14 Kasım 1845 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1

14 Kasım 1845 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. XI., Mo. m-WhoM Mo. ?160. NEW YORK, FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 14, 1845. PrlM Two Coots. BtwtlstU-.e of the City and County of New York by tbe lost census of IMo. Number ol Male Persons Female Persons. . .. . .. ........ ? Persons subject to militia duty. . . 35,419 " Persons entitled to rote ?4,233 ?? Aliens, not naturalised 01,961 ?? Person who are paupers. {,953 ? Colored persons, not taxed it,670 ?? who are taxed. . . 263 ,, ?? entitled to vote... 100 .. Married Females under 43. ..... . 34.'407 4i Unmarried do. between 16 and 45. 61,866 ii under 16... 62,020 44 Marriages during the year 2,835 44 Births?Males *.319 ii " Females 6,495 Deaths-Males 3,471 ii ii Females 2.819 it persons born in New York 196,075 ? 44 n. England (States. 16,006 ? i4 other States of U. 8. 35,507 ii JMeJtico or $. Aitie'a 477 ii ii Great Britain, He.. 93,873 ,i ii France 3,763 ,i ii Germany......:. 43,416 ,, ii other parts of Kur'e 3,173 ?? Children between 6 and 16. .... . 70,061 ii ii attending Common Schools 39,066 ii ii ii Privato do... 17,435 .1 ii ?? Academies, fcc... 1,270 ,i ii ii Colleges,lie. . .. 262 ? Deaf and Dumb Males, under 12... 13 ? ii ii Do betw'n 12 It 26. 132 ? ii ?? Females, under 12. 14 ? ii ii Do 12 and 26.. . . 91 Total number of Deaf and Dumb Persons 250 Number of Blind Males, ?*??. . ??; * ii ?? Females, under 8 2 ? ii between 8 and 33.... 0 Total number of Blind Persons. 68 Number of Idiot Males, under 31 12 ?i ?? Do over21 U ?i ?? Females, under 31 2 ii ?? Do over 21 r> Total number of Idiots ? ? ? 39 Number of Lunatic Males, under 21 7 ? i ?? Do over 21 346 ?i ?? Females, under21 n ii ?? Do over 31 376 Total Number of Lunatics. . 568 Baptist Churches-Number of. 23 Cost of ?;??????? $378,890 Episcopal Churches-Number of. 33 COBt Of i ??? ??? ? ? ? ?? I Presbyterian Churches?Number of 30 Cost of .? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? $870,276 Congregational Churches?Number ot Cost of ???????; ? ??? $ld2,409 M0,^fot:hu^he^ um. .r? .:::v.:: $444,340 Roman Catholic Churches?Number of 13 Costol. $548,350 Dutch Reformed Churches-Number of. *3 Cost of ? ? ? ? ? ?; $697,800 ITniversalist Churches-Number oi 3 F"v?.('ost of .????, $30,600 1'nitarian Churches?Number of ' Cost of. $94,000 Jewish Churches-Number of 4mnnJ COSt Of. $92,000 (Quaker Churches?Number of. 4 Cost of $101,500 Colloges-Number of * Cost of. $704,500 Universities?Number of 1 Academies-Number ot Cost of $35,600 Female Seminaries?Number of. 12 Cost of. $27,500 Other incorporated Institutions of Learning.... 6 Cost of $-261,000 Normal Schools?Number ol 1 Cost ot *30'??* Common Schools?N umber of 8S Cost of. ? ? ? Number of Pupils attending Common Schools.. 28,774 Private and Select Schools?Number oi 203 Cost of *10.048 Numbor of Children attending 6,806 Number of Inns and Taverns 1,360 " Wholesale Stores 1,961 " Retail do .... 4,187 " Groceries 1,944 ?| Fanners and Agriculturists 266 '? Merchants 8,177 '? Manufacturers 1,687 " Mechanics ' 31,648 " Attorneys . 1|?14 " Clergymen " Physicians und Surgeons 863 Compensation paid to Clergymen* $268,946 Grist Mills?Number of 3 Value of raw material used $37,243 " Manufactured articles $64,294 Saw Mills?Number of 13 Value of raw materials used $697,600 " Manufactured articles $785,700 Oil Mills?Number of 6 Value ot raw materials used $696,300 !* Manufactured articles 760,000 Cotton Factories? Number of 3 Value of raw materials used 38,600 " Manufactured articles 82,200 Number of yards ot cotton cloth 836,800 Woollen Factories?Number of 13 Value of rew materials used $18,796 " Manufactured articles $20,191 Number of yards of woollen cloth 25,896 Iron Works?Number of Value of raw materials used $96o,489 " Manufactured articles $-2,090,417 Trip Hammers?Number of ?????}, Value of raw materials used $38,000 " Manufactured articles $60,000 Distilleries?Number of _ 10 Value of raw materials used $658,600 " Manufactured articles $896,600 Asberies-Number of 1 Value of raw matarials used $3,000 " Manufactured articles $6,000 Glass Factories?Number of 2 Value of raw materials used $2,480 " Manufactured articles $4,800 Rope Factories?Number of 9 Value of raw materials used $10,290 " Manufactured articles $-20,870 Dyeing and Printing Factories?Number of. . . 2 Value of raw materials used $35,000 " Manufactured articles $60,000 Tanneries?Number of . 4 Value of raw materials used $89,800 " Manufactured articles $133,600 Breweries?Number of 17 Value of raw materials used $161,304 " Manufactured articles $287,109 Number of pounds ol Raw Silk manufactured.. 70 ?I Incorporated Manufactories .... 1 Unincorporated ditto 176 ? Of all denominations, including Salaries. The results are of ho earthly use or consequence except for general purposes. They bear evidences of having been slovenly compiled, and it is only in want of a better that we insert this table at all ? Taking it as it is it presents some curious features. There are 279 clergymen in the city, with an ag gregate salary of #288,945, averaging $<594 per an num to each. We thus find that clergymen of all denominations receive very fair compensations for the work done. There are 9372 more females in the city than males, which accounts for the many old maids a person sees. The 15th ward has more unmarried females than any other ward in the city; while in the 7th, with GOO less, there were 99 marriages more than in the 15th. We therefore can draw the inference that the atmosphere in the 15th is decidedly Malthusian.? Not over one half of the population are natives of New York, while over one fourth were born in Great Britain. The number of persons entitled to vote is 64,233. There are more foreigners in the 16th than in any other ward, and the whole amount in the city is 61,961. There are 11,881 colored people, 255 of whom are tHxed and 108 vote. This, under existing circum stances, is not a little remarkable. The abolition vote at the recent election amounted to 24 only, and as there are 108 colored voters, it is fair to suppose that the colored population of this cily take high and independent grounds in all political matters, and are not Httached lo any eliqut of white politicians. It in very curious, at all events, that with this number of colored voters there should be so few polled for the abolition tieket. 1'ori'i.ATioN os the Wasr Indiics ?The last cen uisof the Britisn West India Islands and of British yiiiuna wan taken at different period*; a*, owing to cir , umktancei, in the Bahama*, the Virgin Uland and Bri tish Uuiane, the census wa? not taken in 1844. The fol lowing i* n general abstract of the population in each of (1,0 seventeen British possession* a* named, together with the number of (lava* (according to the compensa tion return*) in the year 1H44 i Total, Slam. ! Colon)! Main. t'rmaUx. 1*14. 1834. , 1*1,813 196,800 377,413 311,070 i iloiitlnrs* - - 10.000 1,901 ?l lid,.una* 12 884 13,800 36,393 10.081, i Hs ImdC* r>?,004 88,194 132,198 8:t.!50 s lirrnsd* 13,732 16,191 20,923 23,63* R Sr Vli.mil I3W4 14.04* 37,248 22,206 7S, Luci* *.OTI ai.001 13,291 o fobxgn ??'?? 7,?M ".SM H.M# 9 A?U*US 18.7W 19,466 36 17 8 20,121 10 Montserrat 3,338 4,020 7,JOS 8,401 1 I II irlilltlli ..?????? 2(3 ?W? ,nW ?? 12 Dominie* I0,'gH H'681 "."5 MRt?Chri*wWwr... 10^13 13.064 23,17? 19,780 14 Sir is... 4.4IR 6,163 9,671 (.016 13 \ train Islands.... 3,13* 3,669 0.6*9 3,136 1* Trmidid 30,713 *9,102 60,116 30,047 IT Bri lth (inioua... 