IN THE NEWS Apparently the Italians have no generals in this Mar. Apparently the French have had no general*. Oh, In he mi re there Mere gentle men Mho More medals all over their diest» and Mho carried all P* „ ' the outside Indications of being generals. lint they did not ha\e the in-, lernal mental machinery. tailing a man a general does not make him one, any more than calling a man a doctor or an artist or an architect or a business man makes him one. (icnerals can he made Mith medals and braid in time of peace, hut mlicii the war test comes that kind of a general folds up. THE French are good fighters— wonderful fighters when well led. *• The pages of histnrv are spangled with the brilliant victories of the I rench—when thev had good generals, Think of the little Corsican— gaunt, emaciated, hiingrv looking, linconsidered in his threadbare uniform a* lie hung around Paris Mailing lor hi» chance, while the armies of the revolution struggled ineffectively against the hostile powers of Europe. there was no gedd braid lb Indi cate that he had the makings of n great general. i Nobody was pinning ativ medals mn his hollow chest in I hose days. Hut medals do uot make tin man The meuthl machinery was there to lead I ranee victorious over all of Europe, and to light in every land the revolutionary spark of Ireedorn. IV IH7I the f rench were just as good soldiers as they were in IMlil, hut they had no generals. Louis \a|>nlenn was a falsi- front —all medals ami gold braid and cock leathers and foolishness. Ills armies were slow because thi-v were ill-equipped and ill-lcd. The onlv thing Ba/aine coulil do rapidly and effectively was to sur render. Ife was good at that. The l.erman forces under good generalship marched promptly to Paris. IN' 1910 fife French soldiers were just as gmul as they were in I.' .»—jn-t is good as they were in I’ * IM—lint their quick defeat was almost » stenciled repetition of their deteat in IH'I. It is not just to court-martial generals for not being eompetent any more than it is just to blame soldiers lor not being well-led. t oiiyietent leadership is every- I long. Tin* most important factor In r\rr» grr;|t i* genius lor kllnv joti—tin- divine facility for Kirgn meat ion anil direction—divine because it is so essential to success —so essential ami so effective In all human endeavor. THE Italians have li *d no gen erals in this war. Wo hear that General Itadoglin. who led or misled the ill-fated expedition against the (■reeks, was a great friend of the king's. That is ail we'hear about him. and that is probably all there is to hear. He is evidentlv a gold hraid and gold medal general. They do not stand the test. The Italian generals in .Africa must be friends of somebody— probably of Mussolini. They max lx* gooil friends, hut they are not good generals. Almost mix one would have ktmxx n enough not to repeat in V> Inter against the the disastrous Winter attack of the Russians against the l inns. 's ore I x any kind of a general should h.ixe knotsn that an attack in W inter in snow-covered moun- I ( ontiiiiieil on Vest I’age, Col. ’2) In the Times Tcday »* U'“ ?’ ite» "H’iv.* Vnrr .. . 2<* •'■ rr\ « J l 1.% •• ! • 1 S !»t V WlMfl .M.T* ,-T r-T—. ii. -V. .JJurlm* —r-r 1- innni tai ik Hull.. « rmU*»\ 13 H ;• ■«■ ritl , Mnwtinc I’Hk- . 13 Paul Mullen 2*» MfM-if iWtnnui 7 • r *r .n* i ■ vr ifi pr g. '* f 2l» liadio Program* . lo PtplfV I‘. K'Rie n<d.tii«rin ~ Pi Tirijmon llun\en . . . 2i» y Viefv .s. H f-:>ortn ( ) 11. 12 h*t St rvrn i . ... A 7 Vital «‘attat rp 17 IVinf Ad* IT 1* It* Wiwh#*l ... H V i«hi hi; Well ... 1.1 \\ bit * th* A et ! * \v mm « P**p» A it Gehrinerer Signs Up for 16th Season BRITISH SMASH TRIPOLI Quilling Rumor KmltMl Charley Gehnnger signed a rnn traet for 1911 tralay. which will lw his .sixteenth consecutive season with Ihe Detroit Tigers. The an nouneenient was made in Miami Beach, Kla . by Walter O. Briggs owner of the Detroit rluh. Signing of Ihe second baseman ends rumors that Gehnnger was ready u. retire at the end of the past campaign. As usual. Charley is the first Tiger to plan his sig nature on a contract. Briggs has offered to pay all medical exftenses Gchri lger may have needed to -get in shape next .Spring. Intt the star second sacker declined with thank- saving he is in fine t-hape " Gehnnger, who will he 3K next May hatted .31,2 in 139 games in the past s ( ason. City Parking Lot Law Studied Common Council today-w ill con sider the proposition that if the City provides free streets for auto mobiles. it is obligated to create municipally owned parking lots Assistant A’orpnrat ion Counsel Nathaniel Golrtstick said he will Mihmit a proposed charter