29 Nisan 1846 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1

29 Nisan 1846 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALU pw<m ?rw* oati. 8KVZN DATS LATER FROM EUROPE. **?' aalva Bipnu from landf Hook. ARftlVAk OF Tfftft-'V PrsbeMo Qurrri la Ptrilsmont on the Corn Bill sod the Coercion Bill. Opposition ofthe " Times" to Sir Ro bert Peel. Another Battle in Algien between the French and the Arabi. THE POLI8H IN8URRECTION. Another ministerial Orlsls In Spain. New Offer from the British GoTcmmnt to ??ttll the Oregon QiuOoB. THB RAILWAY MANIA SUBSIDING. Inactivity In the Oorn Markets. IMPROVEMENT IN THE MONEY MARKET. Aotlvlty In the Ootton Market and Mannfi&otnrlng Districts. Ae> 4m. The steamship Great Western, Captain Mathews, was telegraphed yesterday morning at ten o'clock, and the newt reached this office by our exclusive express at about one o'clock. We are indebted to Capt. J. B. Parks, of the swift steamer Jacob Bell, for our papers by the Great Western. Capt. Parks saw her at 9 o'clock in the morning, aboat thirty miles E. S. E. off the Hook; boarded, her as soon as possible, and ar rived in this city two hours in advance of the steam ship, by coming through Coney Island channel. The Great Western brings a large number of pas sengers and a full freight. The news is highly interesting, but not important. The money market was steadily improving. There * had been an advanoe in consols. The latest dates from the United States were re ceived by way of Havre. The English papers copy from the 2Wn? York Herald the speech of John C. Calhoun, whioh arrived at Havre by the packet ship Havre, Captain Ainsworth. There was considerable business doing in cotton, at fair prima. Nrw Bainsn Pxoroernow on Oeeooh.?One of the Liverpool paper*?the Mercury states positive ly that the Britiah Government sent ont Mr. Paken* ham, by the Caledonia, the oiler of freah negotiations to the American government. If ao, Mr. Paken ham will re-open the negotiation in a few daya in Washington. The Ministry wish to connect the corn bill and the ooercion bill, and carry them through together, by a sort of log-rolling movement. The probability u that the whole will fall through, and the Ministry will, probably, bn*ak up. Thia will, probably lead to difficulties with this country. Packet sh'.p Independence arrived out on the 9tb. Victoria, hence, at London, on the 8th. [From the Liverpool Marcury] Tafc United States The newa received in Li vvrpo )1 yesterday, from America.?a summary of which will be found in another column,?although it exposes a few of the doings and violent feelings of the war party in Congress, still further tends to con firm the opinion we have all along expreaaed, that England and America will, as becomes two such Eat nationa, settle their disputes by reaaoning, ar ation, ana, if need be, by concession, rather than enter upon a useless, expensive, and sanguinary war. It would say little for their boasted civiliza tion if it were otherwise; and tkert ii little doubt that the offer from our government, which went out by the Caledonia last Saturday?for it did go out, notwithstanding the ignorance of our slow coach eon temporaries on the subject,?will be accepted, and finally itttU this important and long pending ques tion. The Rheinisehe Beobachter of the 8d inst. states that the net revenue of the Zollverein, during the year 1846, amounted to 26,168,289 thalers, being 800,781 thaiers more than during the year 1844. Some cargoes of Indian corn have met ready purchaser a within the laat day or two, supposed to be for Ireland. Some parcela of foreign wheat, al so, have been changing hands, for taking out of bond. The atoppage, or difficulties, of a Liverpool house extensively engaged iin the Russian trade, was spoken of oommonly on 'Change to-day. For the preaent it ia not necessary to refer more specially to the partiea. It is understood that the title of Sir Henry Har diage will be Baron Penhurst, of Penhurst, in the oounty of Kent. Advices from New York to the 18th of March have reached us, via Havre. The laat speech deliv ered in the Senate,before these despatches left, was that of Mr. Calhoun, on the 12th of March, who said that no more idea of war was entertained than that the title of the United Statee to the whole territory of the Oregon was clear and unquestionable. He ad vocated a compromise rather than a resort to arms. He objected to the unequivocal notice, and waa equally oppoeed to the equivocal reeolution of the Senate. Great excitement still prevails on the subject; but, although, like Ancient Piatol, Brother Jonathan is pretty fierce and loud in hia cravings for war, there aeems little donbt that he will imitate hia philosophy, and finally eat hia leek in ailence, " with what appetite he may."?London Standard. The Oeuettt of the 8th contained her Majesty's letters-patent, elevating Sir Henry Hardinge and Sir Hugh (.rough to the peerage! the former by the title of Viscount Hardinge of King's Newton, in the county of Derby, and the latter by that of Baron Gougb of Ching-keeangfoo, in China, and of Maha rajpore and the Sutlej. in the Eaat Indies. The ?ante Gazette contained the nomination of Col. Sir Harry Smith, K.C B , to thi dignity of Knight Grand Croea of the Bath, and granting him the bre vet rank of Maior-General on the statf in the Eaat Indiea. Col Cureton, of the 10th Lancera, ia ap pointed to succeed Sir Harry Smith as Adjutant Creneral to the forcea in India. Major-General Gilbert ia made a Knight Commander ot the Bath, and a number ot field-officers are nominated com panions of the same diatingutehed military order. The number of Germane daily arriving at Havre for emigration to America ia unprecedented. The packets Irotn Holland at each arrival are crowded | with these German families The arrivala of cotton from the United States have this year been much ! lean than usual, and as the honses here relied chiefly ! on the return of vetsela after discharging their car- I goes lor convey ng the emigrants to their destine- I lions, great difficulty is now experienced how to find mi- means of shipment. Some hundreds have, therefore, been sent by otesmer from that port to London for final embarkation. And it ia aaid that (t-vcral veaaeia to carry out the remainder, ye ex pected rhortiy in Havre from London and La fltyoui. The Weathee.?The mAiths of spring that have I elapsed have been as remarkable as the preceding i winter. February acd the earlier part of March were unusually mild, and vegetation presented a cheerful aspect, only to be blackened and checked by the severe frost that followed. It is rattier a re markable circumstance that, till the middle of March, there had not been twenty-tour hours con tinuous frost for months. The few days frost of that month, however, did much to forward agricul