WEATHER. (tr. 8. Weather Bureau Forecast) Generally fair tonight and tomorrow; not much change In temperature. Temperatures—Highest, 95. at 4:30 p.m. yesterday; lowest, 66, at 4 a.m. today. Full report on page 9. Closing N.Y. Markets, Pages 13,14 & 15 No. 31,418. TWO OHIO CONVICTS SLAIN BY ACCIDENT; UNRULY PRISONERS SET FIRE TO TENTS Machine Gun, Mounted on Roof, Discharges as Guards Change Cartridge Belt, Killing Sleeping Pair. SHELTER THAT BURNED WILL NOT BE REPLACED 400 Inmates, \7ho Are Being Held in Barbed-Wire Inclosure in Prison Yard After Having Brok en Locks on Cells, Must Live in Open for Time, Official Says. , By the Associated Press. COLUMBUS, Ohio. May B.—Two [ sleeping Ohio Penitentiary con victs were killed by machine gun 1 bullets today when the weapon, mounted on the prison yard aft er last night’s stockade fire, was accidentally discharged by Ohio National Guardsmen. The vic tims were asleep in the E and F dormitory when the bullets passed through a barred window. They were struck in the head and died almost instantly. The dead were: James W. Ross. 40, Cuyahoga County, and Albert Freeman, colored, also of Cuya hoga County. Rogs, admitted to the penitentiary in 1925, was serving 10 to 15 years for burglary and larceny. Freeman, admitted the same year, was serving 10 to 20 years for man tfonahter. Identification was delayed because •11 numbers In the prison have been confused since the disastrous Easter Moi lay fire, when 320 convicts, locked In their cells, were killed by fire and smoke. Third Convict Is Wounded. A third convict was wounded. A bul let creased the side of Ernest Warren, Cuyahoga County, also a resident of the dormitory. He was serving 2 to 20 years for cutting to wound. Warren, who has served time in a half dozen prisons, will recover, prison hospital doctors said. Freeman, who was unbalanced men tally, was to have been sent to the Lima Insane Hospital within a day or two. Col. Robert 6. Haubrich, ranking Guard officer at the prison, reported that the shooting occurred about 6 a.m., Eastern standard time. He said that following last night’s fire in the stock ade, when about 400 unruly prisoners fired 88 tents inside the barbed-wire in closure, machine guns were mounted in the prison yard to prevent any break for liberty. According to Prison Guard Capt. Hostetter, who was on the gate when the shooting occurred, the bullet was fired while the National Guardsmen on the chapel roof were being relieved. The Guardsmen, he said, were changing the cartridge belt when the gun was ac cidentally discharged. Cause of Fire Undetermined. • How the tented city ignited was not known today, but officials in charge as sumed the fire had been started by con victs who opposed the iron rule of the soldiers. Today National Guardsmen mounted the prison walls and blue-coated peni tentiary guards as well as National Guardsmen patrolled the streets sur rounding the prison. Col. Haubrich designated Capt. James (Continued on Page 4, Column 3.) KIDNAPERSRELEASE ST. LOUIS MERCHANT Free Rich Man After Relatives Fail to Meet Demand for $20,000 Ransom. By the Associated Pres*. ST. LOUIS, May B.—Jacob Godlove. 62, wealthy North St. Louis merchant, who was kidnaped Monday night and held for $20,000 ransom for 50 hours, was freed late last night by his captors. No ransom was paid, his relatives said. Godlove revealed he had been kid naped while putting his car into his garage late Monday night. He said he was kept blindfolded, but was not mis treated. during the period of his im prisonment, which he thought was in a building in St. Louis County. His son, Ralph Godlove. also 3 mer chant, had received two letters demand ing ransom under threat of death, but the matter was turned over to police and no ransom demands were met, the son said. The elder Godlove said he was kid naped by two men and that at least two men stood guard over him during his Imprisonment. COOLER WEATHER IS PREDICTED, WITH POSSIBLE THUNDERSTORM Western Plateau Region Is Experiencing Opposite Extreme in Dropping Temperature. Some relief from yesterday's record temperature for the year oX 84.8 degrees is In prospect today and tomorrow, the Weather Bureau announced. It was not expected that the thermometer would go much above 90 degrees today. The maximum temperature was reached at about 4:30 o’clock yesterday, the