7 Haziran 1844 Tarihli Burlington Free Press Gazetesi Sayfa 2

7 Haziran 1844 tarihli Burlington Free Press Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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roil prksidknt, HENRY CLY, OF KliSTVCKY. roil virr, prksidknt, TiironoKi: rii:Ln.sui;vsriv, OF i:Y JlSlfSKY. The Van IStm-u Rational oiivcn liuii at linltliiiorc. Till Convention assembled in Odd Fel lows' Ihll, Baltimore, ill tin tin on Mnli'lay, mid was railed to outer liy Gttn. II. M. S. Hin ders of N. Con whose tnution llendrick I). Wright of Pa. was I'linscn Chairman pro tern, nnd Thomas Ritchie, Jr. of Vit. Sucre lary pro (cm. lUi.TiMonr, Momliv, May 27. Dear Stn T lie Van Iturtn Contention, lis it i cnllcd- llnit is, the National Dcinoi ratio Contention, nut this day at 12 ei'elnck in llm Odd 1'illoivs' llnll, (I curious association of terms by-llu'-hy,) a room m the top story of a htultlieii.' in Sav street, that looks vert' like a inin'ntjrL' edition of the I'livpliau 'I'omlis, mid Iho vt hole; concer.i In, k- trrv much as though it inildit fall down and ctu It ctcry body ttithitf and li round it. The errcatrst possible excitement prevailed nmonrt the Delegates up to the tune ol mcclint t but partic ularly so am ns thi nmsy poluicims friends of Mr. Van 'Huron olikc-hulders, Ac. who came out from New York. Precisely at 12 o'elock, Gen. blunders of N. C. rose and called the iiieclins to order, and proposed Mr. llendrick H. Wriitht. of t.uzcrnc, Pennsylvania, (former Spea'.cr of the tlonse'i'f Ascinhly.) ns Chair man pro tem. Tiiis was cirri'1 I iifn. con. and was Looked upon as unfavorable to Mr. Van lluren. Mr. Saunders also propoM-d Win, K. Hitchie, son of Thorn is Ritchie of ihe Hirhuionil I'nquirer as Sec relary pro tan. This ttas also carried nan. can. Gen. Sinn Vrs then rose and said that be hail the honor to boa mcmln-r of the Di'inoi'rntie; Conventions uf 1 3T2 and IS'!.), and he was desirous of scrini: this Convention pursue the -nine harmonious and demo cratic course lhat wis tlu n purnurd) ami lie there fore moved that the same luli s be adopted for the regulation oflhis Convention lint were adopted on those occasions. This course would facilitate busi ness and presertc good order and jiovcrnment in the Convention, lie therefore moved the following : " llesolrrd, Tint ihc ru'es and regulation- as adop ted by tho Nalioiial Contention of Miv, l?T2, and as adopted hy the N.itiunl Convention of May, 1335, be ihc tides mil regulations fjr the yotcrninent of this Contention." This motion produced considerable sensation among the Van lluren men, as ono of the ru'es is tv lint is railed the two-tlurd rule, and it is considered that it' this be adopted Mr. Van lluren cannot be dieted. Mr. Cave Jiihnnn (i friend of Van lluren) Slid they otifdit first to ascertain what Delegate s Mere in attendance who, of those in the room, wire entitled to vote nnd who were not, hcicfore he moved 1 tin t n Committee be appointed to etiniine the credent! ils of the IKdi'gnle'S and report thereon j after this was done perhaps he would not oppose the motion of Gen. Saunders. This called up Clillord, of Maine, (a red hot Van Jiurenile,) who snid lie was surprised that Gen. Saun ders should ufler this novel motion at ibis stage of the proceedings, and hoped he would withdraw it fur the present. Mr. Saunders rather warmly denied that it was a novel motion it wni the same motion made and ndopted in tSIl and 1 33 . A Committee of Creden tials would he appointed the first thins af'cr these rules were n lopteel. As tile discussion seemed likely to take a tvarrn turn, Mr. Colquit rose mid sail ho Imped sincerelv that the most perfect harmony and conciliation would characterize the entire proceceliiigs of the Convention. Mr. Ilopkins of Va. (Ann-Van,) hoped Mr. Saun ders would not wil'idraw ihc resotuti in ; be-ause even if he did the men now in the room would hate to vote en masse on appointing a committee, nnd thev mii'ht as well tote en masse to adopt the rules. The Chairman then reminded the l)i locates that thev had forgotten to open the mi'eling with praver, nnd that two clergyman were in attendance for tint purpose This slopped the discussion for the present, and The Rev. Mr. Johns (Episcopal) then spoke in prayer, and intoked ihc blessings of Heaven on the prorcedings ol the Convention. The Rev. Mr. M'Jilton then read the USth Psilm. Marcus Morton said it was easy to ascertain the )eleiates. Ho thought no genilennn would come there to vote unless bo had a right lo do so, and he suggested ihat a Delegate hu oppointed from each State to see to this. Senator Wa'ker then read the resolution adopted in I53 : " llesolccd, That si Committee of one from each State report to ihi' Contention the names of the Del egates Irom Mich State-." Mr. Saunders withdrew his motion temporally and Mr. Wa'ker ollerid ibis. On Cave Johnson's motion the resolution was mod ified so as in direct thai the members nf the Commit tee be appointed respectively by o-ch delegation; and this resolution thus moclijirtl. trts axreid to. Mr. Jettitt, of .Maine, then nllcred the followiiiL' : llesohed. That the Coniuiitteealsorcnort the num. ber of votes to which caih Statu is entitled, nnr of the sullieicncy ot ineir oredonn Us. There tvas n great deil of confusion at this lime, and a plain looking man rose and said : " Mr. Chair man. I stand here, sir, in the attitude nf n ilhing bill a plain farmer, and nui unaccustomed to the scene uf . . i c. : . .i.-. i I . t-..i noise antl rouiiiMiu inu i sec iirounu inc. tvmiuiii order and dihheraliin how ran we get along? and we certainly ri quire all ttii deliberation that we can command. The srene itself, sir, is highly e'xeiting ; the crowded stateof ihe room is insupportable: and if this bouse is loo small for our purpose, in God's name, let us go somewhere el e. I ,rnst lint tteowe It to ourselves, that we owe it loour coi.ntry, that we eiwe it lo our cause, lo proceed in our ilelilieratKins in such a manner or to attain I lie ohieots tve all hate in view. Theieforel do hope thai gentlemen will lake their seats, and preserte or 'er, and keep qieet and act with deliberation, nod lei u- prni ee il with our reg ular business." Tins nofrc speech produced much applause alio some lauglileT. Mr. Cavn Johnson then moved that the Cnnven lion adjourn till 3 o'clock, anil see about gelling a lorcer roeim. I hev tvere almost smothered here. Mr. Benj Holler s-dd ho e-ordiallv nppioved the peniiments of the former; and slid as lo ihe course of foimer Contentions, he hoped Gen. Saunders would edl'-r a resolution eouohrd like lhat adopted ill lS3i in relerence to Hie rules loi governing tins Con vention. Gen. Saunders slid he would waive pressing his ni'ti in ltd iho Committee reported on the Delegate's ceriifioati s. Heni. Hntlor ihcnnnvel that n committee of one be appointed from each Slate to prepare rules for this Convention. Some one again moved to ndjourn, and Mr. Rutler caid they ought to organize in some way before ihcy a 'jnurned, Mr. Ilenrv moved lint the Stales be called and that the Delegated credentials be banded in to thu Chair. Mr, Smiih of N. Y expressed great surprise at tlrs after iho Committee hud been nppoinled. I-ct them iioinc nil ihe credentials. The Chairman said ha thought Mr. Henry was quite right in calling on the Louimittcc to report now liv hnndinr in the list of Delegates. Mr. llroelin, of I'a. said he thought they were all ivrnrirr. t f.nuohtl'r.t Ml. Hunt nf Vermont thought o too. (Laughter.) Did llm resolution authorize the appointment nfone Commitleo or 2fi Commule-esT (Laughter.) If the resolution was in order then, there were already 2G Cnmmillees without a doubt. (.Much laughter.) Was this what was meant? Mr. Ilopkins of Vn. again moved that theyadiourn and got n belter room; this was crowded to sulloca tion, badly lighleel, and nliogeiher a very improper l,, nnd nnitlu ho unsafe, f Mr. Huhbirel of N. II. aid ho oflered ihe same resolniion in 1932, and ho thought Mr. Henry and Chair did not undetstand the mailer. 