12 Haziran 1846 Tarihli Burlington Free Press Gazetesi Sayfa 1

12 Haziran 1846 tarihli Burlington Free Press Gazetesi Sayfa 1
Metin içeriği (otomatik olarak oluşturulmuştur)

NOT TUB GLOnV OF O 2B S A B BUT TUB W E L F A B E OF BOMB BY II . B. STACY. BURLINGTON, VERMONT, FRIDAY, JUNE 12, 184G. VOL. XX No. 1. FARM. I'rom the Cutlivalot. ON THE USE OF LEACHED ASHES. Mn. Editor I havo pist received your April number oflhe Cultivator, in vvliicli ym wish, for the benefit of one of tour correspon dents, If. C. B., snnin .nfnrniation on the Value of ashes, etc., and Cill upon 'chem ist lo tell." Not being exactly n chemist my telf, yet having dug into the science :i little, for the purpose of assisting mo in '' firming operations, t will offer a low roiiiniks: Wood ashes, hs you obesrve, generally do .best on rather light soils ; if they nro applied ,in large qti.intitiut,eiili;r leached or unleaeh ed, thoy havo a tendency In bring in the red moss, hot upon gravelly soils this may not he detrimental, as they are usnilly d.y and warm enough if there is moss. Diu'upon more moist or cjoso soils, ashes nny ultimately .prove injurious Unleached ashes when first annlied in grass, or oilier crops, are much more efficient ! than leached, owing to the much greater a- mount of alkali, or potash they contain, but I do not think the sowing of unleached ashes lipon laud the mist economical way of using them. If a heavy rain iinmedi Hely follows, the potash is mostly washed nut and carried off the land, nr sinks into the soil lievond tlit! reach of tho innts of the pi mts. Cominon poiash is very readilv dissolved in nlmul its weight uf water. If a farmer wish- cs lo apply iiulearhed ashes lo bis grass or THE r? grain crops, it would be tho belter way to j dried in the air." mix his ashes quito moist with ground gyp- ; '" reference in iliu above, our corrcspon sum, and let theui remain fur some time in '-enee observes: the heap. Tho polah of the ashes would ! "''I gb 1 am well aware that fur a far- decompose tlie gvpsnni ami sulpliale ol put-",,, ash would he formed. Sulphite 0fpol..,l. is . . .... ' ' much less soluble than carbonate of potash, as it requires sixleen pounds of water (al the temperature of CO degrees) to dissolve (im pound of sulphate nf potash. From this fact, the loss of potash by rains would bo likely to be much less, and fur clover, cil.l.ages, lur neps. radishes, the sulphate i decidedly hel ler than the carbonate of potash. Dul I think it a much more economical -I ... ..i.... ...:.i. . i . I it.ii iu iiiia wiiii swan... iiiuuiv, near oris, deeming vegetable matter I' ..... .be woods. ! ! All if.. ...ir.i . i - Mil vegetable matters always prod,,. nils.)- " "r '' "') from the roots, laking care lo go These acids want neutralising " before l,o,M ""'P " " '' "T " . !' , , . r runts were n.aup bare, he ilia, e a log-bean muck, ate, are suitable nun. ires for most . .. ,, , ,' crons. ..rr.. ,11 F Hr""1"1 ,l,,,s"l"M-s ''"'1 hesas,'if the wrath- muck issituraled with sulphate of iron, or alumina, that has oo.i-il out in the water Iron, higher Und. In such c-ises the ashes . .x . 1 . . ' . . I I I svill ji avf! xhe direct efleft In neutralize the Bcidily of tlii! muck, and make il a good ma nure. Leached ashes are highly valued by the farmers upon Long Island, hut I suspect that must that are iimmI there are f'liini the soup-boilers, ami I think they are heller for Hgricultural purposes than llio leached ashes from (he potash or nearlash factory. I u leach ing ashes for miking snap, generally, then is about one perk of limn used lo each hush el of ashes ; but then! is very liitle, if any lime, will, llio leacht-d ashes fiom the pot- a.b. There i., after the usual process nf leach ing ashes for sn ip or potash, a certain quan tity of potash left in the ashes, in Ciiuihiiia lion wilb s'.lex, Dr. D.na sijstheio areoO lbs. of potash in a ro.d of leicl.ed ashes. Exposure to the air decomposes ibis, and (ben another portion nf alkali can he extract ed by water. This p uliallv explains what you have heard of the Long Island fanners, svho 'consiiler the leached as good si s the un leached ashes, provided llu-y are mil used fo. nometimo after heieg leached.' And you firther say, 'some suppnse thev attract valu able properties after coming from the leach tub. Is il sol and if any, what aru tin- prop erties acquired ' In ansiver lo your ques tion, I say yes, il is so, and will i-'xplaiu il. It a quantity nf le.che.l ashes are piled up undercover ofa shed exposed to the air, another portion of alkali will he set free lis the decomposition of tin. silex, as before slat, ed, and llio alkali has a strong iifTiuily for ijilric acid. Tho air wo breathe is nios.lv composed of nitrogen, 70 parts, and 21 part's of oxygen; in these proportions, these two gases are mechanically combined. But bv well known chemical liws, llu-so two gases chemically combine in several different pro portions, and form very diff-rent substances front common air. In nnn of their chemical combinations, I hoy unite in the proportions oi 14 parts nitrogen aivl -11) parts oxygeo, and .n these proportions it is called nitric acid, and mixed with a curtain quantity nf water It becomes ijaro-nitnc, acnl, or aqua, forlis. If common pot or pnarlash is dis solved in diluted aquafortis, and ihu liquid evaporat.