NEW YORK HERALD. Maw York, Thursday, March 10, I MSI. To Medical Advertiser*. The Lanett now presents the beat medium of addressing the medical profession. Ha circulation ia neatly three thousand copiei weekly, and extends to eYery section of the Union. Publishers of medical works, surgical in etrument makers, dentists,he., cannot find amoredcsi reble and usefel vehicle for their announcements than this popular periodic*!. Druggists m the ci.y canaot in any other way so effectively address couutry apotheearies, a great number of whom are practitioners, and aWe*elkn?a 4? tku W saajl To physician* themselves, who wish to dispose of their practice, procure assistants, or form partnerships, the tsni rt afTorda unequalled op|>oitunitie? ol extensively communicating with ;h?ir professional brethren. To professional j oung men desirous of obtaining situations, the same fucilitie* are olteied. The various medical aehoola an J colleges throughout the Union?conductors of private hospitals and infirmaries, he. should also avail themselves of the advantages thus presented. The Lancet n.j w circulates in every considerable city and village throughout the Union. adtcbtdixo Tra?u:? One squaro, one inaertion, $1 M; Each additional insertion, $1; per annum, <16. One column, ono insertion, $10; each additional inserton, per annnm, $60. Bills stitched in on moderate terms. Three thousand copies requited. The Sew York Pilots.?Repeal of the odious Pilot Law. We perceive that, in addition to the recent movement* in Congress, preparatory to a repeal of the odious Pilot Law, by which the Pilots of New York are deprived of their just rights, there has been a movement made in our State Legislature, having the result in view. This i > no more thin right, and an act of common justice to the New Yoik Pilots And it is certain that the good sense of this community will sooner or later demand that this law should be repealed. It is true that there are a few men, misled by prejudice and false statements, who are opposed to the repeal cf the Pilot Liw which Mr. M'Keon was paid by a service of plate for getting passed through Congress. Put an immense tnajori'y of the people of New York, including the merchants and ship masters, are now in favor of an immediate repeal of that law. And, although this subject is before Congress, and strenuous efforts were made the other day by the Wall street papers and Jersey pilots to get up a large meeting to draft resolutions, to be sent on to Congress, to oppose the repeal of M'Keon's pilot law, only etuenUin person* could be drum nud up lo attend that meeting, including all the Jersey pilots that were there. The resolutions that norm nally ware passed on that occasion, wore all cut and dried before lund ; and copies were taken round among the merchants down town afterwards by the Jersey pilots to have signatures attached to them ; and after they had manufactured as much public opinion as tkey possibly could in this way, the document. were sent on to Washington. Now, we sincerely trust that Congress will look at this nutter in the only light in which they ought to look at it; the injustice which the Pilot Law does to the New York pilots?and repeal it before the session adjourns. We speak independently in this matterWe are fully sensible of the importance of having proper competition among our pilots, and of the immense shipping interests which are at stake in this aifiir, and of the thousands of lives and millions of property that depend upon the vigilance, activity, skill and energy of our pilots, and the perfection of their system. AOU witn a Keen sense 01 mic miyuitaiice of all this, and seeing daily and hourly the working of our New York pilot system, we eay to the members of Congress, "repeal the Pilot Law without delaw " That law wus conceived in error, and brought forth in injustice. The most gross and exaggerated falsehoods were palmed upon the then excited mind of the public in relation to the loss of the Bristol and Mexico. Tune, that generally rectifies all tilings, has shown that there was not the slightest blame to be attached to any of the New York pilots in relation to the losa of either of those vessels. It is well known that they were outside the Hook, and had been out all the winter, keeping a 6harp look-out for all vessels, as their duty and their interest alike demanded of them; and frequently, too frequently, nl the risk of theii own lives then, and since, as the sad loss of the New York pilot boat Gratitude, with ail on board, fatally proved. Look at the whole course and system of our galiant New York pilots for years and years back. They all have gone to learn this business of piloting when they were mere boys ; for years and years they risked their lives daily an d hourly, exposed themselves to the fury of every storm and tempest,in order merely to learn how to bring a vessel safely into the liar, ber of New York. Anl all this time they were *? ouKoicton^n TK?-v ?ll hat] In sprvf U1UU1IJ? 11ix. I *-j j u dwuo?o?v?vu. * .?v J ,, a longer and more tedious apprenticeship, in obedience to the laws of this stale, than any other set of men, in any other profession under the 6un. And they did this cheerfully, with the full hope that on arriving at the age of about thirty years, they would receive the reward due to their patience, skill and industry in the protection of their right solely to pilot vessels in and out of this port. To their utter astonishment, however, just.as a large number of the best citizens we have, had qualified themselves to become pilots in the way we have stated, they Bee the bread taken out of their mouths?their wives and children deprived of the comforts of life?and all their prospects scattered to the winds, because, through a senseless clam >r and vtnj tst prejudices, a Urge number of men were brought from another State, to eat up that subsnnce which wa? solely the right and properly of ihe New York pilot, aud for which he had toiled and risked his life for years. To make this caBe as plain at possible to the great body of the working classes, we will put a case :? Sappose there was a law existing in this State it relation to the journeymen printers of this citj (compositor*) which compelled every person whi intended to earu his living by working at case ti nerve a long and tedious apprenticeship of eight o ten years at the business, before he should be al low -d to work iu the city as a journeyman ; that hi ahould not be allowed so to work without his urn cles <f apprcntirtship, certified to, that he ha< served out his time. And then suppose tha alter several hu&drtd industrious and woithy younj i 1 i i L. __ . .L , ; urn utiu ucru urou^ni up 10 tne iiupiurw um der this