30 Mayıs 1848 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1

30 Mayıs 1848 tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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- ? - -- -- It , , |[|L1 , TH WhaU Mo. 5101). THE CLOSING SCENES OF TUB DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION. I VOCKTH I) IV.?AFTERNOON skssion. Bai.timork, JVl?y 245, 1818. | Stormy Time in the Cont ention?Evacuation of the Hall ; by the Uarnburnen?Singular KJfort to Secure the Suffragel of the Hunkert?They Decline to Vote, tut Declare tliry are Good Children, and go the JKAo/e Figure for the Nominations, and the Programme ( of the Conrention. At Ave o'clock the Convention was called to order j by the Chair. Mr. Kcrmax, of Georgia, offered the following resolution :? \V hervaa. That portion of tbe New York representation, known t aa tlic lliirn burner*, or I'tica Convention delegate!, or WiUnot proviw) ]?rty, hav# left tliin Convention, Ik it iwilvcd, That the mom burs clioaen under the orcaniuttion of theSvrv'uiu Conrention. oomiuouly called the Old llunkerd, be ivoeivcu into tliia Convention, aa th? legitimate manlier* of JCuw York, and entitled to (the its .'hi vo>e*. And lie it further rasolved, That tliii Convention repudiates the Mil mot proviso. " Oh ! no. no !" " I more the previous qucitlon." ' I move to lay it on the table.'' To the right?"I rise to a question of order." Tha Chair?There is a question of order already oil the left. To tho right?Woll. sir ; whan that question is set- 1 tied. I have anothor to offer. Tho Chair?Well. ?ir ; very well. A \ oice?Come, have you got any tobacco? It* getting hot in here. Mr. Mk.adk. of Virginia, appealed that, ax the Barnburner* had left the Convention. the rote of New York of necessity rtitaii with the other detanhmunt. Mr. Forman?I withdraw my resolution! for the pre- : Kent; but 1 desire to have a vote upon the proviso by I thin Convention. I want a fair expression upon that quoxtion. ["Order.'' "order." ''order.'"] Mr. Corn:, of On., took the floor?i am glad that I am ' at last in order. Tho Ciiaik?I congratulate you. sir. [ Ha," " ha," " ha."] Mr. Coke thought his resolution would meet the views of his colleagues, and of the whole Convention. Rej'ilvi'd, That a committee of one liuliwute from each Stale be appointed by tbe tltlegntioii from nob Hatf) 10 pro jm re and reI'ort anch resolutions as they may deem pro{?.Tfor the adoption of this Convention. ?And upon that resolution, I call the previous question. Mr. Meade asked that New V'ork have the privilege of casting liar vote for the residential nominee. L'p to this time she has been paralyzed ; but now, one of tho detachments having left tho Convention, New York might now cast her vote. He did not wish to see a Statu disfranchised in this Convention. Tho Ciiaik?Not in order. Mr. Meade?Naw York, sir. is entitled to vote. A Hi'nkkr?Wc don't ask it. The Ciiaik?Do you hear that, sir. They don't ask it I" Ha," "ha."] The resolution to appoint a committee to draft resolutions for the Convention was adopted, and under It. the following committee was elected :? U-L'niik ai. nr... i i-.,,... N. H.?Harry Hibbard. Ga.?F. H. Cone. Mass.?B. F. Ilnllctt. Florida?JohnC.MoGee. Vermont?Thos. Ilartlctt. La.?John Slidell. R Inland?W. J. Burgess. Texas?D. S. Kaufman. Connecticut ?I. Toucey. Arkansas?Chas.K. Moore. N. Jersey?Samuel Lilloy. Tennessee?P. E. Glenn. New York?(Not voting.) Kentucky?J. H. Roosevelt. Pa.?J. W. Forney. Ohio?John Glover. Delaware?Jus. N. Sutton. Indiana?John U. Pettit. Maryland?F. P. Blair. Illinois?W. C. Kinney. Virginia?J as. M'Dowell. Michigan?Lucius Logon. A'. C.-J.R. J. Daniel. Iowa?H. Emerson. S. C.?J. M. Commander. Mo.?T. VanSwearingen. [Ha ! ha I lia ! ] JVitcon'n?Levi llubbell. Mist.?( has. R. Jourdan. CALL FOR THE SECONO NOMINATION. Mr. Vilas, of Vermont, moved that the Convention proceed to the nomination of a candidate for the Vice Presidency. ("Agreed," " agreed," "yen," "yes," question.") The Chair?Order, sir?you must come to order. Mr. Inokrsoll, of Conn.?1 rise? The Chair?You will come to order, sir. Mr. Inoersoll?I rise to a question of order. (" Ob, that's it. is it ?") The Chair?Gentlemen will come to order. A Voice (loud)?The committee will meet in the basement (Great laughter.) The Chair?Order, sir. the nomination*. The Convention proceeded to the nomination of a candidate for the Vice Presidency. Mr. Rantoul, of Mass.?I nominate, sir, General W. O. Butler, of Kentucky. (Applause.) Mr. Stanton?And. sir, I nominate you the first American Governor of the city of the Astecs?the hero of nearly all the battles, but of none of the letters from Mcxioo?Do you mean to say that any officer wrote the Loonidas letter .'"]?1 nominate you, sir, tho gallant son of the South?General John A. Quitman. (Cheers.) Dr. lit mphhkv*, of Md.? And, sir, I take great pleaMire in proposing the distinguished son of Maryland? * Mineral Benjamin C. Howard. (Hurrah.) Mr. Meake. of Virginia, in a well put statement of the case, thought the Atlantic States ought to have the Vice President?passed a fine eulogium upon the Hon. John V. Mason, Secretary of the Navy, and placed his name before the Convention for the nomination. [Applause. 1 Mr Winjtos. of Alabama, said no noisy declamation was necessary in behalf of the candidate he should propose. Forty years had endorsed his democracy. I nominate you the Hon. William R. King, of Alabama. ( Applause. A voice near your reporter? ' That's old .Mis* Nancy, aint it " Ha ' ha !) .Mr. Stua ?<>*, of N.C.?And I propose yon, sir, Gen. James J. M'Kay. of North Carolina, a man of rugged exterior, but with golden principles in his heart. 'i lieers.) General Howard expressed his pride and gratification that his own humble name, by his own State, had been proposed for the high office of Vice President of the United States. To be thus highly honored was enough tor his ambition, and he therefore begged leave to withdraw his name. Ho branched off into a history .11' Hw, I , .1. i? <1.? .1.... l.nkjnn . i uuipiin ui 'iiruu'i ill J mo U.J o w. .. r, .., anil of his own participation in those glorious events. Me appealed for, and hoped for a healing of the breach in the New York democracy; and that this only cloud over the Convention would be dissolved, " And, like the l>nsele*s f:0>riu of a virion, Leave not a wreck lwhind." (iOV. DICKINSON TALKS RIUIIT Ol'T. " And r?ul said, 1 am Kind, moat uoble Festus, that I am this day permitted to r|?'ak lnr myrelf." | xhcre was an oppressive anxiety for New York. The Convention still looked for some good out of Nazareth. The Barnburners, with the forenoon adjournment. like bird-< of evil omen, had mysteriously disappeared V dark misgiving hung over the Convention ; but still they had some hope. New York was repeatedly called for. Bnd It was hoped the Hunkers would now be persuaded to cast the 30 votes of the State. At length J Gov. Dickinson (Hunker) took the platform near the President's chair, and a dead and ominous silence prevailed. He did not know what to say. It was not the custom of New York to speak with a forked tongme. but this Convention had given her no other. We cannot speak to you as delegates ; we can only speak as individuals. Our State has done some service, and you know It. (Yts, yes !) \nd have we come here to throw tlvobrands among you ? (No ! No !) HaTe we shown here a spirit unworthy of the democracy of New York? (No! No! No!) No. gentlemon. you have woun led us; but, liko the stricken deer, we do not complain, but alone and in silence we shall weep over our wounded honor (We are sorry, but what could we do?) Mr. D. here proceeded to a shot or two at the Barnburners. They had behaved fectlously nt home?they had defeated the democracy of New York?they had put up a disorganizing standard?and they had brought that same factious spirft hero ; for they had refused to submit to the order of the committee and to the acts of the Convention. They asserted on thia stand prlnriple.i which you cannot entertain, and yet you placed them on the came level with us?us. who have stood by the compromises of the constitution and the rights of the south. It is of this that we complain And yet we are asked why we do not now come forward, and vote with our sister Stati'S Mr. I), thanked those delegates who had voted for the true democracy of New York on this