18 Mayıs 1846 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2

18 Mayıs 1846 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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" '*? . ? !WJ NKAVYORK HERALD. N: iv V*rk, Moiiiluy, May Id, 1H40. "ANNIVERSARY" 7T33Z1T SSHALD, dir., tir. Ail extra edition of the fftekly Herald will be Issued <.t an en ly hour this morning. It will contain full reports of tie proceedings of the various religious and other so cieties whose anniversary meetings have occurred pre vious to this day ; it will also contain the exciting war i>ews from Texas and Mexico, to the latest moment. This will be an interesting and valuable publica tion, especially to those desirous of obtaining a faithful recor! of the proceedings of the Jitf'orent anniversary meetings held during the present week, and of the move ments of the troops on the Mexican borders. Agents and others supplied at the rates charged for the regular edition of the H'eekly Herald. Single copies aixpeace. __ EXTRA HERALD. NEWS FROM THE RIO GRANDE. li any important intelligence ftom the Rio Grande reaches this office at any time this morning or to-day, an Ez!i a Herald, with whatever comes, will be published immediately after we receive our despatches. None but news that con be depended upon will bo issued. Euio|Han News, Wo are now on the qui vivt for later news from Europe. The steamer Britania is in her thirteenth d?y. General MfftliiR of ihii Cltlzena of the City bikI County of New York. The Committee of Arrangement* appointed in pursu ance of resolutions adopted by the Common Council, to pall a public meeting iu relatioa to our difficulties with the government of Mexico, invite the citizens of the city anil county of New York to meet in the Park, in front of City Wall. on Wednesday afternoon, May 20th, at 6 o'clock, P M., to respond to the action of the nation el government, aad to odor active co-operation towardi a speedy, honorable and triumphant termination of the wnr now oaisting botwoen this country and Mexico. ANDREW H. MK KLE, Chairman. D*Tir> Oriham, i Wm. L. Prill, > Secretaries. Tour?s?r<D Harris, \ COMMITTEE Of ARRANGEMENTS. Stephen Allen, David Oraham, PhllLp Hone, J. C. Hamilton, Wm B. Cozzena, Hamilton Fish, E H. Nicoll, Robert Smith, Wm fl Astor, Thomas Tileston, Elijah F. Purdy, Abraham R. Lawrence, Saul Alley, Cornelius W. Lawrence, Wm Neilson, J. Deaeyster Ogden, Stephen Whitney, Abraham R. Thompson, D. 8. Kennedy, Nathaniel B. Blunt, Wm. WhiUock, Jacob Acker, ?. K. Collins, Theodore E. Tomliuson, James Q King, Charles W. Sandford, Leonard Nash, C. V. Anderson, Moses Taylor, Dr. Wm. A. Walters, Wm I.,. Trail, Andrew Kerrigan, Mcwart Brown George 9. Mann, Thomas R. Whitney, W. C. H. Waddell, James Lee, Dr. A. F. Vache, David 8. Orden, Mlnard Lafaver, John J. Coddington, W. K. Piatt, Jesse C.Wood, John Leveridge, John McKeon, Nicholaa Schuraman, Charles O'Connor, Alonzo A. Alvord, Prosper M. Wetraore, Alfred Ashfield, Wm. L. Morris, Edward Prime, Henry Storms, Levi D. Slamm, ' umpbe 11 P. White. James Conner, Townseud Harris, James 8. Brownell, Jameii B. Greenman, Joseph Hopkins, RicliaiJ B. Connelly, James Harj)er, David 8. Jackson, James IVfcCullough, Neil Gray, Edward Strahan, Wm. E Lawrence, Alexander Well*, Caspar C. Childs, M. Van ScbaJck, Prajns* of tlic War-Mass Meeting In thJLa City. The unfortunate war between Mexico and tbe United States, has evidently opened with vigor and decision on both sides. The last accounts from Point Isabel, received here yesterday by thunder nnd lightning, which M*ill be found in another column, present fresh evidence of tha fierceness with which this war bids fair to bo waged. More American blood has been shed. These fuels, afflicting as they are, will only tend to roux- the energy and unite the sentiments of the American people iu tlu< energetic prosecution of the war. Indeed, it may be said that at the very first onset, party has been paralyzed, faction has been hushed, and the sublime spectacle has been i xhibited of a united people under a free govern ment. Meantime, the news from the seat of war, brought on daily by means of the electric tele graph, is caught up with the deepest intensity. The people, in all quarters of the country, are re sponding with spirit to the rails of the govern ment, in nil its branches. New York is just moving, upon the invitation of the Mayor of the city, and by a combination of &U the parties and factions into which the people of this metropolis are divi ded, a great and overwhelming meeting has been willed for on Wednesday evening. The object of Uus meeting will be to consider upon the present crisis?to make preparations in aid of the govern ment, and to call forth the energies of this mighty metropolis in defence of our common country and to punish our common enemies. But what a melancholy occasion it is! Two of tho greatest and first republics of the American oontincnt and of the world, aro now seen in a state of deadly hostility towards each other. The United States were the first community of free people which has been recognized as a republican government upon this continent; Mexico is the seoond. We believe it is now about twenty-nine or thirty year* ago, when tiic people of Mexico, stimulated by the example of the United States, began the war of their independence, established it, also, and for a series of years beat back the ar mies of European monarchy. Their course crea ted a sympathy for their efforts, which was widely felt in this country; and the United State# was, we believe, tho first country which re cognized them as a free people?as a people capable of self-government in all its branches This recognition, first made by the United State*, was afterwards followed by the powers of Europe, and the people of Mexico, in their sovereignty, established a repubbcan govern ment similar to that of the United States. Thus far the two repubbes admired, loved and esteem ed each other. Out unfortunately for Mexico, she had no Washington, but plenty of Benedict Ar nolds. These military chieftains quarrelled with each other, created factions, nnd organized revolu tions. They thus destroyed the peace of their country, and substituted anarchy for good govern ment. They soon trampled under foot the first constitution, which had l>ecn framed in 1H24, and established a government which was purely a military despotism. By such governments, the persons and property of citizens of the l'nited States were violated for a succession of years, and revolution succeeded revolution in that distract ed country. Various States nnd Departments of Mexico declared against these military usurpa tions?among them Yucatan on the South, and Texas on the North, each declared themselves in dependent?and the latter maintained hor inde pendence up to the time of annexation, voluntary and free, with this country. In the meantime, the United States made recla mations upon Mexico for a series of robberies. Treaties were concluded of pence and auiity; one in the year 1^, nnd, again, one of indemnity a few years ago. Both these treaties, however, un der frivolous pretexts, were violated by the mili t iry usurpers, who called themselves the Mex ican government. The governmem of Pared#*, lik^li tt of his predecessor, Santa Anna, now pre '?d* ''1!U the United States has robbed them ol fheir territory, violated their soil, nnd broken the treat:cs made with them. Thoso aro mere technical pretexts^ in no way invalidating the justice of the claims of the United Slates against Mexico, or weakening in the least degree the original rights of the people of Texas, who, when the Constitution was violated, separated from the Central Government, established their independence, and afterwards linked their desti ny with a peopls who wonld secure them a bet ter government. The same course, we beheve, wM.l Yhch?