28 Mayıs 1846 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1

28 Mayıs 1846 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. NEW YORK, THURSDAY MORNING, MAY 28, 1846. THHEK DAYS L&TSR FROM THE 8EAT OF WAR. Important Intelligence. INVASION OF MEXICO. The Preparation of Gen. Taylor to Cross the Rio Grande. Contemplated Attack on Hatamoras. THE ATTACK ON BARITTA BY THE VOLUNTEERS. aailitary Preparations in the Union. THE SPIRIT OP THE PEOPLE. NEW8 FROM MEXICO, 4tc. dee. Sic. The James L. Day arrived at New Orleans on the 19th inst. She sailed from Point Isabel on the 16th inst. She brings somo very important and very fa vorable intelligence. All speak of the prospects of General Taylor as being in the Ugliest degree auspicious. It is mated that he was preparing to cross the Rio Graude and to attack and occupy Matamoras. It appears that Gen. Taylor has given the vo lunteers a chance to distinguish themselves; he has sent them to capture the village of Baritta. This intelligence ought to have been received early yesterday by the telegraph. There was an oversight somewhere. . Annexed is the news :? Special Despatches, from New Orleans to tlie New York Herald Office. New Orleans, 11 o'clock, A.M., May 19. All here is excitement?a large number of failures yesterday. There was an express on Sun day, also yesterday, from Washington. Troops from the country continue to arrive in large num bers. New Orleans, May 18th, 1548. Tho news received this morning is of no great account, as it merely announces the march of Gen. Taylor for his fort, at the head of 2(10 men. About 800 were to follow him on the ensuine day, and another battle was expected. Gen. Taylor was detelmined to cross tlie river within a few days. I enclose you Extras issued by the papers here. Yon will perceive that we are in the re ceipt of important intelligence from Mexico, which is published in this morning's Picayune. Gen. Vega and his four officers are h?re upon their parole ot honor, and have been provided with splendid lodgings in Toulouse street, and are treated as honored guests. Probably they will treat him as tbey did Santa Anna, and after having filed him to their hearts content, send him back to Mexico, in ono of our national ships, to com mand another army. He is said to be a fine look ing man, and if believed to be as honorable as brave. Some still insist in tho opinion that he is a Mexican?and what dees not that werd imply! Volunteers are still pouring in from all quarters. Tlie weather is oppressively warm. D. [From the New Orleans Delta, May 19.1 Point Isabel, May 16, 0, P. M. The steamer f. L. Day, which leaves here in a few hour*, affords me an opportunity of sending you a few linei of information from this place. We srrived here, (that is, company A, to which I am attached,) on the above nsmed boat, oa the morning of the 14th. after s pleasant passage of three days, and found everything wearing the most warlike expect, anxiouiiy awaiting the hour whan the order should be given to " strike tents." and take up the line of march for that section of country where Mexicans do most con gregote. A more cheerful set of men the sun never shone upon; you would ?uppo*o, to look upon them that sthoy were preparing for a festival rather than an encoun ter with a merciless enemr?so cheerful and light-heart ed do they go about their labor. The report prevalent in camp at this timo is, that the Mexicans are within our immediate vicinity to the num ber of 8000 or 7000 strong. As to its correctness I cannot vouch, but certain it is. we are in the neighborhood of the enemy, and an attack at any hoar would surprise no one here. lien Taylor left this place on the morning of th? 13th for his camp on the river abova, accompanied by only one company ofartiilery, and one of dragoons. He was dressed in limpl* farmers' apparel, and his mode of conveysnce a light wagon, driven by a negro aervant. There seems tone little doubt but he will reach his camp in safety?sfter which, the general supposition is, the Mexicans will have to look out for squalls ; his dander is up since the last engagement, and he seems determined to (tart the hall. When the hall in fairly opened, the amusement mutt jgo^ cease until the tune i* played and the fiddler* paid four companies of the regular Infantry, accompanied by one volunteer company of Artillery, and the Mobile volunteer*, left here to-day for Bartita, a point on the Rio Grande, where they will be Joined in a few day* by all the companies from this place, which will swell the number to lome 19 OOto 1600 men. It ia Oen. Taylor'* in tention to keep possession of thia Point, and to the volun teer* ho ha* assigned the honor of maintaining it I am of opinion that he will never have occaiion to repent the liour he placed it* guardianship ia their hand*. At leait, they wilf. I am cure, never di*honor themselves, or the country whotc right* they are maintaining. Col. Forno arrived hore thia morning with five com panies, which increases the force now here to about 1300 The teamsters and laborers number some 300, who ate tiable to be called on at any moment for military duty. **> the post may be considered perfectly safe from any incdrsions of the enemy. Duong the engagements of the 6th and 9th?*bout 1000 aailora arid marines, from the fleet at anchor off here, were lan<W. and were a formidable set of men to keep the place whilu the soldiers were absent They are now pn board their respective vessels, and will not bo called on again till a similar occasion may demand their ser vice*. Major Ringgold was buried with all the military honors It would, I suppose. be superfluous to send yon an ac count of the action* of the 8th and 9th, as they must be Jn your possession per steamer Galveston. In the twe blh'tles we lost about 100men, whilst that of the enemy wasi'Mr on t0 u0?- Some of our men acted remarkably brave ^mongst whom none seems more conspicuous than the comiv "wder and Col. Twiggs. I would * more in detail bad net the fatigues of the day (drilling' <unl pr?paring for departure) incapncited me; hut rat ne*1 m?he amends for this, as I will ad rise you of ev.vry which will interest your readers. My next lette r *?" doabtless be from Baritta, which place, as 1 before' Jtav'ed, we will immediately leave for. Poiwt Isabel, Thursday,) May 14, ? o'clock, P. M ) We have ju*t irnvM ,ni ,nd ? have only time to drop you a line. Oen. Igofcw** two brillitfH en gagements (on the OUi i>\1' ) 11 both of which he w as eminently successful. Loss of the Americana 40 men Joss of Mexicans 1S00 ! Cs,*- Ringgold.of theLlght Ar tillery, ?U killed, alio Mij. ?* ***? iufentry, tod tome two or thro# other omcert, nexnea not recol looted. Tho Mo*iceni are drin^* Wo Grande entirely. Gen. Taylor left hei.? *Hh a strong etcort for tue encampment, sppMils Mala mora*.? It is tne Intention of Gen i. to attar- ? to-mor row or the next day. The brig Apelai*Wc?'*has Just ar rived from Fonsaoola, with two compan.** of the 1st to ftntry. , Captain May, of the 9nd Dragoons, hiu Immortalised himself by making au unprecedented charge Ppon the Mexicans, driving them irom their breastworks. The five companie*. under command of Lia^t ocl- II. Fomo; Adjutant, Lieut G. W .shaw: Capt (jlenn's, Capt Breediove's, <;apt. R. C Stockton'*, Cept J W. Bnrce's and ( aptain P. soniat'a Companies, on board the Tele graph, (on which cmo myself,) have Just arrived?all well and in fine spirits, \v e lost IS or 14 hours on the voyage by some pert of the engine getting out of order. Mav, 19th, 10 O'clock, P. M. Ocr/mmc?--! wrote you last night by the James L. Day, as I supposed *be would sail this morning, accord ing to notice ; but as she got on the bar, and cannot leave betore to-morrow morning, I give yon all the par ticulars a* far a* I have been able to collect them to thi* data. The iteamer Telegraph arrived to-day with Lieut Cel. Forno, after *ix day*' passage, with five companies ?