1 Mr. Kelllewell saul ihe room tvas loo smill, and they hid better adjourn till 4 n'clo k. So without do ing any tiling else tho Contention aeljournrd till 4 o'rlork. ..,,,. irir,,i Kir Rem. K. Huilcr has just of. fered an aniendnient to Gen. Snunder'a motion, so as tn allow a mere mnjariti nf the Delegation to make tht nomination I This, ! think, will not prevail. If it does, seventy Delegates will leave iho Convention. Cass anil liuenanan much is iiau.ji ui i ,ueiu ren is going down. HaitImobi:, Tuesday, 8 P. M. Dear Sib; The Convention ha just adjourned uniil to-morrow morning nl 9 o'clock. The di-eussion was carried on this morn nrr about ihe two-thirds rule, by Marrus Morton, Ced.Tibbalis, Walker of Mi-isinpi. R'iberl Ilantoul, Lieut. Geiv. Dioklison or New York. Sain. Medary of Ohio, and Oen. Saunders nf N. Carolina; but ihe speeches were not of sufficient interest lo be reported very commonplace, except Wslker's when he ridiculed Benj. Butler for slipping about like a dancing-matter when he talked of coon '.ini nnd hard cider the night before. At Inst, nfier four hour' IntUinir, the Convention became impatient, and the nuvsiion was Inkcn on loplinif I 10 rn ea nf IK12. melndiitir tlia ttvath rd rule, and thcfollowiniris the remit. Ytat, Any. Vrns. riays. Vrns. 9 6 G 13 12 12 9 5 Maine, 9 Alabama, Mississippi l.ouisiatia Tonnes re Kentucky Ohio Inelnnn Illinois Michigan Missouti Atkati sas Now Hampshiro G 7 3 2 3 V5 13 2 S .iasnciiusetts 5 ermont lthotlc Island 'Onnecticnt 23 New York ew Jersey Pennsylvania lolanro Mnrvl.md trninin Nnrili Carolina S Georcia 10 Total 148 113 You will sen Ihit ltd reanlt ! ntoiti nenrlv in ne- co' dance with thotible lhat I sent you the oilier day. As soon as the result was announced, a motion tvas made that tho Convention Ihrn ballot for n l'rcsidcn lial Cnndielate. This was objected to, as several uf lite Slates were not reaelv, and the Convention then niljournod until half past 3. At that hour thev again met and proceeded to ballot at once for n candidate. t an llllren. Cass. Itn,hn,n l.,t,nnn. Wnndhtirv. and Stewart were nominated. The Chair annnunreei tint .Ob votes tverelnattenelancc, two-thtrdsofwhich no hc necessary lo a r loice. Tl.n m..t,-r ,t.-.... i ee r.n ... .... i.?uiiaui iiiu eetcn uaiionnss nru us loiiuwc. D 81 94 !)2 in-, 107 llfi 123 S3 4 9 II 17 215 2.", 22 O fi 1 2 1 1 0 1 m I I 0 0 n o l 1 IS 127 121 111 103 mi 99 21 31 37 32 29 23 21 Of course, at the close of each billot there tvas con side'raldcof a hubbub, and as ihc Delegates dropped olf tromvnn Huron and went for ass llirre was some pplausoand laughter, winch ihe ten excellent Chair man inioiriliale Iv repressed. After the third, fourth, fifth and suth In Mots, a mo- ion was made lo adjourn, which tvas promptly re joelttl, nnd one man said if they adjourned llicn, seve ral of the Western men would sro home. Aficr the seventh ballot, a Mr. Mi cr. from Ohio. rose, greatly exeiicd (he tvas sitting bv tho sielo of Mm .vtuiart and .HciVilty, t.lerk or the House) and said hi! tvas (he vnungest man on the floor that lie represented 10.000 Democrals that he bad a roso. hition in his hanil of overpowering importance. (Here no was inie rrupicii i y cries ot - ti nnd it to me unair. ) lie said it tvas written so badlv lint nobodv ronltl tcad it but himself. (Cries of 'Read it, then read- read,') Ho rend it. llcsolrctl. That Martin Van Huron having received the tote of a majoritv of theelclogalcs in this conven tion, on the first lihllnt, is eb eted as the nominee fur Ihe office nfl'rcsidcnt of the United Sla'es. A rrnera bur-t of mi hffnalion fo lowed this - a most every ono jumped up in a high slate of exeitcment to interrupt Miller cries of " Order Sit down Go on Order.' Order prevailed nnd Miller jumped on the benches, shook his long hair, and ravoel away for some lime after the manner ol Allen, of the Senate. The Chair railed him to order, but he would not leave off. In tho mtdt of ihe confusion nnd noise. Mr. Hick in in nf Prnn rose and -nid, 'Sir, I inovc that Gene- rot Anttrar .nc,son of tennessee receive the unani mous nomination as a candidate for President of the Uniteel Slatesl' This rinsed some laughter anil much more e.xeiti-iuenl. The Chair said the motion rould ui.t be rroeived. 1 Why not?' shouted Hickman. Go on Miller," 'order.' 'sit elown,' 'keep ynnr seats,' and such n scene of confusion I never saw. Hen Rut ler moved to ndj mm--loud cries of 'No, no, no,' Here several nf the Ohio Delegates sprang lo their feel, and three or four commenced addressing the Chair. The Chiir said Mr. Miller's motion was not of order as it wont to rescind a rule already adopted by the Contention. Sam. Mi'ilirv cot tin nnd denied the dense oi nf the Chair, but the confusion Mas so great he could not be heird. Then Ren. Duller tried to sneak hut thev would not heir him- He tried to calm Miller nnd Jtedary. The noie nnd row increased and several old emtio men, friends of Mr Van Huron from the North and ast, became disgusted and left the room. .ttr. tnriley Ihe voung Aclins Gov. of Ohio, got on to the benches, and contended ihit Mr. Vnn lluren had a right to tho nomination, and that the Chairman was nil in Ihe wrong. .treillv. Clerk oflhc House, then pot tho floor: ho nppi'nlod from the derision of ihe Chair. He was nng on lo denounce the decision and the nroeoedings of the Convention, when the Chairman told him the rulu could onlv be rescinod by a two-thirds vote, and he must reduce his appeal to writing, lie did so, nnd then went on lo speak of parliamentary usige, but w.ia e-oiiimiriiiy emeu 10 orner, ana ine coniusion was couii'iiicd till the close, when a motion was made lo ndjourn nnd carried. hoonned this dav sdisiraceful nroceodinis. Some of the Massachusetts Dtlegates siy Ihey are sorry niey voieu lor tan tiuren niter such scenes, it .nr. an tiuren docs not get Iho nomination, it will be in cnnseqiieneo nf tho intemperate conduct of Messrs. .tllller, .iledary and McNullv. all of Ohio. All soils of caueussin' and schemes have been co- ing on this evening. The Van Rurcn men are savage against Cass nnd his fiiends, nnd say thev will not go irnini nny now. it 13 tnongnt mat lcw votu, u.iio, 'onnsvlvanin, Sc.. miv concentrate on Ruchanau It is also said that Cass will bo nominated on the 21 Inllid ro-niorrow morning that luisiana, Indiana, Illinois, North Cirolina, Kentucky, and even Penn sylvania may go for Cass. It is impossible to sivs as the thing will soon be over. II idle lo conjecture. 