tural operations by pulverising stiff soils. The greater part of the oat seed has been put into the ground in this vicinity in favorable circumstances, and barley sowing has commenccd. An uuuaually large breadth of beans has been laid down, from hesitation of farmers to incur the risk of planting the extent of potatoes that, but tor dread ot "the disease," they would have been inclined to have done. Seed potatoes, sound and of good quality, are plenty, and freely offered at 16d and 18* per j boll. A bulky crop of jgrass is antic pated. Clover has, indeed, oeen browned by frost, but it is every where thickly planted, and a few days of warnuh ?on CommcLAJL Rrvrxw?After the depression of the last three months, it is not to be woadered at that there is a tendency in the commercial world to receive with something more than hope, any sign, however small, of an approaching revival of trade. The prevailing inactivity is undoubtedly due to a combination of causes, some ot which, as always is the case, will not be thoroughly understood till they are examined with the greater coolness and fuller information ot the future. Foremost stands the high price of food, here and on the continent. The delay of the measures proposed by the legislature for mitigating the evil, by making its duration and ultimate effect in this country very uncertain, adds to this cause the utmest exaggeration of which it is susceptible. Improvident speculation in railway schemes, and the consequent diversion ot capital from its ordinary channels, comes in aid ot the dis tress, and is also helped in its effects by the legisla ture; some eight or ten millions ot the floating capital of the country being thrown by law into the hands of the Bank of England, there to await the issue of further legislation. Thus the incubus which now presses upon the energies of the country assumes practically the aspect ot an ordinary dis turbance of mercantile operations, by a general rue in the price ot food, with the fluctuation and uncer tainty always attending such a disturbance, and the re-adjustment of commercial aflairs upon a new footing, enormously aggravated by the concurrent decline of a speculative mania, and the announce ment and protracted postponement in Parliament of measures which must ultimately pass, and when they do may be expected materially to affect all com mercial transactions ot an extensive cnaracter. But the immediate cause of suffering, and the one most universally felt and complained of, is the un certainty that hangs over the tuture. No man can see the probable issue of any new engagement, or even of those by which he is already bound. So far as existing circumstances have occurred before, experience is a guide. But they are all bound up in untried and even undetermined legislation; and who shall venture to predict the event ot that 1 In suck a state of things, even the certainty that Parliament will do nottiiag for three weeks is a relief. Accord ingly, with the near approach of the Easter holi days, we see here and there throughout the country a partial rem-nation of activity. But this must not be mistaken tor more than it is. There is a time when men must ceaee to hold laiga stocks in the hope of a recovery ot jrices. The expediency of holding is a question ot time, for even under the most favorable circumste ices, its cost is measured by the interest of the capital it locks up. He who bears up under a given pressure for three months, w&ilt relief may never be ten days ofl, may, and probably will, give way at once before the prospect of certain delay for even three weeks. But the fall of prices, and the temporary inactivity which en sues under such circumstances, is no cause for con gratulation. It is but another movement in the down ward course. It marks a stage in it, but not its ter mination. In short, it proves, not that the pressure is diminishing, but that some can bear it no longer. The result may, and probably will, be to relieve markets tor the present, and by adjusting the stream of commerce more nearly to its narrowed channels to restore an apparent equanimity; but, as to those immediately concerned, the operation is rather to be described as an abandonment of hope than as a revival of it The truth is, that with the exception ot some few transactions, such as purchases for ex port.prompted by a considerable reduction of prices, made to get rid of accumulating stocks, the markets ot the great manufacturing districts in the nonh and west ot England are more generally and truly de pressed than they have been at any time since the commencement of the present year. We need scarcely say that the change apparent in the last weekly account published by the Bank ot England, showing an increase in the circulation ot about ?886,000, atter a constant decrease extending over the previous seven weeks,is no symptom what ever of a revival of trade. It is one ot the most con stant features of these accounts to exhibit such an increase shortly before the period for the payment of dividends, and after the circulation had reached its lowest point of the current quarter. In the present instance, the increase has been postponed rather beyond the usual period. And any comparison ot the present amount of the circulation with its amount at past and corresponding periods, only fur nishes additional evidence of the extent and severi ty of the existing depression. If, for instance, we take the returns made immediately previous to the quarterly payments ot dividends, since the result of tne harvest save the first check to the commercial prosperity of last year, we find that though there has been a very large increase in the amount ad vanced by the bank upon securities, there has been a progressive diminution in the amount of her notes (and post bills) in circulation Cir. inclu- Total Stc'titi Stc'tiei other ding Bank tn Banking \ than Qovtr?? Pott Billi. Dtpartmtnt. men/ Str tin. IMS, Srpt. 27 ?21(11.000 17.4f7.WO 14,149.000 Dee. 17 *0,111.000 29 4J3.000 16.V52.000 IMS, Mar. n M,129,100 S3.111.000 Jl, 111000 The only favorable view to be taken ol the recent partial movement in the manutacturing districts, is that which regards the probable effect of reduced prices npon consumption. But this, if at all per ceptible, will probably be very slight. The market we are suffering from the loss of, is that we had at home. With the bulk of the population, the check (o the consumption of manufactured articles lies either in the want of employment, or the clearness of food, or in both. No fall in prices can incieaae the amount paid in wages, till it has promoted con sumption as to draw off accumulated stocks, and stimulate to renewed production. This, however, supposes a general renewal of activity, which can not be looked tor while the fate of the corn bill re mains