18 Temmuz 1843 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1

18 Temmuz 1843 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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t h : r?l. 1*.?Ho. I?ft ?YV*olo Ma. 840T. To tlu Public. THK NEVf FORK HERALD?daily newapaper?pub lished wry day of the year except New Year's 4ay and Fourth ol July. Price 3 cents per copy?or f7 2fl per an Bum?postages paid?cash in advance. THK WEEKLY HEP. *LD?published every Batordaj morning?price flj eentu per copy, or 12 per winumpostagea paid? Aiuh hi advance. ADVERTI8KR3 are informed that the oircuJation of theHeraii in over THIRTY THOUSAND, and increasing art. It Uat I fir lariat circulation of any paper in thai city, or the wild, and it therefort, the but channel for butinett nun in the city or country Price* moderate?caaU in advance. PRINTING of all kind*, acecated at the moit modem t prices, ami in the moat elegant style. JAMES OOKBON BENNETT, PaOratETOH ?r TKI HkHXI.D ESTABLISHMENT, Northwest corner of Kulton and Nassau streets The Great Bunker Hill Herald, TubllshoJ on superfine paper, containing a full acoennt of the colouration of Bunker Hill, consisting of the deacriptioni, and Mr. Webster's oratioix ; accompanied with five splendid engraving*,comprising 1st. A rare and original view of the Battle of Bunker Hill, which took place on the 17th June, 1775; exhibiting the array of the American arniv, engaged in deadly conflict with the British troops, their ships and ther forces. 2nd. A view of the procession forming on Boston Common. 3il. A view of the procession croasing Warren Bridge. 4th. A view of Bunker Hill Monument from tha narth, bh it looked on the <iay of tha oelebration, with the flags ebove and crowds below. 6th. A view of Bunker Hill Monument from the aonthern buy, as it looked on the quiet Sabbnth morning after the Celebration. Afirnts will please transmit their ordera before the edition will be (old, as the demand is unprecedented. The price, wholesale,to agents, $9 per huadred, or eight cents percopy. Retail, 12} cents. To be had at this office. EXCHANGE HOTEL. BALTIMORE.~ .. . ; 4*" .. rpHI^ hou?? liavinr nnderjo'je many nnpcrtan alterations * and rhmough repairs, harms been iu part reftu-nished with rich and elegant furniture, ia tgain open for the reception of company. Tim I'oiition of (his Hotel ia too well huown to require a detail of ita advantage*. It ii corfeased to be, (or people of basinru or pleasure, one of the moat favorable of any in the city. The present proprietor intends lliat care aud industry shall not be wanting to improve its natural advantages, under his superint-nd uice, aad he respectfully solicits the patronage of his frienda and the public. hHAHTliS COLEMAN. Haltmi re. April 36, 1843. aJ3 e&d3mr oharon springs, pavilion, hcoharikcou in ^ ty, n. y.?This splendid and commodious Hotel having teeu'nlarKed, repainted ami refurnished in the moat elegant IHHlJIier mruUK'lUUl. uuriilK um muiui, mu uc U(icucu iui the reception of viaiter* by the *ub?ciiber* on llie 25th of May enaniug. The alteration* and addition* 10 the interior will enable them to accommodate a much greater uumbtrof visiters thanformerly and io a manner affording every comfort and convenience. The promenade groantls will be haudsomely relaul not * iih a view to atfoid the most advantageous prospect of the surrounding e<<nntry. The road* to and about the Spring* *re being improied and n?w ones opened for greater accommodation of equestrians. The ground* and water course* in the vicinity of the Bath Hou?e have alio been tastefully laid out. The Btth H'ju>c is being enlarged and much i">pr.ivedaud will accommodate *1! v. ho ma* i!erre to bathe. There arc (onr new and ipaciou* BaHAileys whit.'i have lately been erected. The interi( r arrani! emrots of the Pavilion are such a* to afford every attention to the comfort aud wiihe* of visitors with a well organized eorps of MfUlit <u in shoit tne *ub*cril>er? will be wen-red to re< cive their viu:en in a manner not to be surpassed by an establishment in the country. Of the White Sulphur Water of Sharon Spring* it can be uiil it I* uot stitx i**rd by any tiling ot the kind in the known wor d fir the cure nf rh?uirstic, cutaneous,bilious and dyspeptic complaints, .ind for the curr of eryaepilas, * It rheara, *cro fula, li'er eom. loirt, and geueral debility, r* hx been certified by souse of the most eminent medical protestors Ufa rec-nt analysis made for the proprietors of the Spring*, br oue of the m?*t eminent chemists in this country (Dr-Chil? tor: o; New Vork) the following result* have been obtained fr?m on* g&Uou of water:? tiraina. Sulphate of Magnesia 42.40 Suh.h ve of Lime 111.62 Chloride of Sodium* 2 24 Cl.loride of Magnesium ..... 2.40 Hydrxnlphuret of Colium I , Veg. table extractive matter I 160.94 Sulphuretted Hydrogen Oa* 16 cubic ische*. Tlie*e Spring* are within a few hour*' ride of Albany, Troy Saratoga, Schenectady, U.iea, kc.; and ?re accessible either from (.anajohsne, on the Albany and Uriaa Railroad, where post coaches daiiv await the arrival of the morning can from Schenei'ady and Utira, to con?ey vi*itor* to the Spring*, a distance of about eitf't miles, arriving in time for dinner; or by the turnpike from Albany to Cherry Valley, by dtily stages, hem* ab<>nt forty five mile* west of the city of Albany. Persons lenvn.g New 4 ork in the evening boat" for Albany, arrive at the Sharon Spring* the pert in time for dinner. C..ARK, OAKDNKR k HASKELL. April 28. I84S aJO cod 3m* r BOARDING ESTABLISHMENT AT LONG BK.ANOH, NEW JERSEY. rPHE under-igned would respectfully announ:e to those who J- * ish to r*t,re Irom the h?al ?nd dust of the city, eitcer for a biief time or through the season, that he has made arrangements for the reception <.f vi<kors, and loat no pains will De tared to make their situation pleasant and comforuble. This Klace is sitnaled on tiie Atlantic oaean. about thirtv nules mi New York, and for pureness ot air, opportunities for ba.hiug.a nd c-eautifjl fcenery, is not surpassed by *ny resort of iilroaore in the country. The price of board will be sis | dull r? per W' ek, and as good cooks and servantslhavs been 1.1' ru ed, it cannot trat prove a pleasant and agreeable home r>r those who wi*h to *rend the tummer in ihe country. The a'eamer Oms, from the Fulton marktt, and the steamer Slirr-a'skury, from the foot of Kc:bio*ou street, will clch make a <"ailv trip hetwe-a New York and l ong Sranch. jyl 2weod*rc SAMUEL COOPEn Dlt. fffcUCHT WANOlSR'S unrivalled Chetntca1 Prepara tioii*. Puiaon*, kc.?The Compound Chemical Whale Oil Soap, a oertain preventative against the attack of All desenption* oi insects on rose bushes, grape vines, fruit trees, plants, There probably never was no aompoand more effectual in i's application than the Chemieal Whale Uil Soap In no instiuec will it fail, when property applied, of accompliahiug the object, adding at the same time to tne eleaaliness and fertility ot the plants, kc. The difficulty many have heretofore eipo'leneed in cultivating tliwers, kc., in shielding them from the attack ol insects has deterred many from raising them,but i this difficulty ran be en irely obviated by the use ol the Hoar, which is very simple in its manner of apr''cation, and on account ol its cheapness is aa<e;*ible to any extent. Alio may be noiaiied the celebrated Poiions (or the total eitermiuatiou of all deicriptions ol vermin iufeiling house*, barn*, gardens, kc. The tied Bug Poiion is infallible, and by a proper applieation will voat effectually dritroy the vermin, and prevent a re'urn of thutn, as hundred* can testify who last summer were so toi lui ate as to mike use of them. 'Lhr Rat and Mouse Poison, when administered according to the directions, a warran ed to dr-ve from the premises the rats and mice, aud pr**e*<e* advantages over all o.her preparations lieretofnre brought in use, being irte Irom all deadly mineral prison, such as corssive sublimate, kc ; digs and eat* may em cf the s.me without the least inju y. Anu, uiott.*, tuskronche*, kc., are all effectually exterminated Also a generM usioriment of rare chemicals and dyers'articles, such a* extract of logwood, do >)uercitron, do tanners' bark, acid* i nitiate of pitaih, white sugar ol lead, nut galla, Ironiue. iodine of iron do merenry, do lead, do sulpha', hy drioii potash iodine sacute of iron, su'ph ite of mnnaine, vcr atine, sulphate of cad in* line, oxide ofulver, dool gold, hvdriod :j .1,... . .... ..u, _r i??., copairi, capiule*. biouzea, nihutrun clonde of to la, aqu ?noma, *weet *pfrit* nitre, Urnntille'a lotion, acetic, chloric and aulpkn ic ether*, kc.; Mwediih leechei, aeidlitr. and *odt Siwdtra, llrtwer'i loKCDge*, ptilumerr, bottled *oda water, rittol'* (inaparill), togeihrr with a general auortment of drug*, be., all of which are for **le cheap by DR. L.