2 Nisan 1847 Tarihli Burlington Free Press Gazetesi Sayfa 1

2 Nisan 1847 tarihli Burlington Free Press Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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- LQ Vol. XX. tfo. .!. Whole IVo. 101. lU!ltM-TO, FRIDAY JIO It APRIL 3, 1817. 2VEW SERIES, Xo. 40 JNGTON FKHH PRL rj.wwH'.-t'rv'iViiis, ' i.i.,. .., Praiiritlor. PRESS IM Tcrmst To Villi?- subscribers who receive the Prr1.y m the carrier, . ' "nl M-iii-iJ ;o A I'nmily Vlclurr. by maktix r-AKQUiiAn TtrrEn Ms- tittle? ones, my Jailing ones, my precious things cf earth . How gladly J 1 triumph in the bls-hiRS of your birth J How heartily lor praii-syin J how carneslly lor praj crs, I yearn uprni y"r loveliness, my dear delightful cares' 0 children, happy words of peace, my jewels an J my BolJ, My trueftfticnds till i!W, and still my truest frienJs when old, 1 will be everything to you, your playmate anJ your guide, Itoth Mentor anJ Tclemnclni", forcverot your side! 1 will heel cry 'I''11? 10 S'011' yur sympathizing friend To teach and help and lead anJ bless anJ comfort and, JctcnJ i Oil, come to nic and tell me all, anJ ye s-linll fiinl me tine, A brother in adversity, to fightit out fori on! Ye, sins or fnbe,"griels or earcs, or J oung alleclioii's llirall, rcarnot, fori am one with you, and I haie felt them nil: 1 will be lender, jinl onJ Mm . unwilling to reprove,- luiHdonlltobles.-io.iall liyisJom anJbyloie. My 1ml.- ones, delimited, I review you as jou stand, j A ..' tty troop of l-iirus or joung cherubs baud in hand, AnJ ti 11 out nil 1 our nnmrs to be a Jear familiar sound. Wherever laighdi htanlis nnJ hearts about the worlj abound. Oh bli'ed boon and gain to me ! oh, mercy, praise nud pride ! Ye lack but lilile heritage your father's name beside. ,ien 1 am dead yuit lutle onesshall reaJ my words ivilh glee ; When ye ure dead their little ones shall still remember ine. My eldest of the speaking ejes, my I'lliii, nine years old, Though thoughtful, good axample of the loving little fold, My nilin, th"' -hall hear nf ihee, fair spirit holy child, 'I'ne Irulhful and the Hill-resolied, the liberal and the mild. AnJ ihee, my M.iry.wlntof lltec! the beauty of thy five I Thy cnjly-prctly whims and ways, that lay ihee rounj Willi grace I Oh, more than these ; a dear, warm heart, that still lnuslilirill nud glow Willi pure uircuiuii'ji sumliiue and with feeling's over- (low. Thou, too, my gentle five-year olJ, fair Margaret the pearl, A quiet, silk, anJ suirerin chilJ, sweet patient lit- lie ill i Yet gay withal an J frolicsome at limes wilt thou ap pear, And like a bell thy incrry i oice rings musical anJ clear. AuJ next my Selwyn, precious boy, a glorious young mind, Tiie seii-iliie, ihe pis-ionale, the noble and the kind, Whose light-brown lucks beihepeil Willi jjold, and large eyes full oflove, And geuerou- nature, mingle will the Ik-n nnJ the dove. The last an infant, toothless one, now prattling ouiny knee, Whose bland lwivvolent soli fice is shining upon me ; Another silver stir upon our i aim domestic sky, Another seed ol happy hope, dropl kindly Iruni on high ! This s-nleih up lucrum to us, my loved and loving iv ife, Jle ihesfto u-lhe pleasure and ihe bu-ine&s oflife ; And lhou to uie what art thou not 1 through infan cy and youth, And lu.iulio'id's prune, as now, my all of tenderness and liuth. A happy man, be this my praise not riches, mnk or fi.ne, A happy uiuu, with store enuugh.nii other lot or ii'inie; A hajipy iiian, with ) on fur Ihends, my childien i.ud my w ifc, Ami) tmn is nVrvaiilleJ herein all that glaj l"ns life S e-, leave me tn my happy ihouhlsuuj those urouuJ vile Full, III nneieni woojsnf Albury, or on my fresh fiuzdiill AnJ, I'hilJii'ii, leaeh your (liilJren, loo, by right- i uusness in si'ind, 1'ur thus -hull jc inherit pence mid blessings iu the land 1 l)c -farm. Troiii the Cultivator. Chill nili-.' Hultcr. T,DS. Ct'LTiv.lTo?.. I have seen and read " Mary's" complaints about not getting her '-butter to come," with much interest ; and although ! n:iy not be able tn point out the cie or lailure in her case, I believe she imv obviate it in fu ture, by a diti'erent mm lgemeut, both iu feed ing ' Urindle ' and taking care of her cream. I have been equally unfortiiii ito with Mary hiving failed ' live successive times " iu getting the butter, and givo it up iu de-piir; but not nn'il the patience of every one was tired oat with churning. Until within the list throe winters, 1 gen'-r illy had much trouble in churning, and when the butter did come, it was almo-t color Jess, bitter, and anything but in proper order lor printing. Sincothen, my hu-bind has entirely rhinged bis plan of feedingfrom ny to corn fodder, which I am Informed is cut and grown up by machinery, stalk and all, at tho rate of fifteen hundred to Uo thousand bushels adav.l fed dry in the troughs, afier tl,0 cows eat their meal corn and o ,t ground together, at Ihe rate of 1 to 1 1-2 bu-hels press,,! m,,,,,, f)r at a feed. hinco idopling t)i plan, an 1 while sofed, I Inyo no dilhciliy i rlmrai,,,,. . lilter.ort.obest:pHiitv ,,,, ft M , or; indeed the ihnerenco is so pl.,1,, fr( a change in the food, thuja,,, ,mt g,ii.ioil f tho grass is gone, until 1 hear th it a .-o,l Hm., or (udder i prepared the winter seas,.,, ,ei,. 1111 Unntsl for selling butli r -ellino t1(. .jj nearly double price if a nice article. I keep the cream in a warm pmtry, (adjoin ing tlio chimney, whore a eon-taut liro is kept,) I think the cows would (jive more mill, jf the n.eal and fodder were n.'ue,l.,.!, tl,eI , .....j, : .lied ; but .he men say II111 takes too niiich lime itnid if ininiid without nioi-icnhi,, the lodder is ihrown out by ihe cows, t hud .l.eniea 1 useihe.,, ,,sl,i.i,,,.,l aleoKn d. 1 'V.fclt hi tl te""! d...raW 'VI-'VAV fiuui. ii'i ,l,y poirallu,led m f,y'Mary 'ilprope; cJnr' is .W Y o iho whole music-galfory trembled i,..t,.ni. ii -n,.. L, 1, o. ,,r..v..i 1 il,.. ir.in nnrM and sl.uok. " i.ivn . li... i ,1 I... ..l......;.....!.,.. truu. rusting. In which tho temperature, is nearly equal In f utiimor heat ; nnd Iliink it much hotter than felting it near the lire ; whore it i atinn-t cer tain lei get ton warm ; and then insipid, white baiter Is tho cnoijttinco. 