2 Nisan 1848 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1

2 Nisan 1848 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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r TH Wtaol* No. OU50. P a. AW O 33, HER GOVERNMENTAL, ADMINISTRATIVE, AND SOCIAL ORGANIZATION, EXPOSED AND CONSIDERED IN IIS PRINCIPLES, IN ITS WORKING, AND IN ITS RESULTS. THK CHAMBER OE DEPUTIES. We have shown, in the preceding pages, the composition of the electoral body, nnd how, by bestowing all the public; offices at its disposal on electors only, or on their families and relatives, the government, has the means of securing from the electoral colleges the return of any candt dates introduced by the prefects and the sub protects. It is ascertained that two-thirds of the electors in France are at this moment dependent on the government by the places they have obtained for themselves or for their children and other relatives. During the last two years, more than 45.000 places or promotions have been granted in this manner, by the present adminis tration. in addition to those previously bestowed on 70,000 electors ; and, as the practice in every ministry has been to grant places only on the demand or on the recommendation ot ministerial deputies, it follows that the electors are interested in re-electing the same deputies, to whom they are already indebted for their situations, and from Nvhom they expect promotions, or some other snug appointments for the younger members of their families Thus the deputy ot an urronditacment is iu some sort irremovable.? Some ot them malte a traffic of their iutluence, and receive a per cent age on the value of the emoluments, or other ministerial favors, preferring that to being employed themselves, as they can pretend to b'- independent and disinterested in their support of the ministry. Lest the fact should be doubted, I must explain it. 1 know, not one only, but twenty, deputies, who possess little more than the qualification, 4,500 francs a year, (?180,) and who cannot live six months in Paris on that income; but they are lems ative and administrative jobbers. To promote the bills for the two Versailles railways. many ol them received from 4U to tuu snares.? They were largely paid, three years ago, by the contractors for supporting the law on the fortifications ol Paris. Three of them, to my knowledge. are in the practice of charging from ?40 to ?00 for the appointments obtained through their influence, rind they derive a tolerably good income from that source. The ministers know this; they assist in it; nay, more?they themselves do the same. Two years ago, one of them introduced a railway bill, for a douceur of ?4,000 ?which railway bill was rejected, because the compeers of the minister were without 1,000 francs tojbegiu with, and were,besides^o discreditable thaf nobody would join them in the undertaking. Trie general principle of the electoral and representative system, now firmly established in Franee, is, that to obtain anything of any kind, at the, hands of the government, from which every thing proceids, the electors must return deputies ready to do every thing lor the government, and to make the most they can of their functions The house of deputies, then, filtered through every process that policy and corruption could invent to minimise?as Jeremy Bentham would have said?the operation of national feeling, and to maximise the governmental preponderance, h is completely answered the sinister purposes for which it was established, and cannot but continue to act, as it has done fot the last twelve years, ugatust the opinions and the interests of the French people. I cannot, without disgust, look on the personal composition of the present house. A more ignorant, more despicable, more venal, more unprincipled, more villtnous and cowardly set of peo pie never was collected in any eouutry, than the rnounti-banks who periodically assemble at the Palate Uourbon. It is quite in accordance with the origin of the name of their place?it is a bourbier. If you take out from them about twenty members, and r.rnongsi these De Trtcy, Dupont de l'Eure, Cormenin, Arrago, De Corcelles, lsambert, de Thiers, George Lafayette, Lanjuiliais, Allier, Uorne, and, amongst 'he legtti Ul,? 1 , l{../...iinl'in "unit Ilinim) AS 11 II UV' UUMIUVH, U I a few others, you will not, by any possible process,'extract from all tne others united, one particle of political, or, indeed, of private honesty, of patriotism, of any refined or manly feeling, or regHrd for the rights of the people ; of concern for their interests, of commiseration for their distress. They are nothing better than a rave nous crew, hoaxing, fighting, pilfering one another's nests, and agreeing on only one purpose? to ieed and breed uit the national corpse. Such they w ere lrom the beginning; such they are, and such they will continue to be, so long as the present system of government stands. My judgment will, no doubt, be deemed exceedingly severe ; but I beg to say, that it is conformable to the general opinion, and the few ho* n deputies themselves confirm it on every Let us quote one lact in confirmation, v, t "'irrry l*oux, a medical man, of good pro t h *or yar8 beea * s?rt of providence to perty, nai Moauiuban, while at the same tunc ttle poor oi i? ?ruct?r his his nindeslv. his upright ch. T*~y --- and his kind beu e*?. n.ce t0 *"> had gained tor him tli# respect aim love of every class. Ini mediately ufter the revolution cl July, he whs unanimously appointed rouyorot the town ; anct, at the first general elactt,'>1,? '1IS fellow citizens, with the suine unanimity, ^utholtcs us well as, I'roiestants, chose him for deputy. He reuct.mtly accepted the mission, and went to Pari.lully determined to do h's dut>'- Tnat was the time of the adductions and iipostu"ies of the dedeputies; ollices, money, crosses of honor, ministerial and royal diunera and balls, were then the government tactics. Poux refused everything, mid, when urged to accept u place at the royai tible, answered, " that he coaid not witli consisiency rueet at a convivial table persona with whom he differed on almost every point, and iliat, it the invitation were meant as a favor, he could not accept favors from those whom it was his duty to control." lie said this witliout arrogance, and with that mild simplicity of man ner characteristic of all his conduct, lie could unf long be a witness of the administrative and representative depravity. Six months alter his election he went back to his poor Monthubanese, and wrote to the president of the chamber of deputies the following letter:? Chambrk dli Dk.ruTiKfl, 28 Kevrier, 183:2. MonaiKUR lvc I'hhidkst? Veulaut repudisr touts aolidaritc av?o In tnajorPe d une chambrc qui rr rend complice du sy?tean dinactrrux et dee uoten de.vlcrablue d'un minlsti re aati nn llonal. j? donne ma deajisgion de depute THIERRY POUX. |t whs but eighteen months alier'the revolution of July, that this honest and unpretending mm found ttiHt h-* could not conscientiously remain any longer in connexion with perjured and cor ruptcolle cuep, who already formed the mnjori t.y. Ft was duriug the ministry of Ctsimtr Per rter, who despised the doctrinaires as a set of sophistical pedagogues, hated them tor their treacherous and sanguinary deeds during the restoration, and wnu.d not, on any account, admit them in his ministry Ten veaTs have sine elapsed,ten years of