( the Washington Regiment, commanded by Captains Olenn, Breedlove, Bryel, R. C. Stockton, and boniat. Four companies of U. S Infantry, together with Capt J. F. Stockton'* company of Louisiana Volunteers, and the Mobile Volunteeis, left here this morning for Host Baritta, aixteeu miies from this plsce (Point Isabel), where they are ordered to remain, until reinforced by the Washington Regiment, Col. Walton, and the Andrew Jackson Regiment, CoL Marks However, there is a rumor in romp this evening, that all the volunteers here, and tho?e to arrive,?1U be landed l>y vesiel* of war en the west aide of the mouth of the Rio Grande, and luarcli immediately to Matamoias?this we are led to believe, is be) oud doubt, from the scttve preparations in camp, Uie extra and constant drill of all the companies here, aud the heavy amount of ammunition with which they are ail supplied?the rifle company of Captain Head are on drill from morning till night, and begin to look note like a company ol regulars than volunteers?they will give a good account ol themselves; "the boys" are in tina sprits, and aaxious lor an opportunity to show What kind of stufl they are made of. 1 be ?hole force here to-night, including teamsters, etc.. amount to about 1000, all well armed and equipped, under the command of M^or Mum. Thia piece, un iter covar of Um breastworks, could not be captured by 1 any fore* Um Mux leant can muitar. So confidant do we g feel, that all the troop* ara encunpad along tba baach of ] tba Brazos, outside of tba braaatworlca, and praiant a moat warlike and imposing appaaranca. Tba itrictait military discipline la rigidly enforced in 1 erary part of the camp, and ft ia really surprising to tea bow quick tba citizen can b? transformed into the sol. 1 dier; but it may be laid down, however, as a certain rule, that tho bad citizen ia always ? bad loldier; and tba only j difficulties that have occurred, which, however, are but faw. have been with that clast of pertons. We have no newa from Gen. Taylor'icamp to-day, and ' I expect the first nawi > ou receive of any active inea lures, will be tha crossing of tha American troops over tha Rio Grande. On Thursday, 14th inat Can. Taylor left Point Isabel for the camp opposite Matamoras with about 300 troops. On the 16th, two companies of volunteers, Captains Da sh* and Stockton, with V. S. regulars, amounting toge ther to about 1000, under the command of Col. Wilson, marched for Baritta. about 16 miles from Point Isabel. Saturday, May 18th.?Intelligence received from Gen. Taylor, that he intended making a bridge across the Rio Grande with hU wagons, by lashing them together. Thus far, everything looked favorable for his success in crossing the Rio Orande. Capt. Griffin heard nothing whatever of the report that Parades was marching to Matamoras with 16.000 men, nor was there any certainty that the Mexicans had been reinforced : the general opinion, however, was, that they had been. Passengers?II. A. Clark, Capt J. M. Hood, Capt. Evor ?treat, Lieut.-Col. Pierce, U. 8. A., Mr. Weaver; and 19 on deck. Liit or Vcsiels at Bassos St. J too, Mat 10, 1U10. Schr. Enterprise, Frainer, arrived 16tli iiul ; brig Milli don, arrived 14th, beat hard on the bar, but without much damage; schr. Klandara, arrived 16 th; brig Virginia, Capt. John Hood, arrived 14th inst., saven days from Pon sacola, with two companies of artillery, under the com mand of Capts Webster and Taylor, wd sailed for New Orleans on Saturday, 18th. On the 16th instant, the steam cchoonor Augusta sailed forthe Island of St Joseph with tho wounded men taken from the battle of the 8tn and 9th inst, that were able to be transported. Mkw or Wab Lvi?a orr the Rio Dki. Norte.? Misssisippi; Cumberland, Flag-ship; Potomac; Law rence ; Raritan ; St Mary's ; Somen, and the armed schooner Santa Anna, commanded by Lieutenant Ren shaw. [From the New Orleans Picayune, May 19.] On Saturday, the 18th, intelLgcuco was received from Gen. Taylor that ho intended crossing tho Rio Grande, just below his camp, by making a bridge with bit wa gons. So far, everything looked, favorable to his design The fleet had sailed from off the Brasos to the mouth of the river, and were to send up detachments to co-operate in the attack upon Barita. Another account says that Gen. Taylor, ere the depar ture of the Jamus L. Day, opened his communication with his camp. It will be seeu that two companies of artillery reached Point Isabel on the 14th, from Pensa cola. The annexed letter gives details of the arrival of volunteers, lie., and of the movements of the troops from the Point :? " Camt at Point Isabel' Braios St. Jago, > i ?/16, 1.-48. S " The volunteer companies under command of Col J. B. Walton, of the Washington Regiment, on board the steamer James L. Day, arrived here on Thursday morn ing, the 14th inst., after a very pleasant passage of three days, and those by the Telegraph arrived on the 16th, and went immediately- into camp. Gen. Taylor left hero on the morning of the 14th for his camp, with a large train of wagons, and quite a formidable train of artil lery, dragoons and inlantry, amounting to some six or eight hundred. There was an arrival from the upper c.auip this morning, which passed him J esterday on his march, lie has, in all probability, ere this reached his camp. " On the morning of the 16th, regulars enough to swell tho amount to about one thouiand, embarked on board tha steamers Neva, Loo and Cincinnati, and at 1 o'clock were landed at tho Brasos Santiago, and took up their line of march for the Rio Grande, all under the command of Col. Wilson. Their march it for Baritta, situated tome Alteon milet up the river, where it it itated the Mexicans are collecting considerable forces. The United States fleet, consisting of the Mississippi. Cumberland, Raritsm, Lawrence, tee., which have been here for some days, have run down to the mouth of the river and come to, and with their boats will cross the troops under the command of Col. Wilson to the south bank of the river. The steamers will be in readiness at Baritta, to assist in the transportation of arms and ammu nition. Col. Wilson't command have with them two days' rations, and scarce a blanket, with no tents nor any baggage train. At dark they had crossed Bogachi ta, and were on their march for the river. This morn ing, the 16th, the sea it very high, and the weather tqually, to that the tteamer Neva cannot get to the tea, and if it continue to, mutt create some distress in Col. Wilton's camp for provisions and blaakets. On the loth, the steam schooner Augasta sailed for St Joseph, with all the wounded that were able to be transported, taken from tha battlet af the thh and 9th instant We learn that about 176,000 rounds of musket cart ridges, 600 pack mules with their saddles and camp equipage, were taken in the action of the 9th instant The American soldiers drank the Mexican's liqnor, smoked their cigars, eat their bread and beef which they, were jutt in the act of cooking when the engagement' took place. Since tha above was written we have received the fol lowing letter announcing Gen. Taylor's arrival in the camp. Camt orrosiTB Matamoras, ) May 14th, 10 o'clock at night j I would like to write a detailed account of all that has occurred tirce the 8th inst, but 1 have a hope of getting a few hourt sleep to-night, for to-morrow I fancy we shall have something to do. A report is going around camp to-night, that wa will go over and take possession of Matamoras to-morrow or next dev. Gen. Taylor returned to night from Point Isabel. A party of dragoons tinea his arrival, have swam over and brought a boat from the opposite side The sentinel over this boat left in haste. Ail the prisoners wa had in Ma tamoras were exchanged day before yesterday, besides which, wo gave our enemy ninety-seven wounded men, by way of La Naip. The cainp is hurraing for the patriotism of tho citizcnt of New Orleans, having justhcurdof their reception of the news of our situation, and the promptness witn which they acted. [From the New Orleans Bulletin, May 19.1 The Jamet L. Day, arrived thil morning from the Brasos St. Jago, which place ihe left on the 16th inst. The newi is important Captain Griffin informs us that General Taylor left Point Isabel