19,7*7 4?,346 90,163 8*,6?4 ?loui 421,11* 460,001 Ml,200 1*1, (M Highly Important from Wuililnglou-Vlewa of Mr. Polk on the Oregon Question. [From the Washington Union, (ttte organ) Nov. 11.] THE FORTY-NINTH PARALLEL. We have already'stated our conviction that the Amer ican title to Oregon is sound and perfect up to 64 deg. 40 m. We have denied the existence of any break in that title at the 49th degree. We have said farther, that in so tar as the negotiations on this subject between the United States and England have been made known,there is, to the best of our recollection, no argument what ever which carries our title up to 49 deg. and there stops. We made all these statoments with due deliberation.? We adhere to them, (in spile of all the vague and loose allegations on the matter, which are running the rounds of the whig press,) and we are prepared to sustain them, as stated, by full and conclusive proof. This being the state of our title to Oregon, it seems proper to explain, briefly, bow it has happened in past times, that, as a matter ot compromise, we have offered and urged upon the acceptance of Great Britain the 49th parallel, as a lijie of limits between herself and us, from the liocky Mountains to the P'.cillc. We pressed this offer upon England perseveringly from 1HI4?'IS to 18J7 '-18. During all that time, our offer of this compromise was steadily repelled. Iu some of our unsuccessfel at tempts at Oregon legislation, under the stipulation of joint occupancy (as it is called) of 1818, we have also pamed, as tho north limit of our territorial jurisdiction, the same 49th degree. It is a question of no small interest just now, how all this has come to pass 7 In what manner, and for what cause, has it so happened that our government, through a quarter of a century, claiming and holding a good title up to 64 deg. 40 m.. has vet been willing to compro mise its difference with England by the line of 49 deg. tit is, we admit, a perfectly fair question for those I who doubt that our title is clear up to 64 deg. 40 m., hew is it that tiie line of 49 deg. has been our lino of ne gotiation, and even of attempted legislation, so long, if our title does not terminate at that line 7 This question we now propose to answer. By the treaty of peace with Great Britain of 1783, the northern boundary line between the United States and British America was settled, from the source of the river St. Crpix, on the northeast, to the Lake of the Woods on the northwest?this lake heiDg about 360 miles northwest of Lake Superior, and then supposed to be hut a short distance east of the heal waters ol the Mississippi. This line?from the St. Croix to the Lake of the Woods?still stands as our boundary, save as it has been changed near its commencement in the northeast, and between Lake Superior and the Lake of the Woods, by the recent Ash burton trea'y. Having drawn this boundary as far west as the Lake of the Woods, the same treaty of 1783 stipu lated that the boundary lino should extend due west from the Lake of the Woods, till it should strike the Mis sissippi, down the middle of which river it was then to continue. But it was soon made known, that aline drawn dtte west from the Lake of the Woods could not strike the Mississippi. A new line west from that lake was then to be sought and settled. A commission to adjust this, and other disputed points of the treaty of 1783, having been stipulated for m a subsequent treaty with England of 1794, negotiations upon the subject were had in the years following 1803? the date, be it observed, of our Louisiana purchase. In these negotiations, subsequent to 1803, the 49th parallel of latitude was first named as a boundary line between the United States and the British possessions. The plenipotentiaries and governments were just about agreeing on the line of the 49th degree as a line of demarcation from the Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains, with the express proviso that the agreement should in no way touch the case of territory claimed by either party west of those mountains, when the affair of the Chesapeake occurred, and the negotia tions were broken off by the troubles which resulted in the war of 1813. The treaty of peace came in 1814, and idai brought with it new boundary negotiation. This ne gotiation, renewed on the old basis ol the line ot 49 dog., resulted, in 1H18, in the establishment of that line from the Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains as our boundary, and (at the same time, and by the next article ol the convention,) in the stipulation ofjoint occupancy, (west of the Rocky Mountains,) which, by renewal in 1837, still exists. Such being the history of the line ol 49 degrees, so far as our diplomacy and our rights are concerned, the question now arises, how came that line to be adopted as the basis of our negotiation on this side of the Rocky mountains 7 The answer is a strange one. The line of 49 degrees, which has played such a part in the boundary negotia tions between tho United States and England, was flrst thought of, and afterwards negotiated upon, and, as there is little raason to doubt, finally agreed upon as far as the Rocky mountains?solely in consequence of a most singular mistake on the part of both governments. We hare seen that this line never came into discussion between the United States and England, till after we had purchased Louisiana. After that purchase, it becsune necessary for us, of course, to ascertain the northern boundary line of our purchase. T? find that boundary, which, after the original grant of Louisiana to Crozat by Louis XIV, had been carried far to the north into the re fion of the Illinois, (as it was called.) then belonging to ranee under the general name of New France -to set tle, we say, the northern boundary of Louisiana, which had thus been carried far to the northward, it became necessary to refer to the treaty of Utrecht, concluded between Great Britain end France in 1713. This treaty of Utrecht contains the following stipulation :? "It is agreed on both sides to determine within a year, by commissioners, to he forthwith named bv each party, the limits which are to he fixed between the said Bay of Hudson and the places appertaining to the French. * * * The same commissioners shall also have ordars to describe and settle, in like manner, the boundaries between the other British and French co lonies in those parts."?3 Jenkinsoti's Trtatiti. This treaty was, in general terms, confirmed in the treaty of the 10th of February, 1763, between Great Bri tain, France and Spain. Under this treaty of Utrecht, commissioners were appointed as stipulated; and by one of the strangest blunders which negotiation has made in modern times, subsequent diplomacy seems to have tak en for granted that they performed the duty for which they were appointed, and did run a line of boundary be tween the French as.d English possessions; and that the line so run by them was the line of the parallel of 49 de grees. It is perfectly astonishing to see how this un founded opinion ran through protocol after protocol, and negotiation after negotiation, and treaty after treaty, till finally it became tne basis of special instruction from our government to Messrs. Gallatin and Rush in 1818, and, through them, the basis of our boundary line, as it was by them then settled, along the 49th parallel, from the Lake of the Woods westward to the Rocky moun tain*. The fact i* now well established, that, under the trea ty of Utrecht, no line whatever waa either adopted or proponed by the Commissioners or by theirGorernment* aa tne boundary of the French poaaesaiona ou the north, or of the Britiah poaaeaaiona on the aouth. In fact, no auch boundary line waa ever mn at all. Often aa thia line waa cited and referred to aa the baaia of aubaequent negotiation, it never had any existence whatever till Meaara. Rush and Gallatin drew it in 1818. Till than, a boundary line running along the 49th paral lel waa just aa imaginary in diplomacy aa the parallel itself is imaginary on the aurl'ace of the earth. We believe that all persona conversant with this sub ject are now agroed on thia point. But, of course, we do not make these statements without being prepared to present the proofs of what we assert. These proofs, amounting to a complete demonstration, we will present in detuil whenever they may be wanted to sustain our position. It is enough now to state, on the high autho rity of Mr. Ureenhow, in his moat accurate and 'exhaus tive work upon Oregon, that the archives of?the Depart ment of Foreign Affairs in France have been searched for any evidence of the adoption of any auch boundary line under the treaty of Utrecht, and that no trace of 9uch evidence has been found. To this we may add, that the various F.nglish and French publications, writ ten since Mi. Oreenhow's work, and in reply to it; and some of them written under the eye