dochinary, that is to say, barefaced, impudent, and systematic corruption, of cruel intimidation, and savage executions, and perpetual misrule ; all with the approbatioi of the majrity of the deputies, who benefit by it Their intellectual eapneity is on a par with their integrity ; any -lo!)persona taken at random from amongst the people passing the barriers ot Paris, would prove more intelligent, as well as more honest. Three hundred ol those deputies know nothing of the real principles of social and political economy ; they do not even understand doctrinarian system itself, to the maintena.tce ot which they are instrumental, except so (nr ad ")ey individually benefit by it. They do not geu frnlize?they do not understand the ensemble. ot" corruption and tyranny of which their individual corruption and baseness lorm a component pari Political mechanics, they do their part tit the machinery, without knowing, with out inquiring, about the total result. I beg pardon of the Lhu'ltsh mechanics ; they know belter than that : I must find another similitude?1 have it. You s^e, m brick fields, the dumb animals, which, blinded and attached to the shaft, turn round a.vd grind ; so it is with the majority > of the French deputies Hut here, again, my comparison ih in pRrt faulty, and I must also begpar-?.n nt thp nnor hi fudrd beasts ; they grind be cause thev cannot hp.'," it?they are whipped to their work ; hut the rational brutes willingly do it, and do it with pleasure. Most of them know nothing tff France but thp chief towrin of their departmental the road to Fans, studied front the inside ol a diligence; and, in Paris, only the way from their lodgings to theThuileries, to the ministries, to the chamber, and to the theatres. As to Europe, there ^are not fifty amongst them who could write accurately, on a sheet of paper, the nainea of the several countries in their proper positions ; and, \ . E NE N as to the statistics of those countries, not one in twenty could answer the very simplest question rotative to them. As to reasoning,for discussion, on any subject ot internal or external policy, except with regard to matters immediately affecting their localities, they are generally quite unequal to the task ; ana they themselves know it, but they do not wish it to be known by others ; and, in order to save their amour uraorr. denudes are allowed to read their speeches. It is a trade in Paris to compose speeches for th? deputies; who then successively shine ut the tribune, and, during n fortnight, dissert on general questions, without answering one another But. unfortunately for the trade in speeches, though fortunately tor the public and for public questions, many of the deputies cannot even read correctly the speeches written for them ; and they would be doomed to perpetuaj silence, if the ministerial strategy had not provided a most important employment for their lungH. At a signal given by one of the ministers. bravos, cheers, interruptions, murmurs, cries of order, all in a gradation beginning with No! No! and rising to savage yells, resound in the assembly. This is the order, the regulation of the debates, on important occasions ; it generally secures the triumph of the ministry ; then the shop-headed Jacques Lefebvre cries, " Vive le Hoiwhich is immediately re-echoed by the whole party, and the assembly adjourn and walk off in triumph Such being the general composition of the house, it follows that ready and extempore speakers pass lor genius s among their partizans ; but, witn the exception of one really great orator, and two or three sensible polemists, there is not one of those geniuses that would not either be cou died down, or Silenced, b, a uniyer sal explosion of dissatisfaction, or left speaking iu empty uencnes, in me mitten nouse 01 commons. These ready speakers, always excepting three or iqur, have no other merit than the practice of public speaking and the utmost confidence in themselves, which, however, varies according to the habits and professions of the parties, who may be divided into three classes?the professors, the king's attorneys and judges, and the barristers The professors, (and there are halt a dozen o: them, with Gurzot at their head,) accustomed to speak to young men, to be listened to, without any contradiction, to convince an auditory bound to jurare in verba magistri, have the greatest share of sell confidence. It really amounts in them to a conviction of their own superiority, and of the immense inferiority of their auditors. Indeed, there is all this, and more ; there is a sort of contempt in the posture, in the tone, in the gesture, nay, iu the very words, which nobody could stand, but a mass of unintelligent and degraded varlets. The king's attorneys and other magistrates have a good deal of this, but to a less extent.? They are, in their judicial functions, Bubject to be contradicted, and they often must argue, while the schoolmaster needs only to assert.? Yet they have one advantage over the advocates, who come next, since they cannot be interrupted, and aro always listened to with attention, whinh is nnt thp #??hh with th#? lutt#?r who. how ever, in political as in judicial discussions, consider themselves privileged to say all tlrty can in defence of their clients. Beyond this self-confidence and practice of Bpeakingon any subject, there is nothing that deserves to be mentioned us eloquence and talent, if we except Berryer, and, though very inferior to him, Mauguin, Arrago, and Larnartine. Berryer is really an orator, a crand orator. His intelligence is of the first order; and, on hearing him, one feels the truth of the remark of Cicero, "Pectus eat cuod disertum facit." There is no affectation of superiority,no self-prepossession in his manners; but there^s feeling in his countenance, in his words, in his voice, in his gestures. It is to be lamented that he belongs to u party Which can never be national. He is the Mirabeau of legitimacy; but he will never rebuild what Mirabeau 1ms destroyed, since Mirabeau himself could not do it 1 would not mention Odillon Barrot, if a sort of engoument, so common in France, had m t made a great man ot turn. He himself shows his conviction of his own importance in all his deportment. On seeing him walk, stop, sit, or make the slightest movement, sell-conceit is th : only visible faculty of the man. Ignorance of the first principles of social order is manifest in all his speeches Common-place ideas, presenied without order, declamatory sentences, and a dull, heaty, thick, monotonous delivery, characterise his oratory. A French friend defines hini thus:?"Cette t?te n'eal qu'unt baltedegros son;"* and I do not know a more appropriate definition The liberals, taking him at his own valuation, have made him their leader. I ought rather to suy, that they accepted him as such, from the past and present ministers, who, having taJten measure of him, treated him as a leader; quite sure that they had nothing to fear irom a party inarching under such a guide. Thev were net disappointed in their expectations. The political acts of Odillon Barrot are us ubsurd and us harmless to them us his oratory The son of a member ot the tribunat who had boldly opposed the march of Napoleon to the throne, having married the grind-daughter of I'abbe de Bompieres, (another of those few who have always been true to the cause of the people,) Odillon Barrot was introduced by th?m b..th