2 Temmuz 1847 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1

2 Temmuz 1847 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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II II ' THI Vol. mi. So. Ill?Wkot? No. 4178. r?B NEW YORK HERiLP ESTABLISHMENT, lortb-WMt oornar of tHilton and Rmm etr AMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR OmCULATIIM-roRTV THOUBAJIO i'jAILY HERALD? Every day, Priosl eeata psr eopy?? ii utt >tnnam?payable in advance. WEEKLY HERALD-Every Saturday?Price ?* cea. P*f cniiy?>3 12W cents per annum?payable in advanca. HERALD kOR EUROPE?Every twain Packet danI'rcce 6-4 cents per copy?to per annum, including poetagi*, pavnblr iu *dv<uice huoecri|*ions and advertisements will h<recaivgil by \tea?i?. Oalignani, It Rua Vivieaue, Ruis: P L. tiimonds,' N?. 6 Barge Yard, Bucklersbnry, 10V Miller, the bookseller, London. ANNUAL PICTORIAL HERALD?Published oa the la', of Janunrv of eaeh year?single copies aixpence each. AD V H.HTISKMENTS, at tha nana) priees?alway? cash i_ gov nee. Advertisements should be writteu in a plain, legible main* The Proprietor will sot be responsible for arrors th'.i mav uccar in diem. PRINTING of all bind* aiecuted bennritully ud with despatch. ] All lettan or eommnnicacions by mail, addressed to ttu ainblishmant, must be Boat paid, or the postage will be 4<r"-m >(. snlwr.Ptina rnousav rtmittwl TjrjkS r wn. nni,r.? w p.?hih,oj r.iv Lftliu.? lo gei:#Y?SHl?-men in want of sites for country sear?, to market kh> iidWilmers in want of laud for gardens, and to all person* wishing n location iu the neighborhood of New York, Kill arrrnoi L mil III the towu of Westchester, withiu niue milrs ol the I 'ity Hall, with right of passing over Harlem Bridge free of toll, a e now offered at private stir, in lota containini( from live to fifty acres eaah. The lands are within fifte-u minutes' walk < ( the railroad ; front on good roada ; are in the neighborhood of schools, and churches of different denomination ; the water ia good, and location healthy. Title indisputable. Terms moderate. Apply to OOUVERNEUR MORRIS, Morrisania, Westchester Co . Or to WALTER RUTHERFURD, Counsellor, je30 J0t*r 79 Nassau ?t., New York. i UITaOWON Sl'ATEN MLA.NU.-Kor sale or lease, the three Cottages on the hill side below Capo ili Monte, belonging to Mrs. Grymes. The buildings new and highlv finished, are situated in a thick wood of 14 acrci, within ten minutes of the ferry. The oat Rouses afford every convenience, and a new road easy of access, has just been completed je?S 12l*rc KOR BALE?THE YONKER8 MANSION Home, outbuildings, and seven acres of land?the whole or a part, to,suit purchasers, and on the most accommodating terms. This extensive building commands a matfiiiliceut view of the Hudson River, from 10 to 15 miles iu each direction. The house is SO feet square; carriage house 1 feet square, with stabling for one hundred horses; shed ' feet in length; all nearly new, and in complete order. There 1 is also a ban pond aud water power, with a never failing stream ] of water running through the middle of the grouuds, an pure as Crotou. The Hudson River Railroad is to run within three hundred yards iu front of the property, and about the same dist nice south of the vill .ge of YonVers, where the depot is to he located. There are five well couducted schools, all within ahalf mile. Two splendid fast sailing steamboats ply Jaily to and from the city; and stages also ran daily in connection with the Harlem Railroad For terms apply to William Kellinger, at the Williamsburgh ferry, at the foot of Del&ncy street, or upon the premises. je< 30t?rc MFOR SALfet, OR EXCHANGE FOR Cli'Y PROPERTV.?Property in the pleasant village of Liberty Corner, consisting ofa fir trate Dwelling House,38X<0, containing 10 rooms higmy finished, with a good cellar, Carriage Maker's, Wheel right mid Blacksmith's Shop, all new. Also, a good barn, 30X38, with wood aud smoke houses, a go >d well ai the door, apples, cherries, currents, he. Price for the who'ti $11100. Aiso, 1) acres of land, 7 acres of timber, 7 of clear land, aS under new fence. Apply to James B. Birr, any Wednesday, from 9 A. M. to VP. M ?ou Thursday, till 1 P. M., ou other days at the New orlt ileal Estate Company, comer of Broadway and Maideu Lane. JAMEB B. BARR. _jel0 :?lt*m JhA PAVILION, NEW BRIGHTON, Staten Island.The proprietor bega to inform his friends and the public, r'fil * ' he has made considerable alterations and improve menu in tliis establishment since the last scasou. He has erected a large buildiug, containing thirty-three rooms, altogether disconnected from the main body of the pavilion. These rooms are intended for gentlemen ouly; they are of a comfortable size, light, aud Well ventilated, and sii|>erior iu all respects to those generally denominated siugle rooms in the various watering places throughout the couutry. The proprietor is now ready to treat with families orpartiei wishing to engage rooms for the season. Letters addressed to him at the City Hotel, Broadway, will receive immediate attention. A ste.imboat runs between New York and New Brighton, at the following hours, vii;? Prom New Brighton?At I snd 11 A, M, and 3 and 5:20 P M. Frosn pier No. I North River, New York?At 9 A. M. and 12 M, and 3X> 5 and A P. M., and more freqneut communication" will he established as the season advances. Sunday Arrangement?From New Brighton at I A.M , 12)4, Sijn r M Frvm New York, at 9 A M., 2 aud 6 P M. Tl>? Pat iliou is now ready for tha reception of Company. -yy> t?rr F. BLAN' ARD. ? LOOK AT THIS? Ladies, Gentlemen, Misses and B ^ Children, nl! th tt are in want of Boot* or 8nn- j, pleate t ^call ,u 367 Uroadway, wlMire you will find llie UUfC? assortment, and clieape?llii tills city, wholesale or retail. N.B.?Imported French Boots, $5. M. CAHILL. je< 30t*r ^ L *VAL*H<k BHOTHKIUJ.Krencl. Bool MakwTNo Tii A n street, New Fork. French Calf Boota of the latent ig l'oiliiun mude to order for $1 50, usually told for tG and Jk $7; tine French Calf Boota #3 50, usually $5. Patent Lr the: Boots $7, usually aold for $10. Alio. Congress Boot*' with patent springs. Geutlenieu's gaiters, shoes and slippers CiMist-uitly on hand, and made to order at tha shortest Uotice Repairing; Stc., done iu the store. i L. WALHH b BKOTHKRS, mrt') IDr'r No 6 Ann street. , k UUNG k. JONKS, 4 Ann street, are selling 'ma i WKrench calf boota at $4 50, equal to any sold in this city i H lor S6 or $7. Fiue Freuch boots at S3 50, usually $5. Best J! Franch patent leather boota $7, equal to those nsuallv sold | at t9 and StO. A great assortment of shoes, gaiters and slippers always on hand, and made to order at short nonce. All 1 goods warranted to give satisfaction. Meuding, be. done iu trie store. Pleaae call and examine our stock. < rntt VOUNGfr IONF.S.4 Ann st., near Broadway. i SUBaCKIBER would respectfully in?dPg form hia austomers and the public generally, that lie lias op hand a large as-ortment of L dies', Misses' anil I Children's colored aud black Gaiter Boots, Buskins, Slippers, , Tien. &<* ; Ge itlemeu's and Boy's sewed and pegged Boota of every description, all of which he will sell as low as such articles can be (lurcuased at any store in the city. N. B ?Ladies' and Gentlemen's Boot* aud Shoes made to 1 order in the best manner at moderate prices. A call is respectfully ?nlie.ir?<1. JAME8 WAf.KK.K, i*l2 *ltlr*rr WCSmwI street. corn*"- of Wnnsrer. >ilta. iVl. WILSON, 2SI UIMl street, respectfully r"i' V informs her friends, and straugeri visiting the city, wewy-iliAt she ii.u now oo hand a large and very handsome , assortment of Spring Millinery, to which she invites their attention. Mrs. Wilson s stock comprises an .Lksimwenl of the richest and most fashionable llats. such an ( hip, Crape, Rice, and Slurred, with a choice assortment ol Straws, which she flatters hers*.I can be sold more reasonable than at any other establishment iu the city. Country Milliners will do well to call before purchasing. Mrs. M. WILSON, 291 Grand it, between Allen and Orchard it*. Ten cnod M'llinen wanted at the above establishment. I* *n *?f PIANO FORTE, Ike.?A variety .of (? and second hand Piano Fortes for tale or hire f 3? lit Alio, a general assortment of Music and Ma I 1 T I II sical Instruments, at No, MS Washington su, nes Myrtle Avenue, Brooklyn. m2" iWrc J. WALKER. " IviKd. JOHN MACKARRKN. ^ron. Kw^MkMVnEuroiie, pupil of Madame Dalcheu, pianist to ttftl I? t'le t*ueeu of ICnglaud,) gives lessons in Piano IIS 1 I Forte and Singing on the lollowiug terms: Two lessons weekly at Mrs. Macfarreu's residence, >20 per quxrter; |.