hottest May 7 In 53 years, accord ing to Weather Bureau records. Along with the cooler- weather, a possibility of-thunder showers was fore seen for this afternoon. While Washington swelters In torrid A weather, the Western plateau region is Entered as second class matter post office, Washington. D. C. Winning Orators aBrSI IRf wSm Vi r • ‘ ggSsSS. r . /(■P k i iHIH JjikyN. i m 1 fUk Hlk mi I JK area EDMUND GULLION. wL * ■ GRIFFITH JOHNSON. WICKERSHAMRAPS CRIME PROCEDURE AND UNSAFE JAILS Tells Law Institute Prison Situation Calls for Ac tion at Once. _ \ Present-day practices in dealing with criminal offenders and unsafe, over crowded prisons which "cry aloud to high heaven for immediate improve ment” were assailed before the Ameri can Law Institute today by Chairman George W. Wickersham of the Hoover Law Enforcement Commission. Mr. Wickersham, in addressing the opening session of the institute’s eighth annual meeting at the Mayflower, par ticularly urged the necessity of im proving prison conditions without wait ing for “other holocausts, such as that of Columbus, Ohio,” while legislatures dispute over sound and sane methods of dealing with crime. Chief Justice Hughes of the United States Supreme Court praised the insti tute for its fact-finding endeavors con cerning a "restatement of the common law,” which he said would need to be carried on for years. With these facts, the Chief Justice said, “even legislation may become in telligent.” Need for Revision Shown. Discussing the institute’s proposed model code of crimial procedure m his address as president of the institute, Mr. Wickersnam focused the attention of what Chlet Justice Hughes referred to as "the best legal minds of the country” to the "fundamental wrong” methods of dealing with criminal oi fenders which he declared now exists and impressed upon them the need for revision and coirection of defects in the criminal code. “No problem is perhaps more urgent at this moment than that ot the dispo sition of those unfortunates who have been convicted of crime and sentenced to terms of imprisonment,” Wicker sham told the institute. "I am one of those who believe that our entire methods of dealing with of fenders is fundamentally wrong, and that the present day practice of en deavoring to prevent crime by aug mented penalties is based upon fallacy which has time and again been demonstrated. "But,” cautioned Mr. Wickersham, "pending the discussion of this subject, men and women are being sent to prison—to antiquated, overcrowded, un sanitary and unsafe institutions, under conditions which cry aloud to high heaven lor immediate improvement. “I would not have the construction of new, fairly decent and adequate prisons wait upon the reformation of the penal laws, and other holocausts, such as that of Columbus, Ohio, he added to the many manifestations of Improper conditions which have been occurring in many parts of the country, (Continued on Page 2, Column 5.) experiencing the opposite extreme. At Flagstaff, Ariz., a temperature of 18 degrees above zero was reported this morning, ana several other districts were experiencing sub-zero weather. Snow was falling this morning In sev eral Western States. Breezes blowing In from the sea brought cooler weather to the New Eng land States yesterday. This cooler weather will be felt here in diminishing amount, the Weather Bureau said. While the weather of the past few days has been hot enough to get on the Weather Bureau's “unseasonably warm" list, It was well under the maximum temperature in this section for May. According to official figures at the (Continued on Page 2, ColuSn 3.) .j Ukt Mbmim skf. V v J WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION f^W WASHINGTON. D. C„ THURSDAY, MAY 8, 1930-FIFTY-FOUR PAGES. *** EDMUND GULLION OF WESTERN WINS ORATORY CONTEST Griffith Johnson, Central High Competitor, Is Named Alternate. J. LOREN FREUND TAKES THIRD PLACE IN CLASH 1 Miss Frances McKim Places Fourth in Spirited Rivalry for Forensic Honors. Edmund Gullion, 17-year-old Western High School senior, won The Star championship in the National Oratorical finals this morning in competition with 10 other contestants. Second place went to Griffith Johnson, 18 years old, of Central High School, who was named as alternate in case Gullion is unable to appear in the national finals. The judges