7 Kasım 1842 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1

7 Kasım 1842 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
Metin içeriği (otomatik olarak oluşturulmuştur)

gg TH Vol. VIII.?Ho. 303 ? Wholt Ho. 3150. AMEBIC AHf NOTES fob GENERAL CIRCULATION. by {CHARLES DICKENS. pjDTKjj:^ * [Chapman and Hall.] i. Mr. Dickens made himseIf so pleasantly familiar with the publico! ihe British isles, in his monthly meetings with it under the guise of the facetious ana fine-hearted "Box," that his announced departure for the land of Brother Jonathan, and his consequent exposure to all the dangers of the sea, was looked upon as something little short of a national calamity. There was, however, some cons^Iution entertained by his clients in the anticipation that, if ever he came back, it would be with a port-folio replenished 11'ilU diKih air t> tplinu frnm fli*> llf?* nf till) nannla a I lha other side of what is irreverently styled the herringpond as would throw even the Pickwickian fancies into manifest depreciation?into a perfect clear obscure. From Sam Slick's New England, into the heart of Old Kentuck, and thence, with an angle down to Mrs. Trollope's land of promise on the Mississippi, the hunting grounds for the oddest4 criturs" of game for sportsmen of the Yorick vein, would have seemed to extend far away and what shafts like those feathered by the hand of Boz to take down these ferae natur? 1 That they would, moreover, be dished up with the most pungent sauce, and conseqeuntlv devoured with unspeakable relish, was, no doubt, also a dream fondly indulged in. Any such airy fabric must quickly vanish upon the inspection of the two volumes, which this day make tneir appearance in all the bibliopole establishments in the island. EXTRACTS. LANDIXO AT BOSTON. " When I landed in America, I could not help being strongly impressed with the contrast their Custom House presented, aud the attention, politeness, and good humor with which ita officers discharged their duty. "As we did not land at Boston, in consequence of some detention at the wharf, until after dark, I received my first impressions ot the city in walking down to the Custom House on the morning after our arrival, which was Sunday. I am afraid to say, by the way, ho w many offer* of petvs and seats in church for that morning were made to ua, by formal note ot invitation, before we had half finished our first dinner in America, but if I may be allowed to make a moderate guess, without going into nicer calculation, 1 should aay that at least as many sittings were proffered us as would have accommodated a score or two of grown-up families. The number of creeds and forms of religi n to which the plsasure of our company was re quested was in very fair proportion. " Whan I got into the streets upon this Sunday morning, the air was so clear, the houses were so bright and gay ; the signboards were painted in auch gaudy colors ; the gilded letters were so very golden ; the bricks were so very red, the atone was so very white, the blinds and area railings were to very green, the knobs and platea upon the street-doort ao marvellously bright and twinkling, and all so slight and unsubstantial in appearance, that every thoroughfare in the city looked exactly like a scene in a pantomime. It rarely happens in the business streets that a tradesman, if I may venture to call anybody a tradesman, where everybody is a merchant resides above his store ; so that many occupations are often carried on in one house, and the whole Iront it covered with boards and inscriptions. As I walked along I kept glancing up at these boar is. confidently expecting to see a few of them change into something ; and I never tuined a corner suddenly without looking out for the clown and pantaloon, who, I had no doubt, Were h ding in a doorway or behind some pillar close at hand. As to Harlequin and Columbine, I discovered immediately that they lodged fthev are nlwavs lookinir after lodirinirn in a nnntnmimel at a very small clockmakur'a, one itory high, near the hotel ; which, in addition to various symbols and devices, almost covering the whole front, had,a great dial hanging out?to be jumped through, oloourse. " The suburbs are, if possible, even more unsubstantiallooking than the city. The white wooden houses (so white that it makes one wink to look at them), with their preen jalousie blinds, are so sprinkled and dropped about in all directions, without seeming to have any root at all in the ground , and the small churches and chapels are so firim, and bright, and highly varnished, that I almost beieved the whole afTair could be taken up piecemeal like a child's toy, and crammed into a little box. "The city is a beautiful one, and cannot fail, I should Imagine, to impress all strangers very lavorably. The private dwelling houses, are, for the most part, large and elegant, the shops extremely good, and the public buildings handsome. Tne State House is built upon the summit of a hill, which rises gradually at first, and afterw ards by a steep ascent, almost from the water's edge. In front is a green enclosure, called the common. The site is beautiful, and from the top there is a charming panoramic view of the whole town and neighborhood. In addition to a variety oi commodious offices, it contains two handsome chambers ; in one the House of Representatives of the State hold their meetinga; in the other, the Senate. Such proceedings as I saw hero were conducted with nerfect gravity and decorum, and were certainly calculated to inspire attention and respect." AUEBICAlf LAW COURTS AND LAWYERS. " To an Englishman, accustomed to the paraphernalia of Westminster Hall, an American court of law is as odd a sight as, I suppose, an English court of law would be to an American. Except in the Hupreme Court at Washington (where the judges wear a plain black robe,) there is no such thing a* a wig or gown connected with the administration of justice. The gentlemen of the bar, being barristers and attorneys too (for there is no division of those functions as in England,) are no more removed from their clients than attorneys in oar Court for the Relief of Insolvent Debtors are from theirs. The jury are quite at home, and make themselves as comfortable as circumstances will permit.Tbewiiness is eo little elevated above,or put aloof from, the crowd in the court, that a stranger enter, ing during a pause in the proceedings would find it difficult to pick bim out from ihe rest. And it H chanced to be a criminal trial, his eyes, in nine cases out of ten, would wander to the dock in search of the prisoner in vain ; for that gentleman would most likely be lounging among the most distinguished ornaments ot the legal profession, whispering suggestions in his counsel's ear, or making a toothpick out of an old quill with his pen-knife." " I could not but notice these dilierenoet, when I visited the courts at Boston. I was much surprised at first, too, to observe that the counsel who interrogated the witness under examination at the time, did so sitting. But seeing that he was also occupied in writing down the answers, and remembering that ha was alone and had no 4 junior,' I quickly consoled my self with the reflection that law was not quite so expensive an article here, as at home; and that the absence of sundry formaliiies which we regard as indispensable, had doubtless a very favorable influence upon the bill of costs. " In every court, ample and commodious provision is made for the accommodation of the citixens. This is the case all through America. la every public institution, the right of the people to attend, and to have an interost in the procccding>, is most fully and distinctly recognized. Thero tre no grim door-keepers to dole out their tardy civility by the sixpenny-worth ; nor is there, I sincerely believe, any insolence of ofiice of any kimd. Nothing national is exhibited for money ; and 110 public officer is a showman. We have begun ot late years to imitate this Stod example. I hope we ineu continue >o do so; and t in the fulness of time even deans and chapter! may be converted." the ladici of bostox. (what will mrs. tb0ll0ve say ?) " Tr e tone of society in Boston is one of perfect politeness, courtesy, and good breeding, The ladies are unquestionably very b- autilul?in face : but there I am compelled to stop. Their education fa much as with us ; neither better nor worse. I had heard some very marvellous stories in this respect; but not belieTing them, was not disappointed." diisskr at loston. " The usual dinner hour is two o'clock. A dinner party takes place at lire, and at an evening party they seldom sup later than eleven ; so that it goes hard but one gets home, even Irom a rout, by midnight. 