8 Mayıs 1930 Tarihli The Daily Worker Gazetesi Sayfa 1

8 Mayıs 1930 tarihli The Daily Worker Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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ALL NEEDLE WORKERS CALLED TO COOPER UNION TONIGHT AT 5:30 TO BUILD THEIR OWN UNION iHif Vol. VI., No. 365 2,500 Capitalists Fete Whalen It was quite fitting that 2500 leading capitalists should pay eight dollars each for a dinner to Policeman Whalen. Nothing could be more in the line of logic and nature. For Whalen is a symbol of capitalist policy, who has just dramatized his role by sending to prison for three years the delegation of the N. Y. Unemployed Dem onstration, Comrades Foster, Minor, Arnter, and Raymond. The Astors, Vanderbilts, Youngs, Guggenheims, Morgans et al., all felt a warm glow of gratitude in their hearts towards Whalen, whenever they thought of our four comrades in the filthy city peni tentiary. Nothing is too good for this bold fellow, who crushes skulls and imprisons the leaders of the masses, who are so “insolent” as to demand Work or Wages from capitalism. So think the “foremost citizens” of New York, who draw tribute out of the misery and starv ation of the millions of American workers. •rfnk your champagne and gorge yourselves with your $8 dinners, you rulers of America! Congratulate yourselves on your lousy prisons •nd your bloodthirsty police! But outside your banquet chamber's the army of the working class is forming its ranks, gathering its forces! The millions of unemployed and their families are growing hungrier and more desperate. Not all of then) will commit suicide, as some do everv day; on the contrary, they will more and more take up the fight against you and your whole class rule. Your banquets and your bandit police are in themselves signs of your coming doom. Eight millions of unemployed walk the streets, sleep in the parks and missions, and starve; the policeman who ordered their heads clubbed on March 6th participates in a $20,000 dinner in his “honor.” Foster, Minor, Arnter, and Raymond are locked up in a damp and dingy cell of 4x6 feet; the representatives of the class which sent them there banquet in the Hotel Astor. Tt is a perfect symbol of the capitalist system that must be torn down stone by stone, by the hands of the workers. The Party and the Coming Elections Our Party today is well on the road of becoming a mass Party. The Communists are already an important factor in the political life of the country, with which the bourgeoisie has to reckon. The Party proved its ability to mobilize hundreds of thousands of proletarians on March 6th and May Ist. The political influence of the Party is growing. The workers respond favorably to the call and program of our Party. We are now faced with the tasks of consolidating our posi tion, of utilizing our political influence organizationally. The coming congressional and state elections offer us splendid op portunities to get the support of the masses of workers for our Party program. The great disproportion that still exists between our poli tical influence and organizational strength must be overcome and the coming elections utilized for this purpose. As in all other phases of work, the Party must make the turn and change its approach also in the field of revolutionary parliamen tarism. The value of revolutionary parliamentarism was clearly estab lished by the appearance of the delegation of the New York March 6th demonstration before the New York Board of Estimates. If we are to be successful in the elections, we must begin the campaign imme diately, and not wait till two or three weeks before the elections. We must conduct our activities in such a manner that the workers will not look upon our participations in the elections as “another” Party, but as the Communist Party which leads their every day strug gles in the factories, which organizes demonstrations, which fights for the organization of the unorganized, and against the police terror, bosses’ wage cuts, speed-up and unemployment. The coming state and congressional election campaign will be the most important campaign of the Party. It does not conflict with the other campaigns of the Party. On the contrary, it must serve as the coordinator of all the other campaigns of the Party. The elections must not be considered as an aim in itself, but as part and parcel of our daily activities in the shops, unions and other labor organizations. To conduct the election campaign without getting