ice-nre nearly equil 111 11 nn ber, and where, in coneipicni e, would necessarily spring up mutual fear, jealousy, and hatred, between thcml ll may, in truth, be nssitmed ns a maxim, thai two races diU'-jiing so greatly, nnd in so many respects, ennnot possibly cxtsi together in the same rouritry, where their numbers are nearly cipial, wi h out thenoe being subjected lo the, other, r.xpertence has proved that the existing relation, in which the one is-B'ibjectcd 10 the oilier 111 the slaveholding States is consistent with the peace and safety of both ; with great improvement to tho inferior; while ihe same experience proves tbat the relation which itis iho de sire anjn'jecl (f Great Britain tn substitute in its stead, in ibis and all other countries, under llie plan tilde natno of llio nboliiim ol slavery, would (if it did not destroy he Inferior by conflicts, 10 which it would lead) reduce it to the extremes of vice and wretched, ness. In this view of the subject, il mny be nsserled, that what is called slavery, is in reality a politioal ir slitullon, essential to llie peace, safely, and prosperi ty of those (""inies of the Union in which it exists. Without, then, controverting the wisdom and human. iiy of llio policy of Great Britain, so fnr ns brrovvn possessions arc concerned, it may be safely nftiitned, without reference to the means by which it would bo .1 Heeled, that, could flu succeed 111 accomplishing, in the United Stnlo, what she nvows it to bo her desire nnd the object, of her constant exertions to effect throughout ine worm, so lar irom wring wise or nil ' ' 1 it i..: .1... ......, .1.. in the creaTeyreal'nti.y the hilly the rare which it 'is Ihe join' lo benefit. lllHIie, sun wooio iiivuno mi wlwlo country, and especia nvnweri nhiect of Iter exertions' rbd iinriertiBneil qvatl.s,iitmicunr this occasion to 1 liliiisclfnr I Ins occasion tn refiovrilo' the" rtyhl fioiinrnbio Mr.l'nhenhain the ns niYi)hre,of tijiAsiincul-1ierl cunsTdrra,tirin, .. . imi.'WirsToX'Xf.w'-.:.x'c;,-u;itoL,.v. 1 r. .rffBSTiYcSS , V. rou I'lir.sniHNT, HENRY CL OP KliSTUCKW rou vicr l'UKsmnN'T, Tiironnicn risi,i.9.'r:!iiirv.sir.v. or SU V JtCUSL 1. i NATIONAL WHIG CONVENTION, I'OIt Till'. NOMINATION OP CANDIDATE Oil rilKMOENT AND VICII Plir.SlDK.NT OP TIIK UNITI'D STATKS. At eleven o'clock A. M. on Wednesday, the 1st of May, the rlelega'.is lo the Whig National Convention fir thcliom nalinn of rand dile fir President nnd Vice Presultnt ol the United Slates, nsseiubled in the Uni versalis! Church, li.iltimorc. The delegatus were in full attendance, and ihc Church was crowded lo oveiflowing with eager and eirnest spectators. Ilevcrdy Johuson, Esq., called the Convention tn order. Sena'nr Huntington nf Connecli ait announced the organization ns follows: Mr II. iid thedavnnd the hour hadnriiual, nnd he would propose, the Hon. Ar thur L. Hopkins ul Alabama as I'nsidentol llicl.011 veniion, pro ton The name was received with cheers. Mr Hnpkins took the chair, and submitted lo tho Convention that the blessing of God should be invoked upon iho as srinbly on the occasion, h'nr that purpose Ihc Ucv. .Mr Johns would pinnouhce llio first prayer made before the Continental i,'ongrcs. The Lord's Prayer was then n'tercd, followclbv soma of tho most nppropiiitc prnvirs of the f'pisco. pal service. The immense niisciiiblv stood whilo the pinyers wire rend, arid Iho scene was most impres sive. Another of the city clrrnvtncn, Uev Mr limn read appropriate passages Irom the word of God, exhorting the people " to walk worthy of their vocation." 'I lie following oificcrs were then nominated : President. Hon. AMimoS!-: SPF.NCnil, of New Votk. Vice Presidents. Gkorok W, Cnonr, of Maine. J, Goodwin, nf New Hampshire. L. Saltovstall. of Massachusetts, S. V. Mann, of Ithode Island. Ciiahlv.s Pavnr. of Vermont. W. W. KuswonTii, of Connecticut. K. Hoot, of New Turk. John II. A ventoo of New Jersey. James W. Thompson', nf Delaware. John Stroiim, nf Peiinsvlvani I. W. C Dawson, of Georgia. Willi m SIsrtin, of Tennessee. Thomas MrncALi-, of Kentucky. Samuel Sfsigo, of Maryland. II. V. Leioii, of Virginia. HiciiAnn llisr.s. ol Nonh Carolina. jAcon Hurn rtt, nf Ohio. StMUEL Hall, of In liana. Hns-nv Johnson, of Louisiana. James DiipnER, of Mississippi. 11 A. Kwix'o, of Missouri. Cvncs I'nwARns of Illinois. II. .1. TnohNTON, ofAlibama. J. P. Preston, of So ith Carolina, James II, Walker, of Arkansas. Secretaries. Isaac Mcnroe of Man land. (i:inap. M. Graham, of Louisiana RoncnT C llnn.NER, of New Jersey. C. C, Nonvr.Li.. ol'Teunessco. Nostt S-mitii. of Main". r.nw'ARi) J. Hall, of North Carolina. The name of tho Honorable Ambrose Spencer was received with applause, nnd nil theolTiccrs eppeared to give entire satisfaction to nil the members of the Convention. The names were unanimously accep ted. Tho gentlemen nominated were conducted to the Chair hy Mr Arphcr, of Virginia, nnd Mr Johnson, of Maryland. Loud npplauee greeted Mr Spencer ns ho took the stand, nnd thn nrray of disiingnished men from all pans of the country upon the platform wns very nn- posing. The President, on taking the Chair, made the fol lowing Address: Gentlemen of the Contention : Selected to preside over til's dcluVrn'ions of this august assemblage nf Whigs and Patriots from every part of this wide spread llepiildtc, I return you niv unfeigned nnd grateful thanks for the ililiuguislied boner conferred nn ine nn honor far surpassing any I have ever received, nn I which I e.annol hut regard ajn crowning one of a long life, much nf which has been devoted to public -crvice. Unaccustomed to pre. sirling over such an assembly, I shauld have felt dif fidence in niv capacity is ihchaig'ig the duties of llie Chair, but for the consi lerntion lint we meet ns brothers in principle, ununited by one. common pur pose to rescue our beloved country and its instiiuii un from the degradation into which tlry h avef illen, and to place on n firm basis its h in ir, its prosoerity, i s Inppnifss and its "dory. In a Couvealio 1 ihus con. s'ituteil, I feel confi lent tint nm watil offiei or par liament lry experience nn my nart will be uni nporlant for among the friends of order nnd lha law, disorder will not be found. What a spectacle i- hero presentc I for the consideration of the world I a representation by delegates emanating immediately from tho people of nil the Slntesof this glorious Union, to select frim our most tnlented nnd patriotic statesmen, two citi