a? their intended successor. This uccouuts for his rising as he did, and his being placed in the first ranks of the liberals. Though his mind was not equal to the task, his heart was ut first a s >und director; but the heart and the mind have lonj since been nt oar. Muuguin is, in many respects, very superior to Odillon Barrot. But his probity is suspected by the liberal party, aud nobody confides in him.? Arrago, who seems destined to be the chief of the small band of patriots in the chamber, by the ascendency of his talents, by the extent ot Ins political views, end by his sincerity, is some limes equ;ti 10 i>erryer 111 rioqucuur ; uc to uuw the only one who has obuiaed popularity. I) Tracy, one of the best citizens in trance, and a man ot first rate abilities, has, during the last twenty-five years, constantly and bravely fought all the battles of liberty in the chamber ; an 1 but for his modesty, would long since have been acknowlt dged as the leader ot the national party ; no one deserves it better But, satisfied u ith doing his duty to his couutry, he never thinks of popularity. He has no newspaper t.t his command, like Mauguin, Odtllou Barrot, Thiers, Guizot, and others. Corineinn, the first political writer of the day, scarcely * ver ascends the tribune. Isambert, the best of the French juriscousults, is no orator.? The same must be said of some others. Their principles arc sound, their logic is conclusive, their arguments art unanswerable. They do not attempt to be eloquent; they think it better to be reasonable. They disdain big words nnd weil lurned sentences; they prefer plaiu common sense and clear and simple language. In a chamber of deputies so completely devoid of honesty and of intelligence, principles, logic, common sense are quite thrown away, 'luey understand no other language than that of their iniAmuia mwl <>f tiifir iiasamns. Tliev under stand the word of command, and they obey. 11 they appear to hesitate, they arc told that the monarchy is in danger, that the national honoris tarnished, that public order must he supported.? They very wpII know that monarchy, national honor, and public order, meun nothing but themselves, their functions, their emoluments, their honors; and they immediately flv to the rescue of their patrons, whoever and whatsoever they may be. Persons who are unacquainted with the working of the system, will not fail to object that there must be something overstrained or inaccurate in my representation of the tacts ; since, if the electors and deputies were as corrupt, as subservient, as I pretend they are, no ministry could ever be lelt in a minority, and that the ministerial revolutions would not he so frequent as they are in e ranee. This apparent inconsistency will soon be explained. The system of corrupting the electors, of securing their votes by giving to them the public lunctions, b< gau under Casimir Perrter; but Ins illness, followed by his death, in May, 1832, dut not allow him to ge to any great length iu the accomplishment ol that project. Tlie succeeding ministry, composed of Moult, liroglie, Guizot, Ilumumi, Tillers, Barthe, Kigny, and d'Argoult, could not immediately set to work on that plan. The doctrinaire*, with Thiers and llumann, had first to provide for their friends, who had constantly been rej-cted by Perrier; but afterwards tliey acted upon the principle, and they soon had an opportunity ot ascertaining its resubs. The abominable chamber elected in 1831, ami so justly stigmatised in the letter ol Poux, began, ni 183-1, to be afruid of the responsibility they had incurred by their approbation and sup* Son is Frtnob for iron si woU sa tound eSMMSEKM*BHEVlieH8e5BW9eBflBS W YO rEW YORK, SUNDAY M port of a system of government which had excited the indignation of the whole country ; and, as their zeal relented, the chamber wan dissolved. The elections were against the ministry ; and the first act pf the new chamber was to declare to the king, in their address, that "une politique liberate et modirte tut la seule digne du gouvemement que la France a choiti et que nous avons ju>6 ole maintenir." This condemnation of the ministry was followed by a prorogation of the chambers, in order to attempt a reconciliation with the most influential deputies Not succeeding in this attempt, the ministry resigned. The king, according to his practice in such circumstances, called in men whom he knew to be unable to weather thp coining storm?Kassano, Bresson, Bernard, Dupin, PaMjT, and Teste. They were, in fact, laughed out in eight d?ye; and tne former mimetry was re-installed, with the exception of Soult and de Broglie, who dared not face the chamber. The persuasive arguments of the ministers (Minn nnnvin/*?>H tli?? mninrittr nou; lUniifutu that their system was the very beat possible DBroglie joined hia former colleagues alter the death ot Marechal Mortier ; and they had all their own way with the chamber. But, in order to gnard against any future condemnatory address of a new chamber, they ussidiously worked on the electoral body. Thus they went on until 1836, and would have goue on lorever, if. having no opposition in the chambers, they had not taken to opposing one another. Humann, in order to promote industrial und commercial enterprises, wanted to reduce the rate of interest of the nutional debt De Broglie, (a grand seigneur,) and the court, could not comprehend the necessity of industry aud commerce taking twenty per cent, of the revenues of gentlemen and noblemen. The deputies divided on the question, and decided, by a small majority, that Huniuun was right; and then decided, by an equally small majority, that de. Broglie and the court were right also, in delaying the conversion until they found it convenient. Certainly, no chamber could show a more accommodating disposition ; but Humann would not be thus accommodated, and sent in his resignation.? During the four years he had been at the head of the rniuislry of finances, he had disposed of at least 60,000 offices or promotions; he had, therefore, his party 111 the. electoral body,.as well as amongst the deputies; and they were dissatisfied Some of those deputies, alter the retreat of their patron, pressed de Broglie to state when he would fiud it convenient to reduce the interest of the debt. He answered whit a ducal insolence which the chamber, debased as it was, could not but resent and punish by its votes. The Duke de Broglie was turned out, and his administration broken up Duchrtel, Persil, and Guizot, having taken the part of the Duke and ot the court, and being moreover odious to the people, could not be admitted into the new cabinet formed by Thiers, who was desirous of popularising his administration. Persil had been ubout two years in the ministry, de Broglie three years, and Guizot four years and a half. The Hrst had dispwsed ot about 1200 places; the last two of about 10,000. Thus there were electors and deputies Persil, and electors and deputies Guizot and Broglie, who were then in opposition to the governing party. Thiers went on to the satisfaction of the majority of the chamber, and without uny strong opposition from the partizuns of Humaiin, IVrsil, and Guizot. But he had been induced to attach great importance to the British alliance, to the execution of the quadruple treaty, and to the ex-. pulsion of Don CiirloB from Spain. On that question only he completely disagreed with the king, who, to