1 hope Mary may succeed lietterin I'ntiiro ; and am -ati-lied she will, it thouiiovc il.m is adopted and persevered m. Your rcpectfully, Ann. Deep Plowing. lfitract from a letter to the Cultivator, dated 'anesville, Ohio, Jan. Kith, from "J. L. C." "For the la-t few years, 1 have been trying tore-1 claim an old firm that had been pretty well 'used 1 up' by shallow plowing. Some six years since, we plowed un old field, (giving it lirst a good tressingol manure,; about fix or seven Indies deep. It had previously been Iowed about four inches, and snmo of our 'knowing ones' told un we wero killing it by turning up tho yellow clay; but nothing daunted and following tho in ixim, that if we try our plan and fail, wo have no one eNc to blame for it, wu persevered, and hud a pretty good crop, lleing encouraged by this, wo iniule another trial, of it similar nature. The field had been much vahed and gullied, it being more hilly than tho former. Alter filling tho gullies, and "levelling up-' some of the deep hol lows, and applying a dressing of manure, wo plowed it in a similar manner to the former, -owed o.its, and had a tolerable crop; in tho fall ivo plowed again, with three horses. This timetho plow went some nine orton inches deep, bringing up portions ol in inuro with alioiit three tncl iiiui u iii ti,iy siio-oii, iiiiu ieu uie siuooie -ome .in, iv-oii iih.-iiii.ii.i-. ii ii.u inn in win, nun -imcn id neai -. aim i uau auoiu unriy im-n- els to the acre. 1 Ins was the summer of 18-10, .,,,. R)mu ofonr ,lej,iM)rs jjj not ct .) ,ut few got twenty bushels per acre. As we filled to get it ill grass, wo plowed again about twelve inches deep, with four hor-e. and sowed summer crop oi wneat, wiiicn la.-t liarve-l aver- , fl rrpil I Inn e.lit p ,111,. ipl.i hiir ncrn a ,-.tj l)i in "r- .' w .. ...... .31 ..ii. it, -J Illjll'HII- III II1U illlll MINI 111 111- I III., WHICH IS the lields wero very much washed and gullied, about as full or expros-inn as a bullock's liver. which, in part, I charge to shallow plowing, fur t Then there is voung .Martin (irubb, who is a hit I when the ground is mellow, but a few inches ofa d.indy, with black curling hair, and whi.--i deep, the rains s on saturate it, and it becomes hersnf the same pattern, pale face, thin lip, ,-o thin tliat it slips oil almost bodily to the hard ; sub-oil, or forms small gullies whicli soon run to- gether and mike large one-; hut when plowed deep, the rain is taken up by the soil, whicli, be- ilig so much more mellow, it seldom has a ten- deucy to run nil, but is retained in tlio earth to gun noiiri-limeiiltollie ciop; whereas, in shal- low plowing, ir it doe- not wa-h oil', the soil is sn thin that a few hot days penetrate and dry up all the moisture. And f.uthcr, not one of the old gullies' hive wa-hed out, although we havo had some very hard showers, and where you could formerly bury a horse, now there is no trace of iicii a wasu. i:perinicnt in I lie Cultiiic of Indian Corn. Mr. Julius Hubbard, of Stockholm, St Law rence Co.. informs us that by the ti.-e ofa coin- po-t mentioned iu tlio Cultivator fur 1815, page 8!), ho raised last year as much corn from two acres as he has u-ually done from tiie ; but ho noes not state tlio precise amount. I lie com-po-t alluded to, is described in a communication from Mr. ClrirlesColfolt, of Pennsylvania. Wo herewith publi-h the mode of preparing it: I. 'I1,...,,! ...Ut-.i lint.ut ."uiil..t iiiiil tmlpnpliri! asiios, ten bushel- pla-ter, sixteen bu-hel- of nine, an t an mt in ly uu-tieis nne -neep manure, mixed the whole together on the bam Iloor, and ilissoived the lime with heel and pork brine. AT ter thorough mixing, the compo-t heap had the appearance of the grey pla-ter. I put one hand ful in a hill of corn, till I found I should not h no enough to go over the whole Held, when t ho quan tity was reduced to a handful to two cr three hlils. ' The operation of this enmpo-t vve have no oubt would bo good; but it I- riue-tiou.ible whether all the sub-lances of which it is formed, combinein suchamimeras to produce the be.-t results. ! or m-tance, lime and sheep manure are incorporated together. According to cliem i-try, this is '-again-t all rule." Tho cllect of the limo would be to dis-ipate the nitrogen of Iho manure, w hich is its mo-t valuable principle. The nitrogen exi-ts in the manure in the form ufmrbimaie nf (immim'm. The lime, having an affinity for carbon, unites with the carbon of the manure and sets free the ammonia, whicli is thus lo-t. Hence it is an e-tabli-lied rule that linie should not Iu mixed with anim il in inures. If any doubt reiniin in regird to the matter, wo would recommend th it llio-e who u-e the coin p i-l -liuiild m il;p a fur trill by applj ing to nl t, r i'e row- u( corn tint which contain lime uid 'Hi it whicli ha-none, noting the growth or 'lie crop-an 1 th pro luct. vii.i,.i;r, ciioiiisTi'us, nit'i'iii: ii vi.i.iM.r.i.vii ciiouii's. A pig in a string is a troublesome article to nnnige ; two pigs in a string are more trouble some still, lo a degree, perhaps, in proportion to the s pi-ires ol their instances a ram in a lial ter is al-o proverbial lor oti-tinucy, mules aro epleliriilpd for ibplr liprl'l leiei ty. lltul iliniLpes for their stiiniditv : but all tho "pig-, rams, mules. and asses in the world, put together, would bo mure easily managed than a company ol singers iu a village church. About four "miles lrom 1,'ippington there i.s a villago called Snatcliain. Living is but small, ami thu rector resides and performs bis duty without. the aid of a curate. You cannot imigino a milder and moro gentle creature than this excellent clergyman. He is quite a picture, either for pen or pencil. He is not more than live reel four inches in height, somewhat stout, but not very robu-t ; ho is near ly seventy years ofoigo perhaps quite, by thi tiinss ; his iiair, whit little is left or it.'i as white a- silver ; his Hcu isfrea frmi all wrink les either in care or age ; his voice i- slender. hill mu-icai with meekness. JT'io prietical prill-1 Iheir rector for all the abomiii itions and ab-ur-1 up to tho ceiling and down to thu Hour, toward ciploof hi-demeanor h is alvv iys been -my-j dilies which they were accustomed to inllict ( .Ir. Gripe and towards .Mr. Grubb; but neither thing for u quiet life. Ho wonfd not speak a ! upon the p iri-h, under the gui-eof inii-ie, ; but , ceiling nor Hour, nor Gripe nor Grubb, afforded liir-h word, or think an unkind thought to or of the arrogant importunity of their solicitation was him any relief from his piinful embirf.is-meiit. any human being shut he is now and then temp-1 such that they seemed to bid delianco to refu-al, i Thu exulting singers s.ivvtliat ho was po-el,and ted In think that when tho Apostle Paul recotn- so that their asking le.uu was alter the f.i-hioii that now was tlm time to pu-li homo their vie mended the Chri-ti tns to Hie p-aceablv wilh all of tbobeggir in (iii lll.i, who held his musket t tory, and oyerwhehn the rector by Iheir united i.r. ,..,i ;., il,,. .,,',,,, nl i ;f',w.ll.l.. ' in thnilireelioiiof the donor's bead. iiiinortunities. So thev all crowded round him ue -n, no . - , with ivirlicular reference to village choristers ..... I . .. I ...!!. ..1 Siiiteham clmir is siidto be tlio be-t in the country ; sucli at least is tho opiiiou of the clio-ri-lers'tliemselves ; and lioiniistboa liold mill who should siy to thu contrary. Thev are no .l.oit.t .