on the morning of the 13th, with about 20J men, and a supply of provisions for the army at the camp Alter proceeding a short dis tance, however, he deemed it expedient to return and increase hi? escort, and take with him a large quantity of supplies. lie did so, and took up his march again for the camp, on the morning of the 14th, with from six to eight hundred men, a park of artillery, and about two hundred aud fifty wagons. He was met about midway between Point Isabel and the camp, late on the evening of the 10th. Up to that time he had not met the enemy, nor wai It anticipated that he would encounter opposition, as the general impression was that the enemy had retreated from our soil, immediately after their disastrous defeat on the 0th and 10th, and sought safety on the west bank of the Rio Urande. While General Taylor was at Point Isabel, he received Intelligence that the Mexicans were gathering ia large numbers at Barritta, a Mexican town, immediately on the bank of the Kio Grande. On being thus informed, he ordered the two con.panics of Louisiana Volunteers, under Captains Desha and Stockton, and a detachment of United States infantry, numbering in all, regulars and volanteers, about one thousand men, composed entirely of infantry, to proceed to the attack of that town. These troops embarked on the moming of the 16th, on the steamers Neva, I.oo and Cincinnati, and were landed at the Brases at 1 P. M., and immediately marched for the Rio Grande; the steamers being ordered to ascend the river, and transport the troops and ammunition across. Commodore Connor with his whole squadron, consisting of the steam frigate Mississippi, the frigates Cumberland, Raritan and Potomac, sloop Mary, the brig Lawrence, and the schr. Santa Anna, at tho same time weighed an chor, and sailed for the mouth of the river, intending to assist the troops in crossing with his b..ats, and to aid in the attack with' his men The expedition was under the command of Colonel Wilson. General Taylor intended to cross the river at or near his camp, to take possession of Matamoras, and the expe tion was ordered tor the double purpose of dislodging the Mexicans from their position at Baritta, and assikting Ueneral Taylor in occupying Matamoias, should he be op posed. Gen. Taylor intended to cross the river on a bridge, formed et the boxes of his wagons rauiked tight. For this purpose he had ordered all the oakum at Point Isabel to be sent up to the camp. Caut Griffin beard nothing ? hatever of the report that Parades was marching to Matamoras with 16,000 men, nor was there any certainty that the Mexicans had been reinforced; the general opinion, however, was that tliey had been. There were none of the enemy l>etwcen the camp and Point Isabel; ii any remained on this side of the river, they were above the camp. Incident*, AcTTof the Wnr. One of the city papers says t?We were last evening permitted to pants* two letters from a voting son of CoL Mcintosh, who was with his gallant father on the Held of battle, and shared witn him in the noble deeds which produced Its proud results. The letters are addressed to the yocng gentleman's sister, | now residing with her relatives in this city; and though neresaarily written in great haste, and amidst the dTs charge of filial duties in taking care of hi* wounded fa ther, it displays a spirit worthy of his lineage. After reciting soma of the details connected with the departure of the forces from Point Isabel, and of the ope rations on first meeting the enemy, awl during the second and decisive encounter n*ar the entrenched camp at Matamoras, young Mclntoth says, " nKer had his horse shot from under him, when four men rushed from the thicket and fired upon him ; oue run a spear through his neck, which came out at the backside,and pinnad him to the ground Th*> then renewed their endeavors to kill him, but tailed in so doing, though they brek* his arm." ; He continues to say. that though his Cithers wounds are ' not mortal, they give him great pain, but he directs his son to say to his sister that their iatner " will see them again." The other latter is written from Tolnt Isabel, and i* dated the Uth. Mr. M'l. tells his sister that be had suc ceeded ia having his fathar removed to that post, where h* will be a little moracomfortabla, though " there is,'' says he, " but UtU* comfort for a sick man in this part of the world." The Journey had fatigued the wounded of Acer very much, but he was better after his airival, and the care and attention be will U?*f? rv*** wULwa trust, 1 toon place li!m beyond apprehension of danger from hi* wound*. The letter contain* several further particular* in rela tion to the event* and incident* of the two rencontre* with tho onemy, bat nothing of importance which ha* not alreadv been related by other*. The young man ?|*ak* of ino prospect of another fight in a day or two, and ?i?aki of it in a tone and feeling that become* a g?l Unt foti of such a father. Indeed, both letter* do the writer the highest honor, not only for the filial and frater nal feeling which they evince, but for the high And chivalrous *pirit which they manifest in every line. [From the New Orlean* Picayune, May 19 ] Mention ha* already been made of the distinguiihed courtesy shown to Gen.La Vega by-the commander of the American troop* on the Rio Grande. Gen. Taylor pro vided hie distinguiihed prisoner with an unlimited letter of credit upon hi* factor* in thi* city, Mesir*. Maunsel White fcCo., and in other mode* endeavored to alleviate the nece**ary detmgrement of hi* position. We learn that ?ince his arrival here, Gen. La Vega has received the most abundant and courteous attentions at tho hands of Gen. Gaines, Geo. Worth and others, both in civil and military life [From the Baltimore Patriot, May 26.i Point Isabel, May IS. " The war I* done." They never can tight again, and have dispersed?so all uneaiine** i* now at an end. 1 must tell you a piece of bad luck that happened in Camp Taylor Four tomb shell* fell into my tent, (where the itores are,) from the enemy'* battery, and two exploded, knocking everything to pieces. We have ju*t had to-day a reinforcement of 2000 men, but they are too late; U*>ro will be no more fighting. In ha*te, your*. [From the Richmond Enquirer, May 28 1 It is said that Gen. Ariita commanded the Mexican army, and wa* present at the late battle near Gen. Tay lor'* camp. A friend ha* given u* some striking anedotes of the honasty, intelligence and simple bearing of Gen A. For somo voar* he resided at Cincinnati, and carried on the tinning business. In the city of Mexico he worked industriously in his little tin *hop. Under the garb of modesty and poverty ho concealed an ambltiou* spirit? Hi* very simplicity of life saved him from the effect of jealou* and domineering rivalry; but. in the excitcment of war, he was called forth to take command of the Mexi can Army. He i* laid to be a man of qualities vastly superior to those of hi* countrymen. Youno Duolev.?The Nrwark Jldvtrtittr of May 27' contain* a letter from tho army on the Grande. We extract a portion of it, relating to the above individual "The gallant youth, (Gilbert Dudley, who recently *ig nulized hjmsoli by taking two Mexican soldier*, single handed, wa* severely wounded during the late brilliant engagements. The brave youth i* only about 19 year* of age, but ha* approved himself to hi* superiors by tho steady and uniform coolness and courage of his conduct throughout the campaign. He wa* hit during the firit hour's fight He limply said, " I am wounded, I with to be taken to the hospital.'' I assisted to carry him thither. He wa* cool and collected, and remarked that he thought he should get well. Arrived at the hospital, I (tripped him for the doctor'( hands. 