awarded third place to J. Loren Freund, 19 years old, of Gonzaga College, and fourth place to Miss Frances Gertrude McKim, 18 years old, of St. Mary’s Seminary, St. Mary’s County, Md. The contest was one of the most hotly contested in the seven years it has been held in the District. There was little to choose among tne four young orators who placed. Tense Silence at Western. At the auditorium of Western High School, the orator was on the stage and a tense silence greeted the judges when they arrived 23 minutes late. Dr. Elmer Newton, principal, introduced Guillian, announcing his subject as “John Marshall and Federal Suprem acy.” He was the last of the 11 con testants in The Star’s finals. Gullion spoke In a resonant, powerful voice, which was full of expression and at times eloquent. The time of his pre pared speech was five minutes and 38.80 seconds. His extemporaneous subject was "Which of Marshall’s Decisions Do You Regard as the Most Important, and Why?” His delivery was conversational and held the attention of his audi ence. The whistle stopped him at four minutes. Several of the judges remarked con tinually on the high quality of Gullion’s extemporaneous oration. The contest this year marks the first time the ora tors have been required to speak with out preparation. Their orations are divided into two parts—first, a prepared speech six minutes in length, and the second a four-minute impromptu ad dress. Young Gullion is the son of Lieut. Col. and Mrs. Allen Gullian of 3730 Northampton street. He is ambitious to study either law or journalism and intends to enter Princeton after he has graduated from Western this year. Winner Is Outstanding Student. Members of the Western faculty say he is an outstanding student and prominent in extra-curriculum activities. Johnson, the alternate, is the son of Rev. and Mrs. Gove O. Johnson. Dr. Johnson is pastor of the National Baptist Memorial Church. Freund represented the private and parochial district. His mother Is Mrs. Celia Freund, of 1724 Seventeenth street. His father is dead. Miss McKim is the champion of the Maryland district. She is the daughter of Mrs. Mary Golden McKim of 1701 Ellamont street, Baltimore. The Judges, accompanied by Randolph Leigh, director of the National Ora torical Contest, traveled about the city by automobile, stopping at nine places where the speaking took place. Their decision was rendered at 12:30 o’clock, just 13 minutes after Guillian com pleted his extemporaneous address. Judge* Arrive Early. The judges. Senator Tom Connally of Texas, Representative Ruth Bryan Owen of Florida, French Strother, ad ministrative assistant to President Hoover; G. Aaron Youngquist, Assistant Attorney General of the United States, and Robert V. Fleming, president of the Riggs National Bank, arrived at Eastern High School, the first stop on the itinerary, 15 minutes before 9 o’clock, the scheduled time for the contest to commence. They were in their seats when 15-year-old Charles Hart, son of the principal of the school, walked onto the stage. The student body filled the auditorium. Young Hart was presented to the audience by his father at 9:01 o’clock, and immediately launched into his pre pared speech, “The Living Constitu tion.” His stage manner showed con siderably more polish and animation than when he was chosen to represent his school several weeks ago. The time of his speech was 5 minutes 40.86 sec onds. After a brief applause, he began a four-minute extemporaneous speech, "The Bill of Rights—lts Contents and the Reason for Its Adoption," with all the deliberation of a great orator. Never groping for a word, he displayed mastery ot his subject and facility of expression. (Continued on Page 2, Column 4.) CAPONLOPERATED NIGHTCLUBS RAIDED Records Seized in Attempt to Con nect Suspect With Beer Traffic. By the Associated Press. CHICAGO, May B—Special prohibi tion agents declared acting under order from Washington raided two Capone operated night clubs in Cicero early to day, made five arrests and seized a small quantity of liquor. The Cottoi. Club, a popular resort op-rated by Ralph Capone, brother of AI (Scarface) Capone, and the Grey hound Inn, also a Capone night club, were the places raided. At the Cotton Club the raiders, led by Special Agent Alexander C. Jamie, seized records which they hoped may give information