10 Mayıs 1844 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1

10 Mayıs 1844 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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TH] Vol- X., No. 131?Whole No. 3701. American Antl Slavery Socletr. The abolitionists congregated in the city thia week, have been in the moat tremendous state of excitement and agitation for the last two or three lays, in consequence of the violent feud which has broken out in all its force between the Garrison party, and the adverse faction led on by Mr. Earl. The fierceness and bitterness with which this quarrel has been conducted are indescribable, and the scenes of violence and folly which have occurred, have been quite unparalleled out of the limtts of the abolition party. Yesterday the great discussion took place on the following resolutions:? Resolved, That political union in any lorm between a slave holding and a free community, mutt necojsrrily involve ?he latter in the gulph of slavery?Therefore, Resolved, That secession from the present United States government is the duty of every abolitionist, since no one can take oflice or deposito a vote tinder its constitution without violating hit anti-slavery principle*, and rendering himself an abettor of the slave holder in his sin After they were read a documtut was laid before the Conierence em brae ng the views anas declaration uf principles on slavery j it was a comprehensive and detailed statements embi acing the substance of the foregoing resolutions and stood annexed to tbetn as the subject matter of tbe debate. Mr. Garrison was in the chair Mr E<rlk proposed an amendme it. on the ground that the rt solutions were inconsistent with a tenure of citizenship, and involved self banishment from the country. Mr. White moved an amendment to that again, upon which some discussion took piaoe, in the course of which Dr CiUfniNO addressed the conference, lie wai opposed to the view* ef tho gentleman (Mr. Foster) who held that moral suasion, not political action, was the duty of thu abolitionist* ; and that there was a difference between a man's duty as a member of the Union and as an individual, between the rights and duties ot States and citizens, lie (Mr. C ) contended that what was the duty of ona, was thai of the other As to voting lor candidates, he said it was no matter whether u person voted or not, forth* very withdrawal from the ballot box amounted .0 an expression of opinion, of political action, and whether voting or not, it could not be avoided. He told them to look at the difference of the meeting of the Liberty party last night and their*. What was the reason thatwhile It was thronged that room was nearly empty I Because the other party look clearly at what they have to do in a clear, plain and practical way. without drawing distinctions which would not hold good. Mr. Fostkh wished to ask Mr. C. a question. If Mr. C. thinks that he has given a good reason lor the meeting of the other party last night being larger than this, why was our Convention at Baltimore larger again? Mr. Chaxkiwo ?The reason was precisely the same? the principle was the same, because tliey had a high sense of their duty as citizens and their duties as individuals. A Ladt.?Eating bread and butter, I suppose. (Laugh, ter.) Mr. Chaining.?Well, you will be ready,-I daresay, to recognize that as a basis for all others. (Much laughter ) Another person made a jocular remark, which afforded much amusement, and Mr. Charning proceeded : The question is, whether there are certain debts due by us to this country as citizens, hut not as individuals. He believed that there was no such thing According as the duties to the State were fulfilled, lie showed himself a worthy man. (Applause.) He who fulfils his duty to bis country, must be faithful to himself first of all; and in order to do this Mr. W. Phillips wished to ask Mr. C. if he used the word " citizen" in its technical meaning, as one who was a suhj*ct of the United States, or in its general meaning, as an individual member of American society ? Mr. Chanxixu replied that he used it in the general cnnii> A man tvuii nnt n riri/on nf rht? 1Htnttui in consequence of tho adoption of the constitution ; for that adoption was the act of citizens prior",to its existence. 11* called upon them to give up this imperfect and lying constitution. (Hear, hear.) The principle of vitality which was in their institutions was not in consequence of a few emigrants crossing the ocean, but by the providence ef (Sod. No human compacts or appointments, organized society and nations, but God. The people adopted the constitution. They were the people, and were thereby the will of Providence, with |*>\ver to alter or abolish that constitution. By doing so, they did not cease being citizens of the United States, of New York, or Massachusetts. No, they demanded of these places to do their duty, and have good Government from the Legislature, and give them liack the Constitution The nation had committed u great sin, and they should repent, and show it by recalling|t)iat constitution. What were they there for but to press a measure that will be a lesion of the past, and a hope of the future. lie was not for dissolving the Union, but for strengthening it. If they had not understood the question, it was by reason of blind self interest. lie was rather struck by a remark of Mr. Karl, that a piomise to snpporta wrong did not lesson our obligation to do right; it rather increased it. They must then, as a nation, take back this Constitution, which was adopted in darkness, as a crime against the human race, against God and their own connections; they must retract it immediately, bo man could get rid of his obligatious, but they were met there iu obedience to a higher impulse than the feeling of allegiance to States; they were there from a sense oi duty as individuals. Mr. Qvissr asked Mr. (Channlng for some explanation on his views about political union : if he did not make a distinction between natural and artificial unions?between those made by God and those made by man, and deprecate such a one as rested on slavery. Mr. Chaxnino agreed with his friend Mr. Q, and would go with him heart and hand, lie wished every man to weigh well and understand what they were about. Their proposal was ona of th? most solemn steps taken in this or any other age, and ne wished for his part to stand rightVitli heaven for it, believing that would have an influence on the most remote events, and on many persons even to eternity. The only real union was the union of freeman that came from God, and this country was the only one in the world able to grasp it Mr. C. went on to argue that the Constitution was imperfect, because framed when men were not possessed of perfect notions of constitutional liberty, and should be al'ered. Mr. Eaklk asked Mr Channing did he not think it was the duty of those originating a movement of this kind, to bNk the opinion ol the other Statea to reform before they acted. Mr. Channing replied that they were bonnd in the first place to make kuown their views, and point out the evils to all interested. Mr Earle again asked if Mr. C. thought it was the duty of citizens to Hhstam from voting until the constitution was amended, the evil pointed out or reformed. A Voice?That is as much as to ask, is a person to commit sin for a little while to present evil. (A laugh.) Mr Cha.nninii said that it wus difficult o answer so many questions fully as the time was so short It was not 111 half an hour it could be done. There was an effectual means of expostulai ion in the ballot box He t hought that as the nallot box was used by the enemies of their cause to work against tliern, so long as they