31 Ocak 1845 Tarihli Burlington Free Press Gazetesi Sayfa 2

31 Ocak 1845 tarihli Burlington Free Press Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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vtmw mmm OONGJtESS- SATur.DAv, Jan. 18. i nn Senate illil not not sit tu-day. Tho lime of tlio House, till 'J o'clock to.d.iy, xv.is occupied In tho consideration of private bills In Committee of the Whole House. At that hour the report of the Committee on At; founts in the ease or Air MrNulty, dork of the llniioo, rani'! up arrotding to postponement, Mr Taylor, clialrumi of the rnmtnitlco, Inform ed the Ilnuse lh.it the rmntnitleo met this morn, mgat 10 o'clock, but that Mr McNully failed to appear before them, lie hid, however, sent Mr Kershaw, his accounting i lok, to them, with a number of paper!--; whli-.li they hid not tune to examine bo an to make a report to day, but wishing to have some Inform itinn tngive to the House, they had asked Mr Kershaw if he know Whit had become of tho unexpended bilinro nf the contingent fund, whether it was de posited In bank, or in thehands of individ uals. To this Air Koiihaw answered that Mr McNully must answer that question !mnclf. Alier tome conversation, and an evplanation from Mr Weller, the quoj-liott was put on tho first resolution, dismissing Mr MrNulty, and decided in the afririmlivc, yeas 193, mys none. The two remaining resolu tions, ihrcctint! the Secretary of tho Treasury to adopt the means ncresR lry to recover the amount of public money in Mr Mc.Ntiltv's hutd, and requesting the President of the United States to cause proceedings to he instituted ngtinst him under tlm sub. treasury art, were nlo adop. ted. Mr Hopkins then offered a resolution thr.t H. II. French, of New 1 1 1 1 1 1 ph ire, the li-st as ustant clerk, bo appoiuteil clerk of the House ; and the rule requiring such election to he con ducted lien loce being dispensed with, the res olution was uti.iiiiiunuslv adopted, and B. II. I-rench was declared to be duly elected, and worn in as Clerk ut the lloutu. The Mouse then adjourned. Momiav, Jan. 'JO In the Sknatp, to. day, Mr liuuton presented the resolutions of the legislature of .1 ssouri, in urtielii'g the senilors from that State to use their best exertion in helnlf of he aniiovation of Texis ti the United Slates. Mr Hentnn made some reiuaiks conciirr njr in Ihpt-o resolu tions tli.it the rciunexation of Texas is a great iialio ial iiioi-uio, and that the safety ami inter est" of both govornnients require anil demand it nl the earhe-'t practicable period. Ilesnd ho hid been of that op'n'm ever since tlie country was given away in HID. He roid copious ex tracts I'rnni his speech in lSIltl, tracing the can. ses of the I'ex.n revolutio i ; an! showed tho pirellol furnished between Ins speech at tint time and the resolutions now presented, main tainiug the j.istiro of that revolution. He coin. m.Mided the sp.rit of comprnmiso exhibtlcil by the resolutions of his lugtflaMirc. Ho looked upon it as a great nan. mil measure, whirli should never bjilefrid d into any lliingsrrtioti-1 by fixing.'wiili great preci-i,,n, what goods arc con dl or p'irtiziii. Mr Atchi-nn followed in some trilnnd, or subject of monopoly. few remark ackn-iw led.'in-r. to the fill est ex- tent, the right ol iu-lrui tion. He dec.l ired him. self willing to go tiuHicr even than the resolu tions ef instrurlinn demanded forthe acquisition of Texas. Ho co'icurrel fully with them in the opinion that there was no power on earth to consult in the adjusltn"nt of tins measure, but Texas and tho United States; and express, ed his admiration of Ibo spirit of compromise xvhich Was evident in the rc-olulio:is. The res- nlolions were ordnrod to li nrintnd. nnit r,fir. ,n I ,n tin, r-,ii,i,iMn n,i I,'., ,;.,., I".. I Mr Allen presented a ur'ni irial ftho nravnr of which he enforced by some reurirk) in l.iiorof the e.xlenion of the la.vs of Ihe United Sta'es, without deity, over the Oiegon tetntory. The bill to correct a clerical error in this act supple mentary to the art lo regulate arrests under 1 mesne process in this District was passed, with an atii'Midiueiit, leaiing persons I r title to iuipris- , otimcut for tho nnu-piymcnt of lines imposed as a penalty for viol iting 'the city ordinances. Tim bill to regulate the appointments and promotion of officers of the United Slates teventie service, tho bill nuking compensation In ppiisiun agent, tho bill organizing a now laud district i:t the State of Arkansas, and the b.ll for the continu ation of the Cuiiiherl ind Hon! in the S'ates of Ohio, ludiitia and Illinois, were sever illy ron bideicd, and ordered lo be engro-ed and read a third lime. The bill lo lelunil an ascertained bilance of sooie 'J-J7,0U(), due to the Slate of, M... . mi-,.., r... o .-iiiiL-iii.-iiisutiritig the late war, was riuitdarcd, and ordered to bo engross ed by a vote, tm yeas. mil nays, of 27 to 17.Sev. eral oilier hills of .1 pn'valo character lining been considered and ordered for engrossment, i till, SJ..M .to un,..,t ,i.n I... f .i. t ... :.. .1. . os - nl, L ,1 n , , i 3 r 1 cussing the bill an lionising the making of per- nnnout contracts lor transporting ,0 UniCd Slates mail nn railroads ; which Was final !y post- polled till Mouil iy, tbe II I of February next. ! In Ibo Houm:, MrMcICtv, from ihe Commit. ,-,,r ,,. -.i " i .I, . appropriations for tertaiii fortiticalions of thu United Slates for the li-cal ve ir boginning the 1st d t'v nf July, 1BI3, and ending the BO It of June, lSlfi ; which was lend twice, and referred to the committee of the wholo on tho stale of tlio Union. The Hou-e then adopt.-,! a resolution to meet at 11 o'clock, instead of Vi, for the re mainder of the session. The resolutions for the reannexation of Texas were then taken up, in Coinmilleenf tho Whole, and Mr Ilainmoll. of Miss., addressed the Coininitleo in faver of the measure. Messrs Hudson and Marsh followed in opposition toil ; after which the Co.iiuiilteo rose, and the Huuse adjourned. TucsrAV, Jan. 21. The Satiate, tn diy, after pissing up hi sev eral b.lls ol no public importance, went into the rnnsidoration of the bill for the establishment of the Smithsonian Institution for the inrreaso and dillusioii of knowledge among mmi. It was do. bated at great length in committee of the whole, and all the amendments being disposed of, was reporled to the Senalc. The remainder of the thy was spent in executivo session. The debate on the Texas question was con. tinned in the Hnuso tn-dty. Messrs Kbetl, Caldwell, and Andrew John-nn, spoko in favor ol the incisure, and Mr (lidding in opposition to it. When the c.iuitnitlee roe, Mr Iliyd, of tuib'intted a proposition, whiell was accepted by Mr I) uigl.iss as a suhstitiitn for his ainendmint, and whjcb yoes to admit Texas into the Union ns a State, she paying her own debts, and re. tnioing h-r own lands. The question will now bo on this propujiii.m. WnoNEMiAV, Jan. 22. Tho Senate, to-day, pissel several bills, tbe most important of winch were Ibo bill miking appropriilions for I lie rouliniutinn of the Cum. berland run! through the Slates of Ohio, Indi ana, and Illinois, which was passed by a vote of j in 1 