8 Haziran 1843 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1

8 Haziran 1843 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
Metin içeriği (otomatik olarak oluşturulmuştur)

.. ^aKmmmm^^BesBmasmaaaam TH Tot. IX.?I*. IN ?Wtolt * , HOT THE MONUMENT. The imposing structure which now rises upon the Heights of Chsrlestowu marks the summit where the small redoubt was thtswn up by the American patriots, on the night of the 16th of June, 1775 The battle has so long been associated with the name of Bunker's Hill, that it seems now almost vain to attempt to make the correction, which, indeed, some may think wholly unimportant. The probability is that Breed's Hill was considered generally as only a spur ol Bunker's Hill, and was not distinguished by name, except among the residen's in Charlestown, and those familiar with the localities of the spot. There are charts and views of the town, taken before and after the battle, in which the less-r summit appears without any designation. As soon ?- 80 ine ppoi occxme iamous, ihib cuoiupiuh oi ine names began to be manliest; and the (act is wor hy ol notice onlv as it presents an instance that enables us to account for the disputes which, in the absence r>i historic documents, have been attached toother famous spots on the surface of the earth. To perpetuate the memory of such localities, and to secure them ugainat the dubious haze with which the lapse oi time invests them, is perhaps the best argument which can b- adduced for the erection of costly mo numents. Still, there will be, as there now is, a great difference of opinion as to the ejpediency ol Buch structures. The open battle field, undisturbed and unaltered through all time, would be lor many far preferable to any monument. Previous to the erection of the granite monument on Breed's Hill, the summit was distinguished by a small column in honor of Major General Warren, who was regarded as the most eminent and deserv ing of the martyrs of liberty that fell there. His body was identified, on the morning af er the battle, by Docor Jeffries, of Boston, an intimate acquaintance of the patriot. The British regarded this vie.im as paying the price of the multitude of their own slain, and the spot where they interred him was marked After the evacuation ol Boston by the British troops, and the return of its citizens to Ifceir homes, the friends o| Warren disinterred his remains. They were taken from the hill, and on the eighth of April, 1776, being carried in nmceBsion from the Representatives' Chamber to King's Chapel, were buried with all military honors and those of Masonrv Prayers were offered on the occasion, by the Rev Dr. Cooper, and a funeral oration was delivered by Mr Perez Morton, in which he boldly and earnestly urged an entire separation from Great Britain, as the right and duty of the colonists. The remains of Genergl Warren now rest within the cemetery beneath St. Paul's church At the time of his death, Warren was Grand Master of Freemasons, for North America; and as such, it Seemed to the members of his order that they owed to him some tribute of respectful regard. No monument had been erected on the spot where he fell in behalf of his country, and measures were, therefore, instituted for this double purpose. A lodge of Freemasons was constituted in Charlestown, in 1783, and from its funds a monument ?1 column was erected to the memory of Warren, in 1794, on land given by the Hon. Tames Bussell. It was composed of a brick pedestal eight feet square, rising ten feet from the ground, and supporting n Tunran nillar. of wood, eighteen feet hich This was surmounted by a gilt urn, bearing the inscription?' J. W., aged 86," entwined wnh Masonic emblems. On the south side ot the pedestal was the following inscription:? " Erected A.D. MDCCXC1V.. By King Solomon's Lodge ol Free Masons, constituted in Charlestown, 1793, In Memory of Msjof General Joseph WaReek, and his Associates, who were slain on this memorable spot, Jane 17, 1H5. None hut they who set a just value upon the blessings of liberty are worthy to tnjny her. In vain we toiled ; in vain we fought: we bled in vain; If you, our otTspring, waat valor to repal the as faults of her invaders. Charleston settled, 1028. Burnt, 1776. Rebuilt, 1770." This cnlumn stood without the redoubt, and on the spot where Warren was believed to have fallen. It remained for forty years, and wait so much defaced by time that it was removed when the present granite structure was contemplated. The remembrance of it will be cherished by those who were familiar with it from a distance, or near at hand. The erection of a substantial monument on this summit had long been desired and contemplated it wits thought to be due as a Ijibute ot respect to the patriots who, in an early day of the revolution, ritked ull that waa dear to them as indiviHuh la nn n fparfnl huvarH Inr tlip trnrvi nf thpir common country. We must suppose and believe that in the awful strife, amid the shrieks and groans ot battle, and in sight of the homes which these patriotsJoved, some better feeling than that of brute courage. or 'hirst for blood, animated them How much ot their fortitude they borrowed from the conviction that their country would honor their memory, and that their children would mark the snot where they suffered, we may only imagine ? The objection which many conscientious pereons feel to such a commemoratiou, seems to be founded on the belief that a battle monument is designed to perpetuate the feelings of aoimoiity and stnle between the descendants oi the contending parties ? But ihis is an error ; and the disapprobation of monumental structures, founded upon such a misconception, would equailv apply to all histories and delineations of battles. We wish to express our grateful sense of the devotion and bravery of those who bore severe sufferings to relieve us of lighter burdens. All that we desire to cornmemora'e by the towering pile now reared on the battle field, is patriotism and sell sacrifice. We believe the cause wss iuft; the Briton may regard it otherwise; but we may aiike stand upon the spot and honor the heroism of its victims, without the rising of one vengelul feeling. It was the general opinion that if any monument were to be erected, it should be a substantial one, which snouid do credit to its builders, ai.d to tbeir fathers ; and instead of being reared at the expense of a few wealthy men, or at public cost, should be a free-will offering from all the citizens of this Commonwealth, and ol us sister Commonwealths, according to their means The result has been suc*t as to make it probable that there is not a struc ture in this country on which the tree contributions of so many individuals have been expended as upon this. SubscriiAiona were first asked for in the year 1824. An Association, called " The Bunker Hill Monument Association," was formed, membership of which was to be enjoyed by those who subscribed five dollars. An engraved diploma was their certificate. and their names were inscribed upon the parchment, records deposited within the cornerstone. Some incident or circumstance which should connect an enthusiastic feeling with the commencement of the work, was leli to he necessary. An orrn?ion mid nn.iortunitv for thin nreaenfed itself on the visit oi the Marquis de La Fayette, our honored General, to this liind, whose battles he had fought with the ardor of youthful heroism, and whose prosperity waatieartohim to the fast day of his life. In the midat of hie triumphant progress through the eountry, his services