pacify the autocrat, was breaking faith wiih England Thiers, unable to keep the king to the terms of the alliance with Great Britain, resigned, and his ministry was dissolved. During the six years he hud been a minister, be had disposed of at least 60,000 places, aud theiefore he had a strong party, both amongst the deputies and Amongst the electors. An auti-Bri'ish alliance cabinet was row formed. Mole took into it Guizot, Persil, Duchutel, Ros&mel, Martin, and Gasparin, with a king's aid-de-camp for minister at war. The chamber was evidently dissatisfied. The British alliance had (he majority in it; therefore, the dissolution of the chamber was ordered ? Mole, thinking that the unpopularity of the doctrinairts was me cause of his defeat, got rid of Guizot and Persil, and, indeed, tormed an entirely new ministry, und proceeded to new general elections. Ihen it was that the result of the eysteni appeared in all its perfection To the coalition in the chamber between the deputies of Humann. of Thiers, of Guizot. of Persil. of Dnchatel, succeeded the coalition of the electors of the same parties; and Mole was left in such a minority that he was obliged to resign. The ministry ot the 12th of May, under the presidency of Soult, was 11 return to tlia British alliance. But, as the ministers were not chosen from amongst the leaders of the coalition, those leaders were dissatisfied. Yet the chamber did not show any hostile feeling; quite the reverse; and, hud not the ministers lent themselves to the gratification of the king's avarice, by asking a dotation for the Duke of Nemours, they would have kept their offices; but, the coalition meeting them on that ground, they were routed, alter having committed thu mistake of sending Guizot as ambassador to England Thiers was again called in to form an administration, and, in his very first speech in the chamber, proclaimed, to the great satisfaction of all, the determination of the king to adhere to the British alliance. 1)1 course, lie had the majority in the chamber, until the untoward treaty of July. Here, again, I cannot help pausing to remark upon the singulsr fact, that the man who left the ministry in 1838, sooner thun abandon the British alliai.ee, who, re-entering the ministry in 1MJ0 rtm/, 1 , i r? n A .1 (.main. lain that nlliancet*should have been left ill ignorance of most important negotiations; while the limn who hud formed a part of th^ anti English cabinet, to whom the Britisli minister lor foreign affairs had said, " we cannel believe you," is considered as the friend ol England! The chamber of deputies, which had been produced by an electoral coalition, and which, after upsetting the ministry ol Mole, had supported and abandoned, in turn, the ministries ol Soult and Passy, and of Thiers, had, in the same manner, given a majority to. and, on se veral important occasions, routed the ministry of Guizut, had now accomplished its d< stiniee, and the electoral colleges were summoned to a general election A new coalition was formed between the electors of all parties, agauibt the electors that belonged to the present administration. The legitimists, the Moleists, the Thiersnts, the Passyists, and the Barrotists, were arrayed against the Gui/otists; and, to complete the the king's electors were themselves egaiust all the others As to the Fn nch people, they hud nothing to do with the elections; they had not even the temporary privilege ot looking on, and of hooting, hissing, and pelting the base men who were trafficking in votes, and selling to profligate factions the liberties and the honor of the country. Tiie g< vernment,, that is to say, the system, such as I have represented it, obtained a majority willing to monopolise all the places, all the emoluments, all so-called honors They will continue unanimously to resist the claims of the nation for a tree government, for the restitution of popular rights, fsr ihe economical administration ot til public wealth; but, alter having done so, they will again quarrel and fight among*! themselves tor the larger shares in the privilege or enslaving anil robbing the people, and ot distributing to their friends a part ot their robberies. They nil agree, that, for ihat purpose, nothing, or almost nothing, must be altered in the electoral law ! The utmost liberulisin of Odillon Barrot, and ot his parry, eoes no further than the paltry addition of 25,000 to the present number of electors, and the euactinent of a few incompatibilities, which would exclude from the chamber ten or twelve placemen. But, in all other matters relating to the administrative system, and the number, the graduation, and the distribution ot offices, they all agree?that,plague of the country must he firmly maintained; and they all proclaim, that, without it, to govern France is impossible. The opposition in the chambers, therefore, is nothing but a conflict bt tw? en rival nmbitions, personal b flections or animosities, and, on many occasions, the result of some courtly intrigues. Such hus been the case in .he last thirteen year.; and it will continue to be so for many years longer, even if another revolution should take place; for, in that case, the triumphant party will do, what has constantly been done since 1814, take possession of the offices and patronage, and keep the people in their present exclusion from all participation in the management of public affairs. Nay, the same members of the chambers of pesra and deputies, at present so devoted to X^ouis Philippe, will desert his RK H ORNING. APRIL 2, 1848 cause, and sentence him and his family to a per- K petunl exile. It was the Corps Lrgitlatif and the Sinat, appointed and so well paid by Napoleon, who first decreed his dtchianci, recalled the Bourbons, and acc? pted tlie charter of Louis i, XVIII ; and all the public officers immediately ? gave their adhesion to that revolution, in order tl to be maintained in their offices, (n 1830. these ? same deputies, called by Chares X , and who, a ' very few months before, had sworn allegiance j* to him and his family, expelled hun'and his family; and, after giving his crown to the Duke of . Orleans, resumed their habitual course of subserviency and rapine. In every part ot France, u every one submitted to the orders received from c Paris; and very few of the functionaries re- b signed the office to which they had been up- <