-d, llie result will be nitre, or sill petre. But this is an aitificia! way of mak ing saltpetre and expensive loo. Nature takes a somewhat differont meth od. As before slated, llio alkali in llio leach ed ashes has a slrooj-air.uiiy for nitric acid, end so strong is lint nflmity or attraction, lliat me niirogen am. oxv.'en nl Iho a linos pbere, will very arr.timnindittiiigli chemically coimnu" in me Tigm proportions io lorn, ni . , . . t io . . . . tf.q acid, which re id.lv unites w.lh thn alkali,, Bnrl fornis nitre or sallnetrn iiunr.ill. ....I . - - 1 ... -.nn chep too, The longer llio ashes aro kepi, ajld occasionally moistened and shiivelh-d over, the greater Iho nrruninlaiinn of nitre. Dul if the ashes aro occasionally wet with urine draining, fro ,, the m ? he.,,, or roiled w.lh night-soil, or do.ving animal ipaHer substances all nrb 1.1 nitrogen ,e process wHI t.e much Imtonrrl, anil U c- cumulation of nitro uiucli greater in a given tiuyj. Peihaps twelve months would be a proper limo for the nsl.es to remain. '.A similar prncess is going on under all liauses and other buildings ; thn potash in the felspar and mica nf our soils, is being slowly liu) continually dissolving, and as (hero is also A, continual ascent of water, by evaporation, each panicle of water nt it ascends brings win. it .11 parucio ni potasu, which 11.1 re- .'-.ii r 1 1 i- turned in the dry surface soil, winch combines 'Mb it its parliclo nf potash, winch 1. 11 re- wnn nn nunc ac.u. Ana inero are lie are .IB - .11 . . j. . . quently large accumulal.oni of nitre under old building. In some parts of the East Indies, where It seldom or never rains, nitre accumulates (as under buildings here,) in such quantities thai tho soil is shovelled up and leached, as we do ashes, and boiled down to nitre. Nitrate of lime is formed in Vast quantities in tho lime caverns of Kentucky. All the dry plains in the province of Arica, in Pern, aro covered with an incrustation of nitrate of soda. Everybody knows, or ought to know, that saltpetre is a good manure though prrhaps they do not all know why it is so. Possibly I may continue the subject, but my sheet is full al this lime. L. 0. Warner, N. II., April 20, 184G. PRESERVATION OF POTATOES. A correspondent at New York, who signs 'Gennanirus,' has been so kind as to forward us die following extract, which be translated from a German publication, on tho subject of (lie potato disease. Take 3 large tubs, place them near lo each oilier, and fill llmm with cold water. lno 'rsl l,,ave l'" water pure. In llio second put one lb. of chloride nflimr. to each 12,or 13 galls, of water, and in the 31 one lh. of soda to each 12 or 13 galls, of water. Then wash the potatoes perfectly clean (the diseased and sound ones together) in the first tub ; then nut them for one half hour, in the ' '"b, in which is the dissolved chloride of Mime; from tint, put them in the 3d tub, in 'which is llio solution of soda ; where, after leaving them 20 minutes, thev must be taken ",M' washed io fresh colli water, and r Mivaie large qiianimes nl pota- ". "' !' will bo hardly possible; vet I .1 . I . . t f . IIV I Uf ' II I I CIII I ,1 It I'lll I Illml III- in cui, potatoes, as they are peifeelly sife, so that 'even where die potatoes, so prepared, are I put in the same cellar with other diseased potatoes, they will not rot, and il would also be fur llio pooler classes who cnounh only fur their oivn use. cultivutn ' j ncc.-ssiry. Only sulfur us lo put this band ago over jour ees.' 1 L? , c. i it. r . n . ". use orujirs. .ir. aamuei warring, ot i i n . . .i . i . . . 1 ,'- .UWS """ ,,B '!? I,i'b" lniwinir out pint stumps. liu dins (lie IT IS Sllllatl l. llie firit liuLi. flu.ir it-nrL- nl'il in a few hours.' He states that he last year j cleared a field in this way which was thickly studded Willi pine Mihimis anil old (line trees. He diil the work by 'odd jobs,' as his labors could be spared from other farm work. The field was so clear by the lfith of September, ' that its contrast will, other lots indu :ed the inquiry how long it had been cleared, lie thinks tho mode a good one for those) who cannot conveniently obtain n. icbineiy. To Cum: (Jiim in HottsF.s. W. B. Iliniilioii, of Philadelphia sis "Some twenty five ears since, an old stage driver tnl. I tile the secret why, to llie astonishment and envy of every other Jehu, his horses we lis never galled. Mselfand friends have fiini.il t. .... .1 ,1. ..:.. 11 :.. n .. .11... 11 i, 1111 hiki j;-iiii l.-iillll. -llll-i era iiuaniitv of smart weed (anua n'wcr ' " M "Hi"!! wrnj lU'MU ''' winch grows in nhuost every we. spnl iiboui 1I1.. .1 .iii.. . .! 11 : 1 llie statue; l.ruisi- it well, and nut il in an iron vessel, in a corner nf the stable ; cover it up with chan.'ierley and wash llie galled p'aces whenever tho liorso enters or leaves iho sl.ible, or oftener, if occasion olfers, and then the cure is aim 1st immedi He. If badly .'..lied under, the harness ur cullar, bruise tell s i 1 1 1 1 of iho leaves and bind 00 the spot. I it prevent g tiling, b.t thn sholders and parts -xpuscil, he ivasheil ihily with llio infusion, 1 nd the iiuiuial will nut gall, work him as I1111I as) oil will, provided llie harness bo good." Muck as a Fertilize.!. A correspondent a1 Cai-tletnn, Vt., civs: "For Hie last ten yearn I line had samp experience will, swamp uiucli an 1 lerlihzer. Fur meadows, used iu the fiirinuf 1 top dreppi.ig, it is almost valueless as a ma nure in iis crude stale, hut a good and enduring manure when combined with certain falls. It is the che. peat material tint a farmer can make manure from when he Ins it on his own farm, lly a lop dressing in the crude ktate and one dollar's worth of salts to Hie acre, (1) have undo land yield I wo tons nf hay tu the acre, that did not yield five hundred before. One dress, ing nf llio muck will last several years; the oilier articles it wants yearly. I u-e it in llie barn yard as an underlay tn calch llio salts nf varil imnure, w hich I use for hoed crops." What kind of "salts" are used, and huw. C'-.7iiii(jr. Blind Teeth in Horses.