1 hope never to he condemned lo attend such a dis graceful scene again. Nomination of Polk! !! for President With elrattal nf Van IJineii. JlAi.Tl.MoaE, Welnesday afternoon. A rather curious result has occurred. Jamrs K. Poi.k, of Tcnessie. was nominated on the 9th ballot. as Precedential Cnndinate for 1844, on the Loco t'oco i ii-ieft. This result has boon brought about bv tho revenge iine..ew l orK IJeleenics against Cass and Nucha- nan, and hv the unwise- noliov of ihe Southern men. 'I hose Hurt pcrsindeil the West lo run up a candidate on an inui peniient nag, so as to rtcleat the nomina tion of the man who cnulil not ho elected that i. Martin Van lluren. Tho West did this: thev h nine hi forward Cass; the South promised to support him, and also promise I that no Southern man should be run at all. And ye t this morning, as soon as ibe irst Ha lot took nlace. 'o k was nnminnted and re. ceived 44 votes. The following was the result : 6 A. II allot. ftth n,illnl. Van lluren 104 (withdrawn) ...2 Cass lU 29 'oik...'. 44 233 Hiiedianan 2 Cnlheiun 'i Marrus Morton 1 Hlank 1 Total 2G5 2G6 This is a cnri.eus result and nuzzles all tho nolili Clans here. The Whies lneik on il as a surtender. On the 9ih Ralloi. vou see the entire Souih veiled for I'olk, including 3 votes fr"in New York, nnd the Stale's ol Maryland, Maim-. Connecticut, Delaware. N. Hampshire', nnd 19 from Pennsylvania. Kentucky siue'k to Johnson ns long as she could, and then went ior eass m cnoa laun. This result has been caused ehicile bv ihe I'etorini nation of lien ,-oulh lo get rid of the "Globe" faction Ronton. Allni. efcCei. The "Globe" has lailerlv ns saileel Polk for bis Texas movements in Tennessee, ano Dial nnacK lias given linn Ihe noireioalion so iiile. ems have Hlair and Amos Kendall become lo tho Southern Lneo Knees Alre'ady a new Loco Foco paper is talked of in Washington, to oppose the tjiooe. It is said here lhat manv of the Svmthern Deleemles were pieke I out as fatoral le to Van lluren; but that, finding thev cnull not aw-nllow Van. thev settled eleiiyn on I'olk ns a Southern and Texas man The Van Huron Delegates from New York, who it si-ems cast their votes on the 9lh Ilallot for Polk, n it tvere in badinage, were perfectly panic-stricken wnen nicy w e nc enure nouine'oncentratrnon i'oik and learnt lhat his nomination by two-ihird wn carried. They are terribly mortified, and Iho Tyler men in this city are equally, since they consider that me game is up now wiui .nr. Tyler. When the announcement tvas maele in the street, numbers in ibe crowd called out "Polk Polk who the det il is Polk? Poke lhat in your eve." Tho first vote lint was given for Polk, you see, was by New Hampshire, and this was caused by a speech in which Gov. Hubbard led off in favor of Polk, and cast the vole of the Slate of New-Hmn shire for him. This ercateil ereal sensation, esneri ally as Hubbard sud that Polk was Ihe fast friend of (ton, Jackson. Ibis was followed by 7 volrt from Massachusetts, making a shaking among the dry bones, and re ndering it evident that Polk's name be ing presenteel was the result of a Vnn Huron Caucus hst night. Virginia, North Carolina, Mississippi, and Georgia struck fast to Cass. F.ven Arkansas and Kentucky onto over for Cjss ; because Col, Tibbats withdrew Col. Johnson name as soon as ihey agreed in prooren to noitoi. nut Alabama and Tennesse boiled from Cass nnd went over lo Polk, and then all Cass's friends saw that Ibe game was up, and that somekinel of a bargain had been struck over night be' Itveen Polk's friends and the Albany Recency. After Iho first ballot was over ihero were several speeches defining nnsitiona and so forth i and finally Mr. Hcnj. F. Rutler withdrew the name of Martin Van lluren amid loud cheers The second balloting went nn, and as Maine led off fur Polk, followed by llhenle Isiano, anil lUfroui Massirhusetla. the sensation in creased, but when Li. Gov. Dickenson cast 35 votes for New York for Polk the House shook, again wi'h the applause; 19 voles frnm Pennsylvania snd IS from Ohio, dropped in and then Ihe whole Houth ruiieej m ana inegsme was up. The first count of ihe vole for Polk was 211. but In dtana and Illinois made a t irtue of necessity ind drop ped Cass, and cast their votes for I'olk. the cheering and stamping, and srreaniing wore truly terrific al boil somo of the Indiana delegation who felt them selves descried or tricked by tho South, roso and left the room before the voto was announced. On the Sth ballot Huchanan received 1 vote from Netv-Jirscy and 1 from Pennsylvania Calhoun 1 frum North Carolina and 1 frnm Georgia nn the 9ih Morton received 1 vole front Ohio, nnef 1 blank was cast by Sam. Young from New-York. Alter this announcement was innele, lhat the long agony was over, all felt relieved from a tremendous weight, and the cheering was deafening. I never heard or saw any thing like it, and don't want to again. One would have supposed that they all loved each oilier like brothers, and that tho greatest harmo ny prevailed among them, when Ihe fact was that seime rould rhmfully have rut each other's throats i ami indeed Col. Young of N. Y, nearly got inlo a duel as it was. He charged a man (moaning C.ilhnun) with desiring to imitate Nero who fiddled while Rome tvas burning, an t ho said this would le tho rase by and by when Texas was burning. Mr. Cohen, of Georgia, rose and asked him whom he meant, lie replied that he did'nt come thrre to be catechized, nnd he rose nnd left the room wiih others of the N. York delegates; nnd it looked vi'ry iluttish nt one lime. Mr. Cohen said Ihougli Mr. Young was skulking nwny still he would rhnstiso him for his attack on Mr Calhoun in his speech, and he did handle him pretty roughly, After ibis, it was agreed that those Slates which bad divided should reconsider their votes) they did so, one by nnc, nnd nt last all dropped in, and the votes of the Convention stood unanimous for James K. Polk, of Tennessee, ns Ihe Democratic Candidate for the Presidency ; nnd then the veils and screams anil sheiils and rhcering were terrific. I forgot to stnte that after the first ballot this morn ing, Mr. Renj. K. Huller asked leave of the Conven tion for ihe New-York Delegilion In retire altogether from the Contention. This was refused The New York Delegates then left the room to consult, and re turned in lulf an hour. Mr. Ilutler then aaid he tvas instructed to withdraw Mr. Van Huron's mmo (loud chewing) but he had n letter recently from Gen. Jack son expressing n sincere hope) that the Convention would unite on Mr. Van lluren. Several Delegates expressed their elerp regret at being compelled to drop Mr. Van Huron. After all the opposing States hid reconsidered and oast their votes for I'olk, so lhat it was unanimous, tlu'ro were loud rail; for Smith Carolina tn come out and define her poitieint and at last Francis W. Pick ens. F.sn. cot un lev the Chair and in the name of South Careilina gave in her ndhe-ion nnd support to what he called the glorious nomination of Col, Polk. Mr. El more of S. C. followed in Iho same strain. These short speeches were rrccited with immense enthusi asm! but nlthoiteh there is so much nnnarent iov anil