new members into the Party, without increasing the circulation of the Daily Worker and other Party press, without building our revolutionary trade unions and our other mass organizations, would mean not to carry out the election campaign in the Bolshevik sense. The immediate task facing the Party in connection with the com ing elections is the coming state ratification conventions. These con ventions must be turned into instruments of political agitation and propaganda, for the Party program and mark the official launching of the election campaign. The ratification conventions must be made up of delegates from shops, workers’ organizations and Party units. This year the election campaign will be of special political im portance. Through the election campaign the Party will further speak to the masses and continue to mobilize the workers for the pro gram of our Party against capitalism. The economic crisis, the burst ing of the prosperity illusion, the bosses’ terror and offensive against the workers greatly shattered the illusions of capitalist “democracy.” The Party must utilize this situation to establish itself more firmly as the leader of the workers in all their struggles. When properly mobilized, the election campaign will consolidate the influence of our Party and draw thousands of new proletarians into our ranks. BAKERS RESIST MACHINE TERROR Form Defense Body; New Union Meetings With conditions growing steadily worse both in the unorganized shops, and the “organized” Amer ican Federation of Labor and Amal gamated Food Workers shops, where bakers slave 12, 14 and 16 hours under so-called union control, bakers throughout New York City are responding eagerly to the or ganizational drive launched by the new Food Workers’ Industrial Union. The old bosses’ unions are un successfully using gangsterism and expulsion of militants to stem the tide of revolt among the rank and file, disgusted with the yellowness and corruption of both A. F. of L. fakers, and the Lore-Burkhardt Musteite machine. Friedland, gangster-in-chief of A. F. W. Local 3, is organizing a strong-arm squad to terrorize the rank and file into submitting to the machine. The rank and file (Continued on Page Two) l k u2>li«beU daily except Sunday by Tlie Coinprodnily I’ublifthlna: Company. Inc., Union Square. Men York City. N. Y. 21 IMPORTANT MEETING OF T. U. U. L. COUNCIL TONITE Delegates from the shops and fac tories in every industrial union, in dustrial league, left-wing group in the conservative unions and shop committees have been elected dur ing the past week, with instructions on the important tasks of building the Trade Union Unity Council and making it a real directing center of the militant labor movement of New York. The organizational meeting of the council is tonight at Astoria Hall, 62 E. Fourth St., at 7:45 p. m. Why Kids Leave School as Told by a Bourgeois The “school editor” of the New York World, speaking Tuesday eve ning, admitted that “thousands quit i school shortly after the beginning | of high school.” but instead of ad mitting that the children quit be : cause they are called on to go to | work to help the family live, the i gentleman opined that it was all | because the courses didn’t please the kids’ taste. So he wants the courses changed—but not capitalist robbery of the kids’ parents. That's all right for him. Datltj 1® Worker INDIAN WORKERS STRIKE,, BUT NOT TO HELP GANDHI Protest at MacDonald “Labor” Government Shooting 1 Workers 20 Dead, 100 Wounded Panama Toilers Strike In Solidarity BILLETIN’. London dispatches Wednesday for the first time took cognizance of the fact that the Communist Party of Great Britain is support ing the revolutionary movement of India against British imperialism. Not only do the dispatches ex press astonishment at the fact— which refutes the Indian bourgeois “nationalists,” who say that “all” British parties are imperialists, but John Bull is give napoplexy by an open attack on the British king, al! this taken from the Lon- , don Daily Worker. * * • Bombay dispatches show an India virtually under martial law, with riots in a dozen cities and industry and trade paralyzed by strikes, while the British “Labor” government’s orders—fully as brutally imperial istic as Baldwin’s Tory cabinet ever was—to shoot down the striking workers and demonstrating masses yesterday took toll of 20 dead and 100 injured. The capitalist press correspond ents, never being willing to tell the truth even when they know it—Nob scure