law, and bong ju?t oni of their time numbers of them hid married, in the proper!] confident belief that they could obtatH work enougl in ?he city to support their wives and families. Sup pose at this stage of the business, that Congres hould pass a law allowing an unlimited number ol j ournryman printers (who had picked up their tradi ny how, any where, and every where, many c writ on were the mere botchts at the businest nod had only been connected with it a year or two to come into this city, work as jmneymen, r< ceive full pay as j urneymcn, and thus take tk bread out of the mouths of huudrtds of New Yorl ers who had served their time out in good faith, ar el-o reduce their families to starvation. Would not such an act on the pait of Congress 1 one of ;h > most unjust and infamous measures th could poasibly be passed T And yet it would not one atom more unjust ihan Mr. M'Keon'sPilot La was to th? Pilots of the port of New York, in alio' in:; the Jersey Pilots who had served no apprentic eh pto the business?who knew little or nothing the nivication of the harbor?to come and lake t brv.idaw.?jr Iroin our hardy and industrious pilots a heir families. We sp'ak from a mere sense of duty in this matt Duty to a worthy, valuable body of men. We ha ao feelings of envy, hatred, or malice to gratify the one hand; nor fear, favor, affection, or the ho of reward on the other. Ridiculous assertions ha hrrn made by the Wail street prr?, that the j>il< have favored thw journal at the expeme of otli pa.aert. All the* charge# are untrue; they ha f. * I I not a shadow of foundation. For,although they have h.^n ?,.>ui./tlu and hartdv slandered bv the Wall stieet press, the pilots have always done their duty honoriibly and fully by them; and any assertion to the contrary, in any way, Irom aay source, is an malignant ana unfounded a slander as ever was uttered against one oi the most honorable and highminded bodies of men that can be found in any part of the world. The whole career of the New York pilots give the he to any auch assertion?as the name of a New York pilot isalone sufficient to give the lie to unything that is base or dishonorable. And, lastly, we would remind the members ol Congress that all the talk about the competition of the Jersey pilots producing increased activity in the New York pilots, is senseless, and unfounded in fact. We have twelve New York pilot boats?the best in the world?and an ample number for our harbor. To man theee boats we have over one hundred pilots?all active, able, enterprising, skilful men. Every boat runs in opposition to the other, tKat io. HVgru ia Aivnart hv n HiflVrfnt fOUlDanV of pilots, except two, the New York and Virginia, and these two are owned by the same company. So that we have eleven different firms of New York pilots, all competing wiih each other, and all striving, winter and summer, to excel eachjother. And this state of things has existed for over a year, and will continue to exist, whether the pilot law is repealed or not. These are the facts of the case ; and in justice to our pilots, we trust that Congress will take the right view of them, and repeal the law without delay. Thi Next Mayor or oca Cirr.?A great effort is making by the whigs in all the nominating caucuses, to have Oulian C.Verplanck nominated as the whig candidate for Mayor at the coming spring election. The Catholic influence that rules the " Courier" has broken ground for him ; and in consequence of his conduct in the Senate on the school question, the Catholics are determined to vote for him to a man. It is on the ground that he will get the Catholic vote of this city, that the "Courier* and the whig party are trying to have him nominated. Very well; let him be nominated; Mr. Ver-f tplanck is a good man?an honorable man?a man o uleut?a gentleman and a scholar. There can be no barm in trying him. llut will he be elected 1 We shall see. Tub "Authorised Aoe.it.?At last we have a little light on this subject in the following paragraphs : ? The Grand Jury of New York hare presented the Board of Broker*, the Lunatic Asylum, the IVnitentiary, the Potter.i Virld, and one of the " authorized agent* of the government." for abuse of the habeas carpus. Levi D. Blamni, editor of the New Era, was foreman of the jury, and that paper sayathattbe individual '-agent" presented is neither Recorder Tallmadge or Judge Noah, both of w hom the Era says have exercised this power with discretion and propriety who is the "agent'" then ??Jllbany Jltlai. The above is what may be called " cornering." We have no hesitation, however, in making public the name ol the" authorised agent" alluded to by the Grand Jury; it is that of James Lynch, one of the Judges appointed under the celebrated "Criminal Court Rule."?Ntw Era. Wry well. But now then, give ua all the facts in the case, and let us see how far they subst antiate the charge. Mowumest to McDohald Clarke ?The fiiends of poor Clark, are exertingMiemselvcs to raise funds for the purpose of erecting a monument to his memory in the Greenwood Cemetery. Subscription papers may be found by these who wish to subscribe at the Astor Mouse, Carlton House, Pattinson's,corner of Ann and Nassau streets, and at the Fancy store of Messrs. Woodworth's, 1123 Bread way. J. Orvllle Taylor's srcona jL?ccvarc on nc t tonal Education, at the Kutger's Instltnte. A large, fashionable, and intelligent audience was in attendanco, and the lecture was replete Lwith wit and eloquence, and went off with the liveliest eclat. We present our readers, with the following extracts, which shows that Mr. Taylor has a clear, humorous fancy, and a perfect mastery of bis subject:? The teacher is with the child while the feelings and the capacities are active and shaping into character. Tnechildien are the warm wax, and the teacher is the stamp. The children ot this city arc like so much melted lead, growing cold every minnte ! What form and shape are they taking 1 Look at yeur teachers ! the moulds of character ! The teacher closes the school-honse door?he walks up the a sic surrounded by living capacities, immeasurable faculties?possible angels! He is at work, not on brick and stone, but is to lay his hands upon this " Dome of thought," whose ? Architect, is the Architect of the Universe !" What a model of a man should this Soul-Builder be ! (Applause ) * ? * * * ' Female toachcrs should share largely in this assistance from the state Until children are ten years of age, they should be sent to a female teacher ?she is always the best instructor for small children. She can ho readily put her heart on her lips and by the child's heart, that "Tia pleasing to be schooled by Female lips and eyes, They smilo so when one's right, and one's wrong They smile still more-, and then there Comes encouragement in the soft hand Over the brow, perhaps even a chaste kill? I learnedthu little that I know by this." Love teaches more than Doctor* do. And for our high schools we n^ed noble-mindnd men?gifted men?men worthy by their intelli. gence and their moral power, to be entrusted with a na'ion's youth. But such men will not reek the office of ins'ructor, as long as there is certain to bo a pressure in the money marked whenever a teacher is to be hired. They now know, that for this class, all times are hard times. On w i om do we lavish our wealth, our respect, and our attentio&l Do we not pay those beat whs amuse us, and those least whoinstruct us. ? Are not the purse, talents, and all squandered upon those who pander to igno ranc-and folly! Vagrant singers and baileqnini art flittered and feasted; quacks realize a fortune ? a iiimpu uiiuvo, , j and (in correspondence with fecrown movements] turning the public upside down"?