*m, nfijl wt UhdtMWM lhat Coumti^iorot- me now mi (Mr w*y to Washington for the purpose of effecting an annex* ation with this country. Such is a brief but correct view of the unhappy relations existing between the United States anil Mexico. Neither the people of this country nor its government are at war with the people of Mexico; they are our fellow republicans. But tlus government, a legal and legitimate govern ment, emanating fVom the people in a constitu tional way, has declared war against the illegal military usurpers of the rights and privileges of the Mexican people?usurpers who are mis-named uml mis-called the Mexican Government. Since the overthrow of the constitution of 1824, by Santa Anna, there has been no legitimate consti tutional government in Mexico, but a succession of military leaders, established by force, and suc cessively upsetting each other. Let this broad distinction between these military usurpers ant^ the great mass of the Mexican people be kept in view, by the people of this country, in this war. Let it be kept in view, that in this war we are defending the soil of the United States, and our right to the frontier of the Rio Grande, which we have acquired on the faith of treaties. We shall always respect the inalienablo rights of the Mexi can people, as contradistinguished from the usur pations of military leuders. This war is a holy war. It is a war of freedom, undertaken for the purpose of putting down usurpation?military usurpation?in the midst of a neighboring people, and with the view of enabling a free people to establish a government of their own, upon a legi timate and popular basis. Important from Buenos Ayres and Montevideo. \?T? B*tUt Fou^-Vlctory Gained by the Buenos Ayreane-Seareh of American tV?T *^.?"It,0n ?fAflk,1^-Infrf.r.?.? of * 1 ",tcd 8t*tea Con?ul?Threatened In terpoaltlon of the United State. Govern ment?1Tonmlta In Montevideo. By the brig Oriole, Capt. Barstow, which ar nvedhero last night, having sailed from Rio on the 9th ult., we liavo received our regular files of Riode Jane.ro papers, together with intelligence from the seat oI war on the Parana. The interest ing mercantile and shipping intelligence by tho above vessel, will bo found under its appropriate head, in another part of our columns. We are indebted to the politeness of Captain Barstow for It appears that on about the 1st of March ac cording to verbal information by persons from that region, a severe engagement took place between the troops of Buenos Ayres and those of Monte video. The army of the latter is stated to have amounted to about six thousand men. The Bue nos Ayreans, it is said, were completely victorious and pu: the enemy to the routeF Buenos JJX ,stlU continues under a strict blockade the English men-ot-war keeping watch over the'nort ^i^obiwXrt"^ W Sets *ti is obliged to undergo a strict search Ku b reneh ami English frigates. Three Spanish and two Italian men-of-war were in port. (We wore not advised from what part of Italy, but suppose T^,?minSt-,b?ie?her NraP?litan or Sardinia!?.? The United States brig Bainbridge, Cant Pen nington, from Montevideo and the river arrived at Rio de Janeiro 0^the 4tl10?ApruT^' A long diplomatic correspondence had taken place between the English and French MinSSS tiiid the Buenos Ayrean government which mi tlolh ni?t-'aVe ?d '10 fur,"er result than to irritate* both parties, and confirm each of them several] v in heir previous position of animosiTyand ba"d feeling. The Minister of Foreign Affairs for the !e T',ub',c makes the following address in ?' whlVrt,' aforesaid correspondence. AiJ vha* ?*?sins to bo done? What our fathers did, what oppressed countries do. To rise ? and defend our right, with bravery; fulfil our oirtha and defending their own independence ThJ... ? w for tack it are the tame who have o u t rageda?l the M.'tn?. American States by the most scand^ous ibuwTf fo?. '? Dot * singlo maritime port in this vast continent which has not been attacked by these new atw.tte. ?fk? civ?'?tion. Mexico. OuSumKew a?' nada, Chili, have been the victims of tlmir ' . a. Brazil. Peru and the ArgenUnrc^e^ti^^ They are not content with them yjKaaaaigig ssm.'^ssi rnd^heir'go^rnmer^'fnterfere'^n^u^r afljEjIn/'0'x{l*''jJ1n ?tnimrntj of oppression are not the Vieerov? ??? i !i"~ tors as in the time of the Spaniards but theVomm^A " such a. Purvis, the Admiral, such as Laine P^Mhh? JX'KiSd 'ta 2???S? ! the political difficulties between the two co,,ng I wiw'n B,rnpOS A>?8 P??? in refusing a right^of way on the Parana, and the two nations in ouei i tion persist m claiming the right of free iii"re?s ' an<l egress, for commercial purposes, to tlic vMt fs the'onlv nc provin^es'to wli?chthe Parana J ntr,}V1 Such is the position of i affairs, and such the temper of the oartie* Meantime, young Mr. Brent, the American con sul, is busy in aiding the Buenos Ayrean govern- I ment, by paper bullets and letters of argument and remonstrance, addressed to the allied Ss! : ters, and threatens to send them "some further communicator!,on the subject " ! will wSflolfc'iSnS involving us in a quarrel in which y th.es are for Buenos Tyre," our iS'tjfest^anTfhe interest #1 commerce, is all on the oth??r Brent has despatched a note to the French minisl ter, informing him that should the war on d.e Parana continue much loneer th.. pose and otfer its mediation between the narti.-s | ofthis war.^?Se 0, PuttinB ?? to the ca?miti? J Some serious and alarming disturbances hrr>lf? out in the night of the 19th of March, in Monte video, on the occasion of the arrival of Grn?ril I TKVef* tlle 'iarljor? on board a Spanish frigate Tho troops were called out under Jen oral pE' eo to disj*rse the multitude, who cried out " nt E,r*f,w ' *'to kchoco!" ?