1 never could find < out any difference between a party at Boston and a party in London, saving that at the former place all assemblies are held at more rational hours ; that the conversation may possibly be a little louder and more cheerful; that a guest is usually expected to ascend to the very top of the house to takeliis cloak off, that he is certain to see, at every dinner, an unusual amount of poultry on the tabla ; and at every supper, at toast two mighty bowls oi hot stewed oysteis, in any one or which a hall-grown Duke ol Clarence might be smothered eaasly." al* amkbicaiv a a it. boa d. " 1 made acquatntanoe with an Amciioan railroad, on this occasion, lor the flrat time. As these works are protty much alike all through the states, their general characteristic* are easily described. " There are no first and second class carriage* as with u?j but there is a gentlemen's ear and a ladies'oar; the main distinction between which is thai in tha first everybody smokes, and in the second nobody does. As a black man never travels with a white one, there is also a negro car, which is a great blundering clumsy chest, such as (vulliver put to sea in, from the kingdom of Brobdigneg. There is e great deal of Jolting, a great deal of noise, a great deal of wall, not muoh window, a locomotive engine, n shriek, and a bell. "Thecars are like shabby omnibuses, but larger? holding thirty, forty, fifty people. The seats, instead of stretching from end to end, are placed crosswise. Rach s-at holds two persons. There is a long rowol thi-m on rach aid* of the caravan, a narrow passage up the middle, and a door at both ends. In the centre of the carriage there is usually a stove, fed with charcoal or anthracite coal, which is'for the most part red hot. It Is insufferably close, ond you see the hot air fluttering between yourself and any other object you may happen to look al," like the ghost of smoke. "In the ladies'car there ere a great many gentlemen who have la lies with them. There are also a great many ladies who have nobody with them : for any lady may travel alone from one end ol the United States to the other, and be certain of the most courteous and considerate treat. m<i..? ?..<.e.,...Loeo TK? conductor or r.hprk-tnkor. or guar I, or whatever he mif be, weara no unifoim. Ha wtlki tin' and down the car, and in and out of it, a* hie fancy dictatea; leana againat the door with hia hande in hi* pookotaand at area at you, if you chance to bo a atrau E NE NE\ rer | or enter* into oonremtion with the pMwng*ri about him. A great many newspaper* are pulled out, ami a few of them are read. Everybody talk* to you, or to anybody else who hit* hi* fancy. If you are an Englishman, he expect* that that railroad i* pretty much like au English i ailroad. II you aay 'No,, he *ay* ' YesT {interregutively) and aik* in what reapect they ditfer. Vou enumerate the head* oi ditlerence, one by one. and he layi'YeaT (?tnl interrogatively,) to each. Then he guessed that you don't travel faster in England ; and on your replying thot you do, *ay* 'ye*,' (*till interrogatively,) tnd, it i* quite evident, don't believe it. Alter a long pau*e he remark*, partly to you, and partly to the knob on the top of hi* itick, that' Yankee* are reckoned to be considerable of a go ahead people too;' upon which you lay 'Yea,'and then Ae >ay* -Ye*'again (affirmatively thi* time ;) and upon yonr looking out of window tell* you that behind that hill, and some three miles from the next nation, there i* a clever town in a imart lo-cation, where he expect* you have concluded to itop. Your aniwerin the negative naturally lead* to more question* in reference to your intended route (always pronounced rout;) and wherever you are going, you invariably learn that you can't get there without immeme difficulty and danger and that ail thegreat light* are aomewhere else. "If a lady take a fancy to any male passeuger's teat, the gentleman who accompanies her give* him notice of the tact, and he immediately vacates it with great politeness. Politics are much discussed, so are banks, so is cotton. Quiet people avoid the question of the Presidency, for there will be a new election in three year* and a hulf, and party leeling runs very high ; the greal constitution al feature of this institution being, that directly the acrimony of the lust election isover, the aciimony of the next one begins which is an unspeakable comfort to all strong politicians aud truo lovers of their country?that is to say, to ninety-nine men and boys out oljevery ninety-nine and a quarter." SIW VOBK?SAM VELLEB OL4HCE. Warm weather! The sun strikes upon our heads at this open window as though its ravs ware concentrated through a burning glass ; but the d'ay is in its zenith, and the season an unusual one. Was there evur such a sunny street as this Broadway ? The pavement stones are polished with the tread of leet until they shine again ; the red bricks of the bouses might be yet in the dry hot kilns ; and the roofs ol those omnibusses look as though, if water were poured on them, they would hiss and smoke, and smell like half quenched Ares. No stint of omnibuses here! Half a dozen have gone by within as many mi. nutes. Plenty of hackney cabs and coaches too ; gigs, phaetons, large wheeled tilburies, and private carriages? rather of a clumsy make, and not very different from the public vehicles, but built for the heavy roads beyond the city pavement. Negro coachmen and white ; in straw hats, black hats,'white hats, glazed caps, fur caps: in coats of drab, black, brown, green, blue, nankeen, striped jean and liaen ; and there, in that one instance, (look while it passes, or it will be too late,) in suits of livery. Some southern republican that, who puts his blacks in uniform, and swells witli Sultan pomp and power. Yonder, where that pheaton with a well clipped pair of greys has stopped ?standing at their heads now?is a Yorkshire groom, who has not been very long in thtse parts, and looks sorrowfully round for a companion pair of top boota, which he may traverse the city half a year without meeting. Heaven ave the ladies, how they dress ! We have aeen more colors in tbeae ten minutes than we should have seen elsewhere in as many days. What various parasols! what rainbow silks and satins ! what pinking of thin stockings, and pinching of thin shoes, sud fluttering ol ribands and silk tassels, and display of rich cloaks with gaudy hoods and linings ! The young gentlemen are fond, you see, of turning down their shirt collars, and cultivating tbeir whiskers, especially under the chin ; but they cannot ap proach the ladies in their dress or bearing, being, to say the truth, humanitv of quite another sort. "Byrons of the desk tod counter pass on, and let us see what kind of men those are behind ye; those two laborers in holiday clothes, of whom one carries is hia hand a crumpled scrap of paper from which he tries to spell out a hard name, while the other looks aboat for it on all the doors and windows " HICW TOBK AT WIGHT. "But how quiet the streets are? Are there ne itinerant bands; no wind or stringed instruments? No, not one By day, are there no Punches, fantoccinis. dancing-dogs, jugglers, conjurors, orchestrinas, or even barrel-organs? No, notone. Yes, I remember one. One barrel-organ and a dancing-monkey?sportive by nature, but fast fading into a dull, lumpish monkey, of the utilitarian school Be yond that, nothing lively, no, not so mueh as a white mouse in a twirling cage. THE PRESIDENT OF THE BEFUBLIC. "The President's mansion is more like an English clubhouse, both within and without, than any other kiud of establishment with which I can compare it. The ornamental ground about it has been laid out in garden walks; they are pretty, and agreeable to the eye; though they have that uncomfortable air ol having been made yesterday which is far from favorable to the display of such beauties. "My first visit to this house was on the morning after my arrival, when I was carried thither by an official gentleman, who was so kind as to charge himself with my presentation to the President. "We entered a large hall, and having twice or thrice rungabell which nobody answered, walked without further ceremony through the rooms on the ground-floor, as divers other gentlemen (mostly with their hats on,and their hands in their pockets! were doing very leisurely. Some of these had ladies with them.to whom they were showing the premises; others were lounging on the chairs and sofas; others, in a perfect state oi exhaustion irom listlessness, were yawning drearily. " The greater portion of this assemblage were rather asserting their supremacy than doing anything