undecided ? London New*. Ironmasters' Quarterly Mxktino ? Birming ham,Thursday Evknihq, April 9 ?The usual quar terly meeting of the ironmast?rs,waa held here to-day The attendance was more numerous than usual, ana much anxiety was manifest for the result. The un settled aspect of both the political and commercial affairs of the country, coupled with the scarcity of money, and the consequent probability that a less quantity of iron would be required tor the construc tion of railroads, induced many persons to ltnsgiue that t reduction tn the price must take place: the result has, however, shown that in spite of these circumstances, the demand for the commodity is sufficient to sustain the market; and, as I predicted in 'J he Daily Neum, a fortnight ago, the prices of last quarter are still to be maintained. At the opening of the business today, all the large masters intimated that they were determined to stand by ih? existing rates: for a while, however, buyers were cautious in making their purchasrs?it was quite clear that they at least were exceedingly doubuul whether this declaration was wortn much? or, in other words, whether it would be possible tor existing prices to be adhered to. Towards the clone of the day, however, a gTeat deal of businesn was done. The current prices are?for Staffordshire btrs, lOf. per ton; Staffordshirepigs, 51. to 51. 10s ; Shropshire pigs, 51.10t; and Blenlavon pigs, 61. 5e. per ton. As intimated above, many sales were effected at thfese rates; at the mw time it is also proper to atate, that in many c**e? th*y were subject to the condition that they should b* at reduced rates, should circumstances cause iron to fill in price within a limited period. The settling passed oil very satisfactorily, much more ?o in tact than might have been afforded, con sidering the depression which prevails in most of the other industrial branches of the'country. The general trade of the country auM continues in a very unsatisfactory state. In the manufactur ing districts, with the exception of the iron interest, there ia a great atsgnation in business, and prices have further given way. In the produce markets here the quantity of goods brought torwsrd at pub lic sale, being greater than the ordinary demand for home consumption warrants, and as no one will venture to buy on speculation, the shipping orders , also being very limited for all articles, the conse quence has been a general fall in prices. Money is likewise in greater demand at rather higher rates. We ascribe this unsatisfactory state of thinga chiefly to the uncrrtainiy that exista aa to the im portant measures brought forward by Sir Robert I Peel being ultimately carried, and alio the doubt j that exists aa to the permanency of hia ministry. The arrivals of produce have been to a small extent only since this day week, but several ahipa are near , at hand ; and the public aalea declared to take place are highly important, and will further put prices to the test. It is a surprising fact that most kinda of East India and China produce are aelling here un der the cost of importation. The Revenue?'The exposition ia a discouraging one, and it proves that Sir Robert Peel'a newly adopted whig-radical and free trade policy must be | followed by the aame results that attend the adhe sion to the same policy by hia whig-radical and j free trade predecessors. The total decrease of re- ) venuerupon the year ia no leas than two milliona j three nuudred and twtnty-seven thousand pounds sterling. In the customs the decrease ia more thin two mil lions and a hall; in the excise ?338,822. These two items would by themselves account tor more than the aggregate decrease, but that theyfare'in part balanced by a casual payment ot about three quarters of a million of ransom money from China. It Hm been stated, indeed, that the decrease in the euatoms is to be accounted for by the anticipated reduction ot duties on imports, from 9ir Robert Peel's free trade measures, but the returns will not bear out this solution ; for the decrease is least in the last quarter, when, only, the tree trade measures could be anticipated. In the last quarter it amount* to no more than ?410,088. In that quarter there is, however, a fearful decrease upon the more impor tant domestic sources ot revenue: beginning with the excise, which presents a decrease on the quarter or no leas than two hundred and ninety-one thou sand pounds, the index to a future anuu&l decrease ot greatly more than one million sterling. The last year, too (the Premier has boasted of it,) has been a year ot unexampled manuiactming pros perity, with this result, that there has been a de crease in the property and income tax, though a small one. Now this decrease,whatever its amount, proves one of two things?viz : either the manufac turers who talk ot having doubled their capital with in the year, have made false retarns to the property and income tax commissioners?or the other payers of property and income tax have lost in thevear as much aa the manufacturers have gained There ia no escape from this dilemma. Thanks, however, to the property and income tax, and to the Chinese indemnity, there is still a surplus income above expenditure. But for the property and income tax, and the Chinese indemnity, this surplus would be a deficiency?a deficiency as great as any that occured during Lord Monteagle'a or Mr. F. Baring's administration of the Exchequer. The country must therefore content itself with the consolatory assurance, that, if the tree trade policy is to be persevered in, the property and income tax are rivetted on it for ever?nvetted on it with a cer tainty of enormous augmentation. Let not men deceive themselves. The people who in 1822 (when the free trade policy was intro duced by Mr. Muskisson) were able to pay, without inconvenience, sixty-tour millions in taxes upon consumption, are now able to pay but forty-five or forty-six millions. Why 1 Because before 1822 we ?made the foreigner pay tor our labwr?because now the foreigner and the mill owner divide the iruit of our labor between them. Let not men, then, deceive themselves with these f acts before them, or complain that Sir Robert Peel deceives them ; Sir Robert Peel can now deceive no man. True, he said last year that the property and income tax should terminate with 1848; but look to the revenue returns, and look to his free trade projects, and there see the terms of his next proposition?tor a renewal, aye, and a large aug mentation of the property and income tax. These terms are expressed in a familiar and even valgar phrase?" No compulsion,only you muat." Sir Ro bert Peel makes the renewal and aggravation of the property and income tax indispensable to obviate a national bankruptcy. We may all now see the trick. ?London Herald. The official revenue returns