>ree Iassou* oo., $2J; two lessons weekly at the pnpils' residence $21 per quarter; three lessons do. S30. Mri. Macfarreu has the privilege of referring to Dr. Elliot, Dr. Ilodges.Ueorge L?der, Esq., H. Meiggs, Esq.,an<l the Rev. X)r H''ii rtirt'f $1 H-eeo street, near Sprinf. ie"?Tllir rn ARCHV, THE ONJLY REAL CATEKEK jmr The Oreatest Attraction Yet?26 Bull Finches, with from three to four tunes. Also, over 1,000 Hluging x?3?? I -auaries, just imported via Bremen, selected by bis agents from the most celebrated districts of Europe. This variety for snugs and plumage, will be found on inspection, to ecliiwe any Archy has been enabled to offer. N. B ? On show the largest Cockatoo in America. Archy takei this opportunity to apprise his friends at a distance, in anticipation of this lin|>ortatiou, that they may inake 1 early application. I P. S ?In consequence of the limits of his old establishment, No. 1 John street, he has rented Bramble Cottige, Bloomingdale, uear BuriJiam'a Hotel, for that branch of his business not , connected with birds, vix: Shetland and Fancy Pouies, King Chailes Spaniels, Pointers, lie., and every variety of Fancy 1 Pigeons, Barn Door Fowls. 8cc. As isiial. letters post paid #ill it all timet meet with prompt attention from A. GRIEVE, No. 5 John st i jel W't UK KELLINUER'o INFALLIBLE LlNI i J<?^^MENT is warranted to enre sores and ulcers of rvejQ2^.ry nature in a few days. It actslfce magic in remov- | lug rheumatism, and all other |*ins. Oue or two doses is certain lo relieve bilious cholic. diarrhma, Itc.. as it is taken It ji perfectly drligiitiui iu itaodor anu naror. n ia uuiveraaiiy ackn iwlrujtd to he th? bert family medicine ever offered lo i the public. Price SO ceuta per bottle. I g?u - I *10 IVarl atreet; I. King, corner of John and Broadway comer of Bowrry and Broome; 3d areiiije and 10th at ; | Jeffrie*' drn? atore; Dr. Bnrrett'a Dover, mid Chatham. and at the H?.rl'tn llajlroad oflirr, it\ Hill j"ijm'rr ^ TO'k'LNT?At Tuacarora, S. lunik,II couuty, !V, n l-..un , dry and Machine Shon, (will be rented epftrate or toge- ( grther) with a ten borae power ateam engine. all lu comi leie order, with nil the eeceskary tool* for Foundry, Machine and HUcktmiihing. Patterns, Fla ks. lac- ianu tome stock to commence. Apply to JACOB ALTKR, ? iuscarora. I JJ. B ? Anthracite r.pal, beat quality, $1 per ton j.M Wr | CL/|4| l)HAU<K1UK.?NnhM to gentlenieu who want i fflwUv their <>(l cL.ihea to look like new, tall at the Tailoring. Lfyeiiig, CI railing and Repairing Mtebliahmeo', No. 77iipld atreet, corner or Gold anil Spruce, where ordera will be punctually attended to at the ahorteat notice, and oil the iinx' 'aaouable terma, by J. B NOAH, TT Ooldatreet. N. B ? 1 he higheat price given for geiillenieu'a left off wearoi^HWW1 Vlt ia*e LUit I SlNO CONDUCTORS?Thia being tlx a.aaon nnhe year whuii lightning rods are absolutely necessary , to t-vi V building, the advertiser desires to call the attention of the pqAk to his system of conductors. The rod# made ai d put up b* Inm are neater, handsomer, cheaper, %ud more compact th/il any other in nse. They a*e secured togethtr with cooler join's, which is a great improvement ovei the j "hooked ' pUn; it gives a better?indeed a perfect connection. The public en-1 obtain further information on application lo 1 WALWORTH, NABON, *. GUILD. Engineers, No 7t John ?t? V V. m22* V*?fb QHOK TTN01^U^-gULlC AND UPPfcH UEA7 HfTtT? 0 KDWARD OODFKKY fic SONS. No. 299 Pearl it.. \tnporters of superior hnglish laatings, silk galloons, shoe th rads, hoot web?, Hatin Franc a is, French cnlf skina, patent leather, colored galloons, ttlk boot cord, lacets; a large Assortment < ! tola leather and call skins, constantly on hand. Alto a superior quality of morocco and linings, bindings, kc., of ev*ry de irription jel7 10t*r I) ul- VlliMlt U M aOLOM O N Ukes tins 1 mode of informing hia friends and the public that he hits mov?'d to 98 Chatham street, where he continues to teach Violin, Violoncello, (Jnitar and Siugmg ns heretofore, either in cliftses or singly, by s new and improved method peculiarly his own, by which his pupils are advanced is one half the usual time . m French Accordion taught Terma moderate. mi ?. ? 3 N E i I The War, Ac. NEWS FROM VERA CRUZ. [From the V?w Orleanx Time*. June S3 ] The iteamxhlp Edith, Captain Couiilitrd, arrived jmterday from V'ora Crui, bringing date* to the I Jth iu?t , not ho ln.tr> by four days ax thoxe prevlouxly received. By tbix arrival h0Wt<T?r. ?? have b wu placed iu poa Hiaioo of letter* from oar attentive correspondent. of the llth and I3tb iuxtant, which, ax tbxy lorm a cod nectiug link with the *eri?-* of eventx that have lately traoxpircd in that auirtf r are not wi' bout lntereft. Indeed. th? communication* which we *uljn n from tin Indi' tnr. phed torn' further light on tb?.?kirmisbe* which took place at El !Jaiu de lut Ovejut, and go t<> conlirm iu part tbe unpleasant report* whiob have reached ux iu ralatiou to th* recent guerilla attack. Whilst on the subject of Mexican affair*, we may mention that letter* were received in town yeitarday from the city of Mexico, under date of the 'id instant, mentioning that Santa Anna bad withdrawn bis late letter of resignation, under tbe apprebenslen that It would be accepted Thix onl j goes to show tbe extent to which sincerity form* a portion of tbe character of thi* redoubted hero, who i* continually boasting of hi* nfli >r Jr la yatria, and of hi* readings to lay dowa hi* life and immolate him?elf a* a riotlm for hi* country'* wnutii. i no uapnai 18 represenieu a* uuing u> a svaie of complete oonfuslon and anarchy : and a* the letter* Jo not mention that uuy steps have beeu takan to fc rtify t tin city against Him approach of our troop*. we presume that Gen Scott wtll find the hulla of the Moolemma* au eaxv oonqufft We command that portion ef our correspondent's letter relating to the opening ot a new road through Orazaba aud Cordova, to the attention of our readers. Vera f-mvt, June 11th, 1817. Colonel Bank* yesterday oame in with a small party from the truln, which had halted, and wag hourly ex pecting a renewal of the attaok from the Mexicans, who were gathered in the road and chaparrals ahead in large force. The attaok was made suddenly, and by a small party, upon an advanced party of dragoons, who, with Colonel Mackiutosb, the commander of the esoort, were half a mile ahead of the wsgons. This party, well mounted and well armed, retreated?or fell back?upon the main boJy, before an inferior foroe of Mexicans, an occurrence the llrst of its kind during this war, and I sincerely hope it may be tbe lost. The guerillas, thus inspired with oonfldence, took advantage of the confusion produced, and, avoiding th? troops ait much ns possible, full upon the wagons and mules, which were stretched along a distance of some four miloH. and were guarded along their whole line by a number of troops not exceeding four hundred?many of these, of course, rushed forward for their share in the light, leaving large sections of the train entirely unprotected. Tho consequence was, that twenty-eight wagons aud between one hundred and two hundred pack mules, became the property of the guerillas. The train left Santa Ke with one hundred and thirtytwo wagons, and from five to Bix hundred packed mules ?so you will ob-erve tbe loss forms a very large per ccntage. I am glad to learn by a letter which I have seen from Msjor Bennett, the paymaster who bad oharge of the money which went up in the train, that not one of the wagons containing the government funds was taken, although m- considerable sum belong!ug to offleers wa* taken in the different baggage wagons. The most important of our losses were tbe ordnanee stores, with whioh some of tbe captured wagons were loaded. About six or eight of our men had been killed, and some fifteen or twenty wounded, during the engagement, and the Mexican loss was supposed to be much greater. What has happened sinoe Col. Banks left, and before Oen. Cadwallader reached the ground, is a matter of deep Interest?not to say?appre liension. The confidence naturally springing from the discovery that the Airerioans are not invincible, has doubtless induoed an early renewel of the attack, in which case I am not without hope that tbe reputation of tbe American arms will be fully maintained. A great fault has been committed with reference to this train. It left tho city with an insufficient esoort, while two hundred cavalry were lying here, ready, or nearly ready, to move on the same road. If not exactly ready, ? ..IJ 1 1 i?. -. > - .Uv.. r,?li..