4 Haziran 1847 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1

4 Haziran 1847 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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TH Vol. no. Mo. 154?Wfeols Mo. ?T51. A1RITAL OF THE STEAMSHIP HIBERNIA AT BOSTON. ELEVEN DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE. Important Commercial Intelligence. State of the Cotton Market. 'advance ingrain. THE SUPPLY OF FOOD \H EUROPE. TJIE MONEY PRESSURE IN ENGLAND. Change of the Ministry in Prance. The Revolution in Portugal. MEXICAN PRIVATEERS. THE CAPTURE OF THE AMERICAN BA1H CAHMBLITA. Sic., Sic., &c. The steamship Hibernia, Captain Ryrie, arrived at Boston at five o'clock yesterday morning. She sailed from Liverpool on Wednesday, the 19th ult. The intelligence is eleven days later than that brought by the beautiful Rainbow. It was transmitted, in brief, over the telegraphic wires to the New York Herald, office. It is almost unnecessary to say that the news to the commercial classes is particularly important. The cotton trade hod suffered severely from the pressure which prevailed in the monetary circles. A better feeling, however, began to manifest itself after merchants had leisure to peruse the advices brought by the Cambria, which arrived at Liverpool on the 14th of May. A greater amount of business was done, and prices had an advancing tendency. The sales in the fortnight ending on the 14tb, were 55,360 bales; of this quantity 4,100 American were taken on speculation, 1,800 American for export. In the week ending on the 14th, a further decline of one-eighth of a penny per pound was accepted by holders of American descriptions. The smallness of the stocks of grain all over Europe, itnd the consequent scarcity of provisions became more and more felt, and high as prices were previously, a further and impoftant advance had taken place in the value of l^eadstuffs, as well in this country as in many of the near continental ports, within the fortnight ending on the 18lh. k The supply in the" kingdom to carry them on to next harvest, and the doubt generally entertained, whether enough will reach England from foreign countries to make up for the home deficiency, were the causes of the late advances; and we must admit that the shortnesss of the supplies from the growers?the rapid diminution of the stocks in the granaries, at the different maritime ports, and the general tone of the advices from abroad, have ufforded ample grounds for apprehension. Wheat had, however, reached so high a point, as to put it beyond the reach of the poorer classes. A greatly contracted consumption would therefore follow, and this would |>erhaps be the means of staying any further immediate rise on the present value of wheat. Tiie latest accounts from the continental markets show that much scarcity prevails in several parts, but as the navigation was opened large supplies were expected to come down the river in a very Bliort time, whereby the wants of the people of those countries would not only be supplied, but that numerous cargoes would be transported to England. Accounts from Smyrna dated 30th ult., mention that grain had further declined in value, and that the accounts from the adjacent localities on the subject of the crop, were decidedly of a nature greatly to allay future anxiety, while the estimate made of the quantity available for pre sent necessities, exceeded ull previous returns. The market for American cured provisions kept steady, and ns there was little or nothing of this description of goods arriving from Ireland, the importations from the United States in most instances met a ready sale. The value of beef, pork, and hams, was much the same as last noted. Bacon, however, in consequence of the scarcity of supplies, and particularly of fresh meat, which ranged from 7^d to 9d per lb, had an excellent demand, and the rates were current at from 2r to 3s above those last noted. Of cheese, the arrivals during the fortnight had been of a limited character; prices consequently had advanced Is per cwt?the prices obtained on the 18th vary from 4'2s to 66s per cwt., according to the quality. There had been u decline of 2s. to 3s. per cwt in American tallow since the 4th ult. That article was, on the 18th, '14s. to 46s. per cwt.? There was no American butter in the market. The pressure upon the money market had been more severe than had been experienced for years past; matters,however, appeared to be improving. *_ -i... I. i...,i i ; in llir IIIHI WCCft UiWIC 110,14 UCSW Oil lilUICBBC in the deposits to the extent of five hundred nud seventy thousand pounds, which the rest, and the reserve, have also increased considerably. The Bullion had increased to the extent of a quarter of a million, these favorable circumstances enabled the Hank to discount more freely, even on hills that have had as much as 3 months to run ; advances were made to hankers at 54 per cent on protniscous paper. The favorable state, of the American changes had a beneficial effect on the market. The consul market nevertheless had been marked throughout by gpncral heaviness, and the belief was general that the Chancellor of the Exchequer would have to fund a portion of the exchequer hills afloat in Liverpool. We are glad to state thut the payments of the last week, wnicn were supposed to De the heaviest ever known, were provided for, and that the Ilihernia has brought the news of all engagements fulfilled. The pressure during the last fortnight was most intense, bitt by extraordinary efforts nnd sacrifices, credit was preserved. The position of affairs was this ; the extreme pressure was gone, but money remained extremely scarce and dear, far too dear for the profitable prosecution of business. The (juotations for all the several stocks though lower than th| closing prices of the last E NE' i | steamer, must be understood to be one to two per cent higher than the lowest prices during the interval. A very decided improvement took place between the 8th and 18th ult. There can be no doubt that the bank waa in a steadily improving position. The present amount of bullion held by the establishment,was estimated by very competent judges, to be ten millions; whilst the reserve of the bank notes was nearly four millions. The market on the 18th ult. wus steady, with little doing. It was stated in the French Chamber of Peers on the 10th inst., by the minister of Commerce and Agriculture, that the prospects of the next harvest were extremely promising. Notwithstanding this prospect, the markets continue to rise in various parts of France. The account of-an investment bv the Emueror of Russia in the English funds, had produced a great sensation in Paris. It deprived the recent investment in the French funds of its chai racter of exclusive friendship to the French go| vernment. Among the passengers of the Iliberniu is the CounteBs of Elgin. A Barcelona date of the 30th May, states that the Mexican privateer Unica, of VeraCruz, carrying one gun and 33 men, had captured in the waters of Ivica and brought into Barcelona, the American barque Carmelita, of 193 tons, Cnpt. Edwin Littlefield, bound from Ponce, P. R., with coffee to Trieste. The market town of Great Szalonta, in the district of Bihar, caught fire on the 17th of April, and one-flftb of it was laid in ashes. American floor is getting largely into consumption in Lincoln, and it is said to be innnitely better than tho hntnft nin.ni*fAf?f.nr<w! The beautiful packet ship Rainbow, Captain Benjamin. during her stay in Liverpool, was an object of muoh admiration to nautical men. Thrf Free Trade Association of Belgium has called a mooting of the economists of all the world, at a general congress to be held at Brussels on the 16th of September next. An action has boen commenced by Mr. Bunn, in the Court of Queen's Bench, against Jenny Lind, for an alleged breach of contract. The King of Denmark has granted a sum of $15,000 for the purposo of furnishing bread to the poor at a price below the market rate. It is reported that the Prussian and Austrian governments intend to increase the duty on beetroot sugar, with the view of inducing landowners to grow grain instead of beetroot. It lifts been proposed to import msndioo or cassava flour, from Brazil, with the view of using It a* a substitute for wheaten or other meal. Several Gorman engineers have arrived in Egypt, in order to make the necessary surveys for cutting a ship canal through the Isthmus of Suez. On Wednesday, 12th ult., tho London bakers again raised the pricertf the 41b iosf \d, so that the best bread is now sold arsil a pouud, while bread of an Inferior quality is sold at the rate of 10>{d tho 41b loaf. A mine of rock salt, which has just been discovered in the environs of Leinberg, in Austrian GaUlcia. is said to be richer than that of Wieliozka, in the same provinoe, hitherto considered the richest in Europe. The quantities of wheat exported from the United Kingdom to foreign countries in the month of April, amounted to 134,000 quarters; and the quantity simultaneously imported to 222,182 quarters. At the ond of April, the lakes and rivers near Stockholm, together with the port and roadstead, to the distance of four leagues, were so solidly frozen, that carts heavily laden could pass over. A new play, catled " Tcmpler," by the editor of the Jltlai, Mr. Robert Bell, was produced at the Haymarket on Monday, with great success. The principal characters were represented by Karren, Mrs. Glover, and Miss Kortosque. A Faris paper says that a rumor prevails that Meliemet All. in imitation of the Kmperor of ltussiu, has otfercd to exchange two millions sterling worth of corn against Krench treasury bonds. Some very successful experiments have been made in various parts of England and Wales, testing the comparative advantages of gun-powder and gun-cotton. The advocates for the latter are increasing daily. Tho principal object of Dr. Alden's mission to America is to effect an amicable adjustment of certain ecclesiastical differences which have, for the last seven years, existed between the British and the Canadian Wesieyan Societies. A bell weighing 4 tons 13 cwt. 2 qrs., being twice the size of the famous " Tom of Lincoln,'' has just been completed at the foundry of Messrs. Mears. Whiterliapel, London, for the Roman Catholic Cathedral, Montreal. Several corporals and privates of the Guards have deserted, and proceeded to Moxioo, where some of them have obtained commissions. It is said that Mexican agents are busily employed in seducing the men to desert. Admiral Sir Robert Stop ford, (4.C.B., has been appointed Viee-Adtniral of Great Britain and Ireland, aud Lieutenant of the Admiralty, vice Admiral Sir Ilavidge Gould, deceased. Admiral Sir T. B. Martin, G.C.B., HUCCABllri Sir 11. R Stfinfofil an Ti orvr A^miwul ITI ted Kingdom. Thoro had been some very severe weather in the Highlands. Yesterday week the hi.ls were thickly coated with snow. Vegetation is at least three weeks more backward than usual. Many of the potato fields, abandoned in despair when the stems blackened and died, have, on being turned up, yielded a considerable supply of sound potatoes. Some time ago the ship Swatara was driven on to the coast of thu Isle of Man in a gale, and to save the ship I the masts were rut away. Having refitted, she sailed | for the United States. In a few days, off the South of | Ireland, she again lost one of her masts, and, with sevoral of the emigrants on board dead, pat iuto an Irish port. Having again refitted, she recently sailed a seenJ time fur her destination. Intelligence has been received that the unfortunate ship has put iuto Derry, having lost her masts a third time, and with moro of the passengers dead. Many manufactories in Catalonia have been closed, and great numbers of workmen are consequently deprived of employment. The Duke of Argyle proposes to ship above one thousand persons from his estates In the Highlands, to Canada. Ttao F.arl af F.lgln is to have the green riband, vacant by the death of tuc Duke of Argyll. A great assemblage of German singers is about to be held at Uremen, which Is to be attended by uiue hundred vocalists. The ice has began to break up In the Neva at its jmiction with thu Uadoga lake, and parts of the river are already quite cleared In order to diminish the consumption of bread, the Saxon Government has forbidden new broad to be sold. The Government of lioheniia has decided that tha Jesuits shall not be allowed to reside at I'ranue. The Hociete General* of Belgium has just lowered to 4X per cent Us rate of discount ou commercial bills. The British Government have taken steps to send out Sir J. Kichmrdson with bis overland expedition to the North Pole. Several plantations of coITee hare been established in the Sandwich Inlands, and the ijutility of the produce is said to be good. Sir Charles Napier. It seems, has boon suddenly ordered to hoist ills tlag at Portsmouth, and proceed to lake the command of the Lisbon fleet. The Government have resolved to reinstate Lord Ouudonald in the Order of the Bath, which he so gallantly won, mid of which he was so unjustly deprived North Amkhicam Mail Htiam Ships ?The first of the four new steam-ships intended for this servioe, which will establish 11 weekly mail communication between Liverpool aud America, woe launched at Greenock, on 1 hiirsdny. 13th Inst., from the building yard of Messrs. R. Steele h Co., and named the America. She is n remarkably flue ship, of IHOO tons. The length of keel and fore rake is -jai feet, aud breadth of beam 3H feet. She was all ready for launching about ten days ago. but I owing to the prevalence of easterly winds, there was not sufficient water for her at the slip. Ou Thursday, howl ever, there was a tine high tide, aud about balf past ten in the fornnou, every thing that bound her to trrrd Jirmn having been removed, the good ship glided into her destined element in beautiful stylo. The building of the Niagara and Kurnpa is proceeding very rapidly, and In a few months we shall have the satisfaction of seeing these additional ships In weekly communication with Liverpool aud New York and Boston; and the service performed by the contractors. Samuel Luuard, Esq., of llalitHX, George Burn, Ken. of Glasgow, and Charles Mac I vst. Ksip, of Liverpool, in the svtne admirable manner which has characterised the doings of this company since its establishment. Ahiiivai. or New Y'nsa Pai.rkt Shiss.?Since the -in..- ?k. -v-i- ? -1?1. ? ' ?? - ? "? ,,u me ?m in*lanl, wo have had threo arrival*, bringing u* later new* from tho Luitud State*. Ou tho night of the Ath in*tant, tho Loudon packet ?hip l'rinoo Albert reached the Mer*ey, with date* from New York to the 10th of April She wm followed iu a few hour* afterward* by the tranaitablp Arioole Captaiu Hoodie**, with new* from the aame city to the 14th ult. On the evening of the 14th, paper* from New York to the 1 nth of April readn d u* Tiny were brought by thcfamoU'i packet *hip York hire. Capt. Bally, who, with hi* u*uat activity and promptitude, landed t hem at Core. A>i> mcam Scrruic* to* tio: Diitreiied latin,?Sir Hugh Pigot, the Admiral commanding in chief at Cork, having received intimation that the Macedonian frigate may bu expected from the United State* with aupplier, contributed by America, for the diatro***d population of Ireland, tha gallant oflicer ha* ordered the Zephyr, Holyhead *teain packet, Lieutenant Commander l.add, to be in readinea*, at Cork, to aaaiat tho frigate on her making that port. W YO NEW YORK, FRIDAY M< Scarcity of Food ?The following order has boon 1 issued by the Lord Steward of tli? Queen's household :? i Her Alajesty having taken into consideration the high < price of proTis'ous. and especially breadstuff*, has been ' p.Bvtuuoij iu couurianu iiiat irum iuc u?io this, 2nd* only of flour shall b? used In her Majesty's 1 household, anil that the dally allowance of bread hall j be 1 lb per head to caoh person dieted in the palace. Mu? CmmuH.