amend ment [s-rmitting the city to con demn. purchase or lease land for the purpose. The proixvsal follows an attempt by the couneilmen to compel privately owned parking lot* to improve conditions and more readily assume responsibility for Is-nt fi-ndets and other damage. This ordinance was |>assed last week but was recalled from the. mavor for a public hearing. Municipally owned parking areas would not necessarily be free. Goldstick’s plan is that thev would In- operated at cost, probably at lees of fiom 15 to 35 rents a day. depending upon location Principal objection by some rounrilmcn i» that the undertaking would take from the tax rolls property on which parking lot owners arc now paying taxes. If passed by the Council, the proposed charter amendment would he on Ihe ballot at the Spring election G. Hall Roosevelts' Daughter to Marry T3< inor Roosevelt, daughter of the G Hall Roosevelts formerly if Detroit, and niece of the i in 'Edward I’rix-'oi Bf Elliott of Brier- B l\ Yo r k shire W/*’"' England it is | ** j to he an non need u j t o d a v in Ded- w r ham. Mass Mi- J 1 Ro o -cvelt and ~ ’ M Elliott met Rn. "hili- In 'll wi re B '* >^Bg s t u d y i n g art B fpl here at Cra n- W brook Academy * in B 1 o o mfield *- ™ HillS. .VII ss MIMIsKVI-.il .l/erri/ i7#r is tin as ! DRIVE CAREFULLY! A MERRY CHRISTMAS TO DETROIT MOTORISTS. Hilt: Your Christmas won't bo merry if you spend it in a hospital or in jail. •y The Christmas of your family won't be merry if you lie dead in a morgue because you drove recklessly. Your Christmas and the Christmas of your family will he Anything but merry if your careless driving has visited injury or death on somebody else. Drive carefully constantly over this Yuletide. Drive patiently and courteously regardless of how other motorists behave. Don’t drive at all if \ - ou have been drinking. □ ET RUW3#PTTfrI E S Only Detroit Newspaper Carrying International - News Service and Complete Sport Dispatches 141 ST YEAR, NO. 85 DETROIT, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1940 Pontiff Gives 5 Points for Better Era’ lulirnattoiMl *«*r%lcr (uM# ROME. Oer. 24.—The sir raid sirens sounded in Rome today. < EDITOR'S NOTE: Rome thus far has escaped aerial at tack. Previous alarms have been sounded, however, when British planes roared overhead dropping propaganda leaflets. It was thought possible today's alarm may have resulted from apjiearance of British craft dropping Italian translations of Prime Minister W inston Church ill's broadcast of yesterday.J By PEI« V WINNER IlM'l >n»i vr%tr» Muff i «irrr«i|M»ntlri»f VATICAN CITY, I tec. 24 On the ew of Christmas m a world tom by ever-spreading war, °ope Piu> XII today bitterly denounced the rule of force and pleaded for a new Huropean system after the conflict that will he “free and strong ’ “We find ourselves at the tie ginning ol a new era as a result of profound changes wrought by the war.” the pontiff said Condemning by implication the "new European" order projected by the Axis power*, the Holv Father outlined five points for establishment of a "true new order ” He said: "Fneonditional basis of any new order should be: “First, the overcoming of hatred . . . "Second, the overcoming of all suspicion which has a most paralysing effect ii|Min interna tional relations and makes every understanding impossible. ‘LISTEN TO REASON' "Third, the theory will have til he rc|»e!led that an ad vantage for a nation is a base of right, and that force creates right . . . "1 mirth. there will have to he a banishment of all conflict in the field of world economy and establishment of an order which offers the means to every state to provide siifticicntlv for its citizens. "Fifth, there must he an over coming of the spirit of cold egoism, the spirit which allows the sovereignty of the state to violate the justice and liberty due to every single citizen. Replying in a radio address to Christmas greetings from the col lege of cardinals, the Pontiff urged humanity and all im’'on« to listen to the voices of reason and close lhe>r ears to "speeches of error.'' He appealed for a settlement of the conflict based on right and Hist ire "One year has passed." the. Holy Father declared “since we gave a basic declaration of the main conditions tor a peace which could he of a lasting nature. "The thoughts we then de