of the British Go vernment, produce no evidence from the Britiah ar chives of any such line?a conclusive proo* that no auch evidence is to be found there. And,lastly,we may aaythat the only author who makes mention of the appointment 01 any auch commissioners under the treaty of Utrecht, states that their negotiations ceased prematurely in I7M?thoy having been appointed in 1719. It may be proper to add that Mr. Monroe, when our Minister at tho Court of St. James, in 1804, seems to have been the first American atatesman who brought into our negotia tions with F.ngland this imaginary boundary line of the 49th degree, supposed by him to have been run under the treaty of Utrecht. There seems to he no doubt that Mr. Monroe waa misled by an old map In his possession, to which reference is made in his correspondence. Meantime, if any of our readers or opponents entertain nave givi any doubt on the whole view wo nave given of this Utrecht line, we refer them to Mr. Oreenhow's learned anil able work, and the large list of contemporary autho rities cited by him on this point. We have gone thus minutely into the history of this line of the 49th parallel, with tho view of showing how entirely imaginary, how wholly baseless, is the idea that it has any connexion whatever with our title to the soil of Oregon. Of course, it is unnecessary for us to say that this line is in no way related, in the slightest de gree, to the history of discovery, or of exploration, or of settlement, or of occupation, in the soil of Oregon. No discoverer, or explorer, or inhabitant ever started from it, or stopped at it, or settled upon it, as a line of dema cation. We have shown that, as a treaty lino, it was-though often quoted and referred to, and even Hrgued upou wholly imaginary, and without any real existence, till 1818. Then it was tun as far west as the Rocky moun tains, with the expiess proviso in the negotiation that it should, in no way, affect rights of territory beyond thoso mountains. The very stipulation of 1818, which runs this line in its first article, contains in its second article the agreement of joint occupancy, and makes no allu sion whatever to tho line of 49 deg. Wo observe that the Intrltigmcrr of this morning again citeaa speech of Col flenton in 18411, in which that distinguished gentleman refers to the line of 49 deg. as settleil ; and because settled by the treaty of Utrocht, as being, probably, the true limit of our title, as derived from France. Certainly, if such a line had been run un der the treaty of Utrecht, (hn waa the general belief of diplomatists, when Col. Benton made his speech,) the argument would have heen very strong that our French title did stop there. But why Jdoes the Intel llgmcrr confine its citations to Col. Benton? Why does it not cite similar references to the same line from the instructions to Mr. Gallatin, and from Mr. Gallatin's of ficial statement and argumont of our claim against the British commissioners in 1836-7 f We assure the Intelligencer that these references are made. We assure that Journal, lurther, that all suofc references are put by all the negotiators, as Colonel Benton puts his lelaience, distinctly on the gtound that the Una of 49 degress waa run by tha traaty of Utrecht as the British I and French boundary line. The fact it otherwise?has been, by recent investigation, proved to be otherwise; and, threfore, all such references as matter of argu ment, showing the extent of our title, fall to the ground. This is exactly what we meant when we said that there was no argument carrying our title up to 49 deg., and there stopping. Arguments, which may have been urged for a compromise at 49 deg , are not at all to the point. We objected from the lirst, and we now object, that any argument for such a compromise shall be drawn from an alleged failure of our title at 49 deg. Our title, as maintained on any one of its very many 5rounds, does not fail there. The disap|>earunce from . iplomacy of the imaginary line of the Utrecht treaty, does bear upon the question of our title as derived from France. That upon the whole it impairs or weakens that portion of our title, we aie not yet, from the best in- i vestigation we have beeu able to give the subject, pro pared to admit. But this we will say, our French title may be wholly left out of the question, and yet our claim to the whole of Oregon will be clear and impreg nable against all the worlil We have now done all that we proposed to do in this article. We have shown how the parallel of 49 deg. came to be adopted as a boundary line between us and Great Britain ou this side oi the llocky Mountains. We have shown that that line uas no connexion whatever with OQr rights in Oregon. II there shall be found a disposition in this country to give away auy of our rights there to Great Britain?if the course of Great Britain in past negotiations has made it fit that we should continue to urge this compromise upon her, in a matter where she has no rights to compromise In retnrn- -it her course un der the stipulation of joint occupancy has been open and fair and just?and, finally, if the public sentiment of this nation shall be found willing to sanction a sacrifice of about one-half of our tetritory of Oregon, extending, as it does, from 42 deg. to 64dei|. 40 min.?why, then, we admit that the 49th parallel will be about at convenient a line of sacrifice as can be drawn. And naw, since the Intelligencer has been so kind as to quote Colonel Benton against the soundness of our claim above 49 deg.?and how fairly this has been done, we shall see in a moment?let us return the compliment by the citation of an authority, which, to the Intelligencer, will scarcely be of inferior weight. On the 19th of June, 1-826, Henry Clay, then Secretary of State, wrote to Mr. Gallatin, our minister in Loudon, the following instruc tions: " Nor is it conceived that Great Britain has, or can, make out even a colorable title to any portion of the northwest aoust." How is the Intelligencer pleased with this bit of " his tory ?" Will tliatjournal now admit Mr. Polk to be a little less censurable in saying that "our right to Oregon is clear and unquestionable !" It is, we must say, matter of astonishment, that a dis tinguished paper like the National Intelligencer?distin guished, too, principally for its editorial adroitness? " so often, and by such flagrant disingenuousness, should so i _ open the way for the'severest auimadrersioim. We de clare, that we are again and again confounded by the ut ter absence of common candor in a paper which seems ambitious of many other good qualities. It is very mar vellous, that when exposure is so easily brought about, and is at the same time so inevitable, any one of political influence should hazard its loss by indiscretion so gross. In this connection, we may well exclaim, how unfair it was for the paper to which we are referring, to tear an extract from the speech of Mr. Benton, and use it in its isolated form, for the purpose of maintaining a proposi tion which another portion of the same argument, so far from supporting, would have overthrown. The Intelli gencer, anticipating investigation on this head, hinted as much as we have asserted, hut had not the magnanimity to print the evidence of its truth. Uol. Berton, considering the title of the United States to Oregon as derived from France, alleged that our ter minus was at the 49th degree. The same declaration had been overand over again made by others, who look ed to that source as the origin of our claim. But is it through France alone that our claim to Oregon is assert ed ! Did Col. Benton, in the very speech upon which the Intelligencer relies, put our claim to Oregon uponthnt basis alone! Why, we demand, was not an extract, suf ficient to elucidate the fact as it existed, given from the speech of the eminent Senator? He certainly declared his conviction that our title, derived from another source, would warrant the United States in assorting a claim to Oregon as far as the boundary of the Russian domi nions. Our title tracod through Spain was not threaten ed by the imaginary obstacle which the treaty of Utrecht presented Do the" declarations of Mr. Benton, predica ted upon the stipulations