1 ; aim 1 ne mil authorizing tbe piyinont to At issirlitisfitts an ascertained balance of some iS.UtH), due her for advanre made during the war. This lull was passed, on yeas od inys, by a voto of 25 to 19. Tho hill for nhrimnn u,tf Dubuquo claim wasdebatul n great length; It it beturo action upon it, the oemtio iiojooriieu. Iii the House, Mr Diuglass, nn leaie, Intro tlnreU a bill to estililnli military pints in the 7'erriinr es of Nebraska and Oregon : which was read twice and referred to tho rouirnt ten tm .Military AlTtirs. The Houso then resolved Itself into a (youiiintleo nl the Whole, and ro sinned tbe t sideratinii nf I lio resolutions for the n-ajiiiRnalmii of Texas. McssrH Rithhuti nf N and I'olloek spoko in opposition to the measure, and Mr Cobb in its favor. Mr llar.il urn obtained the tl or, and the cnnimi'teo rose Previous lo going mtn rnunnilleo nl the Whole, Mr Kobiiison, nl N V, on leave, introduced lull fer the ajuiission of Texas as a State into tho union. Tnurtsnay, Jan. 23. The Senate to day passed tho bill for tho cs ta'olishmeni of the Smithsonian luslitule for tho tnrrease,anu iHtiimon ol knowledge aomo" men. Tho bill, for tbe feillomcnt of tho I) ibuqiie rlaiui iv.u' llien discussed at great length, and laid upon tho table for Ibe present. Tho Sen ate spent tho remainder of tho day iiiexecu. lit o session, In tho House, Mr II. Smith, of a, in pursu. sncc of iintn o gunn, obtained leave, and intro. iliii-cil a b.ll Muling rcruin alternate eechons of land to the State of Illinois, to aid In tho con struction of tho Alton and Mount Carmel, and Alton and Shawneetown railroad, willed was read twice, and referred to the cuminitteo on Public Lands. On motion by Mr C.Johnson, the House then resolved itself into committee of tho Whole, and resumed tho ronsii.eration of tho joint resolutions for the roannexation of Texas. Messrs Haralson, Hamlin, anil Ficklin addressed tlw couini'tlco In favor of the meas ure, and Messrs Collamcr of Vt. and Seymour of N. V. spoke in opposition to it. Mr Dront goolo obtained tho floor, and the rominillno ro.-o and reported progress. Tho House then adjourned. Friday, Jan, 21. In the House, a message wes read from tho President ol the United States, transmitting an abstract of the China treaty, and recommending In Congress tho adoption of measures to carry it into effect. A number of executive lotntuu. titrations, and a number of hills from the Senate, were read and referred to appropriatn commit tees. Tho House went Into I'ommitleo of tho Whole on the state of thu Union, and the Tex as debate was continued. Messrs. Proingnolc, Daniel, Stone, Klhs, and Noma spoke in favor of the resolution, and Messrs. Il.muril, Adam', Morse, and Harragh opposed it. Mr. Stephens then obtained the llnor, when the cuminitteo ruse and tho House adjourned. THE"TREATYWITH CHINA. The soul of scrrccy lias not yet been re moved from the Treaty . between our Gov ernment with China, but most of the docu ments v 1 1 i c I i accompanied it when sent to thu Senate, arc not included in the injunc tion. Among these is a letter from Mr. Gushing to the Secretary of State, contain ing nn abstract of tho Treaty, with his views of its character and bearing. Wo copy it below fi oni tho National Intelligencer, and, is 1 1 in t paper remarks, it will bo rend with more interest even than tlio Treaty itself. tiir Tun.mMViTir china, Vow Jtr. Cushing to the Seiretary or State. Macao, July 5, 1SJ4. Sin il hale the honor to enclose to you a copy of t lie inaly of Wang lliya, as signed on the 3d in stant. On examining ibis document, you will find, in the first plu-i-, thai, in the description nf the contracting parties, Ihelangu-tgcol llie stipulations, and llicinnde nfexeentioii, the stylo of perlect equality bet wren the 1'nili d Slates and China, has been sedunuslv observ ed I nnd Ia liny nd.t, lh.il (bis bns I ccn carefully at tended lo in the I'liinrse as Hill ns in the Fngiish du plicate i-fihe treily. Von will pcrci-ne, ill the second place, that ibis treaty contains many provisions uhiih are not cm , brand eiilitr in the Knglish trentv of .nukin, or in I lie Ircalv snppletucntnr) thcicto, n'liii h comprehends the tinll'ind the cnminercii! regulations. 1st. The larill'is mnenJcl, by the reduction oflhe ,li.,;u. nn ....nnnrliln. ,.f t ... I,... .. I. nn.l lucre is iiotiuug m tiiei.imiisii irealicsto limit the power of ihe Huipcror m the exclusion of arlu Ics of minor! or t xport. Thus he mirjlit render all commercial privileges nil Kilorv, by prohibiting the uxpot lalion ot tea nnd silk, and the importation of cotton or cotton fabric ; or be mijbl obstruct tho commerce in these or any other nrlieics by makini; thi-tu the subjects of close monop oly, as i now the case with alt. Tins is guarded n2aint in the treaty of Wang llivn by makina thonlgecis of contra1 and and monopoly! initter of sit million between the Gaerniueni&. And no modifications of the tantl are to te made without the consent of the I'niied Sintcs for the pivmcnt of duties, nnd i; bound lo prosecute ... ,i,c .., :iii-ii tu.i.irn, mi; .uii-iu is r-rtUIIlV for nil iufractiiiiisoftlie rcvenui' laws oft'liina. This i to trmfer to the ftriiiah t.ovetniiifnt theitffice nnd n siiontliihly nf pnins; duties, which involves miicb of rciuliliou and f form in tho prosecution of tinde, which experience lias nlreidv shown to uiconieni ent lo ihe stitiju-ts as will ns the Coverninent ol (re-it Itrinin. All this ia nvoided in the lieaty of li nn? Ili)n, by iinkinz ibe duties paxnldc in cah, w hich is perfectly necep'iMo to the tnerehanl, and in accordance wilh'the course of bii'incss in Chun. 31. New provision is inane in tb--amplest nnnner for the traihx from port to port, in Cliim, A ship which, bavins touched at Canton, has there pal I tonnace duties, nnd discharged a pirt of the car f'o, iiny proceed with the residue lonnyolherport in China, without htinu subject lo the payment of ton nnpedutyn secuiil tunc; and nod-which hnebeen Inndt'd. nnd pnii duty at one of the ports of China, nnv, nt nnv time, be re-erpi rted lo any oilier port of , hum, wiinoui nt-iim btii -ei 10 any luriiif-i uuiy. Tills latter provision t enaivalent loa watchouse sis tern for all the roit nfthiua, -Itli. Due provision is m.ido for Ihe recognition and personal dignity and securily of consuls or any other oUieerr. whom 'the (roiernuient of the United States miy slji fit loappo.ut for tlio siiperinlenJcnce of our tra le iif ('lima. 5th. In regird to the payment of th.ties, various pro"isi,,ns are inserttd, for' ibo convenience of our "mmerce, with respect lo ihe mode of piymenl, and. ,,, ,.; ,h ,t ier. ban 'ise may lelinded fro.n time to time, as tiny ho conicnient duly beinu pnnl on ihe articles only when thev are landed, and that vssrls onv, within a huiin-d lime, dcparl, if they ir,V,V''1'''''1 V,7''l'i'!2 l'u! , . t ,i bill, Oiti7.ensnl the United Sta'es nrc lo have nil nr- eomnio lalion it each of the fivo ports, not only as beret' fore in the construction of dwelling houses and migizim s, but also of churches, cemetirics and hos punls. 