harmony in the party, miny ol them do not hesitalo to declare lhat in destroying Mr. Van lluren nnd blowing up the cauldron of the Albany Regency Witches, they have destroyed and blown the party to atoms. The Convention adjourned nl 3 lill 4. when they are lo choose a Vice President. Marcus Morion is talked or. Sr.vrjN P. 51. The onlv thing done this afternoon his l oon the so- lee'lion of Sins Vv niotiT ns Camh late for V ice Prcst dent, lie was nomiuateil bv Walker, of Mississinni. So lhat in reality il is all a sort of Van Rurcn nomi nation after all. The vntes of all the States were east unanimously for Inoi on the first ha Not exconl from North Caro i na nnd Georgia 8 of the latlcr wont for Woodbury and 4 of tho former diel not vole for Wright. At las! after a little considerntnn nnd reconsideration, the whole vote was cast unanimously for Wright, amid such shouling as was only cxeceded bv that at the whig Convention. So the long agony is over. They seem much like Ihe boy going through the cnurcnynrt: tvno wnisiton loud to keep up his spirits, Latest from Italtlmorc Vrl;ht holds out! I?ALTiMOnE Tuesday Morniner. I told vnn last night the way in which, nn the ninth and last ballot, the several Sta'es in favor of Pulk dropped into iho ranks one by one, each Slate through ils speaker expressing deep ivgret lhat its favorite hid nol lKon selected. I ut siving thev would surren der their first love with a blooding heart, &e. with much more blarney of the same character, so ns lo proelucc the unitrd vole of the Convention on Polk. To those who knew the deep hatred of the various sections toward each other, it was a truly laughable farce. Hill Rem. Rutler s surrender was ihe most ntrenciner With a long face ho prnfeseel to bo ngonized nt drop ping Vnn nnd taking up Polk, when, in fact.it was New-York diplomacy lhat laid hold of Polk. Hi said ho was sure he could carry Now York by 20,000 majority tor Polk. He nlsoslaled that he had n letter in his pocket from Van lluren, telling him tej with Iraw hts name, if he found it necessary or desirablet but he had not told this to any uf bis colleagues. In the afiernoon. Walker nl Miss, snoke of 'he great sierificc New York bad made in withelrawing an Huron, nnd therefore he named Silas Wright for ice President, whom he highly eulogized as thcCa- to of the Union. Mr. Ludlo v of Kv. sud he would now withdraw Col. Johnson's name for Vice ; he would do nnvihine to put down Whiggery; ho liked Wright lint ho would rather have a mm who had been in a fight, even if it tvas a fist-fight. (Laughter.) Ilromgooln of t n. seoondoil the nomination of Si as Wright and eulogized him highly. After the hireling was oter for Vioe President. Mr. Friend ol N. Y. slid that Wright had told him be ould not allow his name to bo used under any cir cumstances, but he believed he would serve. Cavo Johnson slid he tvas authorized by Mr. Rives of the ' Globe ' to pledge the sunport of that pa per lo the notnina'ion of Polk nnd Wright, nnd ns lo ihe recent attacks mule by theGlo'eon Ihe South ern and Western members ol Congress, why all that would i!imiiorir.'ir, to tncsattsiaclion ot all. (Laugh ter and a few hisses.) The Convention then adjourned tn meet nt 7 o' clock this morning lo hear from Mr. Wright, if possi ble, and lei heir the Chairman's Vnlodicory. Mr. Wrijht's last answer lat night was lint he could not accept nt present; but the Now York Dele gation nave ptteigori themselves to the i onvontton that he shall serve; nnd Mr. Ilutler of N. Y. went eiown to Wnslu. ion in the night to see Mr. Wright and get iU assent. Friday, 2 o'clock, P. M. DALLAS for Vice President! r-ILAS WRIGHT hiving neremninrilv nnd renent- edlv declined the Loco Foco nomination for Vice President, the Conve ntion has finally selected George .17 Pallas of Pennsylvania for thai post. The voto tvas as ioiiows : Ut ballot. 2ef. 220 30 5 G. M. Dallas 13 Gov. Fairfield nf Me. 87 Woodbury of S. H. Bfi Cass I ! 29 Johnson, 26 Stewart, 23 Marcy, 5 Sei Ge'one M. Dallas was nominated nn the second ballot, and thereupon tinauimou-ly ndoptid. o mo play is over. 1 tic Convention adjourned last evening. FOREIGN. Tne Caledonia arrived nt Boston at 8 o' clock on Saturday morning. Slio left Liv erpool on the lOtlt ult. She brings 42 pas sengers. The most important ne-vs is the decline in Cotton in consequence of the advices taken to Liverpool by tho Acadia. Tim conse quence has been the sudden diminution in the demand, and full of prices. We have no report respecting the state of tho grain market or the crops. Texas. In answer to a question put by Lord Brougham relative to the Texas treaty, and its importance so far its the question of slavery was concerned, Lord Aberdeen said, the noble and learned lord could not expect him to give a precise answer io tho question be asked. It was a subject quite new and unexampled in the history of nations, and bis noble and learned friend might depend upon it, that il would reccivo the most serious at tention of her Majcstys government. It was true, be believed, that the treaty for the an nexution of Texas to iho United States bad been signed ; but lie agreed in the hopes ex pressed by bis noble and learned friend, that thu majority of Congress would not agree to the ratification nf it. i no discussion on mo motion lor a new trial in 'O'Connell's case was put over until the next term, which commenced on the 22d ult. The London money market continues in a Itcalihy state ; more so indeed sinco the de- velopement of the terms on which tho Dank of England is to bo rechnrtered, which aro in general looked on favorably.

There lias been a discussion in Parliament respecting the customs duty. The tenden cy of the debate aims at American manufac lures. Tlicro lias been another niiniiterlal revo lution in Spain. Tho French govcrnniont lias dotPrmtnctl lo abolish slavery in bor colonics. Trntio is ilull and lionvy. Considerable dissatisfac tion continues lo prevail in tho army. Tito news from China is not of moment. D.itcs lo 27tlt Feb: on present every thing tranquil. Tim news front India is of tlto santo tenor. Lord Ellcnbnrotigli lind rc turned to Calcutta on the 29 of February. ; the second anniversary of his arrival it: In dia. In Scindu, everything is tranquil, and the troops appear to bo healthy and comfor table. Th ere havu been no more disturban ces in Gtvailor, nnd India throughout is peaceful and prosperous. The Liverpool wheat market wears a Hat aspect, willt but little disposition lo purchase. Prices liavo given way somewhat. Flour was equally dull, but there was no change in price. Tito duty continued at 9s. The trado in American Dcef was dull. But little enquiry for Pork except in small lots. Cheese bad declined Is. a 2s. Tho small receipts of Lard kept prices stationary. Professor Silliman, nf Yale Collerro, arrived at St. Louis on tho 10;h instant. He is on a geological tour through Missouri, having already visited the Iron Mountain, and the mines in the southern part of the state. Professor Sheppard accompanies him on his tour. Tfxas. ltnong the anti-Texas Letters that are plcnt noiv.a-day, wo have a spirited one front Cassius M. Clay, of Kentucky. Slavery, he contends, should never have been allowed beyond the original