of 1818, sustain the Intelligen cer: Far from it. Wc purpose, in the course of the present week, to give in exteneo the speech oftheSenator from Missouri. It is a masterly production. It is full of American feeling. Let it apeak for itself. When published, the country will sec, lrom the whole context, how much Col Ben ton desired to narrow our title,and circumscribe our just limits in the north west. A careful perusal of that speech will show whether he believed the United States were estopped from advancing beyond the 49th degree. The world shall thus have an opportunity of judging for themselves, from the rec?rd, between the editors of the National Intelligencer and of the Union? who has mis represented and who has done justice to the statements of the Senator from Missouri?they or we. They will also have the further opportunity of judging, on a more important issue, between the claims of Great Britain and of the United States?which has th^strongest, the ' clear and unquestionable" right to all Oregon?she or our selves. For the present, the following extracts, from the speech of 1843, will make manifest that which we have asserted: ? Tho other point in our title, to which I wish to give a litllo more development than it has receivod from other speakers, is, its derivation under the treaty with Spain of 1819. By that treaty the United States succeeded to all the rights of Spain on the northwest coast of America north of 42 degrees. These rights, according to the memoir of the Spanish minister, Don Onis, extended to the Russian possessions? the British having nothing on that coast. This was the representation of the Spanish minister; and with this, the tact of tho case agreed. The Nootka-Sound treaty and controversy of 1790 nad decided that point. It decided that the British had no right to Nootka, a place four degrees north of the Columbia, and no way connected with it: and it ended in obtaining for the British the privilege, and nothing but tho privilege, of fishing and hunting along the northwest coast, ami erecting the temporary huts which the pursuit of these occupations might require. Colonization or settlement was renounced. The treaty itself, especially the 3d and the 6th articles, willj^prove this; and the parliamentary debates of the day correspond with the words of the treaty. As a fact, that treaty nullifies all British claim on the northwest coast; as a law, (if not abrogated by war,) it would still confine them to the pursuit of hunting and fishing. The treaty of 1819, by which we acquired ill the Spanish title north of 42 deg., has given us all the Denelits of the Nootka Sound treaty, both as a fact, and as a law, and tested by either, the British are excluded from the northwest coast of America,lor all the purposes of settlement or colonization. Such are the nature, origin, and present condition of the British establishments on the Columbia. They are intrusions upon our known territory?tortuous aggres sions before the war on Mr. Astor's settlement?fraudu lent evasions of the treaty of Ghent?and have no more to do with the Nootka Sound convention, than they have with tho late treaty of China. Nootka is in vain invoked to cover these encroachmVht* upon us?encroachments for which British diplomacy has been endeavoring above thirty years to prepare the way?in which the powerful Hudson Bay Company has acted as the agent of the government?and for the protection of which company the British ministers now boldly hurl defiance in our faces. There is nothing in thj Nootka treaty to cover all this, even if it was not abrogated by war ; and it re mains to be,seen whether the threat of war is to have .in effect upon this vigorous young republic ol eighteen millions of peoplo,which it failed to have over the decay ing Spanish monarchy in 179*. Marine.?U.J3. Gutter Arhore.?The govern ment has at length been caught in one of its own traps. Our correspondent at Conneaut, under dute of the !)th, says the "? Revenue Cutter on coming into our har bor yesterday,uttornoun struck the bar nnd went ashore high and dry, twenty rods above the west pior, and she wilt lay there until Government either makes or aban dons our harbors. The schooner N. C. Baldwin struck oncoming in last evening at 10 o'clock-carried away her rudder, drifted near the shore below the east pior, and lays in four feet water,with from one to two leet wa ter in the hold. The Baldwin had on board about $5000 vorth of merchandise, which is more or less damaged." The arrival of six boats, including the Indiana, about which so many ridiculous stories were circulated, ena bles us to give some further details of the storm. The schooner Commodore left Cleveland for this port with a cargo of Hour and wheat, but put back on Sunday in consequence of the hlow from the east, and in going in struck the nier and sunk. We farther leara that the schorner I'ilgrim, late Amazon, is also sunk at Milwau kie. The under-writers on the cargo have intolligenro to this effect, particulars not stated! Mho was recently robuilt at Cleveland, and on her first trip. The brig Tre ble, in making for this port laat night, passed the North pier and drifted 011 tho beach, stern on. A lighter is along side discharging her to-day, and she will soon he afloat agoin. The schooner ashore at Chagrin is sup posed to be either tho North America or the Home'Id, late Oirard, of Oswego The Aurora has gone to pieces There is an insurance of $1200 on her, which fully in demnities the owners. The brig 8t. I.ouis is still on Captain Webster goes up on the London to Monroe tor the purpose of getting her off. The Bunker Hill remains at the Rebecca. The schr. 8izer, in coming in yestcrduy afternoon ran foul of a canal boat called tho Kmpire State, which was laden with merchandize for the east, 1 and sunk her. The boat belongs to T. 1). Waters, and ( was consigned principally to (J. Davit. Of course the cargo was injured. Another boat tilled with flour - ca- I reenod in the canal, and had to be discharged. The large amount of merchandize concentrated here . during the past weok, is now in a fair way to reach iu destination. A number of sail vessels are observed leav ing port for the West with a fair wind, and three propel- ! lers, with as many steamors, are now taking on freight and will depart this evening, to be followod by others to morrow. The Indiana was heavily laden with flour, and on cross- 1 ing Maumee bay, she struck the fragments of an old bridge, which lay sunken there, and sprung aleak Bo lero tho water was stopped, the ground tier ot bbls. got submerged.?Bvjfalo -Me., Nor. 11. 1 Sions of WtisTKR. -In our immediate vicinity we have hern favored with an almence of anow or very cold weather, while in different putts of the country, and where such thiugs were least expected, snow, hail and rain have tallen in abundance. In Washington, I'hila dolphia, along our rivei, and west ot us snow tell on Sunday, and the last Detioit papeis speak of siaigh bells and Buffalo robes for two ? Albany Jitlai, Nov. 12.