for the year and quarter ended the 6th instant have just been published. They show a decrease on the year of ?2.327,219, and on lhe quarter a decrease of ?1,121,504, which, considering the great amount of duties redueed or {abolished, the] enhanced price of provisions, and the general stagnation of trade and commerce, is less than might have been anticipated. There is still, however, a surplus of ?1,788,308 of revenue over expenditure. In the customs ihere is a decrease of ?2?12.113 on the year, and of ?440, 588 on the quarter. In the excise there has been a decrease ot ?338,822 on the year, and of ?221,027 onthe quarter. The total decrease on these two I items, on the year, is ?2860,936, whilst the total amount of duties reduced or remitted, last year was ?3,331,000. The property tax shows an increase on the quarter of ?68,171, and a decrease on the year ot ?19,707, the total amonnt of revenue derived from that impost being for the quarter ?1,963,882 and for the year ?6,064,074. In the stamps, taxes, and Grown revenues there has been a slight increase. In the poet-office, also, we rejoice to say, there has been an increase of ?37, 000 on the quarter, and ?89,000 on the year, and we have no doubt whatever that if the plans of thst great national benefactor, Mr. Rowland Hill, which combine frequent deliveries, and proper attention lo the public wants and aocomodation,|with cheap and uuiform postage, were properly carried out, in stead of being shamefully neglected, the proceeds ot the penny postage would very soon .exceed the highest sum ever received under the old system Tne total charge for the quarter is ?8,477 206, a de crease of ?232, 797, as compared with the corres ponding quarter ot 1816. The total ordinary reve nue is tor the quarter, ?9,736,790, and for the year, ?47,792,751, showing a decrease on the quarter ot ?1,121,604, and a decrease on the yearot ?2,827, 219, yet still leaving a surplus of income over ex penditure of ?1,783, 306. Effects or the Tariff Abroad ?The Cologne GaxtUt states that the modifications in the English tariff which permit the free i-rnoitation of cattle and all sorts of meat into Great Britain, have so re acted on the Hamburgh markets that prices have risen immediately? so much so ihat it is sensibly felt by the middle classes, whilst the poor are scarcely able to buy meat at all. In tie course ol last year Hamburgh exported to England from 6,000 to 7,000 head ot horned cattle. Sta Robert Peelasd Th* Times?The Pre mier is lost to the drama. No one to compare with him for the construction of a plot! No one can tie up things into bo desperate an entangle ment, and select so judicious a moment for the fall of the curtain. Just as all the drantalit ptrtona are engaged in one complicated scheme of mutual des truction, of which the heroine bids fair to be the fir t and central victim, they are suddenly with drawn from our eyes, and we are left to anticipate, if we can, the ingenuity of the hoped for deliver ance. The fair lady is Free- trnde, to whom Sir Robert appears at present but a tecreant Knight ? After solemnly plighting to her his troth,of! he starts to cspture Jerusalem. Meanwhile she is surround ed by foes snd false friends, and it requires some faith to believe that she will ever get out of their clutches. Just as the blow is about to be struck, the curtain drops?the number of the ftuiiltlon closes?the improvuatore sends round his hat.? When the feelinge are harrowed to the highest pitch of endurance, they are suddenly commanded to wsit. The artut close* his lips, lolds his arms, and cases on vacancy. The audience are perfectly helpless. Swift helpe us to a title for our drama. The Battle of the Bills is ss terrible, it not quite so heroic an aflair as the Battle ot the Books. It would be vain, nowever, to ge to iliat author's classic originals for flgnies to suit us. Homer's conflux of winter tor rents in a rocky bottom, and Virgil's Euru<aue JVo tuiqut, are nothing to the Legislative milit. We need not go further than our own metropolis, Fleet street, as one msy now see it at least twenty times in the day. is the fittest type of ihe modern St. Stephen's, under the auspices ot Peel. A huge omnibus, gaudy, confident, and mis cellaneous, breaks throuun the barrier of Temple-bar, and dashes down the street with brilliant impetuosity. It is the Corn Bill.? A heavily loaded wagon drawn by six horses sud denly emerges from a side street, snd occupies the whole width of the thoroughfare. There can be no mistake. That is the Irish Coercion Bill. The "buss" perseveres, so does its ponderous rival. They alternately push on, and get locked together. Meanwhile a msss of vehicles accumulates and swells the contusion. In five minutes it is a dead lock from the dreary plains of Farringdon to the cark defiles of the Temple. The Customs Duties Act, another omnibus, presses immediately behind. The Settlement BUI, in the shape ot a short stage from Hounslow, snd the Highway Rates BII, driven by a contractor's laborer, flank the chief column of attack. The Meirojwlitan Buildings Act, loaded with bricks, brings up the rear. Innu merable questions in the insidious form of hand carts work inio the casual openings. The l'ublic Works Act, the Coanty Presentment Act, the En closure Act, Inw hills, physic Mis, education bids, church bills, aider the several guises of cabs, vans 1 and buggies, surge sgainst the obstacle. As far as the eye can reach, an endlese column of ranwsy I bills is ready to take advantage of the first onward I movement. Soaring above them all, the top heavy advertising van, emblazoned " Repeal," vacuous and impudent? " Lika a tall bulljr, lifts its head and lit*." And yet tbia inextricable contusion, ao tar from being merely a fortuitous concurrence of eventa, such as all the world, and particularly the palace of Westminster and the City of London, must be al ways exposed to, is in thia instance trie premier's own special contrivance. He it waa who brought the stage wagon athwart hia own line. Till that, the coast was clear. He is resolved that both vehi cles shall force their way, though it be over one another's downfall. Such seems to be his impossible ambition. " Pass my Corn Bill at once," he cries; " the people are starving!" " But first paes my Protection of Life Bill?only the first reading, no thing to signifyWe shall never pass our Corn Bi II." " You must pass the coercion bill." In fact, in the Premier's own mind, the two measures, coercion and corn, are aa inseparable aa the Siamese twins. Tn? ?ne id to carry down the other. The coercion bill it to pass in the rush for eorn. It ia the policy of the country butcher, who clogs the beefsteaks which you want with a bhin of beet which yon do not want; or, if you order something to eat, sends with it at least an equal quantity of