I Associated Press Day Wire Service I Fob 69 Years Devoted to the SBt Interests of Key West VOLUME LX. No. 35. CATHOLIC WORLD MOURNS DEATH OF PONTIFF Caribbean Fleet Problem Will Begin On Monday British, French Fleets Man euver At Same Time In Mediterranean; Station At Key West Ready <n> Axaarlalrd Pro**) WASHINGTON. Feb. 10.—The War Department today announc* •and that over 140 surface vessels of the United Stales fleets will engage in a fleet problem Mon day in which one part of the fleet will attempt to land a base on the Gulf coast while the other section of the fleet will attempt to defend it. It is significant that at the same time of the United States maneu vers, the fleets of Britain and France will engage in similar maneuvers. The British navy’s maneuvers will take place in the Mediterranean, while the French # will maneuver just off north Af rica where their important colo ny of Tunisia is located. The triple national maneuvers are believed to be a significant mo've against Germany and Italy, | which are building huge arma ments at present, to show them! the power of the three democratic j countries. Although Commander Virgil C. Griffin, under War Department orders, will give no information regarding the present defense of the' coast, it is possible that part of the theoretical attack may be directed near the Key West sta tion. Last of the 18 planes sta tioned here has reported. They have engaged in machine gun and bombing gunnery and right flying during the past few weeks. The destroyer Childs has engaged in maneuvers. Also here is the airplane tender Owl. The theo retical attack is not only to be directed against the Gulf Coast but also the Panama Canal. ’temperatures** Lowest Highest Station— last night last 24 hours Abilene 30 78 Atlanta 60 70 Boston 20 44 Buffalo 20 44 Charleston 62 68 Chicago 24 52 Denver 2 18 Detroit 28 50 Galveston 54 66 Havana 70 Huron —l4 —lO Jacksonville .. 68 82 Kansas City _ 0 38 KEY WEST _ 76 82 Litlte Rock _ 42 72 Los Angeles _ 44 54 Louisville 46 70 Miami 72 78 Mpls.-St. P. _ -6 18 New Orleans .70 78 New York 30 46 Pensacola 66 70 Pittsburgh. 3B 46 St. Louis 22 64 Salt Lake City 8 24 San Francisco 42 46 Seattle 28 32 Tampa 70 84 Washington 3B 54 Willis ton 68 82 AUERBACH’S 410 FLEMING ST. Announces— the opening of anew COCKTAIL BAR Featuring for your entertainment during Cocktail. Dinner and Supper Hours JANE and CHET RODGERS Vocalists Extraordinary * LUNCHEONS DINNERS —and LATE SUPPERS Telephone 98 for Special Supper Parties EXCELLENT OVERNIGHT ACCOMMODATIONS-FT. JEFFERSON CRUISES-* 10 ALL EXPENSE TWO-DAY TOUR-PRICE TOURS 505 DUVAL STREET-PHONE 124 2El|c Keg IReaf Citizen THE SOUTHERNMOST NEWSPAPER IN THE U.S. A. WPA HARRIS | IMPROVEMENTS i ARE CERTIFIED ! I SENATOR PEPPER ADVISES $9,802 SCHOOL PROJECT MAY OPERATE AT DISCRE TION STATE DEPARTMENT Works Progress Administra tion project for $9,802 general improvements lo the Harris Grammar School Building is now eligible for operation at the dis cretion of the state adminislra lion. Senator Claude Pepper to day advised The Citizen by tele gram. Operation will begin at the discretion of the state administra tion, Senator Pepper advises. Number of the project is 30875. PRISONER BEING BROUGHT TO CITY Michael Constantino is expect ed to arrive in Key West this evening as a prisoner in the cus tody of Police Officer Franklin Arenberg and Deputy Sheriff Ray Elwood. Constantino was in Key West some time ago, employed at a place on Stock Island. He decid ed to make his getaway and at the same time make way with a lot of the stock from the place in which he was employed. He did just tnat and was ar rested in Okeechobee for stealing a ride on a railroad train. A num ber of stolen articles, including cigarettes and smoking material, was found in his possession, and under the gruelling quizzing of j Sheriff Cossaie Simmons he con fessed to stealing the stuff in Key West. Exhume Body Buried . Here Through Mistake Exhumation of the body sup posed to be that of Henderson Butler, colored, proved to be the body of Rubin Strickland, who was missing from his surround ings, on the Florida Keys, some ; time