else, as they had no particular business there, that anybody knew of. A few were closely eyeing the moveables, as if to make quite sure that the President, (who was far from popular) had not made away with any 01 the furniture, or sold the fixtures for his private benefit. " Alter glancing at theae loungers ; who were scattered over a pretty drawing-room, opening upon a terrace which commanded a beautiful prospect of the river and the adjacent country; and who were sauntering, loo, about a larger state-room called the Eastern Drawing-room; we went up-staira into another chamber, where were certain visitors, waiting for audiences. At sight of my conductor, a blaok in plain clothe* and yellow slippers who was gliding noiselessly about, an 1 whispering messages in the ears of the more impatient, made a sign of recognition, and glided off to announce him. " We had previously looked into another chamber fitted sdl round with a great bare wooden desk or counter, whereoa lay files of newspapers, to which sundry gentlemen were reterring. But there were no such means of beguiling the time in this apartment, which was as unpromising and tiresome as any waiting room in one t f our public establishments, or any physician's dining-room during his hours of consultation at home. " There were some fifteen or twenty persons in the room. One, a tall, wiry, muscular old man from the west; sunburnt and swarthy; with a brown-white hat on hia knees, and a giant umbrella resting between hia legs; who sat bolt upright In his chair, frowning steadily at the carnet. and twitching the hard lines shout h? nmiik ? ir he had mad* up hi* mind' to fix' the Preiident on what he had to My, and wouldn't bate him a grain. Another, a Kentucky farmer, six-feet-six in height, with hi? hat on. and hie handa under hi( coat-tails, who leaned againtt the wall and kicked the floor with hia heel, aa though he had Time'a head under hia ahoe, and were literally ' killing' him. A third, an oval-faced, bilious-looking man, with sleek black hair cropped cloae, and whiakera and beard shaved down to blue dots, who sucked the head of a thick stick, and from time to time took it out of his month, to see how it was getting on. A fourth did nothing but whistle. A fifth did nothing but spit And indeed, all these gentlemen were so very persevering and energetic in this latter particular, andbeatowtd their favors so abundantly upon the carpet, that 1 take it for granted the presidential housemaids have high wages, or to speak more genteelly, an ample amount or ' compensation,' which is the American word for salary, intha case of all public servants. " Wa had not waited in this room many minutes before the blsck messenger returned and conducted us into another of smaller dimensions, where, at a business-lika table covered with paper*, sat the President himself. He looked somewhat worn and anxious, and well he might, being at war with every body; but the expression ol his face was mild and pleasant, and his manner was remarkably unaffected, gentlemanly, and agreeable. I thought that in his whole carriage and demeanor he became his station singularly well " Being advised that the sensible etiquette of the republican court admitted of a traveller, like myself, declining, without any impropriety, an invitation to dinner, which did not reach me until I had concluded my arrangements for leaving Washington some daya before that to which it referred, I only returned to tbis bouse once It was on the occasion or one of those general assemblies which are held on certain nights between the hours of nine and twelve o'clock, and re called, rather oddly, levee*. " 1 went, with my wile, at about ten. There waa a pretty d nse crowd ol carriages and people in the court-yard, and, to far at I could make out, there wert no very clear regulations for taking up or setting down oi company. There were certainly no policemen to soothe startled horse*, either by sawing at their bridles or fiou ithing truncheons in their ey. s ; and I rnn ready to make oath that no inoffensive peisons wera knocked violently on the head, or poked acutely in their backs or stomachs, or brought to s stand-still by any such gentle means, and then taken intoj custody for not moving on. But there was no confusion or disorder. Our carriage reached the porch In it* turn, wlthont any blustering, swearing, shouting, backing, or other disturbance; and we dismounted with a* much ease and comfort as though we had bean escorted by the whole metropolitan force from A to 7. inclusive. up, and a military band wai playing in ktho .hall, lu the mailerdrawing-room, the centre or a circle ot company, were the Preaklent and hie dawghter-in-law, who acted at the lady of the mention , and a rery intereating, graceful, and aocompliihed lady, too. Oae gentleman who itood among thia group appeared to take upon himaelt the function! of a maater of the cercmoniea laaw no other otlicera or attendant!, and nona were needed. "The great drawing-room, which I have already mentioned, and the other raamhern on the ground-floor, were crowded to eaceia. The company war not, in our aen?o of the term, aelect. for it eomprehended poiaona of very many gra.lra and claaaea; nor w aa there any greatdiaplgy of cmtly attire ; indeed aeme of the roatuaneg may hare been, for aught 1 know, grot?aque enough. But thadeci,-' rum and propriety of behaviour which prevailed were unbroken by any rude or (IliagreeaMe inci.hnt; and evarv man,even among the miacelmneona crowd in the hall who were admitted without any ordera or ticketa, to look on, appeared to feel thathewaa a part of theiaatitution.andwaa responsible for ila preaerving a becoming character, and appearing to the beat advantage. "That theae viaitori, too, whatever their atation, were not without aome refinement of taate and appreciation of intellectual gifts, aad gratitude to thoee men who by the W YO Y YORK. MONDAY MOR peaceful exercise of great abilitiei shed new ckarmi and associlion* upon tho Lomea of their countryman, and elevate their character in other land*, was most earnestly testified by their reception of Washington Irving, my dear friend, who hat recently been appointed minuter at the court of Hpain, and who was among them that night, in hi* new character, for the flrst and last time before going abroad. 1 sincerely believe that in all the madness of American politics few public men would have lieen so earnestly, devotedly, and atfectionately caressed, as this most charming writer : and I have seldom respected a rublic assembly more than I did this eager throng, when saw them turning with one miad irom noisy orators and officers of state, and flocking with a generous and honest impulse round the man ef quiet pursuit*} proud in his promotion as reflecting back uiwu their country ; and grateful to him with their whole hearts for the store ol graceful fanciea he had poured out among them. Long may he dispense such tieasutes with uiupanug hand; and long may they remember him as worthily !" America* NrwirtPEK Pacts. When any man of any niade of desert, in intellect or character, can climb to any public distinction, no matter what, in America, without flrst grovelling down upon the earth, and bending the knee before this monster ol depra vitywhen any private excellence is safe from its attacks, when any social confidences left iinl.rolien hv ft m-niiv tie of social decency and honor i< hri.l in the least regurtf; when any man in that free country has freedom of opinion, and presume* to think for himself and (peak for mmseli, without humhle reference to ? censorship, which, for it* ramp*nt iguoiance and base diihonesty, he utterly loathes and duspiies in hi* heart; when those who most acutely feel its infamy and the reproach it cast* upon the nation, and who most denounce it to each othrr.dare to set their heels upon and crush it openly in the sight of ail men; then I will believe that it* influence is lessening, and men are returning to their manly senses- but w hile that press has it* evil eye in every house, audits black hand in every appointment in the State, from a Piesident to a post man?while with ribalds under fonts only stock in trade, it is the standard literature of an enormous class, who must find their reading in a newspaper or they will not read it at all?so long must its odium be upon the country's head, and so long must its odium be plainly visible in the republic. To those who are accustomed to the leading English journals, or to the respactable journals of the contiaent of Europe?to those who are accustomed to any thing else in print and paper?it would bo impossible, without an amount of extract, for which 1 have neither space nor inclination, to convey an adequate idea of this frightful engine in America. ITtlMSS ON THK SOTOMSC. " It is ten o'clock at night?say half-past ten?moonlight, warm, and dull enough. The steamer, (aot unlike a child's Noah's ark in form, with the machinery on the top f the roof,) is riding lazily up and down, and bumping clumsily against the wooden pier, as the ripple oi the river trifles with its unwieldy carcase. The wharf is some distance from the city. There is nobody down here; and one or two dull lamps up^n the steamer's decks ate the only signs of life remaining, whsn our coach has driven away. As soon as our footsteps are heard upon the planks, a fat negress, particularly iavoied by nature in respect to bustle, emerges from some dark stairs, and marshals my wile towards the ladies'cabin, to which retreat she goes, followed by a mighty bale of cloaks and greatcoats. 