-We regret to itate that thie lady haa 1 been dangerously 111. Shu haa now. however. sufficiently recovered to proceed upon a visit to the "Loxelles," near Birmingham VVe are informed Miss Cushman will shortly proceed to the Continent, where she will remain until quite restored, and then return to her London engagement ; when she will produce a new play, written for her by a very celebrated novelist. Miss Susan Cuahman has been acting very successfully at Blackburn and Newcastle [Staffordshire]. Mr. Ueoiui VasDCNHuvr.?This gentleman made his first appearance, sinoe his return from America, on Weduesduy last, the l'Jth ull. in his favorite character of ' Mantlet." Me was enthusiastically applauded throughout. Dissolution or Parliamcnt.?The latest rumor is that Parliament will be dissolved on the 19th or iltith of Juue, if public business admits; if not, the dissolution will not be later than the first week In July. Two Weeks Review off Affairs In Europe. [From the European Times. May 19.] The commercial pressure to which we alluded In our last has continued unabated. The intensity iu the interval has rather lnorcased than otherwise. The Bank of England has been besieged with deputations from the great marts of trade through the country, celling for relief ; and the papers have teemed with elaborate disquisitions on corn, curretey, and cotton?the three C's which rule trade, and absorb men's minds at the nresent time, to the exclusion of all topics leu Immediately affecting the pocket* of all who owe fealty to our sovereign lady Victoria. Strange disclosures respecting commercial embarrassment, In times of uflliction like the present, take place in the Bank 1'arlor. Wealthy merchants, (lie recipients, in times of ordinary prosperity, of incomes at which a Nabob would marvel, are obliged, by the fate which rules nations as well as individuals, to bend the knee in humbleness, and cry for help. Another high priest of Crresus, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, has had poured into his unsympathlsing soul recently, tales of sorrow that would melt uuy material less hard than gold, less tliuty than a Chancellor's heart. A deputation of merchants, atUicted with a plethora of produce aud a paucity of specie, from Liverpool, waited upou this functionary the other day. ' Vou are," said he. addressing one strong but mournful-looking visage before him, " a considerable bolder of cotton, I believe?" '1 he visage was obliged to own the soft imCeachment. " i am oue of the largest holders iu the ingdom," was the reply. " Then take my advice," rejoined the inexorable guardian of the national purse, ' go home and sell it!" * _ * * * QLMouey is so scarce, that an artificial value is imparted to it. Mou of undoubted solvency must sellout at whatever sacrifice, iu order, as tho Americans quaiutly phrase it, " to realise." All public securities are depressed? the value of the best descriptions of railway stock has fallen euormously?trade is nearly brought to a standstill?credit receives a shock which shatters the whole social system?and the capitalist and the carpenter, on the score of independence, may shake hands, as there is soarculy a shaving between them ! Terrible, this?but true. The Chancollor opens his mouth lu Parliament, and what do ? the oracle declare? Why.that he will raise the interest on Exchequer bills, which are now a drug in the market, in order to ease the hank, and prevuut the necessity of his applyiug to it in advauce of the national revenue?a strange remedy, not surpassed in originality by the more philosophic attempt to extract sunbeams from cucumbers ! * ? ? * The House of Lords has been making a painful experiment on public patience. The Irish poor law having escaped the shoals and quicksands of the Lower House, was launched last wuek into the more aristocratic brauoh of the Legislature. The Irish landlords, headed by that frothy Milesian nobleman, Lord Monteaglc, a creature of the wbigs, and formerly one of their colleagues, ilew at it with a rugo only excelled by the vindictiveuess with which a mud bull attacks u scarlet cloak, and so mauled and disfigured the pool thing that when it was picked up, vitality had tied?hardiv a feature could he recoct nized! Tho bill, our readers are aware, has for itH object a benevolent duty, which ought long slnee to have been enforced?namely, that of making the laud support the poor; in other word*, compelling the proprietor* of the *oll to contribute toward* the umlotcuuuce of tho pauper* in propo(tiou to their stake in tho country. But this would not answer the purpose of Irish landlordism. To saddle Irish destitution on the Saxons, and send ragfed wretchedness in shoals across the channel, to loster and spread disease aud contagion around, is the aim and ' end of the philanthropic lords of broad acres in green Krin. Noble disinterestedness! which, to the scaudal of British peers, found too many coadjutors. The amendment amounts to this?to try out-door relief for u twelvemonth, so that by niakiug it uuccrtaiu giving it an ephemeral trial instead ot a fair chance of working permanently?it may be the more readily obstructod and defeated. A direct negative would have been far more straightforward and honorable. Political consequences of the highest importance are involved in this move of the refractory peers. Already the ministry are putting their house in order preparatory to a dissolution; uud, as a set off attaint the cruel injury inflicted ou the Irish poer law hill, the (tovernment has stopped the bill for advancing three quarters of a million of money to three needy Irish railways?a just and spirited retribution.under the circuinstanoes. seeing that the bulk of the money would ultimately reach tbc puree* of the landlords. ?The House of Lords, on the bringing up of the report, has hud the good sense to rescind Lord Montcaglu's amendment, which limited the Irish poor law bill to a brief exlsteuce, The Lord Lieutenant of Ireland is dead. Lord Bcsborougl), since the time that he assumed the office, has won golden opinions, which he has not been destined to enjoy Of all offices under the Hritish crown, this is the most trying and thu most thankless. There is really little practical utility In maintaining the representative of mujesty in state in Dublin; a bad imitation of, in fact a kind of living satir i on monarchy in Knglaud?for. virtually, all the onerous duties appertaining to the situation are chalked out, if not carried into effect, In the hoino secretary 's bureau iu Downing street. But the Irish are foud of show,?are poor, aud can neither dispense with the pride and pouip of the office, such as It is. nor with the outlay in hard cash that accompanies its administration It* abolition would be a buuctlt; for it would make the distinction of political favours less a natter of toadyism to the great man for the time being in Dublin Castle than it Is at present. This lord lieutenancy is. moreover, a badge of conquest; for the extinction of which, if the Young Inlanders had any practical patriotism or personal respect, they woulu loudly insist ????