7lh. Provision is mule for the employment, by Ameiicans, of persons to tenth the hnginges of the empire; nnd llio ptirehn'o of books is legaliud il liiiin been tlie custom heretofore for ihe Olunese (Jovtrnment to persecute and oppress sui h of its i-ub-jecis ns either gave instruction or sold books to for eigners in I'hiua; which rin-iiinsiauce has been n great obstacle to Ihe study of llio Inngmge" of t 'bun. nnd the neqiiisitlon of the means of satisfactory iulir coursc with its Government. Sib. AH Ameiicans in China are to be deemed sub ject" only to ilia jurisdiction of tbtir own Govern ment, both in criminal mailers and in question of civil li-itit. Ivslnll hive occasion lineifter lo enter into these si.hjn.-t somewhat in detail, and lo suggest to the I'resul-ni the expediency of recommending lo Con gress the enactment of laws in this tcla'ion, applica ble, not only to Americans in China, but in Turkey and elsewhere in Asia, where Ameri.-.ins fin rnninmn willi Furopeans) nre in n nnnner exempt from the juiisiiieuoo 01 me tocai i.ovi rnineut. 9dl Oili.ns ol the United Stales in nhin-i. nnd ever, thing appertaining 10 ibeni, are placed under Ihe ci-i.-iii iiiiiii-i-iioo ,n nit-i oiuese Kovernmeiit. winch engages todefuul them fiom all insult or inturv. If the t'liinese auihoriiicB neglect their duly in this resiiei i, nicy ni course urrotno rcsponsilile for all con sequence", on rotnphint bii.e made lo tho Govern iiii ill nt tne unllcil sin es. In part exei-lllion of this, and other rnrretnnndinn ptovisions of the inaly, particular nrrsngeinents nre in ir on no me iiirtuyr security o ritiens of the Unilcd ....... .iratuiiiif ,i, ..iii,oi,,ui wuieii arcporiwiu te undo lo vou in due tinu-. tilth. I he vessels of the ITmlnl m .mm, and go freely bet w-ci-n llie ports of China, nnd lhneof any olner country with whiell ("liiua tiny hapuen to ho nt wir, in full ecurity, nol oily for the ship, but for nil descriptions of nicrehniidics llio neutrality of our flig, mi l every tiling it cuy.rs, being especially guiriinti-o, llth Provision is made for the Protection and reliif nf vessels strnnded on tbecou6t of Clorin, or driven bv any sort ot ri major into w hatever port nf Chi na l nnu nisoior uio resmuuon 01 properly loKen tiy pirit'-sin Ibe sensofChim Win. iquiluvin rorrespondenre between civil or oiiluary nnd naval nllieers of ibo United Suites and those of Chinn is stipulated, as also the observance of nil courtesy and reneet in thecorresnoniieneehelween muiviouai cuizeni 01 tno unileu stales and olticcrs ol the tuiinese (jovernuient. I Jilt. .No iire-enls nro lo to demanded bv either Government of the other. The imgo among Amuc Stales of giving nnd re ceiving presenU has been tho sourer ofirrpnl ineon. vemenee to tne united Hnes in thosd enses even win roll Ins lieen a mere unlier of eourtesv. Itut. a the receipt of presents by ibo Chimse Givernment lias nlwnis lulherlo been a sumed Ijv the tatter os nn act nf tribute on tho put of llie Government m iking such present. It seemed to he Mi l morn desiral In lo iiholiHi llio practice at once by j provision of the Irenty. 14. Ships of war of tho Foiled Slates, and their cnnrnindrrs, nre nt nil tunes to bo courteously re ci lieu in ine pons ni i; una. Il seemed lo mo lint sneh a provision would secure In our ships of nnr all such nccess to tho ports of China ns nny be mcdfnl, ridier for their own rebif or lor the protection ot me merchant steps nnd cm rem of Ibo United Stalest wbde it would be incon veaient to go so far n the I'.ncli-li have dune, nnd engage lo keep a hip of war at ull times in each of Ihe live ports or I him. 15. Ileretnfote, noli.ivernmrnt (except Hussia) has iietu oireci rommumc.iiioti won ttiot'ourtoi Linina. At the present tunc even Ihft Itriiisli Guvernuieiit does not hold rorrcsr.ondence with the Court of Pe. King, t insisted upon mrl nntnineln pronsnn lor communieitious hitwvrn the two Governments. The nrli -l of tlio Irenty does not specify to whom rouimiinini'ions iroin llie United Mtntcs simll Ue nd. drn-ed, it h. ing left lo tliodit -retion of the American G ivernmeal to elect whom it may address, not ex cepting the Rinpcrnr. upon tui point I sisll make to vou a separnie com municntion, null rrfeicncc as well lo ns nnpoit jute ns for the purpose of indicating die parties of Court whom it will be most convenient for llio Srctelnry of State lo address, when occasion shall nric. 10. In regard lo opium, which' is not dirictly men toned in the Unglish treaties, it is provided ly tlio maty of Wnng lliya, that citizens of tho P. Sialism. Ripe I in tlits or ny oilier contraband trade shall re ccivo no prnieriion from ibo American Government, nor shall the llig of the United Stales he abusively employed by oilier nations as a cover for tho hws of Chinn. I'pon this point, also, 1 shall have occasion to address to you a separate de-patch. I have thus, in a brief manner, indicated some of the tirrnhar provisions tf ibis Ireaty. Many of llieiu aro new nnd important. Some ot the Heali-di newspapers have romntcnted rathrr boistfully upon the fact lint the thudi'li nrms hid oponi'd I ha ports of Uhim lo mbcr nnlions, nnd 1 nt the same lime bile, with flippant icnotance, ridi-1 ruled theiden ofi mission from tbeUnited States to do that u nc i (it was said) lind been n ready wholly done bv laiglind, I nscnlie nli possible honor to tho ability displayed bv Sir lle'nry l'ottinger in China, nn.l to the suc:ia vihiih nltended his neirotiilions! nn J I recognise the debt of gratitude which ttieUniied Stntes nnd nil oth er nitions owe to J.oelnnd for what she has accom plished in China. Prom nil this much benefit hasnc crned lo the United Stales. liul, in return, the Ircnlv of Wang llivn, tn the new provision it mikes, ronfers n great benefit nn the commerce of ihe Itrilish lanpirei forlhosnpplemcn. Inl Knelish trentv stinnlnti s that nnv new privileges conceded by China lo oilier nations shall he enjoyed also by Kngland, and there i9 n similar provision in tho trentv of W'.inn llivn nnd thus, whatever pro gress either Government tmkes in opening this x-ast empire to tho influence of foreign commerce, is for the common food of each other nnd of all Christen dom. The details of the tnnffare not vet completed, nnd some incidental questions remain lo bo arrange 1 i sunn uispose ol these mailers as snnn ns possnne, in order tn transmit tho Ircalv nnd n'l Ihe correspon dence, and vnrious other pirlicnlarsnf the negotiation, in senson. it possuue, lo tie ntu neioro tne ocu.uo oi Ibe opening of ihe next ses-ion of Congress. I am, wiih great respect, your nb'i serv't, C. C0SII1NO. Hon. Jons- Nelson, &c. FOR ETON. Boston, Jan. 25. By tlio new Royal steam packet Cambria, Capl. Jiulkins, in 19 1-2 days fiom Liverpool, wo have received lite monthly budget of foreign intelligence to llio 1st inst. from Paris, to tho 3d from London, and to tlio 4lli from Livcrpoul. Tlie Cambria worked admirably in every way,but encountered very strong licad winds, nnd constant severe weather. On suvcral days the Western gules were so heavy that she made but very slow progress. Parliament not being in session there is little English news of a political character. The dissensions of llio established church continued without nnv manifest abatement. " , I lio l-resuiciil s