the meaning of the great I strikes, such as that mentioned at I Bombay where it is said “3,000 fol- I lowers of Gandhi rushOd the Parel I mill area in an effort to intimidate the str'ike-breakers.” The Girm Kamgar (Red Flag) Union is on strike—but not for Gandhi. The workers are striking in protest at the murderous shooting down by British and native troops of the In dian masses. The workers are not concerned about Gandhi who is com fortably reclining in the arms of his friends. At Howrah, across the river from Calcutta, 27 police fired on workers who blacked the railway—and “then were forced to flee for their lives.” At Dalhi, the capital, the untimely arrival (the capitalist dispatches call (Continued on Page Three) fleetlnTshows WAR MANEUVERS 64 War Vessels and 154 Bombing Planes Sixty-five war vessels and 154 bombing planes staged one of the biggest war maneuvers ever seen in this part of the country, giving, as the capitalist papers put it “every one a chance to visualize what might be expected in case of war.” That’s just it! These ships are not pleasure barges with merry blue jackets on them who go on exotic trips into the South Sea and come to New York to have a good time, as the workers are asked to believe. This fleet is being built, trained, continuously “improved” in its speed and death-dealing capacity, to keep tight Wall Street’s grip on its col onies, and for war on the Soviet Union. It is kept in readiness for the inevitable armed dash between British and American imperialism, for more and bigger markets and sources of raw material. DEMAND RED FRONT French-Polish Move Against Soviet 30,000 DEMAND THE "RED FRONT.” (Wireless By Inpreeorr.) BERLIN, May 7.—Yesterday a mass meeting protesting against the continued prohibition of the Red Front Fighters’ League on Buelow Square was attended by 50,000 workers. The police and the army carried out Zoergiebel’s latest tac tics of cutting off the side streets and preventing all workers not in the procession from entering the square, thus excluding thousands that were packing the side streets. A number of clashes occurred, ow EuGn-it us ttccomt-claiii* matter at the Post Office at >cn York. !M. \V umler the net of Jtlar«»b 3. ISTIi NEW YORK, THURSDAY, MAY 8, 193 0 Assaulted at Stamford May Day Demonstration, Then Beaten in Jail ' jsilliyiiF l Ipjp xHr ft JUp \ ' , .Jhk WhdA.-, l * Seated, left to right: Henry Scott, Anthony Lalama, Joseph Nevin, Charles McMahn, Morris Fitch, Morris Rankin. Standing, left to right: Isaac Lifkin, I. Wofsy, A. Nachowitz, Phil Kaufman, Louis Tomilio. All are held for trial under a total bail of S IO,OOO. These workers were made to run the gauntlet between two lines of 50 police each at the jail. They were then taken to cells, and led out one at a time to be beaten with brass kunckles, iron manacles, and lead pipes. Morris Fitch, Negro worker, was beaten three times in succession, being flung headlong into a cell between times. Then the police tried to blind him by poking their fingers in his eyes. When this did not bring either a whine or whimper from him, they took off his shoes and beat him on the ankles with iron weapons. He refused to flinch. The uniformed thugs doing most of the torturing are: Carl Paight, Lester Hay and others known. Police Chief Jack Brcnnen and Captain George McCarthy personally supervised it. BOARD JUGGLES JOBLESS LEADERS “May Day Was a Wow” Raymond’s Comment Monday, the four members of the committee of th unemployed sen tenced to terms • > to three years in the county penitentiary were told that they would be taken before the parole board Tuesday, where their eases would be reviewed, and the parole board would fix a definite number of years for them to serve, within the three year limit provided by law. The parole board’s recommenda tion would then be-handed over to the special sessions judges for ap proval and changes. Board Denies It. However, the parol board yester day was approached by the Interna tional Labor Defense on the matter, and the I.L.D. was notified that the representatives of the jobless (the board calls them “anarchists”) were not brought before it Tuesday', and will not be brought up for several weeks yet. The members serving time are on Blackwell’s Island, a hideous, dirty (Continued on Page Three) BAN POLITICAL MEETS AND SPEECHES IN SPAIN Just as the country is preparing for the general election of repre sentatives to the Cortes, the legisla tive body created after the fall of the Rivera