were convinced thai it w as a good means of opposing them,no exertions should be spared to do so. Mr. Eaki. thought the answer not satisfactory. As it must be admitted that no government could please all? that many must still be dissentient, he wished to know 11 Mr C. would recommend that foribe sake of those little objections, a man was to absent himself from the ballot box. Mr. Channing said that so long as he thought government supported slavery he was not free, by the exercise of his vote, to sanction that government; that waa the question. Mr. Earl?Suppose government was right iu nine parts and wrong in one, would you op|ioie it 1 Mr. Channino?The spots on the sun may be seen : but no matter how black they were, to long as they did not eclipse the effulgence of that lumin try, bis light was not eclipsed and we were not deprived of bis benefits. Slavery was a blot, a slain, an obscurity, and they were bound to remove it. (Hear, bear) In reply to a further ques ion lrom Mr Earl, he continued to sav that it evinced no indifference to life to) tread up-n an ant, if it lay in the path, unavoidably; that a man was bound to attend to the high est convictions of duty, The government being a false, ba-e one, and an usurpation, Americans were hound to bt true to liberty and justice, and change it. (Hear, hear ) Mr, Charles Brinlev said that his views were precisely the same as Mr. Channing's. He quoted the words of Kmeivon, that " the disorder uml agitation oi Individual! prevented local anarchy. K.very man, in acting on hii individual conviction! wh high as a member ot the human family of man, ?nd promoted locial order, although individual anarchy. Me wished to have unanimity among the lociety. He used the word aocial in theaame acute as Mr C. and the word political, and he felt that they should deprecate all inpport of pro-slavery measure! and men. A man should consider the welfare of the town, county, city or itate to which he belonged in his individual capacity and in the exercise of that right, how could he give his vo'e for a Sta'e governed by laws which he condemned, for a man who nail set up a lie for a creed i.haped in the form of a little ballot box f The condition ot a man going to the ballot box, was that ol one who declaied a lie to be the truth, and by doing it he contracted A sin, and everything he could do he uould to convince the people that the constitution was a lie, nnd promote iti abolition ?(cheers.) The intention remained,alter doing this were they technically citizens i They were, tx cause they were born citizens, and could not divest themselves ol citizenship. It was not the statute book that was the law ol the land. Whether thev understood the word law as meaning what n man did or should do, accord lug to Ilia convictions of right,the laws on the statute hook were not the laws to he obeyed There was, for instance, a Inw which said that a man could not in certain limits be a slave, but it was not acted on Ry law, the security el lite and property, and the freedom of s[>eech, was declared, hut in certain parts of the country tlieso rights were annihilated by slavery. The public sentiment of the nation wai the only law; the dt facia law whs nothing else than the convictions of the people; and they would have abolished the pro slavery statute when they abolUhod the pro-slavery the sentiment of the nation. (C heers ) Anil so soon as it was perceived tint the will of the people was against slavery, it would be abolished and the statues of the country became the law,which they were not now in any sense of the word It was therefore idle to tell them that by preaching thev could persuade the people. The other questtoli remains?i an we do aome things wrong in order to promote what is right ? If the slaves of the south arose to right themselves, and appeal to arms, we hail promised the slaveholders ,our aid, and we were not hound to that promise. Mr. Ksul asked, if he found himself on hoard a vessel containing slaves, and in the midst of a storm, it in the face of assurances from the captain, that it was necessary for their preservation that tint hatches he kept down, would he keep them confined, knowing that an escape would emancipate them ! ^Mr. Brivi.ar replied that he would make no such pro E N E 1 mUe to the captain ai would bean outrage on his fellow man. (Loud cheers ) Mr. Eabl.?But if you had a chance of letting the slaves go, while you had promised to take care of them, would you open the hatches f Mr. B. then repeated his former answer, and said he thought such questions unnecessary to be asked twice. Mr Karl said it was quite necessary to ask Mr. B. questions even three times. A conversation then took place between Messrs. White, Karl. Channing and Brinley, but it was not ot any great interest Mr Grt.cn naked if Mr. B. knew nny other mode of expression but through the ballot box 1 Mr. Brim.lt answered yes, and mode a few observations, which called up Mr Orlkn again, lie said it was necessary for a plain man like him, to ask an explanation of hard words, as he was not like others brought up in Philadelphia Colleges, but in the country. (Laughter.) Mr iinisLsr?So was I ; 1 was (brought up in a corner of old Connecticut, between the handles of the plough, and and I am proud to own it (Applause.) He went on at great length to show that no siavehulding country was ever able to maiutain itselt, and but for tbe aid of the north the southern States would not stand. He recalled the memory of what action did in the days that tided men's souls in which the principle ef resistance to oppression was recogma-d, alluded to the sentiment of Jack-on, ' that the Almighty had no attributes which take part in squar rel with a master egainst the slave;" and urged them to adopt the resolution! to ahow the southerner that they would be right fenrless of consequence*. (Cheers ) E G Loriito, of Boston, made a long speech, principally to show that in taking the oath prescribed by the Consti tution, a man was not approving ot all it might imply ; and that their society was weakened by a narrow spirit ol attention to little distinctions. That the people of the South, in their construction of the constitution, had broken the bargain, and that if blood would be shed, it was upon their own heads it would rest ; that they were not for breaking down the constitution in ame.nding it. He regretted the attack that had been undo oil the church as tending to injure their causo and maintained that the agitation of the abolition question would never dissolve the Union, which would exist after slavery would cease to exist and be forgotten (Great cheering ) Ha was not lor withdrawing themselves Irom political action, and would sit in tho Congress with a murderer of a friend, to do good; for the Saviour of the world had set him such ex ample Mr. Qi'ixcv then addressed the meeting, and differed ironi mi. buuii^. in; n ?m|irinuig ium nny diuu could He found willing to take an outh, and construe it to suit hii convenience He spoke at soine length in reply, and prayed that if aurh waa the morality and common sense those persona exhibited, it was of a very common kind, and he prayed to be preserved from it. The meeting then adjourned till 3 o'clock. State of the Hew York Colonisation Society. The Annual meeting of this Society took place last evening in the Rev. Dr. Cone's church, Broome street. The meeting was announced to take place at half past 7 o'olock, but it was nearly un hour after that time before the Chair was taken by Anson G. Pheli s, Esq. The business of the evening was commenced by the company singing the 523d hymn in the collection? "All that dwells below the skies." The Rev. Dr. Cone read the 40th pealm, and the Rev. Dr. Gale