something which yoo can do nothing with but malt into tallow candies. The coercion bill is the ministerial make weight of the corn bill?all sinew, tat, and bone.? You know there must be such things, and you are ready to acknowledge their value -it proper seasons, and after suitable processes ; but they are not what yon ordered, and youdo not like to.havethem thriut upon you. The last word of command is that the wagon is to fall into the line ; the coercion act is to move firat. As it is there?as it haa been forced into that false position?there is, we suppose, no help for it. It mu<t have the precedence. Yet it passes our com prehension to discover why grace aud penalty should be so unnaturally associated. Why yoke together the mortal and the immortal steed 1 Free trade ia a thing for ever. Its benefits are for ages, its aavor tor eternity. Coercion is the temporary suppres sion of an existent evil. Sir Robert Peel may at last find the impossibility of the unequal union.? The earthly steed already flags, and may, perhaps, be amittea and fall. Iu immortal fellow will sur vive and preas on ; but the harness must be prompt ly dissevered, or the charioteer may find himself rolling in the dust together with the fallen quadruped. ?London Timet, April 9 Receipts of the Zollverkin.?A. letter from Berlin. March 27, in the Gazette de Cologne, says? V We learn that the receipts of the Zoll verein for 1845, are considerably higher than for 1844. It is said that sugar, cofle-, and other colonial produce, have produced a million of dollars more tnan last year. However, the sum produced by sugar was considerably reduced by the amount of the pre miums of export, reaching a sum of not leva than 400,000 thalers. It is undoubtedly sugar refineries, which ar4 at present the most flourishing underta kings in the whole Zollverein, notwithstanding the competition made to them through Holland of a sott of exceedingly fine moist augar, which scarcely requires refining." The net revenue of the Zollve rein. s?y? the Rheni$h Obtervtr, amounted in 1844 to 24,212.5*26 thalers, and in 1845 to 25,163.2H9 thalers, being an increase in the latter year of 950, 763 thalers. Parliament, April 8.?Sir Robert Peel moved the adjourn ment of the house till Friday, the 17th of April, which was agreed to. Mir James Graham then adverted to the distress in Ireland, laying on the table of the hou?e the re turns made to government by the Scarcity Commis sioners, the members of whi h are Sir R. Brown (the Commissary-General), Sir Robert (Professor) Kane, Mr. Twisleton, Colonel Jones, Sir J. Dom brane, and Mr. Mackenzie. These returns exhibi ted unequivocally the daily increasing progress of the distress. After some conversation, shared in by several Irish members, Sir Robert Peel expressed his satisfaction at the fact, that, though some prejudices had to be overcome, the introduction of Indian corn was already efiecting a social revo lution in Ireland, by exciting in the people a taste for a higher description of food. The Irish people were discovering that they could work longer and better, and were altogether in better condition, by the use of meal, the produce of Indian corn, than by the use of that watery food, potatoes. At pres ent. however, Indian corn was only admitted into Ireland on a sort of suflr&nce, under the authority of a treasury order; the bill which would lully legalise the importation was still waiting the deci sion of Parliament. The guaranty of an act would inspire confidence. Let it not be forgotten, too, that we required foreign wheat to mix with our own, at a cheaper rate than the present duty of 16j. per mitted ; ;.od if we could get oau and barley-meal at a doty of one shilling, instead of five or six, it would be a great and desirable addition to our own supply, and he had no doubt that an immediate importation would follow. At present there waa no treasury or der, except in the caae of Indian corn, and all opera tions in the ffrain trade were in a state of great un certainty. Under these circumstances, he appealed to Irish members to withdraw their opposition to the first reading of the bill for the Pr tection of Life and Property in Ireland, and allow it, on their re-aa itembling, to pasa that state, with a teaerve a* to its future progress. A discussion aroae, shared in by Mr. Hawea, Mr. Smith O'Brien, Mr. Caleb Powell, and Sir James Graham, and during which Mr. Thomas Dun combe aeverely censured the government for their pertinacity in forcing on the Coercion Bill, thus placing a stumbling-block in the way of the Corn Bill. Their conduct had raised doubts in the minds ol the public as to the sincerity of ministers in their commercial measures. The subject ulti mately dropped, and the House adjourned tor the Eaater recess. Daniel O'Conkeix,?Mr. O'Connell delivered a very long speech in opposition to the Irish Coercion Bill. He had on a previous occasion given notice of a motion to appeal to Parliament " to adopt auch measures as would tend to eradicate the cause* which produce thoae crimes, instead of retorting to laws which would harraas and oppress the innocent without restraining the multy." In the courae of hia remarks he went over the aarne ground that he has travelled tor thirty years past, ana dished up all the atatistica and ideas which generally form the staple ot his speeches in Ireland. F"r?nc?. The Paria journals ot Wednesday, which we have reoeived by oar usual express, contain no news ot importance. The sitting of the Chamber of Deputies on Tues day was principally occupied with a squabble be tween M Ledru Rollin, the President ot the Cham ber, and soma members, concerning the right of every deputy to address interrogatonea te the mi oisters. This was brought on through a question which M. Ledru Rollin desired to ask of the Mi nister of the Interior, relating to the riots nt St Etienne, and the strike which followed. After some conversation, it was acknowledged by all parties, as well as by M. Ledru Rollin himsell, that the questions would be inconvenient at the present time, and thev were postponed tint dit. The Chamber afterwards rejected the grant of money demanded by the Minister ot Public Works lor the ereetion of a new bridge at Alby, which, during the debate, was styled an " electoral" bridge. It appears, after all, that Prinoe Constantine is ex pected at Toulon, as M. de KisselefT, Russian cfccrgt d'afuiru, has left Paris to reoeive him in that port; but, according to the autocrat's com mands, the young duke is not to be contaminated by contact with the French Court or the Pansian people; his special instructions beiacon no acoount to appear in the French capital From Toulon he will sail to Brest, and thence to Plymouth. By a royal order of the 29th of March, the Prince de Joinville, vice-admiral, is appointed Com