13 Mart 1867 Tarihli The Chicago Tribune Gazetesi Sayfa 2

13 Mart 1867 tarihli The Chicago Tribune Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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Cljicfljga STribrmc, BittT, TEI-TTEEKEY ASD WEEKLY. OFFICE. Ho. #1 CLARK-BT. yuere are three edition* of the Tamm** iwned. lit. Terr morning, fordrctilation hy carrier*, newsmen sod the malls. *a. The Tti-WamT, Mondays, W®fl n«uy* and Friasy*. for tn* maU* only; [*** Vexo-t, on Thursday*, for toe mail* and saleatour Boaster asd by newsmen. Tcnaa ofthe Cbfnuro Trlbnnei Bp delivered Id tde nij Cdg ».|* pallr. lo r-ftU itibßrtMr. (per imam, ptf. Trt advisee) 0 too part* ol toe year at toe same rates. rr Person* rem*tUsg ana ordering are or.more topic* Of either the Tri-Weekly or Weekly edition*, nay ream ten per ccst of toe subscription price a* a Coln p. Union. > ' * j.'otici to ErßSdOTrEs.—id ordering the address of your paper* chanced. u> nreveat delay, be sure and specify That edition yo» ucn—ueetty, Trl-Wecldy, orDaHy. Also, BlveyourpßrsssfTandftiinre address pr” Money, by Draft, Express, Money orders, or la Address. TRIBONE CO„ Chicago, IU WEDNESDAY, MARCH 13, 18CT, THE PRESIDENTS ADVICE. The stupidity of the men who control the Provisional Government of Virginia is per fectly amazing. The Governor Is the only man among them, apparently, who Is capa ble of comprehending the most prominent facts of Uie .political situation. They have not yet learned that the President cannot have his own way in the matter of recon struction, and that Congress wields the power oi the country. The Virginia Senate obtained a climpse of this important fact, a few days ago. and passed a bill providing for a Constitutional Convention under the new law. But, as If alarmed at this sudden ex hibition of common sense, they imme diately afterward sent a delegation to Wash ington to ask the advice of Andre to Johnson / It is a wonder that, while they were about U, they did not instruct the delegation to visit James Bacbanan and Franklin Pierce, and obtain their views of the subject. Pending this visit lo the White House, the lower branch of the Virginia Legislature took no action on the Convention Bill, evi dently awaiting the momentous decision of tbe potent A. J. The telegraph announces the result: “They were advised by the ** President not to call any Convention, but to leave that duty to the military com mander.” It Is added that “this will de feat the till in the House of Assembly.” If tbe advice of Mr. Johnson has the effect predicted by tbe despatch, and actually does Induce the Virginia Legislature to take no steps for the organization of government under the new law, we have only to say that that body will furnish tbe most perfect evidence of their utter incapacity to manage the affairs of the State, and the most ample justification, If justification wore needed,*' for tbe supplementary Recon struction Act now pending in Congress. If they arc too blind to sec that the settlement o£ Ibis question of rccoustrnctlon rests with Ccngrcss.and that Congress bos both the pow er and tbe disposition to insist on the terms 11 has prescribed ; that the President has no power in the matter, unless it be to secure his own impeachment and removal from office, by refusing to execute the law in good laith ; we say, if the Virginia Legislature is too blind to see all this, then it is too blind to be intrusted with the public basincss.and the sooner it Is snuffed oat by tbe operation of tbe new law, the better. If the Southern rebels prefer to follow the advice of Andrew Johnson, instead oflisten -sng to the wise counsels of the New York TTon’d, they must take the consequences, and thank the President and their own stu pidity. Congress will not adjourn until it has provided for the registration of voters, the calling of a Convention and the forma tion of a Government in all the rebel States, whether the existing Governments shall take any steps in this direction cr not; and If they stand aloof, the result will be that they will be “ counted out” and lose all voice and control in the new Governments. In fact, the Virginia Legislature could in so other way so effectually assist the Union men, white and black, to get control of the Government, as by the very inaction which the President recommends. This is well illustrated by the letter of Mr. Botts to a member of Congress, ia which lie declares that if the Legislature calls an election in Mar, as was proposed, *‘ they tcSl “ certainly control the Convention , unless a reg -41 istration law and provisions for voting by 4 ‘ ballot are provided at the present session “of Congress.” He says that net one-fifth of the colored people are aware of their right to vote at the ensuing election, and In "behalf of the Union people implores Con gress not to adjourn without the necessary legislation- It would appear, however, that the amazing blindness of the rebels them selves, promises ample security against the evils apprehended by Mr. Batts and bis political associates. Instead of seiz ing the opportunity, the Legislature will probably throw .it away. Instead of acting In the light of facts patent to all the world, they will lie down supinely expecting the President and the Supreme Court to extricate them from their diflieal tie«. They will find, hotrever, that the work will go on without them, and more satisfactorily, perhaps, than it would with their co-operation. The Richmond Tf log eces all this. Commenting on Mr. Gold's proposition in the Senate to amend the Con vention Bill by inserting a protest against the act of Congress, that journal says: “Against this protestot Mr. Gold, which will prehably be offered in the Uou-e. we beg to enter oar protest. This is no time for sentimental legislation, nor is It proper that wc should go out oi ocr way to pick a fresh quarrel with those who hold our destinies in tbe nohow of their bands. Evervliodv knows that we are acting under the Jircfture of a stem necessity, and tiotiromchoice, t is needless to put this in the Convention BUI. Sncb a coarse would be irregular, and. as was argued by the Senator from Chesterfield, a ue panmeirom the plan of jirocecare indicated ia the act of Congress—a departure that might in validate out action, aiid so exasperate the domi nant party as to indnee them to wrest the whole Con vention machinery from our hands and place it In the grasp of the taction headed by Bnnnlcntt. Such a molest can do no possible good, and may do great mischief.” THE CHICAGO TAX GOJIHIXS- SfONEU. The tax-paying citizens of Chicago were very greatly astonished upon reading their papers yesterday morning to find that the Common Council, on Monday night, had rejected the nomination of C. N. Holden, Esq., as Tax Commissioner, coder the new law creating that office. The reason given for thi* action by a few of the Aldermen, tut perhaps shared by several others, was that no official copy of the bill establishing the office, prescribing the duties and regu lating the salary of the Commissioner, had teen seen by any person, and that to appoint the Commissioner before being certain of What was the law, was premature. For this reason, when the Mayor subsequently nomi nated Mr. Burley, the Council postponed the whole subject until an official copy of the law could be procured. It is to be re gretted that this course was not nor sued Id the first Instance, instead of that of reject ing Mr. Holden. There were some gentlemen who opposed Mr. Holden upon personal grounds. One ol these stated that, five or «is years ago, Sir. Holden was defeated for Mayor, and cited that as a reason why he should not be confirmed as Tax Commissioner. While it will puzzle moat men to discover the connec tion between the premises and conclusion of each an argument, the argument itself is an unjust one. Mr. Holden wag nominated after an internal struggle in the Republican party, to which John Wentworth was a party. That struggle was continued after the nomination by John Wentworth’s covert support ol Sherman and his like opposi tion lo Bolden. Had any other per son been nominated than Holden, Went wnr)V ,j muiiutT umc opposed and deleated him, it being John’s policy at that time to let no Republican be elected Mayor but himself. The party had not at that lime emancipated itself from his bond age. Wc do rot know that there is a gentleman in Chicago more fitted by tastes, by long business habits, by pergonal interest, by education and by those traits of personal courtesy, for the important office ol Tax Commissioner, than Mr. C. N. Holden. He is a gintlcman of unblemished personal and official character. He is known lo be hone:t and to be incorruptible. In an office of that importance and involving inlerestsso deeply affecting the public generally as well as in dividually, these qualifications should bo of the fust consideration. Mr. Holden is a member of the Republi can party in goed standing. There can be do objection made to him on that ground. He is of the same party with the majority of the Common Council ar.d the Mayor. He was selected and nominated by the Mayor, after a careful endeavor to select a highly competent and trustworthy citizen to fill the office. To oppose him under these circum stances, not upon political grounds, nor upon objections touching his fitness or ca pacity, or integrity—because of some per gonal pique, is not just to the Republican party, not just to the Republican Mayor, not just to the tax-paying public, nor just lo Mr. Xloldcn. If the eem-e of the tax-payers of Chicago, whose will have to be re viewed and adjusted by the Tax Commis sioner, could be collected upon tue choice of a discreet, able and honest person far that office, the owners of three-fourths of the taxable properly of this city would select 3-lr. lluldm as their first choice for that office. tVe trust, therefore, that the mistake of last Monday will be corrected. "We hope the Mayor will recall all proceedings in this matter until a certified copy of the law can be obtained, and that Le will then commence Oe novo , by nominating Mr. Holden, when the Common Council, fully Informed as to the peculiar qualifications required for the office, will do the Republican party, and the Mayor, and the community generally, the justice of confirming that appointmeit with the unanimityJt.deßerreß.__TS!eJiaTaAith la Its .sober second thought, f TAXinON OF IfITIONAL BANK STOCK, EniTJAir, Mich-, March 9,1867. To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune: From the Detroit Advertiser and Iribune lent the following;.. . ... jatrosiasT Daemon ForTnx vxnoxai. butts. I From the Chicago Tribune.) in toe case of Tobias. 8. Bradley et at. c*. the People of (he State of lUlnolf,-the lodgment of ths-unprsae Court of this State baa lust beat reversed by tae so prcpeCourtt.l iha-Unttcd ttotee-v . < „ The cate Involved the question as to tb« right of the State of Illinois to tax the share* of the AaUonal Bantu la the hand* of the holder* thireoLwheatbe capital elocK of such hanks was whoiiy invested In United Sute* bond*. Actording to the decision ol the Sajweae Com tat Washington, soar stout u not tax- The platatlflh In error were the sbareholders' ln the First and Second National Banks of Peoria,. The snares held by them Tire assessed by the Assessor of the town of Peorit, at the oar ratne thereof. The shareholder* appealed to the Board of supervisor*,by , whom the! assessment.wa* Btrtckcariom toe list*. The llou-O. O. Miner, btate Auditor,-bow ever,~Ceenaed to approve of toe action of the Supervisors, and applied to tne Supreme Court of the State oflilmols, fur an-or der to set aside and reverse their decision. ■ At the January tena.ieC6.ot tooßapremo Court of this State. Judgment was rendered, setting aside too order o! toe Board ol Supervisors. The cause was then carried by writ of error to the Supreme Conrt of Uie United Slates, where a decision has Just been raderedln favor of tne shareholders, toe Judgment being reversed and toe cause remanded. 1 How ns our Legislature is in session incubating a bill or bHls to provide for taxing shares of Na tional and Slate Banks each paragraphs as the above, unless they arc true, may do n. great deal of jnlechiel. The Supreme Court of the United States could not make sneb a decision as Is above represented without stultifying itself. The act of Congress of Jane) ISM, provides for the taxation of shores of National Banks upon certain con ditions. j The Supremo Court of tbe United States In the case orVan Alien r». Assessors of Albany, New York, (8, Wallace 573,) decided iu December, 1865. held that just.uch snares as those or the First and Second National Banks of Peoria might be assessed. At the recentDeccmber term or tbe same Court, In the two cases of Denning Doer, relator, and of Ralph Mead, relator, r«. The Commissioners'of Taxes, &c., city and county of New York,relterated and rc-alDrmcd the former decision. (Bee Banker*' Magazine lot February, 1867, page SSI.) Let us have the decision and the true grounds of; It made by the Supreme Court of the United States. (If they have made any.) In the case of Bradley et of.- Tt. The People of too Slate of Illinois. * ifrmoris.