made prayer. Rev. Dr. C*rhol, agent of the Society, rend the Annual Report, by which it appeared that during the past year the receipts of the society had been $3,041 titi ; expenditure $-2,333 OS?leaving a balance in hands of $711 11. A high eulogy was passed on the lute Mr. Kindley, the founder of the Society, and his loss was deeply regretted. In consequence of the want of a Secretary and active agent at the early part of the year, there had not been a very correct account Kepi 01 me society ? proceedings. aiusi detailing the nature and objects,"he proceeded to show what had been done by the Society during the uast year He then stated that there were 100 persons of color in Vir ginia alone waiting to be conveyed to Liberia, but the So ciety did not at present possess the power of forwarding them. That there wai an increased desire on the parti ol the masters, in this and neighboring States, to liberate their slaves. Several extracts of letters from parties whs had recently visited Liberia, were read, giving a very flattering account of the state of the colony, and showing iti increasing prosperity ; also extracts ol other letters from Daniel Webster, Mr. Everett, Mr. Upshur, and Lord Ah erdeen, all expressing their approbation of the nature and objects of the Colonization Society, as tending to do mucl good lor the colored race. The report then entered into ? statistical account of the state ot the colony, which wai very flattering to the inhabitants, and spoke highly oftheii mental, moral, and industrious conduct, and showed thai the colony was yearly growing in prosperity, much mori so than this country did in the same length of time, aftei the landing of the pilgrim fathers. In conclusion, the re port called upon tlie sup|>orters of the society not to be re lax in their endeavors, because much good had been done but to continue their efforts until what they all desirec was accomplished?the entire liberation ol the colorix people of this country. The Hev. Mr. M'Clha.v. of Washington, moved there port be printed, and circulated among the members of thi society. This gentleman also entered into some statist! cal facls, showing the flourishing condition of the colony The meeting was afterwards addressed by the Rev. Mr Wynnings, of Mississippi, Rev. Dr. Parker, of Philadel phis, ana the Rev Mr. ttlicer, of Baltimore: all these gen tlemen strongly deprecatiug the modo of proceeding o the abolition society, as tending to defeat the object the) pretended to have in view. The Rev. Dr. Dewitt closed the business of the daj with a short prayer, and the meeting aeparated shortly af terten o'clock. Superior Court. Before Jutge Oakley. Msr 9?Abraham Vandtrpaol vs. Daniel A. Baldwin ? This was an action for agency or brokrnge fees tor thi sale of real estate. The defendant owned some lots or Bloomingdalu road, and employed the plaintiff to mak< sale of them. By the contract it was agieed that thi plaintiff should be entitled to any sum he might procu-i beyond $ff.tK)0 He sold the lots to two persons namer Kingsland for $6,1X10 The defendant subsequently enterei into a negotiation with Messrs Kingsland, completed thi sale, and refused to pay plaintiff according to the terms o the agreement. For the defence it was contended that plaintiff wai bound by tho agreement h?tw een himself and defendant ti complete the sale within the week ending the 124th of Fe binary, 1844. that not having done so, the contract be came void, and that the arrangement entered into betweei deiendsnt and Messrs Kingsland was a new and separata transaction with which the plaintiff had no concern. The Ju ge charged that it the delay in completing thi sale was attributable to the defendant himself, the jurj should find for plaintiff The Jury accordingly rendercc a venlict for plaintiff for $418,73. D. D Field lor plaintiff; Messrs. Jordon and Martin foi defendants. Circuit Court. tt.r,,.. liiHira k-ont Mat 0?John R lioll, a minor, hy hit guardian vs Jntnet R Palmrr.?This wea an action on a promissory note for $'J0O. The defendant purchased a line of stage from a man named Thomas Paulkinor ; in part pavreen of which ho gave the note in question. Immediately after the sale Faulkiner ran ofT, and proceedings wen taken against him under the absconding debtors' act. Th plaintiff was what is called a ticket boy in Faulkinrr' establishment, and alluged that the note was given hir fur his wages. For the defence it was contended tha from the hoy's station In the establishment, (here could b no money due to him?that the note was given to bin alter the public had notice of the proceedings agains Faulkiner under the insolvent debtor's act, and that the suit was in reality brought for the benefit of Faulkiner The plaintiffs counsel then showed that Faulkiner wai executor of nlaintiti'a father, and had received somi money out of his estate. The judge lelt it to the Jury t( say whether the note was given to plaintiff after uotici of the proceedings ; and, also, whether there was any collusion between the plaintiff and Faulkiner. If they believed either or both of these facts, they should find to defendant?il not, they should find for plaintiff. The jury found for plaintiff1, 5111. 8. B. If. Jndahand Reynolds fof plaintiff. Messrs Blunt and Winslow for defendant. Holt vs. VaU ?In this case the jury rendered a verdic for plaintiff, $00 damages. (Isnsral Seulona. Before Recorder Tallmadge, and Ahlormen Clayton am Woedhull Josas B. Pisn.r ips, Esq., acting District Attorney. Mav 9?Trial for (irand Joirrtny.?John Dickson Inmes Dickson and William Freeborn, were, pot on tris for a grand larceny, in stealing on the night o! the twenty second of lust March, ten swine, worth 570, the property of John Crane, taken from his pen, corner of Oreenwicl ami liethuno streets. Jons Crake was sworn, and deposed that he found threi of the carcasses of the hogs at the shop of John and Jamii Dickson, and four at Freeborn's. The former person livrd in the Eighth avcntti, and the latter in lia ison at lie identified the hogs by certain marks on the ear, ct.The hogs wero nlivo when stolen and had been slaugh terrd and dressed The defence called several witnesses to prove that thf swfhe were purchased by the accused from a person name< Barnes, with whom they were In the habit of dealing purchasing from him hogs, etc Oood character was als< proved. Other witnesses produced by the prosecutioi urovoil the reverse in respect to Freeborn, and the casi was submitted to the Jury under a charge of the Recorder The jury could not agree on a verdict and were dis charged. Thr Grand Tnqur$t?The (Jrand Jury came into Cour and delivered a number of Mils of indictment found b; them. Those persons not on ball were arraigned, plea! not gnilty, and the grand inqnest retired. For/tiled flcif.?William Oriflith. Jacob Staats, Oeorgi Masts. Jones F.ffvr. and Catharine Williams alias Kahili I id not appear when calif*) to trial, and their hail wa? therefore, ordered to lie ettrtalnl Th? Court then adjourned till Friday at 11 o'clock,A.M Treasury Note Robbery.?The indictmeu eE?in*t John M. Breedlove, at New Orleaim, for feloniou erwtrar.tion of the cancelled Traamrv note*, ha* agar l>een quaahed. Thi* wa? the fourth indictment drawn u and pre*ented. More Mills.?A cotton &nd woollen factory i in progrc** of ercction'nt Natcher, Mil*. W ?01 NEW YORK. FRIDAY I Havana. [< 'orrespondence ol the Herald] Havana, April 2!), IH14 Full Particulars oj the Insurrection in Cuba?That Island and Ilayti compared?The Results, 4*< I have long been expecting to peruae in the columns of your widely circulating journal 3onte account of the recent terrific developments in regard to the conspiracy among the negroes in this beautiful