---Win. Little, Po. land, ().. relates a rase of stallion nf hia having gone entirely blind without any apparent cause. A friend who nvninownl Mm r...iii.l 11 h1i...l n-1 wlf leetb," which were immediately knocked out, and the hnrse soon recovered Ins sight. A "DICTIONARY WOKD." 'John," siid a mister tanner in South Dur l.i.n t..An.I U 'I.:- 1 in-. HMici u.i, in uiiuiii ins u.-jiii uring ill some fuel' - Jnhn walks nn,revolv.ng the word in his mind, returned with a pitchfork I I,. . .1 ., I don't want tins." said the wonderm? tan ner. "I w-iutfuHl in" B-g n..r pardon," replied the man. " iho't , '" w.! 'whu, ashamed lo fess ,.s ignoraucs. Much ...ed. , italu.g, (a, I,, llroogl.aiii would sav) he next P'trhe.l nl, U... bos-un, .l.oi.Morin- ulurh, lio .... . . . ' ",u u ins master wss m a passion. What a hi 11 nid ASS Vi-.ll n-.n 11 II I ciauneil : " I w ant 1011111 i.i,.l Sill.-,- Jllll I)) light tho lire." fa "O li-b h!" rejoined the rustic, ' that's what ynu want is it J Why couldn't ynu say an at first, nnster instead of using a ljudon dictiona ry word I" And, wishful to shnw that be was not alone in' bis ignorance, he railed a rnmrado to the tan- ,.. ",. ,i , -V, . , or s presence, and asked 1 in 1 he knew wlut fue ,vra8, 0 ' 'l.l"ni.n-,,M. .......... ...1 I .nvu .m, uuur.9 aou eeesurauu sich like !" 1 THE I,. A ST MYSTERY (jp PARIS. Tim Paris Courier Francois relates the following mysterious affair, which, says the Brussels Obscrvatcur, is as full of tho horri ble as any of ibe romances of Mrs. Radcliffe an I which prooiises to impart H lively inter est lo I In proceedings of tho Parisian tribu nal. The account lias filled the Faubourg St. Germain wilb consternation. Several months since, says the Courier Frnnrai.s, not fir from I he end of last De cember, Dr. Hubert! was returning to bis bouse nt eleven o'clock in tho evening ; just as bo was about to knock at tho door, and had raised thii knocker for that purpose, bis hand was all al once arrested, by a vigorous arm, and he was surrounded liv three masked men. The street was deserted, tho Doctor had no arms, and, seeing that all resistance would be in vain, bo prepared to escape ns well as he could, by means of his purse, from the three bandits with whom he bad to deal, when In; who held him by tho arm said, very politely : 1 Monsieur is, if' I mistake not, Doctor Hubert! V ' ll seems jou know mn, then,' replied the Doctor; 'take my purse and watch, let me enter my bouse, and go about your busi ness.' , . . , i , i .., , ' air,' replied Iho man haiightilv, 'wo nre .... , , not robuers, but havn come to ask vou lo do , m, u.i.u ,w an ,,vu us a service. . . .,1, . ' ou have certainly selecled a very s.ngu- liinr lar hour, 1 1 1 Anv hour is good enough for so skilful a surgenn as yourselt to perform an operation. What do vou desire V said the Doctor, I uhowasn little reassured, and, looking al his three applicants more attentively, percoiv-1 ed that thev were dressed much more like -, . " " u"c" their way from a hall, than high VL'uv rn ilw.ra J '"'"a ... . r . i i i j itu ,e v.i'i, Lotlur, fiuurq iiic UN- . .. r. . .... Kiifiii-ii. 'in miiiitv i u i n in. .ill. if. ill- - i i .i . '. ' " i r v.ivt me, in least, time iu go uuo iniorm1 mv wife.' j 01 nf ",' 10 m"0 vo"" case of instrument with you. That is all that is . i. .i- - i ur,sir, , r i , , , F,:".rr U'1",N- "nd "J bo Cnno,' said one of 1 lie tinknnwn. Iln ihon u Insilffl ;itid immediately a berli.i drnve from a neighbor ive trom a m-igiiiior- , ing stieel ; nig si. eel ; Iho three men. Inking the doctor , witli them. miiuciJiiilfly rnlerrtl it, and the . . it r . -i ii ' . ii i iiuourii mw in.ii mi rusisiiincc uouin m: '.c 8 vl useless ; and submitted to this mysterious i nlence. rortwu hours not a worn was ex changed between him and his travelling com-1 panious, who conversed together in a tongue the doctor could net undeistand. All at once the carriage enteied an arch. The noise of the gate opening was heard, and the carriage slopped, and the door was opened. ' Well V a voice was heard lo ask, anx iously. ' Ilo is here,' replied one of llio men in the carriage, and taking the doctor by the hand, he assisted him tu alight. They ni ide him ascend several steps. By the keenness nf llie air, Dr. Huberli pcr- M,.uiiM,L ,,,,,,,,,,,.,,,i,,-,.T,.- , . in n uoor open,-,,, nnu ue uouor perceiv led that be was crossing a largo room, pived , , . .- . will. II ig slnnes, peihaps a vestt nil,-, ami PI I I '.I "'Hi Hit' t "tin U ti I A J 1 1 9 u III "Ii"'"-'"'" Hpa.tments ciiveri-,1 rilli,,. whi,, s,ne above bis waistcoat. thick carpel. At length llie guide ol M. Hu-, ........., ,i. ...i i pet. Al lenglli ine guiiio 01 M. liu-, ... I 1.11. utril siuppeu Olio satu 10 nun . D ictur, we l.avu arrived, take oil your bandage.' Mr Huberli, whose terror had given place lo Iho most lively curiosity and vague appre hensions, obeyed, and found himself in a little room, decorated with the greatest luxury, and dimly lighted by at. alabaster lamp suspend ed from the ceiling. Thu window curtiins wero closely drawn, as weie those also of an alcove, at the bottom uf the room. In this room the doctor found himself afonc will, one of the three unknown who bad arrested him. He was a man tall in statute, of imposing a,,,,.