zens to be presented lo their approval as candidate Tor Presilcncy and Vice Presidency of these. United i 'cut nerc, lias anltcip Hid our si icciinn, in 1110 nrst 1 station, in designating nil individual prc-um'uicni ns a : nun. if patriot nnd a siatesuian, whose inino Ins conferred honor on his country, and whoso counsels anj voice in our Cabinet nnd in our legislative Halls, have had a potency in favor of liberty, the honor of iho country nnd its best interests, which no other name lias ob tained since our immortal Washington. Avcise as I am in general to llio bin ling eilicacy of instructions, in this case I cbceiTully yield my hearty assent to the instructions imposed on 111c ns regards the selection of a cnmlidato for the Presidency. I need not name llio man, for there is but nue name that thrills uur bosoms, and arouses and fixes our hopes ns llie siviuur of our country from the misrule which his distracted nud disgraced il, and brought reproach upon Itcprcscntativc governments. Gentlemen, il islo be expected lint we come here with nny thing like uiiiiuiiuily ill tho selection of a candidate Tor Vice Presidency. The fitsi difficulty to be met nnd oven onie i the fact lint many persons ofluJi nitainiuciits nnd distinguished statesmanship nnd w.th a lofty and unsudnecicd integrity, have been 11 lined 111 various sections of llie Union, having equal or nearly eipi d pretentions Tbeso gentlemen h ive their peronal Iricnds nud miliums; nnd it may be that to some extent, there in iy eiist bcclional feel ings. What course, ihen, gentlemen, shall we pursue tn reconcile these personal nnd sectional predilections 1 II my ndvice is of nny value, it is, that vveiuuiale the example uf the tnges nud patriots who formed and fashioned our glorious Constiiiilion, under which ibis nation hasenjovtd inestimable blessing, nud risen tu lis present high nnd proud distinction ninnng llienn lions of ihe earth give placo to compromise nnd con ciliation. Lei us select sonic eminent citizen, conver sant in public nthus. of an integrity of character well tried, and of whom wo can believe ho would die the ''ralh inlher than betray bis friends, or change or iin.ii in uiiijiir-, iiiuii nun.-.I,,,, 11 li the Whigs of (be Union. If we entir upon this selec tion in ihe spirit of conciliation nnd compromise, yiel ding up our individual preference, we cannot fail finally in selecting a person having nil the qualities I have iiieniionrd, who will unite us all and terminate our dutits most daiisfaclordy, I forbear, gentlemen, to dwell on the distinctive principles oflho Whig parly, this will be done in the progress of our deliberations nud proclaimed In ihc world, I may say, I hopo without arrogance or offence, that they nro vital nrincinles. all lendinz lo the honor of iho country and tho prosperity and happiness of ine inassrs 01 our people nhlic tieneiiciai to nil class es nnd sections oflho natijii and such as I have ever cherished and maintained. Wn have, eenllcmen. been sorely ntllicled nsn nnrlv, The lamented Hurmun by nil incrumhle Providence wns soon niter his accession removed hy ilenlh Irom the high station 10 which wo had elevnied him, nnd but for Ibis griuvous nnd untoward event tho princi ples of our party would have I ecu carried out nud es tablished ihriuninhantlv. Hut nils! what has linn- pined since? Here, genllemen, allow mo to draw a veil. I need nol sav n word ns In the course nursued by the man chosen by us to succeed him in lbs event innt iook place. Tho nower i.lneed lo Ida bands for the most bene ficial purposes lias been used lo subvert some of our (leclsreu nnd cbert.lied, principles, and vvtiat is rquat ' l" 1,6 hmcnlisl. lo persecute nud proscribe ihe yeryl mm " kv,")91' ""'i'"1" hnobti-iued that power. I Gentlemen, nnlvvithsiaivling ibese adverse circum-1 stances our nrincinles have survived, ami ko coalmen - ded thtinselves: tn lb pe tile ihat wo meet together under life most liar nnsptees. The Whigs Iho' for n'tiino do'rirtjiit ahddiicuunigeJ Have arisen with rcn nvaled slrenglh and vigor, ready for the contest, more enthusiastic than ever; and under the leading of their illustrious chief determined to conqilcri I tnugrnlidntu you, uciillcnicti, on the auspicious prospects before us. Let ns do our duties will, and success will crnwn our cTTirls, and odr cduntty will lie redeemed nnd regenerated. A I) legale from Alamo then slnteit he held a letter in his hand from .Mr I'vatis, declining lo have his name presented for tho Vice I'lesidcttcyi Tho letter was laid aside unlil the Presidency was disposed of. Walktns Leigh, of Virginia, ihen after a hrtif ad dress, proposed that lleniy Clay he nominatid Pres ident of llio United Slates, The moment the name was pronounced, the whole nsscinbly arose, and with loud nnd long acclamations grietid ft. The chair then lead the reso'ution nnd 0110 univcr. sal shout of Aye, followed by irresistible nnd Ions continued clitcriny. almost lifted the roof from tho building. Mr I.eigli moveil Ihen that a committee nf five be .appointed to appraise .Mr. ("lay of his noiiiina'ion, w Inch was earned, nnd the 1 h air nppoiutcd Messrs. lierricn, tool, llurnel, .luliott Lawrence? nnd Archer. ,,'"V. ol,n,"jy l"c. V '"'f"--'! n niotton by !.(. .JHIlt, M I UIH. lllill fl UUIIITOH ll'C OO IIP- 1 1 I., i,n 11. m 1. n. n.', liiiii 11, 1, 1, u wiiy 111 iiuri niu fVOIUKIII li II- innon1 lo-inorrow, rend a letter from Mr. Clay sla ting ns his drill ernto wish nnd purpose not to be pre sent nl llaltimoro at either of thn Whirr nalherinirs. ' I and nssignillgnbvious niolivcs ofrblicaoy nnd prnprl- uiy nir such iieicroiioaiioii, iicr 11113 Idler, ilir. Stout withdrov his motion. The letter of Mr, Hvana declining to be a candidate for the Vice Prcidency, wns Ihen read, nnd ordinal to be entered on the minute. A letter was then rend from John M. Clayton, of Dilawarc. In the midst of it, a crash wns hrnnl in the right gallery nf the hitrch, which caused great momentary consternation an I confusion, and a great rush wns made to the door. When order was resto red the reading of Hie letter wns coneludeil. Its Im port was ih it bis friends niusi withdraw his name the moment it was ascertained that it could not receive the support ol ihc majirtiy of ih j O ncnttnn. .Mr. Itiib'i ly, the delegate fmm Delaware, then said, however painful the duly, he Tilt the contingency had arisen, and ho therefore withdrew the name of .luhn M. Glavton, Mr. .MclCennan then