floor. He was surprised at the decision of the convention. and especially at the vote of Texas, (admitting both parties.) when it was known that the other rarly had made the Texas issue the question which had dlsorganiied the democracy of New Vork. The vote of Texas on this question of admission was the unkindest cut cf all. We felt under that blow (that is. the Old Hunkers) we felt under that blow all that the poet expresses of the deep anguish of the wounded eagle "So the struck engle. wounded on the plain. No more through rolling clouds shall soar again, Viewed his own feather on the fatal dart, That wing'd the shaft that quivered In his heart; Keen were his pangs, but keener far to feel. He ntlrs'd the pinion which impcll'd the steel, While the Fame plumage that had warm'd his nest, Drank the last life-drop of his bleeding breast.'' [Great, applause | Gov. OiKtvsnN | roposed to stop. [Oh.no.no. Goon Goon No, sir. the gentleman is not in order. Order, order.] Mr Dickinson accordingly proceeded to review tue nutlon of the committee and the convention. No, Hlr. said h?. New York will not always be dictated to as her ne'ghbors may desire. She will not always be trampled on withjlmpunity. ["Order, order."] I will tell you now the plain truth. Do you want to have it told to yon ? [ Ves. yes ] A Voiur.?1 would ask the gentleman to postpone.? [Oh no. no. Goon. Order, sir. rap, pap. pap, pep ] Order. Gentlemen under the gallery will sit down. (iov. Dickinson? If New Vork had had a vote, (the Hunker vote) here, shsll I tell yon how It would have been distributed? ["Yes. yes. for God's sake tell us,1' Ha, lif*. ha ] Well, I will tell vou (A profound silence ) I rather think it would have been 3?for Lewie Cass, and for all the rest none | Ha. ha. ha That accounts for the Barnburner* staying till after the nomination Ave. aye ] That would have been the vote of our little State, sir. which lies cloie by Vermont; i ill i r I .? I ,1. |)|ii? i l E NE N t hi h a few millions of poople, and can bo found cn the map. Why, sir (turning to Mr Stovenson, the 1'resldcnt). tbo tlrst time I saw your Tunerablu face here, wan in 1K36. and I was with you then In thu nomination of Mnrtln Van Buren. [That'* right]. And now we are told we are not the friends of Martin Van Buren. ( That's right.ha! ha! ha!" Applause?"order.''] Now. sir, w? propone to support your ticket. Is that right? [ That's right."] Very well; and we ran trust you, every uinu of you. Is that right? [' That's right, ha! ha!"'] Very well; and >ve wlH go away determined to do all we ran for the ticket. Is that right? ["That's right?ha! ha!' ] Very well; and do you think the Herkimer delegation will do so ? ["Don't know."] No. sir; not one man of them will support your ticket?not a man of them, with all their professions of democracy. But, do you think we'll go against It? ["Nono.no!"] No. we will not. But these are the men you have placed on an equality with us. A Mkmhka here rose to address the Chair. [" Order, order." Confused admixture of sounds.] Mr. President?One of the New York delegations has withdrawn from this hall, and in their absence, 1 do not think it in order for the ga?tlemau to go on as ho has boon doing, sir, against those absentees. [Applause], Mr. Dickixjon?Very well. If there are any abolitionists left hero?[a keen hissing broke out.] Now, 1 will <o)i ?l.n t.iud vmi /Inn't knnxv who you hare to deal with. And if you don't want to hear "mo, why you can juat get out of my hearing. [About fifty dclugates hero rose and were proceeding up the right aisle to the door, taking the Governor at his word ] Only hunr me ono word. ["No, no !"] Only one word. ["No, I must go home."] We Bball, perhape, have a Vlco President for you before we are done. [The members came hack and sat down.] You are anxious to have us to be'piyou. [" Yes."] Very w?U.' And you want u? to support Lewis Cans. [ 'Yes."] Very well. hare not roted for him here, but we will vote for wm nt home. [Cheers.] Why, you are gottlng in a better humor. .After a high eulogium upon Oen. Cass, and a statement of the fact that he was the first and last choice of tho Hunkers. Mr. Dickinson appealed, that the Convention place them is as good a position as they ean, and they would do the best they can.? With a passing hit at the Barnburners, and a high compliment to the Virginia delegation, Mr. D. concluded. And now. gentlemen, we tender you the right liav.d of fellowship, and bid you good bye. (Tremendeus shouts, and thumping on the floor. " Ha-r-rr-um-ruin-rrum. Wha-hoo ! hoo!") Mr. Cameron moved a committee to wait on General Cass. kc. But tho Convention proceeded to the first ballot for a candidate for Vico I'residont, and licru is the result: FIRST BALLOT. s .? < s s Jr s ? * * m S **.. * A I | g -i, *? o ? 2 sr a 8 '5 1 0 ? i ; * Maine 9 0 0 1) (I (J New Hampshire 6 0 0 0 II ( Massachusetts 7 ft 0 0 0 I Vermont 6 8 I) 0 (I I Rhode Island 3 0 1 II II I Connecticut |1 0 I) II 0 ( New Y?rk [Declined voting.] II 0 0 0 0 I New Jersey 0 7 0 0 0 ( I'ennsylvsnia 10 2 ft H 1 I D-lawsre 3 0 (I 0 0 ( i Maryland 4 1 0 3 0 I Virginia 0 0 17 II 0 ( I North Carolina 0 0 0 0 0 II ] Oe>rgia 1 4 0 1 0 1 Flirida 2 0 I) 0 0 f Alabama 0 0 0 9 0 ( | Mississippi 0 fl 0 0 0 C ! Louisiana 0 6 0 0 0 ( Texas 0 4 0 0 0 1 Arkansas 0 3 0 II 0 t South Carolina 0 9 0 0 0 I Tennesseo 13 0 0 II 0 ( Kentucky 12 0 0 0 0 I Ohio 12 10 0 1 0 l Indiana ft 3 0 4 t? I Michigan 3 1 1 0 0 C Illinois... 0 9 0 0 0 1 Iowa 4 0 0 0 0 ( Missouri 7 o 0 0 0 t IVinco usir o 4 0 0 0 I Total 114 74 24 26 1 Ti Whole number of votes 252. Necessary to a choice 108?no choice. The State of New York [HunkersJ declined votin g under the circumstances, but pledged themselves to support the ticke', THE WATS AM) MEANS. Mr. Morse, of Louisiana, from the Comiuittoe of Ways and Means, offered, with some proper remarks, the following:? Resolved, That each delegate ?f this Convention will contribute S towards defraying th? necessary expenses incurred during the sittings of tills Convrntien. ["Second! second!''] Mr . . nf \1a.iil .,wl ?,r,,,.wl ??,? -.,^...1, would not be received. He tlid homage to the motives of the gentleman, but could not sanction that resolution. The old. Maryland line had not forgotten the rights of hospitality. She would do her duty; aud he hoped the gentleman would withdraw his resolution, (immense cheering.) Mr. Mors*: presented the thanks of Louisiana and of the demo.racy of the whole Union to the citizens of Baltimore in this behalf, and moved a resolution corresponding to this sentiment, which was adopted by acclamation. New York called to vote. Mr. Bcuton. chairman, said, that while New York would support the ticket, she could not feel authorized to vote in this Convention. The Convention then proceeded to a second ballot, which resulted as follows, and in the nomination of Major Oencral William O. Butler, of Kentucky, as Vice President of the United Stales:? IMH. Hurler. Quitm tti. Kinij. Maton Mains 8 o rt n New Ilimpahirj 8 0 0 n Massachusetts 12 0 0 0 Vermont fi 0 0 0 Rhode Island 4 0 0 0 Connecticut ... # 0 0 0 New York [the members Main declined tovot\] New Jersey 0 7 0 0 Pennsylvania 14 7 U ft Delaware .3 0 0 0 Man land 8 0 0 0 Virginia 17 l> 0 0 North Carolina [cost her 11 votes for Mr. McKay.] Georgia 10 0 0 0 Florida 0 2 0 ll South Carolina 0 ! 0 0 Alabnma 0 2 7 < Mississippi 0 0 I) (I I<onisiana 0 t> 0 0 Texas 2 2 ll 0 Arkansas 0 .'1 0 <i Tennessee 13 0 0 ll Kentucky 12 0 0 0 Ohio II 11 1 0 Indiana 12 0 0 0 M Chilian 2 3 0 0 Missouri 7 0 0 0 Iowa 4 0 0 0 Wisconsin 0 4 0 0 Illinois 9 0 0 0 1C7 61 8 5 Whole number of votes cost, 202? necessary to a choice. 