-. oiiiui, .,....,... ..... " locrauc rrcncrcnc. ills iiiiick eves giisien- cd through the Inlf mask which covered the upper portion of bis face, and a nervous trembling agitated his uncovered lips, and the thick beard which concealed the lower part of Ins countenance, ' Doctor,' said the man, in a short and ab rupt manner, 'prepare your instruments, you Vavn 111. amputation to perform.' Where is the patient!' demanded M. Huberli. So saying, thu doctor turned towards the alcove, and advanced one step Inwards it. Tho curtains were slightly moved, and a sti lled sigh was heard. ' Prepare your instruments,' said the man wild llie mask, in a convulsive manner. ' But,' insisted M. Huberli, ' I must first seo my patient.' 1 You will only see tho band wind, you aro """""i replied Iho man. M. Huberli crossed his arms upon his breast, and, looking tho oilier firmly in thu , face, said lo dim : 'Sir, you h.vo used violence to conduct 1 mn here ; yet, if it is really Irue.iliat any ono ' "tands in need of my professional services, ttMlti.ini ,r. .1.11. . ...V-nIC ...... . , " 1 ii wiiii hi k ni 91-n 111M1111 ,iiu, urn eis, forgelling how I have been hrooghl hither. I will do mv .loiv a tni.ip.ni lt.it ir ii U 1 ynur inlenlinn In ron.o.i. a crime, al.booeh i.'iii iiiiriii.ni. .11 in....... 1 h 1 ...lie, nt... 01. e.l 1 . . r 1. 1 u Bl IH 10 """P"1 n,n "' follow 0"' m "'" 'UCr n'U ' y"r x.tllllt-U. 4 KiMK'iro youmuir s-iul the unknown, in h tunn nf iMitrrnoss ; llicrt is norriim (n nil .1 . 1 n i . 1 . 1. .. .1. i. . VmvUi Hie alcove; O.n pniniing In a wn itt W1M tlirn.t nut leiween the curium. 'l.l.L !..-!... I I -..l'.l. ...s ur In ..t T 'HU' M1IIU Wll(ll nii-IHUUUll, I'lin doctor look ihu hand in his; befell thn fingers tremble at bis touch, ll was Ihu bund of a woman, small, admirably formed, and its delicate whi.eness was set off by a magnificent ruby, surrounded by diamonds. Bui,' cried iho doctor, 'I here is nothing that calls for amputation, nothing.' And I tell vou.' cried the unknown, vio lenllv. 'lliat if the surgeon refuses me, I will, ' ... ir.l I ...l.l,ol uu i.is uii.tu illVBUl.t n.iu aui'....-: n iiniwi.o, wlic.. was a. foo. o.-.l0 bcd. Im nacdo the hand upon the stand and prepared to cut it off. The doctor restrained l.ini. ' Do your duly, then,' said llio man. ' But this is perfectly atrocious,' cried poor Hubert!. 1 What is that to you J It must be so I wis), to have ll, and madam wishes it also. If it is necessary that she herself shall en treat you, she will do so. Come, madam, bng.tlu! doctor lo do yen this service.' M. Huberll, pale, beitildered, aghast, could hardly keep from fa'inting. A half smothered voice came from the al cove, which said, in an indescribable accent of mingled despair and resignation: ' Sir, since you aro a surgeon yes, 1 en treat vou do it don't let him for mercy's sake.' ' Cnnie, doctor,' said llio man, 'you or I V Tho resolution of his dreadful companion was so implacable and so terrifying, the prayer nf tho poor woman so poignant and so despairing, that llio doctor saw that the! dictates of humanity commanded that be should obey. Ho took his implements, cast one more enquiring look upon the unknown, who pointed to the alcove as his only an swer; with an agonised heart and will, bis brow bedewed uilli a cold sweat, and sum moning all his energy lo his aid, he applied llio knife lo I he wrist. Twice his hand failed him at length llio blood gushed forth, a i .i e .i. .. i . . .i. i.i if it was iie.iru in. in lite uiluvi, nnu iiiu ',.,. f i..,i. r n ... a ti i, .IHKI..U i.i uiiiii. iiiiiiiit,-u. I. (j uiiriiiii-v ll . . j ,i .i SIom Sent and unmoved the noise, of the IMH..WIU if in-, .iln,,. -iiiji.u wni ncaiu, suuu . , , k ,f , , , , f , . ... mi r, III,; operation alnno was heard. I The doctor was deadly pale ; bo looked at I i .. :.i. i I ... ti... .,, , Ll, . ,f ,,, e ' , 1 , 1 , . i :. . ., doctor : 1 Take it doctor,' said bo 'let it be a souvenir; no one will cveruenianJ it ot you again.' " n.. .i ....... J i . iT. :. men hiiiii'ij, Hi ti fuiiu vuni; ,i a , . , f . . ,i: . ... .1 . .u I. one. 1 lliui.taifl v ll. i; iwu Ullltr ll.isr.iu . men rnle ,7-,'"! l,i""!i',rJ "'e c.nr'sngagenientswli.cl.bocoiddnot keep and. ledhimaway. The same carr.ago pic lured, w.th an , a.r of affr.ght, a , wre ched ( eyes, am that had brought him carried him back to Ins .1 Tt... .1 ... I. ..n't.:- I OWII UUII. . I IIO .JUllUr IIIUI. UU .113 l.rl.llJff g(', 1 .1 l i. 1. . .1 1 anu saw ine oeriiu i.sappcaring in .lie uarK-. ness. It was 5 o'elnrk in the morning. I For three ninnths M. Huberli sought in will, whose noblo and manly face, whose vain to discover by every means an explana-' courage and strength of mind, she was f.i tion of Ibis terrible adventure. Had it not 'miliar. been for the ring, an undeniable evidence of! A litllo selfishness, and Matild would ,, ,., .,-,,- r, , , ,, ..,,. . , - I i - I. .1 -I 'A.. imii; aui'iii-jLU 111111ax.il 1111; uiiiiij u sumu nil- a ' ,,, oulv token he li.iil iir.im.rv.nl ..I ilni inrritil. nigiil, might sooner or later bring about some exilian nioo, he woro it suspended to the chain ol bis watch. A tew days since, the Iron. Ins arms, no longer able tot-oolrol her doctor was invited to the ball given by .be self. Exh uisted bv her efforts, she hastened Countess of P , at her hotel in the Hue to shut herself up in her own apartment, and dn Varennes. All llie elite nf tho tilled , wept in silence. In the meanwhile, the banns fishinnable crowded limber. Tho greatest names nt r ranre elhnw e.l the most clislin- cuished oflhe German diplomaced. In llie j ciimmeiicemenl of tho evening, the attention ( of all was attracted by n young man, with a i i.ilo face, a sad expression, who from lime ilo tune wandered through the salooos, in an anxious manner, and iben sadly withdrew