1 valiently resolve not to go to beJ at all, but to walk up and down the pier till morning. " I begin my promenade?thiukii g of all kinds of distant things and persona, and of nothing near?and paca upand down for half an hour. Then I goon board again, and getting into the light of one of the lamps, look at my watcn and think it must have stopped : and wonder what has become of the faithlul secretary whom I brought along I with mu trnm Dnston U.. ? ? l*w i_a ? 1 -? * i ? ? ??-..v... vvmvm. > auj/piiig wuu yur xtue ihuu* lord, (a field-marshal, at least, no doubt,) in honor or our departure, and may bo two hours longer. I walk again, but it geti duller and duller ; the moon goea dots n ; nest Juneaaetni farther off in the dark, and the echoes of my footatata make tne nervoua. ft haa turned cold too ; and walking up and down without any companion, in auch lonely circumitancea, ia but poor amaaement. ho I break my atuunch resolution, and think it may be, perhaps, aa w ell to go to bed. " I go on board again?open the door of the gentlemen *a cabin?and walk in. Somihow or other?from its being so quiet, I suppose?I have taken it into my head that there ia nobody th.- re. To my horror and amazement it ia full of aleepera of every stage, abape, attitude, and variety of slumber; in the bertha, on the chairs, on the floor, on the tables, and particularly round the stovp, my detested ene. my. 1 take another step forward, and slip upon the shining face of a black steward, who lies rolled in a blanket on the floor. He jumps up, grins, half in pain and half in hospitality?whispers my own name in my ear?and, groping among the sleepers, leads me to my !>erth. Standing beside it, 1 count tbase slumbering passengt ra, and get past forty. Tnere is no use in going turther, so 1 begin to undress. As the chairs are all occupied, and tnere is nothing else to put my clothes on, 1 de|>osit them upon the ground , not without soiling my hands, for it is in the same condition aalhe carpets in the Capitol, and from the same cause. Having but partially undressed, I clamber on my shelf, and hold the curtain open fcr a lew minutes while I look round on all my fellow travellers again.? That done, 1 let it fall on them, and on the world?turn round?and go to sleep. " I wake, ol course, when we get under weigh, for there ia a good deal of noise The day is then just breaking? Every body wake* at the aame time. Home are self-poated directly, and some are much perplexed to make out where they are until they have rubbed their eyea, and, leaning on one elbow, looked about them. Home yawn, some groan, nearly allapit, and a lew get up. -1 am among the risers ; for it is easy to feel, without going Into the fresh air, that the atmosphere of the cabin is vile in the last degree. I huddle on my clothes, go down into the fore cabin, get shaved by the barber, and wash myself? the washing and dressing apparatus for the pasiengera generally consists of two jack towels, three small wooden uasins, a keg of water, and a ladle to serve it out with, six square inches of looking glass, two ditto of yellow soap, a comb and brush for the head, and nothing for the teeth. Every body uses the comb and brush, except myse f.? Every body stares to see me using my own; and two or three gen'lemen are a; rongly disposed to banter me on my prejudices, but don't. When I have made my toilet, I go upon tho hurrican.'deck, and set in for two houra of hard walking up and down. The aun ia rising brilliantly ; we are paaauig Mount Vernon,where Washington lies buried; the river ia wide and rapid, and its banks are beautif-il.? All the glory and aplenuorof the day are coming on, and growing brighter every minute. " At eight o'clock we breakfast in the cabin where I passed the night, but the window* and doors are all thrown open,and now it ia fresh enough. There is no hurry or greediness apparent in the despatch of the meal. It is longer than a travelling breakfast with us, more orderly, and more pelite." VIRGINIA CHARIOTKKBINO. " Soon after nine o'clock wo come to Potomac Creek, where we are to land : and then cornea the oddest part of the journey. Seven stage-coaches are preparing to carry ua on. Some of them are ready, some of them are not ready. Soma of the drivers are blacks, some whites.? There are four horses to each coach, and all the horses, harnessed or unharnessed, are there. The passengers are getting outof the steamboat, and into the coaches , the luggage is being tianslerred in noisy wheelbarrows , the horses are frightened, and impatient to start; the black drivers are chattering to them like so many monkeys ; and the white ones whooping like so many drovers ; for the main thing to be done in all kind* of hostlering here, is to make as much noise as possible. The coaches are something like tho French coaches, but not nearly so good. In lieu of springs, they are hung on hands or the strong 'st leather. There is very little choice or difference between them ; and they may be likened to the car portion of the swings at an English lair, roofed, put upon axle-trees and wheals, and curtained with painted can- i van. They are covered with mud from the roof to the wheel-tire, and have never been cleaned since they were | first built. i " The tickets we have received on board the steamboat I are marked No. l,so we belong to coach No 1. I throw my coat on the box, and hoist my wife and her maid into ! the inside. It has only one step, and that being aliout a ' yard from the ground is usually approached by a chair : I when there is no chair, ladies trust in Providence. The roach holds nine inside, having a seat acroas from door to door, where wo in England put our lags : so that there Is l only one feat more difficult In the performance than get i ting in, and that is, getting out again. Tbera is only one l outside passenger, and he sits upon the hox. As I am that I one, I climb up; aud while they are strapping tha lug gage on the roof, and heaping it into a kind ol tray behind, have a good opportunity at looking at the driver. " Ha is a negro?very black indeed. He is dressed ins , coarse pepper-and salt suit excessively patched and darned \ (particularly at the knees,) grey stockings enormous un- . blacked hign-low shoes, and very shott trousers. He has two odd glove- : one of pauli-oolourod worsted, and one of leather. He has a very short whip, broken In the middle and bandaged ue with atring. And yet ho wears a low crowned, broad-brimmed, black hat. faintly shadowing forth a kind of insane imitation of an Eng-iah coach man ! But somebody in authority cries ' Oo ahead as I am makiag these observation* The mail takes the lead in a four horse waggon, and all the coaches follow in pio- | cession, headed by No. 1. " By the way, whenever an Englishman would cry 'Ail , right !' an American cries 'Go ahead !' which is some what expressive of tlie national character of the two < countries , " The flrat half mile of the mail i? over bridge* made of , loo?e plank* laid acroaa two parellel pole*, which tilt up aa the wheela roll oxer them ; and in the river. The river , haa a clayey bottom and ia full of hole*, fothat half a , horie ia ronntnntly disappearing unexpectedly, and can't | be found again for aome time. " Bat we get paat even thia, and come to the road itaelf, which ia a aerie* of alternate awamp* and gravel-pit* A tremendou* place i* cloac before ua, the black driver roll* hia eye*, acrow* hit mouth np very round, and look* atraight between the two leader*, a* if he were aaying to himself, ' We have done tbia often before, but now I think we (hall have a rrn?h.' He take* a rein In earh hand ; ii rka and null* at both ; and dance* on the splaahhoan. with both feet, (keeping hi* *eat, of courae,) like th? l*t lamented Dncrow on two of hi* fiery courser*. We come to the ?pot. *ink down in the mire nearly to the coarh window*, tilt on one tide at an angle of forty-five degree*, and atick there. 