28 Mayıs 1848 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1

28 Mayıs 1848 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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m n JL JtLm Jmm Whole No. 510*. HIGHLY IMPORTANT AND ! EXCITING NEWS FROM EUROPE, j ONE WEEK LATER.1 h ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMSHIP HIBERNIA. &e. &C. &f. By the arrival of the steamship Ilibernia, at this | ' port, we are placed in possession of highly important intelligence from Europe, of a later date by one week, than we had previously received. Its i details are extremely interesting and important in a commercial, political, and social point of view, as will be seen by the ?xtracts which we publish below. The latest accounts from Liverpool and London , are of the 13th inst., noon. The news from France is very important. An order had been received at Boulogne, from Paris, In niit tlin w*hnl?"linp of pnnul in n slnte ol rleferire. iand to mount guns on the detached forts, which are built a little way out at sea. The gates of the upper town are also to be repaired and fortified. This looks like a preparation for war. The triumph of the liberal party is complete, and Louis Blanc and Albert have retired. Several bloody conflicts have taken place between the Poles and Prussians. One of the most important points of this news is the declaration of war by Pope Pius the Ninth, against Austria, and that at the last accounts the situation of the Austrian army in Italy was very perilous. After this, the electric telegraph reported the imprisonment of the Pope for backing out of the war. Serious skirmishes have taken place between the Hungarians and the Jews. The Danes, it appears, have completely blockaded the German ports. There is nothing important from Ireland. Lord Palmerston has officially announced, under date Foreign office, May 9th, the Danish blockade of Stettin, Ilalsound, Nortueh, and Wismar, from the 2d; Pillau and Dantzic from the 3d, and the Elbe from the 4th inst. Also, the blockade by Austria of port of Venice, from the 23d ultimo. There had been a decline in the middling and lower grades ot cotton of one eighth of a penny per pound. The com market was inactive, and prices feebly supported. There had been a decline in flour. The blockade by the Danes, of the northern ports of Germany, in some measure interrupted the improvement visible the previous week in the manufacturing districts, for, under present circumstances, the trade of Germany is completely suspended. There is, however, reason to hope that the mediation of England will soon put a stop to hostilities, and restore the intercourse with the northern ports. I he war in Italy also operates ciisadvantageousI ly, tor although France and England are eager to I offer their good offices, there is a complication of I circumstances which render conjecture as to the I result difficult. I Notwithstanding these drawbacks, trade contiI nues to improve. The season promises another I ubundant harvest; and should this expectation be realized, the prices of breadstuff's are not likely to I advance, for another ytar at least. ]n France the Btate of trade has also improved, H and the temporary Chancellor of the Exchequer anticipates a surplus revenue this year. There is no doubt that on his accession to office, the finan cial state of the country was deplorable. I THE LATEST I\TELUGEME. By Electric Telegraph. [ Fr?m the London Times. May 13.] A military insurrection took place at Madrid on the 7th inst., at 4 o'clock in t^e morning, which was suppressed after a sanguinary conflict which H lasted several hours. The number of the dead was not known, but it was considerably greater than in the insurrection !' the 26th of March. Among the killed was the Captain General Fulgosio, brother-in-law of Maria Christina. Thirty-four of the prisoners taken?one-half of them civilians, the other half military men?were tried and sentenced to death by a court-martial, and were about to be shot when the post left. The Paris papers of yesterday announce the formation of the new Ministry for France ; it consists ofMe88rs."Bastide, Recurt, Cremieux, Carnot, Cha nas, Flocon,'Duclerc, Bethmont, Frelat, and Admiral Casy. It was apprehended that an armed demonstra tion in favor of the Poles would take place in Pa ris this day. Some of the journals announced that the Popr H hail hrrn de/>ow/, and the republic proclaimed at H Rome, but the news seems premature. H Our I?oitdon Correspondence. London, May 13th, 1848 H Important and Bloody Events in Europe?Terrible Jlnl/I, between the Poles and Prussians?Aspect of Jlffuirs in Russia, Austria and Prussia?The prohahle Dismemherment of the Austrian Empire ?Revolt of the lllyrians and Crdatiens -Treatment of the Jews?The War in Italy?The Revolution in Rome?Blockade of the F.lhe?Blockade of I'enice?Affairs in France, I The news I hare to send you by thin mail in, pcrhapn, 0f deeper Intoreat than that eontained in iny last of the Oth inxt. Tho known sympathies of your gunerou* people for all who mifTor, will make your reader* hail with joy, not unmingled with Krief, the Koul-ntirrlng account* I subjoin of the rising of I'olaDd ! But l>lond> Instead of Ink, would be more suited to tho fearful fact*. Blood ha* run like water, and many a noblo heart lien low that but a few week* Mince beat loud with I hopes of national pride and glory. Tho white eagle has risen with a piercing shriek, and is pillaged in mortal strife with the black eagle of Prussia: her white feathers aro dripping red with gore, but it flows e qually from her own wounds and from the wounds of her on* my. To put your readers perfectly an Jail of these memorable event*, it will be necessary for me to give you a short preliminary sketch of the causes that led to them. After the revolution lit llerlln. when tha people triumphed, oun of their first acts was to liberate all the Polish prisoners who were under sentence of ileath or imprisonment for the last insurrection Prussia, at the same time, announced the reorganisation of Poland, and Garterisk left Paris to take the lead of the movement, and. if necessary, to resist any opposition on the part of Hussia The German population of the Grand Duchy of I'oscn refused, however. to be under Polish control, and a decree of the King of Prussia announced the annexation of the so called Herman districts to the German Confederation. Mlernslawskl now took the lead, and declared his intention of resisting. by force of arms, any spoliation of \ Polish territory. The Prussian King. on the other hand, was (Inn. and the game of death began. The Pole* commenced by expelling the Jews and Germans; skirmishes took place with the Prussian troops, with losses of ten and twelve on either side l.nrge bodies of troops advanced. Posen was declared under martial law. and all persons taken In arms to be shot Microclnwski threatened reprisals, and a war of fearful extermination has commenced. The first battle took place at Xiont. on the 2ftth April A body of 1,000 Poles, under Dombrowskl. fortified themselves within the town, and bid defiance to the summons of the Prussian General to lay down their arms A sanguinary conflict ensued, In which jJOO Poles were slain, and 700 made prlsoaer*. Tho I \ i %h~v~ t* m |hjiii E NE N lumber of kiileti on the Prussian side was usually (jrnat The town wus destroyed by fire General lilumen. who commanded the Prussiaus, then advanced upon Miloslau, where Mieroslawski had entrenched himself with a considerable party of cavalry ind Infantry After a fierce contest, the Prussians, lhough iuftuitely superior in numbers, were driven Ijiok with considerable loss; l.">0 of them went over to the Poles. The following extracts will give you a faithful account of the scenes of bloodshed that have since ensued:? At Xionz, the Poles were ubout 700 In number. On Saturday, the 29th ult.. this handful of men were attacked by 6,000 Prussians. The struggle was terrible, it lasted four hours. Three times the Prussian hussars :ind cuirassiers were repelled with a great loss. At length the Prussians unmasked their artillery, and a fearful carnage ensued. Three hundred Poles remained on the field, the remaindrr retreated towards Nowe Miasto. The towu of Xiom changed into a heap of ashes. Mujor Dombrowski, who commanded the camp, had his jaw shattered by a shot, another ball deprived him of an eye, and yet he contiuued still to tight, until u third shot struck him in the chest. The engagement at Miloslau was attended with still greater loss of life, and was marked by deeds of desperate bravery und heroism beyond all parallel, even in the annals of Polish history. The Prussians had 10,000 men, with 12 pieces of artillery; Mieroslawski only 1,200 men. mostly lrmed with scythes During the fight, the Polish rauks were strengthened by detachments which arrived from Pleshen. Three times the town was tuken by the Prussians, and three times they wero driven from it. .tf/Ver .. . .r 1 /A. P.,/.