168. The result of this ballot was deemed conclusive; and with the view to a unanimous nomination, the several States whose rote was divided were called again, and gave a compact vote for Butler, the Convention breaking out into loud cheers on each annunciation; the name of John Y. Mason having first been withdrawn. On motion of Mr. CAMrno*. of Pa., a committee of Ave was ordered to be appointed by the chair, to wait on (Jen. Cass. he. New York ! New York ! don't oivr op tub sHir. General Rutler's coming, coming. General Butler's come to town. Mr. T*r.MAinr. (Hunker) had heard it said thnt we must go Into the ennvass without any expectation ol New York. He did not believe it. It was not such n case of .'despair as represented. Democracy was spreading all over the world, and It could not lx? defeated in New York, [t'heers.l When the whigs shall make their nomination. l?e he chieftain or civilian, then will begin ! the fight of the Kilkenny cats [Ha! ha! ha!] This war would be as disastrous to the whigs as to the Mexii cans. [Cheers 1 The nennle were nnnHnif tn nnUin tlie cabinet unit tlic administration. (Cheer*.) One of that cabinet was New York'* favorite *on (old Leathrr Breeches) Sir. let me *ay again, that wbengertlemen tell u* New York ia loat. they slauder her. Tho victory which wo Khali achieve under Cans and Butler, will be a* great a* any of it* predecos?ora. Mr. Sicm.ru (llunker) sustained. in a brief,animated speech. the views of hi* colleague; and, At U o'clock, the Convention adjourned till 0 in the morning. FIFTH DAY. Bai.timork, May 2rt, lHlfl. Prayer. Journal read Not more than one-fourth of the delegates were present at the opening of the eonI vention ; and during the remainder of the day then* I were not one-half of the entire number in their seats. 4 a COtSinKltATIO-*. Mr. Howard ?f Maryland, moved to reconsider the vote by which a committee of Ave were ordered to b? appointed, yesterday, to inform iJeneral Cass of his nomination for the Presidency. After a few remark* from several gentlemen, tho motion was agreed to. He moved nn amendment, that a committee composed of one person from eaeh State be appointed, to be selected by the respective delegations, to inform Lewi* Cas* and Win. O. Butler of their nomination as President and j Vice President of the United States. Mr. Bnir.ht of Indiana, moved that the Trenidnnt of the convention, and the Vice Presidents, perform that duty This was decided in the affirmative ; and the resolution as thus amended, was agreed to. nisraoroKTio* ok i>?:i.?:o*Tr*. Mr. Wkli* of New Hampshire, offered the following resolution, via Resolved, That nn State thall he allowed a (CTeater number of delegate* in any fntun onnvantinn thin the atwher of votes she It entitled to cast in the electoral ??ll??r for the election of President and Vice President nf *lie United Stales. Mr. Wrt.t.s said that New Hampshire had but a fraction more than one-third of her electoral votes in this convention. Virginia had twenty times a greater number than New Hampshire. She should como here on common and equal ground. Delaware ha* twenty delegate*. This is not right. The small State* are thus drowned In the rirn recevote* (General Howard, one of the Vice-Presidents, was railed to the chair, and Mr. Stevenson retired. Mr. Cla*kic of Kentucky, did not care whether fifty or a hundred delegate* were In the convention from every State. It often occurred that the delegates regularly appointed did not attend, and in that ease f he alternate* took *eaU Will you force a man out o ^ the convention when he i* sent to the convention by ' the people ' It is true that the assemblage of a large i?*> j "'fr*' .1 m' i \\ YO EW YORK, TUESDAY M number of persons occasions inconvenience to the body, but it is satisfactory to the people. Mr. Isaac Davis of Massachusetts, was In favor of eijual rights nnd privileges. on which the democracy stand. He did not care how many democrat* eanin he p. but be objected to twenty men putting in their votes to his one. lie expressed the cope that the resolution would bo adopted. Own. IIou?TO"t, of Texas, was in favor of the proposition. He thought that the admission of a greater number of delegates than a State was entitled to votes in the electoral college, was unjust, and operated line<1 unlly wherever tolerated. He took occasion to glorify Texas, and its chivalrous sons. As to the Wllmot proviso, it is among the things that were, and if you lot it alone it will sink into the tomb of the Capulots. Just so with anti-masonry. And where is th? bank? The man who would apply a torch to a building, to give himself notoriety, is xuohan one ? be he ever so slick in form and feature, compact in body, and rotund, and loud in voicc and extravagant in gesticulation [describing Mr. Wilinot]?is tho very personification [laughter] of an individual who would burn a decent woman accused of being a witch ! [Laughter ] lie felt peculiarly anxious in behalf of his delegation; and he said to tho democracy, that Texas will put on the harness, and is ready to fight until every shield is battered and every spear broken by the adversary, rather than yield to'the machinations of wliiggcry. Tho tarilf of 1840 and tho sub-treasury?whei-e would they have been but for the vote of Texas ? What he had dono, he hail done; and what ho had done, he would not undo. If Texas lias not been consistent. Texas has been llrm. I [Applause.] Ho planted himself on the platform of democracy, and would there remain. The resolution was finally ndopted?yeas 208. nays 41 ' the democratic platform. The President resumed the chair, and Mr. Hai.lett, from the committee appointod for that purpose, reported u serious of resolutions, re-asserting the principles avowed by the Democratic Convention of 1841. against internal improvements by the general government, the assumption of State debts, a protective tariff, a national bank, the abolitionists, dintrlbution of the proceeds of tho sales of the public lands, taking from the President the exerciso of tho veto power, and in favor of prosecuting tho war should Mexico reject the treaty, congratulatory of France, complimentary to President Polk, and Mr. Dallas, and recommending Lewis Casw and W. O. Butler to the democracy for tho Presidency and Vice Presidency, etc. The resolutions were received with applause Ono of them read in this wise, viz :? Resolved, That Congress has no power under tho constitution to interfere with or control tfw domestic institutions in tho several States: and that such States nre to ho sole and properjudges of everything pjrtaining to their own alT.iirs not prohibited by the constitution ; ami all efforts of the abolitiouists or others to induce Congress to interfere with tlio question of slavery, or take incipient itepi in relation thereto, are calculated to lend t > disastrous consequences. disturb the happiuess of t!i? people and i the stability of the Union, and ought not to Iks tolerated by the people, non-intervention. Mr. Yancev, on the part of tho minority of the Committee on Resolutions, read the following:? Tho undersigned, a minority of the Committee upon Resolutions, ask leave respectfully to submit a minority report to this convention. Believing that tho success of tho democratic party will depend solely upon t he truth or tho untruth of the prinotplos avowed by this Convention, and by tho nominee thereof, the undersigned cannot givo thoir assent to the report of the majority. The nominee of this Convention is understood to entertain the opinion that Congress has no right to interfere with tho (|uestion of slavery in the States or Territories; but that tho people inhabiting a territory have the exclusive right to exclude it therefrom. The majority of your committee have only adopted this principle as far as applicable to tho Statos, and have thus refused, in the avowal of the cardinal principles of the democracy, to express any opinion upon what is really the most exciting ami important political topic now before tho country; leaving tho people to find an exposition of tho views of the grout democratic party of tho Union, and of the probable course of its representatives in Congress, in tho avowed opinions of their nominee for the office of President This c oirs-: wo conceive to lie fundamentally wrong. It has ever been the pride of the democracy that it has dealt frankly ami honestly with the people. It bus scorned to conceal its political opinions. It has made it a point of opposition to the h lug party, that it frequently goes before the people with n mask upon its brow; and has apiiealcd to the masses to rebuke that party for H course so offensive to truth anil so unfair to them. Our country's institutions must And their surest support in on intelligent public opinion. That public opinion cannot bo intelligently funned as to our views u|><>n those institutions, it wo refuse to avow them, and dure not advocate theiu. I It is useless to deny that this question does not press homo upon us f?r our decision. Ten of the sovereign nou-slavcholding States have alreaily expressed