9 Nisan 1842 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2

9 Nisan 1842 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New York, Saturday, April 9, 1W4'4. {&- The Wbeklv Herald, a very interesting number, will lie published thin morning at 8 o'clock Price 6^ centa per copy. The New York Lancet will be published this morning at 21 Ann street. The Sunday Herald to-morrow will contain a number of curious and original article.). The Lancet. The number issued this morning is # xceedingly interesting. It contains a verbatim report of I>r Swett's second lecture on diseases cf the Heart? one of Dr. Mutt's " Waterloo Operations report d by himself?a mo.-t extraordinary ease ol congenital malformation, with an engraving?reports of the rival Ctiniqun-a case illustrative of the fatal effects of tight lacing, which should be universally read?with a great variety ol miscellaneous matter of general interest. Single copies can be had at the desk, price six cents?S'3 per annum, in advance. Lord Anlihurton's Mission ?St ate of our Governim nt ami Country. We have important private Information from Washington relative to the state of public ullairs, and the probable course of future events?but we are sorry to say that the prospects are not the moat encouraging for the revival of trade,or the advancement ot industry and public business. Lord Ashburton has arrived, charged with full powers to settle the Boundary Question, on a principle of compromise?aho the Creole and Caroline questions, as matters of indemnity?the right of search, or any treaty on that point, being out of the question. We do not believe, however, that the American government can make any advances in the way of settlement, thai would be sat isfactory to both countries, or that would be approved by the preseut Congress. Truly has Mr. Clay said, that for the first tim ', the United States government ii in the condition of a "President without a party, und parties without a President"?or, in other words, tha' tJu count iy is uilhout any government at alt, in conse quence of the want of harmony in Washington- In such a state of things, nothing can be expected from the Biitish special Mission?nothing that will organ ize any species of a national currency?nothing to revive public credit?nothing to increase the revenue ?nothing lor any useful public purpose, until the people shall be rous- d from their lethargy and elect a new Congress throughout the country, nest autumnTill the 4th of March, 1H41, we liny then consider the republic of the United Slates, without any government?atd.we must wait patiently till that period brings an end to the disgraceful scenes daily enacting in the present ha> d-cider Congress. Commercial Embirrxssme.vt.?Every other day extensive failures arc taking place in New York, Boston, Pniiadelphia, Baltimore, New Orleans, and almost every commercial town in the country. The panic i? worse than it was in 1ST7. The immediate causes of these disasters spring from the failures and resumptions of the banks?the repudiation principles of the States?and the shocking conduct of Congress. The remote causes arc extravagant living?private houses like palaces?thousand dollar balls and soirtes?no industry, but much waste? and in fact the general demoralization of society, produced by a vicious credit system. One third of those in trade ought to go and plough the soil?and many who play the piano, should p.'ay the spinning wheel. i Gothic ?We have been informed that some f i the employees in the Custom House give every e- , cies of annoyance to French and German imp rs, t merely because they happen to have been ' in a , foreign land, and in spile of their naturalix. it here, under the law s of CongressIt ts a small spite for any of these employiei?to act on such principles- The place of birth is nothing ?blood and race every thing, Were not the pilgrims of New England foreigners I Were not the Knickerbockers that settled New York foreigners 1 Were not the first Catholics of Maryland foreigners'! Were not the first Quakers of Pennsylvania foreigners ! Were not tne Cavaliers that settled Jamestown, Virginia, foreigners ! Were not the Huguenots that settled Charleston, South Carolina, foreigners ? All?all?all are foreigners?the only natives are the poor Indians, and where are they! Driven to the foot of the Rocky Mountains, and soon will be thrown into the Pacific ocean. Ktcur or Petition versus Right or Speech? The Gas-Cock Pakiv.?A very funny meeting was held at Washington Hall the other eveniug. It was called together by ike Abolitionists to censure Congress for their opposition to the right of petition, as exhibited in the case of Mr. Giddings of Ohio.? Charles King, Wm. C Bryant, Win. L Stone, and several abolitionists headed the movement Well? what was done ! Wny the very men who were ready to call down the vengeance of lleaven on those who opposed the ri^ht of petition, trampled upon the right of speech, and put down a Mr. Burleigh, who was only shewing forth the consequence^ of their own principles. The meeting ended in a row, and the gas-cock was turned down till daikness ensued. The moral effect of this meeting will he great upon Congress. _ The way to stop an obnoxious man is not to censure or expel him?turn down the gas cock, and the thing is done. Another Veto.?Fire aju Brimstone ?Governor Seward has put his veto on the bill taking away the printing from Thurlow Weed?so thM State Barber will enjoy his soap suds, value Stif.OtK), for another year. The Governor is determined to serve his friends at all hazards. This is his third full veto, having given two half ones?which makes lour vetoes in all?pretty well for a whig Governor and a whig party opposed to all vetoes If a democrat had done ?o, what a racket the vigs would have raised !?But on our side all is right. The morals of politics are now ripe enough to receive, gratefully, a shower of the same dew from Heaven which was rained upon Sodom and Gomorrah. Is it any wonder that the great bulk of the people are aiegusteci with politicians s Puxish.mext or Seoh tiox.?The jury in the ease ot Lowerre, for seducing Mrs. Tallutddge, lias given a verd ct of $&?*>;) against the o'd bachelor?see the close ot the trial in another column. Til;* jury d si tves great credit, rf every rich old scoundrel, who, instead of getting married like n Christian, goes about 8-iucing men'* wives and daughter-', wrre not only punished by such verdicts, but put tor life into the States Prison, they would richly deserve theit fate. There i? n number ol old rascals as guilty as Lowerre, yet going about unpunished in New York. We wish this jury could catch the villains. Wo have a list 01 their names, and shall point them out to the lawyers. We have no pity for such unholy vogabon !s, and wr subscribe, for one, at lea"! ?5n0 to make up alund, and procure I>octor Mott to operate upon th-m at his celebrated c.'miqut, by cutting th- ir throats,or whatever else he plea es. Tiie U S. Have Pnosr.i i rio\? ?Austin Montgomery, of Philadelphia, has written ns a very silly letter, w ith a r<<j i-st to republish a more silly article front a Philadelphia penny paper, that is not only ignorant ot binking, but of common sense ? We shall publish Austin's letter v. h a proper commentary, in a day or two. We w ill show most con clue vely, that the criminal prosecutions against Nicholas fl.ddle and others, spring Irom the infa mou3 and corrupt banks of Philadelphia, that pro cured the special assignments of the &r.