showing Capone’s reputed connections with the beer traffic in Cicero. . . . The men arrested were bartenders and waiters. , . The raid at the Cotton Club was made when the place was filled with fashion ably dressed women and men. None of the patrons was questioned or molested. j . J ' • " UTILITIES OFFICIALS DISPUTE BUREAU’S REPORT ON TRAFFIC Efficiency Group “Lacks Knowledge” and Is Preju diced, Commission Says. 12-PAGE REPLY TAKES UP ALL CONTENTIONS Cites Act of 1913 as Giving Its Orders Full Force Over Any Municipal Ordinance. The Public Utilities Commission today replied to the attack made on it by the Bureau of Efficiency recently, in which the commission was accused of usurping the traffic director's powers with a savage counter attack charging the bureau with “a sad lack of knowl edge” and accusing it of bias and prejudice. In a closely written 12-page report, the Utilities Commission takes up. one by one, the instances cited by the Efficiency Bureau to support its claim that the traffic situation in town was being tangled by encroachments on the power of the traffic director. Accom panying this report the commission sent to the Board of District Commis sioners a letter, part of which reads: Believes Control Needs Study. “This commission desires to go on record as believing that, traffic control in this city needs study, and that con ditions can be greatly improved by in telligent control. "So far as this report of the Bureau of Efficiency is concerned, it shows a sad lack of knowledge of many perti nent facts. It criticizes this commis sion, apparently without having made any attempt to ascertain what, if any, reasons existed for the taking of the actions which it condemns. The whole report is merely a biased statement of j opinions, conclusions and attempts to interpret statutes, such as might be ex pected from a special pleader, but not from an unprejudiced investigator seek ing to bring out all of the facts before formulating his recommendations.’’ Harland’s Rights Disputed. The report states that the act of 1913 creating the Public Utilities Com mission that “when any order of the Commission shall be made which shall be inconsistent and repugnant to any municipal ordinance, the order of the Commission shall be given full force and effect notwithstanding such muni cipal ordinance.” This law was still in force when the 1925 traffic act was passed and the traffic act specifically left the public utilities act unrepealed. The traffic act sets out the duties and powers of the traffic director and since it contains no clause stating that the act is to be interpreted liberally, the result is that the director’s powers must be closely confined to those enumerated in the act, the commission finds. This being the case, the traffic director has no power whatever to route traffic, ex cept in one particular, as he is given in one section the right to close streets under certain conditions. He is not given the power to set aside space in the public street for parking of busses and so forth. Bus Proposals Derided. The commission poured cold water on the bureau's suggestion that the traffic director be given exclusive power over all busses, including intracity, interstate, sightseeing and other types, and that the commission be consulted only in the case of intracity busses. “Carriers cannot arbitrarily be assigned for purpose of discussion into Intra- District and interstate groups.” the re port reads, "such classification ignores facts. Many lines engage in both classes of service with the same equipment. More over the routing of interstate lines has a direct and material effect on the operation of inter-district lines.” The commission calls into question the ethics of the Bureau of Efficiency involved in its statement that there is “an utter lack of any jurisdiction” in the commission over interstate busses. This question is now before the Court of Appeals for decision. The utilities commission must have unhampered power to route the car riers under its jurisdiction since the routing selected by the director of traffic solely with reference to traffic condi tions might very well have a disastrous effect upon the pocketbook of the bus company and consequently on that of its riders if forced to travel in unprofit