Varletlel. The Albany Argus records the death of Philo K. Cole, formerly, and uatil the hut six months, for many years Foreman in the printing office of that establish ission off " * ment, and during the session or the legislature, Reporter for the Jhgu? In tho Senate. His death, which had been daily expected foi the last fortnight, took place on Mon day at midnight. The Grand Jury of Hudson county, at the present term of the Courts now in session on llergen Hill, have uuited ia a petition to the Legislature to prohibit Horse Kaceing in this state, or at least if this cannot be dene,to pass a law to protect Hudson county, which has suffered so much from the Beacou Course, from the nuisance.? The Grand Jury presented the petition to the Court (Chief Justice llornblower presiding,) on Wednesday morning, with a request that it might he officially pre sented to the Legislature at the next session in January. Tin* Oantvillt IntrUigenr.tr states that trade on the North Branch, Fa., Canal, is quite brisk. At the Montour Iron Works the makiugof the railroadiron pro ceeds with regularity anil great despatch. George Wells, who pleaded guilty to an indict ment for an attempt to murder Lewis A. Hall, at Monroe, Mich., was sentenced on Thursday last to imprisonment in the State prison a term of '20 years. Tirrell, the suspected Boston murderer, is suppo sed to have made his way to tho sea, and thus eluded the pursuit of the officers who were sent after him. Willliam C. Woodbrldge, author of the modern school geography, and member of the Oeographical Bo ot Fans, Frankfort and Berlin, died at Boston en cieties i Sunday last, aged 30. The Harvard street Baptist church and Society of Beston, have invited Rev. T. F. Caldicott, of Roxbury, to be their pastor. The Her. Dr. -Vermilye, of this city, preached in the Reformed Frotestant Dutch church, Washington St., Buffalo, ou Tuesday eveuing. The Kev. Mr. Dowling, of this city, preached on Wednesday evening in the Pearl street Baptist church, Albany. A* the opening of the United States Circuit Court, Boston, on Tuesday morning, the jury returned a ver ?dict of not guilty, in the case of the LJ. S. against South worth and Leonard, of West Springfield, who were char ged with having violated the post-office law, in couvoy nig letters out of the mail, betweon Springfield and West Spriugfietd. ______ Dilton Hrnham, of Madison, N. Y., charged with poisoning his wife a few days before marrying another, was caught in Wisconson, and arrived at Madison last week, wh?re he was committed to await his trial. The Hon. Charles H. Carroll was seriously injur ed by the upsetting of a stage near Wooster, Ohio, nbout a week since, He is now in this city ; but is still so much indisposed that it is feared he will not be able to be at Washington at the opening of the session. The in jury is a severe cut on the head.?Rochester Democrat. A scow loaded with .400 barrels of flour, belong ing. we understand, to Messrs. Walbridge, Hayden tk Co, sunk in the harbor early yesterday morning, or on Sun day night. Tho Hour has been recovered, somewhat da maged of course.?Riiffalo Pilot, Nov. 11. Capt Fremont states that on reaching the highest summit of the Rocky Mountains, which is 14.MX) feet above the Gulf of Mexico, he found acommon humble bee in the icy region, which he captured. It is the high est flight of the bee everknown. The Galveston Civilian denies, on authority' that M. Saligny, the French Charge to Texas, has been re called. M. 3., it is stated, intends to remain some time longer in America, and to make a final visit to Texas be fore his return home Park Benjamin, Esq. is announced as having ar rived in Baltimore, where he takes up his permanent abode. He is about to take the editorship of a new lite rary paper there. Orders have been received by the ? Quarter Mas ter at Fort Gibson,to locate the new fort on the hill,a few hundred yards above the present qaarters. The work is to be commenced immediately. The Secretary of the Navy, it is said, has order ed the immediate discontinuance of the naval apprentice system. The cause of this sudden movement is not as yet made public. The small pox,it is said, is causing some alarm in Pittsburgh. The Post calls upon the city authorities to take measures to stay its further spread. The execution of Andrew Howard, which was to have taken place at Dover, N. H , on Wednesday, has been respited till the 8th of July next. Arraignments for Murker and Arson.?In the Supreme Court on Tuesday, Dr. Martin L. Peters was arraigned upon an indictment charging him with the murder of Catherine Kuthford, single woman, by ad ministering to ner drugs, Stc? for the purpose ol procu ring abortion. He pleaded not guilty. In July, 1844, while the deceased was on her dying bed at the hospital at South Boston, N. C. Betton, Esq , was appointed to take her dying declaration, and he notified Peters, who attended at her examination. She could not call him by name, but identified hia person. Before Mr. B. could put to hornll the questions he intended, she died, and that night Peters fled, and wandered abont the country for a year; but linding the life of a fugitive, in constant alarm, utterly insupportable, he, about two months ago, surren dered himself to the legal authorities; and has since been in Leverett street jail. Since the indictment was returned against Peters, the legislature have changed the punishment for such tin offence, and it is no longer capi tal. By act of 1843, chap. 37, if the woman die in conse quence of the attempt to cause premature confinement, the party charged may be imprisoned lrom five to twenty years in the State prison; if she do not die, then impri sonment from one to seven years in the State prison, house of correction, or jail, and a fine not exceeding $2000. R. Choate and J. C. Park were appointed counsel for Peters, Next was arraigned Edmund Holiagan, for netting fire to Albert H. Chase's house in Blossom street, in the night time. He pleaded not guilty. P. S. Wliee lock was assigned as aounsol lor the prisoner,and senior counsel will be selected hereafter. A question will arise whether the stairs which were set on tire, being outside, were a part of the dwelling house. Chief Justice Shaw stated that the whole court could not be convened for the trial of these capital cases until about three weeks, and that notice would be given of the assignment of u day lor the trials.?Bus tun Host. American Flour.?It is asserted, by one of the most eminent bakers in London, that American flour will absorb from 8 to 10 per cent more of its own weight of water in manufacturing it into bread or bis cuit, than the Knglish wheat. Mrs. Rundell states in her " Domestic Cookery," that while 14 lbs. of Ameri can Hour will make 21 j lbs. bread, the same quantity of Knglish flour pill produce but I8f lbs. We hare nu merous specimoM of Knglish and American wheat of similar varieties, and the dunglish is almost invariably a larger and plumper berry'than the American. We at tribute this to the longer time required for ripening in that cooler, damper climate, by which it absorbs ana re tains a larger quantity of water. Ours, on the contrary, in ripening under a dry, hot sun, evaporates a larger proportion of water,and leaves the farina in a more con densed state ; and when exposed again to moisture in cooling it absorbs the additional quantity above stated. This is an important fact, of which the dealer and con sumer should lie fully aware. We see our Southern friends claim this quality exclusively for their own wheat, which is doubtless true iD part, but not wholly in comparison with English. It is a well known and long established principle, other things being equal, that a warm and dry climate gives a richer grain than a cold moist one.? Toronto (Canada) Herald. Discovery ok the Magnetic Poles.?The Cin cinnati Chronicle. of Thursday, has the following:? A scientific gentleman, who was present at Dr. Locke's lecture on Monday evening, says it was remarkably in teresting. The subject was electro magnetism, heat, and their kindred topics. Among other things he men tioned the discoveries he had made and the facts accumu lated in regard to the magnetic poles, and the line of greatest intensity. This has been a subject of examina tion with him for several years. He considers now that the magnetic poles are discovered?at least their im mediate locality. His views on this subject have been confirmed by other observers. One of the magnetic poles is in Siberia and another in the Northern part ot America. The line of greatest intensity is near the shores of Lake Superior. The Canal and River Trade.?It is really a sight to take a walk to the basin and see the canal crult coming in loaded with flour. Every kind of boat has been lorced into flour carrying?from the old-fashioned lumber scow to the fine line boat. Tho holds are not only crammed, but the decks aro piled up to the utmost with Aour. The recent snow in the western part ol' the state, lias forced an additional activity along the whole ' line Forwarders do not feel sure of more than ten days i more of canal navigation. The activity on the canal creates a corresponding activity on the river. The tow- ! boats go to New Vork loaded down almost to theii ; guards. Sloops, schooner* and scows are all laden to the utmost, and still the cry is tor more. The recent rise in produce has created a business beyond the most san guine anticipations.?Jllbany Jirgui, Nor. 