message on mo opening of Congress was received in England, by the steamship Caledonia, Capt. Loll, which ar rived in Liverpool on tho afternoon of Dec. 2!), in 13 days. Tlio message was published it. ill., f.ooilntl tinners nf till! .'lOltl. Illlll WHS nf course the subject ol vatied comment. The following aro tho first remarks of llio Times : Mr. Tyler has nol fallen far short of our prognos ticitions'in jus last effusion; but it is tlie first time since tho foundiiion of the Union that llio annual tnesr-iget'f tlie President ef the United States has been converted into a manifesto to justify a great net of violence, nnd to recommend n measure which amotin's lo nn eirncst preptraiion for ofluisiie wnr. This unwicldly doniiii'-nt includes every thing, from n di.i.icliccssny on the properties of 11, publican con fo lern'ions, dow n to tlio expediency of establishing a ro.ie.walk "ronrenfcnl In I tic hemp-growing region," nndi lunatic nsihim nt Washington j but every part of it is imbued with llio siuie spirit, and that spirit tends c.xclusuily to ngitile the mind of the American people on their foreign relations. Mr. Tiler indeed observes, that "the fust and most effective means of preserving pence nrc the strict obsetvnnce of justice, and Ibe honest and punctual fulfilment of all engage tnetits." In most other i-ountries tho proposition is ndniitied nnd ndhered to in its direct sense s but Mr. Tyler's mea-urcs seem expressly calculated to de moiislralc the converse of the sime undeniable Iruih, and lo show ihe wo-ld lb it an audacious violation of justice, nnd a I'hihdelphim dishonesty nnd unpunc tinlityin Ibo nou-fulfilmenl of engagements, lend lo unsettle ihe oem-tnl peace and nil ihe landmarks of society". Four-fifths of the messigo nie engrossed Willi discussions of foreign questions, pending, ith Iwreo llie Cited shll,.a ,) 0il,,.r Cowers b leiruories in Ihe New Wolld. Tho remsiuder more or less in ni uiioov ;ioii eiuii!iiiiis-uimr '1 rioiipil. nl'ier n liri.-f statement of the improved Mnnri- cnl condition of the Union, willi recomuiendn lions for the improvement of ihenrmy, the ordniuec depart ment and forlificit ens of llie coast, the navy yards, nud cspccinlly ihe ctraliouofa steam mvy. The Times expresses its satisfaction with llio tone of tho remarks of tho Message on tho British negotiation. Il comments at negoiiiition some length on the subject of annexation as discussed in llio Message and the correspon dence of Mi'. Shannon. A subsequent arti cle in tho Times of Jan. 2, has a more full commentary on some parts of llio Message, and on Mr. C tlliotin's teller lo Mr. King, which is published in lh.it paper. After re marking at sottii! length on llie part of tlie Messago and Mr. Calhoun's correspondence in relation to Mexico, il alludes as follows to Mr. Calhoun's teller lo Mr. King: Meanwhile, nnd this is not the least important part of Ihe case, the American ngents were not inactive in Kuropc. Il appears from a despatch which vie print in another colimin, nddre-sed ( 12th of August. 1 3-1 -I ) to .Mr. King, the Amcricnn Minister at the Cuuri of France, lint on Ibe nrrivnl of that eentleinnn nt Pans he nt once received n personal declaration from llio King, that in no event icauld any ris he taken by lit 9 Government in tho slightest doreo hostile, or which would give llie United Slates just cause of complaint." In a sub-equent conversation between Mr. King nnd .XI. Guiiot, that Minister is reported to have de clared, tint France had not ngrcod to unito with F.ngland in a protest ngainsl nnuexatim; and the American Government inferred that Fritice was nol disposed, in nny evctil, to take n hostile attitude with reference lo onuexatiou. Frnncc vvns, therefore, un dtrslood by the Cabinet nf Washington lo nbnndon Die principle ol I cxau incepenuencc ns completely os if she hail lever recognized it, or hid recognised It only lui llio purpose of aliening the Uui'od States in tlio plunder of the Mexican territory. Mr. King was. Ilierelor,', to intortn i.ouis rnmippr that trie oujeci ot Hnnexnlion woul I be pursued with unabated vienr. annexation woul i le pursued with unabated vigor, nml ,n ni.i. Iiirf nolniiin ihn, n American people were in its fuvor. and that it would ueitoeu majority oi inei certainly bo annexed at no distant day. Such a transaction ns this nl Paris nlforded the most power- fil eiieourngcmenl which llio scheme could receive from I-.ui ope. since it left Great llnlnin to maintain tho independence or 'lexns single-bnndtd t nnd wo must ndd, thai it places llu- good faith of ihu Fiench Govirninent in a vcryrquivoesl light. We require lo hi informed, cangoririitiy, whethir or nol the t rench Government vva not at the siino time affecting to ioin tn our endeavors to munlain the atu aiio'm Texas, whilst il was in reality fiving these assurances to Mr. King? The charge is a serious ono. and we await tho answer. .Mr, Calhoun, however, liastencd to avail himself of tins opening, lie at onco placed the question on Its rue inns ine cxis once nnu interests oi avery nnd he npneals lo Franco with a coiif.'enco ,,c wc would fun believe lo bo tuisp'need, to t-ouibine vvitli himin definiiog n policy which lends to llio alio tition of shvety ontbo Americin continent. Adimi ling that one of the main objects of linlish policy in Unique lion is to check tho progress and ascendancy ! 1 8nn' UJ. " " " "7 -ofs'iveinstiiutinns, bo contends tint ' Franco ran J fr bntne. ' boold man (bp. i . uie was Unbar hnvono iniere-t in the consumuiotion of ihu proud i Campbell) kept one of the gold pieres unlil In scheme, but lb it her inlercsls, nnd ihosoof all ibe continental Powers nl Furope, nrodireelly opposed to It" In other words, ne argues explicitly Hint the in terest of llio l.uropean rowers demands that ihey should not only tolerale, but encourage nnd promote slavery in Aineiicin, ond therefore assist America in unpirtlled nets of spoliation nnd bid faith, on which the permanence of sla very on that comment nvuw. edly depends. This is the question snipped by us own ndmcato of nil ibsgui-ei nnd the odious motive? in winch this nbouunnble scheme have originated namely, the aggrandizement of tbe Fniled Stales, for the express purpose of perpetuating the servile con dilion of ihe negro race ire laid bam lo the wonder an t execration of minuuul. On these grounds .xtr. Calhoun appeals to rivi un! Frnnro nnd civilized Fu ropefor eneoiirngemenl nnd support. The principal uueresi (though it is not th only one", wo havo in de precating llio annexation ol Texas, is our hatred nnd resistance lo that violation of human rights and di vine Justice, which weliavo f rndicatetl from tlio colo nies of lltil tint and it is by n labored defence of sla veryand slave interests llm Mr. Calhoun couitj ihe aympilhy i'f the French Government. u r leave unnotireu ins sarcasm" nn nnr pnuantliro- py and fanaticism j wo binilc t the motives ndn-u lously imputed to us of acquiring by free labor n mo nopoly of trnpicnl productions, ana Ihe cnminnnd of ihecontinerce, niviaaiion, and manufactures tf the world. The policy nf 1'nglnnd is nrred in the eyes of tho people of laiginiul because it is the policy ol