—There is no such conflict of de cisions in the matter of taxing National Bank stock, os our correspondent believes must exist if the statement credited to the Chicago Tbibune Is correct. The case that went up from this State was not parallel with the New York cases or those to which he refers. The reason that shares of Na tional Bank stock are not taxable In Illinois, is, that the law of this State' requires all taxes levied on Banks to be levied on them or corporations ; and under this law the stook cannot be assessed as the private property of the owners. On the other hand, the Bu premo Court of the United States holds that shores in National Bank, stock can only be assessed as the private property of its hold ers. Therefore, while the law of Illinois pre vents a tax on this stock as private property, the doctrine of the Supreme Court prevents its taxation as the property of a corpora tion. Onr correspondent will readily see that it Is the faultrif the law of Illinois that our Na tional Bank stock escapes taxation, which the Legislature has the undoubted right to impose. He will also see that the decision in the Illinois case is perfectly consistent with those in the other cases. A bill ■ was prepared under the direction of the State Auditor, during the late session, to remedy tbe evil and provide lor the taxation of the National Bank stock. But for some unex plained reason the bill did not pas?. It was smothered in a mysterious manner; but whether the holders of this stock owe their immunity to some friendly hand that slily , pushed this honest passenger out of an om nibus, or to the eagerness of our virtuous Legislators to provide ways and means of spending money rather than of raising it, we arc not informed. A REPLY TO A FAULT-FINDER. To the Editor of ihe Chicago Tribune c lucre 10 s large class in the community who would be gratified to know the reason of the sud den and mysterious extin«mlshmem of agitation m the Tuibuhs and other journals, in regard to the restriction of the railroad monopolies which at present curse onr Sla'c. We can very well understand the influences brought to bear in the Legislature, and the query now Is were not the same potent means applied to the journal*- that were so recently devoured with zeal for the interests ot the people. The measure was of great public importance, and iw untimely death has aroused concern and a painful suspicion that the people have no organ the pnee of whose influence is not within the means of any opulent monopoly. Victim. Answer.— Notwithstanding the contempti ble insinuation of the writer of the above, we shall reply, so tar as his question is directed to this paper, in direct and explicit terms. The people nor the Press have any direct power by town meeting or otherwise to correct the evil of railroad extortion. Newspapers might HU their columns day after day with arguments upon the subject, and the railroads and all other mouopolics would laugh at the exhibition. The only in fluence that newspapers can hope to exert is to arouse the public to snch a sense of duty to themselves that they Trill elect a Legisla ture, or law-making body* that will execute the will of the people In limiting and re straining the monopoly. When the Legisla ture is elected, the Press, representing the people, may hope, when armed with truth, to encourage that Legislature In the dis charge of its duty, and delend the members who fearlessly resist the “potent means” resorted to by monopolists. The Press has no power to make laws—that Is the province of the Legislature. The Tsincin: fully dis cussed this question; It urged the duty, and necessity, and Justice of legis lation' to restrict the railroad op pressions. It succeeded‘ln Inducing the lionsc of Representatives to pass each & bill; it supported the measure until, through the weakness of some and the corruption of other Senators, the bill was pocketed by Us enemies and was lost to tbe State. Iso action can be had on the subject, so far os we know, nntil the next session of the Legislature, which meets in January, 1809. Until that time the question has been post poned. When the time comes for the peo ple to select their members of tbe General Assembly, the subject will come up again for discussion, and when that time comes, if the people will be only half as zealous iu their own cause as the Tbidcxe has been, there will he no question as to the result. In the meantime, the Tribune and all other papers may well be excused from lumbering their columns with useless and vain discus sions of a subject which is not now before the people, and cannot be decided by them for two years to come. ■ THE WASUir.t.TOMA.V HO TIE. We see it is stated (we have not seen the chatter) that the act incorporating the Washingtonian Chicago—an asylum for the reformation & of inebriates—makes home changes in the police and revenue laws yt this city that arc of an important char acter. It provides that any person arrested and who, at present, upon conviction, would be sentenced to the Bridewell for drunkenness, shall bo sent to the Washingtonian Home, when such a transfer is requested by the officers of the Home, and be there detained for the period of his sentence. This is, to say the least, a humane provision. ■ It will enable the friends of the drunkard to try for his reformation, a thing that is utterly out of the question if he be sent to the Bride well. The change In the revenue laws Is to the effect that the City and County Treasurers shall pay over to the Treasurer of the Home ten per cent of aU moneys received by them from licenses for the sale of spirituous, fer mented, or 'vinous liquors. We believe there are between seventeen and eighteen hundred licensed places for the sale ofliquor in this city; these pay a license tax of $53 each, making an aggregate of about $90,050. Of this sum, under this act of the Legisla ture, the Home will receive nine thousand dollars annually. The endowment la a most ULcrol one. The city will lose that much revenue, and the Home will receive it, hut possibly the result will be that more revenue will be col lected than if this endowment was not pro vided. Every temperance man and friend of the Home will now be interested In seeing that no liquor he sold in Chicago unless a license therefor Is obtained and paid for. The Homo is to receive five dollars and twenty cents upon each license to sell liquor. There are possibly five hundred other places where liquor is” sold and which pay no license. Now, if the Washingtonian Home will appoint a revenue collector to hunt up, in association with the police, these live hundred recreants, they will lorce them to be broken up, or to pay a license, and the revenue both of the city and of the Home will be proportionately increased. This change In the law will strike many persons with sur prise. It formed no part of the amendments lo the city charter as prepared and proposed by the City Council. It is, however, thclaw, and during the next two years the Home have an opportunity of demonstrating by its nulls whether the money directed from the City Treasury to Its support will have been applied practically and usefully, or been thrown away vainly and without accom plishing any good. British conpntucrs will tar all they need from ns IT they can get it cheaper than elsewhere, whether we bay from (Bom or cot. But we are raying immense balances for forelam goods no#, rot in mechanical or mrncuUural products, but In cold and sllrer, and in Imcrcgt-btariiuj bouds and Mock* 5 , and arc likely to combine 10 do so. nil we arc “cleaned on'” in ibis cambUns swindle of free trade. In which British capitalists keep the iaro bank, and Americans are tin* apooueys that “cointotnekagainst it. —Keokuk {loica) Gate IVy. But suppose British consumers can bny cheaper elsewhere than from us, how are we to pay for our imports? The higher; the tariff the dearer everything becomes in this country. Is not that so? How arc we - to dispose of onr surplus products to other nations unless we sell at the current prices in the world’s markets? • wc not cutting off out ability to pay for our imports by the suicidal policy now I being pursued ? The Gait City admits that gold and bonds are going away from the country in Immense quantities, and are likely to continue going, “until we are cleaned out.” What Is the Gale City's rem edy for this stale of things 1 It is by piling more taxation on Imported property J Will not that course, if adopted, make the cost of production still greater, and destroy our power to export surplus products still more? There is too much tariff now ; that’s what is the matter. To add *on more would be like a half drunken man swallowing additional whiskey with the view of Increas ing his strength and restoring cbrlety. The Gate City calls the present tariff, which ranges from 40 per cait on coffee to 80 per cent on Iron and 100 per cent on'clothing, a “ gamb ling swindle of British free trade.” If a tar iff that-averages more than 60 per cent Is “British Free .Trade,” how high must U be tafall under the-cognomen of ■“ American Protection?” One of these days the Gate ’City manwill get his eyes jjpen and perceive .Hrsf, Thai the American consumer pays the .duty/whatever it may bo; .Second, That do mestic goods arc advanced-in price just as fast as the tariff Is increased) and. are sold at the same price per quality as imported goods, no matter whether the duty is high or low; .Third, That oar chance of selling surplus products iu other countries with which to - pay for our imports, depends upon offering our exports to foreign purchasers as cheaply as do competitors of other nations ; Fourth , The more It costs, by reason of external as well os Internal taxation, to pro duce things lor sale, the dearer they will be, and the less of them can bo sold abroad, ; in competition with the cheaper products of those competing against us. Hence a-duty which enhances the cost of production operates precisely as a tax on our exports, or as a bounty to the merchants of other na tions who arc competing with our mer chants. The truth of these plain propositions will he recognized and accepted by everybody ere long, and then the wonder will be- that any one ever advocated a higher tariff than is absolutely necessary for the support of tbe Government, or was so stupid as to think that American industry could be “ protected” or fostered by increasing the burdens of tax ation. NOT SATISFIED, Chicago, March 13,15Q7. To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune: Yonr anewer to my question, “ is Slavery Abol ished f* is not so eiOafactoryas J could wish U; f«T, If it Is correct, why has not the late Amend ment, passed by a two-thirds Congress, and rati fied by more than three-fourths of the Northern Slates, become a pari of tbe Consatailon f Fho very lact that we of the North were unanimous In anting the Sombem States, through their Legis lature?. to adopt that Amendment, is conclusive that we deemed their co-operation necessary to moke it valid. In answer to the above, we have to say:' 1. That the pending Amendment has not yet been ratified by three-fourths of tbe States participating in the Government at this time. 2. Congress, of course, has not been offici ally notified that the Amendment has been ratified by three-fourths of the States par ticipating in the Government. 3. When it receives such notice, or when the fact actually exists, Congress will have full power to declare that Amendment a part of the Constitution. 4. Congress never asked the rebel States to ratify the Amendment. The Secretary of State did so on his own responsibility. Had they ratified it, however, Congress had un doubted power to make that ratification val id by a retrospective act legalizing the ac tion of their Legislatures, as has often been done In the case of other Territorial Legis latures. If our former answers were not satisfacto ry, it was because our correspondent does not understand the subject. pirate Semmes. wielding the edi torial pen of the Memphis Bulletin, tights on the same side he did when standing on the deck of the corsair Alabama. In a recent editorial, he attributes the rebellion to “the demon of fanaticism and sectional- hate,” which, ho says, .