* rlgni noun uj nun iir, i/.., ,,s ........ .? matlrrt of thr field, and Ihr Prwtian cavalry flrd with such precipitation, thai it broke the ranka of Ihr infantry. The Prussians have retreated towards Sehroda. General Colomb has concentrated 30.000. anil is on the polut of renewing the attack on the small band of Mieroslawskl. Large numbers have deserted from the Prussian ranks to the Poles. There in no doubt of the Poles being determined either to fall, or to obtain a faithful observance of the treaty. They are all unanimous. Kven the Archbishop of I'osen. who has been reported an having blamed the olergy for their interference, has now. 011 the contrary. issued a manifesto, in which he insists upon their duty to guard their flocks against the insidious practices of the I'russians. The I'oles deny that any barbarities had been committed by the peasants. Ou the contrary, they praise their forbearance and good behavior, whilst they retort the chargo of the murders and excesses perpetrated on the soldiery. The other day. a sergeant, ?caompanied by ten hussars, entered the house of Count Sndowski, who, at the great trial at Berlin, hud been condemned to death, and after being afterwards liberated, lived quietly on his estate. '-Are you Sadowski. who was condemned to death?" asked the sergeant, and. on receiving an answer in the affirmative, he fired a pistol at his head, aud laid him dead at his feet. Such conduct on the part of the military, would explain, if it could not excuse, the atrocities which the Germans attribute to the peasants. Since the fall of Xlonz the Prussians have been beat in every skirmish. The tactios of Mieroslawski are peculiar, and puzzle the Prussian leaders at the same time that they striko terror into the soldiery, who are awed by the daring courage of the Poles and the wild advance of the scythe-men. The latter advance whetting their scythes, until they are close on the enemy, with an energy that se'tads sparks from the steel, aud ringing in chorus the well-known national air, ' A'orA ill Polen nicht verloren." They keep step to the air. and on the first volley of the Prussian troops they fall on one knee, aud then suddonly rising rush impetuously on the foe. This struggle for the liberty which they had hoped from Germany will be a war of extermination. Thirty-six pieces of heavy artillery and numerous field batteries are on the road. accompanied by grenades and rockets to carry on the slaughter. On the evening of the 5th. heavy tiring was heard in the neighbourhood of Wlmario. which fort, as well as Fort Wilda. fired guns at intervals. At eleven o'clock the rappel was beaten in the streets of Posen. as it was reported that the scythemcn were advancing on the town. The Prruititchr Staats rfmrigrr gives the following particulars of the fighting at Buck :? ' Captain Boenigk entered Buck at half-past one o'clock. A.M.. on the 4tli instant. His force consisted of one battalion of infantry. He found the place in the possession of a civic guard, who assured him of their desire to maintain peace and order. Captain lloenigk quartered his soldiers in the town, and is said to have boeu careless in his measures of precaution. He was surprised by the insurgents about four o'clock iu,thc morning. The soldiers were partly disarmed, ami some of them murdered by the citizens in wbose houses they were quartered. All the officers were for a short time captives. They were liberated by ten roldicrs. most of them Poles, who attacked the insurgents and drove them back. " Captain Boenigk then succeeded in rallying his men. lie drove the insurgents from the town, which he occupied till eleven o'clock in the morning, when he received information that fresh bands of Insurgents were inarching upon Buck. Upon this he evacuated that town and retired to Prlnn. Six soldiers were killed, and sixteen wounded. One man's eyes were thrust out by the insurgents in the morning, lie died during the night. "An orderlv from Buck informed Maior Breetz. at Griitz. of these events. who sent off one company of fnot to assist Captain Boenigk. About 10 o'clock, information wan received at Griitz that Buck was occupied by the insurgents. and that tho troops Mere either killed or taken. Major Breetz collected all his available forces and inarched upon Buck. Being reinforced cn the road by the company that had preceded hlir. he approached the town, where he did not find that obstinate resistance hn had been led to expect. His entrance was chiefly opposed by the priest of the place, who headed a party of scythemen. tie was killed In doing so. The insurgents sacked Buck before they left it; the booty was carried off by women who accompanied them. The greater part of the inhabitants of Buck have fled. The insurgents are spreading in all directions. Tills is no longer a war?it is downright, butchery. Blood for blood is its motto. The insurgents of Stenszewo are the same who surprised Buck. They were led by Colonel Niezolewski. Kugen von Szezanicky. whom we oaptured. was one of the leaders, and very active in tlii attack upon our troops." The call to arms issued by Mioroslawski." say? the Cologne Gazelle, has been universally responded to. Tho towns and villages are deserted by all capable of bearing arms, and left to the care of old men. wuuien and children. The Poles have no head-quarters, but keep constantly moving. In the last encounter with General Ilirschfeld. they fonght with a disregard of death that was wonderful. Although they were exposed to a rakiug fire from a battery of four guns loaded with grape, and finally to the terrible carnage of xhrapnell shells and grenades charged with 150 bullets, they advauced undaunted over heaps of their own slain, and finally broke through the Prussian ranks. No less than 460 Poles fell in this buttle, without counting the wounded." This will be a favorable diversion for the Danes, who are no contemptible enemies. What effect this news will have in Franco can scarcely be foretold On Monday, the question is to bo brought forward in the National Assembly. In the sitting of the 10th inst.. M. Walewski demanded the armed intervention of France in favor of Polish independence. M. Arago seconded it. Count de Montaleinbert ulso desired the subject to be brougnt forward immediately. The affairs of Italy will also be discussed on Monday. A rising has also taken place in Gailicia. and Cracow was bombarded for two bouts by General ( astigllone. Tissouski, the co-dictator, is. If 1 mistake not, still at New York. Kuftxia. rruflfliA. mid Austria arc each endeavoring to *" 11 tTuiuuuu >u meir imn account. J 111* first power has concentrated 200.00)) tnen on tho frontier. iinil in biding it* time. Austria has taken off tho sequestration on the land* of Prince Caartoryski, anil will endeavor to curry favor with \ho Polo*, to ou?t Prussia in the content for the imperial crown lean only compare thn state of Kurope to. the (Jordian knot, which mnst bo cut through by the *word. Tho dismemberment of Austria is fast approaching. Hungary ii determined, ho is Bohemia, to throw off thn yoke. Tho chance of a separation* from Austria is drawing nearer and nearer to a decision Orders have been given for 10.000 muskets to arm tMb National Guard.? Tho Hungarian Minister at Vienna has had a long conference with l.ord J'onsonby. and a similar conference lias been held with the Krench Charge d'affaires ? These conferences