from among the crowd. 'I',,:, i. ...... I ... ii... ,.-, e the evening, to stand in front of M. Huberli. ,u . m(J h )im firs, ..." i lll-.ll'llli.li,llifv Sl--i,-,,-il llliil,i nn, rested with a fearful exnn-ssion 1111011 llie I .........., ,i. ...i i......,i.. I ouuui-in y , ii.ij iiiuoi. ...all i,si;, nu.u.iiii Suddenly, llie y ill, il. rnn .1. .. ..,n.Jr..i...l hi.., rr.,.n , , went sirainhi on lo M. Hu berli, and inslleu bin. rudely and in a dellbe- rate manner. Tho doctor very politely expostulated. The young man", without making anv an- swer, struck him. The uproar produced by ll.is sce.10 may ho easily judged. A duel is In take place between this young man and the doctor. Wi, are auilu of no indiscretion lake place be.ween this young man and .- r.i... ir- . -i. :. i... 11 n n r 1 i- 1 i- a Paris. Beforo the none can read .us , . 1 1 1 feuilleton tho duel will have t iken place, and very prooaniy 11 w.u give rise ... . .unions I, Ml ni:lv ,irow some light upon Ibis myste- . .... . ,..,,. i,', ,li.:-i. Doctor Huberli Ins bee., one of the actors, rri... n 1. ;. ,,r ;v.... ,l... r... . u u. , lowing exulaiialio.i ol nut nnsiunuus aim , . m iiorriu... auvei.i.ire ; T I Hutu ncriuN,- Is. 8TIUNCEU STRINUER Tll. Tliii, ide following relation .till provo : It turns out lliat llio story recently pub lisl.ed, nf the hand cut ofT, and which was so strongly tinctured will, thojeiloos hidalgo, Iho revengeful Spaniard, and which our read ers supposed lo ho designed as some pulT, and winch, tvn confess, wo did not ourselves believe, so little it seems like Paris, is nev erldeless true true Irom one end lo the oth er. One of tho aclors in this atTiir Ins been in Brussels the last two days, ll is from him that we havo the particulars, which wo has ten lo relate. - Tim young Matilda de , (our readers will understand why we dn not indicia her nan.u even by Iter initials,) is the daughter of one of our most dislinguished soldiers of the empire. Her father gaiimd an elevated sta tion, glnry and high grade in the army, but is une of the few generals whom the Empe ror did not enrich. Malilda had therefore, no fortune .o give her husband. Napoleon De is the grandson ol llie noble Duchess De . Tho Duchess has only her rank, an empI V lillo without fortune. The Duchess and llio General, who bail long been friends, had promised .each other the 11 nil 1 ti of iheir children, but thev soon repent ed of il. While M Hilda and Napoleon lov ed each oilier, tho General and the Duchess, both uneasy as lo Ibe welfare uf their chil li. en, nnd looking somewhat lo their own in terest, performed together a scene borrowed front genleel comedy, 'If my daughter,' said the General, 'mar ries this poor devil of a Napoleon, then farewell to all chance of luxury or pleas ure!' . 'If my grandson,' said the Duchess, 'mar- rics a maiden without a dowry, how shall wo lis nblu In ,ml. ll... I.nllu ..CI. I.I. . " i-.wii, uif iiih. u, i.io nuum lou,0 V The General therefore sought to allicnate Matilda from her lover, and tho Duchess to separate Napoleon from Matilda. Bui in ibis they wero unsuccessful. Napoleon and Ma tilda loved each other too sincerely not to a void all the snares that were spread fur their inexperienced youth. Unable to succeed in separating them from each other, the General and the Duchess succeeded in bringing about the departure of Napoleon, and his prolonged absence. Their want of fortune required il. Napoleon must gain a high position. The Minister had just attacheJJiiii. as first secretary to a distant cm!) ssiv. If he refused to go he would shut himself out from a brilliant career. He must make ibis sacrifice for the very sake of his M Hilda, for whoso happiness he would he responsible. Napoleon resigned himself lo it. He sought tho last interview with Matilda, and announced his departure. The young girl heard it with grief. Napoleon related lo her his plans in vain, he sought in vain to console her, displaying in I he distant future, a whole llfu of happiness, love and wealth. Matilda was inconsolable ; a sad presenti ment prevented her from putting any 1 1 list in the, promises nf an uncertain future. Wh.n could she hope In add to the happiness they then enjoved, and which they were about tu sacrifice lo a to ise of doty. She felt that her beautiful dream was over, and was pass ing away. Napoleon coveted her band with kisses and tears ; 'remember,' said he, 'ie member that yon aro mv betrothed, and that this hand belongs to me. S.. I .,...l. ,l, l,,'courso iii nine a uog lancier finger. . J -' OI.lll, I IU IHUL1.1, I..UT hue: ii iili J n r r a ti, I... ....,,.. i ..... .,.... ' .... ..,..l , .fi;iwui:.