pointed by the preceding government. JJ Such is the explanation, by facts, of the up- {j parent inconsistency between the dependency of ? placemen, electors, and deputies, and their insubordination. Of course, evry one of the fac- j tiotid must dissimulate its object, and they all o sail, like pirates or slavers, uud? r false colors, n * The honor and independency of the country," h is the motto ot Thiers; " Public order and h pence," that of Guizot; und the other factions adopt the one or the order, with some modifica h tious; so that they may, according to their in- ? tercets, act in concert with or in opposition to one unother. ? Such is the chamber of deputies ! Such is the f representative system in France ! Such is the u participation of the people in the management of their affairs ! The municipal councils, the coun- c ciIs of nrroodissements. the councils ol depart- \ meats, nre entirely under the power of the ad- r ministration; and tyranny, legal and unbounded 8 tyranny, is the character of the government of J the country. 1 That diseontent, general discontent, universal ? hatred of the government, should be the result, a may easily be couceived; and nobody can ne as- o tontshed, not merely at the expression of that 1 discontent and hatred, but also at the attempts at resistance by main force, on the part of a people who have no other means of resenting the wrongs indicted upon them by the legislature ( and the agents ol the administaation Some may ask?Have not the Frencli the trial ' by jury and the courts of justice 1 1 will give ' the answer in the next chapter. I City Intelligence. Funihal ok John Jacob As i on ?Agreeably to arrangement. the funeral of the lite John Jacob Aator took plaoe yesterday afternoon, at St Thomas Church, oorner of Broadway and Houston street It was announced that the deceased would tie taken from the house of his son, < William B Astor, in Lafayette place; and orowd after crowd gathered to the epot, to witnees the last tribute to the dead The coffin was plaoed in the hall, and the doors thrown open, that every one might have an opportunity to see him, and thousands rushed in, until the hall was crowded almost to suffocation. The ocffln was covered with rich black velvet, and bound with bullion fringe, ever which wae a velvet pall of beautiful workmanship; over the face a glass had been set In, that all might have a look upon the remains of the richest man in the country. At four o'ciook, the procession, headed by James C Dugan, the undertaker, moved from the house. The Rev Dr. Whitehouse, and Rev. Dr Bedell, the officiating clergymen, followed, together with eight other ministers. The corpse followed next, accompanied by the following pall bearers: ? Washington IrviDg, David B Ogden, Philip Hone, Judge Oakley, Sylvanus Miller, Ramsey Crooks, James G. rviug, vjBiittiiu, leanu uw i, Jduuu u. lnyiur. 1UO family Of the deceased, and friends, followed after, and several thousands joined in the line. The rear was brought up by the waiters of the family, each of whori had a napkin attached to his sleeve Alter the fuueral ceremonies were performed, the coffin was deposited in the family vault, immediately in th>< rear of the ohureli, and in a short time all was again quiet, as though nothing had occurred. Motkmknts or Politics.?'The politioans of both political parties are at work, and a most powerful effort is being mnda by both parlies to win the contest; and it appears, if certain statements be true, that there is a greater degree of corruption in this oity than was ever before kr.own. It is assarted, that in one of the wards, said to be the fourth, the polioemen have, for some time past, been taxed at the rate of two shillings per week for political purposes, until Wednesday last, when they had to pay over five dolarg ?aoh Sot-> the itauda They were also directed to oot&in their ballets at a particular pines, on the dey of eleotij?, if they wished to retain thslr stars. Now if tbis be a 'act, and letters have b-en sent to the Mayor, asserting the fact and standing ready with rroof, it is a mo ;t shameful prooeo.iicg, nnd should not be oounte. nanced by any honest uian. Several of the parties, who it is alleged paid over the money In the station house, were yesterday called bsforo the Mayer, when one of them anknowiadaed that he had left a p ,rt of his money in the. hands of his superior (flie r, but was unwilling to tell for what purpose. The natives have nominated, in the Eleventh ward, as their candidates, James 11 Spar- a row tor alderman, and Charles Perlev for assistant ai- u derman. b Thk Wkathkr ?The weather was yesterday both P ery disagreeable, and perfectly delightful. Early Tl in the morning, the rain poured in torrents, and oon- T tinned until noon, when the olonds began to disperse, 1 and the sky became more a?d more clear, until not the * vestige of a eloud could be seen. The afternoon was 1 deli-tbtful; the du*t, which lor several days had been the terror of the ladios, had ell disappeared, and the , walking was pleasant. Thus has April already pro- ( ride l for the comfort of pedestrians, and promises to be a pleasant month. a Fier ?A fire broke outabout half-past twelve o'clock, e on Friday night, in tha building rear of No. 4;> Ann St., . which originated from putting ot cinders In a barrel. It was extinguished by engine company No. 6, with 0 trifling damage. tl List of Firbs for thk Mowth Of March.?The fol- * lowing Is a list o: fires whieh have ocouricd during the J1 month of Maroh : ? ? 1st. Five story brick, eornor of Sheriff and Sooond ? streets; damage trilling. 3d No. 400 Cherry street, wooden; destroyed, ' 3d Five story brio*, corner of Elisabeth and Hester J streets; destroyed; lose $30,000. No lflrt Hester street, ' thUea afAe. helel, . Ml . k! trifling u 31. No 333 Bleecker rtreet, three story briok; partial- u ly destroyed. P 4th. Wooden thnp, roar of 136 Mulberry street; destroyed. r 4th. Rear of 119 Mott street, wooden; destroyed Rnnr v of 134 Mott street, three story brink; destroyed Rear of 8 193 Mott street, two threo story bricks; destroyed. Rear ' of 181 Hester street, two story wooden; destroyed. Renr ? of 183 Hester street, two story wooden; destroyed. Rear of 186 Hoeter street, two story wooden; dostroyed. 4th Three story brisk, 3lst street: destroyed. 4th. No 569 Grand streot, 3 story nrtok; trifling. a 6th. Rrar of 31 Dey s'reet, three story briok; trifling d 6tli. Two story briok, corner of Gold and Kulton ri streets; trifling 0 7th. Rear of 88 William street, Are story briok; psrlially destroyed. h 7th. No 63 Nassau street; trifling. 7th. Corner of Mtilden lane and Nassau strret, five y rtory brick; trilling. tl 7th. Corner of Manhattan and Second streets, two ^ story brick; trifling p Htb. No. 977 Hee.rl street, two story brink; trifling f 9'h. Engine bouse In 13th street; destroyed. 19tb. Rear of 63 Bowery, three story briok; tritllug 13th Harlem Hall Road Co'a stable, 49dstreet, wood; ?, _ ..... I o 13th. Stable In 19th street, wooden; destroyed. 13th. Stable in 3d?h sfrcet, wooden; destroyed 13th. Kotir stable* on 16th street; destroyed 13th. Stable roar of 33 Mangin stre*t; destroyed. 13fh Stable rear ot 38 R tge street, wooden; de stroyed. e: 13th. Nos. 330, 363. 344, 396, wooden; destroy*,1. ti 14th. Two largo stable* rear of 31 and 34 Bowery, wood?c; destroyed, with fourteen horses. h 14th Stable rear of 30X 1st street, woo.len; destroyed o 14th. C.ornor of 3d uremia and 38th street, briok; h trilling. 14th. No. 37)< Orang.i street, wooden; Iritliug t 14th Rsar of 83 Bowery, brick; trifling I 14th. No. 493 Greenwich street, briok; trifling. Ifith. Brick ohuroh in Stanton street; trilling. Kith. No. 33 Thompson stre. t brick; trifling 10th. Three wooden shantle* in 37th street; destioyed. 1? lrtth No. IM Bowery, wooden; trifl'iig ^ 17th. No.33 Kllcabeth street, brick; trifling. SI 10th. No. 143 Delaney street, hriaU; trifling e> 30tb. Steamboat Rarltan; destroy* t 'l 31st. Wooden shed at Vorkvlll*; destroyed. 34th. No. 604 Hudson street, briok; trifling. tt 34th No 01 Hudson street, briok, trifling. M 36:h. No 83 Greenwich street, brick; trifling. 3!tth. No. 63 Beokman street, brick; trifling. T{ """ ii.imn ?iriTDv. .irian, inning. 30;h No 31 Vesey street, brlik; trifling ? Meting the number of forty-flee flres, which hare occurred daring the month, b'Sidn liseerel tales alarms, which are not hers noticed. It Trinity Church Ci.ocK.