6 Temmuz 1847 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1

6 Temmuz 1847 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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NEW Vat. nu. ta. IM-WM? ? ? ? ,V/JVff ore LOCK. A. M UVTELLIOKIVOK ro m? LATEST MOMENT. BVlWIWt BMfSOir of mr NEW YORK HERALD. Tin* Kvening Kdition of tin* .Ww l i??< HtralJ will be ready hi tlx* oflice ul lw? o'clock it'*ultrrtouu, Willi all the additional intrl!ijf? ?< > that we nmy l?e kblr lo g*t'uer to ih#i Iioiii Newsboys can obtain a sii|.j.|y In -.c|| to th?- ) .< sengers leaving the ciiy in the ?ie?rnl.nat n>J railroad (rains this evcnin:'. ARRIVAL OF THE PRESIDENT ON Ills RETURN TO WASHINGTON. * ilU'. Ac. (,#*?- \ r / 'f h^iresident of flie United Stairs, accompanied by tlu-IIon. .lames lluchauan, Attorney < .< neral Clifford, Governor Mouton of I.oiiKima. Commodore Stewart, and Captain Stien ot Uuena Vista, arrived in town tins morning hi seven o'clock, in the splendid steamer Hay Stute, Captain Comstock, and will leave at nine o'clock t en route lor Washington. Gov. Mouton will remain-here for a day or two, and Com. Stewart will stop at Philadelphia. The President made a magnificent run from Portland, almost equal in time to the t>|wed of one of our famous expresses with news from Ku- j rope. Jte lelt 1'ortlund nt hall-past 7o'clock yesterday morning, stopped at u dozen different places on the route, joined in a dozen proceesions, made a dozen speeches, bowed nine hundred times, shook hands with over five thousand people, arrived here at seven o'clock this morning, and leaves immediately for Washington. This is quick work. The Hon. Mr. Uurke remained at iloston, and Mr. Appleton at Portland. The thermometer during the tour through New England ranged from 80 to 96". TELEGRAPHIC. Philadelphia, July 5?P. M. We have received adviccs from New Orleans ot tlie 2H(U ult. No new*. Wajhinotow, July 3, 1847. Our Relations with Brazil?Col. Sours' Despatches? The Washington Post Office. The recall of Mr. Lisboa, If recalled ho be?and the blustering tome of the Brazilian ministers In alluding to the affair of Lieutenant Davis, and the proceeding* thereon?are attributable to the fact lhat the ministerial party, finding themselves exceedingly weak, desired to make a show of zeal and activity on the assembling of the Chambers in May; and as a llttlo bluster is always cheap, particularly when Indulged in towards this country, by which it Is apt to be despised, ministers deemed the sacrifice of Mr. I.isboa, and a little loud talk about the honor of Brazil, the best mode of strengthening the tenure of their existence. Tho experiment has failed, for the opposition has proved inexorable, refusing to be appeased even by a flagrant act of injustice, much less by tho ad captandum pother about satisfaction, to. The mf&isters have been compelled to resign; and it is to be hoped that their successors in office, having no inducement to commit an act of gross injustice towards Mr. Llsboa. will revoke his recall, if it have been issued. Any apprehensions of serious difficulty betweeu the two countries, arising out of this affair, are purely chlmerloal The empire is a weak affair at best. It exists ou this continent only by sufferance. The government is not imperial, but empirical. Itis agreat Incongruity amid a multitude of republics. A war with the United States is apt to be regarded by it as the greatest possible evil, it might set the Brazilians thinking on the dlffttreuce of the two countries, and wondering why they have not a republic as well as we ; and they might even enquire, after a time, how that lumbering old system ever got a foothold among them. In this respect, and in mauy others, a war with the United States would be a most unfortunate experiment. The despatch from the Secretary of War to tienersi Scott, published in the Republican?. is one of those taken from the person of Col. Hours when he was murdered. The information it contained, namely, that (Jen Scott would have, by the end of June, twenty thousand troop* under hid command, and (ten. Taylor over ten thousand, wan communicated in one of my letter* a few lays after Col. Sours left Washington Since the first of July, the Herald has been charged three cents at the Washington post-office, although coming direct from the publication office. This charge Is made unless a quarter's postage be paid in advance. It has been intimated that even a month's postage will lie received, so that if a person resido here but for a week, and desire to take a New York paper for that time, he will be obliged to pay a quarter's or a month s postage in advance, or pay three cents postage on each paper. Indeed, by paying three cents on each paper, I find I am more fortunate than others, to whom their papers have been utterly refused on their declining to pay a quarter's pottage in advance. This course h>i* been adopted In the city post-office, in obedience to orders issuing from the Department. The office is admirably conducted, and ( need not say that tbis imposition would not have been attempted unless by order of the Department fiALVIKNSIS Police Intelllgc'ier. Julv b.?Grand Larceny.?Officers Cle'fforJ. Brown and Forward, of the 6th ward, arrested last night (Sunday) a young woman calling herself Maria IdViogston. on a charge of stealing a purse containing $11'} in bank bills and gold, belonging to an Italian by the name of Joseph Puralla. boarding at the Hotel tie Parii. corner of Keade street and Broadway. It appears that tbis girl was taken into the above (fotol by I'eralla. or at his request, during Sunday night, and after she left the premises I'eralla discovered that his purse was gone likewise, containing the above amountof money. Thefac'.s in the case were related to the above offlaers, who In ? short time caught the woman, and recovered the who'.e of the money Justice Osborne locked her up for trial Charge of Shoaling.?Officer llolden, of the 4tli waVil, arrested yesterday, a inan by the name of Joseph t'arr, on a charge of shooting John Murphy, residing at No. '.'0 Hoosevelt slroet.wlth h pistol. netuineu ror examination by Justice Osborne liurglory.?The ink shop situated at No. 'J'JO Socond street, belonging to Mr. John Haydoek, was broken opeu on Hundny right, by some burglar*, who forced open the door with a 'Jimmy," and after searching the premisi i?, uot finding any money as they anticipated, they left urithout doTntc any further damage. Ptrkjmrkrl in (*? Patk.? A man l>y the name of Inane Davenport, residing in Kmi county. N. J., had hi* pocket picked yesterday in the Park. In front of the City llall, of a wallet containing $66 in bank bill*. On tkt Snrnk Again.? Some sneaking thief entered the dwelling hou*e, No fill, 4th street, on Saturday afternoon, and carried off from one of the upper rooms a silver lever watch, belonging to Mr. L. Murphy; also 4'rpm another room. $8 M). belonging toRlchard Hunyon Rohbtry of Silvtr.?Tho dwelling house. No 7a White ?treet, waa entered on Sunday afternoon, by two boy*, who carried off from the basement, three ?ilver forks, two large fork*, and fire Oerman silver spoons, belonging to Dr Oarrick. No arrest On iki " SnfakV?The atore No. 248 South itreet., waa entered on Sunday night by a *' sneaking" till thief, and while the landlady waa lying aolxep, the raacal st< le from the till $7, and waa making good tracks, when officer Kspln. of the 7th ward, belnjr near at hand, | grabbed the fellow by the suspenders, which, luckily for the thief gave way, and.hemade good I is cscapc. jirrttt en Suspicion ? A fellow ofclled Meorge W. Bonier, wai arrested on Sunday, on a chare of stealing from the premise* of Matthias Hulsart, fflO worth of carpenter's tool* Officer Smith, of the 11th ward, waa conveying the accused to th* police office. Kssex Market, when he Occident ally made his escape .1 Ntgrn Jlffiay ?Officers Cariow, Rarange and others, of the 8th ward, arreated, Yesterday afternoon, Jerry Jackson. Bill Jackson.and Bob Maxard. all darklea, ' on a charge of stabbing another black fallow nailed Tom Morris, in the breast, neck and fkee, Inflicting severe wounds In all place*. The affray took place on the corner of Broome and Lauren* street, near Rotten row. Tha wounded man w*s sent to the City Hospital, and the ac- i cused partie* were locked up to await the reault. We have slace learned that Morris I* dead. t YOR ] THE CELEBRATION IN NEW YORK CITY OF- TIIK SEVENTY-FIRST ANNIVERSARY OK AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE. THE MILITARY DISPLAY. imigSTIM CEREMONIES. r 1KB WOKXI. fee , ho.. Sic. THE JUOKXINU. ri?.? iitb i .* * at thirty-five minutes paaC four o'clock jrr?i..i da, uioi aing, shone out from a beautifully cleai fcy, and warmed the hearts of the half a million of bu una tiring* who war* collected in thin city to celebral< tb* arvviity flr?t anniversary of American Independence Tbr?ugh?ul tlx- city, noon after that bour, tb? peopl< b?K*n to pour into tin (treat*, tbe hell* began tbeii merry peal the boys opened their small artillery, ant the inhabitant* of the suburb* ware to b? seen flocking toward* tha eity and oroaeing the ferries.drefued in pink white purple and orange; tba little Rirl* were out look iag Ilk* no many white bloaaoin*, and at nine a'clock when the military began to form In aqoads and compnnie* the atraet* wera crowded with people. MILITARY DISPLAY. At sunrise the national standard was diaplayed, and a national naluta waa fired from tha Battery by the Veteran Artillery of 1778, under (General Storm*, upon which occasion were used tbe guna which wera lent here originally by George the Third, to protect the colonial; but which were afterward* captured by the American forcti At tf e'clook, A. M., tha first division of the State, under Major General Sandford. paraded on the Battery. Seldom have we keen the military turn out to inch advantage, nor have we aeen the Battery more crowded. Our citiien soldiers fully sustained the high and nowladged reputation which they have always enj and upon this occasion looked admirable. After I revle they broke into column, and took up th ue of man ;. ud Whitehall street to the Bowline <>. un Broad way to Warren (treat, down Warrun to Wost Broadway thence to Hudson, th< anal, down Broadway tc the Park, where th vore rcoelved by the Mayor ant the corporation,an > ng whom we notloed ei-Mayori Havemoyer and Ml' r passing in review, befort his honor the May members of the Commoi Council, to whom he honors of a passing salute; about 1*2 o'c tired afeu.de joie ir the Park, and the paru- missed. After whiuli his Honor the Mayor, with oiianctoristic courtesy dinpensed the hospitalities of his department to an immense number of visiters. The City Hall was crowded to except during the visit of the military, and the steps in front and every available space in the Park,was jammed up tc excess, when all separated about l'i% o'clock. TAKING POSSESSION OK TUE GROUND FOR WASHINGTON MONI'MKNT ASSOCIATION, AND LAYING TIIK CORNER STONE OF TIIK NEW STATE AKSENAI.. At about half-past threo P. M., a large number ol ladies and gentlemen set out from the arsenal at Oh corner of Centre and White streets, to attend the exer cises of laying the corner stono of the new State arienal and also the ceremony of taking formal possession, by the .Washington Monument Association, of the groundi In Hamilton square, lately appropriated to their use l<> the authorities of this city. The military, consisting of several companies efhors<\ had gone before to clear the ground, and prepare to receive the general and staff, and the guests who wer? invited to be present on the occasion. Several of tlio Harlem Railroad oars were chartered fo? the purpose of oonveylng the passengers to the grounds; and at tlit time above montioned. all started in high glee, and were soon wheeling up the Bowery in a high state cf perspiration. At 37th street we toek steam-power, and were not many minute* In accomplishing the distance from that point to 6.sth street, whore all hands alighted, and proceeded to the center of Hamilton square?the military leading the way, followed by members of the national, State and city legislatures, and private citizens, who Joined is the excursion Having arrived upon tlie spot ('100 feet square) marked out by four posts at the several corners, General Storms, the Creel dent of tlie Washington Monument Association, took his place in the center, and briefly stated the object of the present visit and ceremonies. He said that several attempts had been made to start the praiseworthy enterprise of building, In our city, a monument to the immortal Washington, but they had all failed. At length the present project had been commenced and the ground appropriated, and in the name of the Association, he now came t< take formal possession of the ground thus given, and lie proposed that all who were In favor of building the mou yment should say aye "Aye-e-e," was the response, and then followed three cheers, which were no sooner concluded than the company of light artillery which accompanied the association began to fire a national salute, and seldom is seen h prettier dUplay of rapid firing than was made on thin occasion; eight, Mven, and even six seconds servedthem to load and fire. It was really handsome work. The ground selected for the monument is beautifully situated between the 3d and 4th avenues, In the centm of Hamilton square, which occupies the space between those avenues and Bfith and 69th streets. The monument, when erected, will be in full view from Hell Oat* on the Kast river, and from the North River, opposite lo Its location. A better site could hardly have been re lected, and it is to be hoped that the work of raising tin monument may go ahead, with an activity couiuienrn rate with Its noble object. After the ceremonies of taking possession of the monu mental ground had been completed, the company form-d In procession and marched over to the new State Arsenal grounds, where the ceremonies of laying the oorncr stone of that edifice *?? duly performed. Commissary (Jeneral Storm", who ia the rhief suporlnl(trident of tl e building*, conducted the ceremonies The atone de*it;ned n* the honored block la the ediflec. wrh it marble slab bearing hii inncription, with the dat of the act under which the building commenced, together with the name* of N. S. Benton. Secretary of State; II. Hal.tey. Surveyor General; A. C. Klagg. Comptroller; J. Van Bnren, Attorney (lenurnl; 'I homas K?r rington. Treasurer; Henry Storm*, Commissary (Itocn.l After Home remark* by Ueneral Storms .a prayer ?"> offered by the Hey. K. W. lieiasenbalner, and then !< norder Scott, who wan active in the legislature*, both *t Albany and Waahingtou. in getting the bu?lur?* eoi> neetcd with the araenal brought to a final adjustment and In getting the neceaaary appropriation*, made a short addreaa to the aascmblage. Before aealing up tin' corner atona, a leaden box wan placed in a *pace cut in ? block below It. In thl* box waa depoti ted a Manual of the Legislature of the State of New York, Valentin* * Manual of the Corporation of the City of New Tori a copy of the Commitaary General* laat report; the Militia Law* of the State of Naw York, bolli the old and new onea, and the law* for the government of the let division In thia city, copy of lb* Declaration of Independence, the ( onatitution of th? United States, Conatitation of the S^te of New York, copy of the aot to organlie the Waahington Monument A**oolation. coplaa of the daily paper*, and the namo of the architect, builder*, lie., of the Arsenal via: Pollard, architect; Oen Henry Stoma, raperintenden*. In-chief, and Meeara Vandenhoff, Morri* and rink, for< men. The coin* of the day and aome old pieeea were al*o deposited The atone waa Anally lowered to ita place, and the company of Veteran Artillerist* began to fire the old twelve-pounder* which the British left on the Battery on a certain Mth day ol November The names of the volunteer* of the Veteran Corps, on dutyyeaterday, were. Onnner llaker, commanding ; Private*, Edward Karle, William Smith, Thomas Stewart. David Vanaradale, Uel Reynoldt, J. K. Coffee, Jacob Banaher. Isaac Vanderbeck, Henry Ilogera, Pleraon llal tead, John D. Huntington, John B Leffert* We alro noticed Alexander Ming, the only lurvlving member of *- 11 ??'*' - K HE NIKW YORK, TUESDAY 1 APPKARANCE ' 't.r k Between Bightfland Wini Br*"" VIEW FROP Washington')* aulto, who accompanied him trora f&lizabethtuwn to this city when the xrent father of his uud I our country last came here. When the ceremonies were concluded, the company were invited by General Storms to adjourn to a tent near at hand,and partake of somo refreshments. Many were taken by surprise at this invitation, which made the little scene which followed the more agreeable. Under extended canvass were spreai two tables, each about fifty feet in length, both covered with substantial refreshments, with beverages of all descriptions, to suit the various tastes of tho guests. Kull justice was done to both eatables and drinkables. Several toasts were drunk. Nine cheers were ; given for the Commissary General (Storms); and a sentiment in honor of lion. Charles G. Ferris, tho legislator who had done so much to forward the enterprise ol erecting the arsenal, brought that gentleman out in n handsome speech, which being concluded, music followed and then the Lafayette Horse Guards gave a specimen r of rapid gunnery. The company left the ground at hall" , post sis, and noon reached the city in the cars. DIMM.AY OK FIRKWOUKS?WASHINtlTON fill AKI At an early hour last evening.the greater portion of (hit spacious square wan crowded with old and young, tin i grave and gay, to witness a more magnificent display ol r fireworks than the up towuers have been usually favored with; nor were they disappointed; for, although the pieces were not very numerous, they did great credit to the pyrotechnist, Mr. Turrell, and drew forth the general > approbation of the delighted multitude. A few minutes after 8 o'clock, a number of beautiful rookets with serpents, gold, silver, green, and crimson stars, which was ) followed by the golden sun with brilliant crimson centre, crosses, wheels, and stars of a most extraordinary brilliancy, such that left tho Drummond light in the shade. The concluding exhibition termed the - Tempi* of Independence,'' was truly worthy of notice. The centra piece consisted of two massive columns of wtari supporting an aroh, ou whicli was inscribed in letters of golden fire, ooooooooooooooooooooooooooo oooooo ooooooooooooooooo * ARMY. ?Q J,-?7V- ? NAVY. ? oooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo oooooooooooooooooo On the right of thi* magnificent arch wax the name of (Jen. Taylor, and on the left, that ot Uen. Scott, surrounded by rays of glory, while tbe whole was llanked by American stars, and formed a spectacle that could tin appreciated only by those who witnessed it. The representatives of the 15 th ward, Aldermen Oliver and Linus W Stevens, Etq.. President of the Hoard of ' Assistants, were onlhand, and actively engaged in secur ' ing the best order and accommodations thai. circutnMan' ces would admit of. KIKK WORKS?TOMPKINS SQI'AKE. The display of fire-works at tbe above Square, ia-t evening, executed by Mr llerr < adet. of Witllainsbiirgh. were equal if not superior in many points, to anythin ; we have seen for years past. At 8 o'clock the exhibition i commenced with two splendid Persian lights, that Illuminated tho whole Square. The next, a Mosaic pyraYOUNG AMERICA CELEBRATING 1 " - . ? C?? * ** j , i7T *e*ros. XW TBS PARK, A Ciiimkse 5*1111*.?Tli** Chineae 'liip, *o lon^ eiperled in thin rity, will probably arrive h?rr to-day or to-morrow. Thia ainffiilnr craft wm |M>krn on the Mh ultimo, Cape M?*nry bearing X. W. about V*) milr?, thn-'* hundred daya from CuDtuu. Kite It <il ilie l.rni? r?>r ??l riuna'a fl>K llyinir. .^he im p>?id to b* 7<*( tone bartliM, and riggf-d for the voy.i^c Willi y?rd?, ?<|uarr aailt, fce.; but, on h?-r entering the i>?>rt. y thing reaembling Kuropmn r u-tonm w I Ji-nj pear, and the Chinca^ rulea nubHitutt J 1 R A L MORNING, JULY (i, 1841 OF TUK CITY e O'Clock, Last Evening. A THE BAY. mill; this w,w very beautiful, opi ning with a spangle' wheel of Maltese fires. with Mazarine blue, ami orang ceutre. which at the termination, discharged volleys o brilliant meteors, of brome, green, crimson, blue. an yellow Diamond Crosj Kiros were exceedingly pretty A Flight of lUraohuto Rockets, with green, blue, au< crimson light made a grand effect. Cm it ?f M, ilia.?This was a splendid piece, openin with a mutation wheel of blonde, wi th various color mutating to the cro.is of Malta, terminating with a bri liant ray and reports. M'lmmutA Vhunilrr-wkttl or i'ditton Flawtr.?Th wonderful wheel mutt have been nearly7 feet in di&rneU and when touched off opened with four brilliant fir< ' changing to radiant, with a dark opaque ceutre, ai suddenly changed to a passion flower, with the perfe , Mliades aad colors of the flower, and terminated wi i tying itself into thousands of knot*. The Revolving Pyramid of Jtrchimedei ?ThU was horizontal piece,about tin1 tout, opening with four sol bro lirue. changi g to radiant aud spangled ( him fire- and iiftir many other beautiful changos. terminal with springing amino of *tars. Zania iVruciu?ThU pleco commenced with a mut. tien wheel of rayonet and brilliant Htm, and cliauges < crimson and blue centres, terminating with a upland latticu work of silver ray*, uiaroou and Saxou centres Mfiamora'i Sun,?Thil wan a beautiful piece, with ? the moat brilliant color* you cuu imagine, mutating to dazzling aun of aoina tlfty feet in diameter, teriuinatii with a grand feu de joie. A beautiful flight of Parachute Rocket*, which we very nuperior. The Slur of Independentr.?ThU fit a splendid i fair, commencing with a Hexagon wheel uf golden ai silver spangled fires It yonet, white and Peruvian gerl and Chinese fires, mutating to a brilliant star of sllv ray, of great maguitude, terminating In a Maroon ba tery. The whole concluded with a magnificent " Temple Liberty."' Thin magnificent piece of flro-worki, ?u passed anything we have seen. It measured about I feet front and 110 feet in height. When burning, It thri out thousand* of square feet of fire -on the centre arc en of the temple was inscribed with mottoea in sllvi lance work, " July 4th, I77<i,"'- " Liberty, Army and Ni vy.?' On the columns supporting the arches right an left, were the names of ?#enerals Taylor and Scott, (On modores I'erry and Connor, the scrolls and bases Ilium uutcd in colored llres of all hues,?on the right and le of the arches were eight large diamond cross fires, forn ing iHiimond i of eight, feet in the centre, eight stars an eight medal Ions. with crimson and green centres, raosu batteries of candles and maroons Concluding with flight of one hundred rockets. The large concourse of spectators were charmed wit the mn:'nificen"e of the exhibition. ??hn.j?inir ?k-i. ... probation with routitiual round* <>f applause Thun tl whole matter ended. aud Urn olti*ens Htrolh-d oil to th. ro*pi:ctiro home*, expreHtdnj; their gratification r THE NAIONAL ANNIVERSARY, JULY 3th, 1847. City Intelligent1*. MiuxrNoi.f huicidb.?Coronnr Walter* wan callr. 7"?Urday to hold nn inqii??t ?t No. 33 Komyth utrent, f> th? body f,f Mr* Htmaiina H Pike, ? natl*? of Connect1 cut. ifrd ,10 jrnir*. who r??l< rday MMNM idtMl I' taking a quantity of laud'.iutn while under a derange ?tate of niind ft appcam that I he deceaaed hull for ni month* f^t I a I.nr.-. I urder a .reat d<-pr**?ton of uplrft' a<l within the la>tthre<- week* han manifested n dif>p< itlon to dmtrnjr henwlf vv ith a view of rentoring h< h"?lth ulie iu recently >eot ?inonn?t her friend* I ' onncrtl' iit and returned only on Htinday iMt; yti??n d*y morning ap|M-artitic calm and rational her Imahnti M-r'iriilniil|p|rft her for a few hour*. during which tin be look ? walk, and, whlU out. purchased four oud?< D?EX r. of laudanum. which aha took. and on the return of Mr P . at 11 o'clock, hi* wl wa? lying on her bed in a state of insensibility. and although medical aid <u procured. *h? died shortly afterwards. and on an inquest being held a verdict wax rendered iu accordance with the foregoing facte l<H\v liitcliiKriirr. The Superior Court 1* in an untortuuate position at the present time Judge Sandford, who ha* recently been elected to thin < ourt. cannot, under the present law, take hi* seat until the first of January next. Judge Junei having been elected to the Supreme Court, and Judge Vauderpnel remain* no iiMlippnsed as to be unable to attend to any judicial duty; the Court is solely in the hands of Judge Oakley A* it requires nt leant two judges to set in banco for the settling nf cases ou motions for appeals, he . on well as a constant attending judge at chambers, the < ourt la now placed in a position to render exceedingly tardy justice It is expected that the legislature, ou assembling iu September, will create an act authorising Judge Saudford to go at once upo . the i bench of this Court. I Cornr Cal>.*o*r. ? Superior <\iurt, this day, before i Judge Oakley -Nos. 1. 3, 4, ft, 6. 7, 8, 9, 10, II, I J, 13, 14, i 1ft, 16. 17,18. Mi. I?, 20,21,22. 23,24,26. 26,27,28 Cum won I'lrat, this day ? I'art I; before ludge UlshoelTor? Nos 106. 96, 99, 101, US, 115, 3. 17. 21, 66. Part 2. before Judge Ingraham ?Nos. 264, 266, 268, 274, 276, 278, | 64. 2. 4, 22, 38, 60, 62, 66, 162. 160, 210 Interesting from Mexico. [From the New Orleans Delta. Juue 27 1 I we uava received our Mexican papem-1'roni the ,10th of May to the Oth of Juue. inclusive. They contain 1 little of moment, but an almost every thing from that country is at present read with interest. we shall give a brief synopsis of their content* | (ieu Arista wait apprehended on the evening of the 'l!tth of May. and wax iuimediately He t, under escort, towards 'Acapulco. The reason for thin arrest is unknown Gen. Almonte was still in prison, and had been removed from St. Jago Tlateloeo to the city of Guadalupe. lie was at first acoused of conspiring against the person of Santa Anna, and afterwards accused, in some of the public journals, of treason?but a correspondent of the It rputlii ano suggests that the sole motive for his imprisonment is, that he is too great a friend to his country to suit tne purposes of those in power. General Ampudia having refused to prooeed to Cuernavuca, us ordered, was sent thither under escort. On the 1st of Juut) all the natives of the United States were ordered to leave the city of Mexico, for tho Status of JalUco or Moreslia.or they would be dealt with according to the law of nations. Generals Gutierei, Goana, Martkirz,and Palomino,are entrusted with the command of the line* of defence of the city. Bodies of the National (luard are said to be on their way, and constantly arriving from the adjoining States, and it is believed that from seventeen to twenty thousand troops will be concentrated for the protection of the city. Aocountt are published from all quarters, of the formation of guerilla bauds, but little is said of their performances, and we are led to suspect that the records ef the uewspapurs are rather an eviduncu of what the editors hope than of what thuir countrymen do. In San I,uls Totoei they have published a sort of guerilla code, providing for the raising of the forces and their opera1 lions?all deserters from the army, fugitives from justice. convicts for Offences not capital, and vagabonds, aud criminals unapprehended, of all kinds, are all invited to f join and make war. as to thtflu may seem good, against 1 the invaders, capturing property, taking prisoners, or killing, as ' circumstances may require,'' all who com-* in their way. The only well authenticated feat of gut'- | rilla prowess published iu the papers before us, Is the at1 tack on Col. Hour, which is thus described in a letter from Orixaba : "They write me from Huatusco that a guerilla assaulted the diligence from Vera Cruz, coming g to Jalspa, with nine Americans, whom having put to R the knife, they relieved of some interesting communications. which were sent to the government.1' There is, it is true, another story of the guerillas under Jarauta. having, on the 30th of May, captured HO wagons, h0 s horses, and killed 300 yankecs, between Vera < ru* aud Antigua, but this we suppose to bo the Mexican history r of the attack or Col. Mcintosh. The Mexicans havo " certain Information" that Gen Seott cannot expect reinforcements to a greater extent than \!000 men, and money to the amount of $'i0U,0U0. ct anj " nothing more;" they therefore think it douDtful th whether he will march to the capital, and talk loudly in that city ot marching out to meet him. " There are but | OUrtOmen," say they, " from Vera Cruz to Puebla, who wra il oTcr ? population 01 a million of inhabitants 11- which the two states contain. It can be believed only ? because It in icfu '' Among the intercepted despatch en was a letter from Col. Hunt to ( apt. Iletxeld. from which ?*l the enemy drawn great consolation. The Colonel givn the Captain nonie Information relative to the uiouey* in t hik hand/), from which it appears that our worthy ({unrterinaster wan under a temporary embarrassment; tins ' 1* construed by the enlightened editors of Mexico, into id an evidence of the want of means on our part, any longer to carry on the war- and they, therefore, exhort their fellow-citizen* to renewed exertions and continued constaney. assured that in the end they must triumph, a We hare noticed, heretofore, thu resignation of Gen. Santa Anna, and the fact that be wan still at the head of the government The matter is cleared up by the following withdrawal of his resignation: ? re Mkxico, June^-2, 1847. To their Excellenciei, the Secretaries of the Sovereign Congreit i? if- hxcellent Sir*?When 1 resolved to offer my formal id resignation of the supreme command of the republic, my mlou was strongly actuated by the reasons which I laid before the august Congress, and by others not less power erful, which it appeared to me prudent to conceal. Kvery t. moment confirms me in the solidity and propriety of all of them, and I have waited several days the decision of the legislative authority. hurtaiiiing not only the cviU of consequent upon a position immeasurably complicated, ir. but those which (low from the state ot expectation and anxiety into which toe public is thrown, aud which pio duces at each moment, new changes in thu political 'W scene I asked that my resignation might be taken into I,. Immediate consideration, and that even in permanent session, the person might be designated who should suc"r c< *d m?; and this rei|iiest was not suggested by the dea sire to leave speedily the difficult situation In which I 1(j found myself, but because it could not be concealed that any delay whatever would maintain the public agitation, and draw after it occurrences which would alter the c*nI dltion of things 1 anxiously wished, that whoever might succeed nie, might soon take my p'ace. because 1 knew that the in' vading army eould not Immediately move upon the cantd ; tal and that the new head of the State would have the it, i time and opportunity to devise his measures and prepare hiiu*elf In the manner which should seem to him most a suitable Now it is known that the forces of the enemy are about to move, and that they may do so at any moment l and we may suffer at the same time an Invasion of the capital ami a change of government; a state of affair !*- pi-rlainlv iimni/*rrtilM unit wlileh mi.w nurhana IK | the rate of war The new* of my separation from the supreme cmumand ban Iwm. ax I know, th? eanse which ; induiwd linn resolution 'I'hi* is an important occurnnr?; and one which requires froui me a resolution prompt ami efficient, to contribute to the salvation of the cnpital. During the time since I gave in my resignation, I have received singular token* of the conlidence of all c.lassi ?, and of person* tint moat influential In society, all have besought me not to persist in wy intention I tee In them a determined purpose to fores m? to remain, fonnded on the necessity of preserving the present state of thing* without innovation, in order not to endanger the fata of tb * populous city. and of the nation 'J lie excitement baa been vary Keneral. and even the troop* of the garrison, and the m?Mt numerous portion of Unpeople, have been constant in their insinuations and their prayer* 1 know certainly, that the occasion of my re?ipruati<>ii has caused great excitement In all minds, enemie* wbo cease not to spy out the momenta for producing discoid 1 and making revolutionary movements, avail themtelve i of everything, und endeavor, by their machinations, to force an outbreak; men of good faith who have Men the disbanded partisans of peaee spreading their sedn tions to propagate the persuasion that I ought not in continue in power, are excited and active, and I behoi.l on all sides the terrible lyuiptoms ot a revolutionary movement. All this is tbe necensaiy elfect of the del* > which thi* mutter Ilk* mitt with and which linn inrolf. <1 iuu in grave aud complicated responsibilities I see. then, the enemy profiting by these circui i stanccii. ready to fall am us I ->? ? kuMklM II agitation Increasing ou all side*. and I do not desire lb .1 aiiy one should inculpate um Iu ca?e of an uufortuno J creiit, attributing the persistence In my determinate u [ to acrimiual >-i;<>ti>iu S*r?ribiil It be -aid. that t?i ? [ point of honor, or of pride, ill understood. I prefnred u jr ! personal welfare to my country I aui about lb?u. to Make a new sacrifice. exceedingly costly. th.it of u , ; pride. and I hare resolved to withdraw, and do etl?ctiv. ly withdraw, my resignation of the jstli of last iimnt. . ! aud I desire that from this moment It aball he held . never having been presented I he h"iir of dilliouliy will paH.i and I. Inn In my determination to abaudoii i power, will do It without herniation or change, In oon I fortuity to the constitutional law And perhana 1 may be able, iu withdrawing from thin port, to offer a n. ? service to uiy country, or my design may be uwleaa a* by that time I may have given my life aa a last hoi cauft to my f.-llow citi*ens WUl your Kxoellencie* have the good lies* to preatut thi* note to the Sovereign Congreea receiving the pr testation* of my bigb consideration. (tod and liberty! ANTONIO LOPLZ UK SANTA ANNA Ilut though the general continue* in power he baa i.? enviable situation, he ha* abandoned hi* old friend.mi<l taken up the purot or Parlae party, aud there ware strong symptom* three day* after lie had been " force.i to withdraw hi* rnalgnatlon by the popular wlsb. tl. .t the populace would deprive him of power, without t!?? formality of a aecond voluntary renuuciatlen There I* no doubt that the clergy of Mexico, notwithstanding the attempt* that are made in tbl* country lo enllet them In the war, by mUrepreeentinglhe intention* of our government, are decidedly in favor of peace \ letter from Terote complain* bitterly ef the Indifferem a which they everywhere manifest to the Invasion Aud in F.I Rrpuhlirano of the 4th of June, la a long aud 1 rather bitter article upon the oonduet of the prieelhou t, a the editor take* occasion to be particularly sevei.i |. on the Arc.hbl?hopof I'uebla. whom he aecune* of vla-ty ing (inn Worth, protecting hi* troop*, and treatiug the .1 enemies ot hi* country a* hi* friend* In the article tl.a f hi*hep I* represented a* a man of great influence tn the <, church, a* a severe disciplinarian, and a firm *up{x<rt< r i. of the Catholic supremacy. lie may, in fact, be looked r upon im In *otna *ort, the head of the Mexican church, n mid hi* conduct may he regarded aa Indicative of the r- feeling* with which the educated clergy, and all eulightd cued men nut immediately connected with the partus > f >e i he capital, regai 1 the war Their wlabe*. ami th< 'r -s country's interests, point to peace \ I .,1 I ? . * :tra. i'wo etna AFFAIRS IN EUROPE. Additional Intelligent IRCKirtD f\ THE STEAMSHIP CALEDONIA, AT TMK NEW YORK HERALD OFFICE. Stale of the Markets ifcr. ikr. Ac. The- I'Mral Trip of the Am?rlCMi Mail lileamer Wastalnctoo. (From llie l.ondon Newa, June 16 | The \Va?hln|{t<>n. of whoan dimenaion*. Btoaui power, nud eipeetedprrftiranncN. we Kave * brief notice In our paper of the ath, armed at Southampton, yeaterlay Thla veaael, under her hI le mid experienced commander < aptain Hewitt, ett led from New Vork on the ilint of June The pilot was diacharged on the b r at 7, P M A f?w hour* after the departure bad been taken. It waa found that the hot wvIIn iind waete pipe were too amall. mid could not free the eondenoed water, which reduced the verHel'H ppeed four mile* per hour. Twelve honr? were lost during the pus'-HRe by stopping to iiuieud thla ueifci ana repair wheels To thi* ronf-r-ltmf it I* owing that I he Washington only appeared in sight at Southampton about halt past one. P M , yesterday . but men liail th# d?f?ct been ^renter, and more difflcult to be remedied ?b liar* that confidence in the uautical talent, enterprise, aud perrfeverann* of our American cousins. to reuitun convinced that their ocean steamers will yet perforin vt hat has tieen promised in their name. The Washington will coal at Southampton, aud leave thin day for Bremen One hundred of the passengers were landed yesterday. at half past three,with the mail*, in charge of Major Hobble, one of the Deputy Postmaster* General of the United State* The mails were taken possession of by the custom-house authorities and delivered to the port-office, whence they were to be forwarded to l.ondon They were contained iu four larga India rubber Hacks, filled with letter* and paper* for Kugland, and one for llarre. The departure of the South Western steam packet for Havre wu delayed, in order to enable the passenger* for the contineut on board the Washington to proceed to their de*tination without lost* of time. The appearance of the Washington 1* that of a man-of-war. and excited much curiosity Her commander distinguished himself at West Point. wii?r? he received hi* education Mr Croskey, the American vice-consul, repaired on board the Wuihlngton a* soon as she arrived. [Kroui tbc London Globe, June 16 ] The Washington, ( apt Hewitt, arrived here (Southampton) with the first American mail, this afternoon (Tuesday, l&tta.) about half past one She has had a flue passage of fair winds and calms, and notwithstanding these advantages, and with the advantage also of possessing engines of the extraordinary power of 'JOOO horses (or. at least, as alleged by her proprietary.) she has not oome up to the expectations formed of her steaming Qualities. She left New York at seven in the evening of the 1st of June, but during the voyage, it appears, there was a stoppage of some few hour* to arrange some defcct or displacement of a part of her machinery. Incoming up the river she listed considerably to the leeward, but it was blowing very hard at the time, and thi*, in conjunction with her being short of coals, no doubt tended very much to cause her to heel over. Her appearance is not of u tirst-rate character. She is very lengthy, with a great breadth of beam, and is rendered somewhat novel to the eye by the extreme shortness of her funnel. Her paddle-wheels, too, ure remarkably small, In comparison to her colossal size. She has three mast*, with a fine saloon, and accommodations for a considerable number of passengers. Kvery allowance is to be made tor a first voyage of a steamer of this cla?* ; the machinery being all new. of course cannot work so ea ily as in ships that have made more trials : but then her gigantic enginos. at any rate, ought to materially iu I ........... --? ? ? -1 i-jiruu uuu lessen ine duration or Her voyage She baa hud line weather, It is true. and. taking into consideration her immense power, one in led to believe that she ought to have arrived much earlier. HoM-ver. It la very evident, if idle does not improve upon thin ber tirst voyage, when, no doubt, ber utmost capabilities *ero put to the teat. she will never gaiiij any material advantage over the < unard linrf of packets The passengers seeined much disappointed fft tbo length of the voyage. Tbo Washington will require .ion tone of coal to take her to Bremen, and to get tJWse on board will cause a delay ol at leant'.'-I hours ller lint In coming up the river wax cauned by the engineer having worked the roalt out of one nide 80 great was her disposition to the leeward. that one paddle merely skimmed the surface of the water, whilst the other wan completely Immersed. Ocean Steam Ltiit- to New Orleaim (Kroni the London Standard. June 1H.J We anuouueed Rome time ago that a very preraing application had been made by the merchant* at New Orleans to the Knglish government, to make such an arrangement with the Koyal Mall steamers au will keep up a monthly communication with that port. To obviate I an objection primarily made against the steamers callI ing at New Orleans, on the ground of want of a sufficient depth of water, they will not now be required to proceed further than the new harbor at < at Island, to which point a railway it how nearly completed from the city of New Orleans The railway company has naturally felt a deep interest iu this question, and Mr Musson. a highly respectable merchant of that place, was deputed to come to Kngland some months ago. for the purpose of promoting the object in view As usual, our public functionaries have been rather tardy in coming to a conclusion on this subject. They have, for some time paat, had the plan of the new route laid before them by Captain ' hapell. the secretary of the Koyal Mail Company, which had this important recommendation in its favor, that it would incur no additional expense to the government We understand, however, that the question has been at length linally settled, and that the Koyal Mail Company have received an olllcial communication from the board of Admiralty, that their lordships had approved of the route Insuring a monthly communication in future with New Orleans In a few days we shall have the means of giving the particulars of the new route which will lie taken by the West India steamers for the purpose Ttir OM Ai Britain. - Several large cases, capable of carrying thirty or forty tons of sand, or rather material, are made, or iu progress of being made on the sand opposite this noble ship, and a number of balks are being tilted with large sheaves The Ureal Britain has been raised several feet, without any external application, except the lifting forward, by four large spars and penehans. and the tightening ot the vessel herself Alter the ship s bottom has been seen, the boxes. It Is pr?sumed are to act as canals, inasmuch as they are bevtlled to the form of the bottom, and are Intended to Moat her off The foundation of tile breakwater is being dug up preparatory to this, which. It is said, will sot be attempted uultl the high tide in next month. Numbers of carriages and other vehicles, conveying the curious, dally attend the Great Britain. and great activity seems to prevail under the superintendence of < aptatu < laxton. who. we understand, is quite confident as to her being floated, wheu everything la ready and the prudent time arrives ?I><twnjiatii< k Urparltr Cai*tai* Hostr.n.?A new steam-hip, called the CJuadalquiver. Is intended ultimately to be dcsf>atched from l.lvertiool for New York, shout ?h? mtv. ..f 1..1- ??? will be taken out byCiptiln Hoaken. a circumstance that will be regarded by many in-run." with gratification aluc?. whatever opinion may tie entertained respecting the loaa of the l ir. at Britain. confidence in plan-,I in him for the singular auocewi of hla previous rareer Th? ?iuadalqulver in now lying in the 1 rafalgar dork Sbv la of a peculiar build, the puddle box ex lying within I ho paddle work*, a* in notUM.of our river mmidm* *be ia intended to run between N?w k ork ami Havana < apt Hoiken merely command* her on her voyage out The naturalization lawn of the I nited Slate* preclude bla further command of her. The screw ancillary steamship Sarali Sandx sailed from Liverpool on lhe 1Mb ult . for .New V ork with a considerable nunil?er of passenger* and a mail Wc be lieve that no fpecin wa* exported by her. 'I lie WratlM-r la Kn|(lRiid [Krom W'iliner Time*, June 19.1 The splendid weather to which we have had oi en ion to advert a* prevailing in thl* country nlnc? the begin I ningof May. still continue* A long interval of w?ruith wan succedud. a few day* ago, by a cold atmosphere, which brought nn back to the temperature of March Thin ban been again followed by oop!oua chnwvrs, coinI billed Willi bent an.I im.l...... I I .. ?> * prntnlalng? a* tine. indeed, and n* iuxuriou*. ?* ever ciutni In the?e inland* during the memory of man The *ame genial weather *?eui* to be general ; It pervade* the whole of we*tern Kurope ; una whatever were the drawback* of the lut jrtr, the bounty of nature will. In all probability amply atone In the pre*?nl year for prevlou* *hortconiing* The potato crop bait Wan le?* extensively cultivated. and croaker* there are who declare that the dl*ea*e which produced the blight du ring the la?t ami the previou* j ear ia even now at work. It may be no to a limited extent ; but the account* which reaeh u* from all fide* *how that tba evil 1? rather I oral than general Indeed, there are thooe who deny altogether the ? *l?teno? of tha di*ea*e True, the blight in the potato did not appear generally until the middle of July laet *ea*on. *o that *ufltc.|?nt time ha* hardly yet elapned to know whether or not the *ame cau*e* are at predentin operation But whatever may be the fate of the potato, it ha* been. a? we have Mid. lea* extensively cultivated should It now fail. Ireland A correspondence ha? taken place between Mr Smith O'Brien and Mr .Maurice OTonnell. which ha* been the *ubject of much converiatlon It wan rumored that It waa tha wiah of Mr O'Connalli family that the Young , Irelandera ahould take no pnrt. an a body, in the publto funeral to ho accorded their late father Mr Smith O'Bflen. In order to teat the rumor, addre**ed a letter t* Mr John OTonnell, in whleh heini|ulre* " whetli r It la their (the family'*) with that thoiie who iMaaeatml from the pollry adopted by the llepeal Aaeoclatlou during tha laat twelve month* ohould attend the funeral " Tha duty of replying wa* devolved by Mr. Jehn OTonnell upon hi* brother, Mr. Maurice OTonnell, who refilled that ' the arrangement* for the funeral having been Inlru*tod to the (iliunevln t einet"ry committee and tha Her Dr Milev. the family leave* It entirely In their handa " Mr O'Brien Interpreted tbi* Inti i.n Int matlon that "he *h< uld not attend the luneral;" ai.'l It *eem*. Indeed, pretty plainly to bear that con*tru"tlon. The Repeal \aeoelatlon have net glren up the uMtal weekly meeting* On the 7lh, a large number of in. ujbera met in < onclllatlon Mall Mr Maurice OTouuell^ J

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