<i>iuuD uwum uxi ueeii uafieueu ui 1MIVL twenty-four hours, and the train could have been detained at leart an equal length of time. That this was not done, will, I fancy, beooiue a matter of future accountability. IJnpleasnnt stories, too, are current, touching the habit* and condition at a particular juncture, of an important personage attached to the escort. This, with other mailer. will, I presume, form a subject for the invert gallon of a outlet marlisl.and a more direct reference 10 it iu my teller Would be improper. The attack was m de at M I'aso de lim Ovejas, this vide of the National bridge, nol beyond it. 11 in raid thai tue road in now to be fortified, and oecuBied in all iu more difficult. passes. by Ihe Mexican troopti 'on Thomas Marin, an iulrepid officer of the old Mexican stamp well known for hi* gallant defence of Alvarado, is reported to have eight hundred men under him, wiih whom he intends to oooupy Cerro Gordo again, asM'Kted urt he expects to be ty guerillas who can bcgath red aroiu.d him at a few hours' uotioe, in rases of umerg ncy Bui even if these reports pro re true, that road cannot be closed by Mexican troops General Scott can detach a division at auy hour, which would again sweep h)1 suuti obsiHel. h away for the moment ; and ??, he IihiI the tio pa which tigure > satiaf .ctorily in lh? Adjutant General s report, he eouid guard the road efftciively, by occupying wlih his own meu the passes referred to. This, it !h true, would require a good many soldiers, but It is a matter of very great importance, and the service suffer*. Tom inability to do it I am iuciiued to believe that the General Intends to apen the road to Puebla, leading through Oraraba tnd (. ordova. as it seems to offer some advantages >> CI mill TIB jaiapa. ay HlKlDg possession or these two cities, he would. strike at tns root of the guerilla evil, by couti oiling to a great extent, the mountain hordes from which this claim of soldiers is priuoipally taken It U belief - d that th? best renulU would follow the upening aud occupation of this road. and the General ha? received assurances that the feeling of the termers and w- altby cltisens in strougly favorable to the Americans having b eu reuden-d so by thu depredations ol the native bai.d' of guoiiias. '1 be country along this road i? sxtrtme.y noli, ana its products uiort varied aud cheap. I ho Clluiate IK healthy *ud delightful, lifter leaving ban Juan and I'ftlmiliftii and the roads are good at all seasons ol the y?.?r. It is alio ft shorter route to 1'eubla than that inriugn JaUpa A great nu.iutiiy of tobftcco U produced in the neighbor hood of Cordova and Orazaba, the manufacture of which, into cigars, is a government monopoly, the leaf being purchased of the growers at a fixed price. '1 his ea?oii, the quantity taken by the governuieut officers at Cordova auiouuiud to eight thousaud bales; but, as government properly, it in liable to seizure by the Americans, while pilvftle property i* held saored, the tobacoo has been retuiueU to the producers, to hold until it* manufacture OA I be [lately comuienoed These night thousand bales are worth nearly half a million of dollars, aud would tind a ready sale. They are tuna Jidt government property, and as such would be a legal prile to our arms. In Oraruba, too. 1-t an immense quantity of paper,very valuable, and like the tobacco, the property of the government. Thus you will observe that General Soott might pick up a million of dollars, or to, incidentally, by changing slightly his line of eotninunicatluus, wnile such a change would secure permanent advantages over thatal present open. 1 here U a report Just in from the mule-pens, that a party of guerilla* hau made ft descent upon them, seised and hung the keeper, aud made off with one hundred mules I have uot lime to go out and ascertain the truth of llie matter, as the Kdlih is nearly ready to move, and 1 must get my letter on board as soon as possible. The pens are not half a mile from the clty^walls. TIIK SKM n.WK.NT OF MEXICO, [From the Washington Union, June 2?. We have been favored with the following translations, just received, from the papers of Mexico: 'from the "Bulletin of the Democracy." Mexico, May I, I HIT r\If? A* (TIhk in a new paper violently opposed to Santa Anna.] We bare just learned that this gentleman Ooneral Basadre, ban net out to-day tor the State* of the Interior. *nd we have beard some unfavorable comments on tbe ?ui<ject It Is said. ' ko. [Here are some remarks upon the general'* conduct on previous occasion* ] " And what, It I* now asked, may now be the mission of Oen Rasadre' The replies are various, and even . contradictory. although most of thum are to the effect, that he gum charged by the ministry to negotiate in oertain tftales t? bring their authorities to consent not to oppose tbe foreign mediation whieh the government hiis It in contemplation to admit, but to dispel the impression* wtiloti the disaster of Cerro Oordo may have caused against tJen. San'a Anna, so that the legislatures may elect him ('resident; and finally, If this election 'hould prove Impossible, to negotiate In order that it may fall upon some person who ahall be under the exclu?lvu influence of the peace party, as are Ocampo, Klorriaja. and Anaya I nhappy oountry!" The Diario Uibirrun has recommended, in good terms, that this foreigu mediation sh4.ll be admitted; and it is idded by public report, that Mr. Minister Baranda it Hie author of the article In which this mediation i* inliruetly recommended. Boon the alert, ye legislatures tnd governments of the States '? [Krom the same paper, .Viexloo, May 4, IHf7 No. 43 J in our two last numbers, we have informed the publie if the advanced steps whleh were being taken In this most grave business, in which the ministry did not appear lo be pursuing the >ti .'lightest and most becomiug Bourse 1 lie report of the committee (of which Messrs Otero and Lafr.igua form part; recommending that the proceedings on the sul>ji ct of the mediation offered by ibe Knglish government should|be referred to the Kxecu- ( live, in order that this branch of the government should determine upon the sutject, in accordance with its fac- , ulties: wbiah. in truth, amounted to saying: "Let the mediation be admitted,thia^report having been rejecled in the House it now appears that the government, consulting nothing but Its incapacity, its suplneuess, and its want of ooursge, and, above all. its audacity totem ds llie MeXtcau people, and Its <! i.lllty towards tbe eLtiny has resolved to veuture the whole, and, under its 1 own 1 espousibJity, to accept the said mediation Seuor , BarauJa. as is affirmed Is the man who has loaded blrnm ' h thi- responsibility, Instigated by Santa Auna. and sure that, although be may sell and saoiiflou the country, he will enjoy the same impunity that he did for the teutons decree ofi.be iwih November 1 S >nor At.aya ba^nceu diagged tothe bilnk of the precl- 1 pice, carrying the country ?ttb him 1 v\ e knew, and we kuow, that. Senor Anaja cannot be 1 a tit Piesident for a lime of war, as neither can Klorrlsja, | l orOcainpo nor any other over wnoui the peacu party 1 exercises Xi'Iusivm Influence, StC . ho I [Krom Kl Itepubiicano, (Mexico.) May 10, 1847 ] The popular electiou of the high functionaries of the 1 State has in some cases the disadvantage, 111 others the ' advantage of being the result of the impression* by 1 which the multitude are affected at the m meut. kc , he. By the decree ol the 1st of April, of this year, the Stale 1 W YO fEW YORK, FRIDAY MC legislatures are to proceed to the (taction of President of the republic on the 15th of the prefent month, (May.) The circumstances under which this Important act Is to be performed, could not be more gram or solemn The republia panting In a struggle of lire or death, the amy destroyed, the greater part of her territory occupied by the iiiTMdera, the very capital closely threatened, la no oa-a, &c . be. 80 that, if we attend solely to our critical atate, the ap proachlng election of President might appear a matter it great delicacy, but. upon taking a broader view of the subject. It. I* easy to peroelv? that it offers at present fewer difficulties, fewer oonditions to fulfil. than under other circumstances Incomparably lce.i sad than the present Because, in tbe llrst piece, the Mnuiflcatlon which should be attached to the election of our first magistrate, is simple; lor this Is the character of the great question which now preocouples all minds Peace or war is tbe only thing whluh, at the present day. is to peak tbe character ofthe person to be elected to iforern as. Peaoe or w r 1* the first question now agitated, and before the urgency af whloh all other* have disappeared. Peaeu or war, therefore, is what the result of the eleotlon Is to signify. Inasmuch as the discussion of the project of a constitution Is already far advanoed, and about to close, the continuance in ottce of the President now to be elected will, according to every probability, be exceedingly short, and consequently It is not