-Thc clock of Trinity n' Church, being cut of order, did not strike during tbe dey on Friday, bnt about ton o'cln?k nt uijiit, commenced c< strikirg. wheu the City Hail bell took the alarm of Are, U and thi n all the fire bells In the city followed suit, when '' the cry of the firemen end rutting of engines wen D heard in eyery direction It would here b?en a capital ? joke for all fools day, ntid old Trinity uilgb' bay* waited tl a few houra to carry it out. t rrscwkd from uiinwnho.?a boy about 14 years of 8ge, by the name of Piatt, loolishly attempted to jump troin the terry boa? to the btidge, nt the foot of Court- *' lsndt street, on Fit lay morning, when the boat we? yet'10 ' feet < IT A man by ttie name of Rowland Ortffltn, residing at No. 3d Onueern*ur street, was on th > bridge i t hi the time, and as soon ns the hoy fell into the water, plunged in attor him. to the great danger of his own lib', tl both by drowning and by being crushed by the boat, (j and succeeded In rescuing hira. The notice nlwajs kept up nt the feirlee, not to lesee the boat until It ig . made fast, seems to barn no warning effect; persons constantly endanger their Urol in being too hasty ? ?, (Ireat praise is due to Mr. Griffith for this intrepid not, when hie own life was In Imminent danger, turnout Accident ? A Man Mini no.?At the steamer o i ULL. "L. . 1 1 i \ ERA! nicker booker wu rounding tba Battery ou Friday th-sti temoon,from the East River to pier No I, N R, sho In fh iok a Urge circuit, and ran down two flsbiug boat* that, per ni re lying at annbor near the ehad pole*, about a quav Mr ir of a mile in th? stream One of the b.>vs was broken the | i two, and on? man severely Injured. Four others ' ho were in the same boat, perceiving the approach or >lr it steamer and their own danger, plunged into the ' ver sad one of the number was seen to go down, and is " "" ill missing The other three were picked up by two I"' '' ien who were in the yawl or tender of the steumer. an 1 Mr i tow, at the time of the acoident. *nd \ Suioidk ?Coroner Walters was oalled yestprday to Mr oi l an inquest upon the body of Daniel T -lio, a native phi c f Italy, aged '17 years, a glazier by trade, who commit- \ j rd suicide by cutting his threat with a razor. Tbo do- of a a sawed was ail intempsrute man. and occupied aback ted o aeement of dwelling No. 174 Molt street, and not being v ien or heard about the premises, his abode was'entsre 1 . . ster.lay, when the decoused was found lying on tho wn:tt oor, with a frightful gash aoross his throat, a rsior by Jv'j 1 is side, and a considerable uuantitv of blood In a nail, ' rhioh be bad apparently provided fur the purpose In Mr be course of investigation, it was also elicited that tho narro rocaeed belonged to the Italiau miliiary company, and bury: n a former oooarion, while laboring under delirium '<< amph i'n?. had attempted to stab himself to the h?art with when is sword, but was frustrated In his designs by aome ef ions, is acquaintances who were near him st the time. sever Death ?y Drowning ?The coroner was called to * B",< told an inquest, also, upon the body of an unknown Jul aan, apparently about 16 years old, who was foun t for y looting in the slip at the foot of Courtlandt street The sary iody, which it is supposed bad been in the water for val ibout two months, presented the appearances usually ran li ound in persons who come to their deaths by drowning, Mr ,nd a verdict was rendered accordingly. perto Splendid Presentation.?We bavo seen a mugnifi- aire, tent stiver trumpet, beautifully ohased, and of npdtl Ml vorkmansblp, which is to be presented on Monday eve- that iig[to Mr. J. C. 8. Mansfield, Foreman of Hose Ob No. n?t l The American eagle, banutifuJIy engrtivod, stands ti's( iromluently placed upon this splendid speoimen of piors rorkmanship. which cost $130, being of solid silver ' rwo rings of the same metr.l, ornament it, and the ge- _ i?ra appealand shows a great improveinont in (he sj00V? tyle of workmanship in this line. The company were riginally formed on 17ch Jannsrv, 1837, and Intend visit ng Niagara, to set out on UOth July next _______?_ pa VhsatrlMl sml Miulcal. arres Italian Opera,?On Tuesday evening, Verdi's splen- n^*r| lid opera of " Nabuco" wiii he produced. To-morrow in~ ivening is the regular opera evening, we believe; but It iss been thought that it woul<l be better to postpone tbo '^y^, >erformance until Tuesday, on acoount of the French morn elebration and Illumination, which will keep all good Walt epublicatis in quits a ferment tomorrow. and unfit S~?i hem for the gentler amusements of the opera in the iveuing. On Tuesday evening, then. " Nahuoo" will be Ch irougbt out I; is tho composition of V?rdi. and is said the 4 o be one of the best of his works. It has beer performed Petri luring the paet winter in Havana, and the critics In tbht a gir nusio loviog city spoks in the highest terms of it. Time old'" rill abow how it will please New York. Signorims the a i'ruffl and Patti lake proiuiuent parts in it, as also do lignori Beneventani, Bailini, and Rosi. The seenery, pro- mark isrtles, dresses are ail to be of tho moat splendid kind; the ind in the production of this opera tho Astor Place fhiev louse will show what it can do. ' hex ... ... . n .... . . woul DOWERY X HEAT R K.? 1 U0 f renCQ K.B YOIU lltlll BDOUI1U9 (hoc n incidents and scenes eminently dramatic and full of the 1. liclurcsquo effect. It in not surprising, therefore, that hit f' t ehould be so soon dramatized and brought upon the Jifiy' toards of our theatres. To the Bowery management, be pnblio arc Indebted for bringing forward in adtnirsile stylo and with astonishing celerity, a piece full < f 0* nterest, amusement and instruction. With some dr. 1 (i ooi acts, yery pardonable in a piece so hastily got up,1 The ^B,t nsnrrection of Paris" is a rich, magnificent and at- day motive spectacle. The soenery is not only beautiful, jut it is strikingly correct, and gives a faithful repr*- ch?| i.intation of the realiiy. We recognised many of d9th he plaoes we have seen in Paris, and severed ' ^ "'rench gentlemen who sat near us, added thoir estimony to the faithfulness of the representation Bapt rhe ohief personage in the piece Is Mr Burko, who on()^ days the part of a cook. He is highly umuelug. but wo ' hlnk is made to throw rather too much ridicule upon ne of the most sublime events of human history. The haraater of Cracow, a Pole, the ne*t leading part s a , , otal failure, notwithstanding the talented noting of J.' dr. Marshall. It is sheer mock heroism and mook pc- . , hos. Thero was no need of a Pole in events entirely French, and ne need ot Inventing unroai, imaginary -iq, lid blubbering herc i s, wheu the living history present s ., j uch o rich choice of sublime dramatic incidents, and in assemblage of deeds surpassing in sublimity an l ' aeroism all ttie possible inventions ot th- writer of ronance or of the dramatist Indeed, th ?enn.\s of t.his . 