^WM FKUOHTWANGER. j 14 ?tAW 1 nu?*m o Wall *treet. fl HI' PUBLISHED at Ihe B-*c?n Office, !M Ko*t>Te|i *t., J IN V, anew edition of Si'HAUSS'LIKK OF Jt8U8, bouid SI GO, 'n boi di 75 cent* The Bible of Namre, canttiuiLg llie e**entiil part* of scarce work*, (cheapen book rt M ?I31?Tdd Br tie* of the Bible, 50 ccnt?; Uiblo E*rracti 25 cent*?logi-.lher 6J>4 ci|j> Lc Cuafnr. from the French, J5 cent*?E*?)oiriiiu of Daiiiet and th* Ap< cilypae, 31 cent*. The Li'e af 'I hnma* Paine, coi taming hi* a'labisfeit I etter* to Wmhington, bound SI >i? in board* SI. !C7" The Beacon weafclr. containing an Aairouomiaal Eptietnen*, or place* of :ne I'laneti, S2 per annum. lyfi eod ?w*? fjjffP jjfrjfr PULLEV k COW'S KXPKK8B, 3 WALL HTKK.tT, Tha mbacriber*. th* old condnctor* of Harnden k Co.1* Ei pre** from New York, will continue to run ?* heretofore,leaviiig New York, Alnany and l'roy daily, and will forward Hprcit, B.mk Note*, Pdrk**e?, Bundle*, Ca?e*of Oooda, Parrel*, kc kc , in connection with Mr*?r?. Bailey k Howard'* "tlre*t WFmtrn Rip en," to and frutn the loflowirir place*, v x' L'pra, Htracne, Oawego,Auburn, Seueca Fill*. CJ?neva, Cauadaigua, Hocheater, Bntavia. Lnckport, Buffalo, Detroit, Clfareland *nd < h.caec alto to Kingaton.Toron oandHtmilton, in Canada We*t. By JacobV Northtin Kipte**, to White null, uumuniim, < <niiii}i;niii ?ua riHOIDaTKn , alio l'? r?l *f?nus, Montreal *n<l Qaeoec, in Canada C.ut. They will nl?? eonnut with IHaicli It Co.'* Southern fr.tpre** at New York, and forward article* of every tieipription to Philadelphia .Baltimore and Wrwhingtou. Particular attention will be paid to the collection of Notei, Draft*, kc anil prompt rrtnrin mail- bv fi'tt Ktpreaa. Cach intmniKf twill be provided with one of Wilder1* Talent Salamander Safes, thereby affo.ding greater aeenrity ui the traminuiion of valuable paperi, fcc. orriCKs. PUM,*N * COrr, P?o, I W,||,treet. New York. THOMAS (JOlfOH, No. 15 Kichange, Albany. A. O. KlI.KlNM, tif Kiveritreet, Ttm. s? JACOBS, Kichanne Coqit, 8t Panl, Montreal. Hefcreuc.-#?Me??r?. Prime, Ward & Kin*. Jaeob Little ll 4;o., lolm T jinmh & Co., Pepoon It Hoffman, Camen<?r It Veimllvir, Honghton It Co.. Drew, Kohiotou fcCe., N. York? . J . H'imwirey, Itii]., Tlioma* (Jonfh, Kiq . Alnany; John Paine. Kjg., c.mUier, *>. Well*, do., H. K. mow, 4o., C ft ?>c nti'a?. do; K. Lealm. do. Trov m<?od ' ri'O ltift AVVKK^r~()T 8l;l't,KJOH oLAtJh TlLA^. Mittnre?Thit i ttrpmf If aelicioat and unptra) 1# rJ 1 ni, ?o highly celebrated iu China am! Knrnpe, jm?t iw .. r'H, ii Jiw fl! tale at the Canton Tea Companr1* ffonm) frt.i ^ tahliiHmrnt, 111 Ghnthamiif Ntw Y<rt, and lit Fnl Iff* Wi flUI VI IMh jju ,Uk9t E N E Nl NORTHERN AND WESTERN KM [GRANT PASSAGE OFFICE. Th# Sahienbers lmvin< eomi>lrU*d tax *?r ^r'aiiupin-uU, are now pr?i?nre<l to forward p"uuiea*??r? to oil thu Northern and WxiUrn Qt'jlui a?/l P ?J. 1-_ T_ I12 r . uauy um 01 lUWiHUli, ri*l I roads and steamboats, vm the Noilh riverpnd fCtie Canal, upper Labci, Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, Ohio river and Canal routes. file following are a few of the most important point* Via Utica, Buffalo, Pottsnlle, Galena, Svnctiti, ('.I iireland, Pittsburgh, Toronto, Oswego, Detroit, Cincinuatu, Kiugston, Roehester, Milwaukie, St. Loui>, St. Johu?, Lxtkport, Chicago, Louisville, Montreal. Also to any port of Ohio, Illinois, Miisoari, Indiana, Michigan, Teuuessee, Kentucky, Wisconsin, Iowa, . Lpper and Lower Canada. Having given iu?li universal satisfasriou >ntheir Loudon and Liverpool lines of rackets, the subscribers will endeavor to make the preseut undertaking equally deserving of public fa Tor. The attention of emigrants and others is invited to the follow low rates of pissage to a few of th<i moat important points, any other plaees on the route being equally low, vixj? Utica, SI 30 Columhas, $9 00 St Lonis, $14 00 Syracuse, ] 7* Sandusky, 5 75 Galena. 1} 00 Rochester, 2 00 Detroit, 6 no Canada. Suffalo, 2 50 Milwaukie, 10 00 Toronto, 4 SO svrsgo, 2 50 Chicago, JO 00 Kingston, 4 50 Brie, 4 50 Pittsburg, 8 75 Hamilton, 4 50 Cleveland, 5 50 Cincinnati, U 00 Montreal, J 00 For further narticulars applv to W. kJ.T T AP8COTT, at their General Passage Office, Peck slip cor Month st. Tate Notice?This office ts not connected with any other in this city. i I6r DAILY EXPRESS FOR -VLBAN TKOY. BUFFALO, CHICAGO AND THE CANADAS, The subscribers having completed their arrangement* with the People's Liue of Steamboats, on thi North River and (lie Rail Koad Companies west of Albany for running their Express lot the season of 1843, an Express will leave their offiee. No. 2 Wall street,New York, every nveniug, at quarter to 7 o'clock, for tke above named ai>d intermediate plaees. IMPORTANT. For the greater safety and security of alf valuable and mouey packages entrusted to their care, they Imve Sabmindrr Iron Sales on board of the steamboats, in a s:.ate room occupied exclusively by themselves, and the messeuger in charge sleeps in the same room with the iron sales, into which all sucH packages are placed. POMEROY U COMPANY, ralec No. 2 Wall street. FOR BUFFALO AND ALL PARTS OF THE WEST jMM aM ^ 1 I I -Wilfc I n, | ^hK??QPs> ASSOCIATION PASSAGE OFI-IS^^HBANYT Utiea, (2 00 Roi'lieiter, $3 00 Syracuse, 2 25 Buffalo, J 50 Osweito. 2 25 Up. & Lower C???<1*5 5t For paiuvre apply to M. L. KAY, m2l >m 93 Barclay itrwei New York. BRITISH AND NORTH AMERICAN ROYAL MAIL 8T jfiAM SHIPS, Of 1300 tons itul 440 tiorie power eaeh. Appointed by the Admiralty to tail hetwenn Liverpool and Boston calling at Halifax to land and receive I'asaenaenger* and Her Majeetv'a Maile. H1BERNCA, Sajtam Charles H. E. JudMna. CALKPONlA. KipHn Edward G. Lott. ACADIA, CaptaiuAlexander Kyrie. COLUMBIA, Captain N. Shannon. BRITANNIA. Captain John Hewitt. Will aail for lOHH, via Halifax. FROM LIVfcRTOOL. PUOM aOITON. Acadia, Ryrie, 19th May 16th June Columbia, >f>aunon 4th June let July Hibcruia, Judkiue, ltih June 16th July Caledonia, Lott, 4th July let Auk These shipa cairy experienced surgeons, and Frances' ratent I i(e Boats. No bertha aecuied until pai l fo* Apply to D. BUIOHAM. JR.. Agent, jeSr No. I Wall street. New York. rfiv ? f ^^^^"^IARSKILLES LIVF^^^T'AOKKTS^^^ The undermentioned sbipe will be regularly dispatched from hence and (rom Maraeiliea on the lat of each month duruig the y?ai?? From New York. Maraeiliea. COURIER, Capt Duggan, June 1. |Aug 1 TRKSCOTT. Cap: Myrick, July 1. Sep 1 HKLLESPONT, Capt Ailami, Aug 1. Oetl CORIOLANUS, Cap Ha.le, Sep 1. Nor 1 H'RYTHOMPBON, Cap 8vlv?ster. Oct 1. Dec 1 They are all eepperea and copper fastened,ind have excellent accommodations Tor passengersThe price of cabin passage will he S100, exclusive o. winea and liquors. Goods addressed to the a gents, BOYD & UINCKEN, will bs forwarded free of other -marges ivin these act nail y paid. For ireight or passage apply to BOYD <t HINCKEN. Agenu. No. 9 Tontine Buildings, or a. uKuo.M ?c co., m20 03 Front street "tar LONDON LINE OK PACKICT-H?Packet u: the S^. JO'h Jn1!"?The splendid, new, fa?t sailing Packet ship ttE&HICNDRIf K HUDSON, Capt Moore, will iail pc irieaty as above, her regular day. H??ine superior aocniniuodatious for eabiii, second ?abin and steerage tkusenge-s, ihoae wishing lo seem* births thuuld not fail to make early application oa board, ?r 'o W. at J. T TAPSrOTT. 41 Pee* Slip cor Sonth ?t. Persons desiroas of sending for th?ir Iriends cin hive them brought out in this splendid ship whiah sails from London on the 7th 8'pfmber. or any of the regular line on reasonable te*ms, Those wishing to remit money can have drafts for any are -out payaote on uemand in all the principal towns ?f Great Britain and Ireland. jl2ec IS OLD BLACK BALL LINE OK PACKETS iJJflKOK LIVERPOOL?Packet of the U'.h Jn'y?'The dMnEMSplendid faat smIiiiu new packet shin MONTEZV M A. Captain Lowber, wiL be de.',i>atehed as aboye, her regular day. This elegant skip has unsurpassed aacommodationa for cabin, 2d cabin and steerage passengers. Those wishing to saeure berths will leqaire to make early application to JOHN HEKDMAN, 61 flonth street, ?ear Wall at. N. B.?Passage fromOreat Britain and Ireland.via Liverpool, sen as nsnal be seanted at the lnwest rates by the regular packet snips sailing weakly. The *nbecibcr has just concluded un lowing banks?The National and Provincial Barka rf Leland. and at all their b-anchea. Ala* the National nod Provincial Bank of England and all its branches throughout England aud Wales. Al?? the Eastern Batik of 8c< Hand, the Greenock Banking Co, and all their Branches, throughout Scotland. Nor fuither particular* apply as above. jy8r rOK LIVERPOOL?NEW LINE?.Regular iVMV I'ackei nl iith July.?The Splendid Packet Ship *<v^*,HOseiUS, Captain John Collins, of lion tons, wiTrp-iimvely sail as above, her regular day. Kor freight or pstsac*, having aecomraodatious uucqua'./ed for sjrlendor 01 aomfort, apply on hoard.at Orleans wharf, foot of Wall stieei, #rto K. K.COLLI1S8& CO. t4 Southitreat. Price of passage f75. Tne Packet Ship Bidd.