ago but was only this week reported to Deputy Sheriff W. A. Parrish, at Marathon. Investigation of the effects ! reported to have been found in the boat which was near the spot on which, the supposed Henderson Butler was found on Molasses Key, convinced Deputy Parrish there was a sound possi bility of a mistake in identifica tion having been made, and yes terday at noon, Mr. Parrish ar i rived with John Strickland, DANIELS GIVES STATUS COVERING RIGHT-OF-WAY !ATTORNEY FOR STATE ROAD DEPARTMENT WRITES LET % 1 TER TO LOCAL COUNTY ATTORNEY In a letter to Attorney W. Curry Harris, for the county, Richard P. Daniels, attorney for the State Road Department ad vises that Mr. Harris’ telegrams | of February 2 and February 3, to Mr. Hale and Mr. Niles have been referred to him, and gives the following information. | “During the past few weeks I have been perseveringly trying to complete negotiations between : Mr. Perky’s attorney Mr. Chris tie, and the department Mr. Christie has been absent from his office a great deal, and so has Mr. Hale. “Yesterday I conferred with 1 Mr. Christie and at my request he telephoned Mr. Hale asking for a conference in Tallahassee on Thursday. Later Mr. Christie reported that he and Mr. Hale ; had arranged to meet in Tampa tomorrow morning, February 9, and also for a conference in Mi ami on 11th, between Mr. Hale, Department Member Brooks Bateman,. Perky, Mr. Christie and | myself. j “The most important obstacle ihas been Mr. Perky’s insistence on limiting the right of way to 200 feet. I countered with the suggestion to Christie for a fee simple title. Perky was first willing to do this but later de murred. We then discussed the . easement form approved by your board, but minus the limitation of 200 feet in width. I then con vinced Mr. Christie by our maps j that the very few 400 feet rights of way were confined to curved approaches to the bridges and were necessary for safety pur poses. He now hopes we can reach a conclusion satisfactory to both Perky and Hale in Miami next Saturday.” Mr. Daniel ends the com munication with the assurance that “I have kept behind this matter perseveringly and will ■continue to do so.” brother of Rubin, and a friend Ronald Sawyer. After securing the permission jto exhume the body, through Dr. Wm. R. Warren, city health : officer, and Miss Minnie Porter Harris, of the iocal bureau of j vital statistics, County Judge Raymond Lord, Criminal Court ; Judge William V. Alburv, at- I taches of the Lopez Funeral ! Home, Sexton Otto Bethel, Mr. Parrish and Mr. Strickland and Mr. Sawyer went to the cemetery and at 4:30 o’clock the work of exhuming the corpse was start ed. At 5 o’clock the case was brought to the surface and with in the next few minutes the de : composed body was brought in view and was positively identi fied by the brother as the miss ing Rubin Strickland, j The missing man was a native fof Elsie, Florida, 44 yeras old, his brother informed Judge Lord, was married and has several chil dren. The necesary changes in the burial certificate were made this morning by the judge. FREE MOVIES Saturday Night LOT NEXT to LA CONCHA KEY WEST, FLORIDA, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1939 Biographical Sketch Of Pope Pius XI i As “Pope of the Conciliation,” who after two years of negotiation with the Italian government ended the 59-year-old “Roman question” and regained temporal power, with rule over the Vatican City state, Pius XI stood out as one of the : most forceful pontiffs of modern i limes. Elected Pope In 1922 | Elected head of the Roman Catholic church on February 6, 1922, he became, seven years lat er, the first pope since Pius IX to ! reign as a temporal as well as a ! spiritual sovei'eign. He was the | first pontiff in 59 years to extend paternal greetings to the king, 1 queen and princes of united Italy. And he was the first after 1870 to leave the confines of the Vati can. This last step, ending the “pris oner of the Vatican” habits of his i predecessors, he took on July 15, 1929, when he was borne in a gorgeous procession around St. Peter’s square. But more signifi j cant of the new freedom