'I be inside* scream dismally $ the roach ton* ; the horses flounder ; all the other atx coache* atop ; and their four-and-twenty horse* fl Hinder likewise; hut merely for company, and in sympathy with oura. " Then the following circumstance* occur " Black Driver, (*o the horse*)?' Hi !' " Nothing happen*. Iu*tdeascream again. " Black Driver, (to the horaei)?' Ho ! " Homo plunge, and iplaah the black driver. " (Gentleman iaaide, (looking out)?' Why, what on airth * "O -ntleman receive* a variety of aplaihea and drawa hia haad in again,without Dniahing hi* quastion or waiting i*T an n*wn, RK I NING, NOVEMBER 7. 1! " Black driver, (still to the horaes? Jiddy ! Jiddy f " Horse* pull violently, drag the coach out of the hole, and draw it up a bank ;"so strep that the black driver'* leg! fly up into the air, and he goci hack among the lug, gage on the roof. But he immediately recover* himself, and criee, ((till to the horses) ? . pm !' " No effect. On the contrary, the eoach begins to roll back upon No. 3, which lolUbaek upon No. 3, which rolls back upon No. 4, and so on, until No. 7 is heard to curse and swear, nearly a quarter of a mile behind. ' Black Driver (louder than before)?* Pill !* " Horses make another struggle to get up the bank, and again the coach roll* backward. ? Black Driver (louder thau t>efore) ?' Pe-e-a-ill !' " Horses make a desperate struggle. "Black Driver (recovering spirit*)?'Ili, Jiddy, Jiddy, " Horses make another effort. " Black Driver (with irr.ut vieouri? Allv Loo ' Hi Jiddy, Jiddy. Pill Ally Loo " ' " Horses almost do it. "Black Diiver (with hiseyes starting out of hit head) ? ' Lee, <len. Lee, dere. Hi. Jiddy, Jiddy. Pill. Ally Loo. Lee-c-e-e-e!' "They run up the bank, and go down again on the other tide at a tearful pace. It is ini|>ostihle to atop them, and at the bottom there is a deep hollow, full of water. The coach roll* frightfully. The inside* scream. The mud and water Hy about us. The black driver dances like a madman. Suddenly we are all right by some eatraordinarv mean*, and stop to breathe. "A black Iriend of the black driver is sitting on a fence. The black driver recognise* him by twining his hcai round and round like a harlequin, rolling his eyes, shrug ging his shoulders, and grinning Irom ear to ear. He stops short, and turns to me, and says:? r " We shall get > ou through ?a, like a fiddle, and hope a please you wh> n we get you thioiigh, sa. O.d 'ooman at home, sir chuckling very much. 'Outside gentleman *8, he often remember olJ 'ooman at home sa,' giinning again. " ' Aye, aye ; we'll take care of the old woman. Dont be afraid.' " The blank driver grins ag lin, but there is another hole, and beyond that another hank, close before us. ho ha top* short: cries (to the hoi sea again) ' Easy. Easy den. Ease. Steady. Hi. JiJdy. Pill. Ally, Loo,' but never ' Lee!' until we arc reduced to the very last extrimity, and are in the midit of dilHculties, extrication from which appear* to he all but impossible. "And so we do the ten miles or thereabouts in two hours and a half ; breaking no liones, though bruising a great many j and in short getting through the distance, ' like a fiddle." " " This singular kind of ceaching terminates at Frederickabu Jgh, whence there is a railway to Richmond. The tract of country through which it takes its course was once productive ; but the soil has been exhausted by the system of employing a great amount of slave labour in forcing crops, without strengthening the land, and it is now little hetterthan a sandy desert overgrown with trees. Dreary and uninteresting as its aspect is, I was glad to the heart to find anything on which one of the cuises of this horrible institution has lallen ; and had greater pleasure in contemplating the withered ground than the richest and most thriving cultivation in the same place could possibly have afforded ire. " In this district, as in all others where slavery sits brooding (I have frequently heard this admitted, even by those who are its warmest advocates,) there is an air of ruin and decav abroad, which is insen: rahle from theses tern. The barm and outhouses are mouldering away ? the shed* are patched and half rootless?the lug cabim (built in Virginia with external chimneya mad* of clay or wood), are equalled in the laat degree. There ia no look of decent comfort any where. The miserable atationa by the railway aide?the great wild woodyarda, whence the engine is supplied with fuel?the negro children rolling en the ground before the cabin doors, with dogs and pigs ?the biped beasts of burden slinking past?gloom and dejection are upon tbem all In the negro car belonging to the train in which we made this journey, were a mother and her children who had just been ptn chased; <he husband and lather being left b> hind with their old owner. The children cried the whole wny, and the mother was misery's picture. The champion of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, who had bought them, rode in the same train ; and, every time we stopped, got down to see that they were safe.? The black in Sinhad's Travels with one eye in the middle of his forehead; which shone like a burning eosl, was nature's aristocrat compared with this white gentleman." A BROWN FORESTER OF THF. MISSISSIPPI. " We had another odd s|iecimen on board, of a different kind. This was a thin-faced, spare-figured man, of middle age and stature, dressed in a dusty drabbith-colour.d suit, such as 1 never saw before. He was |>erfect)y quiet during the first part of he journey; indeed I don't rumem. ber having so much as seen him until he was brought out bv circnmstances, as great men often are. The conjunction of eveuta which made him famous happened, briefly, thus. " The canal extends to the foot of the mountain, and there ol course.it stops; the paasengeis being conveyed across it by land carriage, and taken on afterwards by anothercanal boat, the counterpart of the first, which siwaits them-on the other aide. There are two canal line* of passage-boat; one is called the Express, and one (a cheaper one) the Pioneer. The Pioneer gets first to the mountain, and waits tor the Express people to come up, both sets ol passengers being conveyed across it at the same time We were the Express company; but when we had crossed the mountain, and had come to the second boat, the proprietors took it into their heads to draft all the Pioneers into it likewise,so that r e wire Ave-and-forty at least, and the accession of passengers was not at all of that kind which improved the prospect of sleeping at night. Ourpenpleg umbled at this, as people do in such cases ; but suffered the boat to be towed off with the whole freight aboard nevertheless; and away we went down the canalAt home, I should have protected lustily, hut being a lorcignerhere, I held my peace. Not so this passenger. He cleft a path among the people on deck (we were nearly all on deck.) and without addressing anybody whomsoever, soliloquised as follows " ' This may suit you, this may, but it dont suit me. This may lie all very well with Down Easter* snd men of Boston raising, but it won't suit my figure no how; an J no two ways about that; and so I tell you. New : I'm from the brown forests o the Mississippi, J am, and when the sun shines on me, it does shine?a little, ft don't glimmer where I live, the sun don't. No. I'm a brown lor. iter, I am. I ain't a Johnny Cake. There are no smooth skius where I live. We're rough men there. Rather. If Down Easte.rs and men of Boston raising like this, I'm glad of it, but I'm none of that raising nor of that breed. No. This V. ...V. .. > tuo -IVIIg ??iv of man for 'em, I am. They won't like me, fAey won't. This ia piling ol it up, a little too mountainous tbia ia.' At the end or every one of theae ahort sentences he turned upon his heel, and walked th" other way; checking himaelf abruptly when he had finished another ahort aentence, and turning back again. " It ia imfioiaible ftr me to aay what terrific meaning waa hidden in the wor<la of thia brown foreater, hut I know that the other ptaaengera looked on inaaortof admiring horror, and that preaently the beat waa put back to the wharf, and aa many of the I'ioneera aa could be coaxed or bullied into going away, were got rid of. " When we atarted again, some of the boldeat apirita on hoard made bold to say to the ohvioua occaaion of thia improvement in our prospects, ' Much obliged to you, air whereuntothe brown foreater (waving hia hand! and atill walking up and down aa tiefore), replied, 'No, yon an't. You're none o'my raiaing. You may act for yourselves, Jou may. I have pin ted out the way. Down tUatera and ohnny Cakes can follow it they please. I an't a Johnny Cake, / an't. 1 am from the brown foreata of the Mississippi, I am ?and ao on, aa before. He waa unanimously voted one of the tables fur hit bed at night?there la a great contest for the tables?in consideration of hia public services ; and he had the warmest corner by the a ove throughout the rest of the Journey. But I never conld find out that he did anything except ait there; nor did I hear him apeak again until, In the midst of the bustle and turmoil or getting the luggage ashore in the dark at Pittsburg, I stumbled over him aa he sat smoking a cigar on the cabin steps, and heard him muttering to himself, 1 with a ahort laugh of defiance, ' I ant a Johnny Cake, / i an't. I'm from the brown foreata of the Mississippi, I am, | I'amme !' 