were enlisted in this work. Though the plan of the structure had not at this time been decided upon, yet it was thought most desirable that the ceremonies of layiog the corner-etonc should be performed by and in the presence of the guest of the nation Accordingly, on the 17th of June, 1825, it being the fiftieth anniversary of the bottle, this desire wan gratified In the midat of an immense of concourse of people, the ceremonies were performed. By sdvertiseinenta and invitations previously inserted in the nrwsptpers. the veterans who survived the day of slaughter w*re em neatly desired, free of all charge to themselves, to come from their homea, however distant, and present themselves, in one venerable group of worthies, to receive the grateful offering of a free people, on the first jubilee of the battle, in the multitude thai nnswt red these invitations the number of tlio-?e who were actually en gaged in the Inutie could not be ascertained, as some were of the reinforcements, who did not enter the field, some belonged to regiments or compa niea then at hand, but not ordered for the occasion, and others were near or distant spectators of the actiou. Enough there were oi the true remnant to ahow their tears and recount the scenes the memory of which the lapse ot fifty years hsd not dimned. The younger survivors of the band professed ihemae Ives still ready for service, should like occasion demand it; nor. among those whose feeble limbs tottered under the heaviest burden of years, was there one whoae chilled blood did not glow over the sod6 of the battle-field, while the starting tear told that they were thinking of their companions in artns They were eloquently and touchiuglv addressed by the f Ion Daniel Webster, theorator ot the "cession La Fayette, standing as one in that group of survi vors, and regretting that the honor did not of rig hbelong toliim, laid with his own bauds the corner* stone of tne projected monument. Masonic ceremonies were connected with the occasion. We cannot, however, attribute to La Fayette the honor ot having I aid the corner-stons of the present E NE N structure The office in which he was enlisted was a matter of mere form; no plan having been selected, ol course Domiciliate inundation was made. The atone which had been laid by Lt Fayette, was alterwards put in'o the centre o! the foundation ; and the box of deposites which i1 c mtained was taken out and enclosed in the present corner-stone, which is at the north-eastern angle of the structure, looking towards the point of landing oi the enemy The plan of the monument was devised by Mr. .-olomon Willnrd, of lioslon, a distinguished architect; and his o.iitiual design, followed throughout, haa been brought to a siccessful completion. The plan having been decided upon, the work was resumed about the middle oi March, 1827, by the excavation ol a new foundation. A quarry of sienite granite, sitoated at Quincy, eight inilea dis'ant, had been purchased and wrought upon during ihe previous tptiig. The stone u?ed for the foundation, and for the first forty feet of 'he structure, was transported from the quarrv en a railway to the wliatf in Quincy, where it was put into flatbottomed boats, towed by steant power to the wharf tn Charlestown, and then raised to the hill by teams moving upon an inclined |>lane. The repeated transfer of the stonee, necesenry in this mode ot conveyance, being attended with delay, liability to accident, and' a defacing of the blocks, was abandoned after the fortieth foot was laid, and the materials were transported by teams, directly from the quarry to the hill s-ome of the blocks present dark stains upon their surfaces, caused by the presence of iron. Sometimes, in the pr? cess ol hewing and hammering, these stains would disappear, hut or a sexton they seem to gtow brighter by exposure to the air, and then by process of time, the in fluence of the atmosphere, the weather, and the winter frost, they gradually lade away. Several of these stains appear upon the last half of the structure, but it is believed they will slowly disappear. The application of any chemical agent for their removal would not be advisable; indeed, some persons think they add to the beauty of a granite pile when sparingly distributed over it. No one can stand and look at the structure, or Bean it with a close observation, without being imprested with the wonderful mathematical accuracy which distinguishes it. The joints of the stones seein to be chiselled with great exactness, as il they were worked with all the ease with which the carpenter shapes his wood; and the diminution of the obelisk, a work of extreme difficulty, has been f aultlessly executed. A slight failure or error in either ol these particulars would have been a hideous deformity, and would have endangered the stability of the structure We rely for its permanence upon its mathematical accuracy, as much as upon the solidity of its materials The distinguished honor of having thus with scientific precision begun and completed the imposing structure, belongs to Mr. James Savage, ot Bosto n 01 many great public works, the builder has been wholly torgotten; of others, the credit has been withheld lr<?m the mechanical geniuses who exe cu'ed them, and has been all bestowed upon those who have drafted the plan upon paper. But to execute such a work, however skilfully it may have been p'anned, demands a rare union of talents. To take in the conception, to comprehend its details, to criticise its excellencies or delects, to suggest improvements, to invent facilities, to combine two or more objects, and then to watch each laborious pro ceas,guarding againstaccidents and mistakes; to do all ints, requires one who is much more than a mechanic. In such a structure as the monument, though it is very simple, paiieuce, care, skill and ingenious device were continually needed. Mr Savage |K>s ceased all the requisite qua ificatinne, and his name ought to go down to posterity with the monument Those who watched the rising of the pile, could not fail to observe his unwearied and unerring interest in his work. He might be s?en above or below, sb occasion called for him; now superintending the setting of a step; now suspended upon a plank at a dizzy eminence outside the structure; now testing the strength ota fastening, or, with his hand upon the beII-wire, sending notice to the engine to rest, just as a |M>nderouastone, poised high in air. was gently weighing over ihe upper courses of the obelisk and to complete the effect o( his prescuce of mind and skill, there was no haste or bustle in his movements, and he was ready to answer the questions of every visitor. But one accident occurred during the whole work. A laborer, while engaged in laying the last stone of the twelfth course, on the south weRt corner, was pushed ofl and killed. Th<- whole structure was made under the superintend*. ceof Mr. Savage, under three different conis. At first he was engaged as builder by Mr. illard, the architect, and iurni.