‘‘seized upon the Northern people of these American States, and drove off from them one-third of tbo population,” (f. e., the rebels,) “who made a vain endeavor to save the very .liberties for which the masses of Europe bad begun to struggle.” The United States, according to Semmes, “suddenly sprang forth a Military Republic, and waged an implacable war against nine millions of its own fellow citizens,” &c. It is unnecessary to say that the author of these amiable sentiments is a violent enemy of the Reconstruction Bill. It is quite evident that Semmes is dissatisfied with peace. lie wishes to lead the South into another rebel lion, that he may take to the seas again. We can imagine no other motive that could induce a man topubllab such exploded non sense as we have quoted, which was in place before the collapse of the Confederacy, hut -can onlj.be intended for, mischief since that event.' *' £e7*Tbc names of nine Generals are men tioned In connection with commands over the five Military Districts created by the Reconstruction Act. They arc as follows: Generals Sherman, Meade, Hancock, Scho field and McDowell. This batch Is set down as “Conservatives” who more or less endorse Johnson’s usurpations. • The other set of Generals - are Sheridan, Thomas, Sickles and Hooker, who are said to favor the Congressional plan of reconstruc tion. But we do not believe that one of the five first named endorse Johnson’s bogus State Governments, or hold that they have been properly constituted, or should be allowed to partici pate in the Government. McDowell' is generally classed os a Radical. Meade, Sherman and Hancock carefully avoided committing themselves last summer to “my policy.” Schofield is the most conservative, of the lot, but be is very far from being a Copperhead or a secesh sympathizer. Seven of the nine ate undoubtedly supporters of the new Reconsl ruction Act,— believing it to be right and politic, and a measure calcula ted to strengthen Unionism in the South, and to speedily restore the seceded States to I their former places in the Government. pgr* The Tennessee Legislature adjourned at noon on Monday. It has made for itself a historical name, and earned the gratltuoo of the friends of freedom throughout thoworld by its courage and fidelity to the cause of justice and equal rights. The act by which it enfranchised the blacks was one of the* noblest victories achieved thus far In the contest with rebellion and slavery. The abuse that has been heaped upon this Legis lature by tbe rebel press of Tennessee, and, in fact, ol the whole South, is an unmis takable Indication of loyalty and firmness. The fierce rage of the rebels at the franchise law, shows how fatal it is to their hopes of political supremacy. Stop 1 hat Lie. We observe a story going the rounds of the secesh press that Dan Rice, a rabid Copperhead circus clown, who has been down South recently with his “one-horse show,” among other statements, makes the following: “There is a set o! traders In some districts In the South, who swinde the poor negroes shame fully by selling them bogus Jewelry and gewgaws al the most exorbitant prices. In some Instances these persons wiite for the Northern papers, and as It la for their interest to have the bonth dom inated by a military lorce, they will, of course, paint horrible pictures of the subdued reb2ls. In one instance that came to my knowledge a trader had sold a breastpin to a negro lor *5, which was made In Waterbory, Connecticut, for tixteen cente , and this man wa- the correspondent of the Chicago Tribune, a leading Radical paper of the North." This yarn, so far as It relates to any cor respondent of the Chicago Tribune, is a point blank falsehood. Dan Rice is well known to be both a liar and a blackguard, as well as a scurvy Copperhead, whose sympa thies were with the rebels and against the Union during the war. He thought it would tickle the secesh in the South and the Cops, in the North to atari, a dirty slander of the above sort on a “leading Radical paper in the North.” There is no work too dirty for some dogs to do. Poor devil. Well Pleased.— The Copperhead print in this city Is very much pleased with Senator Wilson’s supplemental bill to carry out the provisions of the Sherman Reconstruction Bill. It says: “It will be seen from this synopsis of the bill that U is-framed for the purpose oi cnabli/iir the southern Metes fairly and without unnecessary delav u» organize under the Reconstruction Bill. Should ttic Booth receive Upon the accepiance of the Reconstruction Bill, it will he manifestly lor lu-r Ir.teref l to act promptly in facilitating the ex ecution of Air. Wilson’s bill should It become a law. Under its provision# she can control the elections and blare Ocimntlons for which it pro vides. and ihm* rave herself from the vindictive legislation and the violence and disorder which now curses Missouri and Tennessee. Wilson e bill does not seem lo have been drawn tu a malev olent spirit. Ccnsb crli g its author, the fairness ot its ptovisiona Is a matter of emprise, ’ js?~Rcv, John M. Gregory, L. L. D. t who was yesterday elected Regent of the State Industrial University of Illinois, is widely known throughout the Eastern and Western States as a mau of distinguished ability and an educator of high rank. He held for sev eral successive terms thepostofStateSuper intendent of Public Instruction in Michigan, was for several years a member of the Board of Regents of the University of Michigan, and recently has filled the Presidency of Kalamazoo (Baptist) College lu the same State. TonLccojan>uicißßiß *ns» United States.— • Acco;dicr to the records of the Internal Revenue Bmcau the number of cigars returned by manu facturers throughout the loyal section of the conn tiy iiiDounled lo an ageicgate of 1.531,339,333 on vbich tax was paid, between July Sd, IBC2, and March Is-t, ISCG. The gross amount of tax paid on these Cigars Wffi 5(5.5110,000. Ol chewing tobacco, In the fiscal year of 15C3,15,231,175 pounds were relumed, which yielded a tax of over two and one quarter millions of dollars; la l£Ct, 29,130,051 pounds, tax *3,677,010; lu 1805, 22,402,851 pounds, Ihx *S,OSG,IGI; and for the first nine months ot the year 18CC, 18.230,017 pounds, tax *7,320,123. ScocESTimrxor CaamTtm. —The Now York Qbttrztr thicks mat the heading “AmosClneoffl ,, in the dally press might be bettor ebangedao aa to read, “HelpatoEomorse; or, Paths to tho Pit." ENGLAND. The Present State of thefts form question. The Two Parties and the Aims of their Leaders. 1 English Society. The Ulcer of Infidelity—A Serious Crisis at Hand—The Distress • of the Workingmen. The Tory Scheme of Electoral Reform. (Special Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.] - Mascuesteb, England, February 19. Our two sensations of the present week are the Reform measures of Lord Derby’s Gov ernment and the rumored Fenian Insurrec tion in Ireland. As the latter is, up to the present moment, enveloped in a fog of toys, tciy, and will not he talked of, in all proba bility, after the customary lapse of nine days, I think it will be advantageous to com mence with the first. The Reform question, or difficulty, as it should rather be termed, is 1 certain to engross the attention of. this country during the next six months; and American on-lookers arc likely to Interest themselves in a discussion which not merely involves the future of the people, but is-like- ly to affect our relations with themselves.; Before proceeding to de-cribe the actual position of the Government and the Liberals on the Reform question, it may be well to draw a slight skslch of English society, so that the condition of political parties and the aims ol the leaders maybe the better uu- derstood. Tbe situation can bo summed up in a few words: English society, in all Its various ramiflea- ions, is now disintegrating and laith is hiding itself in unknown corners, or flying away to other shores. The careful and re flecting student of history will understand the exact meaning of the above words, for he will discover in the present condition of the English people an almost exact analogy with the state of the Roman Empire when Tacitus wrote ; with the principles at work In Italy leading to the downfall of the grand medheval Republics; and, as we approach our own country, with the teachings of the Encyclopedists, the shameless luxuries;©! the Regency and the terrible collapse do French Institutions. No man need travel or live in England to .learn or understand this, for be has the fact held up to him, as though in a mirror, in those newspapers and publi cations which are the admitted organs 'of English opinion and the most successful emanations of our press. The Times, the Saturday Sevieto, Punch, the Illustrated London Fetes, the Daily Telegraph, are notable examples of this negation of all faith; their dally, weekly and monthly contemporaries, not forgetting the ponderous quarterlies, ore only less successful in a monetary point of view, because not so daringly and consist ently infidel; while such papers as tbe Morning Star, Daily Fetes, and Manchester Examiner and Times fall greatly behind the others, both In circulation and influence, be cause they dare to avow belief in man’s re sponsibility and the certainty of eventual retribution. The nation is bowing down and worshipping the golden calf of success, and we already hear the distant reverberations of -the thunder from Sinai. Every condition of English society Is affected by this festering ulcer of Infidelity. Parliament, the Church—all the churches, more or leas—the array and navy, the bench and bar, the commercial world, the laboring classes themselves, arc impregnated with this destroying virus. I would, if It were possible, except onr lower orders from the damning charge, but when I find English workingmen supporting such vile organs of the press as the Daily Telegraph, and tlje scarcely less noxious Weekly Times, Rey nold's Keicspapcr, and Punch's bastard, Fun, I am compelled to own that they, too, are on the downward road. It la awful to think of the teachings of the Tcleyraph, with Its daily circulation of 140,000 copies and Its pyobable million readers \ bntj thank God such teachings and such fruits hear with with them their certain cure; In ancient times the hardy, virtuous barba rians broke In upon the Roman Infamy; luxury in the Italian Re publics laid them at the feet of foreign conquerors or domestic tyrants ; and France paid the ncnalty of her sin In a terrible bap tism of blood, neither King, noble, nor peas ant being spared. What England’s punish ment, or correction, will be, time alone can determine; but the hoar of her trial Is al ready upon her, for she feels even now the ominous-droppings of the coming shower. 1 Great Britain exists by her manufactures and commerce ; let those Interests be imperilled or seriously affected, and she must, lose her rank amongst the nations, and) maybe, become a prey to many enemies. Such a crisis in her history is now lor onr manufacturing world trembles with dreary forebodings, and sees no road to safety through Us present troubles. Thd mills in this county of Lancashire and other manufacturing districts ore, one after the other, beginning to work on short time ; and textile fabrics of all descriptions arc selling’ at thirty-three, and even fifty per cent below* the cost of production. I propose to give your readers shortly full details of this newi crisis; but for the present I shall confine myself to stating the Immediate cause of our trouble. Tbe “cotton famine,” as IU name implies,- was due to the want of raw mate rial; that difficulty was eventually sur mounted by the energy of Indian and Egyp tian agriculturalists, and our short-sighted manufacturers began to think their danger had passed away, never more to return. But they ignored an eventuality worse even than the cessation of the American cotton supply —namely, over-production and the consc J qnent stoppage of their markets. It is tliis cloud which Is now darkening their horizon, and not merely theirs, bnt the horizon of equally’ Important Interests. Our ship wrights are m a still worse condition; the capitalists, or employers, actually begging for orders at cost prices, and the la borers almost universally on strike. America is the unintentional cause of this, our shipbuilders having momentarily gained by the stoppage of American commerce during your late war, and the transfer of the United States carry ing trade to English and foreign bottoms.; We know full well how this result was brought about; and we are compelled to ad mit, earlier perhaps than any of us antici pated, that retribution has come upon us for our sins, and that God docs exist and judg eth righteously. Parliament repr csents the English people inone important respect. It is the embodi ment of the national infidelity, the conglom eration of English social, religious and polit ical ethics. Every nation possesses the gov ernment that it deserves ; and anybody may form an exact estimate of this country and Us inhabitants by examining the present House of Commons, and the constitution of our two great political parties. What the former Is may he gathered from a letter which lately appeared in the Timea, written; by the well-known “Historicua.” That cm-' inent constitutional lawyer, Mr. Vernon' Harconrt, therein charges the present’ House of Commons with insincerity! , and prevarication on the question of Re-, I form; and he proves his accusation conclu-j sively by reference to the proceedings of the ■ Inst session. There Is no necessity for add- I ing evidence to such testimony as that home by “Historicus;” nor will I confine myself j to merely repealing that the House of Com-: mens represented faithfully the insincerity : of the nation during the period referred to. Facts which have come to my own knowl edge prove this oil-pervading insincerity. Your correspondent has been actively en gaged in the political agitation of the past six months, and ho has enjoyed opportuni ties forjudging ol the tone of public opinion, both In the north and south of England, which could not well be surpassed. Noth ing, oi course, need he expected from a Con servative party based upon retention of the usurped privileges of a territorial aristoc racy ; but the Liberal party itself is impure, disunited, and insincere to the very core. There are four sections, or cliques, making up that organization, namely, the Old Line or ancient Whigs of Russell-Gray school; the followers of Lowe and Horsman, known bv John Bright's capi tal litlc of ** Adullamitesthe moderate radicals of the “Manchester school,” and the Manhood Suffrage advocates who sup port the Reform League. The first two wings ot the party fear and hate the other two, and are certain to combine with the Tories against everything approaching to genuine reform In the representation, ex cepting always the eventuality of a return to office, when they will ally themselves with any supporters who can aid them in storming the Treasury benches. The Manchester school of politicians advocates the extension of the suffrage to all house holders and lodgers rated or liable to be rated, to the poor, and is best known at the present time under ils assumed title ot the “Nationalßeform Union.” The real object of this organization is to transfer the govern ing power of the nation from the aristocracy to the middle classes, and to attempt the government of the Empire from this city of Mancherter. In this respect, and in many others, too, Manchester remark ably resembles your famous Boston, both of them having the self-samo ideas in the matter of “hubs,” and both being char acterlzod by narrow-mindedness on many Issues, and oetty jealousy of their neigh hors. Advanced Liberals amongst the middle classes almost invariably belong to the Re- form Union; and although;they are guarded In expressing publicly their opposition to, and disapproval of the claims of tho work ing classes, in respect to the suffrage, yet they always protest In private against the rights of manhood and the principles of the Reform League; English, working men are well aware of the fact, and they ere beard frequently to declare that a' far higher prob- ability exists of their rights being acknowl edged by the aristocracy than by the in triguing, envious middle class. The question of reform in the represents- tlon has become seriously entangled by the alarmlng'disputesbetween capital andlabor. Tour philosophers understood •what they were 1 about, when they‘laid it down as an axiom of political economy, that : “capital should own labor.;” oar employers dare not'go Vo far as to assert that, hat they attempt tho next thing -to -it,—namely, '-co- ercion of tho laboring man, and shutting his month against complaint. The unfortu nate artisan has no voice here in the framing of the laws he is compelled to obey;- and his only, resource ngaihat dppression has been in allying himself with his fellow-latfor ers,* and becoming a member of a Trade Union. The masters’ “lock-out’.’ fbund'its equipoise in tho .workmen’s .“strike,” and capital became nnremnnerative, while tho laborer stayed at homo and lived upon his savings, or his , weekly allowance from the Union. Thereupon the masters began to import artisans from the continent; hut our hard-fisted, muscu lar-armed, long-headed working men met them even on this tack by organizing c6n- ventiona at Geneva and elsewhere, and net- ting foreign laborers to make common cause with them against tho tyranny of capitalists. The employers, thus circumvented, haVc carried tho question into an arena where the workingmen will find It hard to follow; and It is difficult to find any iarther solution to the question other than on appeal to abso lute force. The Lord Chief Justice of tho Queen’s Bench—the highest common-law authority in the Kingdom—has Just decided that Trades Unions are not bodies; and onr workingmen are naturally aston ished at such an unexpected decision, one which practically breaks up their organiza tions. Several Treasurers, or Receivers, of Unions have already refused to band over the moneys committed to their care, pleading the Lord Chief Justice’s ruling as their wir- rant or excuse; and, though we may regard these as exceptional cases, yet the fact still remains tb&t no officer ot the Trades Unions can hereafter bo sued for moneys confided to bis cere. Parliament has jnst appointed' a Commission to investigate this question [of Masters’ and Workmen’s combinations ; but as the latter bare no voice in the Commission, except to give evidence, I for one do not an ticipate any good from ihc investigation. However, being somewhat of an optimist, and believing that good groweth out of evil, I think this event may lead our working classes to give some attention to politics. 'A small proportion of them already belong to the Reform League; but they will never make themselves felt as a power In the na tion until the Trades Unions give In their adhesion to the Manhood Suffrage move ment and support the agitation from their iunds. Tear readers will readily under stand that the difficulty raised by the Lord Chief Justice damages the cause of Re form seriously ; for as the workingmen are now suppliants before Parliament for a rec ognition of tbelr Unions, a Parliament com posed of aristocrats and employers of labor Is little likely to give a favorable ear to de mands for the suffrage. But our rulers bad better be very careful; the screw must not be put on too tight, or the millions may serve them as they served the Hyde Park rall ings. Tho projects of Reform set forth by Earl Derby’s Ministry have becu received with a ‘shout of derislon (hroughoat the country The Tories themselves appear to feel that a mortal blander bas been committed, whilst the Liberals arc in ecstacles at the silly res olutions offered to the House of Commons by Mr. Disraeli, and confidently expect an early return to office. The aforesaid resolutions were intended to be the basis upon which a Reform Bill shall, at some unknown period, be laid before Parliament; but Inasmuch as they contain such strange and un-English provisions as plurality voters—(some electors possessing, or to enjoy, several voles) —voting papers, a different electoral law to obtain in country and boroughs, thus dividing the counties into two sections, and the retention of “pocket” or “rotten” boroughs, neither House nor country Is like ly to listen patiently to tho Tory scheme. The Government, moreover, propose a Royal Commission of Inquiry into the relative boundaries of counties and boroughs, so as to decide upon the remodelling of .the various electoral districts. This will still further dc- lay tbe settlement of the question, and it al most looks os though Derby, Disraeli and Company expected to remain several years In office, during which period they would pal ter away at a question which is shaking the whole-country to Its very foundations. Nothing has yet been decided by the Oppo sition as to how the party will meet these resolutions; but as the simplest and most ex peditious plan would be by proposing a vote of want of confidence In Her Majes ty’s present advisers. I for one shall not be surprised to find that course adopted. There Is to bo what Americans wonld term a caucus ot Liberal members on Thursday ; and I may, perchance, be able to Inform jour readers next Saturday what decision has been come to. I doubt much whether the AtlantleCable will anticipate the news I may send you on this subject, judging from the news pet by it on this side tbe Atlantic. Onr Inlbrmatlon upon American affairs con tinues to arrive by steamers almost entirely; and whatever little details wc receive via the Cable arc intensely Copper-Johnson and disgustingly pro-Boutbern. In tbe name of all that Is decent and right, who are the fel lows working the batteries on your side ? If wc may believe the sensational reports in tbe Tory and aristocratic press, the Fe nians are really getting to work at last, and that, too, in good earnest. This city was frightened from its propriety at tbe begin ning of the week by learning that troops had been sent in hot haste from London to the ancient city of Chester ; the news being ac companied with the information that the Fenians were meditating an attack on the castle for the purpose of capturing the arms and ammunition stored therein. Your read ers will obtain full particulars in relation to this exciting topic from the files of English papers by this mall, and, better still, from the reports of Parliamentary proceedings during the present week ; and I shall mere ly add the expression of my own opinion that the rumored presence of Fenians at Chester was a Tory roorback. That city is only forty miles from Manchester; and bad there been anything of tbo sort intended or threat ening there, we certainly should have known of it. To-day wo bear that Ilolybcad is threatened by these mysterious Fenians; but having been “sold” in re Chester, we mean to be sure about our affair before swallowing anything farther. There is an Immense Irish population in Mancbesterand Liverpool, and we are mncU more likly to obtain early news of Fenian movements in this vicinity than | they can possibly do in tbe metropolis. Tbe same remarks will apply In respect to Ireland. Our Information amounts to this: Tbe Fenians are In force In county Kerry; Stephens in person is at tbe head of tbo In ; surgents; the shore end of the Atlantic Cable. : has been cut —for what reason we are not in -1 formed—arrests of strangers have been made in Limerick, Wexford, Ilolybcad ! and Liverpool; and, to cap the climax,- tbe Fenian army is said to number ■I 150 men all told; and one policeman hasbeen) ■ wounded. Could anything be more absurd T If tbe outrages reported really occurred, which I very much doubt, In common with' !*• others, depend upon U, the accounts are: •: grossly exaggerated. Our Tory rulers find 1 - : ihcmselvesin a very critical position at tbc : , present time ; and they are evidently seeking' • : to agitate the public mind so as to make . political capital by a show of energy. But • your readers may make up their minds tosce : L them out of office before June next, and • Gladstone at tbe bead of the Government , with—in tbe highest probability—John , Bright and John Stuart Mill as two of bis • principal colleagues. Joiixßcll, Jn. PERSONAL ITEMS. Mrs. Jeff. Davis has lelt Fortress Monroe, and gone to Charleston. It is understood she has on attack of “ royal rheumatism.” The millionaire Stewart has sailed for Paris as one of the American Commissioners to the great Exposition. Senor Romero, report says, is about to marry the widow Sackett, of Washington. The New York correspondent of the Bos ton Traveller writes: “Lost Sunday I went to Grace Church to see Brown, the sexton, and hear the Quo music. Both repaid me for the effort. Mr. Brown you doubtless know by reputation, He it is who has the superintendence of the brilliant weddings and elegant parties of that rather guy congregation, and also makes tbe funerals as cheerful and stylish as possible. A few commendatory w ords from this mighty oracle is sufficient to procure an invitation to ball or party irom fastidious mammas. Ho has a handsome property and an elegant house in New Haven, and looks like ‘My Lord Mayor,’ or some more exalted personage even, as with a step, easy and dignified, he walks up and down the aisles of the beauti ful church. Such a picture of self-satisfac tion and complacency I never saw before. Bald-headed, very fat and rubicund, really Falstajflan in aopearance, I really felt U an honor to he scaled anywhere by such a re markable man. A gentleman who came in late told me that he saw the portly autocrat holding his court aside, surrounded by a dozen young men, joking and making pleas ant arrangements for the next week.” . A new weekly publication of the feminine gender is to bo undertaken in New York. It wtll be owned and managed In every depart ment, mechanical as well as editorial, ex- cluslvely hr ladies. Two iemalo phono graphic reporter* from London h*vo been Imported to do tho city affair*. Tho edito rial staff ia to consist of Mies Ann 8. Ste phen#, Mrs. L. G. Calhoun, Mra. D. Q. Croly (Jennie Jane), Mrs. Parton, and Mrs. Ter hnne. Ml Olive will be dramatic critic, and'Anna - Dickinson foreign corre spondent* 1 Cbarles-M. Barras, of-Buffalo, author of the‘‘Black Crook” play,- has realized thus far SIO,OOO for the production of the piece, and still owns tho copyright. Mr. Barras was in sorry circumstances previous to the “hit,” but he has probably completely re covered by this time. Kashy has been to Boston, and is sketched as follows by a-correspondent: “Mr. Locke, which Is Nasby’s ottos, is a Western man, without doubt;' the occidental' symptoms ore* patent' to the dullest intelligence, the dtgafje manner, the rollicking negligence of toilet, the prodigal extravagance of phrase ology, and so forth. Ho thinks Toledo the greatest city of the West, and predicts for it a future that even Parton couldn’t do justice to. This also la a Western Idlosyncracy.' I never met a Western man yet who wasn’t a resident of the future commercial metropolis of the Union.-But Mr. Locke is a very genial and intelligent gentleman, and it Is pleasant to he told that he contemplates removing his household gods from the crescent glories of Toledo Into the shadows and sombreneas of effete New England. The pleasures of his visit here have been increased, it is likely, by the agreeable mulls of his authorial experi ment. Hls book, 4 Swingin’ Round tho Cirklo,’ has bad a sale of ten thousand copies—a fact which ought to make any pr . dinary writer happy.” WOOIu Tbe Present Averts© Annual Consump tion of Wool and Woollens In ibo United Slates— Letter From flon* D. A. Wells, Special Commissioner of Uev euue. Tbe subjoined communication from Hon. D. A. Wells, United States Special Commis sioner of Revenue, will appear in the next monthly bulletin of tho Agricultural Depart ment : ■ WOOL CONSUMPTION. . - - Wasuihoioh, D. C., March 4. To Don. Isaac Newton, Commissioner of Agrl culture: biu:—ln toe monthly report of tho Agricultural Department for January, ISO 7, a charge la brought against the Special Commissioner of tbe Revenue of having made a blander “ worse than the crime of intentional misrepresentation" m greatly over eßilßetlng, In his reccul report to Congress, the present average annual consumption of wool and woollens. A charge so grave os tula, and appear ing in an official publicntlon, would seem to le qulro something In the way of a reply or defence, and I accordingly submit the following state ments :' As a basis for a proponed change in the tariff on wool and woollens, the authorized representa tive* of the wool-growers and woollen manufac turers ' submitted to Congress, In May, 1866, through the medium of the Revenue Commission, a series of reports, which purported to contain the most foil and' reliable information respecting the condition and prospects of the two groat In dus’ries in question. These reports may bo found in the bound volume of the Report of the Reve nue Commission (pages 347 to 430, inclusive), and, from the high character and Intelligence of the names attached to them, must he accepted by the public, as they have been by the Special Com missioner of tho Revenue, as of unquestionable authority. By referring to these reports, pages 423 and 424, It will be seen that (he number of seta of woollen machinery—“a set forming tho nnlt of catcula- tion’*—actually employed in the United States on tho 25th of October, IbGo, as reported to the Wool len Manufacturers 1 Association, was 4,100. The committee further state, that all the acts ot ma chinery In (he country were notreported, and they cellmate the actual number to be considerably larger, viz., 5,000. It is next shown, In an elaborate table based on careful Inquiry or correspondence, that the actual consumption of scoured wool on the 4,700 sets of