&athto the March',"thr^emoHK^rproc?." mationjforbidding all?tumultuouj assemblage* iu the streets, and ordering Uiat any group uf people P M Jig *mk "I the s,re,,t* nfter 6 o'clwk I . M., should be considered a tumultuous assem blage, and if they did not disperse quietly at oace should be dispersed bv force. A Previous d?r? by the government and Counsel o/.Ntato had been issued, ordering that General Rivera should leave ? country, ni.d providing tlmt he should have a suitable pension to support him suitably in some foreign land ; this was stated to be out of ron?i deration lor Ins former services to tho country.' ! Affairs at Bi-knos Ay*es._We have received the Buenos Ayrcs Parktt to the 14th of Febn.nry inclusive. ' That port had then been blockaded by the English and French one hundred and thirty-'three duys. The Parktt of the 7th says:? On the 53d ult. the Anglo-French Convov ascendin* the Parana, was at anchor off F.1 Cerro. nine lea^i U>e capital of Kntrerioa. ^Vhen thev started thev no doubt expected to hare accomplished the round voyage '"I ' troubles, however, are only commenc faSiiM!" CIOTTie?,e,?'"op?ned tinder the most \m5fcV i r i'" . * from thp Commandant of Arritp^ de la China, dated the -i?th ult, it it stated that * " h?', retched there on that day, that the advanced jT , K Correntino-Paragusyan forces had been thaVsbittrf)rli?flj'ila't.iSt'lii*eBce rrem Montevideo, Of the P^heeo y Obes. commander H?ii ?upno*ea^[)v unrnl' 7*1 ??nouily indisposed,though ford a pretext for rr[w* !? only a sham in order to af L'ruuay which was contem.'?'1# i l ?v1!**1'''0" "P the Maldonado. All those whifklS before the affair at had returned to Monte, iden anlnhTY?'? V?*1 iliaries. after undernomr irriat . ?ir^ KL?"tr'',KNh aui" La Punta del K.te, where'^l h. ? V' ev,c"?,?d Anarchy was rife in the xE,V"1"?0 ouarrelled with Cesar l?ia? and is i'? fJb,ul h,J thrown up hit commission pertmna ?? 2". to have | ner. Tb. French legion as^M^.'V. J?^ more ' calling out for hit restoration, bat it wat tho^K.^f1^ uetker Frenchman (Ruverda, would be ap^u'd ln ^ CoMMoa Ce^ciL.?Both Hoani, meet thts eve BylMagnetlo [Telegraph' ?tnd< THE MAILS. Highly Important from Qen. Taylor and the Army of Occupation. SEVENTY AMERICANS KILLED AND CAPTURED. QREAT EXCITEMENT. All Communication with the Camp Cot Off. ? . Gen. Taylor Completely Surrounded. ANOTHER AMBU8CADE. THIRTY HEXIOAiNS KILLED. British Intrigue Apparent. ; Two Thousand Creek Indians, probably, in the Field. THREE THOU8AND Mexicans on the Rio Grande. THREE DAYS' LATER FROM MEXICO. The Expected Revolution in that Republic. Tliis city was thrown into another war excite, merit yesterday, by the reception, at this office, of intelligence Iroin the seat of war of another battle between a handful of Americans ond fifteen hun dred Mexicans, which resulted in the supposed , loss of seventy Americans and thirty Mexicans. One or two accounts, however, set the American : loss, at most, at less than seventy. This intelligence came to us over the lightning , line, and we immediately issued it in an Extra Herald. Our splendid Napiers were kept in ac I tive operation throughout the morning, and our office was thronged for hours with an exnited and | anxious multitude. Annexed is our telegraphic despatch :? The schooner Ellen and Clara, arrived at Now i i Orleans, on the 9th, from Brazos, Santiago, which place she left on the 29th ult. She reports that Capt. Walker and about seven- 1 i ty Texnn Rangers were met by a large force of ? Mexicans on the 28th, about 20 miles from Point I Isnliel. 1 hey were nearly all killed. i ( aptnin Walker succeeded in reaching Point Is | abel at 4 P. M., on the 28th, with only three men. j He immediately applied to Captain Thomas for four men, and announced his determination to , proceed to General Taylor's camp, or die in the at- 1 tempt his object beiug to communicate full par- I ticulars of the attack to the commanding officer. ! There had been no communication widi Point j ; Isabel for three days. Captain Walker was formerly in the Texas | revenue service, and was stationed between Point ( j Isabel and the camp with his rangers. He found : several of the teams which had been taken by ! the Mexicans while going to Point Isabel. j I Ha started from his camp on the 28th to recon noitre and open a communication with Gen. Tay- 1 lor if possible. When he had reached halfway a most overwhelming force of Mexicans ap proached him suddenly. He directed his troops, ' a portion of whom were raw recruits, to keep on his right, and ordered them to retire under cover \ of a chapporal close by; but his raw troops? ! panic stricken?scattered in confusion. The Mexi cans advanced in such great numbers that he was obliged to retire. He was followed by the Mexi cans until within a mile of Point Isabel. He had only two of his men with him. Six j others subsequently arrived. Capt. W. estimates 1 the number of Mexicans he encountered at 1500, j and he supposed that at least 30 of them fell du- | ring the fifteen minutes he en^tged them. This i force is supposed to be a portion of Uiat which | had, at last accounts, crossed the Rio Grande, : some 20 or 25 miles above Matamoras, and which ? is now estimated at 3000 men. It is supposed that they took a circuitous route round Gen. Taylor's camp. Point Isabel is very strongly defended, owing to the exertions of Ma jors Munroc and 8aunders. With 600 men to de fend the post, it is believed it can be made good against 1600. There are now about 3000 Mexicans on the Ame. rican side of the Rio Grande?one half above and one half below Gen. T.'s camp. The greatest apprehension is now for the Ame- ' rican position. It was feared that the Mexicans may raise forti fications to command Brazos Santiago. The na tural formation of the ground is favorable for such purpose. The men would be protected from any naval force by the natural embankments. The position oould only be oarried by storming. The brig Josephine, Capt. Robinfon, also arrived at New Orleans, on die 9th, from Vera Cruz, whence she sailed on the 26th, bringing three days later intelligence. The sloop-of-war John Adams, was the only U. 8. vessel at Sacrifieios. When the Josephine left the squadron had not returnod to its anchorage. The mail steamer j Tweed arrived at Vera Cruz from Tampico on the 24th ult., but the papers say not a word as t<^ the state of things on the latter side. The latest advices at \ era Cruz from Matamoras were to the 15th ult. Immediately after Gen. Ampudia gave his notice to Gen. Taylor to retire behind the Nueces was , known, the Vera Cruz people expected hostilities. W e have heard it reported that die British Consul saw the lettor of Ampudia to Gen. Taylor before it was sent, and that he approved of the same. ^ The extent of the Mexican force- on the Rio tf rande seems to be confirmed by this news. Ac cording to the accounts by the Josephine, thero are ftdl 7,000 Mexicans on the Texan frontier. The brig Sea, Captain Allen, arrived at this port yesterday afternoon from SisaL She was sixteen days on the passage. Captain A. ropom no news. Mpeclal Despatches to the IVevr Yark Herald OAce. New Orleans, May 9,1846, > 4 to 11 o'clock, A. M. J 1 enclose you a ropy of the Buittin extra, containing news just received from Point Isabel. The steamer Now York is expected every mo ment. On her arrival I will communicate to you. She will bring five days later news. There are now mustered into the service, nnd ready for departure this evening, 1,100 volunteers. The Galveston takes a part, nnd it is said the Mary Kmgsland the balance. Our city, to all appearance, represents a camp. I write in haste, ns the mail closes at 11 o'clock. New Orjjuvs, Mny 9, 1846. By the arrival of the schooners Ellen and Clara, this morning, we have Intelligence from Point