freedom, justice, and civilization. To measure It by the mere rules nf temporary interest is n folly nnd n deceit nltlinugh if wo do sland alone in the defence of these great principles, wo stand armed with the most terrible power ever placid by I'mvidcnrn in the hands of n great nnlion. Wo know not what pirt may benssigncd to us by thoroiitse of events in this conlciiliont iter do wo forijrt lint thoniiinicnancoof tioiccis Ilia hifrhest rlntv nl rnliilttonrit slslesinen. nnd that the crimes and frauds of the we'tern hem isphere do not rest on the consci"ncc nf llritain, Hut there never was on instance in whiell our policy was - Kssrounj'islifi.ihly impugned than in this despatch of nn Amciican Minister, written for tho express pur- ntseol biing used a-'linsl us at the Court of nnr near est ollii-s and weare persuaded Ihnt ibis mention of it wi.l t'tHi-'-n tojouse the jusl indignation of this coun try, an'Un'huw therml nniurc of these scandalous proceedings lo the whole world. Tlio Morning Chronicle also comments willi freedom on that nf the mrssugo which relates In Mexico and Texas, nnd also on Mr. Calhoun's loller to our Minister in Franco. Tho following aro llio remarks of tins paper on this last topic: tf tlio American slave interests hive Icen success ful o I tho Flench court, Ihey have been equal!) sue cesstnl, wo arc sorry (o say, with Ibe French press. No tnconsidernblo share of the diplomatic activity of General Cass was spent on tho Journal des Urbats, which ho succccdid in winning over from the inter ests ol huunnily to ihosoof Ihe s'avo dealers and An glophobes on this important point. The other Louis l'hiHippil and Conservative, journals are "nil for slavery." Indeed, slave-capital is said to have c.llur founded or purchased them. So that the French Court and Government havo nnl nn orgin winch is not nl the same lime an orgin of the slave holders. The King of the French nnd M. (iuiiol, who both pretend to principles ot philanthropy nnd religion, ought lobe nsliiiund of having such political bed-fellows, and such corrupt nnl inhuinn t dch nders. ,1 Constitutional King nnd a Liberal .Minister, conde scending to be surrounded nnd protected by a troop of slave drivers, is a monstrosity in the nineteenth century. Mr. Cnlhifln's Idler to Mr. King cannot fail to at tract particular ntieiition in the l-'tench capitnl. It cannot bo considered a diplomatic dc-patch for the in struction of Mr. King. The latter personage could havens well applied to llliekwond's Mogazine os a source of informition ns Mr. Calhoun. Itut the fact is, the Secretary of the tinned Slates hid wriilcn a st quel to 0m. Cass's pamphlet, addressed lo tho Pn-risi-ins, nnd he gives this to tlio world in the shape of a diplomatic letter lo bis invoy In Paris. A uiciner or moro disgraceful document never came from the pen of a -.tntesnnn. Hut nt Icasi it his the merit of being frank, nnd il puis the question of Texas on Ihe one, plain, avowo.1 ground of elareri or oo rn.. The plea for annexation is not nn unsi Itled frontier, Mexican provocalion, syinpnliy for Alueri cm emigrant, tho utility or slut v of territorial ag grandizement. No. The argument of Mr. Calhoun j is, that a region, without slaves or forbidding slavery, ! on Ibo southern frontier of the United Slates, ennnot , exist, for cither it inu-t overcome and banish slavery c,ven ',mm the state, nrbeon rcome and overrun by their slave system. This argument is pist ns good for conquering .Mexico, ns for annexing Texas, it or 1 olori-a l.t,,.,:., n, I. ..I. II.. .I.-, .U.ipu it.iot i-niilinn. ' . uumij, ........ , .. ...... , ....v and must pervade the vvliolesoiilh of North America, nnd why not thrvvliolenf Souih Amcrict loo? Tbeic is no end lo Mr. Calhoun's annexation; it must cm- brace Ihe world, and dictate to it We are sorry to hive this case of pro-slavrv, so broadly staled'and drawn up by a leading American Ktstpsnmn. !m.t lii.f.,i-i llu. l-r..ni-l nnlihiv It is rer ' laintr acroinp.T.uco oy ease cauiniioes asninsi i.ng- land, we'l drawn pp., ' Hut let the French judge. We do not lliinlr ,l,-i I 'llisw u nnl, I r-,,nc.ml ,n r-nmtnt Hni,. I hnd by menus so vile as the extension of slavery. ' ness to use ibeni. If the two nations' ore to coniiuue , Fasting, Ilumili.ilion and Prajer, in refer rivalry nnd dispute, fi-lds are not w.intinj, indjpend- cnCD t0 i,e nroiiosed annexation of Texas, enl of the great rpiesiions of freedom and humanity. 1 , ' These ought to bo held sic-red, even by helligircnts. i Tho proclamation opens thus : A pontic meeting ol citizens ol rittslieltJ , , ., uecasioiicu uy uio receni tragical ueaui Mr. Pomerov while in a stale of intoxication. ' was held on llio 2tll ult. 10 lake measures Cr miinmoliii, il ;il,,., I c .In nf mtrxir-i lor suppressing llio illegal sale ol llitoxica- ting drinks in that town. Speeches were , , , , ,, , i , i made by linn. Ldward A. Newton, Rev. Mr. Todd, Gov. Briggs nnd others. The sum of $46,80 was contributed for the ben efit of llio deslilulo widow and children. The following brief synopsis of the touching remarks of Gov. Briggs on tlie occasion, , wo copy from the Cataract. j Ho said he 'hid b-en informed that the day before ? nn;?uaoVt'cm theUv" ' holding I tbroueh iho.it".. md talked lo Ibo cold cine os ,!,, 8;im:uiiioni)iis h porrite threw away i wiilt! to set the leaven at work in that di-erisoc- ' though she wM cyn-rpi'ig wiih hj- lost husband, j , ' . i .1 : 1 nna ihnl lii.r ralSatTVns hurled from ils throne, fx, it vntps nnoonll in fllO Olitte Ot lXCW 1 OTK t( rnrlliio. A s the 01III.,1 111011 S IV. Illlll reobTcS licion and heionguig to thoLiiurch of Uoi, the ivis unprepared to receive 6uch nwfol intelligence.' I lie , Guv. stated - lint wuin air. aieu in roineroy arose from his bed on Monday morning to lenve home, and nfter his poor wife had prcpired his breat.f.isi, bewa very nnxiou- thai lus htllecliildreo should gel up and en with tlieii father ns be was going to Pitts-fittd to work all the vvetk, and thev wo tld not i-at with bun again until Saturday night.' The hide children, coo tinned he, 'did get up an I cat, for the lai lime with Iheir lather, nnd when they saw him next, be was a TlumcTO 1 I The wife, loo, siid he, being on nn errand of mercy thai fatal nlternoon, ossisteil mlijing out the dead hdd of a neighbor, Inn tied home, tilling her fri, nils that she expected lur linsband, nnd she mnl be Micro, to meet him. She went homo nnd nt llie fits! sound , o! footsteps nl the door, she cxtlamud lo her hula in- 1 nnccnt children ' there, your father has nunc ; ..I I, . .nl.in Ull , ll,n no l,.l ill..... ihe death of her luuband, and the futber of her lit lo ones. In speaking of the ono who sold tbnt brandy to the poor man, wt-never heard suib allow of (.oul-siir-ringtb-n ieneef.il fiom llio hps of nnv linn, lie sn ul Wlnl must the fei hugs of tint individual w bo supplied .XI dad I'oniertiy willi the cause of b.s dentti when he sees nl midnight his mnngled bmlv stnnd ino before bun, nrd in bis ban I, llirusl Inward linn, a boitleof brandy willi features distorted, and with intense agony, saying, Vou sold il to nie!' Mn. Clavs (Ienijjositv. Henry Clay has always been eminently distinguished ior his ac tive benevolence, and generous philanthropy, and hborali'y. The following; extract from a letter to ono of tho editors, written by a lady of deserved literary eminence in Pennsylvania, de tails ono more instance of his kindness and pen. cro.