moved a tote of htph estima tion nnd thanks, nnd due appreciation of the high, pure, patriotic, and disinterested csiirsc of Georgo Kmus nnd John M. Cliylon unanimously carried lleverdv Johnson then re.itl n letter Ironi Mr. Jus- Ire McLean, of Ohio, rlcchuiu'? to bo considered a caivhilale for Vice Piesi liiicv. Dudley Seidell, of New York, thin offered a reso lution that ono member from eii.h Delegation lie an. pointed In collect llie sense of each member nf his Delegation, llie name to bo voted for ns candidate for ice Presidency Judge llurnett ihotight ibis plan would not express inostni) 01 me lng parly ol tho I ntteil Slates, he cause di-lant Slates would not be as numerously re. presented ns Slates nearer to the scene. lie Was therefore for a mode which would give to each .State Us representative number. John S. lO'iards. of Pa., was in favor nf the mod proposed by the gentleman from New York, for we were not nern 10 vote on .Mate representatives of th people nf the scleral Congressional Districts. lie moved 111 conclusion nnreoicr. that t in list of dele. gales he called, and each vote Ins preference as bis nnoiH is cniien .Mr Ke!lv. of Ohio. Proposed that each Slate be en. title I lo as many lotes as she has Iteprcs utatives nun nennnr", and inai eacn male voln as it pleasrs. and Ihen appoint one of their number to give in the result. Mr. Snarls nf l.a., desired to sav that the delccates from his State were appointed in mass, because il was feared lint hardly enough even then would gel to the Convention Hut it bad turned out othcrwico; the gnou uig principles 01 i.niusana nan Drought a num ber here larger than the vote tboy am cniit'ed to, but thev have selected from their number those bo shall give t'10 vole they arc entitled to. We have come i oOJ nines to record our voices for the Prcsi ilenl, an I we are alike unanimous in uur candidate for tho ice Presidency. A long discussion was continued ns to the nio le of getting at the sense nl the Convention, which reu l c I in the a lopti 111 nf a resolution nfi'ercd by Iteverdy .I'Mios .ii, ion eicii oeiegaii- vo-o lor 1110 ice t resp dent, an 1 1I1 it such person ns shall receive the majo rity or nil thn votes, shall ho tlin Vice President, am Ihc voting shall continue until souio person do receive n niiij' ruy Mr. U-r rin moved ns n preliminary, thai each Sum he called bv its delegation, so that each delcn lion furnish llie names nf ihoso who should .jive the voles ol Ins .Mate according 10 its federal niinrcr. The roll of th? Slates was accordingly called, nnd trie lieu-gates answered, according lo the leucral num tiers 01 each, to vote. The resolution for calling the roll was then carried One of the members from Pennsylvania slated that he was instructed in behalf of the delegates from that Mate, to nonnnale Mr. .Sergeant of Pa, Mr. Hoot nominated in behalf nf ihc Legislature! New. Yoik, Millard l'dlmnreof N. York. MY. Ilellamy Smer, fro 11 Ohio, nominated John IJivts nl TJass lehus ills. Mr. Gren nominated, in behalf of New Jersey Theodore Krehnghnvsen. The roll wns ihcncal'edby Congressional Districts The first h.ilbit stood lor rrellnghuysen 03; Davis SI ; Fillmore 53; scat toring.is. Secoml billot IVelimhuyson 113; Davis 71 l-'illmoreol ; scattering 3J. Tiird ballot I'rehnghuysen 153; Davis "9; Till more -m. Iletwccn the 21 nn, si ballot, Mr. Heed, nf Pa said he begged to withdraw the name nf Mr. Ser geant this was received with ranturotis nnn auo anil tho result was ihat Pennsylvania cas' 18 votes lor I1101 winch with ihose cast by oilier Slates dcci ded lb" res lit. The S'at -s which voted f ir Mr. reliti?liuvsen from thn beginning were Acw Jersey, Miryhnd. Viri la. North Carolina, "vioih Oimlina. Georei-i Aliln tin, Lomsinn, Mississippi, Tennessee. Arkansas one vote irom fvew oru, two Irom Illinois, two from lv.enlucly, and two Irom Missouri. vvheii tho resu't was announced, Mr. llurnel of i no move I that Ilia nomination of Theodore I'rc- lingliiiysen, he uimirnotisiy adopted. Mr. Root, f oni Njw York, said although having voted for another candidate, ho would pledge New Ycrk in lehalf of this nomination, so cordially as though their o vn man had prevailed. Ah'ol Lawrence- slid M issaa'insetts an I Vevv nngland had stood hy their own m. and Ibev desi red bis success ; but they to 1, one and all, would cor dially sustain ihe distinguished and honored candi date spieled. Mr MclCennan, nf Pennsylvania, desired on he half of his St ite lo say how 111 ich ihey were gratified wiih n n ruination si p iro, so spotless, that even an Amoi KentUII could not nsrail h tn. Mr. K- lly nfO'iio, Gov. Kllsworth nf Connecticut Col. Lumpkin nf Georgia, and .Mr. Little of Maine, utlercd like sentiments. On!. Lumpkin sail ho was disposed to ascribe something lo names, nnd he co ild nol but think the very natno nf Theo biro Iho gift of God was not unmeaning for Mr. Krcling'inysen would bo found thn gift of God lo Ibis peopie which would call up llie ni I of thousands nnd tens of lb insan Is, who rare ly, very rareiv, 10011 interest in elections. For himself ho In looi; been nut of nol'tics bill with tbeso names and this cause, ho was ready In taka a commission 11 iw logo Kist or West, North or Mown, to iigni nits naine. Col, t.umnkin continued lo rncak with great effect nnd eloquence, nnd concluded with offering n resol i. lion inai ine u inou meet oy h-oics nn tue Ju July next lo hear iho report of their Convention. This was adopted. A commi'iee vvas then appointed to nppraise Mr. I'relinghiiysen of his noiuinalion. lleverdv Johnson th"n "ll'-red iho follawing resolu tions which wcro unanimously a lopind : llcsolvel, That m nreseniinz lo tho country the namonf Henry Clav, for President and Theodore Prelinvhuyten, fnr Vi Presilent, this Convention has ber 11 aetiiatid hy the conVK lion that n'l ihe great principles of tho Whig pjrlv principles inseparable from ilia public honor nnd responsibi'ily will be maintained an J advanced by llie election of these can didales. Itesolved, Thai these principles may bo summed up ns comprising a w'l regulaied national curreucv, a Inri t'for revenue to defray the necessary expenses of the Government, nnd discriminating wiih special ref erence lo the protection of the domestic labor of iho country, Iho distribution of the proceeds from ihc s ilea of the pul lie lands, a single term for ihe Prcsi deney, a reform of ICxecunvB usurpation and gene rally, such nil ndiiiini-tralion of