Stales Texas should not be annexed the live middle slave States will nut allow the dissolution of the Union, but will soon be rid of slavery slave representation will then be abolished and the slave power in Gov ernment reduced to nothing and slavery itself, thus pressed upon, come lo an end. Before admitting Texas ho is ready to light, and says that the friends of liberty ought lo fight, and die, if need be. Chronicle. In the case of The People, v.. Horatio G. On ilcrtlonk tried in the Queens Circuit and Oyer and Terminer on Meinday last fur marrying a rnuplc contrary to statute, and lor receiving money tinder false pretences in accepting a 82 bill therefnr, Judge Haggles decided that mar riage is only a civil contract with the defendant lias as good a right to pprfnrm and certify as any divine or magistrate; and lhat he acted properly in receiving any sum lhat the parties might tender him for such services. Alb. Adc. H3The Madisonian gives the following list of persons who pirliciptted tn the Canaelian dis turbances is 1833, and were- sent tn Van Die men's Land, who have been pardoned on inter cession of our Government. Hiram Sharp, John Gillman, Ira Polly, Orrin V. Smith, Hemis Woodbury, George T. Drown, Daniel Luskum, Robert Q. Collins, John Tho mis and Edward A. Wilson. J 11 I lUlVUVlr.' FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE, 7. 184!. LOCO FOCO CONVENTION. We devote a large space to-day to the proceedings of our opponents at Baltimore. Our neighbors will give but a meagre account of the ufiair, and wo have thought it fitting lhat the public should bo fully apprized of the beautiful harmony of a parly held to gether, as Mr. Calhoun recently character ized it, " by tho cohesive power of plunder alone." Wo cony from tho Tribune to which source we are indebted for the follow ing enlarged and just view of ihu whole mutter, as it now piesents itself to the American people. The Extraordinary Dolnes at Italtlmorc What Ihcy mean. Probably if the whole Three Millions of Voters in the United Stales had been separately asked a month since lo indicate lltir first choice for President and Vice President, neil onehundr I wju ! I it e designa ted James K. Pulk for ihe first 1 oe ii"t fifty would have dreame d of t.eei. M. Dallas for eithe r. And ye! u'e fiuil these two. hv Convention luaehinerv. scri ously presenteel to the American People as Cindidates , e.:..i.a. :n .1...:- ,.t. i a'l.n, lOr lilt ItVU leiljeetai eietii.iiin in iiteee (lill x .... . ii.it will bo supported by lliocntire parly enginery, though not by ihe whole party strength, we see no reason to tleiubt. Tint ihey can bo e le-cted seems hardly creeli b e. and vet the Ten Millions of Texas Hands, nnd Millions on .Millions ol gran'eii acres ot lexas tanus, held i i the United Stale's, will doubtless make Iheun selves formidably fell in the coming contest. Every nerve will bo strained lo nrray the ultra Slavery pre judice of the south the new fanatics enlisted by Cal- huun A: un. lora crusaue io exienu ana consolidate Human Hondage in favor of this ticket, and doubt less with some success. We expect lo see II carry Louisiana (wherein ihc next F.U'Ction is to be held,) and lo make itself fell even in Whig Kentucdy ; while Tennessee will be contested by it with the energy of desperation. Personally, the ticket is weak enouah ; tiut I'OIK nnt uauas nre notu original, unquauueu Annexationists, ami thisv.il! atone for all dcficienccs with the rideis ol the lexas hobby. I Ills tvillsweep Mississippi nnd Alabama of course; South Carolina is theirs by prescription ; and they will endeavor unsui cessfvlly, we nre confident lo overthrow the Whig ascenelency in North Cnrolini and Georgia. In Ihe remaining states, with two or three exceptions, Ihe q testion of Annexation will operate strongly against Ihem ; but this, to ihe Diruninnists who devis ed ihc nlot. is a secondary cnnMilernlion. If thev can in this contest but lay firmly nnd strongly iho basis of a southern Confederacy, of which Texas shall form a part, and the diffusion and fortification of Slavery Ine ruling iilea, iney win inn iai.e lo.ucari ine ueieai of iheir candidates in the Union. Hut tve had intended lo speak rattier of tho causes which led lo Hie sirango result at uatttmorc. iney are these In the first place, Mr. Calhoun nnd his small but devoted band of adbetonts bate been determined from Ihe outset lo defenl Van Huron at all hazards pro ciirinir the nomination for the Great Nullifier if possi ble, hut defeating Van lluren any bow. Tennessee came half way into this plot at an early day nom na ling Mr. folk lor nee rreside-ni, nut expressing no preference for President an indication, in the existing state of things, equivalent to a declaration of hostility to Van Huren'a nomination. .S'ouih Carolinn began hv cavilinir at the time of hnldmir ihe Convention. V w men wu.unciiiu leuiu iseivi reuui i eu jenj , iitu-r her,! then at Ihe manner of choosing Delegates, and finally refused to go into the Convention at all, afte'r the choieo of Delegates in mos. nf the'states evinced thai there was no chance for Calhoun. Georgia was ihe only sute carried by bis sunnorlcis. In North i ,. i .e. I r t . .. -I .... n Carolina, Ihe battle was m-arly a draw one, but still the Van lluren men had ihe lead there, and were de cidedly successful in Alabama, Missis.ir.pi and Louis iana. Missouri was firm as a rock in his cause, nnd remained so lo the last Virginia instructed her Del egates lo support him. Kentucky nam.-d her nwn Col. IX. M. Johnson. Maryland and Delaware indi cated no preference. .Such was the state nf things pretenleel by the l-ooo Foco Conventions of the slave slates, while all the Flee slates expressly declared for Van Huron. It seemed lo us, as it seemed lo his friends, lhat he could not fad of obtaining the nomi nation. Such was the aspect of affairs when Iho Texas In trigue was set on fool by Upshui, Gilmer, Tvler, Walker it Co. with a midtlnlicilv of purposes, one of (lie most immeeliate of which was the overthrow of Van lluren. The first two did not hvo lo witness its success! Tvler wasfoeilrdinlo the belief that it would be fish lo his net, and il was pressed with teal, assi duity and money, Calhoun if not one of the earliest contrivers readily came inlo a measure so favorable In all his designs; Dick Johnson raised the Texas flag in Kentucky and I'olk in Tennessee, each having his own ends to subserve. Van Huron's letter againet Annexation under exisiimr circumstances ensured his overthrow. He might still have been nominated, if alt tne northern Delegates hail heen siancn, diii his defeat would have been overwhelming. A Texas candidate would have been nominated against him. and he would have got no southern vote but that of minium. His destruction wss nearer than his friends appro hrnded. Some of Ihe Western delegates were alarm ed by iho portents ol defeat, and drew off to Cass. A few Northern men went wiih ihcm t and the south (Cass having declared vciy broadly for Annexation,) centred upon hint! still Van lluren had a majority of tho whole number nf Delegates who dared not openly oppose him, nnd his nomination sertned certain. Hut there was another undercurrent. Pennsylvania had instructed her Delegates