-ore kin. ore veben they sav that thev ne ver lie-ir, imv le'tler than tliemselves : lor. In iu Ige lrom Iheir singing, vou would not imigino tint they hid ever heard any one el-e. hint chain church dots not boast mi organ, and it is well it docs not, for if it did, the wbolu choir wimld in-i-t iiiion nlaviiiL' on it all atonco ;hut iu-tead of an organ, it has u html of music, which has been gradually increasing (or soiuo years li 1st. I commenced about 1 1 rtv- in years in... ....,1 1..I. ..i ...l.!-l - .. I...... I . . .i i ' . i . -.ii-.. ..una )uicii-pipe, which was pn i-oiiy sn- perseiiei hy a tlute. It was soon found, hiivy - I ever, , at tLulXi. ic ,K were I ' '" amid tho chaos of sounds proi'tic-il by '"" 4"cai etlorts ot tho choir ; so a second llute was added by way .ff reinforcement ; but all the I utes in thu world would bo no match for tho d,ml.,,0,1'1- voice of Martin Grubb, ll.o Snatch- 'V'u cl'er'"11'.luf whoso burly weight and hnr - ""'iiui, miller Wlioso linrlw e..iirli. nml ,11.. I'll irivn nino.n.int. In !,,. l..f ... I mental department, therefore, a hautboy was ailded ; imt the vocalists felt it a point of honor to niitscrrum the instrument?, and the miscella neous voire of James Gripe, tlio miller's son, who sung tenor, treble, or counter-tenor, just as it happened, wis put into requisition for extra duly to mitrli the linilhoy. .lames (iripo could sing very loud ; hut the louder being, the more you lieard tint hind of noise that is produced by -inging through a comh. It ti-cd to he mid of him tliat he sung as if he had studied inn-ic. in a mill ditringa high wind. To the two flutes and tho hautlioy were added two clarionets, because two of Gripo's younge-t brothers wero crowing up, and had a fancy for music. Young Grubb, 1,0 r(m f the butcher, began soon to exhibit musical bilcnts, and accompanied his father at homo on the violoncello, which instrument, with the leave of tlic rector, was added to the church nm ln a very short tune, a time too short, I bclicic, fortho perfection oftiie performance. The rector, dcargood man, never refused his leavoto nny tliiiig,p-pecially toivh it the singers asked ; they might have had leave to introduce a wagon and eight horses, if they h id asked but still the rector did not like it ; and every time he was called upon to christen a child for one of his pirishioner.s, he trembled lea-t the young one should have a turn forinu-ic, and introduce into tho gallery some new musical abomination. It was next di-covcrcd that only one has- to so many treble iu-triiments was not fair play, so to the violoncello was added a ba-soon, and to the bas-onn a serpent. What next ? nothing more at present ; Imt if the movement party retain its ascendancy, triangles and kettle-drums may be expected. The pre-ent state of .Snalcham choir i-as Ml lows : 111 the lir.-t place, there is .Martin , iiruou, mo uuic.lier, -lout rolju-t man ol auout lilly years ol ;i"e, haviii" a rouiiil head and a red ficcwith .Imnn. strai"ht. thick browiiisb-irruy cf)mM ur his forehead, and rc.irl.in" tli to his very eyebrows. lie is the olde-t, the wealthie-t, and tho mn-t influential mill in Ihe choir, lie -nigs ba-s, and is said to be the life and son) of the p-irlv, lliough there are no great . nr.. I I :.. 1.!. i' .. I. !..!.! . long chin, and short no-e ; his instrument is tho violoncello. James Grine is loader of the treble voices, witli occasional digressions, as above no- ticed. And, in addition to tho two younger ' Gripes, Ab-olom and Peter, who play "the two j clariouel-. IlierearoOnesinhnrus li.ini'. the shoe- makcr.who plays the lir.-t flute ; Is-achar Crack, I a rival shoemaker, who plays tho second lluto ;' Cornelius Pike, the tabacco-pipo linker, who plays the bassoon ; Alexander Itodolpho Crabbo, the' baker, who days tho hautboy ; Gregory Plu.-h, the tailor, who plays the serpent, luge- ther with diver-others, men," boy-. and girls, who make un the whole laud. ! This renowned choir h is for longtime coni- i dered itself Ihe nejilus ullnt n( the uiu-ical pro- fession, and con-eiptently equal to tho perfor- iu nice of any music tliat w.isever ompo-ed. The old fashioned psalm tunes arc therefore all , bani-hed from Snatcliain church, to the great grief of tho worthy rector, whine own voice is almost put out or tune by hearing Slernhotil and I!npkiii- sung to the tunes ul ' Lovely nymph, a u.igo my angui-li,' and such like Vaiih.ill and Sadler's Wells mu-ic. Tho members i f the choir, too, liko fiber political bodiiv. have nut mucli iie.ico w itiiiu, unle-stbey iiavcwar without. If'anv attack be made upon their pri-, v-Hptcs thev stick together like a .-warn of bees ; logger-heads one with another. Old Martin the vervtliing I siy.sir, and therefore the Halle- again, and mg it the tlnnltime. lieu the ser Grubb wields a precarious sceptre, for James lnjah ( 'horns is the mo-t peculiar appropriate; vices vvas over, the gooi man tool; the liberty to Gripe is mightily ten iciou- or hi- rights, and re-' it's one of the most soluinest things I ever heard hint to Ins mii-ical parishioners th it he thought sists, tooth and nail, the introductions or too fre- it's quite awful and grand enough to make thev hail performed a work or supererogation in quoin use or those tunes w Inch siiperabound with the hair one's head stand upright with sub-Mini- Performing the chorus twice. I bey thein-eUes i .... .... . . 1 i I..W t i it tlimr li nf nrnovli:it onrrniirh-w. (nil thnv bass solos. Grubb and Gripe, hv way of an at leinnl nl enmnriiiiil! nrr llip tiiittpf l,vn l-illprl,. been in the h ibit or taking it bv turns to choo-6 ii, . .,,,,1 ii.otr .,iir.i.,tn ....i. ...... ....... ,",!, : ,i,i ,,ril, f.1,l,'.l,rn, ... . ,i, Murk, who invited ono another to dinner.the rx preparing a ll.it di-h, of w hicli the stork could not avail himself, and the stork in return serving up dinner iu a long-necked bottle, too narrow to admit the fox'slie.id. When James Gripe choo ses the tune, he flourishes away iu tenor and tre ble solos, leaving the butcher as mute as a li-h ; but when the choice devolves on .Martin Grubb, beptys off old score-by a selection of tlio-e couipn-itiiins which mo-t abound in bass solo-. And in such ca-i-s u not uufreqiiently happen that Mm i. in tiie delighted coii-ciou-lie.