-i iu iiiv IIIU1III.-I , in- iiuiicui As her sole answ'er. Matilda nressed the ' ring to her lips, and sunk back in her chair, e-,1,0-?"1r,,r wll,d' MB WM '" d""-ngu.sl,ed overcome by her grief. Napoleon ll.en left , hm ,ft."".'r,! w"."7 ono 1 ,,n8 w,"ch ' " 1 be peculiarly excelled, it was bis prowess as liis absence facilitated the plans oflhe1, wf U?"ler' This wa, touching our friend General and tho Duchess. The General 0,1 r,B " 'P? . l",re"'". w" ?v.' appealed to M Hilda's filial afTeclion. He ex "nf .,,B onl W1,IU'J a" 0PPurtn. to test Ins amjernte'l UU poverty nruleudid dubis iind ( nitllV i i i. and dishonnred old age 1,1. UICII III! LHILIIl,a . . ... I. ill l.tmeotf Klin fitnn.i bait llin n.i.irl " -.vn. .1. ...viii. inw j. ...... ... 1.!... ... .. .1... r v.. s in... aim no m u .n- ...us, mismi". poleon, and marry llie rich Count de I ila,, .,.,.. . .., :, w,,ilknes of 1 -11.I1U l.n..rle f. nnl.ie im ll... j f r 1 fi C.i Ml. .11.1,. tlimw 1.nr,.ir ;lt tf(. pair, in the arms of her father, and nroniised all. Ho blessed her ' and tlianked her for her duvotedness. Before ! be bad finished speaking, Matilda escaped are published, and, .. the 10th of last Jam. '"7. in uiu ciiurcn 01 ni. .nomas u .-quin, Matilda mar.ied the Count de- The General was delighted. Al the moment of tho benediction, w lion tho husband places on the linger of bis wife the ring the symbolicaleuiblem of the chain which unites instead of giving her left baud, according lo custom, Matilda abruptly passed to Ibe right of Ihu Count, and extended her other hand. Thn C it remonstrated, and lvi,,(.( , ,.lko ,t.r ,uf, ,M)jf , Mi(U iillr... ii .,,,1 ! ,,i-,l h,.r r;..ln " -. l'o, I, at thu same timocasting down her eyes, bill with an indomitable" air of sub I ,:..;.. ,li,.r.; , .linn. The Count at onco i-j...-. ..v.. ., 1 nerceived this, and fearimr a scene, ho nut 1 the ring nil the right hand, whicli Malild.. persisted 111 presenting. The Count was jealous as jealous as O- I llinllo himself. A fatal suspicion seized him. .Thn ling which Matilda, woro on lier rulit hand, gave him iniich unasiness. lie pro- tended nnl to fancy it, and begged Matilda 1 IUI11.J ll, 11. tu urttjin 4111. ...a .not to wear ... Mai, Id,, replied, that she .not to wear 1 ' would not pari ' wiiiiKl nni tiari Willi ll .nor mieivnr iv: ctpii ' ii I,.,. ,..,:.l ...... .1. ....... .... "l . ""..;.,! ' L.TI.osailor look bis and the b.rl.er be 1. ...I had shown at the church. 1 m, . . , , , , The suspicions of llie Count from that mo- me... svere cuange.i ...to certainly ; ... as ue ' wished to avenge himself he conceal id them, 11. .... ..... ,p 1 lit was not lung before a letter cumo front ' Napoleon. The unfnrtunalo young man.ig- 1 nnraiil. of the sacrifice of Matilda, and Iho 1 rn. ,,f hi. hones, snok.i nf his bis nlans - I lor tin; future, and tb.-ir annro ic ding niai- . . . . . ri'ige. lie reillliliieu ,11 ninia ui-ii uer iia.iii was bis, and do dogged In-r In look often up on bis mother's ruby ring, lo remind her nf bini. He finished bv annuo. .ring 11 niece nf good news. The amli issnlor was about to' entrust hint will, iinporla.it despitclies for Paris. B.-fore llie month was over lie would see Mil. Ida again. This letter of Napo leon's fell into tho Count's hands: ho under stood it all. He went into his wife's room, holding in his hand thn open letter ; ho handed il to her. 'I understand your scruples now,' said he; 'w hy did yon not explain yourself soon i.rl v.... 1. .,1 ll. , 1 .,..,. 1,..., I .i,n..l.l be nnlvlns. Very well, as snon as bo comes I will see that ynu keep your oalh,' hu add ed, with a frightful smile. Matilda did not betray the slightest emo tion. She feared nothing more upon earth. A mouth afterwards, Nipoleon arrived in Paris. But hu was much changed; ho al ready knew his misfortunes, and was gloomy and despairing, Tho morning of iho day after bis arrival a small ebony coffer was I. 1 . . I . I - .1 I! 11 uruugn, ,0 ... .. ..y a nn.i-.uc ,n . very. .... opened II. Judge of his grief and terror I It contained a bloody hand. It was the hand ofa woman of Matilda On :. piece of blood stained paper were these : 'Sen how tho Countess do keops her oath!' Flushed will, mingled grief and indigna lion, ho seizes his pistols and rushes In llio house oflhe Count, I ho L-uunt aim nlatil- da had left during the night, some hours after tho bloody operation ol Pr. Huberli, It was not known whither they bad gone. The evening on which Napoleon had re cngnii'd the ring of his mother on the watch of Dr, Huberli, ho hail gone o the ball, im pelled by a secret presentiment Th next day Napoleon and Huberli fought in the wnods of Vincennes. The Doc tor, more skilful will, the knife than llio sword, was severely wounded under llio arm Hopes are entertained of his recovery. Bo lore ho parted with his adversary, he related what occurred on that cruel night, on which ho had been forced by a feeling nf humanity In commit a crime. 