was his f trip of December 20, 1929. Then, without previous announcement, he motored across Rome to St. John Lateran, “mother church of Christendom,” there to celebrate a ha.f century of priesthood. The next day, before a cheering throng which packed St. Peter’s, he cele- i brated the fiftieth anniversary of ; his first mass. Endowed With Dramatic Talent ; Pius XI had the sense of the j dramatic developed to a high de- 1 I gree. His mass of expiation fot the anti-religious, campaign in Fo vict Russia, said by himself in St. Peter’s on March 19, 1930, he turned into a solemn protest which echoed throughout the Christian world. In similar vein he called upon the woi\d to pray for Mexican Catholics when the hierarchy of 1 that republic withdrew the priests ; from the churches in 1926 as a i protest against suddenly enforced j constitutional Regulations. The | controversy flamed into open re ! vo’t a year later when the govern ! ment deported all Mexican bish i ops, but Pope Pius frowned upon attempts to organize a Catholic | boycott, ordered the priests to j stay out of politics and forbade ! them to take v.p aims. Prayer and protest was the watchword throughout the three years’ dispute and when finally the clergy returned to their parishes, they went back under a liberalized
interpretation of the laws of the land. Wrote Encyclical For Youths In another dramatic incident Pope Pius focussed upon himself i the attention of educators in all lands. This happened when he is sued his encyclical “On the Chris tian Education of Youth.” It was I the first encyclical to be issued in modern languages, as well as in the traditional Latin. It was a lengthy document and its condemnation of co-education, for one thing, caused considerable repercussion in the United States, jSo too did its broad implication 1 that Roman Catholic children and youths should be educated in none but church schools. Drama, in fact, marked the reign of Pius XI from the very be ginning. His first act as pope was to bestow the apostolic blessing on | the multitude waiting outside St. Peter’s for news of his election. : This was the first time the cere ! mony had been performed in the open since 1870. His predecessors j back to that year had blessed the world from inside the great cathe dral as a protest of usurpation of power by the Italian government. The new pope, by this act, em phasized that he hoped to make his regime an era of peace. He repeated the act six days later aft | er his coronation when he appear led again on the outside loggia, wearing the tiara and extending ! his blessing “to the city and the | w orld.” Did Many Unusual Acts In smaller things, too, this char l acteristic of Pius XI was empha | sized. It was unusual for the head of the church to appear as an author of secular works and he j consequently caused some as • tonishment by publishing a volume ion his earlier experiences as a i mountain climber. | He invited baseball playing and i introduced radio within the pre j cincts of the Vatican. He author j ized the taking of motion pictures of himself and attendants in va rious ceremonies and he installed loudspeakers in St. Peter’s so that all might hear his voice when the ; vast edifice was packed with 70,- ! 000 auditors on great occasions. He came into power when post ! war burdens still weighed heavily j upon the shoulders of European j states. lie aimed from the start | to establish closer relationship be- I tween the church and these Lrou | bled governments and lost no op j portunity to make his influence > felt in its proper field, i He instituted an effective sys i tern of relief for the then fam ished Russians, endeavoring not i only to alleviate, the suffering, but j ! to bring the church of Rome into i closer relationship with the East-; j ern church. i Gave Large Sum* to Charity ! Pope Pius also gave lavishly to ward the relief of impoverished Austria and Germany and extend-1 | ed his benefactions in this regard to Ireland, Gi’eece and Asia Min or. It was said that he gave more than $1,000,000 to charity from his privy purse in the first 19 months of his’ reign. 