* ? Hut is due to the late distinguished nobleman to say, that he lias displayed great Brmuess of character, a high grasp of intellect.aud most commendable Industry, since he assumed power across the channel by the way, one of the most trying periods in the history of poor bleeding Ireland's mirtortunes. He expired at hi* official residence on Sunday night. May, which came in cheerless and bleak, has been putting oo her sweet anil sylvan beauty with gay good humor, to the delight of the farmer, iIih happiness of the merchant,ami the satisfaction of everybody The greatest miafortuue that can utUict humanity in a barren harvest; it paralyse* man's ingenuity. and like the wand of an enolianter, transmutes the princely mansion to the pea sant's cottage. Such a calamity, thank Heaven, is more distant than it appeared it fortnight back. At that time the season was unusually backward, and. coupled wilti the existing scaroity ot fond, people became seriously alarmed about the futuru. The feeling is now reversed? hope has banished despondency: and. from present appearances. every indication exists of an early and prolific yielding of the earth's fruits. It is nvedless to enlarge upon the very great advantage of a good harvest this year to the whole of our population. A continuance of sucli weather as the present will ensure us good crops of barley aud oats in this country; and if on the continent it should'be of the same kind, the rye crop, which is the grvat^upport of the people, can scarcely fail to turn out iml tills season. With all spring corn a good start is more than half the race, as it grows rapidly, and is comparatively safe if it can once cover the ground with a tolerably thick herbage. We have before us reports from utmost every district of the country, which satisfy us that the Improvement aud prospects of a good harvest are almost universal. The wheat crop Is at present too early to speuk ot; but we may say tbut no weather could be more favorable fur It than the present. It will bo observed that tho price of wheat and flour is still on the advance, and there exists on the part of uiauy persons a great fear of scareity, it being impossible to estimate with any degree of certainty, the stork iu the hands of the farmers. As regards the continent, it was stated in the Chamber of Terrs on the 10th inslaut, by the Minister of Commerce and Agriculture. that the prospects of the next harvest were extremely promising The crops throughout Belgium are said to promise an abundant harvest A correspondent of a London paper says: " I have Just traversed the whole of the central and upper districts of the Peninsula. I ran affirm that for the last twenty years never was the aspect ofthe country, or the operations of the farmer. In a state no promising. Krom Kgypt, we learn that the oorn harvest in both Upper and Middle Kgypt bad been got in. and was most ubuudant; the Viceroy estimates that there will be 4.1100.000 lieetoli tres of corn for exportation in July, at the rise of the waters 01 me The several governments of the Continent continue te give encouragement to the import of artlclcmf food.? The Norwegian government ha* annulled the duty on barley, ryn, nat*, buckwheat, and mail*, to the HOtli of August next. In Belgium, grain, pea*, and all kind* of Dulse. potatoes, rice, salt, and smoked meats, are declared free to entree up to the l*t of October, I8id. The government has, besides, the power to extend the powers of the bill to the 81st of December, and ha* authority to prohibit the exportation of tbo above articles during the same period. The King of the Two Sicilies has suspended the duties on the import of all kinds of grain The Prussian government has forbidden the exportation , of potatoes, mid has also prohibited the disthlatipu of , spirits from potatoes or grniu. The exportation of corn from the Austrian dominions has been prohibited for live months At home, by an order of government ' addressed to tlio Commissioners of Customs, rice meal will be admitted free until the 1st of Heptemlier next,. Kurope at large is suffering under the dire calamity of scarcity of food. The laboring classes in s?veral of the continental cities and towns, as wsll as many residing in the United Kingdom, have lately exhibited symptoms of outrage and plunder The accounts of the nth of May, from Uerrsoberg, Uraob, Ludwlgsburg, and Oop UK H 3RNING. JUNE 4, 1847. pingen In Wirtemberg, state that great anxiety waa fait i it thoia towns for loar of outbreak." Precautionary I measures had bean taken liv tho citizens. An attack was made on tho shop of a baker in Brussels, whom they l forced to make a distribution of bread; and. fubsequently i the rioters proceeded to the premises of a corn merchant. which they purposed plundering, but were pre- 1 rented by the military and police Private letters state that there bare been riots Ln Kommotan, and also In Egerand Leitmeritc, directed against foreign corndealers. The rioters were pursued out of Eger with showers of stones as far as Waldsassen; and In Leitmcmeritz a speculator iu corn had both his ears cut off ! Several houses and sbo.-s were plundered at Posen on the 'iOlli ult.. and many carts, laden with corn and Hour. Considerable excitement prevails In Nottiughaiu. In England, where some contributions have been levied off several bakers and provision dealers. Jenny Llnd. the great soprano of her Majesty's theatre. has been setting the world by the ears. She is the great idol of the day?the only idol that the htau mondt will worship, ller notes are the only ones that a bank of discount will not turn up their nasal organs at in these time*. England, strange as it may sound in the ears of foreiguors, Is actually beooming musical. There is some talk of a coalition. Human prejudice, like human life, is ephemeral, constantly changing, variable as the hues of the chainclion. A coalition, a few years ago. would have shocked men's prejudices. Now It is mentioned ns a thing not only possible, but probable. Already. Sir James Graham has been sent to ludia askJoTertior-iJcneral?by ruinor; and the younger lieutenants of Peel's official dramatit \perio*<t, are assigned major and minor situations in tho whig cabinet. Strange iiti iuf statement may appear, thu whig*. ax a party, although, with on* exception In the memory of man. powerless numerically ipeaklng, have always been (strong in talent. Whiggery advances--Toryism is stationary; and hence the reason why the ablest man of the day, i'eel, has turned bis hack oil his first love. He soon saw ?who could avoid it ??that the world could not stand still?that to hide the sun with a blanket wore as easy as to make the human intellect remain stationary. He was determined to advance; his friends would not?and he left theni. Who apostatised! Not ho; for Ministers, like men. are the creatures of circumstances. They must j work with the tools ready made to their hands, and when these become useless or antique, new onus must be provided. at whatever cost. 80 runs the world. A coalition is probable?and If carried out, society, although its prejudices may be shocked, will receive more than an equivalent in the shape of better laws and wiser rulers. In xomo of the Kuglish towns near the Irish coast, fever is mowing down its victims daily. Liverpool, now the greatest port in the world, is, unhappily, from Its locale, the principal roclpiont of Irish destitution and