~>os, Captain E. B. Cobb, of 1COO tons, will succeed the Roscias, and sail the ;>th of Ang, ht> f ovular day. faisengers may rrlv on the thipt of this line sailing pun-tatl y^sadvertised jr2#r KOR LI V ERPOOL.?Regular packet ot the l#ih k(Wl> July.?The verj superior, rut sailing packet abip ,mQbLM0NTKZU.MA, Captain Lowbti, will postively tail asabove. Having very superior accommodations for cabin^eeont) cabin and steerage paaseugers, persona wishing to embark should make early application to JOSEPH MeMURKA Y, 100 Pine St., cor. Honth. The above will be succeed*d by the splendid picket ship Roscius, Csptia Collins, and sail on the Itth Jnly. ('arsons wtriiing to tend lor their friends in tba old eouutry, can have them brought out by the ubova ship, or sny oltharegular packets,by applying as above : if by letter postpaid. jvltec _irri n ?i>IKN K1LAMU Hf.hHV, KOUT <> K WH t lV H A I j'J\?The atesmboats 3EE3liuC-STATfl.N ISLANDER and SAMSON will run as follows until further notice>? Leave '*** Yoik (, ?, 10,11, 1.2, 3*,5. 6 T. Leave Staten Island 8, 9, 10. 11,1, 2, 4,i, #. 7. Leave New York aud Stateii Island every hour on 8und?r. P. 8.?Excursion to Fort Hamilton, Sundays excepted. Leiv.e Fort Hamilton 7K A M., ralumius Iraiu New York 2X P. M. Far* to Staten Island, 6M ceuts. Do to Fort Hamilton 12*4 cent*. ill r .(MM Ji HAMILTON HUUBt. FOUT HA.V1 fl?n*35?"io3*'LTON ?The steamboat* STATION !Ki-eL3C-HLANDr H ami SAMSON will ran every day (Sundays excepted! during the season,as lonows;? Leave Fort Hamilton ?t 7>4 A M. and 4 < P. M. Ne.. York, Whitehall Dock, at 3J< P. M. Thu arrangement any bt relied on u perm uirut, m it* continuance will not depend on ?w contingency. j!6Jmr rUftJMKK AKHAMUt.vilL.Nr FUH fl^LSfi-^3?WHHKW9BUHY-Loo? Branch, Ocean JBJlbHou*'-, Black Point, Ruminn, and k.atontown Landing, through the inner passage The new Steamboat SHKKWBBUItY, Captain John P-Corlies, will leave talontown Landtag on Sunday, the 4th of June in>t., and rtti u 161 Iowa,to wit: leavlrg New York, from the foot of Kobinsoa street, every Monday. Tuesdiy, Wednesday. Thursday and Friday, at 7 o'clock, A. M. Returning, will leave K.atontown Landing on each of the above dava, at I o'clock, P. M. Ob Saturday will leare New York at 2S oVIock, P. M., aud K.?t"n town Landing on Sundays at 3 o'clock, P. M . and Ocean Hons* at 4 o'clock. The SHREWSBURY will stop at Fort Hamil! ti n each way. Fare J7X cents, and stopj iu : at Bandy Hook, going and coming N. IV.?Staves will be in attendance to conrey passengers from the aforesaid landing places to any part country required. Jell VMQ *m_ INiCWAftK aNI? INtW. VORK?fare fl?rt*?# only 12)4 Ccnu !?The sf lendid steamer PAhsAIC, Captain John Uaffy. On and alter Monday. June 5th, will rua as follows >? Leaves the foot of Barclay street. New York, at 10 A.M., and 4 P. M. Leaves the foo^ of Centre street, Newark, at 7* A.M., and Freight carried at very low rates. alRtm r A n NttW YORK AND-NICVTARK ft* '* PRESS.?1 he publl# are respcetftsily informed that t"te subscribers ha;e established an Kipress between New Yo k and Newark, N. J., lor the transmission and speedy deliver t of packages, bundles, money, <tc.ke.; the collection of ao4 M anil bills, and all other bnsiaeae appertaining to an Kvpwvs ? Orders for articles to be retained by the Kxpr?? will tm delivered fret oi charge. OIRce ic New York at No. 7 W?ll street, sad in Newark, ai MITH'S Nerspaper Depot, No. SM Broj.4 st. Lsave New York at 11* A. M. and 4# P. M. Leave Newark at J A. M. tmi IK 1. M. 41tee AIJAMS Ir CO ~j?Zk U-JOT AND BHOR ?TORE JOHN ItKADY respeetftilly inform* his friends and the public, thit he has commence# business in the above line, at No. 99 Nm?mi ?*rrt, h? win tnanRiiw* r*e*if* ?nd fmi lift! 11 t rjfpnte, ftll ordera he u.?T b?U?oredwith |M'?t rr??o iihU imdi tnt r??ti ?JSr "CHLORIDE OF LIMB." Onn CASKS or "BOYD'!'" MAKIt?KOH *A!.E BY *UU PKBIJHK h BHOOKf, I fir NO.?I WBItMTK BTHKVt ggg?"wwaBMBaaM w ro SW YORK, TUESDAY M< Suprame Court of Krrora of Connecticut. ni Ji'nr Tk*m, 18)8. tt Houiatonio Railroad Company n. City ?f Bridgeport.? Motion in Error.?The action was Jelit to recover inter- r< eitoR a bond for $1000, dated June 1ft, 1138, payable in ? ten yearn, with interest i'mi annually. The defendant pleaded non est factum- On the trial below, the plaintiff tl ottered evidence of a subscription of the city of Bridgeport p to the amount of $IOO,iM>? in the year 1836, and another of 9&9 <M)0 in the year 1837. These subscriptions were on w condition that the road should terminate within the limits 1< of the city. Agent* were appointed to negotiate for and ci procure the funds necessary to pay the subscriptions by o a loan or loais at an interest not exceeding 0 per cunt per 01 annum, and to pledge the credit ot the city therefore by it issuing certificates tar the samv.by promissory notes or by C securities in any othur term, payable in not less than ten C nor more than twenty years. la 18J8. on tha application of the city, the General As. oi sembly of Connecticut, in a resolution specifying all tha h acts of the city, enacted. That all the proceedings of the w city, Sic., should be " ratified, confirmed, established, and b made obligatory on said city of Bridgeport and the citizens 9 thereof, in tha samw manner and to tha same extent aa if w all tha powars necessary to give full form and validity to o the said proceedings of said city had been expressly and w specifically conferred upon said city by thair charter." 1< It was further resolved," That fall power and authority ? Sic., ba granted at any legal meeting, See., to adopt such t< ther measures as in tha opinion of said meeting shall be ii naoeasary and proper to carry into effect, Sic., the proceed, ai ings heretofore had, Sic., and to provide for the payment it ot said subscriptions and the issuing and negotiation of b of said loans, notes, certificates, scrip or other securities d as said city shall at such meeting authorize, order, or di- ir rect to seoure the objects contemplated by said subscriptions; and said city shall bn held liable and bound to pay b< such instalments fs shall from time to time be assessed si acoor.ling to the charter of said company; and thu notes, c certifica'es scrip, and other securities, which have been, v or may ho issued as aforesaid, shall be obligatory on said b city to all intents and purposes, and may be enforced and li colluded in the same manner and to the same extent that p debts lawfully contracted by towns in this State are en- o forced under theexisting laws of this State. it It was then provided that the act should not be obliga. p J ?|'|<>vT<fu U/ luo r i cnuru ui iub tliy UI B< Bridgeport, at a corporate meeting legally wameil for ii that purpose, and the evidence of their assent te the same, o transmitted to the Secretary of the State, to be by him recorded. ti Evidence was then offered of a vete of the city, appro v- d ing ot the act, and a certificate of the Secretary of the tl State, that the vote was recorded in hisoitice. ( Subsequent vote* of the city from time to time for about n four years, specifying the farm of the bondi, and direct, ing the agents to deliver them from time to time to the il Bai'road Company in payment ?t instalments duo ami v coming due, and of the Railroad Company, accepting I them in payment, and binding themselves to account for t the interest on the surplus, up to the time when the in. C talments should become due; also votes of the city ap. t pointing agents from year to year to vote on the stock.? I To all this evidence the defendants objected,on the ground 11 that the city had no authority to pans the votes, and that e the act of the General Assembly was a violation of com- 1 mon right, unconstitutional, and void. I The Court below received the evidence, ^and the case ? was now brought up on a writ o( error founded on a bill t (exceptions. i Hon- Mt. Hcktirston, of the United States Senate, opened the argument in behalf ol the