machinery reported averaged 2,252,575 pounds per week.—or 117,132,310 f ounds per annum. Suppos- Ing (ho 9CO sets not reported to consume scoured wool loan equal ratio with iho 4,10(1 rets actually reported, hence we have, according to the best in formed woollen manufacturers of the United States, an annual consumption of wool on the machinery Ihen tn exigence of 142,8(4,317 pounds. Making all due allowance for shrinkage. It will, therefore, oc seen that ino Special Commissioner would have been warranted in assuming a larger flgnro than H7,oGu,wo as the annual product la cloth of (be existing woollen machinery of the United States, In “prosperous times. 11 Ihla last limitation the Commissioner was careful to ex press, for it Is not to he supposed tbat the people will construct expensive machinery without some reasonable anticipation that its employment will be found expedient and advantageous. Now we submit that the Special Commissioner of the Revenue was warranted In assuming tho above statement (the correctness of which is fully vouch ed (or by the appended signatures of the leading wool-growers and woollen manufacturers of tho country), as the basis of his estimates; and that If a blander has been committed in overcsUma- Ung, “ihe crime of Intentional misrepresentation’ certainly cannot be laid to his account. Ab regards the cellmate of the weight of the foreign wooJleus Imported into the United States dorli'g IKB, wo can only eay that It was made for the Special Commissioner by experts,and by aver- aging tbs actual wptghu of the different varieties of fabrics, and that its correctness la susceptible of tho moat ample proofT Again, It is farther charged that the Commis sioner has fallen into another grievous error in assuming that foar pounds of wool are required in all coses to make one pound of cloth, and that the tax on wool aggregates to the consumer in this proportion; the specific charge being that all wool docs not shrink in this proportion, but only certain varieties. Now, In reply to this, wo won’d eay that we do not find iu the estimates officially published by the wool-growers and woollen man ufacturers. as the basis for the calculation of com pensating dudes on woollens, any limitation of iticshrinkagc. They apply It most unmistakably to all wools, and nse the following language (see Report ol Revenae Commissioner, page 447): “7o determine the amount of reimbursing tp *■ cifie duties which the maitufacfvrtr should recno* at an ecuitalttu for the proposed Increased dyfy on tcool we must, in the first place, a]tptu the rule adopted in the present and preceding Tarty Suit, aud multiply the proposed d<iy on wool. 11J4 cents, by four . the number of pounds of wool to a pound Of finished cloth.” It will be observed ibat ibis rale is made abso lute and without qualification. No manor whether the wool of which the Inspected cloth Is made shrinks in the process of manufacture four pounds or two pounds, the doty is increased npon one principle, and aggregates the cost of all imported woollens alike, Vfheth'.r the Increased duty im posed on foreign wool and woollens increases to the tatao extent tho price of the domestic product is a question which experience will answer. That it has done so in the case of other staple articles; like teas, sugars, coffee and apices, any one can satisfy himself by comparing paces before and after the passage of the several tariff acta in creasing duties; and that It will so operate m all other instances where consumption Js not greatly Interrupted, and where a largo surplus has pot accumulated on the market, cannot be donbted. The question as to the ratio of shrinkage of the various wools Is, therefore, entirely irrelevant, in asmuch as. If fonr cents Is Imposed on woollens for every one cent Impostd on wool Irrespective of shrinkage, then prices will he enhanced in this proportion. If the shrinkage of all foreign wool is nut, as tho wool-growers and manufacturers as sume, In the ratio of four of wool to one of cloth, then tho protection asked for on woollens Is more than is equable or necessary; but the tax once Imposed, the enhancement of prices takes place in tho manner indicated. 1 am yours, most respectfully, David A. Wxlls, United States Special Commissioner of Revenue. SPECIE PAYMENTS. Letter, from a Former State Auditor of IltCMachnseits. Massachusetts State Theahout, uostojj, March 4,ISGT. To the Editor of the Chicago Tribune: An early return to Ihe specie standard in our commercial transactions is not less im portant to the debtor than the creditor por*; lion of onr country, and I propose to show bow this desirable result can be reached at once and without injustice to cither party, - so that we may know hereafter what con-; tracts for the payment of money really mean, and be able to go on with our enterprises without being obliged first to pass through a general crash which would result from the ill-advised course advocated by your name sake In New York. It is neither just nor expedient to urge a resumption of specie payments, and the in evitable reduction In the prices oi property in the bands of debtors, without at the same time making provision for an equivalent re duction in the nominal amount ol their obli gations, so that their debts, after theresump tion, shall remain relatively as before. 1 think It will be admitted that nothing could be more unjust (except the act of sus pension), Ilian any attempt to resume In such a manner as would Increase the purchasing power of the currency obligations In the hands of the creditors nearly or quite fifty per cent, at the expense of those who owe for commodities purchased at any time during the past four or five years And yet, ibis is just wbat the editor of the New York Tribune , the professed friend of the people, advocates, very much In the style that he cried “ On to Richmond I” during the war. H he has Government bonds, or other pa per, which will be enhanced in price by resumption, or U he Is the representative of those who have, then we can understand his motives, although we cannot commend them, for his course will make the rich richer and the poorer. To this we object. Instead of resumption, pure and simple, such as the editor of the New York Tribune advo cates, which will, whether immediate or re mote, at once break down all onr best busi nesss men and delay enterprise, let Congress provide that on and after a certain early date all contracts for the payment of money shall be made for specie, or its equivalent, or in other words, by the specie standard, and that all currency obligations, public and private, now outstanding, shall be paid when dne In specie funds, at some rate of premium between twenty-five and flay per cent, so that the effect ’shall be as if all currency debts were at once commuted at a fair rate Into those payable In specie, and thus the same relation preserved between the creditor and debtor which existed previous to re sumption. Many persona object that Congress has not the power to make such a law as I pro pose, and I have been confidently asked whit the Supreme Court would do In case Con gress should, contrary .to all probability, adopt my suggestion. To those who cannot see that the act of suspension was a gross violation of contracts, such as no State is permitted to be guilty of, and sneh asan individual or corporation would never dare to perpetrate, I hare nothing to say. But to reasonable, honestmsu and women, who arc willing to do as they .would have others do, I thiok a few words ara doe, be cause there are many such who do” not at once perceive that my proposition to change the number of dollars claimed by the cred;. Itor does not at all diminish the real amount which he Is to receive, inasmuch as the en hanced value, or purchasing power of each .dollar is just equal to the-reduction in the number, so that he can pay as many debts, or purchase as much property in one case as the other. It is simple justice and common honesty, neither more nor less. To those who fear that immediate resump tion would cause an excessive demand for specie, and thus break ’down tho Govern ment, the banka, and all.who owe debts, I have to suggest that any debtor who has merchandise, or property of any kind, to offer at specie price, or who has paper which is the title to and representative of anch pro perty, can always settle with bis creditor without the use of specie. The great busi ness of the world never Is or can he carried on by the use of coin, or legal tenders, or banknotes; nor by all these together, lor they are but mere small change compared with drafts, bills of exchange, and transfers of credit which our merchants and bankers use In their transactions, which amount to thousands of millions per annum at a single point In tho city of Now York alone. Let ns hear In mind that specie, by virtue of Its more uniform relation to labor than some or most other products, Is tho best measure or standard of value, while, owing to its cost, it is tho very worst currency ever used by any but savages. Civilized people, with a decent banking system,, do not need to keep hundreds of millions of gold and silver Idle as the foun dation of their currency, for this should be based upon their commerce and not upon specie, as in a future article upon banking I shall endeavor to show. D. W. Not Killed. Chicago, IIL, March 13. To Ihc Editor of the Chicago Tribune; I notice In your morning’s issue an account, taken from the Rockford JifgMer, of a man being killed at Wheaton, on Thursday last. The Itrglslcr bas not been correctly Informed. The gentleman, whose name Is Winshol Churchill, and who lives at Babcock’s Grove, was not killed, although he came very near it. The crossing at Wheaton is at the end of a deep cut, and Mr. Churchill, being un able to see the approaching train, drove on the track. The cars were so close to him that hla horses became frightened and stopped: The engine struckthobuggy,tear ing It to pieces, and Mr. Churchill was caught on the front port of the engine Mid carried to the depot In an Insensible condi tion; but hla injuries were not so severe as might have been expected. Ho Is now able to be abont. His horses were badly injured. One of them, a valuable stock horse,‘is thought to be Tuined. Wheaton. NORTHWESTERN ITEMS. The Republicans of Independence, Man chester and Waverly, lowa, elected their Mayors by an overwhelming majority on Monday of last week. Hon. Alanson Pike, of Cold Spring, Jeffer son Connty, Wisconsin, died a few days since. Sir. Pike was a member of ibe Legislature In ISCS, and an old and influential citizen' of Jefferson County. Tbe Morris (III.) Herald says tbat Senator Mack, of that District, the leader of tho railroad and other monopoly interests in the late session Jof the Legislature, has aban doned the idea of being a candidate again. In this matter the Senator bas reached the same conclusion as his constituents. The Board of Trustees of tbc Jacksonville Deaf and Dumb Asylum had a meeting last Wednesday. The Principal of the Institu tion, Dr. Glllett, was requested to visit por tions of the State on a tour ot exhibition with a class ol his pupils. The Board also has supervision of tbc Institution for Idiots, and made preliminary arrangements for en larging the building used for that Institu tion. Dr. Charles T. Wllbnr was elected the Superintendent, and Mrs. Wilbur, Matron of tbc institution. A resolution has passed the Ohio Legisla ture to place in the Capitol grounds at Co lumbus two marble statues—one of the late President William Henry Harrison, and the other of the late Major General J. B. Mc- Pherson. Tho statues are to he fine works of art, of life size, aid as perfect imitations of their subjects as can bo procured. The sum of $25,000 has been appropriated for tho purpose, MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. The Memphis city government lately ad vertised for proposals for laying the Nichol son pavement. A. Chicago firm made the o w cat bids, but the Aldermen declare that no Yankee shall have the contract. Thomas Jefferson, a young darkey in Eric, Pennsylvania, who had been cruelly jfltcd by his sable lady love, went to a drug store and asked for morphine, for the purpose of putting an end to his life. He valiantly swallowed the powder prepared, which proved to be ipecac, and which had a sale* tary, though not the desired, effect. A new and fatal disease is