thn nlTnrs of the coun try ns shall imparl 10 every branch of the public -er. vico thn greaicn prnclienhlo efficiency, controlled hy a well regulaied and wise economy. Resolved, Thai the namo nf Henrv Clav needs no eulogy. The bisiorvnf the country since his first ap pearance in public lifo is Ids history; its brightest pigonf success and prosperity nre indcnfifiejl with ihe principles which he has nlways upheld, as its darker and most disastrous pages nro with everv material departure in our public policy fiom ihose principles. Resolved, That we present, in Theodore I'reling. Iiuvscn, a man ple'ged abko by his revolutionary nn cestrv nnd his own public course tn every measure calculated to sustain the honor and interests of the country. Inheriting Iho principles ss well ns the namo of n fiither, who, wiih Washington, 011 the fields of Tren ton and Mnnmniilh, perilled life in ihe enn'est foi liberty nod afterwards as a Senator of tho Unitei" Stales, nided, wiih Washington, in estn' lishing nnd perpetuating that liberty. Theodore I'relinnhnvsen bv his eourso ns Attorney Genernl nf the Stale of New Jersey for tvvelvn years, nnd subsequently ns n Senatnrnf the United Slates fir severnl years wn nl'vayaon llie snient law, order and the Cnnslitulton r)v. M. which earii certainly a tealf ihen mnde n most ennital speech cariied llie wh' le Convention with him, nnd innro rcspirlahle. considerate, unanimniis . nnd triuuinhniit meeting never assembled nr ever hroko lip to go frnm the Hall where it met to certain triumph-for IIF.N'IIV CI.AY nuj TIIl'ODOUR I-'UHI.IN'GHl'VSF.N. WHIG YOUNG MEN'S CONVENTION. Forty Thousand Whigs In Council I ' Correspondence of ihe Tribune, ,; IUiTiMnuE, Md. May 3, 'It. Never was tliero peon nucti n crowd na filled every street, lane arid avetiuo of tho proud Mutt, tiiiiantnl City tills tnnrnitin;. Tito meeting's which w ere iiruainzcd Inst night scarcely even atlj iiirned. So Into an I ti'i'lncli last night, or r.itlntr early this innming, 11 cnnvil of l'eoplo nitiiilicrinp; bihiiu two nr tltrco llinusand worn slnndiiiir tipposiln H.irniiiti'H lintel, listening In atidropsoa from Delegates from Kentucky, Ohm, nnd other fer-hons of Hip country. t his morning llio dillereiu bands wore out and hailed the rising; sun with tho national driiin.bedt. ,Vo turned out early, but every street was so full that locomotion wn next to Impossible. Thcro is 1,0 ntistakn abnitt the hold vhich any man must lotvo upon the nflcc lions of the People, to bring such largo masses Irom kiich great distences m soma cusos, al. most ns far as to Uuropo. In fact, lvo or throe did ropnrt tlictnolvcs ns DeleMtcs from Iro- l ind. Harry of I'ngliitid, tho chivalrous Victor nf Airincourt, after lie caino to the years ol man- linud atnl discretion, forsaking the lollies of Ins vniilh, gained such hnld upon thn nirnctiuns uf li ih l'eoplo thai the Hhakspears tells us that "All the youth of Kngland was on fire, And sold the pasture then to buy the horse, Following tho Miiror of all Christian Kings." nnd shouting, " O Kiiglniidl model to thy inward greatness, Like lit lie body with a mighty heart." And so it appears to.day as if all our Country was on lire in support ol the Mirror ol all Mod cm Statesman ready tn answer in the nlTirnn. live when llteir gallant Commander, for the glo ry of their Country, calls ti tlioin, "Once morounto thobrcach.dcarfriends once more.'" Wo cannot doubt that 'iho game's afoot." nor can wo suspect that tho Whigs will not follow their fortune, nnd tinon the charge, cry "God for llirryand lor rheodore ! I ho njnplc liavo been canvassing tho merits of our candidate-, and various omens of gnnd have been found in their names. Mr Lumpkin, of Georgia, hailed tin meaning nf ntir Vico President's name, Ihemliirr, Mho gift of God,' while thu second name, I'Velingliiiysen, contains thirteen letters, corresponding with the glorious Old Thirteen, lor which Ins father fought sn nobly on tho bat tlcfiiilds of his native State, "where everv sod beneath vnur feel has been a soldier's senul chre.' C'ny's name, whether wo take it in the uso tn which it was applied 111 Scripture, Ilistn ry, or as tho article from which the ureat airri cultural portion of nur people derive subsistence, is tun 01 i,ticu and l'oelry, while Ins name lull, 'Ilonrv Clay of Ky.' Ins thirteen letters, corresponding with thn Old Thirteen and Fre linghtiyscn. Hut ciimigh of auguries, lest after we have c.xlr.iciod sweets from these names Amos Knnditll should come after us like tho wasp, and extract poisni from them. The immense asseinb'ago nf pcnplo caused much delay in the organization of the proces sion, but the whole distance, from the head of IJ iltunore street lo Canton, was an immense possession, before the regular Delegates began to move. The place chosen for Ihe Convention was Canton, about three 111 les from tho centre of the citjyn tho beautiful Canton Rice Course (very appropriate, too, malnrc Amos Kendall forop"! tnglbo Fall llaces.) Opposite tl 0 stand, on llie other side nl the harbor, is Fort M'llen ry, where Francis S. hoy limited nut frotn In Prison Ship tn see if tin- Flag of his Country still floated over tho fortress. So wp, limiting from tho i-t.iiid, and catching a glimpse of the Siars and Stripes, sen by thu dawn's earlv light, after a night nf Locn-Foco darkness, thai "The Star-Spangled Manner forever shall wave O'er the Land of the I'rcennd the Homo of the Brave!" At iho corner of Ililliinnreahd Calvert street, near Ilarnutn's Hotel, a magnificent arch span ned tho street, with two lesser ones on the side walks. On the buttresses were printed Whig Principles,' with tho various mottoes in dicative of the measures wo advocate while the arch was formed of 'JO "atones" PeiinsyU vani.i funning Iho keyslnne. Uuxts and por traits of Clay, Harrison, Washington, &c. and -plendid wreaths, decorated the different parts of the nrcl. while over all tho proud Bird of Jove, the Kiglo Monarch of the skies, sat cloth ed with power to crush nur foes, and holding o'lt the nlive-branch of peace tn nur friends. The arch was illuminated during the evening with lights inside. Another arch bolween Hirnum's and the Un law House, had a fine clVert, though not so im posing us the other. At short intervals fligs and steamers were waving In the breeze. The whole distance was lit. 01! with a dense miss, in which tho Indies formed nn unimportant part. Wo had known them hospitable for they made ,1 