--ct(s 01 the U S lUuk . j piy ih-melres in full; white they robbed the poor stockholders and the rest ol tl>. public. We shall rip up this business to the bottom Look out for disclosures. The II"me League.?Merely uu iudirect m-ventent to assist Mr. Clay to the Presidency. Notlnnc eslse. L, _ ^ammmmmmmm Organisation of a Stw Party Great Tyler Movement?Rumination of Jamei Monroe for Mayor. Oar of mod extraordinary and important meeting? tli it has taken place in this city for some time, was held last night at Washington 11*11 to organize n Tjler party in tliia city, aid nominate a Tyler candidate for MayorT his rnieting was a most extraordinary one in eta ry set.se of the word; extraordinary in its conception, extraordinary'in its progress, extraordinary in its termination, and extraordinary in every thing. B fore the hour of opening the. meeting, there were over two thousand persons present; and more than hall of ih> m were warm advocates of Mr. Tyler, believing that he haa not been fairly treated, and they came determined to sustain him and his measures. The meeting was organized by the appointment of Col Alexandeii Hamilton, as Chairman; and the following Vice Presidents and Secretaries Eon Pkf?ii>f.mi, ALEXANDER HAMILTON. EokVick Presidents: Jeremiah Tow le, Lain but Snydam, John J. Boyd, J?hn lt-mick, Peter S. Townsend. Henry B. Bolster, B.B.Andrews, Lewis M. Crane, Joseph Metks, Alfred Kershaw, II 1Tn.lu.l.:il II....r, 11 Sluhl.inas llichard M. Hoc, Frederick A Gay, William J. McKee, James T. Rogers, Dr. (i. 8. Bedford, Meigs D. Benjamin, D. Jackson, Bdwanl Taylor. StCRKTABIFi: William II Cooke, John S. Bo.vron, Michael <?. Hart, Samuel Bradford, Llo) d L-Brition, JoelT. P Smith, Laurence Labree, James Troube, John C. Lotcher. Mr (!?o. F. Thompson, a well kr.own staunch wing merchant of this city, read the address and the following resolutions nominating James Monroe for Mayor:? Resolved, That we esteem the integrity of the Elective Franchise to be paramount to every other political intt lest, and that we consider every attempt to encroach on its purity as degrading to the patriotism of an American citizen ; and we feel confident should it be practised with impunity, the grand object of a frequent recurrence to the censorship of public opinion, will for all essen'ial purposes be destroyed. Resolved, That in our opinion the urgent 'necessities of the country require that prompt measures be adopted to restore the credit of the National Treasury, and for this purpose a sufficient Revenue Bill should he enacted to meet the wants of a uatioual emergency, with a prospective promisu of tiie early discharge of the public indebtedness. Resolved, That with tho adoption of a comp.tent revenue bill the credit of the nation will soon recover from its present weakuess, and the Treasury be enabled to make the necessary temporary loans from our own legitimate resources. Resolved, That the independence and intelligence of the Executive in vetoing the respective Fiscal Agencies. pasted at the extra session of Congress,J meet our cordial and deliberate approbation, from the perfect conviction that they could either never have been organized, or ii established, instead of ri covering, they would have paraljsed the ',est energies of the country. Resolved, That we entertain the highest respect tor . I Uf ..-.i-tr-lo n.,.1 c-.u-.rul r-f h . c A id i ? cr n i-.lt.-, A VSU.VI ...... -V-.o. ? 0 .......... Cabinet council, while in others we have not the slightest confidence. Resolved, That in our judgment, the President of the United States, John Tyler, having honorably redeemed his pledge to his Whig friends, by the re organization of the Exesutive cabinet with geutlvmen of the same political character, justice to the present distressed condition of the American nation now imperiously demands, that we should invitethe support of the Democracy,to protect the public welfare from further accumulating embarrassment. Resolved, That we recommend t ither the absolute repeal of the distribution bill, or that it be so modified as cli'ectually to disembarrass the several states of their several ditiiculties,for as the act as it now stands, is totally inoperative, to produce the object for which it was created, while it presents the extraordinary legislative anomaly of an abandonment of an important source of revenue in the midst of our national troubles. Resolved. That it is expedient and necessary that a radical sy-temof retrenchment and economy should be adopted, at, J that such changes should take place in the roll, ting and disbmsing officers of the government,as will spire the fullest confidence that the public revenues are justly and honorably administered. it. solved, That there is every reason fo apprehend dtould corrupt political advisers be not speedily di?misicd from executiv e confidence that a line of demarcation ivill be indelibly drawn between the national adminis[ration and the democracy of the people. Resolved, That we recsmmend such a modification of the School System as will place safely a*, rest the uufoitunate controversy which now threatens to endanger that most inestimable institution. Ri solved, That we recommend JAMES MONROE as a suitable candidate for the Mayoralty, and in the event of his declining a nomination, that Geo K. Thomas, J. L. Fredericks, and William S. Brighem be a committee to select a proper candidate. Resolved, Tha'the proceedings of the meeting signed by its oflicetf, be published in the INDEPENDENT Press of the city. Resolved, That we tender our confidence and support to the Democratic members of our State Legislature, for their manly independence of every sinister consideration in the passage of a Revenue Bill, to guard and protect the credit of the Empire State from disgrace and dishonor while we contemplate with sad regret the insidious i iforts which have been made by those who claim to be the exclusive advocates of good fuith and uncompromising justice?to cast a censure on their measures. Resolved, That tha proceedings of this meeting be forwarded to the President of the United States. These were received with loud cheers. On reading that part of the address which rellected a little on Mr. Clay's conduct, it was evident tha* several Clay men were present, who at that stage ot the meeting it was evident were determined to