2 N egro Workers Sentenced to Die; 7 More in r ynchFrame-np Ko \ XteMONSTRATe ig***&l I War. \ I AC*AIfIST Th£t nV. M \\ Vol. VIII, No. 85 TWO STATE HUNGER MARCHES LEAD TO MAY FIRST I Takamatsu, Get Out! SECRETARY of State Stimson, whose sister-in-law subsidizes monarchist Russian white guards against the Soviet Union, is welcoming a cer \ tain oriental foreigner to these United States. Secretary Stimson is very l particular about “foreigners.” While he arranges, with one hand, whole ( sale deportations of foreign-born workers, with the other he shakes the bloody paw of every murderer of the working class who takes a notion to visit these shores. Secretary Stimson is making tremendous and most expensive ar rangements to welcome this foreigner, who is, of course not a worker, auch as T. Hariuchi sentenced to 42 years in San Quentin for organizing farm workers in California. On the contrary, the “distinguished visitor” of Mr. Stimson is Crown Prince Takamatsu, brother of the imperialist 4scpot who oppresses the millions of Japanese workers and peasants and Itm in feudal splendor off the blood of the oppressed masses of Korea, Formosa and subjugated China. Takamatsu will soon be welcomed at the Port of New York, and Secretary Stimson, whose flair for monarchy and reaction is notable in all affairs, has seen to it that the U. S. Government, which can afford not a penny to ten million American jobless and their families, is financing a swarm of “experts" to teach no lesser dignitaries than Professor Nicholas Murray Butler and Thomas Lamont precisely what to say, to do, and even what kind of pants to wear in the presence of this royal louse! Os course there will be no publicity release by the State Department about peonage and forced labor in Japan or Korea. Such things are given out by Mr. Stimson only in relation to the workers’ Soviet Republic. But in spite of this, and in spite 0/ the supposed air tight censorship of the Japanese police system, American workers will be told of the cruel murders of Japanese workers by the barbarian henchmen of this bar barian prince! American workers will* demand to know of Takamatsu why Senji I Yamamoto, working class membsr of the Japanese Parliament, was mur dered in cold blood! Into the face of the Japanese Crown Prince, the American workers will hurl the accusation of “assassin” in memory of ) Watanabe. Secretary of the Communist Party of Japan who was mur dered by the hirelings of the Mikado, brother of Takamatsu! If Mr. Stimson chooses to lick the boots of the Crown Prince of Japan, this constitutes a good rea. on for American workers to tell this royal representative of the oppressors and rrbbers of millions of slaves of Japanese imperialism, that he is not wanted in this country! Mr. Stimson cannot deny to the American working class its inherent right to demonstrate its international solidarity with the working class of Japan and Japan's colonial slaves. American imperialism, which seeks to screen the war preparations against Japan for domination of the far east behind Mr. Stimson’s polite hypocrisy, finds it possible to make com mon cause with imperial Japan against a Soviet China. The American working class challenges the right of all imperialisms to rob and oppress any workers. The arrest of 500 workers an Japan only last week, under a despotic law which makes punishable by death the organization of workers, is enough to justify a hostile reception to Mr. Stimson’s guest. And the American workers are going to demonstrate their despise and distaste! They are going to shout so that all the world can hear—Takamatsu, Get Out! 1,227 DEPORTED FROM N.Y.C. ALONE Boss Courts Hail Drive As New Weapon NEW YORK.—Since Jan. 14 the IT. S. government has deported 1,127 foreign-bom workers in this city alone in the drive of the bosses to deport militant foreign-born workers and intimidate the foreign born as a whole from taking part in the struggles of the rest of the working class against starvation and for un employment relief and insurance. Although these attacks against the working class are being carried out under tire pretense of a drive against racketeers and criminals, the obss press admits that of the 1,127 de ported only “some 100“ were crim inals. The rest were workers whose [militancy had ■offended the bosses. The. bosses’ courts have hailed the deportation drive as a “powerful weapon" in the hands of the capi |l' tlist authorities. A statement to Itulis effect was made by Judge Col |J liras on March 27 in General Sessions ’ irA ordering a worker charged witli assault to be turned over to the im migration authorities for deportation to Latvia. Collins said at the time that the courts would exploit depor tation to the fullest extent. The City Committee for the Pro tection of Foreign Bom has issued a statement denouncing these mass de