dictatorship, and just as the naive liberals and petty-bour geois intellectuals are dreaming of a democratic Spain, the Spanish gov ernment frankly exposed its fas cist character by putting a ban on political assembly and speech. In the meantime, the unrest in the country is growing. Students of the Universities of Santiago, Salamanaca, V a 1 e n c i a, Zaragoza and Granada in Spain have declared a 48-hour strike y'esterday in sympathy with the Madrid stu dents. The University of Madrid, which was closed a few days ago be cause of students’ demonstrations against the government is still closed. The government has also de cided to let the doors of the above five universities remain closed until the examination. VOLUNTEERS TO SELL “LIBERATOR” EXERA. Volunteers and unemployed work ers are wanted to sell “Liberator” extras on commission. Apply today at the Liberator office, 799 Broad [way, Room 338. ing to police provocations on the way, when marchers were searched. One over-zealous policeman w r as thrashed. • • * FRENCH-POLISH WAR MOVES ON U. S. S. R. (Wireless By Inpreeorr.) WARSAW, May 7.—The French general. Asan, an intimate colleague of General Weygand, chief of the French general staff, is here as the guest of the Polish government. Asan was military adviser to the Polish general staff during the Russo-Polish war of 1920. Penna. Miners Prepare District Convention 17 Illinois Strikers on Trial With Peabody Coal Co. Lawyer Leading- Prosecution TAYLORVILLE, 111., May 7.—1 The trial of 17 miners arrested dur- I ing the strike here last December continues today, with Hogan, the Peabody Coal Co. lawyer, acting as chief prosecutor. * * * Building the Union. PITTSBURGH, Pa„ May 7.—The i western Pennsylvania district of the I National Miners’ Union is just con cluding its distribution of 20,000 1

leaflets issued by the district in j connection with the May 1 demon strations and the District Conven tion May 10 and 11. Hundreds of replies have been re • ceived by the district office on these leaflets with applications for mem ; bership in the N. M. U. The in terest in the Second District Con vention is very keen and delegates j are being elected in all sections. In j Avella five locals report election of I delegates. Canonsburg is mobilized I to send a strong delegation from all i the mines in the section. The Al legheny Valley is pushing forward a ljst-minute drive to get delegates (Continued on Page Three) MASS MEET MAY 14 ON POWERS-CARR CASE A mass protest against the frame up of Powers and Carr in Atlanta, Georgia, and against the final re- ! fusal of bail for the New York Unemployed Delegation is being ar ranged by the International Labor : Defense. In order to raise funds i for the defense of the imprisoned j workers the International Labor De fense, in co-operation with the John Reed Club, is staging a dramatic ' land musical entertainment at Cen- 1 j tral Opera House on May 14. Tick ets are 50 cents; for sale at the j Workers’ Bookshop and I. L. D. of jfice, Room 422, 799 Broadway. Fifty men are needed for the mass ! scene in “Singing Jailbirds.” Re i hearsal tonight at 8 p. m. at 13 jW. 17th St. Workers to Plan Camp for Children at Meet The Workers International Relief is calling a shop delegates’ meet ing this Thursday, May Bth, at 7;30 p. m. at the W.I.R. Center, 10 East 17th St., to lay plans for building a summer camp for workers’ chil j dren, and plans for building up strike relief in this city. All work | ers are urged to attend this con- I ference. <4-, i Today in History of the Workers May 8, 1775 —Second Continen tal Congress met at Philadelphia to consider revolution against England. 1838—“ People’s Char ter,” proposals of English Chart ist movement for political re forms, published. 1920—Complete defeat of Denikin’s counter-revo lutionary forces by Russian Red Army, fiO.OOO taken prisoners. 1923—G. V. Sanders, editor of Memphis, Tenn.. "Press,” fined .8300 for contempt of court for editorial against injunction in rail road shopmen’s strike. 