(Laughter)?th< rank, beauty, and fashion of the laud, rivalling t< t pay her their derations, or to far made the animn ' by htr influence, at to ba eager to be harnessed t< her car!!?(Trcracndout applause.)?Whom, w< ask again, do we honor anu reward! Not th. , qui#',conscientious school teacher,daily and stead ily, though obscurely, preparing himself to be th< ' great teacher of mank Ind Not b m whose labo > rions office it is "to control petulance, excite in > difference, and enlighten stupidity." Not him wh gives to trecdom that richest boon?two ideas where there was but one. No! of him it may b * said, of all men, he is the roost illy r? qnited Yci i noble laborer, thank Ged! your calling is kigh am holy; your fame is the property of nations, am , your renown will fill the earth in after arei as it sounds not far off, in your own aaj 1 Vourj will be that humble, but not ingloriou j epitaph, commemorating " one, in whom mar kind lest a friend, but no man an enemy Wc arc not taiight to talk?this communicatin faculty has never been educated The wedge c j knowledge has, by meral bnnglcrs, been driven it , to the head, the big end first; and there is no ge t.ng it out?it is dovetailed in. (Continued ?i " nlause ) # i It is said by philosophers, that truth comet to t only through the channels of error, and it i? certaii ly t rue, so far as it comes from the school honti 1 ?(laughter)?and as history shows us, that ma ' will not form a right opinion, until he has exhaus i, cd every absurd one, it is hoped that this exhaus V > i J-_ I..L ....t.il. i ^ mi mu iinnj' j-?' - feet gems of architecture. (?o into them ? all light, airy and healthy, *? it should be. \\ hycat ie nut i.ur school-house* be the fnire?t ornw?'? n- the Ian l'?the people'* Idols, if they ere perrailte , to hare idol? It i* my prayer, that I may lire[I see that day when these Capitol* of Liberty, fill* ae they ate " with Kings and SoTereigns, elinll t >e our proudest Monument* o| Freedom. Applause Ht And thetc buildings, my friends, are itnprorin' nd for our hop* we cin say with Jean Paul Rite) ?c er, " although iheir erening shadows now lie dar iw and cold along the earth, th\y all point to the mori ,v. mg " But let nsnoir go imoone oftheaeold *cho< home*-champions of the great stand etill systen The tiret scene before you is a row of little fellossr of -itting, bolt upright, upon a hmch without a bee he pieee, and so high thrst th fert are swinging ai . r eight inches from the floor, without sonnding and the desk before them so ra sed, that they hat to make a temporary stretch ot the body to gei tl er: chin abore it (laeghter)?and there they a hantintia rowebr thechin?(<l?neralUn?hter t I'h i', gentlemen, i? climbing the hill of science' on (Ptili of laughter.) That, as ray Lord Bion^hi |> AotilJ'ay. i?, " the pursuit s?f knowledge ami vt diifienities "?(Continued peal* of lnnghter. (leutleraen, you teem to kr mu< h amused, but ' these ehi:dr> n could come and look in at * throe <' these windows, they would tay with the frogs in i ve fable, this may be sport to you, but it ie death to (Convulsive laoahter, with tampingand cheering Yen now have had a good hearty laugh nut of that blaek. sea'y, mutilated, old echool deck; ab?ut tb? most unlikely object ,n the world fur a man to extract a heaving diaphragm laugh oat of- Now, th~ only way we can fpvethe children a laugh over it, a to go and improve it; chance thia etool of pen nance and deformity, into a aeat of eaie and knowledge For aa Ouain faithfally and b-autifully -aid to the French Chamber in hia report of the Pruaaian School Syalem, " It ia ol Prusnia I write, but of France I think " I can aay to tkia audiunee, it ir for your amusement I apeak, but of the children 1 think. (Applause.) e ? ? e ? * ? e e Still corporal chastisement may he, ard is. carried to an imnarilonnliV decree if *everitv. To allOW you the extent that the?e tbfeUghtlrt*.frequent whipnine* may be carried. I will reid ?n ex'r-?et from thp "German Pedagogic Mass zine," for lfc29. We are told that "there died lntely in Swabia, a tchoolmnster. who, for fifi/-one year*, had superintended an institution with old fashioned severity. From an nreraire inferred from recorded observations. one of the usher* calculated, that in the course of hi* exertion*, h? had given 9ll..r;00 caning*, 121,000 floggings. 2<W,00j cu-todea, lll i.000 tip* with ihe ruler, I0,2ti0 boxes on the ear, and 22 700 ta-ks to get by heart. (These, I presume, gentlemen were frouthe New Testament to increase our lore of the hook.) It mi further calculated, that he had made 700 boy* stand on pea*, 600 kneel on a sharp edge of wood, 5000 wear the fool'* cap, end 170S hold the rod"?amounting in nil to 1.421,208 punishment*, which, allowing (ire day* for every week, would averag" above a hundred punishment every day. There is something extremely revolting in the idea of such n series of punishment* being connected with learning; and we may jua'lv infer, that, however mu' h classical learning may have be n ad van ced, very little useful knowledge or moral principle wan communicated in that seminary. For, a ny?t? in of moral and intellectual inatruelion, calculated to allure the minds of the young i* altogether incompatible with much Gothic rudeness and severity Corporeal punishments have general a hardening effect ?n the minds both of young and old. A blacksmith brought up his son, to whom he was very severe to his own trade. One day the old Vulcan was attempting to harden aeo!d chisel, but could not succeed. "Horsewhip it, father," exclaimed the vouth?"if that will not harden it, nothing will." [ifearty laughter.] We are told that in the inquisition physicians were kept to place the finger on the pulse of the victim, to say how far the punishment might proceed and still leave life. Some of our teachers seem to govern with the same cruel and revolting calculation! Neither shou'dthere hang in the school room a code of laws The t cholars governed by a set of rule* soon learn to square their conduct by them, without consulting their own moral sense of right and wrong The moral di.