city. He contended i that the importance of the case could not be overrated, c If the legislative will of the State, combined with the will of a oorporation, possessed the power claimed in thiscase, i no man was safe ia the enjoyment of his property. The t hard earnings of a life of industry and toil may be wreated t from the owner by the will of a majority oi a town, or j even of a school district. The Legislature could, if this s doctrine is correct, authorize any petty corporation to s create a lien on every man's property who happened to t belong to it. The community could net exist under such t a state of things. It would become necessary to pass a ( bankrupt law for honest men whose property had thus f been taken awav. He said he meant to treat th? mihiert \ with boldness, though with all due respect to the bodies o who had done the acts in question. This Court had al. o ways taken a lirm stand against legislative usurpation- c He said he ought in justice to his clients to say that they t] were honorable men, and had no sympathy with repudi- 1 ation. The minority ot the city of Bridgeport denied their b liability to pay the bond in question, us they had never b given any authority to issue it. w He said belore he proceeded to the main question, he C. wished to answer one objection which ho understood was fi made in the Court below. It was claimed that the de- tl lendants were estopped by their votes, issuiog and ap- '1 proving of tko bonds. To this he replied, it 1. Individual oitizens had a right to appear and deny the validity of the voles ol the cities?10 Conn. Rep. 390? v as private property may be taken to satisfy the judgment, ti 2. States and public and private corporations have a v right to deny the validity of their acts?4 Tct Hep. 410, 8 e do 40. 6 Taun. Rep. 798, 3 Barn. 8c Al. 1. 4 Bing. J83, 2 tl T. R 1*9. 11 Conn. 487 On the main question, he contended, a 1. The city had no power under its charter to subscribe, s Corporations are creaturesofthe Legislature?they never \ exist without legislative action, although sometimes that li is implied Angel ic Ames, 87, ft Conn. A88, lie. The e power must be given in express terms in the charter, or ti be clearly implied from the language used, or its exercise must be necessary to execute some power or duty. tl He said he did not admit, however, that if such a pow- b er as was claimed in this case was expressly given, it si would he valid. it Towers to corporations are to bf. strictly construed, a They must relate to an object for which the con>oration was established. Angel & Ames 69, 1 Term K 124, 0 r John. 434 43ft, lft John. 383 895, lie. Suppose the city G had voted to contribute 1000 dollsi* to raise a monument 1 in honor of Lord Wellington 7 Would the citizens have tl been hound to pay I n This bond was given to pay a subscription. The char- n tor gives no express authority for sueh a purpose. The n power to " lay taxes for such purposes as the city mny tl think nronur " ronfnra nn unrh nn?#p Th? luinrpr In taw h does not imply the power to contract. How many would n have voted to lay a tnx imtead ol subscribing ? All pewars granted by statutes affecting private rigkts are to be construed strictly?7 John.ch. 887, 3 Pet. Rep. 407,he. The |iower totas, although general, muitbe limited by the subject matter connected with the object of the incorporation. 11 Tick. 399. When the directors of a corporation were authorised to do whatever was for the benefit of the corporation.it waa held that they were limiUd to the object of the act of incorporation. 4 Pet 17l,4Cond. Rep. 'WO, 16 John. 890, kc. The design of the railroad waa to furnish a cheap and easy conveyance ; this was not necessary or prope- to the otyecta of the city charter. A railroad company is a private corporation, though for public use. 13 Wend l-JS, 4 Wheat. A1S. The city was incorporated for the regulation of ita internal affairs, n its police, kc.; and does net embrace objects without its c limits. 1 Swift's 9yi. lit, 117 ; Angel and Ames 16, 17, tl kc. The power* granted are all local in their nature a ana not 10 DC exercised without the limit* or tha city, h There if nothing like <i subscription t? a railroad. The t< city ran derive no benefit from such a gubscriptien. tl The vote* of city deal in genealitiaa and do not point tl out any particular benefit*. it Tha charter of the city of Ilattford i? exprr*sly limit- t ed, and the Legislature could not have intended to have r conferred greater power* on the city at Bridg?[ort. It i* not in the power of a majority of a Corporation to \ determine who are to be benefittel by the exerci*e ol a j power. ?r that individual* will be benefitted. 20 John. 439. i 440. 3 Wend 3?fl i It i* not in the power of the Legislature to authorise a majority in *uch a corporation to tax a minority agaimt t their conient. Dwarie* on Stat. 80. fl Cond. Hep. 763. II a city can determine an the neoessity of an act, they ( enn build a whole road, eatablith a line of itage* or (team- i boat*, and college* or academic*, build itcam mill* and < tavern*.and even raiie money to induce paople to *?ttle in it. They could take stock in a whaling company and i become endorsers and surctie* on bank note* tor any pur- i pose whatever. Such remit* wan Id be intolerable. t 3. The act of the Legislature ol 1888 doe* not legaliso < tha bonds. The act i* merely confirming and retroipec f tive. Tha lubicription being, as ha* been shown, void, I could not be confirmed. It would be making a contract t for the parties. 8 Pet. Ill,fcc. 1 A retro*pactive act which i* unreasonable and unjuit, i is void. 4 Cowan. 900. i A retrospective act cannot be passed in New Himp. S shire. An act which take* away vested rights ia void.? i 3 Oallison, 130. t The act of 1838 being merely retrospective, doe* not t reach this bond, for no previous vote of the city autho- * risnd it. The resolve authorises no new lubscription ? AH itatutea in derogation of common right mint be itrict- > ! W nurtiiflH. Offtwan a ? r iot ? The previous votes <>t the city only authorised the ag enta to issue bond* on time, with interest at 0 per cent. The agent* have mad* the luterest payable semi annually. Tliey had no authority to do thin, nor to make the interest payable before the prinoipal -ft T R. ft?3, ke? The previous vote ofthe cities only authorized tbe?genl? to ra?e money on the bonds to pay the instalment*, hut they have applied the bonda directly in payment of the initalmenta, and in fact befora the inatalmenta were due, and in this law exceeded their authority. The legislature intended to confer no new powers.? Thia ia apparent from the petition ot the city for the act, and from the preamble to th? act itself. There was no evidence that one of the city meetings waa legally warned : the votes ef that meeting were of courae void. But If the act of IMS waa an entiling act and intended to confer all the power elaimed, it was void The legialuturehas no power to pass any law in derogation *f common right: it must protect, not pulldown 1 Cond. Rep. 178 ; 18 Wend. 69. The act waa void because it had no connection with any object for which the ity was created. It waa absurd and flagrantly unjust.? The citizens became such on the groand that their property should not ha taken for other purposes than those connected with its creation. It could not stand on the ground of a contract; lor it was taking one man's property and giving it to another. It was void bacause it put property at the pleasure of the city to an unlimited extent. Government on such pnnciplae ia rope at sand. The fleet oltlie act wa* to maun me citizen* debtor* Tor t that in which they hart no intere*t, to which they object r It tend* to <lia*olve the *ecurity ol property and the (ociat fi compact. It break* down the onlv w**ential aafeguard of h property, and compel* men to hold every thing hy .1 variable willol a changing legislature. The act i* void, d became it tnke? |>rivat? property for private purpo*et, 1 and for no public n?e. II Wend 1M ; 13 Wend. tn?, kc. t The money in this ca*e i* taken, not lor the benefit of the r city aiid the public, but for the private n*e ol the Railrouit '1 Company. Thin cannot he dane. 14 Conn. R. 131 ; Iff t Mai* M, lie. The act ia contrary to the con*titutinn of | the United Htate*. It n taking private property for pub 1 , lie uae, it It ia for public, benefit -without compena ition fi To authorise taking private property for puhlio un ,th> re c n tt n MX JV JJ ORJVIWG, JULY 18, 1843. mst bo a necessity or evident utility on the part of r in public. 