prevailing among the cattle of Wolfboro, N. H., and vicinity. It usually terminates In death In three or four days from the first attack, and the town authorities are taking measures to check its spread by slaughtering the diseased animals. Bridget Dargan, the servant girl, has con fessed to the commission ol the murder of the wife of Dr. Coriell, of Newmarket, N. J., to which wc have herctolore made alia slon. A Harrisburg, Pa., woman unconsciously roasted two cals in a kitchen range, and was somewhat surprised on finding what ft strange dish she had prepared for dinner. There are more people out of employment in Boston at present than at any previous time. . . The Accoucbment of tlie Princess of Wales. [From the London Lancet] From the knowledge of the condition of the Princess of Wales, no small anxiety has been felt by the public at her reported Ill ness. It seems that Her Royal Highocis was seized on Thursday, the 14th lost., with the usual premonitory symptoms Of acute rheumatism. Dr. Arthur Farre saw heron that day, and, us she was somewhat worse on Friday, Dr. Sicveklng joined him in at tendance ; the advantage of Dr. Jenncr’s ex feriencc being also subsequently obtained, he Princess suffered considerable pain, and the fever ran high. For some time great distress was caused by the disease fixing itself with intensity in one of tbe principal joints, from which it afterwards shifted to another. Happily, there is no reason, we hear, to feel apprehension of anv mischief from internal complication —a point which, in acute rheumatism, is of course a first con sideration. It seemed quite possible at one time that the compulsory quiet which the attack caused might have been sufficient to delay the date of the Princess’ confinement beyond what has happened on each previous occasion. The high febrile action, however, doubtless, served to precipitate on event which was not, in the ordinary course of things, expected for another month. Al though, we believe, tbe speedy con finement of the Princess was not an ticipated by those immediately about her. Dr. Farre went down on Tuesday evening last to Marlborough House prepared to stay, feeling that there was sufficient un certainty to render such a course desirable. The step was justified by the occurrence of the event which took the country somewhat by surprise on Wednesday morning. It was not till six.o’clock that Dr. Farre was sum moned to Her Royal illghness’s room, and she was delivered, after a somewhat rapid but quite natural labor, of a female child at halt-past six a. m. Her Royal Highness has progressed very favorably since, and is now In a fair way to make a good recovery. It is quite probable that tbe confinement may have the effect of curtailing the duration of an attack which is frequently as wearisome In its length as It Is painful and distressing to the patleut. Wo may note here that it is • very rare to see such a complication as par turition during the course of rheumatic fever. Extraordinary Outrage at Lockport, New York* [From the Lockport (N. Y.) Union, March fI.J Last evening Mrs. M. J. Borst was sitting in the parlor of her residence, corner of High and Cottage streets, with her was a young lady, Miss Holiday, and the two young daughters of Mrs. L. 11. Nichols, the door bell rang, and one of the Misses Nichols supposing it a friend that was expected, ran and opened the door, when in started two fierce looking men armed with revolvers, who roughly demanded any money or valu ables that there might be in the bouse, and that they wanted no noise or they would blow out the brains of every one present. Mrs. Borst spoke and said If it was money that was wanted she would go and get what there was in the house. They let her proceed without molestation. She stcppcainlo the hack part of the bouse, ana speaking to a man ‘servant, told him there were robbers in the house. He went into the hall, and meeting with one of them, grappled with him—the other came to bis companion’s relief, and said he should shoot unless he released his bold, which he did, and managed to get out of the house and started for help. The robbers had kept the young ladles in the parlor by threatening to shoot them, in the meantime Mrs. Borst had gone out of the house, and considerable of a hub bub was being raised, and tbe prospect of having a clean thing ol it, not very promis ing to the robbers, they decamped, taking nothing with them as the reward of their daring attempt- The young ladles with stood the attack very bravely, and as the bnrgiars went oat one of the little girls told them that “ihcv would be sorry tor wbat they had done—that her grandpa would pay ibtm for this.” In a moment after they had gone the house was filled with aid, but the birds, though empty handed,had Uown. Two men have been arrested on suspicion, and the evidence adduced thus far srroogly impli cates one of them. Wc will give tbe result of the examination when concluded. BtCOHSXBDCIIOH. He Frogiwa of KeorwniiiUon In the. Senthern States. Ifi i nMtiwrrliui In GeorcU. Tho telegraph furnished ns a brief acc mint of the meetings in Atlanta, Ga., on Monday, 4th Inst., caned to take into consideration Governor- Brown’s recent letter and the duty of Georgia in the pending crisis. Iho Atlanta”papers of Tuesday contain fnl 1. re ports of the proceedings, which, it seeps, were of an exciting character. The meeting. was organized at 10 o'clock a. m., and a com* mlttee was appointed to report resolution. During their absence addresses were made by several gentlemen ; and on their return the committee reuorted the following pre amble and resolutions: WnxntAa, Bf the mysterious workings of Prov idence. onr country has been .brought into its □resent nnhsppy a*id distressed condition ‘ by mean* and Inumme' talmas which it Is unneces sary to enomerate at this time. In which condition the people of Georgia, in consequence of untuc ccesful warfare aeamsl the Government of the United States, stand in relation to that Govern ment,-of participants In unsuccessful reoeU-on, and. as a consequence, in the relation of conquer ed to conqueror:-and „ . .... . . WuznZAs, It nas been a well established and fundamental principle of the Government of the United st-tea, fcn.-tained overwhelmingly by the people of the same, that by waring agalnst'Oov eminent the mighty conflict which has sacrificed so man? Uvea and so much treasure, the people of. the insurrectionary states deprived themselves or legal Governments, and can he legally reinvested with Stain Governments alone by the law-making power of tbe United States £tnd ' , . WirxnZAS, it hasbecomean equally well settled principle'with the American people, that an men shall stand in .the same relation to the Government, and enjoy equal rights and prlvl'eges under u,lrrespective of the place or cir cumstances or birth, color, or race, or former con dition ; end, whereas, It Is also decreed that those who participated in the recent rebellion, after having taken an oath and held certain specified officer, previous to encaging in said rebellion; to support the Constitution of the Unitedßtates,sball never again hold office under that Government until Congress shall have removed their disabil ity ; and, whereas, no one la rendered, by the present legislation of Congress, ineligible to of dee. or deprived oflhe e’ecUvc franchise, no mat terhow prominent or efficient he may hare been In the recent rebellion. If he bad not held, certain offices previous to the war, and had not taken an oath ot office to support the Constitution of the United States; and, whereas, thennmber of per sona In each county In the Southern States who are made Ineligible to office by virtue of said leg islation, bears uni a email proportion to the num ber who, though they were encaged in the rebel lion, are, nevertheless, permitted to continue in the enjoyment of every political and aril right; th Aei°/5d,1, that In the oplnlon’of this meeting tbe dearest and most vital Interests of each and every citizen of Georgia requires that restoration he no longer unnecessarily postponed. 3. 'lbat indiscretion bus already delayed the. work cl restoration until the inteteefa of the en tire people of Georgia are bleeding at every pore, and that all passions and prejudice should be forth with cast aside and reason once more permitted to ascend the throne, or wo will yet lose rights and interests v hich we now enjoy. 8. That it if the sense of this meeting that .the people of Georgia should promptly, and without tbo least hesitation, accept the plan of restoration recently proposed by Congress. , 4. That In the opinion or this meeting there are persons in each and every county within this State, sufficient in numbers, and of sufficient ic te&ri.y and anility, wbo are not debarred from voting and holding office by the provisions of this law, to perform all tbe functions of Gov ernment. , . 5. That we earnestly hope that as Boon as prac ticable, all those who have the right do so, * ill. in good faith- enter upon the duty of insOtu ting for Georgia a State Government ; 0. That we, citizens ol Fnllon Coucty.do hereby proclaim to onr lellow-ciUzens throughout Ibe en tire Union, a Bincere purpose on oar part to heal the wound* indicted by toe onnappy past. and. we take line method of extending to our fellow-citl r.tua of every State a cordial and hearty invita tion to come and settle in oar midst, assuring them, in tne name of everything that is eacrea, that they shall be received and treated aa Mends, and as Citizens of a common country. 7. That a copy of the proceedings of this meet ing be forwarded to lie Coalman ot the Becon- Birnction Committee in Congress, and to Governor Jenkins, with the request that ho convene the legislature with a view to the calling of a Con vention of the people of Georgia, for the purpose of fully complying with the terms of the Sherman ac', lately pasted by Congress. The reading of these resolutions occasion ed considerable confusion, but they were sus tained by Colonel H. P. Farrow, Chairman of the Committee, In a brief speech. Colonel L. J. Glenn then offered as a substitute reso lutions recommending the people of Georgia to remain passive, ami wait for the develop ment of the future. Colonel W. C. Howard offered a series ol resolutions, protesting against the Military Bill as unjust, and de claring its acceptance to be political suicide, but asserting the sincere desire of the peo ple of Georgia to obey the laws and to do justice to men of all colors and from all sections. A motion was thereupon made to lay the resolutions of Colonel Glenn and Colonel Howard on the table; this caused great confbsion, and tbo meeting was ad journed withont action until seven p. m. Alter this motion to adjourn prevailed, a re quest was made that those in lavor of Colonel Glenn’s resolutions would remain. Such per sona then organized another meeting, with Hon. L. J. Gartreil as Chairman and John C. Whltncr as Secretary. Colonel Glenn then offered bis resolutions which declare that iu the present condition of the'Soutb it is “ the doty and the policy of the people to remain quiet, and thereby preserve their self-respect, their manhood, and their honor.” They also express approval of the course of President Johnson, and recommend that Governor Jen kins, either alone or in conjunction with the Governors of other Southern States, at once take the necessary steps to have the consti tutionality of the law tested in the Supreme Court. The adoption of these resolutions was urged by Colonel J. J. Morrison, Colonel G. W. Adair and Colonel R. L. Alston, and tbe resolutions were passed almost unani mously. At night the adjourned meeting of the morning reassembled, Colonel- Peters in the chair. The resolutions reported by the com mittee, as given above, were again read, and after a few remarks by Colonel Farrow, were adopted, and the meeting adjourned, when ex-Governor Brown entered the hall, and in response to a g-neral call, discussed the pending issue in all its beariags.'