portations as a vicious attack on the working class, and calling upon the workers, native and foreign born, i whiite and Negro, to demonstrate May Day in Union Square against i starvation and wage-cuts, against i persecution of Negro and foreign i bom workers and for support of the i struggle for unemployment relief and I insurance. I The City Committee has started a I campaign to translate into organiza tional strength the influence gained on the Day of Struggle against de portation and lynching. The most i outstanding phase of this campaign Is the affiliation drive which, during the month of April, must be intcnsi ified all over the city in order to widen the organizational base of our | movement. To organize and spur this drive a meeting of the entire (City Committee has been called, which Will take place at 32 Union itflpjjftgoqm W 6, April 13, at 8 p.m. frj ’ .s Entered an second-clans matter at the Pont Office at New Vnrk, N. V., nnder the act of March 3. 1379 ! COURTS SPLIT ON FOOD PICKETING A F L Admits Bosses Pay Union Dues NEW YORK.—Mass picketing in violation of the injunction continues at Sun Market and other tsruck food shops. The strike is being spread widely through all 17 districts here ’of the Food Workers’ Industrial I Union. The good effects of this tac- I tic are apparent from the picketing in the Bronx Saturday, which lasted four hours without an arrest because the A. F. of L. strike-breaking Local | 328 of the Retail Grocery and Dairy | Clerks was so busy serving injunc • tions and having pickets arrested in ! Kings Highway at the time. Monday, mass picketing continued j and five were arrested at 184th St. | and St. Nicholas Ave. (Sun Market); i three were arrested at Osstrowsky Bros., 148th St. and Broadway, and J three more at another Osstrowsky | Bros, place at 2434 Creston Ave. j These arrests were made through the j A. F. of L. strike-breakers. Eight of these cases came up in the magistrates court at 151st St. and Amsterdam Ave. and were post poned to Thursday, the judge order ing the defendants not to picket. Three cases came up at West Farms Court. 181st St. and Boston Rd., post poned to Thursday, and' the judge specifically rules they can picket! Juggling With 600. Fourteen cases, previously taken up under Paragraph 600 (violation of injunction), went to special sessions, where they were dismissed. Now the magistrates are again binding over cases of pickets to special sessions, in spite of the acquittal! Seventy eight pickets have been arrested since the Sun strike started. The Food Workers' Industrie' Union, leading all the above strikes has also called strikes to enforce union conditions at Rural Butter and Egg Market, which has three storer at 272 E. 169th St., 2434 Creston Ave. and 141st St. and Second Ave. Strike arc on at stores at Freeport, L. 1., and Central Ave ~ Far Rovkaway. Bo'-s Pays A. F. of 1,. The business agent of Local 328 ad mits his close connection with the employers by scolding the workers through the columns 0 [ the Jewish ''Dam.” \/ ■ l ~ ~M- ■i'Miwi'hiiin'Mii lit. s Daily, porker Central Qi^qi^ar*lire— Party U.S.A. GIEN ALDEN STRIKERS FORCE FAKERS AGAIN TO POSTPONE SELL-OUi Indignant Local Meeting’s Remove Some of Those Opposing Strike Last Time Police Keep Rank and File Crowds Out of the Secret Meeting; New Maneuvers WILKES BARRE, Pa., April 7.—The militancy and de termination of the 25,000 anthracite miners on strike against the Glen Alden wage cutting and bad conditions, forced the General Grievance Committee in its secret session this morning to postpone again its scheme to break the srike. 400 STRIKE AT O’GARA MINE OVER LAY OFFOF HALF National Miners Union Urges Mass Picketing ELDORADO. 111., April 7.—Four hundred miners of O’Gara No. 10 mine in Saline County are on strike against the company’s plan to simply starve half of them to death when it put in new labor displacing ma chinery. The strike started April 1. The strike was forced by, the rank and file, as both the Hov.at and Lewis outfits are strictly against the miners doing anything to improve conditions. The National Miners’ Union calls on these workers to throw a mass picket line around the mine, to or gapjze a rank and file strike com mittee and to spread the strike to other mines. Roy Groves, National Miners’ Union organizer who got 87 votes in the last election on the Communist ticket, has been arrested and charged with disturbing the peace and at tempting to fight because he resisted the eviction of the family of another miner, Ed Gwaltney. Groves is out on bail and will be in the lead to organize the miners now in rebel lion against both Lewis and Howat. The • family of this worker was theatened with eviction by an ex bootlegger while the miner himself was in jail. The N. M. U. members decided that if this eviction was at tempted they would oppose it. Groves