nalinn nf people their guests ; and by going through ll.ililtnurc btrcet nnd looking at the llirou or lour tiers uf beauty that smilled upon us like anguls from above, wo found litem love ly and pure ns tho life and character of him whom they bail thus assembled tn honor. Hut wc have no room for further remarks t n this subject, though vvn might fill columns with a description nf the devices formed along the way. The portraits of Mr. Chy hung on the sides of the liousps. Tho little innocent girls with wreaths of llowors, accompanied by their little brothers with waving 11 igs, all joining in this grand jubilee nf Ihc nation, in honor of uur Xilio'i's Prido and Hope. Tlie day was cloudy, sultry and early threa toned rain, (which threats was verified about II I'. M.) which deferred a great portion of tho Del. egates from walking in procession lo Canton. I'he Delegation formed at an early hour, being required to walk some two miles to their re spective positions, ami thence three to five miles lu Canton, and only the following numbers were in column at thu counting for the Prize Ilanncr, viz : New Hampshire., ,M issaehusetis..., Ithode Island.... Connecticut New-Votk .New Jersey Pennsylvania.... Delaware Virginia North Carolina.. South Carolina.., Georgia Vermont Tennessee 42 Kentucky .. 93 ..137 ... 20 .. 30 .. 4 .. 30 .. 31 .. C9 ... . ... 33 ,.. 11 . 7243 3d i I OHIO. ISO Louisiana... . Ul . 410 . 411 .'.'700 ,. 99J . 1210 .. B'J . 17 . It . 155 . HI Indiana .Mississippi . Illinois Mahania.... .Maine .Missouri.... Michigan... Arkansas... Total Maryland (not a competitor) al least 5,000. At least as miny more wero in tlie city, and not les thin t'ijly Thousand Men were on the ground. T ic possession Marled at 10 o'clock ; iho head of thu column cnlored the ground al ." minutes lo I'l o'clock ; but it was nearly or tuile tiro hours before the last file had made its appearance, the march being rapid and steady. The Convention vvas org.urzed by the choice of the following Officers : President, Hon. JOHN M. CLAVTONVof Delaware. Vice l'rt'idthti, MiineV.. V. Uusbank, Portland. -Vcio Hampshire Isa I'chlev, Concord. .MasiitJmscttt George T. Davis, Greenfield. rrmoiir I'onTi's IIaxteii, Derby. lihoite .iinii lion. William S. I'attom. Connecticut Wm. W. IIoabiimav, New Haven. .eie York James N. Hkvnolus, City. .Veto Jtrtey linn. Jacod W, .Miller, Morristown. Pennsylvania Hon. T. M. T. McKennav. PetaicareW'tt. W. Morris, Dover. Maryland Wm, W. Aiiliier, Helair. rirWm'u Jamcs Lyons, Richmond. A'. Carolina Hon. Kuvv, Stanly, Washington. ,S Carolina S. A, lll'RLBi'T. Charleston. Georgia Hon. Thomas 11. King, Augusta. Alabama W. Kollston, Tusitiiiibia. Louisiana Dr. Doyle, Iberville. Olio William Herd, Hamilton. Kentucky p. T. CiiANDcns, Washington. 7'ciiiiar General Calvin Jones, " Indiana Hon, Jmcs lUnlnEN. Illinois Hull, J. J. Haiidin, Jacksonville. Afic.'iigon Moiioan Hate, Detroit. .Missouri V, I.. I'.nwAmia, Richmond, .lr.jiitjj John 1'ui.stos', Jr., Helena. Secretaries. Josefii Raker, AususIii, Maino. , Gkorqp, Dawson, Rochester, N. V. D. U. WicKLirrr, Lexington, Ky. It, A. Doe.iiiN, llallimore, Md. K, II, Freeman, Raleigh, IS.C. John II. Siho.nq, Moirison's lllufl', Atk. On taking ihe Chair, Mr. Clayton mado a poweriui speech. The Itov-. Mr. H-womb Ihen offered prayer. Tho Prize Ilanncr was then nrcsnntcd bv Hovordv Johnson. Kn.. on bohalf of Iho Whirrs of Haltimorp, to the Delegation from llio State ol Delaware, in an eloquent speech. The flag was received by tho Hon. John M. Clayton, on behalf of his gallant Slate, and ho replied in a spirit-stirring speech which thrilled very heart. I Ion. -Ambrose Spencer hero roso and nn. nnuncud tu tho mooting that tho National Con vention of Nomination had nominated Fort rrtr.stnr.NT, IlKN'llY CLAY, of Kentucky. FOlt VICE I'ttEStnF.NT. 1'iircO. FIIUI.INGUUYSKN, of New Jersey. These nominations were received and ratified hy a unanimous and thundering ' Aye 1' which revorucraicu trnin the lulls to tho ocean. A tempest of cheora nnnounccd that tho Ratifica tion was complete. lion. .1. ft, llurrten, of Georiria. announced tlint Iho Committee appointed by tho Nomina ting Convention In notify Mr. Ci.av of his num. mutton nail perlormed that duly, antl had been replied to by loiter, which he would now read. It is as lulluws : Wasiiinotos, 2d May, 1911. Gentlemen t I liavo Ihe honor to ncl.nowledim thn receipt of your letter, dated yeslcrday nt llallimorc, communicating my iiouuiiaiino. bv llie TVitlnnil Whig Convention thera assembled, lo llie l'eoplo of the United Slates, ns a, candidate for llio office of rrcsnlcnt or the United Stales. Confidently helicv ing that this nomination is in conformity wiih thn de sire of a majority of jho People of IhoUniieil Slates. i ncccpt ii, irom a nigh sense ol duly, nnd with leel ings of profound gratitude. 1 renin st you, genllemen, in announcing to tho Convention my acceptance of nie nomination, 10 express the very great satisfaction I dcrivo Irom Ihe unanimity with which it b,a been made. I have the hnnor to be, with llio highest re spect, faithfully, your fnend and fellow-citizen. II. CLAV. Mc-srs. Mm M:l'herson Berrien. Jlrnslus Hoot. J. IJiirnttl. Win. S. Archer, and Abbott Laurence, Daniel Webster was loudly called for. and rose and said : I otnoy, gentlemen, great pleasure in findin? inysolt in tho midst of tho Wings of the United States. I crime tn add ono more litnnblo but decided Whig vuice to those tones of sentiment which, springing from this meeting-, will train confirmation and approbation from the whole land. We are assembled to perforin an impor tant dutv to take measures and tn express opinions otrthe election nf a President and Vice President of tho Uiiitcu Slates. In times of great interest at hmno.'vnu have come together tu deliberate fnr the good nf your country. Per sons who have honored tlipinselvin and honored their country in every walk antl profession nf ille men irom their Agricultural, Mechanical and Commercial pursuits liavo come together for deliberation. They havu had a unanimity almost unparalleled. That iiiiinin ilion now be fore you forms tlie only safe rallying ground for all good and true Wings. Hut bow shall wc carry nut these nomination ! Let us imitate our lathers. When they resolved lo make their cuuntry free they proclaimed lint their cause was just and their union was complete. We arc not born to such high honors as nur fathers we are nut destined to