-hed the n ate rials >ud the labor. This arrangement continued during the years 1827 and 1828, when the foundation and fourteen courses of the superstructure were laid In August, 1828, the work was suspended on account of deficiency of funds, about $56 0(10 having been expended, including the purchase of the right in the quarry for all the necessary materials, the gearing at the wharves and on the hill, which waB complicated and expensive, but not including the purchase of the land. In the summer of 1834, the work was resumed. Mr. Savage, being still employed by Mr. Willard, was obliged, on account of an engagement for ser vice under the United StatcB government, to commit the oversight of the work to Mr. Charles Pratt, though by occasional visits he continued to su|ierinrend and direct it. Sixteen more courses were laid, when the work was again closed for want of funds, in 1835; about $20 000 more having been expended. Depression in all the interests of tiade and business, a derangement in the financial affairs of the coun try, and a general opinion that the large sums of money already collected had not bren judiciously or economically expended, will account for the delay in ihe completion of the work. Probably, however, the durability of the structure wus rather advanced than injured bv the pause of a few years. Suggestions were occasionally ottered that the work might be brought to a point at its then existing ele vauou, uui u was innugui ueuer u> wail in no[>e, under the conviction that it would one day be completed according to the criminal plan. The happy suggestion, which was offered for the sake of meeting the pecuniary want, and which, as soon as it was uttered, every body knew would be triumphantly realized, came from the weaker sex, who had no hand, though they had much heart, in the fighting which had immortalized the summit, ft was proposed that a public Fair should be held in the city of Boston, and that every female, in the United States of America, who desired the honor, should work with her own hands, and contribute with her own means, to furnish the Fair, the other sex being, of course, allowed to contribute what they pleased, and being expected to purchase with liberality. The plan was most successful. A brilliant and dazzling display, as well as an exhibition of the results of devoted industry and cunning ingenuity, of which we have, at least, as much reason to feel proud, as of the battle, attested that the call was not made in vain. The Fair was held in Boston in r-rptember, 1840, and its proceeds, with a few manificent private donations, which should be considered as depending upon it, put within the hands of the Committee of the Bunker Hill Association, a <=um sufficient to complete the great object. Mr. Savage, by a contract with the Building Committee, was engaged, in the autumn of 18-10,10 complete the work for ?43,800 He resumed his labor by laying the fhst stone on May 2,1841, and finished it with entire success, by depositing the npex on July 23, 1842. The last stone was raised at 6 o'clock in the morning of that day, with the discharge of cannon; Mr. Edward Carries, Jr.. o! Charlestown, accompanying it in its ascent, and waving the American flag during the process. The section ol the monument which accompanies this description, will convey an idea of the mode of its construction. The foundation, lying twelve feet below the base of the structure, is composed of six courses of fair split stones. The lower tier retus upon a bed ol cl<y and gravel which composes th? soil of the hill; great pains hiving been used in loosening the earth, and in pndrilinf? and ramming the atones. The lourdaiion ia hud in lime mortar; the other parts of the structure with lime mortal mixed with cinders and iron filings, nnd with Springfield hydraulic cement. Below the base the tour faces of the foundation project into a square ol fifty feet, leaving open angles at the corners, so thai ituse projections act as buttresses There are ninety courses of atone in the whole atructure, eighty-four of them being above the ground, and six of them below. The base is thirty feet rquare ; in a rise of two hundred and eight feet, the point where the formation of the apex begins, there is a diminution of fourteen feet, seven and a half inches. The net rise of the stone from the base to the apex, is two hundred and nineteen feet and ten inches, the seams of mortar making the whole elevation two hundred and twenty one feet Perpendicul r dowels, called Lewis's Clamps, were used to bind the first tour courses above the base. This was done chiefly as an experiment, but oeing found to be useless and expensive, the me hod was abandoned, ihe sevetnl stoma which compose each course, are clamped together by Hat oars of iron, lourieen inches long, the ends being turned at right angles and sunk in the granite five eighths of an inch. There are lour faces of dressed stone in the structure, besid's the steps which wind around the cone within, viz: the exterior and the interior W YC IKW YORK. THURSDAY THE BUNKER H sidesof the monument, ami the exterior and the interior of the cone within it. Twelve stones compose the exterior, and bix Imge circling stones the interior of each course of the shall ; to each course of the shaft, there are two courses of the cone, each being composed ol six stones, and four steps answer to each course of the exterior of the shatt. Each of the first seventy-eight courses of the exterior ot the shaft is two ieet eight inches in height; of the nejt five courses, those composing the point, the height of each is one foot eight inches; the cup ot apex is a single stone of three ieet six inches in height The exterior diameter of thecone at the base, is ten feet, the interior diameter, seven feet; at the top of the cone the exterior diameter is six fee* three inches, the interior diameter, four fret two inches The coue is composed ol one hundred and forty-seven courses of atone, each course bting one loot four inches in height. The eliptical chamber at the top is seventeen feet in height and eleven feet in diameter, with four windows, each two feet eiuhi inches in height, and two feet two inches in breadth. There are numerous apertures in the cone, and eight in the shall, besides the door and the windows. The windows are closed with iron shutters At the door way the walls ot the shall are six If ft in thickness. There are two hundred and ninety-four steps in the ascent. In fulfilling his third nnd final contract, Mr lavage removed the gearing which had previously been used, and substituted a steam engine ot six horse power, and an improved nnd ingemus boom derrick of his own invention. Through two apertures in the cone he passed a strong beam, in which the foot ot the derrick was inserted, turning on >i pivot. This was raised with the completion of each four courses of the exterior. A projecting arm attached to the boom extended far enough to clear the b*6e ot the monument, and was slightly inclined downwards. Ti>e ropes passed through shivea at the top of the boom and the extremity of the lever, and when the stone was poised at its elevation, it was drawn in by means of awheel carriage on ihe lever, which was turned upon ihe pivot to either side, und the load was deposited. The steam engine was directly in the rear ot the monument, and the ropes passed down through the cone, and out at the door way. A bell-wire, passing up by the ropes, communicated instantaneously with the engine, and direct ed its motions. A platform singing, bound around the monument by cogs adapted to its gradual dinii nution, and raised with each two courses ot the exterior, served as a standing place for the masons who pointed the work outside. This apparatus served till it was necessary to cover over the chamber at the top, when, of course, the boom derrick and cone could be usrd no longer. The last work of the derrick was to draw up a stout oaken beam, which was passed through two of the windows, and two masts, which being tigged over the projections of tho beam, und lopi>ed over the side of the monument, the remaining stones were slowly, but safely raised, nnd then, trie masts being righted perpendicularly, they were deposited in their places Ine steady lndn.