are said to have been highly important. The cabinet of Vienna on thn one hand, is laboring to detach ( roatia. Sclavonia. Dalmatla. and a pnrt of the Bannat, fri>m Hungary. These provinces are preparing for a revolt. The lilyriaus and Croatian* have revolted at Kikinila They repaired In great numbers to the district StadthaiiM. released 110 men under arrest, and then went to tho Human Catholic church, where they pillaged and destroyed every thing. Thence they went to a former assessor, who lied, and endeavored to conceal himself with property to the amount of 00.000 (I or I IIS lie was discovered, mid though he offered to deliver up all that he had if they would spare his life, they cut off his head, stuck it on a pole, and caused his dead body to lie dragged through tho city fastened to a horse's tail. Tliey then went to the assessor in office, and while he was attempting to effect hi* escape, tliey shot him dead upon the spot. *Mnga*ines and houses worn entered and?lundered. K very thing was destroyed Beds and furniture were thrown into thn streets, and thn city treasury, together with the documents, were destroyed by fire. Fifty hussars who wern in the Stadthails, fired upon tliem. aud did their utmost to stop tho mischief, but they were too fnw In number. The rebels were furnished with long poles, to the ends of which scythes wnro attached, and with these they attacked the military. The riding-master had his right arm cut off. and Lieut. Count Zichy had a scythe run through hU body, and two privates were killed, and many disarmed The revolt commenced at Neusatx. where the Hungarian flag was destroyed, and a red one hoisted In its stead. Kmiseiiries from Sorvia am said to liavn instigated the revolt. Many families fled during the night, and after daybreak persons were not permitted to leave or enter the city. At Proshurg. the Jews have been atrociously treated. their houses ransacked, their household furniture destroyed, and the wares taken from their shops. The plunder lasted 28 hours, when the Jews, numbering :mmi families, retired from the town on the Invitation of the authorities, and encamped in the open air In thn Nehlossberg. Kven tho Jewish hospital has been ransacked, the sick torn from their beds and badly treated, without difference of age or sex. Not even thoir tombs have bceu rcspccted. The military autho W Y O EW YORK, SUNDAY MO rity could not dispose of sufficient force to prevent these acta of Vandalism and Lieutenant Held marshal c' the Count of Lamberg was wounded by the people As to the burgher guard, they did not take to arms ? t 11 the Jew* had evacuated the town ; so by this weans tl | all they had to do was to protect empty shops. These b deplorable events seoiu but as a prelude to scenes more ' bloody, and every day we have further intelligence of roiterated plunder and fresh murders. The general | meeting of the German Constitutional Committee was r held on the 30th April, The sitting was calm at the com- r mencemont. but scarcely had the second orator made a 0 ! report on the ministerial ordonnance respecting the deputies to be sent to the Krankfort Parliament, when the uttra-Cieuhs began to ery out," The Germans aretrai- 1 | tori! Down with the Germans !" The President declar- a | ed the sittiug was over, and the meeting broke up in the ? greatest confusion. It was with difficulty the spunk- ' 1 er could be protected against the fury of the Czechs by J] some of the most moderate among theiu. There at pre- * sent exists an aby?i between the Czechs and Germans. ^ A reconciliation has become next to impossible, and a ' fearful combat is hourly expected. ' The insurrection in the Grand Duchy of Baden is completely put down. i ' Kroiu Italy the news is satisfactory for the cause of independence. Hadetzky is regularly blockaded In Verona Charles 1 Albert, though somewhat tardy in his movements, has , K driven the Austrian* over the Adige. and if General { Nugent does uot effect a junction with Radetzky, he [ 1 will be starved out. In forcing the Adige, the Sardinian , 11 troops were commanded by the King in person, who ^ I : was obliged to lay about him lustily with bis sword; to 1 avoid capture by three bold Austrian dragoons. 'An j 0 I Austrian geueral and two majors were slain, besides 1 ! '200 of rank and Mo. The Austrians were commanded i 1 I i>y AreuuuM duishiuuu. ? lto"7 "? | a tine young fellow, though he has the bunging under- ; " lip of his uncle, the Emperor, llut one of the most | ' lignificaut signs of the times is. that the Pope has been j compelled to declare war to Austria. It seeins the Pope refused at first, on account of hid being vicar of peace on earth :?the people insisted. The (Genoa Gazette given the following acoount of the wholo^atlair:? " The Pope having refused, General the Dulce of Rignauo. informed his Holiness that he could not count upon the Civic Guard, who occupied all the pouts, watching moro especially the dwelliugs of the Cardinals. Delia Genga and others are gardh-A-vue. Doria. C'orxini, Maiuiaui and others, waited on the Pope and be?eucUi'd him to yield ; he was obstinate in his refusal, but ultimately allowed himself to be convinced by Mamiani. Maiuiaui announced to the people that the ministry remained in. with the excoption of Cardinal Anotelli, who was replaced by himself (Mamiani). and thut the ministry was to possess full power over all temporal affairs, including war. The official Gazette of the 1st of May was to re-produce this decision of the Pope. All the correspondence of tho cardinals that was seized was read to the public on the capttolbya senator. Mamiani harangued the people from the balcony of the Casino de Negozianti, and declared the following points :?1. No priest was to be called to any public office whatsoever. 2. Formal declaration of war. 3. Plus IX. at tho head of the government. 4. Daily official bulletin of the grand army. 5. Invitation to the youth of tho .Roman States to arm. and drive the barbarians from Italy. Soino arrests have taken place, and the commandant of Ancona is especially spoken of. The Koiuan pooplo are perfectly united. The cardinals, soeing the impossibility of getting away, are assembled round the Pope, who, it is said, hud made every preparation for departing himself. Tho ministry had promised to co-operato with all the forces of tho State in expelling the Austrian*, and the Austrian Minister 1 is to be sent away from Rome. Austria and the Jesuits \ had invented a cabal, in virtue of which all the German bishops menaced the Pope with a schism, in case he 1 should (|oclare war against Austria.'' 1 You will see from all this that Europe is in a pretty 1 in ess. Denmark has notified to the different powers the blockade of the K.lbe, and all the German ports. They have laid embargo on every German vessel they can lay their hands on. The commerce of Hamburg is at a dead stop, and those good burghers are yvrithing under the infliction. They are now arming their steamers 1 and trading vessels to force the blockade, and will, in all probability, - catch a Tartar."' The attitude of Russia iu this afTair is most mysterious. A few weeks will nrobablv show?coniecture were idle. The medial inn of Kngland has been accepted, if we are to trust Lord Palaierston's assertion. The Danes, however, have bpen driven out of Schleswig, and the Prussians arc now in possession of Fredcrlcia. in Jutland. The meddling of Lord Palmerston in tho affairs of Spain has brought a regular hornet's nest about his ears. He has had the whole correspondence batore the House, and has been successively submitted to the lash of Lord Stanley and other members. Lord Lansdowno " endeavored to excuse him. and was near making the matter worse, by showing a disunion in the councils of the minisrty. The matter will now drop. 1 The discussion of the navigation laws will come on on Monday. Six persons were killed lust night, by a collision on ' the Great Western Railway. The Austrians have blockaded Venice by sea. ' The favorable turn of affairs in France has acted fa- * vorably on our funds, but the state of Kurope is so un- v settled that the lapse between this mail and the next may completely upset every thing. t Kngland