1924- Strikers in Oslo, Norway, raided ships for food. 1923—Thirteen thousand workers locked out in 1 Czechoslovakia. SUBSCRIPTION HATES: s<» n year everywhere excepting Manhattan and Bronx. New York City nnd foreign countries, there $8 a year. POSSE MURDERS INSANE NEGRO Riddle With Shots As He Surrenders BURLINGTON, Kansas, May 7. —Clarence Hayes, a Negro worker, driven insane by the terror and oppression visited upon all of his fellows here, was confined until re cently in the Kansas City Hospital. Care was so bad that he escaped, and, wandering at large, was at tacked by Under Sheriff G. N. Rich man of Coffey County and George Griffith, city marshall. In the fight that followed, the Negro killed Richman and wounded Griffith. He fled, with a posse in pursuit. They chased him across fields and finally surrounded him. He took refuge behind a grazing cow, then, apparently realizing, at least temporarily, his condition, he stepped out, unarmed, and offered to surrender to the posse. Murdered. Instead of taking him back to -he asylum they promptly riddled him with bullets and killed him. Members of the posse admitted ! they knew that the man was in | sane, but said they killed him in I order to have a good effect on other ! Negroes. | It is part of the white terror of business men and landlords in the j South and border states that when \ ever a white man comes off worst : in a fight with a Negro worker a Negro has to be killed for it. The | question of guilt or innocence, even j the question of what Negro is j killed, counts for little. | The killing of Hayes is but the J latest of an unusual number of | lynchings which have taken place (this year, due to the feeling of the i ruling class here that the unemploy | ment and starvation makes Negro i workers rebellious, and that only extreme terror can prevent their j demonstrating and organizing, to (remedy their conditions. STOOL PIGEONS RELEASED. AUBURN, May B.—Four prison ers were released here yesterday by j Governor Roosevelt because they turned stool pigeon during the strug gle in the prison here last year. SOUTHERN MILLS CLOSE Even Hunger Wages Vanish A program of working one week and shutting down the next has | been instituted by about 80 per cent :of the cotton mills in South Caro lina. This schedule of operating alternate weeks will also be applied in other mill sections of the South, particularly at Pacolet, Whitney, and Gainsville, Ga. These curtailment measures, which are due to enormous overproduction in the manufacture of cotton and to the general economic crisis, will still further cut into the starvation wages of the southern mill workers. ‘‘Communist Candidates/’ Savs Powers Worker, Facing Chair, Plans State Election (Special Telegram.) ATLANTA, Ga., May 7.—“ Co mmunist candidates must be placed in every Southern state in this year’s election,” declared M. H. Powers, imprisoned Communist Party or ganizer, here today. Powers and Joseph Carr, Young Communist League organizer, were seen in Fulton Tower prison here i today by J. Louis Engdahl, general I secretary, and Paul Pullman, South ern representative of the Interna tional Labor Defense. Carr, the 21-year-old coal miner, lis still confined in a death cell on “murderers’ row,” where three con victed slayers are being held await ing death by burning in the electric chair. Isolated From World. Since his arrival here for the ! trial, which was to have started Tuesday, but which has been post poned to May 27, Engdahl has sought to break through the severe prison discipline which has isolated the prisoners from the outside world, with the exception of occasional vis (Continued on Page Two) PROTEST DEATH SENTENCE ON 280 Demonstrate Saturday Also for Powers, Carr “Free the 280 Communist leaders of Japan sentenced to death and life imprisonment!” will be one of the slogans of the huge demonstrations to be held Saturday at 1 p. m. at i South Ferry and Whitehall St. un der the joint auspices of the Inter national Labor Defense and the Japanese Workers’ Alliance. The meeting will also demand the liberation of M. H. Powers and Joe Carr, Communist organizers who go on trial for their lives on May 27 in Atlanta, Ga. The I. L. D. is defending Powers and Carr. Speakers. The speakers at Saturday’s meet ing will include George Maurer, as sistant secretary, I. L. D.; Sam Darcy, Communist Party; Charles Alexander, Negro organizer, I. L. D.; A. Tako, Japanese Workers’ Al liance; Sam Nesin, New York or ganizer, I. L. D. Beatrice Siskind, New York sec retary, I. L. D., will preside at the meeting. Ex-Servicemen Meet Friday to Organize Worker Veterans Applicants for Workers’ Ex-Ser vicemen’s Organization meet Friday, May 9, at 8 p. m. In order to accommodate the many applicants for registration into the Workers’ Ex-Servicemen’s Organiza tion, a special meeting will take place Friday, May 9, at 26 Union Square, at 8:30 p. m., sharp. Only those ex-servicemen who filled out an application for membership foi registration