mander in-chief of the Mediterranean fleet. Rear admiral Hernoux, aide-de camp to the Prince, is nominated quartermaster-general of the fleet, and Captain Touchard his assistant Rear-Admiral Quesnel will take the command of the division, and Captain Chanter is appointed to the command of the Souverain, on board of which the Prince will hoist his ttig. The Journal dtt debatt has just taken the lead as an advocate of tree trade in France. We extract the following troni the number ot Wednesday. "It haa been stud a thousand timea to the friends of the protective system, without their being able to reply, that these prohibitions, these exorbitant du ties, render every situation a false one, and eventu ally tarn against the very persons they were meant to protect. Let us take, for example, the thread and linen manufactures. England had operated a change in her manufactories wflke work is done on an im mense scale. It was necessary tor us to meet it. " The great difficulty to be overcome is that ma chinery is so expensive. And what has been done 1 At the moment when England allows the tree ex portation of thia machinery, instead ot throwing open our ports to them, which would have been followed by the establishing of numerous spinne nes, the duty on machinery, which was already high enough, has been raised to the highest pitch. Thin is the encouragement given to national induatry! It must be avowed that this measure is one ot those which ihs orators ot the Laague made use of to prove to their auditory the inconsequence and the evil results of the protective system " ? ? " Owing to the present movement'in England and the ftvor it meets with, the ancient prohibitive sys tem in France, as elsewhere, will be ahaken, and custom-house dutiea will be reduced, anu the formi dable amount of dutiea paid to foreigner* will loae lta power and it* effect. It will be generally under stood that commercial tranaactiona are for individu ate. Some governments are already following the example given] by Great Britain. " Arbitrary prohibitions will be effaced from the code of nations, from ours, at leaet, where ihey are so numerous It will be admitted that foreign com petition ia salutary, aa tending to ndvance the per fecting of industry. There are interests to be affect ed in England us well as in France; and yet there they bow to evidence, and to the commands of the general welfare. Absolute commercial freedom, like eternal peace, is an Utopia; we do not deny it; but an Utopia which we must strive to approach, as near as possible, and which, if we cannot reach, each day nt least ought to bring us a step nearer. The Courritr dt Saint Eliennt states, that "the strike at the coal mines still continues; but it is ea sy to see that the influence employed by the most violent prevents the mass from returning to work. Yesterday (Monday) morning, at Cdte-1 hiolliere, the workmen were going to descend the pits,when numbers of the refractory came and took them from their work." The Courritr dt Lym adds?"At the moment we are going to preos, we are informed that the direc tors of the mines are taking measures to restore confidence to the miners, who have believed, with out any foundation, that their wages were to be re duced. A Marseilles journal has the following: " We have received from Algiers, April 1, news of a very serious aftair, which was not yet noticed by the journals. Accounts had just been received ot an engagement between the column of General Cavaignac and an Arab force, six leagues from Tlemcen. The General had received a sort of challenge from a new Khalifa, who was desirous of trying his strength against the French. The Khalifa fixed the day and place. On the dav appointed, the 23d, General Cavaignac left Tlemcen very early in the morning with a body of cavalry and his' co lumn, and marched towards the appointed spot. The French found an Arab encampment, and the enemy immediately assumed an ofl-nsive attitude. 'The Arabs appeared to be above 3000 in number, viz., 1200 horse and 2000 foot. The com bat was sharp, and lasted two hours. The Arabs fought desperately, but being put to rout they took to flight, leaving 200 dead. We had some loss. It is said that a chtf dt batail/on, and some officers, were killed. It appears that Marshal Bugeaud consider ed this affair to be very important, for a staff officer, Captain Poucet, was sent off from Algiers in the Paramond with despatches for the Minister of War respecting the new engagement. The news arrived at Algiers on the evening of the 31st ult, by the Tartare packet, whieh left Oran on the 29th." Spain. We have advices from Madrid to the 2d inst. The information we gave yesterday, that Pezuela was replaced in the cabinet, and Marine by Mazza redo, is confirmed. The crisis is, however, by no means over. Ministerial crises are the chronic dis eases of Spain, and so long as a spirit turbulent as that of Narvaez presides at the Council Board ot Queen Isabella, they will continue so; nor is there the slightest prospect of permanent tranquillity and graduiu and beneficial progress in the affairs of Spain, and the condition, moral and physical, of the people, whilst the jealousies and ambition of Chris tina are perpetually in operation, and thus between the Queen Mother and the Duke of Valencia, this country, so naturally capable ot the highest degree of ciitivation and improvement, retrogrades in the list of European civilization. When out of office, Narvaez is restless in intrigues to return to it, and when power is again fully in his grasp, he admits of no difference ol opinion, even from his colleagues in office and equals in rank. His political system is founded on the principles of "Nar vaez It vout," and with a full kncwledge of this, Mon refuses to join his cabinet, and Pezuela, the Duke's kinsman, and fiery as himself, refuses to Huccumb to his impetuous and overbearing will.? Fortunate results to a nation at peace are rarely seen when a military officer presides over the councils of the state, and unhappily in Spain, at this time they reverse the fact of " Ctdunt arma toga " It appears that the cause of dispute was the new law to regulate the Bolsa, which was expected to appear in the Gactta of the 3J instant. As it is well known that Narvaez has speculated and lost to a large amount in the funds,and quarelled with Pezue la because he would not assent to this law, we may perhaps find some curious provisions in this bill. We allude elsewhere to the "permission" sent to Don Enrique to take "the waters of the Pyrenees." Gonzales Bravo has left Lisbon, and reached Ma drid. He is reported to have declared himself. openlv and unreservedly in favor oi a liberal system of policy. It la stated that the rich banker, Salamanca, had renewed with the government a contract for four yeara for the supply