is perfectly quiet. A bright sun ami a clear sky. The drawing-rooms have commenced?tho town ' is full of beauty and fashion?and the Swedish night- v ingaie chirps forth her golden notes to crowded au- 1 dienees. Ireland Is in statu quo. y It is refreshing to turn from tho scones of blood and 0 warfare, to the promising aspect of Ameriaa's younger t sister, the French Republic. In My last. I announced c the opening of the iNntional Assembly The Provisional Government have since resignod their power. A good deal of discussion took place about the new form of government. An Kxecutive Commission of (ioverumeut has been formed of five members, as follows : ? Arago 725 Lamartine G83 Ciarnier Pages 715 Ledru llollin 458 Marie 702 These Ave are the government, with power to appoint the members of the different government departments. That Lamartine had so few votes is to be attributed to a speech of his in defence of Ledru Rollin. who would otherwise have been excluded. It is reported here to-day that Ledru Kollin has resigned. Louis lilanc is completely cut out. The following is the composition of the National Assembly. as given by the Commune de Paris:? Members of the ex-('hamber of Deputies 129 Magistrates and Advocates Ill Clergy 11 Physicians 17 Ouvriers 34 Manufacturers 38 Military men 38 Municipal magistrates 39 commissaries of government and employes 03 Literary men and journalists 31 Karmers 16 Kngineers 8 Proprietors 50 Unknown 242 This makes 830 in place of 900; but the colonics have < not yot elected their representatives. The speeches in the Assembly arc well worth your perusal. The Presse Is still as violent as ever In its attacks on the government. It seems to be the bete in>ire of M. de (iirardin. Although tho moderate party are in power, and the Vest may be hoped, the ultra-republicans are a powerful body, aud will not lose an occasion to do mischief. The very debates In the young assembly prove the passions which agitate them, Orders have lieen given to arm the whole coast of i the channel. Boulogne and Dunkirk in particular. Italy. There is little positive news from the sent of war in Italy. The Sardinian troops have obtained some advantages. A rumor has reached Knuland of Verona having fallen into the hands of the v troops of Lombardy and Sardinia. It was certain n thai the Austrians had been driven from all the * points between Vallegio on the Mincio, and l'on- J tone on the North Adige, above Verona. The j, king is represented to have greatly distinguished ? himself in action, and to have even condescended n to use his sword, and tight like a soldier. ' Important from Home. t A report nrevailed in Pnria vestfrrlnv flint the ? 1'o|m\ rc|MTitin<r his late hostility to Austria, had f revoked his declaration of war; that in eonse- t quence, tin- people had risen m t/iatsr, and de|K>Hed ' In in from his temporal authority?placing him un- K der restraint in the Castle of St. Angelo. The Journal ilr* Debut* confirms tli?' above. It f ap]>ears that Home has regularly rebelled apainst 1 him, and the probability is that his Holiness will be w deposed as a temporal prince. In (act, the- entire s I executive authority appears to be exorcised by the i n-w ministry, without any control on the part o( l' the Pontiff. 11 We learn from Borne under date of the 8th in.-t., * | that M. Ochsenbein bad resumed the presidency of 0 j the directory of the diet and bis other offices. 'I his t| resolution was adopted byjiim in consequence of ,j the question of the intervention of Switzerland in ( d the atliiirs of Italy, which he opposed. I *' ( n the9th itjwasto be decided if his resignation 11 should be accepted ; if it were, it would settle the 1 11 question of intervention in the affirmative. [From the London Standard. May 11.] ' The Into revolution at Homo deserves more oonside- b ration than our contemporaries seem disposed to bestow upon it. We rnll the change a revolution, and the event fully answers that, description. The civic ri guard occupy the whole city, to the exclusion of the tl regular troops of the Pope, and exercise their power by s| a strict and jealous superintendence of the cardinals c They appoint ami support a ministry who are invested tl ! with full power to decide all temporal matters, war o Included;" and In cousei|ueuce war lias been declared v against the Kmpeor of Austria, in uttvr defiance of the 1? expressed will of the Pope. Who does not see that this u ministry is. In truth, the real sovereign of the State a " provisional government. In fact, moulded precisely H upon that which has ruled France for the la*t eleven ol weeks' This provisional government has taken such T step" to secure its authority as the clrcumstanco* of o the place and time required. ? RK E RNIN(i, MAY 28, 1848. First. No pliant u to bo employuil in any civil nr military capa- be tf* * i co Suoi.nJ. War iwraiiiit Austria in solemnly declared. , Third. P?p? ITun the Ninth in to be tlie nominal head of the goerumcnt, but in the name wnse in which Charlen the First wan "r iu nominal haad of that army which fought ag:iiiiai hiui at Naaujr. Ike. in Fourth. eoiirageincnt in to be given tu the population to arm Pi iftmrntvo* uui v' i :d! \ | , Surely this is a revolution if ever then- was on??a i? evolution scarcely qualified by leaving tci the Pop* the ro luminal headship of the government after every shred ^^ f temporal power in taken from him. ? ? ? ? , " F.very Christian believes that the prophecies of scrip- u, ure have been "written for our instruction,'1 though ar 11 mu*t approach the interpretation of those that are a(1 pparently yet unfultllledwith reverence and pious awe ttc )u thu other hand, we must anxiously avoid the guilt y if th? accused Jews, who neglected or refused to ac- 0f , now ledge the plain accomplishment of the Divine pre- ,r llctions The question, therefore, seeuis properly to 0< orce itself upon our attention. Are wo not now wit- | t.r lesning the fulfilment of one of the most striking pro- p[ ihecies of the Apocalypse- the overthrow of the uiys- I cu 1c Uabylon ? i T| We. at least, shall he thought free from being misled 1 jja >y a strained interpolation of Scripture, wheu it is re- , ?j, iiemborod tlmt. reasoning upon purely political | g|j ;rounds. wo predicted more than six months ago. that ; r? 'ius the Ninth would probably be the last Pope of j u, tome. At that time thi> convulsions that have since. ! ,i. ks it were, "turned Kurope upside down," were antici- j JJ", mted. as wo believe, by no man alive. At that time, n, oo, the outward conduct of the I'ope left room for the diaritable hypothesis that the man was a sincere eneny of abuse of every kind. We therefore put the alter- n lalive. that if i'ius was honest, he would reform the (u ibusesof the church, of which he was the head, as well th is of the State, and in that way terminate the papacy; a lilt that ifhc was dishonest, and a mere imitator of his 0I iredeoessors of the sixteenth century, he would flnd n hat he was three hundred years too late iu renewing ij he game of tile Borgias. and that the I'ope and papal Il( lovereignty would fall together. This was a merely po- tl itical prediction, and to this we adhere ; for whoever Tl ihall conquer in the present strife, the temporal au- 0? ihority of the I'ope is extinguished forever. If the 0j \ustrains prevail, as we trust they will, tliey will not tl ie again guilty of tile folly of re-establishing upon er heir weakest frontier that which has ever proved the listurbing power of F.urope If the French once more a| kchieve the Protectorate of Italy, tliuy, we may be sure. will use it as their predecessors used it 40 or 50 years u igo ; in either case the papal States will disappear?in i,| the former, absorbed into the Lombnrdo Venetian t< kingdom ; in the latter, making part of the French H| kingdom of Italy. b This in our political prediction. w We are fully sensible how ill the columns of a news- tl [taper are suited to the treatment of sacred subjects? (( Dot less sensible of our own want of qualification for n< Lhc task ; but there is something so rcmurkuble in the j iownlull of the papacy, bo it but temporary, be it final ei (as we devoutly believe It to be), that we cannot with- rj hold from our readers the striking fact, that a piitus iu- 0 terpreter of Scripture prophecies, 147 years ago, fixed p( the event as foretold iu the Apocalypse for this very ^ year one thonsaiid eight hundred and forty eight. t, The prediction will be found in a little tract, by tlio i, Ilev. Robert Fleming published in 1701, under the a title ol " The Rise and FhII of the Papacy.