decided opinions upon it. This has Ihxmi met by counteracting opinions in tho South; first distinctly avowed by the State of Virginia, and since followed tip by nearly every State in that section of tho Union. It is idle to call the question an abstract one?abstract in any case?it is only so to the action in which have originated the avowals of aggression upon the rights of a large portion of the Union?to wit: the non- slavehohlinur States. Thcv own not a dol lar of property to be afl'octad by the ascendancy of the principle at issue. They have not a Kindle political ruht to ho curtailed by it. With them, opposition to the South, on thin point, In partly a uuestion of moral and political ethics. Far different i? it with the South. They own the property which the success of this principle will prevent them from carrying with them to the territorios. They have a common right in the territories from which they are to be exoludcd, unless they ehooie to go there without thia property. They have heretofore heen considered as political equals in the Union ? with tho same power ofexpansinn anu of pr< grets which have heretofore distinguished nil classes in the Union and which have given to us all tlie distinctive ampliation of tliu "party of progress." They own, in common with their brethren <tr the North, these territories, which are to be held by the federal government, as a tins tee, for common nses and tommon pni pones. If, therefore, yon refuse to meet the issue made u|>ou the slavehulding. I'v a part ef the uon-slaveholdiug States, and permit the heretofore expressed opinions of ymir nominee to stand impliedly as the opinions of this conventi'in. you pronounce, in substance, against the political equality of the people?against the connounity of interest in the territories, which it is contended, exists in the people?against theruhu of one-half of the people of tht Union to extend those institutions, wliieli the father* of the constitution recognized as fundamental in the framing of the articles of union, nnd upon which rest the great and leading principles upon which taxation and political power is based. In orJer to obviate sneh a construction?in order to give assurance to the publio mind of our entire country that the detnncrnoy of the lininn will presorve the compromise of the constitution, not only in the Statjs, but in the territories?that it ie-"gnii! 's entire political c piniity to exist among the people, and their right to people, unmolested in their rights of property, the vast territories which the Union holds hut as a trust until sufficiently populated to be erected into States, the undersigned bare agreed to present to this body, for its adoption, the following resolution:? Resolved, That tho doctrine of non-intervention with the rights of property of any portion id the piOpU of this republic, Ik- it in either States or Territories thereof, by any others than the imrties interested in them, is the true republican doctrine recognized by this body, W. L. YANCEY, of Alabama, JOHN C. M GEIIKE, of Florida, J. M. COM.WaNDEK. of South Carolina. Mr. Yancey ascended the scaffold and advocated the passage of the resolution and anions other thing*, he said that Gen. fans cannot obtain the vote of South Carolina without thi* amendment. It will no wore carry him without it, than it will carry him to the moon; nor Florida. If it be voted down, Alabama i* doubtful, at lea*t. Mr. Henley, of Indiana?I rise to a question of order. I call the gentleman to order. I wish to submit two question* of order. The President?What i* it, *ir Mr. Henley?11 i.t not in order to allude to the action of a committee, and he is out of order also for endeavoring to prove that the nominee* cannot be elected. [Applause ] I will state to the chair ? The President reminded the gentleman that that wbs not a question of order. [Laughter.] And Mr. IIenlv took hi* feat after withdrawing the appeal which be had taken from the decision of the chair. The President?The gentleman from Alabama can prove that if certain meatiure* be adopted, defeat will be the result. Mr. Yancey?I was arguing, how can you elect your nominee*? Mr. Bright?I wish to say? Tho President?No, *ir; no. sir; you cannot [knock, knock]; you must state a question of order. Mr IiumiiT?The gentleman ha* consumed an hour. [Laughter.] Tho President?No. *ir. Ho has only spoken forty minute*. [Order! order! knock, knock.] Gentlemen under the galleries will conio to order. Order: [KnocK] order! Mr. Yancev?I submit the question to gentlemen. [An?ltook a Rent nmidst cries of go on. go on."' and the call of tho President to "'order, order !"] i Mr. Kaufman? I muff thnt we nnw proceed to veto on the resolutions reported by the committee. The resolution of tho gentleman from Alabama is merely supplementary. I inoTe the previous question[' That's right,'' " hold to it,"' order, order."] I will statu further? Tho Premde nt [with much earnestness] ? If you more the previous question you can't spenk. | Ha ' ha 11 Mr. Kavvma*?In order to give the vote more solemnity. I move that tho rote be taken by States. [Agreed ] vir. Forma*, of Georgia, (all in a pew by himself) ? Will you let me explain ? ["Order.'' "order.''] The President?What does the gcntlemau wish to explain ! Is it. [''Order." "order.") Mr. Forma*?Will you let me explain 7 [ ' No. no,'' ' goon. '] I wish to say (elevating his voice) I don't want this Convention to break up in a row. [ ' Order," " order," " order,'1 " or-'fer," ' ha !" ' ha !"] Mr. Kaufman, (to a delegate)?I should like to accommodate you. but I ean't withdraw my mutton. The Presidxnt?Gentlemen will take their seats (Quickly) Order! Mr. Forma*, (louder than before)?1 hope the house will hear mc as a private individual. ["Go on.'' "order."] The President, (again rising)?1 call to order in the aisle of the house. [Knock, knock, knock, knock.1 Members will take their seats No member can entertain private discourse while the ( hair is propounding a question. Order ! Tho question is on taking the vote by States. A member arose, and essayed to speak. The President, (to him) ' Order ; oriler. sir The Mi mner?What is the question ' That is what I wish to know. The President < ertainly, sir; certainly The ! main question was ordered on the amendment of the gentleman from Alabama. (Mr. Yancey ) Mr. Kai-eman?I understood the resolution? The President?No, sir. I? A member Jumped up and addressed the Chair The President Do you rise to a question of order ' The Mimiiir?No. sir. Tho President?Then you can't speak Order ! Gentlemen, especially under the galleries will come to .order. Order. [Kang, bang] The Memrer- I have a motion. | The President?Vh ! yes, sir. i The Memrer?I cannot vote for the preamble of the rep irt. Air. Yani ev?I only offered the resolution The President?I so understood it; and gentlemen will henee see the necessity and Importance of coining to order. Order ' order' Mr. Yano.v?If my resolution is adopted. I will ask Wftva to withdraw the preamble. iRK I ORNING, MAY 30, 1848. Tile Pbeiidknt?Tho gentleman can do so at any time. A Mk.miikr?Will the Chair state the question ? The PmctiDKNT?1 will, ir the house will come to order. Uentleuiuu cun't hear. sir. Come to or? [knock.)?iter, gentlemen. Where is the gentleman's resolution' [to the Secretary] Where is itf Mr. VtM'tr?I left it on the table. 1TbeTKKsii>K*T?Is this it. sir? [A Voice?" Yancey, come up here and get it."J Tho JPkkiipk.it (after looking among the papers before Mm)?Ah! here it is. The revolution uf uon-interrention with the question of slarery (as above inserted) was read. Mr. Mcadk, of Virginia (to Mr Yancey)?I ask tho gentleman to substitute " confederacy" for the word republic." Mr. Jokes, ofTeun.?I want to know? The President?You can't, unless the house come lo oruer. Mr Jones?There is tolerably fair order, dir. The President? Well. ?ir. Mr. Jones?Does the gentleman from Alabama offer his resolution us a substitute, or as an additional resolution? Mr. Yancey?I offer it as an additional resolution. The Pkehdent?Certainly. The voto was about to be taken by State*, when a geutloaiau asked for the reading of the journal to ascertain whether the report of Mr. Yancey was received. Tho Pkem dent?The journal is not made up, air; but it will be. Mr. Vance* nail I to Mr. Meade, that ho wag willing to substitute the word " confederacy" for " republic;" it made no difference. The President?Tho gentleman accepts the modification. The Secretary was directed to call the States, when Mr. Steele, of N. H.. one of the Vice Presidents, with stick In hand, arose and said?1 can't vote for it, until I understand it. ["Order.''] 