disease. Astounding as thu numbers appear, since the commencement of the nfw.nenr ?#nr 000 ono inun -oilIn have been thrown iuto that town, the </eAri? of tho sister country. The local taxes, which must provide for this enormous amount of wretchedness, have been swelled to an extent that shocks the nerves of that alarmingly sensitive biped, " the oldest inhabitant." The pressure thus created ought not to be a local, but a national burthen; yet the hxocutive, who thiuk that the Liverpool public ought to pay in kind for tho advantages of their position, decline to interfere Tho people have at length stirred to prevent the inevitable twamping that must acerue from this immigration of the poor, the diseased. und the helpless from the " tar west." They have insisted that the wretched Irish paupers, in a state of disease, shall not be permitted to land; the steamers bringing such are treated as vessels arriving from foreign ports without a clean bill of health, and are subject to the quarantine laws. This has stopped the nuisance for a time?whether permanently, remains to be seen In the meantime fever rages violently. Temporary sheds have to be erected in different parts of the towu, in addition to the accommodation afforded by the regular hospitals; uud, us In all such oases, the middling and batter classes are occasionally the victims of the disease as well as the poor und the expatriated. The news from Portugal this week shows that terms have boon made with the rebels, owing to tbe interference of the ilritlsh <>ov?runiont. But, pending tbo negotiations, a battle was forced, i auscd by tbe treae.hery of tbe insurgents. The (Queen's forces were victorious, and there was considerable blood shed. The battle took place at Vinbaes. On the Queen's side, iifty-seven officers and men were killed, and oue hundred and eighty wounded. On the rebel side tho loss was much greater. The Portuguese were never partial to lighting ; and having thus expended their valor, they will shake liauds and forget tho past. Irclaud. Tho accounts from Ireland are very awful. A Dublin correspondent of tbe Morning Chronicle, says: " There liave been further tumultuary proceedings aud processions of the lieus.'llltrv In various narla m" I h? m.nnir? unit the military uud pollen have buna la general requisition to keep this spirit of insubordination in chock ? The reports of the progress of pestilence are quite disheartening. and. notwithstanding all the imports of food, and the iiumensu extent of relief in food and money, great destitution still prevails, nud the markets are advancing. All uccouiite concur in showing that the mortality is still very considerable According to some calculations. the population has already been diminished to the extent of nearly one million, from deaths and emigration. hut I should suppose that this estimate, for which there can be nothing like aertalnor accurate data, Is greatly exaggerated." 'Die Kerry Kiainintr says, ' The Catholic clergy of tins county have have been obliged to suspend their usual monthly conferences in consequence of their inability to attend, owing to the heavy duties that devolve on them in their respective parishes in these times of famine and death." The pestilence is nearly as destructive in huiuu parts of L'lster, as in any of the southern or western districts. In the northern county of Kermunagh tiie mortality is frightful. The Cork Kia/Hiner contains details of the ravages of pestilence in various parts of that extensive county. In the famed district of Kchull the extensive relief ulforded bus caused some alleviation, and the mortality is decreasing. In the Cork workhouses the deaths, last week, were 116,?an Increase of l'J over the preceoding week. Kuther Matthew is likely to be appointed lloman Catlielic Bl-liop of Cork. The Repeal proceeding, except as indicating the protracted existenco of the association, are wholly unworthy of notice. The rent for the week ending May 10th was announced at t'ii 7s Id,-hut the attendance was miserable beyond ail precedent. The Liverpool subscription, of about JL'5, was sent in the early part of the month, whilst the town is burdened with hO.VOO Irish paupers. The \ oung Ireiunders gave a banquet to Mr. Clarko, of the ship Victor, on the 6th instant. In his own speeches, Mr. Clarke abstained from all political differences: but ilia hosts fell to violent diatribes against Kuglaud and the Kuglish Government, with allusions to "American Independence." Koine person*objected.which caused disturbance. After the chairman and Mr. Clarke hud retired, the quarrel waxed furious: and it was only terminated by tlia dissolution of the meeting. The old Repealers angrily denounce this scandal. Krarioe. Since the 1st ult a change has takcu place in the French Ministry. The Munilrur announce* the following appoiutraoiits:?ivi Jayr. Public Works; fciuko de Moiitebello, Marine; Dumon. Minister of Fiuunce; General Tresel, War; Uuizot, Par Interim Marine. A Paris letter of the lUthsays?"There is a report that in consequence of the mndidcation of the Ministry, und hii; iiupimnuuuy iii going mrougri some o! tile tiiismcis that wax to ho discussed, .VI. Ouixut intends to do all in liin power to bring the session to a clo?o inuoh b?l'ore the usual time. The Chamber of Deputies hoe been the scene of a curious exposure, seriously implicating the purity of M. Teste, formorly Minister of Public Works, but now President of the Court of Cassation,"and of General Desfaus de Cubit res. who was Minister of War in M, Thiers's Administration in IH40. In 184-J, General Cubit-re* cooneeted himself with a company for working the salt pits of Gouhenans, of which a "concession" was sought from the Government, through the agency of the General Home delay having occurred, and a rival company also claiming a "concession," it was necessary to try a little bribery; or in the General's own more delicate phrase, "pour lnteresser sans mise de funds, les uppuis i|Ui seraiimt indispeusahles au silcces de l'affaire." Tho ' appul" obtained was that of M. Teste, with whom a great deal of bargaining and haggliug took place; the Minister deinaiidiiig eighty shares, aud the company offering only twenty-live. At length General Cubli-res wrote to the compauy to say that the Minister agreed to take fifty; and the negotiator recommended that the company should authorise him to offer forty-live shares. The result does not appear, excepting by the fact that Mic company received the concession of the mines The valueol each share was Ci.OO'f Uutortunutely,the whole airangemeut was recorded in a correspondence between the Gen I and M. I'armentler, chief director of tbn company; the company quarrelled among themselves, went to law. and the Inconvenient correspondence was read in open court. The preliminary proceedings for the trial of General < ubii-re* before tbc Chamber of I'eers arc proceeding slowly, aud it is not yet known upon wlint dry the trial will come on The interrogation of the General terminated on Tuesday, after a silting which lasted three hours A suminniis was then issued fur M. Parmentler to appear on Wednesday before the committee It is preiuuii-d. froin the number of persons whose names appear in the correspondence, that these preliminary proceedings will extend to a great length, lie has re signed the rhalrniaiislilp of the Paris and Htrasburg railway It Is generally believed that had it not been fur the unfortunate affair in which he is involved, he would have been the^new Minister of War. She Semaphore, of Marseilles, of the 9th, stales tliut the sphinx which arrived ill that port on the preceding day. had brought letters from Malagu announcing that the trench ( unsul there lind received Intelligence frolil the Spanish Governor of Mellilla th.it Ah.ll-el KaiJcr liuil again, through hMuteruicdintliin, written to the Kranch tiovemmunt. tendering bla aubmiaainu. 'J'ho ehlaf event of the fortnight la the celebration of tho King h fete-day, which happened on the let nit The weather being favorable, the nut-door enjoyment*of illuluiiiaiioue and hreworki brought content to the crowd* In the Champ* blyacea aud the (tardea of the Tulllerha. The King waa very warmly received on hie appearance in the balcony with the Hoyal family At Lille, on the 13tb; the barltwr*' (hops were plunder* I l.y a mob, nnd icdiuoua erica were uttered, among nlbera. P/ee l,a H jiuhhqur; five Mra i V'.?Vitr nntrr Hoi qui nt m .'Inglrlrtrr (Loula napoleon ) '1 hi re were alao acrinua food rlota at Tournay on Wednesday Thcae rlota were renewed nt Tournay and Mile on Thuraday, hut tranquillity w.ia matured on Trlday, Delgluui. The reflnera of foreign eugar at Antwerp havojuat addreeKed a petition to the Minialerof Klnaiioe. on theaubjeet of molaaiUiB, which have lately arrived from Matan /.aa, and which are no longer imputed at the duty of I t> :10C. In tbia dooument, which we are aorry that we oau [ERA: not plant before our readers at full length, the petitioners require that the Minister before deciding on this admissioo, will be pleased to order a trial to be made with the molasses. In