Island, f<>r the extermination of its white population, and a repetition of thedreadful scenes enacted in Santo Domingo, but having been heretofore disappointed, I will attempt to give you some faint idea thereof, though 1 can but wish it had fallen to some abler pen than mine. About the beginning of the present year it was discovered through the communications of a negro girl, a slave on an estate near Matanzus, ilia' there existed a conspiracy among the negroes against the whites. Several arr?Ms were made, and it was thought to be a mere local affair, but on investigation, the necessity of a special commission, to take evidence an8 steps in the matter became apparent, and one. was at once formed to hold its sittings in Matanzos. In the short space of six weeks the prisons there were filled with nearly three thousand negroes, slaves and free, one arrest leading to another, until they became continual throughout the Island ; and many, indeed I may say nearly hII the free negroes and mulattoes of uny standing, have been implicated and arrested. As far as can be learned, the details of the plan were nearly these? On Easter day of this present year, (the 5th of April) poison was to have been put into the f"od of the whites, including the soldiery ; and on the night ol that day, such as hud escaped the venom, were to have been the victims of an indiscriminate slaughter. As a rich Iree negro who was to have been President ol the new formed community expressed it, " all our proceedings from that day forth shall be chronicled on black paper." Nothing white was to have been left. The ramifications of the plot extend to the Bahamas, Jamaica, and Santo Domingo?Cuba was to have been the home of lite newly freed blacks The meetings of the chiefs of this conspiracy were held in a large room, curiously contrived and built in a house erected for the purpose by "Urribe,"the rich negro, who was to have been "Head" of the " Nation ; and whose infamous declaration 1 have quoted above, the which was delivered at one of their conclaves, in the latter part of February last, on the occasion of one of the conspirators advancing " that the black race had some friends among the whites, and he would propose that to such apiece of greenclothshould begiven, which should hetheir budge of safety." He wasdenoxneed by "Utribe" as a "traitor to his race," who closed with the above quoted assertion. This has been declared by the i " denounced," who was ever after kept under strict surveillance, and never suffered to be without nn attendant, lie was since shot by a sentinel in an attempt to escape from prison. Urribe has cut his throat; Cevallas, another of the chiefs, poisoned himself. Blakely, a mulatto dentigt, educated in London, and among whose papers were found several letters, it is said, referring to the subject,from | the notorious Turnhull, late British Consul here, and now Commissioner of Emancipated Negroes, at Jamaica, in whose side no doubt still rankles the thorn ot his having been defeated hete in bis i nefarious designs, some three years since, and be, ing sent away from the island on the plea of insanity, instead of being deservedly shot, attempted to r hung himself. A mulatto at Mutanzas, who under ' the sign iture of " Placido," had been ravishing ; the aland with his fine imagination, and who gave ' promise to he one of the first poets of the dny, ?om! mitted suicide in prison. Arrests are daily made, r and concealed depositories of arms discovered, i To-day an order has been issued by the governi nient that every free negro or mulatto of foreign birth shall leave the island within 15 days. And the 1 police are busy notifying them to that effect, iu1 quiring at avery house if there be any such there. | This will no doubt be followed by another order to ! all free negroes without property, or real estate neri haps, to leave, and a term given for those holding i oronertv to reali/.r'and emigrate. r We (fo not seek for the cuuwh of this diabolical ' conspiracy in acta of Ucal oppression or injtmttoe. J We boldly assert such do not exist. We seek them [ in the deep, all-pervading, ever existing, hatred be" tween the two races. Not grown up either from oppression or tyranny of the white, but of existing j in tii* negro from the tirst moment of his expc1 riencing the intellectual and physical superiority of the Caucassian. And in case of success attending - the negro in his war of extermination here against 1 the white, would he have bettered his physical or moral condition! Would it have been other than ' a change of masters! Iflark instead of white, who L it is conceded on all hands, bv impartial OOgCI, . are far the most lenient. Wc hold not, ujp have f only to appeal to Santo Domingo initspaetnnd ' present condition for proof. McCulloch says " One of the fir.-t effects of the revolution in lluyti, which ' abolished the slavery of the blacks, was an enormous decrease in the amount of agricultural produce, and in seven yeat* the country had beOOfne almost a desert, not on'y from the waste of civil war, hut also from the indolence of the black popu. lation. The famous Toussaint L'Overture sdopted s coercive measures to restore agriculture; and it is, i we believe, idle to suppose that any other w ill ever ' be effectual in such a counny to impel the negro ! to lalmr. J!y an edict issued in 1900, Toussaint ? obliged every Haytian, not a proprieior of land.Jto I hire himself as an agricultural laborer to aome pro. j prietor without the power subsequently to withdraw i himself from his service. The use of the whip was abolished; but on the other hand the i sabre, musket and bayonet were employed to > keep the peasantry at work. The compulsory sys' tern was followed both by Dessalines, who at one period raised the value of ihe exports to a third of J what it wai in 1799, and by Criatoph", an able though sanguinary and bruial tyrant Petion, on t the contrary, abandoned the coercive measuie, and r the consequence wus that the Island displayed lit 1 ile more than occasional spots of culture. Boyer, during the first years of his rule, continued the lax 1 system of his predecessor, and the state of agricul>ure at that time was most deplorable. The very little field labor effected is generally performed by elderly people, principally old Guinea negroes. No measures of the government can induce (he young Creoles to labor, or depart from their hahitunl licentiousness and vagrancy. The few young females that live on the plantations seldom assist in any labor whatever, but live in a constant state of idleness and debauchery. This is tolerated by the soldiery and military police, whose licentiousness was gratified by this means. At length, however, Boyer adopted coercive measures, and in 1820 promulgated his codt Uural. It ena- its that every lluvtian, not employed in civil or military service. In some manufacture, as a natended tradesman, or as a domestic servant, shall, under pain of imprisonment and hard labor, attach himself to some estate and employ himself in agricultural labor, lie cannot quit the country for the purpose of residing in any town or village, nor venture off the estate without a license ; he dare not desist from labor during the specified hours, nor take any recreation except at stated times ; he m prohibited from keeping a shop, nor can he even send Ins children to school, or to be apprenticed in a town without special permission. In return he has a right to the fourth part of the produce of h's labor, ami the pro' prietor is bound to pay the exgienses of his maintenance and other agricultural charges. What philanthropist will say that this state is preferable to j the present condition of the blacks? who will believe that the negro is a inore just and equitable employer than the white, or that he is not ground , down nnd plundered by the " ptoprielor" in every I way ? Who will hold that this condition ot man if uiiiiuurivr 10 in" eirvHiion mill auVHllcemrni I or ' that (his abandonment o( ih?