Isabel to the 29th, at which time she left She reports that the garrison was in hourly expecta tion of an attack from the Mexicans, who were in the neighborhood, about 3,000 strong. The mirri son, however, could hold out easily against that force. Capt. Walker, of the Texai Rangers, sal lied out at the head of about fifteen or twenty mounted men, on the 28th, as a scouting party, and fell in, when about fifteen milea from camp with a force of about 1500 Mexicans, who immel diately opened a fire of musketry upon diem. All but about ten of Capt. Walker's command, without orders to retreat, immediately turned and fled, after firing one volley at tfce Mexicans. Capt. walker and his ame gallant comrades stood firm and blazed away at the Mexicans, killing at least thirty, Six of Capt. Walker's brave command were shot down by his side, and the captain then retreated, and with three companions succeeded in reaching eamp, pursued by the Mexican# till within range of the guns from the garrison. Capt. walk., s horse was shot under Him, bat ran a OjOe afUrwards and Ml dead. As soon as Oapt. Walker reached tha faruaon, ha bejged far fop* ... sr. s&s u^-sspya start tins afternoon They are all good men anil w7beBSLrSoffU,rday UW Wh?" U a"a business gene l? ^ "1 , About 5,(XX) bales of cotton changed hands yesterday, at priccs somewhat easier. The ? ?,c . to"<ltty- **ave reached 4,000 bales, at yesterday's rates. ? The particulars of the latest news, as taken from our exchange papers, are as follows The Latest from the Skat of War. Bt ?m the New Orleans Bulletin, May 8 1 nSit ? lrriv,al of ***? ichuoncr Ellen and Clara rant Br*I0< 8t J?*0' we have accounufrom I o nt Isabel to the morning of tbs 29th ulL The new,, i. uicond4>T:ie;' r,of courw r *">? hadbeV2h.Tr .1 that Q0 communication c^mp of Gen T?frd'>'i* bctWoeD P?in( '??*I and the on tfpSo* } r' " al0De ,,lfflci?nt ^ keep anxiety ??J?arn fron? Car^a Griffin. and Dr. N. Brim > thaH ^w it has been several months with the army that Capt. Walker, formerly of the Texan r.vZ? ur! Oen Tavlor^ h?*" ,tati?na,11 between Point Isabel and Hior^'camp, with a body of twonty-four volun i ? R*ng?rt, found several of the teams which and rerortidThVfJ.6 Pwnt,for the camP wer* returning, e Mexicans were on the road He ?ewnno?o ^C?flp ?n.ft* 'iSlh with hu *?>ole force, to Gon Taylor H'Jhi!?!. "I'*" "communication with won. i aj ior. lie had proceeded as far as about midw>v SteMtariS? ** ,he ,amp' whenan overwhelm^ nf M.Vr ^ rC0 ?PPear?d "cry suddenly. A portion hisi?Jn,WJLn ' tbe" be instructed to kiep on sio^" an!)1 p*.nic ''"Cken, scattered in confu te? h? Ja! o n'.? aiding in overwhelming num jyssiss.'? ?? &?&?us Captain Walter estimated the uumber of Mexicans hm encountered at 1500, and be supposos that at laatift thirtv of them full during the fifteen m!n^e, whi" h^^ (raged them. This force he supposed to be a portion of which had. at the last accounts, Grande some 20 or U6 miles above Mat unoras and which rirVn r?Vi? at 3000 me? 11 '* believe J that they had ar rived at the position they occupied I y taking a circui tous route on the eastern side of Gen. Taylor's camp at PnlnfT?^'*?'0?! hadb#ea h?J ?'th Gen. Tiylor, Hf fk. ti ' Jor three days previe is to the departure ! j . * Clara. At the last accounts it was re Srted that he had but ten days' i rovisions. Captain alker. immediately after his arrival, gallantly tendered ** '"?'or ??", tll? commander at i ?mt Isabel, if four men would accompany him,'to make hu?V' Tayl?r wlth despatchos, or dicing il'',0'?/ w" ??epted, and, accordingly, he started at da) lirht on the morning of the 29th nrghU of the 271,1 Mth, the troops at ^ w?re ,n constant expectation of being attack ed, and dispositions were made accordingly. The mas tte -Stf C"7' ?f.V.!MeUJa harbor were called on the 38th, and spent the night under arms. On that night wis Miwa"1 ^"rmshed with arms, of which abouf SO th^?^?rJtAW*ir* U perfect M 11 wa? possible to make r j .u . f'rcum,<ances, and it was generallv be lieved that should but fifteen hundred .Meiicansattwk the place, th?y could be at least held at bav until rein forcements arrived. Messrs. Munroe and Saunders, it is W fort'S'/Jro'i?lUbS" f?r lh? ra'nn?r iD Which they ?k ?? discipline, the cavalry particularly. Besides the three thousand who have crossed the Rio Grande it is intimated that there are about five thousand at Mata *ora. ?nd it is supposed that the Msxkan geneAl h? not j et displayed his full strength, but has kept a larra reserve back of Matamoras. ?" "? aepi a large , f? believed that the Mexicans have possession of an ^ntfon'i^'he Mouth of the Brazos, which commands the entran e If so, it is apprehended that the troops by the New York wdl not be able to get in. The island is laid down or. some of tho maps as ''Brazos Village " it natural fortification. g ? * nn\,?n.?i1w00.^r' th# Auror". *ailed from Point Isabel ??'fe J8th| f<*r t,u, Port,%ith despatches. The weather has been very severe on the coast and it is to be feared that she has been driven ashore. The Army Movements, Orders, Volunteers Wnr Meetings?PortJflcatlons, ?fcc. Ac. ^ r0111 the New Orleans Picayune, Mav 9 T The schooner ffm. C. Preston, Capt Place which left mouth IfTh.Vi* "nf? ?"? Matamoras, upon reaching tho

Mississippi, learned that the Rio Grande was SweSdiM ZLlTm returned t0 P?rt. without I p oceeuing tosea at all. She came up yesterday. s i ?Kion ha* ?PP?'nt?<l Colonels John Winthrop (hiPMnlir S. Lyons, aides de camp to Brig. S. ciPtvfo?Po\hnt?.rbTdin* bfiKade #b0Ut leavin? SSSSSStC1 S^ayssrwm-fiyai under the command of Brigadier Gen. Smith upon the i oTnde rh,^. layl?T'f0r th? ?cllt of ?o"Te rIo : ffiTSK l r * n becn aPProved by Oen. Gaines, and the Key. L. L. Allen, pastor of Soule Chapel has be?n I recognized as Chaplain to the Brigade. While men of all cusses are cheerfullv rallying to the standard of the comfoKa oiMw? 'nV^^ * loreign foe, ^ forego < wr the t?nV8d flcldan<J batUe plain, as a ?k^JL J* * prtvate letter from Pensacola which state. ! A couple of men woo had enlisted for T?t#? .mj ceived their bounty and month's pav, were yiswSl" th? ^COnd Municipality pol' e o?ce " , dAV).rtf ra- were kept some time, and then march ed oil for the barracks to a pretty lively tune. The steamboat Hannibal, which arrived last night from St Louis, brought down from Jefferson Barracks a por ?,0? ?fn^e 1?t ,nfantry Lieutenant Col. H. Wilson, co^i manding. Thev number 542 men, rank and file Tho M?io?jn* I A#hi ? t,U? offlcers : Company K, Brevet Major J. J. Absrcrombie ; Company E, Capt A. J. Mil oH lLn. "m?ler' ad heutenant: R. Dilworth, brevet G W l'wLLi ^mp!ny. ?' ,Capt Bact>us; 1st Lieut. ?iS' ^ assistant acting quartermaster and assis &f?i*nr / ? D' ,c#rP?nter, 2d lieutenant; company C, Capt J. H. Lamotte ; 1st Lieut O Barrv nfalnJer of the*ii,r F<riet' M lieutenant The re' afterthfs deUchmJat ^ MpeCt#d Uave Several additional companies of volunteers wew ves. blr^clf reTin,? th# ,erTe' Md msreh^d^down to Smii li n, /? are ,tl11 * nunlber in process of ?? i ? fine company, numbering full ninety 'be 1 hira Municipality yesterdav under the title of the Washington Guards, and took m> their quarters at Armory Hail. We learn that sevenS if"iC?mp^'" Are ?