himself has been black listed since the December,T929, strike here. I LONDON NAVAL TREATY AGAIN What’s become of the London naval treaty that was supposed to have settlsd all matters of naval armament? What’s become of its still-born child, the Franco-Italian treaty? We find now that Arthur Henderson, British foreign minister, is now talking about a European '‘disarmament” conference. What is more likely is that this is to be an armament conference, with Britair) trying to line up its allies in the next war agaTnst its foremost rival, the United States—or to take the leadership in the anti-Soviet war front, with the U. S. included. Industries and Army Ready for War; Will Put Down “Disorder,” Says Wilbur WASHINGTON, April 7.—How the army is used and will be more and more and more used against the working class in this country when it rinds capitalist starvation unbearable was contained in a speech made by Secretary of the Interior Wilbur, on lie fourteenth anniversary of Ameri ca’s entry into the World War, cele brated as ‘‘Army Day.” Wilbur's speech was broadcasted 'ver a nation-wide radio hook-up. He ’id the greatest stress cn what hP -lied the “peace-time" functions of he army. He termed the army "in uirancc" against "disorder, aggression, emergency and even total collapse.” What is behind these general W ft (Section of the Communist International ) Some of the locals whose del egates to the General Grievance Committee voted at the last meeting to end the strike have now removed those delegates and sent others instructed to vote to carry it on. However, the Tomicheck-Maloney- Davis gang jof local who are trying desperately to betray the strikers, put over a new maneuver at the secret session. “Forcing" A Sell Out. They elected a committee of ten to “force District President Boylan to settle the demands,” and to “force International president John Lewis to come to the Anthracite to settle the strike.” Since both Lewis and Boylan have been outspoken in condemna tion of the strike, have ordered the miners to go back to their slavery and wait for very improbable redress through the conciliation machinery, this action of the Grievance Commit tee is sure td bring a fresh outburst of anger from the strikers. At previous secret meetings, large numbers of rank and file miners have crashed the door and filled the hall, howling down the open traitors and embarrassing those who still work se cretly. This time, in spite of a drenching rain, hundreds of miners stood in the streets all day, but could not get into the hall because of heavy police guards at the entrance. The police broke up the crowds. Fight in Locals. Many locals of the United Mine Workers of America meet tonight. Rank and file opposition groups in these locals are meeting prior to the union meetings, and planning a bitter fight on the strike opponents. Those groups are also nominating worker candidates for the coming union elections. Jersey Workers Rally Asrainst No Picket Rule The vice chancellor of Paterson. N. J., has set the ruling on picketing of the Wright Airplane Factory for next week Nearly six hundred workers are on strike at this factory against the in famous bonus system set up in the factory. The judge's ruling will de cide for the bosses of the factory whether the workers can be legally clubbed on the picket line. The de termination of the workers, neverthe less, will make the picket lines at the factory go on despite the injunction. May Day Demonstrations to Demand Millions Used for War to Go to Unemployed by “disorder” and “emergency?" When the 10,000,000 unemployed re fuse to starve any longer and fight for food, this is "disorder," and the army is called in to shoot down the workers. When capitalism reaches "total collapse" when they call their army and fascist murderers to attack the workers. This is what Wilbur was referring to in his general phrases. The bosses know the function of the army In preparing for war against the Soviet Union and for the jfoiSfrter of the wprkers when they NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 8, 1931 The Arch Betrayer John L. Lewis, international president of the U. M. W. He gets §I,OOO a month from the starving miners and performs only strike breaking and wage-cutting activi ties. DOCK STRIKERS PICK COMMITTEE Picketing at Pier 8 This Morning NEW YORK.