-cipline of the school is. this way, one of feer and calculation ; each pupil balancing in his mind how fir it will do to go, and ese ipe punishment,instead of inquiring howf.tr it will do to follow his own inclination, and not do what is wrong. All government is defective that does not make men govern themselves, for any government is pernicious in its influence, that does not leave men to reflect and decide upon their ewn conduct. * Ladies and gentlemen, I must bring this lecture to a c|o?e - yet before 1 leave you let me again importune ynu to the one great work of a free people ?the education of their children You must give your^moncv, and your time to the subject?for education is like a top, the moment you ceaso whipping, it drops You have, in this state, to strike not only when the iron is hot?you have to make the iron hot by striking (Applause ) Frequent meetings should be held for the improvement of the sc hools. ]!y the reciprocal action of men on each other, the heart is enlarged, feelings and opinions ore recruited, and the human mir.dis developed ? It will be good and pleasant for the citizens thus to come together for an object so dear to you all; to feel conscious of the equality of freemen; to reciprocate the most kindly feelings; to find that you have a common interesi;to provide for (he improvement in knowledge, in usefulness, and in piety, of the thousands of children and youth who are soon to take youi places; to forget the distinctions of party and of sect; and to invoke the blessing of the Almighty upon our deliberations and doings.? And, in this great matter, ltt us evince the d* termination 01 tne oiu patriot?jenn jiuams?ipai indomitable hero of the revolution?and who fearlessly proclaimed ,after the battles of Runkerhill and Lexington bad cut loos* the colonies from (he mother country, and when all were wailing death on the field, or on the scaffold ; " Blandishments," said he, to the British General, " cannot fascinate us, nor will threats cf the halter intimidate ; for we are determined whenever, and wherever we shall be called to make our exit, wc will die freemen." (Prolonged applause ) " Those great hearts of the sires of tthe revolution?how wym and full are their beatings yet, when we go near them! [Applause] Truly, a great Intellect is not a ternporajy flame, burning bright, and then expiring in darkness It is a spark ofradiant light, with power to kindle the common mass of human mind?so that when it finally goes ont in death, no night follows, but the world is left nil light, all on fire, from the potent fervency of the great soul that left it." [Loud applause ] Mc.vni Africa!*?.?The Aroistad negroes have arrived at Sierra Leone, in the bark Gentleman, from this port. The Misses Siiaw's Coxcert at the Society Library this Evewixo?We would direct particular attention to the programme of the concert to be given this evening by the Misses Shaw, from Philadelphia. The announcement of the appearance of these gifted young ladies has excited great interest, united with the claims which extreme youth, no ordinary beauty,and acknowledged talent present, there are ether considerations to which we can merely advert, but which must ensure their favorable reception here. The eldest of these interesting dtbutantt* is only sixteen, and besides the possession of personal attractions, has n voice of great compass and flexibility. Tickets are to be obtained only at the door. Latest from Carthagena.?By the Challenge, Captain Valpey, arrived last night, in nineteen days from Catthagena, we have received very late advices from that place. There were plenty of provisions in market, and speculators were "stuck," as our news boys would say. Four full cargoes had arrived from Jamaica. 1 Hides were scarce and selling at eight cents.? ! Large supplios were expected every day, however, J from the interior. 3 All fighting had ceased, and every thing was j quiet. , There were no American vessels in port. B ~~ . Accident ?Last evening, ss the schooner Chal lenge, Capt. Valpey, front Carthagena, cast anchor, e the chain "fouled," and the Pilot, Mr. Daniel Ma. gin was seriously injured by a handspike striking o hint on the head. g Court Calendar?This Day. I, Covrt of Common Pi.eh?Part 1, at 10 o'clock AM. d Nos.31, 38,37, 30, 56, 33, 73,79,83,85, 89,87,91,93, 289, d <1,1W. . Part 3. at 4 o'clock. -Noa. 173,193. 300, 89,110, 3, 168 , 116, 42, 302, 2S4. 306,308, 310 212,314.916,318. Bankrupt List. ? SOUTHERN BI9TR1CT OF NEW YORK. / Robert A Sands, (firmol Sands fcShaw.) Now York,to Horace Billing*, do; Henry H Siller, April 16; DaviJ II Robertson, do. MASSACHUSETTS. ,g Charh Blanchord, Worcester, hearing to be had it Boston on;the lirst Tuesday in May next; Jamea Baals * Windsor; Thomas Chubb, Jr. Charlestown ; Amos 1 s? Cutter, Lexingion; John Chubb, CharlestowD; Philip I 10 Doscomh, B iston; Daniel Davenport, Boston, fermcrlj 1* called Daniel Wardwell, :l I,of Andover: James O Dad t- l?y, Newtown; John Hunting Dakin. Salem; Josi ph 1 r- Derby. Cambridge; Leonard Everett, Dorchester; Josh ua N Eames, South Reading; Wm B Klanders, Austii Kuk, Boston; John Fowle, Jtoxbury; James E Gould W e * t Boy Iston Theron Ives, Wi st field, Joseph P I.akio t | Boston; James R l.owreare, West Boy Iston ; Samuel 1 I.ivermore. Walthum; John Lowell, Jr. Methuen; Osi ? K Matthews,Boston; Nathan Monk, Stoughton; Wm I 'tl Nichols, Roxbury; I) ivid Olney, Kail lliver; Henry 1 )? Rust, Boston; Benjamin Shepird, Wreutham; Nathai .) Stetson, East Biidgewnter ; St?pheti Thayer, Boston r Caleb Tiukhant, Middleboro, J Walton, Cambridge. k Ilarrlsburg. II- lCorrea)>?nd(t>ce of the Herald.} ol Harhisbdho, March 8, 1^42. 1 'I he Renumption Bill?Internal Improvement*, frc. k Yesterday after considerable debate, the Senat x bv a vote of 21 to 11, agretd to the report of tk *\ committee on conference on the Hank bill. Th lc Heme have had mnrh debate upon it, and will i tc ad probability agree to it in the courae of the da; The b.ll authorizing the sale of the maia l.ne < im oar improvements, from Philadelphia to Pittsbur ler ? nndtr consideration in the Senate. It is pr >? |?osed to dispose of the whole line, together wi if ill (he fixtures, for the <nm of 415,000,000, and ( igb receive ,n p .jment therefore. State stock at pa [he I A* imendm* nl was offered to reduce the ium f ut I Bl'.J.MK),)**). I? jte. A B.