1 examined the wound, and honestly think his life is safe, aud that he is not in much danger of being lame. Ho and all the wounded are sent to 1'oint 1label.'' Opinion of Santa Anna on the War. [From the New Orleans Picayune, May 19 ] The lateit now* received in Havana from Vera Cruz wa* to the l*t inst?not so late as our own advices direct A gentleman who has recently arrived h're from Havana talked freely with Gen. Santa Anna upon Mexican affairs. He deprecated the war with the United States, as sure to be disastrous to Mexico He spoke of the monarchical projects in Mexico a* destined to certain failure, he be lieving that a majority of the people would prefer even annexation to the Uolxd States to the rule or a Spanish prince. Santa Anna had, it is *aid, no intention of re turning to Mexico at present, and has recently rented a new houso. Gen. Almonte regard* the insurrectionary attempt of Gen. Alvarez as one of great moment, aud vory difficult to be put down. Military Arrangement* In the United State* The Spirit of People. TKXAS. [From the Austin (Texas,) New Era. May 2] A requisition ha* been made on Gov. Henderson for forty companieiof Texas militia; one half mounted, the other infantry. We are highly gratified to lee the joy ous excitement prevailing among all claue* of our citi zen*, at the proipect offered them, once more of meeting the Mexican* in the battle field. Many of our moat prominent and chcriihed citizen*, are enrolling them selves a* private loldiera in difforent companiei, vieing with the young men in promptness and alacrity. It u with difficulty, that a quorum of the Legislature can be kept together. 8ome of the most fiery ipirits have al ready left for the Rio Grande. Animated by the recolwc tions ol San Jacinto, Mier and the Salado, eager to avenge the decimation of our unfortunate brethren, and 1 the cold blooded murder of the brave Cameron, they will not fail to give increased lustre to the Lone Star that they have just added to our countttfs flag, the only ban ner of the free. LOUISIANA. [From the New Orleans Jetfersonian, May 19] The St Mary Volunteers, Capt R. W. Stewart, IPO strong, arrived yesterday, and were attached to Col. Peyton's regiment of National Guard*. A company of 64 men fron the parish of Concordia, arrived la*t evening; they are commanded by^Captoin Lawrence and Lieut Alexander. Our friend L. C. Blake, better known a* Santa Fe niako, fiom his campaign* in that part of the world, is about raising a rifle company. He haa seen service himself, and wants the right kind of boy*. Gen. Featherston is organizing 6th Regiment of Louisi ana volunteers, under the authority of Gen. GaJnc*. He has six companies complete. [From the N. O. Picayune, May 9.] Both branches of the Legislature met on the 18th inst., and after u trifling dobate made a further appropriation of $200,000, to fit out the Legion for the seat of war, and to forward the residue of the four regiments raised under the requisition from Gen- Taylor. Our Legislature have done their duty nobly, and every citizen ot the State has reason to be proud of the prompt and energetic meas ure* they have adopted to maintain the honor of the State and our common country. Tho Legion i* ready for the field A finer body of *oI diers can not bo found in any country. Many of them are veterans from the armie* of Europe. They are led by accompliihed officer*, who have expended large sums of money out of their ownpockets, to prepare their com ?nands for the field. One of these gentlemen, Capt. VI onca, we personally know has appropriated $1,000 out of his own purse. A* an evidence of the military ipirit that animates thi* fine corps, wo may iay that perhaps 300 of them are young men who have not been here loug enough to be naturalized; who have enjoyed none of the high privilege! of citizem, but are neverthelen anx ious to hazard tneir Uvea in defence of their adopted country. The various companies will turn out about a* followi: Captains. Wo. Men. Viosca, company, nafcve* of Catalonia, Spain 76 Mondelli " " Italy 80 Trigo " " Spain 76 Hahn " " Germany 100 Burtlie " " Franco 76 Gardore " Creoles of Louisiana 100 Lambert " " " 76 Youennes. ..." 100 Major Gaily'? Battalion of Artillery 400 The Regiment of National Guards, under the com mand of CoL liolie Peyton, hai completed its organiza tion. and consists of the Louisiana Guard* Capt McAllister, 06 men. Franklin Volunteers " Kennedy, 87 " W. Baton Kouge Volunteer* " Robertson, SO " Avenger* " Monaghan, 05 " N'atchitoche* Volunteer!. . . " Waddell, H7 " McKelvey Guard* Blackburn. 85 ?' Gaines Guard* " DePass, 66 " Louisiana Rar.ger* " Stuart, 66 " Taylor Guard*. .Lieut Haywood, commanding, 66 " Madiion Volunteer*, Capt McKicrman, H8 " 7 IS f To which has been attached, by order of Maj. General Gaines, two companies from Ala bama. Relief Guard*, Capt. Elmore 107 " Tenia* Volunteers, Capt. Halt 67 " *m " Total aggregate of Regiment, rank and Ale. . . U07 " Kield Omcors and Staff 10 " 017 " F.itfht other companies, now nearly organized for this regiment, are ready to be incorporated into another re giment. [From the New Orleans Delta, May 4 J Florid* Ringers.?A few old Floridians wish to raise a company to spend the fourth of July in the City of Mexico Let lis see what we csn do. Rendezvous at 46 St Charles street. J ACKSON TF.RBUSH, FLORIDA COX. MMRtssirpl. Oen. Duffleld, of Miisinipri, ha* been organising com panies in the different sections of that State, to be in readiness when their aid is required. ?mrrn Carolina. [From tlie Charleston New*, Mar 23.1 The Charleston RiAcmen have tendered their service* to the Governor of the State, for the Weitern campaign: and we are informed Uiat the Executive has alio received various offers, of a similar character, from tho mountain* to the seaboard, showing that Carolinian* are ready to do duty for their country hi the field whenever tho con juncture rails for their serrieoa. We would add, as coming fro in authority, that South Carolina is in full militarv preparation, a* relates to men, anna, and all war like appliances, so soon as a requisition is made. The difficulty will t>e to select from the large body of volun. teers who sic ready, making retort to a draft in such ease unavoidable. MISSOURI. [From the 8t Louis Reporter, May 18 J About %j0 Oerman volunteers under the ooiamand of Major Hchmnthaler. of the 64th Regiment, lalt this city for Jefferson Barracks on Saturday last i.nptain* Sch? for, Woe liner and Koch, command the companies. Be fore leaving the wharf on the Allegheny, A. oleier liCo., and others, wont forward and paid the passage of the volunteers, as well a* furnished them with sufficient cla ret with which to drink to the success and glory of our citizen soldiers. Twelve or Afteen parsons arrived yesterday from dif ferent points on the Miseonri nver, w ho came down for the jiarjjose of j?ini^^aona 0nc of the companies rais a learn trom tho Algoma, arrived yesterday from tko Missouri, that the asws from T?Ma has created great excitement at moat of the towns. At J ad* ran City, a meeting tu immediately bald, and mtuurai adopted lor nlsing voliinteari, and at Kocheport ? meeting waa to b? bald on Monday night for raising troop*. OHIO AND KENTUCKY. [From the Louisville Journal, May 3*1.] All the companies of the Louisville legion, with the exception of the Gorman Nations! Guards, marched out to Camp Oakland yesterday, where they are now en