13. Mr. Cai.houu.?This gentleman reached Mobile on (he -Irh instant, on board the H. Kinney From the wharf ho was conducted to his rooms at the Man sion House, where, at one o'clock, he was waited upon by the corporate authorities. His honor tho Mayor greeted him with a briel address, tendering him, in be half of the city, a cordial welcome, and inviting him to eur hospitalities, to Which Mr. C. made a feeling and ap propriate reply. He was to leave there for New Or leans on the titn, on his way to the Memphis (.'onvention. ?Mobile Herald. Steamboat Accident.?The steamboat Santa Clans ran hard aground in Kingston Creek, on Monday night, and careened over, so thut one of her giianis was under water. About fifty head of cattle which were on the lorward deck,were diiven overboard, before she could be righted. The water was so low that the rattle had no difficulty in escaping to the shore; Asothik.?The North America has been forced to lay by, having cracked her piston. The Rochester is running in her place. Plymouth Railroad.?A short section of thii new road running over Tirrell's Swamp, in Wey mouth, sunk on Monday, and the rails for about fifty lee disappeared A strong force is now at work repairin| tho breach, which it is said will be completed to tnet th< trains will pets over it es usual Court Intelligence. two AldVrro!n"'M V N,?V "~Vton th? Recorder and iwoAtuermen.^ M.C. 1'aterson, Kiq., District Attorney Trial far a Nuuanc, ? Johu K. Rodman and Horace We*ttre et* l>e?w ee ?'r **1 f?r, cauai?S ^LlucTln v street, between Beach, and North Moore streets by carry ing on the business of in.n founder* ?? ' f rom the opening of the caie on the part of the nrose cution it appeared that three or four pemone, owner, of property aud occupant* of hou.e* adjoining the foundry were the complainant* in the case unary, J. H. Dr. Koaar.iT, on being cailed and ?worn testified as follow*?I reside at No 101 North Moore street the foundry of Rodman & Belden join* my yard, and in the same block; the defendants carry on the steamboat build nig and icon casting: the workmen make a great deal of noise; they hare a furnace for the purpose of casting ma chinery; tne smoke comes into onr house when the wind blows from a certain quarter; in the month of August a person from the country, on a risit to my family was obliged to leave us on account of the smoke; some houses have been set on fire by the sparks proceeding from the lurnace: thov sometimes work on Sundays, and some times all night ? '."'V.*-There is no allegation of any noise at all in the indictment, but describes the existence of a dis agreeable smoke and unwholesome smell. Croti-rxamineJ by Mr. Price.?! cannot say that there is any nauseous or unwholesome smell; I bought seven wl' hp"fjre >;ear? a??' andhu'R on two of tnem; the .VJ'1 ^.nt foundry was there before I put any building* there; I have- a stable near by, but there is no disagree able smell aetskig from it; there is also a public stable nearby; there is likewise a lard and oil factory in the 1 do "Of call the lard and oil factory a nui sance; I am fond of the smell of oil; when the wind blows from the northwest, the smoke from (.Wee's foun dry comes over our house; there are six houses in the block in which my own is si'uated; I have said that if I did not beat the defendants in this Court, 1 would sue them for private damages; the building now used by the defendants was formerly used as a pot ash factory; there are four iron foundries in the immediate vicinity of mv house; the sparks soon go out alter falling from the chimney. Rev. Mr Stark sworn?My dwelling house is about forty orlilty feet from the foundry ?f Rodman Sc Beiden the chimneys are so low that the smoke comes Into the nouse when the windows are open; i consider that rav house is sometimes in danger from the sparks; on Mon day evening some leaves in the yard were set on fire bv the sparks; I have never been in the foundry; I do not know what they burn in the furnace; I believe the sparks proceed from wood fires. ' Sampei. Webr sworn?I live at 39 North Moore street the rear of my building is close to the foundry; my famil lyjii annoyed by the noise and sparks proceeding from the foundry; n servant of mine had a dress burnt Uv sparks which had fallen upon it; a man at work for me put out the fire; when the engino in the foundry is go ing, it shakes my house. i v?MA, G,"'L sworn?One day while at work for Mr. Webb at his house, smoke came into the window so that was obliged to shut the windows; on another occasion I discovered a dress on fire, which I put out; I did not see the cinders that set it on fire. riPAJ,'"v,t FARRr-;-!- "worn-1 am employed in Mr. Clarks livery stable near the foundry of Rodman & tselden; the ime annovs me sometimes; 1 do not know chimneyl6 seen 8Parl" coming from the foundry Crt*t examined?I am annoyed by unpleasant odors arising from the livery stable sometimes. Isaac Foster sworn?I live in North Moore street near the foundry; the house is sometimes filled with' smoke, and on that account I have to keep the windows closed; I have got my house covered with tin, so that it cannot take fire; I am not annoyed with any odors from the foundry; the noise of the workmen at the foundrv is sometimes continued late at night, but generally .ton about V * 8 o'clock; other foundries get through sworn.-I am the proprietor of a livery ln.u ? vicin"y of the foundry; when the wind blows from the westward, smoke comes into tho staoie; I never saw any sparks fall into my stable. ? Ihe prosecution having rested, e,1-rose and opened the case on the part of the defence; in the course of which he remarked that the defendants were young men who had but re cently embarked in the business?that they had leased the premises lor a period of five years?that they had ex pended considerable money in fitting up the establish ment, and tho consequence of a conviction must be a to tal destruction of their business ; and further, that the court, in case of a conviction had power to inflict a fine and imprisonment for tho ofl'ence. He, therefore, desired to proceed with caution in the matter. In the first place then, in the small space of a block, in which this alleged' nuisance is situated, we find four foundries, a lumber yard, and an oil and lard factory, Mr. Price then pro ceeded to inquire what constituted a nuisance-whether a blacksmith s shop, a tallow chandlery, or a butcher's not n?isanc?8 1 A carpenter's shop had been indicted as a nuisance, as also haa a coal yard. Whv gentlemen, said he, look through the city, aud take away everything that may more or less annoy one or another and where is your city ? a city made of mere tinsel?the wnn.?? \'ueW ?f the ci,y w?uld b? If the people io. .k he air M pure a" the ?od of -leaven made it, let them retire to thMr villas in the country; but in the ?!iy w"oannot have such blessings. In 1817, Benjamin Prescott was indicted and tried before Judge Bradford 1Met i * UC a di"tiilory*the ?PerRtion of which, it was alleged rendered the air impure, and where do you Waa ,lt,ua*?d' whJ. gentlemen, it was in 8r?adway, near White street, and yet, in regard to that case, Dr Mitchell stated, on the pari of the prosecution that in accordance with bis views, there were other nui sances more pernicious to health than a distillery, and mentioned a blacksmith's shop and a potter's kiln, as be ing of that character. .w?.rn^r!C.ei,i-hen -went on ,t0 cxI)lain the difference be irL il i?J ! .L,c nuiflanceand a private nuisance, and con that fl! i* Pr?s?nt ca,e wa8 a Private nuisance, au<) court in0D?iV tDa?U ou?ht t? seek redress in the proper court. In illustration or this position, he referred to a hf ?'fitrnr!5'? i*0ln? "tudontf at law, occupying chambers n Clifford * Inn, prosecuted a tinman lor annoying bv ' ,'!? ,0""J ?f his hammer and other implements used by mm, alleged that they were unable to pursue their wwi I?8'.11-*;?U8a 4ucnc,e ?fthe noi,e made by the tinman; and Lord hllenbotough decided that it was not a public a< iSiet ?h' but'a Private one. en<I that tho in lictment could not bo sustained, and the accused was ac cordingly acquitted. ?vu?.u was ac number of highly respectable witnesses were then ? ?he defence. They testified that the utmost aution was taken in conducting the foundry of the de fendants; that the defendants, with a view of removing ^.cau,e ?f complaint of those residing near the foundry, had caused the chimneys to bo built much higher, in or I iJL n.