1 listened with all my ears. If I understand the resolution [" order,"] it will say, if adopted, that the territorial legislatures cannot regulate the question?[of slavery]. The resident (in reply) You must vote according to your own reason. Mr. Steele?Well, I can't vote. [" Order, order."] The Secretary called the roll of States, and they began to vote on the resolution of Mr. Yancey, viz.:? " Tnat the dwtriiio ?f non-intervention with tho rixhu of property of any portion of the people of this confederacr, he It eith-r in States or territories thereof, by any others than the i?irties interested in them, is the true republican doutrine recognised by this b?dy." reasons assigned. When Missouri was called, ono of the delegate* from that State said, tliut there wero but two of them present. and they could not now vote. Mr. Strange, when North Care Una was called, remarked, that he was instructed by the delegation to state that they believe the resolution reported by tho committee (in the series) is as broad, if not more comprehensive. than the amendment of Mr. Yancey, and that the amendment, as they conceive, makes an admission which they are unwilling to concede, and therefore they vote nay?eleven votes. A Member?The resolution itself is sufficiently comprehensive, and Louisiana votes no?six votes. [Applause.] Tho voto of Mississippi was at first recorded in the affirmative: but as tho delegation were governed by the majority, they changed it, and this was applauded by clapping of hands and stamping of feet. r. McAllister, of Georgia, was directod by his delegation to accompany their votu with an explanation. Tho majority of tho delegation considered that the phraseology of the resolution embodied tho principle of one of the resolutions of the Democratic Convention of the State of Georgia, which sent them to this body as delegates, and differed from that placed on it in debate. Under that impression they voto for it. The minority of the delegates placed a different construction upon the resolution. Tho result was. that all the members of the delegation agreed to voto for the rosolution; but they differed in tho construction to be placed upon it With this explanation he gave nine votes iu l'avor of it ; one absont. Mr. Forman asked leave to mako an explanation.? [ 'No," "no."] 1 want to dufend ourselves from the insinuation that wo introduced this matter. [Order.] We are called burners of the temple of Kphesus. [Ha ! ha'] We would be fools if wo did not defend our institutions. All we ask is [order] non-interference. [Sit dow u. I Mr. Treat, of Missouri, asked leave to make an explanation. Mr. Kaiemai*?Mr. President? The President?There is a gentleman on the floor. Mr. Treat?My colleague said, that wo were unablo to agrn*. there being now but two of us. Tho phraseology of the resolution is unintelligible, and we voted against what wo did not understand. another subject thrown in. Mr. Howard arose to a matter of business. It is simply this : Tho Convention passed a resolution this morning that the President and the Vice Presidents of this Convention constitute a committee to inform the ! - ,-_.:? ,4 .i.. vn-...; ilUIIIIHKOT Ut uur PClt'Cimu. muuj ??& Vliu T n o i irnr dents havi? gone away. I have consulted with the delegation*. and they arc willing that I should ask the privilege of having the mitneH of the Vice Presidents annexed to the letter* to tho nominees. I only wish this authority. (Agreed, agreed.) explanations. Mr. Moses?Allow ine to explain the vote of Florida. [" No," ' no," " no,'' " agreed." ' agreed.'"] It is strange that the Southern States cau't explain. 1 merely wish to explain. The President?Order. Mr. Kaufman?If tho gentleman cannot explain, I ask a suspension of the rule. The President?It is only necessary to obtain the consent of the house. A motion to change the rule must lie over one day. The gentleman enn explain l>y unanimous consent. Mr. Mose* gave his reasons, and concluded by saying that ho would not chango his position. an ecvio. Mr. Sv npf. n ii am Moore, of Alabama-1 have this morning received an echo from tho State of Alabama ; not. however, by the electric wire. I have received a letter from one of the most talented editors of the State, and 1 will, if permission b? granted, read three lines. ["Oo on," 'read.'' "read."'J This gentleman says:?"So far as strength or policy is concerned. 1 think that General ( as* is the strongest man that can be nominated. [Applause.J There is nothing against him as a consistent democrat. He is a courteous and a well tried patriot. Not a word can bo said against his private oliaractcr. With him for our standard bearer, tho whigs can assail o?r principles, but not the man." [Applause, long continued.] This is written by John (t. Ilarivy. :i gentleman of line talents, and the editor of tho illahamn Beacon. The resolution Is all-sufficient for the South, and tho people of Alabama will be ratistlcd with it. [Applause.] Some gentleman, whose name we could not ascertain, took occasion to speak of Mr. John Van Buren. as the degenerate son of a distingushed firo ; called him an incendiary ; and when he was seen with his torch, his watchword would bo " Barnburners." He was called to order all over the church, and immediately took his seat, for the reason that he had finished his remarks. Mr. McCardi.ess wished to know whether it was in order for gentlemen to make an attack on one who was not here to defend himself. okttiru back to the qrrsTio*. [The Virginia delegation had retired for consultation. and members, as has been seen, filled up the gap with divers subjects irrelevant.] Mr. Jones, of Tennesee?I move that the chair proceed to announce tho vote. We can'twaitfor tho gentlemen from Virginia ; nor do wo want to hear speeches. We want to adjourn Mr. Forman. of Georgia?I object to tho Virginia delegation being excluded. They have as much right to vote as any ono else. [Laughter.1 I havo got no friends here. [" Vcs, you have." Ha! ha!] The list of States that had voted was read over for correction. Mr. Jones?I move that the result be now announced, with permission for Virginia to enter her vote when tho delegates come in. f" No." ' no."| The Vi< k President (in the chair, the President having stepped out to get a drink of water)?It cannot be done, Mr. Jones?Are we to wait all day for tho Virginia delegation .' Tho Vice President?I will wait a month. ["Oh no "'] Mr. Jones?Will it bo In order to move the appoint inent of a committee to go down into the basi-munt anu Inform tlio Virginia delegation that if they do not co?i? up we will vote without them ! The Vick Pukjioeut?It ran only be done by unani moun consent. ["I object,'' ' ! object."] The Virginia delegation, while thin conversation was going on. came in. There were sixty or seventy of them. The Soeretary called the State of Virginia, and ihe voted seventeen in the negative. [Applause ] The vote was then announced a* follows, viz.:? Year. S,iy*. Ytnt. Nay. Wninr II 'J Misxisnippi > S Vow Hampshire... il ti, Louisiana " 6 MuxxaclmsutM 0 12 Texiw " < Vermont (I ?i Arkannai .1 0 KIi mIo Ihlaml 0 4 Tennfset- 1 12 Connecticut II H Kcntmiky 1 11 New Jersey n 7 Ohio " ? Pennsylvania II 2*1 Indiana. " 12 IK'lawnm II .'1 Illinois 0 fi Maryland I li Michigan " 8 Virginia o 17 Iowa 0 4 North Carolina..,. 0 11 Missouri,. " 7 j South Carolina.. , . 0 n Wisconsin. 0 4 (ieoriria It II ?? I Fl-rlda 0 Total M :I8 Alabama 'J 0 So Mr. Vanccv's resolution, asserting the non-inte.-vcntlon principle with regard to slavery, was rejected. The question was now announced on agreeing to the report of the committee appointed to construct, or repair, the democratic platform of principles. The President returned to his seat. The first words spoken by him were: ' ( ome to order, under the galleries. where I am sorry to say. most of the disorder Is. [ Order.'' Knock.J Only a little while longer, and we will separate. I hope we will break up a* wc ought." I The Secretary called the States to vote; and when he came to South C arolina, Mr. i omma.vdkr. asked leave to make (ill explanation This was at first denied him, but subsequently he was permitted to say that he had to face a constituency, who would hold him to a strict accountability. The Convention had given him no platform. Me had only iisked a little more, and he would have carried South Carolina for Cass As it was, the result was more than doubtful He could say mora he feared It III t"?