'evolution prevent material* for a Shakeprare, and are .. )f themselves dramatic enough to spare the trouble of ir - ' 'ontlon ; they only require a judicious selection, while at ,p' he same time they are scenes well deserving the talents nd peu of a muster-dramatist to record anil arrange - ? hem for the theatre Notwithstanding, however, all J? brae minor deficiencies, it is a m-iiy t>?a?tlfol pieo , u ? nd the enterprising management of the Bowrry deserves 'nth nqaalifled praise tor the admirable minner in which it 0 q.. as been brought forward, 't'he plHy iteelf will hour rt- ? ?. otitlon. and well deserves the patronage and admire ofsel ion whiQb it nightly receives. This theatre is abont to e(?'th eceive a great acquisition to itscompany. The beautinl Mrs Abbott and the talented Dyot, from the Part , ppiar on Monday evening They ere both great favoites with the public, and desert edly so. , Chatham Theatre ?The past weak has been a most uoeessful one at this house. The new speotaole of the Spirit of the Waters," and the judicious selection of , igrecable farces and light oomndirs, have given the great- ? st satisfaction. The coapaoy is oompossdof most ei- I ellent actors?Hield, Bran Ion, Pardey, Varry, and the . thers, are all pains taking, correct performers, and horongbiy acquainted with the details of theatrical*. Vinaos is one of tho best low comedians now on the stag*-; e has won his way up the ladder of theatrical taine by is own exertions; and certainly bis quaint, amusing way f acting is worthy of the applause t r-calves nightly trs. Booth, Mrs li. Joaes, Miss IIilTroth. are ladies of .''rf tuoh talent and versatility. Mrs Booth iu light comi* ?ion ' y, rattles off her pa t in tine style; ? d Mrs. Jones, ri . he more seiioue parts, is much appreciiteu. Alto- * ?*' ether, Mr. Chanfrau hns a capital company under bis c.feas lanagemrnt; he takes much pride in placing the atnus>- ploys r?nts at the Chatham on the hes* looting, and can com- ia f? are favorably with the oiLer placs ot amusement in '"' 'c he city. Last night the house was fille t with a most WC3 egpeotable andieno", and all the pertomsanoes went olf tell. To-morrow evening Mr. Bass wilt commence ,k '' hort engagement, ood wiii appear a* Sir Pertinax Mao- 10 RU ycopbanr in Macklin's celebrated come ly of .he "Man "ot. f the World,"and aleoar, Mr,Lilly white, in the farce of lir,t J forty and fifty " The "Spirit of tho Watets" wiii bi " be concluding piece solut C. W. Ci.afkc.?This'great favorite and excellent press nfrtP tfilrna IA hrnpfil ftf. f.hm llfiifS'* thaafp.a nn U'n Inci . . _ _ J '-V ...i,- UPOL ay ?vering next. on which occasion h seleetion ofinte obm ratio# drum on will be presented for the entertainment fer.tvi f his numerous friends and acquaintances. tifvin Christy's Minstrrli.?The oareer of these minstrelk thus I ?s been quite a phenomenon among exhibitions. The) j>Uye re undoubtedly as good minstrels as over handled ban with >, and as for their singing, dancing, eonuudrums, Uo , li'h ley seam to have an inexhaustible fund tf them oh na la and, as they oome out with new ones every evoning - Bai hey have just concluded their twenty.slx> a week, and poeitt nter on the twenty seventh to-morrow evening. rusirj Saiilk Brothers ? Yheso singers are going on finely t Convention Hall?tbey have raised uu for themselve i , romd* of admir-rs, enj are on the high road to fam - ! , Dd fortune. They have a fine list of songs, deneee, ? ?w. e , which they perform with great effect. To-morrov -p. venlng they give their ftOth concert. , .'J Broadway Odkoi*?This place of amnsement is ex- sumB msivtly pattouisrd.and tor to-morrow evening quite an it'neive bill Is set forth. Statuary and animated pic- pK ires form the attractions. leUe Aoei.fhi ?The manager rf this place announces that bu? is wish is to give amusemsnt to the million, and not Hua |. nly muslo, but wit and refinement too To effect this to tl> e has engaged negro minstrels, singers, dancers, Sto. thiolr I'ajl- Mm. Ol.t-nv M R/\?ar* hntim* haen nnhrs.lv ul. in hill 'red and Improved, will open on Tuesday evening next, tries, ith an ixcelleuf company of Kthiopiars, under the dr- Mont iction of Mr. C. White Hanlk Bbothrrs.?This company of n gro minstrel t itend to give one of tbelr amusing i at' rt?inin?nts on fednesduy evening next, at the Tompkins Lyceum _ :at?n I el nod From what we hear, they are conMdere i ' * (Calient in their line, and no douot they will haven Btiite ill house in Htaten IsUn 1. of teli Ncwarx Thratrr.?Mr K. 8 ( noafr. u has taken lis theatre, nnd opens there on Monday evening, with "''j1 1 r. A. A. Addams in theoharaoter of Virginius. Mr Crocker, formerly of the Park, h?? heeo pUyln c a \? >uad of lending characters at the Baltimore Museum i "Clauds Melrotte," " Don < irsar de Ba/.un," and the ' Stranger," he is highly spr ken of. eelve' Mr. John Tarry has been singing at concerts which to sal avo taken place in the eastern ounnties, and was an- win, i ouneed to join the 1'halberg party at Bath. A grand vooal and instrumental concert took place retntly at Kxeter Hall, at which, besides Madame Dorm The ras, Miss Birch, Miss Dolby. Mr. L*fU?r, and Mr. H. ullllps, many other vocalists rf emtnrnco ass sted. Th ? istin family introduced for the first time n new set of Tli istrcments, o ilisj the ventil trombones," on which hll, , ley perlortned. " It become* oar painful duty to record th* dentil of ly lu m*a Cooke, th* omlnoet musician, which took place disi e a the iflth alt, at hi* reaidence lu ' Jreat Portland *treot, Cter intense etilTirinK for nearly tht?* month*,, in the Bllm" rth year of hia ago. Til Mia* Mtrao, although she perform* under that oum? roue i aa been mauled some time to a Mr. U?r?ton iul o Mr. Delafirld and Mr. W'b.iter hare entrueted the en- amor re direotlon of the Royal Itullan i peta to Mr Frederick is lot lye. murtl Tanoredl will be the opening opera at the Royal I tat- distil tu opera hou?v The principal part* will he attained lOUtu y Albonl end (Vralanl. scum Mr. H. Vandenhoff la playing at the Haymarket Th At the trial of " Bonn r Llnd," 01 Tueaday.lt cam* at in th* #t1J#d#* of Mr. Uuun, the treaaurer to tha the I , D. Prkw f wn I'idu, e that Mailbrau ilnring h*r last ensj igaineut, W?l * receipt of on* hundred and twenty fly* piunda flht. Hue stone li s n 11 .f orui'Jy in prep-r?>.ioa for y vum tboatr* Hudson of th* H*yin..rket, hue heen .-.cling at utli to *00 I houses John Iteeye ho* undo a wn1 tl.o o. and will not app-ar at tha Lyceum daring resent -etson Nt-i?on hue Oulshel hli entertainments in London gone on a visit to Scotland Hughes has laft the surrey, and joined the \delorpe H? will also perform at the t lay market jarty of foreign aparnhitom ht* iu London in search lite tor a hippodrome, uf,or Km stylo of the elebrane in Parle, in the <'hemps Klyce* n Amburgh has just returned from Paris to London, ler ne repaired m si <rcu or tiOTeity ror his \mn establishment Ho has lately m.