*Pcct?<1 to report at head quarters ,u ?n l!1? r*?ln?ent is completed, they will pro cers Thf Cf n thair coIone' and other field offl. V. j" Wl" P'obahly be ready to embark on Sunday or Monday?we hope by to-morrow The draft ing will commence to-morrow. arait It appears that the printers of this citv were not .i?n. z?. w no leit with Gen. Desha s command The "h/i?a>> jfia ..J.*1? United States mail steamer J. L. (Bay, Griffin from Mobile, arrived in this city by war <rfthen??r men?tC?o 1*1' *renin*- She '? Chartered by the govern start on S^y.P' l? P#int lMbel" 8h# w l" P^ba"ly n.Lh.evb!lg c?Pt Hood, left Pensacola on Wed w^th ? hl!li rg a,t: ,e #th in,t ? for B??os Santiago nmety-four United States troops. Tht following officers accompanied them Capts Web.t.r reon Hr \i Lieut,'-. Don,",on anJ Bowenj Assistant Sur ment ' L,,uteQ?nt Hooker, adjutant of the regi p-I!" n^a^ine, Piously stationed at the Navy Yard K?wA'.r ? ""r""a SSS*^ "iU raMS:'vF':'nw""3 watna De that the drafting had any thing to de with it f [From the New Orleans Tropic, May 9] We understand that the pilots at the Balhe. have ap plied to the government for cannon to arm their fleet to watch the pnvatecra that are undoubtedly getting ready to attack our commerce. The pilot boati are placed at the call of the surveyor of the port, to carry despatches between here and the scat of war. We regret to *ee the revenue cutter Woodbury, moored in front of our city. This ii the only go vernment veiael whose draft of water is sufficiently light to cross the bar at Drasos Santiago. The guns of the Woodbury would command the military stores at Point Isabel, while the Lawrence and Flirt cannot get 1 within sevoral miles of Point Isabol. If the officer of the Woodbury is detained here because her commanding of ficer is to be tried by a court martial, why is not some other commander appointed, or the Woodbury got ready for active service at the point where she is most needed? [From the New Orleans Bee, May 9.] _ i the recruiting service has been rather slow for the last day or two. we are pleased to find that the Louisiana Legion has furnished another company of vo lunteers, who aro ready to embark for Point Isabel, via: Lea Eclaireurs, commanded try Captain C-revon. There is also a full and fine German company, numbering 90 men, under the command of Captain C. Worth. It is the Intention of Captain Worth to enrol another company, having already the names of 70 men enrolled. We have also heon told that the Louisiana Fusiliers, another Ger man company, mustering fifty muskets, have also volun teered. Twenty very efficient looking men arrived in our city yesteraay from Bayou Sara. They immediately ' repaired to the Barracks. Two companies of New Or leans volunteers, "The Tigers," one of which is com manded by Captain Emerson, were formed yesterday, j and marched down to the Barracks. They mustered about 130 strong, and aro woll commanded. We aro told that i they willbe attached to Colonel Mark's (ol Feliciana) re- | giment. The draft in order to raise troops for Mexico will be acted upon forthwith. Our opinion is that the actual : number of volunteers now at the barracks should be shipped without delay. From previous reports of the po sition of Qoneral Taylor, it behoves the Governor to send forward, without delay, the troops already mustered. The two companies raised by the Louisiana Legion, and mastered into the service of the United States, (now ?t til# Barracks) are?The Orleans Guards, Captain P. Boniat; First Lieutenant. Mary; Hocond Lieutenant, O. Lahatut. The Kclairctirs of Orlaans?Capt F.. Crovon; First Lieutenant. Denllier; Second Lletenant, Duffy. Two companies of the Louisiana Volunteers, fully armed and equipped, repaired yesterday to the barracks, and ware duly earolled Thay wlU doubtless win laureU oo the plains of Taaas. One of our moat resysaUtU cttijens, Ml. JoaeU? Vto?w,?a Utrninf that ?m ef the eomp?al*i fMu r*d I l*oma to?omp)ete h? lift, generously offered iwn for ; thin objeot. Such examples of patriotic liberality tie not rare among ui, and are well worthy of Imiutlon. [From the New Orleant Jeffersonian, May 9.1 | This noble band of firemen, the James Oulicks, No. 17, ' have let a noble example. Every member but two, and they are invalid*, have volunteered for Texas ! Huiia lor the Oulicke ! New Orleans firemen forever ! j [From the New Orlean* Delta, May #?] | We learned from the State Quarter-Matter General'* Office la*t evening, that 954 soldiers, rank and file, have received the amount of their bounty money and one month'* pay; that 186 men, ra&k and file, now in the bar rack*, will receive their pay to-day; and that 709 men, comprised in different companies, are now ready for in spection, and tebe muttered into the tervice of the Uni ted State*, including the lattar, there are 1849 men who may be regarded a* ready for lervice up to la*t night? The eompanies expected from the country, and those (till forming in the city, may make up the requisite number. [From the New Orlean* Delta, May 9.] Yesterday the aspirant* for glory were very active in J drumming up volunteer* In order to fill the hats of half formed companies. Some have succeeded, but other* fouud it a difficult task, so much so that last night the bounty of $10 was increased to $30, for such as would come forward voluntarily. Had a proper draft been mad* in the first instance, we apprehend none of the** difficult, ties would have presented themselves, and the sooner ir is carried into etf'ect now, the better As to the compa nies already organized, wo can (five but few particulars. ; When they are formed into regiments we ahali furnish I accurate hit*. [From the New Orleans Reformer, May ?.l Capt. Fomo has had presented to him a splendid war hone, completely caparisoned, and, also, a , " with a plateau, both of moat elegant workman- , ?hip. Those evidences of hi|$h regard ? a portion of the citizen, of Sew Or lean* forjWrompt ucss with which Capt. Forno organized a companj and repaired to the aid of Gen. Taylor In August last. He is again prepared to take the field, having on the instant o the receipt of the last intelligence from Gen. T"> 1 camp, directed his personal ert'orts to raising volunteer* [From the Mobile Herald, May 10.1 We refer the reader to the proceedings of the Mobile Rifle Company. A* will be seen by the date* of the cor reipondence, the company acted promptly on the receipt of the intelligence from Texas. Most of it* older mem bers are engaged in busines* which cannot long be neg lected without a sacrifice that the present emergency does not juitify. If their *ervice* be accepted for three months, they are ready to march forthwith to the frontier. Tho State Artillery, Capt. Todd, con*i*ting of se venty five rank and file, yesterday offered their ?ervii.es to Lieut. Lovell, U. 8. A., for a campaign of six months, ir they be received as artillery men, they are ready to march forthwith. Lieut LoveU is now in communication with Gen. Gaines on the subject. , The rifle company of thi* city ha* offered it* services for the war, ana ready to march to the scene of action. It will number nearly ninety men, and U composed ol such nateritl a* will make iteager to be first in the field where danger may be found. Some of the most respectable ol tho younger citizens are enrolled in its rank*. [From the Augusta. Oa., Chronicle, May 14.] Oen. Worth pawed through ihis city ye*terday eve ning, on hi* way to resume hi* command, By a alip from the Columbu* (Oa) Enquirer, we have the name* of fifty-*even volunteeri, citizen* of that city, headed by J. 8. Calhoun, who have patriotically ten dered their *ervice* to the government [From the Charle*ton Mercury, May 14] Gen. Worth pa**ed through the city yesterday on his way to rejoin the army. We understand he ha* private information .omewhat later than we have rece.ved .