kick u;> a row. On the resolutious being put, on account of some opposition, the chairman called for a show of hands ; there appeared about thirty opposed to the resolutions ; he then in order to give all partics fair play divided the house ; those opposed were to retire to the rear of the room ; it was almost unanimously passed then ; still many of til e Clay men began to murmur, and the house was again divided right and left, when about three to one appeared in favor of the resolutions. The Clay men on th.? became desperate and sent lor the Unionists, who came there determined to break up the meeting. headed by a Mr Chickering. On feeing this, and the real business of the meeting being concluded, a motion was made by the friends of Mr Tyler to adjourn- This was opposed by shouts and noises, and cries of "Clay"?" Three cheers for llenry C!ay?old Harry," and all sorts Of noises by the Clay men. Oae of the most violent got upon the platform, and began to pour forth a volley of abuse against Mr. Tyler, and all connected with the meeting ; and by his course and that cl ihe Unionists, it was evident that they intended to carry their points, if possible, by brute force and 1110b violence. On seeing this,and with a view to prevent a disgraceful riot, the chaiiman declared the meeting adjourned. This enraged the Clay men so much that they and the Unionists yelled and screamed, and jumped on the pi ltldrni, as the officers ol the meeting were leaving it,and broke the table and chairs to atoms, flung them in all directions, broke ihe chandelier, and acted more like maniacs than men In consci]u?nce of which, several arrest; were mad- and we presume the rioters will be held to answer for the destruction of property they caused. The gas was turned off? Chiekering swung a chair round hit head, and cried "clear the room,"? and finally all were turned out in confusion, friendi and foes. This is the first attempt that has ever been inad^ in this country, to introduce into a peaceable, lawful, political meeting ol freemen, (met to express hei 1 llODCM prcifrtncp?,; uio^* uisgrdcnuiPtmro *?i iiiul violence, and brute force, that characterized the commencement of the French Revolution, and which only terminated by the public execution of the in stigaters of such oceneo, alter they bad, by giving loose to their maniac pasrions, deluged the str< etsol I ilmir capital in blood. The meeting and its cbjecta was a high and hrnorablerne. The Chairman is a son of one ol the worth est ol the Kavolutionary patriots?the com pan.on, friend, ..dviser, end brothei-in arms o! M a-hington. James Monroe, the nominee of the met ting lor Mayor, is ,?lso liuealiy di scended from the bestblm d of the Revolution?of the stock of the iI.u-trious I'iciident?one of ihe noblest tons of the never to be sufficiently honored Old Dominion The choice of James Monroe as the Mayoralty candidate, would do honor to any parly. He is a good citizen, a t;ue patriot, hat s* rved his country in the field, ar.d in various l<gi?l,tive councils; anc haaevi r been ready to sacrifice hi* private comfort for the good of the great mass of his fellow citize r. UnJer these circumstances, we trust, and hope,ant lull)* believe, that Mr- Monroe will s'and at tin commg contest. He owes it 10 himself to do thi ?lie owes it to the moderate and sensible men t all parties who are tired of taction, but wh ore their country, and who desire to see an independent and able man like himself nomina ted. If he stands, both factions will be broker down ; if lis stands, we shall then have the nueleu of a great moral, civil, and political revolution, tba will.bring about a union of all thoss who love then country more than they fear the clamor of party? and who desire, as a preliminary step to a speedy revival of confidence, credit, and business, through out the Union, that for a year or two at least w> should have repose from party political strile auc warfare. We understind that this meeting is to be followei: up by a great inses meeting in the Park on Monday alternoon next. Let all who love independence sustain it. Latest from Connecticut.?All but two town: heard from. Cleaveland's, democratic, maj >rit> ever all is 54. Returns from the two towns may de feat him, however. In one year the whig candidate has lost 8,850 votes. Two abolitionists are elected to the State Legist ture. Knocked in the Head ?The New York and Erie Railroad bill in ihe Legislature. Going Ahead.?The New York and Albany Railroad l?" Vrr ?Th* Nut Vnek School Rill. The Phit adelfhia United States Gazeite ? This' journal of yrst rday, copied a considerable portion of the foreign news, brought by the Montreal, end abo the first news of the re lease of llogan from a slip sent from the Herald office, without giving usthe usual credit. If the United States (la zette does not correct this, and avoid such errors in future, we shall cut it from our exchange list. A phobt.em rot the Home*LeaovcasA cor respondent asks Professor Mapes and the Homeleaguers to solve the following problem, viz: If a " horizontal" tariff will produce a revenue of $20,000,01)0, how much revenue will a " perpendicular" tariff produce 1 Money Recovered ?The six thousand dollars stolen from the St. Mary's Bank. The theif was Anion Aschoot, a young German, late of this city Naval ?The sloop of war Vandalia, Commander Ramsay, is ready for sea and will shortly sail for the Ui.ast 01 Airica. Thefrigate Constitution, at Norfolk, is fitting for sea with despatch. March Westward?The Agent of the Cherokee nation of Indians has removed some s^ven hundred traders and others from the Cherokee country. City Intelligence. The Chanter Nominations, for Aldermen and Assistants, are not yet complete in the several Wards. We shall present a full list on Monday morning. Another Victim to Intemperance.?A woman named Isabella Lynch, nged about 60 years, was found dead in her bed on Thursday night, wnere she had previously rrtircd in a state of intoxication. Another "Fence" Arrested?A man named John Searley was committed yesterday lor receiving stolen goods. If the police will only turn their attention towards these sources of crime they will ?fleet far more reform in society than in the arrest of hundreds of petty thieves. Who's Lost the Tea Spoons?A woman named Budget Farley, was arrested yesterday with two silver tea. spoons in her possession, one of which was marked J. W. the other C. W. K. Musical, che. The Messrs. Bbahams have given two concerts in town, both well attended. They are now to tnake a short musical excursion around the neighborhood of New York, before they leave us for the Weal or Canada. On Monday next, they will sing by invitation (a fourth time) at Newark?on Tuesday at Elizabethtown?on Wednesday at Patereon? on Thursday at Brooklyn, by invitation of the Mayor?and th'-n return to town to sing at the Society Library Rooms, on Friday next. At this last coucert, Mr. Braham