create free Stales anilNatiotis but wo are born to an inheri tance which wo are bnund to value and pre serve. Let us borrow their patriotism and de votiou. Lot it go forth to the Gulf nl Mexico to the Falls oflho .Missouri to llio Hist and tn tho West let it go forth with a tone and vigor that will prove its sincerity that our cause is just and our Union loo is perfect. Tne Convention lias proposed as candidate for President of the United Slates, Henry Clav nf Kentucky. Fur more thin thirty years Ih ho served bis country, both at home nnd abroad, usefully, hn:inr.ihk faithfully. His long career, his portion among lie; dt-t nguislioil men of the i nuntry, all have indicated loin as thu man tn ho nominated. I do rejoice w ttli the lrm:.t sen timent, that there has not been nue dissenting vnice to break the unanimity with which you have selected bun. It is true Ihero have been subji'cla on which wo have (littered, but I trust u oiivu ai n u mi iiiiim; Decisions Willi urpiai consciousness of right and with mutiiil respect. I know little difference between my opinions on any ol the great leading questions and those nf that distinguished leader of the Whig Party. It might have been inure becoming in mo to have refrained from homo of these remarks. I might have Pimply Mid that be is the nominee of Whigs: and (hat I am a Whij.'. (Hero a voice was heard, "yes, Daniel, and you fhall be next I'resideut," which called nut additional cheers to those already so enthusiastically g;iven at the honorable gentleman' announcement.) As fur tne there can be no inure doubt of the course 1 am tn pursue than there can bo of tny du'v. With respect to tho candid ite for the second ' oflic.e, there must have been preferences, but a wiser or hotter mm, in my judgment, could not bu selected. There is nn in m of purer charac ter, more accessible in inner?, or nf mnro un bending Whig- principles, than Tiir.niior.E Fr.E J UNi!ituvsi:s nf New-Jeroey. New-Jersey, sir,! needs iij comphniwnl3 from me. Wn all know her character. When thu bravo troops of Gen. ' Washington wandered over her laud, tracking ! the snow with tho blond which flowed from their necked feet, her patriotic inhabitants shared with th-im their fo d and garment?. Patriotic llevn. luti mary dust lies at Princeton, Trenton and .Monmouth; audi am sure that wc only w.uit an opportunity In piy her a mark nl respect, in suppurliiijj her favorite sou fortius distinguished ollice. The duly before us and other Whigs is to re store that ascendency which circum-tatices have impaired. Wo must do the work of 1310 over again, and do it so that it will hold. Present cir cumstances indicate prosperity in tho Country. Wo must hold to what wo hive (rot, am car ry out what wo failed in accomplishing, H'o want to give stability to settle questions o'" na tiunal importance antl give them repose. Kren bands and resolute hearts will work nut our Country's welfare, if stability bo given to the great questions. Kverv thing will be prosper mis if we put down this everlasting agitatmn and adopt sound conservative Whig principles. Mr. Clay will be the next President if we'do oiirdu iv. If we fall to do our duty wo -shall have .1r Van Huron again. (At tho mention of Mr Van (linen's name there arose such a cry of 'No! No!' thitMr Wo'ister Indlo explain lint be only meant to hay that Mr Van Huron would b? elected if we 'ailed to do ( ur duty.) I would not spoak disres. ec.t fully of any man whom a I irge portion of our fellow citizens have designated as their prefer ence ; but in this ho ditlers from Mr Clay, that I e does not always express himsell very clearly on public questions. If Mr Clay is right, ho speaks in such a manner tlu.t you can under stand what ho says ; if ho is wrong, you can at least understand him. It tit I must confess that I have not studied the English langusgc in all its intricacies of p isitive, nogitive or doubt ful construction, tn understand always what Mr Van Huron means. With all respect he would say that Mr Van Huron might save himself much limo in writing and his friends much time in reading, if be would only adopt some formula for his correspondence. When wo ask a friend, 'llnw are you this morning J' the reply is usu ally short and lo the purpose. In my part of tho country, however, they would be apt to siy, 'Oh! I doii'l'know, th.iiik ye .' pretty much as usual,' which would be a capital formula for that distin guished individual to go by. Ho never was much of a believer in that plausible maxim of the poet, " Wbaio'cr is best ndministercd is best." There are forms of government that will work better thin others but nu form can work out tho good nf the people without a just adiuiuistra. tiou. Government is not hko a cotton gin or a nail machine, It isa mural machine calling for moral action. You may nlace iho liohthoiisns on your coasts or prepare your compass, but if, slim ue not at inn noun wo snail soon bo on tho shores and breakers and so it will be with the ohip of stale. Wo ought therefore tobejeal oils of our inheritance, Wu owe a duty of guar dianship. We c.ill ourselves Whigs what were nur ancestors, some m whom I seo hero In. day wearing the badges of '70 ! They wcro Whigs, thoso of them bore to. day aro Wings. Washington and Ins compatriots wore Whigs Iho framors of our Constitution weio Wings. Wo boar tho natno nf those who were distill- guisht'd with scam and blood. It behoves us to ...... r i.n .1,. I ,i,nA n.!. ....!.... i to carry tlie.u out. It is our.lestihy to preserve thorn.---Wo must not disirraco the richest in-1 ii lii.lllW UlUI IlitllOOII UOWII lllllll UIIU JiUllUlu- lion to another. With tho blessing of Provi donee, wo cat; preserve ll. If Ihat groat work of our fathers Iho noblest structure nf all tf mo past- -is over distincd lo fall, let us see lo it Ihat no one shall bo able to ascribe it to Whig misrule, Wh'g treachery or Whig ambition. Mr llola It.tdger, nf Philadelphia, proposed that the next Whig Convention he held in Phila delphia, sis ho know if a Convention such as this was bold in Philadelphia, that sho would double her majority for Clay, for sho loved him above al other men. Cov. Metcalfe, who Is nno oflho heat speak ers wo liavo over heard, was next called for. lie asked why he bhoulil ho called fnr, when that bright Kaste.