-lry ot the engine, and the cautious oversight of Mr. Savage, made these last operations exceedingly and intensely interesting. I was at first proposed, that the raising and depositing of the last stone should be attended with parade, tor mnlity, and a public celebration. But this was wiicly discountenanced by Mr. Savage, who knew that the caution, a d care, and presence of mind which were requisite, would be best secured by quiet, and a degree ol privacy. Accordingly, the last stone was raised, as we have said, at six o'clock, on the morning of the 23d of July, 1842, in presence ot the officers of the Bunker Hill Monument Association. and a few otherspectators. On the 17th of the previous June, before the cham ber at the top had been covered over, a cannon, which had been raised on the preceding evening, sent forth its volleys in a national salute. Those who enjoyed the view trorn the unclosed chamber, or from the top of the structure betore the last stone was laid, seemed to feel a disappointment when the view was contracted into ihe range of vision as confined by ihe narrow windows But tins feeling will not affect those who look for the first time through the windows over a scene which unites the sublime and the beauiiful, which embraces ocean, islands, mountains, woods, and rivers, cities and villages, churches and school houses, palaces and happy cottage homes ot contented industry, free from the sceptre of an earihiy monarch, but, therefore, all the more bound in allegiance ol gratitude and reverence to the King ol Kings. THE BATTLE. On Friday, June la h, 1779, the vary day upon which Washington wia officially informed, in the Congress at Philadelphia, ?f hi* appointment to the command of the Continental army about to be enllatrd, Oenernl Ward issued orden to CoNneis Preacolt and Bridge, and to the commandant of Colonel Fiye'i regiment, to have their men ready and prepared lor immediate service. Tbey were nil yeomen from Middlesex and K.srex counties, and were habituated to the hard labors of a farm beneath a summer's aim. Captain Grille)'s new company ot artillery, and one hnndr> d and twent) men from the Cue* necticut regiment nnder the command ot Captain Know Iion, Were included In the order. Colonel O, idl.y accompanied as chief engineer. Three companies of Bridge's regiment did not eo, but ns imail parties ol other regiments iell into the detachment, it consist, d ol irom ono thousand to one thousand two hundr.il mm. Tney took with them provisions lor only oromeHl Colonel Pnseott was oideridto tnke possession o', to ortil), and to deli nd, Bunker's Hill, bu? to keep the pur poaa ol the expedition secret ; nor w as n Known to th?men, until, on arriving at Churls stown neck, they found the wagons laden with intrenching tools. The detach meut was drawn tip upon CHtnhridge Common, in Ircnt of O- neral Ward's head quarters, alter stum t, when prayers were offered by Reverend Dr. Langiion. President of the College. About nine o'clock the expt dition was in motion, Presrott, with two sergesn's, carrying dark lanterns, leading the way. The Colonel, exp c'ii g warm ervire, carried with hitn a linen rout or bannian, which he wore during 'he engagement Thus it was that in the accounts ol the belt le, given by some ol the British soldiers. the American commander v. as described as ' a farmer drraaed in his (rock." A brief fkstch ol the na'tiral features and position of 'he scene may sit the imagination ol the r> ader. The peninsulito' Charlntown islnthapo not unlike a pear, sa an early srttler upon it deso.rihed it: thp stem uniting i' to the mainland, the end extending inwards the hsrl or. Two small hills, the Bmial Hill and the l oan Hid, and two laiger summit*, Breed's Hill and Buakei's Hdi swell aut from its surface. The south-eastern slope ot Breed's Hill divides the waters of the bay into two broad rivers, which indent the shore*, and just beyond the western base of Ounket's Hill, approach so near each other as to sllow scarcely lour hundred fee* of breadth to the neck of land which unites tba ftniui.a to the neigh IRK I MORN IMG, JUNE 8, 18 XUL MONUMENT. rrr- : - I boring country. The Mystic, on the uorlh, washes with ilk double channel the lurthm shore. On the south, the i opposite shir of the mouth of thu Chsrles, which, in its nariewtst spun, is ub >ut three hundred yards across, we see the now ciowded peninsula ol Boston, similarly envi roned l<v the waters of the sea, and united to the mainland lit Rnxbury by a narrow neck. The communication between Boston and MiurJestoe 11 was men maintained oy a ferry. A sloping omirenco in Boston, at thep dnt where it approaches nearest to Charle-<towD, is railed Copp'a Hill, and was uii d as a burial place. Thickly studded with gravei. then, as now, there was planted th - battery whenee came the missiles lor the binning of Charles town. Bri ed's Hill is thus the part of the peninsula which approaches nearest to Busiod, being less than a mile nurth ol Copp's Hill. Bunker's Hill lies a few rods north of a line drawn westward lrom Breed's Hill. The relative features of the two summits, the highest points of which are one hundred and thirt\ rods apart, have not been as yet essentially changed Bunker's Hill, the superior vie vation of which has taken the fame from thesummitwhere the real action was (ought? tin- s to the height ofone hundred and twelve feet. Breed's Hill, which bears the mo., uI mi nt, though it has been robbed of its fame, rises to the height of about sixty two feet. North and eastward ol the two summits the land slopes, with occasional irregularities, down to the Mystic shore. A point of land bearing east from Breed's Hill, and extending toward ihe hay,

is colled Morton's Point, and was, at the time of the bs'tie, crown d with an elevation called Morton's Hill This little summit, which win about thirty-five feet in height, and was the place where the first detachme ,t ot Ihe ere my landed and formed <or the attack, has been nearly >e moved. Between Breed's Hill and Morton's Hill, much of the ground was sloughy, and occupied hy -everul brick kilns Breed's Hill ivas then chiefiv used br householders in Ch?rlo?to wn for pasturage an l was inteisccted by lome /mice* Co waul Morton's Point some patches ol ground wtm, on the day ol battle, covered with tall waving grata, ripe for the acythe, while farther bock, on the margin ol the Mystic, at the bnaeof the two principal summits, were line cm pa of hay, jint mown. I'iie leucia, nml tall unmown graau, which were of great advantage to the Americans iu their rtationary defencca, were grievous imped! menta and annoyances to the British in thpir advances The edifices of the town were enthered around the pre sent squire, end extended along the main street to the neck. Two roads united at the neck, the one leading over Winter Hill to Medlord, the other to Cambridge, the Infer being low and marshy, and "xposed to missiles from Boston, and trom shipping in the river. Theorder which Preacott received designated Banker's Hill as the position to he taken; and in the account of the battle afterwards prepared by the Massachusetts Congress, it is said that Breed's Hill was fortified by mistake. Here undoubtedly we must h< gin to make allowances for that contusion which marked the proceedings of tMt eventful .day, and which originated in the necessary haste with which all the mensurm were concerted and executed. The forcible occupation of the heights of Cbarlestown was designed on a sudden emergency, for the purpose of forestalling a cot.certed plan or the enemy, then con fintd in Boston. It would be in vain for us, therefore, to undertake to reason upon the supposition of any more defi nite object than this, of takii g the start of the enemy. With the senn'y ammunition and artillery of the Amen eana, and the few measured hours ol operation in which they mignt expect to work undiscovered, a ibrtificatien .. r U I.nb.r'. LI . 