will sing Barry Cornwall's singular poem, " Napolean's midnight review," the music by Neukoman, and also the famous duett (with his son) "Rest weary Traveller," from the " Devil's Bridge." The musical excursion round the neighborhood, is u novel idea, and will no doubt be highly gratifying to the inhabitants where he visits. It will save them the trouble of coming to New York. Signor DeBeonis publishes tn-day, a second edition of his celebrated musical brochure called the " Carcanct," beautifully bound and improved. Musical professors .and amateurs express the highest opinion of this work. The Signor, in company with Martini, is now in Philadelphia, to give a concert there.Signor Kcusowski, a celebrated Polish pianist, visits Boston, probably to give concerts in conjunc tiou with Mr. lveyser, an eminent performer on the violin. The style of Kousowski on the piano forte is full of delicacy, passion and elegance. There is a great deal of false and meretricious taste abroad in the execution of music on this instrument, but a revolution is approaching. Chatham Theatre.?Scott played Coriolanus last niuht to a large audience in hia btst t>tyle. Tonight, a magnificent bill is presented. Mr. \V. Wood maliea hia first appearance unce his return from the south. Jim Crow ltice appears in two ol his most popular characters, to which will be added Sjott, as lien the lioatswnin- The whole exhibiting a galaxy of talent to which the theatre going public are noi otten treated. IlnnUrupt L.?st. SOUTHERN DISTRICT OK NEW YORK. Horatio Hill, clerk, New York, to be declared bank rupt May 1 Philip Ostrander, carriage maker. Poughkeepsie, . John A Drom, ca r ago maker, do. Richard Duttarf, auctioneer, Brooklyn, i Henry T Bulkley.cleik, New Yoik, 1 Seward Wyman, do. Cotirt Calendar thla Day, i Srpimoa Coi-rt ?No?. U, 17, 18, 19, 23, 36, 38 3 , 6, 2 , 41, 42, 43, 47 , 49, 60 52, 149, 150 , 53 to 68. ' V. S. District Court. Before Judge B. tti. Several petition* paued to decree. After argument and affidavit* from Mr. Nash, th Court ordered the motion relative to the $64 in tnonej claimed to be retained by a petitioner, to be carried bi 1 fore the Circuit Court. The czse of Carlo* P. Houghto i iva* remanded to a commissioner after argument froi I M?ssr*. Sayre and Joachimson. H. had assigned to hi father, who bought np hi* notes to the amount ol $16(1 ' for g 100? j et the whole gleet) are placed in the schedul a*being due. The Court stated that iffhey were bong! up with plaintiff* money, and he was aware of th transaction, the whole amount being placed in th schedule would constitute fraud, aud bar a decree. I answer to Mr. Kessenden it w a* slated that notice give ) to an authorized agent of n foreign creditor was till r quirtd by the law. It also stated that some mn.ippn hcnsi in had taken place on the adoption of the 73d nil ' in Bankruptcy. and It had been superseded by the "6.1 The Court heard further argument on the part uf M L Moore, and other*, after which it ai'jjurned. The petition of Harvey M'Cune was opposed. I _____ United State* Circuit Cotirt. Before Judges Thoropaon and Bc'.t*. I A rnti, 8 ?John A Morr. II an I Wni M. P. ice appeart in the case of Samuel A Suydam, charged with an a sanlt at Niblo'a some time since, on the person of Emel lo Alvear, Secretary ol Legitien from the Argentir I Republic. They movrd for a postponement of the trl* owing to the absence of S tlinda Stewart, now in Pari and ot Henry St. Kytinge, who is at the South, ar whose testimony ii important to the trill 8in??-the la term of the Court, the former wltnei* had returned fro Pari* to New York, but learning that she woul t be r quired as a witness, immediately reembarked, an started again for K ranee. The Court, after he* ing argument, ordered tho trial to be postpone wiih the full understanding that it must positively con I on next term. OncofMr. Suydim's bsil declined bein further re'pomible, and he was required to suhatitic ' other or !>o committed. By consent of defeniunt, th testimony of Signor Alv. ar is to be taken dr ktnr rstt. The Grand Jury c ame into Court stating that they hs dismissed the charges against four person* accused of a tempting to make a revolt?after winch it wa? dismiiat for the term. Pprclnl 4r*>loii?. Before Judge Noah and Aldermen B nun and Woo I hull. druiJ.-Wm Wilson, lor stealing a small sum money from Dennis Sul!ivan, w as sent up fnr?ix month Wm. Ellis,fur stealing a bout from Henry Newell, wi I sent to the House of R fnge for straling a watch fro Msry Hsrriman, fonr months; Edward Dwyer, for a as-iult and battery on Thomas Ami h, 10 days ; Job h 1 odd, charged w ith stealirig a wa'ch from John R. S*-d| ,f lev. was acquitted through the a:.l of Counsellor Tr hune ; Ann Carnsr, for stealing calico, vis sent up fi o si* months. . Iloute LMTCHtioa-irottrill anU Un Bay?Poll tic i?Clay Men Triumphant? Al I uiMt a How. i As the Home League Convention came near iu f close, it became "hue by degrees," and ridiculously r less. There were lent then 100 present yesterday. Mr. Ghinnell, of Mass , reported on Commerce. He said that foreign tonnage engaged in American trade had vastly increased i.t ten years last past, and tt is still increasing. The price oi ship building luI bor is only one fourth what it is here. This has the etlect of reducing Anerican tonnage and in I creasing foreign toutiaga engaged in international trade. The Committee want a proper ' 13 nding and Warehousing system adopted by Government?this was rendered necessary by the prin, ciple of cash du'i-s. Under such a system foreign i goods would be allowed to remain in bondage for a year, pay duty and interest at the importer's plea* . sure, or obtain a drawback if exported. The system t f reciprocity in our navigation policy injures this . country and ought to be abandoned. Mr. IIaven wanted the Uonding and Warehousing system, to be limited to goods imported by our own people Oil ^XIIICI ILO" Report re-committed. Mr. Wood reported on buttons and pins. In the UniteiiStdtes there are six manufactories of buttons Capital emplojed $1,400,000 lVisons employed "-7500 Value manufacture* annually $1,500,000 Persons dependent on them 10,000 The duly of 30 per cent on those things proposed by the new tarilTbill, will protect the cheapest art.cle. The Report wanted the adoption of a minimum, by which all buttons that cost less than $1 a gross should be set down as having cost that sum Pin manufactories in United State* 2 Persons employed 100 Annual product $100,000 Materials and labor here are much dearer; and a specific duty must be laid on to protect pins. Accepted Mr. McMurray reported on combs and brushes Comb* made in the United States $1 700,000 Brushes 1,750,000 Persons employed 5,000 Men per day $1 Females 75 cts. Labor per day in Europe 20 cts Hands employed in mailing bellows 200 Capital employed $100,000 Gen. Tai.i.madge said that our people have to enntend aualnst the rivalry ol EuroDean labor at fif. teen cents a day, and of the enormous quantity of machinery, steam engines, Jcc. Report accepted. Ur Fisher reported on philosophical instruments. We had never considered the great importance of these instruments; they are actually necessaries of lite, besides aiding navigation, &-c. Almost all these astronomical and philosophicil instruments were imported; they can be made here as good and cheaper, and ought to be. The Report asked for 30 per cent duty on gold and,silver instruments and :i."