able territory. In the case of the car track at Stan ton Square, the report goes on, the director of traffic has routed vehicle traffic in a direction opposite to that long taken by the street cars. Follow ing a fatal accident the traffic director recommended putting in a “cross-over” reversing the direction of the street cars around the square. This would have cost not less than $50,000 at a time when the company could ill afford to spend the money and the recom mendation was made without ref erence to the convenience of the patrons of the line. Vehicular traffic is similarly routed opposite to street car traffic on the west side of Dupont Cir cle, on E street between Thirteenth and Fourteenth and at other points. Claim Line’s Revenue Was Hlt. In November, 1927, an interstate bus line asked permission to establish a waiting room at 1411 New York avenue The commission favored this, but the traffic director objected and the permis sion was denied. This line was then routed to 1336 New York avenue, but was forced out of that location by com petition. The report says that the traffic director’s opposition to the establish ment of its own terminal seriously I affected the revenue of this line. As to sightseeing busses, the com mission states that it has never routed any of them, but that they are com mon carriers and that there can be no valid contention that they do not come under the powers of the Utilities Com mission. The Bureau of Efficiency's report which criticized the District Commis sioners themselves for usurping the powers of the traffic director has stirred up one of the most involved contro versies in years at the District Build ing. Traffic Director William H. Har land reported that he agreed with the Efficiency Bureau’s views and was ready to draft a new set of regulations putting the recommendations Into ef fect. Maj. Henry O. Pratt, superintendent of police, complained that although the traffic act puts the traffic director under control of the major and superintendent of police, such control has never in fact been exercised and asked the Commis sioners to seek an opinion from the cor poration counsel as An the respective jurisdiction of the l*ds of the Traffic and Police Departments. \ News Note: Speaker Longworth has warned the House not to speak disparagingly of the Senate. MARYLAND FRAT IS SUSPENDED AFTER $2,500 CHICKEN DINNER Sigma Nu Chapter Eats Lustily and Heartily on Egg-Laying Champs Taken hy "'Broke” Initiates. “Brothers" beamed the eminent archon, gesticulating with the carving knife, "you are about to regale your selves with a dish lit for kings and campus autocrats." “Chicken.” breathed the brothers in Sigma Nu. hitching their chairs nearer the festal board. “Yeah, chicken!” echoed the toast master. “Fall to!” The brothers fell to. They fell with gusto no whit abated by the fact that three of their newest members occupied uneasy seats. The uneasiness, as will be seen, was SAYS DRY LEAGUE EXPENDED 1273,049 l Mcßride Tells Lobby Probers $269,916 Was Collected During That Period. By the Associated Press. F. Scott Mcßride of the Anti-Saloon League today told the Senate lobby committee that his organization spent $273,049 last year and collected $269,916. The statement was made in the course of testimony covering the opera tions of the league, whose work the committee delved into today. He also told the committee that political activities were about 5 per cent of the organization’s work, and he said that the league furnished the White House information on prospec tive appointees, but added that it had no other contact with the Chief Executive. Supported Both Parties. In answer to questions by Chairman Caraway of the committee, he said the league had supported both Democrats and Republicans and asserted it was rarely necessary to bring “political pressure” on members of Congress be cause of the success of other work by the dry association. He said his organization worked largely through churches. Representative Tinkham, Republican. Massachusetts, a wet, has charged the league with violations of the law in failing to report all money spent in political campaigns. Tinkham said the organization col lected $67,565,313 from 1883 to 1926 and reported only "nominal sums.” While the question of finances was up, Caraway told Mcßride to furnish the committee with a list of contribu toMcßride asked if it would not be all right, to