-' Thin little j,] work, of which sonic editions have beon lately printed Ci at a cheap rate, is one of the most remarkable and in- tl teresting religious works tnat we havttever seen. It is h written in a pure Saxon stylo, a clear method, and iu a j, sober Christian spirit, as far as possible removed from t> enthusiasm. The book extracts from the Apocalypse, ei by reasoning almost strictly arithmetical, a prediction tl of the pemeaution of the French protestants in 17^3? J i>f the massacre of the protestsnts at Thorn, in 1724? n t>f the movement against the Jesuits towards the close tl nf the last century, and of the dettructlon of the 0I French monarchy at its end- placing the oonsuuima- o tion of that destruction as to be effected before the n year one thousund seven hundred and ninety-four?a w prediction fulfilled to the letter by the murder of the b king and queen, in 175KJ. Using the same canon of in- ^ terpretation. Mr. Fleming foretells the obscuration of the papacy iu the first years of the present century (the imprisonment of I'ius VI. by Napoleon), and its r Hual destruction for the present year 184H. 1, Mr. Fleming died in 1710. before the fulfilment of tuy of the extracted predictions of which we have o <poken, so as to exempt him from the class of seers ii ?'ho prophecy aftor tlio event. We strongly recoui- ei nend his little book to all upon whom present events fl ire making the impression which they ought to make ; ind we recommend it with more confidence, because hi hough, contrary to our expectation, thu reader may w lot recognise thejustice of Mr. Fleming's conclusions, tl ie must be delighted and edified by bis Christian ti pirit. . tii \ Highly Interesting from France. UI CHE FRENCH NATIONAL ASSEMUI.Y?THE REPORT OP w THE PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT. tc Sittimu ok Mav 8.?The President took the chair at tl lalf-past twelve. id The arrangements of the tribune and elevated plat- ii] orui on which is jiiaced the President's chair have been tc hanged since thu last sitting..both having been ad- ti aneed Into tb!> hall about twenty feet. A wide pas- cj age consequently is now open for circulation between p| be estrade and the wall. fll M. Frkvknt'' wished to protest against the grand wi ete which was to be given in a few days. The people ai rere iu want of food ; why waste money in fetes and wi lonsensc ? (Rumours.) " We have no money to ? iu.ste." said the honorable Member. " Why then go lil in with wh.it cannot b? of service either to the State or d< ,o the people ?" (Renewed rumours j cries of " the pf irder of the day !") til The matter then dropped. y( Tlio bureaux were drawn by lot. and it was decided tl hat they should meet in the evening to name two com- tl uittees, one of uccounts and the other of rules and re- ci filiations. fo The Prk?ident--T1io next business before the Cham- ai >er is the remainder of the report of the Minister of dl 'iuance. it M. Duclerc. under secretary of state for the finance pi lepartment, began to read the portion of the document m i'ii uunnisneu. 0111 mis voice was ho wtuK mai it wan hi mpossiblo to bear what he said. it T H R FINANCIAL ITATKMKXT. in M. Oarnieh I'aaks. Milliliter of Finance, perceiving ? hii<. hurried to the tribune, iiiul taking the uianu- to cript. began himself to read it. Tiie Provisional go- 01 'eminent, lie said, found itself in presence of a ma** 1 s >f treasury bond*, which were just becoming duo ; it d? bund it necessary to adopt mean* not to let the trea- gi ury succumb under this heavy charge, and it renewed te hcin by an arrangement which reconciled all the ill- re crests concerned One of the principal preocoupa- th iotfs of the government was. as it ought to bo. the di lefence of the republic ; up to the present time it bud c? lot been threatened ; it in resolved not to attack any o> ino, but it will vigorously repel any aggression, from tr whatever quarter it may coine. (Approbation.) Tho d< rants of industry also called for the solicitude of tho ?t [overnment. It fully comprehended that it must ah- Pj tain from any too direct influence with labor, which vi rould have had the two-fold inconvenience of f, ,Hacking the dignity of the man and of hein^ uu- a; iroductive. It hastened, however, to establish national at llscount banks and warehouses for the deposit of goods, at rliioh had theelTect of reviving credit. The hon.Minister di lien stated that the government had considered it its yl luty to connect the departmental banks with the jil tank of France; and then came to the question of the al axes. 1 shall, he said, contend, with all tho energy of ti< he deepest conviction, for the establishment of a pro- in restive tux 011 income; but the government considered ar hat it could not deprive tho assembly of the honor of th stahiisliing that impost. It was. however, necessary so o provide for pressing wants, and. at my request, for I ta [o not wish lo avoid any responsibility, the govern- te nent decreed the tax of 45 per cent. By increasing F.i lie price of tobacco for the dealers, conformably to the pr iroflts formerly reserved to them, the government has it ncreasod the revenue of the State. I could also have gr nit a tax on the Rente, but 1 was unwilling] to do so; toi hat is a question on which you will have to decide, as fri ri ll us on the interference of the State with insurance mi dices, and the establishment of a progressive tax on tin ucccssions. proportioned to the amount and the de- th Tee of relationship. The provisional government oil ilnced at my disposal about 11HI millions from the pro- hn icrty of the civil list and of the crown, and an equal fir inn from the State property; I have besides the dia- its 110lids of the frown ; I have not wished to have re- ini ourse to these resources, but 1 considered it my duty, tla iy way of precaution, to prepare alienation bills rula- lit ive to these matters i ilid not. moreover, wish to ri, atise the sale of the lientes belonging to the sinking uji und nor the canal shares, because I am convinced ih bat the credit of France will not lie long in reaequir- III ng the level which it lost in a moment of panic. In- th tead of having recourse to these means I considertd t bet ter to obtain a loan of 50 millions from the Bank "1/1 f France, which was made me without interest, as a pb ompensatlon for the large sums which the State had it' reviously allowed to remain in the coffers of tho bank en rlthout deriving any interest from them It was con- \V he republic continued in its service. unil we are 1inp)iy \ < i) be able to say that every one expressed his willing- eo ics to submit to it. Tlie Hon Minister tlu n stated ad but had been done with regard to the re-organixation he f the Court of Account*, and alluding to the question | f'h f the re-purchese of the railroads by thfl State, said i bo hat it hail been considered a* more advisable that, a on uestion of such importance should be reserved for the pa eclsion of the National Assembly. After furnishing | ph nine further detail* of figures, the minister concluded I m y saying: " Vou have citizen*, to secure the liquida- , cij Ion of the past, and the realization of the great thing* tin 'lilcli the world expect* from u*; our devotedncs* will Irr iitTlce for this important mission. and thank* to you. an uiBy be said that the republic has saved Kranco from pe ankruptcy. (Oreat applause.) | co tin: wah m:roKT. mi M. K. An (oo. Minister of War. and ail in/trim of Ma- jec ino and Colonies, next gave the following account of of he acts which had been accomplished under his re- all (tonslblllty In the two departments which hnd been of onflded to him:?The flr.