> on all other. None should be free. Report accepted. Mr. G. C. Da vis,from the committee on boots and shoes, reported that there must be a duty of twenty percent on bouts and shoes imported, or our manufactures can't be supported without reducing the price ol labor twenty-five per cent. We import vast quantiiies of boots and shoes, and large orders hare gone out to Germany for more The report asked for a speeifia duty of #1 50 on boots and bootees, and 50 cenis duty on all foreign shoes, and 30 per cent on leather, or we shall all be destroyed Mi. Denny reported in part on agriculture. A proper protective system is necessary for the farmers Mr. Jefferson in 1816, said that the farmer and manufacturer ought to be alike protected Our agricultural exports were insignificant. ThreefoMrths of all the (lour sent to Earope in the last ten years, was sent ?t a lots. We don't export so much breadstuff's now as we did fifty years ago.? From 1790 to 1800 we exported 300,000 barrels of beef. In the la3t ten years we exported only 400,000 barrels. Exportsof pork have inercascd-the aggregate exports of btef and pork is less than it was fifty years ago, and this at a loss. There the foreign market lor our agrieul.ural produce is a poor one; and must be replaced by an ample home market Report recommitted. Mr. Ripliy said even the repeal of the British Corn Laws would afford no brut fit to our farmers. It costs too much to transport our produce to England. Besides, Great Britain has only iin ported 2,IK)#,000 bushela a year during the last four ycHisof short crops; and 1,200 ( 00 for six years before. Flour could be got cheaper from Poland, Germany, Genoa, and other place* than from America Some one said that Mr. Ames had cast a brass cannon for government?it was better than British, and 15 per cent cheaper.? (Cheers.) Mr Norton said, that our agricultural trade with England for ten years had injured us. If Eng land had been in the moon, and we could not have got there, we'd been better oil'.?(cheers)?better off if we'd never sent any agricultural products abroad. America? grain always gets te England a little too late. Mr. Shaw, of Massachusetts, said that Massachusetts engaged as the was almost entirely, in manufactures, consumes far more American flour every year than Great Britain ever did. Mr Shepterd, of Massachusetts, reported on cotton. He asked for duty of six cents per square yard on colored cottons, and 7J on colored or printed goods The duty is necessary to make the business steady. We can make cottons as cheap and ss good here as they ean in any part of the world, lie gave the following statistics:? I 'nilir Mnnufnctvies. inautifacturrd Prrsont. Cnj'ital. Maite, 6 $ 97(1,397 1.414 $1,398 000 New Hampshire, 58 4.142 304 6 991 S 52320U Massachusetts, 278 16,553 423 20 928 17.414.099 tthnde Island, 209 7 116.792 12.0 6 7 326,000 , Connecticut, 116 2,715,964 S.153 3,152,000 Vermont, 7 113,ooo 262 ih.ioo 674 $31,611,850 46 834 $341,981,399 New Yo k, ) , New Jersey, 5 266 10,739,343 15 337 9 948,982 Penusylvaais. J r Dt law ..re, 2 , Maryland, > 7# 2,367,8.5 5,985 3,9:9 220 1 Vi gi ia, S , South Carolina) 1 (itorgia, i Musi'T'ei, ( 1,1 *1,027,252 3,077 $1,719 520 Louisiana, 1 Tennessee, J Wil'era States, 80 601,158 996 574.239 To'at in the U. 8. 1240 $46,330,463 72.119 $51 902 359 Sr indies la the United State*. 2 28 1 831 DyeiaR *nJ grin iug tsUblijhmtals, 121?M of them in eastern States. Units* cotton was protected all the evils would fall on those who produced the 3(H),000 bain of cot,on. We now annually exported $3,00 >,000 of manufactured goods Without protection we should not export a dollar'* wor h. Report accepted. 4 Mr- Arnold of New Bedford reported on the Whale Fishery. He guve the following statistics : ? Tonnage of whale ships, 19.1000 tons Whale ships, 660 e Men employed 16 UOO r, Kxpense of outfit for cnch voyage over,... $10,900,000 s- Value of ships over 20,000.000 n Annual products of the whale fishery, $7,329 047 n Taid to the whalemen, $-2 773 000 is Paid to Farmers and agriculturists, for pro10 duce in outfit $2.30-1,000 e Paid to builders ai;d laborers, $4..">00,UOO Mr. Ahnold also repoited on salt; he was for a duty spec ific often c-nts a bushtl on Foreign Salt. ? A report on Cod Fish was aot allowed to be u read. r. Mr. Bacok presented a report on tlie currency, e- He said tne currency' was closely connected with If protection. He said the south an i southwest suf11 lered much morcth m the noith for want of a pro. r- per protective tariff. Mr. Tsr?DWEi.t reported on th- character of gold and stiver t.nd their value. He said every plan of currency which made the prtcious metals cheaper, tended tc injure d< mestic manufactures, >d and improve for> i_>n. s- Col. Clack, from the Ilat and Bonnet Cowmitio tee reported tliat we wanted a duty of .92,00 on lp ? very Leghorn I at imported. $1,60 < ? straw hats; 91,00 on every palmetto hat, one cent a yard *j on straw braid; 60 c-nta on every straw basket, st and 5 cents a yard on straw matting; and tlut sraw rn and manilla grass should be free of duty. p. A report fr. m the Clothing Committee asked a id duty of 40 p.T cent on ready-m.tde clothing Not r read. <1. A report on glass and earthenware was not read; ,e but re committed. * j* Mr .1.8 Vai* Rrx.-sn.AKR, of Albany, said that |p they wc;e getting on too fast. He wanted all the reports read He wanted every thing well di id gested. t The President said the country was depressed ; I tim- was valuable; ll()0 delegates were appointed to attend this convention; only a li.tle more than 3:0 had attended, however. He wa? afraid that d- tho Convention couldn't be kept together another day 01 Mr Haven offered a resolution (said to have been written and corrected by Mr Shaw, of Mas sachusetts, a strong Clay man) which warmly ap proved of the Distribution of the Public /.and* to flir Slnte* ; and recommended a proposition thai ' 100.000,000 of acres of public lands be funded for the benefit of the States, and that a national stock be issued upon this of $126,000,000 at three per cent, and this would relieve the States. Mr. Hoeace Ubeelet looked on this u a firebrand thrown into the Convention, political in it* bearing, and would do away ali the good, that had been done by the Contention. He mured to lay it on the table. Mr. Shaw aaid he hoped they would meet this subject manfully, and show their hand.