camped. The National Guards will proceed there to-day. I The troop of cavalry, raited in the city and county, we i learn, numbers 370. They are to be divided into four companion, the whole under command of Major Owings. ' Capt Frank Chambers, of Fiankfort, has raised a vol unteer company, and reported to the Governor. We learn by the Tom Metcalfe, that the citizens of Dwentborough are raising a volnnteer company. Major General Combt, commander of the fifth division Kentucky militia, upon receipt of the Governor's procla Jiation, immediately ordered that meetings bo held of the i/Terent regiments under hit command, to ascertain what amber of volunteers are disposed to enter the service of le United States. j A largo meeting was held at Lexington on Saturday '.night, at which patriotic resolutions wore adopted, in re ference to the present crisis. Large meetings are nightly held at Newport and Co vington. Volunteers are coming forward, and several companies will be ready to march to the field of action in a few days. Two companies were ready to leave for the seat of war, as soon as they received orders from the Governor. [From tho Cincinnati Commercial, May 23 ] Four industrious young men who have boeu at work jn this office for a long time, shouldered their rifles for ^he seat of war yesterday. This will do pretty well for ?no office. In Louisville, two small papers gave up this week, and all started for the Rio Grande. The company under Geo. W. Cutter, Covington, Ky., will leave lor the soat of war, it is expected, to-day or to-morrow. Hia company dress in the huuting shirt, glazed caps and white pantaloons. We aaw Maj. Jacobs yesterday. lie is ready to bring out the Koscru?ko Uluses for the defence of the country at any time. Thk JcrncatoN Gaiivfc?The proceedings in another columu show that tho Jefl'erson Grey* are in readiness to march to the scene of battle. MARYLAND. lFrom the Baltimore Clipper, May 37.] The three companies of volunteers uiider Captains Stewart, Hteiner, and Pi]>er, expect to leave the city to day, by the cars for Washington, to join the district bat talion under Col. Thomas gangster. This is done in obe dience to the wish of the President?the companies to be uniformed, equipped, and muttered into the service at Washington, at the expense of the United States. So soon as the necessary arrangements are made they will b? despatched thence for the seat of war. These companies have been eager to depart for some time, to aid in de fending their country's soil, and assist in chastising an insolent and murderous foe, and are in the best spirits at the idea of having their desire gratified. [From the Annapolis Star, May 36.] We understand that the command of the two regi ments of Man-land volunteers for the Mexican war, has been tendered by the Governor to Col. George W. Hughes of West River, Anne Arundel county, who is a captain in the corps of topographical engineers of the U. S. army, and CoL Charles M. Thruston. of Allegany county. Both these gentlemen are everyway qualified to lead on the Maryland line. Volunteering hat been progressing for some time in this city, for Col. Hughes' regiment, and we doubt not, that the rcquiiite number of men to form tlio regimegts will soon bo placed at the disposal of tho Pres ident. rrN!?>TLV*!?IS. The 3d brigade, 1st division, P. M., under the command of Brig. Gen. Horatio Hubbell, paraded yesterday after noon for inspection, by Maj. l'hot. Femington. They were inspected in Wharton street, Soutliwarfc, and after wards reviewed by Gen. Hubbell, accompanied by his stall officers. The line presented a beautiful appearance. After which the brigade marched up Fourth to Christian street, down Christian to Second, up Second to Lombard, up Lombard to Fifth, when they were dismissed?not without getting " soaking wet." A most violent rain poured down upon their devoted heads, and they, like soldiers, " good and true," stood the storm and tempest" At Third and Chistian streets, the Harrison Artillery. Lieut. M'Cullen commanding, left the ranks, saying that they were fatigued, and should not march any longer. This fact was immediately communicated to the General by liis Aid-de-camp, Capt. Philpot, who was instanter despatchod with orders to bring them back. Capt. P. overtook the company at 4th and Plum, and told them to return to their position in the line, or uieet the conse quences. To which Lieut M'Cullen replied, that his company would not go back until the Mexicans came after them. Capt. P. told them the General's order should be obeyed ; if not by fair means, by force, and that, Uo, at the point of the bayonet Thi? conversation wai communicated to the General, who inttantly despatched the Wayne Artillery, Capt Murdock, to compel the corps to return. Capt. Murdock and his men acted with determined coolness. Lieut M'Cullen was ordered by Capt. Murdock to re turn to the ranks?to which he replied, " that my men should be cut to pieces before they should go back,''? then said Capt. Murdack, "I havo orders that you shall go back, and 1 am determined to execute the order, let the consequences be what they may?you must obey, sir.*" Just as Captain M. was in the act of ordering "Charge bayonets." the Haarison Artillery, to their credit, formed into line in the roar of the Wayne, and marched to where the brigade had halted, and there received a severe re buke from the General. The Wayne Artillery, for thii act alone, deserve tho applause of every American soldier. NKW YORK. Militabv MovrMr!?T? iw New Yoke.?There have at yet been no doclded movement* on the part of tho Now York military in relation to the Mexican war. When the requisition wai made upon New York for 8,000 men, the Governor was absent from Albany, and hat not yet returned. When he doet so, a draft will pro bably be immediately made. The first division of artille ry have tendered their services to the Unitod Slates government to man the forts in the harbor, in case the troops now stationed there are withdrawn, and the mili tary companies bold themselvet in readiness to march at a few hourt' warning. We saw, yesterday, a call for a volunteer company of printers to be formed, to march immediately to Texas. We shall give the military movements in tho city as fast as they occur. [From the Rochester Democrat] We received, at too late an h?nr for insertion in this morning's paper, a call, numerously sigucd, for a meeting at the court bouse, to organize a company of volunteer* for Texas. The call will appear hereafter. MASSACHUSETTS. [From the Boston Poit, May 37.] Got. Briggs, by proclamation dated yesterday, calls upon the citizen soldiers of Massachusetts to enrol them selves to meet the lequisition of the President for one rogimcnt of infantry, 770. And by a general order from Adj. Oen. Oliver, tlie companies to compose the regi ment are to consist of 77 men each. IVnval Operations. [From the Charleston Courier] Wo understand that prompt measures have been taken by the Secretary of tne Navy to protect the exposed commerce of the Oulf of Mexico, by an adequate naval orce, cruizing between Cuba and the Coast of Florida. [From the Newport Mercury.] Orders were received here, on Tuesday last, from Washington, for the revenue cutter Jacluon, Lieutenant Cornell, to be fitted for sea, and held in readinoss for im mediate service in the Gulf of Mexico. The schooners lately bought by the government, era to be ready for sea in six days. "The negotiation for the steamers is still going on. Mlseellaiiaons. [From the NewOrleana Bulletin, May 19.] The Canal Bank of this city, has this morning placed at the dispositl of the Oovernor, without charge, what ever money it may require for the dispatch of the troops now ready at the barracks. Important from Mexico. The Nov OrUain Picayune of the 19th inst. con tains intelligence from Vera Cruz to the 7th inst. It was received by the bark Mandarin. The movement of the American squadron when getting under way lor the Rio Grande, on the 4th inst., threw Vera Cruz into a state of the greatest excitement. It was supposed that the movement was preparatory to an attack on the town, and the guns in tho coMle of San Juan d'Ulloa were, there fore, immediately manned, and the matches lighted ready for actual hostilities. The commission of General Almonte, as Minis ter to England and France, had been revoked, and Scnor Valdivielso appointed in his place. This, taken in connection with the arrest of Almonte's Secretary, who had returned to Mexico, indicate that Santa Anna and Almonte were making ar rangements to overthrow General Paredes. The probability, therefore, is, that if the latter takes command of the troops on the Rio Grande, Santa Anna will step in and take possession of the go vernment in the city of Mexico. It is said that VeraCruz is in a proper state to receive him. We shall see, however. The vomito had made its appearance, and the weather was extremely hot. The Arch-Bishop of Mexico died on the 2nd instant. Adviocs had been received at Tampico, stating that Col. Cross bad been taken prisoner by an armed body of