11 ..ri.trai. Rh.IAI, ... r... I.I r-? I 1 iffarted th?'ir purpose, as it would not have prevented the landing of the British from bouts, un.1 the occupation by them of Breed's Hill, if this latter summit had been lelt wholiy umle'ended. For all purpose! o' restraining and annoying the enemy in Boaton, Breed's Hill offer- d superior advantage*. The American! have never referred to their woi ks in thia town an a vpecimen of the manner in which they laid their plan*. Dorchester Heights, upon the other side, at the sighted which, when day broke, the enemy thought It wise U take their ships, would he rather selected by us for such a specimen. The detachment from Cambridge, on the night of the Ifl'h of June, when it had reached this side of the neck was for a lime undecided as to the position to be taken.? The moments, however, were too preciotis for deliberation, though many were spent upon it. It was only after repeated and urgent warnings from the engineer that longer s'elay would nullify oil their labors, that the works were commenced upon Breed's Hill, when the clocks had announced the midnight hour. 1 he highest part of the summit was selected, and thither the simple intrenching tools, gathered on the spur of the moment, were speedily carried i The intrenchments consisted sf a redotiht and a brraati work, lormed entiri ly of the earth heaped by the spade.? The redoubt, of which the monument now occupies the I centre, was eight rods square; the southern side, run ning parallel with the main street, was constructed with one projecting and two entering angles On a line with the eastern side, which faced the present navy-yard, was the breast work, extending front the re loubt nearly feur hundred feet upon the brow aod down the slope of the hill towards tint Mystic , the tally port opened upon the Interval between the redoubt and the breastwork. This interval, that is, the apace between the beginning of the nreaat work and the corner of the redoubt, was defended by a blind, but fhr tally part, the outlet on the northern fac , ot the redoubt, was not protect) d, either within or outside. Trohably the intention was to hive extended the breastwork down the whole length of the hill, had time permitted ; but, Instead of wondering at the incompleteness of the works, we are rather impressed with amaze' mcnt at the results which were brought about in lour hours of toil. Colonel Oridlev planned the works, which ! exhibited an equal measure ot military science and ol Yankee ingenuity. No vestige of the reilonbt now re mains, it having been entirely obliterated in the process i ol laying the Inundation of the monument. A small por tlon of the breastwork is distinctly visible, as causing a slight protuberance in the soil which hna never been ploughed. The intrenchments which we now see lying a few rods vest ofthe monument, are remains of the loin flcaMons made by the British army, wtdch was in pos? ssioii of i he ground for nine months alter the bat< le. Their fortlflcHtiona upon Iioth summits, which occupied several weeks in (heir construction, have often been carelessly taken by mi,no Hcial observers fir the Americnn works raised in four hours of darkness Coming genera'lona will regret, as many ol the j.rr sent generation do, that the battle gtotind hna oeen so disfigure' .mil m.irr d bv the sale of ail but a small portion el'the hill, lor house lots. Still, the ii dural feature* I of the |? nmsiiln nr such that they can never b- obidei a; t.dto an estrnl which will euy to a visitorlomeconoep I tion ef ihe feariul scene which has made the ground l> | inoim. I n** rrrrfinn 01 ui" r>*-i|fiu mniimi cm in?* immu oi 1 VVatrrloo, ruii'ir-g tb* r*innval ot ? i uljjr ?f rarth. lift* . loot b? much injury ttere, nx tin rale of home Io n her? Thou h'.hr hunda *hii'h npuded the bulwark! ol inith upon Breed'" Hill on the nigh: ol h'riday, June Itj h, ? ?l? not.I to daily toil, and brought to tbelr tin ? onted midi ight ta?k ihe molt unflinching courage and deteiinitiation. It mhi Kill it work of dreadful anxiety. Beiidei the hattery onCopp'a Hill, there *?? another in proximity to ?:h?rlt?to*n and to the roadfrom Cambridge, erected on Barton'* Point, at the loot ol Leverett Itrwit, in Bottom It WH* a bright xtarlight mpht of mldiumm?r, whi n tht longhonraof day almott deny an interral tothadaikiipn, and we expicteach moment after twilight in tht wnat to tiohoh! the grey of morning in thread rrobahly had thp dittanceto Box on acrou the water been one rod lean, tin- midnight laboret* " etild hare been ditco ered 1 ooppr, in hia admit able talp of LiohpI Lincoln, w hich i* ipmaikahly faithful to hiatory in moil ol i * detail*, hut pre'tntpd the round* of ihp wutk ai audible, at leant a> occax onal and amotherrd loam* ol tomaiecrpt pntarpriae o th" guard on Copp'a Hill It may harp been ao, but no uronl ot It apppart. A anard ? m itatlonrd on the Charletiown ihorp nnnat to Borton, to anticipate any morpmrnt ol the Mir my. Prpacott himaell went thare in company witli our late Ooreinor Brook*, then a major la Bridge * IEKa 43. regiment, and heard from the enemy'* sentries, when re lievingguard, (he cry "All'* wall." He returned to hi* work. u|>on the hill, an<l alter another interval, thinking it impossible that the enemy could he so dull of hearing, he went down to tbeshore again, and finding all aacure, he recalled the guard, as their hand* ware needed even more than their ear*. The moment* may have passed re. (.idly, yet they muat have lelt apace for thought; and then tho*e earneat patriot*, knowing full well lowhatuseivice the light of day would introduce them, could not hut oall before thvir mind* their home*, their wive* and children, and striking the balauce between their private joy* and their public right*, rraolve that they muat tight The reaolve muat have been deeply formed, fur It wa* cheriahed and acted upon thiough a day ot horror* which they could not have anticipated. The midnight work went on, and those burdened moment* tecured the result* oi long year*of liberty and proipeiity to a nation. There wna a scene lor the imagination to picture. Even the narrow space occupied by the rivet'* bed wa* wider than the distance between those mnlnight lath rem and their enemies. Five ai mpd vessel* then Hosted in the atieum, and the Bostun shore waa guarded by a hell of sentinel* The Glasgow frigate, with twenty guna and one hundred and thirty men, lay oil the line ol the present Crash'* Point Uirige, an<l commanded the neck ol land by which the peniusula ol Ckurlestown is united to Cam bridge; tho Somerset, with sixty right guns, and five hundred and twenty men, lying nuar the draw of the presen- Cbarlestown Bridge, commanded Charlesto'-'n Square and its dwelling houses ; the Lively, with twei .y guns, and one hundred nnd thirty mm, lying olfthe | assent navy yatd, could throw its shot directly upon th redoubt; tliii bulcnn, sloop ot war, lying oit Morton ? I'oir.t, defended the ascent bat worn thu landing places 01 the British and Breed's fliil ; aud the Cerberus of