*, and rote on the re^lulion or against it, and not lay it on the table. Mr. Gkeei.ev said it would tnke a week to debate thissubj. ct- It had better be dropped. Here there Mas considerable exc.tcment among the Clay men. One man said that it had taken six mouths in Congress. Mr. Theadivcll, almost the only loeofoeo presets, was opposed to an approval of the distribution of the public lands. Here the Clay men became pretty much excited. Several wanted to speak at oaee. The Chairman said that debate win out of order. Mr. Shaw's resolution on the public lands, was laid on the tabla. And then out of spite to Mr Treadwell, the locofoco, for interfering about ihe public land*, the Clay men who wer?- nine-tenth* of the|wbole, reconsidered hie report about gold and silver, and laid it on the table. Mr. TrREADWEi-r. than began to read some locofoco resolutions about ihe currency. The Clay men wouldn't hear?and put him dowu. By the rote it appeared that he was the only locofoco present. A resolution wa* passed to hold Mais Home League* all orer Ihe country. General Goodwin moved that a Great Home Industry National Convention be held here next November. Thank* were given to the chairman and officers. Gen. Tali-Madge made a happy speech, and said they had done more work in four day*, than Cong*e.-*had done is four months A general committee is to be formed of one or more from each of the other committee* to go ?o Washington, talk to Congress, and turround the capital with ram'* horn* or not a* t .ey thought properThe Convention then adjourned. General Sessions. Before Hi* Honor the Recorder, Judges Noah and Lynch and Aid. Benson and Woodhull. Fhidat, April 9.?Wm Snw.ru, E9q, as acting District Attorney. At the opening of ths Court, the two watchmen, Johu Kennedy and John Sinclair, who pleaded guilty of burglary and robbery, were sentenced to two year* and six months each in the S'.ate Prison. Patrick McMahon was tried for gravd larceny, in stealing $21 in bank notes from Thomas Pluokett. He was defended by Peter B. Manchester, Esq. but was convicted, and sentenced to two years imprisonment. Jane Kelly pleaded guilty to grand larceny, in stealing $97 in gold and silver from John King, and was sentenced to two years. Catheriuo Huff was tried for petit larceny, and the jury could not agree, when the District Attorney entertd a nolle prosequi, and she was discharged. Henry Kearney was then put into the box, on a trial for Mayhem, in biting oir the end of the nose of Wm. Hasty ,on the 15th of March. He was defended by Peter B. Manchester, Esq. who so managed the case that although the proof was positive, and the end of the nose proJticed in oiieu Court, preset ved in a phial of spirit*, yet the jury did not agree, and they were discharged. The Court then adjourned to Monday. Court of Common Plras, Before Judge Inglii. Atbil 8.?F.li\hi Tallmadge va. John M Lnwerrr.? Crim. Con?This case was concluded en Thursday night. The detendant totally failed in showing any appearance ef conspiracy on the part of the husband and wife?while, ou the contrary, the testimony brought up by defendant in xupport ef liis regular habits as to being in early at night was disproved?as was also the im peachment of credibility in regard to witnesses for plaintiff on the first day. It appeared that Lowerre took plainiitr* furniture, including clothing contained in the drawers of two bureaus,(which were locked.) to hie store in P<.ek slip?that Mrs. Tallmadge called lrequently to get her own and children's clothing?that she and .1 ..f., V.I.... ,1; ........1 .In., in or n i It v inter course?that he was locked up with Mrs T. one night in her bed room in Grand itreet?they met one evening at the house of one of hii tenant* in Clinton street, when "hegave her the wink" and they went olf together? were seen in company one evening by a witness who also knew of their being together for half or three quarters of an hour in the garret of plain tiffs house, a day or two before the furniture was seized. In addition, Mrs. Tallmodge made excuse as to no! joining her husband,or going to-housekeeping again afterthey had beeu broken up, and they have remained separate and estranged ever since. In December last Mrs. Tallmadge was confined, her child confessedly belonging to defendant, and she was compelled by her landlady to leave the house the moment ahecould do so,their children having been previously sent to their father's store. The husband, in consequence of the loss of his furniture, the breaking up of his family, and the conduct of his wife, became partially deranged and had to be watched to prevent him laying violent hands on himself. After the case had been ably summed up by Mr. Holmes for defendant, (who was assisted by Mr. Pirsson,) and Mr. Nagtefor plaintiff, the court delivered a clear and impressive chargeto the jury, who then retired for consultation. About 1 o'clock (night) they returned with a verdict in favor of plaintiff for $5,000 damages and 0 cents costs. QO- THE NEW WORLD FOR SATURDAY. APRIL 9. will contain the continuation of the Miser's Daugther, a new and entertaining work, by Aiasworthy the Fight 01 Ibc * miters, conunucu, uyr oamea, iuc u?< ?? , imiiujr Andy, Lover's laughable romance, two new chapters; Espartero, Regent of Spain, his political career, in n deeply interesting and instructive letter from E. J. Grind, Esq ; Mer de Glace, a vivid description of this great natural phenomenon?an original translation from Ale*. Dumas. Zanoni.by Bulwcr,several additional chapters. Mercollices, No. 1. Mackay's History ol the Witch Mania, continued. Marie Coutet, from Dumas, Literary and Musical Criticisms. Fortign and Domestic, News, be., be. Terms, only f 3 a year; 6} cents single copy. Gentlemen from the country, who wish to subscribe, are requested to call at the otlice, 30 Ana street. Every Youth's Gazette for next Saturday, will contain the> beginning of a deeply interesting and instructive 1 York, just received from England, written especially for youth, by Rev J.Young. Also, many other interesting articles,for the young. Oific< 30 Ann street, where subscriptions are received, and single copies are for sale. Zstsom.?A fourth edition of this popular novel w ill be printed this day, ol 5000 copies. Copies can be had at the otlice, and orders (torn the country supplied at nine dol lars p r hundred, or ten copies for one dollar. Addn ss J WINCHESTER, 30 Anu street. Qtj- SUNDAY MERCURY?This roost original and handsome sheet will present its readers w ith a rich vanity of reading for to-morrow. City Charact ra No V. Hon. Theodore Krelingbysen. L. L. D. The Bustle, a humorous pntm. L'fe in London. Machine Poetry, Rhyme without Reason, by S|>oou*. Second and last fancy Ball of the New York Variety Assembly. The two Loafing Philosophf rs. Crim Con. Here's Ago. I.aJle and Lord Ashburton. an important article concerning the welfare of the country