for Van Huron, but many nf them were at heart averse, and cherished a secret hopo of scrurinp the nomination for Huchanan, who had taken ground feir Annexation. Accordingly, though Ihcy voted for Van Huron on iho first, nnd some of them on two or throe other ballots, they look care to voto beforehand for the rulorr(uiriii2fico'i(r(sof nil Iho voles to mikn a nomination llins blocking the door against him. The moment this rule was adopted his fate was sealed, nnel ho ought to have been with ehnwn after Iho second ballot, or never. Hut bo was pusooii on to niter tiiscomtiture nis nominal mentis hut secret opponents dropped oll by platoons lo Cisi j anil it seeme d obvious that Cass would he nominated tvhen nn adjournment was carried on Tuesday eve ning. Probably nntithcr ballnl then would have cer ricd hint, as Kentucky, Louisiana, anil some oilier stales were propan el lo go over In him. Hill the Con vention ailiourned for thenierht. nnel caucusinr? beean. The Vnn Huron men, themselves defeated, were n ill one hundred strong, nnd nhlo to defe-at nny nomina tion, moiign not in mateo nnc. rney were tolly re solved lint Cass (or rather the backrrs of Cass) should not triumph. Their best man lo pitch on tvns Silas Wrisrht t but ho would not consent, nnd the Annexationists would nnt lake him. Next in order obviously stood Mr. Huehanan, wlin might have made a good run, pcrhnps restoring iheir battle in Pennsyl vania! hut the donhlc-dealinrr nf his friends had ren dered him deeply nhnnxiotis. The south had no feej. ! t.- r. ' e , 1 t , .e l . . eieieior euss, nnu unti oniv iiscu nun as ine ucsi wea pon to heat Van lluren they were now ready lo dis card Iti it for nny more devoted partisan. Johnson would have run well, but ho is mentally nnd physi cally a wreck, nnel no fitter for Prcs dent than a child. Calhoun they could nnt much nnd at last Polk was hit on. Ho was one of tho earliest nnd most deter mined Texas men, and so acceptable to the sotitli ; ihe delegation frnm his slate had supported Cass throughout, but thev had never professed to be for Van furen, nnd so had nnt cheated him. The Cal houn interest could not claim him as Met'r man t the Vnn Huron men could swnllow him, Ihnugh with somo choking, nnd they would nnt take Cass: so Polk was, nt the last moment, most ungraciously ac cepted by ihe New York men, thoimh not till ihcv hadfcxhatised ctcry clibri for Vno 7uien, sent nl.d leave to withdraw from iho Convention, which ttnt denied them. And so James K. Polk certainly not mnrc than n third rate politician who never devised a measure nor said a thing worth remembering a tolciahlc stump speaker, with n liberal flow of words, but rather too much of a bnffiion whn got in Gov ernor of Temnossee in '39 because Iho Whigs run a candidate who could nnt speak nnd would not drink nut was ueatrn on the s'ump, nnn turneti nni in a fair face-tn-face contest in 1811, by James C. Jones, then a young man untried nnd unknown, nnd beaten again by a larger majority in '43 is lo bo Ihc candi date of a once powerful parly for President! Cer tainly ihe man beaten twice in succession hy a strip ling nf disown slate, would seem hardly the man to pit against Henry Clav I Hut he this as they rhi)oe. The nomination uf Mr. Dallas for Vice Pros elent is of n piece with that of Col. Polk. Ho is a Philadel phia lawyer nf fair talents, who ttas once in iheU. S. senate, and thence tvas sent on the Russian Mission, pocketing SIR.COO for n very brief excursion to St.Pe tcrsburch : since he has not been alilicted with the cares of office, and would not now have been thought of for Vice Prosielent hut for the fact ihit ho was con spicuous nl nn annexation meeting in Philadelphia a few weeks ago. This, although he got but 13 nut nf 2fi0 totes on the first I allot, nnl Gnv. Fairfield, of Maine, hid 87, give him the nomination the moment it wasstnteel io oonientioo. Such is the Texas ticket, nnd such the labyrinth of chances through which it has etnergeel into ueing Can it be difficult to predict its fate? Tribune. POLK on Tiir. TARIFF. The nomination nf Mr. Polk, lias at once raised the important question, "what aro his views on tho tariff?" and Mr. Hardin of Illinois, in reply to a Icttcs from Mr. Irvin nf Pennsylvania, has shed some light on this subject, In the session of 1842 -'43, Mr. Poi.k was a member of the Committee of Ways and Means, which reported a bill (which did not pass) greatly reducing the duties below those adopted bv the (TaiilTof 1S32.) Ho made a lengthy speech in favor of tho pro posed bill, and against the Protective Sys tem, which will be found in Congressional Debates, vol. 9, paces 1162 to 1175. As a specimen of the views presented in that tpoi'di, I will qttnlR a few short extracts: It appears from tln testimony that the duties upon woollens (now fifty per cent.) may not only he . mtnrm Imt thnt t,rmtn-tirt ner cent. vHt fee a SU s'tfnt nrntsrlinn. nroi toti tllPfR liC fl COT ret)On(l lfl? t i . . .i :i t .1... .1 r..i1.. I rc itu'imn mi mcrnw miitonm, nu t uiu uuiy limy i and fairly collected: nnd that the manufacturers of cottons, and especially of coarse cottons, would he able toe onlinne Iheir business prnJHabli at the reduc ed duUjoflttclre and a half percent, on the rival for cijio article." . "I propose next toeslahlish, bv testimony equally entitled to credit, the lliirel proposition, which is, lhat the manufactures of the United Slates were in a pros perous condition iineler the act of 1910, and for eislit years interrenintf between ihe t ears of 13IG an I 1921, nnd also ihit ihe act of 19IG afforded them ample imidcntal protection." Con. Debates, vol 9, page 1,170.1 "The wool-growers consider ihe duty upon foretsn wool asiinporlant to their prosperity. This opinion. I apprehend, is founded in error. Very little wool of Ihe iniddhne quality, "'it'll ns we produce, isimpnrted. The kniN eliie-rty unpolled nre either the coarse South Amert'-an wool, ensiini; Mailt cents anil tinder ihe pound, neither of u'lich de tee produce, or if wo do to a vi'ry limited extent." . My opinion is 'Ml wool svmia oe auiy tree ; nui as eviiii ,nmu'iri t link oltierw e. tvu nnve reia neu a tliity itfifteen per cent, upon tho imported article." Cun. Debates, tol.9, p. 1,174. In relation to tho TarilTot 1842 we aro at nn loss for his opinions. Mr. Polk was a candidate for Governor iuTennesseo in 1843, (in which race, you know, he was a second time defeated by a largo majority,) and dur ing the canvass he permitted no opportunity lo escape biir. to denounce the Tariff in the most bitter terms. In response to an inqui ry whether bo "approved of such a Tariff as would givo protection to Homo Industry against Foreign Industry," ho answered ns 1 ant informed by gentlemen who are perfectly familiar witlt bis views, as given on the stump and in bis circulars, that he was opposed to the principle of Protection. His answ er lo this and other interrogatories will be publish ed as soon as they can be procured from Tennessee. Fortunately, however, I am at no loss for an authentic document which presents Col. Polk's views of the TarilTof 1842. I havo before me the "Synopsis of Gov. Polk's Speech to the People oj Madison and the adjoining Counties, delivered at Jackson, on