thirty si* guns, maintained a continual lira during the action. Tlmae vt'Mnla were most advantageously siiuated lor the purposes ol the enemy, and it seemed almost impossible that the sentries could have been wakeful at their posts, and not hove overheard or suspected thu operation* of the hill, blither dullness in them, or wonderful caution and unbroken hurmony among the provincial*, must have secured the unbroken repose ol those midnight hours. The brief interval of darkness alter the labors of intrenching h id commenced, at last gave place to the grey of early morning. On that moment, when the sun sent lorth the first heralds ol liis coming, seems to have been suspended the interests of nations. Then was tho moment for peace to insinuate her mild influences, helore brutal passions had been kindled at the roar of cannqn and the flow of blood. Iftrue patriotism, if wise policy, il the lave which Christian people, ef the same lin-age, should hear to rack othur, had been allowed Its full Iree influence over the parties in the ipprouching struggle, how much agony and wo. and fruitless wretchedness, might have heon averted Even then it was not too lata for justice to have ensured peace. Evs-n then a vessel was on her way to the mother country, bearing yet anotner earnest petition from her injured colonists, lor a re dress ol grievances , but the same ocean which was trBmmitiingher fruitless message, was ulready crowded with a hostile fleet coming hither with tho instruments ot death ; and on the very day ef the battle, and upon the eve before, reinforcements of foreign troops had entered the harbor. The blood rhed at Concord and Lexington, with the leng list of antecedent outrages, might have been forgiven hy our fathers. They had not been the aggressors; they ward oil'a blow. Theieis no evidence that thu heights of CharleMown were occupied for any other purpose than that of defence, to conlino thu enemy within their narrow quarters, and to prevent any more hostile incursions into the country. When the rooming tun displayed to the a? tonishod invaders thu character of the last night's labor, and showed them the workmen still employed, with undismayed hearts and untired hands.it was not even then too Into for peace, dago and his officers, at least, it their hired Milmrdinates did not, should have honored, though they might not have feared the patriot band) shoul i have respecti d the spirit which controlled them, and should have counted the cost of the Moody issue But not one moment, not one word, perhaps not ono thought, was spent upon intercession or warning. I'he instant that the first beams ol'light marked distinctly the outlines ot the Americans, and of their intrenchmenta upon the hill, the cannon ol the Lively, which float* ed nearest, opened a hot fire upon them, at thu same time arous-ng the sleepers in Boston, to come forth 08 -pectstors or actors in thu cruel tragedy. f lie oilier armed vessels, some floating batteries, and the batteiy on Cupp's Hill, combine I to pour for'h their volleys, uili ilug 11 .11 (ling and dismal note ot preparation or the day's tot flicf. But thu works, though not completed, ?itr i 1 ?t.iii. of such forwardness, that ti e missiles ol desl net 01 I 11 h?tmlaas, and the intrenohers continued to stro gtheu th-ir post, tinn. The enemy iu Boston could scare .dy rudit their ?u.;?l,i P-. o,.,i 11... ,.1 n.a ... ...ni. ... 1.-... (1. / ? ' """""I J I proudest fame should rest, was undaunted, indent, and lull of heroic enrrjty Hi planned and directed, no encourxgvd the men, he mounted the work*, and with his hald bead uncovered, and hia commanding liunu', he w a a noble p.-rsonificxtion of a patriot cause. Home of the men incautiously ventured in front of the works, when one of ih-m was instantly killed by a cannon shot. This first victim u as buried in the ditch, and his romponiona were fesi fully w arned of the totalities which the day would bring yet nearer to tbem. Win ii the. orders had been issued at Cambridge, the night befon , to those who bad thus complied with them, refresh mi-ntx and reinforcements had been promised ip tbe morning Thus some of the mtn might have thought they hod fulfilled their part ofine work, and were out ill-d ?o relief, or wore a' liberty to depart. Some lew, when tbe first victim fell, left tbe hill, anddhl not return. Those who r? m imed were exhausted with tlieirtoil, and without food or water, aud the morning was already intensely hut The officers, sympathizing with their situation, and snflerings. rt quested Preacott to send to Cambridge for relief. He summoned a councilor war. but was resolute against the petition, laying that the enemy would not venture an attack, and if they did venture, would be defeated ; that the men who had railed the works were beat able to defend them, and deserved the honor of the victo ry; that they had already learned to despise the fire of tun enemy. Th* vehemence of Preacott Infused new spirit into the men, and they resolved to stand tbe dresd inue. Prescott ordered a guard to tbe ferry to prevent a landing there. He was seen by Oage, who was reconnoitering fiomCoop's Hill,and who inquiredol Counsellor Willard, by his side, "Who is that otticer commanding?" Willard recognised his brother-in-law, and named Colonel Preacott. "Will he fight?' asked (Jage. The answer waa "Yes, sir, depend upon it, to the last drop of blood In him; hut 1 cannot answer for hia men." Yet Preacott could answer for his men, and that amounted to the same thing. Tbemea'ureaof theenemy were undoubtedly delayed ..y si" i uii iniiiiiin iimi inn intrepidity of thn provincial* bad anticipated them in an enterprise upon which tbey had deliberately decided. In the council of war called by Gage, all were unanimoua that the enemy mint be dislodged, but there waaadif ference of opinion as to the manner ol effecting thia oh ject. The majority agreed with General Clinton and Grant in advising that the British troopa should be embarked at the bottom of the Conrmon, in boata, and under the protection of the ship* and floating batteries should land at Charlestown, and thus hold the provincials and their intrenchmens* at their meicy. But General Oig? overruled the advice, and determined upon landing and making an attack in Iront ot the works, (earing that his troops, if landed at the Neck, would be ruinously surrounded by the intrenchers and the whole army at Cambridge. Meanwhile, General Ward, though repeatedly aolici ted by General Putnam, who had been at the ground by night , or early in the morning, and by meaaengers sant from i'rescott, hesitated about weakening the atrength of the main army hy aending reinforcements to the Heights; for the enemy had not yet landed, he had good reaaon to i fear that tbey might divide their lorcea, and while engaging with the Intrenchers, effect a landing at some i other spot, and proceed to Watertown or Cambridge, where the scanty atores of the provinciala wero depoi sited. By n'ne o'clock the preparations in Boston,'henrd and aeeu by Present t on the nilf,infot med him of the deter mine tion of Ibe British to attack He therefore gave up his first opinion,that they would not d sre to resiat him,and convert ed himsi If ami his men with the pn mise of certain and glorious victory. Hesent M 'Jor Brooks to General Ward, to urge the necergity of bi? being reinforced. Brooks, ; being obliged to proceed on foot. as Captain Gridley i would not risk one of his artillery horses to pass the Neck, which was swept by the Glasgow Irigate, arrived about ten o'clock at