-s of a triumph over his tenor, treble, and counter-tenor rival, grow'- m I nur- with noli tlninderingex iiltatiou, th o :', p illery quiver- beneath him while his son s.ivv s aw ly at his violoncello a though he would cut it iu half, from very ecsla ry. Cornelius Pike and Gregory Plu-li nl-i-sji'iila- lunch breithas they cm spire, and peih ips a little more than they' can spare conve nieutly, in tilling the va-t cavities of their ru oective sernent and bassoon. All this di-tiirbs and di-troscs tlio feeling of the worthy pi-tor, who thm'is it pos-ible, and feels itde-irable, tint iiublic devotion should be conducted with a little less noise. It appeursin ileeil.ainl no liotibt tneriiori-iers.one anuai .uuiih so. that Snatcliain church and Sternhuld and Hopkin-'s p-alms were all made to show fortli the in irvel iiistalents of the Sn.itch-im chon-ter- They think that nil the people who attend there, come merely for the music, and tliat the prayers and the sermon h ive no other two or object than iu-t toaH'ord siiiL'ers and other musicians time to tako breath,, and to givo them an opportunity of looking over and arranging their nooks tor mo next outbreak or musical noi-e lint tho climax of lho abominations of tlm Snatcliain chori-ters I have vet to record, and 1 hope that by their follies, other choir-, if there Iu any so alxiird, will t iko warning. It his been already said tint ibis celebrated Snatcliain choir in uiu it a "real ooint to obtain leav e from .... ..." ..... - . -. ... 1 .. I.. ,.. ... I ,n nr.,. ..It. ... ... I , In I , Siiiteham is situated, there had been a mu-ic il him with such a torrent of re.i-ou and argumeii-fe-lival, the directors of which, iu order to givo t ition, that lie had not a word to say for him-elf. , to their adve-ti-ements, Inl med all nun- ner of mean- to swell the number of performer-, !-ir this ourooso thev bid snmrht every, hedge and ditch, and highway and byway iu tho county, to pickup .-very individual who had tho ountv, to picK up .-very imlivulual wlio Had tlio liohte.t iireten-ions wl'iatever to musical talent. Iiisiich a search, of course tho Snatch tin choir My wife says she'll never como to church again, could not by tiny possibility bo overlooked. , if tho Hallelujah Churns is not performed to-mor-They wero accordingly retained for the chorus, row.' ses, in eousoiiuonco of whicli they underwent 'And I declare,' said Gregory Plush, 'that for much nnisicil drilling; nur were thev a little I pleased at me Honor tuns mriisi upon iiiem. .'IM ,r.n,i,i ili.tiii,rnilip,l tlipiiikptved. Milillirli ' ni-; ... ...... v.. , I . . . . . i . . . . 1 1 uiiisl say imt lie wisest m g ciiorus singers ' ,, do is i,o. to distinguish them-elves, ; huUhe hn Uch nil cl.oir.lt is sa.il, act,, illy . i. .li-lin- ' giilsh thein-elVes, e-peci.llty initio 1 1 llleiuj ill I Chorus, and so ficinitod were thev with lint chorus, and Iheir own .li.ti.igui-hod' manner of singing it, that they resolved mntniinuu-ly lo per- 1 form ft at Suatc .au. church. This was bid ri-i i o lien it 'v v iiiiu I ei.ongl ; but this was not tho worst, for nothing i"i . ' 1 1 ...i.i I......... ..r ..il I .,,., it nl Nii.tlcli i in eli n re i. 'I' lis was Ii 1(1 tli,ll , ,ll l,l,a,l,l. liuotiu .,...,.... , would servothem but they would have it, of all days in tlio year, on Good I'riday ! On the evening of the day before, tho whole hodyortho choii-ters, vocal and instrumental, went up to tho rectory, and .demanded an an dienco of their worthy pastor- The good man trembled at their npproach, and his heart sink within him at the announcement that they had somethiii" very particular to say to him Ho thought of liarp, flute, psaltery, dulcimer, sack hut, and all kinds of iniiic, jiud his cars tingled with apprehension of some new enormity about to be added to tin: choir, in shape of ionic hea thenish instrument. It was a ludicrous sight, and enough to make the pastor laugh, had he been at nil dispo-ed to merriment, to sco the whole choir seated in his parlor, and occupying, after a fashion, every chair in the room ; for if lliey were never harmonious in any thing else, they were perfectly harmonions as to their mode ofs'itling; they were all precisely in the same attitude, and that altitude was sitting on the Very oitttvay edge iff Ihe chair, with their hats carefully held twraeen their knees, their mouths wide open, and their eyes fixed upon vacancy ! At tho entrance of the clergyman they all rose, bowed with simultaneous politeness, and looked towards Martin (irubb as their mouth-peace. Martin (Irubb, Willi his broad heavy hand, smoothed his locks over his furclicad and said ' Hem!' Well, Mr. (irubb,' replied the rector, ' you nml vnnr frlnii,!.! I nii,!,.r-i:inil. bav soinetliiiiir particular to say to me.' be sung immediately before the sermon, and they , lars, cannot be received free by deputy po-tma- ' Why, yes, sir,' said Mr. Grubb, ' wo arc cal- thought that the prayers would never be out : ters under their privilege. IlVucli should be ad led upon you by way of deputation like, ju-t to thev were as itnpitient as a young horso in liar- dressed to them, it is their duty to return them . n.. 1 ... i .:.. ..........! f.... tli. ay a'word or two about singing ; and for the i -..I ,l.n. .... I... ..r.w.ti it.. ttr.il. lvi-li ouol music out ol ll.inilel, wnai limy sung a mo mu-icai i.i-uvat, c.iiieu uiu iianenijUii Ciioni" ; and as our choir sung it so well at tnu fe-tival a- to draw all eves iiimiii us. we have neon Illuming sir, wit II vour leave, u you piea-e, au.lirvnu have no object on, that wu should jm-t liketo siii" it at cliurch.' I ' At church (' ' Yi-s. ir. if von nlensp. at church, to-morrow, The Halleluiah Chorus, ()ii know, sir, being part oi tlio .lles-iali, we thought it vvoiihi ue par-1 iiee;i, inai none out uie iiiiiiaieo cuiiio iiiiiii a i e.xcecoiiig one ounce in weight, aildre.eil to euee wiiu me people, it would still bo a matter licular appropriate ; and we are all perfect in our , guess what the singers were aliout. The pa- any ollici r. miisiciatyir private iu tliearmv of the or sufficient doubt to c iusp ..olicitude, whether pari-, and there's two or three chaps out ol' the tient and alllicled rector sat still in his pulpit, United .Stales, in Mexi.