^ .uring him that Capt. Thornton and Lieut. Mason had cut their way through the Mexican* and reached the camp in *afety. They were reported among the mi*sing, and fear* were entertained that they had been killed or taOen. Worth expresae* the utmort confidence that the army can maintain it* position, and that Point Isabel can be defended. The movement of the Mexican* u attribu ted to the blockade of Matamora*, under the operation oi which they were likely to be .peedily put on short com mon*. There i* in fact about a? litUe for an anny to aubsiit on, on the Mexican as on the Texan nde ol the Rio del Norte. [From the Richmond (Va.) Republican, May 16 ] The call* for a meeting of the citizen* of Richmond, published in the city paper* of Thursday, were ProjW1? responded to, and a large number of citizens assembled at the City Hall on the evening of that day. Kloquent and thrilling addreue* wore delivered by Mr. Robert G. Scott, Capt. Dimmock, General Carrington, CoL J. u. Munford, Edward Carrington, Esq., and Dr. Wm. A. Pat. terson. The enthusiasm of the gallant and young gentlemen who have resolved to court the Pf"l of the battlefield?to pluck laurels and honor* from dan ger's precipice," wa? unbounded, and the loud and long cheer* that bunt from the assemb ed multitude gave to ken of their sympathy with thia patriotic movement. Tho meeting was so large, and the difficulty of hearing . co great, that they abandoned the Hall, and adjouruc the street in front of Uie building. Resolution . adopted, which wo hope to present to our reader* in ano- ; ther column. Yesterday morning, about 9 o clock tno volunteers marched up Main street in a body , with music and bannen. They held a meotmg for the elecUon o. ol ficer* and for making all necessary arrangemeuU.It is ( to be hoped and expected that the citzens of Richmon l will promptly and cheerfully meet any demands thai air.> be made upon them, and render these gallant volunt#o a any aid they may need in organising and equip; themselves. Thi* company i* composed of reliable fu terial? of young, brave, ardent and patriotic soldier*, who, if occasion offen, will reflect honor on themaehes, their city, and their country. We learnthat between 60 and 70 h*ve enrolled themselves. Wo alio learn that the officen were elected as follow*: Edward Carnngton, , Captain, Porterfield, Fint Lieutenant; Carlton Mun ford, Second do; John D. Warren, Thin! do; fhos. Mc Kenzie; Fourth do; J. Richard Lewellen, tnsign; Carlton, O. 8. The other officen have not yet been choicn. [From the Pott*v?e (Pa.) Journal, May 16.] Ju*t a* we were going to pre** we received a : mil for a meeting of our citizen*, to take place on Monday next at tho Town Hall, with a j request to publish it. If we are not mistaken the ] citizens of Schuylkill county will never be found back- i ward hi responding to the call of their country. We | learn that Col. F. M. Wynkoop left yesterday, with a view | of offering his services to the government. I Since the above was in type, we learnthat the Hiber* win Jackson Guard*, held a meeting immediately after the receipt of the new* lYom tho *eat of war, on Monday laat, and authorized their officer to tender their *ervice* to the government [From the Philadelphia Penn*ylvanian, May 6.] We undentand, *ay* the Penntylvanian, from good authority, that one of the chiefs of the Creek nation, now in Washington, ha* offered to the President the *er vice* of two thousand picked warrion, should they be required in the confiict with Mexico. Thi* i* a mort praiseworthy movement, and wo have no doubt will be made u*e of efl'ectually, if occa*ion require*. [From the Troy Budget, May 15.] Gen. Wool, of this city, has received orders from the government to repair immediately to Waahington. The government i* making every preparation to prosecute the war with vigor, *o a* to bring it to a speedy ter mination. The Probable Foreign Interferon#*?ftoe Span Ian Fleet. [From the New Orleans Picav une, May 8 ] It may not be uninteresting at thi* juncture to have tome knowledge of the strength of the Spanish squadron stationed among the West Indian Islands. As near as we can ascertain, it i* compo*ed of one *hip of the line, one frigate, one *loopof war, three *team*hip*, five brig* of war and *everal ?choonere and transport*. Prlvatecre. [From the Baltimore American, May 16 ] The President of the United States being authorized by law to fit out ve*sels now in ordinary, and also to pur. chase such merchant veoel* or steamer* as may be fitted for warlike purposes, it will doubtless occur to the go vernment >hat much may be done to defeat the purposes of Mexican privateen by sending out numerous last sail ing clippers, commanded by junior officers of the navy, and provided with an armament adapted for this specific duty. Such a marine policy would be very effective. Our swift little cruisere, travening the Gulf and the At lantic, in the neighborhood of the West Indies and the South American coast, would carry terror to all marau der* and afford protection to our merchant vessels along all the usual routes of trade. Baltimore can furnish fast sailing vessels of this description?clippere that could overhaul any privateering craft on the oce^p. We can not doubt but that the attention of the government will be directed to this mode of shielding our commerce from depredation. Mr. Secretary Bancroft may thus find em ployment for his superfluous naval officers. Great Excitement In "Washington?Tremen dous Msms Meeting. As we write, the greatest excitement prevnils in Washington ; a great concourse of citizens has as sembled at the City Hall to recruit volunteers for Texas, and the meeting was first addressed by Lieut. W. O. Porter, ol the navy, brother of the fentleman who was killed on the Rio (Jrnnde. Ion. B. Martin of Tennessee, is now speaking. Col. Johnson is just gone over, aud is about to ad dress the meeting. Canadian Opinion* of the War on the Rio Gramle. [From the Montreal Herald, May 14 ] It wonld appear, by the news from General Taylor's camp, which we publish to*)ay, thst our blustering neigh bors are likely to receive s somewhat severe check from the despised Mexicans. Whatever may be the fate of the so grandiloquently called " army of occupation," while the individuals forming it may claim our sympathy, the ambitious and grasping