City Intelligence. The Latest Method or Piviat Debts ?Oo the third of February last, Mr. Andrew Wiad, of the firm of Berg & Wind, nude dealers, ol 130 Ga ail street, borrowed the sum of $<10 fiom Peter C. Johnson, of 92 Walker street, and gave in payment his note at 30 days after date On the 19th of the same month Mr. Johnson called upon Wind, at his store, in Canal attest, and atktd him if he would give him some money on the note, as he was in nerd of funds- Mr. Wind then paid him $5 89, which amount Johnson requested him to endorse on the back of the note, but he said he would prefer giving a due bill fur (lie balance of the face of the note, and requested Johnson to destroy it, when he would write the due bill and sign it. Wind then took the note, and on tearing it to pieces, refused to aign the due bill, saying that it was an easy way to pay old debts. He was.therelore,arre8led by officers Calvin and Smith, under a charge of forgery in the third degree, which comprises the crime of the destruction ol any paper giving an evidence of debt, and finally held to bail in the a urn of $5U0 Death kfom Excitement.?Mr. John M. Dyer, wholesale liquor merchant, of 51 Cortlandt street, left his residence on Tuesday morning, about half past seven o'clock, and while in his store,a short time after, was attacked with a fit of apoplexy that caused his death in a tew momenta. Dr. Moms Leo won was liiimruiaicjy utucu ui? anu rceuriru 10 blood letting, but it gave no relief. When discover* ed| he was lying upon the floor with his spectacles and a newspaper by his tide, which contained an advertisement, published at the instigation of his late pattner, Mr. Bronson, and another person, whicnreil-cted upon the character of Mr Dyer in a certain money transaction in a derogatory manner. Hisdeath is supposed to have been occasioned from the excitement produced by reading the advertisa* ment, that terminated in apoplexy. Unknown Max Found Dying.?A. man, whose name is unknown, was toand at the corner of 43d street and the Third Avenue, on Monday evening, in a state of stupor, from sickness He wua taken to the Bellevue Hospital, and died the same evening. He appeared to be atrennan by birth, about 30 years of age, and was dressed in a dark green coat, striped ca.-sitnere pants, figured silk vest, thin boots, coarse linen shut, and the inhials "J. R." marked thereon. A post mortem examination resulted in a verdict by the Coroner's jury of congestion of the brain. Another .Victim to Intbmperakce.?A woman named Nelly Kiley, wife of Charles Ktley, who has rtrided in the rear ot 88 llidge street, during a drunken frolic, on Tuesday night, refused to retire to test, aud was found dead on the floor the next morning. Verdict of Coroner'sjury?"Death from intemperance." n..... ....... o.. a .._ i. .u i L'tAiii f nv? vi-u aiii ?au viu man uaiucu John lh.xon, uged 90 years, was found dead ai 6 Jersey street, yesterday morning, he having been taken sick on Monday last. The coroner's jury returned a verdict of death from "old age." Anther Death from Imtsmperarce.?George Laughlin, a native of Ireland, was found dead yesterday, at No. 420 Monroe street. He was taken tick on Sunday, and died yesterday morning He was a man of very intemperate habits, and the coj toner's jury returned a verdict of " Death by cholera m >rbus." Held to Bail?The young man charged with stabbing a negro named Dixon, with a sword cane, in Leonard street, on Tuesday afternoon, gave his name as Calvin Molt, and was held to bail yesterday, in the sum of $2000. A Watch Stv?tbr Stoppee.?" Hawkey" alias Williams, a boy about 19, and who would make an excellent horse jockey, was arrested yesterday by officers Kelyea and Tappan, for selling a brass watch for a gold one, to a countryman on board ol the steamboat TJtica. The countrymanwas landed at Caldwell's, by Capt. Schultz, and returned to this city by another boat, when these oflicers succeeded in fiiidine the Darties concerned, but there being no law against felling merchandise, under such circumstances, they were discharged, U.vk.now n iMAN Found Daownkd.?The body of a man whose name is unknown, but supposed to be that of George McFall, was found at the foot ot Ninth street, in the Easi river, on Tuesday mornicg. He appeared to be an Irishman by birth, and was about 10 years old,and 5 feet 9 or 10 inches in height. He was clothed in a daik overcoat, with velvet collar, black f.ock coat, cloth vest, corded cashmere pants, thick shoes, cotton socks and shirt, and red flannel ur.der shirt and drawers. A grocery passbook was found in one of his pockets with the name of George JVlcFah written on the cover. The coroner's jury returnee a verdict of "lound drowned." A Female Pickpocket.?A woman named Jane Conlin was arrested yesterday morning, on a charge of pickiug the pocket of William Young ot No. GO Latght street, of the sum of six dollars tn money, while he was in a house of ill fame, at the corner ot Leonard and Orange streets, for which she was fully commuted. The money was found tucked up in the hair of her head and she was deposited ia the police oftice; United States District Court. Before Judge Belli. i M . nrn U Tlmirt Ksintr lirn ??r fVirs* nAi'nfa an relation to the case of Zarrga not yet decided, the Court alluded to them. Oue ef the objection* com plained that ho had not fully set forth the name* of his creditors. To this the petitioner replied by stating that the whoie of his book* and docement* had been taken away from him, and still retained, by the sheriff, under a writ issued by the Court of Common Pleas, a* a concealed debtor. He wears to having given a full statement of his debts to the best of his knowledge and belief. The Court thought this sufficient, and as much, under the circumstances of the case, as it was possible for him to. Another objection urged that he had not been sufficiently explicit in describing his wearing apparel. The petition states that he has not sufficient for himself, wife and eight children. The Court thought the law was complied with in thus entering snch property. It is sufficient to convey an idea of something like lha value, and at the same time afford an opportunity for the assignee and creditor to investigate the matter should they see fit, without minutely describing every kind ot garment. A motion had been made in thecasa of Frisbee ta amend, but the Court had not yet been able to investigate the matter, owing to the counsel aot having handed lha papers ;n sesson. A decision will probably be given this forenoon. Seventeen petitions, the notices for which had matured, passed, on motion, to the ususal decree. I.nvi I). Dndee is objected to bv Thos. Howard, second, en the ground tbit hit connection with the firm of Dodge, Smith & Co., is not explicitly stated, neither is connection with Samuel ilreoke, or Alvn L. Gilbert, iu relation to property, nor hie real estate and other assets sufficiently described. Henry Kneeland is objected to by C. H Russell & Co , on the ground that he owes them a judge* racnt debt of $5,222 94, and does not, iu his schedule, refer to am annuity bequeathed him by his late father, Heary Kneeland, amounting, they hare reason to believe, to $3i 00 a year. Otis Parker Jewctt was objected to by T & C. Wood, on the ground of his not properly describing bis a.aaets, nor lor how much money he bas hypothecated several thousand dollar^ wor.h of stock ol in the Steiling Company, to W. Mun.