* rrp i 1 -Ci cv J\ could not be done; and he voted unanimou?ly for the the renolutlonii. anying that h? would do all be could tor Uenerul Cam. After houh' dinorilor, thc'rcMult of the rote was announced. ax follow* :? Yeitt. V?.it. Maine 9 Mianiaalppi li New llampahiru it Louiaiauu i> Maaaaihusctu 12 Teui 4 Vermont ?i ArkanwH .'1 Rhode Island 4 Tenmawv 13 Couneutiuut li Kentucky 12 Now .lortcy 7 Ohio X\ l'onni-ylvnnia :M Indiana 1Delaware .1 I Hi noia !l Maryland K UicluKau .1 Virginia 17 Iowa 4 North I'arollua 11 Miaaouri 7 South Carolina ! W'iMoualu 4 <icor*la 10 | Florida II Total 2|!? i Alabama* 7 Two voted nut cast. So the plutforiu was acknowledged an the creed of the ' democracy for thu coming content thanks. The President left the chair, and a vote of thank' whs | assed, thanking him and the Vice President for the elUciency with which they had discharged their dutler. There was not moro than one-fourth of the member* of the Convention in the church. Tint remainder had left the city, or were at the hotels making preparations to do 80. tiik hi'nkers. Mr. Foster was permitted to deliver a few remarks, at the conclusion of which he pledged himself to do all ho eould to promote the election of Cass and Butler. Applauro occasionally Interrupted him. lie moved to have the protest of his delegation entered on the journal. Mr. Bayly rose to n question of order. Mr. Bright, under a question of order raised by himself, moved that the protest bo enterud 011 the journal. Tlio Secretary said that the other party (the Barnburners) had left behind them no copy of their protest. Mr. Boyd?I now riso to say? Tho Ph f.m dent?It is not debateable. Mr. Bovn?I am tho last man who wishes to debate. Tho President?If the gentleman wishes to he heard ho can ask the consent of the house. [ ' Order!" ' order !"] Mr. Kaufman moved that tho Convention do now adjourn sine die. Tho President?Thero is milch important business to transact. Does the gentleman wish to prevent it? Mr. McNutt wished to offer a resolution, that the next Democratic National Convention meet at Pittsburg. Pennsylvania. Ha wanted it to meet a little further from Washington. A good many of tho Southern gentlemen wanted a view of the slope of the Alleghany mountains. The resolution was laid upon the table. providing for a continuency. Mr. McCandless wished to provido for a contingency whick may happen, and he offered a resolution. The President?Order. This is the most important resolution which has been offered. [" Read." " read."] Resolved, That in the eventof the death or declination of tho candidato for the Vice Presidency, tho President of this Convention be authorised to call tho Convention top:ther, for tho purpose of making another nomination. [Laughter.] Mr. MoCandless explained,?I have heard that (Jen. Butler prefers remaining at the head ef the army, lie Is in an unlit althy climate, and if he should dio or decline. whoro is our cuudidato for tho Vice Presidency.' A Member?When ho dies, let us go lor (Quitman. (Agreed, agreed.) The resolution was laid upon tho table. Mr. Hallett moved that a committee bo appointed by tho Prosident, to be culled the Democratic Central Committee of the United States, and that tho proceedings of this Convention be signed by tho officers, and published in the democratic papers. The following gentlemen were subsequently selected as the Democratic Central Committee:? Mass.?Benj. F. Hallett. Illinois?M. McConnall. Tenn.?J. M. Williamson. Wisconsin?W.C.Darling. Texas.? D.S. Kauffinan. N. Carolina?K. Strange. Louisiana? E. La Sore. Michigan?John Harmon. New York?E. Croswell. Indiana?O. Hathaway. Ponn.?John W. Forney. Mississippi?J. Duncan. Maryland?A. Constable. Ken.?J. W. Stevenson. Ohio?Samuel Modary. Missouri?Samuel Treat. Virginia?W. F. Ritchie. Arkansas?A. T. Kalnoy. Conn.?C. A. Ingcrsoll. Maine?Charles Andrews. Delaware?(J. R. Riddle. Alabama -P. H. Brittan. N. Jersey?E.R.V.Wright. Rhode Island?Walter S. Georgia?M. H. McAlister. Burges. Vermont?Horace Clark. Iowa?James Clark. an indkjksr 111 i.e crudity. Mr. Evans, of Texas?I have resolutions to offer, Tho President?Certainly. The resolutions were read, viz:? 1. That it is impolitic for the President to Appoint to ofllco MHUlkm sf Congress. or MintM oiukini.' the nomination. i. That no member of this Convention wiii ask or accept of any offioe. Long continued bursts of laughter, in which the President of the Convention himself joined. ,'J. That we recommend to all the people of the Caitod States not to appoint any memlwr of Congress to office, or any offioer a* addlegato to a Democratic Convention. (iood. good Hu. ha, hu ! There were loud cries of ' Read it again,'' ' Lot's hear it.'' <io on. go on.'1) The President (holding the resolutions in his hand ? It Is most excellent domocraticdoctrine, but it is not in order, sir. ( Ha. ha. ha !" Oh. well, go it." "No I don't." ' It is becauso you expect to get a fat place." II a ha. ha !) Mr. Evans said that there was a mistake in the reading of the resolution. ( Read it.") The President?Well, I'll read it again. ( ' Read, read.'") Resolved, That we recommend to the people of the United States hereafter to appoint no metnl>cr of Congress or office holder ss delegates to a National Convention. (Ha, ha !) The President?The chair decides that it is excellent doctrine, which no doubt the new administration will literallv earrv out. ( ' lla. liu.' On motion of Mr. Bm?iiT,the Democratic Central Committee of the United State* wan ordered to consist of one from each State. Mr. Moksk moved that the Convention now adjourn tinr dir. ( ' Wait until the committee id appointed.") A UcMTLtMiK from Pennsylvania only wanted one minute to move a vote of thanks to the officer* of the Convention. It was nothing more thaH right. ( That has already been done.") Mr. Mono: instated on his motion. Several gentlemen had sprung to their feet to offer propssitions; but Mr. Morso would not give way. '1'he riKiiDK.iT?Does the gentleman withdraw ' Mr. Mo UK?No, sir. Huestion !" " question !" ' question by States !" " Oh. no." The day's work was now nearly over. There .as only a skeleton of the huge deinocrntie party tint . mo up to the house on Monday, with the strength < t n giant, and in Atl?s-like proportions. The noun had been made, the Hunkers and the Barnburners heard, a platform erected, pledge* made, the gallery cracked, the big guns tired; and now "The hour hail corns wrlion w? must part. With humid eye, and sorrowing hcart.." The call to ' order, under the galleries," was not to break upon the ear; but tho valf.DICTOnv of thf. frkside5t. Mr. STrvr.nio.t arose, amid profound silencc, and thanked the Convention for the honor which had been conferred upon him; exhorted the democracy to preserve, untarnished, their principles; spoke with confidence of the result next November; and in laudation of licncral Cass, whom he had known for twenty years as a man of stainless character and of private virtues. With the names of ('ass and Butler on the bright and broad democratic flag, the march Is sure to victory and to triumph. In conclusion, he said: ' Ood has guided our destinies as a nation, and He will preserve the destinies of the country, [Applause.] I take the opportunity to declare the Convention stands adjournal, without day; and I bid you a long anil an affectionate farewell." (Ten minutes to three o'clock ) The address was eloquent, (want of timo only prevents me from writing it out); and the sentiment* contained in it seomed to find their way to every heart There was a momentary pause, until the I'resident took I n liU hni ami th..n ? I.,n.I voire lirnke the dentil-like i silence, by inviting three cheorH for tho nomlnncf of the Convention. They wero given with an enthusiasm and strength of lutigs seldom surpassed. ' Three cheers for the nominees.'' Hurrah ! hurrah hurrah ' ' Three cheer* for the President of the Convention.