18 Wend. 43 ; 4 Ohio Report*, '.188, lie.? j The compensation must he a quid i<ro yuo?it must be a i scompence iu value, and raiut be absolutely ascertaine J f -18 Wend. 36,37 iic c This compensation cannot be determined by the power 1 lat takes th? preperty, but muit be assessed by an im- t arti'il tribunal. } Ho concluded by drawing a vivid picture of the injuriea t >hich thu citizens of Bridgeport would sutfer by the col- ? >ction of the bonis. lie claimed that the bondholders ? ould not compl in They had taken the bonds, at their tl wn risk, with a lull knowledgeo! the acts ol the city and i f the Legislature, for they were public and open to the t ispection ol all. He urged upon the consideration of the o ourt the language of Ch. J. Marshall in the case of i raig vs. The Stato of Missouri, 4 Pet. Reports, M7. 1 In this argument we hove been reminded by one side, t rthe dignity of n sovereign Slate, of the humiliation of 1 er submitting herself to this tribunal ; el the dangers r rhifth mav result from in M irtinir n urnmul nn that dit/nitv u y the other, of the (till superior dignity of the United tates, who have spoken their will in language which e cannot misunderstand. To these admonition! wc caa nly answer, that if the exeroise of that jurisdiction 'hioh haa b?en imposed upon us by the constitution and iws of the United States, shall bring on those dangers rhich have been indicated, or if it shall he indispensable > the preservation of the Union, and consequently of the idependenoe and liberty of these States?these are conderations which address themselves to those departtents, which ,nay with perfect propriety be influenced y them- This department can listen only to the man<t?s of law, and can tread only in the p?th "which is larked out by duty. Mr. Duttoh, of Bridgeport, followed in support ofthe and. He said he concurred fully with the learned coun'I who hud preceded him, as to the importance ofthe deision whiuh whs to bemndo in the esse. It not only inolves liabilities to the amount of about 200,000 dollars, ut if the gentleman is right, it reaches principles which e at the very foundation of our institutions. A great art ofthe gentleman's argument goes to show the danger fbeing governed by a majority. It ho is right then there i no safety in our form of government. The ultimate ower of determining the propriety ol laws must reside omewhere. He thought it would be as safely trusted 1 the Legislature as in the judiciary. If either are corrupt r incompetent, the rights of the people are in jeopardy. It presented rather a singular case, in ? court of jusice, for the same corporation to pass an act, and then eny the act which they had passed. The minority of lie city do not appear here and delend, but the city itself, le should not, however, rest the case on any such tech* lical ground. In order to understand the obligation of the defendants, t was necessary to understand the situation of the city vhen the subscription wos made?the charter of the Rail toad Company had been granted with liberty to run a rack to Bridgeport, or to connect with the Fairfield lounty Railroad, at Danbury, or with a railroad Irom larlem, at the State line, or to build en all of these routes, t was a work of common interest to the whole of Fairield county. If the othsr routes hod been adopted, to the xclusiou of Bridgeport, it would have ruined the place, rhi re was an evil therefore to be avoided, as well as a >rnbable benefit to be secured. The object of the subcription is therefore apparent. It was not to become a i ubscriber to a railroad, but to protect and promote the nterests of the citizens. With this important fact in view he would briefly exanine into the liabilities of the city to pay the bonds. He lontended? 1. '1 hat the city had power by its charter, to ssue the bonds. Ho said he was not disposed to question he numerous authorities which the learned gentleman iad read. He claimed that the city had the powur, in >erfect consistency with those authorities. The charter, ec. 6, gives tke city unlimited power " to levy taxes, for uch purposes as said city shall think proper. It is said his does not give power to contract. But for what are axes laid, except to discharge liabilities on contracts? Jould the city raise moneyfor nothing ?lt is said no express ower;s given by the charter,except for certain purposes. Ve answer?The corporation is made a city. It has, f course all that is implied in that term. The necessity f its being incorporat d usually arises from its commerial and manufacturing interests- The corporation must lerefore have the right of protecting those interest*.? 'his power does not depend on the corporate property, ut on the interests of the citizens. Suppose there should eu bar across the Connecticut River below Hartfoid, i !ould not that city remove it 1 This power Is not conned within the limits ol tho city?New York has brought lie Croton water Irom a distanced more than lerty miles, 'his was not absolutely necessary, for the city had exited and flourished a long time without it. It is admitted that a city could drain a pestilential marsh without its limits. If this subscription was neoessary 0 protect the commercial interests ol Bridgeport,it comes 1 ithin the same principle. The subscription was om the xpress condition that the road could terminate within he limits of the city. 2. The act of 1938 rendered the bonds valid. If the Ct confirms a void act, it is not of course void. The Legislature may confirm a void act, if that is their interest. Vilkinson vs. Leland, 2 Peters, 617. The Legislature ere must have intended this, or they could have intend d nothing. 'J'ho act was not void, by being re ospective. Such act* were not, of course, void. -Wilkinson vs. Leland, 2 Peter's, 6i7. The Legislature ought it reasonable and just that the city should be ound. The circumstances ol the city justify this condition But the act wns not retrospective but prospective? was to have no i ll'ect unless approved by the city. If pprovod, It would be equivalent to new subscription. It has been contended that the act of 1834 gave the gents no power to issue such bonds to the Railroad Co. lut it made the subscription obligatory en the city, 'he city, then, without any express piwer, would have he same rights as any other debtor. Could not thecororation give a note for an admitted debt as well as any ody else 7 It has been contended, that the agents light r>ti?u money on the bonds, but could not pais liem to the Railroad Company, especially in advance.? At* 11 rloim <><1 ftVtn aivonta VioJ tKn nAtt'iir tn roian tho t loney from the Railroad Company, to pay the company, I a well as to dispose of them elsewhere. The city would e ex(>osed to no greater liability, and there would be a aving of expense. But the statute of 1M8 expressly ives new powers, and all the art* of the agent* were in trict conformity with the subsequent votes of the city, rhere was no objection on the trial on the ground that ny meeting was not legally warned?there was, in fact, warning. 3. The net waa not contrary to the constitution ef this Itate orthnt of the United States. It haa been generally inderatood that Legislatures have such power?many of he cities ot the United States have done the aame as Iridgeport; Legislatures have conferred special powers. Objections have frequently been raised on the ground of xpedieney, hut not of unconstitutionality. Courts will lot declare an act unconstitutional unless it is a clear a*e of usurpation. Judge Iredell, 3 Dull. 309, says?"As tie authority to declare it (a statute) void, is of an awlul nd delicate nature, the court will never resort to that nthority but in a clear and urgent ease. If the Legislaare of the Union, or the Legislature of any member of he Union, ahall pass a law, within the general scope of heir constitutional powers, the court cannot pronounce ? t to be void, merely because it is in their judgment, con- fl rary to the principles of natural justice The ideas of ? latural justice Are regulated hy no fixed standard." LegiKlaturrs may at any time ruin the people by inrolving the country in uiijuat and ruinous wars. The (roatt'it part of the debt of Kogland wa? incurred in this *av. There it always a minority opposed to them. But sthe remedy repudiation? The construction of ways, including railronda, is a water peculiarly within the jurisdiction of the Legislature. I htt Appian, and other way a of ancient Rome, the road :ut hy Napoleon across the Himplon, and the magniBcent ailreads of the preaent day, equally attest the fostering :are of gavernment. If Congress can build the Cumberland road with the noney ol