-ity. It is one nf ten thousand kiinilar in stances which might bo related: "This is a rough enuntry, and township with w ueo 1.1 1 11 iuirru.,1... . v...... ....., ,if yi an in-nnrant population : and, as might Le ex . j r. .' went tor Air. I on;, Vet all that was ; f .. intelligent, was on tho eide of Mr. Clay, - f w I I mav here mention incident. A few years a'"i, an old revolutionary so'dier (I knew ' .f t10 js mv ,cau) went on loot, meanly , , rr,im tins vieioliv tn , cl,m "' ; , I Washington (-uy, lor the purposa of procuring : a pension, lo whiclTiiB dei lord himself untitled. . Qu bin arrival, he wa, as is too olten tbe case, ' lrt,atc, vv," carelessness and neglect. Ho w ns r.:...llnf i.wl l.l lnt.V'll.KS. Hnd nllllO!.t ill a SllltU of absolute despair when Mr C. lay ftjund linii. That nublo man immediately inquired into circumstances and business look bun tn n store, clothed him decently, am! then led him tn ' . . . I . t .. , I ! 1 r . ' ------ . ,- 11,.,i,,,i i,,,,, .., , his own boirding-house, ho in linlained bun, at his own expanse, bovcral week', nml until his claim was fully cstahlUhed. lie then gave linn two gold ptert s, eagles; anu, unaKiiij; omi uy tho hand, bado him (iod speed, nnd started linn li3rt leath. He never mentioned tho name nf Clay but with tears of gratitude. This l but one uf Icn thousand similar wor thy deeds. Who ran point to one such act on the part of tho President elect, Mr. Polk I Oh, my country. I fear limit art unworthy of thy Clav !' Hartford Journal. Marring ILrtrno'ilinanj. On Sunday morn ing hist, just beforo tho mual hour for church, quite a largo number nf emigrants, Willi their waggons, rattle, &r., were seen wending Iheir way through our principal street toward Vaznn city. When lltry got nbotit tjiiirter ni a tune beyond llenlnn, they called a halt, and for what dnynii suppose, genlht reader 1 It appears lhat two of the pirty, ,vl0 hat! been greatly troubled by the insidious and wily sn.itcs of tho blind god, were mm tiling lo pursue their jotirnoy any firlhor, uiilefs Ihey were cotneiled i .tn eno A tiii'icngcr wasdc patched forthwith lutcwn, for nn officer to unito tho destinies of tho love sick swain and damsnl. .In a short lime the president of the Hoard of Police of this county inado his npponrattco among them. In the open road, and in tho prconro of tnmy sports tors. hu tirnnotinced William A, Mnkn and ,1t'ss Nancy Plant man and wife. 7'hc spectacle was tmtii novel ami amusing, anil well calcula ted lo please insowhb aro fond of tho marvel lous. Alter "o "knot was tied," tho father of the brido tnvilcd all who voted for Clay to rruno forward and salute her ; and all whn voted for Polk tn take a buss at his "old wotniti." The scene closed by a general distribution among tho company ohiumoroiis slices nf gingerbread in lieu of tho bride's cake, and llio happy pair, accompanied by their ftieuds, resumed their journey, and aro by this time, wo suppose, in Arkansas, tho plaro of their destination. Xa inn Maimer, Dec. IS. Fill DA V MORN'INO, JAN. 31, 1813 ANNEXATioNi This subject was the main tonic of discussion on Friday, wiien Mr. Collamcr addressed llio House, and the letter writers speak of his remarks as " very pointed nnd humorous." Mr. Mahsii had his " hour " on tlie subject on tho 20th, and from the gen rral tenor ol remark in reference toil, wo are warranted in saying that ho won laurels for his own brow, and nobly vindicated tho character ol his native state against a strange nllempl to compare her early history lo that of Texas. In reference lo this speech, the correspondent of tho Evening Post (loco) remarks : " Mr. Marsh, of Vermont, fol " lowed also in opposition, lie made ono of " the best speeches in the negalive,with which " the House has yet been favored. What lie " said was very much to tho purpose, nnd " given in a straight forward, direct manner, " not often seen in n public speaker. Un " fortunately ho is a whig, or 1 might indulge 11 the hope, that on arriving at n morn ma " lure ago (for ho is yet a young man) ha " will arrive ut such wisdom in slaK-smnn-" ship ns will provo an honor ns well nshen " efit to his country." Wo shall publish it entire as soon as we can procure an aiithen . I ...... Ilv nrevious arranocmeiil. the fi- lV; tllltl , " . . i . i !. n ... nal question was to bo taken in llio House ol. Saturday, and we shall doubtless be ena bled to give the result in a postscript. IIYPOClflSY. Tho executive committee of the American Anti-Slavery Society lias appointed n day of "Tnc Federal Government was o-damed and rs- tannsiieu tor tne nvoweu purpose oi ion perfect union, establishing ju-tice, insuttng domestic l trnno-iilui-. nroiiiiui!? for the common di feive, pro- moling Ihe general welfirennd securing the liless,g, lot liberty, i initototis lo its High nnd holy trusts, re- gordless of the preservation of union nnd domestic ' tmi qu lily, ns wellns of ibo ceuiiiion ill-fence nnd ECnrf tt?;ifarc, inutirr viol.ti.in i.r.ihcobhaili.iii" of justice, and in contempt of tlio blessings of Liberty, it s imiv conspiring to extend nnd perpetuate the curse aI1d crime of human bondage." - Did not Mr. T.ippan and his associates know nil this as well before the election as 1 since 1 Thnv knew that Polk was noniina- tvd expressly on llio ground of annexation, was iincnuivocallv idcdscd lo it, and thai his ctclion would in all human probability se- cure it ; whllcMr. Clav was as explicitly and ..nrqnivor.llv pledged against it. Yet ""trolled ti.o election, t.nd prevented t,u extension and perpetuation or slaverv ; ... . . nnd now, witlt impious mockery propose lo prai! lint the Almighty would lake up on himself the responsibiliiy ol'lheir most in- consistent conduct. A more down right in ! sull was never iifli-ri'il to an intelligent re- ligious community, and we will not doubt that ' Proposition will he treated wi.l. the con- tempt it deserves. Tlio committee my ,. r .1 1 . 1. . (in lefereuce lo themselves wt: take It) : According In the asuratire of .Scripture, our sins ntl. now finding u out, nnd we hive iibiinilmt cnuso , Jrc!,,j ihe just judgments of ntl offended God. Let us wiih sincere ronfission nnd repen- . . . . ...'. tnnCn iVii iruetlt pmver nnu uevoui miimuiiion, ne- seoch our Heavenly Father lolook upon us in mercy. This certainly indicates a realizing sense of their trtto characters, and, coming from men of ottlin.iry honesty nnd pood faith, would entitle them lo sympathy. But know ing what we know, wo lake no stock in their lamentations. TEXAS. The House of Representatives came to a vote on Saturday upon tlio several proposi tions for llio Annexation of Texas lo llie U. Slates. After rejecting several, tho resolu tions ofJured by Mr. Milton Brown, of Tcnr similar to those offered in llio Senate by Mr. Foster of Tenn., adopted. These resolu tions provide for one Slave Statu, and four ., . . ... ... i i r...- , , ., i oiners to uu t.