-ou, Jr , Jas. Anderson and KJttin Lord & Co Also by Charier Mailer, cn the gound of inrpeifect schedule, and not Keeping proper books of account. U. S. Circuit Court, I3< f re Judge Belts. March 9.?Three seamen, recently forming pari of the crew o| the whale ship Herald, were tried for endeavoriag, in concert with seven others, t( create a mutiny on board that vessel while at tea it the month of October last Their names ateJohi Smith, l'etcr Durgsn, and Charles A. Leighton. 1 i appeared from the testimony that the men ehippet ; on shares, but complain- d of being kept short o I provisions, and finally refused to do duty. 'I hi csptsin went into the forecastle and expostulate* with them, but wi'hout effect, and he locked then up. lie soon afterwards spoke to them again, bu ? tht y refused to lay hold until their grievances wen ; remedied Again he turned the key upon them bat finally endeavored to get them out of the fore \ castle. They tefused to go, and himself and mate ? KaIsi in f It a nartilinn flml fimnkf>d t h Din OMt f> The captain then armed himself with a pistol, iim attempted, aided by his c dicers, to put one of thi i men in irons, but this was opposed by the crew , who threw pieces of wood at them, and then fol ' IowmI them up The captain drew a line on tta< deck, and ?aid that he would shoot any man whi ? advanced beyond it, but hi.-'pistol waa taken nwa) ^ from him, as were the irons, and thrown overboard a The mates, next day, off-red the disaffected mei : any provisions contained in the ship if they woul< go to svork, but they still refused The craw cor sis'ed of but twenty four in all, and the remainin fourteen not being sullicicat to continue whalinj the captain was oldigcd to bear up for Cap* Towi which they wcie five week* in reaching. Here th men were delivered up to the American Consu who sent them to the United States, attended b e three witnesses (Charles 11. Hall, of Hoston, an e two ethers ) The vessel took on board some Po tugnes-sailors, and resumed her voyage. It wi stu'ed on t e trial by llalland the other wiuessr o that the captain was very severe, but that the pr |r. visions furnished to the ois : fleeted men were cqus 0f ly good with that supplied to the others in the ve --el, and no proper ground of complaint could I urged on that account o- I'hc Jury found the prisoners guilt)', recommeu ih ing Smith'to the msrey of the Court. lo [The other seren arc now awaiting their trial r. ['..isti n. The punishment is atthr option of tl lo C >urt, not exceeding $1,00(1 fine and five years ii prisonment in the Stales prison.J POST SCRIP T. Wail>lii|ton. ICorrwpoadface of tk? HoemM.I Wa??h!?otoj?. March S, 1A42 Proceedings lu the IrnatfKfW York Poet Master. In the Senate this morula#, there were several petitions and resolution* presented. Mr. Knur*, from lh? f!nmmiMee on the Jlldi ciary, reported a bill to provide farther remudisl justice in courts of the United States, which was read and ordered to a second reading. [This bill makes provision for the object contemplated in the m< esige of the President of the United Slates below ] On motion of Mr. Bayard, the biil to extend the provisions of the act of August last, in relation to the banks of the District of Columbia, was taken up, the question pending being on Mr. Allen's motion to recommit the bill, with instructions in conformity with the resolution which he offered yesterday, (as published in our report of that day's debate) Mr. Kerr being entitled to the floor, proceeded at considerable length to deliver his views in support of the bill. The debate was continued by Messrs. Wright, Buciiawar, Woodbdry, Calhour, and Bertor, in support of the motion to recommit; and by Messrs. Bavahd and Woodbridoe in opposition to it. The question was then taken on Mr. Allkjs's motion, and resulted as follows s? Yi as.?Messrs. Allen, Benton, Buchanan, CalhounFulton, King, Linn, Mc Roberts, Sevier, Smith of Connecticut, Sturgeon, Tappsn, Walker, Wilcox, Williams, Woodbury, Wright, and Young?18. Nats.?Mestra. Archer, Barrow, Bates, Bayard, Ber rien,unoaie, ciay. uiayton, r.vana, uranam, nenuerson, Huntington, Kerr, Mangum, Miller, Morehead, Phelps. Porter, Prentiss, Simmons. Smith of Indiana, Sprague, Tallmadge, and Woodbridge?16. So the Senate refnscd to commit the bill. Mr. Benton than moved to lay the bill on the table, with the view of submitting* resolution of in qniry whether the banks had violated their char, ters, directly or indirectly, sinee the first of March last, and demanded the yea* and nay* on that motion, which were ordered, and were?yeas 18, nay* 25. So the Senate refused to lay the bill on the table. Mr. Sevier moved to postpone the bill one week, with a view of ascertaining .by that time whether the banks of Pennsylvania and Maryland would not resume, which he believed they were about doing. Mr. Batard then submitted an amendment as follows: " That unlest the banks of Richmond and Baltimore shall, before that time, resume specie payments ; after which resumption the privilege granted by this act shall cease and determinewhich amendment was agreed to. The question now being on the motion to post' pone the bill for one week, it was taken by yead and neys, and resulted?yeas 18, noes 25. The bill was then reported to the Senate, and cr dered to be engrossed for a third reading. The President pro Um. then laid before the Senate the following message from the President of the United States To the Senate ? In my menage sf the 7th December, I suggested to Congress the propriety, anil in some degree the necessity of making proper provision by law, within the pale of the Constitution, for the removal at their commencement, and at the option of the party, of all such rases as might arise in S:ate Courts, involving national questions, touching the faithful observance and discharge of the international obligation* of the United States trom such State tribunal to the Federal judiciary. I