* fairest portions of (lie 1 world is conducive (o (lie welfare of (lie human I race f , We are pleased (hut this conspiracy has existed, s though it will no doubt cause much suffering llut . ita eflect will he experienced for ages, m the |>o litical situation of the island, because it will show the people how wild and pernicious to themselves, would lie any collision with llM present government. Because it will teach the blacks how desperate is their chance of success in any uisurrecj tion against the whites. Because it will force i, upon the government the necessity of preventing i the increase of the numerical force of the blacks *. by importation, and ch!I its nttention to the great and growing necessity of while colonization. In a philanthropic view, because it will cause to erase I at once the ever to be detested " slave trade" of J this island with Africa, and strike a heavy blow at the root of this great evil throughout the world ; . and because we believe it will do much good in I, the United States, if properly presented, in sliow, ing to the welbmeaning, but mistaken abolitionists, the utter incompatibility of the ends they are striv' ing to obtain, with the desires of their hearts, which we take to be " an elevation of man." II The |<eace of this island is now. we believe, 1 guaranteed for many years. This does not take " away, however, the obligation upon the govern1 ment to relieve the people from their onerous bur-1 thens. which fast are grinding them to the dust of s moral and pecuniary ruin Yours, Lucia*. El K II CORNING, MAY 10, 1844 RIOTS IN PHILADELPHIA. [From the Philadelphia Times, May 9] The Riots aha in Commenced? Tuk Pkoohk^s or the Mob?Great P^xcitkment and Prospects or more Bloody Work?Another Man Shot. Wednesday, 8 o'clock, A. M. We were on the ground at an early hour?every thing had been quiet from 12 last night to 7 this morning. The Native Americans, ut this time, hoisted their flag again at Second and Franklin streets, with the banner carried yesterday. Men began to collect in groups in various parts of the districts?their numbers swelling st every moment The excitement was far greater than at the same time yesterday. About 8 o'clock several bodies of men lormed themselves into possees, and went through the streets, alleys and lanes of the scene of yesterday's riots, searching the tenements of the Irish for weapons. Previous to this a great portion of the military had been withdrawn?the artillery and cavajry had been dismissed. Tno6e of the military remaining?two companies of the 21 brigade?went with these parties and assisted in the search, wherever it was deemed necessary and proper to secure the lives and property of citizens, and prevent further outrages. So far there was no violence committed In several of the houses on Cadwallader and Jefferson streets, and alleys running therefrom, numbers of pieces of lire-arms were found, in fact, ten wt twelve muskets were taken from a row of bouses on one of the alleys. A small shed in the rear of one of these Irish tenements was broken open, and two guns, heavily loaded were taken out. Two others from a pig-sty and several from a woou-shed. About half-past eight o'clock, and while this search was progressing, a gun w as fired in one of the alleys, and created a great excitement. _ Crowds rushed to the spot, hut soon returned, having ascertained that it was the result ot accident. 9 o'clock, A. M.?The mob have just entered a grocery store, and brought out a quantity of powder find shot, and the excitement is increasing. A few moments since, some of the Natives found in the ashes and rtiins of one of the brick houses on Master street, a large amount of gold and silver coin, whirh had been leit in the building by Mrs. Ann Harrison, who occupied it. $he is a very old woman, quite infirm, and this was her all. The crowd gathered up and carried off, halt melted gold and silver to the amount of about $100, when the military established a guard and the owner of the money, with several of her friends, came andgathttrpil lin wlmf flipv r?milrl finrl nf if Thpu huH r?r?L lected from the ashes some live or six hundred dollars when we left 1 Tfn o'clock, A. M ?The3<1 brigade, underGen. Hubbell,sent to relieve the 1st brigade, have just arrived. As they approached the scene of riot, u party ot the mob found a man in a house on Germantown road, above Muster, in the art of loading a second gun?having another already loaded They took him prisoner, and bore him off to Alderman lloileau's office, threatening him with clubs and swearing vengeance, The Alderman sent him down to Mayor Cannon of the Northern Liberties, and on the way it was with the greatest difficulty that the mob were restrained from tearing lum to pieces lie was several times knocked down, and a good den I bruised and beaten. Arriving nt the Mayor's office, the mob became so infuriated that the'Mayor had to have him locked up in one of the cells, it being impossible to hear the cnuse then. Eleven o'clock.?The military now have possession of the square which was the scene of the terrible destruction of tile and property ye-terduy. They are unable to control the mob. At this moment a large mass of the natives are proceeding up Germantown road, breaking open and searching the bouses of ihe Irish and making arrests wherever they lind a Catholic. All the houses lor squares around are completely deserted, and no persons are seen about them except a few wagoners witli furniture cars, removing goods. We have just seen Rice, the Irishman who was shot dead last night. Several persons who recognize him, say he was one of the most desperate of the Irish in the battle yesterday, and was aiming at the Native Americans when shot through the head. We saw a large puddle of blood nt the corner of Jefferson strert and Germantown Road At tins place an elderly Irishman fought yesterday for more than an hour, loading behind the brick wall and shooting at the Native Americans, killing several. The Natives tired VoUfcJT alter volley at lum, but be was protected by the wall, which was battered all over by bullets. He was at last killed by a boy who came up from a western direction in Jefferson street, and shot lum thtough the back of the head, dashing his brains literally out. That uiooq >vhh 11(9. About 11 last night, during the straggling fires that were heard, a man wan killed in Philip street, name unknown. At Alderman Hoileau's office, a number of guns have been brought this morning, found in the Irish houses. They were ull heavily loaded?one had a ten fingers.* load. Corning down this morning, we saw at the office of the Mayor of the Nothern Liberties one of the mo>t distressing scenes ever witnessed. A beau iful girl wa. weeping at the loss of her brother, who was dying. She was the most ubject pic ure el despair that could be imagined?screaming, tear iog her hair?calling on the name of her brother, and venting curses most dreanful from the sweet hps of woman, on the murderers ol her brother Farther up we met a woman and her son?the latter urnieu wi'h a rifle?going to the scene of riot to avenge the death of a son and brother. The poor woman was frantic with grief?the son spoke not, nor looked he any way except that which he was going There was but one expression in every fenture of his face?that was revenge. 