Monday, the 3d of April, 1843," printed in pamphlet form, and written out for publica tion by Gov. Polk. From it I quote the fol lowing extracts : elte tool other views, briefly presented, of the sub ject, ami proceeded to the discussion id the Protective TaritT act passed by the last Congress. He showed that by ino Uennpromtso I arm oi idjj, iiih hi em uu imported atlicle wns lo exceed 'JO per cent, upon its value nfier the 30th of June, IS42. No higher duty than '10 per cent. uai imposed nn any article after Ihe 30th of June, 1842. until the 30,h nf August, 181'i, on which latter day the present Tatitf law was passed by a Whig Congress. The Whig Coucress laid violent hands on the Compromise Act of 1833, and broken up.' "It was clear, therefore, that the late I anil act was not a revenue measure. It had raised the rates of du ty so high as to hul out imports, and consequently to ..... ..ir..nrl itinunl&h revenue." "Judging from Iho amount of revenue received nl ihe Treasury, under Iho opeinlions of the present Tarifl'acl, for ihe laslquatler nf 1812, as already shown ;, u.;ti nm nrndiirn annually half iho amount of reve nue which would have been produced by Ihe lowe-r tales of tho compromise act, nau inai act ueen itu un disturbed. , ,. , .... "He wasnpnosed to direct taxes, and to prohibito ry and proleclivedulies, snd in favor of such moder af duties as would not cut on" importations. IN OTIIKIt WORDS. HF. WAS IN FA VOU OF H K DUCINC, TIIK DI'TIHS TO THF. RATES OF TIIF.COMPUOMISK ACT. WHKUF.TIIE WHIO CONGRESS FOUND THEM ON THE 3lh OF JUNK, 1812." , ... "The Soulh, aud be Willi them, had voted for the act of 1632 because il was a reduction of ihe rates of Iho act of 1928, though by no nie-ans so low as he would have desired it lobei still il was Iho greatest reduction which could be attained al the time of its T"'tW DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE COURSE OF TIIF. POLITICAL PAltTV WITH tyiuuii iik (Mr. Milton Hbown) ACTS AND MYSELF IS WHILST THEY AIM! THE AD VOCATES OF DISTIIIIttlTlfllV INI) A I'llfl. TECTIVE T A 111 F F M E A S U 1 1 E3 WHICH I CONSIDER HUINOOS TO THE INTERESTS OF THE COIINTltV aVIi h.upri'iai.i.v Tn THEINTEliKSTSOFTHEPLANTlNG STATES rr..V.AY.V' ' I'AHILY AiND AT ALL TIMES OPPOSED BOTH." These extracts conclusively provo the hos tility of Col. Poi.k to tho protective policy, which ho consilium " ruinous to the country, especially to the planting Sfacs." That is n sufficient argument with him. Ho there fore is now for " reducing the duties to the rates under the compromise act, where the Wing Congress found them on the 30th June, 1842;" and Gov. Polk himself shows that " the tat on no imported article was to exceed twenty per cent, upon its value after the 30th June, 1842." Then it is clearly seen that ho is for a horizontal t a n i pf of twenty per cent, with discriminations (if any made) below even that rate. Coinciding as Col. Polk does in opinion with Calhoun and the ultra anti-tarilT-frec-trado men of tho South in his views on tho tariff, it is not surprising that they should havo been willing to compromise on him, nor is tl at all astonishing to hear thai Messrs. Pickens and Elmore, tho ministers plenipo tentiary from South Carolina to Baltimore, although refusing to participate in tho pro ceedings of the Convention, yet, when tho nomination was made, roso up in the Con vention nnd pledged ihc uio of Oouth Car olina for Col. Polk. And it now onlv re mains to bo seen whether that large portion of the Democratic party who believe in tho policy and propriety of bestowing fair pro tection upon American industry, will consent to be handed over without notice or consul tation to the support of a free-lrade-horizon-tal-tnritT advocate, who is the makeshift can didate oflhc Baltimoro Convention. MR. HIVES ON THE TARIFF. Mr. Rives of Virgina made a strong speech in the Senato on the 2Glh, in favor of tho principle of protection to American industry. He voted against the present tariff in 1842, but its boncficiul effects upon the country havu been so manifest, lhat bo cannot hon estly do otherwise now than lend bis aid to sustain it. This measure is gaining friends every day, especially in Virginia, where the Whig party al their late election adopted il as a leading principle, and slaked upon it the issue of ihe battle which resulted so gioriously for them and the countty. Tho course now taken by Mr. Rives shows that the friends of Mr. M' Kay's bill reckoned without their host when they calculated upon his support. TYLER CONVENTION. Tho miserable firce of nominating John Tyler for the Presidency, by a convention of office-holders and expectants, came offal Baltimore on the 27ili. Our readers will in fer the character of tho convention, when we inform them that O. V. Ilollenbcck, late clerk in the Post Office al this place, repre sented Vermont, and officiated as Vice Pres ident. No nomination was made for Vice presiJc, on ,le c.inl. ticket, bill a commit tPR I) n( I 111 Pfl 10 DPlfurm ltl.lt SI'l'VICO ! Tv ' ler accepts the nomination, subject to the condition, that if Texas is admitted inlo the Union this session, he may withdraw otherwise- not. " Texas or the Presidency," j he says, " are the only alternatives." The Madisonian characterizes tho Polk nomination as an attempt to get up n third ticket, to defeat the regular nomination ! POLK ON WOOL, Tho Locofocos in this State havo been very clamorous on the subject of wool, nnd havo charged the Whigs wiih the design of enriching the manufacturer at iho expense of the American wool-grower. To remedy this evil, thsy have been to Baltimore, and agreed to support a man for President whose opinions are certainly unequivocal on this subject, and if they come up to that "incidental" protection which our opponents talk so much about, of course they will all throw up their cans for Polk, and Wool. But to the testimony. In 1833, Mr. Polk reported a bill in the House of Rcpresenta lives to reduce tho tariff, or in other words to destroy its protective features. This re port was sustained by a long and artful speech from which wc extract the following, as par ticularly applicable to wool. " It annears from this testimony that the duties un on woollens (now fifty per cent, , may not only be re duced, but that twcnty-Jirc per cent will be a snjficlent protection, provided ilicre be a corresponding redcc- TION On Hie HAtv 31ATKHI.I.i eiem uiv e'uie uc lejily and fairly collected ; and that the manufacluters of cottons, and especially of coarse roiuns would le able to continue iheir business profitably at the reduc ed duty of txethe and a half per cent on the rival for .ton nrlfi-le." "1 nronosc next to establish, hv testimony enuallv entitled lo credit, the third proposition, whk'fi is, that elm manufactures of the United States vrero in a pros perous condition under the act of 1616, and .for the ..'..Li ......a ,,ie..