1 His aims towards conciliation of peoples made enemies by the propaganda of war times, were vigilantly pursued. When the | Genoa conference met in the spring of 1922 he expressed the position of the Holy See in a let ter to the bishop of that city, send ing the missive through Cardinal Gasparri. That conference consisted of representatives of 29 European! governments but the inclusion of Russia made a dominant issue out of renewal of relations between ! the soviet union and other Euro- j pean countries. Eventually the j conference broke down because Belgium, backed by France, insist ed upon restitution for all for-! eign owned property in Russia i which had been confiscated or de i stroyed in Russia The significance of the gather ing from the church viewpoint was that it was the first post-war j conference which approached fi-! nancial and economic problems. ; from the reconstruction angle in stead of as reparations. For that; reason the action of Pope Pius in | giving out a pronouncement upon; it was well received and was con sidered significant, especially in I j Germany. ! Settled French Problem | Another question of great im -1 port which confronted Pius con -1 cerned the relations between i France and the Holy See. The gap caused by the republic’s expulsion lof religious orders in 1905 had been bridged only in 1921 when ; a papal nuncio had been returned to Paris. But the structure o 1 amity was shaky and it was con stantly imperilled by the activities of French royalists, all ardent Catholics. Pope Pius braced the official | bridge into rigidity by putting on! the index “L’Action Francaise,’” the official organ of the royalists. He explained that every Catholic; was free to prefer a monarchy to j a republic, but that the political! action advocated by the royalist j i leaders was pernicious. The action virtually barred | faithful Catholics from the French royalist party. It paved the waj ; for restorations of full cordial re lations between the Vatican and France, a result which was more fully consummated when Pius rec ognized the “diocesan associa tions”, the joint committees of! laymen and clericals for the ad ministration of the French church es. Extended Time to Elect Pope An early official act that grati fied American Catholics was a de cree which extended from 10 days to 15 days the interval that must 1 (Continued on Page Two) POPE EXPIRES . : ■. - ! . -I. POPE PIUS SI Rebels Finish Catalonia Win i LOYALIST PREMIER CONFERS ON DEFENSE OF CEN TRAL MADRID (lir AModalrd Pres*) HENDAYE, Feb. 10—Premier Negrin is meeting in central Spain today with hia lieuten ants to plan out the defense of Madrid as the last city in Cata lonia fell before the Rebels to day. General Franco will ' .shortly withdraw his troops from part of Catalonia for a brief rest be [ fore sending them on to the siege of Madrid. Sections of Spain held by the Loyalists down are in the ex treme north and east. Part of the southern coastline and cen tral Spain are still held by the Loyalists with Madrid in the central portion and Valencia on the southern coast the two strong est Loyalist footholds. OUTLINE PROGRAM ON RESTORATION IN CONNECTION WITH NA TIONAL WILDLIFE RES TORATION WEEK ORLANDO, Feb. 10 (FNS). — Merlin Mitchell, executive secre tary of the Florida Wildlife Fed eration, with headquarters here, has recently announced a pro gram for this state’s participation 'in National Wildlife Restoration Week, which will be March 19 to 25. During that week, according to Mitchell, wildlife stamps will be distributed to all the 2,600 pub lic schools in Florida. Some 5,- 000 sheets, each with 60 differ ent stcfmps showing fish, animals, birds and wildlife scenes, will be sent out. The sheets will be sold to the children for one cent each. Of the total money collected, 17*2 percent will be retained by each classroom to be devoted to con ; servation purposes, such as books ’ on wildlife, etc. Another 17Vfe percent will go ,to the Florida Wildlife Federa tion, which will use it solely for conservation uses. The remain ing 65 percent will be sent to the ■ National Federation for similar purposes. The Federation, both state and national, is