of aalt. The French Ambassador gave an official dinner on the lat, at which the Dukes of Rianzarea and Valencia, the Miniatera Burg*-* and Orlando, and many peraona of distinction, were preaent. On the 1st instant, El Impartial appeared. The Corrto dt Madria waa to appear at the end of the week, and there waa a talk of a large Progressist journal, to be edited by some writers of reputation. We fear, however, that " Young Spain" will not find great encouragement. General Koncali is appointed Governor of Cuba, vice ODonnell, recalled The official Boletin del Ekrcito announces that Generala Concha, Cordoba, Koa de Olano and Araoz have obtained leave to travel abroad. A great ma ny persona ot rank and wealth had left Madrid to pass the holy week at Rome. El Heraldo, which has always a kind word to say for the absolute Cabinet and the mild temper of Nar vaez, assures the population of Madrid, who dote on rumors and cnses, that " the Council on Tarifis and Duties is indefatigably occupied with the re-conai deration and reform of the tariffs, in order to re spond to the ardent desire of the Ministry to see this question settled with all possible despatch?a ques tion which excites so great an influence over public prosperity." Whilst the Htraldo blows this " flourish of trum pets," the Qactta, of the 2d, presents the following mandate i? " All heads of cities and provinces within eight days are co nmanded to send in to Government the number of Lunatic Asylums in their districts, or it there be none in any particular district, to declare whether the lunatics are conducted. Perhaps Nar vac z considers that his Ukases and Laws o' the Bolsa may bring such Asylums into immediate re quisition. The political chicf of Barcelona han published a reflation aa to the way in which elections of mem bers of the Cortes are to be conducted in the ensu ing occasion. _ Each deputy is to be elected by an electoral district, which the local authorities are to propose for the approval of the government. This district i> to comprise a popnlation of 89,000 souls. When, however, the localities will not allow this, a deputy may be elected in a minimum population of 17,000 souls. Thus, the province ol Catatonia, which comprises 443,278 fouls, may have thirteen representatives. The Bishop of Barbastre, a venerable octagensri an, who has lived many years at Pau, in exile, has juat received authority to return to Spain, and re sume the control of his diocese. The royal man date is dated 26.h of March, and was sent to the pre late by the Minister ot Justice. Madrid Bolsa, April 2?Three percent, 81 8-16 at 80 days ; F>ve per cent, not quoted ; Bank ot St. Ferdinand, 280; Bank of Isabella, 170; Company of Ins, 128 ; Company of probity, 185 ; Company of the Anchor, 170; Genem! Assurance, 80; Alli ance, 170 ; Gas Company, 160. Exchanges, Lon don, 37fc ; Paris, 16 5 Polish Insnrreetlon. A letter from Cracow states that on the 28th of March, the director of the police issued a proclama tion by order of Field Marshal Count Castiglione, by which all strangers living in the city or in the territory of Cracow, whose passports are not in or der, or who have not a special permission from the police, are ordered toquit within fifteen days, other* wise they will be compelled to do so by force. ; The following is a copy ot the proclamation:? I " His Excellency Count Caatiglione, Lieut. Field I Marshal, and head of the civil and military govern | ment, has ordained as follows: " That all strangers within the city or territory of Csacow, have to quit the country aa soon as poesi i ble, with the exception of those persona whose pase ' ports are m due order, or wu<> possess special per mission from ihe police, which gives them the right of remaining in the country, a?? "1. Private individuals, merchants, apprentices, workmen and servants, if liity have establishments, or are in service. "2. Manufacturers. "3 Thoee Austrian anH Russian subjects who are resident in the country since the 26th of Novemw r, 1888, and who have inserted their names on thelitis so as to enjoy the privileges of subjects of the oute 1 of Cracow. . "4. Ail those who, though in the possession of passports in < rder, cannot give good and available reasons for the necessity ot their remaining in the and of Cracow, and on the sole condition ot Mating in the demand they muat lay at once before the po lice ii they request to remain, the reaaona that in duce them to do bo. His Excellency Count Caatt phone will himself decide if the permission is to be accorded. " Strangers, no matter of what rank or class, it suspected ot having the least participation in the late disturbances, and if their passports are not in order, make no exception to the general rule, and must quit Uw country immediately, or they will be proceeded against accordingly. " In making the above public, the Director of the Police invites all atrangers within the free ci'y of Cracow, or.its territory, to present themselves with in fifteen days, when they will receive passports to enable .them to return to their own country ; this term passed, they will be compelled to leave the country in such manner aa may be deemed ne cessary." Accounts from Galicia state, that the peasants, far from obeying the order to retire to their homes, have attacked the Austrian troops at venous places, and are commanded by men ot great military tac tics. The number of troops in Galicia does not exceed 82,000 men. It is said that there is au ill-feeling be tween the Russian and Austrian officers. The correspondent at the Devltch* AUgtmeine ZatunK has been obliged to auit Cracow, owing to the proclamation of C. Castiglione, regarding etraa fers in general. At Warsaw, on the 18th ult, two 'oles paid their devotion to their country with their life. On the same day M. de Theis, the French Consul at that city, who had invited some <>t his Iriends and colleagues to a party at his house, on hearing that the execution was to take i>lace imme diately, put ot) his party, not deeming it suiUb'* to make merry at th' moment when the two unfortu nate men were suffering death. This produced a great sensation at Warsaw. Ev ery one understood the motives of the conduot of Nl. de Theis, which it must be said was approved of by the consulate bady; but it is asserted that Prince Paskewitch is very much annoyed at it, as it is a tacit protest against t..e executions he has or dered. Oreece? The followine is extracted from a letter dated Athens, March 20:?"Since the discussion on the address, the debates in the chamber have been void ot interest, and the discussion on the budget has not yet commenced. The government brought for ward various bills, which were adopted almost unanimously. These bills were on taxation, duty on cattle, trial by jury, and capital punishment. As regards this