the people, a fortiori, the Legislature of Conlecticut can authorise the city of Bridgeport, to aid in the ronstruction ofa road, terminating within its liaaits ? Certain individuals hound themselves to pay about f 40,100 to have the Chenango canal terminate in Utica. The .egialature of New York discharged them, and assessed he amonnt on Utica without their assent, and the act was leld valid?24. Wend. 85. The act i? not void, because t takes private property for public use without compen- 1 ation. The public benefit is a sufficient compen nation? I. Watts 192. It is absurd to claim a compensation, when I noney is tiken by a tax. lithe subject matter is within i he jurisdiction of the Legislature, Courts have nothing 1 o do with it An act originally defective, many become i ralid hy acquiescence. I i n* illy ni nnageporr nave appointed H?rni< on mr toclc for four year*. The object which they had in view ii> been secured. If the road should be *ncceaaiul, they vill have the benefit; many who would be glad to avoid >ayment ofthe bond*, would be very unwilling to Io*e he road. Having lecured theirobject, they ought not 0 catt the loaaon the innocent band holder*. They hare 1 itrong claim in qneation tothe money which aided in milding a road for the benefit of Bridgeport He concluled by flaying, that the setting a*ide of Legislative acta ta.l a tendency to d'ftroy all confidence among men? inch act* are generally comidered and ought to be con idored, of tha hif beat authority. A decision against the aw in qneation would be felt throughout the Union ? le anid, that a law ought not to be declared void, a* gainst common right, when it required all the ingenuity ud ability ot inch learn?d and diMingniihod counsellor* 0 makeiti injuxtice at all visible. Mr. lUwurt, late Lieut. Oov of the State, followed on he lame aide. He said, the Court, In coniidering this [iieition,Could look only at the body politic, and not at mnoritiel. The couniel who o|>ened the caae, had tra. died out of it, in thn consideration* which he urge4 upIII the court. There waa no queition to be tried,but whether the bond* pore valid or not. There ia nothing in the aspect of the lower that reflect* on the validity of the claim. Thare 1 no nppe.irance of wrong The bonda have been acejited by the crtjr, and whether iaiued in conformity to he vote of the city or not, having been thu* accepted hey are, as to the lorm of proceeding binding on the city riie great (juration i* whether tho Legislature i* com(>e. 0IH lO (IVt* HUCI1 H |WWP|, tiiin wiimufl IUC uu; wimtvm petent to a?k, receiveor e*erei*e it, and if it waa,whether ? t ha* i>ieroi?ed it hy ita?>l( or it* agents. The people ti iave the iiovereign power, and ?o far are on a footing with i king. The pvoiile, hjr the Legitlatnre, have power to li o any thing within the purview of the ron'titution? I rhe competency ol the Legulature to huihi the Railroad n henaelre*, i* without qneation. They can compel the ' ti ninority to a*?i*t them, although di*?entmg therefrom ? 1 ii ["hey conM construct it hy their own mandate and com- n iei the minority to aid 8 Watt's R 'ifM. They are the J udge* ot the benefits to ariseto the public. J4 Wrnd R <W. f t ? the duty of the Legislature t<? provide for the puhlic o lenelit Bnd lor the public good . They had the right to I onatruct the Homatonic Railroad, and could grant the t i [ERA I .ower to >lo It to their agenti, whether individual* or corlorationa. There in nothing in the |>owar rendering it mproper to be granted to n corporation. It if the ? mo tower which 11 granted to to win. in the conntruction of a ommon highway, for the convenience of the public.? I'lim corporation waa competent to receive thi* power A I hough corporation* exist only by legislative enactment, ret when created, their powers are controlled iiy the com lion law. A corporation may exercise such power* as iro necessary to carry out the power* granted, and th<> ibjects ot the corporation. The kind of corporation* letermine* the power* that may be used <? carry nto effect the power* expressly granted. There are wo c)a*?'* ot corporation*, one to accomplish the irdinary object* of lile, a* manufacture*, Vc. ; the other * political, for the purposes of government, and i* esta>lished for the same purpoaes hi the great corporation ol he State. The city of Bridge|iort i* ol thi* ileicriptiou. rhi* class ha* great advantage! over the other. Dartnouth College case,4 Wheat. Voluntary corporation* icqiiire rights by contract, and in such coses the Legis. ature caunot inturlere. But there i* no contract, ex>res* or implied, in political corporation*, b?t they are entirely within the arope ol legislative power. The Legislature have a right to interfere in any ca*t\ where hey would havu interfered originally in the creation of he corporation. If the power wa* never bafore given, till the Legislature ii not precluded fro? granting it? rhe power in thi* case was adapted to the character of he corporation. '1 hern ia no question that a railroad :ompauy is n private cerporntion, but a work of public lenefit. (18 Wend. 60 ) The Housatonic railroad wa* not oreign to the object for which the city of Bridgeport wa* ncorporated. City corporation* are not estahlisbvd msrey for the benefit ot the citizen*, but for the interest of the vholo State. It is of no consequence whether any beneit wa* actually received or not. II it was intended lor uch benefit, the ultimate result is not tho rule. It is he character of the power in its provision tliat ia to be egarded. The object of thi* work is to promote the wel. are of the city, to aid ita commerce, its transportation, its convenience, its growth. If this work in its character vas calaulated to advance the welfare of the city, the pro>erty of a citizen can be taken against hia will without a olation of his right*. We ask not u recognition of im>lied, hut of granted powers, which have been confirmed >y the Legislature. There i* no difference between this lower and that of building an acqueduct; nor between hi* and one confined to the limit* of the city. It i* ol 1 he same character a* one to build wharve*, improve bar. ior?, (kc. The control of the majority i* the principle vhich lies at the foundation of our government and instiution*. The only mo le in which it can be eiercited i* ly the Legislature ; that ia, by a majority. It is not necessary to put an extreme case to illuatrate the actually panted power in thi* case. By the 6th section of it* iharter, the city hud authority to mile these bond*- The ihject is connected n h the end and aim of the incorpo ation, and this ia the only limitation. Th- power embraces every ohject tending to the public good. The jowerto contract is necessarily involved in the power to ax. The city mignt contract lor an engine and pay lor thy a tax. The general rulea regarding corporations, laid down by the opening counsel are not disputed. But :ho city did not subscribe for the benefit of the stock, but Cor accomplishing a great public object. Such improvements tray be made when necessary?but ntctisary, in such cases, does not mean indispensable. This Railroad was necessary in the same sense that highways ate necessary? that is, suitable, convenient and proper. Ccr tain iKHinbiT* nf tUn ITnitKil Stnti'S Senate still claim the United State* Bank was necessary, but do one would insist that the government could not poiiibly he sustained without it. The LegiHluturo of Connecticut have olten conferred powers 011 to win to be exercised without their limits. East Haven was formally authorized to build u bridge, ono hHlf of which was in New Haven, and take toll. Fairfield and NorwRlk had a similar grant. The Legislature of New York authorized Albany to loan about hall a million to the Western Railroad, lying wholly without the limits of thecity. The locality is immaterial, il it is appropriate to the objects ol tbecorpoiation.?24 Wend, rtft. It is said the city would not take property for public use without compensation. This does uot apply to taking liv tax But if it does, here Is a two-fold compensation?by public benefit and by holding stock. 