12 o'clock, A M ?A fire has just broken out above the scene of yesterday's devastation. The mob is increasing every moment. We have just heard iliat Augustus Peale has had his arm amputated. lie was secretary of the Locust Ward Native American Association. Oae o'clock, P M ?We have just heard that at a few minutes past 12, noon, one u( the volunteers belonging to the Monroe Guards was shot and carried off tne ground mortally woonded. The Irish, driven from the ground, are collecting by fifties and hundreds out of town, in the woods, forproteclion. They have applied to the workmen on the Reading Railroad lor their aid, but the agents have refused to countenance tliern, and have sent them away. It is rumored that this morning the workmen of Mr. A. P. Lyre, who are erecting a wharf at Richmond College, were driven from th? grounds by the Irish. The Shetiff was sent for. 2 o'ct.ocx, P. M.?Returned to the scene of disorder The rumor of ihe death of (he member of the Monroe Guards is not true Some brick buildings, of a bouse m a court running from CadwalInder street below Jefferson, were fired at noon. The Natives attempted topreveot the firemenfrom throwing water upon the tlaines. when the military interfered ond (lie fire h?h extinguished. At the same time a house on Cadwallader street, was entered by the Xntives for the parpOW of searching for lire anus, and was set on tire in the cock-loft. This was soon put out. Shortly utter live frame and one brick house in a court running from Cadwallader above Jetierson street, were tired and totally consumed. Those houses were all occupied by Iri?hrnrn who it is said, bad been engaged in the a fit ay onTuesday, and from the windows of one, it was charged, several Nulives hud been shot. At this time the Natives have complete possession of the ground. Not an Irishman to be nren. The military having gone to dinner, h mob has pist attacker! St. Michael's (Catholic) Church on Second below Jefferson street, and the house o| Mr. Donobue, the priest on the corner of the latter atreet. The military disperses the rioters. They attack a grocery store two wpiares off. The attention of the military is tlins diverted,and as we write ?2\ o'clock, I'. M ?St. Michael's Crimen is am. in flames ! The back door whh broken up, and the building thus entered by the incendiaries. At this snnie moment, the flames hurst lorth Irom two hrirk houses at the corner of Washington anil Jefferson. THc-e houses were on Tuesday the strong hold of tho Irish. Their destruction is now inevit. able. it o'clock ?The Natives have every thing their own way. The military are drawn up before the Miming church, hut they are perlectlv powerless. As tliejr approached the church, the mob gave'them throe clieprs, and we heard a dozen soldiers say? " how can wo fire on our own citizens, who cheer us as we approach?' The Natives have entered thepriert'a house; they are throwing from the w indows the hooks of his library, forgotten in his hurried retreat. Ilere coines a ca^iet waiving in the wind as it falls, and now demijohns, a crucifix, and some sacred images are flying through the air. tossed by the infuriated mulii'ude, and carried Otirau hv f)l* flimffulnri A f'atlinlir Ultil* nr? duced considerable contention, but, however, it was at length obtained hv one individual, who ran oil with it. The 1'rieet's house is now on fire. The flumes have extended to a large tranic refectory adjoining the rhurch on the other side. The occupants of two frames next to it are removing their things. These frames ara now in a blaze, and also a large frame weaving shop in tlierenr full I.'l R. R A I A XI, jL JL. JL i. of looms. Two Natives are seen on tlie lot comer ol Master and Second streets, with fire-arms. The military surround, capture them, and let them go. In the tntlit one man is stubbed in the hand with a bayonet, and another hurt. It wants a quarter of 4 o'clock, and the discharge of two other guns is heard across the mantel lot. The soldiers rush, but the otfenders could not be lound. The church, the Priam's house, and the adjoining houses are now enveloped in flames, and present a smA spectacle The wooden crucifix on the church still stands up amid the living fire like a monument of unyielding taith?it totteia ?the crowd shouts out u loud huzza!?it heaves? unother huzza!?it disappears enveloped in the fiery ocean, and one long, piercing and continuous outcry of triumph bursts Irom the throats of the lookers-on! The firemen have arrested the further progress of the flames. Focr O'Cl.ick.?A most singular scene is now presented. The people are busy writing with ch/lk, in big letters, " No Popery liete," on th> tr doors. Others write " Native Americana" on tln-ir door. Others, English. German. Are., ate buey running out the United Eftates tUgfrum their windows. Those who cannot obtain 11 itta,getting blue, white u>wl i-,..! timalm wi-u iiiif flirt-* i.t'tlie nieees tecether so us to form a tri-colored baniit r, an 1 >tM(x ndipf tire same in front of their houses so as to show lien anti-Catholic pretensions. Hatk! another rush The Natives have forcibly entered the law brick School House of the Sisters ol Charity, at the corner of Second and Phenix streets. Now they lire it in the cupola. At the same moment the lower stories are filled with the Natives who are tearing, pulling, smashing .and destroying everything. The spirit ol demolition is active. Windows, doore, fences, the trews in the garden, tire flowers, even the gra?s is being pulled up by the roots, and the air is tilled with them as they are hurled flying in nil directions. The military have followed, and as at the church, urn standing in front of the work of ruin looking composedly on. To the eye of a stranger, it seemed as if they were standing there to protect the rioters from interruption. Half-cast Foi-r o'clock.?The Cjty Uunrds relieve the military from their position. They imtrcli to the Market house lot. A battalion of Infantry of the First Brigade, under Col. Murray, have arrived at the same place, and relieved the Third Brigade who are going home, The school house is now all in flames, and the firemen are protecting tlie surrounding property. A drunken man strikes at Capt. Hill, and is arrested, wounding his hand severely against the Captain's sword. btvK i VClock.?The natives are attacking now a house opposite, and attempt to Bet lire to it. The Guards prevent it. The Natives also attack the residence and store ot .1. Corr, temperance grocer, u Catholic, V. K. corner ol Second and Phu'nix streets. As the Native American flag hung front the window of the house adjoining, uo ellort made to fire Mr. Corr's building, but it is being completely gutted, the mackerel, hams, tongues, Sic., completely blacking the air in their flight from the hands of the rioters. o'clock?The artillery regiment now approach under the command of Gen. Cadwalluder. Pieceding it are the Sheriff, Gen. Patterson and Staff on Itorsebuek, and a small civil posse on foot, with me rirntmiy j roop ior >*n escort. i ney pass up Second street, through the midst of the rioters who continue their work of destruction at the grocery, iind are storming some houses opposite. The civil nosse are despatched to the corner ol Second and Master streets, and succeeded in preventing the utter destruction of the building and contents. This is the store of the Irishman who had his thumb shot otf by the bursting of a gun. They then proceeded to the grocery store at the corner id Second and Phemx and drove the rioters out of Unbuilding. Several of the rioters are arrested, but the mob rescue them, beating otf the force. In the midst ot this melee, one ot the posse tires u pistol in the air, to frighten oil'the mob?it has a contrury etlect. The mob became more outrageous.? rush upon the small hands of shcrills officers, ami drove them hack on the military. The intantry are oidcred to advance, and are met by the mob, who first cheer, then dare them to shoot. This scene was most exciting. Hundreds of the Native Americans rusheo to the front of the battalion, demanding that tlicy shoot if they dare?arking if they will fire upon American citizens'? Ai this ti.ne no |>eii can describe the scene. The soldiery are surrounded by a dense mob ot their own countrymen, dariug them to deadly conflict, and threatening temblc retribution. Col Page and Col. Munay advanced in front of the military, and addressed ine crowd?begging them to desist frorr their work of destruction. The crowd listened become quieted, and departed with ihree cheers ti Colonels Page and Murray, and the rioters become pacified and quiet. 