'Besides,' he ndded,'Ma. tilda did not sulfer much. A sublime devo tion sustained her fortitude, and I am certain she was consoled in the endurance of the iain, by the thought thai the hand unuld be sent to you. When I h id finished, I heard hrrsay in a low tunc, behind the curtain that concealed her from me Tell him my heart will go with my ha. id.' But fur the ruby I never should have been enabled to fulfil bur wish.' Compelled to fly, to rurape being arrested oo account of the duel, N tpolenn de i hot lo Biussels. Poor young if an. (lis grief is heart-rending. Will he ever return lo Paris? Iluherli is only an assumed name, in or der to conceal llie true one. The Doctor is oo other than Dr. L (Lisfruuc !) .lie ills- lustrious surgeon. Here is one of the inimitable dog stories of the NasliiM I elegraph : A SmnT Duo. There is enough oflhe dog mixed up the in following slory to enti tle it lo the mine of a 'dog sior.' A nun ...... .1 .3. i-.,rr.iiiiiii I.......... ..,... ., nn......,i by wolves, which deslroed his sheep. In the ,. , , - (ill linn :i i. iii- A I'urV nnluli.i. Iiiit In. WHS. foil The catalogno of his merits was a very liig , , iii onp-llwre was nut a dog vir.oe ... be whole 8 d d sMcii'ollU B 500n I I f .1 I . I rriicfi.it I Iw. iraru nf a varmint Ilin (Ini- look . 1 tun scent and bounded off io pursuit. On followed our friend, up hill and down dale, 'through bush and through brier,' for two mortal boors, when be came across a Yan kee oflhe live species, chopping wood and llie following satisfactory dialogue took nlnrp : 'Did you sen a wolf and dog pass by beret' 'Well, I reckon I did.' 'How long ago 1' 'Well, I guess about half an hour.' 'Hon- was it with 'em !' ' Well, jusl about nip and luck but llie advantage, lor ho was a Icclle A Fati.c.i's Aiivice. Col. George Ma son, of Virginia, made the following remarks in his will; llio adveo contained in llieni constitutes a valuable legacy to all young men : ' 1 recommend lo mv sons, from mv own experience in life, 10 prefer tho happiness of 1 indepence and a private station to the Iroub- le and vexation of public business; but if 1 either their own inclinations, or iho no- ressitv of the limes, should engage them pi()Iic , ,,,,. ., frtl1(,r's 1.1..L: 1 i- mi .'llij,' llL.l.1 lif nil lliu lllllllll.3 Ulli!li; interest or ainbitinn induce them to betray. ..or the terrors of poverty and disgrace, or "of death, deter ihem from asserting ihu liberty of it. .or rllnit. . ,! ,.,,,l,...,-,,r i u,-.,,!! . ! .heir nosleritv. those sacied rinhts 10 which themselves wero born Tun BtntiK.it and Sui.oii. A sailor went nto a barber' shop to hive bis beard taken off. The barber happened lo hive hill one IliC .f . ' - i 1 11.es.11 g!l to execu 0 his office, and at every ... . .. ' scrape, which gavo llio sailnr extreinn pain, j )e '011j cfyi ry , j ,,,IV. ,;r 'fhe ; -, . . r,,-r..lcdi..-r ill. a oood deal of p.lience for si. no lime; however llie baiber laking him liy llie nose, and after several scrapes which mule Jack think skin and all had gn.10 by the hoard, continuing lo repeal . i- ' 11 M It. ir?" Do I . f ... ... . Jaru gravely replied, " llnnesi iiihiiii, 10 :..r answer vour .luesiuiii, vuu uiosi .o.u.1.1 mi: your oueslioti, you must 111lor.11 me wlnl you aro about ; if yon call it skinning, it is tolerably easy ; but if you call il sliav- ing, il is duvlish bard." . Beuin Foiiniwmi. ll will not avail you anviding lo slot, and consider. M iko a he- ginning and do something forthwith. Ynu 111 ly wait a twelvemonth nnu coosuier suit. Ill tin. meantime you will do 1. year elder your family will davn suffered, and you will have less heart to lake hold and go ahead. ' What .1 you la.l ..t l.rst, neg... again an., a gm -I-HUII 8i-iei.lv ..'..ii i. ...... vnu Ii i vii nn rinlit In lie disr.iuraged. We "wnl'l'l rather die trying Hi do soinelhiog.eveii if wo accomplished nothing, lb in to perish with a sluggish body and a I nut heart, dive us energy and perseverance, though riches may not glitter in our path, and wo aro satis fied. Will, this disposition tve are prepared for any emergency ; can sleep soundly nl night, eat heartily ofwhatever is placed be foro us, enjny all ll.e beauties uf nature, and fight our way through all the trials, son on s, vexations, disapi.nin.menls, and even sick- f YPortlanil JUIUtia HnwxANn lltLt.. The eccentric Row land Hill, lining tho numerous religious notices which it was his custom tn read every Sabbath, after service, once delivered ll.e billowing : "A humble partaker in Christ de!ies In know why llrnlber Hill finds it necessary to ride In church in a sumptuous carriage, when Ins til- i0 Mailer never rode anywhere, escept on an n ITn-iii U'liTioli ntnlll Inn ulrv. " nmther Hill," linving up hi spectacles on bis forehead, and with au ir of great hnuvlity, linn commented : I would aay in answer lo my humble bioih er, Hut I hac rarrlsgo, but no beast such our Master rode. However, if my worthy hrolh. er will present himself at the door nf my dwell in nn next lird'a day, ready saddled and bri dleJ, I will ride him to church." DEACON PICKLE PICKLEBY'S LETTER., The following letter is worth the price of a year's subscription to nny newspaper. It relatisto the caieer of a young man born in Litchfield in Connecticut, who emigrated to the far Wesl.petagngued there awhile became .. lawyer next, and subsequently joined in Hie hilly hands of wedlock with Miss Fawn Groonbriar, and a plantation unci seven ne groes, afterwards served two sessions in the legislature, and finally made a long stride into Congress, w hen old Lleacun rickla Picklehy was advised of this last good for tune of his hopeful son, bo devnled an entire day in writing the following letter: To lAr. linn. Jnbrz Pirkhby : Dutiful Son, Bv the .blessins nf Provi dence you be despot ly prospeied in this world. Your poor old daddy wheo he was i boy. had hut little sKuliu, but moral in struction was melcd nut to him. I was taught m train up a child in the way he should En, and I did it, but I never expected to see bin. in Federal knngres. Jabi. my son, don't hu lifted up, fur there is no knowing what you may come tu. You have beam tell of Aaron Bu.r and Benedic Arnold There has been a fine crop of garden sass and buck wheat this year. I must admonish you agin temptation in the Federal city. Thev dew tell me that it is a Babylon ofa place, and .hat kongris men never mind pains and penalties, and iliink ri l l . I " '"i" '" F"1""" "i's.rap, or sou eunog ofb.red to Mill"""?