government that has sent them to " occupy" a territory to which it has not a shadow of a just title, can deserve none; and most heartily do we trust, that the Mexicans may succeed in driving back tho unprincipled invaden of their country. The news, It will be observed, feached New York last Sunday, and we, consequently, have yet to learn its effect upon the money market there. It will be strange, indeed, If Bro ther Jonathan's pride does not get a fall. But for the pa cific and Christian policy of Great Britain, most fearful would be the results of Mr. Polk's proceedings-as it is, one can onlv smile at the utter abiurdity of e n i?ion such as the United State*?without an army, v navy, with no credit abroad, and money at Sjcr .a month at home?threatening to invade and cor territories of its neighbors. With a just cause, deficiencies would, we are well satisfied, soon r plied, and no people would more manfully defer, >r bwn firesides than the Americans; but as invaders ? i conquerors, they are naught?absolutely nauft! >} cunning and address, they have, certainly, improve I ? the face of the earth," thousands of the poor aborigir-a, and seized upon their inheritance; but these are the. lv i?#fortive weapon*, and when they throw them Mon tUr ^masterly inactivity," and "iz. Uie sword and musket, the downfall of the strtmjs and stars?the dissolution of their national confe deration-will not be far distant As knowing and unscrupulous traden. they may yet juggle both Great Britain and Mexico out of as valuable territories as Mtehican and Texas, (to neither of which magnificent countries they had the slightest legal claim.) but let them once throw aside the meek, and, scorning everithelap nee ranee of Justice, come forth with unblushing front, to Swite, with the strong hand, the property of others?on the ridiculous plea of it* "eontlf uity* to their own-end tfeey will live to repent the day tLej' *o miscalculated the i j..w ii i . ii \mm i i 'w ? m*. up. J "SJU1 ??**?* OfA'Mkhl hi ?is km w?akuMi. J<*n BuU, like maliy a itron* ami wealthy man, carta got for?oar, for p?aca aaka an<| to avoid trouble, willingly submits to a certain amount of smoothtonguedchicanery and well-disguised pilfering; but let the thimble-rigger or nimble-fingered pick-pocket, deceived by hit good humored carelessness, assume the tone and attitude of the Dick Turpin school, way-lay the old gentleman on hi* road from Ascot, or Epsom, and, with pistol in hand, iummon him "to stand and deliver"? and the aforesaid scamp turned ruffian, will soon find his arm hanging powerless by his side, his pistol on the ground, his head broken, and his bruised and mauled carcase in close "contiguity" with the cold and comfort less rtoor of what he has been accustomed technieally to designate as "the atone jug." [From the Montreal Herald and Gazette, May 16.1 Colonel Fitzpatrick's style ia richly characteristic of the Texan "amateur." We think he will be disappointed, however, and, instead of his fire-eating propensities being gratified, and "this army" having "the d dest hardest fighting that ever any armv had in this world," tbe pro babilities are, that he, the ''amateur," and "this army," (we drop the warlike expletive) will have the "hardest" marching?as prisoners of war, into the interior of Mexi co?that this army, at least, "ever had in this world!" General Taylor has allowed himselfto be entrapped, and, no douht, when, like Sterne's starling, he finds ne "cant get out," he will, (for Captain Catlett says, he is "ascool as a cucumber") to save the useless effusion of blood? the consequence of his own imbecility in allowing him self and this army to be caught?coolly surrender to a force, which, it is pretty evident, he is in no conditioato contend with. VERT IMPORTANT FROM MEXICO. The Revolutionary State of Alfain in the In terior of that Republic. [Prom the New Orleans Picayune, May 0.] The brig Josephine, Captain Robinson. arrived yester day from Vera Crux, hiring sailed thenceon the Mth ult., three day* after the Orleant, which brought our latest previous advices. , Tha iloop of war John Adams wu the only veeael of the United State? lying at Sacriflclos whoa the Jose phine left, the equadron not then haring returned to 1U ^The'royal mail steamer Tweed arrired at Vera Crux from Tampico on the 34th ult, but the paper* aay not a word at to the itate of things In the latter city. The lateat advice* reoeived at Vera Cru* from Mate mora* were to the 16th ult -Immediately after the arri val of G?n. Ampudia. Hl? notice to Oen. Taylor to retire behind the Nueces wa? known and the Vera Lruianoi expected next to hear that ho*tilitie? had commeneed. 1 W?Thave heard it reported that the Bnti.hCon.ul .aw the letter from Ampudia to Oen. Tayler before it was tent and that he approved of the eeme. The Mexican paper* *ay nothing of thi., but they received their Jnfor^ i {nation from Mat .mora, by the Tweed It wa. Sported at Vera Crux that the American Conaul and other Ameri can citizens at Matamora* had been ' dia-" of fried oil momory." a. he i? designated in a pri vate letter?to retire into the interior, and that they had p,B? liiXSMSfc r-r-s??sa? of General Alvarex in the South against the administra ' tion and?? favor of Federalism. ?he last previous arri val flret apprised us of his movements. The scope of his : design appears to be to invest supreme power In a trium virate composed of Gen's. Santa Anna, fierrera, and Eto i con until such time as a free election of a President can be held. The demonstration of Alvarex does not appear to be regarded by the press a* formidable, but it h eW ly indicative of the unsettled, and even the turbulent ' itate of the country. I The position of the Department of Vera Crut Is one ap proaching nearest to actual hostility to the administra tion The most determined opposition is there manifested ' to the convocatoria, or summons of a Constituent Con i sress by Paredes, and the Asscmblv of the Depertment ha^unanimously recommended to the Provisional Presi dent to call together a Congress upon entirely different I bases to form for the nation a Constitution upon a repub ; lican plan. [The representation to the Congress sum moned by Parades is so distributed that the influence of the Exocutive will be almost absolute therein; and it Is i irrievously feared by the Republicans that Parades will lend his power to the enemies of free institutions, and.at. , tempt to saddle upon Mexico a European monarchy. Hence the sturdy opposition to the summons by Paredes.] There is nothing in the proceedings of the assembly ? threatening absolute violence; they do not 'call for the ! overthrow of the present government, but they demand that it should change its system, and yield to the clearly expressed will of the nation. ...? .. .. A regiment of foot was despatched from the city of Mexico on the 19th ult. for Vera Crux, and another waa shortly to follow it This increase of force at that point is made, we havo no doubt, with a view to overpower any attempt of Santa Anna's friends at a revolution, ra ther than to resist American aggression, as is alleged. Capt. Robinson, however, states