2. Out if the charter does not give power, the act of 193? does. That law was not void, if merely confirming and retrospective. II so, all the acts confirming mar. riagej, titles, &c. are void. If the city had uo power by its charter, yet it the Legislature could originally have granted the power, it could confirm it. If the city had, without authority, contracted a debt in draining a raari-h, :he Legislature could confirm it. But the act was not retrospective only, hint only sanction* d the acts dona, Jut gave validity to any other acts of the city tending to :ariy those acts into effect. But we can safely rest our laiai solely on the confirmation. The object of sulwcribng was the same as it would have been to pay money or the purpose of carrying the road into effect It is ni' the bonds were issued i:i contravention of the act.? rhis is putting a false construction upon it The exiression in the act, "from time to time," refers to the as. essmt nts, not to the bonds. Although an act is uncon ititutionnl, il a party acquiesces, he is bounu. Mr. M. ijuoted a ran in -JB Wuixi, wh?r? a creditor took a dividend under an uaconstitutional law, and was held bound by the law. What would these defendant* have Haid ii the timss had been prosperous and the road paying extra dividend*?if the Rail Road Company had ret used to pay dividends to the city on their stockf Corporations are sometime* bound by acts unauthorized by their charter. 2 Conn. Rep. 24 J?'JJ. The bond* were not void, because the interest was made payable semi annually. The language of the act of 1838 is precisely similar to the statute -egariling nstirv ? yet such contracts are admitted not to -in usurious. The act is not void, because it imposes lia>ilitip? on some of the citizvns against their coasent.? rhii is done wherever a ita-npike is discontinued. Nor s it void, because it makes the city stockholders. A few rears *30 wo were all stockholders In the United States Bank, against the wishes of many in the nation, riiecity can hald stock for a legal purpose,if the object is iroper, nn<l tliey have the capacity. In this case the Jourt can onlv look at the citv in its corporate capacity. ind not at it* citizen*. The city only is sued, anil that or their own act. if the Legiilature have given an op;>res*ive mode ot collection, they are the peraon* to find an It with. It will be soon enough to try the canilitutonality of that provifion when it i* enforced. Mr. H. loncluded by saving that the opening counsel had can. ended that his clients had no *y mpathv with repudiation, lie defied them t? give a definition ol the term that would lot bring them within it. Several of the States had been >randed with the charge became they refuaed to pay >ond?, for which they had never received a dollar. Her?; he defendant* had received the full value of the bond* rom those who had advanced their money on the faith ?f the law and the credit of the city. Mr. H. said he was startled; he had not expected to sea repudiation appear ataik nuked in our Court* of Justice. But he hoped in.Knitted that the faith and honor of the good old Stato >f Connecticut would b? kept pure and unspotted a* the :rmine ofthi* uiigust tribunal. Mr. Biaff.ll (late Judge of the Supreme Court) clo*ed he argument. Heaaid the case waaoneof no ordinary imtortuiice. He did not deny the majority power, but lie did tot hold that majorities can do no wrong. If judgment vould not be rend-red in thiacuae iu (avor of the di fend int* without sacrificing the purity ofthe State, he did not isk for it. But if theie bonds are valid, every inhabitant if Bridgport i* lnbleto have his property swept away by i bondholder. The bond appear* to be given far asnbacripion to build a rnilroad from Bridgeport to the north line if the Bt?te. The question ia, hud th* Legislature a right o authorize this. If they have done *o, it i* either I. By the charter of the city, or a By the act of confirmation. If ruinous war ahould be legalized by le lislation, or an unneceaiary country road laid out, the people mint submit, because it i* within the lair *cop? of legislative power, but it this ?uch a easel The charter of the city confer* no *uch power j it wa* granted lor the better government and police, and to (ecure advantage* connected with the immediate interest* af the city, not to railrnaitc m inv nort rtf |K? Hint* Its c.bttrtcr li'AS conferred to give powcri to be exercised within its limit*. Only Mich |>ower? may hp exerci*ed as are expressly conferred, or are necessarily incidental. Those power* only are neceiaarily incidental, which are ne-e*aaryto carry out thn express |hiwri*?Angel and Amea, 139. A corporation can make no contract unless directly or incidentally connected with it* object of incorporation Hartford, Norwich, and other citie* are restricted. Did the Legislature mean to give greater power* to Brideport? A city can exercise nn other power* than tho*?- granted to carry out the object* of it* incorporation?IS Mas*., WO. II Pick. 30A. It can clear a marah, or executed work like the Croton water work*?but those are lot like the pre*ent ca*e. Hartford could not remove b >ar trotnthe mouth ol Connecticut river to improve navigation. It ha* not been supposed that citie* had *tich iowerf?el*e why the numerous application! to the Le (islature, and why the application by the city of Bridge>ort in 1SS8? 3 If the charter gave no mch authority, did the legislature do it by the act of 10381 Mr. R. laid, Legia. aturea were to be treated with all due deference; but he tad known too much of the manner in which art* to ac oaiplhh particular object* ware carried through, t? feel n?ch leapect for them. If a gentleman wi*hed to enjoy lia dinner at one of our great hotels, he mu*t not pre. rioanly go into the kitchen; to feel much re?pect lor efisliitnrp* It la nece*aary to keep out of the lobbies, rhe Legislature have attempted to confirm a void ict ; void in it* matter as well a* in it* mode ind manner; thi* c*uld not be done The n*tances where void acts have been confirmed vere when there wa* some defect which the parties could lave supplied, bnt by mistake omittP'i?a* when a eal to k deed is not affixed. But in this case the Legi*la< ure itaelf maka* tha contract. The city had no power at ill j it wa? not competent tar the Legislature to say, Iridgepert shall subscribe to the Railroad. The L?gi*la nr?* could not say thia wis exclusively for the benefit of he city. The case in 24 Wend. i? not like this. The [eneral purpose of the canal was sufficient to authorise he levy ing of a tux on the roal estate, which alone would ie benefitted. This would be a tax ou the inhabitants, 3 Vatts. 7Sb2 The Legislature could not compel Bridge ort to pay 1*0,01)0 ilollart ou the mere expectation of a ' eneflt. The application to the Legislature wai to have phat the city had done confirmed, and net for new powrs. Mr. B. said he did not contend that all retrospective , cts witi void; but this Is highly unjust; it is attewptfng ' o bind individual corporators against their will. All peculations with regard to the probable benefits of pubic improvements aretobediategardod. 18. Wend BO ? i n this case, it is not only compelling a mao to take stock ' a a corporation against his will, h'it pledging his credit a a large amount. It casts a cloud over every land title n Bridgeport Tne consequences of such a judgment nay be taken into consideration 4. Conn. R- JOB. Iohn. Rep. 47?, lie. The act of IBB? has therefore no elect upon the actof the city, because the city had no niginal power,and because retrospectively it was unjust lut it is obnoxious to another objection?it is contrary to he constitution of tho United States , it ta*?? private < I . IA_ L U. f*'** *W? property for public purpoaea without compeiiaaUon; iF* mm) 'i farm anould be levied on and taken l>y one of the bond-holdera where would b? hia combination 1 The acquiescence of the city could give do more validity to the act than it cotil to the deed of a married woman The bond holder has no title to the bond, becauae the amenta exceeded their authority The Legislature, by limiting them to ti per cent, intended to leatrict them; we do not claim uaury, for there was no corrupt agreement? but by making the intereat payable before the principal, and aemi annually, the agenta went heyond tlieir authority. He concluded-there may he a ffreat deal of unwiae legislation which ia not void; hut in thiacaae it iaappoaed to the great principle* of comrrou right, and ruinoua to the intereata of the community. VVe claim, therefore, that the bond* are void; for thin hia clienta ought not to b? denounced aa repudiatora; they nevar entered into the contract, ami therefore are not Wand to fulfil it. He *ald that i| th? Co trt found the act unconatitutional and void, hl> trmlfd th^v utnnlil nnf hoaitntn tn nponnHriAA ! whatever might b? the coniequences to individual* or to th? public. Jult 14?The Court hare this week decided unant. mouily in favor of the bond*. Olen LitTR, Glkn Oovk, Lon? Isiund, ) Sunday Evening, July 16th. > The New York City Guard*?their Encampment, Reception?and Anticipation*. To thk Editor i? The " New York City Guard" arrived here safe and sound last evening, per steamboat American Eagle, and proceeded immediately to the spot selected Tor their encampment, about three quarters of a mile Irom the landing. They have christened the camp "Camp Putnam," in honor of the old hero of Stonington, who had command of a portion of the American forces near this place during the Revolution. The Guard are in fine spirits, and anticipate a great deal of enjoyment during their short stay, which they will more than realize ; for they are among a warm-hearted people, who have re. ceiveo tliemwiih open arms. Invitations Irom the surrounding gentry have already been extended to them in the handsomest manner for entertainments of every description, and on Friday evening they intend reciprocating the compliments by a IihII in camp, which will doubt less be a magnificent affair. Send along your beautiful girls from ihe citv in platoons and companies, for this is to be a gala week at(?