-' Hurrah! hurrah .' hur The third was cut In two by one half of the members being, by this time, in the street The attendant* In waiting immediately began to take away the drapery in front of the platform. Tho carpenters were ready to remove the lumber. Around the Secretary's table, a doxen gentlemen Were selecting the members of the Democratic Central Committee of the United States; the reporters picked up their notes, and departed; and we shook by the hand dear friends, whom we may never agai n behold. Farewell ! Tltn DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM. nnOLUTiO!*! or tiif nEMoc**tic satiosal < o?tvk*TIO*. Resolved, That tho American democracy place their trust in the intelligence, the patriotism, and the discriminating justice of the Amerimn peijde. Itcsolved, Inat wc regard this ns s distinctive feature of our political creed, which wr are proud to maintain before the world, as the great moral element in a form of government, springing from and upheld hv the popular will: and we contrast it with the creed and praut]<-e of federalism, under whatever name or form, which seek* to pal*y lh? will of the constituent, and which conceives no imposture too monstrous for the popular credulity. Resolved, therefore That, entertaining these views, the demo- ' cratie i>arty of this Union. through tlieir delegate* anx-inbled in a general convention of the State*, eondag together in a spirit > I j concord, of devotion to the doctrines and faith of a free repre- j sentativc government, and appealing to their fellow cilitem, for the rectitude of theiriutentious, renew and re assert, efore the ! American |V'-ple, the declaration* of |irinctp1ei avowed by them when, on a former occasion, in general convention, they prenvuted j their candidate* for the popular suffrage* : 1. That the federal government is one of limited i?>wer*. derived solely from the constitution, and tho gr.ints of power shown I therein ought to be strictly comtrucd hv all the department* and | agent* of the government-, and that it i.-.inexpedient ami dangeron* to exercise doubtful c> nstitutional power*. 2. That tho constitntion doe* not confer upon the general giv. verntnent the |<ower to commence and carry on a'general system of internal iinpn veincnt*. 3. Tlwt the ooimtitntion does not confer authority uj?n the federal government, directly or indirci tlv, to a**uinc tlic debts id the ^oreral Stater, contracted for local internal Improvements, or other State purpoctr; ncr would such assumption be Just an I expedient. 4. That juttice and ound policy torbid tho Moral government to foiter one branch of industry to tho detriment of another, or to ?mnvwii LD. Prlc* Two C?ala> cherish the Interests of one portion to the injury of another p ?rtion of our common country; that every eituen, aul every section of the country, has a rinhtto demand and insist up >n an ciaali ty of rightsand privileges, and to e mipleUtan ampin protection of pc nuns uii'l property front domestic violence or foreign a'jjres tion. V That it is the daty of everv branch of the government to enforce ami practise tin- most rigid economy in conducting our pubiii HtTiiirs.aud that no m ini ivveiine ought to bo raised than is rei|uirv,| to defray the necmry expenses of tfie g ivernni'rat, and for the gradual hut oh*tain extinction of the dtbt created by tho iiroHcenti'm of it justnnd nijccss-iry war, after p; i jful rdatioM have been restored. t<. That Congress has no power to charter a nati >nal bank ; that we believe sn? fi an institution one of deadly hostility to the best internet* of the country. da:igcrous to our republican institution.* and the liberties 'if tie* |w: ?pl<\ and calculated to plaoe the btui mis* of the country within the e oitrd of a concentrated money power, and above the laws and the will of tho pooplo ; and that the results of democratic legislation, in this and all other linaneial measures ujw* which issues have been made between tho two political parties of the country, have demonstrated to candid and practical men of all parties their soundness, safety and utility iu all business pursuits. 7. That CongniM bait no purer under the constitution to interfere with or control tilt) d line die institution* of the several State*. and that such State* are tho nolo and pwper ludges of everything appertaining to their own affairs, not prohibited by the constitution ; that all efforts of the aliolitinnlst*, or others, iu ide to induco i Congress to interfere with'(Uestio is of slavery, or to take inci alarming ami dangerous consequences; and tfi.it all suoh uff>rts j have an inevitable tendency to diminish the happiness of the nooI pie, aud endanger the stability ami pormancncy of tlio Union, anil ought not to be couutonaneed by any frien<l of our political institutions, j 8. That the separation of the moneys of tho governn en from hanking institution* id indispensable for the safety of thi Aft ids of I the ttovcmment and theVightJt of tho tieoplt*. f. That tlie liberal principles embodied by Jefferson, in th' Declaration of Independence, and sanctioned in tho constitution, which makes ohm the land of liberty, and the asylum of the oppressed of every nation, have ever been cardinal principles in tno democratic fklth ; and every attempt to abridge the present privilige of becoming cititeus and the owners of noil among us, ought to l>e resisted with the samo spirit which swept tho alieu and sedition laws from our statute hooks. Itesolved, That tho proceed* of the public lands ought to he sacredly applied to the national objects specified in the coustitutiou; and that wo are opposed to any law for the distribution of such proceeds among the States, as alike iucxi>odieut in policy, and repugnant to the constitution. Resolved, That wo are decidedly opposed to taking from the President tho ottaJiflod veto power, oy which he is enabled, under restrictions and responsibilities, amply sufficient to guard the public interest, to suspend the passage of a bill whose merits cannot secure the approval of two-thirds of tho Senate and House of Representatives, until tho judgment of the people can be obtained thereon, and which has thrice saved the people from the corrupt and tyrannical domination of the Rank of tho United States, and from a corrupting system of general internal improvements. Resolved, That tho war with Mexico, provoked on her part by years of insult and iujury, was commenced by hor army crossing the Rio Urahde, attacking American troops, and invadinj^nur sister State of Texas:?and that, upon all the principles of patriotism and tho laws ?.f nation* it if a Just and ninn?iijt war oft our part, in which every American oitizen should have shown himself on the side of his country, and noi trier morally nor physically, by word or deed, have given aid and comfort to the enemy. Resolved, That we would l>e rejoiced at th?s assurances of a peace with Mexico, founded ii|H?n the just principles of indemnity for the past and security for tho future; but that while the ratification of the liberal treaty ottered to Mexico remains in doubt, it is tho duty of the country to sustain the administration in every moasure necessary to provide for the vigorous prosecution of the war, should that treaty he rejected. Resolved, That the officers and soldiers who have carried tho arms of their country into Mexico, have crowned it with imperishable glory. Their unconquerable courage, their daring enterpriss. their unfaltering perseverance and fortitude when assailed on all sides by innumerable foes, and that more formidable enemy?tho diseases of the climate?exalt their devoted patriotism into tho highest heroism, and give them a right to tho profound gratitude of their country and the admiration of the world. Resolved, That the Democratic National Convention of the thirty States composing tho American republic, tender their fraternal congratulations to the National Convention of the Ropublio of France,now assembled as the free-suffrage representative* of the sovereignty of thirty-five millions of republicans, to establish govern me ut on thoso eternal principles of equal rights, for which their Lafayette and our Washington fought side by side, in the struggle for our own National Independence; and we would wpecially convey to them and to the whole people of France, onr earnest wishes for the consolidation of their liberties, through tho wisdom that tdiall guide their councils, on the basis of