. ' Tbe Augusta (Ga.) Cor.slituiidnaHst, in re ferring to these meetings, says: “Here is a pestilent division of opinion. Here is the Brown poison at work. Let this division of the popular sentiment spread, and the woe to come upon ns will be toat of Poland and Ireland. They fell more through internal dissension than foreign aggression. Onr great apprehension is in the strife of neighborhoods. Public meetings arc potent sources of embroilment. Wo have a wise uud virtuous Governor, let us trust in him.” Reconstruction In Virginia, In tbe Virginia Senate on tbe 6tb Inst., Mr. Bollius, from tbe Select Committee of Thir teen, to whem was referred the Governor’s message, Ac., reported a bill for the call of a State Convention. The bill quotes the Mili tary Bill passed by Congress, and provides for an election on tbe first Thursday of May next of delegates to a Convention, to meet in Richmond on the third Monday of tbe same month, to lona a constitution of govern ment in conformity with said act of Congress. The Constitution formed by the Convention is to be submitted to the people for ratifica tion or rejection, us provided in the bill. The Richmond TVnty’s report of the de bate says: “Mr. Ould earnestly and eloquently Op posed the passage of the hill, and warned senators against the step they were about to take. If the abominations of the Sherman- Shellobarger Bill are to be Infilcted upon Virginia, let the enormity not be endorsed by her own Legislature. Mr. Gray, of Rock ingham, followed on the other side, and elo quently urged Senators, in coming to the support of the bill, to display the same uni ty they have for the past two years. He took the bill, not from choice, bat as the best that could be framed under existing circumstances. Mr. Mcßae followed upon the same siae. Mr. Mercier denounced the assumption that Virginia is not as much a State as Illinois or Indiana, paid his respects to Thaddcus Stevens, with whom he served in the Baltimore Convention which nomi nated Mr. Lincoln, and declared that under no circumstances would be “gobackon him self.” lie had said? he would die in the last ditch, and there he meant to die. He, how ever, wound up by announcing that he would vote for the bill. Mr. Oulu moved to postpone the bill until Friday, and de sired to test the sense of the Senate. Mr. Keene proposed as a substitute that the bill be prented, and made the order of the day for Thursday. This motion prevailed by a vote oMS to 8. This was regarded os a test vote.” Tbo Whig editorially comments upon the debate asfoliows: “Mr. Ould expressed at length bis opin ions on the subject of a Convention. He op posed the call ofa Convention,and urged the policy of inaction. He assumed that tbe military law was now paramount, and that the power to call a Convention is with the District commandant. He further assumed lhat the object to which the proposed Con vention looks is tbe degradation of Virginia by acceding to the terms offered In the Sher man bill. He argned these several points with his accustomed ekifl, and more than his accustomed eloquence. He was followed by Mr. Gray, ot Rockingham, In a speech much stronger and almost as cloqncnt os his own. Mr. Gray refuted every argument,and levelled to the ground every position as sumed by Mr. Ould. Whatever vestiges of them remained were demolished by a few sensible remarks made by Mr. Mcßae, of Chesterfield. “We have not to-day the space to follow and reply to Mr. Ould lu detail. He did not make one point in which we concur with him. He spoke cf fraction as the policy that would ultimately save us. We see In it nothing hut certain, complete and irretrievable ruin . As to the district commandant being the person to call a Convention, there is not a word io the Sherman bill to authorize UI and he acts under that law exclusively. It authorizes ‘the people’ to form the re quired Constitution, and of coarse means that the people of themselves, or through their representatives, shall call the Conven tion to form that Constitution. As to the argument about dishonor, that we have no* ticcd by anticipation In another column.” [The article alluded to closes as follows: ** Having, In our opinion, done all that honor requires, It Is now our duty to listen to tho counsels of reason and common'sense. to the pleadings of nature, and to the Instinct of self-preservation.*’] The Senate, on Thursday, adopted the bill by a vote of 34 to 4. Proclamation by Governor ‘Well#* of Louisiana* Governor Wells, of Louisiana, has issued a proclamation setting forth: Wiubmh, Congress nas passed an act for the it ore efficient government of tne rebel Stales, which act Is now law. and, whereas, section five provides, and, wherfas, section sir farther pro vide. &c. Kow, theiclor ,L J. JSadtsoa Well*, 1 GoTfrnor of thl £tate of Lonislaia, hereby declare said act tobe In lorce la sstdstaie. All elections held, from and after this date, either by state, mu nicipal or parochial aaihrrity, except in eirlct con fonnl'y to secilon sir of said act of Congress, will' nevoid end of no effect. All persons elected to office mast be able to qualify neder said law before tbry shall be allowed to eater upon the dmles of the same. Reconstruction In North Carolina- At a meeting of the loyal Union members of the Legislature of North Carolina, -with other loyal citizens, held In Raleigh, It was unanimously recommended that Che people of the State promptly accept the Military .BUI. It 'was also unanimously resolved that the chairman of the meeting designate not leas than one hundred citizens of the State, and that the citizens thus named be request* cd to assemble in Raleiah, on Wednesday, March 27, to mature a plan to call a Couiea* 1100, tv .the admission oftae State t* 1 reprcwraUtlonln Cocgreaala accord ance with me terms prescribed in the ac; of Core»CfST‘ ‘ . _ ■ . .. It i ri* also unanimously resolved that the Chairman. lT- the meeting confer with' to-* c-ored pcop'e of the State, and ascertain their vit-Hh »nd TifhM, with a view to-a prompt and harmorioua <:< - peratlon of ail the loyal people of the State in the work of recons traction. A DISASTROUS FIBE. Biurets CT of tlae nerehant>r Hotel at Washington—Several Fenona Bailed . ts Usa Bains. [From the Washington Chronicle, March 9.] About'eight o’clock last evening there oc curred one of the most disastrous eoniUera* tions which this city has witnessed for a long time, resulting In the destruction of property valued at nearly SIOO,OOO and the loss of several lives. At first a bright light was dis covered in the auction rooms of Lul'y & Co., on the first floor front of the spacious five* story brick building latterly known as the Merchants* Hotel, formerly the Central Ho tel. and m a few minutes fbrked tongues of flame burst through the windows and the class of the front entrance- Fanned by a mild breeze, and with power intensified by Us own heat, the fire wrapped around the window frames and every other article of wood, and soon leacbedtbe 'second story of the build ing, the floor having also by this time burned through. The flames were fora time confined to the front or north end oflhe building, but as they gained power they swept throughout its entire length back to an alley In the roar running into Sixth street. Several streams of water were thrown upon the fire, hut It hud already gained an ascendency- which nothing bat the destruction of all combust ible matter within Its reach conld over come. The water seemed to have no effect hut to increase the hone black volumes of smoke which rolled off to leeward, scattering showers of sparks npea the sarroanding bouses. About half-past eight, tho front wall of the build ing, which had been observed to totter when the supports, braces, and flooring had horn ed away, fell with a fearful crash, and on im mense shower of burning sparks and volumes of smoke ascended heavenward, while the firemen and police, who bad remained at their posts of dnty to the last, scattered pre cipitately. Tne wall upon the Sixth street side remained Arm for several minutes longer, while from the entire roof, which hacf been burned to a skeleton, flew, heavy rafters and blazing boards. This, however, soon yielding to the fierce heat of the flames which cracked the bricks, fell, and was soon followed by the rear wall. There was then a feeling of relief on the part of the assembled crowd. Inspired by the belief that, notwithstanding the reckless daring of the firemen, no disas ter bad occurred, when, to the horror of all present, the towering wall adjoining the three-and-a-balf story brick occupied by P. Emricb. restaurant keeper, trembled for a moment as though undecided whether to be come an agent lu the destruction of human life, or to follow the course of Its fellows, and tbenapait fell with alhundcilngsound upon • the rear part of Branch’s building, crushing through the roof and burying U in a mass of ruins. Consternation was upon every countenance in the vicinity, for it - was quite generally known that the persons in the crashed baUdihg, believing themselves in no Imminent danger, had set to work to remove the most valua ble furniture and other goods. The front part, or more properl/ the main building, which was occupied as the restaurant, re mained intact, and a number of the police immediately rushed into the restaurant with the design of making their way to the back part to rescue the missing men, bnt of the bolldicgs as far back as the rear alley, which hut a few minutes before had been thought free from danger, nothing remained but a contused mass ol bricks, mortar, rafters and woodwork. Immediate measures were taken to perform their moornfai duty, stimulated as they were by hearing the groans and cries of the unfortunate men buried In the mine. Their names were not known nntD a col ored man named John Pinckney, who was In the back part of the hoilding at the time it was crushed,-made his appearance. He stated that the proprietor, Mr. Emrlch, de siring to remove the piano, which was in the dining room, to a place of safety, called to his assistance Mr. John Elrich, one of the bar-tenders, Mr. Ostcrmeyer, a baker, Mr. Muhlingbanse, an insurance agent, Mr. Browning, a bar-tender at the Lichau House, and himself (Pinckney). The part; bad jnst taken hold of the piano when the wall fell, and Mr. Emrlch, Mr. Eiricb, Mr. Ostcrmeyer, and Hr. Mnhlinchausc were crashed. Mr. Browning, though struck in the bead by a falling brick, succeeded In clearing himself. while Pinckney, by a sad den movement, also cleared himself from the falling rains and escaped into the street. Mrs. Emrlch and several children, 'who were in the front part of the house, upon bearing the crash immediately rushed but into the street and took refuge in an adjoining dwell-, imr- Guided by the sound of the voices, the fire men and police by strenuous exertions soon reached one- of the sutferers, Mr. Mahling hause, who was immediately taken to the Congress Hall restannmt. Drs. Miller and Schanle were called In, and, upon examining his injuries, found a deep gash upon his fore head, several upon the back of Ms head, and that his right side was badly crushed. Hopes that his injuries might not be fatal at first promised to be realized, bnt it was soon dis covered that he was rapidlv sinking, and his death occurred in about half an hoar, from concussion of the brain. Mr. O&teriueyer was next taken oat; his screams, caused by the Intense pain of hi? right loot and ankle, which were crushed al most to a jelly, caused the strongest men to sbndder. He was conveyed to a drug store in the vlclrlty, and attended by Drs. May, Dcxtcrand others. Both legs and bis body were badly injured, and after being removed to the drug store he became insensible. He was finally token to his residence on F, be tween Twelfth and Thirteenth streets. It is impossible for bim to survive his injuries. About 10 o'clock the dead body of John Elrich was recovered and taken into tbe restaurant, from whence it was taken to the Fourth Ward Police Station. Tbe search for the body of Mr. Emrlch was continued until half-past eleven o’clock, but without success. It will probably be recovered to-day. It is not definitely known whether any other bodies are lying beneath the rains, though a minor that two cooks, one white and one colored* who were supposed to be In the kitchen at the time of tbe catastro phe, were killed, xeceivcd general credence. THE EAIIEOAH CONTENTION, Important Report on tlie UabUltr of UallruHd Companies. Tbe following report on the liabilities of railroads, relative to luggage, was adopted at tbe recent Convention of railroad ticket agents at Memphis: Mucked, (hat tbe Aral step necessary to suc cejgfnlly carry out auv reform In the present system of checking baggage or defining the amount of the responsibility to be assumed hr railroad companies is to guvratiiee good hath on the part of all line?, without which any action In the premise? is useless. Meaolnd, That tbe most feasible plan forgiving alcsai notice to the passenger is to nave paper slips prirted showing, in plain flrd decided lan image, tbe maximum rate of all baggage that may bo carried tree; wbat snail comditaie baggage, and ihe maximum sum which all railroad com pattie# are willing to aaseme as remuneration should any baggage be lost or destroyed la tran sit ; and printed slip? to he fnn.ished the nassen per at tbe time the ticket is purchased, and his at tention called thereto. Jtenolved, That public notice he also given by printed placards embodying the spirit cf these resolutions. “ BTECIAL NOTICE. “Theßailroad Company hereby notifies the hold* re of accompanying passage ticket that he is entitled to tbe free canSgcol only one hundred tounds weight baggage, and that for excess over hat amount fitfem per cent per one hundred pounds ot firet-ciare passage rati-s will he charge?, and that this company and the lines represented on stud passage ticket will no* he responsible for a sum greater than two hundred and fifty dollars in case of loss or damage to such baggage unless extra compensation Is paid by tbe passenger lor such excess before It is checked. IbU company will not be responsible for baggage that is not placed in charge of one of Us agents. 