-t care of his predecessor in ga lie war department had lieen to form a commission np f defence, presided over by a member of the go- ] be ernment That commission hail almost completed its by ihour* In conformity with It* advice, the govern- ro; lent hail ordered the assembling of an army of 50 000 Itn ten In the valley* of the l*ere, the Saone. and the He .hone Another corps, drawn in part from the army he r Africa, would be formed In the valley of the Durence tin 'he effective strength, continued the Hon minister,of | m? ur troop* in Algeria will have been diminished by . ow bout 17.000 m*n ; every precaution having, however, tv twwwwwwMiMia'wainyi m M> [ERA en taken to provide for the perfect security or that lony He then entered into a detail i>f the measure* i keu to guaranty the security of thu frontiers. and to in the coast of Algeria as well as of the distribution arms made to thu national guard. The number of uskets delivered to that forre amounted to 44fl.tiHO; iris alone had received upwards of 150,000 You now low, citizens, continued M. Arago. wfieuce came the numerable bayonets which 011 thu 10th of April lied like avalanches from all poiuts of I'ari* toward" Hotel de Ville to defend order and liberty (Loud plause ) They c.ame from the arsenals of the republic, ilch had given arms to all, for the national guards in ilformand in blouse presented themselves with e<(Ual dor to say tothe emeute, ''On ne pa.nr pas!" (Renewed iplause ) The minister then continued to review the ts of his administration, and concluded that part of * r.rposi by presenting a statement of the land forceM the country. The republic, he said, it now able to pretit to its enemies, should any appear, an ejfectiv* J tree 50.000 men and 80.000 carali y. and a population all ady to take up arms to defend its independence. (Apause.) The minister then proceeded to give an acunt of his acts as ad interim .Minister of Mariue. tie Assembly received with repeated marks of approition the passage in his report relative to the suppres)n of Hogging in the navy, but the fatigued and ghtly hoarse voice of the lion, geutloman made his marks scarcely audible. He concluded by assuriug e Assembly that the republic might rely with conhnce on its navy for success in any naval combat* it ight have to sustuiu in support of the honor of its ag. (Loud applause.) THK RKPOHT ON PUBLIC WORKS. M. Marik, Minister of l'ublic Work*, next ascended ie tribune, find read a short report. When the revotion burnt out. ho observed. the country wan under in influenoe of a commercial crisis of groat intensity, n immense mass of railway and other shares weighed i the tnoliey market, and impeded every kind of busiess. A state of things in fact existed, which had uoar stopped manufactures, hud checked all mouey transitions. had paralyzed credit, and throwu a vast muss of ic population out of employment. The provisional go rnment. seeing this, fouud themselves called on to itablish national workshops, in order to afTord means 'living to the poor classes. To supply work for so many tousands was by no means an easy matter, but by en gy and perseverance the government had succeeded i their efforts. The creation and organization of nation- I . workshops were the object of many criticisms. It was lid that the work done in these workshops was of no ' tility. and that the workmen had adopted habits of lioness ; but he (the minister) could not be sensible > these objections, for he know what noble and [ lrinking misery the funds destined to the workshops ; ad relieved. After all. however, tho question was not | hotlior the system adopted wus the best possible for i jo employment of workmen. That was the great uostion of the future, and he had only to occupy him- ! df at that moment with the present. What ho had i one for the present, was to uddregs instructions to the ugineers de$ ponla-el-rhausseex. and to the commissaes in the department*, to begin work on all points at nee. Ho hail endeavored to establish the greatest usgible number of national workshops, and works on mals had been also undertaken, lie turned his atsntion to the administrative system of the different ranches of the service. Having only provisional uthority. he could not think of changing the princi- j ie on which that system was based. Iladical reform ould only be undertaken in calm times ; but. never- | lelons. he had suppresso i n division and two bureaux ; 1 e had taken away the places given to favor, which had orhaps been purchased at the price of conscience ; nd ho had endeavored to create a simple und more i rtonomical administration. In this respect he had, on j lie whole, whilst securing the proper discharge of the < ifferent branches of the service, effected a saving of early 1.2l)0.000fr. in the prrsonncl alone. As to j ie railways in course of execution, by the funds 1 r the companion alone, he hud no need to speak f them, for ho hail no moans of uction und 0 rights over them. Measures respecting them j ould be proposed to the Assembly, and it would e for it to decide thereon. nrORTiXT br.pout of thk. korkhin poliov ok kranck. ? history ok the k.l'ropkan h k vol.i't 1of 184s. M. Dk Lamaiitim: (Minister of Foreign Affairs) then ead the re|>ort relative to his department, in the foljwing words :?Citizen Representatives of the People, -There uro two kinds of revolutions in history ; those j f territory, and those of ideas. The former consist 1 conquests, and the overturning of nationalities and inpirty ; the latter in change of institutions. To the rst war is necessary?to the second peace is most dour peace, the parent of labor und liberty! Sometimes, iwevor. the modifications which a people operates ithin its own breust become an occusion of disquieidoand aggression against it on the part of other nanus or other governments, or become a cause of irrituun und violent shocks amongst neighboring States, law of nature wills that verities shall be contagious, id that ideas shall tend to find their own level, like ater. In this latter ease revolutions participate, so i speak, in the two natures of the movements which ley have defined ; they are pacific like revolutions of leas.but tlipy may be forced to have recourse to arms Ite revolutions of territory; their foreign attitude ought i correspond with these two necessities in their situaou; they are inoffensive.but still they exist; their poli' may bo characterised by these two words armed dioinacy' These consideration*, citizens, have from the st moments of the republic influenced the acts ami the ards of tho provisional government in the ensemble id in the details of tho direction of foreign affairs It ished. and it declared that it wished, for three things the republic in Franco; tho natural progress of tho jeral and democratic principle avowed, recognised, fended in Its existence and ill its right; und. in fine, ace, if honorablo and sure peace were possible on lose conditions. (Cheers.) We are about to show >u what have been, from tho day of the foundation of ie republic up to this timo. tho practical results of ii* attitude of disinterested devotednoHS to the ilemo atic principle in Europe combined with this rospect | r the material inviolability of territories, nationalities, j id government*. It is the first time in history that a savowed and purely spirtual principle has presented self to Europe, organised, armed, and allied to another 'inciple. and that the political world trembles and odifies itself before the power, not of a nation but of n idea. In order to measure the power of that idea i all its extent they must go back to 1815. The lion, iuistcr. however, begged tho Assembly to dispense ith his going through all the historical details relating i that period, and permit him to bring forward at ice the state of Krance when tho revolution of 130 broke out. (Cries of " Ye*, yes.") He then picted the state of debasement in which the late >vernment had placed the couutry by its sy?in of foreign policy ; anil then coming down to the volution of 1848. the honorable minister continued ius :?Thus, after a reign of eighteen years, and a plomacy that was supposed to have been able beiuse it was Interested, the dynasty daliverod Krance ror to the republic more confined and hampered by eaties and limits, more incapable of movement, more sstitute