6 o'clock?I he scene was changed. The rioier have proceeded to the corner of Fourth and Mas t? r mr.-ci* unit nre midline the lion**- of Huel Clark, the P??lic?* Magistrate of Kensingt. n,agaiiitwhom their wrath seems to be especially dirrcted Also the house of his brother Patrick, tavern keep er They are throwing the furniture of both nt< the street, and breaking it to pieces. Now thej enter Hugh Clink's and are destroying all his booki and official papers. Another portion of ihe mot is busily at work ut the corner of Gennantowr Road and Jcflerson street, destroying the hoit ? and furniture and goods of Patiick Murray, grc cer. The Artillery under General* Patterson unc Cadwallader, approach and halt and look on Skvkn oVt/ crt ?'lhe first county troop arrive ? The Natives gather in Jeflerson street above Get mantown road. The artillery and cavalry coin* up Fourth to Jefferson. The order is given to un timber and a shotted brass field-piece is pointei towards the rioters. At this time our r> norte left the ground. The infantry were stationed n'-a the corner of Phenix and Second streets as he cunn down Second to the city. Tits City Attackkd ?S o'clock P M.?Our re porters returned to Kensington The rioters an hunting a yellow frame house on Master street, a Gertnnntown road, Owned by Matthew Qutnn. Nine o'clock P. M.?A row of frames in liar mony court, Cadwullader street, have been firct by the Native Americans, and consumed. 10 o'clock 1'. M ?The grocery store at Heconi and Master Mieeta, that hud been attacked in tlx afternoon, and a building that adjoined it on He cond street, have been fired and totally destroyed The latter house was occupied by John O'Connor On Tuesday morning lite Kensington police fount I)iin in a closet in the house, with rifle loaded al most to the tnuxzle. He was taken before Aldet man Boileau at lhe time, anil let oir on his own re cognizance. The owner of the Mote at the corner of 2d an< Master is John M'Aleer. Corr, the owner of tin store at the corner of Second arid Phenix is said t< have supplied rite Irish with ammunition. Whet the 3d Brigade arrived on the ground, at 10 o'clock in the morning, Captain F.urlnnib went to tlx Church and had an interview with the Priest, whirl was characterised by great propriety and mtldnesi of demeanor on the part of the latter Captain F advised htm to leave Iti? house and retire Iroin tlx district with nil due haste. Hi- acquiesced at once, and ti cab hung procur ed lie departed, taking Willi liitn some book* ol vulne that remained in tht house. ('apt. Fairlamh with ti party of Iiih men, in the menntitne searched the rliurcli and house both, hut discovered no tire arms in the former, nor projierty, except a few hooka. In the priest's dwelling a gun wan I'ounil with seven lingers load in it. t here \vh? no property scarcely except n piece of carpet and a part of a library The keys of both buildings were given up to rapt. K . and lie locked the door" and took charge ol the keys. Karly in the evening crowds hcgan to gather ir front of St. Augustine's church, the olile-i ( jiilio lie worshipping place in Philadelphia, and distinc utiitteriags were heard indicative o| a divpoaitioi to commit it to the flames. The mayor of the cih immediately issued a proclamation. The moti then insisted that lie should disnns every Irishman from the city police He said hi hud made 110 appointments except ol naturalize! citizens, A'c, according to law. If there was an fault n was in ilic law. The first City Troop untie Capt. Hutler then came up, and ufter paradim around, retired towards Kensington, (^inet rn.-uec for a moment?than the mob raahed at the police drove tlirin hack?|ielte<l the church window* witl stones?then lilted two boys over the iron railing who climbed into the buildings bv u window tint had been broken, and while one net lirt to tin curtains with a match another cut the gas pipe thm putting the church into a blaze in n tew moments The police then rallied, and made several arrests The two hoys were raptured, hut immediately res cued hy the Natives. So were the rest. Tin police w ere severely lieaien in the attempt to retail the prisoners. One of the night poller, nature Long, was much injured by a brick bat. A pis'" waa wrested Irorn the hand* ol another onicer An immense crowd soon gathered. The firemei arrived and played on the adjoining houses, m?i u ol which were partially burned. The ehurcl burned slow ly, lighting up the whole city with M hi ize, while thousands from all quarters stooi gazing on calmly at the work of destruction II n'ci.of k, I'. M.?St. Augustine's Church i entirely consumed, and the multitude dispersed II .. I I L -Ml 13 VD Prtem Two Canto. St. Mary'a, St. Joeenh's, and St. John's churches have been filled with armed inen, and a. then demolition ia threatened, people are gatf.erinR . miind them and in them waiting for the t>euuu. The twii fir?t churches Hre guarded ourndw by three companies of the 2d brigade, under Coi C<n< d inan. I lie troop* occupy fourth ?treei, rroru Walnut to Spruce. A patty ot the Philadelphia Grej? have just brought to the M ay or'* office, arretted ..t Kensington, a boy natncd Hess, taking Ln the act ot coininunic ting fire to u house. The City Council* have just met. Order it i* said. have been sent down to Fort Midlin for U S. soldier*. The City is nil in contu: *ion. Nothing hut vigorous efforts which ennnot be 1 evnectrd from .he Volunteers, or the Civil posse, ' will prevent Philadelphia from bec< ming a prey to tlie mob, and preveming a general con (lag ration ! | 12 o'clock.?The Governor is ta d to ha?e just arrrived in town, and to have declared the City of Philadelphia under Martial Law! Thursday Mohmno, 1 o'clock ?The Catholic Churches throughout iheCilv are now protected by I Compiine* of volunteers The whole ot the fiist ' l)iv sion has urrived from Kensington leavu g that District to the care of two Compaq i? a ot German town Volunteer*. The c tizeus of Kensington ate ; m great alarm in consequence, and ate sending down to the city for aid Gen Cudwallader anu 1 the First Brighde are at St. John's C hutch M litary patrols walk the streets, and ever* thn g wears the aspect ot war. The City Council* are still m secret session with the Sheriff. Two o'clock A. M.?The Mayor, in the melee at St. A ugusiine church last night, was struck in the abdomen with a brick hat, and rendered insensible for an instant. The only person w ho stuc k to him was a thief. The mob were dispersed from St. John's church by the military?Gen Cadwallader giving them hut five minutes to leave the ground, at the peril of being fired upon. 'I lie ; rtillery ate now guarding at. John's church, the f.