^8rry I16 8m?ke over their premises; that wood ??waa necessarily used every afternoon for the purpose oi If"'"?**? fir*8 of anthracite coal in the furn.ce^ tnd also that in case of an accident to a boat, they occasion ally worked until a late hour for the purpose of repair ing damages, and sometimes they were led to work on I 'he Sabbath, when it was a work of apporent necessity. Mr. I rice then made a brief, but very able and elo quent appeal to the Jury in behalf of his clients. He was followed by the District Attorney on the part of the prosecution. Tho Recorder then explained with great clearness, the peculiar features of public and pri vate nuisances,and the points of law aR applicable to the case, after which the subject was submitted to the jury guilty frhrief absence, rendered a verdict of not triTr/' yichael WaUh was then put on bis ner en.iM ?c "i H?r8P001. published in a newspa . fu !? ?. 'Suif?rTan"in. of which the accused was U.m?' ?d'tor and proprietor. The alleged libel set forth that Mr. Horspool had been in the habit of lotting lurniture out to females of bad character, by whicE hiaan,.^e u acc,umulat?d ? large fortune. The case had not been brought to a close before the Court adjourn eu until to-morrow morning. Cnie of Polly Bodlne. Circuit Court. Before Judge Kdmonda. Nov. 13.?The Court met at the usual hour, and the prisoner took her aeat near her counael, looking very much dejected and worn. The Col'rt remarked, that the apparent impossibility of getting a jury who would be competent to try the cause, induced him to some to such conclusion. In mak ing such a suggestion, he felt that he rendered himself liable to the imputation of wishing to get rid of the trial; but independent ol that, he could not refrain from giv ing it as his opinion that an impartial jury could not be obtained, unlesa they were men of adamantine minds, four days had already been occupied in the proceed ings, and over 300 jurors had been examined, and yet thay had been able to obtain but three who were compe tent to sit and hear the case. It was suggested on part of tho defence that a Jury could be obtained; and, that further delay would be fa tal to the prisoner. A large number of absentees were fined during the day in a sum of $36 each, and some 400 in addition to thoso already summoned, have been served tor this (Friday) forenoon. The Court adjourned at an early hour, not being able to succeed in procuring a single juror. Superior Court. Before Judge Vanderpo Nov. 13.?Harriton vs. Hull.?This c se, already fre quently noticed, was summed up. Verdict to-morrow. Common Plea*. Before Judge lngraham. No*. 13.? Miller rs. Caffitt.? This case, already no ticed, stands adjourned over to this forenoon. Freaks of Mii.i.krism?Some strange scenes have recently been acted at Gill, Massacnusets, by the followers of the Millerite delusion. A man named Miller, who had sacrificed his family slid had become de mented in the ceuse, was persuades into the belief that the sins of the other disciples could be transferred to him, and after some silly process, it was pretended that this was done, when two powerful brethren, under pre tence of driving out the sins thus accumulated upon his head, began to beat him, and they bruised his head and face literally black and blue, all which he bote with martyr-liko submission. The farce was ended by the interference of the citizens of the town, who broke up theJanatical camp. Lunacies for Lnfrinoino a Patent.?In the caae of Movey vs. Henry, in the LJ. S. Circuit Court, Boston, on Wednesday, tho jury returned a verdict lor the plaintiff, and assessed the damages at $360. The case of Jonathan M. Head vi. Tho hocks and Canals Conmra tion was next commenced. The property in dispute is something like seven acres of land, near tha centre of Lowell. The case has been tried twice in the Supreme Court of thta State, and tha vardicts, which wara tor tha plaintiff, sat asida on points of law. Interesting Tour.?A mend Ihjh furnished us with the following notes of the journey of Archibald Yc Donald. Esq., from the Columbia River to this pro vince. He was Chief factor to the Hudson Bay Com pany, and was accompanied by his wife and eight children. On the 28rd of September, in last year, the party left Kort Caldwell, on the Columbia, .r>00 miles dis tant from the Pacific. On the 10th ot October they arrived at Roat Encampment, near the head of naviga tion, 500 miles. They then crossed over to the head of McKenzie's River?the great northern outlet, that dis charges into the frozen Ocean?where they arrived on the 25th. On the 4th of November they again embarked, but being frozen in, they were obliged to take dogs and sleighs for fort Asinibon, where they arrived the 4th of December?190 miles. On the 10th they arrived at fort Edmunton, on the Sackatchawan River?100 miles? where the whole party remained until the 5th of June. The last named river flows into the Nelson River, which discharges into the Hudson Bay. Leaving their winter quarters.they proceeded to fort Garry, Red River settle ment?600 miles. Arrived at fort Alexander, at the , mouth of the Winipeg River, 60 miles, on the 1st ot [ August - and at Lac la Plean, (Rainy Lake) on the 17th? 1 200 miles. Passing through the Lake of the Woods, I they crossed the 4?th deg. of north latitude, (the Ameri i can boundary) over 47 portages, they arrived at fort William, on Lake Superior, on the 1st of September? I 200 miles. Over the Grand Portage, Mill Lacky, or One Thousand Lakes, (where about half way the water descends iuto the St. Lawrence,) and traversing Lake Superior in boats, they arrived at Sault SL?Mary on the 24tii ef September?making in all 2,860 miles. Mrs. McDonald was conflneed on the way, and they had the misfortune to lose three of their children by death?thus reducing the number to six. In this extensive region fine fields of discovery offer to the enterprising travel ler. The most.interesting objects seen in the journey was a lake called the Council Punch Bowl, and Mounts Hooker and Brown, in latitude 62 north. The first is 6.000 feet above the level of the ocean, and out of one side a stream flows which discharges in the Columbia, and so into the Pacific and from the other tide one that empties into Mckenzie's River,and so on into the Frozen Ocean Above this lake two mountains shoot their towering pinnacles 12,000 feet above the ocean level? higher than Mount Blanc, the loftiest in Europe. The name of Mount Brown is connected with the travels of one whose fate in the Sandwich Islands, renders his visit nnd ascent of it a matter of melancholy interest. The other was ascended to the height of 2000 feet by David Douglas, celebrated for his skill in botany (higher than reached by any other individual.) who gave it the name of his patron and employer, Professor Hooker of Glasgow, both covered with perpetual snow.? St. Catha i inn, C. If'., Jtrui nat. Extensive Flouring Midi.?"The Columbian Mills" pro|>erty in tins city, embraces about seven acres, situated within the corporation limits, at the foot of the falls of James River. On it have been erected ex tensive Nail Works, not now in operation ; a Screw factory and Machine Shop, built of brick, 40 by 100 feet, ?I stories high; a Corn Mill, with two pair of stones ; a Woollen Mill, about to commence operations, 45 by 120 leet, 4 stories high, built of brick, in a very substantial mauner, and will contain aix sets of machinery for the manufactuie of flannels; a brick building, 40 feet by 40, I stories high, about to he applied to the manufacture of Cotton Yarn; a Saw Mill, working three jaws; and a flour Mill, 60 by 80, four stories high, besides two in the attic, built of brick, in the most substantial manner, in 1831 '32, and contains eighteen pair 5j feet burr atones and three pair of burr rubbers?the gearing and shafting of iron?and is capable, [when required, of turning out 700 bbls. of flour per diem ol twenty-lour hours. In the month of August last, this Mill manufactured 4,000 