—A meeting of a good part of the 50 strikers who walked out last week against wage cuts at the Green Coffee Warehouse of Laf ayette Lightering Corp., Pier 8. Brooklyn, was held yesterday at 73 Myrtle Ave., and a strike committee of four elected. The meeting drew up demands for: 75 cents per hour, coffee piles to be only 8 sacks high, and recognition of the warehouse committee. The Marine Workers’ Industrial Union called the meeting. Scabs have come on the job due to the absence of real picketing, but the strike committee and the Marine Workers’ Industrial Union will or ganize the picket line, today at 8 a. m. Yesterday morning several strikers who tried to go back were stopped by the others. When the company saw the strik ers were beginning to organize, they called the police to chase away the organizers, but the committee is still on the job. Much interest is being shown by workers of New York dock ware houses, most of whom get only 44 cents per hour. Real organization is coming, and these will support the strike and fight soon for their own demands. Temporary strike headquarters are at 73 Myrtle Ave. Cockroach Tries To Hold Out S2O; Jobless Council Spoils Game NEW YORK —Alfred Weber, a food worktr unemployed for 9 months, and a member of the Down Town Unem ployed Council, couldn't pay his rent and took his radio to the ‘Sunbeam Electrical Licensed Electricians and Radio,” 07 Third Ave., to have it sold on consignment. The ‘’Sunbeam" outfit sold it all right, but when Weber wanted his money they gave him an “I. O. U." instead. Weber went to the unemployed council, which sent a committee to reason with the Sunbeam swindlers, and made them turn over S2O to Weber/ ’ refuse to starve any longer and act ■ as a class against capitalism. - To show the advanced preparations : of the American imperialists for war, : Captain George F. Unmacht, execu > tivc officer of the army’s second • chemical warfare procurement dist ; rict, in a speech Monday at the Ho • tel Astor listed the industries which I are all ready to be used for war pur poses. ! He said 50 per cent of the factories ; in the United States districts can be ( turned over for war purposes at any ' moment. In, his own district—New JOBLESS DELEGATES DEMAND INSURANCE FROM LEGISLATURES SEND 2 NEGROES TO CHAIR IN A LYNCH HOLIDAY 7 More Young 1 Boys Face Death Verdict SCOTTSBORO. Ala., April 7.—The first two of nine Negro boys, all under 21 years of age, were convicted I todaji by a jury which was out only 50 minutes, and which recommended death in the electric chair for them. This is the beginning of a legal j lynching, held as an added attraction jto the fair now going on. Hundreds j of white lynch advocates are in town, I and the capitalist news services re j port “the national guardsmen at the . court house were forced into mild ac tion to quell a five minute demon ] stration staged by the crowd in ap | proval ol the verdict.” The Negroes sentenced to death are | Clarence Norris, aged 18, and Charles j Weems, aged 20. Almost immediate jly after the sentencing, the court j turned to the trial of a third. Hay- j ’wood Patterson, aged, 17. The first, | two are from Atlanta, and the third ] ! from Chattanooga. This slaughter of Negro young ; workers is being conducted at the in j stigation of two notorious white pros i titutes who are evidently advertising themselves by claiming that they were raped by the Negroes. There will be a special mass pro | test meeting against the lynching, legal or otherwise, of nine Negro young workers at Scottsboro. Ala. The protest meeting will be held at St. Luke’s Hall. 125 West 130 St., at 7:30 p.m., Friday. SEND OFF FOR MAY 1 USSR DELEGATE NEW YORK.—A Latin-American | agricultural worker of Palo Alto Ca lifornia, has been declared the win ner of a subscription contest held during the past few months by the Spanish organ of the Communist j Party, “Vida Obrera.” R. Gonzales Soto, the winner of: I the prize, a trip to the Soviet Union ; ; with the delegation which is going under the auspices of the Friends of the Soviet Union to witness the sue- j cess of the 5-year plan and the May Day celebrations in the Workers Fatherland, showed through his ac tivity that he as well as many other latin-american workers in this coun try have learned a lot from the work ers of the U.S.S.R. A Farewell Rally and Ball has been I arrayed for Saturday evening, April 11, at the New Harlem Casino (up ’ per large hall) 116 St. and Lenox 'Ave., at 8:30 p.m. York and North Jersey—ll7 plants are prepared to supply chemicals for war. Supplies for the next war, Captain Unmacht said, ’would cost twelve billion dollars. To advance the war preparations, to build up the army, against the work ers at home and in the Soviet Union, the capitalists have spent billions of dollars. There is never any scarcity of money for war preparations. But when the workers demand food, when the unemployed demand unemploy ment insurance, then the capitalists refuse to give one cent. On May Day, the workers will rally against the capitalist war prepara tions. Demand that the war funds be turned over to the unemployed in the form of unemployment insurance. —* . Ai.'