order to ascertain the quantity of sugar fit for exportation which these contain For the purpose of making this trial the refiners hare placed their manufactories at the disposal of the government Italy. A letter from Home of the '18th ult. announoe* the suppression, by the police, of the last number of the Contemporaneo newspaper, oontaining the speeches delivered at the anniversary of Rome These had passed muster with the Roman aensorship. but the Austrian ambassador. Count I.utzof. dreading the effect their circulation might produce throughout Italy, prevailed on M. Uraeseliui, tho Ooveruor of Koine, to suppress the numlier of tho Journal which contained those speeches Private letters from Bologna mention u curious fact The censor had authorised the publication In the Befugnu Journal of the Identical speeches which the Austrian Ambassador at Roma had succeeded In having suppressed. The excellent i'ius IX. has added another claim to ths many he already possesses on the gratitude of his subjects. He has instituted a system of national representation, in the shaoe of s i>Aiini>n nf daUntM e.. different province*, who ant to assemble in Rome for the purpose of discussing with the government the affairs of the administration, and aiding it in it* effort* for the good of the people. This grand measure ha* bean hailed by the good Pope'* subjects with the liveliest demonstrations of joy and thankfulness. Spain. Advices from Madrid are rather interesting On the ovcuing of the 4th ult , the Queen. with the Infante Don KruuciHCO de Paula, and the lnfauta Donna Joeefu, was returning from the Prado in her carriage, and. passing the Custom-house, two dctohations took place Various coujectures were formed on the subject. According to j many persons, iucluding our correspondent, two pistols or a double-barrelled one, were tired at her majeBty; but those connected with the court and government professed to believe that it was nothing but the explosion of a couple of crackers fired by two boys. The Queen is represented by the Tirmpo to have been so little alarm, ed that she would not suffer her carriage to be stopped; but, on reaching the pklnce. she summoned the ministers to her presence, and ordered an immediate inquiry into the occurrence, the result of which was the cracker version. " Yet," adds the Tiempo," her majesty ought always to have an escort wbon she drives out, in order that she may not be exposed to such annoyances." The estimates for 1848 were presented on the 4th ult The revenues were estimated at l.'J/>7.7i>(>,4(jb reals, and the expenditure at 1,-J67,678.010 The two Chambers had been subsequently prorogued by a royal decree, and no period fixed for their aext convocation. According to a report generally credited, they are not to meet again before October. General Outrun had been appointed Uovernor of Madrid. The Queen arrived at Araniuez on the 6th. unaccom patiicd by the King. It wax believed by some that her majesty would only stop fifteen days in that residence, whilst others stated that she would reuiuiu there till the middle of June. The 7'"uMrn(o of Barceloua, of the 3d, states that the Mexican privateer Cnlco, of Vera Cruz, carrying one gun, and a crew of thirty-three men, had captured in the waters of Ivica, and brought into Barcelona, the American ship Carmelita, 11)8 tons, Captain Kdwln Littlotleld, going from Ponce, on the Neapolitan coast, to Trieste, with coffee. The Madrid Qazrtte of the 4th ult., contains a royal decree, commanding that in future all the funds belonging to the State shall be paid into the royal treasury. The person with whom the lufanta Josephs had nearly contracted a clandestine marriage, a native of Havana, named Guell y Rente?was on the 10th suddenly roused from bis rest, and sent off iu a chaize-dc-pvtlt to Cadiz, to embark for his native place. The journals cry out loudly against this act as arbitrary and illegal. Portugal. According to letters from Portugal, warlike movements were by no means discontinued, notwithstanding the negotiation for an amicable settlement of affairs Viscount Sa Da Uaudeira had fortified himself strongly in fiutubal und 1'almella, and the other troops of the Junta had effectually crossed the Douro and carried dismay to the army of ttaldanha. Kven in the Lusitaniau capital, a hostile spirit was manifested towards the Cabral faction, t^ueen Maria is not proceeding with the promptitude which circumstances require. Her Majesty I must abandon all her unconstitutional partialities and , friendships, or her throne, long tottering, will be in peril of a permanent subversion. Letters from Lisbon oftlio 30th ult., nnnounce an out- I break at Lisbon the preceding day. in consei[Ueino of a I conspiracy to liberate the political prisoners. About P10 j of these made an attack on the castle, iu which they ?c.ur.r.UiU, j no 141:011.11 unsouer* 111 uiu jllll, leloUS nnd others, souiI* lifOO iu number, not out of prison, but ninny of them were mowed down by the soldiory. though they made no resistauco, nnd the majority were recap' turnd. Of tlie politicnl prisoners about H00 escaped.? The convention with (Jrcal Dritain was, it is said, sign- I ed on the JBth. I'olonel Wyldo was to proceed immediately to Oporto, to endeavor to effect an accommodation I with the Junta Greece* it appears,from letters Iroui Athens of the 30th ult.. thnt ft. < oletti lias hud recourse to a i uuyi tiUU to get rid of his ministerial embarrassments lie has suddenly aud most unexpectedly dissolved the rurliainent. before lialf of tile business before it had been finished, aud before the pussing either of the budget, or the laws authorizing him to levy taxes Oil the 'Jiith, at the meeting of the Chamber of Deputies, the Minister of War appeared, and in thu name of the Minister of the Interior, who was absent, rend a royal ordinance dissolving the Chambers, an i convoking tlie Klectorul Colleges for thPTJd of June for the general election. The meutingof the new Chambers is fixed by the same ordinance for the 23d of July. His declared reason is, a division on the 22d, in which he had only a majority of one, his own vote; but his real motive may be surmised from the following extract from a letter dated Athens, April 25:?"M. Coletti has promised the British Ambassador to pny the interrst in nrruar on the loan, which amounts to 700.000 francs, as soon us he shall have received authority from tlio chamber to that effect.'' The Corn Trade of Kiit-opc. [From thu European Times, May 1H J Lonoo.v.?Since the sailing of tile Caledonia, ou the I 4th inst., u great re action has taken place in the grain market hero. nud. as will b? observed, prlr.es have risen rapidly, and ure now ut such u figure as will place many articles of breadstuff's out of the reach of the poorer classes in this country. The sales made in wheat ou the 5th were ut sn advance of ds per quarter on our last i|uotation*. and again on the 7th instant 2s to 3* more were paid for samples of good i|iiality. Foreign whs also iu good request during the same periods, and flour had obtained extreme prices. similar to those of wheat. In | the course of the week ending May 13. wheat at Mark | lane had a eontiuued advancing tendency Factors asked enormously high prices. from 100s to 140* being demanded. whicn rati'H were 40* higher than those current during the previous week 1 lie In-st lower Baltic red wheat brought (HI* to Otis. and llatit/.lc above I(His per quarter. T he top price of town-made hour reached 80s per sack at the close of the week ending May 7, and ha* not since varied American hour ban been sold extensively at 60* to 64sqi?r barrel, being 10s more than it was worth a fortnight ago. The market held on \louduy last. May 17, was scantily supplied with Knglisb wheat, which found buyers at a further advance of 6a to fis per quarter over the currency of this day week A fair extent of business was transacted in foreign, at about 