1 am inclined to argue f om this that he had never left oft saying an : hut f conld not make affidavit of that part of the story, if required to du ao by my Queen and country." JDSSTHia IIS TH DUMPS. "At dinnpr (on lioard the at) amer) there ia nothing to lriuk upon the table but great jugs lull of cold water No>ody say* any thing, at any meal, to any body. All the passengers are very dismal, and aeem tc have tremendous ecreta weighing on their minds. There it no convention, no laughter, no cheerfulness, no sociality, except in (pitting, and that ia done in ailent fellowship round the itove, when the meal ia over. Every man sits down, dull ind languid, swallow s hia fere aa if breakfaets,dinners,and (uppers, were neceeeitiea of naiure never to he coupled with recreation or enjoyment ; and having bolted hia mod n a gloomy silence boltt himself, in ihe same state. But or these animal observances, you might suppose the whole mule portion ot the company to h- the melancbnl) ghosts of departed book-keepers, who had fallen dead at he de?k : aoeh ia their weary atr ot basinets and clientsion. U dertakera on duty would he aprightiy beside hem ; and a collation of funeral-baked meats, in compiriion with th'Se meals, would be a sparkling fast ivity. "The people are all alike, too. There la no diversity of tharacter. They travel about on the same errands, sty (ml do the same thinara in exae.tlv the same manner an,I ollow in the time dull cheerless round." a RATiri cmrrTAii*. " There chanced to lie on hoard thi* boat, in addition to he usual dreary crowd of passenger*, one Pitchljnn.a :hief of the Choctow tribe of Indiana, who itnt in Ait ard to me, and with whom I had the pleasure of a Jong sonrertation "He spoke English perfectly well, though he had not Mgun to learn the language, he told me, until he wa* a i oting man grown Ho had r* ad many books, and Scott s lioetry appeared to here lefts strong impression on his mind, especially the openir.f of ' The Lady of the Lake,' ind the great battle scene in 'Marmion,' in which, no ioubt, trom the congeniality of the subjects to his own pursuits and tastes, he had great interest and delight, fie ?| pear, d to understand eorreetly all ha had read, and whatever Action had enlisted hi* symnathy in its beli ?f, Pad done so keenly and earnestly, might almost say fiercely. Hn was dressed in our ordinary every day resume, which hung about bis Ano figure loosely, and with ndifferent grace. On my telling him that I regretted not :o see him in his own attira, he threw up hi* right arm "or a moment, as thou eh he was brandishing soma heavy weapon, and answered, as he let it fall again, that his race ware losing many things beside the dress, and would won he seen upon the earth no more , but Be wore it at lioae, he added, proudly. IERA 342. " Be tolu me that he had hern away from bii home, west of the Mississippi, seventeen months ; and wu now returning. He nad been chiefly at Washington on aome negotiations pending between hll tribe and the (Government; which were not settled jet (he said in a melancholy way) and he feared never would be ; for what could a few |ioor Indiana do aganut auch well skilled men of buaineaa aa the whitea I " He had no love for Washington ; tired of town! and citiea very aoon; and longed tor the loreat and the prairie. " I naked him what he thought of Congreaa I He anawered, with a imile, that it wanted dignity in an Indian'a eyes. " He would very much liko. he laid, to aee England before he died ; and snoke with much internet about the great things to heaven there. When I told him of that chamber in the British Museum wherein ire preserved household memorials of a race that ceased to be, thousands of years ago, he was very attentive, and it was not hard to see that he had a reference in his mind to the gradual lading away ol his own people. " This led us to speak of Mr. Catlin's gallery, which he praised highly .observing, that hi* own portrait was among the collection, and that all the likenesses were ' elegant ' Mr Cooper, he Baul, had painted the red man well ; and so would I, he knew, if I would go home with him and hunt buffaloes, which tie was quite ansious I should da. Wh. n 1 toll him that supposing I want I should not be very likely to damage the buffaloes much, he took it as a great joke and laughed heartily. " He was a remarkably handsome man : some years past forty, I should judge , with long bluck hair, un aquiline nose, nroau c ni-ex nones, a siuinurnt complexion, ana n very bright, keeu, durk, and piercing eye. There were hut twenty thousand of theCboc'aws left, he said, and their number was decreasing every day A few o his hrother chiefs had been obliged to become civilitad, and to make themselvesacquainted with what the w hites knew for it was their only chance of exi-teroe. But tli. y w ere not many ; and the rest wete aa they always ha i been. He dwelt on this, and said several timet that unless they tried to assimilate themselves to'heir conquerors, they must be swept away belbre the striues of civilised society "When we shook hands at parting, I told him he must come to Eugland, as he longed to see the laud so much : that 1 should hope to see him there, one day, and that I could uromise him he would be well received and kindly treated. He was evidently pleased by this assurnnre, though he rejoined, with a good-humored sm<io aud an arch shake of his head, that the English used to be veryfond of'.he red men when tbey waalcd their help, but had not cared much for them since. " He took his leave ; as stately ami complete a g rifleman of Nature's making as ever 1 beheld ; and moved among the people in the boat, another kind ol being." ntetlBLICAN INDS.rr-NDKNCK. The republican institutions of America undoubtedly lead the people to ass rt theirself-resprct and their equal ity ; but a traveller is bound to bear those institutions in hit mind, and not hastily to resent the near approach of a class of strangers who, at home, would keep aloof This characteristic, when it was tinctured with 110 foolish pride, and stopped short of no honest service, never oftended me ; and 1 very seldom, if ever, experien, red its rude or unl>e?oming display. Once or tw ice it was comically developed, as in the following case ; but this was an amusing incident, and not the rule or near it. "I wonted a pair of boots at a certain town, for 1 had none to travel in, hut those with the memorable cork soles, which were much too hot for the fiery decks oi a steamboat. I therefore sent n message to an artist in boots, importing, with my compliments, that I should be happy to see him, if he would do me the polite lavor to call. He very politely returned for answer that he would ' look round' at six o'clock that evening. " I was lying on the sofa, with a book and a wine-glass, at aboutthat time, when the dooropened, and agentleman in a itiff cravat, within a year or two on either aide of thirty, entered, In bin hat and gloves, walked up to th? looking-glass, arranged his hair, took otT his gloves, slow ly produced a measure from the uitei most depths of his coat pocket, and requested me, in a languid tone, to ' unfix' my straps. 1 complitd, hut looked w ith some curiosity at his hat, which was still upon his head. It might have been that, or it might have been the heat?but he took it off.?Then, lie sat himself d .wn on a chair opposite to me; rested an arm on each knee, and leaning forwaid very much, took from the ground, by a great eflort, the specimen of metropolitan workmanship which I had just pulled off-whistling, pleasantly, as ho did so. He turned it over and over ; surveyed it with a contempt no language can express ; and enquired if I wished him to fix me abiotlike that ? I courteously replied that provided the boots weie large enough, 1 would leave the rest to him ; that if convenient and practicable, I should not object to their bearing some lesem lance o the model then before him; hut thai (would be entirely guided by, and would beg to leave the whole auhjectto his judgment and discretion 'You "n't partickiler about this scoop in the neel, I suppose then V says he : 'We don't toiler that here.' I repeated my last observation. He looked at himself in the glass again ; went closer to it to dash a grain or two of dust out of the corner ol his eye ; ai d settled bis Cravat. All this time, my leg slid foot went in the chair. ' Nearly ready, sir T I inquired. 