necessary, with reference to the future even, to take Into consideration the political creed upon other points which may be held by the chief magistrate whose election is lmpendiug. Happy should we be, if. during the ephemeral existence which ! allotted to him, we eould be exposed to the ris k of Uis occupying himself upon other subjects. In oouM'ijiienoe of his hav ing nrttt orougut to a nappy una tne war lu wnicn wo are now straitened. Nor aunt we allow ourselves to be governed by such an error as would be that of Reeking for a man whose qualities should currehuoud to the difficulties of the circumstances. If this were tne problem, we should confess that the acta of the legislature* should come in blank; for we do not kuow?the nation does not know?the man whose high personal qualities are equal to cope with the precipitancy and violence of the events of the day. But wo must not deoelvu ourselves; they are not to be controlled by one man, but by the whole country; and, therefore, what we should seek for is a candidate who, deserving the contldenoe of the country, can cause it to rise?the whole of It?at his voice; one who will not meet with Invincible resistance from auy of the parties existing among us, and who therefore shall be able to bring Into play all the ..elements of resistance which reside in the nation Thus It is that the signification which, according to our view of the matter, should be attached to the election of I'resldent, is simple, and easy to be found; for the determination in favor of war is now general, even amongst many of those who formerly were for peaoe, 8ic. be. $ TIIE MEXICANS AND Till:III CAPITAL?THE AMERICAN FKISONKHS. (From the Little Rock (A?k.) Gaiette. June 17 ] Citv or Mexico, Oth May, 1847. When I last wrote to you, I sat on a brick floor and wrote on my knee*; but these Mexicans are so much like our Spaniel dogs, that the more you wblp them the belter they like you. and tbat being tho case, yon may imagine tnat after the drubbings they got at Vera Ciuu and .Sierra Oordo, they have treated us more kindly. We have the liberty to go where we please, by reporting ourselves at the Carcel Santiago twlee a week. But, though they are thus lenient to us, they are still acting In bad faith. We were exchanged for, by Oen. Taylor, after the battle of Buena Vista, and are still kept by the Government here, in violation of the terms of our exchange. However, we received a letter a day or two since from General Worth, in which he savs that fJen. Scott had not, until the U6th ult , been advised of our detention at this place, in violation of Gen. Santa Anna's agreement with General Taylor; and that General Soott would take the earliest and most prompt measures to have us exchanged for ?he having the greatest abundance ol prisoners, say seven Generals, thirty-four Colonels, with 4.60O other officers and men. We understand that Gen. La Vega is ai ain a prisoner, to Gen. Scott, and those who know him b<*st say he is glad of it; for by being taken a prisoner ut Pulo Alto, he was promoted, and travelled through the United States and made a great man of by our people. I hope that the people of the United Slates will not make so great a set of fools of themselves again, fur Gen. La Vega is, to say the beet ofhiui.an ungraMul puppy, and unworthy the attention so generously bestowed upon him by our people. Tho way he acted (or rather did not ant) in our case, is proof of the truth of my assertion. When we were flrst brought to the city of Mexico, none of us had a second shirt to our back We were taken on a scouting party. ? mi uoimug out 1? sun 01 cioiui d on. ana tiolliiug but 1 or 2 bUnkets that we had takun with uh to aupply us. an we thought., during our temporary abseuoe. Being surprised and captured, wo were brought to th* city of Mexico, without being able to get a change of clothes, and the consequence was, that when we arrived here we were dirty nud lousy Hen La Vega wan In the city at tin' time of our arrival, and fully uiirUcd an to our con dition. lie remained here for more than a month, without paying us any attention, or uven Inquiring for Uh; and if It had not been for the kindness of thu foreigner*, we would indeed have suffered. The foreignerx, of all nations, have been extremely kind to lis, rendering m every assistance in their power. The citizens of thU place ni w neeui ''to give it up' that ( Jen Scott will come here, and it is useless to oppose him. if we exoepttho hirelings of the government \nd a great many of them have been so roughly handled by Oen. Taylor and (Jen Soott. that they feel no disposition to take the field again. Speaking of our con t st* with the Mezioans.remlnds me that I have yet seen no particular aocount* of the last three battle. 1 saw an order from Oen 'l ay lor In which he spoke of the coudui't of the troops on the occasion, be spoke generally in high terra*, but said there were some exceptions?that some did not act bravely It U to uie a source of deep regret and shame, to think that any otour troops should act cowardly, and you may easily imagine the state of suspense that I am in, not being advised as to what portion of tha command merited the displeasure of General Taylor. I hope It waa not our regiment. Col Veil. I am Informed, met bl* de th whi >t ltidli g a chnr<fe in ft g-tllam maimer?of hla bravery I jw&s alw?y* certain. I would like to know who were killed in our regiment Vou know that brothers Ben and Josh were there, then, and many others wbo Era dear to me. since 1 have been out of prison, I have visited all the principal places In the city. Mexico is a grand place, there are in the oily n- ar three hundred cburuuas many of which are magnificent. The principal Cathedral, which Joins the uiaiu I laza or square, and the church <>t Guadalupe are two of the finest churches iu tha world. The Mexican Government has induced the churches to coin a irmiit niiM.nt.itv of th*ir *ile?r m.1 ' > ? i J ? ? Ti ??n'l? and give them to tlii' army. by making them bolitre that they would be robbed by ourarioy if It should ouniu here. l'oor devils! If they ouly were a* secure from their own people as they are from uh they n;ight sleep (OUQdly. The Americans here are all called Yankees. The leaft Mexican in the street oan articulate the word "Yankee'' do an to be perfectly underwood One pour Mexican, the other day, said Vankee for the but time (now they apply ihe terra to all inen who hare while faces). The story goes thus:?A foreigner, the other day, was wnlklug aloug the street and met a party of Mexicans, onu of whom called him a Yankee. He demanded why they Insulted him, as he was peacably attending to his own business. The it.exlcan became abusive, and the toreigner shut his Ost, hit him under the ear and killea him stone dead. The Mexicans imagined that he wan merely knocked d"*u,and suffered the foreigner to walk off uumolestt-d. Who the foreigner Is nobody knows, but I strongly suspect him to be a relation to Jim Kears There was a Lieutenant brought up as a prisoner from Oen. Scott's army the other day, and charged with being a spy. He was under the charge of (Jen. Ainpudla and a guard of Mexican officers, and brought in the mail stage. When they arrived, they were so overjoyed at meeting their friends, that whilst they were hugging and kissing each other, the Yankee left ''for parts unknown," and has not been heard of since. Our men are still confined In prison; they are all well; you may say so to their friends I am not permitted to visit them, though all the other officers are, except Lieuteuant Davidson of Kentucky. We suppose the ressoa of it is that we, in the counoil of war when we surrendered to (Jen. Minoi)? voted against a surrender and lor a fight. C C. DANLKY. SPANIARDS IB MEXICO. The New Orleans La Patridcomment* on a statement made by a Vera Crux letter writer, and which Is going the rounds of the press vlx: " That six Spaniards from Havana had landed at Vera Trux, and that In four days they would be in the Interior, each one commanding n guerilla band?" I n Patria states that these six men were one Nicolas Fernandei, and his three brothers, well known In New Orleans, and one Stephen Dial, along with a Francis Duprc, a Krench Sergeant of (,ulrassiers. who had served under Oeneral Ney. In Napoleon's army, and that they embarked from New Orleans, Instead of Havana, the first, week In Mar last, fur Tamnlco ?ml that thence they passed to Vera Crux I.a Pntria state* that though Spanish by birth, (at least At* of them.) they have long llred In New Orl**mti?. ?h?m two of them am married and have left their families; and tliln lead* then] to believe that the* are naturalixed eitixena. and cannot, therefore l>? looked upon a* Spaniards. La I'alria alao contradict* the utatement that a .Span lull General, Haturnino du l.aV<?^ Bad Bone to take part In the guer.lla warfare l.aVega. It cay*, wo* merely a lieutenant in the Torragooa regiment and tied from Spain nn account of a duel, arrived in New Orleans poor, and 1 without mean* of living. a* he could only speak Sp >ni*h; j and In-new from necessity hw enlisted in the Mexican 1 cause. La f atria then goes on to show the impossibility ' and improbability of the *tory regarding J00 Spaniard*. 1 whom the letter writer states w.^re on their way from j i.ulia to Mexico It quote* tbe very striot laws regarding passport*. 8tn , In < uba, and *howa how the*? JOll '