veloped hHve not lost their character, even if their realiza tion now may be further ' ott than before. "Out o. the passionate nature (Continued on Next Page, Col. 3) THE GOODFELLOWS' FIRST CHRISTMAS VISIT \ wCIJSSTBI, I \ mi - ‘ . BKnr \ . VVVIJ ilf ... f 3 , t . V ill Iff ini ' j C.»e'«M Sr Ortrrtt Tier, All rUSti rwoM. A WH.I NTEER SANTA CLAI S DKIJVERINO SIX OF THE 70.000 GOODFELLOW CHRISTMAS PACKAGES TODAY The start in the downtown precinct of the delivery by police scout cars of the 70,000 Christmas packages prepared hv the Old Newsboys' Good fellow Fund with the SIBO.OOO 2d Quake Shakes New England InTerttKlktnal *er*lc* BOSTON. Dec Ear—lbe second time in five days. Now England wa> shaken hv an earth quake today. No materia! damage was done hut residents of the six -states were alarmed as buildings shook. The tremors were felt for about .'lO seconds starting at approxi mately 8:45 a. m. Dr L. Don Loot director of Harvard I'ntversitv seismograph station, said it probably was a "minor after-shock ot Friday's quake" if it had the same center as before at Lake Ossipee. 1 N H In nearby Lowell, the temblor was reported to have been more severe than that of hot Friday. New York City felt the quake although to a much lesser degree than the Northeastern seaboard. Buildings swayed and windows rattled lor a lew seconds in Que bec. also. ~4 Last Roundup' Composer Dies BOSTON, Dee 'Ji Billy Hill. 11. songwriter and composer of the "Last Roundup." died today after being stricken by a heart attack in his hotel. The comimser complained of-ill nc" during the night and Dr. Her man Swartz, house physician, was called. Hill failed to resjiond to treatment. The body was removed to a mortuary and Boston polire -.ought to contact Mill s widow and rela tives in New Yot k His Roundup" thi mpsi famous olp- cnni|x>sitions. was ,i favorite ot President Roosevelt. 11 was comprised seven years ago Among his other corrqMwitions were "They Cut Down the Old Tree," "Louisville Lady." “Haw You Ever Been Lonely," and "There's a Cabin in the Pines. ' MAKE EAEKYONE HAPPY— Give DETROIT Premium Pale Beer for gifts. Phono your dealer or call CAdillae IfiOO, lietroit. D. B. Co.— Adv. Tolls €'ultist*s Riso Barred From ‘Heaven,* Wife Here Char get Rich Women’s Gifts Financed Experiment The n.«e nf James R. Schafer from a Detroit battery manufac turer to the founder and president of a wealthy religious group known as the Roval Fraternity of Master Mela[)hysieians was told today hy his estranged wife, now living here with her two children Mrs, Schafer ieft her husband three years ago on the day he opened his “peace heaven" in a 110-room mansion once owned by a Vanderbilt at Oakdale —Long- Island. ••HE WEN" INVKSTKiATKI) The financing of this "heaven" hy subscription and donations from wealthy persons, the majority of them women, is now being investi gated by the New York state's attorney general, 4 was to tne “peace heaven" that Metaphysician Schafer less Jjhan a year ago took a 6-month old baby and announced he would make the child immortqj hy teach ing her to- —Think only good thoughts which "would not tear down her mental structure." Schafer has since given up the exjiei intent and abandoned the child to mortality by reluming her to her parents. Mrs. Schafer, who lives at 1 324 East Grand boulevard with her 21-year-old son anti 19-year-old daughter, knows very little about the “heaven" itself, for even he fme their separation Schafer ordered that neither she nor the children could go there "It seems that I was not his ‘half soul,' as apparently many other women in the organiza tion were." Mrs Schafer ex plained. It was in 1935 that Schafer be gan the organ i/at ton of the Meta Last Day to Shop for CHRISTMAS 20 PAGES THREE CENTS contributed by thousands of Greater Detroit people. These are the six appreciative children of one family and they were up early, eyes aglow, to meet this jolly policeman. physicians alter breaking away from his own church, she said. “He was a reader in the rhurch in New York and wanted to become a teacher. He thought he had great ability and when he wasn't ap|H*inted as a teacher he decided to start a rhurch ot his own." Althpugh Schafer claims that his organization is “centuries old” and existed in "strict secrecy" until 10. years ago. his wife says that it developed within two years in a small church in Fifty-Seventh street in New York. • PASSED WIFE BY "I didn't believe in his teach ing and seldom went to hear him preach, hut a great many other persons did." she de clared. “Many of his followers were wealthy women anti al though he never discussed his business affairs with me I un (Continued on Next Page. Col. 8l White Christmas Hopes Wane Hope fdr~n "white Christmas" practically expired today when the weather bureau announced "slightly warmer today" and little chance for snow. Temperatures are expected to be in the middle thirties. Dickinson's Christmas Dinner at Kin's Home LANSING, lice 21. —Governor Dickinson will spend his first Christmas in more than .V* years away from his Katon County farm home He will have dinner at th' nearby farm of his brother-in-law. YY. lb Cooley. There will he no gaily decorated tree. „ “We have a tree at the rhurch and have had nur little party there.” the governor said. “It will he different this year with out Mrs. Dickinson." Vital Statistics Find Sister A few days ago Frank Zivano, 225 Garfield avenue, glanced at the vital statistics column of his paper. Among the names he saw that of Ruby Louise Zivan. 