head-quarters, where the Committee of Safety were then in sesion. Brooks's urgency, se. r.onded hy the solicitations of Richard Devens, a member of the Committee, and a cltlcen of Charleatown, induced i General Ward to orderthat Colonel* Reed and Stark, then i at Medford, should reinforce Prescotl with the New | Hampshire troops. The companies at Chelsea were then recalled, and tho order reached Med ford at eleven o'clock. Tim men worn a* apeedily a* poaaible provided with ammunition. though much time mi consumed in the preparation. Each man received two flint*, a gill of powder, and flficen Italia. Tnejr were without cartridge boxes, and u?ed powder-horns and pottchea, or their pocketa, aa >ub*titutea, anil in making tip their cartridges, their ? re obliged hi heat and shape their bails according to the dlf- 1 lereut calibreol their guns Dr. Joseph Warren,one of the moat dialinguished and ' elf sacrificing ol the many patriots of the time, had not yet taken the commission which war granted to him on t heUihnf June. He had to ice maintained the canre o1 1 lihertt in th-very teeth ot Britlrh oltin ra, on ihe annual cnmmitti ira'icni of the (tth ol March Wlieii ?h report ol ho coming action reach-d him ? Wnteriown. wii-mhe then ???. ar acting Pieaiih nt of th Provincial t'onirre-a and Chatrxan of the Committee of ."bife'y ho-v Muter ' ing Irom illneuaml exhatiition, he re-"l*i I i. ) I in the 1 strife Wholly iliexpel ii need aa he v > i miliars fictlca, hia d"terminati?in coiili not be alinki y the c. neu remamtiancea of hir friends. Ilia preeem ntul counsel were m eded in the committee, hut he p rsia'- d in hia io olve, and we mnat lament, ea all bia cotemponrief la men ted, that hia heroiam outran hia prudence, anu would net he conn oiled liy duty in another direction. The hoatile arrangement* of the Britiah being concluded, the devoted hand upon the ilightiy fortified bill -oo.i raw the reanlt. At noon, twenty-eight bargee, formed in two parallel linea, left the end of Long Wharf, md made for Morlon'a Point, the moat feasible landing piece. The bargee w ere crowded with Britiah troop; oi ihn 6th, l#th, 4Jd, and fttld battalion* of lnianlry, two companies of grenudiere. ai d t? n ol light inUntry. There troopa wm all aplendidly appointed, with flit'cring lit J loc k* and bayonets, hut aaitly eucurrhi red, lor the hot vork b lore them and the hot aun above them, by then 1 irma and ammunition, and it' would iecm by tin * statement ot their own historian, Hieiimin, thattha) car. i led a hundred pounita of provision, inten ed to I art for ! threodayi. Their regular and uniform appearanoe, with < I fix pieces of ordnance ahining in the bows of ihe leading ' batgia, preaentrd an Impoaing and alarming spectacle J | to our raw aohiiei y. A part ot the regulars that had lata- J LD. '?tai Tws CMU, Ijr arrived, had boen retained oh bo ird of the transports on account of tba crowded state of Button. A part of these were landed lor the first time at Chsrleitown, tod thus the Urst npot ol American soil upon which many of them trod, become to them > grare. The officers were *11 men et experience and valor; G uerali Howe and Pqjat, Colonel* Neshit. Aberflromhie, and Clarke: Majors Butler, William*, Biu a, Spen ilove, Smelt, Mitchell, Pitcairn, Short, Small, and Lord Rawdon, were the most distinguished. Captain Addison, related to the author of the " spectator," had arrived in Boston on the day before the battle, ami had then ncepted an invitation iodine with General Burgoyneoti the 17th, when a far di/fereift expei ience awaited him, lor he waa numbered among toe lain. This detachment landed at Morton'a Point about one o'c.ock, detended hy the shipping, and wholly unmoloated. They soon discovered en egregious and provoking act of careles*nes? on the part of ih> Ir master ot ordnance, in sendiuf over cannon balls too Isrge lor their pieces.? They weie immediately returned to Boston, and were not r> placed in ?ea*on lor the drat action At the same time, Oen-rsl Howe, the commander of the detainment, requested of General One a reinforcement, which be .bought to be necemun ti.e moment that be had a lair view ol the elevated and formidable position ol the provincials, as soon trom mr point. While these messages were pining, some of the British troop*, stretched at their ease upon the gross, oat in peace their !a?t meal, refreshing their thirst fiom laige tuba of drink?a tantalizing light to the provinciate. About two o'clock the rein arcement landrd at Midiw's ihip yard, uow the navy y aid. It consisted of the 47th battalion of infantry, a h.ittnlion ofmarine!, andiome more companion of grenadiers and light infantry. The whole numbrr of Britiah troop* who engaged in the courie of the action, did not fall short of, and probably exceeded, 4.00U. In connexion with this torce, which far surpassed that ofthe provincial* in numbers, and was Immeasurably superior to them in discipline and militsry appointments, we are to consider the marines in the ships, which complet* iy caunonuded three rides ol the hill, and the six-gun battery on Copp's Hill, as engaging in the unequal contest. (Jamtrasting a British regular with a provincial soldior, we are accustomed to ascribe immense advantages ol discipline to the former. Yet we are te remember that an overpowering superiority of character and of cause was on the side of tba latter. If we could have followed a recruiting sergeant of Great Britain at that time, aa he hunted out from drom-aheps and the haunta of idleness and vice, the low and vulgar inebriates, the lawless and dissolute spendthrift, seeing how well the sergeant knew where to look for bis recruits, we should know how much discipline could do for thrm, and how much il must leave undone The provincials were not acquainted with tke fotms and terms of military tactics: fcut they Knew the difference between halfeock and double-cock, arid the more they hated the vermin which they had been used to hunt with tlhelr following-pieces, the straighter did the bullet speed from the muzzle. But their sup> riority consisted in the kind of pay which they were to receive, not In pound* and shillings, but in a fraa laud, a happy home, end rulers of tbelr own cboioe. While the British troop* were forming their line*, light work was constructed by the Connecticut troop*, lent from the redoubt, under Captain Knowlton, which proved of essential service to the provincials. A rail fence, under a small part of which a stone wall was piled to the height of about two feet, ran from the read which crossed the tongue ol land between the hills, to the bank of the Mystic, with a tew apple tree* on each side of it. The provincial* pulled up some other fence* near by, and ret thtm in a line parallel with this, filling the space between with tbo Ireth mown hay around the ground. The length of this slight defence was about 700 feet. It waa about 600 feet in rear of the redoubt and breastwork, and had it been on a line with them, would have left a space of about 100 feet between the ends of the earthen and the wooden deierces. Thus there wss sn opening of shout 700 feet on the slope of the hill between theintrsnchmenta and the rail fence, which the provincials had not time to at cure Part of this intervening space then, aa now, was doughy, and as there were no means of do. fending it save a few scattered trees, tho troops behind the birastwork were exposed to a galling Are from the enemy, on their third attack, which finally brought about the unfavorable issue of the strife The six pn res of British artillery were