'Woil, pretty nigb,' he aid ; ' k< ep steady.' I kept as steady as I could, both in foot and (ace ; and having by thia time got the dust out, and found his pencil case, he measured nie and made the necessary notes When he had finished, he fell into his old attitude, and tnkiug up the boot again, mused lor some time. 'And this,' ho said, at last, ' is an English boot, is it I This it a London lioot, eh V ' That, sir,' I replied,' is a London l oot.' He mused over it again, alter the manner of Hamlet with Yorick's skull; nodded hi* head, as who should say, ' 1 pity the institutions that led to the pioduction of this boot?'?rose, put up hi* pencil, notes and paper?glancing at himself in the glass all the time?put on his hat, drew on his gloves very slowly, and finally walked out. When he had gone about a minute, the door reopened, and his hst and his head re-appeared. He looked round the room, and at the boot again, which was still lying on the floor?appeared thoughtlul lor a minute?and then said,' Well, good arternoon.' 'Good afterno .n,' said I; and thus was ended the interview THi: FALLS or NIAG4BABetween 6 and 6 o'clock in the morning we arrived at Buffalo, where we breakfasted, and, being too near the Great Kails ta wait patiently anywhere else, we set off by the train the same morhing at 9. Whenever thetrain halted I listened for the roar ; and was constantly straining my eyes in the direction where I knew the Falls must he, from seeing the river rolling on towards tham, every moment expecting to behold the spray. Within a lew minutesofmy stoppiug I saw t?o great white clouds rising up slowly and majestically from the depths of the earth. That was all. At length we alighted ; and then, for the first time, I heard the mighty rush of water, and felt the ground tremble underneath my fe^t. The hsmk was very I.e.,, O.MI ? ) ?HU . Kill OIIU ..... 1II. H.-U lie. I hardly know how I got down, hut waa ?oon at the bottom, and climbing with two English officers who were crofting, and had joined me, over tome broken rockf, deafened by the noiae, half blinded by the- tpray, and wet to the kin, we were at the footof the American fall. I could see an immense torrent of water tearing headlong down from tome great height, hut had no Idea of shape, or situation, or anything but vague immensity. When we were neated in the little lerryboat and were crossing th? swollen river immeoiatcly b. fore loth cataracts, I began to feel what it was ; but 1 was in a manner stunned, and unable to comprehend the vastnessof the scene. It wu no until I came on Table Rock, and looked?great Heaven, on w hat a fall ol bright gr. en water ! ? that it came upon me in its full might and majesty. Then, when I felt how near to my Creator I was standing?the first effect, and the enduring one?instant and lasting?of the tremendous spectacle was peace?jwace of iniud?tranquillity?ca:m recollection of the dead?great thoughts ot eternal rest and happiness ; nothing of gloom and terror. Niagara was at once stamped upon my heart an imago of beauty ; to remain there changeless and indellible until its pulses cease to beat forever Oh, how the strife and trouble of our daily lite receded from my view and lea sened in the distance during i he ten memorable days we passed on that enchanted ground ! What voices spo1 from out the thundering water ; what faces faded Irom the earth looked out upon me from its gleaming dgpths ; what heavenly promise glistened in those angel's tears, the drops of manv hues that showered around and twined themselves about the gorgeous arches which the changing rainbows made. T never stirred all that time from the Canadian side, whither 1 had gone at first;! never crossed the river again : for I knew then- were people on the other shore, and in 'uch a place it is natural to shun strange company. To wander to an 1 fro all day, and see the cataract from all points of view; to stand upon the edge of the great Horse hoe Fall, marking thehnrned water gathering strength as it approached the verge, yet scenting, too, to pause before it shot into the gull l?low ; to gaze upon the river's level up st the torrent, as it came streaming down to climb the neighboring heights, and watch it through the trees, and see the wreathing water to the rapida hurrying on to take its f. arlul plunge; to linger in the shadow ofthesolemn rocks three miles helow ; watching the river, as stirred by no visible cause, it heaved and eddied, snd awoke the echoes, being troubled yet far down beneath the m face hi its giant leap; to have Niagara betore me, lighted by the sun and by tne moon, red in the daydecline, and gray as eve. ing slowly fell upon it ; t look i|ion it every day, and awake up in the night and hear its ceaseless voice this w as enough ! -V f v,.?III..* Before Judges Inglis and Ingrnham. Not. i ?Thia court hi* besn busily occupied during the week, particularly in adding to th? roll of iudep- ndeot freemen those who hive abjured their old government*, ar.d now swear, before God and min, to uphold the constitution and law* of thi* their adopted eounliy. About 600 iturdy fellow*, 300 of them on Saturday, produced their paper* and p>*w<-d to citizenship. Peter Unlet ??. Daniel Jl. Web tier?Mr. Bate* loaned the defendant f500, and the defendant eery honestly seek* to retain possession of it hy setting up a plea of usury, averring lost $5 more than legal Interest had been taken for60day*. The jurr, however, placed most confidence in the testimony of denial, and found for plaintiff. For plaintiff, Messrs. J. M. Webster, Cowle* and Barker. For defendant, Mr Dutcher. Stephen Dnvitlion vs. Robert R Rueetll, el. nl.?Mr. It. had the misfortune to own a vessel, as many have, (touch, ing assessment*) ?to own property en some parts of our Island. She was brought here hy Davidson, wbo libelled her for wage* asserted to be due tobimnsmate The vessel, (being tho good sloop Betsey, recently employ ed as a Iigh'er at the south.) was released from the |J. p Court, and action met here. The demand was for 1197. Verdict for plaintiff, $100 -I5l'i 8. District Court. Nov. 6?Decision.?In the case of Andrew J. Mead, the Court held that a debt contracted hy a voluntary or Involuntary bankrupt, although not yet payable, muat be considered as owing by him, and that tho creditor in such a caae h*? on equal right to com* in with other* and prove hia claim. LD Price Two Cente. City IntelllKcnce. Tmc LtiT Pi'iuc Boutn.- James II Ward, the late First Marshal, who was arrested on Baturdav on acharge ol embezzlement, w as tukeu before Judge Joues at a late hour in the afternoon, and bailed out in ihe sum of (3000, which was entered by Cnilds, Mie printer. Hi-defalcation is supposed to amoti.it to upwards ol t'M) 000 John Ahern is also implicated in receiving a portion ol the hospital money anil there are some reason to suppose that there was a |>erlect understanding between these two rogues to pluck the public treasury. Suicide.?Mr. Peter Shiel, keeper of the Hoboken Brunch Porter House, corner ol Beach and Washington streets, whs lound on ftnnday morning in an operfloi at the rear of his house, with his throat cut and a razor,ssith which he had committed the act lying within a few feet of his dead body. Although not of excessive intemperate habits, yet for the past few weeks be has indulged so freely aa to cause partial insanity, during the fleets of which he destioy ed himself. He hus left a ) uung and intereating wife. A Mratiza?James McDonald, who was struck with a club on Thursday, the -J7tli instant, b) u mm ntnud J unes Leary in revenge lor some supposed injury received the same evening b> the tailing ol a musket that w as in the bands of McDonald, died )e?lerday liom the inju ries received. Leary is in prison and will now be tried lor murder. Thk Couht or GsNBasL. Bcssioss meet this morning when the gran . and petit jurors will tie called and the Court will th. u adjourn till Wednesday. The Board of Aldermen will meet to night. i ihmivr Hall Tickkt.?The name o! MirhaelWalsh has been placed on the Democrat!' Assembly ticket in place ol that of VI H Vandy ke,and he is therefore aoeotdiii|f to all part) usage oue 01 the