give a list of contributors of SI,OOO or more, but Caraway asked for the complete list. , The witness said it might be em barrassing” to some of the contributors to have their names made public. He said part of the records were still in the possession of the Reed committee which investigated campaign expenses in 1926. Caraway promised to try to get them. _ , Mcßride said the league had a for eign relations committee which did “missionary work” abroad on prohibi tion. League Spent $273,049. It was at the conclusion of his testi mony that Mcßride presented a state ment showing the league last year had spent $273,049 and collected $269,916. Os the total received, he said. $164,- 154 was raised by popular subscription. The disbursements included $25,974 for traveling expenses; $4,359 for post age; $15,029 for publicity and rent in the Washington office; $47,258 for the educational department; $7,864 for the legislative department; $*,426 for the legal department, and $28,039 for the executive department. Another statement presented showed (.Continued on Page 2, Column 1.) HOOVER TO GO TO CAMP Party Plans to Leave Tomorrow for Rapidan. President Hoover plans to leave Washington tomorrow at noon for his Summer camp on the Rapidan River. It had been his hope to go last week end, but the press of business at the White House prevented. Members of the party leaving tomorrow were not disclosed. , not entirely occasioned by the agitation of the initiation which the three newest members had Just come through. But while good-cheer prevailed at the big initiation banquet, consternation reigned in another section of the Mary land University campus. Something, it seemed, was missing— something vital to the success of the National Egg Laying Contest, which was being conducted by the University’s extension service. Yes, something was missing from the egg-laying contest and it wasn’t the ' eggs, as several excited professors an nounced. As a matter of fact nine star per (Continued on Page 2, Column 2.) 30 HURT, 3 MISSING I IN TANKER BLAST Two Bayonne, N. J., Oil Plants Are Endangered by Fire at Pier. By the Associated Press. BAYONNE, N. J., May B.—The en tire plant of the Gulf Refining Co. was in danger of destruction today after a tanker loaded with gasoline exploded at the piers. Between 30 and 40 men were injured and three members of the tanker’s crew were missing. Flames spread swiftly across the yard and at tacked several fuel tanks and a ware house where gasoline was stored. The tanker Schurchia of the Fidelity Petroleum Co., tied at pier 2, exploded and was quickly destroyed by the blast and by the flames. Another tanker was towed out into Kill Van Kull as fire boats from New York and from nearby industries attempted to get close to the fire. The Tidewater Oil Co. plant, adjoin ing the Gulf, was believed to be in danger. As the Are spread across the yard it swept around the warehouse and, one by one, attacked a number of tank cars loaded with oil. These exploded successively as flames licked around them. . . The fire brought out every piece of apparatus in Bayonne, eight flreboats and the forces of the Gulf, Tidewater and Standard Oil Plants. The latter adjoins the Tidewater yards on the north. The fire was believed to have started aboard the Schurchia, 10,000-gallon tanker used to supply harbor craft. The boat was loaded to capacity when the explosion occurred. CONFERENCE FAILS Chief Point of Disagreement Ap pears to Have Been Over Sudan Provisions. By the Associated Press. LONDON, May 8. —The prolonged Anglo-Egyptian negotiations for a treaty were reported in well informed quarters today to have broken down. The negotiators at the foreign office in London had a session which began yesterday morning and adjourned at 3 o’clock this morning after 19 hours of discussion. The conferences were renewed this forenoon but were con cluded shortly before 1 p.m. The chief point of disagreement apparently has been over the provisions of the treaty regarding the Sudan which territory the Egyptians asserted it was impossible for them “to sign away.” The negotiations were stated to have been perfectly friendly but that they have been broken off temporarily. The Egyptian delegation will leave for Cairo tomorrow. A British statement said that the present sessions are closed and that no future meeting was arranged. ■ ■ ■■■'■; ' ■ Radio Progrfllnf on Page C-10 -ir “From Press to Home Within the Hour** The Star’s carrier system covers every city block and the regular edi tion is delivered to Washington homes as fast as the papers are printed. Yesterday's Circulation, 115,833 (JP) Meant Associated Press. 