-tAe arsenal opposite, and the Orphan Asylum, Chestnut street. Market, Thirteenth undChestnui cireets are full ot the artillerists and their tietd-pierrs. The infantry are at the other chutclies. Private 1 lartnelt, of the Stute artillery, was accidentally shot through the leg while marching up to Kensington in the afternoon. ANOTHER ACCOUNT. [From the United Statri Gazette, Mr.y K.] Thk Riots in Kensinoton ?The riots in Kensington yesterday, although not signalized with the Iohh ol lite, up to seven o'clock in the evening, wu ne verl he less marked with violence of" the most outrageous charurtpr. During the night large numbers of people remained about the scenes of violence, it tut the uiilitHry kept vigilant guard until daylight, a portion of them were relieved by reinforcements from the second and third Brigades, and shortly after, the district uppeuring to lie ipiiet, the rest o! the military were drawn off, with the exception of it detachment of twenty-lour men, under the command of Captain Fnirlamb, who wiih left to guutd St. Michael's Church. Soon after this three young men walked through the detachment of military into the church, the Iront door of which had been left unlocked. Una of them in a lew minutea afterwards threw out of a window a portion of the drapery of the altar. They soon came out into the street and walked off without obstruction. The flames soon burst out and spread unchecked until of the noble edifice nothing remained but the hare walls. During the conflagration, three distinct explosions were lieutd, and tips served greatly to exasperate the crowd. The dwelling house of the Pastor adjoining, was broken into by the tnob, the furniture thrown into the street, and the building itself fired. In u short time it was reduced to ruins. About two o'clock a crowd went to Ninth unit Poplar street, where a number of Irish families h. d taken refuge in a number of dwellings. These were fired and burned to the ground, the initiates I scattered, and the contents destroyed. Meantime, j an immense crowd had gathered in the vicinity of Nt. Micltael's Church, and abt ttt two o'clock, Capt. ' Fairlaitib demanded the keys of the edifice frcrn the llev. Mr. Lochrin, the pastor, w|to immediately 1 gave them up, and with them, the keva of his own residence, adjoining the church. Captain Fuir' lamb instituted a rigid search through the premises, and found neither arms nor men concealed, either in the church or in the house. I Destruction or Saint Auoustinr's Church ? j During the latter part of yesterday afternoon, crowds begau to assemble in the vicinity of the Catholic Church of Saint Augustine, on Fouith 1 street hetwecn Race and Vine streets. Muyor Scott took early precautionary measures, and long \ before dark had a large posse rf citizens diatigiited, with which he took position at the rear ol the church, while the City Watch, having their badges s on, lornted in a line upon the cutbsu ne befi re the r front on Fourth street Matters r? Mailt"' octet ' until ntioiii liulf pnet nine o'clock, when every menu? thereabout* was tilled by dmee inn.'r* ot i<eo|>le. About ihut time, n t-oliiary brick whs flung hi the direction nl the City Watchmen, Mid struck will, a loud and distinct noise (lor all then was quiet) Hir?iii6t the iron railing at their rear. This s wan followed by a loud cheer from the crowd op? posne the church in New street: and in tin in* J stunt after, u tremendous shower of bucks, atones and missiles, of every available description, was j directed against the church, scattering the watch nnd other bystanders hi every direction. About the Katue time, a similar attack whs made upon the rear One ot the stones in the fiist volley sttuck and stunned Mayor Scott, and this spread consternation among those having protection ot the ieHr. Besides, fhe missiles appeared to.be thrown ' not only from every conceivable but from inconceivable quarters. Though no persons were to be ' teen upon the adjacent roots, the missiles evidently uctrendrri upon the Mayor's forces. As aoon as the watch in front had been diiven off, the mob went to work quite coolly and systematically. One of the iron gales was first broken down, and thus the 1 platform (about five feet high) upon which the building stands, having been reached, a sort of battering-ram was procured, wuh which steady and 1 determined blows were inflicted upon the northernmost door, but it resisting all efforts, (which it did ' to the last) with clubs the assatlunts In gun to ile* inolish the sashes of the tront windows, which ' are low, and in which, by this little, there vv ? not probably a single unbroken pane of gla?s While the tnob were thus engaged, there was an ' alarm ol "the Troop"?"the Troop'?and above " all the clamor whs presently heard the not? s of a '* shrill trumpet, sounding the charge. The hirst City ' Troop rode by almost at u gallop, causing the crowds to fly towards Hace street, where the company ' wheeled and returned at u similar gait; and several passages of this kind were inude, but with no ef1 feet, for the mob followed the horsemen whttlier1 soever they went, uttering long and loud derisive ' ones ; while the p.u'y immediately engaged in breaking into the t hurch did not for n moment de1 smt, but seemed to redouble their efforts in nntici" pntton of the arnvtil of mute of the military. In an incredibly brief period, the obstruction of fered by the xanli was removed? the Ra<* tiulit near by rvnnguislicd?and (ire conveyed into the lower centre window. The (ire wan undoubtedly kindled 1 by luci(er matches, as we were clone spectator*,and certainly no lire was carried o|ienly within. ' A? noon u* t(ie light wn? seen, numerous persona employed lliemaelvea in bringing small pieces <d hoard* and other light MtifV, which were either thrown upon the (ire, or handed to those inside, the llamcs ap|>earcd to make alow progress, lor the light wu not seen in tin- second story at all, (this ' was owing, we helieve, to the windows having ' ehtitlera inside,) but on a sudden they burst lortii from the roof, and almost immediately enveloped ' the base of the ru;>olti; and oh* hitiled by beers The beautiful cupola ot the Church did not burn 1 with the rapidity which might have been supposed. ' This was owing to the cornice of the base proiert1 inp so luras lor a time to shield the columns which supported the dome and cross. The (lames probuR bly reached the roof as soon ? < they did, by means ul the oigan, which stood imrnediatcly over the ^ burning materials below. The cupola burnt for n y long time before any portion o! it fell. Pillar after f pillar, stanchion alter stanchion (ell, and still the atrncture stood erect one mass ol dame. At length I the cross (ell into the stieet. This elicited . another cheer. A few momenta after, the ' falling in ol the roof carried with it the " burning but still erect remains of the rii|*ila t I li.< Iirnt was intense, and ths roof, doors and window friimss. and othei wood-work, of every building nnar, wat 4 either burniug, l.listering. or s>iiding up wreaths of < steamy moisture. Many ol the adjacent houses * >ip on (lie . but by the well directed effoits of the firemen, who wero early on the ground, wears happy in stating that mine haa suffered materially eilhei (ram fire or w sin Not so, however, with the. houses on the ea?l ?. I< ol ro?n ?iu-i, iiunu in ina ciiii'cu i uinr arm ....... to catch (ire from the church, ami uoaeof the cntfiura I threw w iter ii|?on thrm, because thcv were the piojicily t the church. One wa? occupied f>y the ftc t rend i Doctor Moriarty ; the other ?n? turd "? ? mt nary ami at the library of the Catholic church, i A* it the tire which Itnd devastated the np|>er ? atoriCB of tlicHf houaca.riid notdoocciid fuel enough ) tire* were kindled in the lower Moriru by means id the hooka (Home ol which were exceedingly vhIuh? hie,) found in the lihrnrv A fire w?h also built oil I the pavement in front, which wna likewise fed hy

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