regit arly uoniitia ed candidate" toi Assembly. Circuit CourtBefore Judge Kent. Nor. 5.?IKm../. Burrilt Vs. L. J. Comilock, el. al.?This great action lor libel, which bus occupied four Juries, at this Court anil the Sessions, long enough to expend some thousands of dollars worth of time, ended on Friday evening. Mr. Jatidon, for defendants, made quite a brilliant display, bulling pills and patent medicines at the head of his opponent with no unsparing hand. At the close of his remarks ho anticipated the hitter rejoinder w hich was to come from his friend Mulock, (counsel on the other side,) hut ha ie htm deiiance in the following medical distich :? Wonder wl.o made it 7 " Come on, begin the grand attack, With aloes, squills ana ipecac? And then with certain pipe and squirt gun, There'll be a monstrous deal ot hurt done." Mulock did come on, and administered a dose apparently sufficient to relieve the deep wounds said to have been experienced by his client, but all did not answer, as he had rather a tough subject to work upon. The history of the case is known. Dr. Thayer, residing in the upper part ol the Bowery, and proprietor of Tayloi's Balsom of Liverwort, died some months ago On his death bed he bequeathed to Mr. Comstock the care ol his widow and two young children?and a most interesting bequest it aas? the lady being yaung and beautilui, and the children perfect pictures. He also left for their support the prescription of his medicine, (from which, had he lived, he would rapidly have accumulated a fortune,) and the drug store which he occ -pied. Mr. Thayer's brother and other relatives also claimed to have the prescription, and Comstock stood fearlessly by the widow of bis friend Burritt assisted the opposite party, and an adve'tising newspaper war grew up between tln-m, in the course ol which Burritt was accused of haviug forged certificates as to the madecine, lie., and hence the action. The jury found lor dclendant. Henry Parrith vs. John Strarder, jr.?Mr. Parrish having, as a merchant, amassed a handsome fortune,was deai. rous of spendieg it as a gentleman should, taking his ease, and enjoying w hat money could ob'ain fur him ?(would that the miserable cogeys w bo become buried in tsralih and rubbish and think only of using 'heir meant o an rap and beggar their |ioorer neighbors would take example bv him)?was desirouaol obtaining a splendid pair o1 coach horses, and applied to Mr. Townsend Cocks, a somewhat elderly man, who ia acquainted with every point of a horse as clearly as a maiden is with the features of her lover, to purchase him such, with the all-gratifying addenda in such a ca?e, "not to mind the cost," that is, if it did not exceed $1300. Cocks heard of a pair at Springfield, Mass., and set out to purchase them On arriving theie he found that Mr Stracder, the defendant, and Judge W arren, both belonging to New Brunswick, N. J., had got the start ot him and hud already bought the horses, giving for tliern $MX). Cocks admiied the horses and wished to know if h. It VV. would sell them. Not getting a definite answer he followed them to the city, anil the hors..s were exhibit* -a nr. P~?-I.I. ah J. i. ..i.... a ...i.u ? ? '? " ?".? .4r..B..lCU - >" C.l, and Mr. P. made purchase at HJ.'.O, faking a warrantee aa to their being sound. Straeder agreed that Mr. Tarriih should be tatted, and, if this pair would not answer, he would procure othera to 1 it tatitfactran. After a few dart trial the hones did not auit Mr. Parrish, and word wat tent by Mr. Cocki to Stra-der, (then in N- w Jersey ,)to that effect, who gave him another pair in exchange. The next day it wat atcertained that one of the new onet wat lame, a.id Straeder agreed to tuke the home hack, lie advited that the lame one should be told at Tatteraalla,which wat done, and the animal bi ought but $6-1. Straeder never replaced him, and the match home wa? sold, after being kept through the winter, for $110. The plaintiff consequently brings action, laying hit damages at $3,000 On the trial the defendant complained at the home being aold so low at Tatlt mall a,but Mr. Cocks said Straeder wat present and might have prevented it bad he choaen to do to. For himself ne did not th-nk much of the home; he taw when be first looked at him thct he had u lump on the hock and supposed him to be lame, but Straeder said he wii not ao?besides he wat bad in many other reapecU, in fa ct he waa a "perfect brute." Couxscl?Perfect brute?what do you mean by hia be :ng a brute. Wrriviitt-?Why, I mean that he waa a d?d hog. Colo?kl? Oh, you mean that the horae wa? ad?d hog; very well, air. WiTxata.?I mean 1 would'nt give two-and sixpence for the wholeof th> m. The Jury, after a sharp contest, gav; a verdict in favor of plaintiff for $816,40. For plaintiff, Meat re J. W. Gerard and A. M. Sherman. For defendants, Metara. George Wood Bnd L B. Woodruff. Jfichnlat S Ludlum vs. William Van Hook.?This waa an action on a claim of $700, (re|>orte<\ tome time since,) for arrauging the fiookt of the late Mr. Boggl, the decision of which wat left to one of the juroit (Mr F.let7er Hand.) Mr. H., we understand, has awarded to Mr. L. tha whole amouut claimed. Bankrupt Is?at. SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK. Nov 6?Charles Brugiere, (late firm C. Brugiere It Co,) merchant. N. Y ?Jan. 14 William Brug'cre, (late firm C. Brugiere It Co.) mer chant, N.Y.?Jan. 14. John H Smith late merchant, N Y.?Jan. 14. Samuel R. Childs, physician, N. Y Dec. 10 Ward Newman, late leather dealer, N. Y Dec. 8. Leonard T. Colet, (late firm Coles It Berry, distillers) Williamthurgh ? Dec. 8, William T. Brown (late firm Brown k Urqnhart,) mer. chant. N Y.-Dec. 8. James Mitchell (late firm 8. It J. Mitchell,) Nanlucket, now of N. Y ?Dec. 8. Thomas K. Park, R> e, Westchester co.?Dec. 8. Robert C. Hartshorne, late merchant, N. Y ?Dec. 8. SamuelS Ketchum, Shawangunk?Dec 3. Rotiert B Folger, physician, (late firm F. k R. Folger, N.^ ]?Dec JO. ... ... .. ail., v " ' ? J ? okh,) tni|> joiner, rs. Y.?Dec. 3. Joseph Cooper, late merchant, N. Y. (compulsory) ? Dec. 1. Apolloi Stiles, N. Y. (late firm Thompson k Stilea.) Samuel S. Hill. broker, N. Y. Henry Miller, N. Y. Atiijah Smith (late firm Smith, Swift k Fairrhihl) Pnti.r Q. Berber, (late firm Barker k Morgan, N. Y.) John C. HowarJ, of Willitmsburgh, late o( Connecticot. Court Calendar?'Thin Day. CiacuiT Court.?Nos. 46, 77, I3A, 130 , 73, 76, 106, 3, 4 176 H3, 179, 1*2. IS"), )?7. 189. 18?>. 190,191, 182. Common Plras- I'art 1 ?Not. lf?, 47,15, '29, 41, 91. Tart 3?Not 116, 183. 19,9-2. 39- THE TONIC MIXTURE?For the cure of debit. ttrTTniligesiton, dyspepsia, cutaneous diseases, scrofula, uie.irs, nervous complaints, lota of appetite ami low tpirita, it meeting en immense sale. Prepared under the direction of the College of Medicine and Pharmacy. and sold a: 91 |x-r ho tie. In case* of h a I a do* n butt lea, f 6. W S. RICHARDSON, 9gen\ Principal Otflee of the College, 97 Nassau st. General Print ln??Books?Pamphlet*? ? arils?llllls, <hc. To the Rnslneas Public. Havinc now nearly compltgwl one of the mo?t splendid GENERAL PRINTING OFFICES, ever organised in this city, we art ready to print hooka, pamphlets, cards, hilts, and all kinds of useful and olegant printing, on the most moderate t> rms, and for cash payment*. Thl? offlce we have tip at a great expenar in yp??, pteaa?e, anil material! of nil klttda. We hare alrea dy executed work to the amount of several thouaanda of dollara, i nil are still biiav printing aome of the moat beautiful art idea ever iaatted from the preaa. A Lad) 'a Maga tine,called the "Aanat," ia nrintAl in thia office, and it ia acknowledged to be. the moit beautifully printed magazine in the country. The beautiful typography of the New Yoxe Laxczt la well known. All applicationa for printing w ill be made to Ma. Joaran r.i.LloTT, the Manager, at the offl -e of the Hertld?or up Htaira In the printing offlce, entrance at B7 N?a?an atreet. J A.MM OORDt >N BENNETT, Oorxirroa of thk Ur.a*t.D G. xr.att Pamtixo Orrice, North Went Corner of Pulton and Naaaau Mreeta. New Yoaa, 30th Sept., I&ai. ?7-''7HE TONIC MIXTCr.E "_Thla gratefnl an.l powerful r<-a oratlve and piitlfier of thehlood ia now aery extensively S'oil by the moat eminent practiilonera In ell dy "peptic r.aara, in diwaaea reaultitig from debility, in nerrona complaints, acrufnla, eruption" on the fade anil body, and in the khatterad condition of fhe system produced by the ab'jas of mercury, thia ia a moat salutary remedy. Hold at $1 per boltle In caaea of half a dozen bottlea >5. W. ft. RICHARDSON, Agent. Principaljofficeof the College of Medicine and rharm* cy, ?7 Naaaau at.

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