and other things of great m ment. The new comady of the Heiress,at the Park, and various other theatrical matters. All the theatrical criticisms of this paper are written without fear, favor or affection. Dow Jr will discourse on Marriage, an ;iateresting. pleasing or nainful theme, just as it may be. Anniversary of the Columbian Ptithologian Society, a tremendous criiicism. Dull pated, a lively article. Celibacy and, a variety of other articler, humorous, pungent, witty or otherwise, ami *he latest local and other i ews. Otlice 13 Beekman street. Price 3 cents, $1 for tight months. (K7- CHATHAM THEATRE?Mr. Wood, who is acknowledgtdto be the best male pantomimist we have ever had in this country, having been engaged at this establishment for a limited period, rnakea his first appearance this evening as Cato in his celebrated drama of the Koulah Slave, aided by Stevens as Jean Thillippe, C. Mestayer as S mple, Mis. Thoine as Orah,and the prettyMiss Mestayer as Emily. The abovu attractions of themselves, are sulHr.ient to draw an overllowing house; Mr. Rice appears as S imho, in the fare of the Black Hercules and Bone Squash in the operetta of that name. 0f7-rEALF.'8,MUSEUM.?The weather beina so very ur.pi opitious, many were prevented from attendirg ou the occasion of Mr Mai rington's hem lit, and themanager has consequently, in the hands ,mest manner proffered'o that gentleman the proceids also of this alternoon's exhibition. S- veral have volunteeied their services, and as this is positively the last appearance of this renowned venttiloquist and msgician. weconfidontly anticipate for him a crowded and gratified audience. An entirely new and magnificent performance will be presented for the cveninfr ntortainmpnt. CH7- HOLIDAY AT THE AMERICAN MUSEUM. ?There will be a splendid performance thia afternoon at the American Museum, for the accommodation of familira, schoals, and otheis. Tllia day and evening i? posilively the last of the ever comical Wincheil I.a Petite Ct-aite and Mrs. Pensen will delight the audience with their popular songs and dances. The little Giprey Girl will astonish all her hearers with her apparent superhuman j>owers. No place of amusement in the city is so fully and fashionably attended as this. C<7* LAST NIGHT OE THE CIRCUS?Rackwell an I Turner positively give their last performance in this city, for the season this evening. The proceeds of th? evening are appointed for the benefit of that funniest of all clowns, jolly John Gossin. The entertainments are, as usual, by this company, of the first order. The troupe, prohatdy the largest In the w orld, cannot he equalled either lor diversity of perfotm ra, talent, or unexceptionable deportment. The managers are both practical men; reared from infancy in their business, prompt and honorable in their dealings with every one. and fully entitled to the overwhelming p polarity which they enjoy. We cheerful:)- endorse the company of Koch well and Turner, as the very best that ever set out from this city. oTJ- TO THE AlEDIt.AL FACULTY OE NEW YOKK, Ac. ?Mrs.} Jam's He'ts, of I'nilar.plphia, begs leave to announce her intention of visiting New York, on Thursday next, the l Jth of April, instant, at the Astor House. Mrs. B. respectfully refeta medical gentlemen to the Nrw York I,inert of April 3. and to the Phil adelphia Medical Examiner of March Ifith, for interesting infoimation respecting her supporters. Her instruments have met with the most decided success, in'the practice of many of the most <*wiiient prac tltioners ot Philadelphia, New Yotk and other cities of the Uaited States. Mrs Betts in'cnds to visit Boston as early as possible. Her charge for patients she may be honored with will hp, including instrument, $10. Her other arrangements w ill render her stay in NewYork necessarily short. She will leave New Yoik on Saturday next. Third and Tammany atreets, Philadelphia. April 7tb, 1943.' POSTSCRIPT. 1 QCJ- For our utual Southern Correspondence, $*., 1 by this morning'* Mail, w fourth page. * Ol/- HON. B. B. BF.ARDSLEY says Sherman's Worm Lozenges saved the tile of hit [only child, when hii physician nave him up. Sherman's Cough, Worm and Camphor Lozenges are really valuable articles, and all will agree with us, w ho have given them a trial Wo were among the firs' to call our readeis' attention to these pleasant aad efficacious compounds, and wur opinion is unchanged,-fier repeated trials oftheir virtues. j Dr. Sherman's otiice is at 104 Nassau street. Agents, i State street, Boston, and 3 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia. QtJ- CLIREHUOH'S WIOS AND SCALPS still ' staud pre-eminent above all others. Their peculiar light gossamer and ventilating character, their being shaped exactly as the natural hair grows. Their elasticity , their superior matt rial and workminship, as w'eH 1 as their s'yle cf finish and arrangi meut, all combine to form such perfect heads ofjhair, and are unequalled in this country. . | The first introduction of the Ventilating and Qossamer Wigs and Scalps into this country, as well as all the substqueut imptovtmenls, were matured and perfected by the talent and genius of C lirehugh, and for three eonsecutive yeat s was honored with the first premium from the American Institute. Ge.ntleroen can have a choice of several hundred Wigs and Scalps?can befitted in a moment, and at prices according to the times, by calling on ClireliHgh, -J07 Broadway, corner of Fulton ?t., up j s airs. 0(7-THE PEOPLE ARE BECOMING AWAKE TO , thedirect and1 individual interest they have in the preservation of their health, and Ike prevention of the diseases incidental ta our elimate. They will no longer -I be gulled by theshallow advertisements of mountebanks, | nor win mey any looser swallow nauseous compounds of villainous drugs under the name of Sugar Candy.? Hence the rising popularity ol Howe's Hygene Hore- M hound Candy, which is pleasant to the eye as well a< to , the taste, and in which nothing is compounded, but what is innocent and useful. Apply at 432 Broadway, corner of Howard street. (ft?" WE would rather use au article, though we did not know what it was, if we did know that it would cure a painful malady, than one we knew the component parts of, and did not know it would do us any good. Now this is tkc case with rheumatism. We do know that the Indian Vegetable Elixir and HeweVa Neive and Bone Liniment will cure the rheumatism. We don't know that any physician of our acquaintance would say as much for any remedy he would prescribe. We therefore tell this fact; and if they do not think so, we are quite aure every poor rheumatic sufferer will, at least after he has used a bottle.?Journal of Com nitres. Agents are bonnd to refund in all caaea where it does not cure. 9. Powell &. Co.. StCornhill, only agents for the NewEngland States. Comstock St Co., No 71 Maiden Lane, v New York. A Terrible Curae. Yon nimble lightnings dart.yon blinding flames, Into her scornful eyes inlect her beauty.?Ssusa. Oq- Thus spoke poor old white headed Lear in sorrow. Had a certain thing we know of been then in vogue, he might have had a fine dark head of hair, the world would have smiled on him iustend of frowning.? All persons who hnve bad hair should try Janes's Oil of Coral Cirrat'ia. which from the testimony we have seen, we are sure will make the hair grow, prevent it falling out, c ure scurf c r dandruff, and make light or grey hair, or whiskers grow dark. II is sold at the reasons ble price of 3, 5 or 9 shillidgi a bottle, by Jonea, of the American Eagle, 92 Chatham street. Only try this once, that will convince you. Archimedean Screw. 