that the greatest efforte ure making to put the Castle of San Juan de Uloa In a complete state of defence ; that munitions of all kinde re carried in abundantly, and that the number of troops {'rum the interior was daily swelling the garrison. The administration is pursuing mersures of increasing nc verity again.t the pres*. A new decree was premni ef t*d on the 10th ult, dated the day previous, prohibiting a ithors, editors or printers, from directly or indirectly a vocating the views of any tnveder #/ tkt Republic, ??tiatever, or from promoting any change in the present established order of things, or from attacking celumni ously the supreme powers of the nation or the Deport ments. Other sections invest the governments of the Department, with the meat arbitrary pew? to detatiniao what .hall constitute a violation of the above prohfeition, and who are guilty of it, and what measure of pu*Uh ment shall be Inflicted upon offenders. By this decree former decreet on the same subject are abrogated, and tho present one is to continue in force until the Constitu ent Congross shall act on the subject Another provi sion sets at largo those who had previously been arrested for abu.ing the liberty of the pre.e. It is conjectured by some that this last provision was the real motive of the whole decree, as the editor of El Ticmpo had already been proceeded against, and it would have been grossly invidious to have released him, ?ave under a general law. But whatever the motive of the proceeding, the decree itself is as tyrannical as any that could have been dicta ted by Narvaez. Gorostixa, the Minister of Finance who had just been installed into office, threw up his portfolio 1 to mark his dissent from it Until the vacancy be filled, I Castillo y Lanzas, the Secretary of State, was to dls ; charge the duties of the station The press was bitter in ! iu denunciation of the decree. The Locomotor, of Vera Crux, says that no circumstances can justify Itsprovis 1 ions ; that it is hostile to the interests of the country and the Government; and that it Is peculiarly impolitic at ! the moment of a rupture with the United States, when it is so necessary for the government to conciliate popu lar favor. A private letter received by a commercial house here itates that the editor and proprietor of the Monitor have been arrested under the decree, and on the 20th ult sentenced to imprisonment at Sen Bias. Qw" I Dtut wit ptrdtre, pritu demtntot. The Vera Cruz papers contain a strong repre?entation made by leading commercial houses of that city to the President, setting forth the onerous nature of the duty eal'orced upon the exportation of specie. The commu nication is a very long one, and it is supported by a vigor ous article in the Locomotor; but as the subject is one of lecal Interest?at least until the government repeals the i duty complained against?we do not enter into the abu? t dant details connected with it [From the New Orleans Tropic. May #?] Veba Caux, April 26, 184#.?By the Mall steamer Tweed, last evening, from Tampico, we have intelligence from Matamora. down to the 16th A gentleman inform, me that he has seen a letter from the British Consul at that city, to the British Consul here, from which he gives me an extract This letter Indi cates a familiarity between the Mexican General and thtf writer, that would justify the conclusion, that, npon him has fallen the mantle of the " man with the white hat" He says, Ampndia showed him the letter warning Oeo. Taylor off the banks of the Bravo, before It was forward ed, and intimates, without asserting it, that nothing pre vent. an attack from the Mexloan. but want of boats. Ha also says, that " General Taylor has ptonty of thirty-two pounders pointed at the town," which Is, of oourse, aa "xle'excitement here, regarding the Yankee Fleet, haa subsided somewhat, as the .hip. have not been seen aince the 20th. We hope they have moved into the neighbor hood of our little army, as the tsrs would ferm most valuable auxiliaries in rate of collision. From what I have seen and heard of sailors, I believe they would fight even better on land than on board .hip. They would make excellent artillerist., and first-rate riflemen. I see by the capital papers that the American Squadron were at Alazatlan, on the 1st inst, in the following force : Frigates?Savannah and Constitution. Sloops of war Portsmouth and Levant, and the schooner Shark s the lat ter of which, in company with the Portsmouth, sailed that day. Official information had been given to the mer chant., that, from the 2d of April, no more business woulc be done in the custom-house. This was, surely, a very silly step, and I presume will cost the collector his com mission, as no blockade had been declared, and could ao reasonably be feared. Kvery body carps at the preceedftigs of the govern ment Paredes' nomination of Governor of the De partmcntof Mexico, In the place of Bravo, who wa sent here, has brought the Departmental Assembly dowi upon him." They demand the appointment of a lew (Joro.be. snd refuse to confirm that of the contestan Chavarri. I have learned nothing else of interest fror '^The^call for exact lists of all the naturallxed citizen of the Republic, Is evidently intended to have an e**c upon American emigrants, particularly. Wha ever th object may be, 1 regard the measure as snlmpoUtcow and as evincing a meddlesome dispoeition that could nc ^A new^dict^fs'saSd to'be preparing, by which maste printers are to be ma^re.ponsihlo ftr Aatever may b published from their offices, or establishment*. The only American vessel left here by the Josephln? will be the ship Buviah, of your city. ?? ?/ Judicaior, " of this city of the 23d, mentions meteorological phenomenon. which may hava j^c ; simultaneously observed further north, and therefor j worth transcription. The observer says : " Last night at eleven minutes past seven, our attei | tioii was attracted by a very brilliant red light at tfc | northwest, which upon examination proved to be cause bv a luminous meteor pessing to the northward, and a nerentlv falling into the sea. By a paralactlc calcnlatio we ie s timet ed ft to have reache/a height of 1700 or? 18. rarai at which elevation It followed a right line for th? seconds, when It began its descent We regard this as r rognostic of extreme heat." There is nothing of importance In the ~?rc t: a. Minister of the Treasury, haa resigned, It Is po' tr-ely stated, in consequence of the government s pout t' vards the press. The Minister of Foreign Relatiu .. cupies his place for the present. The latest information received in Mexico from Mai moms assignod to Gen. Ampudia a force of "600 men The Locomotor says that Ampudia had " compelled ti American Consul and hi* countrymen to march into t. Interior to Victoria" . ? Tho 3d Regiment of Infantry had left the city of Me ico for Vera Crux, and another wa* to follow Imir d lately. [From the New Orleans Bee, May *1 ' We perceive by the Divrio M OeWtrwe. y.th* ? that Oen. Arista had accepted the oommand of the ai ?fThe ^acbooner William Prerttw, houad to My raa, tetura?d with her oacgo, having befa e*dei