am urged to repeat at this time this recommendation, by the receipt of intelligence upon which I rely, that a subject of Great Britain residing in Upper Canada, has been arretted upoa a charge of connection with the expedition fitted out by tbe Canadian authorities, by which the " Caroline" was destroyed; and will, in all probability, he subjected to trial in State court* of New York. It i* doubtful whether, in this state of things, should hif discharge be demanded by the British Government, this Government is invested with any control over the subject until the case shall have reached the court ef final reaortof tha State of New York, and been decided in that court, and although such delay ought not, in a national point ef view, to give cauoe of umbrage to Great Britain, yet the prompt and instant rendering of justice to foreign nations should be placed among our highest duties. I cannot, therefore, in consideration of I what properly became tho United States, and in anticination of anv demand from a foreim Gorerument for the discharge of one of its subjects, forego the duty of repeating my recommendation to CoDgress, for the immediate adoption of some suitab e legislative provision on this sutject. JOHN TYLER. March S, 1843. Mr. Berrieiv remarked that the Committee on the Judiciary had this day reported a bill in conformity with the object of the message; on his motion, the message was ordered to lie on the table, and be printed. The Senate then went into Executive session, and after a short time adjourned. Mr. John Lorimer Graham was to-day nominated to the office of postmaster of the city of New York. The objection to Mr. Bloodgood, resting solely on his non-residence, was held to be fatal, and the office was in consequence given to Mr. Graham. House of Representatives?Fees of Officers In tlie Southern District of New York? The State of the Treasury?-Arrest of Another Canadian for participating In the destruction of the Caroline?-Congressional Temperance Society?Theatric ale. At the meeting of the House to-day Mr. McClkllam offered a resolution calling upon the Secretary of the Treasury to report the amounts the District Attorney, Clerks of the District and Circuit Courts, and Marshall of the Seurthern District of New York have returned to ihs Treasury Department, since March 1811, as having been received by them for fees and emoluments; what amount each has re tiincd for compensation to deputies, and what nfTi^n nn>l nf liar avitaaCAQ Q nrl U' hat aillUllIH IU1 VlllbC auu *. A|'tuov.d, auu n??? amount for themselves. Also, whether euch officers are required to make their returns of fees and emoluments under oath, and what is the form of the return as prescribed to them?whether since the passage of the civil and diplomatic appropriation bill of March 1841, office of Clerk of the District and CircuitCourts of the Sourthern Diatrieit of New Yoik has not been | divided, so that th"re is now a Clerkship of the District Court held by one person, and a Clerkship of the Circuit Court held by another; and whether before the passage of the said act both offices were not held by one individual. This significant resoluj lion was obstructed by a technical objection, but it will be again presented on the earliest fitting occasion. The House next adopted a resolution regulating th- compensation of some of the lesser officers of the House, and then the Standing and Select Committees were called for reports, and the presentation ol a vast mass, including numerous bills, which were patsed through their preliminary stages, occupied a great portion of the day's session. This businest disposed of, the Ilouie then went into Committee of the Whole on the Civil and Di. plomatic Appropriation Bill, the pending question 1 being the long discussed clause making appropria ' . . . ... .k. Hon tor incidental hum cnnuugim ^*^.1^.-7 .u> I Department of State, including the publication an: b diatribution of the laws. The subject of public print D ing and binding, and the various modes of contract f ing lor such work, was debated at some length; am ? also the necessity of separating the pnblic printinj J from the party political press. The Corrmittee thet rose and reported progress, to enable the House t< * act upon two mea'agesjuBt received from the Presi I, dent of the United States. The first nu?age wai e read by the Clerk; it invited the attention of Con y gress to an accompanying communication from tin d Secretary of the Treasurer, on the subject of the na r- tional fiaances, in which it was intimated that then would soon he requisitions from the War and Navj n' Departments for no less than thrre millions of dol ,1- lars, which were as yet unprovided for; and lha s" without speedy action on the part of Congrese,im >P portant woiks of d- frt.ee must be arrested. Thus J- then, it seems the consequences of the folly of Con 1i;rr??, in me aoanaonment ol Ha aauas, are ucgm ning to exhibit themselves; and the President feel it incumbent upon him to call them back, bjr a dc licately nd miniate red rebuke, to what ought lonj since to have been seen to be their obvious duty. Mr Fillmore, who feels the delicacy ol the position in which the House has been placed, said that he concurred entirely with the Secretary of the Treaaurv. that it was n#r#>tt&nrv tkai k* - J ? speedily dooe to meet tbe demands on the Treasury but he deemed it due to the Committee of Ways and Means, to slate that they had not as yet proposed a plan for providing a permanent re venue for the country, because they had been waiting for a communication from the Secretary of the Treasury, containing his projtt for a permanent revenue. He said, further, he perceived there was a suggestion in the communication of the Secretaiy that it would be necessary to extend the time of the loen authorized to be raised, and also to increase it. Now, he was not prepared at present to say any thing on, the subject farther than that he was strongly opposed to nay more loans on Treasury notes, or, in short to anv tetnoorarv exDodients for replenishing ih* treasury, lie would give hit content to no measure but one providing a permanent revenue. As the message was giving rise to a debate, its consideration was postponed until to-morrow, that the House might receive the next executive communication. This also was in effect a reproof for the neglect of the House of its proper duties. The President in the message said that in his mersage of the 7th of December, he suggested to Congress the propriety and in some degree, the necessity of making ptoper provision by law, within the pale of the constitution, for the removal at their commencement, and at the option of the patty, of all such cases as might