and any friends they may wish to bring into the organ ization are requested to attend. The policies and aims of this organiza tion will be explained there. Anj ex-servicemen, regardless of nation ality or the army he served in, ii I urged to join. Demand the release of Fos ter. Minor, Arnter and Ray mond, in prison for fightinj for unemployment insurance. Speaking before 1,000 workers of the Pacolet Mills, Victor M. Mont gomery, president and treasurer of the Pacolet Manufacturing Co. in Spartansburg, S. C., lectured them on not getting into debt and wad ing into the installment buying plan, as there would be a great re j dtiction of operations in the mills. This parasite who lives by exploit ing his wretched slaves does not ask what the workers are going to do when their already rock-bottom wages are cut still further. Instead, he warns them that the future of (Continued on Page Three.) FINAL CITY EDITION ISSUE RULING ON GASTONIA RETRIAL TODAY Denial Will Not End Struggle, Workers Fight Goes On Rally for Powers-Carr I.L.D. Sounds Alarm to Save from the Chair RALEIGH. N. C., May 7.—The decision of the North Carolina Su preme Court on the appeal for a new trial for the seven Gastonia defendants may be made tonight or tomorrow morning, it was learned today. If the decision is decided upon today or tomorrow it will be cer tified to the Supreme Court in Mecklenberg County which will con "vene in Charlotte on June 9, when the decision would be made knowi officially. While there is no information oi. hand that would indicate if a nev. trial will be granted, the possibility for a refusal appears to be very great. The Supreme Court, natui ally, is as much a part of the tex tile bosses’ machinery as the tlia courts. Four of the seven defendant Fred E. Beal, Clarence Miller, Jo seph Harrison and George Cartel, j have been sentenced to twenty j year terms in prison, while the j others, William McGinnis, Louis Mc- Loughlin, and K. Y. Hendryx, have been given shorter terms ranging I from five to fifteen years, i The International Labor Defens 1 has been in charge of the Gastonia 1 case since the time when the work- I ers were arrested on April 7 of last j year after Chief of Police Aderholt (Continued on Page Three) NEEDLE MEETING TONIGHT AT 5:30 All Invited; Discuss Greatest Campaign The opening of the Needle Ti'ade? Workers Industrial Union drive for 6,000 more members before June 8 begins tonight with a great mobil ization mass meeting at Cooper Union, right after work, at 5.30 p.m. Every needle worker is invited. This is the beginning of a campaign that will build such an organization as will be able to wrest from the bosses full union conditions, cheek unemployment, smash the leeches of the company unions in the field, and place in the hands of the New York needle trades worker, a weapon such !as his history of militant struggle I deserves. The meeting tomorrow has been i preceded by a series of organization |al meetings c«I shop delegates, to plan the committees that will build a solid base in every shop, building block and street in the industry. Thorough Discussion. There will be a thorough discus sion of the past mistakes and im | provements, so that lessons for the future can be drawn. There will be also a thorough discussion of the program of organization, the tactics policies and general strategy of the Needle Trades Workers Industrial Union. There has been a wide distribu tion throughout the garment section, and in the shops throughout the needle trades of leaflets calling this meeting, pointing out the need of the | workers, harrassed by speed-up and ! low wages, by racketeering company , i unions, and by unemployment, fox | the broad, rank and file controller jN.T.W.I.U. The leaflets were printed in Eng lish, Jewish and Italian. They have been well received and workers are ! anxious for a real drive to build or ganization. T.U.U.L. Painters Change Meeting Night to Thurs. . j The painters organized in the T 'j U. U. L. have obtained larger meet i | ing rooms and have changed their i j meeting night to Thursday. 8 p. nr.. .| at 1400 Boston Road. All member: ■' are urged to attend this meeting n<= ! jwe are to elect three delegates to ! the election convention of the Com . | nrunist Party to be held May 25 ; | and 26 at Schenectady', N. Y. , Demand the release of Fos . ter. Minor, Arnter and Ray* Ej mond. in prison for fishtin) I for unemployment insurance Price 3 Cents

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