11 THE CHIGNON CRAWLERS. tire items from tire Reads of tlie Peo ple. {From • he New York World, March 9.1 Tbe publication by the World of the “ Chignon Horror,” revealed by a scientific writer in the Loudon Lancet , showing that in every waterfall not composed of tbo natural hair of the wearer {and possibly in cases even where the hair U natural}, there are millions of porasitlc gregarincs, baa called out nu merous communications on the subject, all lively and prolific in suggestions, from which we select the following: HOT FEDICCLL BUT ANIMALCULE. To the Editor of the World- Sin: You aid tbe scientific writer In tbe Lon don lancet ate both in error ux speaking ot tbe parasites m the “chignons” as pedlcvh or Intr la\es,ot QrtQartnea. ■ Theya r ? merely ammalcutce, thousands of which may no seen m a single drop of water, aud of cour.e ml'Hoos would he mani fest in a*' waterfall." Yours, respectfully, H. now'oncoAniSES aue cehehatzd. Pm: 11 Is agrebt mistake to suppose that the petlcvli nvmam copitisoso generated in waterfalls or chignons, because these ornaments aco made Ircm foreign fa air. The gcue r ation naturally arises from tbe position in wbich the waterfalls are placed upon tbe bead. They are located in juxta position to the humps or ama<ivenc:9, and tbe warmth of these bumps produces the pediculi at once, and in any quantity, with no apparent ex , hausilon to the waterfall wearer. If the waterfalls : weje worn In any other place on the head, there would be nu spontaneous generation of nregarin'S though the production might continue from other and quite natural causes. Following our advice, iov<r«l ladles, whose heads have lately bean “ex amined'’ to our tifllcv, are now avoiding ihe dan ger of wearing their watetisils ou the bock of toe head, and are placiag them as near tbe top of tbe bead os the present style of bonnets will permit. F. ® S., Phrenologists «t etc. the coKPOsmoir or cmasosa. Sin: As one of tbe prteerven* of the pabllc peace, I deem It my Amy to allay the excitement crowing out of tne “chicnon horror.*’ byoetail-- {pgafal'bfnl account of a vivi-sectlon of a first* class waterfall, made by myself os the nichtof tho Mb ultimo. SiT duties call me to the doorway of some one of the theatres at tho close of the evening performances. After the last carriage had driven away irom Waliack's on the nlchtln question, J corned to go home, and stumbled over what 1 supposed 10 bo a small boy huddled up in the door* ay, and asleep. Upon examination (after striking It with my baton), I found that it w&a a large-sued waterfall. 1 took it home, and found 11 to be composed of tbe following mate* rlaii»: Item, a piece of an o d btufalo robe; Item, a hair pillow; item, tbe long-lost books of livy; Item, a r.onave uniform jacket; the whole en closed in at old copy ot the Tribune, containing that article on “ Kansas,** and covered with hair. Not even the “eregannes” could stand this col lection of chignon compounds, for there were none visible either to microscopic examination, or to the naked eye —■ THE AITEBSXTIYE. Sm: I worn a waterfall night and day won* ont occe remotintr It till I read yonr article on «ne "chienoc horror.” 1 then tooc oil - ®y*® # f gave or e look at it, and—swooned. loave ira, lull fonetblnr roovuitr all over my head. has been a ccns:ant tendency on &jfwtio—9a*n 1 fay l.!-ro ficrateb. 1 no* l“Ssdra !^d!ffl^H*a? rS:StSss2 mnsi leave ofl* ge« Faxh.t. c«. ti»« «msi be some mistake about no -USjJSrSMt®' 1 "* 1 "*, ■toCT'Eafluoa-’ 1 Do °i»Bt the waterfall In tbe stove. clo«e the miJf&l,» “■*'J m a. w _. Wc taTC other and more serious common!- cations. Aa Importer of artificial hair wriUa that • the whole “ horror'’ was create* to damage his business. Several ladies send notes t-f alarm, softened somewhat by the belief that the “ gregsrines” are not ptdiculi or bur lake* f hut % much more common bug, known as humbug:. It Is evident, however, that the Idea (if not ihegregarlnes) has got Into the heads oi the people that waterfalls are generators ofpedkttii, and we may safely Presume that the public mind will by-and-by a set at rest mi this question of aatlonal importance by a renort from a Congressional Chignon Investigating Committee, or, possi bly, by a new plan for the general recon struction of waterfalls and chignons. COMMON CBUMCII. [OFFICIAL REPORT. I BcgnUr Heeling—JSlarch 11th, 1867* Prtstnt~~ Bis Honor the Mayor, and Aldermen KclcKctbocker, Cox. Carter, D’Wolf, Wicker, Wilmartb, Cslkme.Kaun. Flnnncan, Hatch. Wall work, Moore, Schuler. Kafleity, TalcoU, Woodard, Blxny, Holden, Russell, GaatfleW, Uuat ley. froudtoot, Pranren, Engel, Shacftfbrd, Law son. Clark, O’Sullivan. Abrenf—Aid. Banett, Frishie, Boh. loxCTEa,- Ald. Knickerbocker moved that the proceeding* of the regular meeting heia January 25ta, IsSi, be approved without reading. Carried. JfOJKJUTIOS. _ _ „ .. Bis Honor the Major nominated C. N. Holden, Esq., as Commissioner of Taxes. Ala. Shacktord moved to acce:.: the verbal state ment of the Mayor to relation to the nomination. Carried. Aid. Knickerbocker moved that tho nomination be confirmed. .. Ald.D’v'olfmovcdasan amendment that the nomination be referred to tbe Committee on Ju- dietary. Ibc Chair ruled tbe amendment out of order. Aid. D’Wolf moved that au appeal ho takes from the decision of lha chair. The appeal was not entertained. Aid. Knickerbocker demanded the ayes and soca on the motion ic confirm. , . -v Aid Sbackford raised the point “all petitions, comm uni callous, *tc., shall, before beisr acted upon, be referred to an appropriate committee,” ic. , . The Chair decided the point of order not well taken. , , _ Aid. Shaekfotd appealed from the decision, of the Chair. . The appeal waa not entertained. Tbe Chair directed the ayes and noes to no called on tbe motion of Aid. Knickerbocker to confirm, and the motion was tost by the following TU iltfV*—Aid. Knickerbocker. Cox. Carter, Wick er, Flnnncan, Moore, Schnlier. Woodard, Bixby* Holden, Prourtfoot, Lawson, O’Sullivan. Abes—Aid. D’Wolf, Calkins. Kann. Hatch, Wall work, Rafierty, Talcott. Kusjeil, Ackhon, Gd#l ficld, Huntley, Ftanzen, Engel, SUackford, Clark* Ayes—l 3, Tbe nomination ot C. K. Holden being dla- presented the name of A. 11. Burley. £sq., as t ommissioncr of Taxes, and asked hla confitmaUon. Aid. Bolaen moved that the nomination be con • df AUL*Laweon moved to postpone the considera tion of the nomination until the next regular meeting, and on tins motion demanded the ayes and noes. The motion prevailed by the following vote: Ayes—Aid. Knickerbocker, Cox, D’Wolf, Kaon, Fimmcan, Hatch, Waliwork. Schuller, Rafferty. Bixby, Holden, Bonn y, Franzen, Lawson, Clark, O’Snllivaa. Ab's—Aid. Caner, Wicker, Wilmorlh, Calkins, Moore. TalcoU, Woodard. Bussell, Ackhofl*, Gast field.Prooofool, Engel, Shackford. Ayes—lß, Acer—l 3. _ , Aid. Clark moved that tho Chair aprolnt a ®pe dal committee of sis. two from each Division of the city, to consider the subject of salaries In con nection with the offices ot Tax Commissioner, Assessors, and the Board of Health. Aid Wicker moved a* an amendment that the salaries of the Board of Health he fixed at *SOU Wrcd-rd mored that the whole matter be indefinitely postponed. Carried. Aid. Dawson moved that the Council do now co Into an cleccon lor A*sc>aora for two toots, os provided by the amended charter. Carried. Aid. Wicker nominated W. B. U. Gray as As sessor for the booth Division. ~ The Connell proceeded to ballot with the fol lowitg rebuilt . „ . _ Whole number ot ballots 2. W. B. 11. Gray received 2T and was declared nraalmonaly elected Assessor for the booth Division. Aid. lawaon nominated as Assessor for the North Division Andrew Nelson, the present In cumbent. Ihe Council proceeded to ballot, with the fol lowing result: Whole number of ballots 28 Andrew Nelson rtctivcd .23 and was declared unanimously elected Assessor for the North Division. Aid. floloen nominated Pleasant Amick as As sessor tor the Weal Division. Aid. 'ialcott nominated Samuel ilcCotler as Assessor for the West Division. The Council proceeded to ballot, with the fol lowing xes alt: Whole number of ballots 23 Necessary lor u choice .10 Pleasant Amick received 18 Samuel llc r olter received 11 Aid. Knickerbocker moved that Pleasant Amick be declared cmanimoaaif elected, tamed. rs&PEcroEa or election- Aid. Dawson mured that the Council do now go into «a tlecion lor Inspectors of Auction for die coming municipal year. Carried. Ale. Cox moved that the following be declared the Inspectors of Election for the First District, Fint Ward: Inspectors— Simeon W. King, George £. Kim berly, W. Kelsey Reed. Voting Place—No. 49 Wabash arenne. The motion prevailed. Ala. Knickerbocker moved that tbe following be decided tbe Inspectors of Election for tbe Sec ond District, First Ward: Inspectors—Charles F. Chilean, Peter Rogite, A. Banvon. . Voting Place—No. rs South Wells street. The motion prevailed. Aid. '.otter moved that the following be declared the Inspector?of Election for tho First District, Second Ward. Js s PZcrona—W. B. n. Gray, George H. Laflln, W. T. Hancock. Voting Place—Corner of State and Vanßoren streets. an* motion prevailed. , , Aid.D’Wor. muvea mat me following be.de c aied tbe Inspectors ot Election for the Second District. Second Ward: Inspectors—Arthur Dixon, Michael Doyle, A. F. Becker. Vornto Place—Northwest corner of Bhermaa and Tan Cores streets. Tbe motion prevailed. Aid. Wicker moved Ibat tho following he de clared tbe It’“i)<-c'.Qi3 of Election for the hirst DU tict. Third Ward: Inspectors—F. D. Gray, Peter Eels, J. D. Jen nl» ss. • Vonsa Flags— Corvcr Taylor and Clarkstreet*. The motion prevailed. Ald.Wicket nsoven that the following he de clared tbe liiSi-ectors of flection for the Second District, Third aid: t>crscrcHs—lV- W. Ssltb, James Dallon, Jf. 9. Bontos. Voting Place—No. "21 State street The motion prevailed. Aid. Wilmartb moved that the following be de clared the Isepectora of Election Cor the First Dis trict, Fomtfc iNard: ISBiTcrons—Wm. Wheeler, Clancy, John Forsythe. Vor iso Place—Southeast cornet of State and Tweity-sccond streets. The motion prevailed. AlO.Caltriua movcQ that the following be do dared the inspectors of Flection for the Second- District, Fourth Ward. lusELCTon?—M.'VanAllcn, W. P, Comstock, 51 ark E.mbri). Voting Place— Etcine Douse No. 9. The motion prevaihd. Aid. Bann moveo that the following he declared the lOßpec’ors of Election lor the First District, Filib Ward: Isspicrons—Henry iiorrls, James Brennan, Jiichael Schmitz. \ onsc Place—No. 123 Archer road. Tie motion prevailed. Aid. Ftnnncnu moved that the following be de cided me Inspectors of Ejection (or the Second District,Fifth Ward: Ihsfectors— James Clary, Christian Uond, Thor. McMahon. Voting Place —Corner Archer road and Decrlng street. She motion prevailed. A'rt. Batch moved that the following be de clared the Inspector? of Election fur tbo First District. Sixth Ward: Issrzcion*—Jeremiah dowry, W. Jannccy, Nlcb. linden. Vornto Place— Engine Douse on Maxwell street. 3 he motion prevailed. Aid. Wallwork moved that the following be de clared the Inspectors of Electron for the Second District, Sixth Ward: Isspvcrons—Jacob Yeager, W. Wasbbnrnc, Anton Schaeger. Vtmno Place—Comer Canal and Polk streets. The motion prevailed. Aid. Moore moved that the following be de clared tbe Inspectors of Election for the First Dis trict, Seventh Ward: Inspectors—George Xerile, Golhard S chief, Chris. Tegtmeyer. Vottho Place— Southwest comer of Union and Mitchell streets. The motion prevailed. Aid. Schuller moved that the following be de clared the Inspectors ot Election fur tbe Second District, Seventh Ward: „ iNSPXcrons—J. -I. Gillisple, Aug. Brunning, Pat. Canaber. . „ , . , Vonsto Place—Engine House on Bine Island avenne. The motion prevailed. Aid. Kascity moved that the following be de clared the Inspectors of Election foe the First Dis trict, Eighth Ward: isspEcrons—sl.l*. Pnsbie, Wm. Kaiser, John Commiakey. __ Tornso Place— Comer Bine Island avenue and Sampson street. The motion prevailed. Aid. Rafferty moved that the following be de clared tbe inspectors or Election for the Second District. Eighth Ward; iHSPECTons— R. il. GnlJford, George Solrge, Par. Cndmore. . . Vonno Place— Haase of James Bridgman, West Polk street. 'i he motion prevailed. Aid. Woodard moved that the following be de clared the Inspectors of Election for tbe First Dis trict, Ninth Ward: Isspxcxons—D. A. Wynkoop, b. McCotter, D. Wonhincion. _ „ ~ _ Vottho ITace—Corner Southwestern Plank Road and Maelson street. The motion prevailed. Aid. Talcott moved that the following be de clared the Inspectors of Election for the Second District, Ninth Ward: _ Inspectors—George W. French, R. Taylor. John E. Stridlioo. Vonao Place— Washington Skating Park. The motli n prevailed. Ale. Holden moved lhat the following be de clared the Inspectors of Ejection for the First Dis trict, Tenth ward: „ _ iNSTEciocs— E. 11. Aiken, C. G. Cross, J. W» Boyden. „ . , Voxrso Place—Engine Douse on Jackson street. The motion prevailed. .... Aid. Bixby moved lhat the following be de clared the inspectors ot Election for the Second District, Tenth Wa«d: . _ _ „ • Inspectors —Alvin Salisbury, Geo. W, Bohan nac, A. L. Atnoerg. . Vonso Place— Engine Douse, comer Clinton and Washington streets. The motion prevailed. . . . . Aid. Russell moved lhat Ibe to Ho win. be, de clared Inspectors of Election for the First Dis trict, Eleventh Ward: Inspectors—Wm. Waymin, George Morey, E Vonsa Plice—ComM Carroll ana Desplalnca streets. ... Til “vekhotr Sored tost tbe following be da cW SfA ot . pc.lon for tbe Second DU- I oseph E. Sitts, Oliver Johnson, VotingPi!ira—Comer Daisied street and MD ; waukee avenue. 'j be motion prevailed. Aid. Huntley moved that the following be de clared Inspectors of Election for the First Dis trict, Tvreufh Warn: Inspectors— S. A. DambUn, C. Duenamg, E. O’Brien. _ Voting Place— Comer of Chicago avenue and Milwaukee avenue. The motion prevailed. Aid. Gastfleld moved that the fallowing be de clared Inspectors of Election for the Second Dis trict. Twelfth Ward: Inspectors— O. W. Poller, Chapman, Henry Theta. Votcio Place—Donee of Louis Krcotcr, Elston Hoad. The motion prevailed. , Aid. Prondfoot moved that the following.be de clared Inspectors for the First District, ihineenth Waid: IssrECTons—o. Lanfer, Chaa. Nibhe, German Crn-gcn. „ ‘ Ventso Place—Larrabce street, near North avei.uc. .* The motion prevailed. I