latter bill, the opposition endeavored to raise objections among the troops, which, though legitimate in the eves of many, particularly in those districts where the law meets with no obstacle, would tend, nevertheless, to prolong a state ot things in Greece. wnich the opposition was the very first to censure. For many years capital punishment has not taken place in Greece. The prejudices of the people against the executioners, is such, that in the space of three years five unfortunate beings who had accepted the functions, were assassinated,with out the authorities being able to discover the mur derers, or, perhaps, not daring to prosecute them ? Since 1842 no person has been found in Greece willing to undertake the office of executioner. The daring of criminals has increased,and the late mur der at Athens ot the banker Kapoudas, has opened the eyes ot all as to the necessity of the fulfilling of the law. The government thought of substituting the ordinary mode, by sentencing the criminals to be shot. "To this intent the bill above mentioned was pro posed and adopted by a majority. " It is still to be seen if the S nate, where the op position are in number,will agrce.with the Chamber ot Deputies and the country at large. " The measures taken to put dowa the system of highway robbery are taking effect. More than a hundred brigands have either Deen killed or arrest ed within the last three months. " In the a ? ricultural districts every thing seems tu be in a flourishing condition, and a favorable season contributes to encourage the efforts of the population. "M. Picatory, the French ambassador, is now the object ot conversation, owing to a litigation commenced by bun against two journals, the Sticlt and the Minerva, organs of the opposition, who ac cused him of having clandestinely carried oil two marble tablets hearing inscriptions,from the rains of the temple of Diana, at Poros. This attack was the more mal-a propo* aa M. Picatory has but lately, at his own expense, restored by Freach architects, a part of the temple of Erechtea. "The public were indignant at the charge, and the Sifcle and the Minerva made public apology tor their conduct; but the matter had already been laid before the tribunals, and will come on probably in the ensuing week." Turkey. We have letters from the Levant bv the Cairo and Volcano. From Constantinople there is no news beyond the (acts that the country was tranquil. The Sultan bad made several changes and appointments among his local governors of provinces. The latest infor mation from Syria assures us ol the general calm pervading that country- Kiamii Pacha was be coming very popular. The news from Egypt is rather interesting than important. We learn that the principal merchants ot Alexandria had petitioned for a reduction of qua rantine. The Viceroy was at Cairo and in perfect health, occupying himself constantly with his lmprovementa of the navigation ot the Nile. The courier who brought the despatches of the great battle of Sobraon, on the 10th ot Februaiy, crossed the desert with guns, rapidly covering the distance from Suez to Alexandria in twenty-seven hours. The mail reached Suez on the 17th, by the steam er Akbar, with 44 passengers, in consrqaencn of the tempestuous weather there w*a no very late communications from Beyrouth; but it was a matter of much surprise to learn that a quarantine ot six days had been established in thin iixrbor for vessels arriving from Marseilles. This^has arisen from something that occurred on board the Longsor strainer three montns since. Large cargoes of cotton and other goods having been sent from Egypt to Liverpool, there arose long delays in admitting the goods and vessels to tree praltgiM.and the goods are thus compulscrily retain ed on board the vessels, until the l&zarette at Liver pool could make room tor them. In consequence of this, several leading houses at Alexandria and Liv erpool resolved on petitioning government for a re medy, and also a modification ot the quarantine on vessels from Egypt. It was necessary to buck up this with certificates of health, declaring the length ot time sioce the plague, or even a suspicious case, had been known. This attestation was issued by the Board of Health at Alexandria on the 19th ult., declaring that, since the 10th of October, 1844, there had been no actual or suspected ease. Thts certifi cate was countersigned by all the English snd other merchants, and his been transmitted to the English consul It is expected that the application will be successful. Vwetgn Theatricals. The following actors and actresees were playing in London at the latest dates, visi?At Her Ma jesty's Theatre?Madame Onsi, Siguor Mario, Sig nor Foraasari, Molle. Lvcile Orahn, Madame Petit Stephen, Mdlles. Moncelet, Cassan, Demelisee, and Mudnme Louise Tagjiont; M. NL Qoseelin. Ber imed, Dt Mattia, and Perrot. Theatre Royal, Drury Lane?Messrs. w. Harrison, Bormni, Horncastle, S. Joaes, Weiss, Stretton, D. W. Kind, Miss Ho mer, and Miss Rainforth; Madlle. Louise. Madame Oiubilei. Messrs W. H. Payne, HoweU, T. Mat thews, Wirtand. and Master F. Payne. Mademoiselle Cerito has just appeared at the Royal Opera House of Berlin, in a new ballet of no particular merit in itself, but affording the fair dan teuiean excellent opportunity of exhibitiiw her Terp sichorean genius. Cerito was honorea with ap plause such aa the finest singer and the best actress have never received. St. Leon assisted his partner m a series of graceful pom. Vieuxtemps, the peat violinist, gave his last concert at Berlin on the 26th ult, when he played the violin coccerto of Beetho ven, and the only one ever composed by that mas ter, and a capriccio of his own- The success was perlect, and Vieuxtemps will leave the musical world of Berlin ta a stale of the deepest regret at his departure On the ?ih Signor T-mburim made his 4tUd ht the Berlin Royal Theatre, u the character ot Fiiaro, in Rossini's " Barbiere." The enthuii asm with which bis performance waa received sur passes description, and an enthusiastic critic pro nounces lnm to be "a born Figaro," eminently | qualified by his voice, his countenance, his expres I aioo, and his very gesture and look, to embody that 1 idea of the Spanish barber-valet which tk-aumar chais and Rossini intended to portray. Mademoi selle Hagen, one of the ablest artutr* of Germany, is about to retire from the stage. The great novelty in Parts is the production at ihe Acaaemie Royale de Musique, of a new ballet in two acts, entitled "Paquita," in which Carlotta Grisi, Adele Dumile tre, and Adeline Plunkett executed a variety <>i ;'o*. A last pat, by Carlotta Griei, is said to b< worth ail the rest. The music is by tH. DeWevez. ? * ! de scribed aa deficient in originality, t uiuig, and

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