ranchrrot, and hanged to a tree. V*a* C?v*. May 1, !84? Enclosed you will find the manifesto of Oen. Paredes, by which you will perceive that orders have been given to Uen. Arista to fight the Americans, and that by this time war must have begun between the two countries. The Guadeloupe and Montezuma are going to Ha vana. Home persona say thet they will lie sold there, and others that they are going to be exchanged for good Bail ing schooners, that will be armed for privateers. an the New Orleans Picayune, May 19 ] Mandarin, Captain Co lie y. arrived yesterday monuBg (mi Van Cm, baring sailed thence on the 7th intt.?three day* later than our previout intelligence When the squadron sailed,Vin the 4th instant, the (una of the cattle ware all manned, and matchea lighted, rea dy to fire in eaie the aquadron made any demonstration towards it It waa generally believed that aa soon aa hostilities commenced on the frontier, Com. Connor would attack the town and castle. The Falmouth was the only U. 8. vessel left at Sacra flcios when the Mandarin sailed. The Mexican goverment 1ms revoked the commission of Gen. Almonte, ait minister to France, in consequence | of having found upon hit Secretary, Sr. Lerdo, paper* which compromise (Jen. Almonte. 8r ValdivieUo, the I present minister to Spain, is entrusted with the French mission. 8r D. Francisco Iturbehas been appointed Minister of ' Finance. Hia first act waa to suspend the payment of those debts to which tlio revenues of the custom house at Vara Cruz were pledged. The Fnglish will grumble, perhaps, at thia measure, unleaa their assent was pre viously asked and obtained. 8r. U. Manuel Pena y Pena lias been appointed President of the Supreme Court ef Justice. Sr. Gome* de la Cortina having rctignod the placo of first under Secretary of Wur, Sr. D. Juan JLuia Velaz ques de Leon was appointed in his place. Sr. D. Jose Maria aa lrigoyen has been appointed Go vernor of Chihuahua, A letter was received at Vera Cruz from Tamplco on the 7th instant, which announced tho death of Col. Cross of our army. Tho circumstances of his cruol fate are detailed. " He was taken by an armed party of Ranchr rot, and hungimMediattly to a trei I" So suys the letter from Tampico. In the official journal we find the documents by which the manifesto of Gen. Parade* of the *i3d ult was accom panied, and upon which it was basod. They consist of the Mexican reports of event* occurring on the Rio Grando down to the 14th tf April, with the correspond ence between Gens. Ampudia anJ Taylor. We find that tbe accounts we have already given of thoM transactions were accurate and sufficiently lull. In regard to the revocation of Gen Almonte's commis sion, El Tirmpo supposes that it was made either be cause the government had obtained proof of his implica tion in revolutionary projects, or were distrustful of his sentiments towards tne administration. At any rate he was ordered to remain at Havana. The IHario del Gobi irno, commenting upon the article of El Tiempo, says it knows not the authority of the latter for the statement, and that the alleged motive* for the act are not exact Sr. Valdivielto was at last accounts at Paris, und it said to be u diplomatist of ability. He will not give up his Spanish mission. Private letters received at Vera Cruz, announce the arrest of Gen. Rangel. This is the man who was tried and convicted for some revolutionary attempt, but who has escaped puqishment through Kxccutive clemency. The liberal papers have often denounced the course pur sued towards him at so lenient as to be scandalout. El Locomotor i* extremely gratified by the prompt pre paration which was made in the castle of San Juan de L'lloa to give Com. Conner's tquadron a warm reception. Tbe wind wat such, that the tquadron in letting toil, ap proached aomewhat towards t .e castle. Thereupon the guns were manned, matches lighted, and every prepara tion made for repelling an attack. But the squadron sheered oft'and pursued its course. The editor of tho same paper speaks in the highest terms of the state of the fortifications in the Castle. Sinco IH38 a barbet battery has been erected upon the glacit of the Castle, mounting 40 or 60 mortar*, of an immense size. That the cannon and powder are good within the Castle we have no dout>t, for they worn obtained from the United Statai! In thit connection wo may add that a gentleman arrived here yesterday from Vera Cms, who come* over for tho express purposo of making large purchases of |>owder for the Mexican Government. Wo supposed it will be shipped from this port?"in a horn " El locomotor, having made inquiries, it tatisfied that Commodore Connor lias assured the government at Washington that It would require twenty vessels of the largest class to take the Castle, fortified as it now is ; but that the government had replied to him that he must abide by the instructions belore given him?that having 300 guns in hit souadrvn at Sacrificiot, he should only wait to hear that noitilities had commenced on the fron tier,and then proceed to attack the Castle. We pretume that Commodore Connor need* not to be enlightened in the premise*. The Mexican* remote from tho *eat of war were uni versally confident of victory upon the Rio Grande. They founded their hopes purely upon their numerical superiority They set down the number of their own troop* at 10,000 at the least, and that of General Taylor's a: less than 3000. Tho Mexican prett is principally occupied in discui ?ious of the decree restraining the freedom of the pre**, and the manifesto of Gen. Paredet. Upon the former there it the utmost diversity of opinions ; as to the latter there it unwonted unanimity on tho part of the prett; all partiet approve tho manifesto. A coi respondent in tpeaking of the first measure of Sr. Iturbe, the minister of the treasury, impending the pay ment of debt* to which tbe customhouse revenue! were pledged, says it will cause extreme embarrassment to some commercial houses, who will thus be cut off from their resource*. At tbo asm a tinu> he argues that it will facilitate the operations of the government by enabling it to pay the troops at Matamorna, and obtain provisions for them, of which they stand in ?reat need. Upon this we would remark, that if the Mexicans rely upon the re ceipts of the custom houses on the Gnlf for military re source*, they will speedily find themselves at fault, un less we are greatly in error as to the tenor of order* which will shortly be received from Washington. The official paper at Mexico is said to have contradict ed the statement, that the war steamers had been sold to Spain. If this be so. we have inadvertently overlooked the contradiction. A late report at Vera Cruz was that the two steamers were to be sent V) Havana as a neutral and safe port, there to be told at public auction. We have a dcipaxh from Jose Castro, dated from the Commandancia Gen'l of Upper California, Monterey. March 0th, apprising the ifovornment of the arrival of Capt. Fremont. The Captain went down for permission to purchase supplies for his men left in the mountain*. Per mission was refuted him, but a few dayt thereafter the whola of CaptF'i expedition arrived within two dayt'jour ney of Monterey. Castro thereupon sent him word toleave the department at once, and anticipating resistance, he had made preparation to set forth himself at the head of hia troopt to enforce obedience to hit order. He afl'ected to write in great haste, being just about to start. The pa pers give us no detail* as to the result, but we have not the least apprehension for Capt. Fremont [From the New Orleans Tropic, May 19.1 Veka Cart, May 4, 1848. The Josephine sailed on the 30th ult, too soon after the arrival of the mailt, to enable me to tend you any detail of its intelligence. The only important item wat the report of a new " pronunciimien, to.' at the South, he facts connected with which, would- tseem to be these. The supplies forwarded by the government, for the support of the expedition to California, through that section of the country in which fie nor Alvarez wat stationed, were seized by that gentleman, and ap propriated to other object* than those contemplated by Gen. l'arcdes and hi* government A letter from a high and authentic source in the city of Mexico, say*, " The Pronunciamiento i* said to be tor the ree*tabli*hmentof the Federation, but in the meantime call* for a triumvirate compoiod of Generals Santa Anna, Herrera, and Rincon, who are to govern the country until a free election i* mado for a President." That itory w as made to tuit the latitude of the capital, while a very different pretext was assigned to the inhabitant* of the gallant general'* vi> cinity. | There, bit alleged object wu to obtain means to em ploy more vigorou* measure* in cloiing the difficulties between the caste*, or colon; a matter which haa troubled that wild region for some time pa*t No politi cal apprehension* are indulged with reference to tne re aul ta of thii movement, aa it i* regarded us little mere than a common robbery " with a circumstancc." 