0 CENTS. HOOVER IS SILENT ON PARKER DEFEAT Canvasses Situation With Watson—Many Nominees Are Suggested. By the Associated Press. | President Hoover continued today to . maintain his silence upon the rejection by the Senate of Judge John J. Parker for the Supreme Court. Shortly after the President reached his office, Vice President Curtis called and discussed the situation. Attorney General Mitchell was a later caller. President Hoover is expected at the : Capitol to undertake immediately con sideration of another appointment to the vacant post on the Supreme Court bench, with a view of sending it to the Senate in time to obtain confirma tion at this session. From some quar ters it has been suggested to the Presi dent that he withhold comment upon the Parker case until the new nomina tion la sent to the Sente. - Many Names Mentioned. The President canvassed the situa tion at a breakfast conference with Senator Watson of Indiana, the Repub lican leader. Those now under consideration for the vacancy include Judges Arba 8. . Van Valkenburgh of Missouri, William I S. Kenyon of lowa, John H. Cotteral of Oklahoma, Fenton Whitlock Booth of Illinois, chief Justice of the Federal Court of Claims, and Robert S. Von Moschixker, chief justice of the Penn sylvania Supreme Court. Newton D. Baker of Ohio, President Wilson’s Secretary of War, and John W. Davis, the Democratic presidential nominee in 1924, also have been men tioned. but Senate leaders appear con vinced a Republican will be named. By a vote of 41 to 39, the Senate in mid-afternoon yesterday turned down the Parker nomination after 10 days of debate, in which the charges of labor and colored organizations that Parker was prejudiced against the working men and the Negro race had a prominent part. The discussion also brought forth an allegation that friends of Parker had sought to obtain votes for him by offering Federal judgeships to some members of the Senate opposed to the nomination. Soon after the vote, Senator Allen of Kansas, who supported Parker, and Un dersecretary Cotton of the State De partment conferred with the Chief Ex ecutive, and a little later Attorney Gen eral Mitchell called at the White House. Green Welcomes “Justice Victory.” President William Green of the Amer ican Federation of Labor, last night termed the Senate’s action “a victory for justice, righteousness and human rights.” Senator Glenn, Republican, Illinois, who voted against Parker, issued a statement after the roll call saying he could not approve placing on the Su (.Continued on Page 2, Column 7.) CORONER’S JURY HOLDS KILLING WAS JUSTIFIED Sandford Verdict Returned Quick ly—-Victim Declared to Have Attacked Officer. A coroner's jury today decided that Frank W. Sandford, a fifth precinct policeman, was justified in killing a man who attacked him Sunday in Navy place near Seventh street southeast. The verdict was returned less than 5 minutes after examination of the last witness. KILLING OF PET PIGEON HALTS DRIVE ON BIRDS AT D. C: BUILDING Deed Brings Demand for Slayer to Explain and Revoca tion of Permit. It seems as though the District Com missioners are never through with their bird problems. In Winter its the star lings. In Summer—the pigeons. Last night one of the District Build ing’s familiar pigeon visitors, Charlie, was killed. Today his death caused a rumble throughout the building, with claims and counterclaims as to the au thority to shoot the bird. The result of it all is that no more pigeons will be shot. Charlie met death at the hands of E. S. Hall, a carpenter employed by the superintendent of the District Building, who is also a marksman with an air rifle. E. P. Brooke, the superintendent, had first secured permission from MaJ Henry G. Pratt, superintendent of po lice, to take this fatal step. GANDHI FOLLOWERS SEIZE CITY AFTER DESPERATE RIOTING; 27 OR MORE SLAIN Unruly Mob Ignores Orders of Magistrate to Disperse and Fight With Police Re sults at Sholapur. ARMED FORCES UNABLE TO COPE WITH NATIVES Municipal Buildings Set Afire and Liquor Shops Are Burned—Ma hatma Reported Moved Secretly to Purandhar—Four Injured in Clash at Amalner. By the Associated Press. SHOLAPUR, Bombay, India, May B.