men woulil Und It perfectly impossible to Ion** without them. 'lhe object of this long article is to olear the Spa- ! ntah nation from any imputationa of affording as*t?tancn < to Mexico, which aouie editor*, according to J*i Palria, Mara inclined to believe. AFFAIRS IX NKW MKXICO. < [Vrom the New Orb ana Picayune, June J3 ) 1 Many of the offlcera of Col Doniphan'* command, 1 now in thi* city, are startled by tho account* received of the utter dlsnrganlxatlon of the troopa lelt at Santa Re 1 under Col Trice Whilst Col Doniphan'* regiment re- 1 malned in New Ntexlco that of Col Price was held in ' <ood diacipllne, and the < olonel blmaelf wan e*teeined a 1 uotnpetent person to maintain order in hi* "amp. The 1 insubordination and demoralization of the regiment, of | ehlch auch deplorable and frequent report* liave been 1 received of late, are attributed by several officer* with 1 whom we have conversed, to the oorrupiiug influence* ' ?f the society at Hanta Ke upon the soldiery In all 1 New Mexico society la organ!ted upon the moat ahan- I doned notion* of domeatio fidelity. There U little mar- 1 RK H )RNING. JULY 2, 1847. rying or giving in marriage lh*r? Unrestrained concubinage i* a recognised feature of the social system, anil the manners of the people are not formed upon any ac knowledged right or obligation pertaining to wedlock ? it to feared that after the nuppreasion of the insurrection in which Oov. Bent aud m?ny othei American oititens wt-r? murdered, that the soldiers distributed through the town?, to ke?p order and watoh the movement* of the citizen*, became contaminated by eTil example, until the disorder* of the camp reflected the licentiousness of the country The St. Louis paper*, which may be HUpposetl to tHke little ple**urw in repurtlpg *uch thing*. publieh letter alter letter dwellIng upon tlie fearful allludxnuieiit if ttie soldiery to the m?*t pr<'fliga'e pHxtiine* and vicious occupations. With the exception* of the artillery companies from St. Louis, and Captain Agney's company from Jefferson city, the troop* are said to have given themselves up to n depraved and barbarou* course of life This state of things is so different from that whloh existed at tlie time cf Col. Doniphan's departure from Santa Fe. that those of his officers with whom we have conversed, are at a loss to uocount fur it, unless It be that the soldiers were- not able to reaint the Influence of a society whioh made a merit of prostitution It was, perhaps, in view ol the power of evil example lU'On the moral* of men, that one of the most iulxlllfrent oSkiers of the Chihuahua expedition said to us. that "the more of that oountry we annex to the United Status the worse off we will be." In Chihuahua there does not appear to be a better social organisation There, too, as In New Mexico. * flrroflfl ft<inAilA.llt.v nrs?<i/nr?lMat*-* -11 Benia of thaine. Tim country Irom Santa Kc to Chihuahua U an oi?rrnn In Roil an the inhabitant* are destitute of principles of virtue. No rivers of wator moisten the uilil rocks, which are piled up in routinuous ranges of mountains. or irrigate the scorching plains between. Nor dc streams of civilization or moral suutiment frnotify rnindt which have been withered and parched by lust and ungodly incest. AFFAIR* IN MONTEREY. [From the Monterey Pioneer, May 47.] Our city seems to be Increasing in population ever) day. The Mexicaus are returning by hundreds, and con fldence between them and tbs Americans seems to be it a great measure restored Business also has somewhat mproved within the last few weeks, several large Stocki of good* having arrived within that period. THE REGULAR OFFICERS IN THE HATTLE OF lit? K.N A vista, 22n and 23d February. [From the New Orleans Delta, June 23.] The following list has been considerately transmitted to us by an officer of the V. 8. Army. Besides the present interest which it possesses, as a matter for future reference, it is worth preserving. He accompanies it with the following letter Bce.ia Vista. Mexico, May !27, 1847. Km. Delta?I send you a correct list of all the regular oltcers wbo fought on the 'Jid aud -J3d of February last, at this place. Ah nono bus yet been published, I think It will interest your readers and the people at large to learn the names of all thoso who, In connection with the handful of 4B10, decontly whipped the " Napo leon of tbe South." and gave him, and his more than J'J.OOO veterans, commaudedby twenty-three generals, a regular Waterloo defeat. Your able correspondents keep you advised of all we are now doltag. I think W? shall uovo on to Han Luis Potosl by the lAth July ? Major-Oenoral Zaohary Taylor Brigadier-General John E. Wool. Jidjutantt- General. Major W. W. 8. Bliss, Capt. George Lincoln.* Inspector Oenetal.?Col. Sylvester ( hurchill Quartermaster's Department. Col. Henry Whiting, Assistant Quartermaster-General. Capt. E. S. Sibley, Assistant Quartermaster. Capt. W. W. Chapman, Assistant Quartermaster. Capt. H. H. Chilton, Assistant Quartermaster. Subsistence Department. ( apt. Amos B. Eaton, Commissary of Subsistence. Medical Department. C. M. Hitchcock, Ass'tHurg. Win. Levely, AsM't Surg. T. Madison, u O. W. Prevost, " J*oy Department.?Major lloger 8. Dix. Corps of Engineers. Bvt.M^j. J. K. F. Mansfield, Lieut. Henry W. Benhaiu t Corps of Topographical Engineers. Capt. Thomas U Llnnard, Lieut. Win B. Franklin, Lieut. Lorenzo Sltgreaves, Lieut. Franols T. Bryan I Lieut. John Pope. Ordnance Department?Lieut. Charles P. Kingsbury. first Regiment of Dragoons. Company A.?Lieutenant James II. Carle ton, (oom manding company;) Lieut. Joseph H. Whittlesey; Lieut George r. Evans Company E?Capt. Enoch Steen.t Lieut. D. II. Ruck er; Lieut. Abraham Buford.f Second Hegiiaent of Dragoons. Company?Brevet Lieut. Col. Charies A May; Lieut R. P. ismpbell, (commanding cempany;) Lieut. Samun U. Sturgis. Company?Lieut. N. C. Givcns, (commanding eompa ujrt; iiirui i 11UIUHB J HWU. f\rit Rrgimrnt of Jlrtilltry. Company C?C*pt Lucien L. B Webeter; Lieut J am en L. Donaldson; Lieut, liaac Bowen. Lieut. I. McDowell. Aid-de-Camp to (Jen. Wool. SetottJ Rrgimtnt of .Irlllltry. Major John Munruo, l hlnf of Artillery Third Hrs;imrnt of Arlillryy < nuipany I( apt Hrnxtnn Hr*|r?; I.I'"t William H. Shover; Lieut, i burly* I. Ml burn Company K -Captain Thoiun.< W Sherman. Lieut. George II Thoniaa; Lieut. John K. Heynolue; Lieut. S <J. French 1 fourth Htgimt lit of Jlrtilltry. Company B ? Capt Jobu M. Washington; Lieut John P. J O'Brien,f Lieut Thomas L. Brent; Lieut Henry 51. Whiting; Lieut. Darius N. Couoh. Lieut H S (iarnett. Aid-de-t amp to Cien. Taylor Third Rrgimtnt of Infantry. Capt. Joieph II Eaton, Ald-de Camp to Ifon. Taylor t.ilhth Hr/iimm! nj Infantry Brevet Col W O Beiknap, Ai-tiug Inspector General 'J lie t m -iy arrivnl nl Lapt fmUMi Willi hm battery on ihu nlxht of the 'i3J- thu tpproach ol wlilch being known to MKiitii Anna?do doubt contributed an a material uauae to hi* ultimate retreut and entitle* the oflloer* of hit company to a plaee ou this lixt Aril Htfimrnt iif Jtrtillery Company?'apt. Jhiih-h H 1'runtlu; Lieut. James B. Kiokettsj Lieut Abhor Double. Killed (Wounded. ARMY AFFAIKS. Col Jeffenou Darin said, in a .-ptnch made upon the or ration of thu ree?ption of the Mississippi Volunteers at Vick?burg that be would not accept the commission ol Brigadier (Jeneral. for the reason tliat lie b-lleved the volunteers should elect lb.-ir own o&lrers a priuclple he bad earnently advocated in < Ongres*. and did not fuel at liberty, und?r present clrouinstances. to violate. The IT. S ship t.dltb.Capt Couillard. from Vera Cruz the I'Jth, and fiorn Brazos .it. Jago the Iftth IiihI . arrived yesterday She brought from Vera Crux the following passengersCapt J U Stlnson. Capt. C. V. Bacon, Iudge Carrigan, and Bis discharged soldiers From Brazos St. J ago, ah* brought Capt A. M Mitchell, 1st Ohio regiment, ( apt W'm Monaghan, sutler's department and Seweli T. Taylor We liiVo received Home letters by her from our correspondents but their new* wan anticipated by the arrival of the Jauies J, Day. Thi steamer Champlaln. ' ai-t. Brandenburg, arrived yesterday morning from St Louis She brought down on< compaay of mounted volunteers?nin> ty-nine man anc niueiy-eight horses, under the command of Capt. Dun lap and Lieut* Lambert, Jackson and Doyle.?A. O Urlta. Junr 93. Dedication or tm?: Law School Koines at Tautertin.?The new building recently erected at Princeton N. J , for the tiae of the Law School, waa dedicated or Tuesday. A correspondent of tha 1Vrtvark Daily Jlrlcrrtiter gives the following account of the proceedings or the occasion ? The i'rcilldent, Trustees, mid Kaculty of the College ol New Jersey, together with the Professors of tha I,aw Hchool, recently constituted. with a Urge bodv of th< alumni ami friend* of the ( ollege assembled at the beau tlful new edifice just erected on the ground*, and thraugt the beneficence of Hicbard H. Field. Ksq., one of the lav profeftHorn. and formed a procession to the i'resbyteriai Church to hear the address from chief Justice Green, o the New Jersey Supreme Court. In the procession wai the Governor of the State; the two United State* Hen ators; the seveial Justice* ol the Supreme Court; th< Chancellor; the venerable ( hief Justice Hornblawer Judge Utokerion of the l'olted Statua District Court, foi this State; Judge drier, of I'a.; Bishop Doaue, and inani other persons eminent in Church and State. The churci wae crowded to an overflow, the galleries presenting i brilliant, assemblage of the beauty aud fashion of tb< State After an Invocation of the Divine favor, by th< revered president ' arnahan. Chief Justice Green row to pronounce the discourse, which held the profound at' tentlon of tha audience for upwards of an hour; and I need scarcely add that It vu discourse every way worthy of the man and the occasion. After a few graceful and introductory remarks, during which It was said that law rather than literature would be the theme, the speaker proceeded to establish the great proposition that a nation's laws form the most instructive portion of Its history. It is there that th? character, the genius, the progress aud the refinement ol a people are most legibly written They constitute, it was said, the monument and the record of a nation s civilization the only sure criterion of its freedom or Its servitude. The Inference Is obvloua that the laws must ?ver present au interesting nulject of study and Invent!/Ration; and hence under the Jewish theocracy- -undei i he polished despotism of the Kant?amidst the democracies of Greece - in the Homan Repnblin. as in every stibM-ijuent period or time, the study has ever been a favorite pursuit of enlightened and edueated men. Upon the rerival of litters it became the favorite study or the clergy lud under the auspices of the church It was introduced into schools and universities, and formed an easential element of all liberal education. After blieMy pluming the history of the subject the Chief Justioe a?l forth ml urg. J with emphasis the [uain proposition* of his learned and able discourse?the uecefsity of a mora assiduous cultivation ot legal sclnnee?of a mora thorough, systematic training of eandllates for the Oar. "I advootte it," said be, with deep earnestness, " as a measure necessary to sustain and elevate the character of tha profession?as a measure not ese necessary to the pure and vigorous administration }f justice?til the peace and order or society? to the ?"* surity or social and political rights -to the maintenance ind vigor of oar free institutions?to tue preservation of ill thai is valuable In liberty itself * * \ noble eulogy was pronounced upon the femmrn l.aw. ind soma of Its great expounders The uecissity of a horourfhly educated bar-and of schools founded for thorough instruction In the science, formed anothai teadng topic of dlecourta, upon wbloli It was shown that thla preparation tor tha dutiaaor tha profesalon. at all timea ind la every age important, was mora than ever dt [ERA maiided to this period of ruda Ui)<uih Uit Innowtloo i when long aatabuabed principles, ud well settled opto ions, v* uprooud m If from tba mare love of novelty ? The agitation of vital questions in a NHOn of popular ui . rltement demand* knowledge to discern tha right, firm- ! 1 nes* to maintain It. Suoh ttmaa it was strongly urged. 1 | demand men who will maintain tba rl#bt for tne sake of i the riitht?the honest boldness of Coke and tha moral ' firmness which prompted the declaration of the fwarleea I Jenkins?" Usurped authority I will net acknowled/>' I , feiir not to die. hut I will go to eimntl^ii with the Biblo upon my hn ??t, with the Statute Law in one hand auU ' ' the l oat Dion I.h* lu tb- other ' To the young men ^rexeut who contemplate th>' ' luiiy I , of thu Uw tliH Chiuf Justice addressed himself with j more tliRj fraternal feeling, exhorting them among other things by no means to yield their lo*e of clastic ( literature In entering upon the atudy of the prof>-riiion ? , never failing of course to cultivate a proper estimate of the true ends and real dignity of the proration He 1 took eare alno to remind them that there U uo moral 1 power mtuere intellectual greatness. 1 The hope wan expressed, with manifest deference to the learned Faculty, that In the edifice now dedicated to ( Instruction in legal science, the commou law will be taught In Its pristine purity and rlgar. We need, said ba, a revival of common law learning?of such learning 1 as gavetotke New Jersey Bar ber Peterson and bar Stockton. Tba Crops, It may fairly ba Inferred, from tba aocouuts gives ba- 1 1 low, that the prospects of not only a fair but an abuud- ! i ant harvest, are good. It will be seen tbat the Canada , papers arc inclined to toll a doleful tale Wo cuunot but I 1 hope that the fears of their editors are in advance of the 1 reality. We, too, have had evil prognostications, and plenty of them in the United States .but they now prove to have boen either croakers or timid men, whose imaginations were addressed by prospective famine and all the misery attendant therefrom. The late fine rains, and i delightful days of sunshine, have brought our grain forj ward In the most bountiful manner ; und the farmer is now watching the fast maturing fields of waving corn, and whetting his cradle scythe In preparation for his crowning stroke of field labor. Kveu in Michigan, where hopes of a crop fell very lo w things are nowjassumlng a cheering aspect. The fly has disappeared, and the wheat fields "assume a greener, richer, and more enlivening appearance,'' and the fruit erop appears to be doing remarkably well. " We have taken pains to take a look at the grain field* in our vloinlty, and we oan assure our readers that there is no Apprehension of a scarcity of breadstuff* to be fouud In Berks county In many places, the grain appears to be ripening fast, with full ears , and of the best quality. The potato erop also promises an abundant yield, and it is our beltof that in one month hence, potatoes, Instead of commanding f>i per bushel, will be readily sold for 40 a oO cents. The corn, Sto , all look well, and from every direction we receive the most cheering accounts of thu crops, so that ascarcity of provisions need not bo apprehended.?Reading (Pa.) Journal. Now that there Is no longer any anxiety as to what is thu character and extent of the grain crops, we give up chronicling the accounts from particular sections. The question is settled, that the quality Is decidedly superior to last year's, and the yield, on the whole, very flue. In most sections, the remark Is that the wheat is " wsli filled," an expression very significant of beautiful flour and excellent broad. In the midst of the ncoount* of ''harvest commencements," all around ut.tbe only anxiety now is for the successful and safe completion of the harvest, without damage to the grain before it Is seoured. A short spell of seasonable weather for this purpose, and it may be said that "all's well."