-o, or at any post or place I 'be masses generally, could he brot!"ht under next pari-h that are coming over to Snatcham waiting till the storm should be over; he knew j on the frontier of the L'nitcd State's bordering on ' habitual conviction of difference ill churac tosee their friends, and they'll help us yon 1 that it could not la-t forever, and that they niu-t , Mexico will pass free in the units. Iluch letter , tL'r bjtween them-elves and neonle. serumteil .know, sir, and every thing is quite ready, and rehearsed and all that ; and we hope, siir you won't have no objection, because wo can never do it so proper as with them additional voices what's coming to-morrow : and there will bo such lots ol people coma to church on purpose to hear us, that they will all bo so disappointed ir we don't sing it.' , Here James Gripe, somewhat jealous of his rival's eloquence, and taking advantage or.M.ir- tin's pausing ra moment to recover breath, stepped forward, saving, j 'No, sir, wo ho; e you won't refuo us vour leave, hecau-c all the people so calculate upon 1 hearing it, and they will go away in dudgeon if" so be they are disappointed ; anil mayhap they will never como to church ng.iin, but go among the .Methodi-hes.or some ir them outl.iudi-li sects; and it would bo a pity to overthrow the etabli-h ed church, just for thu matter of a stave or two or mu-ic' l ho rector sighed deeply, but not audibly, and replied, saying, ill a tonii of mild expo'stula- tion 'Hut to-morrow, my trieml', is Good I'riday, ' ail.iv oi extraordinary i leumity, and scarcely inlinitting even tlio most solemn miisicin lU ser- Vice. I'xncllv so,' inlerruptcd Martin Grubb; 'that's "Tis indeed, sir,' added James Gripe; 'you may take my word for it, sir.' I ii...i, .i i.,.,t rtnil.li 'i-niirrever- enco never heard it, mayhap ion don't know nothing alioul it. in which ca-e we can, il you plea-e, with your pcrmi-ion. sing v on a little bit nf it. iit-t tn cii'i' von iin idea oftho thing.' i Thu poor, persecuted pa-tor iookcii rouuu up on his tormentors in blank amazement, and saw- them with their ruthless mouths wide open, and ready to inflict upon him tlio utmo-t penalty or t'leirawful voice-. In treuuiloustones the worthy man exclaimed No no, no; pray don't pray don t don t . l.ln ..I ..... II ......... ill not. I know tliiilDiu vinusrive- i i-- yo. - the piece of mu-ic to which vou refer, and I i.:,.i! :r .... ......i.i ...,.r...... ..i,V other day than .iooii I'riday' ' Singers are a peculiarly irnlahlo class ot ner ons, and the slightest oppo-ition or cnntr.idic 'ion irritates and di-lurbs tl.em, so that, at the very moment tho rector uttered a sentence al all interfering witli their will, they all surrounded liim witli clamorous and sulky importunity, and set to work with all dilligenco to demolish his objections. 'Please, sir,' said Martin Grubb, shaking hi big head with a look of dogged wilfulness, ' don't see how it's tn be done. The II illelujah Chorus roiuires a ot of extri voices what isn't to be i'ot every d iv ; and if wo tells them chips as is coming over to-morrow- to help us, th it we don't want their help, they nny .take till', and never como over to Snatch mi again.' 'Hut perhaps,' tho pastor meekly replied, 'they may a-si-tyou in the grave and suber singing or, snmo serious and well-known psalms in which all tho congregation miy utiito. On hearing this, the hroad-laccu imtcnerex piuded his features into a contemptuous sort ofa grin, and said 'Come, now, tliat is a good one, as if reo'l.ir scientific singers woiildcome all 'he way to Snatclnin just to sing old s ilm tunes ;' 1 Mr. Gripe also saij 'He ! he! he!' j 'He ! he ! ho !' is a very conclusive kind or ar- guiiienf, and so the rector of Sn itchain lelt it j to be, for ho could not answer it, nor refute it, i nor evade it. He looked this way and that way. "I . , . . . . , ,, I . , II , .1 ,1 1 1, 1 ; 1 11, ll.l II 1 1 II F fHIP , I ll'l-'l 11 1 1 1 II S-.l 1 I ' 'Plea-e, sir,' sanl unosipiiorus nan;;, ! na n t got nothing else ready to play.' 'Nor I neither.' said I-- icbar Crack. 'Please, sir, said Alexander llodolpho Crabbe, 'we never iiku to tioiioiiiing milium your iee, 1 and we bono vou won't compel us to do so now. my pirt. I never wish to touch tho serpent again, n vve m ii n i i-" Bu...u in.. in. rtrii.p nlii -:il, I lho same iYU-.Uiill! illlU . I.:.. .1... .1 . j ii ml I ,i im.d I ri n, as louciinig iim n.uiii"-i ................. then looked a, the, rector JVy rogai. v i a-pei i, " "'J " ' ' ' ,'' , ''fii ' ' ' V, seeui"ii 10 saj 11 ;";- withont Absiloui and I'eters clarionets i .V.w, for hi own put, thevvorthy pi-tor would hivo been glad to get r d oftho whole c amor., their n.u-ic. for these c hor.slers were always ut log- ".. . . , ..Wb.rionetsV'Now. ii iiniiii.iioi . gerheads either wilh ono another, or with all the ..ciln. 11.1r1.l1. III11-1C. lor llll-su i iiui isit if. ... 1., ..... ... n u k ' . rest iff the parish, 1 The rector, lliiii overwhelmed with tri'iuuent and eloquence, with pathos and importunity, f ui nd himself compelled to yield, which ho did with the worst grace imaginable. Away went tho choristers, rejoicing in tho triumph of music, and full of glco at the thought of tho wonderful figure they should cut on the morrow, when, as sisted hv the 'chaps from tho next village,' they astonished the natives witli tho Hallelujah Cho rus. Tliat night neither tho singers nor tho rector siept; tho former were kept uwako by the an ticipation ol musical glory, and the latter was made restless by the dread of musical absurdity. (!ood Friday came: tho whole village looked more like a scene of festivity than of fasting. Tho 'chaps from tho next tillage,' as Martin (irubb called them, were as gay as so many larks: there was such a display of blue coats and yel low buttons as never was seen before. The singing gallery was full to suffocation, nnd the church itself was crowded. The squire of the parish was present, anil his family al-o were pres ent with Iii in. and the singers were so happy that they could hardly contain themselves. They did not mind tho prayers: they had heard them belorc. and did not think them half so well worth hearitiL' as the Halleluiah Chorus. There was such a'rutlitigol' leaves, of mu-ic books, and such a buzz of whispering voice-, that tho worthy . II 1. 11. I... T i mm... ..i...... ...... had arranged that "the I lalleluj.ih Chorus shnulJ recior COIIIll Hanoi no ne.nu, j uu t-iit'n-iun i ....... lies-. i At Inmrtli flip nrnenrs worn llllls IPll. nlltl IDC mereiie cuorisiers ici mo-u ujnm mo tunjjii.