0(7- NOTICE is hereby given, that the undersigned has been appointed sole agent for the United B'ates of America, of Smith's Patent Archimedean Screw Propeller, and is prepared to contract for licenses to use the j same. Any information on this subject may be had of RUSSELL STITRGIS. Now York, Maroh 1,1842. al lra CMjr Dtijintch Post. 46 William strhrt. Principal Office - Letters deposited- before half paat 8, half past 13, and half past 3 o'clock, will be sent out for delivery at ft, 1 and 4 o'clock. Branch Offices ?Letters deposited before 7, 11 and 3 o'clock, will be sent out for delivery at ft, 1 and 4 o'clock. ALEX. M.GREIO Agent. MONEY MARKET. Friday, April 8?6 P. M. The sales at the stock board to-day evinced no mate, rial change in the. general features of the market. Indiana bonds fell}; Illinois. 6's, J; New York State per cents improved 2 per cent: Delaware and Hudson, Canton, J; Iiarlem, |. We have seen two petitions in circulation from the stockholders of the Mechanics' Banking Association, an institution uader the free law, one addressed to the directors, setting forth the losses of the institution, the causes, remote and immediate, and little probability of a healthy resuscitation of the concern, and recommending an immediate liquidation. The other is addressed to the Vice Chancellor, in case the directors refuse to comply, praying him to interpose and force a settlement. These petitions are already signed by ten per cent of the shares. The prayer should be immediately acted upon. We believe the officers of the bank acknowledge a lost of 30 per cent of the capital, and the business, by their own showing, must now be a losing one. Under the English banking law one stockholder can force the liquidation of an institution by showing that a loss of 35 per cent of the capital has been sustained. This is just, and should be the case here, more especially when seve! ral stockholders are of the same opinion. At Norfolk, Ya., on Saturday last, a public sale of 30 shares el Virginia St ate stock was made at 70. Farmers' Bank at 70. One of tho most ridiculous farces got up by the friends of oppression is that of certain manufacturers, who, no w that the tariff question is agitated, hare just bethought them that they are in distress, and have put their handa upon half time, in order to produce a theatrical t fleet in favor of higk taxes. It is not astonishing that manufacturers should resort to every artifice to obtaiu from Congress a tax in their own favor upon thpir fellow-citizens, nords it astonishing tbat'venal prims can be hired to favor such a movement, but it is astonishing that men, other wile sensible, should gel up at public mectioga, ana, presuming on the utter ignorance of the community, state falsehoods, misrepresent facts, and exhibit a fanci ful array of figures, backed by ribald and obscene jest', and expect by such means to sway the destinies of a great people. In domestic exchanges thern is but little doing, and the rates on same points hare improved slightly. The followi> g is a table of the rates current to-day:? Cuskkxt Kates or Bahe Notes a.vd Domestic Etifl Bank Notti. Exchange. Safety Fund- | a 1} M Security banks- 3 a ? New Kuelind 1 a ?J Boston i U.S. Bank ? a S3 W Pennsylvania lj a 9U Philadelphia paril^B New Jersey {a 6 Mar) l aid 3| a 7 Baltimore par MH Virviuia 8 a 9 Itirhmond I<| a NorUi Carolina- 6 a? Noith Carolina- tj a Georgia 5 a 20 Savannah 2f a B^H Annuls, 2| a B|^B South Carolina 21 a 3 Charleston- lj a Florida 60 a TS Apalachicola 46 a 4tW Alabama 16 a 17 Mobile- 23 a WH Iaiui.-iaim 16 a is New Orleans t'^M Kentucky 10 s 12 Louisville s s -f^B Tenneeeee - a 17 Nashville 20 a 21 ! Mississippi 50 a ao Natohea ? a?' Missouri 9 a St. Lotus 23 a 2/ rB Ohio ? a 19 Cincinnati 6 a >ifl Indiana 12 a ? 12 a ' Illinois 50 a- ? 31 a (> Michigan 35 a? Detroit ? a fc The pressure throughout the Southern sections i-i*LH tinues, and failures continue to occur among the banf^^H The Bank of Columbus has finally gone down. Its ital was f 100,000. The ner. ssary process of purging <>B|^| the insolvent banks is going on rapidly. The progres^M of resumption and curtailm nt in those sections is pro. duciag a great < tTsct. I Some failures of const quence were reported to day, I one of a director in a Safety Fund Bank, indebted, it is I rumored, near (r><) 000, to the institution. A large silk I house, failed late ly.is indebted, it is stated. near (70,000, I for two cargoes of silk to a South street importer. | The downward tendency of business and pried since the eommenceimnt of the corn nt y ear, haa been more rapi 1, and perhaps more disastrous than in '.he year 1937, but creates less clamor, because of the contracted state cfth* Bonks. The ailent progress o( discredit haa been gradually undt rmining the large acrnmulationa of debt, ind destroying the ability to pay elf ell grades of debtors. In many States it h? taken th- rurged ahape of repudiation. which haa accelerated that distrust that has tarried down the banks in its course, prostrated individual credit, and stagnated trade. All business emanating from bank facilities haa been violently broken up, the consiquence has been the forced return of the banks to the specie principle, which has curtailed the means of the inland dealers to meet their city liabilities to w holesale dealers; cut off rwifications from their resources, the latter have failed in their obligations,and those banks only which held the largest proportion of paper, based on actual transactions in all its transactions, have hitherto w ithstood the storm. The following is an approximation to the individual and bsnk failures that have taken place in all the commercial fJlures since the 1st January, 1943. Bank capital Intit liabilities. TotalJin .too. ? Jt f.UVOOO ft >00.009 N?* Ywk, MM ooo jseoiuo 4.950 noo Philadelphia, S 679,000 4 o 0 0-.I0 10 679 100 Bsl iix.ors, ? I,?oo,i oo l 5',o.i oi) Charleston, ? l ooi'.i-oo 1.000 001 tleurai , 3.600 000 I tiuO oon 4 OO.O 0 Mobile, ? 7)0.000 700 000 NewOileans, 14,716,412 4 tino.oiio 29 3IS .U1 WesteruSlstes M.ooojwo 14,000 ooo 45000.'>00 Total, *70 744.313 II,tOO OOO 7^r??6'Sl1

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