-rci:iru neiuiiiier, in wtiicii it slii1 rxUt ()(. .1Q) 8umh of,0 AIiss01ll-i conl. promise tine, as tho people in each of llieiu may determine. Tho Texas debt not to be assumed, but to bo paid out of the proceeds of the Texas public lands. North of line 3G deg. 30m. slavery is forever prohibited. Tho voto in tho commitlen stood ayes 109, , nays 99. The House, under (ho operation C.I... ,,..v!,ie nilntlinn rftni-,lr1 fl.n rnentn- , lirj rM(li hy Votoof 118 to 101. Tho voto ol IN. 1 . was llitis divided : Airs Chnton, Fllis, llublrll, Leonard, Murphy, Pratt, ltussell, Strong, Maclay 9. Jv'ay- Anderson, Ihrnsrd, llenton, Carpenter. Ca ry, Carroll. Dana. Davis, Fish, Green, Hunt, King, Moscley, Patterson, Phirnix, Purdy, Itilbt un. Hob inson, lingers, Seymour, Sinilh, Stetson, Tyler, Wbealon 24. Ilungerfoid, of .Vow York, not x-oting. F.'ghl Whigs voted for the bill. Sie-bens, ol G i.. Clinch, of Oo., Newlon nf Va., Dijlct, of AN , Ashe, of Tenn., Ilrown of Tenn., IV) Ion, uf Tenn., Scntvr, nf Tenn. Tho resolutions went rend n third time and passed ; and a motion to reconsider, by a friend of tho resolutions, having bueu re jected the subject is now removed fiom, tho Houso and goes to the Senate. Donn in VlBOtsiA. The Senile ef Virginia (stromtlv I.oro) has toidon the table the resolutions of the New-Hampshire Legislature in fivor of Dorr and Danism. One rote only ucorded in their favor. We leai n from tho I'rovidoneo Journal thai Dorr declines lo accept llio tendered clemency of the legislature. Hu doubtless tlreads the retirement private life, and his pirt) urn loth to lose sofiiiilful a llieme for agiUiiun. MR. ADAMS AND GEN. JACKSON. A very acrimonious controversy lias been fur some time carried on between John Qnin cy Adams on ono side, tinil Con. Jackson, hacked by A. V. Brown, 0. J. lngersoll, I'. P. Bl.iir, iter. &c, on the oilier, turning on tins point: uiu t.cn. jucksoo, in ioi, ico, lliero will no war grow out of Annexa ndvisonnd approve tho adjustment f "f lion lltal wo shall find means lo nacifv her ., . . , ,o,n boundaries with Spain on tlio basis of tho Treaty then negotiated by Mr. Adams, which secured lo us Florida, and whatever Spain possessed in Oregon, relinquishing the claim wo had set up lo Texas 1 Mr. Atl.ims solemnly declares that Gen. Jackson did so advise, and quotes in evidence the following memorandum from his Diary, written at the time : " 3d rr.ttncAnv, 191D. " General Jackson camo to my houso this morning, and I showed him the botindarv lino which has been offered to tho Spanish Minister, nnd tint which we propose to offer, upon Jlelish'- map. He sud tbiro were many individuals who would lake exception to our receding so far from tho boundary of Ihu llio del Norle, which wo claim ns the Snbine, nnd the ene mies of the Administration would certainly make a linndlc of it to assail them ; but the possession of tlie Floridas was of so great importance lo the .Southern frontier of llio United Slates, nnd so essential even tu their sifely, that llie vast majority of llio nation would bcati-fied with the We-tern I oundarv. ns wo pro pose, if we oblam the Floridas. He showed mo on tho mip the operations ol llio llrmn lorce during tno Inst war, and rvmarkid, thai while the mouths of the Florida rivers should be accessil le to a foriun naval force, there would bo no security fur ihe Southern part cf llie United Stales." Fur this assertion, Mr. Adams has been grossly assailed by Jackson, lngersoll & Co. and tho impression sought lo be given thai Mr. A. fabticaled or garbled his Diary to sustain the charge ! But nt length tho Sago of Quincy is nobly sustained on tho main point by llio discovery, among llio papers of the deceased President Monroe, of a letter from Gen. Jackson, strikingly corroborative of Mr. Adams original statement. Tlie full letter of Gen. Jackson, ns well as that of President Monroe, to which it is an answer, is published in several papers, but wo copy only so much of Gen. Jackson's letter as re lates directly to the mailer now in contio versy : "Hr.nMiTACD, near Nashville, June 20, 1320. "I nm rlrarlv of rour opinion I tint. for ibenrespnt. wu ought lobe content with the I'lor- i 'as fortify thctn.conctuirnte our population, ci nline our Ironiier to proper iinuts, until our cnunir.v, in those limits, is tilled with n dense populations it is Ike dcnser.ess cf ur pi pulniion ib.it gives strength to our frontier. With the Florida" in out posses sion, o-ir formications completed, Urle.in", llie glial nmniifmin of the West, is secure. "The Florida in possession of n fori ign row rr, vnu ran be invaded, your foitifli-nlion tumid, the Mississippi nnched, nnd llie lower country reduced. IVom 7t.rosi?i inrarfng tmmy will nirtr alltwj'l stici nn rntcrprisr ; if he tlorx. nottr iW.oiri'iti' all that hn bcc7i snid and asserted on Ihejtnor of Con grew o.t tliiit uij'ct. I icill vouch 1'iut the tnroder t:ilt pay Jot hit temerity. Vour most obedient servant, ANIMtr.lV JACKSON. Jamcs Mrsr.oc, Ptcs't of ihe United Stales." This is rather a curious passage lo tom- i pare n t tit the letters which Gen. Jackson lias been signing for tlio last two or llireo veais ! Tribune. ENLARGING OUR BOUNDARIES. We notice that a proposition is nn foot, to ' indeavor to induce our government tn jpen ncooti.mnns with uirat ui Hani lor the ac- quisitiun of the Cinntlas. The citizens ofi Detroit without distinction nf purl;, nro-inn niorializiug Cuugiess upon ihe subject, and earnest to eulitje our Northern linnlets. J Under the present riigii for tonkin;: additions 1 to our leirilnrv, nnd for rtciidins the boani daries of human freedom, we think it wor.l, j opeMlo a, ;, tomttr irritant. Tin, Union ought not to bo extended too fir hnulli, or i i lit i Sotilh west, test it slmtilil become top-heavy. Let us have tlio lultnce of power presetxid. And while we are nmbitiniis to enlarge our borders and strengthen lint peculiar institu tions of one region, let us also extend our , betievolenro towards our neighbors on the North, and bring into our Union, a portion of tho Btilish Colonial possessions. There is as much propriety in tlio one case as in the other. It is certainly ns legitimate an object for tlio benevolence of a freo people to extend their protection and sympathy in favor of iheir friends and brethren in Cana da, as in Texas. Tako advantage of the present amiable slate of politicians among us, and carry the advantages of a republican form of government into all parts of the Western Continent. Stop not with bolster ing op llio peculiar institutions of the South, but also build up those uf the Nutth. Let us not assume merely the debt of Texas, bin a portion of tlio national debt nf England. Let us not merely qu irrel with Mexico, but also try our hand wiih the moiu gijnnlic power of England. Thus shall wo go on fiom strength to strength, and become a na tion whoso borders reach beyond llio sea, ami whoso name is a terror lo llio peace and liberty loving iialions of tlio earth. Ct. Courant, Tub Sun-Tni:si'itv Illustrated. The recent defalcation of Sir. Caleb J, Mc Nully, Clerk of the House of Representa tives, affords a practical illustration of tho beauties of llio Sub-Treasury. This Loco