-1 g:u iu iinnei. ii.ui.iui iuui-h...i ,u.,.i.i. ... . p casu. Awayiuey uursi wiiu reieiuu -s nun re-i-lless fury. 1 hero was sucli scraping, nnil , oiovving, ami ro iring, unu yiuniu:eiiiu -v ing, as never was lieard; tho powers of every voice, and of every instrument, were exerted lo 'the utmn-t of their capability ; there was such 1 an Infinite variety of li articulation ol iitilltltiiria, I W7hw, nllyliiwr, and nDfH, and ihciich, and soon sing themselves bourse or nut of breath. There is an Irish proverb which says, 'Single inislbrtuues never come alone;' this was verified iu the present ca-e; for a inisunder-tanding oc- curred, which produced a double iullictinu of the mu-ic. .Messrs. I irubb, (. rabtie, IS.ing, Lracl;, j and their friends when performing at tho c.itlu- dral, had observed thatone or two parts ofthej perforin nice bad been encored by a signal from Ids grace the Duke or , who was pre-ent us , pitron,and that signal con-i-ted of tho silent waving nr lifting up ofa white pocket-handker chief. Now, unfortunately, ju-ta the bind was bringing it- mighty performance to a clo-e, tho srpiire of the parish most innocently drew his handkerchief out of his pocket ; but happening to draw it foitii with a peculiar grace, or with what Mr. Grubb and his friends llmiihl a pecu liar grace, inev wero mo-i graciously piea-eu to take it for gr.inted that it mu-t be a signal for a repetition of the chorus ; and therefore, ju-t at the moment when the good rector was pleasing him-elf with the thought that the ab-iird display was over, they all bnr-t forth again with renewed Igor, lie iliouglit that mey wero absolutely mad; lielooUeii; lie sighed ; liu shook Ins head; nut no was only au-wereil liy 'hiiUtluynir,' 'My I'ycr, aim wiien mey uau imisoeu mo seconu time, ho was half afraid that thev would begin lain tne uia ne upon me squire, ivn..sU siiguu-i " """J - spnre wis very sorry lit -hould be obeyed. The w ieu he fit, nil what m.scnie no na, i luveriaii-iy uone, am. prou,,-- en i i.u ie o""'1:"'" ".""I"' ' . 1 I'"" out ins liaudkercluef again in singing tune, From the Washington Union. The Post Ollice Department. We hasten Ui lay b.-foro our readers tho new "illations whicli have been adopted by the Po-tma-ter General, under the laws passed at tltn n me of the l:l-t fii..inn ol t on'Te-s. I lieV - v embrace a variety or a new and intere-ling pro - vi.ioos. wbicb o'lnrht to lm tliorouelilv under- i'lond by the peopleTtliem-elves, as well ashy all the po-tm isters. The attention of this ,i-t and inportant cl.i-s of officers, throughout the coun try, is specially invited tothein. li'uliiliitns lit the ',). OJjire D'piirlmait fur the euftircemrnl the del nf ('oHgn's, ' the I .-t, -S,t, mi I 3 . Mirch, 1817 1. Alt deputy p'a-tina-ters aro authorized to -end free, through the mails, all letter.- and pack ages not weighing over two ounce-, which they iu iv- h-iio orea-ion to write or send, relating to the bu-iiie- of their olli,-es,orof the Post Odice , Ih-p trtnient, endor-iug tbeienn po-t ollice liu thereto. And h-,nes," and signing their ii.nne i .i.,.. ...i, ..... .1:. i ..,,.,.,.,1 Si inn fir the year ending the 30th or June, IStti. liny also send free, through tho ui iils, letter written by themselves, and receive free all written com munications, on their own private business, not weighing over one-half uunco. 2. Menbers of Congress and delegates from Teirilories may send and receive free, through mo in.ii s,,rom ininy u.iys oemre l ie commence- i, nint nt ii-ifli ( iinr-m until thn inPtimr nl tlit next Coiiro-si, U'ttens nml jack:io- not ox- omirlitifr twit iitltwn 111 vt'rtltrlit. tltlil tilllilli1 ilii'Ml. . " : V . .i ' i : !..... meis uai excee.nug uireo po. . s " v'ls ' cer uw-spiper of the 15th of 1'ebruarv, 1815. I Public docuni"nts are tho-e printed by the order relj Ua VvIIowh of either house of Congress, and publications or, ' hioks procured or purcha-ed by Congress, or! ", "' 111 rli-'lr'.1'0.',1, rl,irL of ignorance either house, for tho use or the members. 1 P'ion, I will, in all serionsno-, suggest 3. The same privilege allowed to members oil southern gentlemen a measure, which I lion-Con-'re-s is extended to the Secretary oHIm Se-' i-'ly, wo"i 'lo, ni'tch, very much, to- nato and the Clerk of the House of ilepro-enta-, "-.inl di-pelhng lhon cloud of ignorince. and tives.liiring their official turn-, which terminate . eabning whitever exi-t or feverish passion. with the election of their seccessors. Let candid and intelligent ineii from he slave- I. Tho privilege of the Vice President is en- I' 'ng t-it vis.tthe North, an I call meetings . . " . . . . ..1 .. It ....ill!. . I irll,w to l.p.ll tlll.1 lllll..,.t ill. urged, so that lie imv semi and receive, free, nuhlie. docuinents.durlnir his official term. 5. Person entitled to tho privilege of franking should endorse on all letters or packages weigh ing under two ounces, "Free,"and signthesaine, designating the office thev fill ; and all public do cument T.hicli exceed two ounce in weight uuiiieiiiB ,iio.i , ......... . ... ..k.... should b.Mle-iguated by wilting the words-public document" on them, and signing them officially as above. The character or public document, is- sued from the tiublic offices in tlio city of Wush- im'lon and directed to persons authorized lo re i r . t. ..;... ,i, ., n. . . ii ..t,imi. specifyiii" the officii from which they issue, and j assail him for in iint.ninng the right and inter thevvords''publiedocuiuents,''orsuchotherevi.t,'','niisownState, m such language ns k iloncoof their character as maybe agreed upon 'comes a freemen and a gentleman." between thoui and tho lustmister of the city , Tin1 patriotism u-liieli is hero exnressed. ex- Washington. Any document folded and sealed, e.- , ... i . in iv I lui'i iii'i iu il il- L , ai 11; u i luu ",, " , .,, , ,. , ' -ye fope w I o ra e with -h wd, be :.,-,. evidence that ii is a nubl.e doet.ment.l tr.mstni -il.lo free through the in lils to tho per- ,j ,.,,, transmn-iDie ino i sou ml. rosse. . ... All let ers a ho ids ,d di m u n ... w usseii, letters ami package lrom nnn to mo ... .1 1,... ....l.lin . Ill ...... who were ent.tled .. the , rank.ng pnv. i ege .prior to the lussigu of tho act of tho 3d of .March, ,- . i . .. ' 1815, iu relation to the business of their resjec- tive offices, will bo delivered to tho persons ad dressed, without any chargo of postage, as an appropriation lias leen made by Coiwrcss for their payment. All letters and packages from the departments, should be marked on the en yelone, " official business," and sbmcd hv the heads of the departments, or, under their direc tion, by their chief clerks, and by tho other offi cers who were entitled to the franking privilege prior to the act of 18 17. design iting their official capacity. Hut such officers have not the rhdit to send or receive, free, their private letters or papers. 