of Influence and external negotiation, more irrounded with snares and impossibilities, than at any joch of the monarchy ; bound by the letter, so often olated against her. of the treaties of 1815 ; excluded am alt the East, the accomplice of Jlustria in Italy ill Switzerland, the complaisant helpmate of England I.ishon, uselessly compromised at Madrid, obstuuious Vienna, timid at Berlin, hated ml St. Petersburgh, scredited for bad faith at London, deserted by the. peoe of every country for htr abuse of democratic princies ; face to face with a moral coalition rallied from I quarters against Krance. which left her no altcrnare between making a foreign war against all. or sinkg into the subaltern position of a secondary power, id jealously watched by the wholu European world? | e republic, finding Krance in the<e conditions of islation and inferiority, had two lines of conduct to ke : to rise in arms against all the thrones and rritories of the continent, tear up the map of Jrope. declare war. and send forth the democratic inciples sword ill hand, without knowing whether would fall on a soil prepared to receive it. or on | ound where it would lie drowned iti blood. The al- j rnative was to declare republican peace and Krench ; iternity to all nations ; to show respect for govern- i i-nts. laws, characters, manners, wills territories, and itions ; to raise very high, but with a friendly hand, e principle of independence and democracy throught the wi rid. and say to nations, without forcing or irrying events. ' We d? not arm the uew idea with e and sword, like barbarian* ; we only arm it with I own brilliancy H'e Impose on no people forms or litations premature or perhaps Incompatible with fcir nature. lint if t he liberty of any part of Europe {lits up from ours, if prostrate nationalities, if invaded flits, if legitimate mi d depressed independent ies spring >, constitute themselves by their own hands, enter into e democratic family oj nations, and make an appeal to r defence of rights, to the conformity of institutions, rn Erance is there ! Republican Eram e is not only r country, she is the soldier of the democratic princtt for the future?'' (( beers.) It Is this last princi>. citizens, that the provisional government thought their duty to adopt unanimously, until the nation, ibodied in you. should take in band its own destinies, hat have been the results on the continent of those renty-two days of this policy of armed diplomacy .' ii binw them, and Europe contemplates their aenipTlshmont with an astonishment that has more of miration than fear. All Italy, previously roused in r patriotism by the democratic and Italian mind of us IX. started into action successively, by the reund of the popular triumph at Paris. Ueassured by r firm and tYank disavowal of all ambition on the , rt of ( 'ranee. ?ho passionately embraced our prlnci s. and confidently advanced towards a future of dependence and liberty In which the Krench prln>le will be her ally. Sicily rose against the dominam of Naples. She first claimed her constitution, itated by refusal, she heroically reconquered her soil d her citadels. Tardy concessions no longer apased her ; she demanded a complete separation?she MV..ISIH ui'i nnii |'i.. ii....I. in -mi |ii i m i .11 mi-11 ncr*cn xtr?*.i of her own destinic*. and avenged her long *ubtion to the Bourbon*. >>y declaring that the prince* the house of Naple* should lie for ever excluded from possibility of succeeding to the constitutional throne Sicily At Naple*, even tho ronHtltntioii promulted by the king on the eve of the Kroneh Republic, peared illusory on the morrow. The monarchy, net by the demonstrations of tho people, dMcendi'd repeated concession* to the level -I a democratic yalty of 17H1. Plus IX.. accepting the part of an ilian patriot, retain* the pontitieal power, and make* ime the federative centre of a real Republic, of which already proven himself less the crowned chief than g first c.itlxen. He profit* by the force of the inote>nt which' errie* him along. instead of wasting hi* n *trength hy resisting it. Thin movement became ery day more rapid. Tmeany f ollowr the example. , " ?1 M LD. I Prfe* Two Cant*. H ?": ? --^-n ? ??: Parma Placantia. Modeua. vainly attempted to And support from Austria in their struggle agninst the xpirit of life in Ituly Their princeM gave way ; nationulity triumphed. I.ucra yielded next Venire pro- ,-^H claimed her own republic, tttill undecided whether to Ixolate herself in her lagoon* a* a republic, or to join the rouHtitutioual king of uorthern Italy. Tha king Sardinia, who wus for a long time the hope of na .t iii i tinjr . ti iiii.ii at viii! ft*illtf biLjir inn government was the terror of the liberal party at Tu rin. rausud tliin contradiction. fatal to Ilia greatness to cease mi the breaking out of the French revolution ; ai?l be gave. a* a pledge of *incerity. a popular oonstitution to Italian liberalism l.ombardy understood at this sign, that the hour of independence bad arrived . Milan, unarmed. triumphed in an unequal struggle over the army of oeuupation which unchained it. All ' I,ombardy rose against the house of Austria. It only yet proclaimed Its enfranchisement. in order not to tnix up a question <if institution* with a question of war. The cry of Italy forced the king of Sardinia to free himself, like the pope and Tuscany, froui tho old auti national treaties with Austria M marched into .^H IiOmbardy. Contingent* hastened from all parts to thin Held of battle The campaign of Italian independence in heing puriued uluwly Ay Italy alone. hut in prenenre of Italu ami / 'ranee armed, and rtady to act if tin ir principle* or Ik* safety of their frontier! nhould term to them to be compromiied in their watchfuln'tt over Italy. Pans the jilpe ! The results of the policy of the trench principle do not develop* themselves with less logic in events and rapidity in eons*quences ; they even burst forth in the rery centre of the contrary principle. On the Uth March, a revolution breaks out in Vienna The troops are eonquered ; the palace of the Kmperor is entered by the people, in order lo expel tbe old system in the person of its most iullexiiile Mtmta, Prince de Metternlch. . H An assembly of the notable persons of the monarchy , is couvoked. All the liberties, which aro the infallible arms of democracy, are accorded. Hungary natlonalixcN and isolates herself by an almost complete separation from the Kmpire. She abolishes feudal rights ; sells the ecclesiastical properties ; she nominates aministry of her own ; and. as a proof of her complete separation. she even appoints a Minister of Foreign af- H fairs. Bohemia, on her part, socures herself a separate federal constitution. By these three different en frit n okimtBli of HVMMTi Bohemia, and Italy. Austria, revolutionized in the interior, restricted abroad, only reigns over twelve millions of souls. Three days after the events of Vienna, the people combat and triumph -H in the streets of Berlin. The King of Prussia, whose enlightened mind and popular heart seem in accord with H those who combat with his soldiers, hastens to concede H everything to bis people. A completely democratic law of S election is about to inaugurate a constituent assembly at H Berlin Even before tho meeting of tbe constituent assembly.1'russiitn-Poland demands at I'osen a distinct nationiility The king consents, and begins to aketch horo the ilrst basis of Polish nationality, which other event* will have to increase and strengthen in another direction. In the kingdom of VVurtemliurg.the king, on the 3d March, abolishes tho censorship, concedes the liberty of the press, and the arming of the people. On the 4th March, the tirand I)ukc of Baden, too near to Franco not to allow the ideas which cross tbe Rhine to ilnd their level, accords the liberty of the pross, the arming of the people, tbe abolition of feudalities, and finally tho promise of co-operating in tho establishment of a unitary German Parliament, that < ongress of Germanic democracy from which a new order of things Is to issue. On tbe /itli of March, the King of Bavaria abdicates. and. after combats in the streetH. makes over the throne to a