>lo eey ral putin of wild animals. . (loorge Francis, the treasurer u Aitey'*?had g w escape from a black tigor belonging to Van \mo In company with Mr. Batuy, the Ivne of the itheatre.lie wns standing with hi-, back'nine cage; the animal "iidJeuly seized hi* hud with hie t%and but for timely assistance. wonl l hr.ve infl ct?d o Injuries Mr Francis, however, escaped with but ht laceration. lien will supply the place of poor Tom Tonka, who earn had tho direction of the music of the anoiterdiiineix of the Drurv Line Theatrical Kuud feati.Slins, Reeves. Whit worth, .Vllss Birch, and Vliwa Milava tendered their nrrri res on the occasion. O. V. Brooke hue bean engaged by Mr Webstar to rtn for one hundred night* at the Haymarktt the . MoCready ha? reocntly stated bofore the curtain ha proposed retiring from the sUg* at an early day, >*cause ha felt age oreepinir upou him, or bis faoul>r energies impaired, but because of the present deihlo condition of the national drama, e old theatre in Hhakepearn square, Edinburgh so known to tho thcsplnn world as the old Drury of the .isb WipHal, is about to Jisapper.r. e Folic* Intel licence ssing Had Monty/?Officer I'oweli, of tho 7th ward, ti d last night, a man called William Ackerly, on ge ?f passing a counterfeit $'ih bill nil Warid Tur Detained by Justice Ketoham, for a farther hearbbery.?The office attached to the lumber yard pied by Walton St Little, situated on the corner of i?r and Joffvrs n streets, was entered on Friday .in* by some th'ef, in the temporay absence of Mr. ;od, who stole from the money drawer $U:0 in bank amongst, the money was a $d8 bill on the Drover's the buUnoe In $i? bills, on tbo I'laghkeepai* Bank. arge of Rapt.? Officers Sheridan and Kedden, of h ward, arrested on Friday, a man calling hima-lf ek lUridvan on kthirfs of violitiug the person of 1 only H yoars of age. named Margaret Qinulau, ruff at No. 308 Water street Justice Osborne locked moused up in the Tombs for a farther hrui-ing. tar the. Spring Election?All pollcu matters are ratably dull, in oonseiiuanse of the near approach of charter election. Loafers, v-ffaboads, and petty 'es are coaxed and fed In order to socuro tbeir votes, store, to look for any activity in police matters, d bo perfectly absurd uotil after the election. F.ven aptaius of police are sweet towards their men, from sot of the mayor not having any policemen on hie ar trial or suepenaion. This looks well, to bo sure, ne department-, but singular to relate, such things occur on the eve of an election. Rsllgleus Intelligence. lkndar koe Aran. ? 3d, 4th Monday in Lent; nth, iuuday in Lent; 10th, Sunday before K.aster; J 1st, 1 Friday; 23d, Raster Even- 40th day of Lent; 334, er Day; 34th, Monday In Raster wests; 35th, Tue?in Renter week?Feast of St. Mark, Kvangelist. and tyr; 30th, 1st Sunday after Raster, r. Fox, formerly of this city, took bis degree of Bat?r of Arts at Ttlnity College, Cambridge, ou the .lanunrv and var nrilnin#.! fur rh? Riahnnnt' iter, on the dOth of February. le annual meeting of the New York Sunday Sobool n will be held in the meeting house of the Firet 1st ' hurch, corner of Broome aud Elisabeth etrcete, fndneadity evening. April Oth.at halt-past 7 o'clock Jsiuod to the work of the gospel ministry by ihe k River Asnooictlun at Copenhagen, Lewie oounty, York, Marnh did, 18-lti, Rev. Revllo J Cone. At eaten meeting, alter due examination on the d >ee of theology, and hie reasous for ? ohan;*o of hie a, Rev. Allen O. Wtghtman, from the Methodist copal Conference w-ss unaaimou -ly reoeived as a bcr of tlio association e Floating i hapol of the H ly Comforter, (built by J E. Church Missionary Society, fm seamen in tha and port of New York, and moored at the foot of street, N. R.) will be consecr ted to the service of Ighty God, bv the Right Rev. Alonx > Potter, D D., op of I'ennsyl 7ania, this day. ot. Capers, of Charleston. S C , eldest son of bishop r?, has been elected to the Chair of Anoi?nt Lan ;es in the Trunsy Ivanin University, is elated, In a recent letter lrom Alexandria, that illation hail been received that seven missionaries ng whom wns Mgr. Casolani, t? bishop.) who passed idiy three or lour months ?j.o, had been massacred is frontiers of Ahyslnia. "Kaetarn Congregational Church," In Madison t, Now Ycrit, lias* invited the Rev Mr. Crocker, keneotady, to become their i.aator who haa accent. e invitation Mall failure*. march. Northern Mail failed at Savannah. . . u 1st and 34th " New Orleans. lath " " Charleston... 34 th and 35 th " " " Augjsta. Oa 24th Vestern " " Baltimore. ... 38th s'ortharn " " Charleston.. 3?th 1 astern " " Mobile 33d " " " Charleston .. 33d <or'hern " ' Augusta, Oa. 35th " " " New Orleans. *J3d and 33d " " " Cincinnati... 35th Intelligence from the Went Indies. [from the B.-imuhiun. March 8.J >m tbo filer, of West Indian papers in our posseswe compile a few items of interest. mtatra.?The Qnzttt? of this colony report* a s umoug the peasantry for higher wages An ine of crime was the sail cons-quonce of the unemid condition of the lahoreis. A valuable premises e capital town if the county of Berbice had been :iou?ly destroyed by flro; aid nightly burglaries very numerous in < J?nrgetown A rail is made for Iditlcri to to tbo police force. The O isettr says: ? i time is come when efforts must be made not only itivate rugsr, but to protect property Wo speak Idly. We hiivn reason to know I bat some of the men in the oouatry sou' 1 be glad to unroll tliems in so cons?rvutivo a corps as the one we deem abelv Ducesra: y " * Vierek.nr.-Business h is continued in a very derd state. The agriculturists had seriously entered i the work of retrenchment. We perceive by the rvtr that a roduc'.ion of 35 par cent had boon ef1 in the expenses of several estates It is very graft to perceive that the laborers of this island have, hr, shown no disposition to embarrass their emrs in this emergency '1'he Vesuvius steamer, Gov. Ileiil on board, called by 8t Vincent ou the Kebruary. His excellency was on his way to (iie isaooks ?We obsrrvo that at n meeting of the dents in tbo West India Batik, keld on the 3d of Kebthuy agreed to allow time for winding up tbe al of that institution. siau, N 1' Idie |cgi.?la*u%> of this colony met on it of February. \ idll iOr 'repealing tbe Union" i en the Turks Islands and Bahama 1'roper was babe assembly. e steamer from St. Thomas, due on Mond iy, was n right list evening. Her non-arrival renders our lary of news incomplete. :om the River op Plate.?A Rio Janeiro r ot Jan. 151, status that at the lu.-t advices ins. e at Montevideo was in a bad state. England ranee are auoutte make an attempt, to restore peace e shares of La Plata, by negotiation ; but nobody s it will be attended witn -uecsv Noihing eith> r tinese or poiitios can bs relied upon in t lose coun Business int'rooutse between Bnenos \yres and evideo sei rat to be stopped, which dls ressos Monio, as ther is no lemana to supply but that ot tbo tnd these people art! for the most part poor, nd ot confidence generally prevails." heurapiuc Matters?The Portland l m>ire a that '* the pro-pects of a continuous line "graph from Halifax to Portland, thsu'e to Boston, c ,n.f most encouraging, and that its confimmn.t a vsry rarlx day of ilie current srsson, is r'dueed Ispecdencs upon a eery a Ight contmgeooy " point,vibnts by the president. ? s. l5. i 'mllollector of the customs at B ur table, Mass.,sUutiitr Jc stall liinkley, removed ClUha Morrow - >r of public moneys lor the UisJriot ol lands 'ulijert sat tireeu Bsy, \VI cousin, vict Alexander J. IrIwmNL Pirn ADEi.i HiA, April 1, 1848 Wtalhtr? First of April?Arrival of Steamer Columbus,from Charleston, fyc., $r. ? is morning opened with a shower of nun; rue to the character of April, the tears give to smiies; and by nooti, the clouds were rsed, and the bright sun shone out with e efforts to mike April tools tire - a uttnteaa on former occasions. The most > comno in a daguerreotype .ictuie, , I ned ig other ipecimena in in u. : > rc t. vmch jelled an thai of Laugh id, (He "U, posed erer; but which c rl duly libels some other ugui?hed personage It is const tot y surfed by a crowd, half of whom re nncuuta of the chcut e steamship Columbus. Cipt.un lVck, was raphed at 11 o'clock, as having rev I at Ireakwater iu 02 bouts frotn C imi.otou

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