7. All newspapers transniittcil through the mails will bo hereafter rated with po-t.n ire, ex cept oKchangu papers between the publishers of newspapers, anil those franked by persons en joying tlio privilege : and contractors may take newspapers out ol the mails, for sale or diatribu tion among snh-cril.er. 8. Trau-ient newspapers, or those not scnt from tho office of publication to stib-erlln'rs. handbills, or circular letters, printed orlithnirra plied, not exceeding one sheet in size, will pay three cents, upon delivery at the office and b"lon' they are put in the mails, and all such will be charged hvdentitv on-f n'.nti.r tlu ,in.....ia ....... ter ln the way bills and upon their accounts of mail- sent, and stamped or marked " naid "with ii. .,,.., ..r. i ,v. 1 r .. . i. ' iu- ii.mt 'i iil'J uincu iroin wmcti scut. U. Transient new SIMIUT-. Il.lllilliillu nr rlfpn. In me spin pr urn nr i I to the sender under a new cover, charged with letter DO-I iri. n , ,.,,nj 0.1 ,.,.t, ...l' 1-v.in.u,ui,,Jiu--eu 10 oeputy poun I'ters or others, ... ,,, ,,v c.ie ue lurwamcu uy in ill iiiiuui prepaymeni oi tne postage. It sealed lliey will lie rated with letter Postage, and for. u-.inUlii.l 11, ' i i . . r , . , r-1" '"-' our country, me tltvcr ity IU. I.etters:ul,lre-sed todilTerent persons can- wlrch e;i-ts between them-elve.- and there con not be enclosed in the -amp envelope or package, federated brethren ; and the cau.-es whicli have under a penalty or ten dollars, unless addre-sed acted, and do, and niu-t continue to act to tofureign countries. produce this duer-ity. Ifall this uereexp'a'n- 11. Letters, nr-iv-naner. and mrkniro. not ed and enl'oiced bv n.iti-i,,tj ,,r p.,..,i..... :.. :.. so auuressoil shoulil specify, after the nunc of mo pur-no,-- oeionging tome army." J lie law "oicn woinu inuuce mem to make that allow will continiio in force during the war with Mex- ancp w hich is necessary tohirmony. ico, and for three months after its termination, j Vou tn ly belt the earth with a zone of ten 12. Kxtra commis-ions allowed deputy po-'- ma-tcrs by Jho order or the Dili of July, IS 15, are superscde'd by the act of the 3d of March, 181". II). The commissions allowed by the 21th section of the act of the 3d or March, 18 15, are repealed, and other rates allowed by the 1st sec - tion of the act of the 1st of .March." 18 17. in lieu ol them, as follows : 1. On the amount or letter po-tage, not exceo- ils there climate, so are they. ding SI UO in any one voir, !!) per cent. ' '1'be civilization of the New' l'.nglnnd State, 2. Un any sum between 8100 and ,$100 in and that oi the Southern States are ditl'.-rent, as any yeir, 33 1-2 percent. much son-any two highly civilized nations upon 3. On any sum between 8100 and 2,100 in' earth, and the inhabitants are mutually more a year, 30 per cent. " I unknown to each other, as consistent commti- 1. On any sum over 2, too in a year, 12 1-2 nitiesof men, thin arc those of any two distinct percent. .nations. It i- to be regretted that while the 5. On the amount of letters and packets re- Northern or the Southern scholar may take from ceived for di-tribution at oilices de-ignated by his library a volume, and may, at his lei-ure, the Postmaster General for that purwse, 7 per obtain a good knowledge of any other, and of cent. all other civilized communities, be leip no means The term letter po-taga includes all po-tages of knowing philo-ophically the people of lho received, except thosowliicli ari-e from nevvsp i- States united with him by national tics, but by pern, sent from the otliccs of the publi-liers to "b-oliilely going and taking up his rc-idenco subscribers, and from pamphlets and magazines among them. so that all prep iid po-t ige ujnm transient pa- '"''o eivilizition which his obtained for up pers, hand bill and circular-, printed or lithoom- wards of tw o centuries, both in the New Kug- -.1 t 1 1 I . 'I . !..! I t. e .i .... .... piii-u, win oetreateua- letter po-t.ige in tiie set- . i . . ueiiieni oi nceounts nf po-tm i-ters I). Un all SIIIIH nrUimr Imin the tio-tage on novvspajKirs, magazines, and pamphlets, fifty per cent. 7. A flip nnrntintj f ...... ...nt.j 1,o,.i frt I... 1 settled nuurlerlv. nn.l !..;,, .,tl-,,,l fr that time, tiie o whi,.i.,nN ill cues vvue iu per cent, noon he ir.-t twenty. live dollars received in the quarter, and for any ju-tice to both, and to the subject i quo-tiona-siim between twenty-live dollars and one bun- ''lo. There is no tendency in our insliliiiioiis to dred dollars in the quarter, at the rate of33 1-2 produce men of this particular qualification. percent. ; anu upon any sum lu-tween one bun- dred and six hundred dollars received in the quarter, 30 per cent. ; and on any sum over six hundred dollars received in the quarter, at the rato or 12 1-2 per cent. 8. Thu commission accounts will bo settled as heretofore, except tint tho annual compensa- tion to which po-tmusters aro limited will bo eomniited for tlm li-eal year eomineneln.r th.. i , , 1 computed for tho li-eal year commencing the l.-t of Ju v. and endinir tlm 3mb of June, ami j in due proportion for any period less than a year. il. Noother allowances can be in ido to 'po-t- m i-ters except box-rents to an amount not ex- ceediug 82000 per annum, and the surplus of -uch receipt-miy bo applied to the expen-e- or ; the ollice, muter the direction ol the Po-tma-ter 'General. The emolument or bov-rent account 1........ l...,,M..iA.I r... . I..-I.. :.. .1 iiiu-i tn, . i.oiiini-ii mi ii-iii.iiiv ill luu qii.il lei - r - - - , ..... returns, and for the s.imo qua'rter as other tiro- strictly a religious enterprise. Take the reli ceedsoMho office. j gum of the Puritans for lourgniile and that with 10. Postmaster, in their returns f,,r the pre- al1 it peculi iritic-, and New l-Ingland society at sprit rniarter. endiii.r il. rtut r Mureb i s 17 once discloses all analysis. The moral idea has will iidju-t theiraccounts according to the above illovvances. C. JOHNSON, Postmaster General. March 12, IS 17. The North nud South .o. 1. To the Hon. Geouuc 1. M.vr.stt: Allow me sir, in addre-.-ing you thus publicly to referbrelly to tiie circiim-tauces to which I , lon;)ro your acq., lintauce. . In vour Speech delivered in lho llon-e of Representative, at Washington on the Texi- I'l'ie stion a- piibli-hed ill the N.ition-il Intelligen i""",,v'" , .. . ,. , ,, -j-" lcu-.