prince who unites his cause to tho popular cause at Munich. Between the (1th and 11th March, a similar abdication of the soveroign of liesse Darmstadt takes place, and power of the people, right of association. liberty of the press, the jury, the French Code at Mayence?all is accorded. The elector of Hesse Cassel, whose resistance to the introduction of democratic principles was notorious In Germany, grants the same pledges to his people in arms, and adds thereto the concession of the principle of a (iermau Parliament. Insurrection wrests from the Duke of Nassau the suppression of tithes, the political and armed organisation of the people, and a parliament on the English model On the 15th March. I.elnsick rises in insurrection. and obtains from the King of Saxony, already a constitutional monarch, his consent to the principle of a German parliament. On the same day an imperative popular demonstration obliges the Prince of Oldenburg to convoke a representation of the people.? The people of Mecklenburg arm themselves some days after, and nominate a preparatory assembly for electing the Ocrmanic parliament. Hamburg reforms in a more democratic spirit her already republican constitution. Bremen reforms her seuate, and accedes to the principle of a German parliament. I.ubcck. after violent dis- j turbances. conquors the same principle. (Hear, hear.) Finally, on the 18th of March, tho King of the Netherlands abolishes the Institutions which restrict liberty iu the grand duchy of Luxembourg, where the tri-color Hat; itself Hoat as a spontaneous demonstration of French principle*. All tills decomposition of tho old system, all these elements of federal unity, result in the (ierinan parliament at Frankfort Heretofore th? Diet of Frankfort has been the obedient instrument of the omnipotence of the two great (iermanio powers, Vienna and Berlin, over the feeble allies of the confederation; but the idea of a constituent parliament sitting permanently in the heart of Oermany arises on the promulgation of our ideas. This parliament of nations, henceforth representing the people instead of representing the courts, becomes tbe foundation of a new Gerinunln eotl?'e,ler,iH,.t. whlrli Ik. _..lr ...I which form* the centre of a democracy, diverse but unitary The liberty, more and moje democratic, of Germany, will necessarily place its support on a power also U?mocratic. without any other ambition than the alliance of principle and the safety of territories?that power is France. Tile bases of this parliament, deliberated on at Krankfort at the end of March, were a presage of the new destinies of Germany; these bases are. a president of the 4 iermanic confederation, elected for three yearn This president is invested with the ri^ht of peace and war. The parliament is composed of two chambers?one, envoys of the princes, and the other elected by the people. It has for its executive force an armed national guard. Its first session opened at Krankfort in the sauie month as our constituent assembly. Thus, from all parts, since the proclamation of the republic, under varied forms and analogous to the genius of the people, democracy organizes Itself ou the French model. I shall not trace through the other states of Kurope the more or less rapid march of the national principle or of the liberal principle accelerated by the revolution of February. Ideas overflow their chaunel everywhere, and theso ideas bear the name of Franco. On every side you have that to choose between a certain and honorable peace and a partial war with nations for allies [Cheers j Thus by the mere fact of a double principle at once disclosed to Kurope?the democratic principle, and sympathetic principle?the external power, with one hand resting on the right of nations, the other on the inaggressive but imposing masses of four armies of observation, witnesses tne upheaving* of the continent, without ambition as without weakness?ready to negotiate or to combat?to preserve her present boundaries, or to enlargo them according to her right, her honor, and the security of her frontiers, lier frontiers ? I use a word which has lost part of its meaning under the republic. The democratic and fraternal principle has become the real frontier of Krance [Cheers ] It is not her soil that enlarges; it is her influence, it is her sphere of radiation and attraction on the continent; it is the number of her natural allies; it is the disinterested and intellects al patronage she exercii.es over uations; in short, it U the Krcnch system, substituted, in three days, and in threo months, for the system of the holy alliance ! The republic understood, at the flrst word, the new policy which the philosophy, the humanity, tho reason of the age. were at last to inaugurate among nations, by the hnnds of our country ! I i rant tio further proof than this of thr dirint origin of democracy. anti that it will triumph throughout Eur op ^ n i rapidly and gloriously at at I'arit. [I.oud applause.] Krance will have changed hur glory; nothing more! If some few minds, backward iii understanding what is real strength and true greatneM,or impatient to push on the fortunes of Krance, reproached the republic with not having done violence to nations by offering them liberty at the bayonet's point, which would have rvscmbled a conquest. we will say to them : ' Behold what a royalty of eighteen years did for Krance abroad ; behold what th* Republic has effected in less than three months' Compare the Krance of the 'J.ld Kebruary with the Krance of the fith May, and wait with patience even for glory, and give time to the principle which work*, which combats, which transforms, and which assimilates the world for you Krance abroad was imprisoned in limits which she could not break but by a general war Kurope. populations and governments, were all against us. We had live great powers, compact and united together by an anti-revolutionary interest, against Krance. Switzerland was betrayed. Italy sold, < ,i>riiiitii v hostile Krance w*s ohllveil tii h#?r revolutionary nature, and to make herself as Insignifl cunt as possible. for fear of agitating a people, or disquieting a king <>nc?. that this weight was removed, e what other destiny ha* been ((Wen to her by repnblienn peace ! The (treat power* regard with unea?iness (lie slightest of her movements. Not one of them hits protested against the eventual and legitimate revision of the treaties of 1815. which a word of our* haw blotted out just as well aa liwltHM) could do. k'.ngland lias no longer any cause to susjiect us with respect to Spain ' Huitin hot timr h< rrflrct ell thr ?"ly hand nf Hvily I Iml ran rri?/ hrhrmt hrr aad in; thr rtenntlitulion nf Poland, indrpenirnt andfrtr (i.ond cheers ) The empire of Austria no longer treat*, except of ransoming Italy; Prussia renounced all other aggrandisement. except by liberty All this show* the approaching coalition of nations, leaning by necessity on the Mipport of France, in place of being turned against her by the policy of their governments; Turin id becoming stronger anil stronger, by concentrating her power; Italy is frrr, . / cry nf dittriu would rail f'rnnrt Ikrrr. not to rjfrrt com/unit. hut to afford protrrtion. (Cheer*.) The only conquest that we desire beyond the Up*, is tho friendship of the nation* that have been enfranchised; in a word, we were thirty-six millions of men isolated on the continent ; no Hiirolean thought was permitted us; no collective action ?as possible; such a system was one of repression aud Viree; the horizon was exceedingly limited; air was ranting to our dignity a* to our policy At pre?ent, ur system is t he system of a democratic truth, which hall swell to the proportions of asocial universal faith; mr horizon is the futurity of civilised nations; our *inl air is the breath of liberty in the free breasts of he whole universe. (Immense cheering) Three noutlis have not yet pimsed over; and. if democracy is o have its thirty year*' war. as Protestantism had, ''ranee, in place of marching at the head of thirty-six niilions of men, counting in her system allies, iwitierland, Italy, and thu emancipated population*

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