-m'n. Imeu'irn iIia vo.irft 1 Rift n rf,,r. cey . --'; -----a"" UCU-t'lClf. ui" ...v. Observe, n " reduction on the raw mate rial," (wool,) is to save tho manufacturer ! But what of tho wool-grower Listen, a moment "The wool-growers consider the duty upon foreign i ;m..n.ni to iheir nrosperilv. Thi opin ion, I apprehend, is founded in error. Very lillle wool of the middling quality, such as we produce', is imparled. The kinds chiefly imported are cither the coarse Soulh American wool, costing eight cents and .,n,l..r ihe nound. ot the fine saxnnv ttool, costing more Ihan a dollar the pound, neither of which do we product, or if we do, to a very limited extent." TT" My OWN OPINION IS THAT WOOL SIlOUUl BE cutv rar.E."Jv3 What say ye, men of Vermont t Is thi: tho shepherd of your flock ! this tho pro teciion lhat is to raise iho prico of wool 1 ibis the policy that is to relievo your embar rassments i "Yea," says tho Sentinel, " Yea," cries the Democrat, and " hurrah for Polk," cry tho party leaders who will try to " pull tho wool over yonr eyes," and lead you like lambs to tho altar. But be not de ceived ; and when you cast your voto for Polk, don't forget lo endorso tho back of it with " my opinion is, that wool shoidd be duty jree." We thank God that tho issue is now fairly made, and the Democracy of Vermont can manifest their faith by their works. Mr. Clay lias replied lo a note from Mr. White, of Kentucky, denying, in tho most explicit terms, that ho had ever usrd tho fal lowing words in debate, or elsewhere, or any tiling of the samp, or similar efTect : If " gentlemen will not allow us to havo black slaves, ihey must allow us lo have white ones ; for wo cannot cut our firewood, and black our shoes, and havo our wives and daughters work in the kitchen." We havo not room for tho whole teller, which con cludes ns follows : " I have no desiro to disparage the industry of the wives of any of the certifiers lo the extract, nor to bo.isl of that in my own family: but 1 venture to say that no one of litem perlorms more domestic industry wiih her own hands, than my wifu docs at Ashland." MR. MARSH'S SPEECH. We conclude upon our fitst pane the very lnterf- !" pfef h . ''e'"- aeurE0 ''' M"h " '"ab ject of the Turin Hill proposed hy Mr. McKay. Wu need not invite the render's attention to the concluding part or Ibis speech, for Ihe "reputation of lheauthorft as Ihe IJurhngton Free Press well remarks " tl.o importance of ihc subject, and the rich, racy style in which he handles it, alike conjoin to secure it an at-, ten live perusal." So popular is this speech of Mr. Marsh in this vicinity, that to supply Ihe demand, we have stricken of! in pamnhlcl fur'm firo thousand copies fur circulation in Franklin couniv, and havo received orders for one thousand copies more from an ailjptnine county. A speech, so plain, so instructive, and withal so cloq"ent, will meet with great Tavor at Ihe hamls of Ibe read.nir community. The! Montprhir Watchman also re-publishes Mr. Marsh's TarilF speech, and it will have as it emi nently deserves a very extensive circulation. SI. moans tlessenger. Out ontiro edition is exhausted, and wo are sorry to inform numerous applicant that wo can answer no more orders, at pres ent. Our rreret. however. U rnm.l..d wiih no small gratification, in finding tho efforts ' of our accomplished representative so uni versally appreciated and approved. Wo may think il expedient to publish a second edition ; and if so, shall consider present orders on file. SENATOR PHELPS' SPEECH. We announced, some time since, that when wo could procure an authentic copy of (his production, wo should lay il before our readers ; and we will next week fulfil this promise. Our opponents are now openly in the field with a southern frco trade can didate, battling against protection ; and it is a duty we owe iho country to keep public opinion alive to a right view of the subject. Few documents aro betler calculated lo reach tho understanding, and impress men's minds, than ihe speech in question. RAIL ROAD. Mr. Adams, an eminent engineer from Massachusetts, accompanied hy D. Bald win, Esq.. of Montpelier, ariived in town on Wednesday evening, for the purpose of sur veying a route for iho contemplated eastern road to Boston. READING ROOM. We shall next week open the old reading room, under the patronage nf the Clay Club, and continue il lill the close of the Presiden tial campaign. Those who fi l l an interest in the contest, will find it profitnblu lo com pare notes across the green table. CCTWhen tho nomination of Silas Wright as the candidate for the Vice Presidency on thu Polk ticket was announced in the Senate at Washington, Senator Foster said it was a Kangaroo ticket, all the strength was in tho hind lc"s. "Last Crust" Butler, in his zeal fur his Pat ron's nomination, to'd the Baltimore Convention that unless Van lluren tvas nominated New Vork would jo for Clav by a majority of thou- sands. When the contention pitched Van overboard, Ilutler told them Polk would carry tho State by 13,000. Alb. Daily. The organs of Mr. Van Uuren all over tho Union for months past havo attempted to ac count for his defeat in 1810, by insinuating that the People were made drunk upon Whig songs and hard cider. Tho Washington Standard insinuates that the Convention laid Van over, from an apprehension that the people have not yet become sober. lb. Singular Coincidence. Whilst Mr Clay was passing through Cumberland, Alleghany county. Md. on Tuesday afternoon last, Wash ington Ktans, of that place, brought up and in troduced to him his two snns, one aged 14 years, mined Henry CI ii, and the other 12 years old, named ' hevdore Frclinghiitscn. C7"Arroi.vr.MENT by the Governor. Oscar C. Hale, Esq. of Wells River, Gov ernor's Aid, vice Col. Edward II. Billings, deceased. Dreaeful Accident at WiLMAinnuriG! About 7 o'clock last evening, a bank of earth, from under tth'ch tand had been dug for build.ng, at Williamsburg, caved and fell, burying seven children ttlto tvere playing beneath it, of horn si were instantly crushed or suffocated ! Three) ol them where children nf Mr. Louis Jones, ono of a .Mr. Paul, one of a Mr. Spencer, and one ol a Mr. Kerns all dead I The seventh, a child of Mr. Clevenger, tvas alive and likely to recover when our inlorinant left. Tribune of Saturday. Rather Verdant. The New Haven Re. gtstcr relates a capital stnry nfone of the mem bers of the Ce'iinecticut Legis'ature, who was present at Gov. Baldwin's 'iirarry' nn the eve ning of' election day,' Sipping lustily at the first glass of Ice crcatu he had ever seen, ha approached a person whom he suppeised con nected with the family, and with a sort of 'I'll keep shady' air, whispered, 'your tream here, as you call it, is sweetened first rate but I guess you did'nt know it was froze, did ye V Another Revolutionary Hero Gone. -Died, on the lllh inst., at Fonda, Montgomery County, in the 90th year of his age, Jarob Van Alstyne, Esq-, the last Revolutionary Soldier in the County. Sririvn Vovace. The schooner Laurel, Harlow, from Labrador, arrived at Plymouth on Tuesday, with OoO seal pelts all of which were taken, it is 6aid tit one afternoon! This is the first sealing voyage from Plymouth. May-Day Present. John Jacob Astnr ha given a grand daughter of his in Now York a May-day present, the city Hotel, worth soma 82oo,ooa, In giving an account last week of a visit to 'b Colored Orphans' Asylum, I am made lo say that "more of the Orphans arc put lo service in the City." 1 intended lo slate lhat NONE aro put to service in the City, m are sent loths country A. VISITER.