stationed at first upon Morton's Hill. All these pieparaliona, visible aa they were to thou UJM'II uT-.jgui>vp.iiK uurw^, ??" ? roof -., wore watched ?nh (be intenaest unxie-y. Undoubtedly, ihe common oersuasiuu and feor was, that General G >k? would fcimselt bad a portion, if not the whole of the residue ol hie urmy, upeti un attack at tone other |K>int in the aemi circle. Hoabury waa heavily cannonuded, to retain the forces there from proceeding to Cbarlestown. A arhooncr, with 000 or 6bO mm, waa directed to the Cambridge ahore, but wind and tide proved unfavorable. In fiaar ol thnae movements, great caution waa adviaablein (coding rrinforcementa upon the hill. Captain Callander waa ordered there with hia artillery. Gardnei's, Patterson's and Doolittle'a regimenu were at at toned at didi-rent points between Charleetown Neck and Cambridge. This Neck, though frequently passed by our /fhcers and troops in single Ale, waa feartnlly hazardous during the whole day, aa it was raited by a An- ol round, bar and chain ehnt, from ths Glasgow, and from two armed gondolas near the shore. The rainIbt rcmenta arrived ft urn Mod lord before the engagement, though General Staik bad led them very moderately, insisting 11.hi "onefresh mmi in battleia worth ten fatigued one'." G.-iieral Putnam flopped a pert of them te unite with a detach mailt Ironi the redoubt in nttempling tu forti y Bunker's Hill, which was of grrat consequence to the piovinciaU in cane of a retreat. Mtark, wnh oaths and encouragements, led on the remainder to the tail tanc-. It noon became n matter of importance to the provinrtala to seek the utmost possible help irom their artillery, but it amounted to very little A few ineffectual shot had been Ared from Grldley* pieces in the ri-doubt, against Copp'a Hill and the shipping, when the pieces were removed and placed with Captain Callander at the ipoce between the lence and the breastwork. Here they would have been of some service in defending our weaken and most ex posed point. But the officer* and the com panic* who had them in charge, were wholly ignorant ot their management ; and. on the plea of having nnanitabln cartridge*, Callender wo* drawing hia gun* off to prepare ammunition, when Putnam urged him to return. The piecea were fired a Irw time*, and ?oon afterward* weie moved by Captain Ford to the rail fence. General Pomerey, at Cambridge, old a* he wae, wae moved like the war horse at the amell of the battle. He ^fglfd 0 horae of Oenraal Ward that he might rid* to Charleatown, but on reaching the nock, and obaerving the hot Are which raked it, an wu afraid to riak the borrowed animal. Giving him then in charge to a sentry, he walkedon tothe rail f*nee, whe*e hi* well-known iorm and countenance cailed forth enthusiastic abonta. Colonel Little came up with hi* regiment, and the men were station*d along the line, from the rail fence on the left to a cartway. There were also reinforcement*, of about MO troops ench, from Brewer's, Ninon's, Woodbridge's, and Donlittle's regiment*, detach cm nt* of which wore station ed along the main street in Chatleatown. Colonel Beamman*, who was deprived of hi* sense and hia courage, either by contusion or fear, had been ordered by Oeneral Ward to go where the fighting was. He went to Lechset's Point, understanding, as he seid, that the enemy were landing there. He waa advised to go to the Hill. He chose to understand the nearest hill, and so he poeted hirasell upon CobbleHill, where the Insane Hoepital now stands, and occupied that useless position. Oenctal Warren arrived just before the action. Putnam endeavored to dissuade him trom entering it, and then recommended to him a sale place, and offered to receive hia ordcre. But W;>rren could not be tbu* wrought upon. He said he came only as a volunteer, and, instead of seeking a place of safety, wished to know where the onset would be moat furious. Putnam pointed to the redoubt ee the place of danger and importance. Prescott there offered to receive Warren's orders, but he again amid ha waa happy to aarva as a volunteer. The tune ot Yankee Doodle, which afforded the British so much sport as ridiculing the provincials, was the tune by which our fathers were led on to that conteat. Let their example commend to us this only way ot depriving ridicule ot its sting; for them is nothing which it so much annoy* men to spend In vain as their scorn. Before the engagement commenced, Captain Walker, ef Chelmsford, led a band of about fifty resolute men down into Charleatown to annoy the enemy's left flank. Tkey did gM-at execution, and then abandoned their dangerous position, to attack the right flank upon Mystic river. Gere the captain waa wounded and taken prisoner. He died ot hi* wounds in Boston Jail. 1 n? Dimoii, in in* ir u hi, &, aiinru ?n iwu umiuui vir j-rM , flrat, to lorce and carry the redoubt ; aarnnd, to turn the lelt flankol our troop*, and thn? to cut off their retreat To accompliah the lormer, General Hoot, who commanded the British left wing, displayed tinder cover of the eaatern alopo of the hill, and advanced again* the redoubt and breaatwork. General Ho wo led the right wing, which advanced along the ahorc of the Myatic. to the rail fence. The artillery prepared the way tor the infantry, end 1: waa nt this time that the miataheof the overaized hall* waa a great grievance to the enemy, aa they had hut a few reunda of proper ihot. It waa of vital nccesalty that every charge of powder and ball am nt by the Antei iram ahonld take effect. There ' w?* none lor waate. The officer* commanded their men to withhold their (Ire till the e-.emy were within eight iod?, an 1 when they could-re the whttea of their eye*, to aim nt their waistbands { alao to "aim at t?-e hamlaome -onts, a-d pick oft the commandero." A* the Br'iah left wing came within gnu- hot, the men In the irdoutd could Correly restrain ihetr Are and a few discharged thrir idece*. Pre?cntt, indignant a' thia diaobeitlcnce, vowed inuant death to any one w ho should repeat It, and promiaed, hy the conftdei,r.e which they ropoaed in Mm, io give the i-ommard at the proper moment. Hie Lieutenant Colonel, R' hinaon, tan round the top of th# work* >od knocked up the inuaket*. When the apace between thea**ailaota and the rmlotibt waa narrowed to the appointed span, the word waa apoke i at the moment; the dee tly Beahae buret iorth, and the green grew waa orlnuoned with the lite, blood of hundred* The front rank waa nearly obliterated, aa were its aucceaaive auhatitutea, aa the Americana -vere well protected, and were deliberate in thoir aim. The enemy to" like the tali gr*?a which grew around, before the praotiaed aweep of the mower. General Pigot waa obliged to give the word for a retreat. Borne of the wounde 1 were neen crawling with the laat energiea of lite m from the gory heap of the dylrg and tho dead, among whom the otllcera, hy their proporti ^n, for outnumbered he private aoidiera. A* the wind rolled aw.iy the auffosting smoke, and the 111 at* of the artillery and the mm letry lor a moment cut d, the aw fttl pectacle, the agonzing yell* and shriek* ol the aufl-rar*, were detracting in,l piercing Prayer* and groan*. Ion I, impioue oaths, nd lond in * ocationa of the loved and the dear, were min ;led into rounds which tcarcely aerm*d of human utternce, liy ilie rapturous hoot of victory w hich rang from he redoubt. The earth haa not a right or anon* ivuldeiung, in ita pasaion or ita wo, than a battle Be Id. rh? tabled pit btneHth the earth thmi 0|>?na from ita bew. " ; : = -i

Bu sayıdan diğer sayfalar: