6 Ekim 1847 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1

6 Ekim 1847 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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t ! TH ? ?i. XIII. In, ITl.Wkolt M?. ftfeTl TUe Democratic State Convention. Stbacuic, Oct. 3,1847. 8,/uabhU between the Factiom?Defadt of Mr. Van Buren? Crimination and Recrimination?Oremt Excitement? The Wilmtt Provito?Election of Nomifieei, tf-c. My third despatch to tba New York Herald Office furs tha proceeding* of the third day of the convention, down to a o'clock, P. M., which la tha hour et doting tba mail. At that hour tba oonteat batwaan Mr. John Van Buren and Mr. E. C. Litchfield, of Albany, for a ?aet, wag pending bafora tha Convention. Mr. Van Buren was present listening with great attention to the reading of the evldenoo oonoeming the organisation and proceedings of the ward meeting*. Considerable excitement prevailed In the convention, though the member* of each of the section* endeavored to preserve an appearance of oalmness; portions of the evidence were exoesslvely fuuny ; the words "oysters," u pale brandy," " billy," " sluog shot," " row," " fight," " black eye," ho., fco , Jcc , frequently occurred. The reading of the evid'iice occupied several hours; when It was oonoluded Mr. Monell stated that, there was some evidenoe of a private character which had been brought before the oomralttee. hut which they did not feel justified in presenting to the convention unless it was specially oalled for. Mr \1 stated in reply to the Inquiries of several gentlemen. that he did not think It was proper to lsy the evidence before the convention; It was evidence of a private nature, relating to the expenditure of certain moneys by individuals in Albany to buy up voterk. Mr Hhymour entirely objected to the reading of the papers; be moved that they be referred to a committee ot three gentlemen, whose duty it would bo to report whether it was proper to have them read before the oonvenilon. The evidence was then read. It proved to be of no imanrtanre. and it amounted to nothing. The conclusions to which a majority of the oommlttee ^ had arrived, fiom an examination of the evidenoe, were P then read. The report conoluded with a resolution that Mr. E C Litchfield, 'conservative) was the rentier delegate from the fourth Assembly dlstriot of Albany county and that he be admitted to a seat in this oonventlon Mr. Csain, from the same committee, then submitted a minority report, in favor of the claims of Mr. Van Buren to the seat. Mr. C. assumed by every sentiment of honor?every ancient usage of the democratic party, nud every consideration which should have weight with respectable men?that Mr. John Van Bu.'en was entitled to lb? seat. When Mr. C. had read his report tbrough.the convention took a recess till 8 o'clock in the evening. evenino Session. j October 1. The convention assembled at R o'olnnk. and ? ntllait to order by the President. Mr. Wads wo ht ii, an able and excellent delegate from Llv<ngflton. moved that another affidavit affecting the e??e contested between Messrs. Van Buren and Lltch- , field, which had not boen read, be now read to the oenvention. Mr. Chawdlkr, one of the committee to whom this caxe was referred, objected to the reading of the affidavit; the motion to read It was beneath the dignity of the gentleman and the house; be denied to have the convention decide whether th affidavit which he would state upon bis honor, contained matter which should not be made putlic. should be read. Mr Widiwoith replied that the affidavit had been produced in evidence before the (conservative) committee, aud that it had been excluded ; he believed that this was an invasion of the rights of the convention. Mr. Klandkhs. one of the committee, replied that the allegation ot the gentleman from Livingston that the i committee hid refused to receive tha affidavit in evidence, was unfounded Mr Mitchell regretted that the gentleman from Livingston desired to have an affidavit produoed here wbicb attacked the reputation of a person now in Albany (Mr. Watson) who was not here to defend himself. Mr. M said it was strange and unmanly. Mr. Wadiworth replied that the facts contained in < the affidavit affected the reputatien of other persons tb*n \lr. Watson ; Mr. W. said that a person in the oflice of .vir Pec It hum of Albany, had offered a delegate seveDty-tlve dollars to change his vote, and that this i affidavit proved it; he conscientiously believed that it was bis duty to expose suoh a transaction. Mr. Rathbun, of Cayuga, said he was ashamed ol any i man ?uo would attempt 10 mue tne mh actions of a i rogue In a place lido this The affidavit should be produced : it Hhould bo read by a delegate ; If the paper in i (juestion contained any f-iots which could shed light i upon this contested oase it should be produoed. Mr. Rrady replied to Mr. R that he wai welcome to all the honor which hli assassin-like attack upan an absent man would give him. [This observation of Mr. Brady sounded a lit'le rdtculous ] Mr. Uooi-ittle. of Wyoming, urged the produetlon of the affidavit; he frit bound to demand its presentation; hi* constituent* would not oonseut that true democrats should be brow-beaten cy renegades. Mr. Wadswortii said the affidavit contained evidence oi an attMmpted barter of the elective franohUe. He successfully vindicated hi* conduct in the matter. Mr Purser, <,f New York, demanded the production of th? u til davit; be contrasted the conduot of the conservatives in the convention, when evidence affeotlng the claims of the radioals to seats had been in possession < of the convention; then they rose and demanded that ir. should be produced; but now, when there was evidence of vile corruption in their own ranks, hundreds of ' them were ready to snatoh it from the grasp of the convention, and deprive us of all knowledge of it. Mr. P. | alluded in bitter terms to the remark of Mr. Brady to Mr. Kathbuo, that he (Mr. R ) had made an assassinlike attack upon a man who was not here to defend himself. Mr. Brady, of New York, followed in reply; he painted a very sad picture of the effect upon the public mind which the announcement that the democratic StateCon t?ui>ivu <T<ao vuga^cu iu BU t uuib uibukou vuo vusrnowr of au Absent man, would necesssnly have; It would da- i Krail? the <iomucratio party and cover it with infamy; It 1 would render* reconciliation ef the sections impossible. Mr. B. declared that the affidavit had no bearing upon i the contested case of Messrs Van Buren and LitchQeld. Mr CA>in?r.Lrno confessed his surprise at the extra- i ordinary excitement of tin gentlemen from New York, (Mr. B ) lie confessed he was astonished at his unpro- ] yoked attack upon the gentleman from Cayuga, (Mr. i Hathbun,) who had been distinguished for an uniform courtesy of conduot He did not rise to share in this excitement, (the convention was considerably excited ) i Mr. C ssked where these attacks upon private reputa- 1 tlon btgin; it began, he said, on the other side; they had infamously assailed private reputations; all the Injury that oould be done to the party had D?en done already; that factioa (pointing to the conservative side of the chamber) were the first to demand the suppression of papers which affected th? character and claims of their own friends before this convention. Mr. Cambreleng, who is quite an old gentleman, became greatly agitated during his remarks, and his agitation was snared by the delegates who crowded around him, Mr. Kathsun, ?f Cayuga, said he had been charged by the gentleman from New York (Mr, Brady) with being an assassin. He (Mr. R ) had said nothing to provoke such an attack, aad there was no reason why the gentleman should so far have forgotten his obligations to this convention and to his constituents, as to have permitted himself to utter an Imputation so malignant. He (Mr. R ) had heard of assassins; he understood what they were, and he would tell the gentleman from New York what thoy were; they were fawning sycophants, who hung upon your neck and suppllantly cringed, so long as they believed you could benefit them; and when they could no longer use you they stepped behind you and stabbed you to the very heart. The gentleman from New York bad said that he had known him (Mr. R ) a longtime; If he had known him longer he would also have known that he was not an assassin, nor the instrument of assassins, to do the dirty work of assassins. He (Mr Rathbun) had not made any allusion, nor did not design to make any allusion to the gentleman from New York ; but the sen ^eltlvenegH of that gentleman in regard to the reputation f a person In Albany, who wan a stranger to blm, (Mr. Urauy.) earn* with a very 111 grace from hi* lip* Here wan an affidavit which showed that money had been given to bribe a delegate to a district convention, and the transaction waa traced to tbe office of a prominent conservative delt-gate now occupying a aeat in tbia convention; Mr R demanded to know if wa ahould expoae auob men. or abould bug them to our hearta and call them brothers of the aame faith, and vindloate tbalr honor before the public. Waa that a part of our oreed; and must we defend tbeae men beoauae tbey expended money to break down and override tba rlghta of tbe people? Ilrre Mr R. payed tha preaident of tha convention a very bandaome compliment for tha energy he bad displayed when Mayor of New York, in tracing and expomng frauda upon tbe elective franchise But, (aaid Mr. K.) upon political renegades argument produce* so effect, and reason exercises no Influence; tbey are tha victims of a delusion most unnatural and strange, and all their acta are evidences of their debaatment and of their unfitness for the society of honorable men, or for participation in any thing aiTecting the rlghta of tha people or tbe Interests of tbe nation. Mr. W*mwoRTM, of Livingston, again, In a courteous and dignified manner, stated tbe contenta of tbe affidavit in part, which be aaid contained evidence that seventy-five dollars had been offered to bribe a delegate, and that the oircumatanca bad occurred in tba office of Mr. Peckham of Albany. vir i e<;kham roue and denied *11 knowledge of the affidavit, and requested that it might b? read to the convention. Mr. Wadiwoitm nevertheless persisted in his statement that a ?uiu of money had baen offered In Albauv to bribe a delegate, and that It bad been offered with the oouourrenoe of Mr. reckhaa. Mr. Wadsworth then eloquently alluded to the remark of Mr Brady, above noticed, that Mr. Ratbbun, of Cayuga, bad mad* an Miaraln like attack upou the reputation of a man who wan not here to defend himself; be (Mr. W ) did not wonder that the gentleman frost New York, as the ohauplon of tb>.se men who brought Silas Wright down to the grave, dreamed of assassins, and saw bloody daggers Lvlr. Wadsworth is one of the ablest man to tha convention.] Mr Bmady again replied?The point of greatest importance in his remarks, was a reiteration ofhli former charge against lieorge Hatbbun, that that gentleman contemplated an assassin-like attack upon an absent men This reiteration was eminently calculated to provoke the'wrath of a man like George Ratbun. Mr. R. had made repeated concessions, and had disclaimed any ilenlgn to oi?k>t an iissMsln-lIke attack, or to would tha feelings of his opponent. Mr- Brady. Thus, U)? reiteraL E NE NEV tion of raoh a charge upon ground* ?o narrow, when the time demanded the exercise of forbearance on every aide, was especially wrong and dangerous to the peace of the convention. The chamber at thla stage wai crowded with a mighty audience; the debate waa not conduoted upon those ru>vs and principles ef courtesy and moderation by which ell d?b*f#rs should be governed?It was a violent, and naaaionate. and personal debate, and there were many* prrsaut who were fearful that the peace would not be preserved. Upon the oonoluilon of Mr. Brady's remark*, Mr. Smith of Wayne, occupied the floor. His specch alternated between a deelre to avoid giving offence to the convention and a d?elre to have justice administered; he said that If suspicion rested .upon hi* character, he would thank the friend who gave bin an opportunity to prove it unjust; he urged the reading of the affidavit as an act of jnstloe to the convention and the people. Mr. Mohkll, the chairman of the oommittee to whom, the oase of Mr. Van Buren andlLitchflcld was referred and who read the evidence in this case to the convention, rose upon the conservative side of the chamber. The remarks of Mr. 'Moneil were not especially important, except an unqualified denial wbioh he made to an assertion previously made by .Mr. Cambreleng, that he (Mr. M.) to whom the reading of the evidence in the oase of Van Buren and Litchfield had been entrusted, bad attempted to supress certain affidavits affecting the oharaoter of Mr. Edwin Croswell, of Albany, and charging him with paying money to bribe voters. Mr. Cambreleng had enarged him (Mr. M ) with attempting to suppress these affidavits; the charge was a calumny; he had Intimated to the convention (as will be seen by referenoe to the proceedings of the afternoon session) that these affidavits were of a private nature, not affecting the contested oase. and he had left it to the decision of the convention whether th^y should be read or not; they were read at the oall of the convention, he said, and the charge of Mr. Cambreleng was false. Some personal crimination and reorimination occurred between Messrs. Moneil and Cambreling, when Mr. C. finally withdrew the charge. Mr. Doolittle was the next special pleader in this grand trial of the respective strength of the sections; he added one more loud oall for the reading of the affidavit. Mr Pbckham, of Albany, followed Mr. Doolittle.?Mr. P. alluded to the Insinuations of Mr. Wadsworth, inculpating him in the charge of infkmy against Mr. Watson, which was proven in the affidavit which it was now the design of the radicals to have produoed. Mr. Peckham distinctly denied all participation or knowledge of the transaction charged upon Mr. Watson, that he bad nlf.n^ Ml ?!<. ,? tl>. .nt. M- n -l.~ distinctly denied that be had ever heard of the affair before. Mr. L>AriiiM,of Ontario,an ultraradical delegate.replied with bitternew to the remarks of Mr. Feokham. He adverted to tye attempt* of the regency at; Albany to defeat a faithful public officer, beoauie be saved the public funds from the hand* of robbers. He bad observed upon the part of the conservatives an exhibition of earnestness und seal against the development of these facts, which excited his suspicion; the assertion that the affidavit sontained a charge against the reputation of an individual who was not hern to defend himself, was a silly pretext. There was a cause beyond and deeper than this, wbloh exoited such strong opposition to the production of this singular affidavit. Mr. L. entered into the oause with his whole soul. Mr. OciDEit, of Yates, was the next debater; he stigmatised the radloals as drowning men oatoblng at straws; he counselled the conservatives to give up the affidavit and let It be read. Mr Seymour, of Oneida, a very good man, which his physiognomy renders inoonsestlble, waa the next gentleman who occupied the floor; the debate beoame too Interminable to sketob or report. Mr. S. opposed the motion to produce the affidavit. Mr Sc.'HAirea, of New York, then rose and said that we were here, and our funds are getting low ; Ue hoped the question would be taken now. Every conservative in the chamber, then and there, and Instantly, at the snggestion or instigation of somebod y or some thing, withdrew all objection to the reading of the affidavit. The affidavit was then read, and It appeared by It simply that one John MeKoe. of Albany, who could not write bis name, and waa obliged to make a mark as bis signature, had sworn that Mr. RoacaT D. Wation, a conservative member of the Assembly, had offered him a bun arou uuiiara to roie tor me aumianon or me conservative delegates into the district convention in Albany oounty. It wm nearly midnight before thla little affair was arranged satisfactorily to the radloala; but it having been settled, the queation before the convention recurred upon the reaelution of a majority of the committee that Mr. Litchfield waa the regular delegate from the fourth assembly diatrlot of Albany, and that ha waa entitled to a aeat lu the convention. Mr. LiTCHriaLD, the contestant, rose with the design of addressing t e convention,but it having beoome late, and a general weariness being felt, a mutual arrangement was entered Into by the leaders of the sections that the oonventlon would now adjourn until to-morrow mornlag at eight o'olook, and that, at half past ten o'clook A. M , the question should be taken on the resolution. It was farther agreed that the time intervening between eight o'olook and half-paat tan should be equally divided between the contestants and their friends for debating the merlta ot this contested case; when the convention adjourned till eight o'olook to-morrow morning. MOBNixe union. OcToaaa 3,1847. The convention assembled at eight o'clock this morning, and was called to order by the President. There was no quorum present, and there was a call of thi convention ; during the oall it appeared that there was a quorum of delegates In attendance, and the oall was suspended. ..The PaEiiDSMT said, the question before the convention was upon the resolution of the committee, that Mr. Litchfield was entitled to the seat, as the regular delegate from the fourth dlstriot of the county of Albany. Mr. Klandkks, oneofthe committee took the floor upsn al>fA nf ?Anaa*w.?l.as . Ills ..... . vindioation'ofjhis official oonduct m a member of the committee, from eertain aspersions which had been oast upon U. Mr. Litchfield, one of the contestants, followed Mr. Flanders ; he wished it distinctly understood that he bad no personal ill-feeling against the gentleman on the other side Mr. Lltchfleld reviewed the proceedings at the Albany District Convention ; he declared that Mr. Van Buran was perfeotly sensible that he was in a Minority In that distriot. Mr. Doolittlk, of Wyoming, said that the tremendous struggle whloh was going on In the oounty of Albany, was but the prelude to the struggle whloh was going on here?a struggle, Mr. Chairman, which involves the very existence of the democratic party?a struggle which in valves the principles of the Wilmot proviso. If by barnburners was meant all those who stood up for the rights of free labor, and who opposed the introduction of slavery apon tree soil, then he was a barnburner. We democrats knew that this was but a continuation of the struggles that had occurred in previous conventions, and particularly In that one that defeated the eleotlon of Silas Wright. If, because democrats sought to sustain Mr. Wright, they were barnburners, then he was a barnburner?If It was barnburningipm to defend a faithful officer, who had protected the publlo treasury from a horde of thieves, then he was a barnburner. Mr. Cambrkllino called upon the members of the convention, before taking the question, to reflect soberly, justly and gravely upon the extraordinary spectacle which would be presented to this State, if his friend from Albany (Mr. Van Baren) was not admitted to a seat in I this convention. Mr. C. then alluded to the district convention of Albany county, and like all the radicals, deduced the profound oaloulatlon that the convention which nominated Mr. Van Buren waa regular, and that he was the regular delegate. Mr. C. concluded with a loud and emphatio warding to the conservatives to beware how they voted upon the resolution. Mr. Van Buben said he should pay a poor compliment to the members of this convention, If he did not eouoludethat they had formed a correct judgment in this rase; he therefore might justly forbear to address any remarks to the oonventihn. But he would now proceed 10 make a few remarks In the brief time allotted to him, (?hloh was stated by the President to be forty-eight minutes.) When we assembled here three days ago (he Smlil) we found there were eleven oontested seats. He confessed his surprise when he learned that his own seat was to be contested. It was wftth considerable Indignation that he learned that he was to be excluded from a vote in the primary organization of this oonvention; and it was with great satisfation that he waa Anally apprised that the conven tion was to be organized by the appointment of tellers. Mr V. B alluded also to the appointment and action of the ommlttets to whom the claim* of tbe contestants rern referred. The result of tbe appointment of the oommitiees wai that several legitimate delegates, who were afterwards reported unanimously in favor of, were excluded f.-orn voting at the preliminary organisation of tbe convention. He asked gentlemen to allow him to call their attention to the very respectable committee who passed upon hU case. At the head of that committee stood bis honorable friend from (lanesee. (Mr. Chandler,) who was the first man that ever introduced a resolution into a county convention denouncing him (Mr. Van Bare*). Mr Chawdl**?1That assertion Is unqualifiedly false ; 1 never named you in any resolution Mr. Van Ut: m r.n?No matter whether you named me or not Was this (said Mr. V. B ) the unhiand individual that you had put at the head of a oommlttee to pass upon my claims to a seat in this convention ? This man bad always been his enemy and the enemy of republican prinolples. After having appointed such a man and such a committee to case noon m* niilma dn?ir ?/? think (Mid Mr. Van Barrn) that you are rather crowding the mourner*' Now (he Mid) allow sae to allude to myself; he waa aware of the impropriety aid Indelioacy of deing so; but he hoped the coaveatlon would exouae him, when they refleoted upon the ?tat?a?aU put la olreolation concerning him Allow me to inquire (he Mid) if 1 have ever asked any thing of the people or thia State; nay, he had never desired offloe; It waa a matter of efttire indifference to him, and he waa appointed to the offlee which he now held, by a demoeratio caucus, not one of them member* of whioh had ha ever applied to to snstaln him; than what had he been guilty of' It wm the crime or (tending in another man's way and preventing blm from holding offlee; that man had assailed him, becatue of the allowance made him by Gov. Wright for conducting certain criminal trials: and why ? Because they knew,that if they struok at Silas Wright tbey l would fall dead In their traoka; therefore they atruek at the hMrt of that great statesman through his (Mr. Van B's) side. The next occasion, whan ha wm violently aaMlled by this foul clique, wm at a county convention in New Beetland whioh met to nominate offlcers Uf Silas Wright whioh they knew ha would not appoint. The effect of bringing an exasperated multitude to that convention wm to cause a large attendance from the city of Albany. The object of that convention wm to cram offlcers upon the people which they never elected; but th? radicals went there to maintain their rights, and 1 ""? " I f W YC T YORK. WEDNESDAY I they did maintain them. He would My that the divided organisation grew oat of that convention. But the moment it wai d?tarmln?ii tn i?ml hm mu> tn ronra Mot the county of Albany, the ire of the oonservativea waa rained, and they determined to defeat that delegate. (Mr. Capgor ) But their designs were thwarted, and Mr. ( agger now oooupled a seat In that convention. He would *ay, that a more honorable or high-minded man than Mr. (.'agger never lived. (A loud laugh) ' Mr. Van Bum:*?I think I hear Mr. Croawell laughing?1 hope the Preeldent will preserve order. PaciiDifNT?Mr Croawell U not in the room. Mr. Van BuaitN?I hope order will be maintained. Mr. V. B. than recapitulated theoircumatanoee connected with tha organlaatloa of tha diatriat convention* in the county of Albany. Since the publio are already acquainted with the violent scene* which have occurred at tba primary meetingi In that eounty, I deemed It unnecessary to make any allusion to it, or to the evidenoe concerning it. Mr. Van Buren called them "bogus hole in the corner oonventiona." Ha aaid that fourteen delegate* who were in the district convention and who uiiu wvrv uuvuuuiuvreu uy vigut udih^ruji uub doors. He asked the conservatives if they would oon iot one of their own friends upon the evidence that had been produced her* for him' To oontrovert tbla e videno*. he solemnly declared that the opposition had produead forged and perjured testimony. He asked to be allowed to advert briefly to the remark* of Mr. Flanderi who had twice passed upon his claims to a seat in a State convention ; be (Mr. blander*.) bad said, be had purged the polls Upon oonclusloa, 1 think that Mr. Van Dure >, who asserted that the witnesses of the opposition. swore like pirates, rather <iuashed the considerations which Mr. Slanders said bad lnduoed him to <1?oido against the claims of Mr. Van Burnn. The President now declared that Mr. Van Buren's time had expired. The hour had arrived for taking the question upon the resolution At the suggestion of several conservatives, Mr. Van Uur?n was allowed Ave minutes to conoiude; he occu apledthla time in a caatlaued examination of the proceedings, and rows and fights which it is said occurred at the ward meetings in Albany. Mr. Van Buren said that the proceedings of Mr. Kdwin Croswell. as shown by the affidavit of Hamuel Strong, in bribing the delegates and hiring bullies, armed with stones and eggs, to oontrol th? ward meetings, fully demonstrated the nature and the oharaoter of the opposition to bis claims to a seat. Mr. Van Buren's time was again announced to have expired. He only desired to aay, in conclusion, that if under these circumstances the opposition desired to affix a stigma to his name, he would not complain. While the vote was being taken, he demanded that the lobby should retire from the room; becaus? upen other occasions Mr. Croewell had oomn upon the floor of the convection when be saw he was in a minority, and compelled the gentleman from Steuben. (Mr. Hubbell,) and the gentleman from Orange, (Mr. Monell,) to ohange th?ir votes. Mr. Van Buren having aat down, Messrs. Hubbell and Mooell rose simultaneously. and asserted that Mr. Van Buren's remarks conoerniug tLem were an unqualified falsehood*. Mr. Van Bukcn attempted to reply. The President desired him to come to Older. Ureat confusion aad intense exoitement prevailed In the convention; there was a continuous busz of suppressed voices, mingled with hisses, and cries of " Mr. Prerident," and cries of the President, to " order." It was one of the wildest and most tumultuous spectacle* ever presented by any body of intelligent men upon this continent. When the noise had partly subsided, Mr. Van Buren again rose and It was not in the power of the President, at least It waa not his wish, to prevent him from speakiog; beoause it was evident that the most s?rlouH results might have ensued from It. Mr. Van Buken asked permission to make a personal explanation: he had stated that he stood within five feet of Edwin Croawall, when he, finding that he waa In the minority, when a vote upon the admission of a delegate to a seat here waa being taken, had come upon the flo?,r of this convention and caused Messrs. Hubbell and Monell to change their votes; they had charged him with falsehood, but It waa true nevertheless, (said Mr. V. B , sternly,) Croswell always carried his tally stick with him. Mr Huseci.i. again denied that Mr. Croswell had laid any thing to him concerning his vote Mr. Edwin C. Litchfield, of Albany, the contestant against Mr. Van Buren for the seat. having sixteen minutes time to reply, proceeded to address the convention. His exordium consisted In a profession of surprise and regret at the excitement displayed by Mr. Van Buren in bis speech; the remainder of his remarks oouHisted entirely in a review (oft repeated) of the organisation and proceedings of the ward meetings In the county of Albany, and of the evidenoe In this contested oa*e. I found nothing la this speech to whloh It is neoeasary to allude At its close, the hour designated for taklnir the vote upon tha resolution having arrived, the roll of delegates was calif a by the ??cret*ry It will bit observed tbat tha question wu upon tha adoption of the reaolu tion introduced bj the oommittee that Mr. Litchfield, (conservative) from tha 4th Assembly District of Albany, waa ?ntitUd and iheuld ba Admitted to a seat In the convention. The vote was? yeas 01, nays 63; thm giving the Mat te the conservative. and defeating Mr. John Van Buren, the Attorney Oeneral; it was atriotly a division of the sections, and I do not find it necessary to burden your columns with the name* of tha delegates Hood order waa maintained while tha roll was being called, and when the result was announced, the convention continued to behave in a very dignified and peaooable manner. There remained only one mora oontest for a seat for the convention to deoide; that was the case of Dunn against Livingston, from the 10th ward in tha city of New York. This oase was speedily decided in favor of Dunn, the conservative contestant. Ayes 49, noes Si Mr Seymour, of Oueida, then introduced a resolution that this convention do now proceed to ballot for a candidate for the office of Comptroller. The convention took a recess for dinner before the question was taken upon the reaolution. During tha recess the radicals held a private caucus, at which they probably marked out their ooursa in relation to the nominations, and tha future sessions of tha oonvantlon. ArTERNOOFf ikisioiv, Th? (innvuniinn tu?mblari fhrun a'aIaaIt ? <! * > called to order by the President; It appearing that there was no quorum present, the Secretary wan Instructed to eall the roll; there waa only one radioal delegate present; the radical*, however, coon returned from their caucus. A resolution waa offered that the convention do now proceed to nominate visa voce a candidate for Comp- i troller. Mr. Bcmtlet moved that the candidate receiving a I majority of all the vote* caat, should be deemed to be nominated by thla ooaventlon. i This motion caused some little discussion, ard a question waa raised whether a majority of vote* would be constitutional. The motion was adopted. Mr. Rathbun suggested that It waa proper for eaoh gentleman to rise in hla place and nominate his candidate. This suggestion was adopted, and the convention proceeded to nominate a candidate for Comptroller, with the following result:? Orvllle Hungerford AO John Ewlng S Aiarlah C. Hagg 40 Reuben H.Walworth. . . 3 Calvin T. Hulbnrd 1 C. C. Cambreleng 1 II?mm J. Redfleld 3 Philip Phelps 1 Neither of the candidates having received a majority of all the votes caat, no nomination was made by the convention. A second ballot was then had for Comptroller. with the following reiult:? Orrille Hungertord 69 Townsend Harris. . 1 Axarlah C. Klagg 48 Reuben H Walworth. . ,1 Heman J. Redfleld 3 C. C. Cambreleng 1 John Kwing A Neither of the candidates having received a majority of all the votes caat, no nomination was made by the oonventlon. A third ballot waa then had for Comptroller with the following result: ? Orville Hungerford 60 John Ewlng 6 Aaariah C. Klagg 47 Townaend Harris 1 Hnman J. Redfleld 3 C. C. Cambreleng 1 Orville Hungerford, of Jefferson oouuty, having received a majority of all the votes caat, was declared to be daly nominated as the democratic candidate for the oflloe of Comptroller. While these ballots for Comptroller ware being had, the most extraordinary confusion prevailed. On motion of Mr Pkckham, of Albany, the oonventlon then prooeeded to nominate a candidate for Lieutenant (iovernor, with tha following result: Nathan Dayton, 6t Robert Dennlaon,. . .3 Abraha a Bockee, 43 M'n. K. Havemeyer, 1 Albert I.ester 8 Natha* Dattoi* of Niagara, having received a mejo rlty of all the votes cast, was declared to be duly nominated at the dtmooratlo oandldate for the oflloe of Lieut. Governor. On motion of Mr. Bsoi>aaicx, the convention then proceeded to nominate a oandldate for Secretary of State, with the fallowing result: Edward Han ford 64 Samuel Young, 3 HenryS Randall,.- 32 N.S.Benton, 10 Orrln Griffin 3 John W. Brown, . . .3 Edwaho SANrosn of New York, having received a majority of all the votee, waa declared to be duly nominated as the democratic candidate for Secretary of State. The convention then prooeeded to nominate a candidate for Attorney General, with the following result: Hamuel J. Ttlden 'J6 Henry B. Talcott 1 Nicholas lllll, Jr i Henry Hogebroom A Levi S. Chatfleld 33 Robert Monell 1 Cornelius L Allen...%.. 6 W.Hunt A Neither of the candidates having rec4ved a msjorlty or all tne votes cut, no Domination tu mad* by the convention. A second ballot wm then had for Attorney Oaneral, with the following result Levi 8 Chat field 70 Hamuel J. Tllden lb Ward Hunt 1 James T Brady 1 Lav! 8. Chatfleld, of Otsego, having received a majority of all the rotes cast, was declared to be duly nominated as the democratic candidate for the oflioe (Attorney Oaneral). Mr. Chatfleld Is a radical democrat (barnburner), and was a delegate to the late constitutional convention. His uomlnation may, therefore, be considered as a distinguished concession upon the part of th? conservatives Tha result having been announoed, Mr. Preaton King roaa and moved that the convention do now adjourn till seven o'clock, P. M , and that the committee to whom the duty of dirawlng up an address and resolutions was referred, be instructed to make their report immediately upon the assembling of the convention The motion of Mr. King was pat and the Preeldent pronaunced it lost, amid an uproar which I have rarely heard eqaalied. Then the oonvantlon adjourn d till 7 o'clock in the evening. KTBKIIfO lOtV. OcToata 3. Tha oonvantlon re-assembled at 7 o'clock. Mr. Smith, of Wayne, observed that he had mm? resolutions to offer to the convention. Mr. StavaKB called the gentleman to order.

The Prisididt decided tut the gentleman wm la or ? IfiK I VIORNING, OCTOBER 6. 1 dar. and Mr. Smith proceeded to read the resolutions, ta wbloh war* aa followi:? tb Resolved, That we believe Id tha dignity and the right* pa of free labor : that free white labor cannot thrive upon an the eame aoil with slave labor, and that It would be net- at their right nor wlae for the general government to devote fit to alave labor the temperate climate Ad fertile toll of be any territory now free, to tha exclusion of the free labor *? of all the State*. ai Keeolved, That we adhere to all the compromise* af g? the constitution ; that we will maintain with Inflexible gi flrmm ne all the referred right* of the State* ; that wa n< disclaim all right er wish to Interfere with slavery In ib me several smcm, but we deolare uncompromising hos- bi tility to the extension of slavery into free territory, by pi any not of the national government. ol Mr Smith haying read tbeaa resolution. ?ai about to Is peak, whan loma twanty or thirty oennervatlve dele- fr gates oallod blm to ordar; but Mr 8. did not seem disposed to yield the floor, and ha was declared by tha pre- n IdlnK offloer to ba in ordar. Tba gentlxman than pro- .V oeeded to make a real Wtlmot proviso speeoh. Mr M. t) kid, that tha dootrlnn contained In thaaa resolution* 01 claimed tha aapport of tha illustrious JvtTerson hlrasell, n and a democratic convention of this State could not at properly adjourn without making tome expression tl of its santimanU upon thli subject. If these resoln- A tiona went evaded by the democratic party of tha Union, ri If the principles oontalned In them were not insisted upon than tba uorth would be forever ahut out from the en- <j Joyment of that beaut'ful country which wa were abaut to acijulrc by the preaent war with Mexloo. He did not believe In the idea that becausc the agitation of a great question produoed excitement In oertaln quartern, that all allusion to it should be forever abandonod. If we J | now, through fear, failed to make an expression of our feelings upon this matter, depend upon it our rights will bo wrested from us by an act of the national government. The moment that the demooratlc party lout night of prlnoipie. that moment there was danger that its councils would be distracted, and that the influence , which it wfcs destined to exercise among the people would be Impaired. There was no middle ground ; it was neoessary for New York to express her ooncurrenoe in the sentiments contained In these resolutions, or she would be claimed as a oenvert to the opinion, that without the Institution of slavery men oould not enjoy that full measure of happiness whloh they wete capable of enjoying. Mr. 8. hud nothing more to say in support of the resolutiens than to suggest to the gentlemen of this convention that it would not be wise?it would not be just, to neglect to aot upon this subjoct. Should New York decide by Ae representatives of the democracy here assembled to defeat these resolutions, he feared that the great national heart would burst with anguish ; he implored gentlemen to vote in favor ef these resolutions. Mr. Bradt, of New York, said that we found the gentleman from Wayne presenting resolutions khere not at # all applicable to the business which we were sent here to accomplish; he regarded their introduction here at this 0 time as Inopportune, and he should make a motion whioh would enable thin convention to resume its legiti- { mate business; he had no hesitation In saying that he . would vote against the resolutions, if the question upon them was about! to be taken; but this was an improper time. Mr. B. moved that the resolutions be laid upon the table. Mr. Field rose to debate the motion. The President said the motion.to lay the resolutions upon the table was not debateable. Mr. Kield appealed from the decision of the ahalr, and he was attempting to debate the question of appeal, when The President decided that an appeal from the decision of the chair was not debateable. and his decision was oonflrmed by the Hon. Wm. C. Craln. Ml- IT?| r, than .UhJ... Vil. .nn..l The queation tu then taken by ayes and noes, and they were laid upon the table?Yeas 09; noea 45. Mr. Oat then offered a resolution that the oonventlon do new prooeed to the nomination of a Treasurer of the State of New York ; the resolution was adopted and the oonventlon proceeded to nominate a Treasurer, with the following result: George W. Cuyler. . . 84 James M. Starbuok. . . 1 Peter Cagger 1 Horace Oreeley 1 Amasa Dana 36 Wm W. Kreatn 1 Edwin Croswell 3 Stephen Strong 1 John McLane 10 Heman J. Uedfleld. . . 9 Mr. Tardy 1 Georok w, Cuyi.ek, of Wayne, having received a majority of all the votes east, was declared to be duly nominated as the democratic oandldate for State Treasurer. The oonvention then proceeded to the nomination ot a State Engineer, with the following result: OrvlUe W. Chllda. . . 63 Heman J. lledflelil.. , , 1 ' John Stryker 1 Alexander Campbell... 3 Thos. S. O'Sullivan.. 9 Ortillk vv. Childs. of Onondaga, having received a majority of all the votes east, was deolared to be duly nominated as the democratic candidate. On motion of Mr. BitoDcaica the oonvention then preceded to nominate at the same time, three candidates for tha office of Canal Commissioner, with the following reault: John C. Mather 78 Frederick E Lee 31 Henry R. Selden 19 John T. Hudson 83 Elisha B. Smith. ..... 74 Norman B Smith 4 Frederick Follet.. 61I, Heman J. Uedfleld.... 4 Mr. Bisaell If.Edwin Caoswell 1 Mr. Sumner 3l|'Kufos W. feckham. . . 1 Meftsrs Mather and E. B. Smith having a msjoalty of democratic candidate* for Canal Commissioners. On motion, Mr. Kollett, though not reoelvlng a majority of all the votes, wat declared to be the third democratic candidate for Canal Commiuioner. 8T?iCU?B, Octeber 3,1847. My last despatch gave you all the proceedings of the Democratic State Convention, down t? Saturday evening at U o'clock; that despatch contained all the nomination* except Inspectors of Elections, which have already i reached you over the lightning line; about the hour of midnight, on Satvrday evening,the nomination! were all I completed. The enly business tnat then remained before the convention was the duty of receiving and acting unon the report of the committee of sixteen, to whom was entrusted the delicate duty of drawing up a suitable address and resolutions to the democratic electors of this State, embodying as near at might be, the senti' ments of this Democratic State Convention, upon all the questions of local and national importance, immediately affecting the interests of the great American people. At midnight, Mr SaTMoun, of Oneida, the ohairman of the oommitte,e appeared before the convention prepared to read the address. In consideration of the time of night, Mr. Orover moved that the reading of the address be dispensed with; the gentleman had no doubt but the radicals would acquiesce in every sentiment contained in it. Mr. Sktmuur replied that he was in feeble health and that It would indeed be a great favor if the convention would adopt the report without nutting him to the trouble of reading it; he assured the gentlemen upon tne other side (radical) that it oontaincd nothing which unuld give offence to any demoorat The reading of the address was then dispensed with, and Mr. Seymour proceeded to read the several resolutions accompanying the address. The resolution contalaed very complimentary allusions to the secretary of war and the American army In Mexico. They also contained an expression of sorrow at the death of Silas Wright, and of condolence wllh his family. The convention was about to vote npon the address and resolutions, when Mr. Doollttle, of Wyoming, rose and offered an additional resolution; this additional resolution was drawn upon the Wilmot proviso principle; It was an anti-slavery resolution, and It declared that the people of this State would never, voluntarily, tolerate slavery upon any free soil, hereafter te be acquired and annexed to the American Union. Mr. Doollttle handed up the resolution, and moved that it be added to the resolution just read by Mr. Seymour. More than fifteen conservatives were upon their feet in an Instant, calling the gentleman to order; they stat* edto the President that the anti-slavery resolutions offered during the evening, by Mr. Smith, of Wayne, (see my last despatch) were precisely similar in principle to that now offered by Mr. Doollttle: Mr. Smith's resolutions, they said, were laid upon tne table, where they now remained; and It was not In order for Mr. Doollttle to offer aslmllar resolution while Mr. Smith's resolutions remained upon the table. The President was nonplussed and oould make no decision; he appealed to Mr. Crain of Herkimer, for an opinion, and Mr. C. decided that the resolution just of ftired by Mr. Doolittle km in order. Mr. Held, of New York, then secured the floor; he spoke about one hour in vindication of the Wilmot proviso; he attempted to impress upon the mind* of the delegate* the vast and imperative necessity of acting upon the subject before the reassembling of Conpen; be befecched and he threatened; he entreated and be anathematised. While he wan ipeaking .the outcried and screams to ordtr of the delegate*, were no continual and loud, that no man oould distinguish any entire sentence he uttered. It waa a medley of hisses and stamping and shouting, which It Is said was never equalled, even In Tammany Mall or the ninth ward. Mr. ragiTon Kino rose and made the laconlo remark, that the fire-brand of freedom had been thrown into the convention. A hundred argumt nts upon points of order were raised at the same instant of time; all order was set at defiance; It became apparent that personal violence was about to occur, and Mr. Doolittle waa heard to say that there ww trouble of the most serious kind brewing there. Finally somebody moved the previous question upon the address and resolutions introduced by Mr. Seymour. Tbla motion was the origin of the moat dlagraoeful occurrences of the night?or rather the morning, for It waa Sunday morning. The Pbkiidem > waa about to ascertain if the call for the previous question would be seconded by ths convention, when Mr rar.>Ton Kinn Inquired what would to the effect of the previoua question The Pnc>iDi*T coincided in the opinion which somebod v expressed in reply to the enquiry of Mr. King, that if the oall for the previoua question were seconded by the convention, the additional resolution offered by Mr. Doolittle would be cut off and defeated Mr. Kii??, In reply, denied that ths previous question was applicable In that convention, or that it could be moved In any assembly whsre rules for its establishment in any assembly had not been previously adopt- | ed. Mr. King also denied that when sn amendment (Mr. Doollttle's resolution was sn amendment) to an original resolution or bill was ponding, the I prsvloas question upon the original resolution wis I fa order until some disposition nad been mads of the j amendment, hs said that the amendment wss a question j whlo# arose subsequent to the original resolution, end I that thsrefora no question oould be had upon the orlgl- < nal resolution until ths amsndment wss settled. Mr. < King Insisted that hs was right In his construction of the I rules as applied In Congress ; he would stake his life ( upon it and all hs had or could have Of courss Mr. K. i was violently exoitsd ; bis language showed that his sgl I Ell A 847. tion *u extreme He *u called to order br more an doien men who stood upon the rostrum, but be .Id no brad to tbair oftlii; hi* friends anoirolad blm id cheered htm on Mr King became ?o exasperated tba drowning cries of tba opposition thftt ba shook bis it ftt the conservatives who wera (tending in ? ?dy upon tba left sf tha spaakar'a chair; the oonrvativrs shook tbeir flat* in turn at tba radieals, id both sections prepared for ft personal conflict ? a iueral and indiscriminate tight. Nearly every dele.to In the room waa screaming at the top of bia voioe? >t a syllable apokan could ba dlHlnguiahed. This touting oontlnuad about a quarter of an hour, and tpplly each of tba aeotlons seemed to ba aatisfled with ugillatlo feints, and pushing, and crowding Soma idafr ' the nature of this procoodlng may b*/orined, whan it stated that ona of tba secretaries fainted in bia seat on fright. i Tha result of this affair waa, that tha convention did Ir. Dooiittle, and that the radicals refused to Tot* upon ie addreaa and rsaolutlona offered by Mr Seymour, Id rder that their put age might be defeated ou aooount of i> i|Uortm votiun. but they war* declared carried, aud t j, i M , k motion to adjourn wai also declared carried, , lough it waa evidently defeated by a large majority.? .itogether thli waa an extraordinary convention. The kdicala are eiaaperatad beyond all bounds. 'lie BnglUh View of tb? Annexation of Tent and or Tyler'a and Houston's letter*. \ [From the London Times, Sept. IS.] The oitlxena oi the United States have juit been >roved guilty of a want of sharpness in managing their ' lational affairs. From the revelation* of Sam Houston -"the man with the blaukut coat," as he la aomewhat [ reverently atyi7*d throughout the Union?it would reult that what an Amerloan citlxen ia to the reat of the rorld, a Texan ia to an American citizen. We could ainoat be aorry for the humiliation of our trienda at A'ashington oity. ao de?p ia the pathoa, ao vehement the ixpression of their grief, at having been " bamboozled ' )y the Texan negotiator* Theaimple-hearted Monarch >f France haa yet aomethtng to learn, and Gen. Houston night be his inatruotor. It haa not yet been auggeated ;hat King I.ouia Philippe haa ever auooeeded in cheating I he Model Republic. This laat great fact ia probably ! -eserved for the evening of hia daya; and even then the ' [ood old man, as ha tnrna hia face to the wall, must needs 'eel the moui nful conscieusness that he ha* been preseded and outdone by a kind of lavage in a blanket ooat n the wild* of North America Thus atand the facta, n hit tranquil retirement at Huntaville, in Texas, a lumber of the iVrrkly Union was lately put into the lands of General Houston. In the columns of that aurnal the General found a letter bearing the signature f Ex-President Tyler. Mr. Tyler In speaking of the nnexation of T?i*s writes, that it was not until be revived authentic information that other nations were xertlng their efforts to induoe a course of action on the art of Texas at varlanoe with the interests of the /nlted States, that he gave directions to his lamented riend Abel Upshur "to scatter to the winds the web of heir intrigues" by a direct proposition for annexation. -Ittie did that keen-witted Yankee oonjeot.ure from what ource these reports were derived. In his eagerness to heat the European Powers, he had but slender suspicion hat he himself was in course of being submitted to the rocess in question, it was General Houston who got ip the rumours whloh were to be his stock in trade for isgotiatlon. it was General Houston himself?so he ells us?who acted the part or auctioneer at a mook .uotlon, and dispersed hi* flotltious bidder* amongst the irowd to titillate the eagerness of the gaping clown*, and .dvanoe the price of hi* worthies* wares. Kx-Presldent Pyler seems just to hare played the part of Moie* in the 1 Vloar of Wakefield," and Texas baa turned out upon ii* hand* neither more nor le*a than a gross of green peotaolM. The General charged himself with treason o hi* country. Mr. Tyler did not quite fall Into the ray. "Aitoundlng disclosures'' were then progaosticatid. The President began to feel unoomfortable. Franoe rod labaidiea were next *ugge*ted, In order to give form rod shape to the ''astounding dlsoioiure*;" (till, It rould not quite do. At length it wa* boldly proclaimed hat the chief magistrate of Texas was on the eve of wiling that desirable province to Great Britain. Alas 'or Mr. Tyler! Ala* for the ilmpliolty and ingenuouaie?* of Yankeedom t Our ex-President immediately irrete off to the lamented Abel Upshur, " to scatter to .he wind* the web of BrltUh Intrigue by a direct proposition for annexation." How the braoe of Maohlavel* must have chuckled at their own sharpness. How they must have sneered at Lord Aberdeen and the Britishers, rhere was, however, at Huntsvllle, a certain General, fcnurmt* sapient, eran<h/ut Minerva, who appears to have given vent to ohuckle* and sneers that were Infinitely more to the purpose. The radiance of the star pangled banner had grown dim,?Sam Slick lay prostrate at the feet of Sam Houston. The chief magistrate of Texas took his time well. He duly weighed tbe.geniu* of the Texanh and of the people of the United State*, tnd thair HunrU* nf nhm.ru.atnr I.ilfM tha tmn an rim nf the cleft make iu natural history for the use of nurseries, It iu oertain thev would com# together before sundown General Houston had onlr to wait the moment when the Texan queatlon would become political oapltal for one or other party at Washington. He might then be ure that, "like Aaron'* rod, it would (wallow up the rods of ail political sorcerers and prove a destroying ingel to carry destruction on it* wiug to the great unci af America.'' Giving him all due credit for sharpness, it Is doubtful If even the craftr Texan oould have foreteen how true hia word* would prove. Sympathy and annexation, the alpha and omega of Yankee diplomacy >n the American continent, have done their work in the !aae of Texas, but from that measure has resulted the Mexican war. The policy seemed ao excellent and so timple? so like Mrs lilaaa a famous reoeipt. Annex a pro rlnce that rightfully belongs to another people, and then rail* quarrelling about its limits. That will give you an IX'-use for war with lt? late owners. Make war then until you compel your advtisarics to cede another province. Anaex as before. Dispute again about the limit*?war, cession, and annexation, as before. Continue the process tlU the whole continent la done nice and brown. Oarnlah with atara and strips, and serve up, (ko. All thin is ao beautiful and aimple In theory, It U a aad pity It break* down in practice. Given, a continent inhabited by two auch race* as the shrewd calculating citizens of the United State* and the gusty unpractical Mexicans, the acheme would be oertain ofauooess.did It not fall from a cause which defeats many* slever project?the want of money. At this very moment th> nr with Mmlon. as we see br ever* amount that reaches us. la growing more and more unpopular and the ate election* bare gone in favor of the whig*. Thua t la more than likely to make good Gen. Houston'* rcphecy, aud to prove "a destroying angel" to the ita teamen who bare hatched it Into exiatenoe. If there >? any truth in the report that I'aredes has gone to Mexijo either to ooalesce with or to supersede Santa Anna, that will become of the insidious offers of Mr. Trist, the legotlator with the dolorous name ? Cadwallader, Pil* ow. and Twlgga, we are told, are boldly advancing upcn Mexico, but of what avail will be the efforts of theae nighty men of war, even if they repeat the feat of Corn TheMexicans.it would seem, have taken meaurea for abandoning their capital city, and the mithorllea will be followed by the diplomatic oorpa. Will the ixpense of the war to the United States be diminished -will it not rather be IncreHsed, by the possession of Mexico ? In what condition will those statesmen be who ire compelled to come to Congress for furthrr suppllea, titer having wasted the resources of their oountr 1 in a protracted and useUas war 1 If we give the chief men n Mexico credit for common foresight and common lense, it muat be evident to them that all they have to lo la to protract the war until their adversaries retire rmrxww akaaa ????elnaaa antl want of inn A a fur AM Lraqnllllty In concerned, th? presence of thia United State* army doe* not much altar the normal condition >1 thalr country. Much are the flrtt fruit* of that policy >yer which Ueneral Houston chuckles *o complacently n hl? letter to Colonel Hatch, the editor of the Trxmi Banner. Let all due credit be given to him for hl? katutenea* and lucceia. Mr. Tyler, In hi* eagerHen* to aggrandise hi* country, wa* fairly duped, ana It irouldbe unju*t to refuse to General 11 ouston the mm nium* ha demand* for MMMM trickery. He repudi?te* indignantly the notion of fair dealing. In term* which, could wa believe that the Rambler bad penetrated a* far as HunUville, would appear to ba imitated Vom Dr. John?on:?" To charge," nay* tha Texan sage, ' either nation* er Individual* with fault* or orimes which do not exist, beoau*e it i* palatable to a morbid taste which may prevail for a time, 1* not suited to the Intelligence of the age." Tha morbid taate which General Houston consider* of such ephemeral duration, is InpJjr the belief In straightforward dealing and pro bity To pander to this be consider* utterly unworthy of the intelligence of the age He 1*, therefore, compelled to come forward In vindication of himself and hi* friend*. " What a preciously humlllatiag truth"?we quote from an American journal?" it l? for the people of these United States! Oh, Meatra Trier. Upshur, riAnalsAw >n/l ?lta ?Kat Aata *A>1 ill tfi tO apprar by this revelation from the man of tba blanket coat!" Thus it if that the mun of history laments oyer national calamities in tha Unitsd States Financial Affairs In Raglaml. IKrom tha London ("hronlcle. of September Intb 1 We bar a to announce tba fallura of Meaars K Banderaon St Co., tha wall known bill holders of King WllHam (treat. Thla event, which waa generally believed in the city during the day. waa not formally mada known until a late hour In tha afternoon. It la not tha province of a newspaper to animadvert upon the management of commercial houaaa 10 long aa the oonaequancea which result from that mansgament do not affect the interesta of the public ; but in the oaae of tbia establishment, It has been notorious for yeara that the system on which It baa been conducted haa looked more at large commlsslona to be gained, than at tfla value of the names on which the aecuritle* atood. If thia lll-eonsldered course of proceeding concern a J only the solvency of the brokers?if for years the only reault of Ita action waa that enormous profits success fully counterbalanced enormous risks, the public attention would scarcely be excited Rut when we find that the natural consequence is to create amass of valueless paper, which is paased current into the mercantile world by means of those who trade recklessly on the r red It they posseas. it becomes proper that the real cause r>f tba dissster. which sooner or later follows on such proceedings, should be made knov n. The Immense so -omiuodatlon afforded to thoao connected with the Corn Rxrbaege ia said to be the immediate cause of tba str p page; but we understand that the bonsa baa lost b<-avlly by most of the failures which have lately occurred, and :hat the business in which they were concerned made ;hem more than usually liable to reverses Public convenes, shaken by these events, will not. we think, t? lltlmately affected in this instance It will be considered as the natural reault of a bad syatem of management, ind the commercial world will not argue from it that >ther establishments which have avoided similar errors tre likely to suffer from a similar result The usual general meeting of tba proprietors of the ? LI). film Vm Canto. Bunk of KiwUntl will be held ith. lot. in>? \ "to oonslder 11 dividend ' Th* la^i'proflU whrob*ari UQdmtood to hif? b??D midi during the put tuif'Tttr iaducu sown of th* proprietors. it in Mid. to *xpe?t another bonux. notwithstanding the dluonrinimnt which the propotnl for the last out met with from the directors. A* the bonui agreed to at the meeting tn March iaat waa declared on that occasion contrary to the wishes of the oourt. perhaps it In thought that a similar result may occur again The state of ooamsrclal affairs, however, I* not so favorable to banliiDC interests as to enable bankers to dispense with any portion of their available means, and It Is not very likely that the general body of bank proprietor* will be Inclined to support the proposal for a bonus, even If It Is seriously brought forward A suggestion was made in th* meeting last September to increase the rat* of dividend to eight per c*nt., by taking nearly a million and a half sterling from the rest, and adding It to th* capital; but w* scarcely *xp*ot that any proposal for diminishing th* available assets ot the bank will be listened to now, *v*n though it may take the least objectlonabl* term It will have been observed by the commercial advice* from New York, which w* published ye*tarday, that the rate of exchange with America ha* undergone a decided improvement In favor of this oouatry. Th* rate prevailing shortly be/or* th* sailing of th* packet was from lOOXto 107, and on th* day of h*r departure the rata had Increased to 107X, 108. for short bill*. This result contrast* vary satisfactorily with the rate* during the last few months, when gold could be *x ported from heaoe at a clear profit. This, however, cannot tak* plaoe when the quotation is much above 104. and we have therefore the satisfaction of knowing that no mora specie will be sent to the United Stat** for th? Cient. The rise in the exahange at N*w York been occasioned In a great measure by ttm intelligence just reoeived there before th* paoket left, of the condition of our oern market, and of the failure* which had ocourred here up to the middle of laat month. The disasters of the corn merchants, however, hail only then commenced, and when th* intelligence conveyed by the packet of the 4th instant ranch** the United States, wi may expect to see th* rata* of axchange rise to the point at which the Amerioan house* will find It advantageous to export gold to us. Th* harvest here will render unnecessary any large import ot food, such a* that wbloh we received frem them during the last spring, and the natural cnurae of trade will assist in continuing the exchange in our favor. We fully rxpect, therefore, that we shall soon begin to receive ome of the gold back whloh we recently exported to Amerloa. and this, with the additions from the north of Europe, from whence gold is now Sowing in, will, wa hope, soon place the Bank of England in a more satlsfac t fir* nnaltinn t han ih? haa fn? ?nmn Mm? n?at Foreign Theatrical*. I Mr. Charles Pitt, the tragedian, ?U one Of the passengers in the steamer Hiberaia. Jenny Llnd haj bean unable to keep her engagemanta in York and Edinburgh, owing to indiapoaition. There ia a rumor abroad that Miaa Helen Kauoett ia about to appear on the French stage. Grill gare her laat oonoert in Olaagow. An amateur performance for the benefit of Sheridan Kaowles la oo the tapia. Mr and Mrs Charlea Kean are to make their first appearance in England *ft?r their return from America, at the Theatre Royal, ? , u the 9th of Ootober Inst. Ia the suit between Jenuy Llod utid Mr. Bunn, a eommisaion to examine witnes?en iu Berlin haa been laauad. The Knglish papers speak in the highest terns of a new emdldate for favor, named ilerr Htaudlgl, whom they style the Prinoe of Baaa-alnger*. Mrs Warner haa produoed the " School for Soandal," at the Marylebone Theatre. Mr Thamaa llollingaworth, the comedian and theatrioal agent, expired recently, at the age of 63. We hear, aaysthe London Sunday Timtt. that Mr. Balfe is still likely to be the conductor at Her Msjeaty'a theatre, although Mr. Luinley will not enter into an engagement with him for three years, aa he wlahed to stipulate for. t It is not eipeoted that Jullien will be able to oommenoe his operatic performances at Drury Lane mneh before Christmas, owing to aome of hia leading vooaliata being engaged on the continent .Mr* KitcwiUlam* and Buckstone have been playing to crowdedhonsea at the Queen's theatre, Manoheater. The Theatre Royal. Leicester, baa been taken on a leaae for five years by Mr. Charles Gill, and waa to have opened under hia direotion on the 9th lnat., with a new oompany. Madame (^aatellan has entered into an engagement with Mr. Baal, for the Royal Italian Opera, to aupply the place of Mad. Perolana. Mr. Wilaon baa been ilalightlng the good folk of Da ooihlre with hli Scottish entertainments, which ktTi been reoeirod with the greatest applause at various places in the west of England. Tom Matthews, ths successor of Orlmaldl, hma bm offered twelve pounds per week by Mrs. Warner, to appear at Marylebooe theatre. Mr. Wardell baa coma to t?rma with tba trustees of the Koyal Property, and haa taken the garden* for three years. Madame Vestris,* harlei Mathews, and his mother, are sojourning at Brighton, enjoying the era Mr. Neville, from the Surrey Theatre, haa bam engaged at the Princess's, to take the place ot Mr. Oranby, who will tranifer hla fervicea to the Lyceum. Mr. T. P. Cooke la performing at the Surrey. Mr. John R. Scott la performing at the Royal Britannia Saloon. Mr. Jamea Procter haa become leiaee of the Royal Princess Theatre, Dublin. New Poitauk Htamu rot Koacion Lettebs.? Stamps intended principally for the pre payment of foreign letter* were issued on the Ath Inst. They are of the value of one shilling each, the oolor being green, and the form octagonal, to distinguish them aaally from tha mailer denomination of pottage tarn pa at praaant In use 'I'heae stamps may be inert for Inland aa wall aa foreign pontage, but they are chiefly intended far the pottage of letters to the United Htates, India, China, tha Weit Indiaa, New South Wale*, New Zealand, and other plate* to which tha postage la li. It la nnderatood that other denominations of poatage ftampa ara hereafter to b? issued; and no doubt it will ba found daairable to hare a fourpenay or aixponnr itamp. to aroid tha Inconvenience of tha long rowa or tamps now freqaantly required on inland and foreign letters. Messrs. Blake, Coolldge & Wheeler promptly deliver ed to uh our files of Lnglish papers The Union Monarchiqur wjt " It ippMn that the pout of ambassador at Madrid has been given to M. da Bacoart, who ?u for lomi yearn Minister Plenipotentiary at Washington. M. de Uacourt pau?( for a diplomatist of reserve. Industry, and accuracy. He was First Saeratary of the Kmbamy at London, when M. de Talleyrand wan ambassador there." The poit*crlpt whioh we publlehed yesterday, from the letter of our London correspondent, created considerable conversation. We are Informed, by one of oar moat respectable merchant*, that letters have bean received in this city?which left London by tke last train to Liverpool, on Saturday, the 19th?whioh state that the money market was, on that day, comparatively easier than It had been, and that no failures had ooeurrad on that day.?Bo$ton Altai, Oct. 4. Miscellaneous. Col. Ilond, who was severely Injured at Cincinnati a few days since, Is now In a fair way to raoover. Caleb Robinson, alias Charles Oilmer, charged with the Xenia (Ohio) murder, has been arrested. The si Louih iirvniit a*ya, th? proper aoeamenta bare been received Id tbat city, by Bishop Peter R. Kearick. from Plua IXth, erecting him Archblahop. Two young men, named Harris and Yello-wly, fought duel near Norfolk, on the latlnat Harria waa killed The oombatanta war* from Oraenrille, Pitt caanty, N. Carolina. Tha rrealdent la recovering from bl* lata IndUpoaltloa. He wan able to attend to bualneM on Monday. The OMh day of November li to be observed as a day I of thanksgiving In Massaohuaetta H ANi ()( K I.OliUK, .NO. o.J. O. O. F-The roeabera nf Hancock Lodge are re<|iir?ied M meet ai their Lodge (too in on Weneiihiy, October 6th,at II o'clock, to pay tha last tiibate ofrc?|iect to Kreilrrick H|>jr?lfi drce?ied; _ ^ _ I By order pi i nw. i iddliiI, ii. u, Tlins K Hardman. 8ec. ft It'll BOAHIM.NO HI IIOOI.-IHV'IMI INHI I I tJ I t?Tarrytown. NY- ? WM. P. LVO.N, A. M., Principal, aided by well ijualified Teachers. Winter He is ion commencae 1m ,\oifi?b?r; Summer Session, lit Majr, *ach coglmui Ave uwn'ht Tha course of instruction includes the whole range, nl Kngliih Branches, together with French and tha Anciaat Languages. Terms?|l#i for tha Winter and $100 for the Hammer 8m>n. To ilioac who desire to place icai at Boarding School, tha 1 sdtantagea offered at thia fnstitntion arc baliayao to be aqua], if not superior to any. I It has bean in successful operation tan yaara. The location, delightful and salubrioua. ? c iivrment of aci eta from tha | city. Th< edifice ic coinmodions and comfortable?the playI grounds ample and disconnected frurn iha Tillage. Tha government is efficient, but mild, rearmhling that of a well-ran| I ited t;hriat>ai family, ard no day nholira are recaieeato counleiact the salutary influence ofefiinily training. The system of instruction is designed uot merely to adraacc i and perfect the pupil in the branches (tadied.bat to drftlnys ! aad instract tha judgment, to enlighten the uiidrrstaadiat, to I'.irm the habits, aad togireamnral and useful directum to tha I inc linatioas Kor particulars, sea pamphlet circular, containing tha mforI mttioa likely to be sought, which may be had, oa application to tha Principal at 1'arrytown and alaomNew Vo hat Clark 1 It Austin's 105 Broadway, Kaynor's, Ttl Bowary, and of Chaa. I II I ...... - iKj* \V? Vorh ( JMirunw .School. <l? Broad war I KKHIKKNCEH. Tairytow*. lino Wamiimtop I*?ijio, Her. Dr. Ckkiohtop, New York Citr. Hon. CJ.C. V??fla.*c?i Hon. /iiloii Cooi, I Ktr Dr fECB. O?o. T Tainan, I J. R Vap Rir??tn.*|?, M. D. Cincinnati. O Tramout 111. tfrr. Buhon Hamlipk Hon CMULuQuLtr. And io.\lf patrona. o?HWFkM,l? tSTTFC tTnlTEoTv^ STTlaTIT at nnpreei dental I<*? I " low priea-.?VoinhiUnder':. Cameraaof all aitaa, eaaea clitmicaU, and ( ryikin? id the line, fo'^U^u ^ National Daguerrain Depot, 247 Broadway, N. V o*_Ut*m AKHICAN ritA N UTS ?The rarto of the h?r<jo? f>?mhia, tha Aneat e?er recaired, will be laaded on Thai?da> la iu( and will ba aold >n lota to mil parehaaera, , , . A aample of the Pea Nuti ran be aeao at the Mora of ihe anhacribera. and ihe at eut'on of dei'era who wiah to ti'PPI* ihemaelrea direct trom the imi orteia ' 'SIJl* .PL _ oen?* KABKK It B1ERWIKTH. WN?W.W}