22. of ”05 Algonquin avenue, who had taken out a marriage application license to w'ed Homer W. Burrell. 22. Zivano wondered. Twenty years ago his own parents had died and he and his brother and two sisters had been separated. He came down to the County Building and asked to look at Ruby Louise Zivan s wedding application. And sure enough it gave as her parents the names of his parents. She was his sister, whom he had not seen in 12 years. Zivano de parted hastily for the Algonquin avenue address and a reunion. Free French to Mourn For an Hour on Jan. 1 LONDON. Dec. 21—(INS)—All true Frenchmen, both in occupied and unoccupied France, will stay indoors one hour on January 1 as a silent protest of “crushed France.” Gen Charles de Gaulle announced today. Leader of the “Free Frenrh" forces. General de Gaulle said the protest would he observed hy all but "the enemy." z 11 v liveommemi: "It is pretty silly to argue the proposition that the British people do or don't love the Americans, or vice versa.” Ppgler dis cdsses our viewpoint in the war. Page 20. • • » “The first rule of diplomacy Is that speech was made to ambush thoughts,” savs "Bugs" Baer. Page 20. .. . y ••|*hll Murray’s plan for Increased plane jzriidiM-tion may he wrong in plares. hut it has at least a germ of she right Idea In It." General Johnson says the plan smacks of 1918 when successful prosecution of the war was under way. Page JO. Today'n Orography Lennon Chunara t pronounced She-mah-rah ), Albania, captured by Greek troops, is one of three related Italian supply base*. Inland from the Adriatic about 10 miles, the city is 30 miles south of Valona and in direct line from the captured Porta Edda to now the only Italian seaport of consequence in Albania The cap ture of Chimara saw some of the fiercest battle* of the Greek* Italian war. [NIGHT u_ M-rm ■„ ,m ■ i J EDITION Port in Flames After Violent Ajr Raid L'ahto LONDON. Dee. 2\. —A violent attack by British naval planes on the Libyan harbor of Tripoli, where the American flag was planted on foreign soil for the first time in history in 1815, was announced by the admiralty to day. An "extremely successful” as sault was carried out on the night of December 20, it was said, against the harbor where Stephen Decatur opened American naval ;guns in the historic campaign , which after years of effort ended depredations of the Barbary Coast pirates. The harbor quay was hit re peatedly, the announcement said, and warehouses were set on fire, iOne of these blew up. SEAPLANE BASE HIT The pounding of Tripoli repre sented another of the damaging blows struck during the past few weeks at Italian Mediterranean bases by British warships and I naval planes, which have been roaming far and wide and last week penetrated into the Adriatic j—ltaly's “lake.” Today's announcement said that a seaplane station at Tripoli also was heavily attacked by planes of ; the fleet's air arm. On the afternoon of December 21, the admiralty said, British naval torpedo planes the type that struck a devastating blow at the Italian naval base of Taranto a few weeks ago—attacked a con voy of three merchant ship* es corted by destroyers off Tripoli. Torpedoes launched by th a planes blew up one 3.000-ton ves sel,-the announcement said, while a 6 000-ton vessel sank. From all these operations, the admiralty added, only one British plane was lost. 31 Million Truck Job For Yellow International Newt Nervtce Wirt WASHINGTON. Dec. 24.—The army today announced placing of an order of $31,718,137 for an un disclosed number of trucks from the Yellow Truck and Coach Man ufacturing Company, Pontiac, Mich. PONTIAC. Dec. 24.—The Yel low Truck government contract, the largest single order for equip ment ever awarded by the govern ment. is understood here to be fop 25.000 more army trucks such as the company has been making the last several months. These are six-wheel drive special jobs, th# first fleet of which recently went to Fort Benning. Receipt by Yellow Truck of th# huge order was said by company officials to insure peak employ ment through 1911. The big plant in South boulevard here has been under full steam since early Fall.