4s to 6s advance. Hurrel Hour 4* to 3s, and Indian corn 4s to 6s dearer. Malting barley is to 4* lower, us the season is nearly ofer, and the large arrival of foreign has enabled buyers to purchase all descriptions on rather easier terms Livkkpooi. The proceedings at our Corn Kxrhange for the fortnight have been similar to those at l.ondon. Kor all articles there has been an active demand, and prices have been regularly rising. On the 4tb wheat sold at an advance of 6d to 8d per bushel. Indian corn was -Is per quarter dearer; aud a large business was done in flour at 44s to 41s ttd for Western ( anal. On the nth flour met a very free sale at 43s tid and 44s for Western (-anal, ami at lis per barrel for Ohio; and some parcels of tiuglish sack flour were taken at lids per sack. Uarley was without change, and little done in it. lleans and peas were Is per 480 lbs dearer. Indian corn was not free of sale, but in the transactions that took place Is to 4s per 480 11m advauco was realised On the 10th instant there was a fair demand for wheat for the interior, at an improvement in price of Is to Is 3d per 70 lbs on prices of that day week The town dealers purchased sparingly. In flour 4Hs per barrel for Western I anal was de Handed at the beginning, but towards the close of the market It was ode si at 47s. au<l lialtiinore at 4<is. at which a lair quantity was sold. Wheat on the 1 lib. met a fair sale at an advance since Tuesday, of id to 3d per bushel. Klour was Od per barrel higher, but the demand was by no means so groat as of lale Western < anal brought 47s to 47s (id per barrel 1 mm tlie I lib to the j IHlh. t he trade was steady and very Arm. Oil the latter day there was a large attendance of buyers aud good how of samples of all kinds of grain aud flour. The sales of wheat were limited, and the few transactions that took place were at an advance of about Hd per 70 lbs on prices of that day week Hour met a moderate de- | maud, at 47s per oarr< I for l liiladelplua, liitlliiiioru. and Ohio, and at -|Ha (id to 40* per barrel for Western ( anal I Indian coi n whs not flee of sale at (i is and O.i* per 4xo M?s for best white, nor at ii3s for yellow Indian corn meal w.is held at 31s |>er barrel, but soarcaly any sales I iKQurrou .1U1-I UK- I v.K-.r mun large saie oy auction ol American Hour, Indian corn, and Indian coru meal The New Orlean* (lour woaitdd at Ida (Id pur barrel; the Western I anal at from Pin id to 1(1* (id; and the Virginia at 41* (id. puynu-ut rash without discount The Indian corn meal and the ludlitu coru were withdrawn, there being no bidder*. At rraor l'*u k or On aim. H'At. Ilrl'y. i alt Uyr. Hin. Pc?i.Flour April J 77 I i' 31 ? A7 7 Al A Mi III n U April 10 * i (0 " ii 7 II Ifl JO 10 AG (I II 0 April 17 71 I 10 I Tt 7 ,<G I (9 10 AO 7 ? (I April 84 7A 10 II A 71 I AJ U 49 II AO I 0 I) .?|a y 1 79 G 49 G 30 II JA li AI III S? II 0 0 I M.y 8 81 10 A1 0 31 8 A8 3 A3 0 Alll 0 0 Aggregate aver?gr ottlinii week. 77 I 19 111 II K Ml MUM 0 (Krom the Liverpool Onrette, May I!) ] Live*rnoi.. May IS.?The corn market to day wa* most numeri U ly attended and, in consequence of the advance in .Viarklane yeeti rday. the anxiety of buyer* wn* very great to inak* pureha***; holder*, however, requiring from dd to ttd ndvariee on wheat, ranted the market to he dull, and comparatively few tale* of title grain were effected. Hour wa* In Considerable demand, and realised an advnncc of from le (id to is per barrel, and i? to 3* per *aok At a public *alc after the clo?e of the market, i(HK) barrel* wrr? *old at 48* (Id per barrel, net cMh. At the same sale a large quantity of Indian coru and corn meal were offered, hut were held at the ????sbossb LI). Mil Tm r?f markat valua Th? op?ratlon? |n Indian com hare to-day Usen very uxunaiv.. w~tv. Lnglisb and Irish aeoount, and for' good"qmil" ties an advance of from As to o* p?r quarter over laat T ueeday's prices *u obtained ; aa it la now qUoU<j 3s to 06s . and for floating cargoes 62s to tee. Indian corn meal is now quoted 80s to Sis. per barrel. Proportionate advances were obtained on other articles. The imports for the week amount to, wheat, 10.M3 quarters , barley. 6,393 quarters; beans. l.HSi quarters; Indian corn, 47.UOO quarters; Indian meal. 26.209 barrels, and flour. 46.000 barrels. The exports to Ireland and coastwise hare also been extensive. We understand that the present stock of wheat and flour in this poit is under 20.000 quarts a of the former und 200.000 barrels of the latter We give this on the authority of our informant, without vouching for its accuracy, merely merely remarking that this estimate is much lower than most . parties will bo preparedto admit. Intelligence from the foreign corn markets, with tbs exception of Smyrna, speaks of firm markets and unwilling sellers. Kroui St. Petersburg, to ths 6th Instant, wo learn that the rate of exchange r>mained stationary at so il-10,1. and the grain markets showed increasing firmness, wheat for late delivery being much ought after Hard Kubanca was 49s to 64s per quarter, and soft Kussian 40s to AOs, rye was 31s to 36s. In ropiy to an inquiry as to the quantity of potatoes that might now be obtained iu that market, one writer states , ... uhub luit iau ua largrij lwa|Uk here ut uuy ono tiuiu, supplies beiug brought on gradually ; 1.000 clietwerts would be about the utmoat that could be got at auy single period." At the data of theaa advices tint weatbar was vury seaaonabla, and opan watar was expected In about a fortnight This, however, would be about three weeks later than the average data, a remarkable circumstance when taken In conjunction with the like delay in the opening of the navigation in the United States, and the universal anxiety with which I both events have been awaited. In 104d the navigation ut St. i'etcrsburgh commenced as early as the 10th of April From Riga, under date the 0th of May, the exchange was slightly more favorable for this country, the quotation being 3'Jd. ilere also the grain market was Ann, and the business small " for want of sellers " Tha navigation was open, and about 110 British ships had arrived, averaging about ISO tons [From the London Globe, May 17.] London Cobn Exchskux. Monday, May 17.?Daring last week the arrivals of English Wheat for our market, coastwise as well as by land carriage and sample, were on a very limited scale; those of all other articles of produce, Including Flour, unusually small. The receipts from Ireland aud Scotland were extremely limited. From abroad, however, the imports of Wheat, Barley, Oats, and Flour were liberal; those of other grain very unimportant. Fresh up to-day the supply of Wheat Aram Essex. Kent, Cambridgeshire, Ike., was extremely small, hence the show of samples of both red aud white was smaller than on many previous market days. This faUofT in the arrivals, together with the large attendance of both town aud eonntrw hnwers nunauH th<> ?< " kin?l? of Wheat to be very firm, aud the trade moat be considered very brink, at an advance in tha quotation* paid on Monday last, of from ma to aix ihillinoi ran qi autku, at which amount of improvement the whole of the supply wan cleared off The beet (ample* of EagHell White (old freely at from one hundred and nine I* one hundred and itxleen thUlinri per quarter. Thia ia the highest point of value realised for a long eeriea of yearn, and there is every proipect of a further rlee in the quotatieun. Although the imports of Foreign Wheat last week were upwards of Id,000 quartern, the quantity of that description of grain on offer was small, oaring to several cargoes having been taken afloat for the French und liulgiau markets. The trade was again very brisk, at an improvement on lent Monday's rate* of fromrivs 10six shiuumui per quarter, and very few paroels were unsold at the close of business. We had a large quantity of foreign barley on show, but that of home growth was trilling. All kinds commanded every steady inquiry, at fully, but at nothing quotable beyond, last week's currencies. 