arise in State courts, involving national questions, touching the faithful observance and discharge of the international obligations of the United States from such Slate tribunal to the Federal Judiciary ; and he was urged to repeat at this time that recommendation, by the receipt of intelligence that u subject of Great Britain residing in Upper Canada, had been arrested upon a charge of connection with the expedition fitted out by the Canadian authorities, by which the Caroline was destroyed, and would in all probability be subjected to trial in the State Courts of New York. The Presi dent observes, that it ia doubtful whether in thia State, should his discharge be demanded by the British government, this government ia invested with any control over the subject until the ease shal have reached the court of final resort of the State of New York, and have been decided in that court and, although such delay ought nor, in a national point of view, to give cause of umbrage to Great Britain, yet the prompt and instant rendering of justice to foreign nations, should be placed among our highest duties. He cou'.d not, therefore, ia consideration of what properly became the United States, and in anticipation of any demand from a foreign government for the discharge of one of its subjects, forego the duty of repeating his recon mendalion to Congress, for the immediate adoption of some suitable legislative provision on this subject. Mr. Barnard rose when the President's communication had been read, and observed, and in this he bat reechoed the reproof which the conduct of the House justifies, that the subject had been considered by the Committee on the Judiciary, tn consequence of the reference to them of the previous communication of the President in regard to it, and(they bad agreed to a bill which they had reported to the TTmic* Kilt h*? hnH npvpr hpon ahl#. with MM. v?? -v mv v~ ?> ?/ r pect of succeES, te call it up for consideration. He was aware that just 6uch a case as had now arisen, might shortly arise, but he never could bring the bill up out of its order. It was a subject about which debate must necessarily be excited, and about which great difference of opinion would exist, and therefore he moved the reference of the message now received to the Committee of the whole on the state of the Union, and he should be glad if the House would consent to fix an early day to take it up. He was subsequently, however, induced to withdraw tha| motion, and to move that the message and the bil be referred back to the Judiciary committee, which will probably report a resolution to fix an early day for the consideration of the subject. Doubtless, as Mr. Barnard anticipates, this subject will give rise to debate, for, with Mr. Pickens, it may be observed that it involves some of the most important principles of constitutional law, which have divided the two gTeat political parties of the country since the commencement of the government?and it involves not only the criminal jurisdiction of the State of New York, but of every State in the Union. The debate too will be embarrassed by the excitement and party prejudice which this new case in New York will inevitably engender, the whole of which might have been avoided, and the bill disposed of in a dispas^ eionale manner, if Congress had discharged itsdu ties, instead of having criminally trifled vith its time. Having thus disposed of these two messages^ L.. TJ lie nuuac aujuuiucuThe Congressional Total Abstinence Society has held another public meeting, at which Mr. Marshall and Mr. Wise were the principal speakers. Its members are increasing in numbers rapidly. Mrs. Shaw and Forrest passed through Washington on Saturday, the one from and the other to Richmend. Miss Josephine Clifton arrived here tonight on her way to join Mr- Forrest at Richmond, with whom she will shortly return to fulfil a brief engagement with Mr. Ward at the National Theatre in this city. Yankee Hill has left for Baltimore, where he has engagements. Miss Reynolds remains in Washington, hnd on Thursday plays De?demonato Addsnis's Othello and young Wallack's lago, and afterwards Constance in the Love Chase. This accomplished lady is distinguished both as a vocalist and an actres3, and she is as distinguished for her versatility as for her excellence in either position. As an actress she has already few compeer* on the American stage, and will soon take the highest rank: but for range of character she stands alone, from Desdemona and Constance to Patty I. ark ins and the sweet ballad singqr* Baltimore. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Baltimore, March 9, 18 it. Ma. Editor? The bill reported by the Committee of Conference, requiring a resumption of specie payments by the banks of this State, on the first of May next. and alio that they issue n?ica 01 a denomination Ices than tire dollars, parted the Senate yesterday, and war rent to the House, where it is likely to be successful. John L- Cary, Esq. editor of the American, delivered a lecture last evening before the Mercantile 1 Jbrary Association. It was a beautiful production, rich in thought, elegant in diction, and in sentiment profouud. Mr. Carey is one of our beat ' writers His only fault as n public speaker is bis > timidity, not having been nu h accustomed to it.? A little more practice, and he need fear no rivalThere was still another currency meeting in the square last evening, held hy the e mmittee which returned in the alternooa from Annapolis. We expect the immortal B07. to arrive in this city to-day. There hove b en no preparations made I for his reception. The project of the literary associations fell through. Virginia ninnev is getting worse, owing probably to the appn uch of our batiks towards resamption j It is now 7j a 9 per cent diacount. The weather this morning is clrudy, with a warm south wind. Yonra, Kodmick. > Philadelphia. [Correapondenee of the Hertld-l ) Philadslphia, March 9,18-12. . Storm? lie.'umption Dill pa*?ed?l)r. Lardaer'i I-tcturt?Stock*?Ca*t of Diddle, Cowptrihtrail, 4*c.? Forgery Can?3ft. > Thia ha* been a moat decided!y atormy day, withf out businrae, new*, or incident, *o far a* I hare been able to learn. The Htrald haa come and, aa niaal, l ercry body i? reading it. By the way, I would thank ycu, for the future, not to couple my lettera , with thoae of your eotreapondent "Wray," or in fact, with the letter of any one. Remember thia. . The mail which reached here laat night from liarrisburg brought word of the paaaage of the Imr mediate Reaumptina Bill by the liouae of Aiaembly, to that it now only rrqnitea the aignature of the j Coventor to become a law. ThL' it prebably te " 4 .... . ,.wJaWBBlC''!."jflfcj