-n luminary had just been soon ; but ho vvas always ready wherever Ins country men called fur him. In 1903, being then Iwoii lylhree yours of age, ho hid organized a troop to defend his country, and ho would eorvo her in any way. 7'lioso meetings would do good, From tho I'.ist and West, from Louisiana, and that glorious land of tho Pilgrims, we meet to love each other better. And this was necessa ry when snmc wore trying to sow dissensions, herauso wo vvero of dilleront and apparently cotillicting interests. Hut it is not so, my coun tryi ien. This diversity should form ono of tho strongest lies of friendship nnd mutual depen dence. Our opponents tirofi'sted every princi ple which wo advocate and li id denied them all ill turn. They claim some credit for tho pros- perity winch now blesses our country. This re minded hun of a stnrv about a man who built a log cabin in tho West. A bear attacked the cabin one night and broke into it. Ho got up into the loft, leaving his wife and child unable In save themselves. The wife seized a poker and aimed a happy blow at Ilruin. '(Jive it In him iVancy,' cried the valiant hiisbi.tu'. After Ilrutn was dead ho came down from the )olt and ei claimed, 'Nancy, my dear, ain't wo brave !' Hon. Thomas Hiving, of Ohio, was next called to the Stand. Ho bid been the Mend of Henry Clay for twenty years, and his Stnle had been the same. He had differed sotnet mes from Mr Clay j never, however, without doubling afterwards of the propriety of his opinions. His beloved friend, l're!lii!huysen, of whom it might he said, he is an Israelilo indeed, in whom is no guile: it is difficult tn find n politician nsninst whom nolbi igcan bosud-bul wc have found one. Hon. F.dward Ftanly, of North Carolina, said he need not speak, for the great Achilles had appeared here to day, and when bo draws his ate he is i-uro of Ins aim. From New-Jersey wo take one of our can dilates. She fought lor us in 1770--we will vote for her in 181 1. The lime- of M0 had come strain. OK. nil cnrrccl then, it is now O. K. nil for Liny. Tal c llio Whig motto of old North Carolina "No such wont as fail." J. It. Reynolds, Hsu, , was next called upon, and responded biully and eloquently, in substance ns fol low s : Von cloriou sun fsaid hev. Ihat has rolled around the heavens from iho commencement of tune, never looked down upon a spectacle in moral sublimity to no compared lo tins. 1 lie nohle, Ihe gallant spirited young men of ihu .Nation nre here with one purpose. one mind, nnd nno heart, lo respond and lo ratify the ' nomination of Henry Clay. In the choice to the second officer. New-York , has not been gratified in her united preference for her own distinguished candidate, hut she yields to ' none who now commingle their spirits here on ibis i common nner nno .nee -a Ol ine political piigrimae-, io ni.- principles nno one measures, nun uevouoii lo iho living embodiment nf them nil the Star, not now of ihc West, hut of llio whole I'mon Henkv Clu-I The Voting .Men of New Votk liavo now what they have long labored for the name of lluir hi loved Chief inscribed on llitir banner in charneteis of burning light ; nnd iho rainbow thai plays in the sun it spray of their mighty catarncl is only nn em blem of their confi lencc nnd hope cf the future its mighty thunder but an echo of lluir voice to Novein ' ber next. I In the same spirit in which our institutions were framed, in the only s irit in which tiny can exist I and ho perneiiiated I know that I speak truly, llie anient ihsjotercctc I patriotic feelings ol ihc young men of New Vork when I say, ns I now do say, that not with cheerfulness only, hut with heart anil soul, Ihey will hrar nloft Ihe' banner that enntatns ihe name of the hallowed Chief Henrv Clvv, and the name of New Jersey's favorite and honored sun. j ,xa TiiEononi: rnnLivrniuysEN, nnd wiih hearts ihat not, will strike again and again forvtcloty, not lot tin ir state only but for their country and their i vvnoie country. i I l? I .1.1! I i. .1. .1 .t;cnn s icecoes were oeuvcreil irom IOC oilier 4 I .1 r 'n . ,f , t I side of the stage, by Mcsrs. Crittenpen, Hotts, I Als" lllu nel.iriom I real)' ilself, with the let I nnd others-hui wv arc compelled reluctantly tooiuii , tor of Lord Aberdeen, and tho l.imo apolo"V After a" few words frotn Hon. W. llo.vnnMVN, of! I Convection', the C inueutum returned to the city r II I D A V M O II N INC, M A V . 10. 19 1 1. THE NOMINATIONS. In this week's pfiper tho readers will find t1i, r .i. . r .! i i i 1 " V ' S ' r Y mu"ls m i ijiii.iiiiuiu uii niu isi uiiu lustaiii. Never, wo believe, was the selection of a canrlidalo lor the 'residency of these United States marked by such pel feet unanimity and such unbounded enthusiasm as that of the illustrious Statesman nf Kentucky, on j the first of Miy. No oilier namo was men-! tinned, or thought of. When tho question i was put upon Mr. Leigh's resolution, llio j whole assembly, delegates and spectators, ' aroso and greeted it with a shout of appro-1 val, while not a sulilary voice was raised in opposition. The nomination had been irre- ( vocablv madu long heforo, nnd the hurst of enthusiastic welcomu with which it was re ceived, attested thu willing obediunco oflho Convention lo the fiat of thu people. No such concentration of opinion had taken place with regard to tho Vico 'resi- dencv, and n comparison of views vvas nc - rcssi.ry in order to ensure unanimity. This was done in the true, " open, and aliovi' hoard" style, in which such things should nlways ho done. The result wns, that after three viva voce votes, iho namo of Tnno- uont: I'nci.iN(itiUYsi:.v, of New Jei soy, vvas unanimously agreed on. Great as is our respect for the other candidates fur the sec- I ond office, wo aro highly gratified ut this nomination. j Mr. Frclinghuysen was for twolvo years n 1 Senator in Congress from New Jersey, and in thai exalted body ho won a f.tmo as pure and us noblo as has over fallen lo tho lot of one of our public men. To a mind of thn first order, ho unites a consistency so unwa-, veriug, a character so spotless, and a de-1 meaner so dignified nnd affable, as to mako I him every where an object of venerat'tun and regard. He is now Chancellor of thu Uni-i vcrsilv of Now York, a station which ho I adorns hy his great attainments in literature , uud science, and by his devoted piety. His nomination "ill "J'l greatly to the weigh, of .he ticket, from t o assurance U gives ihat in case oflho death nf tho I'resi - dent his place will bo supplied hy ono who . ' i r.n :. U' .l,..l.l IILo ir, on is worthy to fill il. Wo should like to seo a Loco-Foco besetting