... . ■ WORKERS OF THE WORLD, UNITE! CITY EDITION Intensified Organization of the Unemployed and Linkinj Their Struggle With That of Wage Cut Workers in the Factories Day-to-Day Strusrcrle Asrainst Evictions and to Force Relief From Cities Must Increase Mass Meeting at Philadelphia City Hall at 9 A M Mire 17 to Strrt the State March; Unalloyed Score Pinehot As a Liar Interest in the fight to win relief centeri at present on two most important state hiinge • marches: in Pennsylvania and Ohio. Both these states of heavy industry have their hundred s of thousands of jobless, and their more hun dreds of thousands of part time workers, starv ing Mong on one or two days a week of work. The Pennsylvania marchers, starting from Philadelp' i and Chester April 17, and from Pittsburgh a few days late will concentrate on Harrisburg and present their demands to the sate legislature and Governor Pinehot on April 21. s The Ohio marchcehs, coming from five directions, para. i. > Friday gainst Pkrs of Voi<*e Protest Against Japanese Princes NEW YORK. Hundreds of New 1 York. American and Japanese work ers will stage a protest demonstra tion against the bloody reign of ter ror of the Japanese 'imperialists, on the occasion of the arrival of the representative of the Japanese ruling class, prince Takamatsu, who comes in on the Cunard liner. Acquitania, which docks at the pier at West 14th Street, April 10. More than one thousand militant fighters of the labor movement in Japan are in jails facing either the death penalty or long prison terms. They have been in jail since the raids on revolutionary workers' or ganizations which took place in March 1928 and April 1929. The Japanese “socialists” helped in the passage of the “imperial ordinance," under which the revolutionary work ers were jailed. The increased terror against the revolutionary movement of Japan is a result of the sharpening economic I crisis and the war preparations of Japanese imperialism. The hands of these princes who arrive Friday are stained with the blood of Comrades Jamamoto and Wattanabo, militant workers of Japan, as well as thou sands of other workers beaten and murdered by the Japanese imperial ists. All workers should turn out in this demonstration against imperialism and the war danger against the bloody rule of Japanese imperialism, for the international unity of the workers in their fight against cap italism. PUSH FOREIGN LOANS An appeal to push foreign loans was made by Dr. Stephen I. Miller, executive manager of the National Association of Credit Men, in a speech before 700 credit men at the Hotel Commodore, New York, a few days ago. Miller said that this was away of getting out of the crisis, increasing American imperialism's hold on the colonies and piling up more profits for the investors. The matter is not quite so simple as Dr. Miller put It, however, as the crisis in other countries cannot l?e griped out by Price 3 Cents through all the most inclvstrirl see tions of the state, will meet in Col umbus, April 2„, and hold a si- i conference, where the unemployme | insurance bill will be finally adopts ’, and a delegation sent to present it t i the state legislature, probably Ap I 27th. All Out May Ist! i These demonstrative marches reach their high point at the staft capita't only a few days before the worl I wide demonstrations against unem ployment and for relief of the mil lions of starving jobless. May 1 is this year as usual a day of inter national demonstrations against tha capitalist system, particularly a day of protest against starvation, wage cuts. and speed-up. The numerous industrial towns which these hunger marches pass through, and the other hunger marches held in other states within recent months, will each hold their own demonstration May 1. Build Councils! The success of the hunger marches and of the May 1 actions largely depend on the mass support, in the towns through which they pass, and this mass support- must be organized. The main task of the movement to win relief for. to save the lives of, the millions of jobless is now, in spite of the hunger marches, the organiza (CON TIN LED ON PACK THREE) MACHADO ADMITS FEAR OFUPRISING Stays Clear of Havana As Congress Opens While the Cuban Congress opened Monday, with the supporters of Ma chado present, ready to do his and Wall Street’s bidding, with 10.000 paid troops at the command of the but cher-president of Cuba. Machado said he was afraid to appear because of “riots.’' Not many months ago Machado Issued a statement to the American capitalist papers saying he feared no body, as the Cuban people "loved” him. Now he admits he fears mass uprisings, and is staying away from the iapitoL Several days ago Machado offered a truce to the opposition among the Cuban bourgeoisie, but the truce was rejected. The rejection of the truce did not come about because these oppositions .most of whom would be ready to unite with Machado, arc against a united front, but the mass es of Cuba are becoming more revo lutionary and a truce would not stave conflict*.