?Baltimore Sun,'Ml hull We notlood,ln passing over some portions ot our country on Monday, tnat the warm weather we have enjoyed for a few days has produced a most favorable change in the appearance of the growing crops Corn, especially, shows a marked Improvement, having assumed a green, vigorous and promising appearance. Wheat looks very unpromising in many places Wo can not have half a crop, ft is feared, this summer. Rye looks very well, as also do oats and barley. And on the whole, we hope our farmers will. In some way. realise a fair com pensatlon for their Inborn?Syracunt Journal. Krom what we h?r? seen, and morn especially from what wo have heard, of thti condition of the wheat of thiH county, we aru in< lined to the opinion thut there will be a full average crop. We pwsed through several Of the southern towns of the county last week, In all Of | which, with the exception of one or two tlelds that had been partially winter killed, the grain looked exceedingly well. And such, we learn, in the cane in other part* of the county, it is undoubtedly true that Home farmers will not raise much more than halt a crop, but this in the exception to the rule, 10 far as ( ay uga county ih concerned. Two or three week* iilnce there waa some reason to fear that wheat would be unusually ligui, but the i recent tine rains and favorable weather havo brought It forward with remarkable rapidity.?jiuburn Juurnul The farmers--almost always grumbling?anticipate good crop! generally, The gram la very h?avy Corn potatoes and grain* promise anil, although uot ho advanced yet as to make the crop certain ? Ni ? Har?.n Journal. The wheat harvest will commence in this viola t v the first week in July. It Is said that th- crop bid* 1?ir to yield M average along the Whitewater V'aln y. 'IJio propped north la better than was anticipated earlier in the Reason.?Camhrtdge, Ohio Rtvtillr, "ibd ult. A considerable part of the tall wheat haa been winter killed, and within the I art few daya the Hessian Hy, which haa committed auch dreadful ravagea In Lower l ap*1!! and mauy parts ot the L uiled St ilus has shown its. 11 In the wheat, wtlh the usual result. Thu pUnts. whiuh beti re np|>?itred healthy and vigorous. a.-t ' turning y.il< ?, aud, iu some carea,falling lu ilin g[< uuj ? Voi onto Glokt The weather. during the paat fortnight, has l>eene xtre nely t'.voiail" for the growing cnp-i more partloulariy tor the spr ng grain and hay I "pious rains, with tlue warm ilayx. tiave diffused a glowing look ot heuth OV r the outs ward tielus an 1 mcauowi. and alujui-l ooiu pensaitd f"T the unusual tardinessot the season ilaj which threatened to b<> extremely scanty, will be a full average crop, t,ud oats, peas and potato*-* look uu??m moniy promising. Wheat, both fall and spriug mivu, caunol be apoki n of with <> uiuoh confluence, fi>r feai ful storii s aru afloat of the terrible ravages of the By, but we heartily hope that two-thirds of these tales will prove spurious, a* generally happens in tiu.es of floui speculations. It is universally conceded, thai the late and present raim have been a perfect Wudaeud inuking a thorough revolution in the aspect of things -ICinfton Whig | Dnn'i in uuw an |)iri in irnu. r ulur ill iDiirKi'I yf*terday it I7h. Sid piT cwt ; being * reduction of In Wd owing tn the fall of wheat and tl?ur in Knglaud ll is I not a little teiiiarkable that the value or a b trrel o( Kingston UuUr four thou-and miles off. should regulate | the price of a Kiugston lOtf (if bfnd! \ et mcli lathe cmc We believe there In plenty of wheat In the couu i try yet W? Know ol one farmer nu.tr Haiti who ban 8O0 bushels lie waauffernd 7s. (id |>?r bushel taH ??n t but refused to mil at that. 'i he general lmpreiI sion in, that price* will fall much lower Peihap* tbe iiuxt mail from hugland will decide the point. Within tbe last month a great dual of rain ban fallen; in consequence of whlob the grass and spring crops generally are making rapid headway. Kali wheat, however, ha* been much Injured in ?ome place*, by the "lusect," which bait attacked the root* of the young plant* completely destroying whole Held* 'I he agitregate amount ' of wheat rained thin year mu*t fall considerably short ef last year'* crop. W< had another heavy shower of rain , last night, accompanied with thunder mid lightning which laated about an hour -Kingtlon Herald. . The Charleston Mercury of th? JUth ult nay* We hare received intelligence from various quarter* of the ' State in relation to the growing orops, and we regret to 1 My that the cottou crop In represented, on all sides, to be In a moHt unfavorable and unpromising condition.? 1 Thin 1* the result of a combination of cause*. among ' which the backwardness of the spring, and the recent J. heavy rains, are the mont prominent.. The reason in said to be at leant three weeks later than usual and tbe wet ' weather ha* given such an impetus to the grain at almost | entirely to ohcck the growth and progress of the plant | It Is the opinion of inauy intelligent planter* with whom ' we hare been at some pains In conversing on the subject. r that it Is almost too late to hope for any material lin' proveinent; and the crop of IM47 must fall far short of 1 the general avernge With respect to graiu of every de1 scription. the account* are much inore favorable, and ' without some acoldeut. we may confidently expect an | abundant yield, both of wheat and Indian corn A gentleman writing from the parish of St l,andry to a friend in this Kclty say* ?'"Our prospect for all uian ( ner of crop* eieeeds any thing we have eiperlenued for a number of years. Corn, coiton and cane are larger p than I ever snw them at this season of tbe year A " | Delta, June 'J3. PcrwNial and Political. i The Hon. Johu quincy Adam- i i t I cellent health since bis return irom ? woiB?i?r> Mr Klonrney has received noHw from Mr. rrnlviji I of bin intention to contest. the seat to which the former 1 ha* been elected in the <4 ' ongra?sU>nal di?trict of Virginia.? Lanvitlr lltrald John C. William*. formerly of thin city, who am barked ! in the Canada war in 1*18, wan taken prlnoner at Windnor, 1 "pi?**r < anada. and transported to Van Dieinan * land, returned |a?t week, after nine year* abxenci ha*, in* iMen pardoned a rear or two ago He was in rear, h of hi* relative*. ?nii before he obtained Inforniatiou of them left for Detroit. having learned erroneously thnt ( hie sou lived there Nlnee hi* departure It ha* been a*- , ertained that the relative* he i* in m-arch of reside In li loom fluid. Ontario county. He left on a line boat on I Monday evening - Ritr.ki-ttrr Drmm rat I Thk Vesiki.b SRizm at Newport.?Thr vrsI *?>U which were seized at Newport for the violr' tion of th? llren?e law*, under a proeaai from the fnlt<d I State* District fourt for the district of Rhode Inland, I have been ttrlpped and hauled Into dock. 'I hr crews or , three of the ve**el* have returned to their home* In i 1 Wellfleet The offence oharged Is. that while the? had , taken out license* for cod fishing, with the intention of I j I olamUng a bounty from the government for the tlma an , employed, they were In fiet devoting a purl of the regl*. tered time to mackerel fishing It remain* to be seen ! whether, if the fact* alleged an true, it would not h*v? i been proper for tba authorities to wait until the uim I for the bounty wa* made The courwi of the autli ntiea at Newport, however, show* that the matter U a tenons { one. whioh ha* probably been wall considered ~ Boston I Ait July I. . LD. ~T~ - . HI rne? Xww Urnmm. J una 10,1S4T TU JL3.Ha S?i?iun uf t\< Sc.alr The s.nite aanumblad" in tbeir cbamker at 10 o'oUxd^ thU morning; nearly the entire Scout* wa? prw>?ct tharo being only three abAenfew?M?a*r? H*nd. *p?n:cr. and Yoang. Mr John?on, whom I reitortad IU.u> riffd hero thi* morning, on hi* way to ioui- celebrated catering place. ili? hvaith w.ll, uudxubt jly vuvd r?i tared. Tho Senato, after their organisation. tl<.* ra< mtng, ?aitrd patiently for several minute*. in tti.i tiopx th*t he Governor would transmit the nomination of loma [entleman.M an aacoclate for Frederi-k Wbit l ^ey upon the b?ncb of the Supreme Conrt None, however, ar lred. and it beoauie obvioun that th? (iovernor would not nominate a aeoond Justice until (be Senate had kdtd upon the nomination of Mr WhitilfX'jr. Mr \\ar rii then roee, tfld nored that th? nomination jf Mr. WbitUeMT be oonflrtned Before the President put the motion to the Senate, Mr. Taloott roi?, and asked the President If there hud been uny communication received from the Governor thla morning The President replied negatively, when Vir. Taluott moved that the motion Just made by Mr. Harris be laid upon the table. Mr. Hah hi* demanded the ayes and noes on the motion made by Mi. Talcotl Hi re began an argumentative discussion, In wbtota several senators participated In the continuation of It the governor waa reprehended with marked severity: and a number of bii warm political friends. In view of hU neglect to nominate a second Justine of the Supremo Court. ooncurTed with the opposition in a determination to oonQrm the nomination of Mr Whittlesey. and then peremptorily adjourn. But thii determination waa abaudouud.when it was afterwards ascertained that tb? present Supreme Court oould not be constituted a court without there were three justices. to wit a chief ju?tlce and two associate justices. The Preaident alio obHerved, that there were besides several nomination! of h military character vet to be made, and that a prematura adjournment would bo especially disastrous to tbe public interests But these public necessities