-ed. I confidently predict tlu he most zeal oils advocate, even ol' slavery it-elf, who should ad Iress tho people of the North on this subject iu decent and resii.ctfiil I ingu ige, would not on ly hi attentively li-tened to, hut civilly and even kindly treated. Iu-tead t f being lynched, a . , . t anyi.r ho supK.rlers ot tho right iff petition . would Ih. at the Ninth, he would w feasted and c-ires-ed ; and fiiutics, incendiirie- Us wo are, there is not on this lloor a Northern gentleman who would not shed tho last dron of bis blood in defending a Southerner ugain-t any vv ho should cited mv warm admiration. I sought to know li . . s- . liri suii,in I lit, siiiii'siii.in. w nil iruni I in. ,. ., . ' ,,, ,. " V , aces o ho ition expressed him-elf thus ;-l high Vou and I. Sir. r on. alone in tlm wish that tho people of theso two ureal sections of our .. ... . i.oiouij, uiu em in .11111 inu iiuxiii, iinit, i,i,u. . stand, mid know, and appreciate each other bet ter than they now do. How this " consnmma. iin Uovom , to be 11 w.eu ..my uo u.iaineu, ,s an important quest. on. 1 seek to show why Southern politicians call not address Xolthern audienri's on it.n !.,,,. of slavery. Diversity in character and circum stances eori'litutes an insuperable ob-taclc. I miit needs enter into of society as it exi'ls both in the .North and tit tliehoiilli, inorderto eiinco tho t ruth of my proposition. Tlio people or Iho North and of tho .South, line been extrem-dy diverse from their be-in-uing hitherto. It will be sufficiently accurate Id an-werall pre-ent puruoes, lo regard tho Ply mouth (A as.) ami the Jamestown (Vir.) colo nies, as the germ or Northern and Southern cW ihzalion; forto the-c in point of character,tho-e colonies winch settled in the iieihboiliood of each, sufficiently conform. Quito a different people were our Puritan filh ers. rrom thoo who cons ituted the germ of the ancient Dominion, ami the adjacent .Slates Had they berni alike, theihver-itj- ordinate am! condition, in their domineering influence over mm, hid, ere t..i made them esuitially differ ent. ' Montesquieu, jn his " Spirit or Iiws" inform-' us. th it tlio people (,r siirii a climate as Neve l.nglindwillbe moral, great lovers, r liberty incapable of being made -laves. e tells (H alo, that, under the h- nt of the tr.ri.l zone, it happens that the iiihibitants prefer to be slave-. rather thin "endure the in-.o,portable fatii-ueof thong it neiesary lo .e!lcoiiiIiict. i V1 '''sT'-ly e'Hilizcd pie, stretch from latituile lorty-ninedeeree in il.i. V,nl. i. ward over twenty-three degrees", almost to the tonid zone. j lie pan lii-lory of government h in. im ... nrellel, A b t horto trim! ,,,;, i 1 government are again-t our success. The ' porpi-iiiuj- oi our union i- ilouUfiif. It would seem natural to nppoo that bore ffllt liri-O from PMihliniii.rt. til 1.. ..c .1 . m i v. ..:.." "V I'VT'o."' "if tweniy-tnreo il "grees of lititudu from them, degrees o latitude, and hope to unite the to babitants m one liepnblic, with belter prospect of success, than vmi can the twenty-three par- licular degrees wh.ch we inhabit, even thounli the domain were more limited iu breadth than , t lutivhuh ive pos-ei. 'J be tepre-cnlatues of oran"e- and of ice , meet at Washington in legi-lition, and verily ai'uniiue .-.oiiiiiern .Mutes, ujii be ono day written, donhtle -, luithlully, fearfe.-sly, and philosophically. We are rich in men cap'i hie of learning enough, and even iu tho-e who actually know enough, if Ihetr le irning was of tho right kind, to qualify them lor such an un dertaking ; butth.it there is among us, at this time, a man o e.-.-rd of s:n adequate know l edge, both of the .North and the South, lo do 11 u inuhc no siaiesmen, u me term state-men bo allowed to mean men who are acquainted with tlio character of the pooplo whoso afl iirs tllt'' manage. And unfortunately tho working oronrsy-tem, in its progressive developomcnt, liotvvith-tauding the facilities to intercommiiui- cation through the introduction of steam, tends otherwise than to the projiictiou of sucli men. Perli.il" an independent philo-ophical foreitrn- cr, who neither cared what tho North said or him. (,r. rfit!i, or what they both said or thought of him, might write tho history of our eiviliza- tmn, and .-peak ol us as wo are. buck a bjok will ouo day be written and all that I propo-e ti do, i-to reach forward and tear out for pres- " "-e,a icai or uvu iru.u mi- pruuuciioii juno b". 'flip settliorf nf the IMrmontb Pidpnv ii-ij ever runum a-i, uas outrun ami cciip-eu ;iu oui- er idea-. To the idea of morality, everything in . Knjl indcivihzitionc'infiiriinas by instinct. round morality the minor matters iff society ar range tliem-elve-, like leriiglllous particles a'bout a load-tone. All the elements obey this gener al I iw. The Puritans wore religioui-t. Their em barkation lor -et'lenicnt iu tin- We-lern world was u re'igious enterprise lln-v sought relig- Iiou-lib rty. If al am period uf the hi-tory i f ihe Phmoiith -eltli in ni, t .ere were a mapii.' jOltlie com-nuiiiiv religions, ir ,,t iiurt-astiUH-I bio to siipm-e th it moral, ly -Inn, Id gain the n- I'enuency in a ru ing .aw. .i.orainy onie pre doiniuuit, bibit would l iv or conformity (hereto in the suh-eqiient pmgre-s of . ociety. Nor i- the truth of a general livv" of the phi losophy of society neces-arily nffected by the In crease or decrea-cofthat qn'iliry in the commu nity to which it owed its being. ' True morality may have inenvi-ed, without giving to tho law .my greater a-coml.iticv than it bud before; or it I iu ly Ii ive declined, and the former exi-t vv itliout 1 .1... II- ...1. I - .1. . I .1 . r !. uiu Hiwi-r. ii such ue ine law, uie i uuiarif.uy to it, iff vv liich I sjieak. will lie, on the part ol" thu truly and sincerely moral, cordial and heartfelt, and tlm-e who are not so, will show tUeir alle giance by lieing hypocrites. The politician and Ihe demagogue, if pot truly moral, either con--eiou-ly or unconsciously pay court to the law . by Using it ina way which appears best tilted to subserve their end. There are ioculiaritio in the morality of New I'nglanJjsoino of which it i my paiiffu'l duty to mention. Vou and I, sir, have heard in New Lngl.iud, thai tho Puritans had been ierseouted. Whether they hail or bad not lieon pcr-ecutod ; .vhelber they did or did not persecute, I touch not. Let that nutter rest in dread repo-e. Ti.ey came to this country to enjoy religious liberty ; and used unwonted liberty with religions sy's ten.s. Their mo-t important mural innovation, in its inlliicnco in forming society to what vve now liud it, was the decreeing to the laity the Mivver of conferring sacred functions. Tlie'laity urocenijiete.it to invest ono of their number wilh the clei.cal office, with authority to minister in holy things. Such a laity of course reUin, not only more power, for that which can mike, can unmake; but mure competency in roligiou matters generally, than bin ever ierlainod to any body of laity lioforo. Independency was in v.'.ited. Other'rcligious systems have been and

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