1 mentioned in my lait the fact that a decree, making printera re?|<on?iblo for matter published in their office*, wai in courie of preparation. It has appeared, and prove* to be tho old ono of 18*29, rtvamptd, to u*e an ap propriate cobbler'a term. Ita effective and natural opera tion waa immediate, and it* fint victim wa* the unfortu nate Vincente Torre*, head of tho " Monitor " eitabliih mcnt; the aame whoee cu*e and acquittal, I mentioned la a late letter. The last article of the decree dcclaro* that, " upon the publication of thi* decree, all peraou* now imprisoned for abusing the liberty of the pre**, ihall lie liberated ? proviaion, which ia charged to have been inserted solely with the object of releasing the writer* belonging to "F.l Tirmpo," impriaoaed for violent advocacy of royalism. lie A *hort time aince, 8enor Uoroitua, the popular head of tho treaiury. not only re futed to approve of the ie*oe of *uch an edict, but de clined all participation in any further proceeding* of the government which could adopt and act upon *uch a tyrannical meaiure. He consequently resigned hi* office, and Parades find* it impossible to induce any com petent man to accept it. Nothing more ia neard of flanta Anna, and hi* friend* begin to look upon him a* trilling with litem. He may, however, have deiign* of which they do not dream, end which are yet unripe. Santa Anna cannot be satisfied in Havana. a In V ucatan, matter* are quiet, and the political pros Gcts fair. Don Juan Cano returnod a few day* since >m hi* million to Merlda, with a distinct negation of every proportion of which he wa* the bearur to that government. The Constitutional Convention i* now in ie?iion, and a good form of government i* confidently ; expected a* a reiultof ita deliberation*. If the United i State* have any influence there.it ihould now be exerted in favor of the liberty of religimi* sentiments, aad equal I religiou* immunities. Beyond that. I fancy, our influ ence cannot, naturally or properly, be made to extend. The imall scrap of Ilrilish new* brought by the U. S. brig Homer*, on the 30th ult, gave the people here great satisfaction, a* it ronflrma their hope* of an early war be | tween that nation and the United btatas. j F.l Locomotrr, of the lit jn?tan ?ay* : "We are In 1 debted to a friend, entitled to all credit, for the important i newt, brought by the Anglo-American brig of war Somen, kc . that the Kugliah government, having finished ! the armament* tome time ago commenced, hava now i ordered to be fitted out twelve thipt, of over fifty gun* each, which, from their class and lorce, are presumed to I be destined to *erve in a war against the iiavv of tba United mate*. At least, such i* the opinion of well-in 1 formed men." * * * * " It i* believed In England 1 that tbequettion with the United Stales haa grown most grave and critical, and tho fear la becoming general that it ?ill very toon reiult in a war between tne two nations.'' The " Convocatoria" of January, and the election* under it. are j et as unpopular as ever. Tha Departmental AMeaibliea?answering to our Htate Legislature*- are generally opposed to them, but ara powerless, from ig norance, and the want of spirit in their constituencies. Some propose the substitution of the " Convocatoria" of tha Itth of December, ittt, and it ia not improbable thit I'arede* will accept the proposition a taw days before the time for Congress to ateemble, a* by doing so he retains tha government tome twe or three months longer ia hi* vwabwda. California and OregonJICxpedlUon Uinta Fa lirsun Cot-mar, JO miles West of Independence, I loth Mar, 1H4?. ( I did not receive your favor of the 'JSth ult., directed to ma at Independence, until after our arrival at this encamp ment, and aa 1 write aaatad on the ground, and a knobby trunk for my deak, 1 cannot make my answer aa accept able aa 1 could hope to do, under more favorable clrcum ?tancea. The company bound for California la composed of aa much intelligence and respectability, certainly, as erer wended their way to a new country, and the integrate are representatives from alau>st every Stale in the Union. 1 waa juit viaited by a gentleman and lady each, who came from 'the widely aeparated States of Louisiana and Pennaylvania. We have, alto, clergymen, lawyer*, physiciana, painter*, aad mechanic* or every trade, In cluding aomc jolly printera. We will wait here for all the emigrant* to com* up, when wo will organize, and begin in earnest our long journey, which will probably be accompliahed by Mon day evening io a* to admit ?f our final departure on Tuesday morning. The umigrants are provided with every comfort neoee sary for a six month* trip, and the mode of trmrel 1* la light wagons, universally drawn by oxen, and usually about three yoko to a wagon. It i* impossible to form any thing like an accurate Idea of our number, but it i* very large?far mora than I had dared to hope: I can now count from my preient humble seat, over one hundred wagons, and estimating each we 1;on to contain five *ouls, we have at this encasopmea*. at east 600 persons?all bound for California, like num ber, I think, cannot fall ahort of 1,000. .*? The Oregon fever haa abated, and 1 think the oambar cannot bo largo that will strive for a place in the debate able land. _ I have just recoived a letter from Colonel Kearney, at Port Leavenworth, to whom I lent an expreea to know something of the Mormons, who are crossing the Mia souri river in great number* at 8t. Josephs. He inform* me that at least 2,000 have actually passed, and thet oth ers are daily crowing, lie represents them as well pro vided with all needful monitions of war, including a train of artillery, but thinks that they have no hostile intentions towards us, unless it be to Governor Doggs, whose 1m desires me to caution to be on the alert I design to treat them with proper courtesy, bat if thep will not receive our passing friendship, why thej must take their own course, but tney cannot bully this crowd without paying a price that even a Mormon will sot relish. Mut 1 do not expect any trouble whatever with them,and it is, therefore,in bad taste to comment abont it My mess consists of Mesir*. Edwin Bryant, late editor ef the Louisville Courier, who is preparing to write r book, and a good one may be expected) and al'oaoaa of John L. Jacob and Doctor E? ing, of Louisville; aad, aa the Yankee* *ay, two help*. Innr.rEiincwcT:, (Mo.,) May 11, IMfi. Our town for the laat few weeks, Ua* presented a acene of business equal to a crowded city, f migrant* to Oregon and California have been pouring in from all auartor* to this point, which is made their general ren ezvotis. It is here that most of then* ?iy in their outfit*, comprising all sort* of merchandis e, groceries, and pro visions?wagon*, oxen, mules and harness. There are, this spring, twe distinct companies, one to Oregon, and tho other to California ; heretofore they hare made but one company until they have crossed the mountain*; but at'present the number to bach expedition is sufficient to organize ami protect themselves from the Indian*. Thenumber of