|en Cove, and they cannot fail to enjoy themselves. Governor Houck and many other distinguished characters are expected here in a day or two; and it you are fond of excitement, I would advise you by all means to pack up and make tracks for Camp Putnam. Yours, truly, A. F. Anticipatrd Trouble on the Western Border. ?We anticipate some trouble on our Western borders, from the outcasts that seek there i field for the perpetration of their villanies. There is no lack of materul among the whites to constitute a formirlul.U ka.wl ,.l ...kl.o-o ,...,1 .I, manifested by Warfield, shows that thin purpose is already in agitation, if not formed. The subject is an important one, inasmuch as our traders, border settlers, Ate-, may be broken un, without a pessibility of arresting the outcasts, who may rob, or kill them They may easily escape, beyond our jurisdiction, as both Mexico and Texas will afford to them, under the circumstances, a safe hidiug place. But the most serious cause of apprehension arises from the Indians They have been cruelly wronged by the whites; they know it, and fe?l it; and it would be easy enough, now that their strength ia concentrated, and their revengeful feelings strong, to engage them in u sort of border warfare which would bring distress nod desolation all along our frontiers The temporary success of the lawless whites, who live among them would be enough, in itself, to engage them in a bloody and murderous onslaught. It is important that a stop should be pgt at once to this robber spirit which is becoming so rife beyond the civilized borders of the West. If not done, we feel certain that worse scenes ihan occurred in Florida will happen in the far West. We trust the government will look into this subject, and do promptly whatever the occasion may require.?Cin. Qazette. General Sessions. Before Reaorder Tallmsilge uu<l Aldermen Brady and *Rawson. Jimci R. Wmitino, Esq., District Attorney. July I? ?Grand Larctny.?John Tompkins was placed on lui trial for stealing frsm William Keplbeck, No 100 Canal street, at various limes, several dozen pair ot ladies' boots, shoes, buskins, kc , amounting to overoue hundred dollar*. Several pairs were found at the stores where the prisoner had told them. He hud been employed by the complainant as a journeyman shoemaker, aid during his visits with his work he managed to contrive the larceny charged agninst him. The sales by Tompkins, and the lubseqnont finding anil identifying of the boot* by Mr. Krplbeck, were E roved by the parties who purchased them from Tompina, Mr. Keplbeck recognizing the property by the make and manner of work. The defence offered several witnesses to (how that the prisoner had purchased leather, and hail employed workmen to m<ikn up work similar to the goods claimed by Mr. Keplbeck. Verdict " Not guilty." Sltaling a Treasury Note.?Margaret Watson, a woman of very respectable appearance, was placed at the bar charged with having, in the month of April last, stolen from her employer Aaron Adolphus, of No. 331 William street, pawnbroker, a Treasury note of the amount of WOO, which he had purchased in January previous, and others ot the same vslue, and placed in his escritoire in a closet, to which the prisoner had access. On discovering the loss, suspicionnell on Mrs. Watson, as she had paid bark about the time two dollars, with a ten dollar bill on the Exchange Hunk, which she had borrowed some time previously from the clerk, John N. De Costa. A plan was accordingly laid between Mr. Adolphus and the clerk to borrow $3t) from her, which the clerk did, and she promised him the amount required, providrd he would return it punctually on a certain named day. This nibble so pleaded the clerk,that he, upon consulting with his master, resolved to increase the bait, and ask for $i0, which, after some short delay, she granted and gave him $40 in ten dollar bills on the Exchange Bank. This caused, her arrest by olfi'i r MoOrath, who searched her trunk, and found in it *870 of the same kind of money. It also appeared that when she was being locked up in the cell, she made a half confession of her huving found a Treasury note on the doer while sweeping it outonamor. ning. On this testimony the prosecution rested. For the defence, several of the friends of the prisoner (who cemes from the county of Fermanagh, Ireland,) were examined, and all admitted the high opinion entertained t>y them lor her; also, that at times they had entrusted to her charge and keeping various sums of money, Tn? jury. after a few minutps' deliberation, returned m verdict of guilty, recammending tke prisoner to the mercy ef the Couit. She wat remanded lor sentence. The petit jury were then discharged for the term, with the thanks of the Court. To day will be devoted to sentencing the prisoners foni d guilty at this and the last term of this Court. Firr/tiied Recngnixancrt ?The following persons, against whom true hills of indictment had been found, nnd who are out on bail, having failed to appear on trial, their recognizances were declsred forfeited:?Libel, Henry J. Grew, obtaining goeds under false pietences, Lasard l.eman, forgery 31 degree, Israel Rogers?also indicted for petit larceny: receiving stolen goods, John Davis, on three separata charges, disord rly hou?e, Mary Divis; embezzlement and grand larceny, James 8. Schermerhorn, from the "Ocean Insurance Company ." Adjourned nntil to-day at II o'clock. OLD LINK LIVERPOOL PACKETS ttf; rtf J?3t Jflfc SOL . . rHK OLD LINE orP.icfcet* for LiTeij>ool will herea/ter b? despatched id the following order, etceptinc chat when the MiliDK mtMU on Snnday, the ahipe will aall on the mcceeHtiit day, Ti* >? For New York. for Liverpool. TheCAMBRIDUK. June 1 July tt ttotona, Uet 1 Not It W.( Baratow.f Keb ) Mar it The KNULAND, Jane It Aug 7 7J0 toae, ' Oct It Dee 7 8 Bartlett. I Keb It April 7 i'heOXrOHD. IJuly I Aug :? (Of tona, .Not 1 Oec It J Hnthhoue, I Much 1 Aorii It The MONTKZUMA, i Jnly It 8?pc 7 . looo tone. Not it Jiui 7 A. B. Lowber. Mar It Mar 7 TheKUROPK, , Au? 1 Sep, it lttmw. Dec 1 Jan It K. O. Knrher. I' April 1 Mar It i h?NKW YORK (new) Am It Uet 7 *50 tona, Dec It reb 7 T. B. Crnnper.r April It June * The SOUTH AMERICA, .Sep. 1 Off It DM tona. Jan 1 reb It I), li. Bailey, I May i Jane I" The COLUMBL8, ilSept 1? No? 7 TMtone, Jan It Mar J (). A. Cole. May It J?'7 , * Theae ahipe are not iar| i<aaed in point of rlffinw or comfort id ineir c?oin ^rrnBinnjniiuoDi, ona inm imi ?? - ? b? ?nr Teaae'g in the trod* , . The commiicdcri in wrll known u '? ?f character and eipertence, ind th? itneteai attention will alwavi b? paid to promote the eomfnt and e>nreui?iic? of paaeengare. f mirin.ihty, ai regard* the day of Miling, will ft* obecrTed u ;>?re>ofore. . , . _ The pure of paia.age oatward i* now hied at Savanty-Fira Dollars, for which ample ?tor?a ol afar* description will be proTided, with the riccplion of wtnea and lioaon, wxieh will be Inrnisnea Bfthe ?i?w?rd?. if required. Neirn?r the eiplami or owneri of 'nets ihipe will be reapou nblr Inr any leitera, ivtrcelt, or package* aent by thein iiIim regnl t hula of lading ire signed therefor. Cor freight or paaMge, apply to IIOODHUK k CO.. U Sooth at.. C. H. MARSHAL^, la Burling-llip. N. T. v!2 and to MARINO hmmthfKS St i L'poei. CHANGEABLE LOCKS FOR .SALETJAMES KYLE'S INVENTION. ^ UITABLfcl for Baitka, OAeet, nwi fltor* Joon. wh?r? afaly ia reqatr?<l Percona it wa.it <>i a tirst All article (or Sat ?>n.r>oa#, mnj obtam fh a?n># by aprl?mc at If Hammond I, cor ot flu'iaon iftt l?#l

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