Foco functionary, either believing, or pre tending to believe that the public moneys were safer in llie hands of " individual de positories " ihan in llio vaults of " soulless corporations," drew nearly ihe wholo amount of ihe Contingent Fund from the Patriotic Bank of Washington and loaned out largo sums on iudixidual secutily. Such is Mr. McNullv's own stnrv. Of the sum so loan ed out about forty-four thousand dollars aro missing. Tlio llnuso of Representatives, il will bu seen, have turned McNully out of of fice nnd instructed llio Secretary of the Treasury to lake legal measures for recover ing llio money. This proceeding strikes us ui a little ungenerous on the part of the Lo co Foco majority, for McNuity's only oflence consists in having reduced lo practice llio (henry of llio Sub-Trnasuty, Ho falls a martyr lo his attachment lo " party usages " and to n natural ambition to " follow in the footsteps " of such " ilhisti ions predecessors " ns Swartwoul, Hoyt, Pi ice, Bod and Har ris. It must bu confessed that ns a labor- saving macliino for robbing the U. S. Treas ury and enriching thu ofl'iiu-holdi-is, tho Sub-Trcusury stands unrivalled. .16. Jour, SETTLING WITH MEXICO. In order lo lull into ncqniesconco lltoso whoso consciences twinge at llio idea of our going to war with Mexico on llio Texas ini fuity, wo are daily mill positively assured that, in despite of ihu remonstrances of Mex- . ' nfior the matter is finally settled on this side. Hut how ? By paying her lo acq-iiescc, of sP, ns Mr. Shannon Intimated that ho was nnlhoii.ed nnd ready to stipulate. By ' a liberal adjustment of boundaries,' as has been frequently intimated toiler and to this country. But mark llio deception on this point : It is constantly assumed that the ac quisition of Texas now is but 'Jcannexa tion' that Louisiana once exlcnded to tho del Norle, and that, though wo havo since solemnly relinquished to Spain all llio claim we ever had lo Texas, and confirmed tho relinquishment in a subsequent Treaty with Mexico, yet nil this must go for nothing our Government had no Constitutional poic cr to cede Texas, and the cession is conse quently null and void. Wh-U a niocker-y, men, win it not uo tor our liovernmcnt to offer to give Mexico a better boundary than llio del Norlo lo agiee lo bo limited by llio Colorado or Nueces, and not to grasp Santa l'o! Tho answer at once arises, 'Your pledge is good for nothing. Yon pledged once before, nnd broke faith because, you urged, your former boundary extended to Ihe Rio del Norte, and you had no right lo cede any lernlory Last of thai River. How, then, can you pretend mom; to cedo it If you promise again, you will of course break faith again whenever it shall be convenient, and plead that you had no right lo inako any such engagement. Keep your promises to yourself.' Tribune, COM.MUNICA I ION." Mn. Siacv, A friend hi" handed me the Frco Press of last wtik in which I find lite notice of a mnr nage said to have been solemnized by me on thi I uh inst., between -Mr. John Turner nnd Miss CharKie Prior. Permit mo to inform you lint ihe noi is fa'f o. No such marriage has taken place, and the par lies ore bulb single. 1 doubt not, s r, that vou have been hnpi.nl p0n ; and 1 you know the author of this misernbtiljnx, I hope j on will expose him. I would like ti kivw who has used mv name in thi runnnfr, nnd hs ob ject. Ifit wire de-tgned nsa Iticl. upon a vnungnian who is fond of a jolu-.it is no excuse for a public lie; but I feel deep uuiignition to s-e a ripectnbte young lady nn unprotected fcinili thus pub'icly and meanly insulltd. Yours imiv, JOSF.l'H IIAKI'.K. Si. Albans, Jan. 26, 113. The very just indignation of our corres pondent does nol exceed tho loathing con- tempt, wo entertain for the poor, pitiful. apology for humanity, whose obfuscated in tellect nnd glimmering moral perceptions, could find food for merriment, even, in sucli a wanton violation of the commonest dictates of truth and honor. Nevertheless, if those interested will aid us in delecting the puppy, pitiful us lie ni.iuifi.Jtly is, wo will endeavor lo satisfv Iiim thai it is no " joke." Tho , notice was received in a letter, which pur- t ports to lie signed by John I timer lumsell. As lo Its ooiiiiineness. wo cannot sav. Will those acquainted with his li. li d writing, or that of. mi oilier person suspected, do us tho f.iv or to cull and examine the manuscript. Till: LECTUHES. We have had lite pleasure nf listening lo llio In o fust lectures of the course, delivered by the Rev. James D. Butler, and have sel dom been as delightfully entertained. His subjects alone are ont'huntiiig, bill the Irue poelie tM! with which he has done his sight seeing, throws a new charm around the un veiled mysteries of I'ompeii, nnd the match less beauties, tho grand sublimity nnd ihe cl isstc associations of Naples and its envi rons. His next b'clute lakes place this eve ning at half past six at Strong's Hall. Sub ject, the Church of St. Peter at Rome. We bespeak a crowded audience. DAGUERREOTYPES. Our young friends Btxnv and Doane, having taken almost every bodx's likeness here, aro about, wo learn, lo go elsewhere in quest of faces. We cat: only say of them, as uu have said before, they aro not only very eslitiiahle young townsmen of ours, but they lake Daguerreotypes as neatly and faithfully as we have ever seen them taken. Our ftieuds elsewhere aro advised lhat they cannot get iheir faces taken betlcr than by these joung men, as they have the latest improvements in their art. Fun: at Cincinnati. A building at Cin cinnati known as " llio Old College," wai neatly destroyed by fire on lite lUlh inst. It was ono of the oldest public buildings in tho city, and contained the public Hall used fur all general meetings of the inhabitants. It was occupied by the College Dispensary, tho Mercantile Library Association, the Sons of Temperance, and various Literary Societies, but most of the books, cabinets, and works of art, were saved, Tlie Cin ciuniiiiti Ga.elto remarks that it was fortu nate that " the Great Telescope " did nol arrive, as was expected, but was detained at Southland by the fall of water in the river; for had il arrived it would have been put in tho college hall, and in all probability would have been burned. The Evidence in the Case or Miss WcnsTER. There has been a very general desire to see the evidence in the case of De lia Webster, now imprisoned in Kentucky for the oflence of abducting slaves and some tur pnse has been felt that ihe Kentocky papen which published llio preliminary proceedings of ihu trial have not furnished il. We now learn that it lias been kept back unlil after tho trial of Fahhanks, who was charged in tho indictment, but had his trial postponed nt his own request, and the delay probably results from nn order of the Court. Texas at Ta.mmanv. The N. Y. Ex press gives a curious account of llio Texas meeting al Tammany Hall on Friday eve ning. 1 says lhat the names of Marii.i Van Buren, Silas Wright nnd Picston King were received with marked tones of disapproba tion. Tho resolution in support of Mr. Wiighiwiis voted down. .-16. Daily, t

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