emigrants is not yet known, nor aan It be until they reach their general encampment on Kansas river, about* 100 miles west of this place, and where a census will be taken. A finer looking body ofemigraata than the present, I have never seen?manly aad bold la ih^ir appearance, and generally woll equipped for ao long and tedious a journey as they hare before them. I Among them are persons of all ages, even to the old man following his grandchildren. I aaw a venerable man, Ti years of age, who has been a sea captain, and was bora upon a cape of our Atlantic coast, now going te burr hi* bones upon tho shores of the Pacific. He is a patriarch indeed?has his children and grand Children with kiaa. and ten wagons to convey them?a small fleet for the plains. Some of the emigrant* have wagon* fitted ap ia the best possible style, carpeted, with cnaira, bed and look ing-glass, for the convenience of famibea. There are numerous young girls, just blooming into womanhood, and man of them beautiful, neatly dreeaed, and bound for Oregon and California. Young men going to those distant countrie* need have no fear of not being able to get a wife; for I assure them that the aaiortment of girl* in the present companies is by no mean* indifferent Some of the wagon cover* have on them " Oregon? 64 40?all or none !"?and say they are willing to AgM for it, if necessary. Part of the Oregon emigrants hare started, and others will start to-morrow. Their present camp i* 18 miles southwest of Independence. The California emigrants will not leare for a few day* In my next, I wLl give you *ome statistical information of the present companies?their number, oommaadera, number of wagons, amount of proriiions, fee. fcc. A number of Hanta Ke companies have come la thi* spring, and some havo gone out. Magoffin's compear will be in to-morrow, or next day, from Chihuahua Nearly double the amount of goods will be taken oat this yeer to any previous yesir. It is thought that upwards of four hundred wagons will leave Independence for Mexloe this year, and they may be safely set down at foar thou sand dollars per wagon. Col. 8. C. Owens has not rat left. Ho has a very large amount of goods directly lnv ported from England, thereby haring tae duty taken off at this point, if they pass through in the original packaga Most of the traders are beginning to take the benefit of the drawback, by purchasing foreign good* in the origi nal peckage. Speyer* k Co., are to leare to-day, with a very large lot of Knglish goods. I will giro you, shortly, some statistical information of this important trade a trade that, I believe, could be made of the utmoet imparl ance to Missouri. The amount of specie brought ia an nually to this point it very great, and might be greatly increased. I have hastily given you a sketch of theea things, bat will, in my next, enter into the details aad give you facts as they stand.? Cor. St. Lout's KiysiHtta. Supreme Court?Decisions?May Term, IMS. New Triul Granted, costs to abide the event.? Taylor ada.Chase k Aihler; La Farge vs.Herter and Dfl lenback; Adams, sheri/T, kc. ada. Dexter and Veaxio; Paddock va. Sabin, et al.; Bunn, aherifl', kc. ada. MeDo nald; The fourth Great Weatarn Turnpike ada. Babcock; Cooke ada. Waahburn; Norton and Norton re. Koona; The Phenix Banka va. Gregory, et al.;Cumming va J oka son, et.al. New Trial Denied?Ofterhout v* Shoemaker k Shoemaker: Hecney, et aL ada. Jamea and ffm. Heeney, Rich v?. Baker;Taylor Snyder, impl'd, lie.; A dame ada. Walth; Marvin va. Richmond, impl'd, Itc.; Patridge and I'atridge ada. Luther; Congdon va Sandford: Dow* va. Schutt and Dusenburv; Glover va. WhittenhaU: Pta pelley. im| I'd, kc. ads. Cuihing and Horner; Williams ada. Marki, aup't, kc., of Salt Springs; Blanc hard, at aL va. Nesle; Jackway, et al. ada. Van Haaan; Tompkins County Bank va. Chapla, at aL; Stephana ada Charter; Camp and Tervy ada. Bowen, at aL ; Kingiland and Kingiland ad*. Cowman; Sullivan va. Oarty; Swift, et aL -re. Been; Wager ada. Slow. Judgment Affirmed.?Campball va. Clark; The People va. Payne; People va. Jackson; People va. Brown, Pea pie va La Orange, People va Uroot: Meaick va A dame; Shfl, kc.; Coddtngton va Davia et aL; Winalow va The Mayor, kc.; Champion va, Tlaklepaugh; Lockwood va Ward k Greene; Matthew* va. Truman; Weaver va Dwavendorf etal.; Baker va Decker; Sheldon k Smith va. Lowell et al.: Letta va. Marley, admr. kc.; Howell k White v* Scheifielin k Ferri* ; Miller va Knaballj N? vin va. Ladue k Nelaon ; William* va Larkin k Cole j Shove v* Raynor; Mead va Lawson: White va Ap pleby ; Shull et al va; Getman; Waldorf va Yates t Gregory vaStry ker; Wemple va Goodard; Peck va Brigge k Canfleld: Dunlap va. Hunting; Waller va Jennieon; Sackrider It Sackrider va Know lei; Whittaker v*. Edeeli Compton v*. Keeler k Heeler; Price va f'latti Kdgertea va.Mather et al.; Millena va. Shafer; Bulkley va Park; Deach k Tracy va Spelman; The People va TetfettM. Judgment Reveraed?Sibley va. Howards Roaae va Richardaon; Hewett va. Sully k Dunn; Cook va. Owen*; Banfll va Malburn; Squire vs. Beecher; Kellogg k Kel logg va. Church; Hakea va. Caaler k Roaecrante; Suther land vs. Loucks; Frederick va Monk: Buahoell va. Pal ver; Lewia va. Miner; Cornell va. Moulton New trial granted on payment of costs?Troy City Bank v*. Wagert rerguion ada Foehay. Judgment (or defendant on de murrer, leave to amend on u*ual term*?Selye k t.untada Miliikin; Hotchki** ad*. Bartlett; Bripg* imp'd, kc., ada Chamberlain k Chamberlain; People ex reL Fowler va Flagler et al. Judgment forjilfT*. on demurrar, leave to amend on the usual term*?The People, ex. rei.TayWt, et ai.ra.Thompeon.et aL; Waller et aLedaMetttewaepi Brad ley vs. Burwell and Alexander ; fcer^aer, uup'd, la, ada Warrca Motion to aet a?M* report of referee 4a> mod?Uoddard. imp'd, kc., ada. unilua ; Btaaklajr, ada Whiting, et al.; Lly va. Cobb; Prior va Davfc et al. Report of referee aet aiide, coat* to iMk the evie* t ostigan va Mohawk and Htidsoa H K. Co. 1 Hoffman ad*. Delehanty. Judgment rsvsraed?Vakii* da Novo? Smith v*. Brfggi 1 Mirrick va. Ashley ; Coflrtney aad wife va. Baker ; McDowell vs. WarTen: fhflliaa et aL va. Apnlcton et aL Juddgment reversed, aad judgment (>r the V?ople on demurrer?The People va. Tartar: the same v*. the mkiio; the Teople va Payne; the People va Lagrange ; the People va Lawrence; the People va Mob tro?s. Judgment of the Common Pins reversed, and that of the Justice affirmed?Slxby va Sharp; JaakJna k Har rington va Van Antwerp: Gravea k Beat va McKeoa ; Adam* vs. Wynhook; RadclUT va. Howe; Pecker va Mar rley: Winship va. Noble; Pulver va.Milea; Wood vaBarv: Brecker, va. O W. Pent*; Farnaworth, va. Conrow aad Conrow; llalae, va. Dederlck: Jewell, vs. Purdy. Judg ment reversed, and judgment for defendant oa dem error ?Ordway, va the People. New trial denied, and pro ceeding* remitted to N. Y. General Seesione, with diree tiona to proceed and render Judgement?Miller, implead i ed, kc, ads. The People; Honey man, impleaded, he., ada | the People. Judgment on demurrer for plaintu on the ! id count, aad for defendant on the Id aad 4th counts.? I Leave to amend on the uaual terete?Bradley, jr., ad. Ven I Renieeleer; Bradley, jr., ada Vaa Reaeoelaer.et.aL Judgment arrested, unleee the plaintiff* at next speolal term obtain aa order ao amending the report aa to make it anolicablo to the 1st and 3d count* exclusively?SpeL maneltl ada Borst and wife. Judgment tor defendant ' on demurrer to 1st and Sd counts, aad for plaintif on do , murrer to the plea to the 3d count?leave to amend on usual term*?Kdmunds and Kdmunds, ada The People. fon Calipoknia.?Several families of Mormon*, numbering Ijetwcen forty and fifty person*, ar rived here on Saturday on board the steamer Demxen - They are from Chester aad Schuylkill eeenttea^Peno aylvania, and go from thi* to Nauvoe for the purpose ? joining the companies that are going from wsipj""' These that arrived yeaterday mornii* sepeer*** bet tersertof people, quite intelligent looking. and, Jfrom ap|?arance?, are potaeaaed of some preNrtT- They 'hVr^.m^7g^fyn^^o/t,Sehtld f*Jni , ture