'I'lle show of malt was llinileo, while the demand for that article was very steady at, in some Instances, Is per quarter more money. Upwards of 34.000 quarters of foreign oats came lu last week; and the supply on offer to-day was good; yet the trade was very steady, at fully the late advauoes in the quotalions ? Very few beans wero oil show. Moat kinds sold readily ut Late rates. Teas moved off firmly, at extreme prices Indian corn was held ut Us pur quarter more money The flour trade was firm, but wu can notice no further Improvement in value. Continicntai..?The reount advices from the north of Kurope ntill report u great scarcity. and that higher prices ant every where Insisted upon. From the Danube price* come moderate: u great number of vessels were loading, but as many hud arrived out too noon, they would have to wait until the good* eaine down. At Danzig we are informed that Kyu In declining in value, in consequence of the steps taken by the magistrate* there to import the article, and some has already arrived from Konigaberg, which is to be retailed to the baker* at a loss; wheat, on the contrary, ha* advanced about Its per quarter ?ince lout report, and must now he quoted 7Hs to 79* for white. 7<U to 77* lor high miked, 72* to 76e for mixed, tills to ".'Is for red mixed, from 69 to SI lb* per bus el. The transactions which took place at these | advanced rales were uot. however, large; about *1000 qr? I in all changed hands. The supplies are mere liberal, and the choice of quality is better than hitherto; th? weather is now tine, which was much wanted, In order to turn the wheat in the open air upon the bank* of the river. 1* lour i* now 41s per barrel for super tine I, 40s for superfine 11, and'10s for due. Freights continue to 1 advance: 7s has been paid for I.ondou. 8s 3d to Bristol, and Wh 9d per quarter to ?iulway Galatz advice* state 1 that for good quality wheat ou the spot. 4,i* to 47s per I qr is asked; rye *18* per qr: the disposable stocks on Hie spot are very small, and these purchases are principally made from second hands to complete vessel* At i Ibraila prices of grain are lower, hut the quality is most| ly inditferent; still some fine wheat may be collected, i and at low prices. A great number of vessels have been ' loaded and despatched, hut there aru mauy which arc i waiting cargoes, having nrrived too soon; some of them are bclug loaded otherwise, and some re-chartered, and | orders will most likely ho executed to advantage after ' the present fleet of vessels have sailed. At the lower Baltic |>orts scarcely auy business appears to have been done iu wheat, owing to the extremely reduced state of the stocks and the trilling nature of the deliveries from the farmers. At linstock the beet qualities or wheat were, according to the most recent reports, held at equal to 84s. per quarter free on board, and at Stettin, on the Nth Inst., prices were not much more reasonable. At Hamburg, on the llth, wheat was quoted at 3s. to | 4s per quarter higher than on that day sr'nnigbt; and all other articles were likewise dearer. About to lasts of Hue >aalc and YVabreu red wheat, weighing f>9)i lbs totil>glbs per bushel, had beeu sold at price* eorree ....... i? |,.-r quarter iriw on ooara. narlry, to be shipped from Driunui k. bad sold at 47s. 6d. to 4ti*. I'nl .and Kiga and St I'eteraburgb oats bad brought ' 33#. to Jim., whilst for per cols to be shipped froui the Ua| nish Island* !W# had been obtained. In the Kreuch market* price* of wheat were again moving upwards, according to the moat recent accounts. 1 At Marseilles. however, there waa uut a great deal doing oil the 10th. aud that some doubt waa felt as to prices being maintained may be Inferred from the tact that To' lish odeaaa wheat wa.-totferud at lla per quarter cheaper, lor delivery at the cloee of the inoutli. than it could be bought lor on the apot, whilat for delivery in September I aud October aueh quality an waa then held at t?4a. waa | offered at 61*. to 63a. per >(ttarier. Financial AITaJra. l.oMioa Moar.r Mouit, May Is, Twelve o clock.? The chief distillation at the preaeut time of all voluntary emigration from the tinted Kingdom, among the poorer clauses, and " their nauie la legion," appear* to be < anadu, and we underxland that at the out porta, and in the sister kingdom*, great activity prevail# already In getting away atupa for the St. Lawrence. We apprehend that nulfering ia inevitable, though the American veaaela probably take out the poorest individual*, on account of their low rate of charge for conveyance, not wilhalandiiig the check given by the new passenger-law i In the I nited State* Some attention i* directed Co an arraugeiuent said to l have been come to by the eminent hrui which poaaessee the valuable quicksilver monopoly, lor using Southampton a* the future entrrpol for ttii* material with a view I to it* re-exportation to the rarloua quarter* where mln] iiq; industry 1* prosecuted '1 he I'roiheroe. arrived at the nulpurt from Seville, bring* 3.0OU flask* The Fund* are (toady, but rather flat, with little ap' parent disposition to speculate I onaol* for the Accouut liave been done at ed'i \ S, and lor uiouoy at S0>* % Jj' , Hank Slock, I bP: I |*r lint* Hi due. d bo.S, \ I 3'a per lent H! Ho.1* so',, Long Auuuiliea, w, Lx! chequer Hill* (Iodd,j l prem to par. ditto (600,) 3 prem I to 3 ells.; ditto (100 and JOuj 4 prem to par. In the foreign stock market there is scarcely any business doing Spanish New it per Cents.. ddJa, I'ortuguese | 4 per Cents., nt)*; Dutch J)* per Cunts.. ii), \ 1 lie Sliaio .Market la very stationary, with little dia position to enter into extensive operaiioue. either In the way of buying or selliug Loudou aud North Western. 170, London aud South Western. 61; London and Brighton. 61; Midland. Il l1, to I13S; South i.aatern and Dover, W toB'?, Lantern Counties, i*S to lav 'i wo (I I I.OI k 1 here lias beeu a Very d.-presed market fur Cuusol* again thia morning, aud the belief prevail* in some quarters that lor a large amount of the I nfundi d Debt the cash may be demanded, luvteadof fresh lulls so as to leave the l baneeltor of tha Lxcheque no alternative but to resort to a funding. C ertsinip matters uilgbt come to aueh a pass, though our own linures Iou is that tile necessity may uol arise, since the Bank of Knglatid Is exerting itself te keep the market in a In- n|. hy na:a and Uti' UDUiTUIi'O to I cud money upon tin in until July. And to n oil up the bills AO u?unl for ox; ebiuifi . Tin." Hit* tinnIt Is vri ll In * positiou to do. lu cotise<|uen*u of tint considerable amount hliosn to IiiiTs i ii paid lu as inotAimi*uto in advance upon thn hum loan, the Inducement to prompt paynitnt being lu lact |(i a itcr than wight appear to bo the cam, * ere the allowance of diocouutiba Ouly advantage , for it niuol be boruu lu unuil that ihe dAp'iMt upon iIn- loan 1* comparatively unavailable until fu. tlmr amounts am paid up .ilauy Holders, therefore, make a present sacrifice, and sell stock to pay upou ihe scrip, aud were the Cbuucullor to fund f.xoi>t<|uer-btllA theiu might bo an appearance of injustioe towards tb?* contraclois of tbt tight million i"iin '1 bo bears anI taiMsd both by tlio temporary demsnd for cash, sud 1 I Insmwed Amount of siock available, thougb the scripliolder* doubtless will u.-t sonic exertion to km-p up | tun market With regard to the position of the bank of I Kngiiud, there can be uo doubt but that it lias steadily Improved, and It Is estimated by parties who attend I carefully to these matters, that at the present moment the total amount of the precious metals held by the enrI poratiou Is not lar abort of ten millions sterling, while ! the reserve of notes In ths banking department may ho I as near four millions as three I Consols are H0>* to So}? for transfer, and *?: to