- " theatres and other carnalities. Dew for mer cy's sake, Jabez eschew evil company. , When von get to the Federal lily, dew try lo give somihin lo thn widders and or fins of sogers and sailnrs, that font agin llie Brit- tons. 1 have got your grandlenr s three cor nered seraper, led coat, and buff facings, his lew edged sword, and you ken base 'em to wear in knngres. Your mother has darned up all (be ninth-holes in thu coat, so that she thinks it looks just as new as it did when lefienant Picklehy wore it tu the battle of White Plains. I shall send you by male, a pare of blue mixed storkins, nnd a pare of knit gallnses that are kindereusy for a politisbun to squirm about in. Your mother would send you a pot of pickles and a chese, but the stage-driver sjys its agin the law. Read our bible Jabez, study iho laws of Moses, and don't repeal any on 'em; remem ber the ten commandments In, and llie lev enth likewise, and don'l sell llie bit (bright nf he Yanke nation for a mess ol potash ; and the day may cum when you will hi- a minis ter ofa penitentiary, or secretary of legation. I am vour dirifnl father, PICKLE PICKLEBY. HOW TO BE HICII. Do vou w ih lo he rich ! It is perfectly ea sy. He mom as dirt. Cheat every imdy you can friend and fie f.ther and mother sister and brother- Iluy nothing tint you cannot sell again and double your money. When ymi pur chare, declare the article is not n erih half what is asked for it, and scidw- t!ie seller down to one third his price ; and he sure, when you sell the same, tu declare it is worth double what you ask. Nevergtveawayace.it. Kick the beg. gars into the street hem it the contribution box or feel all over your pockets, to give out the inprcion that you forgot lo bring vour money. Belong to no society w hatcver liter ary, religious nr scientific. Take no newspa. per. In making change always keep the half cent, and invariably gne twehe rents for nine. pence. Ilis;iuie ctery bill presented, and if you get an opportunity, erase the figures anil lessen Hie cbarge. Clnrge as much as you can get for nur goods, and never have any con science in such matters. Kuilorje 1111 notes. Never lend a dollar even though it should pre vent a neighbor trom foiling. Always exact in- InmO .in I'linr tllina rt nit Intel nn nnii t.1111 ..a j , cerU' w, p,v ,en ynu send the lull I When vou buy, tm'kt the a'rticles weigh as lit. 11. -.! .) (, ' ,',,, , selling the same ue sure more, eien tliougli ynu '"e o su.w in u- '..- ele-s articles like our friend who, 111 Felling old junk nr rags, to make theui solid, show-led in mud ; so the story goea we do not vo irh lor it. Neier purchase any thing, hut what isabwilu.elv neces-ary. Whit hire you to do w.th the luxuries of hie! Nev- er ride, sul, or go to places of amusement, nn ' lss vou "11 in ike nthers piy your s-ore. Eat buiy 1'U.I'lmg and innlas-ea for breakfa-t. and '""""f0? !uui pl",Jln- U ' d,n,,e'. 'n'xture of hoili f"r suipi;r, as a nr.ly. l,vamuie your cupb ard. Tour cell ir and your swill.pail, to rea ... . ..,,,..,,, IB tost, and ncciB.ouallv e.ve vour ti.ai 11.1 inug is 101, anu ni lasioiaiiy gike your . w.r0 a eu-iure on econnniv. Wear cow hide shoes and in ike your chillies of the cheapest 1110 slnutest 1I0II1. In tine, live to yourselt and for yourself he, lefining .. one and doing no gn.nl in the world. Grasp all vnu can and hold all vim ge'. Mike every mill tell. And you wili ho rich; this ynu my r.-lv upon ; but 'li-ire is an unfortunate but in the wiy hut you will hate no friends ever v Imdv wi. de et and scorn you besides you will ' Throw up your interest in both worlds, firs, stirted in ,lr,'lien dunned 111 that lo come. Viiict if Industry, Cosnecticut is one of the smallest Stalet in llio Union. Although its soil is by no means ll.e must productive and weiu il do- . . . . .. r.'.. . 1 1( w01,d ,,,. U(ll iju ,.ai, elili ikh pendent upon us cultivation inr us suppnu, in manufactures. The statistics of the Statu for the tear ending October last, have been gathered and published. From tho abstract given in ibe Hartford papers, we gather llio following valuable statistics : Vnttie Hand srnplof4 t'nllon (inn ', Wooli-n do e r Scw.nE Slk, Irfither mnnufacturtd Carp-ts, Clocks. Cone hr nnd Wajons, Machin-rv, lira is ilicles H0U.V6 616. 3?SiS75 1, 1911301 171,33. 735 X.'7 BHG 014 771.116 1,312 091 U2M9I 21 10 659 S72 SIS 916 1506 436 08 $l-4!rO,U0O 12,112 TlIK SQUARP.nrTHEClRCl.E.-A wealthy in dividual whose name is not given is reported .1. the London papers tn have recently do ceased, who has left by will, the sun. nf .100,000 in trust, to the then Lord Chan-rt-llur, for the benefit of ti... individual win. sl.niild clearly demonstrate the square nf llie circle ; the interest, until .be c.iudi.ion of the will is complied with, tn he paid to one , f 1I10 colleges al Cambridge, il is believed 5t. John's College,