TiiEonotu: iMiF.u.NCi huyscn to appoint him to office, for value received! It would not prove tn ho such n thriving business as under lliu renegade Tyler, wo opine. In less llian a year llio " unclean birds" will be scared away from tho high places ihey now desecrate -tho great Kenluckian will lake tho helm of the gallant ship ho lias , f !'ttg Bll'ctl 10 si,,l a,m ,,,u nou, 1 le' liiinlm vnn will inbn tlm r,nr nf il, m,,,,,.. hotly wltorc, in other jettrs, lie won a famo so stainless and cntltiiing. Heaven sood llio ddy ! VIRGINIA KMiCTION. A Whig Majority on Joint Itallol ! lly ihii morning's iiiuil wo liavo rrceivcil a few mliJilionul returns from out- correspon dents, which wo think oiisuru a Whig ma jority on joint lullot in tin Legislature, un less something unexpected turns tip. The Western Counties como in glorious ly for llie Whigs, giving handsome gains, and probably settling the mailer in our favor. Tho following is a summary of llio result : Nino Senators arc dueled this year, viz: 4 Whigs and o Locos, the hitler gaining one, and securing 21 Locos loll Whigs in tho Senate : HOUSn Oh' DIXKOATKS. II7(t2 (tains. .tccotnic. ....1 (1 loco &. I whig elected.) Iliickingliain Caroline Cabell nnd Wnyne,... t'rankhn (1 loco & 1 whig ilectrd.) Klovd Matthew .Middlesex,. 1 Mecklenburg, 1 Montgomery A: Pulaski, 1 IjOrO't'oco frains. Senator in Accntnac dts. 1 Del. in .Southampton, 1 Ktng and Uueen, I Harrison and Taylor, 1 Total. 4 Norfolk County,. Kinuotpli, Itappahannnrk,.... Wood and Ritchie,. Wythe, Total IS Net Whig gam 12. If the few remaining Counties come in tho sime as last year there will bo a Whig ma jority of two on joint ballot. Members elected to the House so far Gi Whigs , 41 Locos. The counties to he heard from last year sent 9 Whigs nud 1G Locos. They will do as well or better now for tho Whigs. Tun Porut,.R Vote. The Whig gain thus fur is ono half of tho Slate is sufficient to overcome the loss sustained hy the defec tion in Wise's District, wliero tho filling off since 18-10 has been about 1C00. We think, the wholi) State will show a majority for the Clay tickets on the popular vote. Tri bune, HON. GEORGE l MARSH. Our able representative has made a speech on tlm Tariff which we hear excited much attention. It is represented as a most con clusive antl concise vindication of the pro- (CCfive policy. Our readers will probably get n sketch of it in our next. Soon nftur Mr. M.irsh commenced speaking, Mr. A dams left his seat and sat down in front of him, wliero ho listened to tho whole of his remarks with the most maikeil intention and interest. No nun is belter calculated to draw atten tion among those who admire calm argument and polished diction, rather than wordy declamation, than Mr. M.irsii ; and we nro convinced that he needs but to be known at Washington to command ihc admiration and icspcct of all. fXT5" On our first pago will he found Mr. Clav's letter on the Annex ittnn of Texas. for slavery from Mr. Calhoun. Head them especially Clay's noble letter against tho annexation plot. Wo' tiiider.-tand that the annual exhibition of the Sophomore Ciass, of thu University, will take place on Thursday afternoon and evening of next week, at the College Ch.ipcl. MK. WLHSTKIl. This distinguished man has done his duty. Heing cilled lur at the lining Men's Con- I vomi.ui, ho made a powerful and enthusiastic speech, full of patriotic fire, and expressing Ins hi'iirly antl entire acquiescence in llio nomination of Mr. Clay, nnd his determina tion to support him. This is as we expected. Mr. Webster has acted worthy of himself. ritOM WASHINGTON. Monday April, 29. In Senate, to-day, memorials vere present ed by Mt'rsr-. Huntington, Clayton, I pham and Tappati against Annexation ; by Mr Hues, Irom Prince IMward Cotinry, V.i., in favor of it; and by Messrs. Dayton, Crittenden.and Hues against a modification of th,.' tanlK A lesolution of .Mr Hayard calling on tho j Secretary of the N'avy for a plan and estimates ' for the improvement of the Navy Vard at Pen. J s.ieola, vvas adopted. ht veral reports of privito bils were made. Mr Scmple, on leave, introduced a bill for tho establishment of an armony at Massac, III. Tho Postage bill again came, aril .Messrs. Kenton, Ihgby and llanneg.in having briefly ! stated their reasons against it, was passed and ' "cn ,u '' """f Voi j"';'' lVa's 1 '' ! ,,ii.i.i,..u u ....... ,, u.-, lIJHI.-CU m,u , the present law and the principles of the Pro tective System Avero defended in a speech of miicn autiity uy .ur n.iyion. After an llrecutivo Session tho Senato ad. joiirnod. In the House, Mr D. II, Lewis moved tosus. pend the rules, objection being made, for the re. ception of a resolution calling on the President, if not incompatible with tlin public interests, for any of the unpublished correspondence between our Government and that of Spain in 1317, '13 '19 and '20, and between our .Minister nt Spain and the Depirtnient of Slate (covering the cor. respondence and negotiations of .Mr Urving on the subject of Texas.) The rules were suspended Yeas 119, Nays 211. Mr Adams stigg-sted that the proviso bo stricken out so that tho furiii.-htng the inform lion be not left discretionary with the President, which he slid ought not to be. The resolution accordingly modified, was adopted. The consideration of tho Tarill" bill was re sumed in Committee of tho Whole on the Uni. on and debate occupied Iho remainder uf tho day. Messrs Hanisey and McHvamo of Pa. warmly opposed tho bill and advocated the con tinuance of tho present Tariff as demanded vv ith ono vo co bv the people of Pa., for the protec- lion of their iron and coal and other interest, and by a majority of the people nf the whole country on behalf of overy interest. lf I nntitril ( V .II-. ..1 t L .1 j trj J, ' 1 Mr Collamer of Vi. made an able defence of the existing law and exposition of its adapted ncss to the wool-growing interest of Vermont. Mr Wnller advocated the bill and denounced thn existing Tarifl'as a system for "iho exclu sive protection ol manufactures to the detriment of tho other interests of the country. Tho lluuse, adjourned. Tuesday April, 30t't. y Senate. Mr Fairfield presented the creden. uris oi lion. J. ,), iMles, ol connccucur, at staled that this gentleman vvas now present sf' re.iny in nn nu-nrii to. r. , , i . , . . ... ... - HV ccs connected wiih un which mure- , ""rcious uu.y .o ... ,aller. H

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