—Twenty-seven or more ; police and natives were killed in desperate rioting, which, starting last night, was resumed at dawn today and had resulted at noon in seizure of this city of 120,000 ■ inhabitants by the adherents of Mahatma Gandhi. Resisting the local authorities, who had forbidden their assem blage, the angry natives main- I tained attacks which threw the city into chaos. The local police were powerless. Citizen reserves who joined them soon were thrown back by the rioters. Troops rushed into this textile community likewise proved unable to cope with the situation. More Troops Are Asked. At noon today the officer command ing the auxiliary forces of India sent , out a call for more troops. His request stated that he considered the single de , tachment already provided would not be enough. Six police stations and the magis trate’s court were burned down during : the morning, and all liquor shops in town suffered a similar fate. Apparently the rioteers were in com | plete control, with the armed defensive forces carrying on ns best they could. . Continuous firing occurred and the po lice gradually were pushed back and hemmed in. A detachment of the Duke of Wel lington’s West Riding Regiment, sta tioned at Ahmednagar, was dispatched to the beleaguered city. Police Orders Ignored. The trouble started last night. A number of volunteers in the civil diso bedience program started cutting down palm trees, from which liquor is taken. They ignored police orders to stop. A district magistrate was summoned. He warned them to disperse. Instead, the crowd, increasing in numbers every minute, refused and the police were or dered to open fire. In an instant the fury of the mob was unleashed. The fire of the troops was returned with missiles. The mob surged forward. The small detachment of officers was thrust aside. 1 News of the clash spread rapidly | throughout the area. Wine shot picket ; ers, who earlier had been warned to disperse, joined in the affray, and their non-violent attitude changed to violence. ' One group started a fire. Others quickly took the cue and soon the | business section of Sholapur was dotted with fires, adding to the confusion. GANDHI REPORTED MOVED. LONDON, May 8 (fP). —An Exchanga Telegraph dispatch from Bombay today said that Mahatma Gandhi had been removed secretly during the night from Yeroda prison, Poona, to Purandhar, where Shivajis, a famous fortress, is located. Purandhar is a military sana torium 25 miles from Poona. FOUR INJURED AT AMALNER. BOMBAY. India, May 8 (iAP).—Four persons were injured seriously in com munal rioting between Hindus and Moslems at Amalner yesterday. The trouble arose when a Moslem shop owner refused to close his doors in conformance with the hartal, or stop page, called to protest arrest of Ma hatma Gandhi. Fierce fighting re sulted. Ratansi Morarji, member of the Council of State for Bombay, has writ ten to Viceroy Lord Irwin, resigning his seat. His action was taken as a protest against “the ruthless depression cul minating in the arbitrary internment of Mahatma Gandhi.” Fire at the cotton depots at Sewri this morning destroyed 3,300 bales of cotton, with an estimated loss of £15,000 (about $75,000). The fire was brought under control after three hours. There was no indication that She blaze was incendiary. Today Daniel E. Garges. secretary to the Board of Commissioners, heard of the deed He promptly called on Mr. Brooke for an explanation. Mr. Brooke explained he had permission from MaJ. Pratt to shoot the bird. Mr. Garges, who is a lawyer, held that this permis sion exceeded the scope of MaJ. Pratt’s Jurisdiction and countermanded the per mit forthwith. He explained that the policy of the Commissioners with re spect to starlings was that the oirds may be harrassed and strongly encour aged—nay urged—to leave, but that they must not be murdered. This would ap - ply with extra force to pigeons, whic;: might be the private property of some pigeon fancier. So Charlie’s friends will continue to perch, if they wish, over the front en trance to the building and pursue the pigeon-like tenor of their ways, l-fns will be of.no help to Charlie, but at least he died a martyr to a cause. .■ * .