could not prevent a protracted and sarcastic discussion, which subsequently occurred , uelther the friends of the government nor the opposition, gained any brilliant laurels in thla itrlfa ; there was nothing indeed to stimulate tbe opposition to any gigantic "xertions. except a horrible suspicion which prevailed that a coalition of tbe whigs and conservative democrats In favor of a conservative candidate for the remaining vacancy, would suddenly bstrav itself It is a universal concession that tlie point* of difference between the conservative and radical democrats have been whetted to an achme of malignant bat*, which neither of these sections can ever feel for the whigs. The result of this struggle by a combination of the whig and conservative strength, was unfavorable to the radicals. The in. tiou ol' Mr Taloott was defeated by the following vote : ? Arcs?Messrs. Barlow. Beekman. Beers, Crook, Dennlston, Morris, Sedgwick, Smith, Talcott, Townsend, Williams. -II Avti?Mescrs Backus, Beach. Burubam, Clark, Cbmens. Folsom, Urldley, Hall. Hard Harrla, Jones, Rnggles, Hanford, J. B. Smith, Van Schoonhoven, Wheeler. ? I#. An eflort waa made at this point to adjourn tha Senate temporarily; but It was defeated by a vote similar to the above. Mr. Babi.ow having made a protest, tbe question whether tbe nomination of Mr. Whittlesey should bo confirmed, was put to the Senate, and resulted as follows :? Avr.t?Messrs Backus, Beach, Beers, Burnham, Clark, Den'jlston, Kmmons. Kolsom. tirldley. Hall. Hard, Harris. Jones. Morris, Ruggle*. Hanford, Sedgwick. J. B. Smith, Talcott, Townsend, Van Hcboonhoven, Wheeler, and Williams?'in Nori?Messrs Barlow and 8. Smith?'J. You will observe that the ayes have It, and that the nomination of Mr. Whittlesey was coullrmed. The thirty-secoud standing rule of the Senate prohibits the transmission to the Governor ot a confirmation of this nature within one week after the nominee la continued. Without doubt this rule may be evaded br unanimous consent of the Senate, and Mr. Clark accordingly asked unanimous consent to transmit the confirmation of Mr. Whittlesey to the Governor. Mr. Baulow objected with emphasis, and Mr. Harbi* subsequently gave notice that to-morrow he would move to suspend the 3Jd rule, in order that tbeoonfirm anon o( >lr. vvbitllnaey might (mi transmitted to tbe Orrunwr When the Senator kuvb tbin notion, be wm not, probably, ?w?r? thut the confirmation could be tranamitted to the Kxeoutive at tbe termination of the week, whether the Semite wax la aemiion or not. 1 (appose the notier ru withdrawn The nomination of I)a?lil il. Abell to tbe oBee of Canul Appraiaer. in pluce of < heater llaydeo. ?utbw laid upon the table, where it will remain. It wax rerun rk mi that there were claim* amounting to $100,000 now pcudiutf heiore the preoent Hoard of Canal Appraiser*, thine claim* have been heard, but hare not been decided by tbe Board; if Mr ilaydi n ia removed, these claims munt bam a rw-hearlaif. at double tipuiM to thu Statu and to the claimant* Therefore tb* Senate property retused to cunilrm thU uocniuaUou. The Governor ?ent the following nifemr? F.t(9CTlTt CHAIIKII, / June V-ltb, lfe47. ) I hereby nominate tbe following named persona to Dm "Blue of Major Onueral of tbe New Vork State Miiitia, tor Ilia diviaiuu dirtrictx uieutioued r> spec lively, to vlt : ? Kor tbe aeeoud diviaion district. Aaron Ward, of Slag Sinn in the county of Weatobeeter Kor the third diviaion dUtrict. John T. 'ooper, of tbe o.ty of Albany Kor the fourth diviaion dlrtriot O'villc ( ieuntor) Clark. of Sandy Hill in the county of Wiwhiti^t'jn Kor the fittki division district, Lewla Averlll, of 8t. Jolmsvilie. iu the coun>y of Montgomery Kor Iheaixth division dlatrict, aauiuvl Cotcjtof ?, of Clinton, in the county of I Inrida Kor the seventh diviaion dlatrict, .louulhuii 1'. < uucb, of Havana. In the county of Lhetnuni; Kor the eighth diviaion dialrict. Nmou l:..nd*U, of Buffalo, in the county <f Krie i hurt.- aeverai uouiiuationx were confirmed by tbe ?- uute nrmint conlradisrnti. The Oorernor afterward nominated M arena T FUraolda.of Albuiy. for luetloe of the Sapretue Ciurt ill conjunction with Whlttleaey The 8en?u: cooflimed lb" nomination and at t h Ouftrnor'i rtijucit nfreeil 10 tijuurn till to-morrow, ia order that in the rreut of Mr. Iteyiiuld'a reliinal to accept tlx- nomination. tx prepared to act upon aouie other individual I do not believe Mr It will accept The Senate having confirmed the nomination of Marvin P Smith to be Comiuiaaioner for loaning United state* money* In Broome county. In place of Nat Lata S. Davix. adjourned till to-morrow at U>u o'clock. MlM-ellaiieoMS. The Poor Houkh in Attleboro' wan burnt down bxtween twelve aud one o'clock on Tueaday night. and Ilia aaid that ftvp of tli>- inmates perithed in tb? flame* The tin in *uppo*?-d to have been the work of an inovudlary. A terrible thunder and rain fitorm vitdud Putnan, Munkingum Co . Ohio, a few day* oinee. cauaiug a great trenhet M<*t of the bridge* were either carried ftway or damaged. We learn that au aged uiau , named Carliaia, being in hi* aaw mill, which wan carried away, waa dr lwned The large culvert-bridge of the NationalR >ad at Weat Putnam, wan owept away ; It wHlaoat frost >3uoo to $:m>00 to replace It Mr. John Kletcher. In attempting to croM a run with a wagon and a team at lior?e?. WL> awept away, and drowned " " The body of Mr*, liounk, lout from the itnamer Chesapeake. on lake Krie. haa been picked upabout half a mil* from the wreck The body of K. Sutherland, lat engineer, wan found between <'.onnealit and Krie. aud Mr. Verk. of Tiftln Ohio, a few milea below The body of Mr Oeorge Van Doren. of l.ower Sanduaky. waa found on the beach, a ahort diatance below ( onneaut. >J.IO? In money and draft* and ail other paper* In hla poa*ea*lon were found ?afeIt la oald that Mr Bradbury, editor of a paper In Cincinnati, who waa on board the ( heaapeake at the time of the dfewder, and who narrowly ' I I,,. i;r.. I.... > .irlinn mirainat thn owners for damagoa auatalned by th? l<>*? of hla bnirgnge Thl* will lend to a Wal InTealigation of the clroumatanoea of thil (liHJIXtiT " Wn I urn that < apt Knnwlaa, of ulilp Chill, arrivad at Itnatoo yeatenlay, IW>tn Valparaiso, whence ahe Milled OB the 14tli of April, report* that the new governor for Tahiti, left Valparal?o about the laat of March, with a frigate. two corvette* andanndry transport*, with troopa, horae*. provision*, fcc Ivi?ian MrRHKiw.? We leurn from the officer* of ilif jtit'.uiHT Cora, that ?ome time in May Imi, two families of the Wlniiebagoe*. nonniatlag of too or leven peraon*. men. women hii>I children. were murder <1 and m'alp?d by a party of the Sioux, with which trlba they wtv on vary friendly terui* The party returned to the vicinity or Kort Hnelllng, where In a diabolical ilance their nel'arioiu trophie* were exhibited. Thin itrociouH outrage greatly exavparated the YVInnvbagoaa, who prepared to avenge the murderou* deed; but at tha l?le*t account*, at the Inadgatlon of the Indian \gent the Sioux had nonoented to go ami meet the W lunehagoaa Inl'ouucil.and it in *upp<>?ed that all dlfllcultle* between the tribe* will h? amicably settled \ murder of one Vt the Mtoux laat fall.which in charged to one of thaWlnnabafo?i*. i* raid to hare led to the taaxeacre of th?M two famiHea 91 1-onii Hrpnbtti nn, Junt '1%. P\NT*LOONH-K AflRKttft. tha well huown Pauta Tailor, MS Aim ue?l. Ha* latalv re?*e ived o*ajr IN pea. i?ncy aamim tea ?u<i I.iuena^ nl akirh k? makes Paula to or lei loro^ly S2 M to It pai iwir. Al?o. I< rmeh and r'.ugiiah Mark eaaaimeraa and doeakiaa, Irnni f I to ftk per pair, warranted latd, or no aale. (ten'? wlio arc in waul ol Tama, will do wall to call at Ana rtrwt jeM lll*r L lilinLINIl, Kranch Keataaratear, M urf M Naeeaa at., reliirua hia aimer* thauka to In* numerous friends and citrons, who have so liberally auatained him since he ro?menreii lua ratabliahoient, and baaa laava to inform then that > la under the neceaaity ol riming tha aama, ia coaaequruea if the proimetor being about ro erect o?w baildntgs un thai (Ml. Mr. floating will keep hi* office np atain for tha entiling two weeka, where all having claims agaluat the aboee aataulianment will please to rallfor oa\ merit. Je1: 7t re CA*Tt)V V CltlTHI ><Y a Nirri; h.* i i K:, \>...? fr,u-lwi.r. *u<! tseutieiaeu iiatiug a.iy e^at uft or ai'erfluotit clolhtug <ir furi.itiiie to diap ae "f C"i ot i?l.. a taircaah price for the aame, by aauding a note, or h, railing o? suhtcriber, at his residence, or ihroagn the |>flat, whih will be pil irtnally attended u> H Dfc BOKR, 7IH Canal at . ?p aiaira. N B Ladiea can be attended tii by Mr? Da Jtoer Did atock and JoO ?ood? bptigit. i f aay .'eeenp"'n and ainoaat mv* '