bbls. of flour in six days and five nights. Its usual production is about 600 bbls. flour per diem. A store house for wheat and flour, 70 feet front, and in all other respects similar in size and construction to the flour mill, stands 70 (feet from it, forms a part of the establishment, and is connected with it from the centre of each by a gallery, in the roof of which a conveyor carries the wheat as wanted to the mill, and an inclined plane returns it in the form of flour packeJ in barrels. These several Mills are propelled by wheels, nearly all overshot, of 18 feet diameter. The five attached to the Flour Mill are 18 leet diameter and 14J feet wide. There is space on this property for the erection ol about six more Woollen or Cotton Mills, as manufactures of this description may progress in this city; the whole supplied with water by a canal of about 600 yards in length, which is a part of i.he property. The flour made at these Mills bears the brand "Haxall? Columbia," is neiLrly all shipped to the South American markets, and stands as high as any flotiX in that important trade.?Richmond Paper. Body Snatching in Ohio.?A great excitement uas for a week or more existed at Paineaville, Ohio, and throughout the Western lleaerre, by the dis covery of an e\ten*ive system ol' body-matching which has been carried on in that region. It seems, according to the story told by a correspondent of the Lowell Courier, who writes from the focus ol this excitement, that a cer tain doctor in Ashtabula county, had nicely packed two or three bodies in boxes, and deposited in a warehouse | in Ashtabula, directed to T. Sherwood, Cleveland, sup , posed to be intended for the Cleveland Medical College i The boxes were suspected before they were shipped, I broken open, and the bodies recognised as those recently I interred from highly respectable families in a neighbor ing town, and one of tbetn as the patient of the afore mentioned doctor. A tremendous excitement was raised tie Doctor fled instanter to Cleveland, and the whole community was in a most magnificent state of hullabul loo. An indictment has been found by the grand jury against the Doctor, and also, in the excitement, against the forwarding merchant in ss hose warehouse the bodies were found. A few days after this, a public meeting was called at Tainesville, at which a long list of awftilly imposing resolutions was passed. In some of the adja cent counties, also, bodies have been raised and carried off. More Murder.?On Friday night last, as Te kunna, his wife, and a man whose name we have not learned, were returning home from Evaniville, pass ing through a prairie about four miles on this side ol that place, were fired upon by a couple of meu in ambush. ne of them was snot through and killed dead on the spot, being at the time so near that he was considerably burnt with the powder. They then fired twice upon the other man, but missin<|hoth times, rushed at him, and an he fled, stabbed him nearly through from the left side of the back, just below the ribs. He returned the lire, and made his escape ; but is so severely wounded it is thought he cannot long survive. The devili incarnate who committed this fiendish, cowardly deed, are at pre sent not known ?Chernkee Jidv. Oct. 30. Anti-Renters in Prison.?From Mr. Cook, su perintendent of the Northern Prison, we learn that Houghton is well, and has been engaged since his con finement in taking care of two sick convicts. Eerie, of Delaware, sits "pouting'' all day, with his cap drawn over his eyes, and seema to have no disposition to be come reconciled to his fate. The rest of the Indians have conducted themselves very well, and perform their work cheerfully. HA HPS, K EM OVAL of Warerooms to 281 Broadway, in Granite Building, cor Chambers st.?J. F. BROWTvE offers for isle, at 281 Broadway, an elegaut assortment of doable aud sin tie action Harps. The ricli brilliancy of tone, lightness of touch, perfect mechanism and elegant finish of these harps are un-qnalled. Warranted to bear the test of climate, and at En ropean prices. The attention of merchants, and the musical world generally, is particularly desired. Haips repaired. Strings, Instruction Books, 8tc. J.K.BROWNE Ik CO. (From Erard.l London and New York, established 1810 Certainly the finest harps yet produced. The first profession al talent we have prefer these harps to ail others.?London Alts ?ical Afftror, Junitf 1840. Mr. Browne's harps are by far the most magnificent instru ments we ever saw. Through his perfect knowledge ofthe in strument he has effected many important improvements in the mechanical department, aud in the tone there is an extraordi nary addition of sweetness, purity and power. The pillars are elaborately and gorgeously carved and gilded, while the frames tre elegantly shaped and finished.?BroadwuyJ ournal. Sept 17th, 1843. oj linD8tW*rrc A. DODWORTH'S DANCING SCHOOL. LLKN DODWORTH would beg Irave to inform hiv - friends, that it is his intention to comm. nee a Private Dancing School, at his residence, 448 Broome street, on Mon ti ay afternoon. Oct. 20th. From his long council ju with the Dancing world, and having availed himself of i- slrnctions from the best masters that have visited this country ?such as Paul Taglioni, and others ol like celebrity?he feels h i at he is is well qualified to teach as any in the city; and his musical education will certainly give him a great advantage over many u present in the profession. Be that as it may, those who fa vor him with their patronage can raly npon acquiring a correct uid fashionable style of Dancing. TERMS. A Quarter of 24 Lesaona, including tha Quadrille, Walts. Oailope and Polka SIO 10 Ten Lessons in the Wnltsor Polka, . J "0 Duyv and /fours of Ttiition. On Monday and Thursdays, at 3 o'clock, for Ladies and M isses over 12 yean of age. On Weduesday and Saturday, at J o'clock, forMisaee and Boys under 12 years of age?and . _ , ? On Monday, Wednesday, Thursday and Saturdav, for Oeu tlemen, at 7 o'clock P. M. ? , , A second Class will be formed from 9 to It, for those who cannot attend earlier. , Private Leaaoos given at any other honre, either at the resi dence of the pupil or at the school. o2l Im rc PIANO FORTES FOR HIRE, at 411 Broadway, up stairs. ?DANIEL WALKER, Manufacturer of Piano Fortes, has constantly on hand an eitensive assortment of elegant Rose wooJ aud Mahogany Piauo Forte*, kept exclusively for hire, including Grand and Cabinets, with six and seven octaves.? A Gold Medal, the largest premium, was awarded to him at (he last Fair ofthe Amir cm Institute, for improvement* in Piino Fortes. N.B. An Organ with four stops, in good con dition, suitable for a small church, or private family, for sale ? heap or to loan outime. Store 411 Broadway, Manufactory 44 West 14th st. near 8th aven ue. n6 Im'rrr CONSUMPTIVES READ. PEEK'S VEGETABLE COUGH SYRUP, or Pulmonic Balaam'.?Read the evidence:? UnaoKLVN, September 9th. 1843 Mr, Fetk-Dasr Sir?Thankfulness and gratitude induce nv to give my testimony in favor of your valuable Cough Syrup. About eight or nine months ago I w J attacked with a seveic cough, attended with Symplons so violrnt as seriously to alarm my family and friends; while its long continuance threatened a lout distraction of health aud comfoit Uader these circum stances. and experiencing no relief from the usual remedies,my husbanu was induced, by yonr solicitation^ to administer your Svi up. He purclmsed a bottle, and the effect it had was aston ishing; it operated like magic, and completely broke up my congn, healed the soreness oi tire rhest, banished all the alarm ing symptoms, and has left me in the possession of an exeellent appetite ami completely reatored to heiilth. Aon may refer any one who wiinei to have tmther evidence of it* cffecta, to my hatband,at the Match store, No JCourtlandtst or to me, Ll/CRKT IA LOCKMOOD, No. 180 Nassan street, Brooklyn, L I. Prepared and sold wholesale and retail, by WM. T. PEEK. 91 John street and 117 Greenwich asenne, N Y. Agents?loddiugton, corner Hpring sud Hudson ete.. Mart, Grand and Norfolk streets; Owen, Bowery and Bond street. Ford, Four h and Woo.ter streetsi llebbevd, Grove and Hu t son; Mountain, Fall,.? ?trees. Brooklyn Pnee 7* cent* per bottle ?" "