a democratic constitution, not derived from the grants or concessions of kings or dynasties, but originating from tho only true source of political power recognized in the States of this Union: the inherent and inalienable right of the people, in their sovereign capacity, to make and to amend their forms of government in such manner as the welfare of the community may require. Resolved, That in the recent development of this grand political truth, of the sovereignty of tke people and their capacity and power for self government, which is prostrating thrones and erecting republics on the ruins of despotism in the old world, wo feel that a nigh and sacred duty is devolved, with increased responsibility upon the democratic party of this country, as tho party of the poonle, to sustain and advance among us constitutional liberty, equality and fraternity, by coutiuuing to resist all monopolies and exclusive legislation for the benefit of the few at the expense of the man?, anu by a vigilant and constant adherence to those priricfSss Sad aompromises of tiie constitution which are broad enough and Strong enough to embrace and uphold the Union as it was, the Union as it is, and the Union as it sliall he in the full expansion of the energies and capacity of this great and progressive fieoplo. Resolved, That tho fruits of the great political triumph ef l*|f, which elected James K. I'olk and George Dallas President and Vice President of tho United Suites, have fulfilled tho hopes of the democracy of tho Union : in defeating the declared purposes of their opponents to create a huge National Hank; in preventing tha corrupt and unconstitutional distribution of the land proceeds, from tho common treasury of the Union, for local purposes; in protecting tho currency and the labor of the country from ruinous fluctuations, and guarding the money of the paoplo for the use of the people, by the establishment of the Constitutional Treasury ; in the noble impulse given to the cause of free trade, by the repeal of the tarilf of 1H42, and the creation of tho mors equal, honest and productive tariff of 1&I6; and. that, in ouc opinion, it would l?e a fatal error to weaken the bands of political organization by which these great reforms have been achieved? ??nd risk them in the hands of their known adversaries, with whatever delusive appeals they may solicit our surrender of that vigilance, which is the only safeguard of liberty. Resolved, That the confidence of the democracy of the Union, in the principles, capacity, firmness and integrity of James K. lw Mi ..nH ?i..n in IHU ),** N>un sigually justified hy tin- strictness <.f hi* adherence to sound democratic doctrines, '/ the purity of purpose, the energy ami utility which li.an characterized his administration in all ?ur affairs at home and ahr>ad; that we tender to liim our cordial congratulations upon the brilliant success which hu hitherto crowned his patriotic efforts, and assure him, in advance, that at the expiration of his Presidential tenn he will oarry with him to his retirement the esteem, respect utid admiration of a grateful ciintry. Rasolvod, That this Convention hertil'V present to the people of the I'nitrd States, l,e\vls Cass, of Michigan, as tin candidate of the democratic party for the office of {'resident, and William O. Hutler, of Kentucky, as tho candidate of the democratic party for tho I'ffice or Vice President of tlie United States. A flair* In Canada. [From the 4ucboc Chronicle, May 34.] Politically, wn have but little to note, save that the election of a member to represent thin good city in Parliament. come* nffon the :10th instant. There are, in all, four candidate!) in the field. Tin: Messrs. Roan. Legare , (ilackemeyer. and Methot. In a former summary, we mentioned that the cause of this election was the elevation of Mr. Aylwin, one of our city member*, to the bench. We have been informed that Dr. Wolfred Nelson, member for Richelieu, is coming out with a strong manifesto against Mr. Papineau. in an early number of thu Minnie It will be rcmemherrd by most of our readers, illnt i ir Nelson was one of those exiled to Bermuda. during l.ord Durham's administration, for participation in the rebellion of lfi.'lH. Through a continuance of strong easterly winds, the greater part of our spring fleet has arrived. But we regret to stato that the Astoria, from London, with a general cargo, for this port, has been wrccked at a placw called Little Fox River, near Gaspe; and it is reported, both vessel and cargo will be a total loss?the latter valued at about i.'70.000. The steamer St. Oeorge ha* been sent down by the consignees, for the purpose of rendering such assistance as may be required. Apart from the serious loss incurred by the underwriters, tho wreck of tho Astoria falls heavy upon our principal retail dealers. who were depending upon her arrival for their spring supplies of goods. We have learned that, owing to a want of water in the streams, a large quantity of timber intended for Huebee, will be prevented from being brought to market . Mr. P. Gingras. of this city, who had manufactured some I too or 900 pieces of square timber at Riviere ail Loup, has been obliged, through this cause, to return with his laborers to town, having been able to bring it only a very short distance down ; and be informs us that In the samo river where his property is grounded. another party has some lft.000 saw logs in a similar predicament. The transport Bombay sailed for Portsmouth yesterday morning She takes home the 77th regiment. and detachmauts of invalids, fcc . amounting to 4l>:t men. with thjS women and children. j The followi njrjftre tho names of the officers embarked ! 77th Regt.?Major T. (J Kgerton; Captains II. (Jrifllth. W. Forbes; Lieutenants B. O'Brien, <i. II. Willis, (>. L. Kiithbonc, O. Carey. II Cardeo, J Foster. R Mostyn; F.nsign* <J Oordon. W Dilkes; Adjutant T Met arthy and family; Surgeon H. Anderson; Assistant Surgeon >v . narren; I apiaiu . ranuiu. ?vtu nCRti .uu family; Captain Steren*. 20th Jo.; Knairn Hum*. 10th I Jo.; J,i.-ut? nant In*aJl. '" 2d 'In . alao ha* a pasaag- m I the Ilombay. I Three of our parly vc?*cl* thin apring?the Caledonia, I Omt llrifiln. and Albion- havo di*charged their car- I goen and been loaded, and are again homeward bound. I The Caledonia left Tor (Uaagow, *o early aa the 18th in- I ?tant I The ii nfaTorable *tate of the weather thi* morning, I will, we feiir. militate ngatnat the loyal demonatratlon* I by the liejrrg of qneber oa tbif lu r Majeaty'a I birth-day. To *how to oor fellow ?ubjerf* on ?h? I other aide the Atlantic, that we are not forgetful of tb'- I happy oceulot, we may (i ilwt pngna? of I what ia intended to bo done. The troop* in garriaon, I consisting of the l?3d Highlander*, the reserve hatta- I lion of the rifle brigade, and a detachment ?f royal ar- I tlllery. will turn out on the esplanade at half-paat 11 I o'clock, and at noon a f'ru-dr-joit will be fired bv the !>.''d I and the rifle*, and n royal aalute by the artillery The I whole of our fire COBftlitl are also to a**enible for In *pection on the esplanade, at "ne ?'rloek; and by an fl advertisement in another column, it will be seen that I it i* propo?ed to have IMH over the Luiilll CNN, I about ten mile* from town, conveyance* being pre- H pared to start for the place at noon, from Mr. Ilmigh'a omnitnustation.In the upper town. WiwUmIn I informed by a contemporary that the officer* of the H royal artillery and engineers give a hall thl* evening I in fa 11' ! "I IM happy event H The Montreal paper* *tate that Mr. r*plneau'<t *up- H porter* proclaim that their real object In agitating the H ratytot of a aapantkm t( Untowi Ufpw < nuvia H la with i view of pro|" -ing an annexation "f Ik* MM! j to the I'nited Statu*. H Lmvrum md Tint TnjaiAn jMBti?lli H Chnrfrttmi Cnurirr ot the &Vli mat. say?:?" Tin* H effect* of lightning were rery *en*lbly e*|>erienced In H the I'-legraphii- ofllofl in this city yesterday afternoon The operator li.cl but ju-f WmMm from off t'l- H key after railing olnnibia. in I hk v. d back a ?t. p or H two. when a loud report wm h?ar4,u4 nMk*?n j emitted from the magnet On examination, it H found that the elcetrlc fluid had pa?>c I to tlir magnet H twisting off the wire* and rendering it unfit tor JU ent

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