composed of hunting and fishing groups, Audubon so cieties, men and women interest ed in the preservation of wild life. It is a non-political, non profit organization, according to Mitchell. MAKES SURRENDER CAMDEN, N. J—Declaring that he was sought for a jewelry | theft, and that it was preying on his mind, James Bennett sur rendered to police. They found he was wanted for larceny of $5,000 in jewelry and SIOO in r* j WOULD HAVE CELEBRATED HIS SEVENTEENTH ANNIVERSARY OF CORONATION THIS SUNDAY Longest Reign Since Leo XHI I I j EXPECTED TO CELEBRATE TENTH ANNIVER SARY OF CONCORD OF LATERAN TREATY WITH ITALIAN GOVERNMENT TOMOR ROW (Bv A**<*intPil PrrM) VATICAN CITY, Feb. 10.—Pope Pius XI, the “pope of peace” who as 261st head of the Roman Catholic Church was spiritual sovereign over 350,000,000 followers of the faith, died shortly before dawn today at the age of 81. The extreme unction had been administered half an heur before his heart, weakened by two years of illness, stopped its flutter at 5:31 a. m. (11:30 p. m. EST Thurs day). Dr. Aminta Milani announced death as the pon tiff’s nephew, Count Franco Ratti, and a few cardinals and prelates knelt at the bedside in prayer. The interim ruler of the church, Cardinal Eugenio i Pacelli, wearing his violet mozzetta and mantle as if the pope rtill lived, performed the traditional rite of an nouncement. He drew back the white veil that covered the pon tiff’s face, and, in flickering light from dozens of wax candles, called out the Christian name of the pope in a voice shaken with emotion. “Achille!” There came no answer. “The pope,” said Cardinal Pacelli, “is truly dead.” Soon the mournful bells of St. Peter’s tolled out the news to the world. Pius XI died quietly. Just before death came he breathed a few words which could not be understood by those at his bedside. Two Swiss guards at the door lewered the points of their swords to the floor as a sign of mourning. The funeral will be held in Peter’s probably the afternoon of Feb. 15. Burial, by pope’s own desire, will be in the grottoes of St. Peters, not far from the tombs of his two immediate predecessors and only a few yards from the tomb of St. Peter. Funeral and requiem services last ing nine days begin on the morning of the 12th. The body will be borne today to the throne room and tomorrow, in solemn procession, to St. Peter’s. Pius would have celebrated the seventeenth anniver sary of his coronation next Sunday. He enjoyed the longest reign of any pontiff since Leo XIII who died in 1903. He had expected to celebrate the tenth anniversary of the Concordat Lateran treaty with the Italian govern ment Saturday—the treaty which released him as “the prisoner of the Vatican.” The conclave of cardinals to select a successor will start 22 days after Pius’ death. FIRST FUNERAL SERVICE SUNDAY His frail body, wasted by illness and with features shrunken, was borne in the afternoon to the red-draped 15th Century Sistine Chapel, where the new pontiff will be elected, to lie in state for homage of dignitaries. Tomorrow the body will be taken to St. Peter’s Cathedral where the first of nine funeral services will be held Sunday. Burial will be Feb. 15th in St. Peter’s. Death of the pontiff, nearly 82, marked interregnum in administration of the church which Eugenio Cardinal Pacelli will fill as “chamberlain of Holy Roman Church” until anew pope is elected. Conclave of cardinals may convena Feb. 25, though it can be called as late as Feb. 28, to choose a successor to | Pius XI. Three United States cardinals were expected to leave New York tomorrow to attend the assembly for the first time as a group. New pope will be elected by two-thirds majority of those cf sixty cardinals who attend the conclave. Time of his coronation will depend on how quickly the balloting is ended. WHITMAN'S VALENTINE CANDY In Heart-Shaped Boxes 50c to $3.00 per box Gardner’s Pharmacy “The Rexall Store" Key West, Florida, has the most equable climate in the country; with an average range of only 14* Fahrenheit PRICE FIVE CENTS Ahern Funeral Home Joseph L. Plummer Vice-Pr*sidnl AMBULANCE SERVICE Phono 22211 Miami Fla.